‘BIHAR NEEDS DOING THE KARTHIK TO FOCUS FLAMENCO HELPS MORE ON ON THE PUNJAB EDUCATION BEACH AT BEAT AND CANNES KERALA INDUSTRY’ PAGE 17 | NATION PAGE 28 | CHILL OUT PAGE 36 | SPORTS www.qatar-tribune.com First with the news and what’s behind it SATURDAY MAY 14, 2011 JUMADA AL-AKHIRAH 11, 1432 I Newsline I Nationline I Businessline I Lifeline I Sportsline VOL. 5 NO. 1713 QR 2 DOW JONES 12,581 -114.00 PTS QE 8,711 -53.00 PTS REVENGE KILLING Italian FM SENSEX 18,531 +195.00 CURRENCY Indian Rupee 12.32 claims Qadhafi PTS WEATHER Philippine Peso HOT AND HAZY 0 0 HIGH: 41 C | LOW: 30 C 11.84 wounded, Libya denies Newsline AFP TRIPOLI MOAMER Qadhaﬁ may be wound- Obama’s speech on M-E ed and on the run, Italian Foreign uprisings on May 19 Minister Franco Frattini said on Friday, a suggestion that was US President roundly rejected by the Libyan gov- Barack Obama ernment spokesman. will give his Frattini’s remarks, based on a long-awaited comments he said were made to speech on upris- him by the Roman Catholic bishop ings in the Arab of Tripoli, came as rebel leader world and North Mahmud Jibril was headed for the Africa and the White House to press for US recog- wider Middle East on May 19 at nition and aid. the State Department, an ofﬁcial “I tend to think of as credible said. Obama’s address will come comments by the bishop of Tripoli, amid region-wide reverberations monsignor (Giovanni Innocenzo) from the killing by US special Martinelli, who told us that Qadhaﬁ forces of Al Qaeda leader Osama is very probably outside of Tripoli bin Laden. (AP) and probably also injured. But we don’t know where he is,” Frattini told reporters in Rome. US special Middle East envoy George Mitchell resigns Pakistani soldiers cordon-off the bomb attack site, in Shabqadar town, north of Peshawar, on Friday. (AFP) SPECIAL envoy to the Middle 80 killed in Pakistan East, George Mitchell, is resigning after two years in ofﬁce, US ofﬁcials said on Friday, in a move likely to further complicate the moribund suicide bombing peace process. The surprise resig- nation by the seasoned diplomat Down, not out LIBYAN LEADER MOAMER QADHAFI comes only days ahead of President Barack Obama’s highly- “I am telling the coward anticipated speech on the pro- crusaders that I am at a democracy uprisings sweeping place you cannot reach Arab nations on Thursday. (PG 16) and kill me.” Communists taste defeat in Taliban own up blast to avenge bin Laden’s death Frattini had earlier told Corriere della Sera daily: “I am of the view Kerala, West Bengal polls AP HABQADAR sharpen its skills. that (Qadhaﬁ) has probably ﬂed At least 80 people were killed, including 66 from Tripoli but not from the coun- THE ruling recruits, and around 120 people were wound- try.” But Libyan government Congress party A PAIR of Taliban suicide bombers attacked ed, said police ofﬁcer Liaqat Ali Khan. spokesman spokesman Mussa and its allies paramilitary police recruits eagerly heading Around 900 young men were leaving the Ibrahim told journalists in Tripoli weathered a home for a break after months of training, centre after spending six months of training “the leader is in very good health, string of corrup- killing 80 people on Friday in the ﬁrst act of there. They were in high spirits and looking high morale, high spirits,” and “he tion scandals to retaliation for the US raid that killed Osama forward to seeing their families, for which is in Tripoli.” win three major bin Laden. some had brought gifts, a survivor said. Frattini also cast doubt on the state elections In claiming responsibility, the Al Qaeda Some people were sitting inside public reliability of television images Friday — ousting Communists linked militant group cited anger at minivans and others were loading luggage showing Qadhaﬁ on state television from Kerala And West Bengal two Pakistan’s military for failing to stop the atop the vehicles when the bombers struck, earlier this week. “I have a lot of strongholds in the process. American incursion on their soil. witnesses said. doubts that those images were shot Considering the simultaneous The blasts in the northwest were a “We were heading towards a van when the that day,” he said. defeat of Communists in Kerala reminder of the savagery of Islamist insur- ﬁrst blast took place and we fell on the Qadhaﬁ, in an audio recording state, the Bengali verdict appeared gents in Pakistan. Tensions also have risen ground and then there was another blast,” broadcast on state television on to vindicate Congress’ national pro- between the US and Islamabad over allega- said 21-year-old Rehmanullah Khan. “We Friday, said that he was in a place market policies. But Kerala’s race tions that some elements of Pakistani securi- enjoyed our time together, all the good and where NATO cannot reach and kill was tight, and Bengal’s more a ty forces had been harbouring bin Laden, bad weather and I cannot forget the cries of him. protest against Communist corrup- who died in a May 2 raid in Abbottabad, a my friends before they died.” “I am telling the coward cru- tion and ineffectiveness. (PG 6 & 7) garrison town about three hours’ drive from The scene was littered with shards of glass saders that I am at a place you can- the scene of the bombing. mixed with blood and ﬂesh. It was the ﬁrst not reach and kill me,” he said in “We have done this to avenge the major militant attack in Pakistan since bin the recording broadcast on al- Abbottabad incident,” Ahsanullah Ahsan, a the Frontier Constabulary, a poorly equipped Laden’s death on May 2, and the deadliest Jamahiriya television. Today in Qatar spokesman for the Pakistani Taliban said. He warned that the group was also planning but front-line force in the battle against Al Qaeda and allied Islamist groups like the this year. Militants had pledged to avenge the killing and launch reprisal strikes in NATO bombed Qadhaﬁ’s Bab al Aziziyah compound in Tripoli on 12:45pm Endeavour Qatar function at Oryx Rotana attacks on Americans living inside Pakistan. Pakistani Taliban close to the Afghan border. Pakistan. Thursday. 6:00pm World Clubs handball at Gharaffa Club The bombers blew themselves up in Like other branches of Pakistan’s security Shabqadar at the main gate of the facility for forces, it has received US funding to try to SEE ALSO PAGE 12 SEE ALSO PAGE 2 DFI grants fund to 25 Arab film producers TRIBUNE NEWS NETWORK would give much-needed ﬁnan- voices and perspectives, a por- on the effects of civil war. Arab world to come forward in CANNES cial support to the ﬁlmmakers tion of the amount has been ear- Explaining the reasons for their support. DFI’s grants are and help them in showcasing marked for ﬁlmmakers embark- funding initiatives, DFI like the life-support system for AMIDST the winds of change Arab world stories in front of ing on their ﬁrst full-length Executive Director Amanda ﬁlmmakers. In many cases, we sweeping the Middle East and global viewers. movies. Palmer said: “The MENA region are providing budding talents North Africa (MENA), Doha Keeping in mind the diversity The selected projects are has always struggled to get ﬁnancial support to turn their Film Institute (DFI) has of the region, funds have been diverse and include sports and ﬁnancial support from the Arab dream into a reality.” announced grants for 25 new allocated to producers hailing family themed-ﬁlms centred on world and the unrest has further HE Sheikh Jabor bin Yousuf ﬁlm projects in various stages of from Egypt, Algeria, Lebanon, self-realisation and survival, increased productions costs. al Thani, Festival Board development. Palestine, Syria, Jordan, Tunisia ﬁlms celebrating freedom of Therefore, it has become impor- Member added: “DFI’s ﬁlm Making a clarion for more and Morocco. In line with the expression in the Middle East, tant for organisations like the grants are aimed at establishing ﬁnancial support from the Arab organisation’s commitment to nostalgic tales of love and rela- DFI to support these ﬁlmmak- DFI Executive Director Amanda Palmer world, the DFI said the grants discovering and supporting new tionships, and political dramas ers and encourage others in the CONTINUED ON PAGE 16 02 Saturday, May 14, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com QT SPOTLIGHT ON DEMOCRACY IN THE ARAB WORLD Mubarak’s arrest extended, wife NATO-led air strike leaves held over illegal 16 dead, 40 hurt in Libya wealth pileup REUTERS TRIPOLI AFP is looking into allegations LIBYAN rebels will meet sen- CAIRO they used their position to ior White House ofﬁcials in acquire wealth illegally, Washington on Friday to seek EGYPT on Friday ordered the investigator’s ofﬁce cash and diplomatic legitima- ousted president Hosni said. cy in their battle to topple Mubarak to be held in Mubarak was ﬁrst Moamer Qadhaﬁ. detention for 15 days on detained on April 13. He is The United States, Britain charges he abused his posi- in custody in a Sharm el- and France say they will tion to illegally acquire Sheikh hospital after hav- maintain their NATO-led air wealth, the ofﬁcial MENA ing reportedly suffered a campaign until Qadhaﬁ is news agency said. heart attack when he was forced from power but the Essam al Gohari, who ﬁrst questioned. rebels say they also need cash heads the Illicit Gains He has already been to hold their besieged posi- Authority, “has ordered the interrogated by the state tions on the ground. detention of former presi- prosecutor over several Libyan state television said dent Hosni Mubarak for 15 charges, including ordering a NATO strike on the eastern days following questioning the shooting of anti-regime city of Brega on Friday killed in Sharm el Sheikh that protesters, and has been at least 16 civilians and lasted three hours, over held under remand for wounded up to 40. It showed accusations of the illegal repeated 15-day periods. footage of at least nine bodies acquisition of wealth,” with multiple wounds, MENA said. wrapped in blankets at an Mubarak, who is current- Mubarak, who is unknown location. ly under arrest in a hospital currently under It was not immediately pos- in the Red Sea resort of arrest in a hospi- sible to conﬁrm the report. Sharm el Sheikh, and his tal in the Red Rebels ﬁghting the Libyan wife Suzanne were ques- Sea resort of leader’s army for almost three Rebel ﬁghters at their positions on the south side of the rebel-held town of Zintan, in Libya’s Western Mountains, some 150 kilometres tioned late Thursday over Sharm el Sheikh, months control Benghazi and southwest of Tripoli, on Thursday. (REUTERS) the corruption charges. and his wife the east of the country, while Later on Friday, Suzanne Suzanne were Qadhaﬁ’s forces are comes a day after the coun- Libya’s future,” Jalil told Al Moscow also said it was up tional legitimacy to allow has been remanded in cus- questioned late entrenched in the capital cil’s chairman Mustafa Abdel Arabiya in comments on to the UN Security Council to them access to the frozen tody for 15 days pending Thursday over Tripoli and nearly all of the Jalil met British Prime Friday, promising amnesty to decide how to distribute assets. investigations into the ille- the corruption west. Minister David Cameron in anyone who defects from Qadhaﬁ’s frozen assets, and Food, fuel and medical gal acquisition of wealth, charges. The rebels have made a London, securing a promise Qadhaﬁ’s side. argued that the funds should equipment are in short supply the ofﬁcial MENA news plea for Washington to free of more aid. Russia, which is critical of not be used to arm either side. in the rebel-controlled agency reported. It was the ﬁrst time the up some $180 million in “To those who stand behind the NATO mission, called on The rebels say they need Western Mountains region, “The head of the Illicit Mubaraks have been ques- frozen Qadhaﬁ assets to fund Qadhaﬁ they must know his Friday for talks between the funds urgently to pay salaries where the main delivery route Gains Authority, Assem al tioned by this branch of the their campaign. regime is ending. There is no rebels and the Libyan govern- and run the areas under their is under threat from Qadhaﬁ Gohari, has ordered the justice ministry, which is The Washington meeting place for Moamer Qadhaﬁ in ment. control, and want interna- forces. 15-day detention of looking into “charges that Suzanne Thabet pending they used their position to investigation over accusa- acquire wealth illegally,” tions she abused her posi- tion for the illegal acquisi- tion of wealth,” MENA the investigator’s ofﬁce had told AFP earlier. Mubarak, who is in cus- Egyptians call for unity 1,200 Libyan migrants reported. tody in a Sharm el-Sheikh feared drowned in sea after church attacks A security source told hospital on grounds of ill AFP Mrs Mubarak could be health, has already been taken to Qanater prison on interrogated by the state AFP Ethiopian men, they said the outskirts of Cairo. prosecutor’s ofﬁce over GENEVA they were among only nine On Friday, the authority several charges including survivors from the boat that also ordered a further 15- ordering the shooting of AFP Fifteen people were killed ly Muslim prayers at noon. THE UN refugee agency said left Tripoli on 25 March car- day detention of the former anti-regime protesters. CAIRO in clashes last Saturday after The demonstrators who gath- on Friday it feared that up to rying 72 people,” she told president after a three- His 30-year grip on Muslims surrounded a ered in the square ahead of 1,200 people ﬂeeing Libya journalists. hour interrogation of power was brought to an THOUSANDS of people ral- church in Cairo demanding the prayers also waved have died in the The 12-metre (40-foot) Mubarak and his wife. end on February 11 follow- lied in Cairo’s Tahrir Square the handover of a woman Palestinian ﬂags. Mediterranean Sea so far, as craft heading for Italy was It was the ﬁrst time the ing mass nationwide on Friday calling for national they said Christians had Activists have called for a it found evidence that a mili- packed with “barely any Mubaraks had been ques- protests that called for his unity after attacks on detained after she converted march to neighbouring Gaza at tary vessel refused to rescue standing room” and drifted tioned by this branch of resignation and for political Egyptian churches, and soli- to Islam and married a the weekend to show solidarity one boat. for more than two weeks after the justice ministry, which and economic reforms. darity with the Palestinians. Muslim. The Muslims also set with the Palestinians as they “There are about 12,000 it ran out of fuel, water and Some held up crosses and ﬁre to a second church. mark the “Nakba” or “catastro- people who have arrived in food. others waved Palestinian phe” which befell them follow- Italy or Malta and we believe “The refugee that we inter- ﬂags as the numbers swelled Some held up ing Israel’s establishment in that as many as 1,200 people viewed said that military ves- in Cairo’s iconic square, the crosses and others 1948. The interior ministry has are dead or have gone miss- sels twice passed their boat epicentre of protests that waved Palestinian urged them to cancel the ing,” said Melissa Fleming, a without stopping and then a overthrew president Hosni flags as the num- march. The young Egyptian spokeswoman for the UN military helicopter dropped Mubarak in February. bers swelled in woman whose complicated High Commissioner for food and water onto the boat “If you attack a Christian, Cairo’s iconic love life led to last weekend’s Refugees. at some point during the jour- you’re attacking all square, the epicen- clashes was arrested on A migrant told the UNHCR ney,” Fleming added. Egyptians,” said one man giv- tre of protests that Thursday and charged with that unidentiﬁed military ves- “The ﬁrst boat refused their ing a speech at a podium. overthrew presi- marrying more than one hus- sels off the Libyan coast request to board, the second “The churches attacked in dent Hosni band, a judicial source said. refused or failed to pick up a only took photos,” according Imbaba are not less than the Mubarak in Abeer Talaat Fakhry, 26, boat carrying 72 people, most to the refugee. The man was mosques attacked in February. was living with her Christian of whom subsequently died of unable to identify where the Jerusalem,” he said, linking husband in the southern city exhaustion, thirst or starvation vessels came from, Fleming the two themes of Friday’s The unrest threatened to of Assiut when she ran away in late March or early April. aid. protest. drive Egypt’s often tense reli- from home, converted to Fleming told AFP that the “According to the refugee, “National unity was there gious tensions to the brink, Islam and informally married survivor’s harrowing account when water ran out people during the revolt but the rem- prompting the military to Muslim Yassin Thabet. obtained after a long inter- drank sea water and their nants of the old regime want arrest more than 200 people Copts account for up to 10 view on Thursday was “com- own urine. They resorted to to destroy the country,” said it said will swiftly be tried. percent of the country’s 80 pelling and credible”. eating toothpaste,” Fleming Ahmed Muhanna wearing a Activists had called for a million people. They com- “At Shousha refugee camp said. Egypt’s ousted president Hosni Mubarak and wife Suzanne at green headband bearing the mass show of unity on Friday, plain of discrimination, and run by UNHCR in Tunisia “One by one people started a programme, in Cairo, on February 10, 2006. (AFP) words “the army of which has become a regular have been the target of we met with three of the to die” until the boat reached Mohammed.” day of protest after the week- repeated sectarian attack. survivors. They were a beach in Libya, he said. Saleh rejects demand for change; troops kill 3 REUTERS Friday, an opposition source cians, army ofﬁcers and tribal as “saboteurs.” He advised SANAA and witnesses said. leaders. Armoured vehicles, whoever wanted power to use The unit loyal to President troops and even military acad- the ballot box and “stop play- HUGE crowds in Sanaa and Ali Abdullah Saleh began emy students with batons ing with ﬁre.” other Yemeni cities demand- shooting as protesters sur- deployed in Sanaa to contain a Saleh offered a “construc- ed on Friday that President rounded a building where the sea of protesters stretching tive dialogue” with opposition Ali Abdullah Saleh leave after troops had taken shelter after seven km (four miles) down a parties, but did not promise months of popular tumult a clash earlier in the day, the main street in Sanaa. to sign a Gulf Arab plan to that has brought the Arab opposition source said, “We are steadfast, you which they have already world’s poorest country close adding dozens were wounded. leader of the corrupt,” anti- agreed. Under the proposal, to economic meltdown. Nineteen demonstrators Saleh demonstrators chanted. Saleh would step down in 30 But in a deﬁant speech to were killed in the capital “Peaceful, peaceful, no to civil days, rather than when his thousands of ﬂag-waving sup- Sanaa and Taez, the second war.” The bodies of 13 pro- term ends in 2013. porters, Saleh declared: “We largest city, during a 24-hour testers killed on Wednesday Many of the youthful anti- will confront a challenge with period ending Thursday. At were lined up in front of the Saleh protesters had also a challenge.” least 179 people have died in speaker’s platform. One was a denounced the deal mediated Yemen’s elite Republican anti-regime protests in the soldier from forces loyal to by the six-nation Gulf Guards killed at least three past three months. General Ali Mohsen, who has Cooperation Council (GCC) people when they opened ﬁre Saleh, a wily political sur- broken with Saleh. because it would give the on anti-regime protesters in vivor, has clung to power Saleh, addressing his sup- president immunity from Yemeni protesters hold up placards calling for ousting President Ali Abdullah Saleh without foreign the southern city of Ibb on despite defections from politi- porters, described protesters prosecution. help during a protest, in Saada, on Friday. (AFP) GULF / MIDDLE EAST Saturday, May 14, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com 03 Troops occupy mosques, but Inside M-E thousands protest in Syria AP the word,” he said. Syrian families ﬂee unrest, take refuge in Lebanon WADI KHALED Syrian families fearing fresh vio- BEIRUT In the central city of Homs, lence during anti-regime a witness said hundreds of protests on Friday ﬂed into SYRIAN soldiers occupied soldiers and black-clad riot the area of Wadi Khaled mosques and blocked off pub- police wielding clubs were in northern Lebanon, a lic squares on Friday, but standing on alert at the main local ofﬁcial said. thousands of people managed Clock Square, where protest- “Around 50 Syrian fami- to hold demonstrations any- ers had tried to launch a sit-in lies from Homs, Tall way as the regime carries out like the one seen in Egypt’s Kalakh and Bab al Sibah one of the most brutal crack- Tahrir Square. entered Wadi Khaled via downs since a wave of popu- “They have taken every the illegal Naura crossing,” lar revolts began sweeping measure to ensure that no Fayez Abdullah, mayor of the Arab world. people can gather,” he said. “I the village of Amayer in The protests were reported doubt anyone can move Wadi Khaled, said. mostly in remote areas and today.” Most of them