Docstoc

THE BASIC POSITIONS OF BALLET

Document Sample
THE BASIC POSITIONS OF BALLET Powered By Docstoc
					THE BASIC POSITIONS OF BALLET
                                    FIRST POSITION
 The balls of the feet are turned out completely. The heels touch each other and the feet
                        face outward, trying to form a straight line.




                                    SECOND POSITION
The balls of both feet are turned out completely, with the heels separated by the length of
              one foot. Similar to first position, but the feet are spread apart.




                                     THIRD POSITION
One foot is in front of the other with the heel of the front foot touching the middle of the
                                         back foot.




                                   FOURTH POSITION
            The feet are placed the same as third position, but one step apart.
THE BASIC POSITIONS OF BALLET
                                    FIFTH POSITION
           With both feet touching the toes of each foot reaches the heel of the
                                          other.




                          THE IMPORTANCE OF STRETCHING:

Stretching is an important part of ballet. A dancer needs to be flexible in order to position
the body correctly and to avoid becoming injured. Stretching should become habit before
each dance class. Even though your teacher will probably lead the class through a warm-
up routine, it's a good idea to arrive at class early and stretch a little on your own.




    1. Stretching will increase your flexibility, allowing you to obtain your maximum
       turnout.
Begin by placing one leg up onto the barre. Keep your supporting leg straight and don't
allow your hips to rotate out. Lengthen your back and point your toes.

   2. Bend forward as far as possible, keeping both legs straight. You will feel a stretch
      through the back of your legs.

   3. Holding your arm in a curve above your head, slowly allow your body to stretch
      backward. Bend your shoulders and upper back first, and then let your lower back
      take over the movement. Bend as far as you can without forcing the stretch, and
      don't allow your hips to push forward.
THE BASIC POSITIONS OF BALLET
                   BASIC BALLET ARMS




The preparatory position, or premiere en bas, is not considered one of the basic arm
positions of ballet, but it is used often and worthy of noting. The preparatory position is a
beginning pose used to start and finish a floor combination.

•Holding your back straight and your head high, allow your arms to relax in front of you,
slightly extended away from the body.
•Both arms should be rounded with your fingers almost touching.
•Relax your hands and shoulders.

                                FIRST POSITION OF ARMS




First position of the arms, as well as the other arm positions, can be executed with the
feet in any of the five positions. For example, many times your feet will be in first
position while your arms are posed in fifth position.
•Hold both arms low in front of the body, with hands almost touching.
•Round the arms, slightly bending the elbows.
•Raise the arms so that your fingers almost touch your navel
THE BASIC POSITIONS OF BALLET
                               SECOND POSITION OF ARMS




•From second position, raise your arms to the side.
•Keep your arms slightly rounded.
•Lower your elbows slightly below your shoulders.
•Make sure your wrists are lower than your elbows.
•Keep your shoulders down, your neck long and your chin up.




                                THIRD POSITION OF ARMS




In third position, the arms work opposite the legs. If the right foot is in front, your left
arm should be raised.
•Raise your left arm over your head, slightly forward.
•Round your right arm to the side at belly button height.
•Keep the palm of your hand turned forward.
THE BASIC POSITIONS OF BALLET
                               FOURTH POSITION OF ARMS




As in third position, the arms work opposite the legs.
•Bring your left arm forward, slightly rounded at the height of your chest.
•Raise your right arm above your head, slightly rounded

                                 FIFTH POSITION OF ARMS




Starting with arms in first position, raise the arms over the head. You should be able to
see your hands without moving your head.

       Round your arms with your elbows slightly bent.
       Your hands should be about 6 inches apart.
       Make sure your palms are facing inward.
       Note: There are actually three positions of the arms in fifth position in ballet: low,
    middle and high fifth. The illustration pictured is high fifth.
THE BASIC POSITIONS OF BALLET
                         FIRST BALLET STEPS:
Your first ballet classes will introduce you to the basic positions and techniques of ballet.
You will be taught how to hold your body correctly, including how to hold your hands
and how to point your toes. You will practice simple skills such as skipping and jumping
to improve your coordination and flexibility.




1. Plie
Barre almost always starts with plies. Plies are performed at the barre because they
stretch all the muscles of the legs and prepare the body for the exercises to follow. Plié’s
train the body in shape and placement. Plies should be performed in in all of the 5 basic
positions of ballet. There are two kinds of plies, demi and grand. In demi plies, the knees
are bent halfway. In grand plies, the knees are completely bent.

                                           PLIE’




                                      GRAND PLIE’
THE BASIC POSITIONS OF BALLET

2. Eleve
Eleve is another step often performed at the barre. Eleve is simply a rise onto the balls of
the feet. Similarly, a releve is a rise onto the balls of the feet from a plie position.
Practicing eleves and releves at the barre will help strengthen your legs, ankles and feet.
They are considered one of the building blocks of dance, and one of the first movements
taught in a beginning ballet class. Practice eleves in all five positions of ballet.




3. Battement Tendu
A battement, easiest when performed at the barre, is a type of exercise in which the
working leg opens and closes. There are several different types of battement. A battement
tendu is an exercise in which the foot is stretched along the floor, ending in a point.
Battements tendus help warm up the legs, build leg muscles and improve turnout. A
battement tendu can be performed to the front (devant), to the side (à la seconde), or to
back (derriére).
THE BASIC POSITIONS OF BALLET

4. Rond de Jambe
Rond de jambe is another popular exercise often performed at the barre. A rond de jambe
is performed by making a semi-circular motion with the working foot on the floor. A
rond de jambe is performed in order to maximize turnout and increase flexibility of the
hips. This movement can either be performed with the working foot on the floor or in the
air. When the circle begins in the front and moves to the back it is called a rond de jambe
en dohrs. On the other hand, when the circle begins in the back and moves to the front, it
is referred to as a rond de jambe en dedans.




5. Arabesque:
•Lightly hold on to a barre or chair for balance.
•Stand in fifth position, with your left foot in front.
•With your right foot, do a battement tendu to the back.
Note: An arabesque may be performed in all five positions of ballet. This tutorial
describes how to perform a second arabesque.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Tags: ballet
Stats:
views:205
posted:9/14/2011
language:English
pages:8
Description: From the 17th century as an independent dance form developed so far, the Western theater dance ballet is dominant in one kind of dance forms. Ballet has a stringent set of action specifications, the dancer's movements both mechanical efficiency but also full of artistic charm.