Docstoc

AIRPORT TERMINAL ADDITION

Document Sample
AIRPORT TERMINAL ADDITION Powered By Docstoc
					MARONEY RURAL LEARNING CENTER
         PHASE II
    HOWARD, SOUTH DAKOTA
        VOLUME I OF II
      PROJECT MANUAL

         PROJECT NO.: 0812


     KOCH HAZARD ARCHITECTS
   431 North Phillips Avenue, Suite 200
   Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57104-5933
     Project Manager: Keith Thompson
   (605) 782-8731 FAX (605) 336-0438
MARONEY RURAL LEARNING CENTER
PHASE II
HOWARD, SOUTH DAKOTA



                    TABLE OF CONTENTS – PROJECT MANUAL




TITLE PAGE

TABLE OF CONTENTS – PROJECT MANUAL

ASBESTOS-CONTAINING MATERIALS STATEMENT

LIEN WAIVERS
GENERAL CONDITIONS OF THE CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION
SUPPLEMENTARY CONDITIONS
FINISHES & COLORS
TABLE OF CONTENTS - SPECIFICATIONS

TABLE OF CONTENTS - DRAWINGS

SPECIFICATIONS




END OF TABLE OF CONTENTS – PROJECT MANUAL




                                0812/TC-PM/1
MARONEY RURAL LEARNING CENTER
PHASE II
HOWARD, SOUTH DAKOTA



PROJECT NO.        : 0812


DATE               : 11 JANUARY 2010



PREPARED BY:


ARCHITECT
KOCH HAZARDARCHITECTS
431 North Phillips Avenue, Suite 200
Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57104-5933
(605) 782-8731 FAX (605) 336-0438

MECHANICAL & ELECTRICAL ENGINEER
ASSOCIATED CONSULTING ENGINEERS, INC.
340 Phillips Avenue
Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57104
(605) 335-3720 FAX (605) 335-6220

STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS
STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING ASSOCIATES, INC.
401 East 8th Street, Suite 201
Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57103
(605) 334-0188 FAX (605) 334-1669

CIVIL ENGINEERS
GOLDSMITH HECK ENGINEERS, INC.
524 North Sycamore Avenue, Suite 100
Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57110
(605) 332-9865 FAX (605) 332-9687

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS
CONFLUENCE
524North Main Avenue, Suite 201
Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57104
(605) 339-1205 FAX (605) 339-1215
        ASBESTOS-CONTAINING MATERIALS STATEMENT


                IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF SDCL 34-44-8, ALL
                BIDDERS AND CONTRACTORS ARE HEREBY NOTIFIED THAT
                THIS PROJECT DOES NOT INVOLVE ASBESTOS-CONTAINING
                NEW MATERIALS. BIDDERS ARE FURTHER INSTRUCTED THAT
                NO ASBESTOS-CONTAINING MATERIALS ARE TO BE
                INSTALLED IN THIS PROJECT.



The Contractors are further cautioned that hidden materials unknown to the Owner and inaccessible for testing
may be found during the demolition work of this project which may be asbestos-containing materials. Proper
procedures shall be followed upon discovery of these materials.

If during demolition and construction of this project, work involving friable asbestos is suspected or encountered,
the Owner or the Owner's representative shall be notified immediately and the Owner, by separate contract, shall
be responsible for complete investigation, removal and disposition of the friable asbestos hazard in accordance
with applicable laws and regulations. Also, if a Contractor claims that delay or additional cost is involved
because of such action by the Owner, he shall make such claim as provided elsewhere in contract documents.

The Owner or those representing the Owner in any capacity shall not be held responsible or liable for any injury
or cost to any person resulting from handling of or proximity to such materials.




                                                   0812/ACM/1
GENERAL CONDITIONS OF THE CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION
SUPPLEMENTARY CONDITIONS
                                SUPPLEMENTARY CONDITIONS


1.   INTRODUCTION

     The following supplements modify, change, delete from or add to the "General Conditions of the
     Contract for Construction", AIA Document A201, 2007 Edition. Where any Article of the
     General Conditions is modified or any Paragraph, Subparagraph or Clause thereof is modified or
     deleted by these Supplementary Conditions, the unaltered provisions of that Article, Paragraph,
     Subparagraph or Clause shall remain in effect.

2.   ARTICLE 2 - OWNER

     2.1.1 Add the following:

     Owner: The term Owner shall mean Rural Learning Center, Madison, South Dakota.

3.   ARTICLE 7 - CHANGE IN THE WORK

     Paragraph 7.3.7 shall be modified as follows:

             If the Contractor does not respond promptly or disagrees with the method for adjustment
             in the Contract Sum, the method and the adjustment shall be determined by the Architect
             on the basis of reasonable expenditures and savings of those performing the Work
             attributable for the change, including, in case of an increase in the Contract Sum, an
             allowance for overhead and profit in accordance with Clauses 7.3.7.1 through 7.3.7.4
             below. In such case, and also under Clause 7.3.3.3, the Contractor shall keep and present,
             in such form as the Architect may prescribe, an itemized accounting together with
             appropriate supporting data. Unless otherwise provided in the Contract Documents, costs
             for the purposes of this Subparagraph 7.3.7 shall be limited to the following:

     1.      For work performed by Prime Contractor's own forces, there shall be added a combined
             amount not to exceed 8% overhead and profit on Change Orders up to and including
             $5,000. For Change Orders over $5,000, the combined amount for overhead and profit
             shall not exceed 6%. Change Orders shall not include mileage to and from the project
             unless the change order results in a time extension to the project completion.

     2.      For Change Orders of work where the Prime Contractor has awarded the work to a
             Subcontractor, the Prime Contractor shall be allowed combined overhead and profit in an
             amount not to exceed 6% for Change Orders up to and including $5,000, and 4% for
             Change Orders in excess of $5,000. Change Orders shall not include mileage to and from
             the project unless the change order results in a time extension to the project completion.

     3.      For Change Orders of work by Subcontractor, the Subcontractor shall be allowed
             combined overhead and profit in an amount shall not to exceed 8% for Change Orders up
             to and including $5,000, and 6% for Change Orders in excess of $5,000. Change Orders
             shall not include mileage to and from the project unless the change order results in a time
             extension to the project completion.

     4.      Cost to which overhead and profit is to be applied shall be determined in accordance with
             Subparagraph 7.3.6.

                                           0812/SUPC/1
     5.     In order to facilitate checking of quotations for extras or credits, all proposals shall be
            accompanied by a complete itemization of costs including labor, materials and
            Subcontracts. Labor and materials shall be itemized in the manner prescribed above.
            Where major cost items are Subcontracts, they shall be itemized also.



4.   ARTICLE 9 – APPLICATION FOR PAYMENTS

     Add the following sentence to Subparagraph 9.3.1:

            The form of Application for Payment shall be a notarized AIA Document G702,
            Application and Certification for Payment, supported by AIA Document G703,
            Continuation Sheet.

5.   ARTICLE 11 - INSURANCE AND BONDS

     11.1   CONTRACTOR'S LIABILITY INSURANCE

                    Add the following clause 11.1.1.9 to 11.1.1:

                    11.1.1.9          Liability insurance shall include all major division of coverage
                                      and be on a comprehensive basis including

                                      1.      Premises Operations (including X, C and U coverage as
                                              applicable).

                                      2.      Independent Contractors' Operations

                                      3.      Products and Completed Operations

                                      4.      Personal Injury Liability with Employment Exclusion
                                              deleted

                                      5.      Contractual, including specified provision for
                                              Contractor's obligation under Paragraph 3.18

                                      6.      Owned, non-owned and hired motor vehicles

                                      7.      Broad Form Property Damage including Completed
                                              Operations

                    Add the following clause 11.1.1.10 to 11.1.1:

                    11.1.1.10         If the General Liability coverage is provided by a Commercial
                                      General Liability Policy on a claims-made basis, the policy date
                                      or Retroactive Date shall predate he Contract; the termination
                                      date of the policy or applicable extended reporting period shall
                                      be no earlier than the termination date of coverage required to be
                                      maintained after final payment, certified in accordance with
                                      Subparagraph 9.10.2.

                                                 0812/SUPC/2
Add the following clause 11.1.2.1 to 11.1.2:

11.1.2.1        The insurance required by Subparagraph 11.1.1 shall be written
                for not less than the following limits, or greater if required by
                law:

                1.      Worker's Compensation:

                        a)      State:                            Statutory

                        b)      Applicable Federal                Statutory
                                (e.g., Longshoremen's)

                        c)      Employer's Liability:

                                $100,000 per Accident

                                $500,000 Disease, Policy Limit

                                $100,000 Disease, Each Employee

                2.      Comprehensive or Commercial General Liability
                        (including Premises-Operations; Independent
                        Contractors' Protective; Products and Completed
                        Operations; Broad Form Property Damage):

                        a)      Bodily Injury:

                                $500,000 Each Occurrence

                                $500,000 Aggregate       OR for 2a), b), c)
                                                         combined
                                                         $1,000,000 Aggregate

                        b)      Property Damage:

                                $500,000 Each Occurrence

                                $500,000 Aggregate

                        c)      Products and Completed Operations to be
                                maintained for 2 years after final payment:

                                $500,000 Aggregate

                        d)      Property Damage Liability Insurance shall
                                provide X, C and U coverage. Any exception to
                                the above must be noted on certificate.

                        e)      Broad Form Property Damage Coverage shall
                                include Completed Operations.

                     0812/SUPC/3
3.   Contractual Liability:

     a)       Bodily Injury:

              $500,000 Each Occurrence

              $500,000 Aggregate       OR for both BI & PD
                                       combined
                                       $1,000,000 Aggregate

     b)       Property Damage:

              $500,000 Each Occurrence

              $500,000 Aggregate

4.   Personal Injury, with Employment Exclusion deleted:

     $500,000 Aggregate                OR combined
                                       $1,000,000 Aggregate

5.   Business Auto Liability (including owned, non-owned
     and hired vehicles):

     a)       Bodily Injury:

              $500,000 Each Person OR for 5a), b)
                                   $1,000,000 CSL

              $1,000,000 Each Occurrence

     b)       Property Damage:

              $500,000 Each Occurrence

6.   If the General Liability coverage is provided by a
     Commercial Liability policy, the:

     a)       General and Products and Completed Operations
              aggregate shall not be less than $1,000,000 and
              it shall apply, in total, to this project only. If,
              under terms of a Commercial Liability or for
              products and completed operations aggregate
              policy or Commercial Umbrella Liability policy
              or the general aggregate amount specified for
              this project only. is reduced up to 10% by the
              total of all claims, paid and pending, for which
              the Contractor is or may be liable, the Contractor
              shall notify the Owner within 10 days of such
              reduction or potential reduction. Contractor
              shall indicate in the notification separate totals

          0812/SUPC/4
                                           for each category, paid and pending. If
                                           instructed by the Owner in writing, the
                                           Contractor shall, at its own expense, restore the
                                           general aggregate to their original amounts.
                                           Contractor shall, within 30 days receipt of such
                                           notice, submit a revised Certificate of Insurance
                                           indicating restoration of required general
                                           aggregates. The Contractor may, on its own,
                                           restore the general aggregates to their original
                                           amounts for this project only at any time during
                                           the progress of the work without relying on
                                           notification by Owner.

                                   b)      Fire Damage Limit shall be not less than
                                           $50,000 on any one fire.

                                   c)      Medical Expense Limit shall be not less than
                                           $5,000 on any one person.

                           7.      Umbrella Excess Liability:

                                           $1,000,000 Each Occurrence

                                           $1,000,000 General Aggregate

                                           $1,000,000 Products & Completed Operations
                                           Aggregate

                                           $10,000 retention for self-insured hazards each
                                           occurrence

            11.1.3         Add the following sentence to Subparagraph 11.1.3:

                           If this insurance is written on the Comprehensive General
                           Liability policy form, the Certificates shall be AIA Documents
                           G705, Certificate of Insurance. If this insurance is written on a
                           Commercial General Liability policy form, ACORD form 25S
                           will be acceptable.

            11.2           Omitted



11.3 PROPERTY INSURANCE (“ALL RISK”)

            11.3.1         Modify the first sentence of Subparagraph 11.3.1 as follows:
                           Delete "Unless otherwise provided, the Owner: and substitute
                           "the Contractor."

            Add the following sentences:


                                0812/SUPC/5
                If the Owner is damaged by the failure of the Contractor to
                maintain such insurance, then the Contractor shall bear all
                reasonable costs properly attributable thereto.

11.3.1.1        Delete earthquake & flood from the “all risk” policy

11.3.1.2        Delete Clause 11.3.1.2

11.3.1.3        Delete Clause 11.3.1.3

11.3.4          Delete Subparagraph 11.3.4

Delete Subparagraph 11.4.6 and substitute the following:

11.3.6          Before an exposure to loss may occur, the Contractor shall file
                with the Owner a copy of each policy that includes insurance
                coverage, exclusions and endorsements related to the Project.
                Each policy shall contain a provision that the policy will not be
                cancelled or allowed to expire and, that its limits will not be
                reduced, until at least 30 day's prior written notice has been
                given to the Contractor.

11.3.7          Modify Subparagraph 11.3.7 by substituting "Contractor" for
                "Owner" at the end of the first sentence.

11.3.8          Modify Subparagraph 11.3.8 by substituting "Contractor" for
                "Owner" as fiduciary.

Delete Subparagraph 11.3.9 and substitute the following:

11.3.9          If required in writing by a party in interest, the Contractor as
                fiduciary shall, upon occurrence of an insured loss, give bond for
                proper performance of the Contractor’s duties. The cost of
                required bonds shall be charged against proceeds received as
                fiduciary. The Contractor shall deposit in a separate account
                proceeds so received, which the Contractor shall distribute in
                accordance with such agreement as the parties in interest may
                reach. If after such loss no other special agreement is made and
                unless the Owner terminates the Contract for convenience,
                replacement of damaged property shall be performed by the
                Contractor after notification of a Change in the Work in
                accordance with Article 7.

Delete Subparagraph 11.3.10 and substitute the following:

11.3.10         The Contractor as fiduciary shall have the power to adjust and
                settle a loss with insurers unless one of the parties in interest
                shall object in writing within five days after occurrence of loss to
                the Contractor’s exercise of this power; if such objection is
                made, the dispute shall be resolved by mutual agreement
                between the Contractor, Architect, Owner and other parties
                            0812/SUPC/6
                                     involved in the dispute.

     11.4 PERFORMANCE BOND AND PAYMENT BOND

     Delete Subparagraph 11.4.1 and substitute the following:

     11.4.1          The Contractor shall furnish Bonds covering faithful performance of the Contract
                     and payment of obligations arising there under. Bonds may be obtained through
                     the Contractor's usual source and the cost thereof shall be included in the
                     Contract Sum. The amount of each Bond shall be equal to 100 percent of the
                     Contract Sum.

     11.4.1.1        The Contractor shall deliver the required Bonds to the Owner not later than three
                     days following the date the Agreement is entered into, or if the Work is to be
                     commenced prior thereto in response to a letter of intent, the Contractor shall,
                     prior to the commencement of the Work, submit evidence satisfactory to the
                     Owner that such Bonds will be furnished.

     11.4.1.2        The Contractor shall require the Attorney-In-Fact who executes the required
                     Bonds on behalf of the surety thereto a certified and current copy of the Power of
                     Attorney.


6.   ARTICLE 15 – CLAIMS AND DISPUTES

     15.3       MEDIATION

     15.3.1 through 15.3. 3. Delete these paragraphs in their entirety and all other references to
     mediation wherever they may appear. It is specifically acknowledged that the Owner does not
     agree to, nor shall the Owner be subjected to mediation.

     15.4       ARBITRATION

     15.4.1 through 15.4.4. Delete these paragraphs in their entirety and all other references to
     arbitration wherever they may appear. It is specifically acknowledged that the Owner does not
     agree to, nor shall the Owner be subjected to, arbitration.




