Music Therapy

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					Music Therapy: Learning with
Music for the Preschool Child
         Nancy Rodo, MT-BC
          Kari Roy, MT-BC

    Baltimore County Public Schools
Music Therapy- The use of music to
therapeutically address functioning areas:
•   Physical
•   Psychological
•   Cognitive
•   Behavioral
•   Social
      How does a child obtain MT
        services on their IEP?
• Email Kari Roy at,NE,Central
• Email Nancy Rodo at,NW,Central
• Use MT guidelines to determine if an informal pre-
  assessment visit is needed by the MT-BC
• Schedule an informal visit by the MT-BC to watch
  behaviors with/without music and review IEP progress
• The MT-BC will determine if an assessment is needed
• Permission to assess is signed and assessment
  completed in 60 days
• Direct service- more than ½ tested objectives are
  assisted with music
• Consult service- less than ½ tested objectives are
  assisted with music
          Why does MT work?
• Music is powerful and nonthreatening
• Multi modal to stimulate all senses
• Encourages joy of play that increases participation
• Music is highly motivating
• Can encourage socialization, self-expression, attention,
  communication, and motor development
• Can stimulate cognitive functioning and assist with
  remediation of speech skills as music is processed on
  both hemispheres of brain
• Inherent order of music maintains structure
• Makes learning more “fun” than work
    SEMTAP-Special Education Music
      Therapy Assessment Process
•   Chart review           • MT observation of
•   Parent interview         teacher/student on
•   Teacher interview        IEP objectives
•   Specialist interview   • MT conducts MT
                             session testing same
•   Selection of IEP         IEP objectives
                           • Comparison of
                             nonmusic and music
                           • Recommendation
Functional Academics MT

                             Structure Songs

              ID Items                          Transitions

                         Functional Academics

  Put Items on Instruments                             Coins

                   Shape Drums             Colors
•   Choice songs        • Echo songs
•   Transition songs    • Songs with repetitive
•   Picking songs         words, phrases
•   I need more songs   • Improvisation- let child
                          play instrument, and you
                          imitate playing. Try to
                          slowly change music, and
                          see if student can imitate
                        • Music directions for tasks
         Gross Motor Skills
• Music with strong downbeat for movement
• Music with directions in lyrics- songs
  asking to walk, march, skip with tempo to
  match movement
• Moving arms/legs to touch instruments
• Using music with props- parachutes, balls,
  scarves, elastic bands
• Music assisted gait- walking to music at
  desired gail tempo
          Fine Motor Skills
• Songs to hold a crayon/pencil- see MT link
  on BCPS website
• Songs to cut with scissors- see MT link on
  BCPS website
• Use instruments with mallets to help grasp
          Behavioral Needs
• Relaxation music- use slow tempo
  classical music, Calming Rhythms 3 CD
  from Rhythmic Entrainment Institute
• Use music as reward-offer listening corner
  or favorite instrument
• Music in background to assist attention-
  use Calming Rhythms 3 CD
• West Music- or 1-800-397-
  9378. Suggested items: Bollinger CD’s,
  Hartman CD’s, Music for Relaxation, Classroom
  Links. They have an MT-BC and education
  consultants on staff to assist you.
• www.SongsforTeaching or 1-800-649-5514
• American Music Therapy Association or 301-589-5175

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