Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage: 2010

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Income, Poverty, and Health  Insurance Coverage: 2010 Powered By Docstoc
					Income, Poverty, and Health
 Insurance Coverage: 2010


      September 2011
                  Presenters
            Host Stanley J. Rolark
                 Chief, Public Information Office

Opening Remarks Dr. Robert M. Groves
                Director, U.S. Census Bureau

         Income Edward J. Welniak, Jr.
                Chief, Income Statistics Branch

         Poverty Trudi Renwick, Ph.D.
                 Chief, Poverty Statistics Branch

Health Insurance Brett O’Hara, Ph.D.
                 Chief, Health and Disability Statistics Branch




                                                                  2
    Resources for Today’s News Conference

Go to www.census.gov and click on the slider at the top
to obtain –
   •   Today’s PowerPoint Presentation
   •   News Release and Supporting Tables
   •   Links to the Report and Other Reference Pages
   •   Links to Fact Sheets




                                                          3
Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in
             the United States: 2010



                        •   Measures the impact of changing economic
                            conditions between 2009 and 2010 on
                            Americans and their families.

                        •   Allows policymakers to understand the
                            impact of our changing economy on the
                            well-being of Americans and their families.




                                                                          4
Money Income
            Presenter:
      Edward J. Welniak, Jr.
 Chief, Income Statistics Branch
       U.S. Census Bureau




                                   5
                                        Highlights
•   Median household money income for the nation was $49,400 in
    2010, a decline of 2.3 percent from 2009, in real terms.

•   The 2010 official poverty rate for the nation was 15.1 percent,
    up from 14.3 percent in 2009, with 46.2 million people in
    poverty, an increase of 2.6 million since 2009.

•   The percentage of people without health insurance coverage in
    2010, 16.3 percent, was not statistically different from the rate
    in 2009. The number of uninsured increased to 49.9 million in
    2010 from 49.0 million in 2009.




            Note: Income rounded to nearest $100
            Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.
                                                                                                             6
Real Median Household Income: 1967 to 2010
           Income in thousands (2010 dollars)                                       Recession
    60



    50                                                                                           $49,400

    40
          $40,800

    30



    20



    10



    0
         1967         1975      1980      1985       1990      1995      2000      2005      2010


           Note: Income rounded to nearest $100.
           Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1968 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
           Supplements.                                                                                     7
Change in Real Median Household Income in the First Full
Calendar Year After the End of a Recession: 1967 to 2010
            Income in thousands (2010 dollars)                    Recession
            Changes in percent                                    Change following recession
      55




                                                                            -1.2%
      50
                                                                                            -2.3%

                                                            No
      45                  +1.7%                         significant
                                                        difference

                                 -1.7%        No
                  -1.0%                   significant
                                          difference


      40




      35
           1967           1975     1980      1985       1990      1995     2000      2005      2010


             Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1968 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
             Supplements.
                                                                                                              8
Real Median Household Income by Age of
      Householder: 2009 and 2010
        Income in thousands (2010 dollars)                             2009           2010
  100

   90

   80
                                          No
   70                                                                  No
                                      significant    -4.3%         significant
                                      difference
                                                                   difference
   60
                         -1.9%
   50
                                                                                     No
   40                                                                            significant
           -9.3%                                                                 difference
   30

   20

   10

    0
         15 to 24       25 to 34      35 to 44      45 to 54       55 to 64      65 years
          years          years         years         years          years        and older


        Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 and 2011 Annual Social and Economic
        Supplements.
                                                                                                          9
 Real Median Household Income by Race and
Hispanic Origin of Householder: 1967 to 2010
           Income in thousands (2010 dollars)                                       Recession
    80


    70

                                   $59,200                  Asian                                $64,300
    60
                          White, not
                                                                                                 $54,600
           $48,100        Hispanic
    50

                                                       Hispanic
    40                                                 (any race)
            $35,800                                                                              $37,800
    30
                                                                                                 $32,100

          $24,700                          Black
    20


    10


     0
         1967         1975      1980      1985       1990      1995      2000      2005      2010


           Note: Income rounded to nearest $100.
           Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1968 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
           Supplements.                                                                                     10
Real Median Household Income by Disability Status
 of Householders Aged 18 to 64: 2009 and 2010
            Income in thousands (2010 dollars)                             2009           2010
      100

       90

       80

       70
                                                                              -2.1%
                     -2.5%
       60

       50

       40
                                                  -8.5%
       30

       20

       10

        0
                All householders          Householders with a         Householders with no
                                              disability                   disability


            Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 and 2011 Annual Social and Economic
            Supplements.
                                                                                                              11
Real Household Income at Selected Percentiles:
                1967 to 2010
            Income in thousands (2010 dollars)                                       Recession
     180

