NetGain 9 - Credit infoqxd

Document Sample
NetGain 9 - Credit infoqxd Powered By Docstoc
					 NET                                            Scoring points for
 GAIN                                          your financial future
                                                                                         AS SEEN IN USA TODAY NOVEMBER 24, 2003

Credit info changes likely
to get Bush OK
House, Senate approve revisions
to reporting law                                                       Q: How will I get free access?

                                                                       A: The Federal Trade Commission is charged with setting a
By Thomas A. Fogarty                                                 one-stop system for obtaining reports from the three national
USA TODAY                                                            bureaus — Experian, TransUnion and Equifax.

   President Bush is expected to sign into law major revisions         Q: When?
in the 30-year-old law governing consumer credit, the Fair
Credit Reporting Act. House and Senate negotiators agreed              A: It's at least a year away.
Friday on sweeping changes that give consumers more control
of credit information.                                                 Q: What does the bill say about credit scores?

  Q: What are some of the big changes?                                 A: Credit scores are lenders' way of reducing the
                                                                     complicated information in your credit file to a single number
   A: Consumers will get the right to obtain a free copy of their    that purports to predict the likelihood of timely repayment.
credit reports once a year. Creditors will be required to notify a   You won't be able to get a score free with your credit report.
consumer before submitting a negative report to a credit             But you'll be able to buy the score for a fee (probably about
bureau. When applying for credit, consumers must be                  $4). The act establishes your legal right to get your credit score.
informed if they're being approved on terms less favorable           Scores have been put to controversial uses, including screening
than what is being offered to other applicants.                      job applicants and pricing property-casualty insurance. The
                                                                     act authorizes a study of credit score uses.
  Q: Don't consumers have a right to see their credit files?
                                                                       Q: Why is Congress doing this?
   A: Yes, but under existing law, free access to the file is
limited to specific circumstances, such as when a loan has             A: One reason is to combat growing identity theft problems.
been denied.

                                                                Presented by:

                                    Reprinted with permission. All rights reser ved.
  NET                                         Scoring points for
  GAIN                                       your financial future

  Q: How does the legislation do that?                               Q: Does the legislation deal with financial privacy?

   A: The idea is to get more information to consumers about          A: Yes. You'll be given an opportunity to tell your creditors
their accounts, quickly. The bill makes it easier for victims to   not to share your information with their affiliated companies
limit damage once identity theft has been discovered. For          for purposes of pitching their products.
example, when one credit bureau is notified of possible
identity theft, it must share the information with other             Q: What do consumer advocates say about the bill?
                                                                      A: Consumers Union favors much of the bill, but faults its
  Q: Why else is Congress doing this?                              privacy provisions. For example, sharing of financial data
                                                                   among affiliates can go on for purposes other than marketing
  A: Opportunity. Business lobbyists have been desperate to        pitches. "Congress must revisit this (privacy protection) issue,"
extend the life of a federal law that prohibits states from        says CU's Rob Schneider.
enacting tougher credit regulations. That law is to expire Dec.
31. With expiration near, Congress was in a position to extract
consumer-friendly concessions that business lobbyists would
otherwise try to block.

  Q: What do lobbyists get?

  A: This legislation permanently bars states from enacting
credit rules tougher than those in federal law. It limits their
ability to enact measures to fight identity theft.

                                   Reprinted with permission. All rights reser ved.

 Equifax                                       Experian                                     TransUnion

 Web site:                    Web site:                  Web site:

 Credit report and score: $12.95.              Credit report and score: $14.95.             Credit report and score: $12.75.

 What you get: Your current credit record      What you get: Your credit report and a       What you get: Your current credit report
 and FICO score. The FICO score is a math-     credit score based on Experian informa-      and a score based on TransUnion analy-
 ematical model created by California          tion. However, make sure you have a          sis. A password-protected score and
 research firm Fair Isaac. It remains the      printer handy, because Experian doesn't      credit report is available online for one
 industry standard, although many other        give you a 30-day window to view your        month. TransUnion's score is similar to a
 models provide a similar measure of           report.                                      FICO score, rating borrowers on a scale
 credit risk.                                                                               ranging from 350 to 850. If you'd rather
                                               Like its competitors, Experian offers lots   buy your FICO score, TransUnion will sell
 Once you've purchased your credit             of enhanced credit-monitoring products.      you that score and a credit report for
 report and score from Equifax, the pass-      But Experian wins points for offering an     $12.95. Like the Equifax credit score,
 word-protected information is available       easily accessible link to the basic credit   TransUnion will tell you where you rank
 online for one month.                         report and score, which we didn't find       compared with other borrowers and
                                               on its competitors' sites.                   how lenders view individuals in your
 Details: Along with your FICO score,                                                       score range.
 Equifax provides a list of the top positive   Details: Experian offers lots of tips on
 and negative factors that contributed to      how to review your credit report. Items      Details: Some of the factors that con-
 your score. A section titled "How             are organized under helpful headers,         tribute to a lower score might surprise
 Lenders See You" explains how creditors       such as "negative information" and           consumers, and TransUnion does a good
 view borrowers within your score range,       "accounts in good standing."                 job of taking out some of the mystery.
 and features a graph illustrating the                                                      For example, your score might be hurt if
 delinquency rate for borrowers in your        Experian provides a score simulator that     you rarely use your credit cards. While
 group. For example, the delinquency rate      lets you test how different actions will     many people would view that as a posi-
 for borrowers with a score of 800 or          affect your score. However, the simulator    tive attribute, lenders want to see a his-
 higher is just 1%; for borrowers in the       isn't as specific as the one provided by     tory of how a potential borrower uses
 500-549 range, it's 71%.                      Equifax.                                     credit, TransUnion says.

