2011 Plant Sale List w Descriptions

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2011 Plant Sale List w Descriptions Powered By Docstoc
					Type                      Botanical Name          Size          Season of Interest      Exposure                                                 Description
                                                                                                      This unusual almost black variety of the old-fashioned cottage garden hollyhock is the perfect
                                                                                                      backdrop for softer shades and forms in the garden. It has single cupped-shaped, black-
                                                                                                      maroon flowers. Stems are thick and strong but plants benefit from staking to protect from
                                                                                                      wind damage.

                                                                                                      Prefers rich, moist soil. Use in the border or against a fence or building. Flowers are attractive
A      Alcea rosea 'Nigra'                 6-8'          Early Summer                Sun              to butterflies.

                                                                                                      Farfugium japonicum is a clump-forming perennial that is grown in gardens as much for its
                                                                                                      attractive foliage as for its autumn flowers. It is native to moist meadows and stream banks in
                                                                                                      Japan and eastern Asia.

                                                                                                      Its best ornamental feature may be the foliage which consists of huge, long-stalked, glossy,
                                                                                                      leathery, kidney-shaped, dark green leaves, up to 18” or more across, that form a basal clump
                                                                                                      to 2’ tall. Daisy-like, yellow flowers (1-2” across) bloom in loose corymbs atop thick, mostly
                                                                                                      leafless stalks that rise above the foliage to 30” in late summer to fall.
                                                                                     Partial Shade to
A      Farfugium japonicum 'Giganteum'     2'            Late Summer                 Shade            Farfugium japonicum was formerly known as Ligularia tussilaginea and Ligularia kaempferi.
                                                                                                      The fig is a picturesque tropical looking tree or shrub with broad 4" long lobed leaves and a
                                                                                                      smooth, silvery gray bark.

                                                                                                      The fruit of the Brown Turkey variety is richly flavored and delicious. Figs must be allowed to
                                                                                                      ripen fully before they are picked. Brown Turkey ripens in late summer or fall.

                                                                                                      Although figs are a more southern plant, ‘Brown Turkey’ is noted for having better winter
                                                                                                      hardiness than the species and can be grown successfully in the Delaware Valley if sited in
                                                                                                      protected locations (e.g., against a south-facing wall) with annual root mulch. Any winter
A      Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey'         10-12' x 10-12' Summer                    Full Sun         damage can be removed in spring and new branches will sprout from the roots.

                                                                                                      The basal strap-like foliage is dark green in the summer and marks the spot to watch in the
                                                                                                      Fall. In September, the white, fragrant tresses emerge and extend to 6".
                                                                                     Sun to Partial
A      Spiranthes cernua f. odorata        12-24"        Fall                        Shade            These native plants are no strangers to water as they are found in wet meadows and bogs.
                                                                                                      A variant of the Japanese painted fern, this ghostly gem is even more silvery-gray. Its fine
                                                                                                      texture and pale foliage make it a great accent in shady areas.

F      Athyrium 'Ghost'                    2'            Year Round                  Shade            This plant is happy in average soil and will spread slowly.
                                                                                   Autumn fern's new fronds open with a coppery pink color, fade to dark green and reflect a
                                                                                   bronze color in the fall.
                                                                  Sun to Partial
F   Dryopteris erythrosora        26-30"         Year Round       Shade            Beautiful addition to any garden.

                                                                                   This is a clump forming fern found throughout North America. It has an upright habit and
                                                                                   reaches up to 3 feet in height, providing a grand statement in the woodland or shade garden.
                                                                                   Male fern will also work well in containers.

                                                                                   The crown of this fern produces multiple plants, so divide the male fern regularly to increase
                                                                  Partial Shade to your plants and to keep the symmetry, or allow it to become a large clump of a large
F   Dryopteris filix-mas          2-3' x 2-3'    Spring to Fall   Shade            groundcover of many plants. It prefers shade to bright shade and moist, fertile, acidic soil.
                                                                                   This rare, naturally occurring hybrid has a dramatic presence in the garden. Its upright habit,
                                                                  Sun to Partial   outstanding large, course, dark green, semi-evergreen foliage make it an exceptional addition
F   Dryopteris x australis        4’             Spring to Fall   Shade            to the garden.
                                                                                   Cinnamon fern derives its name from its first leaves which unfold in the spring and are erect
                                                                                   and covered with brown spore capsules, resembling cinnamon sticks. These are followed by
                                                                                   larger, coarse-testures fronds.

                                                                  Partial Shade to Osmunda ferns prefer moist, acid soils and are handsome additions to wet woodland or stream-
F   Osmunda cinnamomea            2-5'           Spring to Fall   Shade            side gardens.
                                                                                   Native throughout the North American woodlands, Christmas fern derives its name from its
                                                                                   evergreen foliage. The new fronds emerge in spring covered with silvery hairs, then become a
                                                                                   glossy green.
                                                                  Partial Shade to
F   Polystichum acrostichoides    18-24"         Year Round       Shade            Happy in average, well-drained soil. Withstands considerable abuse once established.

                                                                                   Carex 'Evergold' forms a neat hummock with graceful drooping leaves. The grass-like foliage
                                                                                   is dark green with a central golden band. It has fine textured dense flower tufts in spring.

                                                                  Sun to Partial   Prefers moist well drained soil. Lovely as a ground cover or as an edging plant. It softens hard
G   Carex oshimensis 'Evergold'   10-12" x 20"   Year Round       Shade            landscapes and adds tidy structure to winter landscapes.

                                                                                   This native sedge forms short clusters and spreads slowly by rhizomes to become a lush
                                                                                   carpet. It provides an excellent seasonal cover for small foraging songbirds and mammals.
                                                                                   Reddish brown thimble-like flowers top the narrow fine textured leaves in spring.

                                                                                   Foliage is green, red to purple. Thrives in dry soil and remains lush in the shade of deciduous
G   Carex pennsylvanica           6-8" x 6-8"    Spring           Sun to Shade     trees. It is deer resistant.
                                                                                         An unequivocally upright steel blue panicum selected by Roy Diblik of Northwind Perennial
                                                                                         Farm in Springfield, WI. Wide, thick leaf blades are a bit more substantial then those of the
                                                                                         other blues. A golden yellow color in the fall.

                                                                                         This vigorous grower is topped in September with attractive narrow plumes, held incredibly
                                                                                         erect atop the foliage.

                                                                                         Panicum virgatum is native to North American tall-grass prairies and was one of the most
G   Panicum virgatum 'Northwind'         4-5' x 2-3'   Fall to Winter   Full Sun         prominent prairie species.
                                                                                         A neat, compact, perennial grass, this has lots of close-packed, stiff, thread-like stems forming
                                                                                         a strongly horizontal shape. In summer, plants are covered with masses of elegant pale
                                                                                         feathery seed-heads which are held a little above the foliage. These can be cut and dried when
                                                                                         first opened for use in winter arrangements indoors. Alternatively they make a useful winter
                                                                                         food source for finches and other seed-eating birds.

                                                                        Sun to Partial   Plants like a sunny well-drained spot and associate well with compact alstroemerias, rock
G   Stipa tenuissima 'Pony Tails'        2' x 1'       Summer to Fall   Shade            plants and other grasses that enjoy similar growing conditions.
                                                                                         'Hidcote' has compact gray green foliage and is noted for its deep purple flowers. 'Hidcote' was
                                                                                         introduced from England in the 1920's and has been prized ever since for its aroma, its herbal
                                                                                         uses, and its overall good looks.

                                                                                         It can be used in the herb garden, in the rock garden or as a low edge. Prefers a sandy, light,
H   Lavandula angustifolia 'Hidcote'     12-15"        Summer           Full Sun         well-drained soil in full sun.
                                                                                         The gray-green, dissected foliage of this yarrow is interesting in its own right. The foliage is
                                                                                         topped by flat-topped clusters of pale yellow flowers in early summer. The flowers may be cut
                                                                                         for fresh arrangements or dried for everlasting bouquets.

                                                                                         All Achilleas must have full sun and a well-drained soil. They have the ability to withstand poor
P   Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'   24"           Summer           Full Sun         soil and droughty conditions.
                                                                                         All Achilleas must have full sun and a well-drained soil. They have the ability to withstand poor
                                                                                         soil and droughty conditions. The selection 'Paprika" sports ruby red flowers with yellow
P   Achillea millefolium 'Paprika'       24-28"        Summer to Fall   Full Sun         centers borne in flat-topped clusters atop very finely divided foliage.
                                                                                         This bushy heavy-flowering Monkshood is a good front-of-the-border selection. ‘Ivorine’s
                                                                                         creamy white flower spikes are held well above attractive, rounded, deeply cleft foliage. The
                                                                                         plant gets its name from the enlarged upper petal of each flower which forms a hood.

                                                                                         It needs sun, moist, well-drained soil and will not tolerate swampy conditions. Plant in its final
P   Aconitum 'Ivorine'                   2-3’          Summer           Sun              location as it resents being moved. All parts of Aconites are poisonous.
                                                                                               Aconitum napellus is a shade-loving hardy perennial and member of the buttercup family. The
                                                                                               dark green, glossy leaves are deeply divided and are a welcome sight in the spring because
                                                                                               they are among the first to emerge. The 2- to 4-foot plant sends up spikes of showy blue-violet
                                                                                               flowers in July and August. T

                                                                                               The shape of the flower is specially designed to attract and utilize bee visitors, especially the
                                                                                               humble bee. The root contains a poisonous alkaloid, and all parts of the plant are dangerous if

                                                                                               Aconite prefers a soil slightly retentive of moisture, such as a moist loam, and flourishes best in
                                                                              Partial Shade to shade. It would probably grow luxuriantly in a moist, open wood, and would yield returns with
P   Aconitum napellus                                2-4''       Summer       Shade            little further trouble than weeding, digging up and drying.

                                                                                               Deeply lobed leaves accent the large flowers of deep blue. The top part of the flower which
                                                                                               has a hooded part over the rest is strikingly like the hood of a monk hence the common name.

                                                                              Full Sun or      Flowering over a long period, it will grow in most soils.
P   Aconitum 'Spark's Variety'                       48-60”      Summer       Shade            Grow in a border or woodland gardens.
                                                                                               As the growing season comes to a close with the approach of autumn, there’s one more
                                                                                               surprise awaiting the gardener. Climbing monkshood, with its deeply lobed leaves and brilliant
                                                                                               blue, hooded flowers bursts into flower in mid-September.

                                                                                               Twining delicately through shrubs, this shade-loving perennial vine is a great late-season
                                                                                               companion. Climbing monkshood performs best where its roots are shaded from the mid-day
                                                                                               sun and there is access to even moisture in slightly acidic to neutral organic soils. It will grow
P   Aconitum uncinatum                               4-6'        Fall         Partial Shade    up to 6’ tall in one season before dying back.

                                                                                               This unusual red-berried form of doll’s eyes provides a long season of interest from its white
                                                                                               bottlebrush-shaped inflorescences and deeply cut, pinnately compound green leaves, to its
                                                                                               clusters of berries with brightly colored pedicels in summer. Doll’s eyes thrives in slightly
                                                                                               acidic, moist, highly organic soil in shade to part shade, though, it tolerates drier soils.

                                                                              Partial Shade to This unusual native woodland plant adds interesting texture and character to the garden,
P   Actaea (Cimicifuga) pachypoda 'red berried form' 1-2'        Summer       Shade            particularly in shady spots, throughout the summer reaching 1’-2’ tall.

                                                                                               The licorice scented chartreuse-yellow foliage makes this plant an attention-getter all season.
                                                                                               In mid-summer blue flower spikes appear, attracting both butterflies and hummingbirds.

                                                                                               Tolerant of dry conditions, it thrives with very little attention. All-America Selections Gold Medal
P   Agastache foeniculum 'Golden Jubilee'            20” x 20”   Mid Summer   Sun              Winner in 2003.
                                                                                 1997 Plant Select® winner. This Hybrid Hyssop is a superior perennial enjoyed in the garden
                                                                                 for its spicy fragrance, uniquely colored flowers and finely textured foliage.

                                                                                 It is also a superb hummingbird plant attracting them for several months with its nectar-rich

                                                                Sun to Partial   Like lavender, it is an indispensable perennial for water-thrifty gardens. Agastache rupestris
P   Agastache rupestris            2' x 1'     Summer to Fall   Shade            loves a hot, sunny position in well-drained soil.
                                                                                 The second fantastic Agastache given to us by Coen Jansen, Black Adder boasts numerous
                                                                                 bottlebrush flowers of vivid blue from mid summer to frost on a compact, rounded plant. An
                                                                                 early pinch keeps it more compact in containers.

                                                                                 Grow in full sun and average to dry soils with average to good drainage. Definitely more
                                                                Sun to Partial   tolerant of winter wetness than its pink cousins, but it may still succumb to wet clay soils in the
P   Agastache x 'Black Adder'      3' x 3'     Summer           Shade            winter.
                                                                                 ‘Purple Torch’ is a stoloniferous, mat-forming, bugleweed cultivar. Spreading rosettes of oval,
                                                                                 shiny, dark green leaves typically form a 3-5” tall foliage carpet. Tiny, two-lipped, lavender-
                                                                                 pink flowers appear in spring in torch-like flower spikes well above the foliage to 12” tall. When
                                                                                 in full flower, large plantings can produce a striking floral display. Foliage turns bronze in

                                                                Sun to Partial   Prefers moist, humusy soils with good drainage, but tolerates moderately dry ones. Will grow
P   Ajuga reptans 'Purple Torch'   4-12"       Mid Spring       Shade            in full shade, but best performance is in locations with 3-4 hours of sun per day.
                                                                                 Hollyhocks have been grown in gardens for centuries, their tall spikes of satiny, crepe-textured
                                                                                 flowers making a fine display in mid-summer. Best at the back of a sunny border, with
                                                                                 something in front to hide their bare lower stems. This tall strain features old-fashioned single
                                                                                 flowers, in a wide range of pastel shades. Plants usually act as short-lived perennials, but will
                                                                                 re-seed themselves for many years.

                                                                                 The single forms are often said to be more resistant to Hollyhock rust.

P   Alcea ficifolia                60" x 18"   Summer           Full Sun         Attractive to both butterflies and hummingbirds.
                                                                                 This low growing perennial is an ideal groundcover or front-of-the-border plant. Decorative,
                                                                                 pleated leaves hold dew drops or rain drops on them and sparkle like quicksilver, delighting
                                                                                 children of all ages.

                                                                                 If that weren't enough, the foliage is topped by clusters of chartreuse flowers in June-July that
                                                                                 may be cut and used in fresh or dried arrangements.
                                                                Sun to Partial
P   Alchemilla mollis              18" x 24"   Year Round       Shade            A moist, well-drained soil is best.
                                                                                             This uncommon species features very finely textured foliage that just begs to be touched.
                                                                                             Unusual steel-blue flowers bloom in June. The show realyl heats up with the incredible fall
                                                                                             color as the leaves change to a striking fire yellow orange.

P   Amsonia hubrechtii                         28"       Early Summer       Partial Shade    This native plant is an excellent low maintenance perennial for moist, fertile soils.

                                                                                             This long-blooming, compact Amsonia blooms longer and stronger than any species Amsonia.
                                                                                             This beauty is a very compact plant with clusters of star-shaped flowers of a deep lavender-
                                                                                             blue shade; much richer than the steel blue for which Amsonias are known.

                                                                                             This low grower makes an ideal edging plant, for it has no down time. Blue flowers in May and
                                                                                             June, golden yellow fall color, and shiny, willow-shaped leaves all season long. In full sun or
                                                                            Sun to Partial   partial shade and evenly moist, slightly acidic soil, it brings a soothing presence to the front of
P   Amsonia tabernaemontana 'Blue Ice'         15"       Summer to Fall     Shade            the border year after year and asks little in return. It is a first-rate garden plant.
                                                                                             A clump-forming perennial which features soft light blue, star-like flowers with white throats in
                                                                                             late spring atop somewhat leaning, leafy stems growing 2-3' tall. Extremely narrow, willow-
                                                                                             shaped, dull green foliage may turn attractive shades of yellow in fall.

                                                                                             Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Prefers moist,
                                                                                             loamy soils. Tolerates some drought.

                                                                                             When grown in full sun, plants often require no pruning or staking though they tend to lean.
                                                                                             When grown in some shade and/or in rich soils, however, plants tend to become more open
                                                                                             and floppy and often require staking or pruning. For a neater appearance, particularly for
                                                                            Sun to Partial   shade-grown plants, consider cutting back stems by 1/2 to 1/3 after flowering to promote bushy
P   Amsonia tabernaemontana var. salicifolia   2' x 2'   Fall               Shade            growth and, if desired, a more rounded foliage mound.
                                                                                             The pasque flower is one of the first to blossom in spring. The purple flowers open with the
                                                                                             snowdrops before the silvery leaves have fully emerged. The entire plant is covered with silky
                                                                                             hairs that glisten on a sunny day.

P   Anemone pulsatilla                         8”        Spring             Partial Shade    These plants prefer well-drained soil.

                                                                                             The earliest blooming of the fall anemones, the grapeleaf anemone is also one of the hardiest.
                                                                                             This selection is one of the showiest perennials for late summer and into the fall with masses of
                                                                                             soft pink, single blooms. This quite vigorous form quickly produces a large clump over time.
                                                                                             'Robustissima' is an easy, carefree and low maintenance perennial.

P   Anemone tomentosa ‘Robustissima’           32"       Late Summer-Fall   Partial Shade    It is best grown in part shade and moist soil but is also quite tolerant of a sunny, drier location.
                                                                                                         Single flowers (2-3" diameter) with 6-9 overlapping white petals and yellow center stamens
                                                                                                         appear on long, wiry-but-graceful, branching stems over an attractive foliage mound of trifoliate
                                                                                                         dark green leaves.

                                                                                                         Best in part shade with protection from wind. Foliage tends to burn in hot, dry, sunny summer
P   Anemone x hybrida ‘Honorine Jobert’      36-48" x 18-24" Late Summer-Fall           Partial Shade    conditions. Prefers consistently moist, humusy soils with good drainage.
                                                                                                         This is a new, compact growing, selection of our native columbine. Instead of the usual height
                                                                                                         of 2’ tall, 'Little Lanterns' grows to only 10” tall. A long blooming species, it produces many
                                                                                                         brilliant red flowers with a yellow corolla that dangle and sway in the breeze from April thru
                                                                                       Sun to Partial
P   Aquilegia canadensis ‘Little Lanterns’   10"              Late Spring-Early Summer Shade             Since it’s little, it would be cute in a pot or planted along a path or front of garden.
                                                                                                         This cultivar is a selection of our native columbine. It features clear yellow flowers that are
                                                                                                         carried delicately on thin wiry stems. It is somewhat more compact and tends to flower more
                                                                                                         heavily than the species. Like its parent, this plant is not as susceptible to leaf miner as other
P   Aquilegia canadensis 'Corbett'           18 inches tall   Spring                    Partial Shade    columbines.
                                                                                                         A series of hybrids that has stood the test of time. 'McKana Hybrids' come in a wide range of
                                                                                                         pastel colors, many of them bicolor. They are prized for their large, showy flowers with long,
                                                                                                         widely flared spurs.

                                                                                                         Aquilegia is especially lovely when allowed to naturalize in shady, woodland borders. They also
                                                                                                         have excellent potential as cut flowers, lasting up to 2 weeks in a vase.

                                                                                                         Columbine is easy to growy in loose, average to rich, well-drained soil. They can be grown in
P   Aquilegia 'McKana Hybrids'               24" x 18"        Late Spring               Sun to Shade     full sun to partical shade, though light shade will prolong the flowering time.
                                                                                                         Often seen in rock gardens, this plant has a trailing habit that makes it perfect for the top of a
                                                                                                         wall or along steps. The white, double flowers are fragrant and appear in May. Cut back after
                                                                                                         flowering to keep neat.

P   Arabis alpina 'Flore Pleno'              8'               Spring                    Sun              This plant prefers well-drained soil.
                                                                                                         One of the most desireable wildflowers of North American Woodlands. One or two green
                                                                                                         leaves are divided into three leaflets. A long purple-green spath (the pulpit) encloses a slender
                                                                                                         spadix (jack). After the flower fades, berries are produced that ripen to a bright scarlet in the

P   Arisaema triphyllum                      16-20"           May-June                  Partial Shade    Prefers woodland conditions with cool, moist, humus rich soil.
                                                                                                         A very dense display of lilac pink flower balls that cannot be passed up for spring color. A must
                                                                                                         for rock gardens. Very fine, mid-to-gray-green needle-like leaves.
                                                                                        Sun to Partial
P   Armeria juniperifolia                    3"               Mid Spring                Shade            Prefers Light well-drained soil. Good for troughs.
                                                                                               Artemisia schmidtiana 'Silver Mound' has a domed, neat habit and finely cut silvery 2" leaves.

                                                                                               Fragrant leaves and creamy white flowers make this perennial herb ideal as an edging plant,
                                                                                               for the rock garden or the sunny border.

                                                                                               Overfeeding and too much shade cause the slender grass like stems to flop over exposing the
                                                                                               center. Removing the tiny disclike flowers helps maintain the plants symmetry. Reproduce by
P   Artemisia schmidtiana 'Silver Mound'     6-12" x 18"     Late Summer      Full Sun         spring division or summer stem cuttings consisting of the leaf, petiole and a piece of stem.
                                                                                               Wormwood has a terrible name, but highly ornamental silvery, lacey foliage that softens color
                                                                                               transitions in the garden. 'Silver Brocade' features wide 1" soft felty leaves with a hint of green
                                                                                               coloring. These plants have incospicuous yellow flowers that emerge in mid summer. The
                                                                                               compact habit of this variety is particularly valuable.

                                                                                               Artemisias are adaptable to poor soils and drought as well as seaside conditions so long as
P   Artemisia stelleriana 'Silver Brocade'   15" x 24"       Spring to Fall   Full Sun         good drainage is provided.
                                                                                               Aruncus 'Misty Lace' has soft fernlike foliage, beautiful red stems display graceful, delicate, lacy
                                                                                               white blooms. It is tolerant of heat, humidity and cold.

                                                                                               An introduction from Dr. Allen Armitage of the University of Georgia, it is the result of a cross
                                                                                               between Aruncus dioicus and Aruncus aethusifolius. Useful in the shaded border or woodlot.
                                                                                               A great filler between large hostas.

                                                                              Partial Shade to Thrives in moist, humusy, well-drained soil. Divide by division of deep rootstock. Pests and
P   Aruncus 'Misty Lace'                     24-30" x 18-24" Late Spring      Shade            diseases are not a bother.
                                                                                               This is a wonderful grondcover with arrow head shaped leaves can be dark green or mottled
                                                                                               with silver. T he unusual brown urn shaped flowers that develop in April just above soil level,
                                                                                               give this plant a common name "Little Brown Jugs."

                                                                              Partial Shade to Plant with ferns, trilliums and dutchman's breeches. Thrives in moist well drained soil, rich in
P   Asarum arifolium                         9" x 12"        Spring to Fall   Shade            organic matter, and shade.
                                                                                               Kidney-shaped, leathery, dark green leaves somewhat hide the mahogany-purple-brown,
                                                                                               pitcher shaped flowers with tail-like lobes.

P   Asarum canadense                         1"              Spring           Partial Shade    This is a woodland plant, native to North America.
                                                                                  A ginger-like scent comes from these 7- to 10-inch perennials when their lush, heart-shaped
                                                                                  leaves or spreading roots are cut or bruised. Flowers bloom in spring.

                                                                 Partial Shade to Wild Ginger makes an ideal ground cover in woodland gardens in partial shade with rich, moist,
P   Asarum shuttleworthii              6" x 12"   Spring         Shade            cool soils. Protect from slugs and snails.
                                                                                  Swamp milkweed, true to its name, prefers consistently moist soil, but performs admirably in
                                                                                  average, well-drained gardens as well.

                                                                 Sun to Partial   Full sun is best and some shade is tolerated. Clusters of upturned pink flowers draw butterflies
P   Asclepias incarnata                3-4’       Early Summer   Shade            in June and July.
                                                                                  This white flowered selection of our native swamp milkweed is long lasting and of easy
                                                                                  cultivation. Clusters of white flowers are followed by the distinctive milkweed pod.

                                                                                  Will do well in any good soil, but especially a moist one. Like it's cousin, the butterfly weed, it is
P   Asclepias incarnata 'Ice Ballet'   38-42"     Summer         Full Sun         a great butterfly plant.
                                                                                  Butterfly weed is a tuberous rooted, native perennial which occurs in dry/rocky open woods,
                                                                                  glades, prairies, fields and roadsides. It features clusters of bright orange to yellow-orange
                                                                                  flowers atop upright to reclining, hairy stems with narrow, lance-shaped leaves. Flowers give
                                                                                  way to prominent, spindle-shaped seed pods (3-6" long) which split open when ripe releasing
                                                                                  numerous silky-tailed seeds for dispersal by the wind. Seed pods are valued in dried flower

                                                                                  Flowers are a nectar source for many butterflies and leaves are a food source for monarch
P   Asclepias tuberosa                 18-24"     Summer         Full Sun         butterfly larvae (caterpillars).

                                                                                  Clouds of blue flowers in early fall in shade! A great naturalizer under trees, at the edge of
                                                                                  woods, or as a filler among Hostas and Astilbes, which look pretty rough by September. Found
                                                                                  in woods and dry meadows.

                                                                 Partial Shade to Prefers a partially shaded site, but will tolerate sun or shade. Flowers best with 3 hours of sun
P   Aster cordifolius                  3' x 3'    Fall           Shade            or more. Works well in average, dry or moist soil, but does not like to be consistantly wet.
                                                                                  Wood asters are one of those wonderful native plants found along deciduous woodland edges
                                                                                  and roadsides in most of North America. The selection 'Eastern Star' was observed and
                                                                                  collected from coastal Rhode Island. It is has good green foliage all summer, grows shorter
                                                                 Partial Shade to than the species and has deep dark shining mahogany stems that are topped by sprays of tiny
P   Aster divaricatus ‘Eastern Star’   12"        Early Fall     Shade            white daisies.
                                                                                          'Snow Flurry’ is a prostrate heath aster cultivar that typically grows to 4-6” tall and spreads
                                                                                          along the ground to form a dense foliage mat. Small, single asters with white rays and yellow
                                                                                          centers cover the foliage in a profuse fall bloom. The flowers are attractive to butterflies.
                                                                                          Distinctive leaves are 1” long, narrow, rigid and linear.

                                                                                          Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun. Tolerates some light
                                                                                          shade. Good drought tolerance.

                                                                                          Use ‘Snow Flurry’ as a robust groundcover throughout your flower beds to provide a dense,
                                                                                          weed-smothering carpet of bright green stems and tiny leaves. It is great in rock gardens
                                                                                          where it can sprawl along ledges and over rocks. Good for borders, cottage gardens, open
                                                                                          woodland gardens or wild/naturalized areas.
                                                                         Sun to Partial
P   Aster ericoides ‘Snow Flurry’             4-6" x 18"   Early Fall    Shade            Zone 3-9
                                                                                          Slightly fleshy leaves are up to 5 inches long and have a glaucous cast to them. Vigorous,
                                                                         Sun to Partial   reliable arching stems often exhibit a dark purple tine that heightens the incredible display of
P   Aster laevis 'Bluebird'                   26-30"       Early Fall    Shade            light blue flowers that this selection offers.

                                                                                          This cultivar stays very compact creating a mass of semi -double dark purple blooms. This
                                                                                          selection was named by the Mt. Cuba Center in Greenville, DE.

                                                                                          Asters are very easy to grow in average garden soil, with even moisture. Plant several for a
P   Aster novae-angliae 'Purple Dome'         18-24”       Early Fall    Sun              striking effect, cut back after blooming to avoid variable seedlings. Divide every few years.
                                                                                          Clear purple flowers cover the foliage of this native aster from August to October. Bred for
                                                                                          compact habit, heavy flowering and long bloom period. Highly resistent to mildew and rust.
                                                                                          Rated for zones 5-8.

                                                                                          Best viewed in the front of the border. Great native alternative to potted mums!

                                                                                          Grow in full sun with average to moist soils.

                                                                                          Also known as Symphyotrichum novi-belgii ‘Wood’s
P   Aster novae-belgii 'Woods Purple'         12" x 18"    Late Summer   Full Sun         Purple’.

                                                                                          This brings welcome bloom to the garden well into October. Lavender blue single-ray flowers
                                                                                          are fine textured. The gray-green foliage is aromatic. If cut back in mid June it will be about 2’
                                                                                          but will be dense and full. It is a favorite of butterflies and is a great cut flower.

P   Aster oblongifolius 'Raydon's Favorite'   2-3’         Fall          Full Sun         Aster oblongifolius is native to open dry areas so does well in average well-drained soil.
                                                                                                 Short, thick, lavender plumes are produced in abundance atop low foliage. An excellent
                                                                                                 creeping selection of astilbe.

P   Astilbe chinensis 'Pumila'              10"       Late Summer               Partial Shade    This species is smaller than the common garden astilbe and also more tolerant of dry soils.
P   Astilbe chinensis 'Visions'             15”       Mid Summer                Shade            Fragrant raspberry red upright plumes with compact bronze-green foliage.
                                                                                                 Astilbes are the perfect choice for illuminating shaded areas around your garden. In the
                                                                                                 summer months, elegant spikes of feathery flowerheads emerge from a canopy of handsome,
                                                                                                 finely dissected foliage. As autumn approaches the blooms turn to shades of brown whilst
                                                                                                 retaining their form, and look particularly attractive in a winter snowscape.

                                                                                Partial Shade to Plant them in containers to glorify a shady spot on your patio, and enjoy the cut blooms in fresh
P   Astilbe x arendsii 'Fanal'              24"       Summer                    Shade            and dried flower arrangement
                                                                                                 This is a long-lived perennial that forms a deep tap root; it resents transplanting once it has
                                                                                                 become established (choose your location wisely).