     160

     140                                                                                          $138,900
                                              90th
     120
            $85,800
     100

      80

      60
            $40,800                         50th (median)
                                                                                                  $49,400
      40

      20
            $9,300                            10th
                                                                                                  $11,900
       0
           1967          1975      1980     1985      1990      1995      2000      2005      2010


            Note: Income rounded to nearest $100.
            Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1968 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
            Supplements.                                                                                     12
  Real Median Earnings and Women’s-to-Men’s
         Earnings Ratio: 1960 to 2010
                                (Full-time, year-round workers)
          2010 dollars                                                                                 Recession
60,000

50,000                                                        Earnings of men
                                                                                                                       $47,700
40,000
          $34,600
                                                                                                                       $36,900
30,000
          $21,000                                         Earnings of women
20,000

10,000

          Percent
 100%
  90%
                                                         Women’s-to-men’s
  80%                                                                                                                   77%
                                                           earnings ratio
  70%
  60%
  50%      61%
  40%
         1960    1965       1970       1975      1980         1985     1990      1995       2000       2005          2010


                    Note: Earnings rounded to nearest $100.
                    Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1961 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
                    Supplements.                                                                                              13
Total and Full-Time Year-Round Workers With
       Earnings by Sex: 1967 to 2010
           Numbers in millions                                                      Recession
    100

     90

     80                                                                                          81.2 million
                                           All male workers
     70
                                                                                                 72.1 million
        53.2                                  All female
     60 million
                                                 workers                                         56.4 million
     50
           36.6
           million                             Males, full-time                                  42.8 million
     40
                                               year-round
     30    34.4
           million                                        Females, full-time
     20
                                                          year-round

     10    14.8 million

      0
          1967          1975      1980     1985      1990      1995      2000      2005      2010


           Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1968 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
           Supplements.
                                                                                                                14
     Poverty
           Presenter:
     Trudi Renwick, Ph.D.
Chief, Poverty Statistics Branch
      U.S. Census Bureau




                                   15
                Real Median Household Income and
                    Poverty Rate: 1967 to 2010
           2010 dollars                                                                                 Recession
60,000
                                                Real median
55,000
                                                household income
50,000                                                                                                                $49,400
45,000

40,000
          $40,800
35,000

           Percent
   20%


   15%                                                                                                                15.1%

          14.2%                                   Poverty rate
   10%


    5%
         1967              1975        1980        1985         1990        1995         2000        2005         2010


                     Note: Income rounded to nearest $100.
                     Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1968 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
                     Supplements.                                                                                             16
             Poverty Rate and Number in Poverty:
                        1959 to 2010
        Numbers in millions                                                                          Recession
50
45
                                                                                                                    46.2
                                                          Number in Poverty                                        million
40
35     39.5
       million
30
25
20

        Percent
25%

20%
       22.4%                                             Poverty rate
15%                                                                                                                15.1%
10%

5%

0%
      1959     1965        1970      1975       1980      1985       1990      1995       2000      2005       2010


                  Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1960 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
                  Supplements.
                                                                                                                        17
Change in Poverty Rates in the First Full Calendar Year After
          the End of a Recession: 1959 to 2010
              Rates in percent                                       Recession
              Changes in percentage points                           Change following recession

        24


        22
                    -0.9
        20


        18

                                                        No
                                                    significant
        16
                                                    difference
                                                                  +0.6                        +0.8

        14                       No           +1.0
                             significant
                             difference
                                                                                 +0.4
        12
                                           -0.5
        10
             1959       1967          1975        1980   1985     1990   1995   2000     2005    2010


               Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1960 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
               Supplements.
                                                                                                                18
 Poverty Rates by Race and Hispanic
        Origin: 1959 to 2010
     Percent                                                                  Recession
70


60
     55.1%
50


40
                                             Black

30                                                                                         27.4%
               22.8%                                                                       26.6%
20
               Hispanic                                     Asian
               (any race)               16.1%                                               12.1%
10
                                                                                             9.9%
                     7.5%                    White, not Hispanic
0
 1959     1965     1970    1975     1980    1985     1990    1995     2000    2005     2010


     Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1960 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
     Supplements.
                                                                                                      19
Poverty Rates by Age: 1959 to 2010
     Percent                                                                       Recession
50

45

40
     35.2%
35

30
     27.3%
                      65 years and older
25
                                                                                               22.0%
20
     17.0%
                                         Under 18 years old
15                                                                                             13.7%
10                                                                                               9.0%
5
                             18 to 64 years old

0
 1959       1965    1970     1975    1980     1985     1990    1995     2000       2005   2010