END OF SUPPLEMENTARY CONDITIONS




                                          0812/SUPC/7
FINISHES & COLORS




   0812/F&CC/1
                                            FINISHES AND COLORS                                                    Page 1 of 3
                                     Maroney Rural Learning Center - Phase II/#0812
                                                   January 11, 2010

Symbol        Manufacturer             Series/Description            Cat. #             Color             Comments

Acoustical Ceiling Panels
ACP-1         Armstrong                Cirrus - 2' x 2' x 3/4"                     584 White


ACP-2         Armstrong                Cleanroom - 2' x 2' x 5/8"                 1721 White


Awning Fabric
AF-1          Sunbrella                                                                 To be Selected


Carpet
C-1           Crossley                 Zona - 44031                              01757 Mocha              w/ Super-Loc Backing;
                                                                                                          Double-stick install & pad


C-2           Patcraft/Designweave     Color Choice - I0203                      00740 Suede              w/ Ultraloc Backing


Carpet Tile
CT-1          Interface                Platform - 50cm x 50cm                     9325 Chestnut           w/ GlasBac Backing


CT-2          Interface                The Standard - 50cm x 50cm                 9358 Spice              w/ GlasBac Backing


Ceramic Mosaic Tile
CMT-1         Daltile                  Keystones - 1" x 1"                        D201 Urban Putty Speckle
GROUT


Ceramic Wall Tile
CWT-1         Daltile                  Modern Dimensions -                        0161 Urban Putty
                                       1 3/4" x 3 3/4" Straight Joint Mosaic


CWT-2         Daltile                  Flat Liner - 1" x 6"                       Q049 Ocean Blue
GROUT


Composite Tile & Countertop
CTC-1         Eco by Cosentino                                                          Iron Ore


Metal Ceiling Panel
MCP-1         Armstrong                MetalWorks - 6561                          TWH White


Paint and Coating Colors
P-1           Sherwin Williams                                                 SW 7036 Accessible Beige


P-2           Sherwin Williams                                                 SW 7038 Tony Taupe


P-3           Sherwin Williams                                                 SW 6083 Sable              Accent Color; See 1/A3.1


P-4           ICI Paints                                                           947 Sheltering Palm    Accent Color; See 1/A3.1


P-5           Pratt & Lambert                                                     24-10 Duckling          Accent Color; See 1/A3.1
Paint and Coating Colors (continued)                                                                              Page 2 of 3
P-6           Sherwin Williams                                                SW 7709 Copper Pot        Accent Color; See 1/A3.1


P-7           Sherwin Williams                                                SW 7042 Shoiji White      Ceiling Color - See plans


P-8           Sherwin Williams                                                SW 7675 Sealskin          Ceiling Color - See plans


P-9           Scuffmaster                    Solid Metal                               To be Selected


Plastic Laminate
PL-1          Nevamar                                                          S60-14T Black Pearl


PL-2          Pionite                                                         ST606-S Taupe             Hotel Bathrooms


Porcelain Floor Tile
PFT-1         Keope                          Life - 30cm x 60cm (12" x 24")            Caramel          NAT TR Finish


PFT-2         Keope                          Life - 30cm x 60cm (12" x 24")            Hydra            NAT TR Finish
GROUT


Porcelain Wall Tile
PWT-1         Ergon                          Mikado - 6" x 24"                         Bambu
GROUT


Quarry Tile
QT-1          Daltile                        Quarry Tile - 6" x 6"               0Q42 Arid Gray
GROUT


Roller Shades
RS-1          Lutron                         Value Premiere Blackout          BP-P64-0 Sand             Blackout Fabric


Solid Surface
SS-1          Corian                                                                   Canvas


Sunflower Board
SB-1          Dakota Burl                                                              Natural


Toilet Partitions
TP-1          Metal - Unfinished, for field finish


Vinyl Base
VB-1          Burke Flooring                                                       597 Mocha


Wall Covering
WC-1          Avant by MDC Wallcovering Allestra                              AV-AA-13 Buff


Window Sills
WSS-1         Corian                                                                   Canvas


Wood Stain
WS-1                                                                                   Match Architect's Sample
Reclaimed Materials (Owner Provided)                                                                Page 3 of 3
          Slate                                                                      Used on fireplace (see plans)


          Metal Ceiling Panels                                                     Used in hotel rooms (see plans)


          Wood - fir and maple         Used as flooring, slats/shelving, ceiling panels, and countertops (see plans)
      MARONEY RURAL LEARNING CENTER
      PHASE II
      HOWARD, SOUTH DAKOTA



                          TABLE OF CONTENTS – SPECIFICATIONS

                SECTION           DESCRIPTION

DIVISION 01:    GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

                011000            SUMMARY
                012200            UNIT PRICES
                012300            ALTERNATES
                012900            PAYMENT PROCEDURES
                013300            SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES
                014000            QUALITY REQUIREMENTS
                016000            PRODUCT REQUIREMENTS
                017419            CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT AND
                                  DISPOSAL
                017700            CLOSEOUT PROCEDURES
                017823            OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA
                017839            PROJECT RECORD DOCUMENTS
                017900            DEMONSTRATION AND TRAINING
                018113            SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
                019113            GENERAL COMMISSIONING REQUIREMENTS
                                  TRAINING PLAN
                                  TRAINING AGENDA

DIVISION 02:    EXISTING CONDITIONS

                021000            SOIL INVESTIGATION
                024119            SELECTIVE STRUCTURE DEMOLITION

DIVISION 03:    CONCRETE

                033000            CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE
                034100            PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE
                034500            PRECAST ARCHITECTURAL CONCRETE

DIVISION 04:    MASONRY

                042000            UNIT MASONRY

DIVISION 05:    METALS

                051200            STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING
                052100            STEEL JOIST FRAMING
                053100            STEEL DECKING
                054000            COLD-FORMED METAL FRAMING
                055000            METAL FABRICATIONS


                                      0812/TC-S/1
               055100           METAL STAIRS AND PIPE RAILINGS

DIVISION 06:   WOOD, PLASTICS AND COMPOSITES

               061000           ROUGH CARPENTRY
               061600           SHEATHING
               062023           INTERIOR FINISH CARPENTRY
               064023           INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK

DIVISION 07:   THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION

               071326           SELF-ADHERING SHEET WATERPROOFING
               071413           HOT FLUID-APPLIED RUBBERIZED ASPHALT
                                WATERPROOFING
               071900           WATER REPELLENTS
               072100           THERMAL INSULATION
               072500           WEATHER BARRIERS
               074213           METAL WALL PANELS (CORRUGATED)
               074213           METAL WALL PANELS (HONEYCOMB CORE)
               074600           SIDING
               075423           THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING
               076200           SHEET METAL FLASHING AND TRIM
               077200           ROOF ACCESSORIES
               079200           JOINT SEALANTS

DIVISION 08:   OPENINGS

               081113           HOLLOW METAL DOORS AND FRAMES
               081416           FLUSH WOOD DOORS
               083113           ACCESS DOORS AND FRAMES
               084113           ALUMINUM-FRAMED ENTRANCES AND STORE
                                FRONTS
               084413           GLAZED ALUMINUM CURTAIN WALLS
               085113           ALUMINUM WINDOWS
               086200           UNIT SKYLIGHTS
               087100           DOOR HARDWARE
               088000           GLAZING
               088300           MIRRORS

DIVISION 09:   FINISHES

               092116.23        GYPSUM BOARD SHAFT WALL ASSEMBLIES
               092216           NON-STRUCTURAL METAL FRAMING
               092900           GYPSUM BOARD
               093000           TILING
               095113           ACOUSTICAL PANEL CEILINGS
               095133           ACOUSTICAL METAL PAN CEILINGS
               096513           RESILIENT BASE AND ACCESSORIES
               096813           TILE CARPETING
               096816           SHEET CARPETING
               097200           WALL COVERINGS
               099123           PAINTING


                              0812/TC-S/2
DIVISION 10:   SPECIALTIES

               101100          VISUAL DISPLAY SURFACES
               101400          SIGNAGE
               101400          EXTERIOR SIGNAGE
               102113          TOILET COMPARTMENTS
               102226          OPERABLE PARTITIONS
               102226.23       WOOD-FRAMED OPERABLE PARTITIONS
               102800          TOILET, BATH AND LAUNDRY ACCESSORIES
               104413          FIRE EXTINGUISHER CABINETS
               104416          FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
               105113          METAL LOCKERS

DIVISION 11:   EQUIPMENT

               113100          RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCES (FIREPLACES)
               114000          FOODSERVICE EQUIPMENT
               115213          PROJECTION SCREENS

DIVISION 12:   FURNISHINGS

               122413          ROLLER WINDOW SHADES
               124813          ENTRANCE FLOOR MATS AND FRAMES

DIVISION 13:   SPECIAL CONSTRUCTION

               135000          GRAIN BIN METAL PANELS
               136000          AWNINGS

DIVISION 14:   CONVEYING EQUIPMENT

               142400          HYDRAULIC ELEVATORS

DIVISION 31:   EARTHWORK

               311000          SITE CLEARING
               312000          EARTH MOVING
               313116          TERMITE CONTROL

DIVISION 32:   EXTERIOR IMPROVEMENTS

               321216          ASPHALT PAVING
               321313          CONCRETE PAVING
               321373          CONCRETE PAVING JOINT SEALANTS
               323113          CHAIN LINK FENCES GATES
               329200          TURF AND GRASSES
               329300          PLANTS



                                      0812/TC-S/3
     DIVISION 21:      FIRE SUPPRESSION

                       211000       GENERAL PROVISIONS
                       215000       FIRE SUPPRESSION

     DIVISION 22:      PLUMBING AND HEATING HYDRONICS

                       221000       GENERAL PROVISIONS
                       224000       PLUMBING
                       226000       HEATING HYDRONICS
                       228500       INSULATION AND PIPING INDENTIFICATION

     DIVISION 23:      HEATING, VENTILATING AND AIR CONDITIONING

                       231000       GENERAL PROVISIONS
                       238000       VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING
                       238500       INSULATION AND PIPING INDENTIFICATION
                       239000       AUTOMATIC TEMPERATURE CONTROL/BUILDING
                                    AUTOMATION SYSTEM

     DIVISION 26:      ELECTRICAL

                       260100       GENERAL PROVISIONS
                       260500       BASIC ELECTRICAL MATERIALS AND METHODS
                       260600       GROUNDING AND BONDING
                       261200       CONDUCTORS AND CABLES
                       261300       RACEWAYS AND BOXES
                       261400       WIRING DEVICES
                       261450       LIGHTING CONTROL DEVICES
                       264100       ENCLOSED SWITCHES AND CIRCUIT BREAKERS
                       264200       ENCLOSED CONTROLLERS
                       264420       PANELBOARDS
                       264910       FUSES
                       265110       INTERIOR LIGHTING
                       265210       EXTERIOR LIGHTING
                       265700       ARCHITECTURAL DIMMING SYSTEM

     DIVISION 27:      COMMUNICATIONS

                       277290       RF BROADBAND TV DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
                       277400       COMMUNICATION & DATA PROCESSING EQUIPMENT

     DIVISION 28:      ELCTRONIC SAFETY AND SECURITY

                       287210       FIRE ALARM SYSTEM


END OF TABLE OF CONTENTS - SPECIFICATIONS


                                        0812/TC-S/4
MARONEY RURAL LEARNING CENTER
PHASE II
HOWARD, SOUTH DAKOTA


                          TABLE OF CONTENTS - DRAWINGS


SHEET NO.   DESCRIPTION

COVER

A0.0        CODE REVIEW, ORIENTATION PLAN AND LEGENDS

CIVIL

C1.0        UTILITY PLAN
C1.1        EROSION CONTROL
C1.2        STANDARD DETAILS
C1.3        STANDARD DETAILS

LANDSCAPE

SP1.1       SITE DEMOLITION PLAN
SP1.2       SITE LAYOUT PLAN
SP1.3       SITE GRADING PLAN
SP1.4       SITE PLANTING PLAN
SP5.1       SITE DETAILS
SP5.2       SITE DETAILS

ARCHITECTURAL

A1.1        FIRST FLOOR PLAN
A1.2        SECOND FLOOR PLAN
A1.3        ENLARGED FLOOR PLANS & DETAILS
A1.4        INTERIOR ELEVATIONS & DETAILS
A1.5        INTERIOR ELEVATIONS & DETAILS
A2.1        DOOR & FRAME SCHEDULE AND ELEVATIONS
A2.2        WINDOW ELEVATIONS & DETAILS
A2.3        DOOR & WINDOW DETAILS
A2.4        DOOR & WINDOW DETAILS
A3.1        FIRST FLOOR REFLECTED CEILING PLAN & DETAILS
A3.2        SECOND FLOOR REFLECTED CEILING PLAN & DETAILS
A4.1        ROOF PLAN
A4.2        ROOF DETAILS
A4.3        ROOF DETAILS
A4.4        ROOF DETAILS
A5.1        EXTERIOR ELEVATIONS
A5.2        EXTERIOR ELEVATIONS
A6.1        BUILDING SECTIONS
A6.2        BUILDING SECTIONS
A6.3        WALL SECTIONS


                                   0812/TC-D/1
A6.4         BUILDING DETAILS
A7.1         ENLARGED STAIR PLANS, SECTIONS & DETAILS
A7.2         ELEVATOR SECTIONS & DETAILS

STRUCTURAL

S1.1         GENERAL STRUCTURAL NOTES
S1.2R        FOOTING AND FOUNDATION PLAN
S2.2R        SECOND FLOOR FRAMING PLAN
S2.3R        ROOF FRAMING PLAN
S3.1         STRUCTRAL DETAILS
S3.2         STRUCTRAL DETAILS
S3.3         STRUCTURAL DETAILS
S3.4R        STRUCTRAL DETAILS
S3.5         STRUCTRAL DETAILS
S3.6R        STRUCTRAL DETAILS
S3.7R        STRUCTRAL DETAILS
S3.8         STRUCTRAL DETAILS
S3.9R        STRUCTRAL DETAILS
S3.10R       STRUCTRAL DETAILS

MECHANICAL

M1.1         LEGEND & DETAILS
M1.2         SITE PLAN – MECHANICAL
M2.1         FOOTING & FOUNDATION PLAN – PLUMBING & HEATING
M3.1         FIRST & SECOND FLOOR PLUMBING & HEATING
M3.2         ENLARGED FLOOR PLANS – PLUMBING & HEATING
M3.3         ENLARGED KITCHEN AREA – PLUMBING & HEATING
M3.4         FIRST FLOOR PLAN – FIRE SPRINKLER
M3.5         SECOND FLOOR PLAN – FIRE SPRINKLER
M4.1         FIRST FLOOR PLAN – VENTILATION & AIR CONDITIONING
M4.2         SECOND FLOOR PLAN – VENTILATION & AIR CONDITIONING
M5.1         SCHEDULES

ELECTRICAL

E1.1         DEMOLTION SITE PLAN – ELECTRICAL
E1.2         SITE PLAN – ELECTRICAL
E2.1         FIRST FLOOR PLANS – ELECTRICAL
E2.2         SECOND FLOOR PLANS – ELECTRICAL
E2.3         ENLARGED FLOOR PLANS – ELECTRICAL
E2.4         ROOF PLAN – ELECTRICAL
E3.1         ELECTRICAL SCHEDULES
E3.2         RISER AND DETAILS
E3.3         DETAILS AND SCHEDULES



END OF TABLE OF CONTENTS – DRAWINGS




                            0812/TC-D/2
SECTION 011000 - SUMMARY


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:

           1.    Work covered by the Contract Documents.
           2.    Type of the Contract.
           3.    Use of premises.
           4.    Work restrictions.
           5.    Specification formats and conventions.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Temporary Facilities and Controls" for limitations and procedures
                 governing temporary use of Owner's facilities.


1.3        WORK COVERED BY CONTRACT DOCUMENTS

      A.   Project Identification: Rural Learning Center.

           1.    Project Location: Rural Learning Center, Howard, South Dakota.

      B.   Owner: Rural Learning Center.

           1.    Owner's Representative: Randy Parry, Rural Learning Center.

      C.   Architect: Koch Hazard Architects, 431 North Phillips Avenue, Sioux Falls, South Dakota
           57104.

      D.   Construction Manager: Henry Carlson Company.

           1.    Construction Manager has been engaged for this Project to serve as an advisor to Owner
                 and to provide assistance in administering the Contract for Construction between Owner
                 and each Contractor, according to a separate contract between Owner and Construction
                 Manager.




SUMMARY                                                                              0812/011000 - 1
      E.   The Work consists of the following:

           1.    The Work includes:

           2.    The Work includes, but not limited to: selective demolition, site clearing, footings,
                 foundations, masonry, steel joist and deck, windows, and single-ply roofing. Interior
                 finishes include partition walls, doors, flooring, ceilings and painting. Work also includes
                 fire protection, plumbing, HVAC and electrical. For complete information see Table of
                 Contents – Specifications and Table of Contents – Drawings.


1.4        TYPE OF CONTRACT

      A.   Project will be constructed with multiple contracts through the Project Manager.


1.5        USE OF PREMISES

      A.   General: The Contractor’s shall have full use of premises for construction operations, including
           use of Project site, during construction period. The Contractor's use of premises is limited only
           by Owner's right to perform work or to retain other contractors on portions of Project.

      B.   Use of Site: Limit use of premises to areas within the Contract limits indicated. Do not disturb
           portions of Project site beyond areas in which the Work is indicated.

           1.    Owner Occupancy: Allow for Owner occupancy of Project site and use by the public.
           2.    Driveways and Entrances: Keep driveways, loading areas and entrances serving premises
                 clear and available to Owner, Owner's employees, and emergency vehicles at all times.
                 Do not use these areas for parking or storage of materials.

                 a.     Schedule deliveries to minimize use of driveways and entrances.
                 b.     Schedule deliveries to minimize space and time requirements for storage of
                        materials and equipment on-site.

