Minutes of WWF NGO Platform Meeting on Biofuels

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					Minutes of WWF NGO
 Platform Meeting on

 Silver Springs Hotel,
   25th March 2009
Minutes of RSB NGO Platform Meeting 25th March 2009

Opening Speech

Dr. Teferi WWF EARPO
Thanks to WWF Sweden for funding this event. Biofuel are coming up as an issue whether
we like it or not. It is important that issues of environmental and social responsibility are
WWF have been reorganizing programmatically and structurally. One and a half years ago, a
new process was put in place to redefine WWF Internationally. This sought to start a new
framework that recognizes 35 priority landscapes, and 12 flagship species. WWF have two
meta goals leading to 2050 which concentrate on Biodiversity and Ecological Footprints.
More work is currently needed to look at the ecological footprint. In line with this there has
been a review of the technical processes.
The International Secretariat has moved from Switzerland to Nairobi and will be working
with International partners such as UNEP and Investment Banks. Under the Secretariat there
were 5 regional African offices. There will now be 3, with the Eastern and Southern African
Offices being merged. On the ground delivery will be supported by stronger country
programmes. Sub-regional offices will look at issues at the landscape level, this includes the
marine and terrestrial programmes. The living planet report is a highly important document
that will look at high impact conservation gains through WWF’s Network Initiatives. 2
Network Initiatives are in Africa- The Central Africa NI and the Coastal East Africa NI,
which will look at a higher level at issues such as market failures, governance.
Glyn Davies from WWF UK will look at how to find market initiatives against unsustainable
production, and will look at an East African energy strategy focusing on energy needs over
the next 10 years. There is a need to continue good linkages with government and
partnerships. These should all be continued without compromising WWF’s position, pushing
governments to be proactive in their approach.
WWF’s blackout campaign has been adopted by the Secretary General of UNEP, as a result
all of UNEP’s buildings will take part in the black out. They are also getting iconic buildings
in Nairobi to take part in this. WWF are aiming to build momentum from this towards
December 2009.

Bioenergy - Peter Roberntze WWF Sweden
Thanks to Agnes for organizing the event and to Dr Teferi for his opening speech. Coastal
East Africa is one of 35 priority regions that WWF is focusing on. Part of WWF’s work
focuses on ecological footprints around the world.
Sweden as a country uses ethanol and have organizations involved in bioenergy, including
Sekab, SAAB, Bio Alcohol Fuel Foundation (BAFF) as well as the Swedish government.
WWF has produced reports on the Biofuel industry in Tanzania and Mozambique and
guidelines for the Biofuel industry in Tanzania. An application to SIDA in 2009 secured
funding of 2 million SEK. WWF Sweden are also applying for funding to look more into
biofuels in 2010-2012. In Mozambique WWF is looking into 30 groups that are focusing on 6
key areas of the biofuel industry.
This workshop aims to look at how we can go from talking to doing.
Although we wont be further discussing the RSB Principles and Criteria, there is a need at to
look at issues in different regions at a local level. These will be looked at in working groups.
Comments and Discussion
Following the two presentations, general comments were made from participants about the
Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB) stakeholders workshop.

The RSB Meeting – General comments
      Peter Sumbi, WWF TPO. The RSB principles are a positive step forward. RSB is
       using more participation giving more ownership to different players. An international
       body could be a positive step to channel concern about the bioenergy industry and
       presents a good opportunity to influence the bioenergy industry. Dr Hussein
       Sosovele, WWF TPO – RSB discussions were fruitful but there was not enough time
       to discuss the key issues properly. Will WWF be able to see the next version before it
       is published? Another critical issue is how you apply the RSB principles. The buy in
       to make it work needs to come from private companies and the government. It is
       important that these parties are effectively engaged in the process. If the next version
       does not reflect WWF’s current view WWF should give strong feedback expressing
       its views. George Jambiya, WWF TPO. To put the standard into place two
       important areas need to be considered. Discussions around the strategies did not take
       environmental complexities into account. Ignoring these complexities could make the
       standards useless. It could be difficult to adopt certain strategies in an energy hungry

