Sequencing

Document Sample
Sequencing Powered By Docstoc
					    Sequencing by using the KN7000 “Easy Record” feature, or by
                          using a MIDI file
To many keyboard owners, merely mentioning “sequencing” causes a mild panic attack. There
has always been an aura of mystery surrounding how sequencing is done. I’m going to attempt to
break the mystery and illustrate how to go about sequencing the “easy” way.

Since I’m not a drummer, one of the biggest issues facing me when sequencing was creating the
drum tracks needed for any particular song. By using the “Easy Record” feature on the 7000, this
entire issue is solved because the drum track and accompaniment is already in-place, which frees
you up to concentrate on the melody line, which is what most people want to concentrate on
anyway. This method (with minor variations) will work for a downloaded MIDI file as well.
How many times have you downloaded a MIDI file and asked yourself “Why didn’t he/she use
this instrument in that part” or “That instrument sounds awful....wish I could change it” By
following the steps I’m presenting, you will have the ability to modify a MIDI file to suit
yourself.

I’m going to assume that you won’t be sharing your masterpiece with the world, so what I
present will pertain to the KN7000. The file(s) will be saved in KN7000 format, so you can share
them with other 7000 owners. If a non-7000 owner wants them, they’ll have to purchase a 7000
(which they should have done anyway, lol).

One other thing.....I will present the steps in very simplistic terms. I apologize to the more
experienced users, but I’m going to assume that you know nothing about this subject whatsoever.
Also, where things are different from Easy Record to a MIDI file, I’ll attempt to explain the
differences. Let’s get started................

                              “Easy Record” Sequencing
On a preliminary basis, decide what song you want to sequence. For your first attempt, make it a
song that you are very familiar with and can play easily

1. Select an appropriate rhythm from the “Rhythm Group” (upper left side of the 7000). I
generally have the Auto-Play chord “On” and in fingered mode, and the Music Style Arranger
“On”. Select one of the Rhythm variations (1 through 4) that you like. Now, change the sound to
a piano for a lead line. To do this - look at the “Part Select” and the “Conductor” sections of the
7000 (lower right side of the panel). There will be multiple lights lit, and the “Techni-Chord”
light may be lit as well. Turn all the “on” lights off by pressing the button once beneath each
section until only the “Right 1" button is lit and the “Part Select” button above it is lit as well.
Now select a piano sound (“Concert Grand” would be a good choice). Your melody line will be
the piano that you just selected.

2. Press the “Easy Record” button (upper right of the panel, it’s a red button). Notice that there
are two choices at the right of this screen, “Naming” and “OK”. Don’t worry about your piece
just yet.......press the “OK” button.
                                              (page 2)

3. Once you press the “OK” button, you’ll be taken to the “Realtime Record” screen. The 7000 is
waiting for you to do something now. Before you begin actual recording, do you see the “Mixer”
word on the left of this screen? Press the button to the left of the “Mixer” word. You now are in
the “Mixer” screen. You should see “Concert Grand” (or whatever piano you selected
previously) listed as the sound for Track #1. If for some reason it isn’t, you can change it now.
When working within the Mixer screen, notice that there are 3 (things) over which you have
control - volume, pan, and sound. Whatever is currently “active” will have an orange
highlight....prove this to yourself by pressing the button next to each (volume, pan and sound) Do
you see the orange highlight bar move?? Whatever is highlighted is the area that you can make
changes in. Just for practice, press the button to the left of the word “Sound” - the sound line
should now be highlighted. Go to the Sound Group and press any sound. For illustration, press
the “Mellow Grand” sound, then press the “Exit” button.......see how the sound has been changed
to “Mellow Grand”??

4. Press the “Exit” button ONCE.....you should now be back to the “Realtime Record” screen.

5. Please note that with the VERY FIRST chord you play, you are recording. It might be easier
to use one of the “canned” intro/endings to give you a chance to get ready to record. If you
decide to use one of them, press the button beneath either #1 or #2 (Intro/Ending buttons are at
the lower left of the panel). Conversely, you can opt to use one of the canned endings as well,
just press either the #1 or #2 buttons when you want to end, recording will stop once the canned
ending is complete.