      C.   Use of Existing Building: Maintain existing building in a weather-tight condition throughout
           construction period. Repair damage caused by construction operations. Protect building and its
           occupants during construction period.


1.6        WORK RESTRICTIONS

      A.   On-Site Work Hours: Work shall be generally performed inside the existing building during
           normal business working hours of 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, except
           otherwise indicated.

      B.   Existing Utility Interruptions: Do not interrupt utilities serving facilities occupied by Owner or
           others unless permitted under the following conditions and then only after arranging to provide
           temporary utility services according to requirements indicated:

           1.    Notify Owner not less than three (3) working days in advance of proposed utility
                 interruptions.
           2.    Do not proceed with utility interruptions without written permission.


SUMMARY                                                                                   0812/011000 - 2
1.7        SPECIFICATION FORMATS AND CONVENTIONS

      A.   Specification Format: The Specifications are organized into Divisions and Sections using the
           50-division format and CSI/CSC's "MasterFormat" numbering system.

           1.    Section Identification: The Specifications use Section numbers and titles to help cross-
                 referencing in the Contract Documents. Sections in the Project Manual are in numeric
                 sequence; however, the sequence is incomplete because all available Section numbers are
                 not used. Consult the table of contents at the beginning of the Project Manual to
                 determine numbers and names of Sections in the Contract Documents.
           2.    Division 01: Sections in Division 01 govern the execution of the Work of all Sections in
                 the Specifications.

      B.   Specification Content: The Specifications use certain conventions for the style of language and
           the intended meaning of certain terms, words, and phrases when used in particular situations.
           These conventions are as follows:

           1.    Abbreviated Language: Language used in the Specifications and other Contract
                 Documents is abbreviated. Words and meanings shall be interpreted as appropriate.
                 Words implied, but not stated, shall be inferred as the sense requires. Singular words
                 shall be interpreted as plural and plural words shall be interpreted as singular where
                 applicable as the context of the Contract Documents indicates.
           2.    Imperative mood and streamlined language are generally used in the Specifications.
                 Requirements expressed in the imperative mood are to be performed by Contractor.
                 Occasionally, the indicative or subjunctive mood may be used in the Section Text for
                 clarity to describe responsibilities that must be fulfilled indirectly by Contractor or by
                 others when so noted.

                 a.    The words "shall," "shall be," or "shall comply with," depending on the context,
                       are implied where a colon (:) is used within a sentence or phrase.


1.8        MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS


PART 2 - PRODUCTS (Not Used)


PART 3 - EXECUTION (Not Used)


END OF SECTION 011000




SUMMARY                                                                                 0812/011000 - 3
SECTION 012200 - UNIT PRICES


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes administrative and procedural requirements for unit prices.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Contract Modification Procedures" for procedures for submitting
                 and handling Change Orders.
           2.    Division 01 Section "Quality Requirements" for general testing and inspecting
                 requirements.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Unit price is an amount proposed by bidders, stated on the Bid Form, as a price per unit of
           measurement for materials or services added to or deducted from the Contract Sum by
           appropriate modification, if estimated quantities of Work required by the Contract Documents
           are increased or decreased.


1.4        PROCEDURES

      A.   Unit prices include all necessary material, plus cost for delivery, installation, insurance,
           applicable taxes, overhead, and profit.

      B.   Measurement and Payment: Refer to individual Specification Sections for work that requires
           establishment of unit prices. Methods of measurement and payment for unit prices are specified
           in those Sections.

      C.   Owner reserves the right to reject Contractor's measurement of work-in-place that involves use
           of established unit prices and to have this work measured, at Owner's expense, by an
           independent surveyor acceptable to Contractor.

      D.   List of Unit Prices: A list of unit prices is included in Part 3. Specification Sections referenced
           in the schedule contain requirements for materials described under each unit price.




UNIT PRICES                                                                                0812/012200 - 1
PART 2 - PRODUCTS (Not Used)


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        LIST OF UNIT PRICES

      A.   Unit Price No. 1 – Earth Excavation

           1.       Description: Earth excavation in accordance with Section 312000 – Earth Moving.
           2.       Unit of Measurement: Cubic yard (hand excavation)

      B.   Unit Price No. 2 – Earth Excavation

           1.       Description: Earth excavation in accordance with Section 312000 – Earth Moving.
           2.       Unit of Measurement: Cubic yard (machine excavation)

      C.   Unit Price No. 3– Compacted Fill Material in Place

           1.       Description: Compacted fill in accordance with Section 312000 – Earth Moving.
           2.       Unit of Measurement: Cubic yard.

                    Note: Unit prices quoted on "Compacted Fill Material in Place" shall be the actual
                    physical dimensions of any extra space excavated or any less space excavated.
                    Shrinkage shall already be figured into the quoted price.

      D.        Unit Price No. 4 – Stainless Steel Joint Inserts

           1.       Description: Provide stainless steel joint inserts in polished concrete saw cuts in
                    accordance with Section 055000 – Metal Fabrications.
           2.       Unit of Measurement: Lineal Foot



END OF SECTION 012200




UNIT PRICES                                                                             0812/012200 - 2
SECTION 012300 - ALTERNATES


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes administrative and procedural requirements for alternates.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Alternate: An amount proposed by bidders and stated on the Bid Form for certain work defined
           in the Bidding Requirements that may be added to or deducted from the Base Bid amount if
           Owner decides to accept a corresponding change either in the amount of construction to be
           completed or in the products, materials, equipment, systems, or installation methods described
           in the Contract Documents.

           1.    The cost or credit for each alternate is the net addition to or deduction from the Contract
                 Sum to incorporate alternate into the Work. No other adjustments are made to the
                 Contract Sum.


1.4        PROCEDURES

      A.   Coordination: Modify or adjust affected adjacent work as necessary to completely integrate
           work of the alternate into Project.

           1.    Include as part of each alternate, miscellaneous devices, accessory objects, and similar
                 items incidental to or required for a complete installation whether or not indicated as part
                 of alternate.

      B.   Notification: Immediately following award of the Contract, notify each party involved, in
           writing, of the status of each alternate. Indicate if alternates have been accepted, rejected, or
           deferred for later consideration. Include a complete description of negotiated modifications to
           alternates.

      C.   Execute accepted alternates under the same conditions as other work of the Contract.

      D.   Schedule: A Schedule of Alternates is included at the end of this Section. Specification
           Sections referenced in schedule contain requirements for materials necessary to achieve the
           work described under each alternate.




ALTERNATES                                                                                0812/012300 - 1
PART 2 - PRODUCTS (Not Used)


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1    SCHEDULE OF ALTERNATES


  A.   Alternate No.1: (Curb & Gutter)

       Under this Alternate, state the amount to be ADDED to the BASE BID for the following:

       Contractor shall provide and install curb & gutter and sidewalk along south side of Farmer as
       Specified and shown on the Drawing SP1.2.

  B.   Alternate No.2A: (West Parking Lot)

       Under this Alternate, state the amount to be ADDED to the BASE BID for the following:

       Contractor shall provide and install west parking lot as Specified and shown on the Drawing
       SP1.2.

  C.   Alternate No.2B: (Concrete Paving West Parking Lot)

       Under this Alternate, state the amount to be ADDED to the BASE BID for the following:

       Contractor shall provide and install concrete paving in west parking lot as Specified and shown
       on the Drawing SP1.2.


  D.   Alternate No.3: (Spray-Applied Insulation)

       Under this Alternate, state the amount to be ADDED to the BASE BID for the following:

       Contractor shall provide and install spray-applied insulation at all exterior stud walls in lieu of
       insulation indicated as Specified in Section 072100 Thermal Insulation and shown on the
       Drawings




END OF SECTION 012300




ALTERNATES                                                                             0812/012300 - 2
SECTION 012900 - PAYMENT PROCEDURES


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section specifies administrative and procedural requirements necessary to prepare and
           process Applications for Payment.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Contract Modification Procedures" for administrative procedures
                 for handling changes to the Contract.
           2.    Division 01 Section "Unit Prices" for administrative requirements governing use of unit
                 prices.
           3.    Division 01 Section "Construction Progress Documentation" for administrative
                 requirements governing preparation and submittal of Contractor's Construction Schedule
                 and Submittals Schedule.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Schedule of Values: A statement furnished by Contractor allocating portions of the Contract
           Sum to various portions of the Work and used as the basis for reviewing Contractor's
           Applications for Payment.


1.4        SCHEDULE OF VALUES

      A.   Coordination: Coordinate preparation of the Schedule of Values with preparation of
           Contractor's Construction Schedule.

           1.    Correlate line items in the Schedule of Values with other required administrative forms
                 and schedules, including the following:

                 a.    Application for Payment forms with Continuation Sheets.
                 b.    Submittals Schedule.
                 c.    Contractor's Construction Schedule.

           2.    Submit the Schedule of Values to Architect at earliest possible date but no later than ten
                 days before the date scheduled for submittal of initial Applications for Payment.



PAYMENT PROCEDURES                                                                      0812/012900 - 1
       3.    Sub-schedules: Where the Work is separated into phases requiring separately phased
             payments, provide sub-schedules showing values correlated with each phase of payment.

  B.   Format and Content: Use the Project Manual table of contents as a guide to establish line items
       for the Schedule of Values. Provide at least one line item for each Specification Section.

       1.    Identification: Include the following Project identification on the Schedule of Values:

             a.    Project name and location.
             b.    Name of Architect.
             c.    Architect's project number.
             d.    Contractor's name and address.
             e.    Date of submittal.

       2.    Arrange the Schedule of Values in tabular form with separate columns to indicate the
             following for each item listed:

             a.    Related Specification Section or Division.
             b.    LEED Administrative Activities.
             c.    Description of the Work.
             d.    Name of subcontractor.
             e.    Name of manufacturer or fabricator.
             f.    Name of supplier.
             g.    Change Orders (numbers) that affect value.
             h.    Dollar value.

                   1)     Percentage of the Contract Sum to nearest one-hundredth percent, adjusted
                          to total 100 percent.

       3.    Provide a breakdown of the Contract Sum in enough detail to facilitate continued
             evaluation of Applications for Payment and progress reports. Coordinate with the Project
             Manual table of contents. Provide several line items for principal subcontract amounts,
             where appropriate
       4.    Round amounts to nearest whole dollar; total shall equal the Contract Sum.
       5.    Provide a separate line item in the Schedule of Values for each part of the Work where
             Applications for Payment may include materials or equipment purchased or fabricated
             and stored, but not yet installed.

             a.    Differentiate between items stored on-site and items stored off-site. If specified,
                   include evidence of insurance or bonded warehousing.

       6.    Provide separate line items in the Schedule of Values for initial cost of materials, for each
             subsequent stage of completion, and for total installed value of that part of the Work.
       7.    Allowances: Provide a separate line item in the Schedule of Values for each allowance.
             Show line-item value of unit-cost allowances, as a product of the unit cost, multiplied by
             measured quantity. Use information indicated in the Contract Documents to determine
             quantities.
       8.    Each item in the Schedule of Values and Applications for Payment shall be complete.
             Include total cost and proportionate share of general overhead and profit for each item.




PAYMENT PROCEDURES                                                                     0812/012900 - 2
                 a.    Temporary facilities and other major cost items that are not direct cost of actual
                       work-in-place may be shown either as separate line items in the Schedule of
                       Values or distributed as general overhead expense, at Contractor's option.

           9.    Schedule Updating: Update and resubmit the Schedule of Values before the next
                 Applications for Payment when Change Orders or Construction Change Directives result
                 in a change in the Contract Sum.


1.5        APPLICATIONS FOR PAYMENT

      A.   Each Application for Payment shall be consistent with previous applications and payments as
           certified by Architect and paid for by Owner.

           1.    Initial Application for Payment, Progress Payments, Application for Payment at time of
                 Substantial Completion, and final Application for Payment involve additional
                 requirements.

      B.   Payment Application Times: The date for each progress payment is indicated in the Agreement
           between Owner and Contractor. The period of construction Work covered by each Application
           for Payment is the period indicated in the Agreement.

      C.   Payment Application Times: Progress payments shall be submitted to Architect by the twenty-
           fifth (25) of the month. The period covered by each Application for Payment is one month,
           ending on the twentieth (20) day of the month.

      D.   Payment Application Forms: Use AIA Document G702 and AIA Document G703 Continuation
           Sheets as form for Applications for Payment.

      E.   Application Preparation: Complete every entry on form. Notarize and execute by a person
           authorized to sign legal documents on behalf of Contractor. Architect will return incomplete
           applications without action.

           1.    Entries shall match data on the Schedule of Values and Contractor's Construction
                 Schedule. Use updated schedules if revisions were made.
           2.    Include amounts of Change Orders and Construction Change Directives issued before last
                 day of construction period covered by application.

      F.   Transmittal: Submit 3 signed and notarized original copies of each Application for Payment to
           Architect by a method ensuring receipt within 24 hours. One copy shall include waivers of lien
           and similar attachments if required.

           1.    Transmit each copy with a transmittal form listing attachments and recording appropriate
                 information about application.

      G.   Initial Application for Payment: Administrative actions and submittals that must precede or
           coincide with submittal of first Application for Payment include the following:


           1.    LEED Documentation – See Section 018133 Sustainable Design Requirements.
           2.    List of subcontractors.



PAYMENT PROCEDURES                                                                     0812/012900 - 3
       3.    Schedule of Values.
       4.    Contractor's Construction Schedule (preliminary if not final).
       5.    Products list.
       6.    Schedule of unit prices.
       7.    Submittals Schedule (preliminary if not final).
       8.    List of Contractor's staff assignments.
       9.    List of Contractor's principal consultants.
       10.   Copies of building permits.
       11.   Copies of authorizations and licenses from authorities having jurisdiction for
             performance of the Work.
       12.   Initial progress report.
       13.   Report of preconstruction conference.
       14.   Certificates of insurance and insurance policies.
       15.   Performance and payment bonds.
       16.   Data needed to acquire Owner's insurance.
       17.   Initial settlement survey and damage report if required.

  H.   Progress Payments: Up to the time of Substantial Completion the General Contractor shall not
       submit an Application for Payment showing not more than 95 percent completion for any line
       item of work. The remaining 5 percent will be included in the final pay application upon review
       of the O&M Manuals and as-built drawings and completion of the punch list.

  I.   Application for Payment at Substantial Completion: After issuing the Certificate of Substantial
       Completion, submit an Application for Payment showing 100 percent completion for portion of
       the Work claimed as substantially complete.

       1.    Include documentation supporting claim that the Work is substantially complete and a
             statement showing an accounting of changes to the Contract Sum.
       2.    This application shall reflect Certificates of Partial Substantial Completion issued
             previously for Owner occupancy of designated portions of the Work.

  J.   Final Payment Application: Submit final Application for Payment with releases and supporting
       documentation not previously submitted and accepted, including, but not limited, to the
       following:


       1.    LEED Documentation.
       2.    Evidence of completion of Project closeout requirements.
       3.    Insurance certificates for products and completed operations where required and proof
             that taxes, fees, and similar obligations were paid.
       4.    Updated final statement, accounting for final changes to the Contract Sum.
       5.    AIA Document G706, "Contractor's Affidavit of Payment of Debts and Claims."
       6.    AIA Document G706A, "Contractor's Affidavit of Release of Liens."
       7.    AIA Document G707, "Consent of Surety to Final Payment."
       8.    Evidence that claims have been settled.
       9.    Final meter readings for utilities, a measured record of stored fuel, and similar data as of
             date of Substantial Completion or when Owner took possession of and assumed
             responsibility for corresponding elements of the Work.
       10.   Final, liquidated damages settlement statement.




PAYMENT PROCEDURES                                                                    0812/012900 - 4
PART 2 - PRODUCTS (Not Used)


PART 3 - EXECUTION (Not Used)


END OF SECTION 012900




PAYMENT PROCEDURES              0812/012900 - 5
SECTION 013300 - SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes administrative and procedural requirements for submitting Shop
           Drawings, Product Data, Samples, and other submittals.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Project Management and Coordination" for submitting and
                 distributing meeting and conference minutes and for submitting Coordination Drawings.
           2.    Division 01 Section "Quality Requirements" for submitting test and inspection
                 reports and for mockup requirements.
           3.    Division 01 Section "Closeout Procedures" for submitting warranties.
           4.    Division 01 Section "Project Record Documents" for submitting Record Drawings,
                 Record Specifications, and Record Product Data.
           5.    Division 01 Section "Operation and Maintenance Data" for submitting operation and
                 maintenance manuals.
           6.    Division 01 Section "Demonstration and Training" for submitting videotapes of
                 demonstration of equipment and training of Owner's personnel.
           7.    Division 01 Section “Sustainable Design Requirements” for additional LEED
                 requirements.
           8.    Division 01 Section “General Commissioning Requirements”.
           9.    Divisions 02 through 49 Sections for specific requirements for submittals in those
                 Sections.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Action Submittals: Written and graphic information that requires Architect's and Construction
           Manager’s responsive action.