said they villages because the security There is a media blackout had gathered their lockdown was severe in larger in Syria, making it impossible belongings in the early places that have become to conﬁrm witness accounts hours and made their way ﬂashpoints for protesters independently. Witnesses into Lebanon as they demanding the ouster of spoke on condition of feared clashes with secu- President Bashar Assad. anonymity out of fear for rity forces during protests Human rights groups say their personal safety. against President Bashar that between 700 and 850 peo- The protests that did man- al-Assad’s rule after ple have been killed since the age to come off were around Friday prayers. start of the uprising in mid- the northeastern city of Abdullah said the March, with the United Nations Qamishli, where about 5,000 Lebanese army had been saying on Friday that it consid- people marched in the taking down the names of ers those estimates realistic. streets chanting “Freedom!” the Syrian migrants as they There appeared to be an and “Freedom to political entered Wadi Khaled in the attempt to prevent the mas- prisoners!” said rights Lebanese district of Akkar. sive casualties seen during activist Mustafa Osso. An army ofﬁcial however previous weeks, when securi- Syrian anti-regime protesters hold a banner reading ‘Freedom means to stop killing and arresting’ during a rally, in the Kurdish town of Thousands also were told AFP the military had ty forces opened ﬁre on pro- Qamishli, northeastern Syria, on Friday. (AFP) demonstrating in the nearby taken “no extra measures” testers who gathered after towns of Amouda and at Lebanon’s porous north- Friday prayers. Assad has that in the central cities of dents said Syrian soldiers into military barracks where have deployed in the public Derbasiyeh, he said. Some ern border. (AFP) come under scathing criti- Homs and Hama, riot police occupied mosques and soldiers sleep, eat and drink,” square in the centre of town, shots were ﬁred, but the pro- cism for the crackdown, with were armed only with batons. blocked off major public areas said a resident in the coastal and soldiers and armed thugs testers did not disperse for Israeli police on high the US and Europe imposing Still, it was clear that on Friday to prevent people town of Banias. “They’ve put have broken into shops, long, he added. alert as ‘Nakba’ sanctions. authorities were intent on from leaving their homes. up barriers and sandbags ofﬁces and homes to intimi- The government’s bloody Leading human rights preventing any gatherings. “The army has transformed around the mosques.” date people. crackdown has increased in events begin activist Mazen Darwish said In several key areas, resi- major mosques in the city Up to 1,200 security forces “It is tragic in every sense of intensity in recent days. JERUSALEM Israeli secu- rity forces were on high alert on Friday for fear of violence as the Senior cleric warns Iranian Palestinians began mark- ing the “Nakba” or “catas- trophe” which befell them following Israel’s estab- president, says crisis over lishment in 1948. “The police are on high alert and we have deployed thousands of police ofﬁcers in and AFP Council, a body which overseas Ahmadinejad withdrew from around Jerusalem, as well TEHRAN electoral procedures in Iran. The confrontation the public eye and abandoned as in the north,” police But Janati warned between cabinet meetings as well as ofﬁ- spokesman Micky THE crisis in the higher eche- Ahmadinejad, without nam- Ahmadinejad and cial visits in late April, provok- Rosenfeld told AFP . lons of Iran’s regime has ing him, not to allow the Iran’s supreme ing an unprecedented crisis Police said around “passed,” inﬂuential conser- recurrence of any rebellion leader Ayatollah within the conservative camp. 8,000 people had turned Jordanians at a rally, in Amman, on Friday. (REUTERS) vative cleric Ayatollah Ahmad against the authority of the Ali Khamenei Janati also indirectly cau- up for the traditional on Janati said on Friday, as he all-powerful Khamenei, who sparked by the tioned the president that he Friday prayers at the Jordanians back issued a veiled warning to President Mahmoud Ahm- adinejad. The confrontation between has ﬁnal say on all state mat- ters in the Islamic republic. “He who makes bad deci- sions will lose the popular aborted dismissal of Intelligence Min- ister Heydar Moslehi was “real- could not indeﬁnitely protect his controversial chief advisor Esfandiar Rahim Mashaie, the bane of religious traditional- ﬂashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque compound inside the Old City, which is located on a Palestinian’s Ahmadinejad and Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei sparked by the aborted dismissal of support,” Janati said in an allusion to Ahmadinejad’s efforts to invoke popular sup- port against his critics within ly unexpected,” Janati said in a prayer sermon at Tehran University. ists in the Iranian regime. Mashaie, who has worked closely with Ahmadinejad for more than 25 years, has been site considered as the holiest place in Judaism and the third holiest in Islam after Mecca and right to statehood Intelligence Minister Heydar Moslehi was “really unexpect- ed,” Janati said in a prayer the regime’s conservatives. Despite his repeated and public assertions of allegiance a key role in the vetting of elec- toral candidates, was reported- condemned for holding nationalistic views dating back to pre-Islamic Iran. Medina. Hundreds more were waiting outside the gates sermon at Tehran University. to the supreme leader, ly put under pressure by “Some people seek to cause a of the Old City, with AP Facebook-generated cam- “We did not expect this from Ahmadinejad has been harsh- Ahmadinejad to resign in late deviation, and act against the police refusing to let in AMMAN paign aimed at marching (Ahmadinejad) ... but the crisis ly grilled by conservative April amid a struggle for con- country and Velayat-e Faqih any men under 45 who on the borders of the has passed. Calm has returned opponents for challenging trol of the intelligence network (the supreme leader)... But were not carrying a blue HEEDING a call from Palestinian territories. and minds have been put at Khamenei’s decision in ahead of a parliamentary poll there will come a day that the Israeli identity Palestinian Facebook Egypt’s powerful Muslim ease,” said the cleric, who rejecting Moslehi’s dismissal. in March 2012. In protest at regime and the people will deal card,reports said. (AFP) organisers, several hun- Brotherhood backed heads the powerful Guardians Moslehi, whose ministry has Khamenei’s veto, with them,” Janati warned. dred Jordanians took to the Friday’s demonstration in streets of the capital on Cairo’s Tahrir Square but Friday demanding a sover- does not favor a march to eign Palestinian state and that refugees be given the right to return home. Palestinian youth groups called for protests in the the borders. On Thursday Egypt’s ruling Military Council called on organis- ers to cancel the march and to concentrate instead on Iraqis demand better services, jobs West Bank and nearby local issues. AP poor services. Arab countries to mark the Pro-Palestinian demon- BAGHDAD While other demonstra- anniversary of the May 15, strations are not unusual in tions across the Middle East 1948, creation of the Jordan or Egypt, but gath- MORE than 500 Iraqi have focused on regime Jewish state. erings and marches solicit- protesters have gathered change, most of the protests Palestinians call the ed on Facebook are. organ- in downtown Baghdad, in Iraq have been pushing anniversary the “day of isers are apparently demanding better govern- for improved services like catastrophe” because of the inspired by the Arab upris- ment services and more jobs. reliable electricity and refugee crisis that accompa- ings in Egypt and other The demonstration on water, an end to corruption nied the creation of Israel. Arab countries that were Friday at Baghdad’s central and withdrawal of US About 500 protesters heavily dependent on Tahrir Square was one of the forces. marched in Amman’s down- social network sites. largest in Iraq in recent town market district, some In Jordan, protesters weeks. wearing Palestinian black chanted, “The people want People from a cross-section Several hundreds and white keﬁyahs or head- to liberate Palestine.” They of Iraqi society are calling for people gathered scarves and holding keys to also shouted, “The people a million people to gather in peacefully on Fri- family homes left behind. want to end Wadi Araba,” a Baghdad to demand a crack- day since protests Jordanians and demon- reference to Jordan’s 1994 down on corruption, better began sweeping strators of Palestinian origin peace treaty with Israel. government services, and an the Arab world. also demanded that the The slogans also reﬂect- end to repression. Israeli ambassador be sent ed changes in the political Iraqi ofﬁcials say they wel- home. Jordan and Egypt are climate, including the come any peaceful protests. Prime Minister Nouri al- the only two Arab countries ousting of long-term lead- But in what was widely Maliki has imposed a June 7 to have signed peace treaties ers in Tunisia and Egypt seen as an attempt to limit limit on his Cabinet for enact- with the Jewish state. and efforts by the turnout, Baghdad’s security Iraqi demonstrators hold pictures of missing relatives as they shout slogans during a protest against ing reforms or face dismissal. In Cairo, thousands ral- Palestinians to get the spokesman warned that any corruption, unemployment and poor public services at Baghdad’s Tahrir Square, on Friday. (AFP) Many protesters said they lied in support of the United Nations to recog- act of violence could be in came out Friday to try to force Palestinians, beginning a nize their independence. danger. gathered peacefully on Friday ing the Arab world. In Iraq as anger has been focused on the government to meet the Several hundreds people since protests began sweep- in elsewhere, much of the corruption and poverty and deadline. 04 Saturday, May 14, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com UNITED KINGDOM / EUROPE UK unions PRINCE IN BATTLE GEARS Britain’s Prince Charles (left) speaks to people during a visit to 9 Regiment Army Air Corps, in Boroughbridge, northern England, on Friday. (REUTERS) threaten stir over pension reforms REUTERS series of industrial disputes in LONDON the 1980s. Membership has roughly PUBLIC sector unions are halved since then, although gearing up for coordinated the public sector remains a strikes involving as many as bastion of union support. 1.9 million workers if talks “Coordinated strikes are over pension reforms break unusual these days given the down. way the law works, in that Teaching unions are among everyone has to have their those that have already voted own grounds for dispute coin- to ballot members on strikes ciding. Pensions affect a large that could come as soon as number of unions and work- June. ers in a way no other issue A second wave of coordinat- does,” said Richard Hyman, ed strikes could sweep Britain Professor of Industrial in the autumn if other unions Relations at London School of are dissatisﬁed with the out- Economics. come of negotiations between “If there is very strong sup- Treasury ofﬁcials and union port the electoral implications bosses, expected to conclude going forward could be sub- around the end of June. stantial and that might worry Union action could add to the strains on a Conservative- led coalition government that has just completed a year in power and is committed to some in government. It’s extremely difﬁcult to predict,” he said. The coalition government is consulting over proposals to Zapatero, Spanish prince Local polls first test of cutting a record budget deﬁcit. “Unless the government make public sector workers, whose pensions have been deemed unsustainable and unfair compared to the private sector, retire later and receive console quake victims Berlusconi’s popularity AP lower beneﬁts. Experts say the proposals AFP evacuated from their homes. ROME could save the Conservative- LORCA Thousands spent a second led coalition government 2 night away from home, but PREMIER Silvio billion pounds a year at a time SOBBING relatives joined a unlike the hours following the Berlusconi faces his ﬁrst when ﬁnance minister George funeral mass in the quake- quake, when they shivered electoral test since going on Osborne is seeking to cut a wrecked Spanish city of Lorca under blankets outdoors, trial for allegedly buying Tough stand budget deﬁcit running at about 10 percent of GDP by on Friday for four of the nine victims of the tremor who most were able to sleep in hundreds of tents supplied by sex from an underage pros- titute, as cities including DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER 2015. perished in a hail of tumbling the Red Cross and the mili- Milan, his home base, and NICK CLEGG Deputy prime minister Nick masonry and bricks. tary. garbage-plagued Naples Clegg, the Liberal Democrat Crown Prince Felipe and Touring the worst of the elect mayors. Clegg had warned leader, warned last year that his wife Letizia held hands, devastation before the mass, Berlusconi has made the last year that Britain could no longer afford hugged and spoke with the Zapatero promised that an voting on Sunday and Britain could no “gold plated” public sector bereaved, many in tears, as agreement would be signed in Monday personal: he has longer afford pensions. about 2,000 people gathered the next days to ensure the campaigned relentlessly, “gold plated” “In the early 1970s life for the service in an open- reconstruction of Lorca. especially in Milan, and has public sector expectancy of a 60 year old sided pavilion in the south- “The earthquake was hard, called on Italians to vote for pensions. was around 18 years — now it eastern city. Spanish Crown Prince Felipe (left) comforts a family member of an it had a strong impact, but the his candidates to signal is around 28 years,” a Four wood cofﬁns were earthquake victim in Lorca, southeastern Spain, on Friday. (EPA) country is stronger, our deter- support for the national changes tack, it is heading for Treasury spokesman said. lined up in front of the con- mination for solidarity and government. sustained industrial action on At its annual conference gregation during the mass Manuel Lorca Planes. were hit by a bomb. But Lorca reconstruction is stronger,” “We must win not only to a massive scale,” said Dave this week the Prison Ofﬁcers before being taken for burial “It’s torment,” said one is very strong,” she said. he vowed. bring good government to Prentis, general secretary of Association (POA) passed a in ﬂower-draped hearses. woman as she broke down in The 5.1-magnitude earth- The government later cities but also — and above Unison which has more than a vote of no conﬁdence in Families of the other victims tears during the mass and quake struck at 6:47 pm (1647 announced aid including all — to conﬁrm and million members in public Justice Secretary Ken Clarke preferred to hold private serv- was too overcome to speak GMT) on Wednesday at a 18,000 euros ($25,000) to strengthen the national sector pension schemes. and backed a motion for ices. any more or give her name. depth of just 10 kilometres spouses and adult children of government,” he said in a “I am leading the negotia- industrial action should Prime Minister Jose Luis Her sister, Andrea Navarro, (six miles), less than two those killed or severely dis- message posted on his tions with the Treasury on “slashing and swingeing” cuts Rodriguez Zapatero also 35, said the family had spent hours after a smaller 4.4- abled, rental for those whose party’s website. pensions. We are hoping for to pensions be imposed. attended the mass as two two days in cars and was still magnitude quake. homes were destroyed or con- Nearly 13 million voters the best, but planning for the If at a later date the POA days of national mourning anxious after the terror of Ripping open walls, top- demned, and funds for — almost a quarter of the worst. This includes getting votes in favour holding of a began for all ﬁve male and Wednesday’s quake, which pling roofs and crushing cars rebuilding. Italian population — are our membership records as strike ballot it will join teach- four female victims, including damaged their third ﬂoor ﬂat. under stones, the tremor also The Red Cross admitted it eligible to cast ballots in accurate as possible, ready for ing unions the NASUWT a 14-year-old boy and two Marisol Lozano, 54, said injured another 130 people, still lacked enough fold-up some 1,200 cities, towns industrial action,” he said. (250,000 members), the pregnant women. she knew the teenage boy according to emergency serv- canvas beds for all the home- and villages. Trade unions have had 300,000-member National Attendants comforted dis- who was killed and his family. ices, and forced thousands less, many of them poor But all eyes are on the big fraught relations with the Union of Teachers (NUT) and tressed mourners, guiding “In towns like this, every- from their homes. immigrants from Latin races: Milan, where the Conservative Party since 28,000-strong National some out of the emotion- body knows everybody. We According to the Red Cross, America and north Africa incumbent mayor, a close Prime Minister Margaret Association of Head Teachers laden service presided over by still can’t believe such a disas- 15,000 of the historic city’s unable to ﬁnd alternative Berlusconi ally, is expected Thatcher defeated them in a (NAHT). the bishop of Cartagena, Jose ter happened. It’s like we 93,000 inhabitants were lodging. to win; and Naples, where Berlusconi’s forces hope to oust the centre-left, which has held the ofﬁce of mayor Ireland arrests rebels ahead of queen, Obama visits for several terms. Also electing mayors are the industrial city of Turin, home to the Fiat auto giant, AFP Under Irish anti-terror laws, military hero, in Trim, County and Bologna. Both are DUBLIN he can be questioned for 72 Meath on April 21 “may have expected to remain in the hours without charge. been some sort of atavistic hands of Berlusconi’s cen- IRISH police said on Friday The queen, who begins a response” to the announce- tre-left opponents. they had arrested several dissi- four-day visit on Tuesday, will ment of the queen’s visit. In Milan, Berlusconi has dent republican suspects and be surrounded by extremely “Opposition to Queen the most invested: his an Irish-born convert to Islam tight security following the Elizabeth’s visit is the response media empire is based ahead of historic visits by murder of a policeman in of a tiny minority of people,” there, as is his football team Queen Elizabeth II and US British-ruled Northern Ireland Shatter said. AC Milan, and his villa is President Barack Obama. last month. Police said the VIP visits will just outside the city. But it’s The arrests come as Ireland A number of dissident repub- involve “substantial security also the city where prepares to roll out a major lican suspects have been arrest- operations”.They warned that Berlusconi is facing trial on security operation for the ﬁrst ed in the Republic in recent in addition to road closures and prostitution and abuse of visit by a British monarch since days. Four men were held in extensive trafﬁc restrictions ofﬁce charges, along with independence, followed by Youghal, County Cork, in the there would be “periodic three other legal cases. Obama’s trip to see his Irish south of the country, on searches of pedestrians and The premier has denied roots. Thursday. They are being ques- vehicles” at key locations. wrongdoing in all cases, Police said that as part of an tioned under anti-terror laws Adding to the Irish authori- launching vehement investigation of “threats to kill after ammunition was found in ties’ security headache, British attacks against what he or cause harm” they searched a a car. At a commemoration in Prime Minister David Cameron says are left-leaning prose- house in Dublin on Thursday Northern Ireland last month a will also visit Ireland during the cutors intent on ousting and arrested a man in his 40s. masked member of the Real queen’s visit. him from power. Police refused to comment IRA dissident group con- Obama is due in Ireland the The sex case, with its on media reports that he is an demned the queen’s visit, following week when he will racy details, is potentially Irish-born alleged Al Qaeda accusing her of “war crimes”. meet the Irish president and highly damaging to sympathiser who is being ques- Justice Minister Alan Shatter prime minister and visit the Berlusconi — with recent tioned about remarks in an arti- told the Irish parliament that a town of Moneygall from where polls showing that scandal cle in a Sunday newspaper pipe bomb explosion that one of his ancestors, Falmouth is ﬁnally taking its toll on A masked member of the Real Irish Republican Army splinter group reads a statement, in describing Obama as an enemy scorched a monument to the Kearney, emigrated to the US his popularity. Londonderry, Northern Ireland, recently. (AP) of Islam. Duke of Wellington, a British in 1850. PHILIPPINES / SOUTH-EAST ASIA Saturday, May 14, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com 05 Philippine troops kill 10 communist rebels DPA Cambodia war crimes judge