                                                                                                 It will grow into a rather large clump, at least as wide as tall. This cultivar, introduced from the
                                                                                                 North Carolina Botanical Garden, was selected for it's charcoal colored stems that give rise to
                                                                                                 purple-blue flowers; a plant that will delight for many years to come.

                                                                                                 Prefers a neutral, well-drained soil in full sun and will benefit from deep watering during dry
P   Baptisia ‘Purple Smoke’                 30-36"    May-June                  Full Sun         spells.
                                                                                                 With as many as 40 to 50 glowing, 18 inch flower spikes staged beyond the gray-green trifoliate
                                                                                                 foliage, ‘Carolina Moonlight’ inherits the best traits of each parent.

                                                                                                 Rob Gardner from the N.C. Botanical Gardens introduced this Baptisia sphaerocarpa and
                                                                                                 Baptisia alba hybrid that forms a dense, rounded, bushy anchor for the upright pealike blooms
                                                                               Sun to Partial    colored in soft buttery yellows. Long-lived and unfazed by heat or drought, it delivers a cheery
P   Baptisia 'Carolina Moonlight'           3' x 3'   Late Spring-Early Summer Shade             lift to a tough spot
                                                                                                 Thick, leathery, rounded, pinkish leaves spread out from a central point. Flower scapes rise
                                                                                Sun to Partial   above the foliage in April-May with pink-red flowers. Foliage tends to be evergreen, but turns a
P   Bergenia 'Winter Glow' ('Winterglot')   12"       Year Round                Shade            glowing red color during the winter months, especially in warmer winters.
                                                                                  Canterbury Bells, also known as the bell flower, has attractive bell shaped flowers with a flat
                                                                                  base. Extremely long lasting flowers range from blue, purple, mauve or white and appear on
                                                                                  huge spikes. They grow to attain 2-3 feet in height. In gardens, they are best in massed
                                                                                  planting in borders or among shrubs.

                                                                                  Grow in full sun to partial shade.

                                                                 Sun to Partial   This flower works well cut in floral arrangements. Beekeepers sometimes use the Canterbury
P   Campanula medium 'Canterbury'   2-3'          Late Spring    Shade            Bell for making potently sweet honey.
                                                                                  This bellflower is an old-fashioned cottage garden flower of great charm. From early to mid-
                                                                                  summer the tall stems of wide-open bell flowers appear regularly. The pure white flowers are
                                                                                  held above the mound of leaves on tall, straight stems, making them ideal for cut flowers. The
                                                                                  long bright green leaves look like those of peach trees and grow in a low mound below the
                                                                                  flower stalks.

                                                                 Sun to Partial   Remove old flower stems to encourage more flowers. Grows well in most soil types in either
P   Campanula persicifolia 'Alba'   2-3'          Early Summer   Shade            full sun or partial shade.

                                                                                  Siberian bellflower is a prostrate sprawling perennial which typically forms a low mounding
                                                                                  groundcover. It works particulary well in rock gardens or draped over walls. Bell-like lilac blue
                                                                                  flowers with flaring, star-shaped lobes appear in loose panicles along the stems in late spring.
                                                                 Sun to Partial
P   Campanula poscharskyana         8"-3'         Summer         Shade            Grows best in normal to moist soils.

                                                                                  Cassia marilandica is native to Eastern North America.
                                                                                  It has compound yellow green pinnate leaves. Upright flower stalks display sprays of cup-like
                                                                                  yellow blooms in dense clusters in mid to late summer. The native habitats for this shrubby
                                                                                  perennial are open rocky woods, thickets, wet meadows and slopes and the base of bluffs.

P   Cassia marilandica              4-6' x 2-4'   Mid Summer     Full Sun         This easy plant tolerates damp soil with poor drainage. Remove faded flower heads.
                                                                                          Blue Cohosh has flowers that smell of nutmeg and grow in small greenish-brown umbels held
                                                                                          above the foliage. This native perennial grows 1-3' tall on strong, upright stems with lacy, blue-
                                                                                          green foliage and erect clusters of attractive blue, fruit-like seeds providing good ornamental
                                                                                          interest into fall.

                                                                                          The leaves are a smoky blue in spring turning bluish-green at maturity and resemble Meadow
                                                                                          Rue (Thalictrum).

                                                                                          The roots and seeds are poisonous causing a low toxicity if eaten. Plants grow best in shady
                                                                                          woodland areas in rich, moist, neutral to slightly acidic, and consistently moist soils that do not
                                                                                          dry out. Established plants spread slowly by rhizomes and are best left undisturbed but may be
P   Caulophyllum thalictroides   1-3'           Mid Spring               Shade            divided.
                                                                                          This is a vigorous fast growing ground cover with narrow silver-gray
                                                                                          leaves and masses of star-shaped white flowers. It is particularly attractive when used as an
                                                                                          underplanting against darker backgrounds. The foliage is dense and is an effective weed

P   Cerastium tomentosum         6" x 24"       Late Spring-Early Summer Full Sun         Prefers a hot, dry, well drained site. It is very cold hardy.
                                                                                          From a basal cluster of evergreen, elliptic or oblong leaves, 1 to 3 foot tall flower stems sprout
                                                                                          up and are topped with masses of tiny white, tightly packed white flowers.

                                                                                          Ranging throughout the eastern US, this interesting perennial flowers in late spring/early
                                                                         Partial Shade to summer and prefers rich, moist soil, and partial to full shade. Eventually plants will naturalize
P   Chamaelirium luteum          1-4'           Early Summer             Shade            and form sizeable colonies.

                                                                                          Light, bright green, grass-like foliage is topped in summer with flat oat-like seed heads that
                                                                                          flutter in the slightest breeze. Seed heads cut well and dry for everlasting arrangements.
                                                                         Sun to Partial
P   Chasmanthium latifolium      30"            Year Round               Shade            Plants turn brown in fall and remain attractive in the landscape throughout the winter months.
                                                                                          Chelone glabra is a native wildflower that forms an upright bushy mound of green foliage with
                                                                                          upright stems of large, white hooded flowers. Foliage is narrow with 3-6" sharpley toothed
                                                                                          paired leaves.

                                                                         Sun to Partial   Prefers moist wet site, it is lovely at the waterside. Beautiful planted with the more common
P   Chelone glabra               23-35" x 18-23" Late Summer             Shade            pink flowered Chelone.
                                                                                          Glossy, dark green, oval shaped leaves clothe stems that are topped with rose-pink hooded
                                                                                          flowers arranged in a tightly clustered raceme.
                                                                         Sun to Partial
P   Chelone lyonii 'Hot Lips'    24-28"         Late Summer              Shade            Native to the eastern U.S.
                                                                                              Just now gaining in popularity in this country, this great performer has long been a staple of
                                                                                              European gardens. You'll love this prolific blooming apricot pink beauty.

                                                                                              Grows best in full sun. Blooms Sept-Oct. Compliments blue or white flowered perennials.
                                                                                              Thrives for many years.

P   Chrysanthemum indicum 'Sheffield Pink'   30-36"       Fall               Full Sun         Plant in rich to average, well-drained garden loam. Space about 2-3' apart.
                                                                                              'Allen Bush' has light green, fuzzy, spreading foliage and is covered heavily with bright yellow
                                                                                              flowers in spring. Known to bloom intermittently all summer.
                                                                             Sun to Partial
P   Chrysogonum virginianum 'Allen Bush'     6"           May-September      Shade            Native to the eastern United States, this plant likes moist well-drained soil.
                                                                                              This Goldenstar has a compact and low growing form, with the deepest and shiniest green
                                                                                              foliage of them all and typical, star shaped, gold flowers.

                                                                                              A favorite native groundcovers for the woodland garden. Yellow daisy-like flowers cover 6"
                                                                                              evergreen foliage in spring. Rosettes of leaves slowly spread stoloniferously. Looks great with
                                                                                              columbine and Virginia bluebells.
                                                                             Partial Shade to
P   Chrysogonum virginianum var. australe    6-8" x 12"   Spring             Shade            Prefers moist well-drained soil.
                                                                                              New from Itsaul Plants, this stunning little guy seems to always be in bloom. A cross between
                                                                                              'Zamphir' and 'Early Sunrise', it has broader fluted petals, a compact habit and an extended
                                                                                              flowering season. Its rich golden-yellow blooms appear abundantly in mid-spring and are fade-
                                                                                              proof even in the brightest summer sun.

                                                                                              Jethro Tull has a compact and low-growing habit reaching only 18 inches tall, perfect for the
                                                                                              front of the border or containers. It will draw in butterflies by the hundreds but is unpalatable to
                                                                                              deer and other browsing animals. You'll love the way these interesting blooms look in summer

                                                                             Sun to Partial   Grows best under partial to full sun and responds beautifully to cutting back, but will rebloom
P   Coreopsis 'Jethro Tull' PP18789          18" x 24"    Spring to Summer   Shade            without it.
                                                                                              This thread leaf Coreopsis is a rosy pink version of the much loved Coreopsis verticillata

                                                                                              Group two or three plants in a sunny location for a large clump by summer's end. Cut back
                                                                                              after the first flowering to promote another flush of bloom.

P   Coreopsis rosea 'American Dream'         15"          Summer             Full Sun         Requires well drained soil, too rich soil causes plants to sprawl. Drought tolorant.
                                                                                                      Olive green leaves are heavily variegated with irregular markings of creams and yellows are the
                                                                                                      traits of 'Tequilla Sunrise'. Fall, winter and spring growth appears pinkish-reddish with deeper
                                                                                                      mahogany hues. Golden yellow flowers top off the interesting foliage from May-June and
                                                                                                      sporadic reblooms may occur through September.
                                                                                     Sun to Partial
P   Coreopsis 'Tequilla Sunrise'              14-18"        May-June                 Shade            Needs a well-drained soil.
                                                                                                      The fine textured foliage of Coreopsis verticillata 'Zagreb' is attractive throughout the growing
                                                                                                      season. 'Zagreb' has bright golden, 2" daisy-like flowers that cover the plant in June & July. If
                                                                                                      cut back, it will rebloom in the fall. Leave the final seed heads on through the winter - the birds
                                                                                                      love them.

                                                                                                      This is a selection of a plant that is native from Maryland to Florida. It tolerates poor soil and is
P   Coreopsis verticillata 'Zagreb'           12-20"        Early Summer             Full Sun         drought tolerant.
                                                                                                      'Crème Brulee' is as delightful as it sounds. This recent introduction is very long-blooming, with
                                                                                                      delicate leaves on a neatly mounded, robust plant. Starting in early summer and continuing
                                                                                                      through fall, dozens of butter-yellow, daisy-type flowers appear, each petal delicately serrated
                                                                                                      at the tips. The bright green, lacy foliage is also very ornamental, giving the plant a soft, wispy

                                                                                     Sun to Partial   Shear plants lightly in late summer to rejuvenate the plant and encourage additional blooms.
P   Coreopsis x verticillata 'Creme Brulee'   16-20” x 24-30” Summer                 Shade            Appreciates average, well-drained soil.
                                                                                                      The ferny gray green leaves make this a great foliage garden plant from spring – fall. Added to
                                                                                                      this are small bright yellow tubular flowers that bloom intermittently throughout the growing

                                                                                                      This vigorous plant self-sows easily and can be found growing out of garden walls, between
                                                                                                      pavers or other delightful places.

P   Corydalis lutea                           12"           Late Spring-Early Summer Partial Shade    Prefers moist soils.
                                                                                                      A ground hugging plant with succulent, boney-like leaves on sprawling stems.

P   Delosperma cooperi                        2"            Summer                   Full Sun         Two inch rose-pink flowers highlight the interesting texture of the foliage.

                                                                                                      'Blue Bird ' is one of the Pacific Hybrid Delphiniums making a statement in the summer garden
                                                                                                      reaching 3-4' high.

P   Delphinium 'Blue Bird'                    3-4'          Summer                   Full Sun         The medium blue blooms have a white bee and grace the plant from July through September.
                                                                                                      A blue-flowered Delphinium for bright to average shade, it is native to the woodland glades
                                                                                                      from Alabama to Pennsylvania. Spikes of spurred blue flowers top 3-6' stems from July to
P   Delphinium exaltatum                      3-6'          Early Summer             Partial Shade    September. A welcome addition to the woodland edge or savanna.
                                                                                              'Galahad Mix' is a perennial with an upright habit, divided dark-green foliage and pure white
                                                                                              flower spires in summer. Delphiniums are known for their tall statley flower spikes and are
                                                                                              wonderful cut flowers.

                                                                                              Thin shoots when plant is 4" high to 2-3 shoots on young plants and 5-7 shoots on established
                                                                                              plants to promote best flowers. Deadhead by cutting spent flower spikes back to small
                                                                                              flowering side shoots.

                                                                                              All parts of the plant contain an alkaloid delphinine and are very poisonous, causing vomiting
                                                                                              when eaten, and death in larger amounts. In small amounts, extracts of the plant have been
                                                                                              used in herbal medicine.

P   Delphinium 'Galahad Mix'                       40-54"     Summer         Full Sun         Plant in a fertile, well-drained soil in full sun. Cut back to ground level in autumn.
                                                                                              Tall stately plant with finely cut foliage. Exceptional purple blue flowers with white spurs in
                                                                                              June that are 2-3" across. Hardy to zone 4.

                                                                                              Useful as a specimen plant or en masse. Great as a cut flower! An All American Winner
                                                                                              cottage garden classic.

                                                                                              Grow in moist well-drained soil in full sun. Heavy feeder needing fertilizer in spring and mid
P   Delphinium x belladonna 'Connecticut Yankee'   36"        Early Summer   Full Sun         summer.
                                                                                              This hybrid dianthus is a compact, vigorous, clump-forming plant which features numerous,
                                                                                              single, fringed, scented, smoky pink flowers on stems typically rising 10-12" tall in spring. May
                                                                                              repeat bloom in autumn.

                                                                                              Foliage consists of vigorous tufts of narrow, linear, silvery-blue leaves which remain attractive
                                                                                              throughout the growing season.

P   Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Mountain Mist'     6" x 12"   Spring         Full Sun         This plant is drought and heat tolerant. Prefers fertile, slightly alkaline soils.
                                                                                              The fernlike foliage grayish-blue in color provides a beautiful textural quality. Heart shaped
                                                                                              blossoms dangle from 12-15" flower scapes throughout summer, with the heaviest bloom in
                                                                                              early summer. Graceful specimen plant suitable for the shaded border, a woodland garden or
                                                                                              a wildflower garden.

                                                                                              Plants tolerate a range of exposures from full sun to shade, but are happiest in a partially
                                                                                              shaded site with well drained soil that is rich in organic matter. Dicentra eximia will not tolerate
                                                                             Partial Shade to wet soils in winter or dry soils in summer. It does not go dormant and die to the ground in
P   Dicentra eximia                                10-18"     Summer         Shade            summer as does Dicentra spectabilis (Common Bleeding Heart).
                                                                                          Our fringed bleeding heart is native to woodlands from New York to Georgia. The finely cut,
                                                                                          blue green foliage looks great throughout the growing season. This selection bears white
                                                                                          flowers, which are produced heavily in spring and early summer and frequently resumes in the

P   Dicentra eximia 'Aurora'                 12-18"      Spring to Fall   Partial Shade   Prefers a moist, rich soil.
                                                                                          A most effective and spectacular strain of Foxgloves superb for shady shrub and tree areas,
                                                                                          back of borders and excellent for cut flowers. They can really bring the early summer garden
                                                                                          alive with their lovely flowers.

                                                                                          Perfect for dramatic summer arrangements, this series of foxgloves produces tall spikes of
                                                                                          pink, creamy-yellow, mauve, or white flowers that are spotted on the inside with purple. Unlike
                                                                                          many other foxgloves, the flowers uniformly encircle the spike and are held straight instead of

                                                                                          Foxglove does best in moist, acidic soil with abundant organic material. It likes partial shade
                                                                                          and regular watering. Cut the flowering stalk after blooming and more shoots will grow and
P   Digitalis purpurea 'Excelsior Hybrids'   5' x 12"    Early Summer     Partial Shade   bloom later in the season.
                                                                                          This evergreen Foxglove is loved for its lush, velvety, dark green basal foliage. Its large
                                                                                          flowers are tinged with rosy mauve and peppered with coppery sandstone.

                                                                                          Prefers moist, organically rich, acidic soils in part shade. Soil must not be allowed to dry out. A
                                                                                          short-lived perennial which self-seeds under favorable growing conditions, and may be best
P   Digitalis x mertonensis                  3' x 2'     Summer           Partial Shade   treated as a biennial. Divide after Bloom to maintain as a preennial.
                                                                                          'Brilliance' is a top performer in USDA Hardiness Zones 5-8. Plants can reach 12-24 inches tall
                                                                                          depending on the environment, with a spread of 1-2 feet. It has an upright, open habit and
                                                                                          moderate density.

                                                                          Partial Shade to
P   Dryopteris erythrosora 'Brilliance'      18"         Fall             Shade            Autumn fern does not have any big pest or disease problems.
                                                                                           This Coneflower with thin petals of white and hints of pink evokes hula dancers in swirling
                                                                                           skirts. Bees and butterflies hover above the orange brown cone. Upright slender stems and
                                                                                           narrow lance shaped leaves finish the picture of this hardy, carefree plant.

P   Echinacea pallida 'Hula Dancer'          32" x 24"   Summer           Full Sun        Average moist, well drained soil.
                                                                                        Surprise! A yellow flowered Coneflower. Chocolate-colored cones are surrounded by drooping
                                                                                        yellow ray flowers. Dark green lance-shaped leaves go up the 3-4’ sturdy stem and are topped
                                                                                        off by bright yellow 4” daisy-like flowers. Staking is not needed.

                                                                                        This native is beautiful massed with its purple relatives. Use it in the wildflower garden, along
                                                                                        the edge of a meadow, or in the perennial border. Hummingbirds and butterflies are attracted
                                                                                        in the summer, and if you are a lazy gardener, and leave the dead stems over winter,
                                                                                        goldfinches will feed on the seeds. It is easily grown in average soil with medium moisture
P   Echinacea paradoxa                    30-49”      Summer           Full Sun         retention to dry conditions.
                                                                                        Echinacea 'Double Decker' is a very unusual purple-red flowered variety that produces
                                                                                        predominantly single flowers in the first growing season. Then it's followed by a high
                                                                                        percentage of these visually stunning 'twin' flowers in the second season, with the chance that
                                                                                        some may even be fully double.

                                                                                        Blooming starts in midsummer and continues for weeks. Coneflowers are sturdy and carefree
                                                                                        perennials. Flowers grace tall, strong stems and are very attractive to butterflies. Seed heads
                                                                                        are useful in dried arrangements.
                                                                       Sun to Partial
P   Echinacea purpurea 'Double Decker'    40" x 30"   Mid Summer       Shade            Adapts to a wide variety of soil conditions.
                                                                                        This new variety of our native coneflower features 4” bright yellow petals surrounding a rich
                                                                                        golden-orange center.

P   Echinacea purpurea Harvest Moon™      18-24"      Summer           Full Sun         Popular with butterflies when in bloom and with goldfinches when the seedheads mature.
                                                                                        Deep rose flowers are larger than on the species and the petals don't seem to droop from the
                                                                                        cone. This selection makes a good cut flower and is attractive to butterflies.

                                                                                        Perennial Plant Association Plant of the Year, 1998. This selection is featured in the Butterfly
P   Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus'           36"         Summer           Full Sun         River in Tyler's Stopford Family Meadow Maze.

                                                                                        White flowers with a coppery-brown cone rise above green, pointed basal foliage in summer.

P   Echinacea purpurea 'White Swan'       30"         Summer           Full Sun         Butterflies are attracted to all the coneflowers.
                                                                                        Echinacea 'Rocky Top' is from a cross with the native and endangered species Echinacea
                                                                                        tennesseeinsis. Many flat-topped rose-pink flowers with black cones bloom from June till frost.
                                                                                        The flowers last well cut or dried, and birds are attracted to the seeds and butterflies to the
                                                                                        blooms. The plant is compact and vigorous.

P   Echinacea tennesseensis 'Rocky Top'   2-3'        Spring to Fall   Full Sun         Does well in average soils, deadhead for continued bloom.
                                                                                         Epimedium x rubrum is a carpeting perennial with dense heart-shaped, divided leaves on wiry
                                                                                         stems. Flowers have a white corolla and yellow spurs. Leaves of this selection are darkly
                                                                                         tinted in spring and fall.

P   Epimedium x rubrum                     10-12"      May-June         Partial Shade    Epimediums need partial shade to shade and moist, rich soil and compete well with tree roots.
                                                                                         Epimedium is a carpeting perennial with dense heart-shaped, divided leaves on wiry stems.
                                                                                         Flowers are yellow. This is a very vigorous form and probably the best that tolerates conditions
                                                                                         others may not.

P   Epimedium x versicolor 'Sulphureum'    12-15"      May-June         Partial Shade    Often chosen as the solution to the barren area where other plants perish.
                                                                                         Eupatorium dubium 'Little Joe' is a selection by Steve Lighty while at the Conord Pyle Co. Its
                                                                                         more compact size is suited to the smaller garden or even a container. Bright mauve -pink
                                                                                         flower clusters top wine red stems, they are a favorite of butterflies.
                                                                        Sun to Partial
P   Eupatorium dubium 'Little Joe'         4' x 4'     Summer to Fall   Shade            Moist, well drained acidic soil suits this native.
                                                                                         'Gateway' is an unmatched specimen plant. Its large deep rose flower heads on wine stems
                                                                                         are butterfly magnets. Leaves are whorled, serrated and lance-shaped.

                                                                                         Great near water and for naturalizing it is native to the eastern U.S.A.
                                                                        Sun to Partial
P   Eupatorium maculatum 'Gateway'         50-64"      Late Summer      Shade            This is a featured plant in Tyler's Stopford Family Meadow Maze.
                                                                                         One of the finest euphorbias, this black-green euphorbia more closely resembles a forest of
                                                                                         dwarf pittosporum. The slightly stoloniferous nature of Robb's euphorbia makes it a dynamite
                                                                                         choice for an evergreen groundcover in a difficult and very shady site.

                                                                                         In loose, well-drained organic soils, the spread will be much swifter. In very early spring, the
                                                                        Sun to Partial   chartreuse flowers unfurl in dramatic fashion, presenting 18" tall stalks of unique flowers that
P   Euphorbia amygdaloides var. robbiae    15"         Year Round       Shade            last for months... a real winner!

                                                                                         An evergreen mound of large, rounded leaves, dark green in colour, with unusual bright yellow
                                                                                         polka-dots distinguish this evergreen perennial. The large, leathery leaves can reach a foot
                                                                                         across. The yellow flowers bloom in fall and winter, but they are small and secondary to the
                                                                                         foliage. Farfugium are nice at waterside, as a groundcover, in a border, or in containers.

                                                                                         Superb as a foliage accent, particularly with gold-leaved companion plants. Clumps may be
                                                                                         divided in early spring, but be sure to cut back some of the leaves at the same time.

                                                                                         Plant in fertile, moist but well-drained soil in partial shade. Where temperatures drop below
P   Farfugium japonicum 'Aureomaculatum'   12" x 18"   Fall             Partial Shade    23°F, mulch in winter. Shelter from cold, drying winds.
                                                                                                One of the longest flowering Gaillardias, plants flower from late spring and push out tons of
                                                                                                large peachy-orange 2" wide blooms all the way through summer into mid-autumn. Each plant
                                                                                                has between 50 - 75 blooms open at once! The plants are compact for Gaillardias and have a
                                                                                                more upright habit which is an improvement as most Gaillardia tend to "sprawl".

                                                                                                'Oranges and Lemons' is a rugged garden perennial that can withstand heat, humidity and even
                                                                                                poor soils. Once established in the garden it will even stand up to drought conditions. It
                                                                                                flourishes in a sun soaked spot in your garden.

                                                                                                Makes a terrific specimen plant in mixed borders, raised beds, and rock gardens. It is even
                                                                                                more effective when massed in bold, dramatic groupings on banks, hillsides, and open style
                                                                                                layouts. Perfect for gardens near the shore, the nectar-rich central cones of the big, flat daisies
                                                                                                make wonderful landing platforms and feeding sites for butterflies.

P   Gaillardia 'Oranges and Lemons'           12-18" x 12-18" Summer to Fall   Full Sun         Gaillardias prefer a well-draine
                                                                                                Galax is an evergreen herbaceous perennial with round, glossy, dark green leaves. The leaves
                                                                                                are malodorous and can be smelled from some distance away.

                                                                                                Often used by florists in wreaths, this woodland native makes a pretty but slow-growing
                                                                                                groundcover. It is also used in rock gardens, along paths and under trees and shrubs. There
                                                                                                are numerous, milky white flowers, but the leaves steal the show. Leathery foliage matures to
                                                                                                bronze or red in fall and keeps its color through the winter.

                                                                               Sun to Partial   Plant in peaty, acid soil with lots of organic matter.
P   Galax urceolata                           2-6"           Year Round        Shade            It is very common in the Mountains of North Carolina.
                                                                                                ‘Crimson Butterflies’ features hot pink flowers on short racemes and crimson red foliage. It is
                                                                                                a compact, dense, upright-spreading plant that forms a foliage mound to 12” tall featuring
                                                                                                narrow, lance-shaped leaves that emerge crimson in spring with the addition of some green as
                                                                                                the leaves mature. Four-petaled hot pink flowers appear on red stems to 18” tall. Flowers
                                                                                                bloom over a very long period from late spring to autumn.

                                                                                                It is adaptable to almost any soil and is tolerant of high humidity. Considered drought tolerant,
                                                                               Sun to Partial   but looks best with regular watering. Attracts butterflies. Deer resistant when mature.
P   Gaura lindheimeri 'Crimson Butterflies'   12-18"         Spring to Fall    Shade            Excellent choice for container and cottage gardens.
                                                                                                 This exceptionally long blooming perennial is native to Louisiana and Texas. The deep rose-
                                                                                                 colored buds of this selection open to white flowers. The blooms occur on loose, slender
                                                                                                 stalks, resulting in a "see through" plant that is airy and informal.

P   Gaura lindheimeri 'Whirling Butterflies'   2'             Summer to Fall    Full Sun         Reblooms well if spent flowers are removed. Needs well-drained soil.

                                                                                                 Gorgeous blue to violet flowers remain closed and budlike even at full bloom. Because of this
                                                                                                 odd habit, the only insect tough enough to actually pollinate this gentian is the bumble bee.

                                                                                                 Does best in full to partial sun and moist rich soil. This native plant is considered threatened in
                                                                                Sun to Partial   many states in the Northeast. Cardinal flower, penstemon and Marsh Milkweed are good
P   Gentiana andrewsii                         24" x 18"      Late Summer       Shade            companions.
                                                                                                 This geranium, with trailing stems, forms a low mat that creates a rather effective groundcover.
                                                                                                 The white flowers of the selection 'Biokova' cover the plant through the summer. Bright green
                                                                                                 leaves turn deep orange red in the fall and are fragrant.
                                                                                Sun to Partial
P   Geranium x cantabrigiense 'Biokovo'        12"            Summer            Shade            Prefers moist, well-drained soils.

                                                                                                 An exceptional new geranium, ‘Rozanne’ features large 2.5” flowers whose petals are
                                                                                                 iridescent blue with pink tones and white centers. ‘Rozanne’ starts flowering in June and
                                                                                                 repeats until the first frosts.

                                                                                                 It is an excellent performer with better heat tolerance and longer bloom than similar cultivars.
                                                                                                 ‘Rozanne’ has a vigorous growth habit and can be used as a flowering groundcover.
                                                                                Sun to Partial
P   Geranium x 'Rozanne'                       15-18” x 15-20" Summer to Fall   Shade            Appreciates organic and well-drained soil and tolerates some drought.
                                                                                                 Purple avens produces charming, nodding pink flowers in the spring. These are followed by
                                                                                                 flowing silky seedheads that create a gauzy effect that resembles smoke hovering close to the
                                                                                                 ground, hence its other common name, Prairie Smoke.

                                                                                Sun to Partial   Spreading slowly from its roots, Prairie Smoke can be used as a small-scale groundcover.
P   Geum triflorum                             15" x 18"      Mid Summer        Shade            Grows easily in lean-to-average fertility garden soils.

                                                                                                 Gillenia stipulata has palmately lobed, deeply veined and serrate leaves, red stems. Many 5-
                                                                                                 petaled star-shaped 1" white flowers appear on delicate narrow stalks at ends of branches.

                                                                                                 Will naturalize nicely along woodland edges and has wonderful fall leaf color.
                                                                                Sun to Partial
P   Gillenia stipulata                         2-3'           Late Spring       Shade            Grows in dry or moist soils.
                                                                                                 Mardi Gras is an erect, clump-forming, sneeze weed with bushy basal growth. It grows 30-40”
                                                                                                 tall on rigid, stems. Each daisy-like flower has yellow and red bicolored ray florets surrounding
                                                                                                 a prominent, dome-like, deep brown center disk. Yellow rays are irregularly splashed with
                                                                                                 various shades of red. Flowers bloom for about 2 months.

                                                                                                 Prefers rich, moist soils and is intolerant of dry soils. Plants may be pinched back in May to
                                                                                                 reduce plant height and to encourage branching, thus a more floriferous bloom, and less need
                                                                                                 for support. Remove spent flowers to encourage additional bloom. Cut back plants by 1/2 after

                                                                                                 It was discovered as a chance seedling of two unidentified Helenium cultivars growing in a
                                                                                                 controlled environment in Worcester, United Kingdom, in 1996. Powdered disk flowers and
                                                                                                 leaves of the heleniums have in the past been dried and used as snuff, thus the common name
P   Helenium 'Helbro' Mardis Gras              2' x 2'       Summer             Full Sun         of sneeze weed.

                                                                                                 While your older varieties of sunflowers are relegated to the vegetable garden, because of their
                                                                                                 great height, these cheery 20" clumps can grow right in your perennial borders with other fall
                                                                                                 bloomers. In the fall, the plants are literally smothered with bright yellow flowers.

