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					 Alice in
Wonderland




           Who made her?
          What’s her story?
           Who was/is she?
         By: Hannah Paquette
          Table of Contents
1.    Who is Alice?              15. Illstrations
2.    Was She Real?              16. Poems and Songs
3.    Who Created Her?           17. Jabberwocky
4.    Charles Dodgson            18. Jabberwock Sketch
5.    His Talents                19. Cheshire Cat
6.    Photograph                 20. White Rabbit
7.    Spiritual Dodgson          21. Sketch of the White Rabbit
8.    Was Carroll on Drugs?      22. Graph #2
9.    Graph #1                   23. Inspiration
10.   No Drugs                   24. Graph #3
11.   Who is the Mad Hatter?     25. Automated Alice
12.   The Hatter’s Name Origin   26. Additional Videos
13.   Sketch of the Hatter       27. Bibliography
14.   Mad Hatter Controversy
        Who is
•
        Alice?
    Alice is the main character of
    the classic story by Charles
    Dodgson, “Alice’s Adventures
    in Wonderland” and its
    sequel, “Through the Looking
    Glass and What Alice Found
    There.”
•   The Alice in these stories is
    a seven year old from England
    with a vast imagination and
    lots of smarts.
•   She is polite, outgoing, but
    she sometimes makes the wrong
    remarks and upsets the
    creatures in Wonderland. None
    the less, she is easily put
    off by rudeness of others.
•   In Through the Looking Glass,
    she is 6 months older and more
    sure of her identity.
Was she real?
      •   The character of Alice is based on a
          real girl, called Alice Liddell, who was
          one of the author's child-friends.
      •   In the article ‘Alice on Stage’,
          Carroll gives the following description
          of her: "Loving, first, loving and
          gentle: loving as a dog (forgive the
          prosaic smile, but I know no earthy love
          so pure and perfect), and gentle as a
          fawn; then courteous - courteous to all,
          high or low, grand or grotesque, King or
          Caterpillar, even as though she were
          herself a King’s daughter, and her
          clothing of wrought gold: then trustful,
          ready to accept the wildest
          impossibilities with all that utter
          trust that only dreamers know; and
          lastly, curious – wildly curious, and
          with the eager enjoyment of Life that
          comes only in the happy hours of
          childhood, when all is new and fair, and
          when Sin and Sorrow are but names –
          empty words signifying nothing!“
      •   So basically he says that she is loving,
          gentle, royal, trustful, a dreamer ready
          for a challenge, and very, very curious.
      •   To Charles Dodgson, Alice Liddel (the
          real Alice) was a pure and genuine
          spirit.
          Who Created Her?
         Lewis Carroll 1832 -98
•   Charles Dodgson wrote under his
    non de plum--Lewis Carroll, and as
    we all know, Lewis Carroll is the
    author who wrote about Alice and
    her many adventures in Wonderland.
•   He first became well acquainted
    with the MacDonald family starting
    in 1862, having first met Greville
    and one of his older sisters at
    the studio of the famous sculptor
    Alexander Munro (who sculpted
    Greville).
•   The statue for the fountain is
    perhaps the oddest thing Munro
    ever sculpted, called "Boy with
    Dolphin", the boy looking sweet,
    almost angelic, but the dolphin
    looking monstrously unnatural and
    purposely so.
•   Carroll was of course the author
    of such well known children's
    classics as Alice's Adventures in
    Wonderland, Through the Looking
    Glass and What Alice Found There ,
    Sylvie and Bruno, and The Hunting
    of the Snark.
Charles Dodgson
       •   Mr. Dodgson was also an excellent
           mathematician and was part of the
           mathematics department at Oxford
           for most of his adult life.
       •   Oddly enough, the books he wrote
           concerning mathematics he would
           have published under his real
           name. So, it is implied that he
           simply liked keeping his
           professional life separate from
           his lucrative hobby of writing
           fiction almost entirely for
           children.
       •   Carroll not only got along nicely
           with the MacDonald children but
           with their parents as well. He was
           a regular guest at their home for
           many years, and when not having
           fun with their youngsters, he and
           George MacDonald would often talk
           of literature, metaphysics, and
           the spiritual life.
       •   On a personal note, when I learned
           about all of this stuff, my mind
           immediatley brought up pictures
           from the movie Finding Neverland
           with Johnny Depp playing as J.M
           Berrie (the writer of Peter Pan).
    His Talents
•   Although we all know Alice’s Adventures
    in Wonderland to be Carrolls first
    story, he actually wrote his first
    "Alice" story with his own illustrations
    in 1863 then called, Alice's Adventures
    Under Ground.
•   Video:
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IsWMXTzsT
    5o (first Alice video)

