INTERSTING OR INTERESTED
Adjectives: Using ED or ING.
Adjectives that are really Participles, verb forms with -ing and -ed endings, can be troublesome
for some students. It is one thing to be a frightened child; it is an altogether different matter to be
a frightening child. Do you want to go up to your professor after class and say that you are
confused or that you are confusing? Generally, the -ed ending means that the noun so described
("you") has a passive relationship with something — something (the subject matter, the
presentation) has bewildered you and you are confused. The -ing ending means that the noun
described has a more active role — you are not making any sense so you are confusing (to
others, including your professor).
VERB + ED
- is used to describe a person or animal that experiences an emotion. Most of the time, you use an
"-ed" adjective when the subject is ALIVE.
is used to describe a person or animal that experiences an emotion
You use a word ending with "-ed" (verb+ED) to describe a person who is feeling
VERB + ING
is used to describe the things that cause an emotion
when the subject CAUSES the emotion
- CAUSES people to feel the emotion of excitement
- Wendy was __________in that book (interested/interesting)
- I was ____________ by my old job (challanged/challanging)
- My old job was ______________ . It was hard but fun (challanged/challanging)
- The movie was ___________ (disappointing/disappointed)
- He was _______________ by the low turn-out (disappointing/disappointed)
- My dog gets ___________ when I turn the lights off (confused/confusing)
- My cat's behavior is often _______________ to me (confused/confusing)
- John's habits are ________________ to his roommate (irritating/irritated)
- Seth feels _____________ by his roommate's habits (irritating/irritated)
- The teacher was ____________with her students' work (disappointed/disappointing)
- I was ____________ at the movie (bored/boring)
- That movie was _________________ . That's why I left the movie early (bored/boring)
- John is obnoxious and I don't like him. He is an _______________ person (irritating(irritated)
- "Treasure Island" is an _______________ book because it has a lot of adventures, pirates, and
sword fights in it (exciting/excited)
- The little boy was ___________ by the scary movie (terrified/terrifying)
- The movie was ______________ because it had many horrible, evil monsters in it
- The child was ___________ by the delicious bowl of ice cream
- Everyone on the team was ____________ to win the championship! (thrilling/thrilled)
- The green, slimy fuzz growing on the old food was ______________ (disgusted/disgusting)
- That movie is very ______________ because the father dies at the end (depressed/depressing)
- The dog is always very ____________ when we let her ride in our car (excited/exciting)
- The Wild Roller ride at the amusement park is very, very fast and very ____________ !
- Wendy was ___ interested__ in that book
- I was ___ challanged _______ by my old job
- My old job was ___ challenging . It was hard but fun
- The movie was __disappointing______.
- He was ___ disappointed ____________ by the low turn-out .
- My dog gets ___ confused ________ when I turn the lights off.
- My cat's behavior is often _____ confusing ___ to me.
- John's habits are ___ irritating ______ to his roommate .
- Seth feels ___ irritated __________ by his roommate's habits.
- The teacher was ___ disappointed with her students' work.
- I was __bored__________ at the movie.
- That movie was ___boring_____________ . That's why I left the movie early.
- John is obnoxious and I don't like him. He is an _ irritating _____ person
- "Treasure Island" is an __ exciting _____________ book because it has a lot of adventures,
pirates, and sword fights in it.
- The little boy was ___ terrified ___ by the scary movie.
- The movie was ___ terrifying because it had many horrible, evil monsters in it.
- The child was _ delighted __ by the delicious bowl of ice cream.
- Everyone on the team was ___ thrilled _________ to win the championship!
- That movie is very _ depressing __ because the father dies at the end.
- The dog is always very _excited___________ when we let her ride in our car.
- The Wild Roller ride at the amusement park is very, very fast and very _ exciting __,
Check: challanging, confusing, terrifing, trhrilled
Complete the sentences using -ing adjectives or -ed adjectives.
Example: The girl seemed _____ in my thoughts and opinions.
a) interested b) interested –
(Answer a) is correct.
1. The children looked _____ by the old toys.
a) fascinated b) fascinating
2. I felt _____ after just a short time in the forest.
a) invigorated b) invigorating
3. It was very _____ to win our first game of the season.
a) bad b) badly
4. The recent downward trend in poverty seems _____.
a) encouraged b) encouraging
5. _____ at the thought of moving away, Jonathon began to cry.
a) Terrified b) Terrifying
6. When you're not in good spirits, it is _____ to stay in bed all day.
a) tempted b) tempting
7. One finding that appeared _____ was that birth rates were declining.
a) troubled b) troubling
8. Never had Ann felt so _____ by the landscape she traveled through.
a) charmed b) charming
9. As _____ as it is to be with others, it's crucial to spend some time alone.
a) comforted b) comforting
10. The working mother was _____ at the thought of being labeled a "homemaker."
a) amused b) amusing
1. a 2. A 3. B 4. B 5. A 6. b
7. b 8. A 9. B 10. A
The -ed ending modifiers are often accompanied by prepositions (these are not the only
We were amazed at all the circus animals.
We were amused by the clowns.
We were annoyed by the elephants.
We were bored by the ringmaster.
We were confused by the noise.
We were disappointed by the motorcycle daredevils.
We were disappointed in their performance.
We were embarrassed by my brother.
We were exhausted from all the excitement.
We were excited by the lion-tamer.
We were excited about the high-wire act, too.
We were frightened by the lions.
We were introduced to the ringmaster.
We were interested in the tent.
We were irritated by the heat.
We were opposed to leaving early.
We were satisfied with the circus.
We were shocked at the level of noise under the big tent.
We were surprised by the fans' response.
We were surprised at their indifference.
We were tired of all the lights after a while.
We were worried about the traffic leaving the parking lot.
-ING/ -ED adjectives" Common Mistakes in English