6. Begin recording.........if you opted to use one of the canned intro’s, just play a chord, recording
begins. Allow me to give you a couple suggestions at this point.....Just play a simple one-note
piano lead, don’t grab a fistful of notes for the lead line. The reason I say this is that you will be
adding other parts for your sequence and will be building on that simple one-note lead. Another
suggestion is to play the song through once using just the piano lead, then for the second time,
just play the chords with NO piano lead. This frees things up so that you can use both hands for a
nice organ lead when you add additional tracks.

7. When you are done recording - press the “Record Stop” button at the right of the screen
If you don’t, you’ll be recording basically nothing. One trick is to press the “Fade” button (the
one that says “Out” - recording will stop once the fade is complete).

8. You are now at the “Sequencer Play” screen. This is where you get to listen to what you’ve
recorded. Simply press the “Start/Stop” button to listen. Listen to what you’ve done.....if you’re
happy with it, go to the next step. However, if you’ve hit some clinkers and aren’t satisfied, for
purposes of this exercise, re-record the song using the above steps......just press the “Easy
Record” button once to re-record, you’ll erase what you did previously. Keep doing this until
you are more or less satisfied with the recording.


                                              (Page 3)
                                       Adding Tracks
For purposes of this exercise, this section assumes that you are in the “Sequencer Play” screen
which came up when you previewed what you had recorded.

1. Press the “Program Menus” button (upper right of the panel). Now, press the “Sequencer”
button, now press the “Record and Edit” button, now press the “Realtime Record” button. You’ll
be taken to the “Realtime Record” screen, which you should have seen earlier.

2. Press the button beneath Track #9, a red “Rec” should light up. Now - select a sound from the
“Sound Group” that you want to put on track 9. Let’s say that you selected “Jazz Vibes” (good
choice) from the Mallet and Orch. Percussion section. Remember to press the “Exit” button
ONCE to exit the instrument selection screen and get back to the “Realtime Record” screen.

3. Press the “Mixer” button and verify that the instrument that you selected (in this case, Jazz
Vibes) is listed in Track 9.

4. When ready, press the “Start/Stop” button - your sequence will begin playing. Jump in with
the Jazz Vibes whenever and wherever, keep in mind that you are accenting what you’ve already
done - play single notes to accent the piano lead. Try to think like a “Vibe” player.....

5. If happy with the track, good. If not, you can re-record it per steps 1 through 4 above OR (and
this suggestion was Bernie Ackerman’s) press the exit button once, press the “Realtime Record”
button, then press the button beneath the track you want to re-record (the red “rec” should light
up on the track you want to re-record).

6. You can continue to add tracks per steps 1 - 4 above. Just remember to press the button
beneath Track 10, Track 11, etc. to make sure that you are recording on a “Clean” track and not
recording over a track that you already did.

                                    Saving Your Work
PLEASE REMEMBER.......if you turn the 7000 off before you save your sequence, the internal
sequencer memory only lasts for about 80 minutes!!!!!

Once you are ready to save your masterpiece, you can save it to a diskette or an SD card. To save
to a diskette, make sure that the sequence is “loaded” then press the “disk” button which is
immediately above the orange “SD Load” button at the middle-right of the panel. At the next
screen, press the “Save” button. At the next screen, press the “Technics Format” button. Since
you probably haven’t named the tune yet, press the “Name” button at the upper left. Give the
tune a 6-letter name (or less) then click the “OK” button on this same screen. You’ll go back to
the previous screen at this point. If you already have something recorded on the disk, use the
up/down and right/left arrow keys at the bottom to select a blank position in which to save, now
press the “SAVE” button. Your work will be saved to a diskette.
                                              (Page 4)

Now it’s safe to turn the 7000 off. Should you wish to work on the tune later, simply load the
sequencer with the tune that you saved, then follow steps 1 - 4 in the “Adding Tracks” section.

If you want to change something in the Mixer (volume levels for example) load the song and go
into the mixer, change what you want to change, then follow the “Save Your Work” procedure
and over-write what you previously saved. Any changes you made will be saved.