      B.   Informational Submittals:    Written information that does not require Architect's and
           Construction Manager’s responsive action. Submittals may be rejected for not complying with
           requirements.


1.4        ELECTRONIC SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES

      A.   Summary:


SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES                                                                  0812/013300 - 1
       1.       Shop drawing and product data submittals shall be transmitted to the Architect in
                electronic (PDF) format using Submittal Exchange, a website service designed
                specifically for transmitting submittals between construction team members.
       2.       The intent of electronic submittals is to expedite the construction process by reducing
                paperwork, improving information flow and decreasing turnaround time.
       3.       The electronic submittal process is not intended for the following:

                a.    Color samples, color charts and physical material samples.
                b.    Application for payment, Request for Information and other submittals not related
                      to shop drawing and product data.

  B.   Procedures:


       1.       Submittal Preparation – Construction Manager may use any of the following options:

                a.    Subcontractors and Suppliers provide electronic (PDF) submittals to Construction
                      Manager via email.
                b.    Subcontractors and Suppliers provide electronic (PDF) submittals to Construction
                      Manager via Submittal Exchange website.
                c.    Subcontractors and Suppliers provide paper submittals to Construction Manager
                      who electronically scans and converts to PDF format.

       2.       Construction Manager shall review and apply electronic stamp certifying that the
                submittal complies with the requirements of the Contract Documents including
                verification of manufacturer/product, dimensions and coordination of information with
                other parts of the work.
       3.       Construction Manager transmits each submittal to Architect using the Submittal
                Exchange website, www.submittalexchange.com.
       4.       Architect/Engineer review comments will be made available on the Submittal Exchange
                website for downloading. Construction Manager will receive email notice of completed
                review.
       5.       Distribution of reviewed submittals to subcontractors and suppliers is the responsibility
                of the Construction Manager.
       6.       Submit electronic copies on a CD of reviewed submittals at project closeout for record
                purposes in accordance with Section 17700 Closeout Procedures.

  C.   Costs:


       1.       Construction Manager shall include the full cost of Submittal Exchange project
                subscription in their proposal. This cost is included in the contract amount. Contact
                Submittal Exchange at 1-800-714-0024 to verify cost prior to bidding.
       2.       The intent is for Submittal Exchange service cost to be in lieu of postage or shipping
                costs typically paid for paper submittals. Service cost is a net cost savings to Construction
                Manager because submittals sent electronically do not need to be shipped physically.
       3.       At Construction Manager’s option, training is available from Submittal Exchange
                regarding use of website and PDF submittals. Contact Submittal Exchange at 1-800-714-
                0024.
       4.       Internet Service and Equipment Requirements:



SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES                                                                      0812/013300 - 2
             a.     Email address and internet access at Construction Manager’ office.
             b.     Adobe Acrobat (www.adobe.com), Bluebeam PDF Revu (www.bluebeam.com),
                    or other similar PDF review software for applying electronic stamps and
                    comments.

  D.   General: Electronic copies of CAD Drawings of the Contract Drawings will not be provided by
       Architect for Contractor's use in preparing submittals.

  E.   Coordination: Coordinate preparation and processing of submittals with performance of
       construction activities.

       1.    Coordinate each submittal with fabrication, purchasing, testing, delivery, other
             submittals, and related activities that require sequential activity.
       2.    Coordinate transmittal of different types of submittals for related parts of the Work so
             processing will not be delayed because of need to review submittals concurrently for
             coordination.

             a.     Architect and Construction Manager reserve the right to withhold action on a
                    submittal requiring coordination with other submittals until related submittals are
                    received.

  F.   Submittals Schedule: Comply with requirements in Division 01 Section "Construction Progress
       Documentation" for list of submittals and time requirements for scheduled performance of
       related construction activities.

  G.   Processing Time: Allow enough time for submittal review, including time for resubmittals, as
       follows. Time for review shall commence on Architect's and Construction Manager's receipt of
       submittal. No extension of the Contract Time will be authorized because of failure to transmit
       submittals enough in advance of the Work to permit processing, including resubmittals.

       1.    Initial Review: Allow reasonable promptness for initial review of each submittal. Allow
             additional time if coordination with subsequent submittals is required. Construction
             Manager will advise Contractor when a submittal being processed must be delayed for
             coordination.
       2.    Intermediate Review: If intermediate submittal is necessary, process it in same manner
             as initial submittal.
       3.    Resubmittal Review: Allow 10 days for review of each resubmittal.
       4.    Sequential Review: Where sequential review of submittals by Architect's consultants,
             Owner, or other parties is indicated, allow 21 days for initial review of each submittal.

  H.   Identification: Place a permanent label or title block on each submittal for identification.

       1.    Indicate name of firm or entity that prepared each submittal on label or title block.
       2.    Provide a space on label or beside title block to record Contractor's review and approval
             markings and action taken by Architect and Construction Manager.
       3.    Include the following information on label for processing and recording action taken:

             a.     Project name.
             b.     Date.
             c.     Name and address of Architect.
             d.     Name and address of Construction Manager.



SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES                                                                    0812/013300 - 3
             e.     Name and address of Contractor.
             f.     Name and address of subcontractor.
             g.     Name and address of supplier.
             h.     Name of manufacturer.
             i.     Submittal number or other unique identifier, including revision identifier.
             j.     Number and title of appropriate Specification Section.
             k.     Drawing number and detail references, as appropriate.
             l.     Other necessary identification.

  I.   Deviations: Highlight, encircle, or otherwise specifically identify deviations from the Contract
       Documents on submittals.

  J.   Additional Copies: Unless additional copies are required for final submittal, and unless
       Architect or Construction Manager observes noncompliance with provisions in the Contract
       Documents, initial submittal may serve as final submittal.

  K.   Transmittal: Package each submittal individually and appropriately for transmittal and
       handling. Transmit each submittal using a transmittal form. Architect and Construction
       Manager will return submittals, without review, received from sources other than Contractor.

       1.    Transmittal Form: Use Contractors Standard form.
       2.    Transmittal Form: Provide locations on form for the following information:

             a.     Project name.
             b.     Date.
             c.     Destination (To :).
             d.     Source (From :).
             e.     Names of subcontractor, manufacturer, and supplier.
             f.     Category and type of submittal.
             g.     Submittal purpose and description.
             h.     Specification Section number and title.
             i.     Drawing number and detail references, as appropriate.
             j.     Transmittal number, numbered consecutively.
             k.     Submittal and transmittal distribution record.
             l.     Remarks.
             m.     Signature of transmitter.

  L.   Resubmittals: Make resubmittals in same form and number of copies as initial submittal.

       1.    Note date and content of previous submittal.
       2.    Note date and content of revision in label or title block and clearly indicate extent of
             revision.
       3.    Resubmit submittals until they are marked "Insert approval notation from Architect's and
             Construction Manager's action stamp."

  M.   Distribution: Furnish copies of final submittals to manufacturers, subcontractors, suppliers,
       fabricators, installers, authorities having jurisdiction, and others as necessary for performance of
       construction activities. Show distribution on transmittal forms.




SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES                                                                    0812/013300 - 4
      N.   Use for Construction: Use only final submittals with mark indicating approval notation from
           Architect's and Construction Manager's action stamp taken by Architect and Construction
           Manager.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        ACTION SUBMITTALS

      A.   General: Prepare and submit Action Submittals required by individual Specification Sections.

           1.    Submit electronic submittals directly to extranet specifically established for Project.

      B.   Product Data: Collect information into a single submittal for each element of construction and
           type of product or equipment.

           1.    If information must be specially prepared for submittal because standard printed data are
                 not suitable for use, submit as Shop Drawings, not as Product Data.
           2.    Mark each copy of each submittal to show which products and options are applicable.
           3.    Include the following information, as applicable:

                 a.    Manufacturer's written recommendations.
                 b.    Manufacturer's product specifications.
                 c.    Manufacturer's installation instructions.
                 d.    Standard color charts.
                 e.    Manufacturer's catalog cuts.
                 f.    Wiring diagrams showing factory-installed wiring.
                 g.    Printed performance curves.
                 h.    Operational range diagrams.
                 i.    Mill reports.
                 j.    Standard product operation and maintenance manuals.
                 k.    Compliance with specified referenced standards.
                 l.    Testing by recognized testing agency.
                 m.    Application of testing agency labels and seals.
                 n.    Notation of coordination requirements.

           4.    Submit Product Data before or concurrent with Samples.

      C.   Shop Drawings: Prepare Project-specific information, drawn accurately to scale. Do not base
           Shop Drawings on reproductions of the Contract Documents or standard printed data.

           1.    Preparation: Fully illustrate requirements in the Contract Documents.            Include the
                 following information, as applicable:

                 a.    Dimensions.
                 b.    Identification of products.
                 c.    Fabrication and installation drawings.
                 d.    Roughing-in and setting diagrams.
                 e.    Wiring diagrams showing field-installed wiring, including power, signal, and
                       control wiring.



SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES                                                                       0812/013300 - 5
             f.    Shopwork manufacturing instructions.
             g.    Templates and patterns.
             h.    Schedules.
             i.    Design calculations.
             j.    Compliance with specified standards.
             k.    Notation of coordination requirements.
             l.    Notation of dimensions established by field measurement.
             m.    Relationship to adjoining construction clearly indicated.
             n.    Seal and signature of professional engineer if specified.
             o.    Wiring Diagrams: Differentiate between manufacturer-installed and field-installed
                   wiring.

       2.    Sheet Size: Except for templates, patterns, and similar full-size drawings, submit Shop
             Drawings on sheets at least 8-1/2 by 11 inches (215 by 280 mm) but no larger than 30 by
             40 inches (750 by 1000 mm).

  D.   Samples: Submit Samples for review of kind, color, pattern, and texture for a check of these
       characteristics with other elements and for a comparison of these characteristics between
       submittal and actual component as delivered and installed.

       1.    Transmit Samples that contain multiple, related components such as accessories together
             in one submittal package.
       2.    Identification: Attach label on unexposed side of Samples that includes the following:

             a.    Generic description of Sample.
             b.    Product name and name of manufacturer.
             c.    Sample source.
             d.    Number and title of appropriate Specification Section.

       3.    Disposition: Maintain sets of approved Samples at Project site, available for quality-
             control comparisons throughout the course of construction activity. Sample sets may be
             used to determine final acceptance of construction associated with each set.

             a.    Samples that may be incorporated into the Work are indicated in individual
                   Specification Sections. Such Samples must be in an undamaged condition at time
                   of use.
             b.    Samples not incorporated into the Work, or otherwise designated as Owner's
                   property, are the property of Contractor.

       4.    Samples for Initial Selection: Submit manufacturer's color charts consisting of units or
             sections of units showing the full range of colors, textures, and patterns available.

             a.    Number of Samples: Submit two full set(s) of available choices where color,
                   pattern, texture, or similar characteristics are required to be selected from
                   manufacturer's product line. Architect, through Construction Manager, will return
                   submittal with options selected.

       5.    Samples for Verification: Submit full-size units or Samples of size indicated, prepared
             from same material to be used for the Work, cured and finished in manner specified, and
             physically identical with material or product proposed for use, and that show full range of
             color and texture variations expected. Samples include, but are not limited to, the



SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES                                                                 0812/013300 - 6
                 following: partial sections of manufactured or fabricated components; small cuts or
                 containers of materials; complete units of repetitively used materials; swatches showing
                 color, texture, and pattern; color range sets; and components used for independent testing
                 and inspection.

                 a.    Number of Samples: Submit three sets of Samples. Architect and Construction
                       Manager will retain two Sample sets; remainder will be returned

                       1)     Submit a single Sample where assembly details, workmanship, fabrication
                              techniques, connections, operation, and other similar characteristics are to
                              be demonstrated.
                       2)     If variation in color, pattern, texture, or other characteristic is inherent in
                              material or product represented by a Sample, submit at least three sets of
                              paired units that show approximate limits of variations.

      E.   Contractor's Construction Schedule: Comply with requirements specified in Division 01
           Section "Construction Progress Documentation" for Construction Manager's action.

      F.   Submittals Schedule: Comply with requirements specified in Division 01 Section "Construction
           Progress Documentation."

      G.   Application for Payment:      Comply with requirements specified in Division 01 Section
           "Payment Procedures."

      H.   Schedule of Values: Comply with requirements specified in Division 01 Section "Payment
           Procedures."

      I.   Subcontract List: Prepare a written summary identifying individuals or firms proposed for each
           portion of the Work, including those who are to furnish products or equipment fabricated to a
           special design, Include the following information in tabular form:

           1.    Name, address, and telephone number of entity performing subcontract or supplying
                 products.
           2.    Number and title of related Specification Section(s) covered by subcontract.
           3.    Drawing number and detail references, as appropriate, covered by subcontract.


2.2        INFORMATIONAL SUBMITTALS

      A.   General: Prepare and submit Informational Submittals required by other Specification Sections.


           1.    Certificates and Certifications: Provide a notarized statement that includes signature of
                 entity responsible for preparing certification. Certificates and certifications shall be
                 signed by an officer or other individual authorized to sign documents on behalf of that
                 entity.
           2.    Test and Inspection Reports: Comply with requirements specified in Division 01 Section
                 "Quality Requirements."

      B.   Coordination Drawings: Comply with requirements specified in Division 01 Section "Project
           Management and Coordination."



SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES                                                                      0812/013300 - 7
  C.   Contractor's Construction Schedule: Comply with requirements specified in Division 01
       Section "Construction Progress Documentation."

  D.   Qualification Data: Prepare written information that demonstrates capabilities and experience
       of firm or person. Include lists of completed projects with project names and addresses, names
       and addresses of architects and owners, and other information specified.

  E.   Welding Certificates: Prepare written certification that welding procedures and personnel
       comply with requirements in the Contract Documents. Submit record of Welding Procedure
       Specification (WPS) and Procedure Qualification Record (PQR) on AWS forms. Include
       names of firms and personnel certified.

  F.   Installer Certificates: Prepare written statements on manufacturer's letterhead certifying that
       Installer complies with requirements in the Contract Documents and, where required, is
       authorized by manufacturer for this specific Project.

  G.   Manufacturer Certificates: Prepare written statements on manufacturer's letterhead certifying
       that manufacturer complies with requirements in the Contract Documents. Include evidence of
       manufacturing experience where required.

  H.   Product Certificates: Prepare written statements on manufacturer's letterhead certifying that
       product complies with requirements in the Contract Documents.

  I.   Material Certificates: Prepare written statements on manufacturer's letterhead certifying that
       material complies with requirements in the Contract Documents.

  J.   Material Test Reports: Prepare reports written by a qualified testing agency, on testing agency's
       standard form, indicating and interpreting test results of material for compliance with
       requirements in the Contract Documents.

  K.   Product Test Reports: Prepare written reports indicating current product produced by
       manufacturer complies with requirements in the Contract Documents. Base reports on
       evaluation of tests performed by manufacturer and witnessed by a qualified testing agency, or
       on comprehensive tests performed by a qualified testing agency.

  L.   Schedule of Tests and Inspections: Comply with requirements specified in Division 01 Section
       "Quality Requirements."

  M.   Preconstruction Test Reports: Prepare reports written by a qualified testing agency, on testing
       agency's standard form, indicating and interpreting results of tests performed before installation
       of product, for compliance with performance requirements in the Contract Documents.

  N.   Compatibility Test Reports: Prepare reports written by a qualified testing agency, on testing
       agency's standard form, indicating and interpreting results of compatibility tests performed
       before installation of product. Include written recommendations for primers and substrate
       preparation needed for adhesion.

  O.   Field Test Reports: Prepare reports written by a qualified testing agency, on testing agency's
       standard form, indicating and interpreting results of field tests performed either during
       installation of product or after product is installed in its final location, for compliance with
       requirements in the Contract Documents.



SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES                                                                  0812/013300 - 8
      P.   Maintenance Data: Prepare written and graphic instructions and procedures for operation and
           normal maintenance of products and equipment. Comply with requirements specified in
           Division 01 Section "Operation and Maintenance Data."


2.3        DELEGATED DESIGN

      A.   Performance and Design Criteria: Where professional design services or certifications by a
           design professional are specifically required of Contractor by the Contract Documents, provide
           products and systems complying with specific performance and design criteria indicated.

           1.    If criteria indicated are not sufficient to perform services or certification required, submit
                 a written request for additional information to Architect.

      B.   Delegated-Design Submittal: In addition to Shop Drawings, Product Data, and other required
           submittals, submit three copies of a statement, signed and sealed by the responsible design
           professional, for each product and system specifically assigned to Contractor to be designed or
           certified by a design professional.

           1.    Indicate that products and systems comply with performance and design criteria in the
                 Contract Documents. Include list of codes, loads, and other factors used in performing
                 these services.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        CONTRACTOR'S REVIEW

      A.   Review each submittal and check for coordination with other Work of the Contract and for
           compliance with the Contract Documents. Note corrections and field dimensions. Mark with
           approval stamp before submitting to Architect and Construction Manager.

      B.   Approval Stamp: Stamp each submittal with a uniform, approval stamp. Include Project name
           and location, submittal number, Specification Section title and number, name of reviewer, date
           of Contractor's approval, and statement certifying that submittal has been reviewed, checked,
           and approved for compliance with the Contract Documents.


3.2        ARCHITECT'S AND CONSTRUCTION MANAGER'S / ACTION

      A.   General: Architect and Construction Manager will not review submittals that do not bear
           Contractor's approval stamp and will return them without action.

      B.   Action Submittals: Architect and Construction Manager will review each submittal, make
           marks to indicate corrections or modifications required, and return it. Architect and
           Construction Manager will stamp each submittal with an action stamp and will mark stamp
           appropriately to indicate action taken, as follows:

      C.   Informational Submittals: Architect and Construction Manager will review each submittal and
           will not return it, or will return it if it does not comply with requirements. Architect and
           Construction Manager will forward each submittal to appropriate party.


SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES                                                                        0812/013300 - 9
  D.   Partial submittals are not acceptable, will be considered nonresponsive, and will be returned
       without review.

  E.   Submittals not required by the Contract Documents may not be reviewed and may be discarded.


END OF SECTION 013300




SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES                                                             0812/013300 - 10
SECTION 014000 - QUALITY REQUIREMENTS


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes administrative and procedural requirements for quality assurance and
           quality control.

      B.   Testing and inspecting services are required to verify compliance with requirements specified or
           indicated. These services do not relieve Contractor of responsibility for compliance with the
           Contract Document requirements.

           1.    Specific quality-assurance and -control requirements for individual construction activities
                 are specified in the Sections that specify those activities. Requirements in those Sections
                 may also cover production of standard products.
           2.    Specified tests, inspections, and related actions do not limit Contractor's other quality-
                 assurance and -control procedures that facilitate compliance with the Contract Document
                 requirements.
           3.    Requirements for Contractor to provide quality-assurance and -control services required
                 by Architect, Owner or authorities having jurisdiction are not limited by provisions of
                 this Section.

      C.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Construction Progress Documentation" for developing a schedule of
                 required tests and inspections.
           2.    Division 01 Section "Cutting and Patching" for repair and restoration of construction
                 disturbed by testing and inspecting activities.
           3.    Divisions 02 through 49 Sections for specific test and inspection requirements.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Quality-Assurance Services: Activities, actions, and procedures performed before and during
           execution of the Work to guard against defects and deficiencies and substantiate that proposed
           construction will comply with requirements.

      B.   Quality-Control Services: Tests, inspections, procedures, and related actions during and after
           execution of the Work to evaluate that actual products incorporated into the Work and
           completed construction comply with requirements. Services do not include contract
           enforcement activities performed by Architect.


QUALITY REQUIREMENTS                                                                     0812/014000 - 1
      C.   Mockups: Full-size, physical assemblies that are constructed on-site. Mockups are used to
           verify selections made under sample submittals, to demonstrate aesthetic effects and, where
           indicated, qualities of materials and execution, and to review construction, coordination, testing,
           or operation; they are not Samples. Approved mockups establish the standard by which the
           Work will be judged.

      D.   Source Quality-Control Testing: Tests and inspections that are performed at the source, i.e.,
           plant, mill, factory, or shop.

      E.   Field Quality-Control Testing: Tests and inspections that are performed on-site for installation
           of the Work and for completed Work.

      F.   Testing Agency: An entity engaged to perform specific tests, inspections, or both. Testing
           laboratory shall mean the same as testing agency.

      G.   Installer/Applicator/Erector: Contractor or another entity engaged by Contractor as an
           employee, Subcontractor, or Sub-subcontractor, to perform a particular construction operation,
           including installation, erection, application, and similar operations.

           1.    Using a term such as "carpentry" does not imply that certain construction activities must
                 be performed by accredited or unionized individuals of a corresponding generic name,
                 such as "carpenter." It also does not imply that requirements specified apply exclusively
                 to trades people of the corresponding generic name.

      H.   Experienced: When used with an entity, "experienced" means having successfully completed a
           minimum of five previous projects similar in size and scope to this Project; being familiar with
           special requirements indicated; and having complied with requirements of authorities having
           jurisdiction.


1.4        CONFLICTING REQUIREMENTS

      A.   General: If compliance with two or more standards is specified and the standards establish
           different or conflicting requirements for minimum quantities or quality levels, comply with the
           most stringent requirement. Refer uncertainties and requirements that are different, but
           apparently equal, to Architect for a decision before proceeding.

      B.   Minimum Quantity or Quality Levels: The quantity or quality level shown or specified shall be
           the minimum provided or performed. The actual installation may comply exactly with the
           minimum quantity or quality specified, or it may exceed the minimum within reasonable limits.
           To comply with these requirements, indicated numeric values are minimum or maximum, as
           appropriate, for the context of requirements. Refer uncertainties to Architect for a decision
           before proceeding.


1.5        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Qualification Data: For testing agencies specified in "Quality Assurance" Article to
           demonstrate their capabilities and experience. Include proof of qualifications in the form of a
           recent report on the inspection of the testing agency by a recognized authority.




QUALITY REQUIREMENTS                                                                       0812/014000 - 2
      B.   Schedule of Tests and Inspections: Prepare in tabular form and include the following:

           1.    Specification Section number and title.
           2.    Description of test and inspection.
           3.    Identification of applicable standards.
           4.    Identification of test and inspection methods.
           5.    Number of tests and inspections required.
           6.    Time schedule or time span for tests and inspections.
           7.    Entity responsible for performing tests and inspections.
           8.    Requirements for obtaining samples.
           9.    Unique characteristics of each quality-control service.

      C.   Reports: Prepare and submit certified written reports that include the following:

           1.    Date of issue.
           2.    Project title and number.
           3.    Name, address, and telephone number of testing agency.
           4.    Dates and locations of samples and tests or inspections.
           5.    Names of individuals making tests and inspections.
           6.    Description of the Work and test and inspection method.
           7.    Identification of product and Specification Section.
           8.    Complete test or inspection data.
           9.    Test and inspection results and an interpretation of test results.
           10.   Record of temperature and weather conditions at time of sample taking and testing and
                 inspecting.
           11.   Comments or professional opinion on whether tested or inspected Work complies with
                 the Contract Document requirements.
           12.   Name and signature of laboratory inspector.
           13.   Recommendations on retesting and reinspecting.

      D.   Permits, Licenses, and Certificates: For Owner's records, submit copies of permits, licenses,
           certifications, inspection reports, releases, jurisdictional settlements, notices, receipts for fee
           payments, judgments, correspondence, records, and similar documents, established for
           compliance with standards and regulations bearing on performance of the Work.


1.6        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   General: Qualifications paragraphs in this Article establish the minimum qualification levels
           required; individual Specification Sections specify additional requirements.

      B.   Installer Qualifications: A firm or individual experienced in installing, erecting, or assembling
           work similar in material, design, and extent to that indicated for this Project, whose work has
           resulted in construction with a record of successful in-service performance.

      C.   Manufacturer Qualifications: A firm experienced in manufacturing products or systems similar
           to those indicated for this Project and with a record of successful in-service performance, as
           well as sufficient production capacity to produce required units.




QUALITY REQUIREMENTS                                                                       0812/014000 - 3
  D.   Fabricator Qualifications: A firm experienced in producing products similar to those indicated
       for this Project and with a record of successful in-service performance, as well as sufficient
       production capacity to produce required units.

  E.   Professional Engineer Qualifications: A professional engineer who is legally qualified to
       practice in jurisdiction where Project is located and who is experienced in providing
       engineering services of the kind indicated. Engineering services are defined as those performed
       for installations of the system, assembly, or product that are similar to those indicated for this
       Project in material, design, and extent.

  F.   Specialists: Certain sections of the Specifications require that specific construction activities
       shall be performed by entities who are recognized experts in those operations. Specialists shall
       satisfy qualification requirements indicated and shall be engaged for the activities indicated.

       1.    Requirement for specialists shall not supersede building codes and regulations governing
             the Work.

  G.   Testing Agency Qualifications: An NRTL, an NVLAP, or an independent agency with the
       experience and capability to conduct testing and inspecting indicated, as documented according
       to ASTM E 548; and with additional qualifications specified in individual Sections; and where
       required by authorities having jurisdiction, that is acceptable to authorities.

       1.    NRTL: A nationally recognized testing laboratory according to 29 CFR 1910.7.
       2.    NVLAP: A testing agency accredited according to NIST's National Voluntary
             Laboratory Accreditation Program.

  H.   Factory-Authorized Service Representative Qualifications: An authorized representative of
       manufacturer who is trained and approved by manufacturer to inspect installation of
       manufacturer's products that are similar in material, design, and extent to those indicated for this
       Project.

  I.   Mockups: Before installing portions of the Work requiring mockups, build mockups for each
       form of construction and finish required to comply with the following requirements, using
       materials indicated for the completed Work:

       1.    Build mockups in location and of size indicated or, if not indicated, as directed by
             Architect.
       2.    Notify Architect seven days in advance of dates and times when mockups will be
             constructed.
       3.    Demonstrate the proposed range of aesthetic effects and workmanship.
       4.    Obtain Architect's approval of mockups before starting work, fabrication, or construction.

             a.     Allow seven days for initial review and each re-review of each mockup.

       5.    Maintain mockups during construction in an undisturbed condition as a standard for
             judging the completed Work.
       6.    Demolish and remove mockups when directed, unless otherwise indicated.




QUALITY REQUIREMENTS                                                                    0812/014000 - 4
1.7        QUALITY CONTROL

      A.   Owner Responsibilities: Where quality-control services are indicated as Owner's responsibility,
           Owner will engage a qualified testing agency to perform these services.

           1.    Owner will furnish Contractor with names, addresses, and telephone numbers of testing
                 agencies engaged and a description of types of testing and inspecting they are engaged to
                 perform.
           2.    Costs for retesting and re-inspecting construction that replaces or is necessitated by work
                 that failed to comply with the Contract Documents will be charged to Contractor, and the
                 Contract Sum will be adjusted by Change Order.

      B.   Tests and inspections not explicitly assigned to Owner are Contractor's responsibility. Unless
           otherwise indicated, provide quality-control services specified and those required by authorities
           having jurisdiction. Perform quality-control services required of Contractor by authorities
           having jurisdiction, whether specified or not.

           1.    Where services are indicated as Contractor's responsibility, engage a qualified testing
                 agency to perform these quality-control services.

                 a.     Contractor shall not employ same entity engaged by Owner, unless agreed to in
                        writing by Owner.

           2.    Notify testing agencies at least 24 hours in advance of time when Work that requires
                 testing or inspecting will be performed.
           3.    Where quality-control services are indicated as Contractor's responsibility, submit a
                 certified written report, in duplicate, of each quality-control service.
           4.    Testing and inspecting requested by Contractor and not required by the Contract
                 Documents are Contractor's responsibility.
           5.    Submit additional copies of each written report directly to authorities having jurisdiction,
                 when they so direct.

      C.   Manufacturer's Field Services:      Where indicated, engage a factory-authorized service
           representative to inspect field-assembled components and equipment installation, including
           service connections. Report results in writing as specified in Division 01 Section "Submittal
           Procedures."

      D.   Retesting/Re-inspecting: Regardless of whether original tests or inspections were Contractor's
           responsibility, provide quality-control services, including retesting and re-inspecting, for
           construction that replaced Work that failed to comply with the Contract Documents.

      E.   Testing Agency Responsibilities: Cooperate with Architect and Contractor in performance of
           duties. Provide qualified personnel to perform required tests and inspections.

           1.    Notify Architect and Contractor promptly of irregularities or deficiencies observed in the
                 Work during performance of its services.
           2.    Determine the location from which test samples will be taken and in which in-situ tests
                 are conducted.
           3.    Conduct and interpret tests and inspections and state in each report whether tested and
                 inspected work complies with or deviates from requirements.




QUALITY REQUIREMENTS                                                                      0812/014000 - 5
           4.    Submit a certified written report, in duplicate, of each test, inspection, and similar
                 quality-control service through Contractor.
           5.    Do not release, revoke, alter, or increase the Contract Document requirements or approve
                 or accept any portion of the Work.
           6.    Do not perform any duties of Contractor.

      F.   Associated Services: Cooperate with agencies performing required tests, inspections, and
           similar quality-control services, and provide reasonable auxiliary services as requested. Notify
           agency sufficiently in advance of operations to permit assignment of personnel. Provide the
           following:

           1.    Access to the Work.
           2.    Incidental labor and facilities necessary to facilitate tests and inspections.
           3.    Adequate quantities of representative samples of materials that require testing and
                 inspecting. Assist agency in obtaining samples.
           4.    Facilities for storage and field curing of test samples.
           5.    Delivery of samples to testing agencies.
           6.    Preliminary design mix proposed for use for material mixes that require control by testing
                 agency.
           7.    Security and protection for samples and for testing and inspecting equipment at Project
                 site.

      G.   Coordination: Coordinate sequence of activities to accommodate required quality-assurance
           and -control services with a minimum of delay and to avoid necessity of removing and
           replacing construction to accommodate testing and inspecting.

           1.    Schedule times for tests, inspections, obtaining samples, and similar activities.

      H.   Schedule of Tests and Inspections: Prepare a schedule of tests, inspections, and similar quality-
           control services required by the Contract Documents. Submit schedule within 30 days of date
           established for the Notice to Proceed.

           1.    Distribution: Distribute schedule to Owner, Architect testing agencies, and each party
                 involved in performance of portions of the Work where tests and inspections are required.


1.8        SPECIAL TESTS AND INSPECTIONS

      A.   Special Tests and Inspections: Contractor shall engage a qualified testing agency to conduct
           special tests and inspections required by authorities having jurisdiction as the responsibility of
           Owner, and as follows:

      B.   Special Tests and Inspections: Conducted by a qualified testing agency as required by
           authorities having jurisdiction, as indicated in individual Specification Sections, and as follows:

           1.    Verifying that manufacturer maintains detailed fabrication and quality-control procedures
                 and reviewing the completeness and adequacy of those procedures to perform the Work.
           2.    Notifying Architect and Contractor promptly of irregularities and deficiencies observed
                 in the Work during performance of its services.
           3.    Submitting a certified written report of each test, inspection, and similar quality-control
                 service to Architect with copy to Contractor and to authorities having jurisdiction.



QUALITY REQUIREMENTS                                                                       0812/014000 - 6
           4.    Submitting a final report of special tests and inspections at Substantial Completion,
                 which includes a list of unresolved deficiencies.
           5.    Interpreting tests and inspections and stating in each report whether tested and inspected
                 work complies with or deviates from the Contract Documents.
           6.    Retesting and re-inspecting corrected work.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS (Not Used)


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        TEST AND INSPECTION LOG

      A.   Prepare a record of tests and inspections. Include the following:

           1.    Date test or inspection was conducted.
           2.    Description of the Work tested or inspected.
           3.    Date test or inspection results were transmitted to Architect.
           4.    Identification of testing agency or special inspector conducting test or inspection.

      B.   Maintain log at Project site. Post changes and modifications as they occur. Provide access to
           test and inspection log for Architect's reference during normal working hours.


3.2        REPAIR AND PROTECTION

      A.   General: On completion of testing, inspecting, sample taking, and similar services, repair
           damaged construction and restore substrates and finishes.

           1.    Provide materials and comply with installation requirements specified in other
                 Specification Sections. Restore patched areas and extend restoration into adjoining areas
                 with durable seams that are as invisible as possible.
           2.    Comply with the Contract Document requirements for Division 01 Section "Cutting and
                 Patching."

      B.   Protect construction exposed by or for quality-control service activities.

      C.   Repair and protection are Contractor's responsibility, regardless of the assignment of
           responsibility for quality-control services.


END OF SECTION 014000




QUALITY REQUIREMENTS                                                                       0812/014000 - 7
SECTION 016000 - PRODUCT REQUIREMENTS


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes administrative and procedural requirements for selection of products for
           use in Project; product delivery, storage, and handling; manufacturers' standard warranties on
           products; special warranties; product substitutions; and comparable products.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Closeout Procedures" for submitting warranties for Contract
                 closeout.
           2.    Divisions 02 through 49 Sections for specific requirements for warranties on products
                 and installations specified to be warranted.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Products: Items purchased for incorporating into the Work, whether purchased for Project or
           taken from previously purchased stock. The term "product" includes the terms "material,"
           "equipment," "system," and terms of similar intent.

           1.    Named Products: Items identified by manufacturer's product name, including make or
                 model number or other designation shown or listed in manufacturer's published product
                 literature, which is current as of date of the Contract Documents.
           2.    New Products: Items that have not previously been incorporated into another project or
                 facility. Products salvaged or recycled from other projects are not considered new
                 products.
           3.    Comparable Product: Product that is demonstrated and approved through submittal
                 process, or where indicated as a product substitution, to have the indicated qualities
                 related to type, function, dimension, in-service performance, physical properties,
                 appearance, and other characteristics that equal or exceed those of specified product.

      B.   Substitutions: Changes in products, materials, equipment, and methods of construction from
           those required by the Contract Documents and proposed by Contractor. The Contractor shall
           submit request for substitutions ten (10) days prior to bidding. See Request for Approval Form
           at end of section.

      C.   Basis-of-Design Product Specification: Where a specific manufacturer's product is named and
           accompanied by the words "basis of design," including make or model number or other


PRODUCT REQUIREMENTS                                                                   0812/016000 - 1
           designation, to establish the significant qualities related to type, function, dimension, in-service
           performance, physical properties, appearance, and other characteristics for purposes of
           evaluating comparable products of other named manufacturers.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product List: Submit a list, in tabular form, showing specified products. Include generic names
           of products required. Include manufacturer's name and proprietary product names for each
           product.

           1.    Coordinate product list with Contractor's Construction Schedule and the Submittals
                 Schedule.
           2.    Form: Tabulate information for each product under the following column headings:

                 a.     Specification Section number and title.
                 b.     Generic name used in the Contract Documents.
                 c.     Proprietary name, model number, and similar designations.
                 d.     Manufacturer's name and address.
                 e.     Supplier's name and address.
                 f.     Installer's name and address.
                 g.     Projected delivery date or time span of delivery period.
                 h.     Identification of items that require early submittal approval for scheduled delivery
                        date.

           3.    Initial Submittal: Within thirty (30) days after date of commencement of the Work,
                 submit three (3) copies of initial product list. Include a written explanation for omissions
                 of data and for variations from Contract requirements.

                 a.     At Contractor's option, initial submittal may be limited to product selections and
                        designations that must be established early in Contract period.

           4.    Completed List: Within sixty (60) days after date of commencement of the Work, submit
                 3 copies of completed product list. Include a written explanation for omissions of data
                 and for variations from Contract requirements.
           5.    Architect's Action: Architect will respond in writing to Contractor within 15 days of
                 receipt of completed product list. Architect's response will include a list of unacceptable
                 product selections and a brief explanation of reasons for this action. Architect's response,
                 or lack of response, does not constitute a waiver of requirement to comply with the
                 Contract Documents.

      B.   Substitution Requests: Submit three copies of each request for consideration. Identify product
           or fabrication or installation method to be replaced. Include Specification Section number and
           title and Drawing numbers and titles.

           1.    Substitution Request Form: Use form provided at end of Section.
           2.    Documentation: Show compliance with requirements for substitutions and the following,
                 as applicable:

                 a.     Statement indicating why specified material or product cannot be provided.




PRODUCT REQUIREMENTS                                                                        0812/016000 - 2
                 b.    Coordination information, including a list of changes or modifications needed to
                       other parts of the Work and to construction performed by Owner and separate
                       contractors, which will be necessary to accommodate proposed substitution.
                 c.    Detailed comparison of significant qualities of proposed substitution with those of
                       the Work specified. Significant qualities may include attributes such as
                       performance, weight, size, durability, visual effect, and specific features and
                       requirements indicated.
                 d.    Product Data, including drawings and descriptions of products and fabrication and
                       installation procedures.
                 e.    Samples, where applicable or requested.
                 f.    List of similar installations for completed projects with project names and
                       addresses and names and addresses of architects and owners.
                 g.    Material test reports from a qualified testing agency indicating and interpreting test
                       results for compliance with requirements indicated.
                 h.    Research/evaluation reports evidencing compliance with building code in effect for
                       Project, from a model code organization acceptable to authorities having
                       jurisdiction.
                 i.    Detailed comparison of Contractor's Construction Schedule using proposed
                       substitution with products specified for the Work, including effect on the overall
                       Contract Time. If specified product or method of construction cannot be provided
                       within the Contract Time, include letter from manufacturer, on manufacturer's
                       letterhead, stating lack of availability or delays in delivery.
                 j.    Cost information, including a proposal of change, if any, in the Contract Sum.
                 k.    Contractor's certification that proposed substitution complies with requirements in
                       the Contract Documents and is appropriate for applications indicated.
                 l.    Contractor's waiver of rights to additional payment or time that may subsequently
                       become necessary because of failure of proposed substitution to produce indicated
                       results.

           3.    Architect's Action: If necessary, Architect will request additional information or
                 documentation for evaluation within 7 days of receipt of a request for substitution.
                 Architect will notify Contractor of acceptance or rejection of proposed substitution within
                 15 days of receipt of request, or 7 days of receipt of additional information or
                 documentation, whichever is later.

                 a.    Form of Acceptance: Change Order.
                 b.    Use product specified if Architect cannot make a decision on use of a proposed
                       substitution within time allocated.

      C.   Basis-of-Design Product Specification Submittal: Comply with requirements in Division 01
           Section "Submittal Procedures." Show compliance with requirements.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Compatibility of Options: If Contractor is given option of selecting between two or more
           products for use on Project, product selected shall be compatible with products previously
           selected, even if previously selected products were also options.

           1.    Each contractor is responsible for providing products and construction methods
                 compatible with products and construction methods of other contractors.


PRODUCT REQUIREMENTS                                                                      0812/016000 - 3
           2.    If a dispute arises between contractors over concurrently selectable but incompatible
                 products, Architect will determine which products shall be used.


1.6        PRODUCT DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Deliver, store, and handle products using means and methods that will prevent damage,
           deterioration, and loss, including theft. Comply with manufacturer's written instructions.

      B.   Delivery and Handling:

           1.    Schedule delivery to minimize long-term storage at Project site and to prevent
                 overcrowding of construction spaces.
           2.    Coordinate delivery with installation time to ensure minimum holding time for items that
                 are flammable, hazardous, easily damaged, or sensitive to deterioration, theft, and other
                 losses.
           3.    Deliver products to Project site in an undamaged condition in manufacturer's original
                 sealed container or other packaging system, complete with labels and instructions for
                 handling, storing, unpacking, protecting, and installing.
           4.    Inspect products on delivery to ensure compliance with the Contract Documents and to
                 ensure that products are undamaged and properly protected.

      C.   Storage:

           1.    Store products to allow for inspection and measurement of quantity or counting of units.
           2.    Store materials in a manner that will not endanger Project structure.
           3.    Store products that are subject to damage by the elements, under cover in a weathertight
                 enclosure above ground, with ventilation adequate to prevent condensation.
           4.    Store cementitious products and materials on elevated platforms.
           5.    Store foam plastic from exposure to sunlight, except to extent necessary for period of
                 installation and concealment.
           6.    Comply with product manufacturer's written instructions for temperature, humidity,
                 ventilation, and weather-protection requirements for storage.
           7.    Protect stored products from damage and liquids from freezing.


1.7        PRODUCT WARRANTIES

      A.   Warranties specified in other Sections shall be in addition to, and run concurrent with, other
           warranties required by the Contract Documents. Manufacturer's disclaimers and limitations on
           product warranties do not relieve Contractor of obligations under requirements of the Contract
           Documents.

           1.    Manufacturer's Warranty:      Preprinted written warranty published by individual
                 manufacturer for a particular product and specifically endorsed by manufacturer to
                 Owner.
           2.    Special Warranty: Written warranty required by or incorporated into the Contract
                 Documents, either to extend time limit provided by manufacturer's warranty or to provide
                 more rights for Owner.




PRODUCT REQUIREMENTS                                                                    0812/016000 - 4
      B.   Special Warranties: Prepare a written document that contains appropriate terms and
           identification, ready for execution. Submit a draft for approval before final execution.

           1.    Manufacturer's Standard Form: Modified to include Project-specific information and
                 properly executed.
           2.    Specified Form: When specified forms are included with the Specifications, prepare a
                 written document using appropriate form properly executed.
           3.    Refer to Divisions 02 through 49 Sections for specific content requirements and
                 particular requirements for submitting special warranties.

      C.   Submittal Time: Comply with requirements in Division 01 Section "Closeout Procedures."


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        PRODUCT SELECTION PROCEDURES

      A.   General Product Requirements: Provide products that comply with the Contract Documents,
           that are undamaged and, unless otherwise indicated, that are new at time of installation.

           1.    Provide products complete with accessories, trim, finish, fasteners, and other items
                 needed for a complete installation and indicated use and effect.
           2.    Standard Products: If available, and unless custom products or nonstandard options are
                 specified, provide standard products of types that have been produced and used
                 successfully in similar situations on other projects.
           3.    Owner reserves the right to limit selection to products with warranties not in conflict with
                 requirements of the Contract Documents.
           4.    Where products are accompanied by the term "as selected," Architect will make
                 selection.
           5.    Where products are accompanied by the term "match sample," sample to be matched is
                 Architect's.
           6.    Descriptive, performance, and reference standard requirements in the Specifications
                 establish "salient characteristics" of products.

      B.   Product Selection Procedures:

           1.    Product: Where Specifications name a single product and manufacturer, provide the
                 named product that complies with requirements.
           2.    Manufacturer/Source: Where Specifications name a single manufacturer or source,
                 provide a product by the named manufacturer or source that complies with requirements.
           3.    Products: Where Specifications include a list of names of both products and
                 manufacturers, provide one of the products listed that complies with requirements.
           4.    Manufacturers: Where Specifications include a list of manufacturers' names, provide a
                 product by one of the manufacturers listed that complies with requirements.
           5.    Available Products: Where Specifications include a list of names of both products and
                 manufacturers, provide one of the products listed, or an unnamed product, that complies
                 with requirements. Comply with provisions in Part 2 "Comparable Products" Article for
                 consideration of an unnamed product.
           6.    Available Manufacturers: Where Specifications include a list of manufacturers, provide a
                 product by one of the manufacturers listed, or an unnamed manufacturer, that complies



PRODUCT REQUIREMENTS                                                                      0812/016000 - 5
             with requirements. Comply with provisions in Part 2 "Comparable Products" Article for
             consideration of an unnamed product.
       7.    Basis-of-Design Product: Where Specifications name a product and include a list of
             manufacturers, provide the specified product or a comparable product by one of the other
             named manufacturers. Drawings and Specifications indicate sizes, profiles, dimensions,
             and other characteristics that are based on the product named. Comply with provisions in
             Part 2 "Comparable Products" Article for consideration of an unnamed product by the
             other named manufacturers.
       8.    Visual Matching Specification: Where Specifications require matching an established
             Sample, select a product that complies with requirements and matches Architect's sample.
             Architect's decision will be final on whether a proposed product matches.

       9.    Visual Selection Specification: Where Specifications include the phrase "as selected
             from manufacturer's colors, patterns, and textures" or a similar phrase, select a product
             that complies with other specified requirements.

             a.    Standard Range: Where Specifications include the phrase "standard range of
                   colors, patterns, textures" or similar phrase, Architect will select color, pattern,
                   density, or texture from manufacturer's product line that does not include premium
                   items.
             b.    Full Range: Where Specifications include the phrase "full range of colors,
                   patterns, textures" or similar phrase, Architect will select color, pattern, density, or
                   texture from manufacturer's product line that includes both standard and premium
                   items.


PART 3 - EXECUTION (Not Used)




PRODUCT REQUIREMENTS                                                                   0812/016000 - 6
Request for Approval Form

To:        Koch Hazard Architects
           431 North Phillips Avenue, Suite 200
           Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57104
           Ph. (605) 336-3718 Fax (605) 336-0438


Project:


Bid Date:


Reference Section Number:

Material(s) Specified:

Request Approval as an Equal:

Material Description:




Submitted by:




_____ Approved. Subject to compliance with specifications. An addendum will be issued.

_____ Approval cannot be granted at this time.

_____ Approval cannot be given, as request did not reach this office within specified time.


           Signed by: __________________________________

               Date: __________________________________




END OF SECTION 016000




PRODUCT REQUIREMENTS                                                                    0812/016000 - 7
SECTION 017419 - CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes administrative and procedural requirements for the following:


           1.    Recycling nonhazardous construction waste.
           2.    Disposing of nonhazardous construction waste.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Sustainable Design Requirements" for additional LEED
                 requirements.
           2.    Division 01 Section "Temporary Facilities and Controls" for environmental-protection
                 measures during construction.
           3.    Division 04 Section "Unit Masonry" for disposal requirements for masonry waste.
           4.    Division 31 Section "Site Clearing" for disposition of waste resulting from site clearing
                 and removal of above- and below-grade improvements.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Construction Waste: Building and site improvement materials and other solid waste resulting
           from construction, remodeling, renovation, or repair operations. Construction waste includes
           packaging.

      B.   Disposal: Removal off-site of demolition and construction waste and subsequent sale,
           recycling, reuse, or deposit in landfill or incinerator acceptable to authorities having
           jurisdiction.

      C.   Recycle: Recovery of demolition or construction waste for subsequent processing in
           preparation for reuse.


1.4        PERFORMANCE GOALS

      A.   General:    Develop waste management plan that results in end-of-Project rates for
           salvage/recycling of 75 percent by weight of total waste generated by the Work.



CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL                                              0812/017419 - 1
      B.   Salvage/Recycle Goals: Owner's goal is to salvage and recycle as much nonhazardous
           construction waste as possible. Owner has established minimum goals for the following
           materials:

           1.    Construction Waste:

                 a.     Site-clearing waste not including excavated soil.
                 b.     On-site crushed concrete, masonry or asphalt.
                 c.     Masonry and CMU.
                 d.     Lumber.
                 e.     Wood sheet materials.
                 f.     Gypsom wallboard.
                 g.     Ceiling panels.
                 h.     Metals.
                 i.     Insulation.
                 j.     Packaging: Regardless of salvage/recycle goal indicated above, salvage or recycle
                        100 percent of the following uncontaminated packaging materials:

                        1)    Paper.
                        2)    Cardboard.
                        3)    Boxes.
                        4)    Plastic sheet and film.
                        5)    Polystyrene packaging.
                        6)    Wood crates.
                        7)    Plastic pails.


1.5        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Waste Management Plan:         Submit the plan within 30 days of date established for
           commencement of the Work.

      B.   Waste Reduction Progress Reports: Concurrent with each Application for Payment, submit the
           report. Include the following information:

           1.    Material category.
           2.    Generation point of waste.
           3.    Total quantity of waste in tons or in volume in cubic yards.
           4.    Quantity of waste delivered to landfill, both estimated and actual in tons.

      C.   Waste Reduction Calculations: Before request for Substantial Completion, submit three (3)
           copies of calculated end-of-Project rates for salvage, recycling, and disposal as a percentage of
           total waste generated by the Work.

      D.   Recycling and Processing Facility Records: Indicate receipt and acceptance of recyclable waste
           by recycling and processing facilities licensed to accept them. Include manifests, weight
           tickets, receipts, and invoices.

      E.   Landfill and Incinerator Disposal Records: Indicate receipt and acceptance of waste by landfills
           and incinerator facilities licensed to accept them. Include manifests, weight tickets, receipts,
           and invoices.



CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL                                                 0812/017419 - 2
      F.   LEED Submittal: LEED letter template for Credit MR 2.1 and 2.2, signed by Contractor,
           tabulating total waste material, quantities diverted and means by which it is diverted, and
           statement that requirements for the credit have been met.

      G.   Qualification Data: For Waste Management Coordinator.


1.6        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Waste Management Coordinator Qualifications: LEED Accredited Professional by U.S. Green
           Building Council.

      B.   Refrigerant Recovery Technician Qualifications:       Certified by EPA-approved certification
           program.

      C.   Regulatory Requirements: Comply with hauling and disposal regulations of authorities having
           jurisdiction.

      D.   Waste Management Conference: Conduct conference at Project site to comply with
           requirements in Division 01 Section "Project Management and Coordination." Review methods
           and procedures related to waste management including, but not limited to, the following:

           1.    Review and discuss waste management plan including responsibilities of Waste
                 Management Coordinator.
           2.    Review requirements for documenting quantities of each type of waste and its
                 disposition.
           3.    Review and finalize procedures for materials separation and verify availability of
                 containers and bins needed to avoid delays.
           4.    Review procedures for periodic waste collection and transportation to recycling and
                 disposal facilities.
           5.    Review waste management requirements for each trade.


1.7        WASTE MANAGEMENT PLAN

      A.   General: Develop plan consisting of waste identification, waste reduction work plan, and
           cost/revenue analysis. Indicate quantities by weight or volume, but use same units of measure
           throughout waste management plan.