 Tools: A FICO Score Simulator lets you        The "Personal Information" section was       TransUnion also wins points for putting
 test how various actions — from making        the most extensive of the three reports      your score into context. For example,
 a late payment to paying off your bal-        we reviewed, with home addresses dat-        most borrowers know that a late bill
 ances — could raise or lower your score.      ing back several years. We found an          payment can hurt their credit scores. But
 Some of the answers are ambiguous:            incorrect name and address, indicating       our credit analysis explained that not all
 When we checked "Apply for instant            our files might have gotten crossed with     late payments are viewed the same by
 credit at a department store," the simu-      those belonging to someone with a sim-       lenders. For example, missing payments
 lator suggested our score could rise by       ilar name.                                   on one account might not be as harmful
 10 points — or fall by 10 points.                                                          as missing them on several accounts,
                                               While Experian's Web site says it allows     TransUnion says.
 Useful features:                              you to request an investigation online,
                                               we discovered it doesn't apply to errors     Other features:
 v A pull-down box lets you take a clos-       in the "Personal Information" section.
 er look at specific loans and credit card     After numerous attempts to find the          v TransUnion's credit report lists each
 accounts, a nice feature if some of them      online investigation link, we gave up and    of your accounts, along with a graph
 are unfamiliar to you. You can check for      called Experian's customer service num-      showing your history of payments. If late
 recent activity, a good way to monitor        ber. A helpful representative — after ver-   payments have depressed your score,
 your account for identity theft.              ifying our identity — told us he would       this feature helps you identify the delin-
                                               remove the incorrect information from        quencies, which is helpful if you plan to
 v Links to subsets of a credit report —       our report.                                  dispute information on your report.
 employment history, personal data, col-
                                               Biggest inconvenience: If you acciden-       v TransUnion also offers the option of
 lection accounts — help you look for
                                               tally log out, or leave the site for more    disputing inaccuracies online.
 errors. And a link at the bottom of the
 page titled "Request Information"             than 20 minutes, you'll have to buy
 explains how to dispute errors online or      another credit report.
 over the phone.

                                    Reprinted with permission. All rights reser ved.
                                                 Presented by:

Credit info changes likely to get Bush OK                          Activity at a glance:

Objectives:                                                        h Grade level: 9-12

Students groups will:                                              h Subjects: personal finance,
h read the article, “Credit info changes likely to get Bush OK.”
                                                                   h Estimated time for this
                                                                     activity: 35-40 minutes
h gain an understanding of what credit reports are and how they
  affect consumers.

h complete a mock credit report.                                   Materials:

                                                                   h Reading: “Credit info changes
                                                                     likely to get Bush OK”
                                                                   h Graphic organizer: credit
h Credit score                     h Resources

h Bill payment                     h Cause and effect
                                                                   Additional resources:
h Credit history
                                                                   h Visit one of the major credit-
                                                                     reporting agencies’ websites
                                                                     ( w w w. e q u i f a x . c o m ;
                                                                     w w w. e x p e r i a n . c o m ;
                                                                     more information on main-
h Organize the class into small groups.                              taining good credit.

h Give each student a copy of the article, “Credit info changes    h offers infor-
  likely to get Bush OK.” Also distribute copies of the graphic      mation on credit basics. Visit
  organizer, “credit profile.”                                       to
                                                                     learn more.
h Ask students to read the article and discuss the attached

h Direct individuals to complete the graphic organizer for

Credit info changes likely to get Bush OK                             Activity extension:

                                                                      h The Fair Credit Reporting Act
Discussion:                                                             is regulated by the Federal
                                                                        Trade Commission. Visit the
What were some of the changes to the Fair Credit Reporting Act          FTC          online        at
proposed by members of Congress last year? Which of these     
measures do you support? Which do you oppose?                           s/fcra.htm to learn more
What is a credit score? How does it affect a person’s ability to        about changes to the FCRA in
obtain loans and other types of credit?                                 the last 12 months. Which of
                                                                        the changes mentioned in the
How is Congress working to combat growing identity theft prob-          article were enacted? Which
lems? How can identity theft affect a victim’s credit?                  were rejected?

Why is it important for consumers to stay informed about their
credit records and reports?


Compare and contrast the costs, details, features, useful tools and
other information provided in the credit reports compiled by
three major credit-reporting agencies. (See table.) Which do you
think offers the most accurate, up-to-date information? Which
would you prefer a lender to use when considering your credit
worthiness? Why?

Next, complete the following “credit profile” based on your or your
parents’ financial and work history.

                                                   Credit profile
Personal Information

Social Security #:
Date of birth:
Current telephone #:
Current employer’s name:
Previous employer’s name:

Credit History
Fill in your (or your parents’) credit history with the appropriate information. This includes credit cards, car loans,
mortgages, etc. A sample has been completed for you.

 Creditor’s      Account number       Amount      Amount      Credit     Date account     Timeliness of      Late
   name                              borrowed      owed        limit     was opened/        payments       payments

 Visa         4123-1234-5678-9100                $433        $1,500    October 21, 2001

  Public Records                                             Credit reports do not contain information related to:
  A credit report’s public records section includes
  information regarding:
                                                            v   Race                      v Medical history
                                                            v   Gender                    v Checking or savings
  v Tax liens
                                                            v   Religion                    accounts
  v Bankruptcies
                                                            v   Sexual orientation        v Political preferences
  v Court judgments
                                                            v   National origin           v Criminal record
    (including child support obligations)


Shared By: