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THE HISTORY OF REALITY TV.ppt

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					THE HISTORY OF REALITY TV




         Perception is reality.
WHAT PEOPLE HAVE SAID ABOUT
        REALITY TV
 • “You can’t do that. You can’t do it, no
   you can’t. This is awful.”
 • (Reaction Big Brother creator John de Mol got from his
   colleague when he first mentioned the format)


 • “Whose was the sick mind which
   infected all the others? Because this
   does seem to be an infectious
   disease – worse than BSE”
 • (German TV critic)
WHAT IS REALITY TV?
Reality TV is defined as a television programme that presents apparently
unscripted dramatic or humorous situations and features ordinary people
                              instead of actors
EXPLOITATION?
LOWEST COMMON DENOMINATOR?
SWAMPING THE SCHEDULE
  REALITY KILLS SCRIPTED DRAMA?
• In the US, reality TV has been blamed for killing scripted drama on
  network TV
• In the 90s, NBC brought us Seinfeld, Friends, Frasier and ER, the must
  see-shows of the decade
• In 2001 NBC’s dominance was broken by the CBS reality hit Survivor
• The networks realised they could get high ratings without paying writers
  or actors, ushering in the reality TV era.
• In 2009, NBC did not place a single scripted drama in the top 20
• Many see this as short-termism on behalf of the industry – will anyone
  want to watch repeats of Survivor in 2020, yet we can still enjoy scripted
  comedy made 50 years ago
THE REALITY TV WINNERS
LIFE IMITATES ART?
THE CAM GIRLS
THE GRAND-DADDY OF REALITY TV
BEADLE’S ABOUT
 Another key influence is the British documentary series Seven Up. The first
programme appeared in 1964 and took a group of seven year olds – the idea
      was to return every 7 years. We last saw them in 2005 aged 49!
Also important were early “fly on the wall” documentaries like “An American
Family” in the US and “The Family in the UK”. They can be seen as the direct
 ancestors of hit shows like “The Osbournes”. Like all the best reality shows
                      they made the families into stars
It’s also worth looking at early talent shows like “The Gong Show” which
made fools of members of the public. The show was very similar to Simon
          Cowell’s hit shows like X-Factor and Britain’s Got Talent
The true ancestors of modern reality TV are thought to be the real life police
  show Cops and MTV’s The Real World, a show about a group of young
  people living together. Many see this as the forerunner to Big Brother.
Also worth looking at is the British makeover show Changing Rooms, where
  members of the public were asked to decorate their neighbours homes,
                        often with disastrous results
THE GOLDEN AGE OF REALITY TV –
     2000 to PRESENT DAY
        REALITY TOPS THE RATINGS
• Reality TV saw an explosion in popularity globally starting in the early
  2000s
• Two series – Survivor and American Idol have been the top rated series
  on American TV for since 2001
• The Apprentice and Big Brother have also had a massive global impact,
  being syndicated world wide
• Other huge hits have been Britain’s (or America’s) Got Talent, Wife Swap,
  X Factor, The Osbournes, The Simple Life, Supernanny, Extreme
  Makeover, The Bachelor, I’m a Celebrity Get Me Out of Here
      THE MAIN REALITY “GENRES”
•   Talent Shows
•   Makeovers
•   Celebrity shows
•   Factual reality Television
•   Life swaps
•   Social experiments (such as Big Brother)
Reality TV is all about the edit – hours of footage are shot and then edited
into carefully constructed packages. Without digital editing packages like
 avid or final cut pro this would be impossible – reality TV is a product of
                            technological change
                     BRAINWASHING
• Reality TV works largely on stereotypes – the pretty one, the gay one,
  the stupid one
• The producers hold endless auditions to find the people to “cast” the
  show with.
• Any complexity of character is removed in editing. This is true in all TV,
  but especially so in reality shows that are produced purely for
  entertainment value
• There is very little that is real in reality TV; the contestants may not be
  scripted as such, but their actions are presented to the viewer in tightly
  edited and scripted packages that are designed to manipulate the
  audience
• But because it is sold as “reality” we quickly lose our critical faculties
   Reality shows are also often streamed live on the internet. This allows
viewers to become totally immersed and creates the false sense of intimacy
 that reality TV thrives upon. This year there was an outcry from hardcore
                  fans when C4 cut the Big Brother live feed
         SMS/PHONE VOTING
• The structure of modern reality TV has been
  influenced by technology - in particular the
  popularity of SMS text messaging, that took
  off in the early years of the 21st century
• Between 2000 and 2005, Big Brother
  gathered 80 million votes
SCANDAL
BAD TASTE TV?
FAMOUS FOR BEING FAMOUS
  REALITY TV, CELEBRITY CULTURE
     AND THE CLASS SYSTEM
• Reality TV is one of the main driving forces
  behind modern celebrity culture
• Seeing ordinary members of the public given
  instant fame fuels the powerful myth
  “anyone can do it” that is part and parcel of
  Western culture.
• There is the illusion that TV fame can
  transcend class and power structures
THE CELEBRITY UNDEAD
                REALITY TV = £££
• For ageing celebrities or faded stars, reality TV = the chance
  of a big pay cheque. Thanks to celebrity inflation, stars like
  David Hasslehoff can ask for as much as £50,000 for a day’s
  work
• In addition to the appearance fee, there are magazine deals
  and often lucrative advertising contracts
• Modern reality TV is a big industry and the big reality shows
  become household brands, like Pepsi or Nike
FAKERY
THE JAMIE EFFECT
                  SUMMARY
• Reality TV is a strange hybrid of documentary and
  entertainment
• Modern reality TV as a genre relies heavily on
  technology – digital editing, small cameras, SMS
  voting and the internet
• Reality TV is about stereotypes and conflict
• Reality TV is primarily an entertainment genre but
  can be used to do good – eg Jamie Oliver’s
  programmes

				
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posted:9/14/2011
language:English
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