      B.   Waste Identification: Indicate anticipated types and quantities of site-clearing and construction
           waste generated by the Work. Include estimated quantities and assumptions for estimates.

      C.   Waste Reduction Work Plan: List each type of waste and whether it will be salvaged, recycled,
           or disposed of in landfill or incinerator. Include points of waste generation, total quantity of
           each type of waste, quantity for each means of recovery, and handling and transportation
           procedures.

           1.    Salvaged Materials for Reuse: For materials that will be salvaged and reused in this
                 Project, describe methods for preparing salvaged materials before incorporation into the
                 Work.




CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL                                               0812/017419 - 3
           2.    Salvaged Materials for Sale: For materials that will be sold to individuals and
                 organizations, include list of their names, addresses, and telephone numbers.
           3.    Salvaged Materials for Donation: For materials that will be donated to individuals and
                 organizations, include list of their names, addresses, and telephone numbers.
           4.    Recycled Materials: Include list of local receivers and processors and type of recycled
                 materials each will accept. Include names, addresses, and telephone numbers.
           5.    Disposed Materials: Indicate how and where materials will be disposed of. Include
                 name, address, and telephone number of each landfill and incinerator facility.
           6.    Handling and Transportation Procedures: Include method that will be used for separating
                 recyclable waste including sizes of containers, container labeling, and designated location
                 on Project site where materials separation will be located.

      D.   Cost/Revenue Analysis: Indicate total cost of waste disposal as if there was no waste
           management plan and net additional cost or net savings resulting from implementing waste
           management plan. Include the following:

           1.    Total quantity of waste.
           2.    Estimated cost of disposal (cost per unit). Include hauling and tipping fees and cost of
                 collection containers for each type of waste.
           3.    Total cost of disposal (with no waste management).
           4.    Revenue from salvaged materials.
           5.    Revenue from recycled materials.
           6.    Savings in hauling and tipping fees by donating materials.
           7.    Savings in hauling and tipping fees that are avoided.
           8.    Handling and transportation costs. Include cost of collection containers for each type of
                 waste.
           9.    Net additional cost or net savings from waste management plan.

      E.   Forms: Prepare waste management plan on forms included at end of Part 3.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS (Not Used)


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        PLAN IMPLEMENTATION

      A.   General: Implement waste management plan as approved by LEED Facilitator. Provide
           handling, containers, storage, signage, transportation, and other items as required to implement
           waste management plan during the entire duration of the Contract.

           1.    Comply with Division 01 Section "Temporary Facilities and Controls" for operation,
                 termination, and removal requirements.

      B.   Waste Management Coordinator: Engage a waste management coordinator to be responsible
           for implementing, monitoring, and reporting status of waste management work plan.
           Coordinator shall be present at Project site full time for duration of Project.




CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL                                               0812/017419 - 4
      C.   Training: Train workers, subcontractors, and suppliers on proper waste management
           procedures, as appropriate for the Work occurring at Project site.

           1.    Distribute waste management plan to everyone concerned within three days of submittal
                 return.
           2.    Distribute waste management plan to entities when they first begin work on-site. Review
                 plan procedures and locations established for salvage, recycling, and disposal.

      D.   Site Access and Temporary Controls: Conduct waste management operations to ensure
           minimum interference with roads, streets, walks, walkways, and other adjacent occupied and
           used facilities.

           1.    Designate and label specific areas on Project site necessary for separating materials that
                 are to be salvaged, recycled, reused, donated, and sold.
           2.    Comply with Division 01 Section "Temporary Facilities and Controls" for controlling
                 dust and dirt, environmental protection, and noise control.


3.2        RECYCLING CONSTRUCTION WASTE, GENERAL

      A.   General: Recycle paper and beverage containers used by on-site workers.

      B.   Recycling Receivers and Processors: List below is provided for information only; available
           recycling receivers and processors include, but are not limited to, the following:

           1.    TBD

      C.   Recycling Incentives: Revenues, savings, rebates, tax credits, and other incentives received for
           recycling waste materials shall accrue to Contractor.

      D.   Procedures: Separate recyclable waste from other waste materials, trash, and debris. Separate
           recyclable waste by type at Project site to the maximum extent practical.

           1.    Provide appropriately marked containers or bins for controlling recyclable waste until
                 they are removed from Project site. Include list of acceptable and unacceptable materials
                 at each container and bin.

                 a.     Inspect containers and bins for contamination and remove contaminated materials
                        if found.

           2.    Stockpile processed materials on-site without intermixing with other materials. Place,
                 grade, and shape stockpiles to drain surface water. Cover to prevent windblown dust.
           3.    Stockpile materials away from construction area. Do not store within drip line of
                 remaining trees.
           4.    Store components off the ground and protect from the weather.
           5.    Remove recyclable waste off Owner's property and transport to recycling receiver or
                 processor.


3.3        RECYCLING DEMOLITION WASTE

      A.   Asphaltic Concrete Paving: Grind asphalt to maximum 1-1/2-inch (38-mm) size.


CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL                                               0812/017419 - 5
       1.    Crush asphaltic concrete paving and screen to comply with requirements in Division 31
             Section "Earth Moving" for use as general fill.

  B.   Asphaltic Concrete Paving: Break up and transport paving to asphalt-recycling facility.

  C.   Concrete: Remove reinforcement and other metals from concrete and sort with other metals.

       1.    Pulverize concrete to maximum 1-1/2-inch (38-mm) size.
       2.    Crush concrete and screen to comply with requirements in Division 31 Section "Earth
             Moving" for use as satisfactory soil for fill or subbase.

  D.   Masonry: Remove metal reinforcement, anchors, and ties from masonry and sort with other
       metals.

       1.    Pulverize masonry to maximum 1-1/2-inch (38-mm) size.

             a.     Crush masonry and screen to comply with requirements in Division 31 Section
                    "Earth Moving" for use as general fill.
             b.     Crush masonry and screen to comply with requirements in Division 32 Section
                    "Plants" for use as mineral mulch.

       2.    Clean and stack undamaged, whole masonry units on wood pallets.

  E.   Wood Materials: Sort and stack members according to size, type, and length. Separate lumber,
       engineered wood products, panel products, and treated wood materials.

  F.   Metals: Separate metals by type.

       1.    Structural Steel: Stack members according to size, type of member, and length.
       2.    Remove and dispose of bolts, nuts, washers, and other rough hardware.

  G.   Asphalt Shingle Roofing: Separate organic and glass-fiber asphalt shingles and felts. Remove
       and dispose of nails, staples, and accessories.

  H.   Gypsum Board: Stack large clean pieces on wood pallets and store in a dry location. Remove
       edge trim and sort with other metals. Remove and dispose of fasteners.

  I.   Acoustical Ceiling Panels and Tile: Stack large clean pieces on wood pallets and store in a dry
       location.

       1.    Separate suspension system, trim, and other metals from panels and tile and sort with
             other metals.

  J.   Carpet and Pad: Roll large pieces tightly after removing debris, trash, adhesive, and tack strips.

       1.    Store clean, dry carpet and pad in a closed container or trailer provided by Carpet
             Reclamation Agency or carpet recycler.

  K.   Equipment: Drain tanks, piping, and fixtures. Seal openings with caps or plugs. Protect
       equipment from exposure to weather.

  L.   Plumbing Fixtures: Separate by type and size.


CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL                                             0812/017419 - 6
      M.   Piping: Reduce piping to straight lengths and store by type and size. Separate supports,
           hangers, valves, sprinklers, and other components by type and size.

      N.   Lighting Fixtures: Separate lamps by type and protect from breakage.

      O.   Electrical Devices:      Separate switches, receptacles, switchgear, transformers, meters,
           panelboards, circuit breakers, and other devices by type.

      P.   Conduit: Reduce conduit to straight lengths and store by type and size.


3.4        RECYCLING CONSTRUCTION WASTE

      A.   Packaging:

           1.    Cardboard and Boxes: Break down packaging into flat sheets. Bundle and store in a dry
                 location.
           2.    Polystyrene Packaging: Separate and bag materials.
           3.    Pallets: As much as possible, require deliveries using pallets to remove pallets from
                 Project site. For pallets that remain on-site, break down pallets into component wood
                 pieces and comply with requirements for recycling wood.
           4.    Crates: Break down crates into component wood pieces and comply with requirements
                 for recycling wood.

      B.   Site-Clearing Wastes: Chip brush, branches, and trees at landfill facility.

           1.    Comply with requirements in Division 32 Section "Plants" for use of chipped organic
                 waste as organic mulch.

      C.   Wood Materials:

           1.    Clean Cut-Offs of Lumber: Grind or chip into small pieces.
           2.    Clean Sawdust: Bag sawdust that does not contain painted or treated wood.

                 a.     Comply with requirements in Division 32 Section "Plants" for use of clean sawdust
                        as organic mulch.

      D.   Gypsum Board: Stack large clean pieces on wood pallets and store in a dry location.

           1.    Clean Gypsum Board: Grind scraps of clean gypsum board using small mobile chipper
                 or hammer mill. Screen out paper after grinding.

                 a.     Comply with requirements in Division 32 Section "Plants" for use of clean ground
                        gypsum board as inorganic soil amendment.


3.5        DISPOSAL OF WASTE

      A.   General: Except for items or materials to be salvaged, recycled, or otherwise reused, remove
           waste materials from Project site and legally dispose of them in a landfill or incinerator
           acceptable to authorities having jurisdiction.



CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL                                               0812/017419 - 7
       1.    Except as otherwise specified, do not allow waste materials that are to be disposed of
             accumulate on-site.
       2.    Remove and transport debris in a manner that will prevent spillage on adjacent surfaces
             and areas.

  B.   Burning: Do not burn waste materials.

  C.   Burning: Burning of waste materials is permitted only at designated areas on Owner's property,
       provided required permits are obtained. Provide full-time monitoring for burning materials
       until fires are extinguished.

  D.   Disposal: Transport waste materials and dispose of at designated spoil areas on Owner's
       property.

  E.   Disposal: Transport waste materials off Owner's property and legally dispose of them.


END OF SECTION 017419




CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL                                         0812/017419 - 8
SECTION 017700 - CLOSEOUT PROCEDURES


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes administrative and procedural requirements for contract closeout,
           including, but not limited to, the following:

           1.    Inspection procedures.
           2.    Warranties.
           3.    Extra Materials.
           4.    Final cleaning.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:

           1.    Division 01 Section "Payment Procedures" for requirements for Applications for
                 Payment for Substantial and Final Completion.
           2.    Division 01 Section "Execution" for progress cleaning of Project site.
           3.    Division 01 Section "Project Record Documents" for submitting Record Drawings,
                 Record Specifications, and Record Product Data.
           4.    Division 01 Section "Operation and Maintenance Data" for operation and maintenance
                 manual requirements.
           5.    Divisions 02 through 49 Sections for specific closeout and special cleaning requirements
                 for the Work in those Sections.


1.3        SUBSTANTIAL COMPLETION

      A.   Preliminary Procedures: Before requesting inspection for determining date of Substantial
           Completion, complete the following. List items below that are incomplete in request.

           1.    Prepare a list of items to be completed and corrected (punch list), the value of items on
                 the list, and reasons why the Work is not complete.
           2.    Advise Owner of pending insurance changeover requirements.
           3.    Submit specific warranties, workmanship bonds, maintenance service agreements, final
                 certifications, and similar documents.
           4.    Obtain and submit releases permitting Owner unrestricted use of the Work and access to
                 services and utilities. Include occupancy permits, operating certificates, and similar
                 releases.
           5.    Prepare and submit Project Record Documents, operation and maintenance manuals, and
                 similar final record information.



CLOSEOUT PROCEDURES                                                                     0812/017700 - 1
           6.    Deliver tools, spare parts, extra materials, and similar items to location designated by
                 Owner. Label with manufacturer's name and model number where applicable.
           7.    Make final changeover of permanent locks and deliver keys to Owner. Advise Owner's
                 personnel of changeover in security provisions.
           8.    Complete startup testing of systems.
           9.    Submit test/adjust/balance records.
           10.   Terminate and remove temporary facilities from Project site, along with mockups,
                 construction tools, and similar elements.
           11.   Advise Owner of changeover in heat and other utilities.
           12.   Submit changeover information related to Owner's occupancy, use, operation, and
                 maintenance.
           13.   Complete final cleaning requirements, including touchup painting.
           14.   Touch up and otherwise repair and restore marred exposed finishes to eliminate visual
                 defects.

      B.   Inspection: Submit a written request for inspection for Substantial Completion. On receipt of
           request, Architect will either proceed with inspection or notify Contractor of unfulfilled
           requirements. Architect will prepare the Certificate of Substantial Completion after inspection
           or will notify Contractor of items, either on Contractor's list or additional items identified by
           Architect, that must be completed or corrected before certificate will be issued.

           1.    Re-inspection: Request re-inspection when the Work identified in previous inspections
                 as incomplete is completed or corrected.
           2.    Results of completed inspection will form the basis of requirements for Final
                 Completion.


1.4        FINAL COMPLETION

      A.   Preliminary Procedures: Before requesting final inspection for determining date of Final
           Completion, complete the following:

           1.    Submit a final Application for Payment according to Division 01 Section "Payment
                 Procedures."
           2.    Submit certified copy of Architect's Substantial Completion inspection list of items to be
                 completed or corrected (punch list), endorsed and dated by Architect. The certified copy
                 of the list shall state that each item has been completed or otherwise resolved for
                 acceptance.
           3.    Submit evidence of final, continuing insurance coverage complying with insurance
                 requirements.
           4.    Instruct Owner's personnel in operation, adjustment, and maintenance of products,
                 equipment, and systems.

      B.   Inspection: Submit a written request for final inspection for acceptance. On receipt of request,
           Architect will either proceed with inspection or notify Contractor of unfulfilled requirements.
           Architect will prepare a final Certificate for Payment after inspection or will notify Contractor
           of construction that must be completed or corrected before certificate will be issued.

           1.    Re-inspection: Request re-inspection when the Work identified in previous inspections
                 as incomplete is completed or corrected.




CLOSEOUT PROCEDURES                                                                      0812/017700 - 2
1.5        LIST OF INCOMPLETE ITEMS (PUNCH LIST)

      A.   Preparation: Submit three (3) copies of list. Include name and identification of each space and
           area affected by construction operations for incomplete items and items needing correction
           including, if necessary, areas disturbed by Contractor that are outside the limits of construction.

           1.    Organize list of spaces in sequential order, starting with exterior areas first and
                 proceeding from lowest floor to highest floor.
           2.    Organize items applying to each space by major element, including categories for ceiling,
                 individual walls, floors, equipment, and building systems.
           3.    Include the following information at the top of each page:

                 a.     Project name.
                 b.     Date.
                 c.     Name of Architect.
                 d.     Name of Contractor.
                 e.     Page number.


1.6        WARRANTIES

      A.   Submittal Time: Submit written warranties on request of Architect for designated portions of
           the Work where commencement of warranties other than date of Substantial Completion is
           indicated.

      B.   Organize warranty documents into an orderly sequence based on the table of contents of the
           Project Manual. Provide two (2) manuals.

           1.    Bind warranties and bonds in heavy-duty, 3-ring, vinyl-covered, loose-leaf binders,
                 thickness as necessary to accommodate contents, and sized to receive 8-1/2-by-11-inch
                 (215-by-280-mm) paper.
           2.    Provide heavy paper dividers with plastic-covered tabs for each separate warranty. Mark
                 tab to identify the product or installation. Provide a typed description of the product or
                 installation, including the name of the product and the name, address, and telephone
                 number of Installer.
           3.    Identify each binder on the front and spine with the typed or printed title
                 "WARRANTIES," Project name, and name of Contractor.

      C.   Provide additional copies of each warranty to include in operation and maintenance manuals.


1.7        EXTRA MATERIALS

      A.   Preparation: Identify each section requiring extra materials. See list at end of section.

           1.    Organize a list of extra materials indicating the section and quantity required.
           2.    Include the following information at the top of page:

                 a.     Project name.
                 b.     Date.
                 c.     Name of Architect.



CLOSEOUT PROCEDURES                                                                          0812/017700 - 3
                 d.    Name of Contractor.

           3.    The Owner will coordinate with the contractor for a location to store the materials.
           4.    Provide the list and extra materials to the Owner and have the Owner sign for the extra
                 materials.



PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MATERIALS

      A.   Cleaning Agents: Use cleaning materials and agents recommended by manufacturer or
           fabricator of the surface to be cleaned. Do not use cleaning agents that are potentially
           hazardous to health or property or that might damage finished surfaces.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        FINAL CLEANING

      A.   General: Provide final cleaning. Conduct cleaning and waste-removal operations to comply
           with local laws and ordinances and Federal and local environmental and antipollution
           regulations.

      B.   Cleaning: Employ experienced workers or professional cleaners for final cleaning. Clean each
           surface or unit to condition expected in an average commercial building cleaning and
           maintenance program. Comply with manufacturer's written instructions.