threatens suit of its payroll money. mittent talks to resolve one of assault riﬂes and radios, leftist insurgencies in Asia. state for decades and are list- MANILA In Albay province, 330 kilo- Asia’s longest-running police chief Aaron Aquino of With funding from abroad ed as a terrorist organization metres south-east of Manila, Marxist rebellions. But they Compostela Valley province drying up, the guerrillas have by the U.S. and EU govern- against TEN suspected communist rebels were killed on Friday in two communist rebels were also killed in a clash with sol- have repeatedly failed to agree on a truce. said. Aquino said one of the turned to extorting money from companies and individu- ments. The military estimates their strength at several thou- prosecutor two separate clashes with diers in Jovellar town, guards working for Russell als. The rebels have warned sand ﬁghters. government troops in the according to army Lieutenant Mining & Minerals Inc. that they will launch fresh The instability has stunted DPA According to mili- PHNOM PENH Philippines, the military said. Colonel Audrey Pasia. tary estimates, the apparently resisted and was attacks against mining and economic development in Eight suspects were killed The soldiers were arriving rebels have col- fatally shot. logging companies, accusing rural areas. The rebels have in Rizal town in Nueva Ecija to investigate complaints lected nearly 2 bil- Private security guards are them of taking land from peas- survived by raiding remote A GERMAN judge who province, 135 kilometres from a villager that guerillas lion pesos (46.5 not authorized to carry ants and indigenous people. police and army posts to jointly heads the investiga- north of Manila, in a ﬁreﬁght were extorting money and million dollars) assault riﬂes, and police have According to military esti- snatch weapons and extorting tion ofﬁce at the UN- with policemen and soldiers valuables from local resi- since 1998. repeatedly warned that such mates, the rebels have col- money from businesses in backed war crimes tribunal at a checkpoint. dents, when the clash broke weapons attract rebels, lected nearly 2 billion pesos areas where they operate. in Cambodia has threat- Colonel Felicito Trinidad, out and two guerillas were In a ﬁrst attack Thursday, Aquino said. (46.5 million dollars) since Meanwhile, the Philippine ened to ﬁle contempt-of- an army brigade commander, killed. about 60 guerrillas ﬂagged Communist rebels have 1998. Last year alone, they police said Al Qaeda-linked court charges against the said the guerrillas were inter- The renewed violence came down four motorcycle-riding been ﬁghting the Philippine amassed 95.5 million pesos militants were believed to be tribunal’s international cepted after intelligence indi- three months after the New security guards on a remote government since the late from extortion. holding a Malaysian trader prosecutor. cated they were heading to People’s Army rebels and the mining road in the southern 1960s, making the movement The New People’s Army who was kidnapped on a The unprecedented rob a sugar milling company government reopened inter- Philippines and seized their one of the longest-running have fought for a Marxist restive southern island. development that two sen- ior UN staff might face off within the tribunal’s sys- tem came days after the Thai police SELECTING THE BEST A Filipino vendor sorts edible vegetables at a market, in Manila on Thursday. According to Food and Agricultural Organization of United Nations, more than one bil- prosecutor, Andrew Cayley, said an investiga- tion by Judge Siegfried arrest UAE lion tonnes of food, or 30 per cent of food produced for human consumption, is wasted around the world. (EPA) Blunk’s ofﬁce was deﬁ- cient. man with Blunk did not reply on Friday to emailed ques- tions, but the Cambodia bear, pair of Daily quoted him as saying it could “write any story panthers you like” after he declined to say what lay behind the contempt-of-court charges. AFP Cayley said on Monday BANGKOK that he had reviewed the ﬁle prepared by Blunk’s A MAN whose luggage con- team on the third case in tained a baby bear, a pair of the prosecution of leaders panthers, two leopards and of Cambodia’s former some monkeys was arrested Khmer Rouge regime and as he tried to smuggle the would request the investi- live animals out of Thailand, gating judges do more police said on Friday. work on it. Noor Mahmoodr, a 36- His comments seemed year-old citizen of the to conﬁrm long-standing United Arab Emirates, was rumours that the judges detained soon after mid- have done little on the night by undercover ofﬁcers case. at a Bangkok airport with Cayley, a British nation- the animals — all aged al, told DPA on Tuesday under two months — in his that case three still needed cases. “a substantial amount” of The man, who was trying investigation and called on to get the creatures onto a Blunk’s ofﬁce to notify the ﬁrst-class ﬂight to Dubai suspects they were under from Suvarnabhumi airport, investigation and to inter- was charged with smuggling view them. endangered species out of “And [there are] a num- Thailand, Colonel Kiattipong ber of other steps, includ- Khawsamang of the Nature ing investigation of crime Crime Police told AFP. sites also originally He said one of the bags named by the prosecution Eight new reef fish species had been abandoned in an in the introductory sub- airport lounge because the mission, which haven’t animals were being too been investigated at all,” noisy. Cayley said. “This is a very unusual Tribunal observers have case and a very large one so long feared the investigat- we really applaud the Thai police for going after them as strongly as they did,” said Roy Schlieben of wildlife protection group FREE- LAND, whose staff were found in Indonesian waters ing judges are trying to shelve the tribunal’s third and fourth cases. That would suit the Cambodian government, which has repeatedly said it would present at the arrest. AFP Tulamben, a well-known Manonichthys, Grallenia and not permit those cases to Several people were DENPASAR recreational dive site, as well Pseudochromis. go to trial. thought to be involved and as Nusa Dua, Gili Manuk In their two-week marine Asked whether the court police investigations are SCIENTISTS from and Pemuteran, at depths of survey which ended on was indeed trying to bury under way into a wider net- Conservation International 10 to 70 metres (11 to 77 Wednesday, the team also cases three and four, Blunk work of traffickers, have discovered eight new yards). found a new species of responded with a threat. Schlieben said. The animals fish and one new coral Euphyllia or bubble coral. “The use of the word were taken into the care of species off Indonesia’s Bali Indonesia is a Tulamben is the grave of ‘bury’ is insolent, for which local veterinarians. island. massive archipela- the US Army Transport ship you are given leave to apol- “There’s a pretty strong The new species include go of 17,000 Liberty, which was torpe- ogize within two days,” likelihood that some of eels and damsels, the islands which form doed by a Japanese subma- Blunk wrote in an email on them wouldn’t have sur- colourful little ﬁsh that dart part of the so- rine in 1942. Tuesday without specify- vived the ﬂight in the condi- among coral branches and called Coral Trian- Indonesia is a massive ing a penalty. tion they were in,” he told help give reefs their dazzling gle, an area of rich archipelago of 17,000 Blunk’s actions come at a AFP. appearance while playing a marine biodiversity islands which form part of critical time for the court as “The fact they were trans- key role in reef ecology. deemed vital to the so-called Coral Triangle, it prepares for its second ported alive would indicate “We have carried out a the health of the an area of rich marine biodi- case against four senior the person at the other end marine survey in 33 sites seas and global versity deemed vital to the surviving Khmer Rouge wanted to keep them in around Bali island. We have food stocks. health of the seas and global leaders this year. their residence or some sort identiﬁed 952 reef ﬁsh, and food stocks. Cases three and four of zoo, or maybe even breed among them we discovered In November last year a involve ﬁve unnamed them,” he said. eight new species,” team Erdmann said the new team of scientists discovered former Khmer Rouge, If convicted, Mahmoodr senior adviser Mark Van ﬁsh species had not been several new species in who between them are could face up to four years Nydeck Erdmann said. named but they were in the Indonesia’s eastern Papua thought to be directly in jail and a 40,000 baht The surveys were carried genuses of Siphamia, region, including an eyeless responsible for tens of ($1,300) fine, Kiattipong A new species of ﬁsh named ‘Manonichthys’ found off Indonesia’s out off the popular tourist Heteroconger, Apogon, cave ﬁsh and a frog that car- thousands of deaths. said. Bali island. (AFP) island’s northeast coast at Parapercis, Meiacanthus, ries its offspring on its back. Swedes caught in Philippine cybersex ‘nightmare’ AFP operation in which 17 naked was fabricated or obtained Sederholm, 31, bristled at Sederholm were IT consult- CAGAYAN DE ORO women in an ofﬁce building illegally, and appear bewil- their portrayal by the ants who had been been hired performed in front of cameras dered why they should be Philippine press as modern- to set up the computer sys- TWO Swedish computer for overseas Internet clients. jailed for Internet pornogra- day slave traders. tems at the cybersex shop experts jailed for life in the The government hailed the phy when prostitution is ram- “The women were not where the women worked in Philippines on cybersex verdict as a landmark victory pant across the Philippines. forced to do it. It was nothing Cagayan de Oro. charges say they are living a in the battle against human “We don’t see ourselves as like that at all,” said Although they refused to nightmare among hardened trafﬁcking because the human trafﬁckers at all,” Sederholm, who like his busi- say who hired them, they criminals and insist they did Swedes were the ﬁrst to be Solemo, 35, said in an exclusive ness partner was wearing a denied police charges that nothing wrong. handed life sentences for what interview with AFP on prison-issue yellow T-shirt, they owned the business and Emil Andreas Solemo and has in recent years become a Thursday from a crowded jail long shorts and a sandals. recruited the women, saying Bo Stefan Sederholm were booming cybersex industry. in the southern city of Cagayan Solemo, a tall man with they only arrived in the coun- Swedish nationals Emil Andreas Solemo (left) and Bo Stefan this week convicted of human But both men claim most of de Oro where they have been gold-rimmed glasses and a try a month before being Sederholm at a prison, in Cagayan de Oro City, in southern island trafﬁcking for running an the evidence against them since their arrest in April 2009. goatee, said he and arrested. of Mindanao, on Friday. (AFP) 06 Saturday, May 14, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com INDIA Mamata ends Monsoon rains set Left’s 34-year to begin on time rule in Bengal REUTERS NEW DELHI MONSOON is likely to enter India through the southern Kerala coast on REUTERS May 31, the weather ofﬁce NEW DELHI BUDDHADEB LOSES FROM JADAVPORE said on Friday, marking the start of the four- MAMATA Banerjee has KOLKATA Outgoing West since 1987. This is the ﬁrst month rainy season that waged a three-decade long Bengal Chief Minister time the Communist Party is forecast to be normal battle that has catapulted her Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee of India-Marxist (CPI-M) has this year, possibly boost- to the upper echelons of lost to Trinamool Congress lost Jadavpore since the ing the farm sector. India’s turbulent politics, and nominee Manish Gupta by seat was carved out in on Friday, she cemented her 16,684 votes from 1967. Higher agricultur- status as a powerbroker by Jadavpore constituency. This is not the ﬁrst time al supplies trig- trumping one of the world’s Gupta polled 103,972 that Bhattacharjee has lost gered by normal last democratically elected votes, compared to in the assembly polls. rains could communist governments. Bhattacharjee’s 87,288. In 1982, he lost his encourage the With the thumping election Bhattacharjee has been Cossipore seat, from where Indian govern- victory in West Bengal state, the winning from Jadavpore he had won in 1977. (IANS) ment to allow stronghold of India’s commu- overseas sale of nists since they took power without support. But on the which has pushed Banerjee wheat and lift there in 1977, Banerjee’s other hand she is reckless, into the ranks of India’s pow- export curbs on Trinamool Congress has populist, anarchic. She is not erful women politicians who rice. become the most important of a leader to run a government, have resonated with an Prime Minister Manmohan although she can organize ancient tradition of revering “The date of onset of Singh’s coalition allies, and also anti-government campaign,” virginal mother ﬁgures. south-west monsoon over one of the most unpredictable. Dwaipayan Bhattacharyya, a She is a worshipper of Kali, Kerala is likely to be on By decimating the commu- fellow in political science at the foremost of those awe- May 31, with a model nists, Banerjee has removed Kolkata’s Centre for Studies inspiring ﬁgures, who is often error of plus, minus of one of the loudest dissenting in Social Sciences. depicted as dancing in the four days,” state-run voices to the Congress party- The diminutive, mercurial frenzy after a bloody victory India Meteorological led government’s economic 56-year-old whose supporters over demons. Banerjee once Department (IMD) said reform efforts. call her “Big Sister”, styles dragged a political opponent in a statement. But her track record of herself as a woman of the by the collar during a scufﬂe Monsoon starts over opposing unpopular, ﬁscally people. She is unmarried, over women’s rights in parlia- Kerala and covers the rest necessary measures such as lives with her elderly mother ment, forced the relocation of of India and neighbour- raising fuel prices or cutting and wears simple cotton saris a plant to build the world’s ing countries by mid- down subsidies also does not and rubber ﬂipﬂops. cheapest car and had her July. The rains, which Trinamool Congress supremo Mamata Banerjee greets people after meeting the state governor to for- bode well for Congress. But that matronly appear- skull cracked by communist irrigate 60 percent of mally stake claim to form the new government, in Kolkata, on Friday. (PTI) “She is unique as a woman ance fronts a core of steel thugs during the 1990s. India’s farms, are crucial for rural growth as about 600 million people are dependent on farming. Cong juggernaut PM backs Karzai’s peace plan, The IMD also said the rains were likely to arrive over the Andamans coast around May 20. A normal decimates AGP, seeks to boost India’s influence monsoon means the country receives rainfall between 96-104 percent BJP in Assam REUTERS KABUL States and NATO agreed to the plan at a summit in of a 50-year average of 89 centimetres during the four-month rainy season. Last week, PV Joseph, a IANS Lisbon late last year. former director at the GUWAHATI INDIAN Prime Minister As part of that plan, NATO- IMD said monsoon was Manmohan Singh, backing led forces will begin a gradual on track to arrive near the THE Congress juggernaut Kabul’s peace plan to recon- drawdown from July under a normal date of June 1, decimated the opposition to cile with Taliban-led insur- transition programme to give or take two days. smithereens by securing a gents, urged Afghanistan on Afghan responsibility that Higher agricultural majority by winning 78 of the Friday to shake off outside will end with the departure of supplies triggered by nor- 126 assembly seats in Assam “coercion”, while at the same all foreign combat troops by mal rains could encour- with the wily 76-year-old time seeking to boost India’s the end of 2014. age the Indian govern- Tarun Gogoi set to become the waning inﬂuence. At home, some pointed out ment to allow overseas chief minister for the third Singh’s strong words to a that Singh’s mission in sale of wheat and lift straight term. session of the Afghan parlia- Afghanistan carried little export curbs on rice. “I would say this thumping ment come at the end of a weight in the face of Pakistani Further, normal rain- victory is a victory for good two-day visit to Kabul aimed dominance. It was Singh’s fall levels can reduce governance and development Tarun Gogoi at renewing Indian ties with ﬁrst trip since 2005, and came demand for diesel, used in the last 10 years of Congress Afghanistan, where New Afghan President Hamid Karzai (left) with Prime Minister barely more than a week after to pump water from wells rule in Assam,” a jubilant “I am grateful to the people Delhi has been jockeying for Manmohan Singh at a joint session of the Afghan parliament, in Al Qaeda leader Osama bin for irrigation when rain- Gogoi told IANS in an inter- of Assam for reposing faith in inﬂuence to counter historical Kabul, on Friday. (REUTERS) Laden was killed by US special fall is scant, and impact view ﬂanked by his family. us for the third term,” Gogoi rival Pakistan. “It is up to forces in Pakistan. demand for gold as pur- “Bringing peace to Assam is said. you, as the peoples’ represen- In moves likely to irritate last year reaching its worst “At the heart of this state of chases get a boost when also one of the main reasons But Assam’s beleaguered tatives, to make decisions Pakistan, Singh earlier level since the Taliban were affairs is that India has little farming incomes rise for the conﬁdence reposed in main opposition AGP blamed about your country’s future pledged $500 million for toppled by US-backed Afghan or no hard-nosed inﬂuence amid high crop output. us by the voters of Assam.” manipulation of electronic without outside interference development projects in forces in late 2001. on events in Afghanistan. Rural areas account for Gogoi won the Titabar seat voting machines (EVM) by the or coercion,” Singh told the Afghanistan, taking what he “Afghanistan has embarked This reﬂects geographical about 70 percent of defeating his nearest Ason Congress for the regional session, attended by Afghan said was the total amount of upon a process of national reality, the greater stakes of India’s annual gold con- Gana Parishad (AGP) rival by party’s rout in the assembly President Hamid Karzai. Indian aid over the next two reconciliation. We wish you players like Pakistan,” wrote sumption. more than 55,000 votes. elections. Pakistan, which has gone to years to $2 billion. India is well in this enterprise,” Singh India’s Hindustan Times Earlier this month, The Congress won 78 seats, “We knew the Congress war with India three times Afghanistan’s largest regional said. He reiterated New paper on Friday. IMD Director General 25 more then it won in the would do something and they since 1947, has been vying for donor. Delhi’s ﬁrst public backing of Singh also said India was Ajit Tyagi told Reuters in 2006 assembly elections. The did so by manipulating the a central role in a negotiated He also tempered India’s an Afghan peace plan a day ready to “widen our coopera- an interview that mon- Bodoland People’s Party EVMs. Otherwise such a result settlement in its neighbour opposition to a plan by Karzai earlier. India, fearing that tion” in the area of security soon rains were expected (BPF), an ally of the Congress, would not have come,” former Afghanistan’s affairs. to reintegrate Taliban ﬁghters reaching out to insurgents once NATO completes its to withdraw on schedule, won 12 seats. chief minister and senior AGP Kabul and Islamabad last and reconcile with some of could cede more power to planned handover of security unlike last year when late Gogoi and his new council leader Prafulla Kumar month agreed to give Pakistan’s their leaders. Fighting has Pakistan in the peace process responsibilities to the Afghans end-season rains hit of ministers are expected to be Mahanta told journalists. security establishment a formal dragged on for nearly 10 years once Western forces leave, by the end of 2014.He did not sugar output in the sworn-in May 19. Mahanta lost one of the two role in any peace talks. in Afghanistan, with violence was rattled when the United go into detail. world’s biggest con- The two main opposition seats he contested - in sumer. parties - the AGP and the Samaguri - to Forest Minister Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Rockybul Hussain but won in - were literally decimated. The AGP managed to win in just 10 seats, down from 24 in the 2006 polls, and the BJP in ﬁve Barhampur defeating the Congress candidate. “EVM’s were manipulated by the government machinery Number of Indian tourists to rise by 40% this year seats, ﬁve less then what it got at the instance of the IANS India, despite airlines gearing “The young crowd including destinations are concerned, in the last assembly elections. Congress,” former AGP presi- NEW DELHI up to hike airfares, passenger school and college going kids Hong Kong, Thailand, From 10 seats in the 2006 dent Brindaban Goswami said. trafﬁc to popular tourist des- With huge dispos- are opting for tourist