P   Helianthus angustifolius 'Gold Lace'       5-8' x 4-5'   Fall               Sun              Plant in full sun with abundant moisture for best results.
                                                                                                 This is a great plant for the spring garden. Tall spikes of bright green flowers are one of the
                                                                                                 first to appear – often in late winter. The deeply divided dark green leaves are evergreen and
                                                                                                 add fabulous structural texture to shady areas.
                                                                                Partial Shade to
P   Helleborus foetidus                        18"           Spring             Shade            Tolerant of a variety of conditions and self-sows easily.
                                                                                                 A colorful strain of hellebores developed by Pine Knot Farms of Clarksville, Virginia, these
                                                                                                 hybrids of Lenten Rose make outstanding additions to the shade garden. From winter into
                                                                                                 spring they bear buttercup-shaped or semi-double flowers on sturdy stems above substantial
                                                                                                 clumps of shiny, leathery, jaggedly hand-shaped evergreen leaves. The fresh lime-green new
                                                                                                 leaves appear with the blooms.

                                                                                                 Flower colors include white, pink, apricot, burgundy, pale green, and pale yellow, sometimes
                                                                                                 with contrasting speckles, halos, or centers.

                                                                                                 Hellebores prefer a rich, loamy, neutral to alkaline soil, and some protection from sun and
                                                                                                 drying winds. They often self-sow to form large colonies. Combine them with shade-loving
                                                                                Partial Shade to bulbs, evergreen ferns, perennials and shrubs. Unlike many plants that bloom at this time of
P   Helleborus x hybridus 'Pine Knot Select'   15" x 24"     Winter to Spring   Shade            year, deer don't bother them; the entire plant is toxic.
                                                                                             This award-winning daylily's 5" flower is a pink cream blend with a purple eye and edge and a
                                                                                             green throat. It is a tetraploid (which means the flowers are larger and more substantial than
                                                                                             other daylilies) and a repeat bloomer.

P   Hemerocallis 'Daring Dilemma'           24" x 24"      Summer           Full Sun         It needs full sun and is drought tolerant, but will flower best if watered when the soil is very dry.
                                                                                             The best of the best.

                                                                                             Lemon yellow flowers with a golden throat are produced non-stop from June until first frost.
                                                                            Sun to Partial   Deadheading will ensure the maximum amount of blooms. This is also a good choice for
P   Hemerocallis x 'Happy Returns'          15-18"         Summer to Fall   Shade            container gardens.
                                                                                             Downy-covered buds open in early spring to reveal exquisite small flowers of ethereal blue or
                                                                                             dusky violet that form a tidy bouquet above the three-lobed leaves.

                                                                                             Grows best with a few hours of sun with a soil that is moist and humusy. One of our native
P   Hepatica acutiloba                      6"             Early Spring     Partial Shade    wildflower jewels.

                                                                                             Cupped-like tiny blue-violet or white daisies on a ton of wiry stems appear before the set of new
P   Hepatica americana                      4-6"           Spring           Partial Shade    "liver-leaves." This form has rounded leaf lobes and a slightly more compact habit.

                                                                                             This is a "grow anywhere" plant since it grows well in any exposure. Forms a clump of rounded
                                                                                             evergreen marbled leaves. Spikes of greenish-white flowers appear in early summer.

                                                                                             Grown primarily for its foliage, which stays quite lush throughout the season.

P   Heuchera americana 'Dale's Selection'   12-18" x 12-18" Early Summer    Sun to Shade     Great for edging o any spot in the gardenin shade or sun. Easily divided in spring or early fall.
                                                                                             Rounded leaves are marked silver with a "scrollmark" of dark, purple veining. Clusters of small
                                                                                             white flowers are held above the foliage on wiry stalks.

P   Heuchera 'Silver Scrolls'               24-30"         May-June         Partial Shade    Performs well in average-drained soils.
                                                                                             Large, softly hairy, light green leaves are cool and fresh throughout the summer months. In the
                                                                                             fall, large panicles of tiny white flowers rise up above the foliage, adding splash to the fall
                                                                                             garden. Hairy alumroot is native to the Applachians.

                                                                                             Performs well in full sun altho a bit of shade in the afternoon would be well received. This
                                                                                             species has good drought tolerance and seems to do better in hot and humid summers than
                                                                            Partial Shade to most heucheras, though some scorch and general foliage decline may occur if soils are allowed
P   Heuchera villosa 'Autumn Bride'         24"            Early Fall       Shade            to totally dry out.
                                                                                         An enormous and robust variety forming huge chocolate-green foliage with purple-red
                                                                                         undersides. Creates an imposing mound which can be used to great effect setting off lighter
                                                                                         colored plants.

                                                                                         Excellent plant for the front of the perennial border or among trees and shrubs. Sun to part-
                                                                                         shade in light soil.

                                                                        Sun to Partial   Very heat tolerant due to its villosa genes. The species villosa is native to Southeastern United
P   Heuchera villosa 'Brownies'            24" x 30"   Fall             Shade            States.

                                                                                         Bred by Thierry Delabroye, Caramel has glowing apricot new growth fading to soft amber by
                                                                                         summer. Fall color is an intense salmon red. Its lobed fuzzy foliage typical of Heuchera villosa
                                                                                         stays clean. An eastern US native species that is plenty hardy and unsurpassed for longevity.

                                                                        Partial Shade to Long panicles of creamy white flowers in late summer to fall.
P   Heuchera villosa 'Caramel'             18" x 24"   Spring to Fall   Shade            Does well in dry shade.

                                                                                         Hibiscus x 'Lord Baltimore' blooms profusely with large red ruffled flowers. Leaves are deeply
                                                                                         divided, tropical in appearance. This is one of the introductions from Robert Darby.

                                                                        Full Sun to      Prefers rich, moist, even wet soil.
P   Hibiscus moscheutos 'Lord Baltimore'   4'          Summer to Fall   Partial Shade    Bees love this plant, use caution when deadheading.

                                                                                         This golden leaf form of hypericum increases by stolens to form a mounded ground cover. 2"
                                                                                         gold flowers are an added bonus.

P   Hypericum calycinum 'Brigadoon'        12-18"      Summer           Partial Shade    Best sited in a semi-shaded area in any good garden soil. A tough, useful, attractive plant.
                                                                                         Hypericum make great cut flowers. 'Mystical Red Star' was breed especially for gorgeous
                                                                                         bright red berries on perfectly branched stems. It flowers right in mid-summer and brings yet
                                                                                         more sunshine to the garden with its bright yellow flowers.
                                                                        Sun to Partial
P   Hypericum Mystical™Red Star'           30-36"      Summer to Fall   Shade            Plant in full sun in well drained soil but be sure adequate moisture is provided.

                                                                                         This interesting native iris has neat fans of small sword-like leaves that create an interesting
                                                                                         textural form in the garden. Flat, star-shaped, blue, upward facing flowers adorn the plant in

P   Iris cristata                          6"          Spring           Partial Shade    Once established, preferably in semi-shade and moist soil, it will spread slowly until hindered.
                                                                                     This selection of our native wood iris has brilliant white flowers with delicate yellow crests. It is
                                                                                     a vigorous spreader and prolific bloomer and can be used as a groundcover.

                                                                                     Does best in shade in well drained, fertile, humus rich soil, and will even thrive in dry shade.
                                                                    Partial Shade to
P   Iris cristata 'Tennessee White'    10" x 18"     Early Spring   Shade            Plant with hellebores and pulmonaria for a long lasting, low maintenance spring show.
                                                                                     Siberian Iris 'Ceasar's Brother' has dark velvety violet -blue flowers held above narrow lancelike
                                                                                     foliage. Flowers are flat, 1-2 inches.

                                                                    Full Sun to      They prefer rich moist soil but will tolorate some sun and dry conditions. They are less prone to
P   Iris sibirica 'Caesar's Brother'   3'            Early Summer   Partial Shade    soft rot and iris borer, the bane of Bearded Iris.
                                                                                     The deep violet blue flowers appear before the foliage. The dark green leaves that follow are
                                                                                     stiff and narrow, quite different from the leaves of crested iris.
                                                                    Sun to Partial
P   Iris verna                         6-10"         Early Spring   Shade            Native from Pennsylvania to Kentucky, vernal iris prefers moist, acid soils.
                                                                                     The Water Iris 'Versicolor', a spring water-planted tuber, produces beautiful violet-blue flowers
                                                                                     accented by whitish markings at the base of the sepals. Water Irises have attractive bladelike

                                                                                     Water Irises usually live in water that is rich in oxygen and receives a lot of sunlight. Although it
                                                                    Sun to Partial   thrives near water it will tolerate garden conditions if provided an evenly moist soil. The root
P   Iris versicolor                    24-36”        Late Spring    Shade            has been used medicinally.

                                                                                     Here’s an easy, streamlined entry into grasses for the bedding plant grower! Grown for its stiff,
                                                                                     upright, blue-green foliage, Blue Arrows is well-suited to annual bedding and mixed containers.

                                                                    Sun to Partial   Heat-tolerant in a wide range of environments. Can be grown as a pond plant, but quite
P   Juncus inflexus 'Blue Arrows'      18-24"        Summer         Shade            drought-tolerant when grown in the ground. It also makes a great indoor lifestyle plant.
                                                                                     ‘Blue Star’ is a clump-forming perennial that is noted for its long summer bloom of daisy-like
                                                                                     flowers (1” diameter) featuring light blue rays and yellow centers. The flowers are very similar
                                                                                     in appearance to those of aster and boltonia.

                                                                                     Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade altho it
                                                                                     does the best in full sun. Tolerates both moist and dry conditions. Performs well in hot and
                                                                                     humid summers.

                                                                                     Foliage may be pinched back in early summer to stimulate new growth. Shear stems after
P   Kalimeris incisa 'Blue Star'       12-18" x 12-18" Summer       Full Sun         flowering to encourage a possible fall rebloom.
                                                                                             One of the English lavenders, ‘Munstead’ is a fragrant, robust lavender that makes a great
                                                                                             hedge. It is a strong grower and can be used in the herb garden, the perennial border, or to
                                                                                             edge a path.

                                                                                             It flowers profusely in the spring, after which a good pruning will provide an attractive gray bush
                                                                                             with highly aromatic leaves.

P   Lavandula angustifolia 'Munstead'        12-18" x 12"   Spring           Full Sun        Flourishes if given well-drained soils, particularly in winter.
                                                                                             This upright shrub explodes with bright red-purple pea-like flowers in mid-September, often
                                                                                             followed by golden fall foliage. It can be maintained in the same manner as a butterfly bush -
                                                                                             cut back hard in the spring - or can be simply deadwooded as needed.

                                                                                             Plants that are not cut back hard may surprise you with another crop of flowers in the spring.
                                                                                             Native to the Ryukyu Islands in Japan, it can grow to 6' tall x 12' wide in one season (yes,
                                                                                             really!). The seed pods are small.

                                                                                             Plants do best in a sunny position in well-drained soil, are easy to grow, drought resistant, and
P   Lespedeza liukiuensis 'Little Volcano'   6' x 12'       Early Fall       Full Sun        tolerant of poor soil.
                                                                                             This American prairie favorite produces spikes of rose-lavender flowers that are attractive to
                                                                                             butterflies. 'Kobold' is somewhat shorter than the species and does not need staking.

                                                                                             Grows in average soil and is somewhat drought tolerant.
P   Liatris spicata 'Kobold'                 30"            Late Summer      Full Sun        Attracts butterflies.

                                                                                             Unforgettable glowing long spikes, densely set with fine-petaled bright yellow daisies on
                                                                                             dramatically contrasting tall black stems, grace this moisture loving perennial in midsummer.
                                                                                             Even the foliage is special - the glossy, long-petioled heart shaped leaves form an attractive
                                                                                             mound from which those rockets of yellow arise.

                                                                                             Though it does as well in well-drained soil just so long as it is never entirely dries out, Ligularia
P   Ligularia stenocephala 'The Rocket'      48"            Summer to Fall   Partial Shade   is also a true bog plant & can have water up to the head of the root without harm.
                                                                                             A compact Asiatic lily with bright burgundy flowers in June and July. Bred for compact, sturdy
                                                                                             stems with long lasting flowers. Zones 3-8.

                                                                                             Great at the front of any perennial border these easy to grow lilies do best in full sun with soil
                                                                                             that is both moist and fertile. Mulching will help ensure cool roots.

                                                                                             Be sure to deadhead any spent flowers and allow foliage to die back naturally in fall. Divide
P   Lilium asiatic 'Tiny Ghost'              12-14" x 12-14" Mid Summer      Full Sun        every 3-4 years to ensure vigorous growth. Watch for slugs and rabbits!
                                                                               A compact lily with upwards bearing rich red flowers. Bred for compact, sturdy stems with
                                                                               bright long lasting colors. Use towards the front of bed or border.

                                                                               Asiatic lilies are easy to grow but do require full sun conditions with soil that is moist yet well
                                                                               drained and fertile. Be sure to remove any spent blooms to lengthen the bloom period. Please
                                                                               allow the the leaves to die back naturally in the fall. Divide the bulb every 3-4 years. Beware of
P   Lilium asiatic 'Tiny Hope'   12-14" x 12-14" Mid Summer   Full Sun         slugs and rabbits- otherwise enjoy these easy to grow gems!
                                                                               A nice little Asiatic lily bred for compact habit and tons of beautiful, clear pink flowers. The new
                                                                               Tiny Collection was bred for more blooms, improved color and stronger stems. This means
                                                                               brighter, longer lasting flowers for you! These tiny lilies look best towards the front of the bed
                                                                               or border.

                                                                               Asiatic lilies are easy to grow but do require full sun conditions with soil that is moist yet well
                                                                               drained and fertile. Be sure to remove any spent blooms to lengthen the bloom period. Please
                                                                               allow the the leaves to die back naturally in the fall. Divide the bulb every 3-4 years. Beware of
P   Lilium asiatic 'Tiny Icon'   12-14" x 12-14" Mid Summer   Full Sun         slugs and rabbits- otherwise enjoy these easy to grow gems!
                                                                               A compact lily bearing well-formed upward-facing medium pink flowers. The new Tiny
                                                                               Collection was bred for more blooms, improved color and stronger stems. This means brighter,
                                                                               longer lasting flowers for you! Small in stature but big in show, use these Asiatic lilies towards
                                                                               the front of the bed or border.

                                                                               Asiatic lilies are easy to grow but do require full sun conditions with soil that is moist yet well
                                                                               drained and fertile. Be sure to remove any spent blooms to lengthen the bloom period. Please
                                                                               allow the the leaves to die back naturally in the fall. Divide the bulb every 3-4 years. Beware of
P   Lilium asiatic 'Tiny Todd'   12-14" x 12-14" Mid Summer   Full Sun         slugs and rabbits- otherwise enjoy these easy to grow gems!
                                                                               Lilium canadense, a magnificent tall woodland lily, grows wild in damp meadows and thickets
                                                                               from Alabama to Quebec. The nodding flowers are usually yellow, but may instead be orange
                                                                               or red and have brown spots. The flowers are usually 3-5" in diameter.

                                                                               Prefers moist soils. Seed-grown plants may take 5-6 years to flower, so planting Canada Lily
                                                              Sun to Partial   bulbs is preferable. The plant has become less common in urban and suburban areas due to
P   Lilium canadense             2-5'          Early Summer   Shade            heavy browsing by the white-tailed deer
                                                                    Even in a group noted for large flowers, vigorous growth, and sweet perfume, 'Casa Blanca' is
                                                                    a standout. The huge flowers are pure, gleaming white, delicately flocked in a way that adds
                                                                    richness and texture.

                                                                    Adjectives like "astonishing" and "ravishing" may seem like catalogue hyperbole, until you
                                                                    actually see one of these Lilies in bloom - then words fail. 'Casa Blanca' is widely regarded by
                                                                    horticultural professionals as the best white Oriental Lily ever.

                                                   Sun to Partial   Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Prefers rich,
P   Lilium 'Casa Blanca'   4'        Mid Summer    Shade            organic soils. Best with upper plant in full sun and roots in shade.
                                                                    This lily typically grows 2’-3’ tall and produces a single upright open orange flower with narrow
                                                                    strap-like petals atop each stem in mid to late August. The pine lily’s flower is the largest of
                                                                    any North American lily and one of the largest among our native monocots.

                                                                    It is truly a unique lily, perfect for the gardener looking for unusual plants.

                                                   Sun to Partial   Catesby’s lily, unlike most lilies, thrives in wet, acidic soil in full sun. While it performs best in
P   Lilium catesbaei       2-3'      Late Summer   Shade            these conditions, it can be grown in organic soils that are not drought prone.

                                                                    This lily has true garden presence. A hybrid known as an Orienpet (oriental crossed with
                                                                    trumpet lily), Conca d' Or grows upwards of 3 feet with upwards facing bright, lemon colored
                                                                    flowers. Best of all, these flowers have a long lasting, delicious scent!

                                                                    Conca d' Or lilies are tall. Use them in masses along walkways or as specimens in beds. The
                                                                    yellow color adds wonderful contrast in mixed beds. Be sure to take advantage of the delicate
                                                                    scent by growing near doors or windows. Wonderful as a cut flower!

                                                                    Lilies grow best with fertile and moist, yet well draining, soil. Mulching allows the bulbs to stay
P   Lilium 'Conca d'Or'    3' x 5'   Late Summer   Full Sun         cool.
                                                                    Gray’s lily is a rare species found only in the Appalachian mountains of western Virginia, North
                                                                    Carolina and Tennessee. It grows 2’-5’ tall and produces horizontal to slightly nodding reddish
                                                                    orange, bell-shaped flowers in clusters of 2-5 flowers in mid-summer, smaller than most

                                                                    Gray’s lily prefers moist, acidic soils and protection from drought to perform best. It prefers full
                                                                    sun, but tolerates partial shade. This is another rare species with tolerance to moisture unlike
P   Lilium grayi           2-5'      Mid Summer    Full Sun         most lilies.
                                                                                           Deep rose-pink flowers edged with pure white are very fragrant. Blooms face up on strong
                                                                                           stems showing the dark speckles in the throat There are four or five flowers on each stem.
                                                                                           Foliage is dark green.

                                                                                           Cut pollen off to increase bloom time and to prevent stains which are tough to remove from
                                                                                           clothes. These are beautiful in the border, or in a grouping close to the house.

                                                                                           Prefers moist loamy soil, provide cool soil by underplanting with low growing ferns or other
P   Lilium orientale 'Stargazer'                28"         Mid Summer    Full Sun         small plants.

                                                                                           "Fried Green Tomatoes" will amaze you as it grows 3-6 inches per week well into summer.
                                                                                           Sporting colorings similar to Penstemon digitalis ‘Husker Red’, this new selection will delight
                                                                                           gardeners with its new growth of maroon and deep olive green. As the season progresses and
                                                                                           the days grow hotter, the leaves remain maroon on the underside, but the tops turn dusky olive
                                                                                           green with maroon highlights.

                                                                                           Fried Green Tomatoes is an unusually vigorous, extremely winter hardy selection. Dozens of
                                                                                           tomato red blooms appear in late July, transforming this new selection into a hummingbird
                                                                                           magnet. Roughly 25 to 30 blooming stems will appear on newly planted plants.

                                                                                           Fried Green Tomatoes prefers moist soil and will perform quite well in average garden soil with
P   Lobelia cardinalis 'Fried Green Tomatoes'   36" x 30"   Mid Summer    Full Sun         average moisture.

                                                                                           Giant Blue Lobelia is a native wildflower found by streams, ponds and moist meadows east of
                                                                                           the Rockies. They should be located in rich moist, well drained soil in the shady garden. This
                                                                                           is a vigorous plant, once established it self sows, generously creating new plants to share.

                                                                          Partial Shade to Low rosettes of leaves are the launching pad for upright flower spikes of clear blue. It is a
P   Lobelia siphilitica                         2-3'        Summer        Shade            favorite of birds and butterflies. Deer resistant. Tolerates full sun in northern climates.
                                                                                           Maltese cross is an heirloom perennial with brilliant scarlet flowers in dense clusters which are
                                                                                           very eye catching in the garden. Each flower is shaped like a Maltese Cross, hence its
                                                                                           common name.
                                                                          Sun to Partial
P   Lychnis chalcedonica                        18-24"      Late Spring   Shade            Maltese cross performs best in moist, well drained, fertile soil.
                                                                                      Looking for a native substitute for Ajuga or Lamium? This could be it. Long trailing stems run
                                                                                      across the ground and root along the way. In late spring, the green carpet gives way to
                                                                                      hundreds of blue flowers opening to reveal spotted throats.

                                                                                      The exquisite flowers are 1 inch tubes of violet flaring to a 2-lobed white lip spotted with purple.
                                                                                      Irresistible in a pot!

                                                                                      Grows well in part or full shade in moist to average soil. Tolerates a dry shady site, but will not
                                                                                      spread as freely.

                                                                     Partial Shade to It is native from western Pennsylvania to North Carolina, Tennessee and Illinois, where it
P   Meehania cordata                  6-10" x 12-15"   Late Spring   Shade            typically occurs in rich woods and wooded slopes.
                                                                                      One of our most beloved woodland wildflowers, the pink buds open to clear sky-blue flowers in
                                                                                      nodding clusters. The emerging leaves are purple-grey, turning blue-green at maturity. The
                                                                                      entire plant goes dormant in Mid-June.
                                                                     Partial Shade to
P   Mertensia virginica               12-24"           Spring        Shade            Prefers moist soils, but will tolerate dry conditions when established; will self-sow.
                                                                                      Our native partridgeberry forms a wonderful groundcover in the woodland garden. In the winter
                                                                                      the leaves of this evergreen plant provide a perfect setting for the small red berries. Pairs of
                                                                                      small white flowers are fragrant and bloom in spring to early summer.
                                                                     Part to Full
P   Mitchella repens                  1-2"             Year Round    Shade            Prefers moist, shady soil.

                                                                                      Monarda 'Raspberry Wine' is an introduction from White Flower Farm. It has clear wine red
                                                                                      buds which open to circles of spidery tubes of rasperry colored flowers.

                                                                                      Hummingbirds, bees and butterliies are strongly attracted. It is very mildew resistant. Square
                                                                                      stems prove it to be a member of the mint family with an aromatic scent and a vigorous habit.

                                                                     Sun to Partial   Needs moist soil and good air circulation. Divide every two or three years to keep plants
P   Monarda didyma 'Raspberry Wine'   30-42"           Summer        Shade            strong.

                                                                                      The gray-green foliage is attractive throughout the growing season and is fragrant. The blue
                                                                                      flowers of this selection are larger than the species, creating soft blue mounds of color.
                                                                     Sun to Partial
P   Nepeta 'Six Hills Giant'          20-24"           Summer        Shade            It will rebloom if cut back after flowering; average soil.
                                                                                        From the garden of Joanna Reed, the much respected gardener of Longview Farms in
                                                                                        Malvern, Pennsylvania, comes this natural cross between Nepeta siberica and Nepeta
                                                                                        faassenii. The flowers are darker violet than other Nepetas, and it grows a good 3' tall.

                                                                                        Catmint, as it is commonly called, is a free bloomer whose billowy mounds of lavender, pink or
                                                                                        white flowers are as opulent as its aromatic foliage.

P   Nepeta x 'Joanna Reed'               3' x 2'      Summer           Full Sun         Cut back in July for an encore in the fall.
                                                                                        This day-blooming evening primrose covers itself with large bright yellow flowers that are set off
                                                                                        by the green leaves on red stems. Unlike other evening primroses, ‘Cold Creek’ is a clump-
                                                                                        former and will not spread. This improved selection is also more compact with sturdy, upright
                                                                       Sun to Partial
P   Oenothera ‘Cold Creek’               10-12"       Summer           Shade            It is long-lived and easy to grow. Prefers moist, well-drained soil.
                                                                                        Pale pink, saucer-shaped,2-3" pink crepe-paper flowers are produced in great numbers over
                                                                                        the small, dark green, lanceolate leaves in early thru midsummer. The trailing habit and
                                                                                        drought tolerance of this perennial makes it ideal for softening the edges of pathways or
                                                                                        planting in rock gardens.

                                                                                        Introduced by Siskiyou Nursery, plants form mounds 1' high. Like many in its tribe, this plant
                                                                                        does spread, so it is valuable as a groundcover, for soil stabilization, and for creating drifts of
                                                                                        color quickly.

                                                                                        'Siskiyou' is a drought-tolerant, low-maintenance plant that is a traffic-stopper. Native to the
P   Oenothera berlandieri 'Siskiyou'     18-24"       Mid Summer       Full Sun         This plant is attractive to bees and butterflies.
                                                                                        A day blooming evening primrose. Low, silver, lance shaped foliage and nearly stemless, with
                                                                                        a plethora of light, clear lemon flowers, fading to orange, with a tissue paper texture. Blooms
                                                                                        from June to September. Flowers give way to winged seed capsules (1/2 to 1" long) which
                                                                                        have some ornamental interest.

                                                                                        It likes hot, dry, well-drained areas; although it seems to be quite happy in any condition as long
                                                                                        as its provided with enough sun. Cut back foliage to promote a new flush of growth and to
                                                                                        prolong flowering season. Best used as a border, edging, rock gardens and mass plantings
P   Oenothera fremontii 'Lemon Silver'   6-8" x 12"   Summer to Fall   Full Sun         for full effect.
                                                                                                    Mondo Grass is native to Korea and Japan. It has a fairly low growing habit and the leaves are
                                                                                                    somewhat finer on the this species than other species. The flowers are hiddedn and
                                                                                                    insignificant, thus the pant is grown for its foliage and groundcover effect. Total height of
                                                                                                    'Nana' is only 3 inches.

                                                                                   Partial Shade to It makes an excellent filler between walkways and stepping stones. Dwarf Mondo Grass needs
P   Ophiopogon japonicus 'Nana'               3"          Year Round               Shade            to be grown in partial shade to shady conditions.
                                                                                                    Similar in form to the Japanese pachysandra one sees everywhere, except much more
                                                                                                    interesting. Leaves are a dull green, sometimes mottled with lighter flecks.

                                                                                                    Barely noticeable flowers are produced as early as March and perfume the air with their
                                                                                                    delicate fragrance.
                                                                                   Sun to Partial
P   Pachysandra procumbens                    6-8"        Year Round               Shade            A wonderful native groundcover.
                                                                                                    Named for a renowned American peony breeder, Karl Rosenfeld is a flower of rare beauty.
                                                                                                    Brilliant wine red petals contrast with fluffy golden center rings to form gorgeous, richly fragrant

                                                                                   Sun to Partial   This semi-rose style variety performs admirably in the garden, as a cut flower and for show.
P   Paeonia lactiflora 'Karl Rosenfeld'       3' x 3'     Spring                   Shade            Guaranteed to generate compliments.
                                                                                                    Papaver atlanticum has silver-green, pubescent basal foliage is pinnately lobed and oblong-
                                                                                                    oblanceolate. Small hairy buds open into delicate orange single flowers.

                                                                                                    Produces an abundance of semi-double 1" orange poppies over a long bloom period. Unlike
                                                                                                    some poppies, this one stays attractive even when not in bloom, as a mound of soft-green
P   Papaver atlanticum                        3-4' x 2'   Late Spring-Early Summer Full Sun         foliage.
                                                                                                    Red new growth appears early in spring, adding color to the early season landscape. White
                                                                                                    flowers, flushed pink appear in spikes above the foliage.

                                                                                   Sun to Partial   An interesting hybrid of a tough native plant.
P   Penstemon digitalis 'Husker's Red'        30"         Summer                   Shade            Perennial Plant Association Plant of the Year 1996.
                                                                                                    Russian sage is a shrub-like perennial with finely cut gray-green foliage. ‘Little Spires’ is an
                                                                                                    improved selection with airy spikes deep violet flowers. It is smaller than other varieties,
                                                                                                    always staying compact and never flopping.

P   Perovskia atriplicifolia ‘Little Spire’   2'          Summer to Fall           Full Sun         It is drought tolerant and prefers well-drained soil.
                                                                                   Native to deciduous woodlands from New England through the southern states, this variety was
                                                                                   found in London Grove, Pennsylvania. The plant has trailing stems, creating a loose
                                                                                   groundcover with burgundy winter foliage.

                                                                                   The blue-violet flowers are larger than the species and fragrant. Best to cut back after

P   Phlox divaricata 'London Grove'    12"         Mid Spring     Partial Shade    Prefers a moist, humusy soil.
                                                                                   Selected at North Creek Nurseries, 'Manita' is an outstanding addtion to the woodland phlox
                                                                                   group. Its individual flowers are 50% larger than May Breeze and it is vigorous and floriferous
                                                                                   as well. 'Manita' also has a delicate indigo eye and on cool spring mornings the violet spreads
                                                                                   further into the petals giving the drifts of white a smoky purple look. It overwinters in containers

                                                                                   These slowly spreading stemmed flowers can be found in rich woods and along stream banks.
                                                                                   Benefits from occasional fertilization. Makes an excellent addition to the perennial border,
                                                                                   naturalized area or rock garden.
                                                                  Partial Shade to
p   Phlox divaricata 'Manita'          12" x 24"   Late Spring    Shade            P. divaricata needs bright shade with organic, moist, well-drained, rich soils.

                                                                                   Phlox bear their flowers in shperical-type heads. Many flowers make up the entire bloom.

                                                                  Sun to Partial   This variety is very desireable because of its white flowers, large bloom, length of bloom period
P   Phlox maculata 'Miss Lingard'      28-30"      Early Summer   Shade            and especiall because the foliage is powdery mildew resistant.

                                                                                   An upright clump-forming perennial, ‘Natascha’ has excellent mildew resistance. The bicolor
                                                                                   candy-striped flowers of pinkish purple and white give the appearance of a painted pinwheel!
                                                                  Sun to Partial
P   Phlox maculata 'Natascha'          18-2"       Summer         Shade            The fragrant flowers also attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Prefers moist, well-drained soil.
                                                                                   Blue Paradise is wonderful color for our native garden phlox. Flowers open pale blue, and
                                                                                   darken to a deep violet blue then get red violet edges as they age. The color changes with the
                                                                                   light, looking more blue or more purple depedning on the time of day. This phlox is easy to
                                                                                   grow and resists mildew.