The consensus at the RSB meeting
      John Salehe, WWF EARPO – The consultation process of the RSB was not that
       clear, it is important that the view of the working groups is accurately reflected. This
       gives a lot of responsibility to the people who are compiling all the comments. It is
       important that WWF’s views are noted if the WWF logo is used by the RSB. Enos
       Shumba WWF SARPO - Africa has a high potential for biofuel development.
       Although the RSB is a consensus document how do you properly address African
       issues? Governments need to be influenced. What window is available to influence
       government policy?

The RSB and Industry Standards
      Tyson Bruno, Biofuel Association, Zambia comments that there was not enough
       time to talk about the issue of standards. The issue of implementation needs to be
       considered at greater length. 1st generation biofuels will have a space of about 10
       years to push things forward. There is a need to implement and actualize strategies
       starting with national and then regional perspectives.

Working with Partners on Biofuel Issues
      Ms Voahirana Randriambola WWF Madagascar - To achieve the footprint goal
       of WWF there is a need to integrate the work of different Network Initiatives. All
       these issue should be addressed both at the national and regional level. In addition we
       need to look at what collaboration can be done with partners such as UNEP. A second
       important point is what is the NGO position on biofuels? If the view is the same it
       may give greater strength to lobby at the International level. Mr Myenzi, Haki
       Ardhi -There is a strong relationship between investors and the government. National
       platforms with strong influence form Civil Society Organisations would be helpful
       but this also needs to be back up at the International level. Rito Mabunda, WWF
       Mozambique. Certain people/ organizations should act as a focal point at the
       regional/ national levels. The process needs to coordinated properly. George
       Jambiya, WWF TPO 1 year ago bio-energy development seemed unstoppable.
       Now there is a window of opportunity with low oil prices and the credit crunch. A
        regional approach should be taken. Governments need to think strategically. There is
        a need to be proactive about this and look at threats and opportunities.

Land Use Planning
       Esther Mfungale Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Co-operatives,
        Tanzania. More strategies are needed for the implementation of biofuel production.
        More surveys into alternative uses of land are needed. NGOs can help by
        collaborating with governments to carry out these surveys. We need identify the main
        information gaps? One notable one is land allocation, which should not be based on
        second hand information. Rito Mabunda, WWF Mozambique points out that land
        mapping exercises are currently being carried out in Mozambique.
       Dr Teferi, WWF. The horticultural industry in Kenya came from abroad when there
        was a poor policy environment. The question is how can you improve the existing
        system? All foreign investment that involves land should be scrutinized at the policy
        level. There is a need to look at these issues across sectors, so that government can be
        supported to avoid negative impacts of the industry and improve its negotiation
        strengths. There is also a need to look at the major financiers. A basic industry
        standard is needed for Biofuels. The further development of a certification process
        that learns from past experiences could have a great deal of positive developments. If
        a good system is developed it will be easy to monitor the industry.

RSB/ Large and Small Scale Producers
       Mxolisi Sibanda WWF SARPO - African countries and East Africa have particular
        issues that may be difficult to put into the whole document of the RSB but more
        difference could be made if there were regional blocks of the RSB. One question that
        was not answered is how you can apply the same RSB standard both to large
        investors and small-scale producers? Pro-poor statements were made in the RSB
        document how will this be implemented at a grassroots level? Peter Roberntze,
        WWF Sweden – The RSB will be an international standard. You could start another
        standard with parts of the RSB Principles and Criteria and add further criteria. This
        other standard could also be recognized by the RSB. The problem is that RSB is less
        applicable for small-scale producers. In Brazil 90% of land owned by 3 % of the
        population should act as a warning of potential land dispute problems to East Africa.
        Another point to make is that a roundtable involving the government could affect
        governance and help companies that are certified to gain market access.