hot- Malaysia, Macau, Dubai, elections, the Asom United Goswami, who won from WITH around 9 million tinations in India and abroad able income and spots in India. This has fuelled Singapore, Maldives, South Democratic Front (AUDF) Tezpur the last four times, lost Indian travellers all set to is likely to escalate by 35 to 40 rising spending the steady increase in the Africa etc. are hot favourites rose to become the main to the Congress. travel around the country and percent and in some cases, by power of senior hotel occupancy and domestic for Indians this summer, said opposition party this time by Among the prominent losers abroad this holiday season, almost 50 percent compared corporate execu- tourism”, added Rawat. ASSOCHAM. winning 18 seats. include AGP president Chandra the country’s aviation and to last year. tives, high-end pro- According to the report, Meanwhile, the Indian hos- The Trinamool Congress Mohan Patowary and BJP state hospitality sector are expect- “With huge disposable fessionals in pri- popular Indian tourist spots pitality industry is anticipat- won one seat and independ- president Ranjit Dutta - both ing increased proﬁts, says a income and rising spending vate sector, gov- include the coastal regions ing an upsurge in the tourist ents triumphed in two seats. losing to the Congress. report by an industry cham- power of senior corporate exec- ernment officials like Goa, Kerala, Puducherry, footfall and is expected to Meanwhile, there were cele- Patowary lost in ber. utives, high-end professionals holding senior Rameswaram (in Tamil increase tariffs for hotel brations across Assam in the Dharmapur to ﬁrst time can- According to information in private sector, government positions etc., this Nadu) and the northern hilly accommodation by 25 to 30 Congress camp with victory didate Jayanta Malla Baruah gathered by the Associated ofﬁcials holding senior posi- year more people destinations like Darjeeling, percent. In addition, restau- processions being taken out by more than 5,000 votes, Chambers of Commerce and tions etc., this year more people are planning on Mcleodganj, Shimla, Nainital, rants in these areas have also and jubilant supporters and while Dutta lost to another Industry of India are planning on vacationing vacationing Mussoorie and Kashmir val- increased food and beverage candidates bursting crackers ﬁrst timer Pallab Lochan Das (ASSOCHAM) from its vari- abroad,” said DS Rawat, secre- abroad. ley etc. costs by 20 to 25 percent, and distributing sweets. by more than 8,000 votes. ous regional ofﬁces across tary general, ASSOCHAM. As far as the international added the report. INDIA Saturday, May 14, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com 07 YSR’s son, Jayalalithaa sweeps TN widow win AGENCIES CHENNAI Poongothai Aladi Aruna and ﬁsheries minister K P P Samy. AIADMK chief Jayalalithaa ernment’s priority, she said: “Today our priority is to form the government. Tamil Nadu by record THE Jayalalithaa-led AIA- was ahead in Srirangam. Post- has been totally ruined over DMK front forged ahead of its poll surveys were not very the past ﬁve years. It is not rival the ruling DMK front clear about who would come easy to rebuild an entire and is heading for a sweep, to power. state.” according to trends for assem- Meanwhile, Jayalalithaa on Charging the DMK govern- bly election in Tamil Nadu. Friday said Tamil Nadu’s ment of destroying the state’s margins The AIADMK had estab- lished leads in over 190 seats in the 234-member House. The ruling DMK front is way behind, leading only in 39 ﬁnances were in ruins due to the ﬁve years of DMK rule and her priority would be to restore ﬁscal stability of the state and bring back rule of ﬁscal stability whenever it comes to power, the AIADMK general secretary said: “It is easy to renovate a damaged house. IANS band who won only two years constituencies. law. She said her government But if the house is totally HYDERABAD ago by 68,681 votes. Corruption charges on vari- would implement the promis- destroyed then the debris has She polled 114,198 votes ous DMK leaders arising out es made in the party’s election to be removed ﬁrst.” SENDING a strong message while her brother-in-law Y S of the 2G spectrum allocation manifesto within one and half “Between 1989-91 the DMK to the ruling Congress, Y S Vivekananda Reddy of the rul- scam have come to haunt the years time. ruined the state’s ﬁnances. I Jaganmohan Reddy, son of ing Congress secured only party. rebuilt the state,” she said. former Andhra Pradesh chief 28,626 votes. As the AIADMK juggernaut Charging the DMK She said in 1996 there was a minister Y S Rajasekhara B Tech Ravi of the Telugu rolls on in Tamil Nadu, a government of change in government “and Reddy, retained the Kadapa Desam Party (TDP) ﬁnished a majority of DMK ministers destroying the in 2001 for a second time I Lok Sabha seat on Friday poor third with 11,552 votes are trailing. state’s fiscal sta- found the state’s economy while his mother Y S and lost his deposit. M Karunanidhi has submit- bility whenever it was bad”. Vijayalaxmi retained the Vijayamma, as she is popu- ted his resignation as the comes to power, “At that time the Asian Pulivendula assembly seat larly known, was elected unop- Tamil Nadu chief minister to the AIADMK gener- Development Bank, Indian with record margins. posed in the December 2009 governor Surjit Singh Barnala. al secretary said: Planning Commission and by-elections held four months Among the DMK ministers “It is easy to others had written off the The result is a after YSR’s death. trailing are ﬁnance minister K renovate a Tamil Nadu government. But huge setback to In Pulivendula, one of the Anbazhagan, higher educa- damaged house.” our government restored the ruling seven assembly segments of tion minister K Ponmudi, Tamil Nadu’s ﬁscal health. We Congress party as Kadapa Lok Sabha seat, food minister E V Velu, trans- Expressing her gratitude to made it a leader in many it had gone all out 156,276 of the 189,000 elec- port minister KN Nehru, the people of Tamil Nadu for a spheres,” she said. to defeat Jagan or torate voted. health minister M R K decisive mandate, She said the DMK govern- at least reduce his In 2009, Jagan won with a Paneerselvam, backward Jayalalithaa said: “It is a victo- ment again played havoc with victory margin. majority of 178,846 votes. He classes minister K K S S R ry for the people and democ- the economy between 2006- Making an impressive elec- had polled 542,611 votes while Ramachandran, agriculture racy. Money power got defeat- 2011. toral debut within three Palem Srikanth Reddy of the minister Veerapandi Arum- ed in this election.” According to her it is going months of its launch, YSR TDP had secured 363,765 ugham, hindu religious and According to her, over the to be a difﬁcult challenge to Congress party wrested both votes. charitable endowments min- past three years she had seen restore ﬁscal stability. the seats from the Congress in The YSR family won the ister K R Periyakaruppan, people being disgusted with Jayalalithaa also thanked the high proﬁle by-elections. Kadapa seat for the record sev- school education minister the DMK government and the Election Commission of Both Jaganmohan and enth consecutive time and Thangam Thennarasu, tour- were waiting for a chance. India for conducting the elec- Vijayalaxmi have thus contin- Pulivendula seat for the 11th ism minister Suresh Rajan, “Last three years I could tions in a free and fair man- ued the family tradition of time. While it won all the pre- sports minister T P M gauge a change in people’s ner. never losing an election. vious elections on Congress Mohideen Khan, commercial mood. Once they got the Thanking her allies, she Riding on a sympathy wave tickets, this time, the victory tax minister S N M opportunity they showed their hoped the alliance with the in the ﬁrst election after the was in the form of YSR Ubayadulla, forest minister N anger,” Jayalalithaa said. two Left parties would contin- All-India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam leader J Jayalalithaa death of YSR in a helicopter Congress. Selvaraj, IT minister Questioned about her gov- ue even at the national level. at her residence, in Chennai, on Friday. (AFP) crash in 2009, Jaganmohan YSR’s younger brother Y S Reddy retained the Kadapa Vivekananda Reddy lost the parliamentary seat with a mar- election in Pulivendula despite gin of 543,053 votes. Jagan, as he is popularly known, polled a whopping 687,068 votes while state contesting as Congress candi- date. In the past, Vivekananda was elected twice each from SC imposes temporary ban on endosulfan Health Minister D L Ravindra Kadapa and Pulivendula. AFP Kapadia, declared it was aerially sprayed with the on the reproductive system,” least 70 percent of endosul- Reddy of the Congress got Jagan and his mother quit NEW DELHI “the risk that is bothering chemical during the 1980s said Chandra Bhushan, fan globally, initially lobbied 144,015 votes. the Congress in November last us” before imposing the and 1990s, but use of the deputy director of the New- strongly against a global M V Mysoora Reddy of the year and also resigned from INDIA’S top court on Friday eight-week ban and asking chemical in Kerala is now Delhi based Centre for ban. But it gave in after win- Telugu Desam Party (TDP) ﬁn- parliament and assembly, temporarily banned use of the government to produce a banned. Science and Environment, a ning concessions for an 11- ished a poor third with 127,183 respectively, accusing the lead- the pesticide endosulfan, report on the chemical. Campaigners say the non-governmental organisa- year phase-out period to votes. Both the Congress and ership of trying to divide their which the government has “Even if one child suffers effects of endosulfan have tion. give scientists and farmers TDP candidates lost their family. resisted blacklisting despite we do not want it on our led to “Kerala’s Bhopal,” a “The Indian producers of time to ﬁnd alternative pes- deposits. In March, Jagan launched curbs imposed in 60 other heads. That is why we are reference to the 1984 indus- endosulfan have been ticides and allow its industry The highest victory margin the YSR Congress, promising countries over health con- imposing an all-India ban on trial disaster at a Union unwilling to admit its dan- to adjust to the ban. from Kadapa till now was to work for the implementa- cerns. the use and production of Carbide plant in central gers and the government has The global market is val- 418,000, secured by YSR in tion of all the welfare India is the world’s biggest endosulfan,” the bench said. India that claimed thou- been complicit,” he said. ued at around $300 million, 1991. The YSR family has been schemes launched by his late producer and user of the Opposition to use of the sands of lives. “It’s a big business.” according to Indian industry winning this seat since 1989.Of father. The result is a huge controversial chemical that chemical in India has been The Kerala government Representatives of 127 estimates. India had argued the 13.29 lakh eligible voters in setback to the ruling is sprayed on crops from strongest in southern Kerala says several hundred people governments meeting in endosulfan, developed in the Kadapa, 10.28 lakh exercised Congress party as it had gone cocoa, rice to cotton even state where studies suggest died from problems related Geneva last month agreed to 1950s, provided “a much their franchise in the May 8 by- all out to defeat Jagan or at though it has been linked to one sprayed area, Kasargod, to the spraying and has paid add the pesticide, which is needed cost-effective crop election. least reduce his victory mar- birth deformities and ill- has experienced unusually compensation to their fami- also produced by China, t o protection tool, especially in Y S Vijayalaxmi bagged gin. It not only ﬁelded a minis- nesses in farmers and their high levels of severe sick- lies. “It’s a very dangerous the UN’s list of pollutants developing countries, Pulivendula assembly seat ter against him but deployed families. nesses and birth deformi- chemical, it causes birth and said it should be elimi- where its availability could with a margin of 85,191 votes, nearly a dozen ministers to The Supreme Court bench, ties. deformities, neurological nated worldwide by 2012. make a signiﬁcant difference breaking the record of her hus- run the party campaign. headed by Chief Justice S H Cashew plantations were problems, and has an impact India, which supplies at to the grower’s proﬁt.” UDF gains narrow majority in Kerala AGENCIES 42. Even as the UDF is all (Democratic) led by M P THIRUVANANTHAPURAM set to scrape through, the Veerendrakumar bagged performance of the coali- two seats. BACKED by a consolidation tion leader Congress’ per- The prominent UDF can- of religious minorities, formance was none too didates who romped home Congress-led UDF in impressive as it could win include its chief ministerial Kerala on Friday gained a only 23 seats. probable Oommen Chandy, narrow majority over the Going by the trend, CPM KPCC president Ramesh CPM-controlled LDF in the emerged as the single Chennithala, K Mural- 140-member state largest party in the House eedharan (Cong), IUML Assembly. having already won 35 seats leader P K Kuhalikutty and Outgoing Kerala chief even if the LDF loses Kerala Congress leader K M minister VS Achutanandan power. Mani (Pala). said on Friday that he Chief minister VS would not try to garner a Chief minister VS Achuthanandan scored a majority using disgruntled Achuthanandan hat-trick from the CPM members from other par- scored a hat-trick stronghold Malampuzha by ties and would sit in the from the CPM a huge margin of 20,000 opposition. Out of 129 stronghold Malam- votes over Lathika Subhash results declared, 67 seats puzha by a huge of the Congress. went to UDF and 62 to margin of 20,000 Most of the ministers LDF. UDF is leading in votes over Lathika including home and tourism another ﬁve seats and LDF Subhash of the minister Kodiyeri in six. Congress. Balakrishnan received a Though the state was fresh mandate. poised to live up to its repu- The LDF maintained sway tation of giving mandate to The UDF’s main partner, over most of the northern the rival coalitions alter- Indian Union Muslim districts, except the Muslim nately, the UDF tally fell far League, put up a sterling League-dominated Mala- short of its expectations performance notching up ppuram. While the UDF put going by its splendid show- 17 of the 24 seats it contest- up a good showing in the ing in the Lok Sabha polls ed. While minor UDF com- Christian heartland Central in 2009. ponents JSS and CMP were Travancore, the trend was In 2006 assembly polls, washed out, recently mixed in down south includ- Kerala Chief Minister V S Achuthanandan being presented a shawl by the CPI(M) district secretary, in Pallakad, on Friday. (PTI) LDF won 98 seats and UDF formed Socialist Janata ing the state capital. 08 Saturday, May 14, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com CHANNEL SURFING BEST ON TV TONIGHT 11:30 pm BBC World: DATELINE LONDON 7:10 pm Disney Channel: DADNAPPED 7:30 pm Discovery HD Showcase: SOLVING HISTORY WITH OLLY STEEDS 9:20 pm Extreme Sports: CARPOCALYPSE TV PRIME TIME GUIDE BBC WORLD OSN NEWS CARTOON NETWORK DISNEY CHANNEL DISCOVERY HD SHOWCASE DISCOVERY SCIENCE E! FOOD NETWORK EXTREME SPORTS FOX SPORTS 7:00 PM BBC WORLD NEWS MSNBC THE ADVENTURE TIME DADNAPPED E! 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21:15 Amelia 10:00 Total Rugby 19:00 Globe Trekker 21:00 Wendy’s Age 15:00 Shark Men 05:00 Good Morning America 03:20 Whose Wedding Is It Anyway? 20:00 Working Holiday 22:00 White Poppy Ceren 16:00 Street Monkeys 07:00 CSI New York 23:15 The Locusts 10:30 Live Super 15 04:15 Whose Wedding Is It Anyway? 12:30 Live Super 15 21:00 Think Green 23:00 Hellcats 17:00 Amazonia’s Giant Jaws 08:00 One Tree Hill 04:35 Whose Wedding Is It Anyway? 22:00 Julian and Camilla’s World Odyssey 18:00 Dangerous Encounters 09:00 Lie To Me 14:30 AFL Premiership 05:10 Homes With Style 17:00 Mobil 1 The Grid 23:00 Globe Trekker 19:00 Python Hunters 09:30 Lie To Me 05:35 Area 20:00 Shark Men 10:00 Karen Sisco 17:30 Total Rugby 06:05 Clean House 21:00 Street Monkeys 11:00 The View 18:00 Live Super 15 07:00 Big Boutique 22:00 Amazonia’s Giant Jaws 11:30 The View 20:00 Live Super 15 07:30 Big Boutique 23:00 Dangerous Encounters 12:00 American Idol OSN MOVIES HD 22:00 AFL Premiership 08:00 Clean House 13:00 Survivor: Redemption Island 01:00 Head Over Heels 08:30 Clean House MBC MAX 14:00 Karen Sisco 03:00 Bandslam 09:00 Giuliana And Bill 00:30 The Simpsons Movie 15:00 Live Good Morning America 05:00 Nativity! 09:55 Giuliana And Bill ZEE AFLAM 02:00 The Company 16:00 CSI New York 07:00 The Lovely Bones 10:50 Giuliana And Bill 01:00 Shapath 03:30 An American Rhapsody 17:00 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 09:00 The Sorcerer’s Apprentice 11:50 Giuliana And Bill 03:30 Gupt 05:30 Wimbledon 18:00 Emmerdale 11:00 FAQs About Time Travel 12:50 Whose Wedding Is It Anyway? 06:00 Parampara 07:30 Desert Bloom OSN ACTION HD 18:30 Coronation Street 13:00 The Adventures Of Rocky And Bullwinkle OUTDOOR CHANNEL HD 13:45 My Destination Wedding With The Knot 08:00 Shapath 09:00 The Man with One Red Shoe 00:00 Grudge 3 19:00 Persons Unknown 15:00 I Love You Beth Cooper 00:05 Adventure Guides- Fishing Edition 14:45 Fat Free Fiances 10:30 Sailaab 10:30 Zoolander 02:00 Notorious 20:00 The Event 17:00 The Sorcerer’s Apprentice 00:30 Ride To Adventure 15:40 Fat Free Fiances 13:00 Dhoondte Reh Jaoge 12:00 The Simpsons Movie 04:15 Midnight Meat Train 21:00 Sons Of Anarchy 19:00 Dance Flick 01:45 Wardens 16:35 Marry Me In Mexico: Trish’s Dream... 16:00 Bhai 13:00 The Stepford Wives 06:00 Fast And Furious 22:00 Boardwalk Empire 21:00 The Private Lives Of Pippa Lee 02:10 Wardens 17:30 Glamour’s 20 Wedding Do’s And Don’ts 19:00 Jhoom Barabar Jhoom 15:00 The Dive From Clausen’s Pier 08:00 Vertical Limit 23:10 CSI New York 23:00 The Hurt Locker 03:00 The Crush With Lee And Tiffany 18:25 The Dish Presents 22:00 Aa Dekhen Zara 10 Saturday, May 14, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com OPINION HAMAD BIN SUHAIM AL THANI CHAIRMAN ESTABLISHED SEPTEMBER 3, 2006 ADEL ALI BIN ALI MANAGING DIRECTOR Pakistan Must Answer DR HASSAN MOHAMMED AL ANSARI AJIT KUMAR JHA EDITOR -IN-CHIEF EDITOR The strategy of being both friend and adversary is unacceptable PRINTED AT ALI BIN ALI PRINTING PRESS ZALMAY KHALILZAD | NYT NEWS SERVICE Westside Liberal Democrats in Decline Compromising on core issues leaves Nick Clegg in the lurch T HE remarkable political story in Britain is the dizzying decline of the third party, the Liberal Democrats, from king- coalition’s radical budget slashing, which has pushed the recovering British econo- my back toward recession. The Liberal makers to helpless dependents on a Democrats were also forced to backtrack Conservative coalition partner whose core on campaign promises, like holding down beliefs could not be more different from college tuition. their own. The result has been an econom- The Liberal Democrats staked their ic disaster for Britain and an electoral dis- future on electoral reform. But, after aster for the Liberal Democrats in this watching the party contort its policies and month’s local elections. its principles, voters concluded that the British national elections last year pro- new voting system, which would produce duced no parliamentary majority. After more frequent coalitions, was not such a being wooed by the good idea. Liberal Conservative and Democratic voters were Labour parties, the particularly dissatisfied. S Liberal Democrats, led The party’s local candi- INCE the 9/11 attacks, Pakistan Ayman al-Zawahri; remove limits on the to embrace a settlement. by the telegenic Nick dates were heavily has behaved toward the United Predator drone campaign; uproot insur- Third, the United States should con- Clegg, chose to form a defeated, and voting States as both friend and adver- gent sanctuaries and shut down factories clude a longer-term agreement with coalition with the reform went down 2 to sary — and gotten away with it. that produce bombs for use against Afghanistan to maintain a small, endur- Conservatives, swayed 1. The latest evidence of its duplici- American and Afghan soldiers; and sup- ing military presence that would give us by their promise of a Conservative voters ty is the revelation that Osama bin Laden port a reasonable political settlement in the capability to conduct counterterror- referendum on switch- generally stuck with lived for years in a house near Pakistan’s Afghanistan. ism operations and respond to possibili- ing to a more propor- their party, which was national military academy and a local Such a settlement would ensure that ties like Pakistani nuclear weapons tional voting system. delivering on its promis- branch of its intelligence service without Afghanistan does not again become a falling into the hands of extremists. On most other issues, es. any evident interference. haven for terrorists, allay Pakistan’s legit- Fourth, the United States could con- the Conservatives, led That may be the real Even before the American raid last imate security concerns and provide sider seeking a United Nations Security by Prime Minister lesson: Compromising week on Bin Laden’s compound in amnesty — and allow political participa- Council resolution to authorize an inves- David Cameron, ended principle is not only bad Abbottabad, Pakistan had a huge credi- tion — for insurgents who lay down their tigation into how Bin Laden managed to up calling the shots. By for the soul, it can be bility problem. It provides arms and safe arms and accept the Afghan constitution. hide in plain view. The inquiry should far the most consequen- bad at the ballot box. haven for Afghan insurgent groups and In pursuing these goals, the United examine the presence of Al Qaeda and tial of these has been the Voters may notice. pays their commanders to carry out States should undertake a major diplo- other terrorist organizations in Pakistan. attacks, but denies doing so. matic campaign, involving regional play- This strategy requires an improvement In the broader war on terrorism, ers like China and Saudi Arabia. in the troubled relationship between the Pakistan says it is completely on our side. If Pakistan fulfills these demands, the United States and Afghanistan. The Eastside In fact, its record is very uneven. It has been helpful in arresting some high- United States should reward it with long-term commitments of assistance, impending arrivals of a new American ambassador, Ryan C. Crocker, and com- value Qaeda operatives and has allowed through trade benefits, programs run mander, Lt. Gen. John R. Allen of the When Fat’s a Fact the United States to wage Predator drone by the World Bank and the United Marine Corps, provide an opportunity to attacks. But it has refused to move deci- States Agency for International make progress. The challenge for the sively against groups that Washington Development and similar efforts to pro- Afghan leadership and the new team is to regards as terrorists and has put limits mote development and education. But if achieve a partnership in which the Don’t blame anyone for your adipose. Put on your jogging shoes on American unilateral operations. It is not surprising, then, that no one took Pakistan refuses to cooperate, the United States must put an end to its United States sustains its commitment at much lower cost over time, while seriously Pakistan’s protestations of duplicity. Afghanistan does its part by improving W OULD you rather be blind than be fat? Apparently, there are many among us who would rather lose their sight than be of lining on you. There are also studies which show that women with a bit of fat on them are more likely to survive in harsh innocence after the discovery of Bin Laden. The killing of Bin Laden only 60 miles First, the United States should reduce its dependence on supply lines running through Pakistan to Afghanistan. We governance and the rule of law. It is in neither America’s interest nor Pakistan’s for relations to become more seen with a few kilos about them, accord- conditions like a famine. from Islamabad, its capital, has put should expand alternative supply routes adversarial. But Pakistan’s strategy of ing to a report on how obesity is actually Now such an eventuality is not likely to Pakistan on the defensive, and the nature through Azerbaijan and other countries being both friend and adversary is no contagious. This will be a source of terror occur in most of our lives, so it would be of our strike capability is not lost on in Central Asia. Also, as we draw down longer acceptable. to the adipose-challenged. We know that better to hit the treadmill or cross-trainer Pakistani leaders and their terrorist and forces in Afghanistan, our logistical While the killing of Bin Laden was an we cannot chose our relatives, but what without delay. But, heaven forbid, the per- insurgent clients. With American influ- requirements will diminish; this will give important success, a greater achieve- happens when one of our colleagues is a son heaving next to you may be a little on ence now at its peak and our troops still the United States more leeway to consid- ment would be to transform United little on the portly side? We certainly don’t the healthy side, as we Indians so love say- at full strength in Afghanistan, we have er unilateral attacks against terrorists States-Pakistani relations into a true want the fat genes leaping on to us, so ing. the leverage to force Pakistan to recon- and insurgents in Pakistan. partnership that fights terrorism, should we shun the said individual? Should you then shun any weight-reduc- sider. Second, the United States should stay advances a reasonable Afghan settle- Now it may transpire that you yourself ing exercise for fear of contagion? This The United States should pursue a on the course set by President Obama to ment and helps stabilize the region. have a little more weight about you than would perhaps lead to an outbreak of obe- two-stage strategy. First, we should for- build, train and support Afghan security warrants good health. So, how would you sity all around. So let us not make any mally present any information about forces and reduce our own military pres- (Zalmay Khalilzad, a counsellor like it if people ran helter-skelter when you excuses for allowing ourselves a few inches Pakistani complicity in shielding Bin ence while retaining the capacity to pro- at the Center for Strategic and get into the lift? Or your spouse was to take more, and blame it one the man or woman Laden to Pakistan’s leaders. vide air support, intelligence collection International Studies, off to another room fearing that your fat next door. Then we should follow up with and other capabilities that the Afghans was an ambassador to may become his or her fat? What we really need is another study to demands that Pakistan break the back- currently lack. Such a posture can Afghanistan, Iraq and the United Before the fat really gets into the fire, let tell us that we are as fat as we feel. All right, bone of Al Qaeda in Pakistan by moving strengthen Afghanistan against Pakistani Nations during the George W us tell you that it is quite fine to have a bit on the ground, hup, two, three, four… against figures like Bin Laden’s deputy, interference and help persuade Pakistan Bush administration.) (NYT / HT) Race to Save Digital Art From Oblivion Pioneers of computer art are in danger because their work becomes obsolete as gadgets evolve A race is on against the fast pace work in film and video, “digital preser- VANESSA THORPE | GUARDIAN NEWS SERVICE London, was put together in a way that be exhibiting at the gallery, points out of technological change as sci- vationists” are campaigning for more subverts expectations of art. A piece that many contemporary artists are entists search for ways to pre- shared research and have organised Preserving today’s works that initially appeared to be a still life, happy for their work to have a short serve today’s most innovative the first of a series of symposiums to be of art poses more of a for example, turned out to be in perpet- lifespan, or at least can accept that its artworks. held at King’s College London and ual motion. Projectors and monitors temporary nature is a key part of the A team of experts is warning that Cambridge next month. challenge to science than formed a part of the work itself. experience for viewers. some of Britain’s contemporary artistic The fast pace by which technology continued efforts to restore “In digital art, the key is to find ways “Some artists who make digital art landmarks will be no more than mem- changes means that many of the earli- and conserve the great oil of preserving the colour and visual that is ephemeral, who are almost like ories within a decade unless conserva- est works of art created on computer paintings and sculptures aspects of a piece of art. If we don’t performance artists, are dedicated to tionists can effectively archive digital are in danger of being lost, or are preserve the digital art made today, it the idea that it will not last. works and stop them degrading. already impossible to read, while new of the past. It is a problem could be like walking into a world- “But from an academic point of view, “The threat is very real that, unless interactive digital artworks, such as already faced by collectors famous gallery and seeing nothing on of course, you want to be able to recre- we do something, we will have a ‘lost 3D visualisations and video games, and contemporary art the walls, that no art has survived ate the culture of the past and to show generation’ in terms of our cultural are so complex that scientists are not some global meltdown,” said it to students.” heritage,” said Dr David Anderson, yet capable of faithfully preserving galleries, as formats Anderson. Payne’s own work is what he who, together with his colleague Dr them. are updated and CDs, A new digital art gallery launched on describes as “perceptual”, playing Janet Delve at the School of Creative “Digital preservation is desperately DVDs and digital May 9 in the centre of Cambridge. The with what the viewer can see, such as Technologies at the University of important,” said Anderson. “In tech- recordings degrade. vaulted section, set up by Anglia the Op Art movement of the 60s and Portsmouth, is leading efforts to save nology little things change all the time. Ruskin University inside the Ruskin 70s. the more complex artworks of the digi- Over the course of a 20- or 30-year tures of the past, Anderson and Delve Gallery, which was opened by the art “It is designed with the idea of creat- tal age from oblivion. working life, the software we use is argue. critic John Ruskin in 1858, has been ing a discrete physical effect on the “Past generations captured who they updated or made obsolete all the time, It is a problem already faced by col- fitted with cutting-edge 3D plasma viewer and for me, ideally, it should be were and what they did via museums but most of us aren’t really bothered by lectors and contemporary art galleries, screens to enable digital artists to shown in the context of a cinema, so I and books,” Anderson said, “but the the changes. But in terms of science as formats are updated and CDs, DVDs experiment. don’t know how you would ever pre- pace of technological development in and art, digital preservation is increas- and digital recordings degrade. But the preservation of this kind of serve it effectively.” the digital age has now outstripped our ingly important.” Lloyd, 48, from Halifax, creates work, in contrast, is still a work in Ironically, an artwork made or capacity for preservation.” Preserving today’s works of art poses innovative work that poses typical progress. recorded on celluloid, or even on At the same time as the visual artist more of a challenge to science than problems for conservators. Her recent Dr Simon Payne, a digital video artist videotape, is more likely to survive the Hilary Lloyd is nominated for this continued efforts to restore and con- film and video footage, previously on and senior lecturer in film and media test of time than more recent work cre- year’s Turner prize for her inventive serve the great oil paintings and sculp- display at the Raven Row gallery in at Anglia Ruskin University, who will ated or archived digitally, Payne added. THE VIEWS EXPRESSED ON THE OPINION AND ANALYSIS PAGES ARE THE AUTHORS’ OWN. QATAR TRIBUNE BEARS NO RESPONSIBILITY. ANALYSIS Saturday, May 14, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com 11 When we all started clamouring Health is for more investment in educa- tion, I don’t think we envisioned it going into corporate profits. Bloggers’ Wealth Amazing America We have seen the future, and the good news is that the kids in Florida will be wearing belts. Borough MAUREEN SALAMON | HEALTHDAY NEWS GAIL COLLINS | NYT NEWS SERVICE HEIDI G HALVORSON | HUFFINGTONPOST.COM How to Be an Chemo Combo and Pancreatic Cancer READING, ’RITING Optimist Without Being a Fool A FOUR-DRUG chemotherapy regimen for deadly pancreatic cancer nearly doubled patients’ survival time compared to standard chemotherapy, a new study suggests. AND REVENUES T HERE are quite a number of motivational speakers and self-improvement books out there with a surprisingly simple message: believe that success will come easily to you In late-stage trials, French researchers split a and it will. There is one small problem with group of 342 patients with advanced pancreat- this argument, however, which unfortunately ic adenocarcinoma, the most common form of A little learning is a profitable thing. Look at Texas and Ohio doesn’t seem to stop anyone from making it: the disease, into two groups. Half received it is utterly false. gemcitabine, the standard treatment, while the In fact, not only is visualising “effortless A rest received FOLFIRINOX, a four-drug com- MERICAN education is any difference. Just saying. loose in their own classrooms. success” unhelpful, it is disastrous. This is bination of oxaliplatin, irinotecan, leucovorin going to be reformed until it So that’s the pathbreaking pri- The sponsor is Representative good advice to give only if you are trying to and fluorouracil. rolls over and begs for vatisation news in Ohio. Now let’s Mike Villarreal of San Antonio. sabotage the recipient. It is a recipe for fail- The median survival time improved from 6.8 mercy. Vouchers! Guns on take a look at Texas, which has Villarreal first came to my attention ure. And no, I’m not overstating it. months for those in the gemcitabine group to campus! Just the other day, been leading the way in putting for- as the legislator who proposed But how can this be? Isn’t optimism a good 11.1 months in the FOLFIRINOX group, the Florida State Legislature took a profit companies in charge of certi- requiring that the course content in thing? Yes it is. Optimism and the confidence according to the study, which is published in giant step toward ending the fying teachers. public school sex education classes it creates are essential for creating and sus- the May 12 issue of the New England Journal of scourge of droopy drawers in high “Very interesting and very dis- be medically accurate. The man is a taining the motivation you need to reach your Medicine. Those in the combination group did school by upping the penalties for turbing,” said Linda Darling- positive genius for coming up with goals. Albert Bandura, one of the founding suffer greater side effects from treatment, how- underwear-exposing pants. Hammond, a professor of educa- bills to make the Texas education fathers of scientific psychology, discovered ever. Today, let’s take a look at the pri- tion at Stanford who studies system do something we really had decades ago that perhaps the best predictor of “We explain to the patients the advantages vatisation craze and the conviction teacher certification issues. assumed it had been doing all an individual’s success is whether or not they and toxicities of both regimens,” said study that there is nothing about mould- Darling-Hammond says that when along. None of which make it out of believe they will succeed. Thousands and author Dr. Thierry Conroy, a professor of med- ing young minds that can’t be the federal government began committee. thousands of experiments later, he has yet to ical oncology at Nancy University and Centre improved by the profit motive. demanding certified teachers in At a public hearing on Villarreal’s be proven wrong. Alexis Vautrin in Nancy, France. “The Enrollment in for-profit colleges every classroom, Texas was among bill, Reaser vigorously denounced But there is an important caveat: to be suc- FOLFIRINOX regimen was able to stabilize has ballooned to almost two mil- the states that responded by creat- the idea of requiring would-be cessful, you need to understand the very vital patients longer with improved quality of life lion, propelled by more than $25 ing alternative certification pro- teachers to actually get classroom difference between believing you will succeed, and delay degradation of quality of life. billion in federal student loans, experience as part of their training: and believing you will succeed easily. Put Unfortunately, it is still a palliative treatment many of which are apparently “Practice teachers in front of kids another way, it’s the difference between being but able to save months, and sometimes years never going to be repaid. More than Let’s take a look at that aren’t practice learning!” a realistic optimist and an unrealistic opti- of life.” 700 public K-12 schools around the the privatisation craze To get an alternative teaching mist. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma was the fourth country are now managed by for- certificate in Texas you need to Realistic optimists (the kind Bandura was leading cause of cancer deaths in the United profit companies. Last week, in and the conviction take coursework and have 30 talking about) believe that they will succeed, States in 2010, the study said, and the five-year Ohio, the State House went for the that there is nothing hours of “field-based” experience, but they also believe they have to make suc- survival rate is only 6 percent in both the whole hog and approved legislation 15 of which can be spent watching cess happen, through things like effort, care- United States and Europe. that would allow for-profit busi- about moulding young videos. Villarreal says some pro- ful planning, persistence and choosing the Study participants, whose average age was nesses to open up their own taxpay- minds that can’t be grammes fill up the other 15 with right strategies. They recognize the need for 61, were still fully active and able to carry out er-financed charter schools. improved by the things like chaperoning field giving serious thought to how they will deal daily activities, and sicker patients were not eli- “It takes the public out of public trips. with obstacles. This preparation only increas- gible. The trial was conducted at 15 centers in education,” complained Bill Sims of profit motive. It’s not clear how many people es their confidence in their own ability to get France during the second phase of the trial and the Ohio Alliance for Public Charter get hired as full-time teachers with- things done. expanded to 48 centers during the third phase Schools. grammes, some of which have out ever having stood in front of a Unrealistic optimists, on the other hand, of the trial. This exciting new plan, which requirements slightly less rigorous classroom for a single hour. The believe that success will happen to them — Patients discontinued the study at their seemed to have been inserted into than those for the trainers at neigh- $4,195 Texas Teachers programme that the universe will reward them for all request or if they experienced unacceptable toxic the state budget bill by a magical bourhood gyms. Most of the new (its ubiquitous billboards read: their positive thinking, or that somehow they effects — which included diarrhea, low blood cell invisible hand, would also reduce teachers in Texas — particularly at “Want to Teach? When Can You will be transformed overnight into the kind counts and sensory neuropathy — or evidence of oversight. It got a rave review in schools in poor neighbourhoods — Start?”) is a little opaque. For of person for whom obstacles cease to exist disease progression. One patient from each The Columbus Dispatch from an come from alternative certification instance, Reaser assured me in a (forgetting that even Superman had group died from treatment-related causes, and op-ed contributor named Thomas programmes. phone conversation that his stu- Kryptonite... and a secret identity that took a 273 of the 342 patients had died by the end of Needles, who cheered legislators Then, the Legislature invited for- dents were required to have a vari- lot of trouble to maintain... and also relation- the median follow-up period of 26 months. for trying to end the “drip-drop of profit businesses into the game. ety of in-person interactions with ship issues). Dr. Alberto Montero, an assistant professor wrongheaded regulation” of char- “Ever since then, the innovation their instructors even though the One of the clearest illustrations of the dan- of medicine at Sylvester Comprehensive Care ter schools. and competition has been phenom- website says you can opt for “fully gers of unrealistic optimism comes from a Center at University of Miami Miller School of Needles is a consultant for White enal,” claimed Vernon Reaser, the online instruction.” study of weight loss. Psychologist Gabriele Medicine, said the results were “remarkable” Hat Management, the largest com- president of Texas Teachers, the “On our website, we intentionally Oettingen asked a group of obese women who because the FOLFIRINOX group experienced pany currently managing charter largest of the state’s alt-cert compa- don’t say everything,” Reaser had enrolled in a weight-loss program how such an improved survival rate. schools in Ohio — and with none nies. explained. “It’s basically to get you likely they felt they were to reach their goals. Montero cautioned, however, that a small too great a record, according to the Here is one indicator of how to call us and ask us.” She found that those women who were confi- minority of patients with pancreatic adenocar- National Education Policy Center, innovative things are getting. Texas When we all started clamouring dent that they would succeed lost 26 pounds cinoma match the condition of patients in the which said that only 2 percent of is currently