      Note: Data from 1960 to 1965 available only for people under 18 years old.
      Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1960 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
      Supplements.                                                                                      20
Poverty Rates for Families with Related Children
   Under 18 by Family Type: 1959 to 2010
          Percent                                                                  Recession
     70

          59.9%
     60

                                                 Female householder, no
     50                                          husband present

     40
                                                                                                 40.7%


     30


     20

                                                   Married-couple families
     10                                                                                          8.8%
                            6.0%
      0
      1959     1965     1970    1975     1980    1985     1990    1995     2000    2005     2010


          Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1960 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
          Supplements.
                                                                                                           21
Poverty Rates by Disability Status for People Aged
            18 to 64: 2009 and 2010
           Percent                                                        2009           2010
      40


      35


      30                  +2.9

      25


      20


      15                                                             +0.5

      10


       5


       0
                     With a disability                          With no disability



           Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 and 2011 Annual Social and Economic
           Supplements.
                                                                                                             22
Evidence of “Doubling Up” in Response to the
Economic Downturn: 2007 Compared to 2011
         Numbers in millions                                                        2007              2011
    25

                          +10.7%

    20



    15



    10

                                                                              +25.5%
     5



     0
                 Doubled-up households                     25 to 34 year olds living with parents



     Notes: A household is counted as “doubled-up” if it includes at least one “additional” adult, a person aged 18 or older who is
     not enrolled in school and is not the householder, spouse, or cohabiting partner of the householder.
     While the CPS ASEC estimates poverty and income for the previous calendar year, household composition is measured at the
     time of the survey.                                                                                                              23
     Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2007 and 2011 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.
             Supplemental Poverty Measure
•   Interagency Technical Working Group on Developing a Supplemental
    Poverty Measure – OMB Chief Statistician
    –   March 2010 road map/Federal register notice
    –   First estimates will be released in October 2011
    –   Will supplement, not replace, the official measure
    –   Will not be used for eligibility determinations

•   Thresholds derived by BLS from Consumer Expenditure data
    –   Separate thresholds for renters, owners with and without mortgages
    –   Adjusted for geographic differences in housing costs

•   Resource measure – money income
    –   PLUS tax credits, nutritional, housing, and energy assistance
    –   MINUS child support paid, child care paid, other work expenses, taxes,
        and medical out of pocket expenditures




                                                                             24
Change in the Number of People Below Their
Poverty Threshold Using Alternative Resource
              Measures: 2010
Numbers in millions
                                                              Children            Adults
    Alternative resource                        All                                                  Adults 65
                                                               under
         measures                             people                             18 to 64            and older
                                                                 18
Money income after the
 federal earned income tax                          -5.4         -3.0                -2.4                -
 credit
Money income less
 Unemployment Insurance                         +3.2             +0.9               +2.3               +0.1
 Benefits
Money income less
                                               +20.3             +1.1               +5.4              +13.8
 Social Security income




            Note: - Represents or rounds to zero.
            Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2011 Annual Social and Economic
            Supplement. Unpublished data.                                                                        25
Change in the Number of People Below Their
Poverty Threshold Using Alternative Resource
              Measures: 2010
Numbers in millions
                                                              Children            Adults
    Alternative resource                        All                                                  Adults 65
                                                               under
         measures                             people                             18 to 64            and older
                                                                 18
Money income after the
 federal earned income tax                          -5.4         -3.0                -2.4                -
 credit
Money income less
 Unemployment Insurance                         +3.2             +0.9               +2.3               +0.1
 Benefits
Money income less
                                               +20.3             +1.1               +5.4              +13.8
 Social Security income




            Note: - Represents or rounds to zero.
            Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2011 Annual Social and Economic
            Supplement. Unpublished data.                                                                        25
Change in the Number of People Below Their
Poverty Threshold Using Alternative Resource
              Measures: 2010
Numbers in millions
                                                              Children            Adults
    Alternative resource                        All                                                  Adults 65
                                                               under
         measures                             people                             18 to 64            and older
                                                                 18
Money income after the
 federal earned income tax                          -5.4         -3.0                -2.4                -
 credit
Money income less
 Unemployment Insurance                         +3.2             +0.9               +2.3               +0.1
 Benefits
Money income less
                                               +20.3             +1.1               +5.4              +13.8
 Social Security income




            Note: - Represents or rounds to zero.
            Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2011 Annual Social and Economic
            Supplement. Unpublished data.                                                                        25
Change in the Number of People Below Their
Poverty Threshold Using Alternative Resource
              Measures: 2010
Numbers in millions
                                                              Children            Adults
    Alternative resource                        All                                                  Adults 65
                                                               under
         measures                             people                             18 to 64            and older
                                                                 18
Money income after the
 federal earned income tax                          -5.4         -3.0                -2.4                -
 credit
Money income less
 Unemployment Insurance                         +3.2             +0.9               +2.3               +0.1
 Benefits
Money income less
                                               +20.3             +1.1               +5.4              +13.8
 Social Security income