                                                                                   Benefits from occasional fertilization. Deadhead to prolong blooming season.

                                                                  Sun to Partial   Phlox paniculata thrives in organic, moist to moderate dry in sun to light shade. Tolerant of
P   Phlox paniculata 'Blue Paradise'   2-3' x 2'   Summer         Shade            drought once established.
                                                                                            One of the best selections of our native summer flowering phlox, this beauty was discovered at
                                                                                            the Brandywine River Museum in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania.

                                                                           Sun to Partial   Not only is 'David' very mildew resistant, it bears extra-large flower heads that are covered with
P   Phlox paniculata 'David'                       34-38"         Summer   Shade            clear white flowers that are a magnet for butterflies and hummingbirds.
                                                                                            Coral Créme Drop has a coral with a rose eye flower.

                                                                                            The best mildew resistant Phlox to date, the Candy Store™ series of hardy Phlox will bring
                                                                                            months of tantalizing color to your summer garden! Clusters of deliciously scented flowers
                                                                                            begin to bloom in early Summer filling the garden with sweet fragrance until Fall.
    Phlox paniculata 'Ditomdre' Coral Créme Drop
P   Candy Store™                                   18-22" x 12"   Summer   Full Sun         Hummingbirds and butterflies will enjoy these flowers too.
                                                                                            Bubblegum Pink has a pink with a dark pink eye flower.

                                                                                            The best mildew resistant Phlox to date, the Candy Store™ series of hardy Phlox will bring
                                                                                            months of tantalizing color to your summer garden! Clusters of deliciously scented flowers
                                                                                            begin to bloom in early Summer filling the garden with sweet fragrance until Fall.
    Phlox paniculata 'Ditomfra' Bubblegum Pink
P   Candy Store™                                   18-22" x 12"   Summer   Full Sun         Hummingbirds and butterflies will enjoy these flowers too.

                                                                                            Another great mildew resistant Phlox, this rich medium-pink flowering form comes from the hot
                                                                                            and humid state of Mississippi and was named for noted ASLA and ecological planner, Robert
                                                                                            Poore, of Flora, MS.

                                                                                            By mid-late summer, 5-6' multiple stems are topped with soft, round, bold flowers accompanied
                                                                                            by a light fragrance. It is mildew resistant, a great find for gardeners who are interested in
P   Phlox paniculata 'Robert Poore'                5-6' x 2-4'    Summer   Full Sun         reducing or eliminating fungicides as part of their gardening maintenance.
                                                                                            This low, prostrate phlox is covered with rounded, glossy green, evergreen leaves.
                                                                           Sun to Partial
P   Phlox stolonifera 'Blue Ridge'                 8"             Spring   Shade            Blue flowers smother the foliage in spring.
                                                                                            The florescent pink flowers appear 10" above the foliage, which is evergreen. Forming a dense
P   Phlox stolonifera 'Home Fires'                 6-12"          Spring   Partial Shade    cover, this phlox makes a great groundcover for the wooded garden.
                                                                                        This creeping phlox cultivar is a stoloniferous perennial which forms a low ground cover with
                                                                                        stems growing only to 6" tall. Loose, few-flowered clusters of very fragrant, tubular, purple-blue
                                                                                        flowers with five, flat, petal-like lobes (3/4" across) appear at the stem ends in spring. Narrow,
                                                                                        lance-shaped stem leaves (to 3" long), with smaller, oval leaves on the stem shoots.

                                                                                        Spreads somewhat rapidly by stolons and by sterile shoots that root at the nodes, and can form
                                                                                        large colonies over time.

                                                                       Sun to Partial   Best grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Good
P   Phlox stolonifera 'Sherwood Purple'     6"           Spring        Shade            shade tolerance. Prefers rich, moist, organic soils.

                                                                                        This variety of our native moss pink covers itself in rich pink blooms in early spring. A great
                                                                                        ground cover, the plant forms and evergreen mat of fine-textured leaves that will spread to 24".

                                                                                        This plant looks wonderful draped over rocks or cascading down a hillside. This is a tough
P   Phlox subulata 'Candy Stripe'           4" x 24"     Mid Spring    Sun              plant that does tolerates average to poor soil and dry conditions.
                                                                                        This spreading groundcover is buried under a blanket of lavender purple blooms with a darker
                                                                                        eye in late spring. Does best in full sun and tolerates drought.

                                                                                        A natural for rock walls or garden edges, pair this native groundcover with yellow daffodils or
P   Phlox subulata 'Purple Beauty'          4-6" x 18"   Late Spring   Full Sun         tulips for a cheerful spring pocket of color.
                                                                                        The spreading habit and bright white flowers of 'Minnie Pearl' add interest to the evening
                                                                                        garden, reflecting light.

                                                                                        Also works well along a garden pathway or the edge of the woodland garden.
                                                                       Sun to Partial
P   Phlox x 'Minnie Pearl'                  12"          Spring        Shade            This phlox is very resistant to mildew.

                                                                                        Physostegia 'Miss Manners' is a selection by Darrell Probst of Garden Visions in Maine. It has
                                                                                        a clumping habit, and does not spread rampantly as do other cultivars. It has straight stems
                                                                                        with a good branching habit, pure white spike like flower heads and deep green, glossy foliage.
                                                                       Sun to Partial
P   Physostegia virginiana 'Miss Manners'   18-24"       Summer        Shade            It prefers well drained soil on the acid side.
                                                                                     On this exceptionally floriferous balloon flower, soft-pink ballons burst into starshaped upturned
                                                                                     bells on smaller, heavily-branched plants in June and July. At only 10" tall, they are smaller
                                                                                     than most balloon flowers, which makes them just right for containers or the front of the border.

                                                                                     They like full sun and light, even sandy, soil. All platycodons are late to break ground in the
                                                                                     spring so don't dig them up by accident!
                                                                    Sun to Partial
P   Platycodon grandiflorus 'Astra Pink'   10" x 18"   Mid Summer   Shade            Pretty with Silver Mound artemesia, Campanulas, and Penstemons.

                                                                                     'Fuji White' is part of the Fuji series which is a seed strain featuring white, pink and blue
                                                                                     flowers. Balloon flower is a clump-forming perennial which is so named because its flower
                                                                                     buds puff up like balloons before bursting open into outward to upward facing, bell-shaped
                                                                                     flowers with five pointed lobes.

                                                                                     Deadheading spent flowers generally prolongs the bloom period. New season plant stems
                                                                                     emerge late in spring, so gardeners must be careful not to damage crowns by early cultivation.

                                                                                     Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Division and
                                                                    Sun to Partial   transplanting are possible but tricky because of the fragile, fleshy root systems of these plants,
P   Platycodon grandiflorus 'Fuji White'   2' x 1'     Summer       Shade            and it is probably best to leave plants undisturbed once established.
                                                                                     Mayapple is a rhizomatous, native wildflower that occurs in both moist and dry woodland areas.
                                                                                     From a single stem, each plant grows 12-18" tall and features one or two, deeply-divided,
                                                                                     palmately-lobed, umbrella-like, pale green leaves (to 12" diameter).

                                                                                     Plants with only one leaf will not flower. From the crotch (leaf axil) on two-leafed plants, a
                                                                                     single, nodding, waxy, 6-9-petaled, white flower (3" diameter) appears on a short, thin stem in
                                                                                     early spring. Flowers are quite showy, but usually hidden by the umbrella-like leaves. Each
                                                                                     flower gives way to an edible, fleshy, greenish fruit (mayapple) which turn golden when ripe and
                                                                                     may be used to make preserves and jellies.
                                                                    Partial Shade to
P   Podophyllum peltatum                   12-18"      Spring       Shade            Leaves and roots are poisonous, however.
                                                                                                       New leaves emerge in spring with cream colored margins that turn pink in cool weather or
                                                                                                       when exposed to full sun. This seedling of our native Jacob's Ladder is quite vigorous
                                                                                                       compared to other variegated varieties.

                                                                                                       Loose sprays of blue flowers appear in April/May.
                                                                                                       Prefers moist, humsy soil.

                                                                                      Sun to Partial   This excellent new variegated selection of P. reptans as selected by Bill Cullina of The New
P   Polemonium reptans 'Stairway to Heaven'          12"           Spring to Summer   Shade            England Wild Flower Society.
                                                                                                       Emerging from a thick underground white rhizome resembling in shape, a former president's
                                                                                                       cigar, the 6' tall stalks of this native giant Solomon's seal emerge in late spring. Each arching
                                                                                                       stalk is clothed with large green leaves and adorned with wonderful white bell-like flowers
                                                                                                       hanging from below the stalks in May.

                                                                                                       Flowers are followed by inedible but ornamentally attractive blue-black berries which dangle
                                                                                                       from the stems.

                                                                                                       Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in part shade to full shade. Perhaps best in moist
                                                                                      Partial Shade to soils in part shade
P   Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum             3-7' x 3-4'   Late Spring        Shade            Due to the larger proportions, it spreads proportionately faster, but is never invasive!

                                                                                                       The abundant bright yellow flowers of this cinquefoil are set off beautifully by the three to five
                                                                                                       part silver leaves. Golden Starlet is a dwarf variety with good plant form that will perform well
                                                                                                       amongst other plants in the garden. It will also grow well as a container plant.
    Potentilla atrosanguinea var. argrophylla 'Golden
P   Starlet'                                          12-15"       Mid Summer         Full Sun         Prefers well drained slil in full sun. Hardy in Zones 5-8.
                                                                                                       Pycnanthemum muticum blooms are in small clusters and slightly pink in colour with whitish
                                                                                                       bracts that are also decorative. Blooms July through September.

                                                                                      Sun to Partial   It is a slow spreader in hot dry climates even with adequate moisture. Water weekly until
P   Pycnanthemum muticum                             24-36"        Summer             Shade            established. Bees and butterflies love this plant.
                                                                                                       This rare and highly-prized, tropical-looking, oriental native provides the appearance of an
                                                                                                       evergreen hosta. The 1' long x 2" wide, thick, dark green leaves form an upright vase-shaped
                                                                                                       clump to 2' wide in 10 years.

                                                                                                       Late in the season, the insignificant flowers produce short stalks of red berries that persist
                                                                                                       through the winter at the base of the plant. When used en masse, rohdeas are a dynamite
                                                                                                       evergreen addition to the deep shade garden for a presence even in winter.
                                                                                      Partial Shade to
P   Rohdea japonica                                  12"           Year Round         Shade            This is a very tough plant tht tolerates dry shade and will even grow under walnut trees.
                                                                                                     One of the most carefree perennials, this selection is both heat and drought tolerant. Deep
                                                                                                     yellow petals surround the dark brown eyes to create a show stopping floral display.

                                                                                                     Butterflies are drawn to these flowers and this plant is featured in the Butterfly River in Tyler's
                                                                                                     Stopford Family Meadow Maze.

P   Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm'   24"           Summer to Fall   Full Sun         This was the Perennial Plant Association Plant of the Year for 1999.
                                                                                                     This long-blooming butterfly (especially monarch) magnet has large, deep green glossy deeply
                                                                                                     cut leaves along the stems, and loose clusters of clear yellow ray flowers with large green
                                                                                                     cones that darken with age. Blooms for 8+ weeks in mid to late summer.

                                                                                                     'Herbstsonne' is an upright, rhixomatous, clump-forming perennial coneflower which typically
                                                                                                     grows 4-7' tall. This is a substantial plant which features large daisy-like flowers with drooping
                                                                                                     yellow rays and elongated bright green center cones. Flowers bloom singly atop sledner
                                                                                                     branching stems. Long summer bloom.

                                                                                                     Best grown in rich, moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates hot and humid summers.
                                                                                    Sun to Partial   Tolerates some drought once established. Deadhead spent flowers (if you can reach them) to
P   Rudbeckia laciniata 'Herbstsonne'                4-7' x 3-4'   Summer           Shade            encourage additional bloom.
                                                                                                     Huge glaucous, gray leaves form a basal rosette that is topped by flowering stems that reach
                                                                                                     as high as 7 feet! 3 inch black cones are surrounded by drooping yellow petals; very striking in
                                                                                                     the landscape.

                                                                                                     This is a unique native plant that attracts butterflies and is featured in the Butterfly River in
P   Rudbeckia maxima                                 7'            Summer           Full Sun         Tyler's Stopford Family Meadow Maze.

                                                                                                     Wild petunia is a native perennial which occurs in dryish soils in open woods, glades, prairies
                                                                                                     and fields except for the far southeastern lowlands. Typically grows to 2' tall. Features tubular,
                                                                                                     bell-shaped, petunia-like flowers (to 3" long), each with five shallow rounded lobes.

                                                                                    Sun to Partial   May to October bloom period. Lavender to lilac flowers appear singly or in clusters in the upper
P   Ruellia humilis                                  2' x 2'       Summer to Fall   Shade            leaf axils. Oblong to lanceolate, olive green leaves to 4" long. Leaves and stems are hairy.
                                                                                                     The lyre-leaved sage is native to the woods edge and tall meadows of the eastern United

                                                                                                     A prized foliage plant full of intrigue. Compact basal rosettes of shiny burgundy leaves turning
                                                                                                     to deep purple in summer and then to red in the fall with spikes of pale lilac blue flowers.
                                                                                                     Attracts the bees and butterflies.

                                                                                    Sun to Partial   Very easy to grow in most soil types and will self sow to spread and become a dense
P   Salvia lyrata 'Purple Knockout'                 18"            Summer           Shade            groundcover - a great native substitute for Ajuga.

                                                                                                     ‘Marcus’ is a dwarf form of the popular ‘May Night’ salvia, making it extremely useful for small
                                                                                                     perennial gardens. Spikes of intense violet-blue flowers bloom on top gray-green foliage.

                                                                                                     ‘Marcus’ is a magnet for butterflies, and hummingbirds and is deer and rabbit resistant.

                                                                                    Sun to Partial   Salvia ‘Marcus’ is drought tolerant and should be planted in full sun in a moist well-drained
P   Salvia nemerosa 'Marcus'                        12”            Summer to Fall   Shade            area. To increase bloom time, it should be cut back after the first bloom.

                                                                                                     Spikes of violet-purple, tublar flowers with light green, aromatic foliage in June and July.
                                                                                                     Attracts birds, butterflies and bees and is an excellent cut flower, fresh or dried. Combine with
                                                                                                     brilliant yellows and whites for a bold display in the garden.

                                                                                                     Prefers average , clay or sandy, well-drained soils in full sun. Drought and humidity tolerant.
P   Salvia nemorosa 'Ostfriesland' East Friesland   18" x 12-15"   Summer           Full Sun         Propagate by division or cuttings in early summer. Cut back in the fall for rebloom.
                                                                                                     A compact garden sage with plenty of brilliant pink flowers on plentiful spikes. Hardy from
                                                                                                     zones 4-9.

                                                                                                     "Sensation Rose" sage makes for an easy colorful show, especially when planted in groups.
                                                                                                     They make wonderful additions to mixed containers.

                                                                                                     Garden sages require full sun conditions and do not tolerate poor drainage. Excellent drought
P   Salvia nemorosa 'Sensation Rose'                12"x 12"       Early Summer     Full Sun         tolerance once established. Dead head flowers to increase performance.
                                                                                                     Salvia x sylvestris 'May Night' will put on a color show all summer with fuzzy dark purple
                                                                                                     colored flower spikes. Rigid spikes of dark blue-black flowers appear over aromatic blue-gray
                                                                                                     leaves in May and June but flowering can be extended by deadheading. This is a great plant to
                                                                                                     attract hummingbirds and bees into the garden.

                                                                                    Sun to Partial   This plant can tolerate drought and requires good drainage. Dislikes winter wet. It was the
P   Salvia x sylvestris 'May Night' ('Mainacht')    18-36" x 24"   Late Spring      Shade            1997 Perennial Plant of The Year.
                                                                                             An unmatched profusion of 2 inch sky blue flowers are produced throughout the growing
                                                                                             season. Flower buds have been noted to remain on this plant all year long.

                                                                                             This was selected as the Perennial Plant Association Plant of the Year for 2000. Butterflies are
                                                                            Sun to Partial   attracted to the flowers and this plant is featured in the Butterfly River in Tyler's Stopford Family
P   Scabiosa columbaria 'Butterfly Blue'   15"             Summer to Fall   Shade            Meadow Maze.
                                                                                             An unmatched profusion of pink flowers throughout the growing season. In the cooler weather
                                                                                             of spring and fall, the coloration of the flowers is more intensely pink. Flower buds have been
                                                                                             noted to remain on the plants all year long.

                                                                            Sun to Partial   Butterflies are attracted to the flowers and this plant is featured in the Butterfly River in Tyler's
P   Scabiosa columbaria 'Pink Mist'        15"             Summer to Fall   Shade            Stopford Family Meadow Maze.
                                                                                             A spectacular addition to almost any garden, this sedum has large blue-green leaves with a
                                                                                             white border that are attractive on their own.

                                                                                             Flat-topped clusters of pink to white flowers grace the plant August-September and are enjoyed
P   Sedum 'Frosty Morn'                    14"             Spring to Fall   Full Sun         by butterflies.

                                                                                             A very popular groundcover, 'Blue Spruce' sedum is great for rock gardens and ledges with its
                                                                                             creeping blue foliage, highlighted by clusters of bright yellow star flowers in summer. Changing
                                                                                             with the seasons, 'Blue Spruce' stonecrop has narrow, fleshy, needle-like, blue-green foliage
                                                                                             which often becomes tinged with orange or red in winter. Particularly attractive in rock
                                                                                             gardens, bumblebees and butterflies visit the flowers of 'Blue Spruce' in the summer.

                                                                            Sun to Partial   Blue Spruce stonecrop prefers full sun and well drained soil. It is drought tolerant, but a little
P   Sedum reflexum 'Blue Spruce'           6" x 2'         Year Round       Shade            watering may be necessary during extend heat periods.
                                                                                             Winner of a 2010 Plant of Merit, ‘Angelina’ is a yellow leaved sedum featuring spiky yellow
                                                                                             leaves that often sport ginger brown tips. The leaves of this cultivar are the main ornamental
                                                                                             interest. In cold winter climates, the leaves usually turn reddish-orange in autumn. Star-
                                                                                             shaped yellow flowers appear in terminal cymes in summer, but are not overly showy because
                                                                                             of the lack of contrast with the yellow leaves. Great for containers and hanging baskets, or as
                                                                                             an underplanting in the full sun or bright shade garden. Easily grown in average, dry to
                                                                                             medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates some light shade as well as drought and heat.
                                                                                             Thrives in sandy to gravelly soils of moderate to low fertility. Needs good soil drainage to
                                                                                             perform well. Plants will naturalize over time. Site starter plants 8-12” apart for massing as a
P   Sedum rupestre 'Angelina'              6-10" x 8-12"   Year Round       Full Sun         ground cover.
                                                                                             This mat-forming perennial is a showy creeper for a hot and dry spot in the garden. Blooms are
P   Sedum spurium 'Red Carpet'             4-8”            Summer           Full Sun         pink-red in the summer and foliage turns a bronze color.
                                                                        Sedum ternatum is perfect for a native plant garden and is often used in rock gardens or as a
                                                                        groundcover. It forms mats of evergreen, succulent, small, blue-green leaves 2 to 3 inches
                                                                        tall with 6-inch tall, flat, sprays of starry white flowers in early summer. The very small, dark-
                                                                        brown seeds can be gathered 2-4 weeks after the plant flowers

                                                                        This mat-forming sedum is unlike most of its cousins in that it prefers (partially) shaded
                                                                        conditions and moist soil. Sedum ternatum is a very attractive woodland wildflower for the
P   Sedum ternatum          6" x 12"   Year Round       Partial Shade   shade garden and makes an excellent groundcover . It also adapts easily to the flower garden.
                                                                        Unique among sedums, 'Vera Jamison' has bronzy gray leaves with stems that trail gracefully.
                                                                        Pink flowers adorn these beautiful, low growing plants and are absolutely covered with insects
                                                                        in fall. Easy and attractive. Hardy zones 3-9.

                                                                        Use as an attractive, full sun ground cover near the front of the border. Best planted in
                                                                        groupings and combines well with other perennials such as coreopsis. Excellent drought
                                                                        tolerance makes this plant very useful in rock walls and roof gardens.

                                                                        Grow in full sun with excellent drainage. Easy to divide and propagate. Little care is needed
P   Sedum 'Vera Jameson'    12"x 10"   Fall             Full Sun        once established.

                                                                        An improvement over 'Autumn Joy' producing rich rosy-pink flowers that age to coppery red.
                                                                        Blooms atop sturdier stems to provide long-lasting late season color that is less likely to flop in
                                                                        inclement weather. Blossoms last longer too, from late summer well into fall.

                                                                        Good fresh cut or dried for arrangements. Blue green foliage is dense and attractive early in
                                                                        the year. A real stand out for all beds and borders. Rock garden perfection and exciting in
                                                                        modern garden applications.

P   Sedum x 'Autumn Fire'   2' x 2'    Summer to Fall   Full Sun        This succulent perennial was introduced by Norseco Nurseries in Laval, Quebec.

                                                                        This is a mixed selection of hardy plants. Sempervivum spreads slowly to form a dense mat.

                                                                        Best in well drained sandy or gritty soil, otherwise subject to 'crown rot' with winter wet. Use in
                                                                        containers, rock or wall gardens, on stony banks and groundcover.

P   Sempervivum Hardy mix   6"         Year Round       Full Sun        Excellent for strawberry jars and other containers. Attractive at garden's edge as well.
                                                                                                            One of our native woodland plants, golden groundsel sends up clusters of bright yellow daisy-
                                                                                                            type flowers in early spring.

                                                                                                            After flowering the semi-evergreen foliage form an attractive ground cover for moist shady

                                                                                                            Plants spread rapidly and may be aggressive. Good ground cover beneath trees where other
P   Senecio aureus                                      6-12" x 8-24"   Spring             Partial Shade    plants won't grow.

                                                                                                            Delightful, compact and easy to grow, Silene caroliniana is an excellent native plant for bright
                                                                                                            shade or full sun. It is covered in deep pink flowers in late spring. Silene 'Short and Sweet' is
                                                                                                            a fantastic plant for naturalizing, yet it can hold its own as a specimen in a container or patio
                                                                                                            garden as well.

                                                                                                            Silene caroliniana prefers full sun, part shade or shade, though blooms are less numerous in
                                                                                           Sun to Partial   shade. Soil should have average to good drainage and not be wet for extended periods.
P   Silene caroliniana var. wherryi 'Short and Sweet'   6" x 10"        Late Spring        Shade            Though often found in limestone outcrops, S. caroliniana is not particular about pH.
                                                                                                            Bright blue star-shaped flowers rise about iris-like foliage May-July. The small flowers add
                                                                                                            charm to the garden when used as an edging plant or along a pathway.
                                                                                           Sun to Partial
P   Sisyrinchium angustifolium ‘Lucerne’                8-10"           Summer             Shade            Plant in average to moist soils.
                                                                                                            This Blue-eyed Grass is a great native groundcover that is short, upright, and very floriferous.
                                                                                                            It forms nice upright clumps to 8 inches and has bright sky blue flowers in late spring and early

                                                                                                            It likes sun or shade, and average soil that is a bit on the alkaline side. Clumps can eventually
                                                                                                            spread to a foot or so in diameter. It was founded by plantsman Charles Webb on the
                                                                                                            limestone banks of the Suwannee River in Florida.

                                                                                                            This versatile plant would look great with any of the Wild Indigos, Stokesia, Sundrops, or
P   Sisyrinchium angustifolium 'Suwannee'               8-10"           Spring to Summer   Sun to Shade     'Morris Berd' Phlox.

                                                                                                            Stiff stems shoot out millions of tiny flowers on wave after wave of slightly arched branches
                                                                                                            beginning near mid-stem. The simulation is perfect to the tune of "bombs bursting in mid air".

                                                                                                            Rough textured leaves are long and narrow and aquire a bronze tone to them as stems begin
                                                                                                            to appear (the lighting of the fuse).

                                                                                                            This is a plant that attracts butterflies and is featured in the Butterfly River of Tyler's Stopford
P   Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks'                         36"             Fall               Full Sun         Family Meadow Maze.
                                                                                                     Arching stems with terminal clusters of tiny, golden-yellow flowers grace this smaller goldenrod
                                                                                                     selection. Dense, round-leaved, green basal foliage is almost obscured by the flowers at peak
                                                                                                     of bloom.

                                                                                                     This is a plant that attracts butterflies and is featured in the Butterfly River of Tyler's Stopford
P   Solidago sphacelata 'Golden Fleece'            18-24"          Summer to Fall   Full Sun         Family Meadow Maze.
                                                                                                     This is our relatively rare, but easy to grow native orchid. It thrives in moist soils and is
                                                                                                     perfectly happy in a bog garden or by a pond or stream. In fall, 12” spikes appear with tiny
                                                                                                     white flowers arranged in a perfect spiral staircase up the stem.

                                                                                    Sun to Partial   Although small in size, the flowers are strongly fragrant, often described as a cross between
P   Spiranthes cernua var. odorata 'Chadds Ford'   12"             Fall             Shade            vanilla and jasmine. This robust variety was found in nearby Chadds Ford.

                                                                                                     'Blue Danube’ is a Stokes' aster cultivar that features fluffy, cornflower-like, deep sky blue
                                                                                                     flowers with white centers on generally erect, leafy stems growing to 12-18” tall from a rosette
                                                                                                     of oblong-lanceolate medium green leaves. Long summer to early fall bloom.

                                                                                                     Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun. Tolerates filtered sunlight, but
                                                                                                     prefers full sun. Prefers moist, sandy soils, but has surprisingly good drought tolerance. Wet
                                                                                                     soil in winter is the main cause of death for this plant. A well-drained soil is essential.
                                                                                                     Appreciates a winter mulch in the northern parts of its growing range. Deadhead individual
P   Stokesia laevis 'Blue Danube'                  1' x 1'         Summer           Full Sun         spent flowers and remove spent flowering stems to encourage additional bloom.
                                                                                                     'Omega Skyrocket' is a tall, vigorous form of Stokes' aster which features fluffy, cornflower-like,
                                                                                                     white to pale blue flowers (3-4" across) on generally erect, leafy stems growing to 3’-3.5’ tall
                                                                                                     from a rosette of long leaves.

                                                                                                     This plant is substantially taller than the species and other cultivars.

                                                                                                     It grows in average well-drained soil that is circumneutral to acidic. While it prefers moist soils
                                                                                                     and full sun, ‘Omega Skyrocket’ is remarkably drought tolerant, producing flowers in mid-
P   Stokesia laevis 'Omega Skyrocket'              3-4'            Mid Summer       Full Sun         summer.
                                                                                                     Stylophorum diphyllum is a gem! This clump forming perennial is lovely Spring through Fall. It
                                                                                                     has wonderfully lobed leaves with grey undersides, clear yellow cup-like flowers and grey fuzzy
                                                                                                     seed ponds.

                                                                                                     It has a heavy bouquet of flowers in the spring but blooms intermittently through the summer,
                                                                                    Partial Shade to then the leaves turn lovely fall colors before it dies back for the winter. It will generously spread
P   Stylophorum diphyllum                          12-18" x 12-18" Spring to Fall   Shade            by seedlings but they are easy to control.
                                                                                                        Graceful, of medium texture, light green new growth in spring darkens in summer and
                                                                                                        maintains a nice green all winter long. Virtually pest and disease resistant, this plant is also
                                                                                                        tolerant of many growing conditions and soils.
                                                                                       Sun to Partial
P   Thermopsis caroliniana                   50-70' x 12-20' Year Round                Shade            Very fast growing. Good for screening; needs very little maintenance.

                                                                                                        This dwarf thyme has the tiniest miniature, aromatic hairy lime-green leaves. The evergreen
                                                                                                        foliage gives way to lavender blooms appear in late spring to early summer.

                                                                                                        Use as a ground cover or as an accent plant. It is deer resistant and tolerates foot traffic. It's
                                                                                                        probably the best candidate for placing in walkways between pavers or stepping stones. Cut
                                                                                                        off winter damage to new growth in early spring. Heavy pruning should be done before August.

                                                                                       Sun to Partial   Grows well even in poor clay soils as long as there is good drainage. Likes to dry slightly
P   Thymus minus 'Elfin'                     1"             Late Spring                Shade            between waterings...don't let it stay wet too long.
                                                                                                        The Foamflower makes a great groundcover for the shade garden. The white flower spikes are
                                                                                                        pyramidal and float above the maple-shaped leaves in the spring.

                                                                                     Partial Shade to When planted in mass it resembles a sea of foam. This semi-evergreen perennial has great
P   Tiarella cordifolia                      6-12"          Late Spring-Early Summer Shade            fall interest with its burgundy hued leaves.
                                                                                                      The flowers of this native foamflower are the softest in shape and color. Delicate, diminutive
                                                                                                      spikes of rosy white flowers sit atop velvety green, purple striated foliage.
                                                                                     Partial Shade to
P   Tiarella cordifolia 'Brandywine'         8-12”          Spring to Fall           Shade            A great plant for moist shade and the woodland garden.
                                                                                                      Small creamy white-pinkish flowers are held above attractive foliage. Leaf shape is reminiscent
                                                                                                      of and oak leaf and have an attractive fall color. One of the longest blooming foamflowers
P   Tiarella cordifolia 'Oakleaf'            12-15"         Spring to Fall           Partial Shade    blooming from May to July.
                                                                                                      This champion groundcover spreads two feet in a season and has fairy-like mauve pink buds in
                                                                                                      early spring, turning to creamy light pink in bloom over heuchera-like green leaves often tinged
                                                                                                      with burgundy. Introduced in The River Series by Dunvegan Nurseries.