considering — although for more investment in education, I more than self-doubters, as expected. study, who were still conducting normal daily the schools White Hat runs have not with any great intensity — a bill don’t think we envisioned it going But Oettingen also asked the women to tell activities. Even newly diagnosed patients are scored well on yearly progress tests. that would require that people who into corporate profits. We have her what they imagined their road to success often extremely ill, he said, and might not be The owner of White Hat is a gynor- go through these programmes seen the future, and the good news would be like — if they thought they would able to tolerate the combination drugs’ toxic mous donor to the state Republican spend a couple of days practice is that the kids in Florida will be have a hard time resisting temptation, or if effects. Party. Not that that would make teaching before they are turned wearing belts. they’d have no problem turning down free doughnuts in the conference room and a sec- ond trip to the all-you-can-eat buffet. The results were astounding: women who believed they would succeed easily lost 24 pounds less than those who thought their weight-loss journey would be no walk in the Have park. She has found the same pattern of results in studies of students looking for high-paying your say Women to the fore at CMC THIS is with reference to the news report, ‘Mabrook Jufairi, three Great news APROPOS your news report, ‘Driving licence rules to be eased’, “Flowing gowns on the red carpet at Cannes. Are you watching?” jobs after college, singles looking to find last- ing love, and seniors recovering from hip replacement surgery. Realistic optimists send out more job applications, find the courage to approach potential romantic partners, and cheers for women voters’, front- published in the Nation section of S HARAD D EEP A GARWAL work harder on their rehabilitation exercises paged by Qatar Tribune, in its edi- Qatar Tribune dated May 12. — in each case, leading to much higher suc- Is there an issue you feel tion dated May 10. It was thrilling to note that the D OHA cess rates. strongly about, or an article It made for interesting reading how women voters had come out in Traffic Department at the Ministry of Interior is likely to relax the rules Believing that the road to success will be rocky leads to greater success, because it you want to comment on? QT force to exercise their franchise and needed to apply for a driving forces you to take action. People who are con- support their own in the Central licence. fident that they will succeed, and equally con- will carry your voice to the Municipal Council elections held It sure cuts a lot of hassle and fident that success won’t come easily, put in public and to places where it on Tuesday. And though women outnum- paperwork to present just the per- sonal ID card and an eye-test cer- more effort, plan how to deal with problems before they arise and persist longer in the face matters. Write to us at bered their male counterparts in tificate, as against a letter from the of difficulty. eight out of 29 constituencies, employer and a copy of sponsor’s Unrealistic optimists are only too happy to sadly, of the four women in fray, company registration, among other tell you that you are “being negative” when only Sheikha al Jufairi won and got documents. you dare to express concerns, harbor reserva- re-elected. Surely, as and when the new rule tions or dwell too long on obstacles that stand ADDRESS However, it is a start and women comes into effect, it will become in the way of your goal. In truth, this kind of are coming forward more and more much easier for people to obtain a “Compassion is a sense of thinking is a necessary step in any successful PO Box 23493, Doha, Qatar to try and become a functional part driving licence. endeavor, and it is not at all antithetical to TELEPHONE of the society they live in. It was When needless paperwork is cut, caring, a sense of concern confident optimism. Focusing only on what +974.44422077 amazing to read that out of a total naturally, whatever project one is for others’ well-being.” we want, to the exclusion of everything else, is FAX of 1,631 voters in the Airport area working towards becomes much just the kind of naïve and reckless thinking D ALAI L AMA from where Sheikha al Jufairi con- simpler and easier. that has landed industry leaders (and at times +974.44416790 tested and won, 456 women exer- Another case in point will be entire industries) in hot water. EMAIL cised their voting rights as against smart ID cards to be issued soon to Cultivate your realistic optimism by email@example.com 415 men. expatriates. combining a positive attitude with an honest KHALIDA BIBI AFSAR JAFRI assessment of the challenges that await DOHA DOHA you. Don’t visualise success: visualise the steps you will take in order to make success happen. 12 Saturday, May 14, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com PAKISTAN / SOUTH ASIA FRANKENSTEIN’S MONSTER Yunus resigns as Grameen Bank MD a week after losing legal case AFP Staff and board members DHAKA had also petitioned the gov- ernment to appoint Yunus BANGLADESH’S Nobel lau- Grameen Bank chairman to reate Muhammad Yunus has ease the transition to new stepped down from the pio- leadership, but Finance neering microﬁnance lender Minister A.M.A Muhith told he founded, a week after he reporters late Thursday this lost a legal ﬁght against his was “not acceptable”. government-backed sacking, “The staff of Grameen Bank a statement said. cannot appoint the chair- The 2006 Nobel winner man,” he said. said he was relinquishing the Muhith said Yunus’s post of managing director at deputy Nurjahan Begum Grameen Bank and his would be acting managing deputy, Nurjahan Begum, director for three months would take over. while a committee searched “I am taking this step with- for a new managing director out prejudice to the legal to replace Yunus on a perma- issues raised before the nent basis. Supreme Court, and in order “Grameen Bank is a fully Pakistani security ofﬁcials inspect the site following a suicide bomb attack outside the main training centre of Frontier Constabulary, in Shabqadar town, about 30 kilometres to prevent undue disruption government institution,” north of Peshawar, on Friday. (AFP) of the activities of Grameen Muhith said, adding that Bank,” he said in a letter Yunus had never agreed with 80 killed, 140 hurt in Taliban released late Thursday. him on this point but that the Yunus, 70, was removed as bank would now be run head of the microlender on accordingly. March 2 by the central bank The government is current- for exceeding the mandatory retirement age. He deﬁed the revenge attack in Pakistan order by returning to work and lodging an appeal against the sacking. But the Supreme Court ruled on May 2 that Grameen Bank was a government insti- The government is currently examining a set of recommen- dations from an investigation body to radically restruc- AFP Al Qaeda chief by US forces apprehended in the raid and buses for a 10-day leave, casualty attacks. tution, not a private bank as ture Grameen Bank SHABQADAR on May 2. taken into custody. police said. The bombers blew them- Yunus and his lawyers main- and its sister com- In the fallout over the uni- CNN said the women were “This was the ﬁrst revenge selves up in Shabqadar, out- tained, meaning Yunus must panies. PAKISTAN’S Taliban on lateral raid and in another interviewed as a group for Osama’s martyrdom. Wait side the biggest Frontier abide by the state’s mandato- Friday claimed their ﬁrst sign of damaged ties with despite Washington’s desire for bigger attacks in Pakistan Constabulary (FC) training ry retirement age of 60. major attack to avenge wary ally Washington, an ofﬁ- to question them separately, and Afghanistan,” Pakistani centre in the northwest, The ruling dashed his last ly examining a set of recom- Osama bin Laden’s death as cial said Pakistan’s senior and were openly “hostile” to Taliban spokesman where Taliban and Al-Qaeda- hopes to stay at the helm of mendations from an investi- 80 people were killed in a military ofﬁcer General the US ofﬁcials. Ehsanullah Ehsan told AFP linked militants repeatedly the microlender, which has gation body to radically double suicide bombing on a Khalid Shameem Wynne had Pakistan’s intelligence by telephone from an undis- attack security forces. lent more than $10 billion to restructure Grameen Bank paramilitary police training cancelled a visit to the United agency, which CNN said also closed location. The town is close to 8.3 million mostly rural and its sister companies. centre. States. attended the meeting, was not Under Hakimullah Mohmand, which is in the women since its inception in Yunus has criticised the Around 140 people were Pakistan has vowed to immediately available to Mehsud, who replaced lawless tribal belt that 1983. proposals and said in his res- wounded, 40 of them ﬁghting review intelligence coopera- comment on the report. Baitullah Mehsud as leader of Washington has branded the Following the ruling, which ignation letter that he hoped for their lives, in the deadliest tion and one local security Friday’s explosions deto- the group after he was killed headquarters of Al-Qaeda cannot be appealed, Grameen “Grameen Bank will continue attack this year in the ofﬁcial denied a CNN report nated in northwest Pakistan by a US missile in 2009, the and where CIA drones carry Bank staff and board mem- to operate maintaining its nuclear-armed country, that US intelligence agents as newly-trained paramilitary Pakistani Taliban has been out missile strikes on Taliban bers have said they have been independence and character”. where the government is deep had interrogated three of bin cadets, dressed in civilian seen as increasingly inspired and other Islamist militant beaten or threatened to stop Yunus and Grameen Bank in crisis over the killing of the Laden’s widows, who were clothes, were getting into by Al-Qaeda in waging mass- commanders. them campaigning for jointly won the Nobel peace Yunus’s reinstatement. prize in 2006 for creating Yunus said he hoped his “economic and social devel- departure would “ensure my opment from below”. 3 killed in US drone attack in Waziristan colleagues and our eight mil- lion members, and owners of the bank, are not subjected to any difﬁculty in discharging their responsibilities”, he The model has been copied in other developing countries and Yunus’s sacking was widely criticised by interna- tional supporters including AFP attack reported in Pakistan’s North Waziristan on year, with more than 100 Under US pressure, wrote. the US government. MIRANSHAH tribal badlands on the Afghan Thursday. drone strikes killing over 670 Islamabad has ordered an border, which Washington Washington does not con- people, according to an AFP internal military investigation A US drone ﬁred two missiles has dubbed the global head- tally, and the CIA has said the to ask how the Al-Qaeda chief into a vehicle in Pakistan’s quarters of Al-Qaeda, since The new attack covert programme has managed to live for years tribal district of North US Navy SEALs killed bin coincided with a severely disrupted Al Qaeda’s under the nose of its military. Waziristan on Friday, killing Laden in the Pakistani city of joint sitting of par- leadership. The opposition leader has at least three militants in a Abbottabad. liament in Islam- US drone strikes inﬂame demanded a full, independent Taliban and Al Qaeda strong- The new attack coincided abad, where Pak- anti-American feeling in inquiry. hold, ofﬁcials said. with a joint sitting of parlia- istan’s intelligence Pakistan, which has worsened But under growing domes- The attack took place in the ment in Islamabad, where chief Ahmad Shuja since a CIA contractor shot tic pressure to punish Kharkamar area, 40 kilome- Pakistan’s intelligence chief Pasha and army dead two Pakistani men in a Washington for the bin Laden tres (25 miles) west of Ahmad Shuja Pasha and army chief of staff Ash- busy Lahore street in raid, Pakistan’s civilian gov- Miranshah, a stronghold of chief of staff Ashfaq Kayani faq Kayani were January, and over the per- ernment said Thursday it the Taliban and militants were brieﬁng lawmakers on briefing lawmakers ceived impunity of the bin would review counter-terror- linked to Al Qaeda, whose the bin Laden operation. on the bin Laden Laden raid. ism cooperation with the leader Osama bin Laden was Another local security ofﬁ- operation. Pakistanis have also been United States. killed by US forces in cial conﬁrmed the strike and outraged at the perceived It was unclear if the move Pakistan on May 2. toll, but said the identities of impunity of the US raid, while was intended as a threat, but “A US drone ﬁred two mis- the dead were not immediate- ﬁrm drone attacks, but its asking whether their military it showed the extent of the siles targeting a militant vehi- ly known. military and the CIA operat- was incompetent or con- task facing US Senator John cle, killing at least three mili- At least ﬁve rebels were ing in Afghanistan are the spired to protect bin Laden, Kerry as he prepares to tants,” a senior security ofﬁ- killed in a similar US strike only forces that deploy them whose Yemeni wife said he embark on a mission to shore cial told AFP. that targeted a militants’ vehi- in the region. lived in Abbottabad for ﬁve up badly strained ties with Microﬁnance pioneer Muhammad Yunus (centre) emerges from the It was the fourth such cle in the Datta Khel area of The US strikes doubled last years. Washington’s fractious ally. high court building, in Dhaka, recently. (AFP) Afghan women in headscarves wield guns with ease AFP torn country, the total is and other insurgents, who A parking lot containing it, it feels good,” she said, LASHKAR GAH around 1,200 out of 126,000, know that police will take on an bombed-out patrol vehicles dressed in a dark green thigh- or roughly one percent. increasing role in the run-up to outside police headquarters in length tunic with a badge FOR the handful of women They mainly work at check- the provincial capital, Lashkar showing the Afghan ﬂag on police in one of Afghanistan’s points, searching other There are just 16 Gah, where AFP met the one arm and the police most volatile provinces, dan- women for weapons, suicide women police out women, is a constant reminder insignia on the other. ger and disapproval are all in vests or any other signs of of a total force of of the dangers they face. While most members of her a day’s work. Not that it both- insurgent activity, although several thousand Carmela, 37, said she joined family are happy with her job, ers them. some have even lower grade in Helmand up to support her family after which comes with a relatively “I’m police — police jobs such as cleaning build- province, southern her husband, a policeman, good salary of around $350 a should not be scared of any- ings at police headquarters. Afghanistan. The was killed by the Taliban. month, she said her father-in- thing,” one of them, While on duty, most of total is around She insisted she was not law was “not happy” but Carmela, told AFP. “I’m them cover their faces and 1,200 out of afraid of the same fate, but could not say why. doing my job like a man.” wear sunglasses to avoid 126,000, or roughly said her greatest ambition in Such attitudes are com- There are just 16 women being recognised. All have had one percent. policing was to be able to mon, particularly in areas police out of a total force of to secure permission from carry a gun. such as Helmand which are several thousand in Helmand their families to join the force. “One of my favourite sub- desperately poor and where An Afghan female police cadet during a training programme at province, southern Police in Helmand are fre- the transition to Afghan con- jects in policing is ﬁrearms — many people are poorly edu- police training centre, in Herat, Afghanistan, recently. (AFP) Afghanistan. Across the war- quently targeted by the Taliban trol of security in 2014. when I have a pistol and ﬁre cated. WORLD Saturday, May 14, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com 13 Medvedev warns of risks of one-man show AFP Medvedev said in the central He suggested that history MOSCOW Russian city of Kostroma. knows examples of lone “If they do not bring prob- reformers who had to con- PRESIDENT Dmitry lems in present, have no doubt: front a majority promoting Medvedev on Friday warned in the nearest foreseeable “an absolutely unpopular against building a system of future they will create huge point of view” to bring about authority based around a problems both for the country change. “But they were single leader, in the latest itself and the concrete person.” proved right,” Medvedev said. sign of an emerging split Polls show that Putin with Russian strongman “The over-con- remains Russia’s most popu- Vladimir Putin. centration of lar politician even though his Speaking in comments power is a approval ratings and those of broadcast live on state televi- the United Russia party have sion, Medvedev did not dangerous thing taken a beating in the past speciﬁcally mention his men- indeed. It months. Medvedev draws his tor Putin who has dominated leads to civil support from young urban Russia since 2000 as presi- war,” said well-educated Russians but dent and now prime minister Medvedev does not have a broad politi- under a system known as a cal powerbase of his own. “power vertical.” Putin is seeking to co-opt His address appeared to be But the Kremlin chief’s social and political forces and a perfectly choreographed remarks appeared an unusu- unite them around his ruling example of Kremlin political ally clear and harsh criticism United Russia party in a coali- theater. Young parliament of the political system built up tion he called an All-Russia members representing in Russia over the last decade People’s Front. Russia’s main political parties since Putin succeeded Boris The move comes ahead of including Communists com- Yeltsin as president. parliamentary polls in plained that Putin’s ruling “The over-concentration of December followed by presi- United Russia party sidelined power is a dangerous thing dential election three months them in politics. indeed. It happened repeatedly later. “By saying it is danger- “We are urgently asking in our country and as a rule it ous to link the country’s fate you to be the guarantor of either led to stagnation or civil to one person, Medvedev has the Constitution,” said war. “We should not allow clearly shown he does not Russian President Dmitry Medvedev addresses young deputies of parliamentary parties, in Kostroma, Russia, on Saturday. (EPA) Mikhail Degtyarev of the that,” said Medvedev whom want Putin to be Russian the ultra-nationalist Liberal Putin installed at the Kremlin president for the next six Under Medvedev, a presi- 2024. Putin and Medvedev, against each other. So far nei- competition. “Each generation Democratic Party. in 2008 after serving the maxi- years,” political analyst dential term was extended seen as his junior partner in ther has ruled out standing. has its own heroes,” said “We need real political mum two consecutive terms. Dmitry Oreshkin told from four years to six mean- the ruling tandem, have both But Medvedev, Putin’s docile Medvedev, who in recent competition,” added Grigory “Attempts to build a power Moscow Echo radio. ing the country’s next leader previously said they would former chief of staff, did not months has appeared Fandeyev of A Just Russia, a system for a speciﬁc person “The crack in the tandem is may stay in power for two agree who would run in the embrace Putin’s popular front, increasingly conscious of his left-leaning Kremlin-friendly are dangerous in any case,” becoming clear,” he said. consecutive terms, or until elections so as not to compete calling instead for political own place in Russian history. party. US envoy to take Over 40 hurt in China bank blast Russia warns West against up N Korean nuke AP BEIJING intervention in Syria plans in Seoul A BANK cashier ﬁred for stealing money threw a gaso- line bomb inside the bank in northwestern China on DPA AFP Its Committee for the Friday, injuring over 40 peo- MOSCOW SEOUL Peaceful Reuniﬁcation of ple, some of whom jumped Korea said Pyongyang from a ﬁfth-story window to RUSSIAN Foreign Minister THE US special envoy on must reconsider its stance escape, the local government Sergei Lavrov onFriday North Korea Stephen on pursuing dialogue since said. warned Western nations Bosworth will visit South it had become clear that The suspect, Yang against intervening in Syria, Korea next week to coordi- Lee is “set to stand in con- Xianwen, ﬂed but was caught saying any outside interfer- nate policy-making frontation to the last”. by police about nine hours ence in ﬁghting between sup- towards nuclear-armed Six-party talks on ending later a short distance away, porters of the government and Pyongyang, diplomatic the North’s nuclear pro- the government said. its opponents could make a sources said on Friday. grammes in return for dangerous situation worse. Bosworth will arrive on diplomatic and economic “This worries us very much,” Monday and meet Foreign beneﬁts have been stalled The injured, with Lavrov said in comments to Minister Kim Sung-Hwan, since December 2008. visible burns, were