•   He brought the fairytale to George
    MacDonald wanting his opinion on the
    story's merits. MacDonald instead
    decided that the best test of the story
    would be to have his wife read it to his
    own small children.
•   The MacDonald tots thoroughly enjoyed
    the tale and the whole family then urged
    Carroll to try to have it published. At
    the time, the manuscript was
    approximately half the size we know it
    today, and it was George MacDonald who
    encouraged Carroll to lengthen it.
•   Aside from Dodgson’s math skills and
    Carroll’s writing skills, he was also
    an avid photographer.
•   He photographed all eleven of the
    MacDonald children, although not all of
The MacDonald Family
      Spiritual Dodgson
•   Carroll's father was a minister in the Anglican Church, and he
    brought his son up to be a minister as well.
•   Carroll had all the schooling and preparation needed to be an
    ordained clergyman but turned down the call.
•    It's very difficult to ascertain why he did so. Greville
    MacDonald tells us that he believes it was Carroll's stuttering
    problem that kept him from refusing the ordination.
•   At any rate, Lewis Carroll was a deeply religious man, though
    not a "high church" Anglican like his father.
•   Carroll had a great attraction to the mystical life and at least
    had a passing interest in Theosophy and Spiritualism in general.
•    In one of his final books he sketches out the preparations for
    entering the world of Fairy in a paragraph that reads like a
    mystical text book.
•    From Lewis Carroll's book: Sylvie and Bruno:
•   The next question is, what is the best time for seeing Fairies?
    I believe I can tell you all about that.
    The first rule is, that it must be a very hot day--that we may
    consider as settled: and you must be just a little sleepy--but
    not too sleepy to keep your eyes open, mind. Well, and you ought
    to feel a little--what one may call "fairyish "--the Scotch call
    it "eerie," and perhaps that's a prettier word; if you don't
    know what it means, I'm afraid I can hardly explain it; you must
    wait till you meet a Fairy, and then you'll know.
•   Lewis Carroll's biographers, like so many 20th century scholars,
    managed to see things that weren't there in his personal life
    related to his affiliations with children. Some of this is
    addressed in the full biography text of this website.
     Was Carroll on
•
       Drugs?
    There is a classic myth created by many druggies that
    states that, because of the vivid images described in
    Carroll’s book, and the “trippy” expieriences Alice
    encounters, Lewis Carroll must have been on drugs to
    create such imaginative visualizations„.
•   No!!! Carroll did not use drugs while writing the
    story.
•   The larger part of the story was invented when he was
    on a boat trip with a friend, the real Alice and her
    sisters. He invented it while they rowed.
•   The drug rumor was first spread in the 1960's by
    supporters of the then new LSD subculture. The rumor
    is believed to have originated from the psychiatrists
    who introduced LSD into our society.
•   If Carroll was on drugs, the Alice books would
    probably be a series of rambling, disconnected,
    surrealist scenarios. But the Alice books are far from
    random. They contain some very intricate logic
    problems and very clever puns (not to mention Alice's
    journey in "Through the Looking-Glass", which follows
    the moves of a chess game), that could only be the
    work of a sharp mind in full control of its abilities.
•   Video:
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lqBto4jAWqs&feature=relat
    ed (on acid1)
*Chart showing the ignorance of some people.
(of which I used to part of)
**notice that less than half the people were
aware of the truth.