                                                                                       Partial Shade to Use as a soft spring forest floor planting or accent in a spring shade border. Will do its best in
P   Tiarella cordifolia 'Octoraro'           6" x 18"       Early Spring               Shade            moist soil high in organic matter.
                                                                                                        Clusters of small white flowers tinged pink are held above attractively mottled foliage in April-
                                                                                                        May. Heart-shaped, lush green leaves have a deep red mid-vein with a mahogany-red color
                                                                                                        radiating outward.

P   Tiarella cordifolia 'Running Tapestry'   8"             Mid Spring                 Partial Shade    This selection produces stolons to create an attractive groundcover.
                                                                                                     This striking selection of the native foamflower has early spring blooming, starry pink flowers,
                                                                                                     and heavy maroon markings painting the foliage.

                                                                                    Partial Shade to Spreading by runners, this gem creates a lovely dense patch in the woodland garden. Prefers
P   Tiarella 'Elizabeth Oliver'                   12-16”         Spring to Summer   Shade            humus-rich, well-drained soil.
                                                                                                     This species of spiderwort is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows up to 3' tall
                                                                                                     with dark bluish-green, arching, grass-like leaves which are folded lengthwise forming a
                                                                                                     channel or groove. Clusters of blue, three-petaled flowers bloom from late May into early July.
                                                                                                     Each flower opens up for only one day. Can self-seed and become somewhat aggressive in
                                                                                                     ideal growing conditions. It is commonly found in prairies, wood margins, meadows, along
                                                                                                     roadsides, or in waste areas.

                                                                                                     Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Very
                                                                                    Sun to Partial   tolerant of part shade, but bloom may be less profuse. Prefers moist, acidic, sandy soil. Cut
P   Tradescantia ohiensis                         3' x 2'        Late Spring        Shade            back to 6-12" in mid-summer to encourage new growth and a possible fall bloom.
                                                                                                     Spiderworts are native wildflowers, but ‘Concord Grape’ has become quite sophisticated. The
                                                                                                     frosty grey-blue foliage look great throughout the season and the rich royal purple flowers are
                                                                                                     set off beautifully.
                                                                                    Sun to Partial
P   Tradescantia x andersoniana 'Concord Grape'   12-15" x 24"   Late Summer        Shade            Does best with good moist, well-drained soil.
                                                                                                     The "Red Grape" cultivar of this native plant boasts vibrant purplish-red flowers spring through

                                                                                                     T. andersoniana can be found in the woods and prairies of Maine to Michigan south to Missouri
                                                                                                     and Georgia. Best used in the naturalized, wild, rock or woodland garden and in moist areas
                                                                                                     such as along streambanks or ponds.

                                                                                                     Prefers moist, rich, acidic soils in part shade. Will not spread as aggressively if grown in drier
P   Tradescantia x andersoniana 'Red Grape'       12-18"         Spring to Summer   Partial Shade    soils. Deadhead to prolong season and cut foliage back after flowering.
                                                                                                     A plant release from Hillier Nursery in England, the blue flowers open during the morning and
                                                                                                     evening hours. The foliage is yellow and strap-like.

P   Tradescantia x andersoniana 'Sweet Kate'      24"            Summer to Fall     Full Sun         Will tolerate partial shade and prefers moist soil. This is an easy-to-care-for perennial.
                                                                                                     Wide heart-shaped leaves are neatly mottled through maturity, holding in their triparted middle
                                                                                                     a vertical lemon fragranted flower. Native from northern Georgia to Southern Kentucky and
P   Trillium luteum                               10-12"         Spring             Partial Shade    from eastern Tennessee to western North Carolina.
                                                                             Occuring in woodlands throughout the prairie states, Trillium recurvatum is one of the least
                                                                             known of our native trilliums. Its curious maroon-colored flowers are nestled against its
                                                                             classically arranged three leaves. The small green sepals are reflexed - hence its specific
                                                                             epithet. The reddish brown flowers probably attract beetles and flies, which feed on the pollen.
                                                                             The handsome speckled leaves are most likely an adaptation to deer predation as this type of
                                                                             pattern may help to camoflage the plant with the surrounding forest floor.
                                                                             The prairie trillium is an easily-grown species, thriving in moist organic, well-drained woodland
                                                                             soils. As a result, it is ideal for wildflower gardens, native plant gardens, and shade gardens. It
                                                            Partial Shade to mixes well with other shade perennials that are not too aggressive - such as ferns and smaller
P   Trillium recurvatum          1' x 1'   Mid Spring       Shade            hostas.
                                                                             Quite rounded leaves open with a mottling which slowly lushes. Narrow sepaled flowers are
                                                                             held vertical and may sometimes vary within a color range of marooney-greenish-yellow.
P   Trillium sessile             10"       Mid Spring       Partial Shade    Native.
                                                                             Arching stems with pendulous flowers appear in April. Flower petals and leaves have an
P   Uvularia grandiflora         18-24"    Mid Spring       Partial Shade    interesting slight twist. Native to the Northeastern United States and Midwest.
                                                                             Flowers in erect, slender, well-branched spikes are produced over a long blooming seasons.
                                                                             Colors are variable, in pastel shades ranging from soft lavender and buffy cream to dusty rose.
P   Verbascum 'Southern Charm'   24-36"    Summer to Fall   Full Sun         Makes an outstanding cut flower.

                                                                             This tall clump-forming perennial features candelabra-like inflorescences of erect, slender, 2-6"
                                                                             pencil-like spikes of tiny, tubular, purplish-blue flowers. The flowers open gradually from
                                                                             bottom to top over a long period from July-September.

                                                                             It has an upright habit making it useful for the back of the border or in naturalized meadows.

                                                                             Native plant that commonly occurs in wet meadows, wet river bottomlands, stream banks. It is
P   Verbena hastata              4' x 2'   Summer to Fall   Full Sun         easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun.

                                                                             Threadleaf ironweed is an attractive, underused perennial worthy of wider garden use because
                                                                             of its striking foliage and dark purple flowers in summer.

                                                                             It thrives in well-drained, low nutrient soils and tolerates part shade to full sun where it is quite
                                                            Sun to Partial   drought tolerant. In mid-September it produces flat-topped clusters of purple flowers on 3’-5’
P   Vernonia angustifolia        3-5'      Early Fall       Shade            tall, multi-stemmed plants with finely-textured, yet, durable and disease resistant foliage.
                                                                            A tall native meadow inhabitant. Large heads of individual, aster-like, purple flower heads are
                                                                            borne on tall, super strong stems (read: no staking needed!) with long, deep green, linear
                                                                            foliage July to September.

                                                           Sun to Partial   Attractive to butterflies, this is a featured plant in the Butterfly River in Tyler's Stopford Family
P   Vernonia noveboracensis      5-8'   Summer             Shade            Meadow Maze.

                                                                            Mahogany tinged, small rounded leaves along a trailing stem create an incredible background
                                                                            for the numerous, lavender blue, open faced flowers which appear May to June.
                                                           Sun to Partial
P   Veronica 'Waterperry Blue'   5-8"   Late Spring        Shade            Prefers a well drained soil.
                                                                            Native to our sunny moist meadows and prairies, culver's root grows happily in moist soils
P   Veronicastrum virginicum     4-6'   Late Summer        Full Sun         producing tall spires of small white to pale blue flowers.

                                                                            Although this violet is native from the northern United States to Greenland, it performs well in
                                                                            the south as well as our area. Violet purple flowers top bronze-purple foliage; produces a
                                                                            strong spring bloom then blloms lightly throughout the season. Leaves become more green in
                                                                            hot weather, regaining their coloration when temperatures begin to cool in the fall.

P   Viola labradorica            6"     Summer             Partial Shade    Self-seeds, but is very easily contained; will tolerate sun.

                                                                            Bird's foot violet features deeply divided leaves which somewhat resemble a bird's foot. A
                                                                            native wildflower that commonly occurs in dryish soils in rocky woods, slopes, glades and

                                                                            It is a rhizomatous, stemless perennial which typically features variably colored flowers, the
                                                                            most common color forms being bi-colored (upper petals dark purple and lower ones light blue)
                                                                            and uniform light blue. Each flower rests above the foliage atop its own leafless stalk.

P   Viola pedata                 4"     Early Spring       Full Sun         Pedata in Latin means foot-like.
                                                                            Eastern turkeybeard is a very unusual plant with a basal tuft of grass-like, long leaves. In May-
                                                                            July a single, tall inflorescence shoots up from the rosette bursting with showy white flowers at
                                                                            the top.

                                                                            This plant is quite tolerant of xeric, rocky conditions. It performs best in partial shade and
                                                                            acidic soils. Eastern turkeybeard is a very unusual garden plant and hard to propagate from

                                                                            Plants offered here were propagated at Mt. Cuba Center as part of our effort to get this plant
P   Xerophyllum asphodeloides    2-5'   Spring to Summer   Partial Shade    more widely into cultivation.
                                                                                              The blooms of Campsis ‘Morning Calm’ are two times the size of other Trumpet Vines. There
                                                                                              are 12 or more 4” orange blooms in each cluster. This vine is non-invasive and easily
                                                                                              controlled. It quickly grows to 10’ on a trellis or arbor and then fills out and cascades down.
                                                                                              Blooming period lasts for six weeks.

V   Campsis grandiflora 'Morning Calm'   10’ x 4-6’   Mid Summer             Sun              Hummingbirds are attracted to Camsis. Prefers moist, well-drained, loamy soil.

                                                                                              Clematis 'Evisix' Petit Faucon is a hardy non-clinging herbacious perennial. Equisite single,
                                                                                              deep blue, nodding flowers (2.75 -3.5 inches) wide have four to six tepals. As the flower buds
                                                                                              open the tepals twist slightly to expose a center of vivid orange-yellow stamens. When fully
                                                                                              opened the tepals become vivid steel blue and the stamens become creamy white. Seedheads
                                                                                              are silver. Light green simple leaves have bronze coloring turning dark green.

                                                                                              Plant among other herbaceous perennials which will support the stems. Grow through low or
                                                                                              prostrate shrubs or conifers. Can be trained on a trellis or obelisk.

                                                                             Sun to Partial   Tolerates most garden soils. If trained on an artificial support the stems will need to be tied.
V   Clematis 'Evisix' Petit Faucon™      30-40"       Summer to Fall         Shade            Pruning group 3.
                                                                                              A beautiful, compact vine that covers itself with 5” shell pink flowers in summer. 'Hagley
                                                                                              Hybrid' is also know as Pink Chiffon. This is a large-flowering clematis that can be grown as a
                                                                                              container plant.

                                                                             Sun to Partial   It is best keep out of full sun to prevent bleaching of flowers.
V   Clematis 'Hagley Hybrid'             8-10’        Early Summer           Shade            Prefers moist, well-drained soil and for best results, mulch.
                                                                                              Clematis 'H. F. Young' is a recipient of the RHS Award of Garden Merit. It is a deciduous
                                                                                              vigorous hardy climber. Beautiful mid-blue 6-8" flowers are composed of six to eight rounded
                                                                                              overlapping tepals with pointed tips.

                                                                                              It is tolerant of most good garden soils. Prune dead or weak stems in late spring. Leave old
                                                                                              wood made during the previous season to insure early flowers.
                                                                             Sun to Partial
V   Clematis 'HF Young'                  8-10'        May-June & September   Shade            Suitable to grow on an arbour, a large trellis, a pergola or an obelisk.

                                                                                              A twining evergreen vine with thin wiry stems. Fragrant, yellow, tubular flowers appear early
                                                                                              spring in great abundance. Use on fences, trellises and even as an accent for small trees.
                                                                                              Cultivar 'Margarita' is a cold hardy form with flowers slightly larger than the species.

V   Gelsemium sempervirens 'Margarita'   10-20'       Spring to Fall         Full Sun         They need fertile, well drained soil and shelter from drying winds.
                                                                                            Lonicera 'Magnifica' is a native semi-evergreen vine. It grows rapidly by twining but is not
                                                                                            invasive. Leaves are blue-green in pairs which unite at the ends of stems. Flowers are
                                                                                            trumpet shaped with scarlet on the outside and yellow on the inside.

                                                                                            Hummingbirds love the flowers and other birds enjoy the black to red berries.
                                                                           Sun to Partial
V   Lonicera sempervirens 'Magnifica'         15-25'    Spring to Fall     Shade            Prefers moist soil but is drought tolerant. It is one of the hardiest honeysuckle vines.

                                                                                            Japanese hydrangeavine is a true clinging vine, adding vertical interest all year. The selection
                                                                                            'Moonlight' has leaves with light silver gray mottling over the upperleaf surface. Creamy white,
                                                                                            flat-topped flower clusters are reminiscent of hydrangea and are produced June-July.
                                                                           Sun to Partial
V   Schizophragma hydrangeoides 'Moonlight'   30'       Early Summer       Shade            Performs well in any good garden soil.

                                                                                            Kentucky wisteria has 8-12" long flower clusters that are packed tightly with wonderfully
                                                                                            fragrant blossoms that first appear in June and repeat through the summer.

                                                                                            Some consider this to be a sub-species of American wisteria. This cultivar is a hardy selection
                                                                                            from Minnesota.

                                                                                            Prefers deep, moist but well drained loamy soils. They are pH compatible, so use nitrogen
V   Wisteria macrostachys 'Blue Moon'         15-25'    Summer             Full Sun         sparingly. Prune after flowering in the summer and then if needed, again in the late fall.
                                                                                            Silver Anniversary is a compact sport of A. x grandiflora ‘Prostrata’. It is an abelia hybrid that
                                                                                            features attractive red-tinted, bright green leaves variegated with silver to cream margins. This
                                                                                            is a dense, rounded, multi-stemmed shrub in the honeysuckle family.
                                                                                            Clusters of trumpet-shaped white flowers appear over a long and continuous late spring to fall
                                                                                            bloom period. Flowers are mildly fragrant.
    Abelia x grandiflora 'Panache' Silver                                  Sun to Partial   Specimen or grouping or mass for shrub borders or foundations. Rock gardens. Mass on
W   Anniversary™                              2' x 2'   Spring to Summer   Shade            slopes or banks for attractive shrubby cover and erosion control.
                                                                                            Chalk maple is a single to multi-stemmed deciduous tree with
                                                                                            sugar maple-like foliage, whitish bark and an attractive upright spreading habit. This medium-
                                                                                            sized shade tree reaches 25’-40’ tall in maturity.

                                                                                            Its attractive, mature bark is chalky-surfaced. The significant landscape feature of this tree is
                                                                                            its brilliant fall foliage. The leaves are smaller than those of Northern sugar maple (Acer
                                                                                            saccharum), but the colors are just as bright.

                                                                                            It grows best in well-drained circumneutral soils. It is
                                                                                            very drought tolerant and makes a lovely small shade tree or
W   Acer leucoderme                           25-40'    Year Round         Partial Shade    specimen in the garden.
                                                                                               Striped maple is a small single-stemmed deciduous tree or large shrub with an upright coarse
                                                                                               habit. This small understory plant reaches 10’-20’ tall in maturity.

                                                                                               It grows best in well-drained slightly acidic soils in shade to partial shade. Striped maple
                                                                                               develops attractive vertical white lines in the green bark of young stem, hence its name. It
                                                                                               makes an excellent understory plant for the shady garden.
                                                                              Partial Shade to
W   Acer pensylvanicum                     10-20'           Year Round        Shade            Acer pensylvanicum has stricking fall color.
                                                                                               Red Chokeberry is an excellent upright, spreading-suckering, native shrub for a landscape that
                                                                                               demands easy care and high interest. Small white cluster of flowers in the spring followed by
                                                                                               1/4" fruit which turn bright red in the fall and persist thru November. Lustrous deep green
                                                                                               leaves turn brilliant red in the fall. This cultivar has been selected for superior blossoms,
                                                                                               foliage, fall color and fruit color.

                                                                              Sun to Partial   Aronias prefer soils with adequate drainage but are well adapted to many soil types, including
W   Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima'   6-8' x 3-5'      Spring to Fall    Shade            poor soils.
                                                                                               The black chokeberry is a shrub that tends to sucker profusely, creating attractive colonies.
                                                                                               Spring flower clusters produce fall fruit that persists into winter before being consumed by
                                                                                               wildlife. The selection 'Autumn Magic' is a more compact version of the species with a brilliant
                                                                                               mixture of red and purple autumn foliage and purple-black fruits.

                                           3-5 feet tall and                  Sun to Partial   An excellent choice for the naturalistic landscape. Very adaptable to various soil conditions.
W   Aronia melanocarpa 'Autumn Magic'      spreading         Spring to Fall   Shade            Often used in wet conditions, but also thrives under dry conditions.
                                                                                               Betula grossa has a pyramidal form and a moderate growth habit. Its heart-shaped, corrugated
                                                                                               leaves & smooth grey aromatic bark make this tree distinctive.

                                                                                               The Japanese Cherry Birch is grown for its foliage but non-showy flowers appear in Early to
                                                                                               Mid Spring. The 2 to 4" alternate, simple leaves turn yellow in the fall.

W   Betula grossa                          20-25' x 20-25' Mid Spring         Full Sun         Grow in a sunny location in moist well drained soil.

                                                                                               Betula lenta is a medium large deciduous shade tree which is
                                                                                               pyramidal and dense when young, developing a broad, round, spreading crown when mature.
                                                                                               It grows to 40' to 55' in the landscape and 70' to 80' tall in the wild.

                                                                                               Foliage is broad, ovate leaves, 2.5" to 6" long by 1-1.5" to 3-3.5" wide, shiny green above, paler
                                                                                               below and turns a uniform golden yellow color in the fall.

                                                                                               The flowers which appear in April are 1" (female) to 2-3" (male) catkins in groups of 4. The fruit
W   Betula lenta                           40-55'           Mid Spring        Full Sun         are tiny winged nutlets. Young bark is reddish-brown to black, while older bark is black.
                                                                                                        'Tide Hill' is a dwarf, spreading Korean boxwood cultivar that typically grows to 1' tall and to 4-5'
                                                                                                        wide over 20 years. It is an evergreen shrub that features small, elliptic to obovate leaves.
                                                                                                        Spring flowers are inconspicuous.

                                                                                                        Best grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Prefers
                                                                                                        sun-dappled part shade and moist, sandy loams with a slightly acidic to slightly alkaline pH.
                                                                                                        Tolerant of pruning and shearing.

                                                                                       Sun to Partial   Avoid cultivating around plants because they have shallow roots. Roots appreciate a good, 1-
W   Buxus microphylla 'Tide Hill'              1' x 4-5'     Year Round                Shade            2" mulch.
                                                                                                        This beautyberry cultivar is a small, rounded, deciduous shrub which typically grows 2-4' tall
                                                                                                        and is primarily included in the landscape for its showy fall display of lilac-violet fruit. Long,
                                                                                                        arching, slender branches dip downward often to touch the ground.

                                                                                                        Clusters of small, pink to lavender flowers bloom in the leaf axils along the stems in summer.
                                                                                                        Flowers are followed by clusters of lilac-violet fruits which ripen in September and put on their
                                                                                                        best show through October. Fruits persist beyond the point of leaf drop but not very far into
                                                                                                        winter. Green leaves turn yellow in fall. One of the best ornamental fruiting shrubs. This
                                                                                       Sun to Partial   cultivar primarily differs from the species by growing shorter, fruiting heavier and producing fruit
W   Callicarpa dichotoma 'Issai'               3-4' x 4-5'   Summer to Winter          Shade            at an earlier age ('Issai' means fruiting in early years).

                                                                                                        This cultivar bears yellow flowers with an enticing fruity fragrance. The habit of of growth is
                                                                                                        dense and rounded. Flowers are born on current growth, so do desired pruning after flowering.

                                                                                       Sun to Partial   Be sure to incorporate this carefree plant where fragrance can be enjoyed. Adapts to many
W   Calycanthus floridus 'Athens'              4-8’ x 4-8’   Spring to Fall            Shade            soils but does best in moist deep loam.
                                                                                                        A stunning hybrid between the Chinese Sweetshrub and its American counterpart, the Carolina
                                                                                                        Allspice (also known as the Common Sweetshrub). 'Hartlage Wine' produces 3” diameter,
                                                                                                        wine-colored, magnolia-like flowers in the spring and has dark green summer foliage that turns
                                                                                                        an attractive yellow in fall.

                                                                                                        Ideal for planting along foundations or in mixed borders.

                                                                                       Sun to Partial   Plant in sun to partial shade; average soil. Flowers are fragrant. This plant is attractive to
W   Calycanthus x raulstonii 'Hartlage Wine'   10' x 8'      Spring to Summer          Shade            bees, butterflies and/or birds. This plant is resistant to deer browsing.

                                                                                                        This native ornamental shrub has glossy green leaves, ivory buds that open to 5" white
                                                                                                        magnolia like flowers, and a delicious strawberry-melon scent. Prefers acid, loamy, moist soil.
                                                                                      Sun to Partial
W   Calycanthus x 'Venus'                      6' x 6'       Late Spring-Early Summer Shade             It is free of insect and disease problems.
                                                                                                     This compact plant has a moderate growth rate and small, medium pinkish-red, formal blooms.
                                                                                                     It makes a very heavy bud set and blooms at the beginning of the spring season. This is the
                                                                                                     earliest of the "April Series'' of hardy, early spring blooming camellias, and with its heavy bloom
W   Camellia 'April Kiss'                            6-8' x 4'     Spring           Partial Shade    makes a dependable display in the garden.
                                                                                                     Can you guess from the name that the double flowers of this camellia are a deep rich red?
                                                                                                     This compact evergreen shrub has dark green, glossy leaves, ultimately reaching 8 to 10 feet
                                                                                                     tall. Upright in form, it likes part to full shade, a well-drained, acidic soil and regular watering.
                                                                                                     Blooms in late spring (early to mid-May).

                                                                                    Partial Shade to Displayed at Korean weddings as far back as 1200 BC, camellias represent longevity and
W   Camellia japonica 'Blood of China'               8' x 5'       Late Spring      Shade            faithfulness.

                                                                                                     ‘Aida’ originated from a seedling of a cross between C. japonica 'Ville de Nantes' and C.
                                                                                                     saluenensis 'Dogrose' and was received from Dr. Clifford Parks around 1968. Dr. Robert
                                                                                                     Armstrong, Longwood’s Geneticist, made the selection in 1974 as ‘Aida’ survived two harsh
                                                                                                     winters, where the temperatures were close to 0ºF.

                                                                                                     This evergreen Camellia boasts shiny leathery textured foliage and large rose mauve blooms.
                                                                                                     The plant grows in a formal, narrow conical shape. Known for its exceptionally cold-hardy
W   Camellia x williamsii 'Aida'                     3-4' x 6-8'   Mid Spring       Partial Shade    buds, ‘Aida’ wisely waits until April to bloom, covering itself in lovely pink flowers.
                                                                                                     Bluebeard is a small woody shrub that behaves much like an herbaceous perennial in the
                                                                                                     garden. This compact shrub is covered with small, narrow gray green foliage all summer long
                                                                                                     and covers itself with bluich violet flower clusters from late summer well into fall.

                                                                                    Sun to Partial   Flowers are produced on the current season's growth; cutting back hard in late winter helps to
W   Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Longwood Blue'       3' x 3'       Summer to Fall   Shade            keep this plant compact.
                                                                                                     This is a very beautiful dome like shrub, needles are a lustrous dark green, short and blunt in
                                                                                                     two erect rows.

                                                                                                     Use as an accent, in groupings or in masses. These tough, resilient plants perform best in cool
W   Cephalotaxus harringtonia var. drupacea          10’           Year Round       Shade            humid climates. They prefer moist, well-drained soil. They are deer resistant.
                                                                                                     This cultivar of an under-used plant has dark, very glossy, evergreen foliage. The needles
                                                                                                     radiate around the stem and point upward giving it a bottlebrush effect. Its unique texture
                                                                                                     complements other needled evergreens.
    Cephalotaxus harringtonia var. drupacea 'Dukes                                  Partial Shade to
W   Gardens'                                         2-3' x 4-5'   Year Round       Shade            It prefers moist well drained loam and tolerates drought but not wind.
                                                                                                 Eastern redbud is usually a small tree with a spreading, flat-topped to rounded crown and
                                                                                                 gracefully ascending branches. The selection 'Alba' produces white, pea-like flowers along the
                                                                                                 young stems in April, lighting up the early spring garden.

                                                                                                 New growth emerges, as the flowers fade, a reddish purple and gradually change to a dark,
                                                                                                 often lustrous green. Fall color is usually yellow.

                                                                                                 A native tree with a touch of class.
                                                                                Sun to Partial   Likes a moist, well-drained, deep soil; however does very well in many soil types except
W   Cercis canadensis 'Alba'                    20-30' x 25-35' Early Spring    Shade            permanently wet ones.
                                                                                                 This small native tree has great charm. This cultivar is a new introduction from Dr. Max Byrkit.
                                                                                                 The early spring buds are deep red-purple opening to almost red. Flowers are effective for two
                                                                                                 to three weeks.

                                                                                                 It can be used in wooded, naturalized settings, in the shrub border or in groupings. Try it with
                                                                                                 ‘Alba’ or ‘Forest Pansy’ eastern redbud. It is very adaptable to many soil types but does not
                                                                                                 tolerate lack of water or too wet soils.
                                                                                Shade to Partial
W   Cercis canadensis 'Appalachia'              15’-25’ x 20-35’ Early Spring   Shade            Fertilize and water when needed to keep the plant vigorous.
                                                                                                 Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Kosteri' is a slow growing semi-dwarf compact evergreen. It is
                                                                                                 distinctive in its swirled, fan-like, glossy, deep green foliage and attractive brown twigs, creating
                                                                                                 a remarkably lovely creature.

                                                                                                 Resembling Cypress, false cypress have flattened sprays of aromatic foliage on feathery
                                                                                                 branches creating a pyramidal shape.

                                                                                                 Dwarf hinoki cypresses thrive in well-drained, humus-rich soil in bright shade. They can be
W   Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Kosteri'              3-4' x 3'       Year Round      Partial Shade    grown in full sun with careful attention to watering during summer.
                                                                                                 The narrow leaves are glossy green & sweetly pungeant if crushed. The flowers occur in
                                                                                                 clusters or corymbs & look rather like orange blossoms, & for 'Aztec Pearl' smell pleasingly of

                                                                                                 It is a bit smaller & more compactly leafed than C. ternata per se, & has larger pink buds that
                                                                                                 open white with pink blush on underside of petals. It blooms mainly in spring (April through
                                                                                                 June), but usually has a second bloom not so extreme in September & October.

W   Choisya terneta x arizonica 'Aztec Pearl'   6-8' x 6-8'     Spring          Full Sun         This Mexican orange is hardy to Zone 7 (0 to +10°F)
                                                                                            American yellowwood is a medium-sized, deciduous tree that typically grows with upright
                                                                                            branching and a broad, rounded crown. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles
                                                                                            of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color.

                                                                                            The wood of this tree contains a yellow dye that distinctively colors the heartwood and gives
                                                                                            rise to the common name of yellowwood. ‘Perkins Pink’ is an uncommon pink-flowered
                                                                                            cultivar that was originally discovered in the 1930s at the Perkins Institute for the Blind,
                                                                                            Watertown, Massachusetts.

                                                                                            Intensely fragrant, wisteria-like, pink flowers in large, drooping, terminal panicles (10-15” long)
W   Cladrastis kentukea 'Perkins Pink'    30' x 30'     Spring to Summer   Full Sun         will cover a mature tree in late spring.
                                                                                            The cinnamon clethra is a medium-sized, often suckering shrub or small tree. Leaves are a
                                                                                            clean, dark green, 3-6" long. Clusters of small, lightly fragrant white flowers are produced in
                                                                                            mid-summer and are attractive to butterflies.
                                                                                            Fall color is a beautiful yellow. The bark can be a beautiful polished cinnamon brown color,
                                                                                            often exhibiting an attractive exfoliating character.

                                                                           Sun to Partial   Prefers a moist well-drained soil; may need additional water during summer dry spells,
W   Clethra acuminata                     8-12'         Year Round         Shade            especially when young.
                                                                                            'Ruby Spice' clethra is an oval, round-topped, erect, dense shrub, often suckering to form
                                                                                            dense colonies. Fragrant pink flowers are borne in 2-6"long clusters on the tips of branches in
                                                                                            July and August. Lustrous medium to deep green leaves turn pale yellow to rich golden brown
                                                                                            in fall.

                                                                                            Certainly one of the best native shrubs for summer color and fragrance.
                                                                           Sun to Partial   Prefers a moist, acid soil that has been supplemented with organic matter; grows naturally in
W   Clethra alnifolia 'Ruby Spice'        6-8'          Year Round         Shade            wet places. Tolerant of salty conditions.

                                                                                            This cultivar was selected from a seedling of Clethra alnifolia 'Hummingbird'. It exhibits the
                                                                                            compact habit and strong stem structure of its parent plant.

                                                                           Sun to Partial   It holds its flowers upright like candles on a cake which inspired its name. They are white
W   Clethra alnifolia 'Sixteen Candles'   3-3.5'        Summer             Shade            coming in late June and early July. The spent inflorescents add interest through winter.
                                                                                            A delightlful, deer resistant native plant that attracts butterflies and hummingbirds!

                                                                                            The attractive, glossy textured dark green leaves set off the pure white summer flowers.
                                                                                            Selected for its extra large flowers - individual florets are roughly double the size of other
                                                                           Sun to Partial
W   Clethra alnifolia 'Vanilla Spice'®    4-6' x 6-8'   Summer             Shade            Ideal for mixed borders and naturalizing, especially wet and semi-shady sites.
                                                                                         Cornus florida is one of our very top natives grown in the northern United States. It has
                                                                                         seasonal interest throughout the year. The cultivar 'Appalachian Spring' has large white
                                                                                         flowers in spring followed by dark green foliage. Abundant red berries and vivid red leaves lead
                                                                                         into winter when the interesting bark and horizontal branching pattern make the tree a focal
                                                                                         point in the landscape.