reportersduring a visit to the the South’s chief nuclear The North fuelled carried out of the Kazakhstan capital Almaty. envoy Wi Sung-Lac and top regional security fears last building on “There is a dialoguein presidential security advis- November by disclosing an stretchers, accord- progress (between the regime er Chun Young-Woo dur- apparently functional ura- ing to a witness of President Bashar al-Assad ing his three-day stay, they nium enrichment plant, quoted by Xinhua. and his opponents) and all said. which could give it a sec- A victim of the blast being taken to hospital, in Tianzhu, north China’s Gansu province, on Friday. (AFP) healthy forces want a ceaseﬁre Discussions are likely to ond way to make atomic Employees of the Tianzhu ... this must not be interrupt- focus on stalled nuclear bombs in addition to its County Rural Credit story building. building on stretchers, Tianzhu, with about ed.” An ongoing intervention disarmament talks and the plutonium stockpile. Cooperative Union were The statement said Yang according to a witness quoted 200,000 people, is an area of by NATO nations in Libya’s issue of providing the hun- The North has expressed meeting at about 8 a.m. when was ﬁred last month for by Xinhua. pasturelands stuck between civil war has done little to gry communist state with interest in restarting the Yang threw the gasoline embezzling bank money. A woman who answered deserts and mountains in reduce unrest and is possibly food aid, Yonhap news six-party forum that also bomb, the propaganda ofﬁce A witness reached by phone the phone at the Tianzhu Gansu province about 450 prolonging it - amistake that agency said. involves China, the United of the county’s Communist and the ofﬁcial Xinhua News County Hospital’s security miles (725 kilometers) west of should not be repeated in They would also States, Russia, South Korea Party said in a statement. Agency described ambu- ofﬁce told The Associated Beijing. Syria, Lavrov said.” (Syria’s exchange views on frozen and Japan. It said more than 40 people lances and police streaming Press about 20 victims had More than 80 police were political groups) are attempt- inter-Korean relations and Seoul and Washington were hurt, 19 seriously. It to the scene in the county seat been sent there. She did not involved in the search for ing to ﬁnd a peaceful solution, President Lee Myung-Bak’s say it should ﬁrst show it is said some of the injured of Tianzhu in Gansu province. know how seriously they were Yang, who was cornered at with the assumption that there suggestion that he could serious about nuclear dis- jumped from the meeting The injured, with visible hurt. Like many Chinese, she the county waterworks, the will not be an outside interven- invite the North’s leader armament and work to room window onto a three- burns, were carried out of the refused to give her name. county government said. tion,” he said. Kim Jong-Il to a multina- mend ties with the South. tional nuclear summit in Former US president Seoul next March. Jimmy Carter visited North Lee, who is on a European tour, said in Berlin this week that the North should announce Korea last month and said it was ready for peace talks with the South, but the Seoul government ques- China rules out talks with new Tibetan leader willingness to give up its tioned Pyongyang’s sinceri- AP Tibet” magazine, a top ofﬁcial nuclear weapons ambitions ty. BEIJING for Tibetan contacts said as a precondition for sum- Cross-border relations Beijing would only meet with mit attendance. have been frigid since CHINA appeared to rule out personal representatives of He also called on it to Seoul accused Pyongyang talks with the new head of the Dalai Lama. take responsibility for two of torpedoing a warship in Tibet’s government-in-exile “That government-in-exile deadly border incidents March 2010 with the loss of on Friday, quashing any hope of his, no matter who leads (it), last year. 46 lives. of improved relations it’s all just a separatist political Pyongyang late The North denies the between Beijing and the new clique that betrays the mother- Wednesday rejected Lee’s charge but shelled a South leadership. land with no legitimacy at all proposal as “provocative” Korean border island last Beijing does not recognize and absolutely no status to and “reckless”, calling him November, killing four the government, based in engage in dialogue with the a traitor. people. India, that until recently was representatives of the central headed by the Dalai Lama. It government,” said Zhu has held talks with the Tibetan Weiqun. China accused the Buddhist leader and his repre- Dalai Lama — and other exiled sentatives in the past, but nine Tibetans — of seeking inde- rounds have made no head- pendence, though he insists he way. Recently, though, the only wants greater autonomy Dalai Lama turned over politi- for the region. Supporters greet Tibetan government-in-exile’s newly elected PM Lobsang Sangay (right), in cal power to an elected head of Zhu did not say if China Dharamsala, on Friday. (REUTERS) the government, Lobsang would meet with Lobsang Sangay, a 43-year-old Harvard Sangay if he were to adopt sands of Tibetans around the under Chinese rule by follow- tively independent for most legal scholar who won April another title. Previously, world after the 75-year-old ing the “middle path,” the of that time. The Dalai Lama elections. China has met with ofﬁcials of Dalai Lama said he wanted to Dalai Lama’s policy of meas- ﬂed into exile in amid an Lobsang Sangay said this the exile government in their shift his political authority to ured compromise. abortive uprising against week he was ready to negoti- capacity as the Dalai Lama’s an elected leader. China claims Tibet has Chinese rule in 1959, nine ate with China “anytime, any- special representatives. Lobsang Sangay said his been its territory for cen- years after communist forces US special envoy on North Korea Stephen Bosworth where.” However, in an inter- Lobsang Sangay was elect- government would seek gen- turies, although many entered the Himalayan view with the ofﬁcial “Chinese ed last month by tens of thou- uine autonomy for Tibet Tibetans say they were effec- region. 14 Saturday, May 14, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com UNITED STATES New Jersey an unlikely leader in solar energy REUTERS stringent legislative energy percent from solar power. fair game for housing solar farms. is designed to generate more will simply be passed onto MONTCLAIR mandate by the state govern- Under its carbon offset pro- farms. “I used to say renewable than $1 million a year in elec- consumers. ment and a generous carbon gram, New Jersey allows com- Recently approved legisla- energy is going to be the issue trical power, school ofﬁcials Most controversial are NEW Jersey, home to more offset program has made New panies that emit greenhouse tion calls for opening access to of the future, but I think it is say. “That’s money we would 180,000 solar panels being industrial waste clean-up sites Jersey the nation’s second gases to buy certiﬁcates, or the issue of now,” said not have to pay to buy electric- attached to utility poles along than any other state, is poised largest producer of solar credits, from producers of Most controversial Democratic state Senator ity,” said E J Miranda, a uni- quiet residential streets, part to become an unlikely shining power, trailing only renewable energy, giving are 180,000 solar James Whelan, sponsor of the versity spokesperson. of a push by the state’s largest example to the nation on use California, where more than them a source of revenue and panels being Pinelands legislation. The Rutgers solar project utility company, the Public of solar power, but not every- half the days are typically an incentive to invest in solar attached to utility At Rutgers University, 60 has become something of an Service Electric and Gas one is happy about it. sunny. power. poles along quiet percent of the Livingston academic tourist attraction Company, to produce enough One of the nation’s smallest Legislation passed during Photovoltaic panels, which residential streets. campus is expected to be pow- with students as far away as solar power to supply 13,000 and most populous states, former Governor Jon collect the sun’s energy, have ered by its existing seven-acre North Carolina paying the homes. New Jersey is not known for Corzine’s administration in sprung up on utility poles, old landﬁlls — 80 are located solar farm and a new 32-acre farm a visit. But not everyone The utility’s $518,000 mil- its sunshine — it has ﬁve 2006 requires energy suppli- atop parking lots and on in the Pinelands National solar canopy that will begin is warming to solar power’s lion investment in solar ener- cloudy days for every three ers to get 20 percent of their rooftops across the state. Reserve in the southern part construction this summer and embrace. Critics say solar gy will bump up consumer sunny days. power from renewable Vacant lots, farmland and of the state — for renewable set to be completed next sum- panels are ugly and that the energy bills by 29 cents a Yet the combination of a sources by 2020, including 2 university campuses are all energy use such as solar mer. The new canopy system high cost of investing in solar month, the company said. New Orleans braces for Mississippi Ron Paul enters race for flood waters REUTERS NEW ORLEANS levee failed during or after Katrina and river levees have held this year all US presidency third time AN air of nervous calm per- along the Mississippi. AFP vades New Orleans as it And everyone expects WASHINGTON awaits a wall of water from the US government to the swollen Mississippi open the Morganza spill- RON Paul, a US congress- river just six years after the way to divert the water man from Texas, announced city was devastated by away from New Orleans to on Friday a new run for the ﬂooding from Hurricane farmland further north. Republican presidential Katrina. Since 2005, billions of nomination for 2012, saying Trafﬁc continued nor- dollars have gone into Americans are now ready for mally on the rising river improving flood protec- his libertarian ideas. through New Orleans on tion on outﬂow canals and It will be the third attempt Friday, the last big city the along surrounding low- for Paul, who ran as a river touches before it emp- lands that make New Republican in 2008 but ties into the Gulf of Mexico. Orleans vulnerable to failed to win any primaries, Unlike some cities and storm surges from the and was the Libertarian towns to its north, New Gulf. Party candidate in 1988. Orleans is not consumed The work included “Time has come around to with ﬂood preparations. rebuilding the concrete the point where the people Some sandbagging has ﬂoodwalls that breached are agreeing with much of occurred along the river- after the storm and raising what I’ve been saying for 30 front. or reinforcing some earth years. So, I think the time is But for the most part levees around the city. right,” Paul told the ABC people are going about “People don’t appreciate program “Good Morning their usual activities while the massive size of our America.” keeping an eye on ﬂood river levees,” said Jean Paul, 75, has long news. Vossen, chief of the civil espoused a philosophy call- “I’m not worried, maybe branch for the Army ing for less government, anxious is the right word,” Corps of Engineers’ New reduced taxes and decrimi- said Oliver Hennessey, a Orleans district. nalising prostitution and US Representative Ron Paul, in Washington, recently. (REUTERS) university professor who The earth structures drugs. had bicycled four blocks that line both sides of the “I think that’s how a free to a non-interventionist for- tornadoes that ripped across bility on the taxpayer? It Afghanistan, calling from his home to the river Mississippi River rise society works,” he told ABC eign policy and eliminating the south in late April, and doesn’t make good moral American involvement there to get a view from a West about 20 feet above from the state of New the Internal Revenue contend with historic ﬂood- sense or constitutional a costly and “fruitless ven- Bank levee top. ground level. Hampshire, where he is Service. ing of the Mississippi river. sense.” According to his web- ture.” He watched as two large The levees are 10 feet expected to hold his ﬁrst Paul’s “live-and-let-live” “I’m on the Gulf Coast. I site, Paul “has never voted to The conservative lawmak- ships swept by moving wide at the crown and post-announcement cam- ideas have proven popular have a house on the beach, or raise taxes” and “has never er is considered by some an downstream, seeming to range from 200 feet to paign event for 2012. with followers, but his aver- had one recently. And I don’t voted for a federal restriction inspiration for the Tea Party tower above the French 300 feet across at their In 2008 the former obste- sion to federal relief pro- think somebody in New York on gun ownership.” movement, having endorsed Quarter, the city’s party base. trician rallied thousands of grams such as ﬁnancial or New Hampshire or Iowa He also voted against the the notion of lower taxes district, directly on the The heft of these struc- Americans around his mini- assistance for ﬂood victims have to pay for my ﬂood on Patriot Act and the Iraq war and less government years other side of the river. tures is reassuring to local malist message, which has raised hackles in some the Gulf Coast. and does not participate in earlier. The calm may be sur- people like Hennessey. included pressing Wash- quarters, especially as “And if the insurance won’t “the lucrative congressional In Congress, he has been a prising given what the city “I’m not concerned about ington to quit the United Americans grapple with the sell it to you, it means it’s too pension programme.” frequent critic of the Federal went through in 2005. ﬂooding really, as long as Nations and the World aftermath of last year’s Gulf dangerous. If it’s too danger- For years he has called for Reserve and advocated a New Orleans still has not they’re going to open up Trade Organisation, a return of Mexico oil spill and deadly ous, why dump the responsi- pulling US troops out of return to a gold standard. fully recovered from the the Morganza Spillway,” disaster produced by the he said. failure of several local The fact that a local resi- ﬂoodwalls following Hurricane Katrina, when ﬂood waters inundated the dent even mentions the spillway says a lot. As recently as a few Bush praised Obama Travellers warned not city and resulted in 1,500 months ago, locals had not to rely only on GPS for Osama’s elimination deaths along with stagger- even heard of the ﬂood- ing property losses. protection structure near This time, locals are Morganza, Louisiana, pinning their hope on two some 35 miles north of REUTERS need to put the GPS down things — not a single river Baton Rouge. SALMON and look out the window,” AFP said Howard Paul, veteran WASHINGTON TRAVELLERS in the western search and rescue ofﬁcial with US should not rely solely on the Colorado Search and FORMER US president technology such as GPS for Rescue Board, the volunteer George W Bush praised the navigation, authorities said, Organisation that coordinates mission to eliminate Osama after a Canadian couple were that state’s missions. bin Laden as a “good call” but lost in the Nevada wilderness Sheriff’s ofﬁces in remote, was “not overjoyed” by the for 48 days. high-elevation parts of Idaho, news, ABC News reported on Albert Chretien, 59, and his Nevada and Wyoming report Friday. wife Rita Chretien, 56, sought the past two years have ABC said Bush told an a shorter route between brought a rise in the number audience this week that he Boise, Idaho and Jackpot, of GPS-guided Travellers received word that his suc- Nevada during a road trip driving off marked and paved cessor President Barack from British Columbia to Las highways and into trouble. Obama wanted to talk to him Vegas. The spike has prompted while dining at a restaurant. Rita Chretien drank water Death Valley National Park in “I was eating soufﬂe at Rise from a stream and rationed California to caution on its Restaurant with Laura and meager supplies until hunters web site that “GPS navigation two buddies,” Bush said found her on Friday. Albert to sites to remote locations according to an ABC News US President Barack Obama (right) with former president George Chretien has been missing like Death Valley are notori- contributor. “I excused W Bush, in Washington, recently. (REUTERS) since March 22, when he ously unreliable.” myself and went home to went to seek help. When two roads diverge in take the call,” he added. attacks, has declined inter- upon learning the news, The Chretians mapped the Western lands, take the one “Obama simply said view requests since the Al Bush said he was “not over- route on their hand-held GPS, more travelled, authorities ‘Osama bin Laden is dead.’” Qaeda leader was eliminated joyed,” explaining that the an electronic device tied to said. Bush said Obama as well as an invitation from campaign to track down Al global satellites and common- “You’ve got people driving described in detail the mis- Obama to join him at Ground Qaeda leader was done not ly used for navigation. into the middle of a ﬁeld sion to raid bin Laden’s Zero to meet with victims’ “out of hatred but to exact Law enforcement and because a machine showed a Pakistani compound on May families. judgment.” “The guy is search and rescue ofﬁcials route that was shorter and 2 and that he told Obama, But he spoke to a crowd at dead. That is good,” Bush said that too many Travellers quicker — which it ultimately “Good call.” a Las Vegas event on said of bin Laden. “Osama’s are letting technology lull is not,” said Rob DeBree, Flood marks are shown on the outside wall of the Vicksburg Bush, who initiated the Wednesday about bin death is a great victory in them into a false sense of undersheriff in Albany levee system, in Mississippi, recently. (REUTERS) global hunt for bin Laden Laden’s death. the war on terror. He was security. County in southeastern after the September 11, 2001 When asked how he felt held up as a leader.” “There are times when you Wyoming. US / AMERICAS Saturday, May 14, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com 15 Obama sets terms for ties with Cuba REUTERS socialist economy. actions expected from the MIAMI This has included more Cuban side was likely to dis- opening for private initiative, appoint those seeking more THE United States needs to although Castro insists Cuba unilateral moves by him to see “real change” in Cuba will not shift to capitalism. relax the U.S. sanctions before there can be normal Havana, which demands an against the island. relations between the two end to the long-running US Since taking ofﬁce in neighbours, President Barack trade and ﬁnancial embargo January 2009, Obama has Obama said. on Cuba, has released dozens eased some aspects of the In comments that appeared of political prisoners into embargo, such as lifting to dampen prospects for any exile in an accord with the restrictions on travel and quick improvement in US- Catholic Church. remittances to Cuba by Cuban ties, Obama told the But Obama said the gov- Cuban-Americans, permit- Miami-based Spanish-lan- ernment headed by Raul ting some US telecommuni- guage station WLTV Castro, who succeeded his cations business with the Univision 23 that despite older brother and veteran island, and boosting the cate- “some talk” of reforms by Cuban leader Fidel Castro in gories of non-tourist travel to Cuba’s communist rulers, he 2008, had yet to deliver real Cuba by Americans to try to did not see “realistic” changes change that his administra- promote “people-to-people” happening yet on the tion could respond to. contacts. Caribbean island. “The bottom line is political In the interview, Obama “I would welcome real prisoners are still there who was asked about the death on change from the Cuban gov- should have been released a Sunday of a Cuban dissident ernment ... For us to have the long time ago who never whom fellow opponents of kind of normal relations we should have been arrested in the government said had have with other countries, the ﬁrst place; political dis- been beaten by police. Cuba’s we’ve got to see signiﬁcant sent is still not tolerated. The government has denied this, changes from the Cuban gov- economic system there is still saying he died of natural ernment and we just have not far too constrained,” said. causes. seen that yet,” Obama said in He added: “If you think “He shouldn’t have been an interview broadcast late on about it, Castro came into arrested in the ﬁrst place,” Thursday and on Friday. power before I was born - he’s Obama said, although he Cuban President Raul still there and he basically has added more details needed to Castro, who says he is willing the same system when the be known about this speciﬁc to discuss any issue with rest of the world has recog- incident. Washington after a half cen- nised that the system doesn’t “There have been thousands tury of ideological hostility, work.” of people who have suffered as has launched a range of eco- The US president’s clear a consequence of oppressive nomic reforms aimed at revi- conditioning of any signiﬁ- actions by the Cuban regime,” talising Cuba’s centralised cant improvement in ties to Obama added. US President Barack Obama (left) with US Vice-President Joseph Biden, in Washington, on Wednesday. (REUTERS) Mexican troops 47% Americans oppose 1 killed as train hits truck in capture drug Chicago cartel leader debt ceiling increase A AFP CHICAGO COMMUTER train REUTERS Monday, May 16. But it could raising the ceiling stands at slammed into a truck at a AP uncle’s trafﬁcking opera- WASHINGTON be July before Obama and 70 percent among grade crossing outside MEXICO CITY More than half of tions in a promotion Americans — 57 Congress strike a deal to Republicans, while Chicago early on Friday, approved by “El Chapo,” NEARLY half of Americans percent — are increase the borrowing Democrats favour raising the killing the truck driver and SOLDIERS have captured Villegas told a news confer- want their congressional rep- following news authority, though the limit by 33 percent to 26 per- causing a derailment, ofﬁcials the nephew and suspected ence. He oversaw cocaine resentatives to oppose a rise about the debt Treasury estimates it can cent. said. successor of a Sinaloa drug trafﬁcking from South in the US debt ceiling, a poll ceiling debate avoid default until August 2. Forty-six percent of inde- The inbound Union Paciﬁc cartel leader who was killed America through Mexico’s said on Friday, as President closely, But analysts warn that fail- pendents are opposed vs. 15 train was approaching the last year in a gunbattle with Paciﬁc routes in the states Barack Obama and including 66 ure to raise the limit would percent in favour. station at Mount Prospect, troops, a Defence of Jalisco and Colima, Republicans try to bridge dif- percent of roil ﬁnancial markets around “A vote in favour of raising Illinois, when it struck the Department ofﬁcial said on Villegas added. ferences over how to cut mas- Republicans. the world, raising borrowing the debt ceiling could be a dif- truck around 8:40 am (1340 Friday. One of Beltran’s alleged sive annual deﬁcits. costs for the federal govern- ﬁcult one for many members GMT), said Michael Gills, Martin Beltran Coronel, lieutenants, Juan The May 5-8 Gallup survey ment and US companies and of Congress, particularly for spokesman for the Metra rail alias “The Eagle,” was Francisco Lopez Coronado, of 1,018 adults showed that 47 question of raising the debt possibly be a drag on the Republicans,” Gallup said in a agency. arrested along with four was also captured. The percent of Americans want ceiling has become a political global economic recovery. statement. “We are told by Mount other people in an exclu- three others arrested, their member of Congress to bargaining chip in budget How to tackle the $1.4 tril- More than half of Prospect police that the driver sive neighbourhood of including two women, were vote against an increase in the negotiations, with Repub- lion annual deﬁcit and the Americans — 57 percent — of the truck is a fatality,” he Zapopan, a suburb of the in charge of Beltran’s secu- $14.3 trillion credit limit, ver- licans demanding trillions of mounting debt and also likely are following news about the told AFP. “I have not heard western city of rity, Villegas said. Nine sus 19 percent who would dollars in annual spending to dominate the US political debt ceiling debate closely, yet about any injuries on the Guadalajara, said Gen. guns, six cars, jewellry and prefer a vote in favour. cuts in exchange for their sup- debate during the 2012 presi- including 66 percent of train.” The incident on the Edgar Luis Villegas. $400,000 in cash were Thirty-four percent of port to increase the debt limit. dential campaign, as Obama Republicans. train led to the service to the It is the same suburb seized at the house. respondents said they did not The United States is on seeks re-election. The survey has 4 percent- northwest suburbs being sus- where his uncle, Ignacio Masked soldiers paraded know enough to decide. The track to hit the ceiling on Gallup said opposition to age-point margin of error. pended, he added. “Nacho” Coronel, died in a the ﬁve suspects one-by- battle with soldiers who one in front of journalists, a raided his mansion in July practice the government 2010. The elder Coronel had been considered one of the top three leaders of the powerful Sinaloa cartel, routinely uses to tout its drug war victories but that has been criticised by human rights activists and New York bomb plotter faces terror charges along with Ismael “El some opposition politi- AFP jihadists but who were actu- Mayo” Zambada and cians. Beltran, wearing a NEW YORK ally undercover police, Joaquin “El Chapo” red shirt and sporting a Ferhani insisted everyone Guzman, who remain dark mustache and beard, A MAN accused of plotting dress as sharply as he did. among the world’s most- looked grim as cameras to blow up a Manhattan syn- “He wanted to make sure wanted men. Ignacio ﬂashed in his face. agogue had a double life as a the undercover officers Coronel’s death was the Although Villegas said cosmetics counter clerk and were involved, they wore biggest blow against the Beltran had reached the dapper dresser who insisted suits and ties so they didn’t Sinaloa gang since top ranks of the Sinaloa his co-conspirators wear stand out. That was his President Felipe Calderon cartel, the Mexican govern- sharp suits. operational security intensiﬁed a crackdown on ment had not publicly New York police approach,” Kelly said. cartels in late 2006. Martin mentioned him before his Commissioner Raymond Ferhani and co-accused Beltran took over his arrest. Kelly ﬂeshed out the details Mohammed Mamdouh, 20, on Friday of the jaunty a US citizen, were arrested jihadist who combines on Wednesday after buying “pathological hatred for handguns and an inert Jewish people” with a dis- grenade from an undercover tinctly softer side. ofﬁcer in a sting operation. Ahmed Ferhani, a 26- Officials announced the year-old Algerian immi- arrests on Thursday. grant, formerly worked at The two are being held swish department store Saks without bail and face life in Fifth Avenue selling make- prison if convicted on New up. And in addition to what York state terrorism law enforcement officials charges. According to prose- describe as an “aspira- cutors, the pair discussed tional” plan for mass mur- and planned setting off der in at least one syna- explosives in a synagogue, as gogue and possibly at the well as other mayhem. Empire State Building, However, the decision by Ferhani had quite different federal prosecutors to leave aspirations: to be a model the case in lower-level state and actor. hands indicated that the “You see the pictures in threat was not considered to court. He’s a well-dressed have national security impli- guy,” Kelly noted in an inter- cations. view on CNN. Kelly and other ofﬁcials During seven months of said the two men are “home- Members of the alleged drug cartel, in Mexico City, on Friday. (AP) interaction with people he grown” and not part of a New York City ofﬁcials during a press conference about the break-up of a suspected terror plot against believed to be fellow wider, foreign-based plot. New York synagogues, on Thursday. (AFP) 16 Saturday, May 14, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com THE LAST WORD Special US ‘Super 30 helps Bihar’s deprived envoy to students make it to elite IITs’ M-E resigns RAJESH MISHRA the staff in the past to scare Patna College and on his DOHA him, but he stuck to his mis- favourite teacher DP Verma’s sion. “Things have changed advice he applied to the NOTED mathematician and now. Crime rate has gone Cambridge University but head of Super 30, Anand down in Bihar in recent days. could not afford to go there to AFP Both sides have shown Kumar, has said that his insti- Besides, the Nitish Kumar pursue studies despite getting WASHINGTON themselves unwilling to com- tute not only gives lessons in government has provided us admission letter from the uni- promise on some of the PCM (physics, chemistry and versity. He said he and his SPECIAL envoy to the Middle thorniest issues at the heart of mathematics) but also helps mother sold ‘papads’ to earn East, George Mitchell, is the conﬂict, such as Israel’s the students focus on their Super 30, an insti- the livelihood after his resigning after two years in continued settlement building ambition. Super 30 is an insti- tute in Patna father’s death. ofﬁce, US ofﬁcials said on in the occupied Palestinian tute in Patna (Bihar) that has (Bihar), helps stu- Kumar, who has shared the Friday, in a move likely to fur- lands and the ﬁnal status of carved out a niche for itself in dents focus on stage with celebrities like UK’s ther complicate the moribund Jerusalem, claimed by both as India for getting as many as their ambition. It former PM Tony Blair and peace process. their capital. 212 underprivileged students has carved a Hollywood ﬁlmmaker James The surprise resignation by Washington’s last bid to make it to the prestigious niche for itself in Cameron and on whose life the the seasoned diplomat comes relaunch direct peace talks Indian Institute of Technology India by getting Al Jazeera English channel of only days ahead of President between the two sides in (IIT) since its launch in 2003. 212 underprivi- Qatar, NHK Channel of Japan, Barack Obama’s highly-antici- September 2010 failed less Talking to Qatar Tribune leged students Japanese Beauty Queen Norika pated speech on the pro- than a month later, when on Friday, Kumar said, Noted mathematician and head of Super 30 Anand Kumar address- make it to the IIT Fujiwara and British ﬁlmmaker democracy uprisings sweep- Israel refused to extend a “Unless the students are es the Bihar Diwas function, in Doha, on Friday. (MANEESH BAKSHI) since 2003. Michelle Christopher have ing Arab nations on Thursday. moratorium on settlement focussed they cannot achieve made short documentaries, The ofﬁcial announcement building in the West Bank. what they want. Hence, we “coaching maﬁa against him” who cannot afford education with security guards.” however, added that he still has of Mitchell’s departure would The political landscape has have designed a multimedia because of the remarkable today,” he said. Responding to a query on an unfulﬁlled dream. be made later on Friday by the also been muddied after the presentation which tells the success of Super 30. “Our students are sons of how the idea of having an He said he wanted to run an White House, ofﬁcials said, story of a poor boy Bholu and “There is a section of coach- poor people such as rickshaw- institute like Super 30 came to institute for children right from stressing the Obama adminis- a rich boy Ricky. The story ing institutes, which are pullers, poor farmers, house- him, Kumar said, “Being a son Class-I stage so that he could tration remained committed instills self-conﬁdence in our spreading rumours like Super maids and peanut sellers at of a low paid postal clerk who bring out the best in them right to achieving peace in the students, who see Bholu forg- 30 discriminates among the railway station. Despite died early, I have suffered a lot from the beginning. Middle East. ing ahead of Ricky despite his castes and communities. It their poor economic condi- in life. I wanted to become a Kumar said, “Thirty stu- “The fact that this is a hard poverty because of his single- only entertains students tions, they are all very special scientist in life but because of dents are selected on the basis issue, an extraordinarily hard minded pursuit.” belonging to the so-called because of their mental abili- the ﬁnancial constraints, I of their performance in writ- issue, is not news to anyone... Kumar, who has attracted backward castes and Dalits. ties and capability to work could not pursue my studies to ten and oral tests conducted who’s ever attempted to work attention from the media, But it is not like that. Our hard and we try only to hone that level. Therefore, I decided every year. I provide food and on it over these many years,” academic circles and ﬁlm- main concern is economic. their talents,” Kumar said. to run an institute, which lodging to these students and said White House spokesman makers from around the We cannot ignore the fact that Kumar said that criminals entertained talented but meet the cost by taking Jay Carney. “But the fact is that it’s important, and the Peace maker world, said a malicious cam- paign has been started by there are many talented chil- dren among the upper castes had even hurled bombs at his institute and stabbed one of impoverished students only.” Kumar said he studied in tuitions in the evening. I am against accepting donations.” president is committed to US ENVOY TO THE MIDDLE EAST continue working on it.” GEORGE MITCHELL Obama tapped Mitchell as The official Middle East envoy at the start of his new administration in 2009, hoping the former US senator could bring his renowned negotiating skills announcement of Mitchell’s depar- ture would be made later on Friday by the White House. Britain warns Syria of fresh sanctions to the Arab-Israeli conﬂict. Fatah party of Palestinian AFP Syria.” tions targeted at the highest Damascus to respect human Syrian ambassador to Paris, Mitchell, who managed President Mahmoud Abbas LONDON Last month Britain with- levels of the regime, includ- rights including freedom of but it was working towards against all odds to broker the signed a surprise reconcilia- drew Khiyami’s invitation to ing travel bans and asset expression and urged Syria to fresh sanctions. historic Good Friday deal in tion unity deal with Hamas BRITAIN summoned the the royal wedding of Prince allow UN access to besieged “Together with our Northern Ireland in 1998 last week. Syrian ambassador on Friday William and Catherine. “These measures protest-hit Syrian cities European partners, we are ending decades of bitter con- Israeli Prime Minister in coordination with other EU Foreign Ofﬁce political would include fur- including Deraa. working on a second stage ﬂict, has been indefatigable in Benjamin Netanyahu has nations to warn of fresh sanc- director Geoffrey Adams told ther sanctions tar- A Foreign Ofﬁce of European sanctions,” a his efforts in the Middle East. denounced the deal as a “hard tions against the regime if it him that “unless the Syrian geted at the high- spokesman told AFP it was French foreign ministry But two years on and despite blow to the peace process.” fails to stop a crackdown on government stopped the est levels of the “part of a coordinated EU spokesman said. The numerous trips and closed- Mitchell, who under former protesters. killing of protesters and regime, including move” but did not say how European Union on door talks, Israel and the president Bill Clinton led a In a statement, the Foreign released political prisoners, travel bans and many other countries were Tuesday enforced sanctions Palestinians are no closer to fact-ﬁnding mission to the Ofﬁce said it had “called in the UK along with its EU asset freezing.” involved. Five EU nations on Syrian President Bashar achieving a long-coveted peace Middle East in 2000, resigned the Syrian Ambassador Dr partners would take further summoned the Syrian al Assad’s brother and inner accord, which the United just as the peace process is to Sami Khiyami to express the measures to hold the regime freezing,” the statement ambassadors to their coun- circle, and warned the States hopes to see result in be pushed back up the agenda UK’s strong concerns about to account.” “These measures added. tries in April. France said it Syrian leader that he could be two nations living side by side. in Washington. the ongoing situation in would include further sanc- Adams also called on had not summoned the next. PILLARS OF SUPPORT? Supporters of Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh attend a rally, in Sanaa, on Friday. (AP) DFI grants fund to 25 Arab film producers CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 GRANT RECIPIENTS Qatar as a global ﬁlm-making POST-PRODUCTION Haneen Feature Narrative. cultural hub. A support sys- El Shooq, Ossama Bawardi, Palestine, tem of this nature is vital to Khaled El-Hagar, Egypt, Short Narrative. DEVELOPMENT building a credible and sus- Feature Narrative. Ibn Battuta Asphalt tainable local and regional Normal, Tariq Teguia, Algeria, Ali Hammoud, Lebanon, ﬁlm industry. It also sends a Merzak Allouache, Algeria, Feature Narrative. Feature Documentary. message that Qatar is not only Feature Documentary. Mohamed Saved from the Waters Dona Cesaria supporting and building an Sudan. Land. Music Safaa Fathy, Egypt, Dima Al-Joundi, Lebanon, industry of its own, it is also Mahmoud Omar, Egypt, Feature Documentary. Feature Documentary. strengthening the regional Short Documentary. Mosqui Cinema Fevers February 19 Mohamad Malas, Syria, Hicham Ayouch, Morocco/France, hub. We are proud to be a Tamara Stepanyan, Lebanon, Feature Narrative. Feature Narrative. part of this exercise. It will Short Narrative. Notes on a Tunisian Odyssey A Gaza Weekend serve as a stepping stone for Yearning Kays Mejri and Matt Petterson, Basil Khalil, Palestine, the regional ﬁlmmakers to Lina Alabed, Palestine/Egypt, Tunisia/USA, Feature Narrative. showcase their creativity to Feature Documentary. Feature Documentary. Housekeeping the global community.” Rumors Mazen Khaled, Lebanon, DFI’s ﬁlm grants will contin- PRODUCTION Azza El Hassan, Palestine/Jordan, Feature Narrative. ue to build on the success of its Beirut Hold’em Short Narrative. Nostalgia Doha trade impasse continues: EU funding and cultural initiatives over the last 12 months. In 2010, the Institute supported Michel Kammoun, Lebanon, Feature Narrative. Challat of Tunis Teta Merva Faddoul, Lebanon, Short Narrative. Zaid Abu Hamdan, Jordan, Feature Narrative. Shadow of a Man REUTERS Kaouther Ben Hania, Tunisia, Until Morning Niam Itany, Lebanon, Japan who met at the World my, for development and for six Middle Eastern ﬁlms, Feature Narrative. Hisham Bizri, Lebanon, Feature Narrative. BRUSSELS Trade Organization on the rules-based system with- including Hawi (Ibrahim El- Confession and Struggle Feature Narrative. Upside Down out a serious attempt to iden- Batout), A Man of Honour Eliane Raheb, Lebanon, When We’re Born Ahmad Ghossein, Lebanon, THE world’s main trading I am not prepared tify a viable compromise,” De (Jean Claude Codsi), Man Feature Documentary. Tamer Ezzat, Egypt. Feature Narrative. nations remain divided over a to risk losing the Gucht told reporters after a Without a Cellphone (Sameh global trade deal despite a gains for the econ- meeting of EU trade minis- Zoabi), Grandma, a Thousand MENA ﬁlmmakers and estab- Arab voices and storytelling,” DFI will also concentrate on compromise plan put forward omy, for develop- ters in Brussels. Times (Mahmoud Kaabour), lishing their credentials as said Palmer making equity investments in by the European Union to ment and for the “But I have to concede that The Mountain (Ghassam important storytellers globally Aside from the 25 grants larger regional and internation- rescue the stalled Doha trade rules-based sys- at present the gaps between Salhab) and Where Do We Go by providing grants to 25 ﬁlm already identiﬁed, DFI will be al ventures as a co-producer. round, the EU’s trade chief tem without a seri- the main players remain large Now? (Nadine Labaki). and television projects per accepting new applications Projects eligible for funding, said on Friday. ous attempt to and it is not clear how the In addition, DFI also year. from June 1 to July 15, 2011. All include feature ﬁlms, feature EU Trade Commissioner identify a viable market access negotiations announced its ﬁrst internation- “Now is a truly exciting time candidates will be reviewed by length documentaries, short Karel De Gucht said it was not compromise. can proceed.” al co-production Black Gold, to be a young ﬁlmmaker in this the DFI Selection Committee ﬁction and documentary ﬁlms clear how trading powers The EU would nevertheless with Quinta Communications - region,” she said. “We have a and successful applicants will and experimental ﬁlms, with KAREL DE GUCHT could resolve differences over continue pressing for a solu- a $55 million Arabian family ﬁlm industry that is evolving be announced at the Doha no restrictions on story genre, the key sticking point — how tion, he said. Brussels ﬂoated epic directed by Jean-Jacques rapidly at many levels. At a Tribeca Film Festival (DTFF) in length and overall budget. to open up trade in industrial Wednesday to discuss the its plan last month, widely Annaud, and starring Antonio time when both young and old October 2011. For this second Films are eligible for funding at goods. EU’s plan moved no closer to seen as a last-ditch effort to Banderas, Freida Pinto, Tahar are pivotal to shaping the Arab submission cycle, DFI has all stages of production – from Senior negotiators from the agreement, he said. rescue an accord intended to Rahim and Mark Strong. future, we remain committed urged ﬁlmmakers of North development, production, United States, EU, Brazil, “I am not prepared to risk boost world trade and lift mil- Palmer emphasised DFI’s to providing an authentic plat- African region to put forward post-production to P&A India, China, Australia and losing the gains for the econo- lions out of poverty. commitment to supporting form to support and promote their projects for assistance. 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