Short Presentation by John Salehe, WWF EARPO - Jatropha for energy
use at the local level
Jatropha has many uses and great potential. It can be used for candles and cooking in villages.
WWF EARPO has approached companies in Arusha, Tanzania to develop a new Jatropha oil
stove. The smoke is not as toxic as kerosene. A prototype developed in India was shown and
given out to WWF SARPO, Mozambique and Madagascar. Long lasting lanterns have also
been developed that use Jatropha oil. Soap has also been made which combines Jatropha,
neem, and aloe vera.

Working Groups
2 working groups were formed to examine particular themes linked to biofuels.
Working Group 1
Working group 1 looked into the ideas of developing an NGO platform and forming
Roundtables for sustainable biofuels in each country.

Task 1
There has been a great deal of NGO activity looking into bio-energy development in East
Africa over the past few years. However efforts have not been very coordinated.
Acquiring/sharing knowledge & information is one of the key issues here.
The objective of this group was to look into how a Bio-energy NGO platform could be formed
and what could this achieve?
1.     Which NGOs have been active in the Bio-energy sector in your region/ country?
What type work has each NGO carried out? The group defined regional as Eastern and
Southern Africa, including Mozambique.
         a. Zambia – Biofuels Association of Zambia. Zambian government formed this
            through Ministry of Environment and Development in 2006. Zambia has a policy
            that includes renewable energy and biofuel crops. Legalized biofuels are being
            traded, and a standard has been defined. blending policies and incentives.
            ICRAF, SNV (Dutch government aid agency), CIFOR and SAFIRE.
         b. Madagascar – Groups include WWF, ERI (from the US) who working with
            farmers, local use, the German group PLIE who have looked into soil erosion
            issues and jatropha, there is also a Mozambique investors’ association.
         c. Kenya – GTZ, WWF – supporting small farmers to grow and use. Vanilla
            Development Foundation working with ICRAF. Jatropha Centre – collecting info
            on jatropha production in Kenya. Faraja. Better Globe – work on forestry issues
            (private company)
         d. Mozambique - there are more than 10 NGOS. ADPP – working with small scale
            farmers, looking at use of jatropha oil. ORAM – Legalisation of farmer
            associations and land rights, implementation of policies and strategies. WWF –
            responsible for all NGOS working on biofuels. ICRAF also doing research.
         e. Tanzania – TATEDO – local use of Jatropha, , development of the RSB
            document. TATEDO carried out a study that looked at biofuels for transportation
            for GTZ, involved in development in TZ government guidelines. TATEDO have
            piloted 2 areas for multi functional platforms. Support from EU to install 110
            MFP in 19 districts of Tanzania. Research into Jatropha varieties, testing
            productivity. WWF TPO. Provided input to NBTF. Addressed conservation
            issues in areas where companies are investing. WWF looking at links to other
            bioenergy programmes. Coordinating activities. HAKI ARDHI – land rights
            NGO. Sensitised communities to land rights, Can look at appropriate areas for
            bioenergy. IUCN, TNRF. Envirocare, KAKUTE.
         f.   WWF SARPO. Zimbabwe – WWF, Environment Africa. IUCN – looking at
              energy issues. SAFIRE, PHYTOTRED, ICFRAF, AWF have Zambezi heartland
              project. Malawi – Biodiesel and Agronomic association. KASINTHULA .
              Jatropha Investment – promoting outgrowers. Green biopower. Botswana –
              Kalahari Conservation Society.
2)       Do you think an NGO Bioenergy platform should be created?
Yes these should be created in Eastern and Southern Africa, including Madagascar.
b.       If an NGO Platform was created what tasks should it carry out?
             1. Create awareness/ advocacy. A key question here is why are we going into
                biofuels? The main answer being peak oil and improving energy security.
             2. Influence policy changes. Legal and regulatory framework.
             3. Harmonization of regional policies. EAC, SADC, AU, COMESA.
             4. Research – coordinating. Encourage on farm research. Research and
                production should go hand in hand.
             5. Share information on research/ reports carried out so far.
             6. Input into RSB process.
The NGO platform should work with Government, MPs, Business and the private sector,
Civil Society and Local small holder farmers
c.       What information shared should be shared between the group?
         1. Share knowledge about technology. Utilization. Best silviculture and agronomic
            practices. Link to solar and windmills, other alternative energies.
         2. Conservation threats.
         3. Lessons Learnt from biofuel development so far.
         4. Social economic development. Scrutinizing out grower contracts. Compare land
            acquisition. Joint venture processes.
         5. Land issues
         6. Markets
How should information be shared?
Newsletters, websites. Conferences, policy briefs, meetings, radio and media, leaflets,
position papers, posters.
How could the NGO platform aid in policy development? WWF guideline leaflets, produce
policy briefs, study and compare policies, general policy reviews, regular meetings with
government and policy forum meetings, lobby for an NGO representative in policy meetings,
produce Case Studies, raise awareness and sensitize different stakeholders, regional
What practical steps could be made to form an NGO platform?
         1. A letter is sent out to NGOs
         2. Need a Secretariat that writes to NGOs one in Eastern Africa, one in Southern.
         3. Each country decides a representative, and NGOs in each country could vote for
            this. Each country can have a sub platform. Each country’s issues are reported to
            the regional level. BUT where do resource come from?
         4. WWF is the main secretariat.
         5. Each WWF country office decides a sub-platform