                                                                                         Birds feast on the glossy red berries. 'Appalachian Spring' showed superior resistance to
                                                                                         dogwood anthracnose in an extensive trial. Water plants during drought, mulch to conserve
                                                                        Sun to Partial   moisture. Rake up and dispose of fallen leaves under the tree and avoid using high nitrogen
W   Cornus florida 'Appalachian Spring'    20-30' x 25-35' Year Round   Shade            fertilizers.
                                                                                         'Kirkpatrick's Weeping' is a small, deciduous flowering tree which typically grows 15-30’ tall. As
                                                                                         it's name suggests, this is a weeping form of the kousa dogwood with a more upright habit than
                                                                                         other weepers and branches that are pendulous.

                                                                                         Bloom occurs in late spring (several weeks after flowering dogwood). Flowers are followed by
                                                                                         berry-like fruits (to 1” diameter) which mature to a pinkish red in summer and persist into fall.
                                                                                         Fruits are edible, but are usually left for the birds. Dark green foliage turns reddish purple to
                                                                                         scarlet in autumn. Wonder molted bark on the older trees.
                                                                        Sun to Partial
W   Cornus kousa 'Kirkpatrick's Weeping'   20' x 20'      Late Spring   Shade            This plant orginated just up Rte 352 at Kirkpatrick Nurseries in Glen Mills, PA
                                                                                         As a young tree, the kousa dogwood has a distinctive vase shape; with age it takes on a more
                                                                                         rounded appearance with a distinct stratified branching pattern. Flowers, surrounded by white
                                                                                         bracts, are borne along the horizontal branches in late May or early June, after the leaves have
                                                                                         emerged. Pinkish red to red fruit to 1" ripen in early fall.

                                                                                         'Satomi' has flowers whose bracts gradually turn pink as the flowers age. Mature trees exhibit
                                                                        Sun to Partial   interestingly mottled bark that can be a feature in the winter landscape.
W   Cornus kousa 'Satomi'                  20-30' x 20-30' Year Round   Shade            Prefers an acid, well-drained soil.
                                                                                         'Wolf Eyes' is a spreading compact tree, distinctive for its abundant creamy white blossoms
                                                                                         that are set off by wavy foliage with white margins. The leaves are less susceptible to burning
                                                                                         than some variegated dogwoods.

                                                                        Sun to Partial   Brilliant red fruits in late summer through fall, displayed against pink to red fall foliage and great
W   Cornus kousa 'Wolf Eyes'               6' x 6'        Year Round    Shade            bark, combine to make this a fantastic tree for all seasons.
                                                                                        'Midwinter Fire' is a bloodtwig dogwood cultivar that is noted for its colorful stems and twigs in
                                                                                        winter. It is a multi-stemmed, suckering, deciduous shrub.

                                                                                        The outstanding ornamental features of this cultivar are yellow winter stems which are tipped
                                                                                        with red twigs and golden yellow fall foliage color.

                                                                                        Tolerant of a wide range of soils. Prefers consistently moist, well-drained soils. Suckers freely
                                                                       Sun to Partial   to form colonies unless root suckers are removed. Best winter stem color occurs on young
W   Cornus sanguinea 'Midwinter Fire'   5-6' X 5-6'     Winter         Shade            stems.
                                                                                        Cornus sericea 'Cardinal' is a loose broad spreading multi-stemmed shrub with lush green
                                                                                        leaves in summer, purple red in fall. Flowers are creamy white in May and June. The stems of
                                                                                        'Cardinal' are magical, cherry-red in fall, progressing to iridescent coral-pink in winter then to
                                                                                        pale chartreuse green in spring. What a show!

                                                                       Sun to Partial   The plant is easily grown in rich moist soils. Combine with other shrubby dogwoods with red or
W   Cornus sericea 'Cardinal'           8-10' x 8-10'   Winter         Shade            yellow stems for a winter picture.
                                                                                        This dainty, graceful shrub covers itself in a profusion of fragrant, bell-shaped, primrose yellow
                                                                                        flowers in early spring.

                                                                       Partial Shade to It performs best in a woodland setting, protected from wind and full sun and prefers a moist,
W   Corylopsis pauciflora               4-6' x 4-6'     Early Spring   Shade            well-drained soil.
                                                                                        Harry Lauder's walking stick is a deciduous, rounded, multi-stemmed shrub which typically
                                                                                        grows 8-10' tall. Its branches are twisted and spiraling with crinkled leaves. After leaf drop,
                                                                                        the contorted form of the branches becomes quite noticeable and provides winter interest.
                                                                                        Nothing beats the site of a cardinal sitting on its branches in the dead of winter! Use this as a
                                                                                        specimen and accent plant.

                                                                       Sun to Partial   Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Does well on poor
W   Corylus avellana 'Contorta'         8' x 8'         Year Round     Shade            dry soils as well.
                                                                                          American smoketree is an upright, small tree or multi-trunked shrub, growing 15-30 ft. tall. It
                                                                                          has a short trunk, open crown of spreading branches, resinous sap with a strong odor, and
                                                                                          deep orange-yellow heartwood.

                                                                                          Six to ten inch flower panicles develop long, red or purple, hairlike petioles that, in the crowded
                                                                                          flower clusters, create a smoky appearance. (The flower itself is small and not showy.) Berries
                                                                                          occur infrequently on pinkish stems; these also have a smoke-like look. Spring leaves are silky
                                                                                          pink, becoming bluish to dark green.

                                                                                          Fall leaves are magnificently colorful. A gnarled limb structure and the dark, flaking bark are
                                                                         Sun to Partial   other attributes. The masses of smoke-like fruit clusters with hairy stalks of sterile flowers give
W   Cotinus obovatus                     15-30'         Late Spring      Shade            the species its common name
                                                                                          Cotinus x 'Grace' is a hybrid between the American Smoketree, Cotinus obovatus and Cotinus
                                                                                          coggygria. It is grown for its enormous flower clusters, 14" x 12", of smoky,panicles of silky
                                                                                          hairs. Spring flowers emerge light pinky-red developing to dark red. Autumn color includes
                                                                                          red, orange and gold. It has an open mounded habit.

                                                                                          This cross by Peter Dummer of Hellier Nurseries received an Award of Merit from the Royal
                                                                                          Horticultural Society in 1983.
                                                                                          Use in the Shrub border, or as a focal point. It may be cut to the ground in late winter to
                                                                                          encourage vigorous colorful shoot growth.

                                                                                          May be grown in a wide range of soils with average fertility. It is disease free and drought
W   Cotinus x 'Grace'                    20' x 20'      Summer           Full Sun         tolerant. Prefers well drained loam.

                                                                                          A plant ideal for covering banks and level areas with its rapid growing, prostrate habit. Holds
W   Cotoneaster dammeri 'Lowfast'        1' x 10'       Spring to Fall   Full Sun         its foliage well. 'Lowfast' is a welcome addition with dark green foliage and glossy red berries.

                                                                                          Cryptomeria japonica 'Radicans' is a beautiful, fast growing evergreen tree that works well as a
                                                                                          specimen planting or for screening purposes. A superior selection with dark green foliage that
                                                                                          does not bronze out in winter as other varieties often do.

                                                                         Sun to Partial   Make a fantastic, quick growing screen to block neighbors or other unsightly landscapes. Be
W   Cryptomeria japonica 'Radicans'      35' x 15'      Year Round       Shade            sure to offer plenty of room as these conifers need space to grow and reach their full potential.

                                                                                          Pyramidical or conical evergreen tree with a stout trunk and erect wide-spreading branches
                                                                                          with a relatively graceful habit. A vigorous grower with yellow-green new growth.

                                                                         Sun to Partial   Prefers rich deep light acid soil with abundant moisture. For best growth, shelter from high
W   Cryptomeria japonica 'Sekkan-sugi'   50-60' x 20-30' Year Round      Shade            winds.
                                                                                              Pyramidical or conical evergreen tree with a stout trunk and erect wide-spreading branches
                                                                                              with a relatively graceful habit.

                                                                             Sun to Partial   Its handsome form has rich bright blue-green summer foliage that becomes slightly bronze-
W   Cryptomeria japonica 'Yoshino'          50-60' x 20-30' Year Round       Shade            green in cold weather. Grows fast without extensive pruning.

                                                                                              The blue chinafir has a pyramidal habit with slightly pendulous branching. The blue, thick
                                                                                              needles make this an outstanding specimen tree.

W   Cunninghamia lanceolata 'Glauca'        30-50' x 20-30' Year Round       Partial Shade    It is best grown in open spaces shaded by taller trees and protected from windswept sites.
                                                                                              Foliage of evergreen shrub is its trademark. Large, elongated leaves resemble those of a
                                                                                              rhododendron but have a silver underside.

                                                                             Sun to Partial   Dark maroon flower buds are attractive in early spring; purple fruit on female plants in fall and
W   Daphniphyllum macropodum                10-20'         Spring & Winter   Shade            winter.
                                                                                              Spring Sensation will fill your garden with garlands of white blooms from the ground to the very
                                                                                              tips of each gracefully, arching stem.

                                                                             Sun to Partial   Suitable for most soil types, Deutzia are carefree shrubs. Whether you plant it in a mixed
W   Deutzia 'Kolmaspri' Spring Sensation®   3' x 4'        Spring            Shade            border or cascading over a wall, it will be the highlight of your spring garden.

                                                                                              ‘Copper’ is a dwarf bush honeysuckle cultivar that is noted for its copper-red new growth,
                                                                                              yellow flowers and attractive fall color. It is a suckering, densely-branched, deciduous shrub
                                                                                              that slowly grows to 2-3’ tall. Yellow trumpet-shaped flowers bloom in late spring to early
                                                                                              summer. New growth leaves emerge copper-red with bronze-red to orange-red fall color.

                                                                                              Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.
                                                                             Sun to Partial   Tolerates some drought. Wide range of soil tolerance. Plant will spread by underground
W   Diervilla lonicera 'Copper'             3' x 3'        Summer            Shade            runners or stolons.

                                                                                              Common persimmon is a slow-growing tree of moderate size found on a wide variety of soils
                                                                                              and sites. Best growth is in the bottom lands of the Mississippi River Valley. The wood is close
                                                                                              grained and sometimes used for special products requiring hardness and strength.

                                                                                              Persimmon is much better known for its fruits, however. They are enjoyed by people as well as
                                                                             Sun to Partial   many species of wildlife for food. The glossy leathery leaves make the persimmon tree a nice
W   Diospyros virginiana                    +30' x +20'    Fall              Shade            one for landscaping, but it is not easily transplanted because of the taproot.
                                                                                         Dirr: "The dark blue-green leaves present a tropical look and die off in fall without coloring.
                                                                                         Provide deep, moist, high organic matter soils in light to moderate shade. Makes a nifty
                                                                                         woodland plant and is a great teaser for the visitor who knows everything."
                                                                                         Paper Bush has cream-yellow fragrant (like cloves) flowers on naked stems. Succeeds in any
                                                                                         soil in sun or part shade, growing well in light woodland. Prefers a well-drained soil with plenty
                                                                                         of moisture in the growing season.
                                                                                         The flowers are damaged by frost, so the plant is best grown on a south or west-facing wall.
                                                                        Sun to Partial   Plants resent root disturbance and should be put into their permanent positions as soon as
W   Edgeworthia papyrifera                3-4' x 2'    Late Winter      Shade            possible.

                                                                                         A narrow upright shrub or small tree. Bell shaped flowers are produced in spring and are a
                                                                                         dainty creamy-yellow or light orange. The leaves turn brilliant yellow to orange and red in fall.
                                                                        Sun to Partial
W   Enkianthus campanulatus               6-8'         Fall             Shade            This is an excellent choice for spring flowers and fall color; requires acid soil.

                                                                                         Enkianthus is attractive for its fine foliage which varies over the summer from bright green to
                                                                                         dark and finally turns to brilliant yellow, orange or red. The flowers come out in May-June, and
                                                                                         on this cultivar the creamy yellow flowers are redder toward the tip than normal.
                                                                        Sun to Partial
W   Enkianthus campanulatus 'Red Bells'   6'           Spring to Fall   Shade            It also has a redder fall color and is smaller than the species.
                                                                                         The foliage of this selection is bright green all summer, turning yellow to scarlet in fall. Flowers
                                                                                         are white, urn-shaped and are borne in early May. Branching pattern is somewhat tiered and
                                                                                         results in an oriental look.
                                                                        Sun to Partial
W   Enkianthus perulatus 'JL Pennock'     6' x 6'      Year Round       Shade            Definitely requires acid soil.

                                                                                         A rare species native to northern China where it develops into a large shrub or small tree.

                                                                                         Over time plants develop into wonderful specimens with masses of creamy-white flowers in
                                                                                         spring, impeccable, glossy, dark-green foliage throughout the summer and fiery red fruit in fall.

                                                                                         One of the best small trees to emerge on the market in recent years and worthy of a prime
                                                                                         place in the garden.
                                                                        Sun to Partial
W   Euonymus carnosus                     8-12' x 6'   Spring to Fall   Shade            Hardy to Zone 8b (15°F).
                                                                                         This is one of the shorter clumping bamboos and one of the more winter hardy bamboos. It
                                                                        Partial Shade to takes several years for this bamboo to reach 8'. The plant is clump forming and will not
W   Fargesia rufa Green Panda™            8'           Summer           Shade            become a pest.
                                                                                           This is a small shrub with slender, crooked, often spreading branches. Fragrant white flowers
                                                                                           are produced in April before the leaves emerge. In Fall, the leaves turn an attractive yellow-

                                                                          Sun to Partial   Prospers in acid peaty sandy loam. Flowers and fall color are best in full sun. Combines well
W   Fothergilla gardenii                3'               Spring           Shade            with rhododendrons and azaleas.

                                                                                           Fothergilla ‘Mount Airy’ is a selection by Michael Dirr from the Mt. Airy Arboretum Cincinnati,
                                                                                           Ohio. Profuse white bottlebrush-shaped flower spikes in early spring are effective for three to
                                                                                           four weeks. Dark blue-green foliage emerges after flowering. Fall color is superb with a range
                                                                                           of red, yellow and orange.

                                                                                           It has a vigorous upright habit and tends to sucker, creating colonies. Use this native plant in
                                                                                           borders, foundation plantings, or masses. It works well with rhododendron and azaleas.
                                                                          Sun to Partial
W   Fothergilla gardenii 'Mount Airy'   5-6'             Spring to Fall   Shade            It performs best in moist, well-drained soil with a high organic content.
                                                                                           Small native tree or shrub with upright spreading branches. Flowers are 3.5" across, showy,
                                                                                           white and fragrant. They appear in late July to August. Handsome fall foliage can be
                                                                                           spectacular orange to red to purple. Flowering often continues into fall and is spectacular
                                                                                           against the fall colored foliage. Seedpods, which persist on the branches through the winter
                                                                                           months are unusually looking, 5-valved capsules.

                                                                                           Philadelphia's John Bartram found this tree in 1770 along the banks of the Altamaha River in
                                                                                           Georgia and collected a few for his garden. This plant has not been seen in the wild since
                                                                          Sun to Partial   1790. It is believed that all plants in commerce today are descendents of those collected by
W   Franklinia alatamaha                10-20' x 6-15'   Year Round       Shade            Bartram.

                                                                                           A floriferous, low mounding selection of Genista that produces waves of electric yellow flowers
                                                                                           in spring. Improved branching and texture make this a wonderful plant for containers and for
                                                                                           mass plantings. Bangle has an interesting texture and is incredibly showy in the landscapes,
                                                                                           especially when in bloom.

                                                                                           Better Homes and Gardens listed 'Bangle' as one of 18 Best New Trees and Shrubs of 2008.

                                                                                           Little care is needed but may be trimmed after flowering. Prune to shape after flowering. You
                                                                                           may need to trim back some branches with tip die-back after harsh winters. Once established,
W   Genista lydia 'Select' Bangle™      12-24"           Mid Spring       Full Sun         survives in drought and heat very well.
                                                                                             This handsome symetrical broad conical selection of the ginkgo is a fine shade tree. Leaves
                                                                                             are coarse in texture, fan-shaped and bright green. Fall color is an excellent golden yellow.
                                                                                             Handsome ridged to furrowed gray brown bark is characteristic of older trees.

                                                                                             Ginkgos prefer sandy, deep, moderately moist soil, but grow well in almost any situation.
W   Ginkgo biloba Autumn Gold™          50' x 30'        Year Round         Sun              Ginkgos are also known to be pollution tolerant.
                                                                                             This is a small rounded tree or large shrub that produces 1-1½ inch white, bell shaped flowers
                                                                                             followed by fruits with 2 papery wings.

                                                                            Sun to Partial   Prefers a rich, well-drained, moist soil. Striking against a dark green background; performs
W   Halesia diptera var. magniflora     20-30' x 15-25' Spring              Shade            well as an understory or woods edge plant.

                                                                                             This witchhazel is a shrub for all seasons. In late winter/early spring, the bright yellow spider-
                                                                                             like flowers emerge on the bare twigs. In mid-spring, the leaves open a plum-purple change in
                                                                                             summer to green. In fall it glows orange, scarlet & red as the leaves turn before falling. Use
                                                                                             this med-large shrub where its early and late season color can be appreciated daily.

                                                                                             Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Best flowering in
                                                                                             full sun. Prefers moist, acidic, organically rich soils. Tolerates heavy clay soils. Promptly
                                                                                             remove suckers to prevent colonial spread. Prune in spring after flowering to control shape
W   Hamamelis vernalis 'Sandra'         6-10' x 8-10'    Year Round         Full Sun         and size.

                                                                                             Seven-son flower grows to be an attractive large shrub or small tree in the landscape. Soft
                                                                                             green leaves emerge in spring, maturing to dark green, and persisting into November. Creamy
                                                                                             white fragrant flowers are borne in 6 inch long clusters in August or September.

                                                                                             Seed pods and sepals change from green to rosy purple and persist for a number of weeks
                                                                                             beyond bloom time. The gray brown bark peels off in strips from branches as small as 1/2 inch
                                                                                             in diameter to reveal a lighter inner bark.

                                                                            Sun to Partial   Performs best in a moist, well-drained, acid, organic laden soil, but is adaptable to clay soils as
W   Heptacodium miconioides             15-20' x 7-15'   Summer to Winter   Shade            well.
                                                                                             This vine clings to brick or stone walls, tree trunks or rock piles. It adds depth and interest as it
                                                                                             grows and spreads laterally over its supporting structure. Leaves are a glossy dark green,
                                                                                             large, flat, white flower clusters have sterile flowers around the perimeter. Shredding reddish
                                                                                             bark adds winter interest.
                                                                            Sun to Partial
W   Hydrangea anomala ssp. petiolaris   60-80’           Year Round         Shade            Prefers rich well-drained, moist soil.
                                                                                                     'Abetwo', commonly sold in commerce under the trade name of INCREDIBALL, is a new variety
                                                                                                     of 'Annabelle' featuring even larger globular flower heads with 4 times the flowers per head.
                                                                                                     With the added bonus of having much thicker upright stems, the flower heads stay upright even
                                                                                                     after they are rain soaked.

                                                                                                     The densely packed fertile flowers on the flower heads of INCREDIBALL emerge lime green,
                                                                                                     but mature to pure white. Flowers bloom in early June for up to two months. Flowers contrast
                                                                                                     well with the dark green leaves. Pruning stems back to the ground in late winter each year
                                                                                                     helps promote stem vigor. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in part
W   Hydrangea arborescens 'Abetwo' Incrediball™      4-5' x 4-5'   Summer           Partial Shade    shade. Tolerates full sun only if grown with constant moisture.
                                                                                                     Invincibelle™ Spirit Hydrangea is a gardeners dream come true. You have loved Hydrangea
                                                                                                     'Annabelle' for many years, now you can have it in a BRIGHT pink color. It is the first mop-
                                                                                                     head form of Hydrangea arborescent.

                                                                                                     This variety is very hardy and blooms on new wood, meaning that the flowers are very reliable
                                                                                                     even with harsh winters. Invincibelle™ Spirit has strong flower power and continues to bloom
                                                                                                     from early summer until frost.
    Hydrangea arborescens 'NCHA1' ppaf Invincibelle                                 Sun to Partial
W   Spirit™                                         3-4' x 3-4'    Summer to Fall   Shade            A Proven Winners® ColorChoice® Flowering Shrub.
                                                                                                     'Opal' blooms in the spring as a pink ball of ruffled florets. As the flowers fade, they take on a
                                                                                                     soft color play of green, pink, and yellow. As the season progresses, the flower heads age to
                                                                                                     emerald-green with pink petal tips.
                                                                                    Partial Shade to
W   Hydrangea macrophylla 'Mystical Opal'            3' x 4'       Mid Summer       Shade            Needs moist, well-drained soil in part to full shade.

                                                                                                     Twist-n-Shout is an absolutely extraordinary reblooming lacecap hydrangea that is cold hardy.

                                                                                                     Twist-n-Shout’s amazing pink or perwinkle flowers bloom from early summer all the way
                                                                                                     through fall. Twice the blooms; twice as long.

                                                                                                     Developed by Dr. Michael Dirr of the University of Georgia, Twist-n-Shout has taken all of the
                                                                                    Partial Shade to best features its parents had to offer with repeat blooming characteristics from Hydrangea
W   Hydrangea macrophylla 'PIIHM-I' Twist-n-Shout™ 4-5' x 4-5'     Summer           Shade            'Penny Mac' and outstanding hardiness and deep red stem color from Hydrangea 'Lady in Red'.
                                                                                                 Growing just 3 to 4 feet tall and 2 to 3 foot wide, Mystical Flame is a colorful shrub for the
                                                                                                 perennial garden, shrub border, or a perfect plant for patio-side planting.

                                                                                                 Mystical® Flame carries the distinction of being the earliest Hydrangea paniculata to bloom,
                                                                                                 with a habit that's compact and outwardly spreading. Its lacy, creamy white panicles turn
    Hydrangea paniculata 'Bokratorch' Mystical                                  Sun to Partial   burgundy-red once cool weather arrives. A long-blooming, versatile, and carefree selection for
W   Flame®                                       3-4' x 2-3'   Summer to Fall   Shade            the mixed border.
                                                                                                 The wonderful large coarse foliage of Oakleaf Hydrangeas make a nice addition to any garden.
                                                                                                 In mid-summer, large 1" wide creamy white flowers bloom in 10" long clusters. Through the
                                                                                                 summer and fall, these clusters dry and fade to a soft rose pink. In the fall, the foliage turns a
                                                                                                 rich burgandy red.
                                                                                Sun to Partial
W   Hydrangea quercifolia 'Alice'                6-8'          Summer to Fall   Shade            Prefers moist, well-drained soils.

                                                                                                 A new cultivar of the Oakleaf Hydrangea, 'Munchkin' is small in stature and has large flower
                                                                                                 heads that stay upright, even after heavy rains. In early summer, flowers open white and
                                                                                                 gradually turn medium pink.

                                                                                                 Growing 3-4 feet tall and 4-5 feet wide after nine years of growth, and flower heads held upright
                                                                                                 above their leaves, Munchkin is particularly suited for use in small residential landscapes.
                                                                                Sun to Partial
W   Hydrangea quercifolia 'Munchkin'             3' x 4-5'     Early Summer     Shade            Grow in full sun or light shade.
                                                                                                 Compact form of the species reaching a height of only 3-4'. The flowers are smaller (3-4"
                                                                                                 long). An excellent plant for the small garden. The fall foliage can be rose to red-purple.
                                                                                Sun to Partial
W   Hydrangea quercifolia 'Pee Wee'              3-4'          Early Summer     Shade            Moist, well-drained soil is preferred.
                                                                                                 Silver-leaf hydrangea is a stunning deciduous shrub with outstanding flowers and striking
                                                                                                 foliage quality during the heat of summer. Silver-leaf hydrangea has gained popularity with its
                                                                                                 striking leaves that are silver-white beneath.

                                                                                                 Additionally, it produces attractive pure white flat-topped flower clusters on the ends of its
                                                                                Partial Shade to branches as summer heat builds. Silver-leaf hydrangea performs very well in part-shade as a
W   Hydrangea radiata                            4-7'          Summer           Shade            border shrub and in masses, reaching 4’ to 7’ tall at maturity.
                                                                                                 'Kiyosumi' is stunning with two tone blooms and new burgundy growth that makes you stop and
                                                                                                 have to look. The new growthremains a rich burgundy throughout the season.

                                                                                                 In midsummer, from buds opening ruby red, discs of pink, fertile flowers are surrounded by
                                                                                                 pinkish-white sterile florets picoteed in rose-red. Blooms are 3-6". An outstanding cultivar from
W   Hydrangea serrata 'Kiyosumi'                 4' x 4'       Summer           Full Sun         Japan.
                                                                                              With the introduction of the Mystical® Series, you can enjoy Hypericum that were exclusively
                                                                                              bred for the cut flower industry in your own garden! A large, salmon-pink berried form,
                                                                                              Mystical™ Beauty will fill your fall garden with interest and your floral arrangements with lovely
                                                                                              colored hips!

                                                                                              Rust resistant variety.

W   Hypericum 'Kolmbeau' Mystical Beauty™   24-30" x 30-36" Summer to Fall   Full Sun         Grow in moist well drained soil in full sun.
                                                                                              With the introduction of the Mystical® Series, you can enjoy Hypericum that were exclusively
                                                                                              bred for the cut flower industry in your own garden! A large, orange berried form, Mystical™
                                                                                              Beauty will fill your fall garden with interest and your floral arrangements with lovely colored

                                                                                              Rust resistant variety.

W   Hypericum 'Kolmoran' Mystical Orange™   24-30" x 30-36" Summer to Fall   Full Sun         Grow in moist well drained soil in full sun.

                                                                                              While most gold-leafed hollies look sick at best, this unique new holly is quite attractive. The
                                                                                              spring flush is a brilliant yellow which slowly changes into a pleasing dusty yellow hue.
                                                                             Sun to Partial
W   Ilex crenata 'Drops of Gold'            3-4'           Year Round        Shade            Coloration is most prominent on leaves exposed to the sun.
                                                                                              'Sky Pencil' is a rather slender, densely branched selection of Japanese holly with lustrous dark
                                                                                              green leaves. It makes a pleasant formal appearance.

                                                                             Sun to Partial   It can be used as a container plant, under planted in either case with something white flowering
W   Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil'               6-8'           Year Round        Shade            to contrast the deep green.
                                                                                              A popular, dense mounding evergreen shrub with flexible branches and soft, glossy green
                                                                                              leaves, with an interesting silver mid-vein. 'Soft Touch' has a moderate, rounded growth, with a
                                                                                              spreading compact habit as the plant ages.
                                                                             Sun to Partial
W   Ilex crenata 'Soft Touch'               3-4' x 5-6'    Year Round        Shade            Prefers moist, well drained soil.
                                                                                              Ilex glabra ‘Densa’ is an upright and compact Inkberry Holly that tolerates heat, drought, sun,
                                                                                              shade, and transplanting without missing a beat. Suited to problem and urban sites, ‘Densa’
                                                                                              grows to 4’ with a 4½’ spread in 9 years.

                                                                                              Pest and disease resistant, this broadleaf evergreen is a great alternative to boxwood.

                                                                                              Prefers moist soil but is drought tolerant.
W   Ilex glabra 'Densa'                     4-8' x 4-5'    Year Round        Full Sun         This is a PHS Gold Medal Plant (1994)
                                                                                           This cultivar possesses dark green leaves and the glossy dark red fruits ripen early. Habit is
                                                                                           very dense with a conical shape.

                                                                                           Can be used as a specimen plant or as a large-scale screen.
                                                                                           The foliage is resistant to deer browse damage.
                                                                          Sun to Partial
W   Ilex opaca 'Miss Helen'                  40-50'      Fall             Shade            Prefers moist, acidic well-drained soil.
                                                                                           Female. Dark olive green leaf flatter and more rounded than the species. Large red fruit.
                                                                                           Plants can develop into impressive trees with picturesque branching and exfoliating,
                                                                                           multicolored bark.

                                                                                           A male plant, which can pollinate many females, should be planted within 100 feet for reliable
                                                                                           berry set on female plants.

                                                                                           This is an understory plant which enjoys moist, well drained, acid, organic soils, part shade and
                                                                                           protection from drying winter winds. Once established it tolerates more extreme conditions. All
W   Ilex opaca 'Satyr Hill'                  30' x 20'   Year Round       Sun to Shade     I. opaca cultivars are deer resistant.

                                                                          Sun to Partial   Introduced by Robert Simpson, this male pollinator is a good match for the "southern" types of
W   Ilex verticillata 'Southern Gentleman'   7' x 7'     Winter           Shade            winterberry hollies including 'Cacapon', 'Shaver', 'Sparkleberry', 'Winter Red', and 'Winter Gold'.
                                                                                           The winterberry holly is a true holly that looses it's leaves in the fall, but retains it's berries well
                                                                                           into winter, creating a splash of color in an otherwise drab winter landscape. A rounded, multi-
                                                                                           stemmed shrub. The selection 'Winter Gold', a branch sport of 'Winter Red', bears yellowish
                                                                                           tinged pinkish orange fruit. The berry set on female plants is as bountiful and persistant as
                                                                                           'Winter Red'.

                                                                          Sun to Partial   The blooms come late, so it requires a late-blooming male as a pollinator (such as 'Southern
W   Ilex verticillata 'Winter Gold'          7' x 7'     Winter           Shade            Gentleman'). Prefers moist, acid (pH 4.5-6.5), high organic matter soils.

                                                                                           The winterberry holly is a true holly that looses it's leaves in the fall, but retains it's berries well
                                                                                           into winter, creating a splash of color in an otherwise drab winter landscape. A rounded, multi-
                                                                                           stemmed shrub. The selection 'Winter Red' bears intense red fruit in amazingly bountiful
                                                                                           quantities. Berries reliably persist through winter, well into spring. Fruit is often consumed by
                                                                                           hungry Cedar Waxwings once they return from their winter "vacation".

