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LAT newsletter Fall 06


									   BRINGING RESOURCES            VOLUME 6, NUMBER 3                                                                           SUMMER 2007

  Spring Retreat
                                LAT NEWS                                                          N E W Y O R K S TAT E
                                                                                                  LAWYER ASSISTANCE TRUST

 2 From the Chair
 3 Vicarious Trauma:
   An Overlooked Source
   of Burnout
 4 NYC Bar LAP Award to
   Ray Nelson
    Professional Assistance
    Group meeting
                                Attendees at the recent NYLAT JUDGE ADVISORY PANEL meeting included, L–R (seated): Hon. Thomas
    Northeast Regional          VanStrydonck; Hon. John Rowley, Chair; Hon. Sharon Townsend; David R. Pfalzgraf, NYLAT Chair; (standing):
    CoLAP meeting               Barbara Smith, NYLAT Director; Hon. Marguerite Grays; Hon. Sheryl Parker; Paul Curtin, NYSBA LAP Staff;
                                Hon. Charles McFaul; Hon. Karen Peters; Hon. John Owens, Hon. A. Gail Prudenti, Hon. Tanya Kennedy;
 5 NYSBA Committee
                                Hon. David Gideon; Eileen Travis, NYC LAP Director; Hon. Vincent Reilly, and Hon. Sallie Krauss. Absent when
   News                         the photograph was taken were Hon. Ernest Cavallo, Hon. Robert Keating; Hon. Anthony Marano; Hon. George
 6 ABA Halifax Conference       Marlow, Hon. James McLeod; Hon. John Nesbitt and Patricia Spataro, NYSBA LAP Director.

    Franklin P. Gavin
    Memorial Award
 7 Extraordinary Service
                                Inagural Judge Advisory Panel Meeting Held
 8 Depression in the Legal
                                T   he first meeting of the NYLAT’s Judge Advisory Panel laid the ground work for an ambitious
                                      Panel Chair John Rowley noted that the Panel's goals are to develop a program to effectively edu-
   Profession                   cate judges about the signs and symptoms of substance abuse and mental health problems in lawyers who
 9 The ABC’s of LAP’s:          appear before them and about the resources available; and to assist judges who may be chemically
   Helping at Law Schools       dependent, depressed or have other mental health conditions that may impair judicial independence/com-
12 Events                       petence and raise awareness of resources for addressing those problems.
                                      A brainstorming session identified obstacles particular to individuals serving as judges.
                                      The Panel anticipates meeting periodically and finalizing its work product in the next eighteen
     Save the Date:
                                                                               The 18th annual National Alcohol and Drug Addiction
 November 4–5, 2007
                                                                               Recovery Month (Recovery Month) is a commemoration
 Touro Law Conference:                                                         that will occur this September — in cities and towns, big and
 Law As A Healing Profession                                                   small, nationwide. We celebrate and recognize the valiant
                                                                               efforts of people who are in recovery from substance use
 See page 12 for more events.
                                                                               disorders, as well as those of their biggest supporters.
                                                                                     This year’s theme, “Join the Voices for Recovery:
                                                                               Saving Lives, Saving Dollars,” asks you to take notice of the
Treatment works —                                                              financial and human costs of substance use disorders, and
                                                                               to understand the benefits that investing in treatment can
   there is hope.                                                              have on those who enter recovery, their families, and the
                                                                               larger community.
              FROM THE CHAIR                    By David R. Pfalzgraf

                                                               Let’s take the example of Mary (not
    W       e all know the purposes for which
            the Lawyer Assistance Trust was
    formed. It is my belief that the Trust is now
                                                          her name), a young lawyer in Erie County.
                                                               Members of the Bar Association of
    effectively providing leadership and finan-           Erie County Lawyers Helping Lawyers
    cial assistance to existing programs formed           Committee were asked by her employer to
    for the prevention and treatment of alcohol,          speak to Mary about her apparent drinking
    substance abuse and mental health prob-               on the job. She was approached informally
    lems among lawyers, judges and law stu-               by committee members and acknowledged
    dents. The Trust has directly encouraged              that she sometime drank alcohol before
    and supported the expansion of existing               court appearances but that she needed to do
    programs and the development of new pro-              so to calm her nerves. Mary was subse-
    grams. The twenty-one trustees, individual-           quently fired after a local judge reported
    ly and through the Trust’s committee                  her in-court intoxication to her employer.          Assistance Program spring weekend in
    structure, devote a great deal of time to the         Mary was then approached by an interven-            Lake George New York where she was able
    Trust’s objectives and we are blessed to              tion specialist who coordinated her detox           to interact with scores of lawyers in recov-
    have Barbara Smith and Sue McDougall on               and placement in a treatment facility. The          ery from all parts of the State. The cost of
    staff to spearhead Trust initiatives.                 services of the intervention specialist were        her attendance was covered by a Trust grant
          But does all this work, time, educa-            paid for out of a grant to the Erie Bar by          to the State Bar for scholarships.
    tional effort; financial support and new              the Trust. Mary’s in-patient treatment was                About one month ago Mary attended a
    program development translate into actual             paid for partly by the Erie County Bar              12-step meeting which she had never
    recovery of lawyers?                                  Foundation and partly by the Trust.                 attended before. That meeting was also
                                                                             Mary returned from               attended, for her first meeting, by a first
                                                                       treatment and stayed sober for         year law student from Buffalo Law School.
                                                                       about 60 days when she had a           Mary and this young woman have been
                                                                       brief relapse. Paul Curtin, the        inseparable since this first encounter and
                                                                       NYSBA Lawyer Assistance                are sharing their experience, strength and
                                                                       Program’s Fourth Department            hope with each other on a daily basis.
                                                                       coordinator [whose salary is                 Do the efforts of those involved in the
                                                                       underwritten by the Trust],            Lawyer Assistance Trust translate into the
                                                                       was instrumental in getting            actual recovery of lawyers? You bet they do.
                                                                       Mary back on the right track.          With Mary’s continuing commitment to her
                                                                       Mary redoubled her efforts in          recovery program, she will remain a power
                                                                       a 12-step recovery program,            of example and positive role model to
                                                                       obtained a program sponsor             scores of lawyers, young and old, male and
                                                                       and recommitted to working             female, employed or unemployed who will
                                                                       the steps of recovery. Mary            cross her path in the days, weeks, months
                                                                       attended the NYSBA Lawyer              and years to come.

                                                                        Photograph of the LAT Board and Staff taken in May 2007. Pictured (from the bot-
                                                                        tom to the top, L-R): Patricia Spataro, John C. Rowley; Eileen C. Travis, David R.
                                                                        Pfalzgraf (Chair); Katherine S. Bifaro, Henry E. Kruman, Marjorie A. Silver; Heena
                                                                        Shaikh; Jean S. Miller, Kathleen E. Coughlin; Barbara F. Smith (Director); Charles
                                                                        D. McFaul, Susan McDougall (Staff Assistant).