One interesting thing that you can do is to “Preview” different sounds while your sequence is
playing. You do this from the “Mixer” screen. To do this, load your sequence and press the
“Start/Stop” button so that it’s playing, then get into the mixer screen. Highlight the “Sound”
section of the mixer (make sure that “Sound” has the orange highlight) and that the track you
want to preview sounds on is selected (it’ll have a black highlight). Now - while the sequence is
playing, go to the “Sound Group” section and press any sound you want.....the sound being
played will change to the sound you selected automatically. Sometimes you can find some really
great sounds by doing this.

Just an exercise, do this. Change your “Piano” lead to an Organ lead......go to the “Organ and
Accordian” sound group and press Fast Rotor Organ 2......listen to it......neat eh???? Notice that
you haven’t done anything permanent, and that track 1 will revert back to the original Piano lead
when the sequence concludes.

If you find something that you like better (instrumentation wise), load the sequence, go into the
mixer and change the sound to what you want, then save it to diskette by over-writing what you
had saved previously.. .......

YOU’VE DONE IT!!!! This is really all there is to sequencing using the Easy Record on the
7000. It’s quick and easy and with a little practice, you should be cranking out sequences in no
time.

                             Sequencing with MIDI Files
There are a tremendous number of websites available that have MIDI files available for
download. Some are good......and some......well, let’s just say that they aren’t quite so good..

To work with a MIDI file, you first have to load it.....I always load them as Technics Format
files, that way I can use the GREAT sounds on the KN7000. Once loaded into the sequencer,
follow the steps listed in the “Adding Tracks” section. Remember that you can change ANY
sound on the original MIDI file by using the mixer, putting the sound in on the track that you
want to change, then over-writing the saved file on the diskette. The “preview” feature, as
described above, is great for changing instrumentation in a MIDI file.
                                               (Page 5)

Before moving on, I’d like to give you a couple of “tricks” when creating sequences intended
for use as vocal back-up sequences. For those that don’t sing, or intend to do vocal back up, you
can skip this section.

I want you to listen to any vocal recording......see how the back-up rarely plays the “lead” note,
but is usually a third above or below (or a 5th, etc. etc.). For those that have one of those
machines that will remove a vocal track (wish I had one, lol) you can readily hear this. I always
had difficulty in recording vocal back-up sequences, because you really aren’t supposed to play
the “lead” note (the note that you are singing). I generally have to “hear” a lead line when I’m
creating a vocal back-up sequence.

There are a couple of tricks that you can do to overcome this. Record your piano lead line (or
whatever instrument you choose) as I described in the tutorial. Add your various additional
tracks and embellishments. When you are finished and satisfied with what you’ve done, before
you do a final save, lower the volume of the lead line down to where it’s barely audible, then
save it. If it’s a sequence that you could use as either an instrumental or a vocal back-up, save it
in 2 different files, name one file “title”V (the V to stand for “vocal”) and the other file “title”I -
the “I” to stand for instrumental. Obviously, when you save the vocal sequence, lower the lead
line volume then save......for the instrumental leave the volumes alone, then save.

Of course, you could always move the lead track over to the first available un-used track (using
the procedure I described previously) then “clear” track #1 so that you can accompany yourself
while singing. Don’t forget to lower the volume on the “moved” track.

I’ve found that this procedure is very useful (for me anyway) because I do quite a few vocal
back-up sequences.


                               Advanced Editing Features
To begin, allow me to say that what I’m presenting in this section is not the only way to edit. I’ll
present some features that I’m familiar with, but this should by no means be construed as a
“complete” list. The 7000 has the most complete set of editing features I’ve ever seen on ANY
keyboard, some of them are as follows. One thing to remember before we begin is that in many
cases, the edits that you make are permanent....so it’d be wise to have a back-up copy of your
original sequence on a different diskette or SD card just in case you aren’t pleased with the
edited version. Don’t be afraid to do some “exploring” - the 7000 will ALWAYS display an
orange “WARNING” screen before it makes any final-type changes, just press the “Exit” button
to do nothing......