                                                                          Sun to Partial   The blooms come late, so it requires a late-blooming male as a pollinator (such as 'Southern
W   Ilex verticillata 'Winter Red'           9' x 8'     Fall to Winter   Shade            Gentleman'). Prefers moist, acid (pH 4.5-6.5), high organic matter soils.
                                                                                        Bold glossy foliage and heavy red berry set inspired Holly breeder Dr. Elwin Orton to release
                                                                                        this stunning hybrid of I. ciliospinosa and I. latifolia.

                                                                                        Grows 14 feet high and 6 feet wide, 'Winter Bounty' is a vigorous plant.

W   Ilex 'Winter Bounty'                   14' x 6'   Year Round       Partial Shade    Prefers dappled sun or light shade.
                                                                                        The foster holly has small, glossy green leaves with a spiny margin. It is a dense, conical tree
                                                                                        of great beauty.

                                                                       Sun to Partial   This cultivar, selected and named at nearby Longwood Gardens, has golden yellow berries and
W   Ilex x attenuata 'Longwood Gold'       20-30'     Year Round       Shade            appears to be more cold tolerant than other foster hollies.
                                                                                        A compact round form with glossy green foliage. This male cultivar is an excellent pollinator for
                                                                                        China Girl®.

                                                                       Sun to Partial   This is not only an excellent cold hardy form of holly, but also a form that is very tolerant of
W   Ilex x meserveae 'mesdob' China Boy®   8' x 10'   Year Round       Shade            summer heat as well.

                                                                                        Like China Boy, this is a great evergreen shrub that is cold-hardy and vigorous. In winter it is
                                                                                        covered with a profusion of bright red berries.
                                                                       Sun to Partial
W   Ilex x meserveae 'mesog' China Girl®   8'         Year Round       Shade            Note that it needs a male plant for pollination and fruit set. Prefers moist, well-drained soil.
                                                                                        An unusual speciman, Indigofera amblyantha sprouts from its roots or bottom of its woody
                                                                                        stalks, late every spring. It then grows rapidly into a nice bush with dense greyish foliage. Pale
                                                                                        rose to deep pink flowers cover the plant in summer.
                                                                       Sun to Partial
W   Indigofera amblyantha                  3-5'       Summer           Shade            Dark purple bean pods add color to the garden in fall.
                                                                                        Indigofera gerardiana is one tough and tolerant shrub! Even in times of drought this beauty will
                                                                                        bounce back once the rains come again. Purple pink flowers adore this shrub on spikes up to
                                                                                        4" long. Foliage is interesting too with gray green pea-like leaves.

                                                                                        For the best effect use in masses but also quite nice used as an individual accent in the mixed
                                                                       Sun to Partial
W   Indigofera gerardiana                  3' x 5'    Summer to Fall   Shade            Give this plant moderate drainage with full sun for best show although it is adaptable.

                                                                                        This shrub puts out plenty of fragant, little white flowers in June. The leaves a lustrous medium
                                                                                        to dark green in summer and put on an autumn display of dazzling purples and crimsons.

                                                                                        'Henry's Garnet' is a superb selection from the Swarthmore College campus. Both the fall color
W   Itea virginica 'Henry's Garnet'        3-5'       Spring to Fall   Sun to Shade     and flowers are superior to the species.
                                                                                            This handsome native shrub possesses a round, mounded habit. The selection Little Henry™
                                                                                            is more compact than the species; better suited to smaller gardens. Flower clusters, produced
                                                                                            in June, are white, frangrant and 3-4" long.

                                                                           Sun to Partial   Fall foliage is an excellent red-purple color and often persists into early winter. Prefers moist,
W   Itea virginica 'Sprich' Little Henry™   3-4'          Spring to Fall   Shade            fertile soil and in the wild exists in wet places.
                                                                                            Winter Jasmine is a great plant for problem banks and to soften walls. Bright yellow flowers
                                                                                            are a beautiful surprise during the winter months. Its habit is mounded and spreading with
                                                                                            slender angled stems, green when young turning gray-brown with age. Leaves are a deep
                                                                                            glossy green in summer.

                                                                                            It prefers well-drained soil but is very adaptable to soil type. Cut back hard every three years to
                                                                           Sun to Partial   rejuvenate.
W   Jasminum nudiflorum                     3-4’ x 4-7’   Winter           Shade            Layer to encourage colonizing.

                                                                                            One of the finest groundcover junipers, this old favorite grows similar to the species, but is
                                                                                            more dwarfed. Plants appear as a neat, mounded mat of small branchlets 2' tall and up to 10'
                                                                                            wide. The plant mounds on itself with age and develops a slight purple cast in winter.

                                                                                            Use as a groundcover, rock gardens or at the front of the mixed garden.

                                                                                            Be sure to give full sun conditions with well drained soil. Mites and tip blight are rarely a
W   Juniperus procumbens 'Nana'             2' x 10'      Year Round       Full Sun         problem.
                                                                                            The deep purplish cinnamon colored buds open to a creamy blossom, in May-June, with a
                                                                                            broad purple band around the inside with a white throat and edge. The new growth is reddish

                                                                                            The mountain laurels are excellent broadleaf evergreens for the shady border. It is a native
                                                                           Partial Shade to shrub, which can be naturalized in a wooded setting and requires acidic, moist well-drained
W   Kalmia latifolia 'Bullseye'             6-10'         Year Round       Shade            soil.
                                                                                 This mountain laurel cultivar is a dwarf, broadleaf evergreen shrub that typically grows 2-3' tall
                                                                                 and as wide, but will gradually open up as it matures to 4' wide.

                                                                                 Light pink buds open in May to form clusters of nearly white, cup-shaped flowers (to 3/4"
                                                                                 across) which typically cover the shrub for several weeks. Narrow-elliptic, leathery, evergreen
                                                                                 leaves provide year-round interest similar to that of the related rhododendrons. Although the
                                                                                 foliage and height of this dwarf are about 1/2 the size of the species, the flowers are just slightly
                                                                                 smaller than the species.

                                                                                 Best grown in moist, acidic, humusy, well-drained soils. Mulch to retain moisture and keep root
                                                                                 zone cool. Tolerates wide range of light conditions (full sun to full shade), but best in part
                                                                                 shade. Remove spent flower clusters immediately to promote better bloom for the following
W   Kalmia latifolia 'Elf'         3' x 4'         Late Spring   Partial Shade   year.
                                                                                 This species exhibits full-banded flowers with white buds which open, in May-June, like azalea,
                                                                                 f. fuscata x "Shooting Star".

                                                                                 Mountain Laurel is an excellent broadleaf evergreen for shady borders. It requires cool, acid,
W   Kalmia latifolia 'Galaxy'      7-15' x 7-15'   Year Round    Partial Shade   moist, well-drained soil.

                                                                                 A dwarf variety with pink buds opening to very light pink to white flowers. It's foliage is half the
                                                                                 size of other varieties. This plant grows upright when young then spreads with age.

                                                                                 Best grown in moist, acidic, humusy, well-drained soils. Mulch to retain moisture and keep root
                                                                                 zone cool. Tolerates wide range of light conditions (full sun to full shade), but best in part
                                                                                 shade. Remove spent flower clusters immediately to promote better bloom for the following
W   Kalmia latifolia 'Minuet'      3' x 3'         Late Spring   Sun to Shade    year.

                                                                                 Kerria is an attractive flowering shrub for shady areas of woodland gardens or shrub borders. It
                                                                                 is tough but graceful, spring-flowering, deciduous shrub with slender, arching, yellowish-green
                                                                                 stems that remain an attractive green in winter. Single, rose-like, yellow flowers in spring.
                                                                                 ‘Pleniflora’ is a double-flowered cultivar that features rounded, pom-pom-like, yellow flowers.

                                                                                 Grow in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in part shade. Tolerates full shade.
                                                                                 Flowers pale in too much sun.

                                                                                 Prefers loamy soils that are moderately fertile. Avoid heavy clay soils. Blooms on previous
W   Kerria japonica 'Pleniflora'   6' x 6'         Spring        Partial Shade   year’s wood, so prune in spring after flowering. Zone 4-9
                                                                                                              Beauty Bush is known for putting on a spectacular flower show in the spring, but then fading
                                                                                                              into the landscape. DREAM CATCHER™changes that - it's a Beauty Bush with interest all
                                                                                                              season long. The beautiful golden leaves with tips of bronze makes it interesting all season

                                                                                                              Dream Catcher has soft pink spring flowers, and then the soft yellow foliage glows all season.
                                                                                             Sun to Partial   In the fall this beauty has wonderful golden-orange color. It's a Beauty Bush that can provide
W   Kolkwitzia amabilis 'Maradco' Dream Catcher™         6-9' x 6-9'      Spring to Fall     Shade            color from spring to fall - a first for this genus!

                                                                                                              'Sarah's Favorite' has large white blooms and rich cinnamon bark. Hardier of the white crape
                                                                                                              myrtles, its blooms appear over a longer period. Fall color is red-orange. Hardy to -10F.

                                                                                                              Use the crapemyrtle as a specimen or in groups with groundcovers planted underneath.

                                                                                                              Prefers moist, well drained soil in full sun. If pruning is desired do so in the mid winter months
W   Lagerstroemia indica 'Sarah's Favorite'              20' - 30'        Early Summer       Full Sun         when plant is completely dormant.
                                                                                                              This crape myrtle is a true dwarf, reaching only 18 inches! Adorned with violet flowers in

                                                                                                              This tiny plant is perfect at the front of the border or even in containers. For best visual effect
                                                                                                              be sure to plant in groups.

                                                                                                              Site location should include at least 6 to 8 hours of sun per day. This dwarf will use less water
                                                                                                              but be sure the soil does drain.
    Lagerstroemia indica 'Violet Filli' Fleming Filligrees
W   Series®                                                18" x 12-18"   Summer             Full Sun         This is a rare and very unusual plant.
                                                                                                              Mary Elizabeth is a dwarf leucothoe that reblooms throughout the summer. Nice mounding
                                                                                                              shape, it will handle a bit more sun than other varieties. Leaves turn a purple color in winter.
                                                                                                              Flowers are white in May.

                                                                                                              Use in natural areas or at the front of rhododendron/azalea gardens with some shade.

                                                                                                              Prefers moist, cool acid soils in dappled shade. Winter winds can dry out the leaves so try to
W   Leucothoë fontanesiana 'Mary Elizabeth'              48" x 48"        Year Round         Shade            locate where somewhat protected. Cut back hard in early spring to rejuvenate.
                                                                                                              A deciduous shrub with green leaves that turn russet red and persist until spring.
                                                                                             Sun to Partial
W   Lindera salicifolia                                  8-10'            Winter to Spring   Shade            Does best in moist, well-drained soil.
                                                                                      Broad upright branches on a 3’ high bush. Leaves are bright green, each having a broad
                                                                                      yellow margin. New growth has an attractive purple cast. White flowers in summer.
                                                                                      Evergreen in mild winters.

                                                                                      Takes shearing well. Great for a low hedge plant.
                                                                     Sun to Partial
W   Lonicera nitida 'Lemon Beauty'   3' x 3'        Summer           Shade            Plant in part sun to sun with soil that is moist but well drained.
                                                                                      A cross between M. lilliflora 'Nigra' and M. stellata 'Rosea'. Flowers are deep pruple-red
                                                                                      outside to white inside and are borne in April. Copper-red new growth is followed by attractive
                                                                                      dark green leaves. One of a series of magnolias, often referred to as "The Little Girls",
                                                                                      developed at The National Arboretum.

                                                                                      'Betty', like her sisters, is smaller in stature that the popular saucer magnolias and blooms a
                                                                                      little later than the saucers, helping her flowers be less susceptible to early spring freezes. A
                                                                                      good magnolia for the smaller garden.
                                                                     Sun to Partial
W   Magnolia 'Betty'                 10-15' x 10-15' Spring          Shade            Prefers deep, moist, well-drained, slightly acid soil.
                                                                                      Fraser magnolia, also sometimes called mountain magnolia, is a fast-growing small to medium-
                                                                                      sized deciduous tree reaching 30’-40’ in cultivation.

                                                                                      The very large showy white flowers up to 10” in diameter in early summer and large coarse
                                                                                      foliage make this an appealing tree for the garden.

                                                                                      It grows best on rich, moist, well-drained, acidic soils. It prefers full sun, but tolerates partial
W   Magnolia fraseri                 30-40'         Early Summer     Full Sun         shade.
                                                                                      Sprenger Magnolia is a large pyramidal deciduous tree with relatively large leaves and
                                                                                      abundant big showy fragrant flowers.
                                                                     Sun to Partial
W   Magnolia sprengeri 'Dark Diva'   18' x 8'       Mid Spring       Shade            The foliage is dark green and the flowers a dark pink. The tree is hardier than Diva.
                                                                                      Attractive specimen or accent plant. The pink buds open to nearly pure white and are 3” to 4”
                                                                                      diameter. The fragrant flowers appear in April. Very trouble-free plant and should be planted in
                                                                                      full sun for best flowering results.
                                                                     Sun to Partial
W   Magnolia stellata 'Royal Star'   15-20'         Spring           Shade            Prefers an organic-based soil that is well drained.
                                                                                      The creamy white flowers appear in May-June, which are followed by cone-shaped, 4"-long,
                                                                                      rosy red fruit in September.

                                                                     Sun to Partial   The large leaves reach 10-24" in length and are clustered near the ends of branches and thus
W   Magnolia tripetala               20-30'         Spring to Fall   Shade            create an umbrella effect.
                                                                                The sweetbay magnolia is a lovely native specimen tree with lustrous green foliage with a
                                                                                silvery underside. Fragrant, creamy white, lemon scented flowers, 2-3" in diameter, are borne
                                                                                in early June and produced sporadically through most of the summer. Seedpods are 2" long.
                                                                                The dark red seeds emerge from the pods and persist there, remaining attractive until they're
                                                                                dropped or picked off by animals.

                                                               Sun to Partial   Different from most magnolias in that it does well in wet and even swampy soils; also tolerates
W   Magnolia virginiana          10-20' x 10-12' Spring        Shade            shade; requires acid soil.
                                                                                This dark red flowered magnolia was bred in New Zealand by Felix Jury. 10-12” flowers are a
                                                                                brilliant ruby-red with great substance. It has a slender erect form, perfect to use in groups or
                                                                                as an impressive accent in the garden.

W   Magnolia 'Vulcan'            30-50’ x 18-24’ Mid Spring    Partial Shade    It is cold hardy and tolerant of many soil types.
                                                                                An unusual, neat, shade or specimen tree for the larger yard. Clear primrose yellow flowers
                                                                                are up to 8" across and are unusual for a magnolia.

                                                                                This is an easy care, fast growing magnolia that flowers at a young age; does best in slightly
W   Magnolia x 'Elizabeth'       35-40' x 15-20' Late Spring   Full Sun         acid soil in an open space.

                                                                                A rare magnolia is this cross between Magnolia acuminata var. subcordata “Miss Honeybee”
                                                                                and Magnolia stellata. It gained flower shape from stellata and colour from acuminate.
                                                                                Goldstar has medium sized flowers with 14 narrow petals and a delicate creamy-yellow. The 4”
                                                                                yellow star like flowers appear before the leaves in March to early April.

                                                                                Deciduous leaves are obovate, and unfurl bronze red but change to green as they mature.
                                                               Sun to Partial   Some claim this variety has the most beautiful leaves of all deciduous magnolias. It grows
W   Magnolia x 'Gold Star'       12-15' x 12-15' Spring        Shade            moderately, first forming a V-shaped shrub, growing wider with age.
                                                                                A Gresham Hybrid, 'Phelan Bright' has an upright habit with a single trunk. As the tree
                                                                                matures, it develops a spreading habit.

                                                                                The fragrant clear white flowers are enormous and can be over 11 inches across and have 12
                                                                                tepals. The flower shape is similar to the cup-and-saucer shape of Magnolia campbellii flowers
                                                                                and usefully blooms later than most of the Gresham hybrids.

                                                                                In the 1950s, D. Todd Gresham experimented with breeding new magnolia tree hybrids. The
                                                               Sun to Partial   result was Gresham trees, the largest deciduous flowering magnolias, with 1-foot-wide circular
W   Magnolia x 'Phelan Bright'   20' x 20'       Summer        Shade            blooms and 10-inch-round leaves.
                                                                                       This plant is bold and dramatic in the landscape. Leathery compound leaves, up to 16” in
                                                                                       length, are held stiffly horizontal on the shrub. Extremely fragrant lemon-yellow flowers are
                                                                                       born in clusters 6” high and wide in February and March.

                                                                                       These flowers are followed by clusters of grape-like blue fruits in June.

W   Mahonia bealei                       12'             Year Round   Partial Shade    Prefers moist, well-drained, acid soil and protection from high winds.
                                                                                       Native to the the West, creeping mahonia is an interesting low growing plant that is often
                                                                                       evergreen. The leaves are spiny and holly-like but compound and turn a purplish color in
                                                                                       winter. Yellow flowers in spring are followed by grape like purple berries in later summer. Fruit
                                                                                       is sour but edible and useful as a jelly. The yellow wood was useful to Native Americans as a
                                                                                       dye and as a tonic.

                                                                                       Creeping mahonia would make an interesting ground cover if planted densely in groups.

                                                                      Sun to Partial   Grow full sun to part shade in well drained acid soil that is moist and humusy. Excessive winter
W   Mahonia repens                       10-18" tall     Mid Spring   Shade            exposure can lead to leaf scorch.
                                                                                       The Russian arborvitae is a low, mounding, evergreen groundcover. The tips of the new
                                                                                       shoots nod gracefully. It is very cold tolerant, and prefers cool, light soil. The spreading,
                                                                                       needle-like leaves are bright green in summer and bronzy purple to brown in winter.

                                                                                       Easily grown in average, moist but well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Best
                                                                      Sun to Partial   performance is in cool summer climates. Prefers some afternoon shade in the hot and humid
W   Microbiota decussata                 12-24" x 12-24" Year Round   Shade            summers.

                                                                                       A handsome, aromatic, native shrub that is attractive in the landscape all year long. Berries on
                                                                                       female plants provide the fragrance for bayberry candles. This is a useful shrub for massing in
                                                                                       borders, erosion control for highway plantings and for areas where poor soil is a problem.

                                                                      Sun to Partial   Prefers a sandy, acidic soil, but is adaptive to a wide range of soil pH; tolerates wind and salt
W   Myrica pensylvanica                  6-10' x 6-10'   Year Round   Shade            spray.
                                                                                       At last, a predictably female Bayberry! Silver Sprite™, has all the qualities of seedling plants
                                                                                       but with heavy fruit set as long as there are males nearby.

                                                                                       A semievergreen shrub growing to 5 feet with a spread of 7'.
                                                                      Sun to Partial   Characteristics of this female clone include a dense, compact, broad-oval habit and attractive
W   Myrica pensylvanica Silver Sprite™   5' x 7'         Fall         Shade            gray-green foliage. Quantity and size of fruit are typical of the species.
                                                                        Understory tree in dry woodlands that has bark gray-brown and forms vertical strips which
                                                                        exfoliate. The trunk and main branches develop a fluted or "muscle-like" appearance. Bark
                                                                        and trunk features are ornamentally attractive.

                                                                        Small inflated pods in clusters with a hard nutlet inside. Fruit clusters look like hops, hence the
                                                                        common name Hop Hornbeam

                                                                        Best in slightly acid soil that is moist, cool and fertile. Can tolerate dry gravelly soils in partial
                                                       Sun to Partial   shade once established. Not tolerant of salt at all; avoid roadside or seaside uses. Can be
W   Ostrya virginiana   30' x 50'   Year Round         Shade            slow growing.
                                                                        Oxalis violacea forms large colonies where conditions are favorable. Violet woodsorrel is a
                                                                        common native wildflower which occurs in dryish, acidic soils on glades, rocky open woods,
                                                                        fields and prairies.
                                                                        A bulbous, stemless perennial typically growing 4-8" tall in which the long-stemmed leaves and
                                                                        longer, leafless flower stalks rise directly from the bulb. Blooms in Spring and often again in
                                                                        the Fall.
                                                                        Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Can spread
                                                       Sun to Partial   somewhat rapidly by runners from the bulbs to form large colonies in optimum growing
W   Oxalis violacea     4-8"        Spring             Shade            conditions.
                                                                        Persea borbonia, also called shorebay, is an attractive aromatic small tree or shrub of the
                                                                        southeastern Coastal Plains, ranging as far north as Delaware. The six-inch glossy leaves are
                                                                        evergreen to semi evergreen and emit a spicy fragrance when crushed similar to that of the
                                                                        herb bay. They are sometimes used as a seasoning for cooking.

                                                                        Clusters of attractive round dark blue fruits (1/3 to 1/2 inch) mature in early fall are enjoyed by

                                                       Sun to Partial   Redbay naturally grows in wetlands but is tolerant of a wide variety of soils from clay to sand. It
W   Persea borbonia     20-30'      Summer to Fall     Shade            is quite salt tolerant and is a very good plant for beach properties.
                                                                        Swamp Bay is a medium-sized evergreen tree with dark green, entire, alternate leaves.
                                                                        Leaves are lance-shaped, evergreen, 3 to 7 inches long and have a spicy odor when crushed;
                                                                        dark green above, pale pubescent below, with rusty hairs along the midrib. The flowers are
                                                                        small, light yellow-green occurring in small, clusters in leaf axils. These turn into dark blue
                                                                        fruits which mature in early fall.

                                                                        It is native to eastern North America, from Texas eastwards to Florida and then extending north
                                                                        to Delaware, mostly on the Gulf Coastal Plain and Atlantic Coastal Plain but extending into the
W   Persea palustris    30'         Spring to Summer   Full Sun         Piedmont somewhat.
                                                                                          Japanese pieris is a slow-growing broadleaf evergreen shrub with a dense, upright habit that
                                                                                          matures over time to 9-12’ tall. ‘Mountain Fire’ is noted for the fiery red color of its newly
                                                                                          emerging foliage and its heavy flower clusters. It features large pendulous clusters (racemes)
                                                                                          of urn-shaped, lily-of-the-valley-like white flowers in early spring.

                                                                                          The leaves emerge bright red but mature to glossy dark green. Subsequent minor spurts of
                                                                                          new growth in summer add interesting contrast to the foliage. Leaves are evergreen. Bead-
                                                                                          like flower buds are set in late summer for the following year and provide winter interest and
                                                                                          contrast to the evergreen foliage.

                                                                                          Best grown in humusy, organically rich, acidic, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to
                                                                                          part shade. It grows best in locations sheltered from wind with part afternoon shade.

                                                                         Sun to Partial
W   Pieris japonica 'Mountain Fire'   8-10' x 6'          Year Round     Shade            Zone 5-8

                                                                                          Introduced in 1850. The leading commercial sweet cherry in the Western United States, this
                                                                                          extra large, heart-shaped cherries with a deep maroon color.

                                                                                          Known as the standard for flavor, it has meaty, purple flesh. Bing has a moderate cracking
                                                                                          tendency, and is recommended for areas with less rainfall during harvest season.

                                                                                          Protect from birds when ripening. The tree is healthy and sturdy. 'Bing' is a mid-season
                                                                                          bloomer and will pollinate with most varieties except Royal Anne, Napoleon, or Emperor
W   Prunus avium                      20' x 15'           Spring         Full Sun         Francis.
                                                                                          Higurashi Flowering Cherry is blanketed in stunning clusters of fragrant shell pink flowers along
                                                                                          the branches in early spring, which emerge from distinctive rose flower buds before the leaves.
                                                                                          It has dark green foliage which emerges coppery bronze in spring. The pointy leaves turn an
                                                                                          outstanding orange in the fall. The smooth dark red bark adds an interesting dimension to the

                                                                                          It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 50 years or
W   Prunus 'Higurashi'                25' x 20'           Early Spring   Full Sun         more. It is a good choice for attracting birds to your yard.
                                      15' - 25' x 15' -                  Sun to Partial
W   Prunus 'Manoga'                   25'                 Mid Spring     Shade            ‘Manoga’ is a tall broad spreading tree. The semi-double flowers are soft pink.
                                                                                                  The flowers are single, large—up to two inches across—and flat; pink buds open to faintly pink
                                                                                                  to white blossoms borne in pendent clusters. Ojochin means "large lantern." This variety—one
                                                                                                  of the larger flowering cherries—has a wide-spreading habit.

                                              15' - 25' x 15' -                  Sun to Partial   ‘Ojochin’ is a somewhat upright tree in habit. The single white flowers are flushed with pink
W   Prunus serrulata 'Ojochin'                25'                 Mid Spring     Shade            and the entire petal is ‘crinkled’ giving it a textural quality as well.

                                                                                                  Rhododendron alabamense has snowy white flowers with a prominent yellow blotch and a
                                                                                                  strong lemon scent. Blooming in midseason, the flowers have a distinct lemon-spice fragrance
                                                                                                  and measure .8 to 1.5 inches across. The foliage is dark green.

                                                                                                  R. alabamense is low to medium in height, and spreads by underground stems or stolons.

                                                                                 Sun to Partial   Grow in moist, well-drained soil. It grows naturally in north central Alabama, and western to
W   Rhododendron alabamense                   5-6' x 5-6'         Mid Spring     Shade            central Georgia and South Carolina. It is drought tolerant.
                                                                                                  This is an upright deciduous azalea; a great native flowering shrub. White-light pink flowers
                                                                                                  exhibit a distinct reddish style and pink to rose filaments are borne in early summer. The
                                                                                                  fragrance of the flowers has been compared to that of heliotrope. This is considered one of the
                                                                                                  best white, hardy azaleas.

                                                                                 Sun to Partial   All rhododendrons benefit from good drainage, shade from the harshest sun of the day and a
W   Rhododendron arborescens                  8-12' x 8-12'       Early Summer   Shade            coil, moist, acid soil.
                                                                                                  'The Sweet Azalea', is one of this country's lovely native deciduous azaleas. It is found along
                                                                                                  streams in the mountains and in moist woods in parts of Pennsylvania, West Virginia to
                                                                                                  Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia and part of Alabama.

                                                                                                  It is usually a summer bloomer and the variety Georgiana is particularly late with occasional
                                                                                                  blooms into September. The white flowers range from 1 1/2 -2" long and is tubular-funnel
                                                                                                  shaped. The 5 stamens and the stigma are bright red and protrude well beyond the petals and
                                                                                                  are quite showy.

                                                                                 Sun to Partial   In fall the green leaves turn bright orange or crimson before dropping for the winter. Sweet
W   Rhododendron arborescens var. georgiana   5-10' x 4-8'        Mid Summer     Shade            azalea grows rapididly. It prefers consistantly moist but well-drained acid soil.
                                                                                                  Deciduoua azaleas are very popular garden plants. They add an accent to the spring and
                                                                                                  summer either as a specimen or as a mass planting.

                                                                                 Sun to Partial   The flowers of this native azalea range from yellow-orange to red. It is very much like the flame
W   Rhododendron calendulaceum                8' x 10'            Early Summer   Shade            azalea, but blooms later (early June) and is taller and more compact.
                                                                                             Deciduoua azaleas are very popular garden plants. They add an accent to the spring and
                                                                                             summer either as a specimen or as a mass planting.

                                                                            Sun to Partial   This native azalea is a large shrub whose flowers range from white to pink to almost rose and
W   Rhododendron canescens                           10-15'   Spring        Shade            open in April. It is fragrant and has a stoloniferous growth habit.

                                                                                             Once thought to be a natural hybrid with Alabama azalea, DNA testing has confirmed this to be
                                                                                             a true species, endemic to the Red Hills area of southern Georgia and Alabama.

                                                                                             While similar at first glance, Red Hills azalea produces more color variation, with flowers in
                                                                                             shades of white, blush pink, and yellow.

                                                                                             Furthermore, it is more tolerant of moist to wet sites than Alabama azalea naturally growing in
                                                                                             moist shady conditions. This plant was grown from seed collected in the wild with its
W   Rhododendron colemanii                           8-12'    Late Spring   Shade            discoverer, Ron Miller.
                                                                                             This azalea features beautiful fragrant coral blooms in May. The upright habit is attractive all
                                                                                             year. The foliage, which is deciduous, turns an outstanding yellow in the fall. The orange-red
                                                                                             flowers are produced in May and carry a sweet fragrance.

    Rhododendron molle spp. japonicum (Fern Gully x                                          This plant needs highly acidic and organic soil that is well drained. This is a relatively low
W   Girards)                                        3' x 4'   Mid Spring    Partial Shade    maintenance shrub, and should only be pruned after flowering.
                                                                                             Native to lower Appalachians in Georgia and Alabama, this deciduous azalea has white to pink
                                                                                             slightly fragrant flowers in late spring.

                                                                                             The bright green leaves turn yellow in fall.
                                                                            Sun to Partial
W   Rhododendron periclymenoides                     4-6’     Spring        Shade            It is adapted to dry, rocky soil, but does well in good garden conditions.
                                                                                             The bright pink flowers of this deciduous azalea have a wonderful spicy clove-like fragrance
                                                                                             and appear before the leaves. The foliage is bright green in summer and turns bronze in the
                                                                            Sun to Partial
W   Rhododendron prinophyllum                        3-8’     Late Spring   Shade            It is extremely hardy and is native from Quebec to Virginia. Prefers moist, rich soils.
                                                                                             Deciduoua azaleas are very popular garden plants. They add an accent to the spring and
                                                                                             summer either as a specimen or as a mass planting.

                                                                            Sun to Partial   This native azalea is a late bloomer, adding to its value in the landscape. It blooms in July and
W   Rhododendron prunifolium                         8-10'    Summer        Shade            August and has funnel shaped flowers ranging from orange-red to red.
                                                                                         The Shrine Azalea is a rare deciduous species from Japan. It has an upright form with arrow
                                                                                         shaped leaves appearing in groups of three at tips of the steam. The leaves appear before the
                                                                                         flowers which appear in mid to late season. Species flower color ranges from deep pink to red.

                                                                        Sun to Partial   Grow in well-drained soil, in sun or partial shade. It is best to protect the flowers from intense
W   Rhododendron sanctum var. lasiogynum    6-7'          Mid Spring    Shade            afternoon sun.
                                                                                         This wonderful native azalea is found naturally in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina.
                                                                                         This irregular, upright deciduous shrub is clothed in medium green foliage in summer that can
                                                                                         turn an excellent deep red in the fall.

