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KOREAN WAR

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					          KOREAN WAR

THE CONFLICT IN KOREA FROM
   INTERNATIONAL RELATION
            PERSPECTIVE
                    By
Nguyen Hoang Nhat (Nita) 523290077-5
Patsaya Dutsayachayakul (Eiin) 533290028-9
I. INTRODUCTION ABOUT
        KOREA
        Geography
         - Location: between latitudes 34’N
         and 43’N on the east side of the
         great Asian land-mass
         - Area: 2,500 sp km
         - Culture: Korean
NORTH KOREA
       NORTH KOREA PROFILE
   Geography
    Area: 122,762 sq. km. (47,918 sq. mi.)
    Cities: Capital—Pyongyang
    Population (2008 estimate): 24.05 million (UN Population
    Fund--UNFPA).
    Government
    Type: Highly centralized communist state.
    Economy
    GDP (2008 estimate): $24.8 billion; 46.2% in industry,
    32.2% in services, 21.6% in agriculture and fisheries.
    Per capita GDP (2008): $1,800.
NORTH KOREA PROFILE
SOUTH KOREA
       SOUTH KOREA PROFILE
   Geography
    Area: 98,480 sq. km. (38,023 sq. mi.);
    Cities (2009): Capital--Seoul (10.5 million)
    Population (2010): 48,636,068.
    Government
    Type: Republic with powers shared between the president,
    the legislature, and the courts.
    Economy
    GDP (purchasing power parity in 2009): $1.364 trillion.
    GDP per capita (2009, current U.S. $): $17,074.
SOUTH KOREA PROFILE
COMPARE NORTH AND SOUTH
    KOREA NOWADAYS
COMPARE NORTH AND SOUTH
    KOREA NOWADAYS
KOREAN WAR
                   KOREAN WAR
   Name Source of Korean War
     In South Korea the war is usually referred to as "625" or
    the 6–2–5 War (yook-ee-oh junjeng), reflecting the date of
    its commencement on 25 June
     In North Korea the war is officially referred to as
    the Fatherland Liberation War (Choguk haebang
    chǒnjaeng)
    It has been referred to in the United States as The Forgotten
    War or The Unknown War.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-fnnqTAsS48
KOREAN WAR
  I. THE COUNRTRY DIVIDED BY
          WAR (1945-1953)
 The occupation of Japanese
  In 1910, Japan compelled Korea sign “Korea-Japan treaty”.
  Korea became the colony of Japan.
 New divided of Korea
  In 8-1945, Japanese fascist surrendered Ally. US army and
  Soviet army took Korean from Japan (At the Potsdam
  Conference (July–August 1945)
  US and Soviet used the 38’ North parallel to be the new
  border.
  In August-1948, in the South established the Republic of
  Korea
  In September-1948, in the North established the
  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
I. THE COUNRTRY DIVIDED BY
        WAR (1945-1953)
    I. THE COUNRTRY DIVIDED BY
            WAR (1945-1953)
   War development
    - Cause of war
    + Kim II-sung and Pak Hon-yong wanted to unify
    Korea.
    + Since 1949 to early 1950, they had a lot of strike
    along the border.
    + On 30-January-1950, Stalin sent a telegram to Kim
    II-sung that Stalin ready to support North Korea.
    I. THE COUNRTRY DIVIDED BY
            WAR (1945-1953)
   Development process of war
    • 25-June-1950, North Korean army cross the border and
      attacked South Korean army. They occupied Kaesong,
      Chuncheon, Uijeongbu and Ongjin.
    • The UN draft the Resolution 83
     Since September to November 1950, UN army attacked
      North Korean Army and drive back enemy to 38’N parallel
      and kept attacking to rescue prisoner (October 1950)
     Since November 1950 to January 1951, China army
      participated in the war with North Korean army. They drived
      back US army and won in Battle in Chosin lake
     Since January 1951 to July 1953, two side were at a
     standstill. And ceased fire in 27-July-1953
 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wi
  kipedia/vi/6/6a/Korea-
  overview2.1.GIF
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?
  v=_JHfYmA7PJg&feature=fvwrel
   I. THE COUNRTRY DIVIDED BY
           WAR (1945-1953)
 Casualty
   Total civilians killed/wounded: 2.5 million
   South Korea: 990,968
     373,599 killed
     229,625 wounded
     387,744 abducted/missing
     North Korea:
     215,000 dead
     303,000 wounded
     120,000 MIA or POW
     China P.R.
     183,108 dead (including non-combat deaths)
     383,218 wounded
     25,621 MIA
     21,400 POW
     (U.S. estimate)
     400,000+ dead
     486,000 wounded
     21,000 POW
     Soviet Union:
     282 dead
     Total: 1,187,682-1,545,822
             After 1953 to 2011
 Timeline:
• 21-January-1968: Some commandos made a sudden
  attack in Blue House to kill Park Chung Hee, South
  Korean President. The mission failed and 32 were killed
  or cached.
• 15-August-1974: A North Koean sniper shooted Park
  Chung Hee when he was reading a speech. But the dead
  is wife of President.
• 9-October-1983: The North Korean commandos boomed a
  street in Myanmar. 4 minister and 16 people were killed.
• 17-September-1996: A submarine dropped a commando
  group to hunt in South Korean beach. 24 commandos
  were killed include 11 killed themselves.
              After 1953 to 2011
   15-June-1999: Sea battle in HuangHai sea. One
    North Korean ship was wrecked. 20 man dead.
   27-November-2001: First fire in the border since
    1953.
   22-December-2001: Amani-Oshima sea battle.
   29-June-2002:Yeonpyeong Sea battle. One South
    Korean ship was wrecked and 6 dead, 16 wounded.
    One North Korean ship was wrecked, 13 dead.
   January-2009. North Korean warmed South Korean
    that they had nuclear weapon.
              After 1953 to 2011
 29-7-2009: North Korean army catch a boat and 4 sailors.
 10-11-2009: A North Korean ship crossed the border on
  the sea and was shooted by South Korean ships
 23-11-2010: Shelling in Yeonpyeong. North Korean army
  shooted in Yeonpyeong in South Korea. 2 marines were
  killed and more than 10 civilian wounded.
      III. KOREAN CONFLICT IN
     INTERNATIONAL RELATION
             PERSPECTIVE
   Dominance
       III. KOREAN CONFLICT IN
      INTERNATIONAL RELATION
              PERSPECTIVE
   Reciprocity
        III. KOREAN CONFLICT IN
       INTERNATIONAL RELATION
               PERSPECTIVE
   Identity
               CONCLUSION
 International influence
 Nuclear crisis in North Korean.
 Cold war
 Consequence of War
 The pangs of parting
       HOPE IN THE FUTURE

 Ending this war.
 People will be reunited
 No more Nuclear crisis.
 Peace in Korea.
                  Conference
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War
 http://www.state.gov/
 From the book ASIA-PACIFIC of Thomas Crump
Thanks for your attention!

				
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posted:9/15/2011
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