                                               (Page 6)
To begin, load your sequence. Press the “Program Menus” button......then the “Sequencer”
button
then the “Record and Edit” button. You are now presented with a series of choices. I generally
only use the “Realtime Record” on this page. It’s not that the other info. isn’t useful, it’s just that
I’ve never used it. Press the “Exit” button once, now press the “Copy and Paste” button. The
info. on this page is very useful. You can use “Track Copy” to copy a track to another, then you
can use the “Track Clear” button to clear the track you copied. This proves useful if you want to
copy your “Lead-line” track to another and free up track 1 so that you can literally accompany
yourself. I’ll explain how to do this in the paragraph below, I’m just giving you an idea on how
powerful the editing capabilities are.

To move your lead-line track #1 to another track - do the following:

Press “Program Menus” followed by “Sequencer” followed by “Copy and Paste” followed by
“Track Copy”.

2. In the “From” box, select Track #1 (probably already selected). In the “To” box select the first
available unused track. Press “OK” followed by “Yes”. The data from Track #1 is now copied to
the track you selected. Now, press the “Exit” button once to return to the “Copy and Paste”
screen.

3. Now, press the “Track Clear” button then press either of the buttons below Track #1 - “Clr”
should appear above the Rt 1 icon. Press “OK” followed by “Yes”. This will clear the data on
Track #1, however, track #1 and the track to which you copied it to are linked together. We need
to break this link.

4. Press the “Exit” button twice to return to the “Sequencer Menu” screen.

  5. Press “Record and Edit” followed by “Track Assign”. Note that Tracks 1 and the track you
 copied it to are identical. In the right hand table, move the orange cursor down to the track you
                      copied track #1 to.......(use the up/down arrow buttons)
6. Now - change the track entry to Track “XX” (xx to mean the track number, for instance if it
was Track 11, change to Part 11). Now the 2 tracks are independent, you can play any sound you
want on Track #1 and accompany yourself “live” so to speak.




                                               (Page 7)
                                The “Piano Roll” Editor.
This is, by far, is one of the most powerful editing functions on the 7000. It’s useful if you’ve
recorded something ALMOST exactly as you want it, but you’ve hit a “clinker” and don’t want
to have to re-record the entire selection.

To use this, determine the exact measure that you want to make changes in. Then, press
“Program Menus” followed by “Sequencer” followed by “Record and Edit” followed by “Note
Edit” and then the track you want to edit. Using the arrow keys, go to the measure you want to
edit and delete the “clinker”.......You can replace it in the same screen. Using this feature is
somewhat tricky, but worthwhile to learn. All “events” (notes you recorded) are contained on
the piano roll editor for each track - use the “cursor” key to get to the notes. Once you find the
“clinker” press the “Ers” key to erase it. This is a really neat screen to explore, and even if you
don’t want to make changes, go into it and see what it is.

                                      Octave Changes
Get into the “Mixer” screen. Notice that at the top-right of this screen, it says “Page 1/5". Using
the “page up” button (it’s the upper button located right next to the “Display Hold” and “Exit”
buttons), scroll up to page 5. Make sure that the orange highlight bar is highlighting “Key Shift”.
Now, press the button beneath the track that you want to raise or lower. Since an octave is 12
notes, you will add a +12 to raise the track an octave, or a -12 to lower it an octave. Press the
same button that you used to highlight the track - that will raise the sound, press it 12 times so
that the +12 is displayed. To lower it an octave, press the button beneath the button you used to
highlight the “Key Shift” section, this will lower the sound an octave (make sure that a -12 is
displayed).

                                      Save, Save, Save
Please remember, you can make all the best changes in the world to your song, but if you don’t
save them, it’s a lot of time wasted. After making a series of changes, SAVE to either your
diskette or SD card.....don’t worry about overwriting what you had previously saved (for the
same song of course, lol). The save process is explained within this tutorial.

Hopefully, this tutorial will prove beneficial to you, and take some of the mystery out of
sequencing and recording. Should anyone have questions, please email me at
keyboard.king@yahoo.com or, phone me at 863-546-4483. I’ll assist however I can.

                                           Jim Helwig

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:5
posted:9/15/2011
language:English
pages:7