                                                                        Sun to Partial   Flowers are clear rose, bell shaped, borne 5-8 in a cluster and open before the foliage emerges
W   Rhododendron vaseyi                     5-10'         Late Spring   Shade            in early to mid-May.
                                                                                         This native deciduous azalea can be found from Maine to Georgia and Alabama. It has a
                                                                                         loose, open habit with numerous spreading branches.

                                                                        Sun to Partial   Flowers are white, sometimes pinkish, with a clove-like scent and are borne in clusters of 4-9 in
W   Rhododendron viscosum                   5'            Late Spring   Shade            Mid-May to June.
                                                                                         Native to our swamps and wetlands, this plant is also known as the honeysuckle azalea for its
                                                                                         spicey, clove-like fragrance that permeates the garden. Blooming in late June, early July, the
                                                                                         prolific white flowers light up partially shaded areas extending the bloom season long after most
                                                                                         azaleas have finished. The blooms of 'Summer Eyelet' have a particularly nice form and
                                                                                         attract butterflies and hummingbirds.

                                                                                         In the fall the leaves turn bright flame red before falling. Also called honeysuckle azalea prolific
                                                                                         blooms Spicy, clove-like scented white scent that fills the garden flowers produced late in
                                                                                         June/July. Flowers are a beautiful white, very nice form.

                                                                                         Good for a partially shaded, moist location. Happy in poorly drained soil and wetland areas.
W   Rhododendron viscosum 'Summer Eyelet'   6 feet tall   Mid Summer    Partial Shade    Tough, winter hardy.
                                                                                         Flower dark reddish-orange with dark red or maroon spotting, openly funnel-shaped, wavy
                                                                                         lobed, about 2-1/2" across.

                                                                                         Ball-shaped truss holds 3-5 flowers. Rounded, well-branched plant habit. Typically grows to a
W   Rhododendron x 'Girard's Hot Shot'      24-30"        Spring        Partial Shade    height of 2 ft. in 8 years.
                                                                                         The striking pure lavender-pink single flowers are set against dark, glossy, leathery green
                                                                                         foliage. This variety provides bright contrast in the spring shade garden.

                                                                        Partial Shade to A hardy, consistent bloomer, it needs average to moist soil with good drainage. Evergreen
W   Rhododendron x 'Girard's Karen'         4' x 5'       Mid Spring    Shade            foliage provides winter interest.
                                                                                               This unique dwarf shrub features interesting twisted branches and curling leaves, making it an
                                                                                               excellent specimen plant for small spaces.

                                                                                               It tolerates poor, dry soils and adapts to a wide range of soils and growing conditions. Also
                                                                                               may be grown as a container plant.
                                                                              Sun to Partial
W   Robinia pseudoacacia 'Lace Lady' Twisty Baby™ 8' x 12'   Spring to Fall   Shade            Prune back annually to encourage contorted growth.
                                                                                               Bright coral-orange blooms cover this small mounding shrub from mid Spring to mid Fall.

                                                                                               Drift® Roses are a cross between full-size groundcover roses and miniatures. This
                                                                                               combination makes them tough, disease resistant, and winter hardy with a well-managed size
                                                                                               and repeat-blooming nature.

                                                                                               Their low, spreading habit makes them perfect for small gardens, hillsides, perennial beds and
W   Rosa 'Meidrifora' Coral Drift®                 2' x 3'   Spring to Fall   Full Sun         even awkward areas.
                                                                                               Numerous flowers consist of clear light-pink petals surrounding a multitude of golden stamens
                                                                                               that burst from the center of the flower.

                                                                                               The Charlatan may be grown as a large shrub or climber. This rose may need pruning from
                                                                                               time to time as it has the tendency to get wild once in a while. Excellent resistance to mildew
W   Rosa 'Meiguimov' The Charlatan®                6' x 4'   Summer           Full Sun         and rust.
                                                                                               This wonderful shrub rose is unusually free flowering with masses of single 2 ½ inch vivid pink
                                                                                               blooms with a white center. The foliage is very disease resistant and the plant is very cold

W   Rosa 'Meipotal' Carefree Delight™              3’ x 4’   Summer           Full Sun         Care Free Delight™ was an All-American Rose selection winner in 1996.
                                                                                               Carefree Spirit™ is a descendant of the popular 'Carefree Delight' landscape rose. The plant
                                                                                               still has the great foliage of its parent, but now has more disease resistance, better plant habit
                                                                                               and a great non-fading bright red color.

                                                                                               It features single red flowers with yellow stamens. This mounding shrub is generally covered
                                                                                               with aboundant and continuous bloom. It has excellent black spot resistance and is totally
                                                                                               resistant to Mildew and Rust.

W   Rosa 'Meizmea' Carefree Spirit™                5' x 5'   Summer to Fall   Full Sun         A 2009 All America Rose Society Winner.
                                                                                                 Gorgeous rose shrub with orange to orange-red large, double-cupped blooms. This large
                                                                                                 shrub from the breeder of Knock Out® shares the same superior disease resistance and flower
                                                                                                 power that are the trade signature of Bill Radler.

                                                                                                 The latest addition in the popular Carefree series stands apart in the landscape with its unique
                                                                                                 color which is even stronger in hot, humid climates.

W   Rosa 'Radral' Carefree Celebration®        4-5' x 4-5'   Spring to Fall     Full Sun         Very disease resistant with lovely matte green foliage.

                                                                                                 Rosa 'Radsun' Carefree Sunshine is a compact, mounding, ever-blooming, low-maintenance
                                                                                                 shrub rose. It boasts glossy medium green foliage and excellent resistance to black spot.
                                                                                                 Semi-double bright yellow flowers, 3-4” diameter and with a slightly spicy fragrance, blooms
                                                                                                 over a long May to frost bloom period. Flowers commonly appear in clusters of 4 per stem.

                                                                                                 'Radsun' tolerates some light shade, but best flowering and disease resistance generally occur
                                                                                                 in full sun. Ensure adequate moisture is provided, avoid overhead watering. Good air
                                                                                                 circulation promotes vigorous and healthy growth. Summer mulch helps retain moisture and
W   Rosa 'Radsun' Carefree Sunshine®           3-4' x 3-4'   Spring to Winter   Full Sun         discourages weeds.
                                                                                                 A bright bubble gum pink version of The Double Knock Out® Rose that is very stable and also
                                                                                                 unfazed by the heat. Classic shaped flowers from early Spring to the first frost. Fragrance is a
                                                                                                 light tea rose, slightly spicy .

                                                                                                 It has a compact, mounded and bushy habit with deep mossy green foliage.

                                                                                                 With superior drought tolerance once established, it has the toughness and resistance for
W   Rosa 'Radtkopink' Pink Double Knock Out®   3-4' x 3-4'   Spring to Fall     Full Sun         which the family is known. A vibrant color that perks up any landscape.
                                                                                                 The glistening single white flowers bloom nonstop through the summer and into fall.

                                                                                                 This small shrub has a mature height of only 3-feet, making it a great versatile plant for use
W   Rosa 'Radwhite' White Out™                 3' x 3'       Summer to Fall     Full Sun         along an entry way, bordering a patio, or massed in a border.
                                                                                                 A long-time favorite, Heritage produces large, sweet, luscious red berries in early summer and
                                                                                                 again in late summer through fall. Eat fresh or use in jams, jellies and sauces.

                                                                                                 This cultivar is an upright, self-fruitful, thorny shrub which does not require staking or support.
                                                                                                 Clusters of white, 5-petaled, rose-like flowers preceed the fruit.

                                                                                Sun to Partial   This fast growing variety is best grown in organically rich, slightly acidic, moist, well-drained soil
W   Rubus idaeus 'Heritage'                    5 ' x 2'      Summer to Fall     Shade            in full sun to part shade.
                                                                                          All season good looks; a great dooryard plant for good foliage and delightful floral fragrance.
                                                                                          Tiny flowers are produced in March-April that, though hardly visible, perfume the air with their
                                                                         Partial Shade to
W   Sarcococca hookeriana var. humilis   18-24" x 24"   Spring           Shade            Prefers a moist, well-drained, acid soil. A good companion plant with rhododendron.
                                                                                          Skimmia japonica is a shrub for year round interest with its handsome, glossy foliage that
                                                                                          blends well with other shade-tolerant plants and fragrant white flowers in spring, followed by
                                                                                          luscious red berries in winter.

                                                                                          Since the plant is dioecious, a male and female plant are necessary for producing berries on
W   Skimmia japonica (female)            3' x 4'        Year Round       Partial Shade    the female plant. One male will pollinate up to six females.
                                                                                          Skimmia japonica is a shrub for year round interest with its handsome, glossy foliage that
                                                                                          blends well with other shade-tolerant plants and fragrant white flowers in spring, followed by
                                                                                          luscious red berries in winter.

                                                                                          Since the plant is dioecious, a male and female plant are necessary for producing berries on
W   Skimmia japonica (male)              3' x 4'        Year Round       Partial Shade    the female plant. One male will pollinate up to six females
                                                                                          The pink flowers appear in May to June. The sharply tooted mint green leaves will often take
                                                                                          on an attractive red color in the fall.

                                                                                          Easily grown in most garden soils, this selection does not have any major pests or diseases.
                                                                                          Best planted in full sun altho it will tolerate partial shade.
                                                                         Sun to Partial
W   Spiraea japonica 'Little Princess'   3'             Summer to Fall   Shade            Can be incorporated in borders or rock gardens as well as used a low hedge.

                                                                                          Spiraea japonica 'Neon Flash' is a semi-deciduous clump forming shrub. New growth emerges
                                                                                          bright green turning to dark green, flat carmine-red inflorescences are show stoppers in early
                                                                                          spring through summer. The lance shaped leaves change to dark burgandy in fall.

                                                                                          Useful in the front of a shrub border, in back of the perennial bed or as an accent plant.

                                                                         Sun to Partial   Tolerant of many soils except those which are extremely wet. Prefers full sun. Remove faded
W   Spiraea japonica 'Neon Flash'        3' x 3'        Spring to Fall   Shade            flowers.
                                                                                             Spiraea nipponica 'Snow Mound' is a deciduous shrub with a mounded, densely branched
                                                                                             habit. Leaves are 1" long, dark green above, bluish underneath. Flowers are small white in
                                                                                             clusters May-June.

                                                                                             This is an excellent cultivar selected in the USA. Unique in producing elongate arching
                                                                                             branches with corymbs that have all the flowers and leaves growing on one side. Handsome
                                                                                             when grown in its natural form. Leaves remain attractive throughout the season. A good
                                                                                             foundation plant or for the perennial border. Received the RHS Award of Merit.
                                                                            Sun to Partial
W   Spiraea nipponica 'Snowmound'            3-5' x 3-5'   Late Spring      Shade            Easily grown with no serious disease or insect problems. Prefers soil with a pH of 6.0-7.5

                                                                                             'Ogon' blooms in Spring with white flowers. In fall, the small bright yellow leaves turn to bronze.

W   Spiraea thunbergii 'Ogon'                36"           Spring           Full Sun         This is a PHS Gold Medal Plant.
                                                                                             Noted for its massive white dome-shaped blooms up to 6 to 8 inches across and superb
                                                                                             autumn color. A snow storm of abundant, massive white flowers cover this plant in April and
                                                                                             May. The pure white blooms will light up your garden and contrast wonderfully with the bluish-
                                                                                             green foliage.

                                                                                             Watch for a blaze of orange and red leaves in fall. The plant is sturdy and holds its blooms up
                                                                            Sun to Partial   in a neat fashion. Adaptable and easy to grow, this low-maintenance shrub can be planted in
W   Spiraea x media 'Darsnorm' Snow Storm™   4' x 4'       Summer to Fall   Shade            the shrub border or in a mass planting.

                                                                                             This is a wonderful small specimen tree with a dense pyramidal form. In mid summer elegant
                                                                                             white, 3-inch diameter flowers with gold centers bloom over a long period. In fall the foliage
                                                                                             turns red to reddish purple. Throughout the year the flaky bark ranges in color from tan to
                                                                                             brown to orange.

W   Stewartia koreana                        20-30'        Mid Summer       Sun to Shade     Needs moist acid soil with good drainage. Likes some shade during the hottest part of the day.

                                                                                             A collector’s tree, Stewartia is loved for its peeling, pink to red-brown bark and its rose-like
                                                                                             white flowers. The pronounced creamy-yellow flower stamens create a Camellia-like
                                                                                             appearance, thereby revealing how the specific epithet earned its name, “psuedocamellia.”
                                                                            Sun to Partial
W   Stewartia pseudocamellia                 70’ x 25’     Year Round       Shade            This tree prefers humus-rich well-drained soil and shelter from strong winds.
                                                                                              The small pink flowers in summer are followed by candy-pink berries that remain into winter.
                                                                                              The compact habit allows this shrub to be incorporated into the front of the border.
                                                                             Sun to Partial
W   Symphoricarpos 'Kolmcan' Candy Sensation   4'              Fall-Winter   Shade            Prefers full sun but will tolerate light shade. Moist well drained soils are preferred.

                                                                                              'George Eastman' is a true color breakthrough with magnificent wine-red buds which open to
                                                                                              deep cerise-pink flowers! Its compact habit and upright form make it a great choice for smaller
                                                                                              garden spaces near an entrance or patio where the strong sweet fragrance can be enjoyed.

                                                                                              Named for the famous photographic wizard, it was discovered as a chance seedling near his
W   Syringa julianae 'George Eastman'          4-6'            Late Spring   Full Sun         home in Rochester NY; great for small hedge, cutting or just enjoying!

                                                                                              This selection is the most dwarf of the lilacs, growing to 4-5 feet without pruning. It remains a
                                                                                              tight, compact shrub with dark, glossy green leaves that are somewhat leathery.
                                                                                              In spring, the deep purple buds burst into lavender-pinkish tinged blue bloom.

W   Syringa meyeri 'Palibin'                   4-5'            Spring        Full Sun         Lilacs perform best in almost any well-drained garden soil and full sun.

                                                                                              You can extend your blooming time for lilacs by planting different species. This selection is a
                                                                                              late bloomer. The flowers are single, fragrant, purple in bud opening to a blue-ice white.

W   Syringa patula 'Miss Kim'                  6' x 4'         Spring        Full Sun         Lilacs perform best in almost any well-drained garden soil and full sun.
                                                                                              Syringa vulgaris 'Charles Joly' is a a double deep reddish-purple lilac with very fragrant flowers
                                                                                              and strongly upright growth. Use as a specimen plant, as a mass planting or clip tightly for use
                                                                                              as a privacy screen or hedge. Lilacs require regular maintenance. Renew prune all lilacs,
                                                                                              every year or two, by removing oldest stems at the base to open up the center for air
                                                                                              circulation. Old blooms should be removed as soon as they fade.

W   Syringa vulgaris 'Charles Joly'            8-10' x 6-12'   Mid Spring    Full Sun         Likes good air circulation, prefers moist, rich, well drained soil amended with leaf mold.
                                                                                              This Lilac has double, large lilac-blue flowers. These are extremely fragrant on 4 to 8 inch
                                                                                              panicles appearing in late spring to early summer.

                                                                                              ‘President Grevy’ (a French Hybrid cultivar) maintains an upright habit and is most valued for its
                                                                                              blue blooms and dark green foliage.

                                                                                              Prefers a neutral soil, with peat or leaf mold enrichment. The following years' flower buds are
                                                                                              produced by midsummer, so if pruning is necessary, do so before July. Native to eastern
W   Syringa vulgaris 'President Grevy'         10' x 10'       Spring        Full Sun         Europe, cultivated since 1563.
                                                                                           Stun your neighbors with this beautiful, rare yellow lilac. This unique cultivar bears slightly
                                                                                           fragrant, creamy yellowish blossoms in midseason. As the plant matures, the blossoms
                                                                                           yellowish color intensifies. Lilacs are generally a forgiving bunch, tolerant of roadside sites and

                                                                                           Grow in reasonably fertile, well-drained soil in full sun; prefers neutral to slightly alkaline soil.
                                                                                           Promptly deadhead spent blossoms to produce more robust blooms for the following year.
                                                                                           Prune lightly or renovate in late winter or early spring to maintain a healthy framework,
                                                                                           remembering that most species form flowers the previous season. Plant in areas with good air
W   Syringa vulgaris 'Primrose'               10-12' x 8'   Mid Spring    Full Sun         circulation to thwart disease. Most lilacs require a period of chilling dormancy.
                                                                                           'Annabel' is one of the earliest lilacs and very generous with its blooms. It produces sweet-
                                                                                           scented double, soft-pink flowers that fade to white. Unlike most lilacs the heart-shaped leaves
                                                                                           of this variety emerge bronze in spring and turn purple in fall.

                                                                                           Lilacs perform best in full sun with at least six hours of sunshine per day. Lilacs perform best
                                                                                           on fertile, well-drained soils. Prune for vigorous growth and flowering by removing 1/4 to 1/3 of
W   Syringa x hyacinthiflora 'Anabel'         15'           Mid Spring    Full Sun         the largest stems each winter. The hyacinthia hybrids are very hardy.

                                                                                           The preston lilacs are different than their more common "French" cousins in that they bloom 7-
                                                                                           10 days later and their flowers are smaller and more delicate.

                                                                                           'James MacFarlane' is rated as excellent, the highest possible rating for a lilac; it bears single
W   Syringa x prestoniae 'James MacFarlane'   10-12'        Late Spring   Full Sun         pink flowers. Lilacs perform best in almost any well-drained garden soil and full sun.
                                                                                           An excellent plant for hedges or screens. 'Densiformis' prefers a well drained soil and will
                                                                                           thrive in full sun and partial shade.

                                                                          Sun to Partial   The habit is dense and shrub-like and will be twice as wide as high. Ultimate size is 4’ to 5’
W   Taxus x media 'Densiformis'               4-5' x 6-8'   Year Round    Shade            high and 6’ to 8’ wide.
                                                                                   Combining the more upright habit and larger fruits of northern highbush blueberry (Vaccinium
                                                                                   corymbosum) with the compactness and exceptional cold-hardiness of lowbush blueberry (V.
                                                                                   angustifolium), this "half-high" cultivar bears quantities of large sweet light blue berries in early
                                                                                   summer. The firm succulent fruits are preceded by small white urn-shaped flowers. The upright
                                                                                   chest-high plants have oval dark green leaves that turn brilliant orange and red in fall.

                                                                                   Like all blueberries, this University of Minnesota introduction flourishes in moist well drained
                                                                                   acidic soil in full to partial sun. Mulch around it to maintain moisture and to protect the root zone
                                                                                   from weeds and disturbance. For heaviest fruit production, team it with another half-high
                                                                  Sun to Partial   blueberry. Protect plants from wind, hot afternoon sun, and hungry songbirds. An excellent
W   Vaccinium 'Chippewa'             4' x 4'   Spring to Summer   Shade            variety for commercial growers, it also works well in the culinary or ornamental garden.
                                                                                   This northern highbush variety is a fairly recent release from Michigan State University. It has
                                                                                   been doing well in Oregon with high yields. This moderately vigorous branching bush produces
                                                                                   firm, moderately large, sweet flavored berries in large grapelike clusters. It should grow to
                                                                                   about 6 feet tall.

                                                                                   In the fall Aurora's leaves are a deep red color. The berries ripen gradually over 3-4 pickings
                                                                                   and store well. Harvest as they become completely ripe. This variety is more resistant to
                                                                                   cracking than most.

                                                                                   Blueberries are one of the few fruits native to North America. Their shallow root system makes
                                                                                   regular irrigation a necessity. Mulching is beneficial to conserve moisture. T wo varieties are
                                                                                   needed to insure cross pollination. Blueberries do tend to overbear so thinning is needed to
                                                                  Sun to Partial   promote larger fruit. Berries sweeten as they hang on the bush -- don't pick too early! The
W   Vaccinium corymbosum 'Aurora'    6' x 4'   Spring to Summer   Shade            berries can be protected from birds with netting.

                                                                                   Can be incorporated into the shrub border or into your vegetable and fruit garden. This
                                                                                   midseason selection is very hardy and vigorous. Produces large light-blue highly flavored tart
                                                                                   fruit. A neat and compact grower that will reach a height of 5-6’.

                                                                                   Good fall color (orange to red) is followed by red stems that stand out in the winter scene.

                                                                  Sun to Partial   Prefers full sun but will tolerate partial shade. Moist, well drained acidic soils (pH 4.5 to 5.5).
W   Vaccinium corymbosum 'Blueray'   5'-6'     Summer to Fall     Shade            For best results, plant two or more varieties to ensure best fruit set.
                                                                                        Blueberries are easy to grow and are beautiful additions to your landscape. In the spring, this
                                                                                        variety have shiny bronze leaves that turn to green and small white bell-shaped flowers. In the
                                                                                        fall their leaves change to a rich burgundy adding color to the landscape.

                                                                                        'Brigitta' features large, firm, light blue fruit with a crisp texture and well-balanced sweet yet
                                                                                        very tangy flavor. The berries have an exceptionally long shelf life and can be stored up to one
                                                                                        month! 'Brigitta' has an upright, vigorous habit.

                                                                                        Blueberries require an acidic, well-drained soil high in organic matter. Water regularly during
                                                                                        the growing season to maintain a deep, extensive root system. Plant with a different highbush
W   Vaccinium corymbosum 'Brigitta'    5' x 6'        Mid Summer       Full Sun         blueberry variety for best fruiting.
                                                                                        Blueberries are easy to grow and are beautiful additions to your landscape. In the spring small
                                                                                        white bell-shaped flowers crown the stems. In the fall the large glossy green leaves leaves
                                                                                        change to brilliant red.

                                                                                        Earliblue is early to bloom and one of the first to ripen. This is a large berry with good flavor and
                                                                                        heavier canes.

                                                                                        Blueberries require an acidic, well-drained soil high in organic matter. Water regularly during
                                                                                        the growing season to maintain a deep, extensive root system. This is a very hardy but avoid
W   Vaccinium corymbosum 'Earliblue'   5' - 6' tall   Summer           Full Sun         frost pockets when planting.

                                                                                        This early deciduous flowering shrub has fantastic clove scented flowers. Starry flowers are
                                                                                        carried in round clusters, beginning as a pale pink ageing to white.
                                                                       Sun to Partial
W   Viburnum carlesii                  5’ x 5’        Mid Spring       Shade            Use in borders in foundation plantings or in a grouping. Prefers well-drained, slightly acid soil.
                                                                                        'Diana' is a compact Viburnum with red buds in late March/early April changing to white flowers
                                                                                        which are arranged in snowball-like 3" clusters. Flowers are very fragrant and turn into berry-
                                                                                        like drupes which mature to blue-black in late summer. Leaves are tinged chocolate when
                                                                                        young, turn dark green in summer and are then purple-red in autumn.

                                                                       Sun to Partial   Plant in groups or mix with other broadleaf shrubs. Shrub border or foundation plant. May be
W   Viburnum carlesii 'Diana'          5' x5'         Mid Spring       Shade            grown as a hedge. Attractive, highly fragrant flowers are best feature.
                                                                                        This selection is outstanding. It is compact, extremely adaptable and it is a good container
                                                                                        growing plant. It is best flowering in full sun but still produces in deep shade. It has white
                                                                                        flowers in the mid to late spring (May, early June).

                                                                       Sun to Partial   The massive, rich blue fruits cover the plant in the fall and attract songbirds. Fall colors range
W   Viburnum dentatum 'Blue Muffin'    3-5' x 3-4'    Spring to Fall   Shade            from attractive shades of orange to burgundy-purple.
                                                                                                     An outstanding Viburnum, this selection has an upright-rounded habit and glossy dark green
                                                                                                     foliage. Creamy white flowers appear in mid to late June, followed by an ornamental cluster of
                                                                                                     blue-black fruit in autumn.

                                                                                                     Reddish purple or gold fall color and with a slightly later bloom than the species. Summer fruit
                                                                                                     attracts songbirds. An extremely durable and adaptable choice for hedging, screening and
                                                                                                     mass plantings.

    Viburnum dentatum 'Synnestvedt' Chicago                                         Sun to Partial   All V. dentatums need another cultivar for pollination to make copius fruit. Prefers acidic, moist
W   Lustre®                                        8' x 8'         Summer           Shade            soils. Adaptable to seashore conditions.
                                                                                                     Creamy white flowers cover the plant in spring. Dark green, glossy leaves turn various shades
                                                                                                     of reds, bronze or burgundy in fall. Scarlet berries brighten the winter landscape.

                                                                                                     This is truly an all-purpose shrub; use it in borders or as a specimen. Its cultural requirements
                                                                                    Sun to Partial   are few and it has no serious problems with insects or disease. It does best in slightly acid,
W   Viburnum dilatatum ‘Henneke’ Cardinal Candy™   8-10’ x 6-8’    Year Round       Shade            moist, well-drained soil.
                                                                                                     A very adaptable shrub that possesses creamy white flowers in early May. The orange-red fruit
                                                                                                     begins to ripen in July and remains effective for almost a month.

                                                                                                     Mohican was introduced by Dr. Egolf and possesses a compact growth habit and thick dark
                                                                                                     green leaves. Can be used as a hedge or screen.
                                                                                    Sun to Partial
W   Viburnum lantana 'Mohican'                     8' x 9'         Spring to Fall   Shade            Well drained soil and will tolerate full sun or half shade.
                                                                                                     Dutch plantsman Mark Bulk introduced this gorgeous plant with glossy green leaves, white
                                                                                                     flowers and multitudes of vivid pink to blue berries. Leaves turn a dark maroon red in autumn.
                                                                                                     Plant with Viburnum 'Winterthur' as a companion as planting two distinct clones close together
                                                                                                     results in huge crops of berries.

                                                                                    Sun to Partial   Will grow in a wide range of soil conditions from well drained to even boggy soil. Plant in
W   Viburnum nudum 'Bulk' Brandywine™              5-12' x 5-12'   Spring to Fall   Shade            groups for cross pollination and subsequent wonderful fruit display.
                                                                                                     The selection has a compact, dense growth habit (five feet in height after 15 years), a prolific
                                                                                                     fruit set and handsome glossy foliage turning bright wine-red in the fall.

                                                                                                     Named at Longwood Gardens, but of the same provenance as famed ‘Winterthur’. This
                                                                                                     Viburnum was released to nurseries in 2008 for the first time! Its ability to thrive in the
                                                                                    Sun to Partial   Longwood Gardens visitor center parking lot for 15 years proves its adaptability and tough
W   Viburnum nudum 'Longwood'                      5'              Summer to Fall   Shade            nature.
                                                                                   This handsome flowering shrub received the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Gold Medal
                                                                                   Award in 1991. Glossy green leaves turn spectacular vibrant red-purple in fall. In May-June,
                                                                                   creamy white flowers are 2-4” across. As the leaves turn in autumn fruit clusters form,
                                                                                   beginning white changing to pink and finally brilliant blue. Its habit is more compact and refined
                                                                                   than the species.

                                                                                   It needs cross-pollination for good fruiting. Possomhaw grows naturally along streams in very
                                                                  Sun to Partial   moist acid soils.
W   Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur'    5-6’ x 5-6’   Spring to Fall   Shade            This cultivar grows well in both wet, shaded sites and sunny, well-drained areas.
                                                                                   Blackhaw is usually grown as a large, upright, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub with an
                                                                                   irregular crown, but also may be grown as a small, single trunk tree. As a shrub, it typically
                                                                                   grows 12-15' tall with a spread of 6-12', but as a tree may reach a height of 30'.

                                                                                   This native plant has white flowers in flat-topped cymes appearing in spring. Flowers give way
                                                                                   in autumn to blue-black, berry-like drupes which often persist into winter and are quite attractive
                                                                                   to birds and wildlife.

                                                                                   Ovate, finely toothed, glossy dark green leaves (to 4" long) turn attractive shades of red and
                                                                  Sun to Partial   purple in fall. Fruits are edible and may be eaten off the bush when ripe or used in jams and
W   Viburnum prunifolium           15-30'        Spring to Fall   Shade            preserves.
                                                                                   This fragrant viburnum has dark green lustrous leaves. It produces large rounded heads (up to
                                                                                   5 inches in diameter) of fragrant flowers in May which are followed by red and black berries in
                                                                  Sun to Partial
W   Viburnum x carlcephalum        9'            Late Spring      Shade            Prefers a slightly moist, well-drained soil that is slightly acidic.
                                                                                   Weigela is an old-fashion garden shrub. Recent cultivars have revived interest in this old

W   Weigela florida French Lace™   4-5' x 4-5'   Late Spring      Full Sun         This selection features lightly variegated foliage and pink flowers.
                                                                                   HELP Ruby Gold ????

                                                                                   A recent introduction from the UK which has attractive new spring growth which is pale gold
                                                                                   and deepens on maturity. The rose pink flowers appear in spring.

                                                                                   Plant in dappled shade with protection from the afternoon sun. It is a good idea to prune after
W   Weigela 'Rubies and Gold'                                     Full Sun         flowering to keep the bush compact and tidy.
                                                                                   This is a very desirable native groundcover, especially for moist areas.

                                                                  Sun to Partial   It has deciduous leaves that are lustrous bright green in summer, turning yellow and orange in
W   Xanthorhiza simplicissima      2-3'          Summer to Fall   Shade            the fall. It spreads by sucker growth, but is not invasive.
                                                                            Originating from northern Mexico, ‘Sapphire Skies’ is a stunning blue-leaved selection of the
                                                                            species introduced by Sean Hogan of Cistus Nursery in WA.

                                                                            Its flexible, non-threatening “jade blue” leaves are extremely showy as are the huge spikes of
                                                                            ivory flowers borne by the mature plants.

                                                                            Must be planted in full sun with well drained non-clay soils provide the best growing conditions.
W   Yucca rostrata 'Sapphire Spikes'   4'-5' tall   Year Round   Full Sun   Provide extra cold protection in zones 5-6 for the first couple of winters.

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