            Note: - Represents or rounds to zero.
            Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2011 Annual Social and Economic
            Supplement. Unpublished data.                                                                        25
Health Insurance
                  Presenter:
             Brett O’Hara, Ph.D.
Chief, Health and Disability Statistics Branch
             U.S. Census Bureau




                                                 26
       People Without Health
 Insurance Coverage: 1987 to 2010
      Percent                                                                        Recession
30



25



20

                                                                 All people                           16.3%
15    12.9%

      12.9%                                                     Children
10                                                                                                    9.8%


5



0
     1987      1990                1995                2000                2005                2010


       Note: The data for 1999 reflect the results of follow-up verification questions, creating a break in
       the historical series.
       Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1988 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic         27
       Supplements.
 People by Type of Health Insurance
      Coverage: 1987 to 2010
      Percent                                                                   Recession

80
                     Any private coverage
70    75.5%
                                                                                                64.0%
60
      62.1%                                                                                     55.3%
                       Employment-based
50
                       coverage
40
                                      Government
30
                                      coverage                                                  31.0%
      23.3%
20
                                                                                                16.3%
10
      12.9%             Uninsured rate
0
     1987      1990               1995               2000                2005            2010


       Note: Estimates by type of coverage are not mutually exclusive.
       Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1988 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
       Supplements.                                                                                     28
Uninsured Rates by Age: 2009 and 2010
      Percent                                                        2009           2010
 25
                                              No
                                          significant
                                          difference

 20



 15

                 No
             significant
             difference
 10



  5
                                                                        +0.4

  0
             Under 18                     18 to 64                     65 years
                                          years old                    and older


      Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 and 2011 Annual Social and Economic
      Supplements.
                                                                                                        29
             Uninsured Rates by Age,
             Detailed: 2009 and 2010
     Percent                                                        2009           2010
35

                                  No
          -2.0                significant
30                            difference


25
                                                     +0.8
20
                                                                            +0.8
15


10


5


0
        18 to 24              25 to 34              35 to 44               45 to 64
        years old             years old             years old              years old


     Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 and 2011 Annual Social and Economic
     Supplements.
                                                                                                       30
   Uninsured Rates by Disability Status
for People Aged 18 to 64: 2009 and 2010
       Percent                                                        2009           2010
  30


                                                                      No
  25                                                              significant
                                                                  difference


  20
                      +1.2

  15



  10



  5



  0
                  With a disability                          With no disability



       Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 and 2011 Annual Social and Economic
       Supplements.
                                                                                                         31
          Uninsured Rates by
Race and Hispanic Origin: 1999 to 2010
      Percent                                                                  Recession
 40


 35
                                        Hispanic
      31.9%                             (any race)
 30                                                                                            30.7%

 25

      18.7%                                      Black                                         20.8%
 20
                                                                                               18.1%
 15   17.0%                                    Asian
                                                                                               11.7%
 10
      9.0%                     White, not Hispanic
  5


  0
      1999                                       2005                                  2010


      Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2000 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
      Supplements.
                                                                                                       32
     Uninsured Rates for All People by
     Household Income: 1999 to 2010
     Percent                                                                   Recession
35


30

                                      Less than $25,000
                                                                                               26.9%
25   23.3%
                                                                                               21.8%
20
                            $25,000 to $49,999
     16.4%
15                                                                                             15.4%
                           $50,000 to $74,999

10
     8.9%
                               $75,000 and over                                                8.0%
     5.8%
5


0
     1999                                        2005                                  2010


      Note: Income in 2010 dollars.
      Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2000 to 2011 Annual Social and Economic
      Supplements.                                                                                     33
For additional questions, contact:

     Questions?




                                     34
                     Upcoming Releases
American Community Survey (ACS)
  September 20 Webinar on the 2010 ACS One-Year Estimates
  September 22 ACS 2010 Estimates and News Release, (Embargoed September 20
               for release on September 22)
       October ACS Three-Year Estimates (2008-2010)
     December ACS Five-Year Estimates (2006-2010)


2010 Census
  September 27 2010 Census: Same Sex Households
  September 29 2010 Census Brief: The Black Population
               2010 Census Brief: The White Population
               Media Webinar on 2010 Census Briefs


Other Releases
  Early October Small Area Health Insurance Estimates for 2008 and 2009


                                                                              35
 For additional questions, contact:

  U.S. Census Bureau
Public Information Office
     301-763-3030

    www.census.gov




                                      36

				
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