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The GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP) Partnerships in Financing Community Renewable Energy Projects The GEF Small Grants Programme • Local solutions to global environmental problems exist • Community-based initiatives and action • SGP grants: direct to (CBOs) and (NGOs) SGP Focal Areas • Biodiversity conservation • International waters • Land degradation • Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) • Climate Change – where renewable energy project grants are made Renewable energy projects represents 54% of all climate change projects Thematic areas OP5 (Energy 7% efficiency) 39% OP6 (Renewable energy) 54% OP11( •In terms of total GEF grants of US$ 24 million, renewable energy projects have received US$ 13 Million compared to US $ 9 and 2 for energy efficiency and sustainable transport. Grants (US$ millions) OP5 (Energy 8% efficiency) 38% OP6 (Renewable energy) 54% OP11(transport) Project examples • Hybrid solar –wind energy for lighting in the Palestine Authority • Micro hydro power for community electricity production in the Dominican republic, Kenya, Philippines, Bolivia etc. • Wind and solar energy for water pumping in Mali Project examples Solar driers for herbs, vegetables and fruits in the Palestine Authority Project examples Wind energy for irrigation in Tanzania, Project examples Wind energy for water pumping and irrigation in Egypt Project examples • Solar water heaters in Egypt • Project has developed a revolving fund for continuous maintenance and replication Project examples • Solar cookers in Chile Project examples Solar lighting in rural Cuba Project examples • In small islands in Lake Victoria (Uganda) • Solar power cellphone recharging • Solar powered telephone system Project examples • Renewable energy farm in Lithuania • Provides winter heating for a drug rehabilitation facility as well as material for handicrafts (baskets) SGP Future Plans • Upscaling and replication of successful renewable energy projects SGP to make use of: - its almost global coverage of 115 countries by end of 2006 - presence of a country-driven National Steering Committees - experienced National Coordinators SGP Future Plans • Upscaling and replication to involve more partnerships - mainstreaming with local government sustainable development programs - while only NGOs, CBOs and communities can be grantees of SGP, local governments can double resources available by cofinancing with SGP SGP Future Plans • Upscaling and mainstreaming through: - innovative partnership with CRPM and nrg4SD (also with the UNDP Hub for Innovative Partnership in Geneva) - South-South and North-South sharing of resources and technology can occur SGP Grantmaking • Regular grants: maximum of $50,000 to CBOs. NGOs, communities; approval by National Steering Committee • Strategic projects: maximum of $150,000 to capable NGOs to cover larger projects; encourages partnerships for cofinancing and upscaling Partnership with Local Government • SGP National Coordinator of Chile with Village Head and Mayor • SGP group in Chile with Governor and private sector partners Financing energy activities through partnerships • Partnerships with Governments, private sector, civil society and communities have leveraged US$ 16 million in cash and US$ 12 million in-kind co-financing (total US$ 28 million in co-financing) of GEF’s grants of US$ 24 million • For example, of the US$ 16 million in cash co-financing, local Governments have directly contributed over US$ 2 million and the European partners over US$ 3 million, (about 1/3 of total cash for CC projects • The rest of the funds are from the civil society and communities who are also supported through charities and governments’ grants. •RE have leveraged 56% of cash co-financing from partners equivalent to US$ 9 million compared to US$ 4 and 3 for energy efficiency and sustainable transport projects. •The partners include Cash co-financing US$ Million Governments, local and regional authorities from developing countries and 19% OP5 (Energy 25% efficiency) partners in Europe (US$ 5 OP6 (Renewable million for all climate energy) 56% OP11(transport) change projects). Conclusion The promotion of renewable energy requires steps beyond ‘business as usual’ and thus itself requires a renewal of links or partnerships that allow resources to flow from those that have to those that are in need.
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