       120                    people who
                              want to believe
       100                    Carroll was on
                              drugs
        80
                              people who
        60                    know the
                              actual reality
        40
                              *on a saleof 1-
        20                    100

        0
      No Drugs
•   Furthermore, you'll find the same style of
    writing in the magazines he wrote in his
    youth, his various poems, stories, and
    other writings, and especially in the
    letters he wrote.
•    If the Alice books were drug induced, the
    rest of his voluminous output would seem to
    suggest he was on drugs 24/7.
•   There is indeed one part in the book that
    may describe the use of drugs: the hookah
    smoking Caterpillar who advises Alice to
    eat from the mushroom.
•   But with the story Carroll made fun of all
    aspects of society, and it may be possible
    that he was just reflecting the age with
    this part (note that this chapter wasn't
    even part of the original story, but was
    added later!).
•    In the Victorian era there were no drug
    laws like we know them. Opium, cocaine, and
    laudanum (a painkiller that contained
    opium) were used for medicinal purposes,
    and could be obtained from a pharmacist.
    Mind that LSD was not even invented yet!
•   So in Carroll's days it was not uncommon to
    experience the effect of being 'high',
    whether or not accidentally.
•    However, it was definitely not Carroll's
    intention to write a book about drugs: he
    wanted to entertain a little girl whom he
    loved. No evidence has ever been found that
    linked Carroll to drug use. Even in his
    diaries, Carroll has never made any
• The Mad Hatter is
  one of the members
                       Who is the
  of the Mad Tea
  Party.               Mad Hatter
• Later he also
  appears as a         Anyway?
  witness during the
  trial.
• He occasionally is
  very rude and
  provokes Alice
  during the tea
  party.
• When he is called
  upon by the Queen,
  he is very nervous
  and frightened.
The Hatter’s Name Origin
            • The phrase 'mad as a hatter'
              was common in Carroll's
              time. 'Mad as a hatter'
              probably owes its origin to
              the fact that hatters
              actually did go mad, because
              the mercury they used
              sometimes gave them mercury
              poisoning.
            • Carroll may have asked
              Tenniel to draw the Mad
              Hatter to resemble
              Theophilus Carter, a
              furniture dealer near
              Oxford. Carter was known in
              the area as the Mad Hatter,
              partly because he always
              wore a top hat and because
              of his eccentric ideas. It
              is also often suggested that
              Tenniel made the Mad Hatter
 Mad Hatter
Controversy!
•   In assoiation with the ommon connection
    between drugs and Lewis Carrolls
    stories, many people like to belive that
    the Mad Hatter’s hat says 420/69. (the
    stoner holiday over the most joked about
    sex position.
•   This is also just a myth and his hat
    simply says 10/6, very boring and plain
    with no hidden meanings.
•   Many may ask, “Why 10/6?
    well, it is a price tag in 'old' English
    money: pounds, shillings and pennies,
    which was then written as l/s/d.
    (another reason it was thought to say
    420/69)
•   Lewis Carroll has explained the meaning
    of the tag in his 'Nursery Alice':
    The Hatter used to carry about hats to
    sell: and even the one that he's got on
    his head is meant to be sold. You see
    it's got its price marked on it - a "10"
    and a "6" - that means "ten shillings
    and sixpence."
    Ten shillings and six pennies (expressed
    in conversation as "Ten-and-Six") was
    quite a large sum in the mid-1800's.
                Illustrations
• John Tenniel's
  illustrations of
  Alice do not portray
  the real Alice
  Liddell, who had
  dark hair and a
  short fringe.
• Carroll sent Tenniel
  a photograph of Mary
  Hilton Badcock,
  another child-
  friend, who was the
  daughter of the Dean
  of Ripon.
• He recommended her
  as a model, but        Illustration by John Tenniel of the poem
  whether Tenniel        “Jabberwocky” by Lewis Carrol
             Poems and songs
•   "All in the golden afternoon..." —the prefatory verse, an original poem by Carroll that recalls the
    rowing expedition on which he first told the story of Alice's adventures underground
•   "How Doth the Little Crocodile" — a parody of Isaac Watts' nursery rhyme, "Against Idleness And
    Mischief"
•   "The Mouse's Tale" —an example of concrete poetry
•   "You Are Old, Father William" — a parody of Robert Southey's "The Old Man's Comforts and How
    He Gained Them"
•   The Duchess' lullaby, "Speak roughly to your little boy..." — a parody of David Bates' "Speak
    Gently"
•   "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Bat" — a parody of "Twinkle twinkle little star"
•   Video:
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8exYeve3PyQ&feature=related (very merry unbirthday)

•   The Lobster Quadrille — a parody of Mary Botham Howitt's "The Spider and the Fly"
•   "'Tis the Voice of the Lobster" — a parody of "The Sluggard"
•   "Beautiful Soup" — a parody of James M. Sayles' "Star of the Evening, Beautiful Star"
•   "The Queen of Hearts..." — an actual nursery rhyme
•   "They told me you had been to her..." — the White Rabbit's evidence
                                  Jabberwocky
‘Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
   Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;
    All mimsy were the borogoves,
     And the mome raths outgrabe.

  “Beware the Jabberwock, my son!
  The jaws that bite, the claws that       •   The Jabberwock is a scary
                catch!                         character from a poem in 'Through
   Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun
     The frumious Bandersnatch!”               the Looking Glass and what Alice
                                               found there'.
 He took his vorpal sword in hand:         •   The poem is called 'Jabberwocky'
 Long time the manxome foe he sought—          and therefore the Jabberwock is
   So rested he by the Tumtum tree,            often wrongly referred to as 'the
     And stood awhile in thought.              Jabberwocky'.
                                           •   The poem tells the story of a
 And as in uffish thought he stood,            brave man who sets out to slay the
  The Jabberwock, with eyes of flame,          Jabberwock, and finally returns
Came whiffling through the tulgey wood,        home with his head.
        And burbled as it came!
                                           •   The Jabberwock apparently lives on
, two! One, two! and through and through       an island.
  The vorpal blade went snicker-snack!     •   Tenniel's illustration of the
   He left it dead, and with its head          Jabberwock was originally intended
        He went galumphing back.               as the book's frontispiece, but it
                                               turned out to be so horrible that
“And hast thou slain the Jabberwock?           Carroll thought it might be better
   Come to my arms, my beamish boy!            to replace it with another one.
  O frabjous day! Callooh! Callay!”
        He chortled in his joy.            •   The Jabberwock was no character in
                                               the Disney movie. The Cheshire Cat
                                               does however sing the first verse
‘Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
   Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;            of the poem.
    All mimsy were the borogoves,          •   Video:
     And the mome raths outgrabe.              http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KWG
The Ever-famous
  Cheshire Cat
       • The Cheshire Cat is the cat
         of the Duchess.
       • Alice meets it when she
         leaves the Duchess house, and
         finds it in a tree. It
         constantly grins and can
         disappear and reappear
         whenever it likes. Sometimes
         it disappears and leaves its
         grin behind. (portrayed very
         well in the Disney version)
       • The Cheshire Cat is the only
         character in Wonderland who
         actually listens to Alice.
         With his remarks, he teaches
         Alice the ‘rules’ of
         Wonderland. He gives her
         insight in how things work
         down there.
               The White Rabbit
•   The White Rabbit is the first
    Wonderland character Alice
    encounters. She follows him when he
    hurries into his hole and thereby
    enters Wonderland.
•   He appears to be late for his job
    with the Duchess. While walking
    through Wonderland, Alice comes
    upon his house where the White
    Rabbit, still in a hurry, mistakes
    her for his housemaid Mary Ann, and
    orders her to get his gloves and a
    fan. When she grows and gets stuck
    in the house, the Rabbit orders Pat
    to get her out. In the end we
    discover that the White Rabbit is a
    herald in the Queen of Heart's
    court.
•   The White Rabbit is nervous and
    always in a hurry. However, he is
    confident enough about himself to
    contradict the King of Hearts.
•   Because Alice follows him, he gets
    things moving again whenever he
    appears during the story. In a way,
    he is some kind of a guide through
    Wonderland for her, only
    unintentionally.
*This is a chart showing just a few of the main characters
(besides Alice) and how insane, mad, they are.
**Notice that although the Cheshire Cat helps Alice the most, he
is probably the most crazy.
***Also that the White Rabbit may be quirky, jumpy, and odd, he is
not nearly as mad as the other two.

          100
           90
           80                              Mad Hatter
           70
           60                              Cheshire Cat
           50
                                           White Rabbit
           40
           30
                                           *on a scale of
           20                              1-100
           10
            0
 “Alice” Series the Gateway
for Many Artist’s Inspirations
• The vivid images created in the Alice
  in Wonderland series are the ever-
  changing inspirations for many
  artists young and old alike.
• People have created photographs,
  photoshoots, clothing, jewlery,
  paintings, drawings, and pretty much
  any type of art you can think of
  (including literary art) based on
  Alice and her adventures.
*This chart shows the overall impact of ALL of Alice’s
adventures as compared to other films made by Disney
**Note that the chart is not really drawn to scale because it’s
supposed to be 1-100 and there’s really only a small
difference.


           86
           84
           82
                                          Alice in
           80                             Wonderland
           78                             most other
           76                             Disney films
                                          *on a scale of
           74                             1-100
           72
           70
Automated Alice
       •   AUTOMATED ALICE
           (copy and pasted)
       •   In the last years of his life, the fantasist Charles
           Dodgson wrote a third Alice book. This mysterious work
           was never published or shown to anybody. That's not
           quite true. Automated Alice was written by Lewis Caroll,
           Lewis Caroll was the nom de plume of Charles Dodgson.
           No, that's not even slighly true either. Automated Alice
           was written by Zenith O'Clock, the Writer of Wrongs. Oh
           dear that's not at all right. This book was written by
           Jeff Noon. Zenith O'Clock is only a character invented
           by Jeff Noon. What Alice encounters in the automated
           future is mostly accidental; mutant hybrids, sinister
           gameplay, chaos theory, a robo-Alice, quantum physics,
           computermites, jigsaw killers, tickling vurt feathers,
           puzzle poems and an invisible cat called Quark.
       •   Again, this started as an idea for a play. Never
           written, just an idea jotted in a notebook. I've always
           been fascinated with the "Alice" books of Lewis Carroll,
           and especially Martin Gardener's "Annotated Alice". This
           book was resting on my workdesk one day, when the title
           transformed in my mind, into "Armour-plated Alice". A
           corresponding image came to me then, of a steam-driven
           Alice doll. The title changed again, to "Automated
           Alice", and the image softened, to become an exact
           replica of Alice, a robotic Alice. I made a few notes,
           and forgot about the idea.
       •   After Pollen, I was a bit worried about what to do next.
           I'd actually started a third Vurt novel, but I wasn't
           getting into it, it felt like I was repeating myself. I
           didn't want people to know what to expect from me, and
           also I wanted to extend my audience a little. The
           "Automated Alice" project seemed perfect to do that.
           Alice of course had featured in both of my previous
           books, especially in Pollen, where she appears as a very
           sick, dying child. I felt it was time to rescue her from
           her fate, bring her back to life, in my own peculiar
           way.
       •   I was nervous about writing this third "Alice" book, but
           from the very first page I felt that Lewis Carroll was
           there to help me along. In the opening poem I'd written
               Videos
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SsHmti
  MX7UM (video summarizing “through the
  Looking Glass)
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P7kwBl
  kEwgc&feature=related (jibberish version)
            Works Cited!
           (bibliography)
• http://www.alice-in-
  wonderland.net/alice2a.html
• http://www.alice-in-wonderland.net/
• Google Image
• http://www.insite.com.br/rodrigo/text/lewis_
  carroll.html
• http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topi
  c/97087/Lewis-Carroll
• http://georgemacdonald.info/carroll.html

				
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