Task 2
Creation of national roundtables linked to the RSB. One idea that has been proposed to help
greater consultation between stakeholders in biofuel development is the formation of local
chapters of the Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB).
1.       Do you think that this could contribute to bioenergy development in your country?
All say yes apart from Kenya. The Kenyan government is not interested in biofuel and is
more interested in oil and gas, (although this was debated between members of the group).
Kenya will have a taskforce, which is being formed. Things are changing in Kenya, there is a
chance that a Kenyan RSB could work. There is no African representative on the Roundtable
for Sustainable Biofuel steering board. It is Important that there is one. National RSB
organizations could aid the inclusion of a RSB African representative.
2       Which stakeholders should be included?
Include NGOs, Biofuel Investors, National Government, Local Government, Donor
Organisations, Community Representatives researchers and research institute, motor vehicle
representatives/ associations, Petroleum companies, Universities. Regulatory Authorities.
Environment impact assessment Authorities (eg NEMC in Tanzania), Electricity producers.
The purpose is to link to national committees and RSB Internationally.
Could have a national roundtable in Madagascar, Tanzania, Kenya, Mozambique, Zambia,
and Zimbabwe.
What are the possible setbacks and problems in forming national roundtables?
       Stakeholder acceptance could be a problem.
       Efficiency – many people and many actors, how can it work effectively? How can
        you get a consensus on issues?
       Funding/ finance – where will this come from? Especially if you need meetings,
        publicity etc. Sitting allowances will need to be paid for!
       Resistance from the government – already have governments task force.
       Apathy
       Hidden agenda – people from the petroleum industry may want to ruin the process.
       Knowledge – need to choose who is involved and they need to be knowledgeable
        about all the related issues. Need expertise to lead the roundtable in meaningful
       Getting people to attend will be difficult
       A good facilitator is needed.
How should such a roundtable be set up?
The response to this was different depending on different countries. In Zambia, Biofuel
Association could lead/ facilitate a roundtable, WWF in Lusaka to be in the secretariat.
Madagascar – Ministry of energy with WWF but more thought is needed. Need to look for
people involved in RSB such as UNEP, UNDP, World Bank. Ministry of Environment is an
option. But government has just changed!
Kenya – Government should be involved but should not take a lead in the process. WWF?
Mozambique – the government could be the leader, but they have been keen on the RSB
facilitated by WWF.
Zimbabwe – Chair and sec needed but need to think about roles. A ministry needs to take a
lead. Originally WWF could take initiative and take the lead as secretariat.
Tanzania - Roundtable a forum for discussion. NGOs would interested in pushing forward
their agenda. Not sure if government should be chair but would need knowledgeable people
who are respected by private sectors, NGOs and government. Secretariat should consist of
How often could the group meet?
This depends on funding. Twice a year for a general secretariat. Emergency meetings could
be arranged when situations arise.
Potential working groups used would be - Research and Development, and Outreach groups
to Land, Socioeconomic Development, Environmental Impacts and Implementation.

