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PARAGRAPHS

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					PARAGRAPHS
How to structure your whole essay.
How to structure your paragraphs.
                                                                     Each box
                                                                   represents a

    THE WHOLE STRUCTURE                                             paragraph

Introduction
State your topic. Tell us why you chose it. Define key terms. State your overall
approach to the topic. Be fairly generalised. Hint at the points you will make.

S
E
X
Y

S
E
X
Y

You can have more SEXY paragraphs if you have more points to make.

Conclusion
Summarise your points and make a final statement to emphasise your pov
      PARAGRAPH WRITING

   A paragraph is a block of text about one
    idea.
   A paragraph usually has more than one
    sentence.
   There are no lines left as “space” within a
    paragraph.
   A paragraph usually develops an idea.
        HOW TO BUILD A
     Each letter here
                PARAGRAPH
represents one sentence.




S
    Statement
    Establishes the main idea.
    Makes a statement to attack the topic.




E
    Explanation
    Expands/elaborates/develops/unpacks/clarifies the idea.




X
    eXample
    Gives examples/facts/ quotations/proof/evidence/details




Y
    You add…
    Give your opinion, explain the significance of the idea,
    explain the example, state why your point is relevant…
PRACTISE SEXY READING

 S
     Dogs are generally regarded as man’s best friend.




 E
     They are intelligent and faithful, as well as being
     easily trained to obey, unlike other pets such as cats
     or goldfish.



 X
     Guide dogs, sheep dogs, show dogs or just ordinary
     mutts: they all have a place in someone’s home and
     heart.



 Y
     They will be your friends for life and repay over and
     over the attention you give them.
              MORE PRACTICE
  • Look at the whole paragraph without
    the SEXY chart to reveal the structure


        Dogs are generally regarded as man’s best friend. They are
intelligent and faithful, as well as being easily trained to obey, unlike
other pets such as cats or goldfish. Guide dogs, sheep dogs, show dogs
or just ordinary mutts: they all have a place in someone’s home and
heart. They will be your friends for life and repay over and over the
attention you give them.
     EVEN MORE PRACTICE

   Now YOU write a paragraph which shows
    dogs in a more negative way.
WHICH ORDER DO THESE
  SENTENCES GO IN?
 Soil was beginning to dry out. Although spring crops
 are 4-6 weeks ahead of those of last winter, rain was
 needed to maintain the growth and to top up
 reservoirs.
 Recent rain has been welcomed in Otago by many
 farmers.
 Ultimately, famers expect the better quality grass to
 fatten this seasons’ lambs.
 Six millilitres of rain fell in Central Otago last week,
 while South Otago enjoyed 10 ml. Coastal areas,
 however, gained very little.
               ANSWER 1

E
    Soil was beginning to dry out. Although spring crops
    are 4-6 weeks ahead of those of last winter, rain was
    needed to maintain the growth and to top up
    reservoirs.

S
    Recent rain has been welcomed in Otago by many
    farmers.


Y
    Ultimately, famers expect the better quality grass to
    fatten this seasons’ lambs.


X
    Six millilitres of rain fell in Central Otago last week,
    while South Otago enjoyed 10 ml. Coastal areas,
    however, gained very little.
WHAT ABOUT THESE?
The Ministry of Health may find that within the next
decade, if funding is not increased, health services
have to be cut.
Although an increase in weight may not seem so
serious at a younger age, it will not only cause many
problems for adults but also stretch the services of
hospitals and GPs.
The rapid rise in childhood obesity will have serious
consequences for New Zealand’s health system.

Type 2 diabetes, asthma, strokes and kidney failure are
some of the potentially fatal diseases.
               ANSWER 2

Y
    The Ministry of Health may find that within the next
    decade, if funding is not increased, health services
    have to be cut.
    Although an increase in weight may not seem so

E
    serious at a younger age, it will not only cause many
    problems for adults but also stretch the services of
    hospitals and GPs.

S
    The rapid rise in childhood obesity will have serious
    consequences for New Zealand’s health system.


X
    Type 2 diabetes, asthma, strokes and kidney failure are
    some of the potentially fatal diseases.
USING SEXY PARAGRAPHS
   I can write an essay by making a sequence of
    paragraphs.
   I can plan an essay quickly in a test or exam
    by writing down only the Ss in a planning box. I
    can fill in the EXY as I write each paragraph.
   I can speed read a text to gain an overview by
    reading only the introductory paragraph, the
    topic sentences (usually the first sentence in
    every paragraph) and the conclusion.
   I can take notes from paragraphs in by using
    SEXY reading.

				
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posted:9/15/2011
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