                                                                        Unavailable when the photograph was taken were: Charles W. Beinhauer,
                                                                        Michael A. Cooper, Robert P. Guido, Courtenay W. Hall, William E. Hammond,
                                                                        Steven S. Kipnis, Sarah L. Krauss, Avrom Robin, and Steven F. Seidman.

                                                          The Lawyer Assistance Trust News
    This newsletter is published periodically to          • describe programs and initiatives concerning      comments on issues covered in this newsletter or
    increase knowledge about the impact of alcohol          alcohol and substance abuse and/or mental         other points of interest that will extend dialogue on
    and substance abuse and mental health issues in         health issues in the profession;                  the topic of alcoholism and substance abuse and
    the legal profession and to provide information       • help to promote and advocate for lawyer assis-    mental health issues in the legal profession. Please
    concerning activities of the Lawyer Assistance          tance services in New York, and/or                note submissions may be edited for style and
    Trust, lawyer assistance services, and local lawyer   • provide critical commentary and observation on    length. Articles, letters, questions and comments
    assistance committees. The Trust welcomes letters       current professional issues, social problems or   should be directed to Barbara F. Smith, Executive
    to the editor and/or news articles that:                legal/policy matters affecting access to lawyer   Director, Lawyer Assistance Trust, 54 State Street,
    • expand knowledge of access to lawyer assistance       assistance services.                              Albany, New York 12207; (518) 285-4545, fax
      services;                                           Readers are also encouraged to send brief           (518) 432-8885, email:

Vicarious Trauma:
An Overlooked Source of Burnout
By Patricia Spataro
NYSBA Lawyer Assistance Program Director
Vicarious trauma is a serious issue for judges and attorneys. A discussion about the impact of vicari-
ous trauma on the profession is long overdue. Vicarious trauma is as insidious as it is complex, and
I humbly offer my insight to begin the conversation about recognizing it and dealing with it. I welcome
your thoughts, ideas, and experiences with vicarious trauma so we can learn from each other.

                                                                             • Preoccupation with certain aspects of the event
O     ne of my very first counseling cases was a man who lost his son
      in a house fire. To give the details would be difficult to write and
perhaps even more difficult to read so I will just say that my first ses-
                                                                             • Intrusive thoughts or nightmares
                                                                             • Hypersensitivity to related reminders such as news stories, movies
sion with this person was more than I could bear. My son was the             • Feeling overprotective or fearful for safety of loved ones
same age as his son and when this man was in a fetal position on the         • Diminished interest in hobbies or fun, social activities
floor of my office weeping I thought for sure I made a mistake enter-        • Increased general mistrust of humankind
ing the counseling profession. In the days that followed this session,             Left unaddressed, these reactions can lead to physical problems
I was grief stricken, depressed, and clung to my children obsessively.       and illness, emotional instability, work related problems, relationship
Thankfully this intense reaction passed, and I continued counseling          problems, as well as addiction and other mental health problems…
this client. He found the sessions helpful, but I can recall the feelings    just as it does for victims.
right now as if it were yesterday.                                                 It is hard to predict why one person experiences vicarious trauma
      A year or so later I counseled a young man who had many seri-          and others don’t, or do so to a lesser degree. Many factors contribute to
ous issues, and sexual promiscuity was one of them. In one particu-          this. An individual’s personal history with trauma, mental health, cur-
lar session, he gave the details of gang sex, which usually involved         rent life circumstances, the amount of time exposed to others’ trauma,
many males with one female. “There are rules,” he explained, as he           the severity of the traumas, and a person’s empathic tendencies all play
described how the arrangements are made and how participants are             a role in determining the degree to which someone experiences vicari-
expected to interact. I was anxious for the session to be over. It was a     ous trauma. Many people are attracted to the helping professions
beautiful spring day, and after he left I quickly went out into the park-    because they are empathic by nature. Being too empathic can lead to
ing lot, got in my car, opened the sun roof, and sat there with the          overly identifying, feeling overwhelmed, and setting unrealistic expec-
bright sun directly on me in hopes the power of the sun would banish         tations for helping the victim. Once a professional becomes too pas-
the impact the session had on me.                                            sionate about another’s situation, then objectivity, boundaries, and
      As a trained CISD (Critical Incident Stress Debriefing) facilitator,   ultimately the professional relationship are compromised.
I did many debriefings. I enjoyed facilitating this powerfully effective           Recognizing the extent to which vicarious trauma may affect
process, but it took awhile before I accepted the wave of fear that would    you, knowing your empathic tendency, managing your reactions,
wash over me at the beginning of the session when people described the       maintaining healthy boundaries, and engaging in revitalizing activi-
details of the bank robbery, accidental death, or the incident of work       ties can keep you protected from vicarious trauma.
place violence as a passing thing. It was only when I recognized that it           Even though I had moments in the beginning of my career when
was a normal, passing reaction did I become OK with it.                      I doubted my choice of profession, I truly love what I do. When asked
      In the weeks following 9/11, I made several trips to New York          “how can you listen to people’s problems day in and day out?” My
City to help the victims. Apart from feeling I was doing as much good        response is “I don’t see it like that; I see it as witnessing the triumph
as spitting in the ocean and seeing the water level rise, people were        of the human spirit every day in my work.” There are times I counsel
grateful for an opportunity to talk. Even though I felt tremendously         individuals who have experienced profound trauma and yet are able
honored by this work and was told the work I did made a difference;          to find peace…that tells me that the human spirit’s capacity to
the fatigue of that experience became more than what a good night’s          rebound is infinite. I manage vicarious trauma by nurturing this nat-
sleep could fix. The compassion fatigue sank into my bones, and it           ural resiliency trait we humans have — this is not a panacea for vicar-
became a contributing factor in a serious episode of burnout that            ious trauma but it does help.
eventually caused me to leave my job.                                              Recently, I was listening to National Public Radio and a report on
      Judges and attorneys are regularly exposed to the trauma expe-         how yoga is taught to help the children traumatized by war in Lebanon.
rienced by their clients. Individuals seek legal counsel and go to court     Yoga’s great with many issues, and I do yoga daily and can attest to its
as the result of a tragic accident, unthinkable domestic violence, or        effectiveness, but it was the way they ended the yoga session that piqued
heinous crime. Trying to be stoic and denying the affect this can have       my interest. At the end of the yoga class they throw their heads back and
on you can make you more vulnerable. The fact is that those who are          laugh. The act of laughing begets more laughter confirming that laugh-
exposed to vicarious trauma suffer many of the same reactions that           ter is the best medicine and contagious too as I couldn’t help but start
victims suffer including:                                                    laughing myself. The message is that trauma is a part of life and comes
• Repetitive images of the trauma                                            in many forms and in many ways, few of us totally escape it, and there
• Avoiding reminders of the incident                                         are many ways to cope with it…these too are a part of life.
                                                                                                                         L AT NEWS SUMMER 2007      3
NYC Bar LAP Award
to Ray Nelson
By Eileen Travis, NYC LAP Director
and Avrom Robin, Chair, NYC Bar LAP Committee

O     n Thursday, June 7, 2007, the New York City Bar Association’s
      Lawyer Assistance Committee sponsored the First Annual
Volunteer Appreciation Dinner. The idea for the dinner has been
germinating for a long time and we were thrilled it finally came to
      Committee members, volunteers and friends from around the
state joined us, including Patricia Spataro, NYSBA LAP Director and
Barbara Smith, Executive Director of the New York Lawyer                      Left to Right: Avrom Robin, Eileen Travis and Ray Nelson
Assistance Trust.
      The Committee selected Ray Nelson as the first volunteer to be               Ray has enjoyed a long and prosperous career as an attorney
honored for excellent service. Ray has been an active Committee               working for firms, then developing his private practice. Recently, Ray
member since 1982 and has participated in all aspects of volunteering,        relocated to New Jersey and says he plans to retire, but promises to
providing education, outreach, monitoring and peer support to other           be available to us if needed.
attorneys in need. Ray has frequently volunteered to chair the Lawyer              We plan to make this a yearly event, and we hope that many
AA meeting that takes place at the NYC Bar every Thursday evening.            more of you will join us next year.

NYPAG Spring
Gathering Held
                                                      Northeast Regional CoLAP Meeting
                                                      Held in Connecticut
O     n Friday, May 11, members of the New
      York Professional Assistance Group
[NYPAG] met at OASAS in Albany.
Representatives of assistance programs serv-                                                                 Connecticut reported an active initial year
ing lawyers, doctors, nurses, dentists, teach-
ers and the professions overseen by the
                                                    L    awyers Concerned for Lawyers–
                                                         Connecticut hosted the 2007 annual
                                                    meeting of the Lawyer Assistance Program
                                                                                                       of providing staffed services; finding office
                                                                                                       space, developing a website, creating new
Department of Education gather periodically         Directors from the northeastern United             brochures, starting support group meetings.
to discuss matters of mutual interest.              States. Director Beth Griffin and Chair                  Readers are familiar with the work of
      Committee for Physician Health’s              William Leary welcomed the group.                  the New York programs, whose new initia-
Medical Director Beth Boyarsky arranged                   New Yorkers attending included:              tives, in this past year, included new hires to
for speakers from North Shore LIJ Hospital          NYSBA LAP Director Pat Spataro, NYC                provide expanded outreach throughout the
Professionals Program. Joining the group            Committee on Lawyer Assistance Chair               state and various volunteer training programs.
were Rick Tarenzi, Pat Conroy, Carl                 Avrom Robin; Nassau County LAP Director                  Special guest speaker for the meeting
Zannetti, and Colleen Dylan, clinicians and         Peter Schweitzer; and LAT Director Barbara         was Philip Valentine, Executive Director of
therapists with the Hospital.                       Smith. New Jersey LAP was represented by           the Connecticut Community for Addiction
      The speakers agreed that professionals        Director Bill Kane and Assistant Director          Recovery. Valentine shared his reflections on
often pose problems in treatment arising from       Nancy Stek. Massachusetts LCL Director             bridging the gap between treatment and sta-
unique licensing concerns; psychological            Ellen Murphy rounded out the attendees.            ble recovery.
similarities that may contribute to their isola-          During the business meeting, the pro-              One interesting CCAR program enlists
tion; the nature of their relationships with oth-   gram staff reported on their latest initiatives.   volunteers to call persons newly in recovery to
ers, and issues related to returning to work.             New Jersey has developed a prevention        provide recovery support. The volunteer fol-
      Interestingly, the speakers noted that        education module for candidates for admis-         lows a “script” and, the recoveree is helped at a
2006 was the first year in which abuse of           sion to the Bar that have been referred            low cost. “It’s a win-win scenario. All the
“licit” drugs (prescriptions) exceeded use of       through their character and fitness process.       results, outcomes and evaluations from this
illegal drugs among individuals they served.        Their LAP is funded through a $10/attorney         effort have been outstanding,” commented
      NYPAG’s mission is to serve as a net-         registration allocation.                           Valentine. “And the volunteers themselves need
work for sharing ideas about outreach, edu-               Massachusetts LCL has updated its            not be in recovery to be effective at this task.”
cation, policies, and resources available           website, created new brochures and expanded              Barbara Smith, NYLAT Director and
through the various assistance programs, and        its services into the law office management        CoLAP Regional Liaison, thanked Beth Griffin
to provide opportunities for learning about         arena, enabled by a 15% budget increase.           and Bill Leary for hosting the meeting.
related topics by hosting speakers.
NYSBA Lawyer Assistance Committee News
By Sallie Krauss, Committee Chair

                                                                             process in order to assist attorneys suf-
                                                                             fering from an addictive disorder get
                                                                             the help that they need within the
                                                                             structure of the grievance process.
                                                                                   Hon. John Rowley, the secretary to LAC, has worked diligently
                                                                             in the past few months within the LAT structure to begin planning
                                                                             educational programs that would appeal to the judges here in New
                                                                             York State. On-going efforts at education include presentations in the
                                                                             First and Second Judicial Departments for newly admitted attorneys
                                                                             as well as presentations around the state at various local bar associa-
                                                                             tions. The judges who are members of LAC are actively involved in
                                                                             this education initiative.
                                                                                   Our efforts to serve the Appellate Divisions by monitoring attor-
                                                                             neys’ sobriety and treatment when referred by the disciplinary coun-
                                                                             sel or the court continues to be a focus of the Committee’s work. The
                                                                             Monitoring Guidelines that were developed in 2006 are in the process
T    he Lawyer Assistance Committee and the Lawyer Assistance
     Program once again held a really wonderful Retreat in beautiful
Silver Bay, Lake George. This time away from our busy careers and
                                                                             of a close review to ensure that the goals of the referring authority
                                                                             and the goals of the LAP are in congruence.
active lives was indeed used to re-energize our spirits, reduce our stress         LAC will be discussing these Monitoring Guidelines at the next
and renew our commitment in the field of lawyer assistance. The              meeting which will take place in Cooperstown, New York on June 29,
Committee extends its heartfelt thanks to both Pat Spataro and Linda         2007 in conjunction with the NYSBA spring meeting. Should any
McMahon for helping to make the retreat so enjoyable and rewarding.          reader find themselves interested in attending as a guest, please con-
      The retreat was planned as a wellness weekend which included           tact me at (347) 296-1533 or Pat Spataro at the number below for
a presentation on how to manage stress. This segment was offered to          information about the meeting. Guest attendees are welcome but
us by a professional stress management expert who presents nation-           must be preregistered with LAP.
ally to people in medical services as well as commercial groups. A                 One final word for any readers who may not know of the work
yoga and meditation session, which was bravely attended by almost            and assistance provided by the Lawyer Assistance Committee and the
all the retreat attendees, was offered by a professional yoga instructor     Lawyer Assistance Program of NYSBA: all help is free and confiden-
who also teaches the staff of NYSBA. A session on spiritual growth           tial. A call to Pat Spataro at (800) 255-0569 at NYSBA, to Eileen
in the face of addiction and the stress of the legal practice was offered    Travis at (212) 302-5787 at New York City Bar or to Peter Schweitzer
by the Fourth Department Outreach Coordinator, Paul Curtin.                  at (888) 408-6222 at Nassau County Bar will result in immediate,
      After dinner on Saturday night, a lively sing-a-long took place        free and confidential assistance for the affected attorney or judge.
in the boathouse with a roaring fire in the fireplace. We had hoped to
have an outside bonfire but it was chilly and rain was threatening.
Despite the weather our hearts and spirits were cheered by the song
and camaraderie.
      NYSBA President, Kate Madigan, not only attended the retreat
but fully participated in every activity. The Committee extends its
thanks to her for her strong and committed support of our efforts in
many arenas. Kate hosted a meeting recently in her office in
Binghamton to help bring education to the legal community there
about impairments which affect the ability to practice and to assist in
the efforts to create a local Lawyer Assistance Committee for the
Broome County Bar Association.
      At the retreat, LAT Director, Barbara Smith, received the
Extraordinary Service Award in recognition of her outstanding con-
tributions to the entire field of lawyer assistance both in New York
State and nationally. Elsewhere in this newsletter are the remarks
made about Barbara Smith at the time she was given the award.
      On Saturday evening, the Honorable A. Gail Prudenti received
the Franklin P. Gavin Memorial Award for her many years of contri-
butions to the field of lawyer assistance and most recently for her
unyielding efforts to bring fairness and justice to the disciplinary
                                                                                                                       L AT NEWS SUMMER 2007      5
                                                                                                    ABA Halifax
                                                                                                    Conference Set
                                                                                                    S   everal New Yorkers will play a role
                                                                                                        at the 2007 National Conference,
                                                                                                    sponosored by the American Bar
                                                                                                    Association’s Commission on Laywer
                                                                                                    Assistance Programs.
                                                                                                          NYLAT Director Barbara Smith
                                                                                                    will Co-Chair the conference (along
                                                                                                    with Derek LaCroix of British
                                                                                                    Columbia); NYSBA LAP Director
                                                                                                    Pat Spataro and NYC LAP Director
                                                                                                    Eileen Travis will be speaking and
                                                                                                    facilitating panels.

Franklin P Gavin Memorial Award • Hon. A. Gail Prudenti, Recipient
Remarks by Sallie Krauss on Presenting this Award, May 19, 2007 at Silver Bay, Lake George

    onight we are giving the Franklin P.
T   Gavin award to a most deserving
      Before I tell you about the recipient,
please listen for a few minutes while I tell
you about the person for whom the award is
      Frank Gavin was a charter member of
the New York State Bar Association’s
Committee on Lawyer Alcoholism and Drug
Abuse. He was a practicing attorney in the
Albany area for over 40 years, and in the 28
years he was a member of Alcoholics
Anonymous, he provided assistance to many
members of the bench and bar who had prob-       (Pictured, L–R) NYSBA Committee Chair Hon. Sallie Krauss; NYSBA President Kathryn Grant
lems with alcohol and drug abuse. Seventeen      Madigan; Hon. A. Gail Prudenti, Gavin Award Recipient; NYSBA LAP Director Patricia Spataro;
                                                 NYLAT Director Barbara Smith, Service Award Recipient; and NYC Bar LAP Director Eileen Travis.
(17) years ago, this award was created and
named after him, and is given annually to a
person who has demonstrated outstanding          has published extensively, writing articles in   procedures put in place, attorneys who have
interest and support of the goals of both the    the field of Trusts and Estates, as well as      substance abuse issues were considered and
Lawyer Assistance Committees and Lawyer          handbooks for Guardian Ad Litem and              dealt with compassionately and fairly. To that
Assistance Programs in New York State.           Guardianship proceedings.                        end, Justice Prudenti helped institute what is
      This year we are extremely proud and            Justice Prudenti worked with the            now a Second Department Diversion Rule,
honored that the Hon. A. Gail Prudenti, the      Suffolk County on Lawyers Alcoholism and         bringing to the downstate area a more consis-
presiding Justice of the Appellate Division,     Drug Abuse for many years, supporting the        tent treatment within the disciplinary setting
Second Department, is our award recipient        Committee’s education and outreach efforts.      for attorneys affected with these issues.
for 2007.                                             Justice Prudenti was instrumental in              Justice Prudenti’s unfailing support,
      Justice Prudenti has served in various     working with the New York State Bar              encouragement and involvement with the
judicial capacities since 1991, serving on the   Association’s Lawyer Assistance Committee        Committee and Programs dealing with issues
State Supreme Court in Suffolk County, as        and Lawyer Assistance Program as well as         affecting attorneys, such as substance abuse
the Surrogate of Suffolk County, and now as      with the New York City Bar Association’s         or mental health issues, makes her selection
the Presiding Justice. She has worked as an      Lawyer Assistance Committee and Program          as the 2007 recipient of the Franklin P. Gavin
ADA in Suffolk County, as well as a practic-     to ensure that, when the Second Department       Award an outstanding choice and one we are
ing law in the area of Trusts and Estates. She   disciplinary system was reviewed and new         so proud to be giving her tonight.
Extraordinary Service Award
Barbara F. Smith, Recipient
Remarks by Sallie Krauss on Presenting this Award
May 18, 2007 at Silver Bay, Lake George

                                                  Attorneys in Public Service, Student Loan
T    he Lawyer Assistance Committee has
     created a special service award and has
chosen a very special person to receive it in
                                                  Assistance for the Public Interest and
                                                  Sarbanes-Oxley Issues (if you want to know
the first year that it will be given.             what that is — you’ll have to ask Barbara).
      For those of you who have never attend-     She serves on the Board of Editors for the
ed a committee meeting, the fact that the         Government Law and Policy Journal. She
award was created and a candidate voted on        writes and edits public policy and ethics
to receive it in one short meeting, may not be    articles and books. She is also this region’s
so astonishing to you — but for this con-         Commissioner for the ABA’s Commission
                                                                                                     Sallie Krauss and Barbara Smith
tentious bunch — you know we all have our         on Lawyer Assistance Programs. This year
own ideas about what should happen in any         she is also the co-chair of the International
given moment — that is a greatly astonishing      Co-LAP Conference being held in Halifax,                 Six years ago, I doubt Barbara Smith
fact for us — and it goes to show you how we      Nova Scotia.                                       thought about the issues and projects that she
all feel about the award recipient. At that             So, that is a somewhat abbreviated ver-      now spends her days creating and supporting,
meeting, consensus was reached immediately        sion of her biography. And for all of that         more than once or twice.
and unanimously to give this award to our         work, she is most deserving of an award.                 In these past few years, she has become
own Barbara Smith.                                But the Extraordinary Service Award is             our main cheerleader, funding source, back-
      Before I call her up here to receive it,    being given to Barbara because of her out-         up support, champion of our cause and a
I’d like to tell you a little bit about her. As   standing work in the area of helping               leader nationally in the field of lawyer assis-
you probably know, Barbara is the                 impaired attorneys.                                tance. We are so very proud of you, Barbara
Executive Director of the Lawyer                        Barbara has demonstrated not only            and so very grateful that Judge Kaye and Jim
Assistance Trust and has been for over five       commitment to the goals and aspirations of         Moore had the foresight to bring you on
years. Prior to that, she was Counsel to the      the Lawyer Assistance Committees and               board with the Trust, so happy and thankful
New York State Ethics Commission from             Programs throughout the entire State of New        that you have become our friend.
1988 to November 2001, when she accept-           York, but has also served us with her untiring           I am happy to be able to present to you
ed the position with the Trust.                   efforts on behalf of all of us who labor to        tonight — for all your extraordinary service
      She serves on many committees with the      ensure that afflicted lawyers receive the treat-   to us — this Extraordinary Service Award
New York State Bar — Committees on Law            ment that they need, the second chance at life     from the New York State Bar Association
Practice Continuity, Attorney Professionalism,    that we have been given.                           Lawyer Assistance Committee.

     Barbara Smith’s Remarks on Receipt of the Service Award
   Thank you very much for this honor.                                     nized in this award, too.
        When I reflect on my upbringing, I recall that I was                   In particular, I would like to thank the LAT Chairs,
   raised in a family that had high expectations of me. I                  David Pfalzgraf and James Moore; and the LAP
   learned to give my best effort to the tasks before me.                  Directors, Eileen Travis and Pat Spataro, who have
        So the idea that I would receive recognition for the               worked so cooperatively to make the Trust a success.
   services that I have rendered as Director of the Trust is                   A job in this field of lawyer assistance is really like
   very special, particularly sweet.                                       no other I have had. The people I meet — you are warm,
        By recognizing my work, you must necessarily rec-                  funny, joyful and caring. I hope that I grow more like you
   ognize that of my assistant for many years, Sue                         every day.
   McDougall. She is the backbone behind the scenes, keep-                     In closing, I’d like to recite a quote from Thomas
   ing me organized and focused, with great attention for                  Merton, which sums up my perspective: “You do not need
   detail. We make a good team.                                            to know precisely what is happening, or where it is all
        What I’ve accomplished is supported in no small part               going. What you need is to recognize the possibilities and
   by the members of the Trust, between 30 and 40 individ-                 challenges offered by the present moment, and to
   uals with whom I have served in the last five years; and                embrace them with courage, faith and hope.”
   their collective experience, strength and hope are recog-                   Thank you for this award.

                                                                                                                       L AT NEWS SUMMER 2007      7
                  Depression in the Legal Profession:
                                                Let’s Help!
                                                              By Dan Lukasik, Esq.

    I  t is common knowledge that depression is prevalent in our
           Newsweek recently ran a cover story entitled “Depression and
                                                                                  Despite these statistics, it is often difficult for a lawyer strug-
                                                                             gling with depression to come to terms with, and effectively
                                                                             respond to it. They often hide from others and fail to seek help for
    Men” which reported that the annual economic impact of adult             their depression because they feel ashamed and weak. This
    depression in this country is estimated at $83 billion in lost produc-   response further isolates afflicted attorneys and contributes to a
    tivity. Any trip to your local bookstore reveals shelves devoted to      painful sense of loneliness.
    depression.                                                                   Yet, the statistics make clear that depressed lawyers are far
           According to the World Health Organization, depression            from alone.
    affects 121 million people worldwide and by the year 2020, depres-
    sion will be the number two cause of “lost years of health life”         MANY ATTORNEYS STRUGGLE WITH DEPRESSION, but try to deal with
    worldwide.                                                               it by themselves. However, motivated by the prospect of helping
           The National Institute of Mental Health recently concluded        attorneys with depression, I urge readers to think about starting or
    that depression afflicts approximately 19 million American adults        participating in a support group.
    every year.                                                                    When I tried to locate a support groups for attorneys with
           Amplifying these troubling numbers, psychologist Richard          depression that I could attend, I was unable to do so. So I contact-
    O’Connor notes these statistics:                                         ed my local bar association which has a program called “Lawyers
    • Health economists have equated the disability caused by major          Helping Lawyers” (many local bar association have such a commit-
        depression (i.e., lost time from work and health care costs) in      tee; see note below). I met with a staff member, and after some
        this country with that of blindness or paraplegia;                   discussion, she agreed to contact attorneys who had informed her
    • The chances of developing major depression at some point in            of their depression during the past year, with the idea of establish-
        life are estimated at about 22 percent for women, 10 percent for     ing a support group. A dozen lawyers agreed to attend such a meet-
        men in this country.                                                 ing to participate and to help.
                                                                                   It is easy enough to judge others who struggle with a problem
    WHILE THESE NUMBERS ARE STAGGERING, they are modest when                 that we may not share. But I would urge members of the legal pro-
    compared to the statistics regarding attorneys who suffer from           fession to seek to understand and help lawyers who struggle with
    depression:                                                              depression.
    • A 1991 John Hopkins study concluded that the incidence of                    Martin Luther King, in one of his most powerful sermons,
      depression among lawyers was up to four times that found               preached to his congregation about the Good Samaritan. Reverend
      among other professionals;                                             King said that the true lesson of this story was the core spiritual
    • Another 1991 study of approximately 100 occupations conclud-           question it raised. The Good Samaritan, upon coming upon the
      ed that 10% of the lawyers met the psychiatric criteria for            injured Levite on the road did not ask “what will happen to me if I
      depression;                                                            help this person?” Rather, Dr. King stressed, he worried “what will
    • A 1996 study by psychologists discovered that 23.4% of attor-          happen to this person if I don’t stop to help him?”
      neys in the State of Washington reported significantly high lev-             We should heed the words of Dr. King and remember that
      els of depression;                                                     lawyers who struggle with depression need our help.
    • Researchers who studied lawyers in Washington State and
      Arizona found that 19% percent of these attorneys were clini-          The author is a member of the New York State Bar Association’s
      cally depressed and of this group, 19% percent were thinking           Lawyer Assistance Committee.
      about suicide.

    WHILE SIMILAR STUDIES HAVE NOT BEEN UNDERTAKEN in recent                  Editor’s Note: Check the listing of county bar associ-
    years, nevertheless, there is little doubt that the mental health of      ations that have lawyer helping lawyer committees,
    lawyers deserves attention. There are approximately 140,000               or contact the staffed lawyer assistance programs
    lawyers practicing in New York State. If the cited statistics are an      sponsored by the New York State or New York City
    indication of the scope of the problem, it may be estimated that          Bar Associations. Contact information may be found
    thousands of New York lawyers may suffer from depression dur-             on the last page of this newsletter.
    ing their lifetimes.

The ABC’S of LAPs:
Helping at Law Schools
Editor’s Note: This is the second in a two-part series of transcribed
remarks taken from a breakout session at the 19th Annual Conference
sponsored by the ABA Commission on Lawyer Assistance Programs held
in San Francisco, featuring panelists Kenneth A. Rosenblum, Associate
Dean for Student Services at Touro Law School and Assistant Dean
Rodney O. Fong, from Golden Gate University School of Law. Dean
Rosenblum’s remarks follow.

                                                                                So that’s the baseline.
T    hanks to all of you for spending some time with us on this glo-
     rious day in this dark room. And, thank you to Donna Spilis and
all the staff hosts of the ABA CoLAP because this conference has
                                                                          As Rod Fong said, there is
                                                                          some scary stuff going on
                                                                                                                                Ken Rosenblum

been terrific, and to Barbara Smith for the introduction.                 out there.
       I’m Ken Rosenblum. I probably have the longest shelf life of
any student services dean at any law school. When we talked about         Here are some of the scary things:
Generation X, I really thought that I am “Generation RX.” In                     A much more medicated generation is in law school now;
preparing this presentation, I went back to my original focus when        many students who in a previous generation would not have made
I started giving these talks five years ago. My theme then was            it to law school have been mainstreamed because of the Americans
“things are bad, they are getting worse and nothing is being done.”       with Disabilities Act. It’s a generation that’s much more comfort-
       I’m glad to say that, now five years out, things are still         able with medication.
bad…they are still are getting worse, but now some really good                   A 2003 article from the Chronicle of Higher Education shows
things are being done.                                                    there is a sharp rise in the number of college students, now the law
       This conference is certainly one of them, and Rod Fong and I       school population, taking psychiatric medications. The article cites
will share a couple of initiatives that I think are important. First of   a study at Kansas University, for a twelve year period, 1989–2001,
all, as they say — the bad news. The baseline for discussion of this      that found that the number of students with depression had doubled,
topic is the survey conducted by the American Association of Law          and the proportion of students taking psychiatric medication went
Schools in the mid-1990s.                                                 from 10 to 25%.
       That survey produced interesting numbers — remember,                      Those people are going to law school; and they are as likely to
though, these are last generation’s numbers, the last time such a sur-    be the good students as the bad students.
vey was done really scientifically:                                              According to the AALS study, 4 out of 10 college students are
 11% of law students report abusing alcohol since entering law           binge drinkers; 1 in 5, or 20%, are regular marijuana users.
      school;                                                                    Another article from The Chronicle of Higher Education
 Third year students reported significantly higher alcohol usage         reports a 10% rise in alcohol-related arrests on college campuses
      rates both for daily and previous month usage than first or sec-    just for this past year.
      ond year students, supporting the position that the experience             Now, some of this relates to increased vigilance and increased
      of law school exacerbates stress and increases alcohol/drug use.    reporting, but when you see the numbers going up 10% in a year,
 Over 20% admitted having used marijuana in the past year, 8%            from the previous year, and climbing at a rate of about 5% the year
      in the last month.                                                  before that, it’s clear that the population coming into law school is
 Nearly 22% have used some illicit drug in the past year, 9% in          problematic.
      the last month.                                                            The other bit of bad news is that there is a real culture of
Most people, experts, look at these numbers and say these numbers         insensitivity that these students come in to. The use of, and the co-
are grossly underreported from the real numbers.                          sponsorship of events with, alcohol at law schools just keeps going
       When I started presenting these findings to deans of law           and going and going.
schools, and to law school student services people, they would usu-              Here is an example of the level of acceptance and how routine
ally say, “That may well happen in fourth tier law schools, but not       this practice has gotten. Distillers have figured out that law students
in my law school.” Well, they are wrong — abuse and addiction             must be the rich kids and they want to entice them to start drinking.
happens in everyone’s law school.                                         According to the National Jurist, a monthly magazine directed at
       And they say, “Well it’s just 4% that are already alcoholics,      law students, they are aggressively co-sponsoring junior and asso-
that’s not so bad.”                                                       ciate events.
       Think about how many students you have in your law school.
Try to relate the percentages to your student body — you need to          So what does this all result in?
translate the statistics to human terms. If you have 700 students that          Predictably, besides the rates of alcohol use, abuse and depres-
means you are likely to have 28 active alcoholics!                        sion, behavior related to these problems can result in criminal activ-

                                                                                                                      L AT NEWS SUMMER 2007         9
 ity. Students may attend a party, trash the premises, break furniture,        Some people will question whether there is an issue of liabil-
 brawl with each other and the cops are called; it is just a disaster fority for the law school to have such a program. That is possible, but
 many students. This has actually happened at some schools, where        I think liability may be greater if the schools don’t institute a stu-
 the alcohol-soaked annual Barrister’s Ball has become the               dent LAP representative program, which encourages students to
 Barristers’ Brawl.                                                      self identify.
       So, alcohol abuse and addiction are bad problems at law                 In many cases, the students who will volunteer to become the
 schools, and the consequences are very difficult to deal with. All      LAP representative will themselves be in recovery. I never make
 law schools have counselors, programs and polices, but the reality      that announcement for them; if they wish to tell someone, that is
 is that we are up against denial and concerns about confidentiality.    their business. I do say the Rep is someone who has been specially
 Those concerns are huge — the concerns about what must be               trained in alcohol/drug counseling.
                                                                                                              On rare occasions, a faculty mem-
                                                                                                        ber or student has come to the student
       I can say to a professional responsibility teacher: Here LAP Rep about another faculty mem-
          is the Course in a Box, here is a reading assignment, ber; and on occasion we have had facul-
                                                                                                        ty members come in about a student.
    lesson plan, teacher’s manual, readings, and CD includ- They would prefer now to go to our Rep
                                                                                                        rather than to me as an administrator.
  ing video interviews with lawyers in recovery telling their                                                 We don’t have a faculty LAP rep-
                                                                                                        resentative, although I’ve thought about
                 stories that will support two hours of instruction. it. I don’t know of anyone on my facul-
                                                                                                        ty who would be qualified, and I do not
 reported to bar admissions staff keeps students from seeking help       know of any faculty member in recovery. I think that if I had a fac-
 for themselves and for identifying others who need it.                  ulty member that I knew to be in a 12-step group I would use them,
        Many students would rather suffer in silence and tough it out,   or see if that person wanted to be available to other faculty members.
 rather than get help, both due to denial and because they fear if they        Some faculty members have consulted the student Rep. Most
 discuss their concerns with a school official, it will get reported to  of the student Reps tend to be more mature dedicated people, who
 bar admission authorities.                                              have been out in the world for a while. Our current Rep is a man in
                                                                         his mid 30’s, who has been though some changes in his life, got his
 How can we address these concerns?                                      life together, had a nice period of sobriety and then started law
        What we’ve tried to do at Touro Law Center, and this is some-    school in his mid 30’s. That’s the typical profile.
 thing I’ve campaigned for with some success, is recruit and identi-           Nothing says that the student LAP Rep program has to be lim-
 fy a student representative for the New York State Bar Lawyer           ited to one student representative. However, I would caution you to
 Assistance Program, to represent LAP on campus. Once we recruit         be careful when you select your representatives, and take the advice
 the individual, and I guarantee you that on law school campuses         of the people at the State LAP as to the student’s readiness and
 there are folks in recovery, in 12-step programs, or maybe also in      qualifications for a program like this. That’s one of the reasons to
 their work background as alcohol and substance abuse counselors.        make sure that the student Rep attends a training session, they make
        What we’ve done is institutionalize a process to recruit them    sure that the proposed Rep has some level of counseling skills and
 and then have them trained by the New York State Bar Lawyer             awareness. They don’t often do a great deal of counseling; mostly
 Assistance Program.                                                     their services involve referrals to another program.
        We recruit them through the law school’s weekly official               The law school also makes a point of publicizing the meet-
 newspaper — I write an ad. As it’s turned out, now it’s a self per-     ing locations for twelve-step groups, so that referrals can also be
 petuating system, because once I recruit and train a Rep, he or she     made. Certainly, a lot of good peer counseling goes on at these
 finds the next one and qualifies the next one, and then once a stu-     meetings, not in the sense of psychological counseling, but terrif-
 dent representative is in place, we hang up informational posters to    ic peer counseling.
 inform the student body and identify the person and his/her contact           The student LAP Reps have tried to have stress relief or reduc-
 information in our weekly student information publication (now          tion programs, but no matter how distinguished the speakers, stu-
 distributed in hard copy and via email each week)…                      dents just won’t attend, for a number of reasons. They will cite lack
        The student LAP Reps become volunteers for the State LAP,        of time, or unwillingness to identify that they are under stress, for
 which guarantees the confidentiality of communications pursuant         example. We even tried feeding them pizza, which only worked for
 to the NYS Judiciary Law. Confidentiality is key. We are very for-      a year or so.
 tunate in New York to have Section 499 of the Judiciary Law, so that
 communications with any LAP Rep, including our student LAP              So what are the benefits from having a student
 Representatives are confidential and privileged. I make sure that       LAP Rep program that we didn’t expect?
 my students know that, from first year orientation and throughout             The Reps put pressure on the teachers to address the issue in
 their stay in school. I introduce the LAP Rep to them; the LAP Rep      class. That’s the final frontier, getting this topic into the curriculum,
 is an integral part of our orientation. I stress the confidentiality; I and we’ll talk about that now.
 tell the students that I never ask the LAP Rep whether he or she has          What I found to make the message much more effective
 seen a particular student.                                              was to make it part of the professional responsibility course,

which is required in most schools; so you have a captive audi-                     Definitely have the materials available. Orientation provides
ence. The battle then becomes with the professional responsibil-             information overload, but the students have not experienced the
ity teachers, who may say that they don’t know how to teach the              stress yet, so you may be able to get their attention better later in the
topic or that it is not sufficiently “academic” to justify the use           semester.
of class time.                                                                     About six weeks into the semester there is a phenomenon
      To get past this, the New York Lawyer Assistance Trust has             where students hit what they call “the wall.” The wall is something
facilitated the development of an idea that we’ve called the                 where they study so hard for so long they are so tired, they get a lit-
“Course in a Box.” From my experience, trying to get profession-             tle frustrated, nothing sinks in and they just break down and cry,
al responsibility professors to take two hours and devote them to            that’s when the depression starts sinking in. I set my academic cal-
problems relating to alcohol abuse or substance abuse and depres-            endar according to how they are reacting, and I can predict where
sion, it’s such a battle.                                                    they are going to be.
      What we did was get a nationally known professional ethics                   You might also suggest to the student bar president to do a
and professional responsibility teacher to assemble a module,                program on stress relief and alcoholism and substance abuse. A stu-
including reading assignments, teacher’s guidebook, in text and CD           dent can be involved, someone from the school’s counseling center
format. Now I can say to a professional responsibility teacher, here         maybe someone from lawyer disciplinary staff. That can be suc-
is the Course in a Box, here is a reading assignment, a lesson plan,         cessful; I think it really helped to have it student-driven, so if you
a teacher’s manual, readings, a CD including video interviews with           can get the SBA or the student bar to work with you, to work on
lawyers in recovery telling their stories that will support two hours        putting together the program and front it, as well as to get their col-
of instruction. With this tool we’ve made some inroads in getting            leagues and peers together to come. Their backing gives it more
the material taught in class. Most of the professional responsibility        credibility, it’s a trust issue, if it appears to be student-sponsored or
teachers in my school are using it; we’ve got some of the other              co-sponsored rather than just the administration.
teachers in New York using it. Copies are available from the Trust                 Something else I wanted to comment on — Ken was talking
if you’d like them.                                                          about having programs for families, Gen Y’s. Gen Y’s are going to
                                                                             be our saviors, one of the characteristics of Gen Y and this is the
Let’s talk about orientation.                                                pendulum of Generations, I guess, Gen X, no parents around, Gen
      There is always big pressure to cover everything in orienta-           Y parents are there helicopter parents — they go to college with
tion. The truth about orientation is, the students don’t remember            them. Now you’ve got the parents or significant others there to help
much. There is such information overload from multiday sessions              up out on this crusade.
including information on academics, services, speeches from dig-                   I think with Gen Y, there is an opportunity for us. Now keep
nitaries. What students mostly remember is buying books and                  in mind they still carry a lot characteristics of Gen X, but I think
spending money. So we need to have realistic expectations about              we’ve got that ally in the family member helping out, and as you
what can be achieved in first year orientation.                              folks know, that’s a really big key.
      However, I have also put together some materials that I call                 Gen X & Y members are tactile learners so, you might have
“Orientation in a Box” that I have shared with all law schools in            multi media presentations, maybe some “Pharm trail mix” there or
New York State. The most important part of this “kit” is the                 something just to show them what these things are, especially the
question students will be asked by the Committee on Character                parents.
and Fitness when they apply for admission. Information about                       They don’t do too well when projecting the future, you’ve got
the character and fitness aspect of the bar admission process is             to show them what the consequences of certain behaviors are. The
probably not uppermost in the students’ minds at orientation, but            admissions staff or the State Bar will eventually catch them, or
I think it is important to get information to students as soon as            maybe they will burn themselves out. They need be alerted to the
possible about what they will need to divulge and how working                greater world and the bigger picture, so I think it’s also important
with a LAP may benefit them in the long run. The key point I                 that you do that.
make is that in New York, the question is only in the present                      And, the other part, of course is to actually bring in speakers
tense: “State whether you have any mental or emotional condi-                who can actually attest to these types of things, that’s the credibili-
tion or substance abuse problem that could adversely affect your             ty that we need. It’s hard in law school when you have a professor
capability to practice law? Are you currently using any illegal              who hasn’t even passed that jurisdiction’s bar exam teaching them,
drugs?” Students are not required to disclose past consultations             much less have someone talking about alcohol and drug abuse who
or treatment.                                                                doesn’t have any experience in that area. So that’s the credibility
      We want to give them the message that there is no bar-related rea-     and trust issue right there.
son for a law student not to seek treatment if they have such a problem.
                                                                             Ken Rosenblum:
Rod Fong:                                                                    The next problem to address relates to Internet gambling. I think
I just have a couple of quick comments and tips to follow up on              internet gambling has absolutely run amok. I get information cards
some of the discussion. In terms of the timing of the program, ori-          from incoming students telling a little about themselves. The list of
entation is probably not the best time to get into it, but I think at ori-   hobbies used to include golf, horse back riding, and weight lifting.
entation you do have to plant the seeds, you do have to raise the            Now I get poker and I know they are playing poker on-line and I
issues. I usually suggest raise it quickly, but don’t do a two or three      know they are doing it for real money. I think the light at the end of
hour presentation.                                                           the tunnel may be the oncoming train.

                                                                                                                         L AT NEWS S UMMER 2007      11
                                                           NEW YORK STATE
            July 24, 2007                                  LAWYER ASSISTANCE TRUST
            Trustee Board Meeting, New York City
                                                           54 STATE STREET, SUITE 802
            August 10–12, 2007                             ALBANY, NEW YORK 12207
            Erie County Lawyers Helping Lawyers
            Committee 12 Step Seminar, Buffalo,
            NY. For more information, contact
            Chuck Beinhauer at (716) 204-1055.
            September 28–30, 2007
            First Annual Nassau County Retreat, St.
            Ignatius Retreat House, Manhasset, NY.
            For more information, contact Peter
            Schweitzer at (516)747-4070 or
            October 2–5, 2007
            ABA CoLAP 20th National Conference,
            Halifax, NS. For information regarding
            speakers, schedules, lodging, travel
            codes, and conference sessions contact
            Sara Pekar at 312-988-5752. For
            exhibitor information and registration,
            conference registration, educational
            credits, shipping and Canadian customs
            information contact Adrienne Tucker at
            312-988-5751. To learn more about the
            beautiful city of Halifax visit
   For more
            information visit

            If you have an event you would like to post,
            please contact Sue McDougall at (518) 285-
            4547 or

            WHERE DO YOU TURN? Friends, family members and                    Eileen Travis is the Director of the New York City Bar’s Lawyer
            colleagues can play a role in identification and treatment of     Assistance Program. Avrom Robin is the Chair of the NYC Bar
            an addict by becoming familiar with the symptoms of the           LAP Committee. Both may be reached at (212) 302-5787.
            disease. The organized bar has several alternatives for obtain-
            ing assistance.                                                   You need not be a bar association member to receive their
                                                                              Free, Confidential advice. All LAP services are confidential
            Patricia Spataro is the Director of the New York State Bar        under Judiciary Law §499.
            Association Lawyer Assistance Program. Paul Curtinis the
            Coordinator in the Fourth Department. Both may be reached         Fifteen local bar associations have volunteer committees who
            by calling 800-255-0569.                                          can provide advice and support to lawyers suffering from
                                                                              alcohol and substance dependency:

            BROOKLYN Bar Association Lawyers Helping Lawyers                  QUEENS County Bar Association Lawyers Assistance
            Committee • John Urban (212) 788-0485                             Committee • Jacqueline Torchin (718) 307-7828

            CAPITAL DISTRICT Lawyer Assistance Committee • Vincent            ROCKLAND County Bar Association Lawyer Helping Lawyer
            Reilly (518) 285-8422 • Larry Zimmernam (518) 573-5770            Committee • Benjamin Selig (845) 942-2222 • Barry Sturtz
                                                                              (845) 369-3000
            DUTCHESS County Bar Association Lawyer Assistance
            Committee • Lee Klein (845) 454-9200                              SARATOGA County Bar Association • Lawyer Assistance
                                                                              Committee • Richard Zahnleuter (800) 255-0569
            Bar Association of ERIE County Lawyers Helping Lawyers
            Committee • Katherine S. Bifaro (716) 852-8687                    SCHENECTADY County Bar Association Lawyer Assistance
                                                                              Program Committee • Vincent Reilly (518) 285-8422
            MONROE County Bar Association Lawyers Concerned for
            Lawyers Committee • John Crowe (585) 234-1950                     SUFFOLK County Bar Association Committee on Alcohol and
                                                                              Substance Abuse • Jane LaCova (631) 234-5511 Ext. 231 •
            NASSAU County Bar Association Lawyer Assistance Program           Richard Dackow (631) 259-2467 • 24-hour crisis hotline
            Committee • Peter Schweitzer (516) 747-4070 • Carol Hoffman       (631) 697-2499
            (516) 393-8270 • 24-hour crisis hotline (888) 408-6222
                                                                              TOMPKINS County Bar Association Lawyer Helping Lawyer
            ONEIDA County Bar Association Lawyer Assistance Committee         Committee • Richard Wallace (607) 272-2102
            • Tim Foley (315) 733-7549
                                                                              WESTCHESTER County Bar Association Committee on Alcohol
            ONONDAGA County Bar Association Lawyer to Lawyer                  and Substance Abuse • John Keegan, Jr. (914) 949-7227 •
            Committee • Noreen Shea (315) 476-3101 • Family Service           Anne Cahill (914) 831-5082
            Associates (315) 451-2161 • Bill Morgan (315) 476-2945

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