Group 2
Working group 2 looked into reducing the negative impacts of large scale biofuels investment
and ways of integrating small and large scale biofuel investments.

Task 3 Bioenergy, conservation and land suitable for biofuel production
How do we minimize the negative impacts of the large scale investments?
1.     Support Governments spatial/sensitive) planning (No and Go areas) for large scale
investments – be proactive.
2.     Make existing land use planning comprehensive; ensure implementation of tools such
as EIA, this should include development of community participatory (shortcut is long way)
mapping (help clarify idle/marginal/underutilized lands).
3.      Ensure that correct information is disseminated and establish a system that can ensure
that high level decision-makers have the strategic information (e.g. investment centers).
4.     Organize a multi-stakeholder national workshop to assess the existing information
and develop a common strategy.
5.     Create national group (Hubs) and focal person to facilitate the internalization of the
RSB discussions of the standards in countries.
6.      Engage proactively with ongoing processes at country level – make the use of various
researches to influence national processes.
7.    Establish Bottom-up capacity building strategy (WWF top –down; regional local
NGOs bottom-up), such as support community initiated programs.
8.     Develop a monitoring mechanism of the implementation of EIA (mitigation
9.    Establish an platform of NGOs to “raise the flag” and establish a balance between
NGOs and Government.
10.       Projects linked to conservation – tree planting, intercropping (good practices projects
11.     Improve the possible understanding of local communities on the use and importance
of Biofuels

Task 4. Bioenergy, socioeconomic, Governance, food security and land rights

Land disputes
         Knowledge gap of the existing policies and land use rights (include in the bottom-up
         Generate and disseminate information to local communities on legislation and
          management issues (target driven training programmes).
       Influence the definition of the available land from the institutions deriving I

How do we scale up small scale projects and/or integrate in large scale investments?
       Produce case studies and lessons learnt and replicate/exchange experiences.
       Establish a network of small scale Biofuels projects to share lessons and exchange
        information as well as promote training – address local needs and priorities (e.g.
        Jatropha practitioners Network of Southern and Eastern Africa).
       Models: contracting schemes, partnership and loan.
       Establish, organize and build capacity of the small scale holders to engage on
        incentive schemes: microfinance; linking microfinance to the markets; promote
        commercial agriculture; price negotiations; design attractive projects by community
        organization and management capacity.
       CDM Funds: lack institutional setting and information, capacity and complex
       Farmers shareholder: integrate it in the policy

Main Conclusions and Recommendations of the Meeting
The Roundtable for Sustainable Biofuel Workshop
People present at the workshop were concerned that their views were properly represented.
There was a consensus that the meeting time had been too short to get into important details.

Country Roundtables in Eastern and Southern African Countries
The idea of a roundtable for Sustainable Biofuels set up in each country was welcomed. This
could be a body that would involve NGOs and more voices from civil society. However, the
work of this should go beyond finding a certification standard and look at the policies that are
currently being formed in each country. For this to realistically happen the Private Sector
needs to be involved. This makes it more likely that these bodies will be accepted by the
government of each country.

Regional NGO Biofuel Platform
The idea of a regional NGO platform was accepted. This could provide a good opportunity to
lobby, share information and policies between countries and support Civil Society
Organizations that are working on biofuels issues.

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