           1.    Complete the following cleaning operations before requesting inspection for certification
                 of Substantial Completion for entire Project or for a portion of Project:

                 a.    Clean Project site, yard, and grounds, in areas disturbed by construction activities,
                       including landscape development areas, of rubbish, waste material, litter, and other
                       foreign substances.
                 b.    Sweep paved areas broom clean. Remove petrochemical spills, stains, and other
                       foreign deposits.
                 c.    Rake grounds that are neither planted nor paved to a smooth, even-textured
                       surface.
                 d.    Remove tools, construction equipment, machinery, and surplus material from
                       Project site.
                 e.    Remove snow and ice to provide safe access to building.
                 f.    Clean exposed exterior and interior hard-surfaced finishes to a dirt-free condition,
                       free of stains, films, and similar foreign substances. Avoid disturbing natural
                       weathering of exterior surfaces. Restore reflective surfaces to their original
                       condition.
                 g.    Remove debris and surface dust from limited access spaces, including pipe chases,
                       roofs, plenums, shafts, trenches, equipment vaults, manholes, attics, and similar
                       spaces.



CLOSEOUT PROCEDURES                                                                      0812/017700 - 4
             h.    Sweep concrete floors broom clean in unoccupied spaces.
             i.    Vacuum carpet and similar soft surfaces, removing debris and excess nap;
                   shampoo if visible soil or stains remain.
             j.    Clean transparent materials, including mirrors and glass in doors and windows.
                   Remove glazing compounds and other noticeable, vision-obscuring materials.
                   Replace chipped or broken glass and other damaged transparent materials. Polish
                   mirrors and glass, taking care not to scratch surfaces.
             k.    Remove labels that are not permanent.
             l.    Touch up and otherwise repair and restore marred, exposed finishes and surfaces.
                   Replace finishes and surfaces that cannot be satisfactorily repaired or restored or
                   that already show evidence of repair or restoration.

                   1)    Do not paint over "UL" and similar labels, including mechanical and
                         electrical nameplates.

             m.    Wipe surfaces of mechanical and electrical equipment and similar equipment.
                   Remove excess lubrication, paint and mortar droppings, and other foreign
                   substances.
             n.    Replace parts subject to unusual operating conditions.
             o.    Clean plumbing fixtures to a sanitary condition, free of stains, including stains
                   resulting from water exposure.
             p.    Replace disposable air filters and clean permanent air filters. Clean exposed
                   surfaces of diffusers, registers, and grills.
             q.    Clean ducts, blowers, and coils if units were operated without filters during
                   construction.
             r.    Clean light fixtures, lamps, globes, and reflectors to function with full efficiency.
                   Replace burned-out bulbs, and those noticeably dimmed by hours of use, and
                   defective and noisy starters in fluorescent and mercury vapor fixtures to comply
                   with requirements for new fixtures.
             s.    Leave Project clean and ready for occupancy.

  C.   Comply with safety standards for cleaning. Do not burn waste materials. Do not bury debris or
       excess materials on Owner's property. Do not discharge volatile, harmful, or dangerous
       materials into drainage systems. Remove waste materials from Project site and dispose of
       lawfully.

  D.   Warranty Requirements


                     SECTION         DESCRIPTION

                     DIVISION 06:          WOOD, PLASTICS AND COMPOSITES
                     064023                INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK
                     Ten (10) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty

                     DIVISION 07:           THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION
                     071326                 SELF-ADHERING SHEET WATERPROOFING
                     Five (5) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty
                     071413 - HOT FLUID-APPLIED RUBBERIZED ASPHALT
                     Ten (10) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty
                     Two (2) Year Contractor’s Warranty


CLOSEOUT PROCEDURES                                                                  0812/017700 - 5
               071900              WATER REPELLENTS
               Five (5) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty
               074213                  METAL WALL PANELS
               Five (5) Year Contractor Warranty
               Manufacturer’s Twenty (20) Year Finish Warranty
               074600                  SIDING
               Thirty (30) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty
               075423                  THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING
               Fifteen (15) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty
               076200                  SHEET METAL FLASHING AND TRIM
               Manufacturer’s Twenty (20) Year Finish Warranty
               079200              JOINT SEALANTS
               Five (5) Year Contractor Warranty

               DIVISION 08:          OPENINGS

               081416                 FLUSH WOOD DOORS
               Life Time Installation
               083213                 SLIDING ALUMINUM-FRAMED GLASS DOORS
                Three (3) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty
               084113                 ALUMINUM-FRAMED ENTRANCES AND STORE
                                      FRONTS
               Three (3) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty
               084413                 GLAZED ALUMINUM CURTAIN WALLS
               Three (3) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty
               085113                 ALUMINUM WINDOWS
               Three (3) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty
               086200                 UNIT SKYLIGHTS
               Five (5) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty
               087100                 DOOR HARDWARE
               Ten (10) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty Closers
               088000                 GLAZING
               Five (5) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty Insulated Glass
               088300                 MIRRORS
               Five (5) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty

               DIVISION 09:          FINISHES

               096400                WOOD FLOORING
               Three (3) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty
               096813                TILE CARPETING
               Ten (10) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty
               096816                SHEET CARPETING
               Ten (10) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty

               DIVISION 10:          SPECIALTIES

               101100                 VISUAL DISPLAY SURFACES
               Fifty (50) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty Porcelain Face
               102226             OPERABLE PARTITIONS
               Two (2) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty


CLOSEOUT PROCEDURES                                                     0812/017700 - 6
                     102800             TOILET, BATH AND LAUNDRY ACCESSORIES
                     Five (5) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty Mirrors
                     105113             METAL LOCKERS
                     Two (2) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty

                     DIVISION 11:          EQUIPMENT

                     114000                FOOD SERVICE EQUIPMENT
                     As Required

                     DIVISION 14:          CONVEYING EQUIPMENT

                     142400                HYDRAULIC ELEVATORS
                     One(1) Year Manufacturer’s Warranty

                     DIVISION 32:          EXTERIOR IMPROVEMENTS

                     329300                 PLANTS
                     One (1) Year Warranty on Trees and Shrubs

                     DIVISION 22:         PLUMBING        AS REQUIRED


                     DIVISION 26:         ELECTRICAL      AS REQUIRED


  E.   Extra Materials


                     SECTION               DESCRIPTION

                     DIVISION 09:          FINISHES

                     093000                TILING
                     095113                ACOUSTICAL PANEL CEILINGS
                     096513                RESILIENT BASE AND ACCESSORIES
                     096813                TILE CARPETING
                     096816                SHEET CARPETING
                     096900                ACCESS FLOORING
                     097200                WALL COVERINGS
                      099123               PAINTING

                     DIVISION 10:          SPECIALTIES

                     102600                WALL AND DOOR PROTECTION

                    DIVISION 12:           FURNISHINGS

                     122413                ROLLDER WINDOWS SHADES



CLOSEOUT PROCEDURES                                                     0812/017700 - 7
                  DIVISION 22:   PLUMBING   AS REQUIRED

                  DIVISION 26:   ELECTRICAL AS REQUIRED




END OF SECTION 017700




CLOSEOUT PROCEDURES                                       0812/017700 - 8
SECTION 017823 - OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes administrative and procedural requirements for preparing operation and
           maintenance manuals, including the following:

           1.    Operation and maintenance documentation directory.
           2.    Emergency manuals.
           3.    Operation manuals for systems, subsystems, and equipment.
           4.    Maintenance manuals for the care and maintenance of systems and equipment.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for submitting copies of submittals for
                 operation and maintenance manuals.
           2.    Division 01 Section "Closeout Procedures" for submitting operation and maintenance
                 manuals.
           3.    Division 01 Section "Project Record Documents" for preparing Record Drawings for
                 operation and maintenance manuals.
           4.    Divisions 02 through 49 Sections for specific operation and maintenance manual
                 requirements for the Work in those Sections.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   System: An organized collection of parts, equipment, or subsystems united by regular
           interaction.

      B.   Subsystem: A portion of a system with characteristics similar to a system.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Initial Submittal: Submit two (2) draft copies of each manual at least fifteen (15) days before
           requesting inspection for Substantial Completion. See list at end of section. Include a complete
           operation and maintenance directory. Architect will return one copy of draft and mark whether
           general scope and content of manual are acceptable.




OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA                                                           0812/017823 - 1
      B.   Final Submittal: Submit two (2) copies of each manual in final form at least 15 days before
           final inspection. Architect will return copy with comments within 15 days after final inspection.

           1.    Correct or modify each manual to comply with Architect's comments. Submit two (2)
                 copies of each corrected manual within 15 days of receipt of Architect's comments.


1.5        COORDINATION

      A.   Where operation and maintenance documentation includes information on installations by more
           than one factory-authorized service representative, assemble and coordinate information
           furnished by representatives and prepare manuals.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DOCUMENTATION DIRECTORY

      A.   Organization: Include a section in the directory for each of the following:

           1.    List of documents.
           2.    List of systems.
           3.    List of equipment.
           4.    Table of contents.

      B.   List of Systems and Subsystems: List systems alphabetically. Include references to operation
           and maintenance manuals that contain information about each system.

      C.   List of Equipment: List equipment for each system, organized alphabetically by system. For
           pieces of equipment not part of system, list alphabetically in separate list.

      D.   Tables of Contents: Include a table of contents for each emergency, operation, and maintenance
           manual.

      E.   Identification: In the documentation directory and in each operation and maintenance manual,
           identify each system, subsystem, and piece of equipment with same designation used in the
           Contract Documents. If no designation exists, assign a designation according to
           ASHRAE Guideline 4, "Preparation of Operating and Maintenance Documentation for Building
           Systems."


2.2        MANUALS, GENERAL

      A.   Organization: Unless otherwise indicated, organize each manual into a separate section for each
           system and subsystem, and a separate section for each piece of equipment not part of a system.
           Each manual shall contain the following materials, in the order listed:

           1.    Title page.
           2.    Table of contents.
           3.    Manual contents.



OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA                                                           0812/017823 - 2
  B.   Title Page: Enclose title page in transparent plastic sleeve. Include the following information:

       1.    Subject matter included in manual.
       2.    Name and address of Project.
       3.    Name and address of Owner.
       4.    Date of submittal.
       5.    Name, address, and telephone number of Contractor.
       6.    Name and address of Architect.
       7.    Cross-reference to related systems in other operation and maintenance manuals.

  C.   Table of Contents: List each product included in manual, identified by product name, indexed
       to the content of the volume, and cross-referenced to Specification Section number in Project
       Manual.

       1.    If operation or maintenance documentation requires more than one volume to
             accommodate data, include comprehensive table of contents for all volumes in each
             volume of the set.

  D.   Manual Contents: Organize into sets of manageable size. Arrange contents alphabetically by
       system, subsystem, and equipment. If possible, assemble instructions for subsystems,
       equipment, and components of one system into a single binder.

       1.    Binders: Heavy-duty, 3-ring, vinyl-covered, loose-leaf binders, in thickness necessary to
             accommodate contents, sized to hold 8-1/2-by-11-inch (215-by-280-mm) paper; with
             clear plastic sleeve on spine to hold label describing contents and with pockets inside
             covers to hold folded oversize sheets.

             a.     If two or more binders are necessary to accommodate data of a system, organize
                    data in each binder into groupings by subsystem and related components. Cross-
                    reference other binders if necessary to provide essential information for proper
                    operation or maintenance of equipment or system.
             b.     Identify each binder on front and spine, with printed title "OPERATION AND
                    MAINTENANCE MANUAL," Project title or name, and subject matter of
                    contents. Indicate volume number for multiple-volume sets.

       2.    Dividers: Heavy-paper dividers with plastic-covered tabs for each section. Mark each
             tab to indicate contents. Include typed list of products and major components of
             equipment included in the section on each divider, cross-referenced to Specification
             Section number and title of Project Manual.
       3.    Protective Plastic Sleeves: Transparent plastic sleeves designed to enclose diagnostic
             software diskettes for computerized electronic equipment.
       4.    Supplementary Text: Prepared on 8-1/2-by-11-inch (215-by-280-mm) white bond paper.
       5.    Drawings: Attach reinforced, punched binder tabs on drawings and bind with text.

             a.     If oversize drawings are necessary, fold drawings to same size as text pages and
                    use as foldouts.
             b.     If drawings are too large to be used as foldouts, fold and place drawings in labeled
                    envelopes and bind envelopes in rear of manual. At appropriate locations in
                    manual, insert typewritten pages indicating drawing titles, descriptions of contents,
                    and drawing locations.




OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA                                                        0812/017823 - 3
2.3        OPERATION MANUALS

      A.   Content: In addition to requirements in this Section, include operation data required in
           individual Specification Sections and the following information:

           1.    System, subsystem, and equipment descriptions.
           2.    Performance and design criteria if Contractor is delegated design responsibility.
           3.    Operating standards.
           4.    Operating procedures.
           5.    Operating logs.
           6.    Wiring diagrams.
           7.    Control diagrams.
           8.    Piped system diagrams.
           9.    Precautions against improper use.
           10.   License requirements including inspection and renewal dates.

      B.   Descriptions: Include the following:

           1.    Product name and model number.
           2.    Manufacturer's name.
           3.    Equipment identification with serial number of each component.
           4.    Equipment function.
           5.    Operating characteristics.
           6.    Limiting conditions.
           7.    Performance curves.
           8.    Engineering data and tests.
           9.    Complete nomenclature and number of replacement parts.

      C.   Operating Procedures: Include the following, as applicable:

           1.    Startup procedures.
           2.    Equipment or system break-in procedures.
           3.    Routine and normal operating instructions.
           4.    Regulation and control procedures.
           5.    Instructions on stopping.
           6.    Normal shutdown instructions.
           7.    Seasonal and weekend operating instructions.
           8.    Required sequences for electric or electronic systems.
           9.    Special operating instructions and procedures.

      D.   Systems and Equipment Controls: Describe the sequence of operation, and diagram controls as
           installed.

      E.   Piped Systems: Diagram piping as installed, and identify color-coding where required for
           identification.




OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA                                                            0812/017823 - 4
2.4        PRODUCT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

      A.   Content: Organize manual into a separate section for each product, material, and finish.
           Include source information, product information, maintenance procedures, repair materials and
           sources, and warranties and bonds, as described below.

      B.   Source Information: List each product included in manual identified by product name and
           arranged to match manual's table of contents. For each product, list name, address, and
           telephone number of Installer or supplier and maintenance service agent, and cross-reference
           Specification Section number and title in Project Manual.

      C.   Product Information: Include the following, as applicable:

           1.    Product name and model number.
           2.    Manufacturer's name.
           3.    Color, pattern, and texture.
           4.    Material and chemical composition.
           5.    Reordering information for specially manufactured products.

      D.   Maintenance Procedures: Include manufacturer's written recommendations and the following:

           1.    Inspection procedures.
           2.    Types of cleaning agents to be used and methods of cleaning.
           3.    List of cleaning agents and methods of cleaning detrimental to product.
           4.    Schedule for routine cleaning and maintenance.
           5.    Repair instructions.

      E.   Repair Materials and Sources: Include lists of materials and local sources of materials and
           related services.

      F.   Warranties and Bonds: Include copies of warranties and bonds and lists of circumstances and
           conditions that would affect validity of warranties or bonds.

           1.    Include procedures to follow and required notifications for warranty claims.


2.5        SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

      A.   Content: For each system, subsystem, and piece of equipment not part of a system, include
           source information, manufacturers' maintenance documentation, maintenance procedures,
           maintenance and service schedules, spare parts list and source information, maintenance service
           contracts, and warranty and bond information, as described below.

      B.   Source Information: List each system, subsystem, and piece of equipment included in manual
           identified by product name and arranged to match manual's table of contents. For each product,
           list name, address, and telephone number of Installer or supplier and maintenance service agent,
           and cross-reference Specification Section number and title in Project Manual.

      C.   Manufacturers' Maintenance Documentation: Manufacturers' maintenance documentation
           including the following information for each component part or piece of equipment:




OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA                                                             0812/017823 - 5
           1.    Standard printed maintenance instructions and bulletins.
           2.    Drawings, diagrams, and instructions required for maintenance, including disassembly
                 and component removal, replacement, and assembly.
           3.    Identification and nomenclature of parts and components.
           4.    List of items recommended to be stocked as spare parts.

      D.   Maintenance Procedures: Include the following information and items that detail essential
           maintenance procedures:

           1.    Test and inspection instructions.
           2.    Troubleshooting guide.
           3.    Precautions against improper maintenance.
           4.    Disassembly; component removal, repair, and replacement; and reassembly instructions.
           5.    Aligning, adjusting, and checking instructions.
           6.    Demonstration and training videotape, if available.

      E.   Maintenance and Service Schedules: Include service and lubrication requirements, list of
           required lubricants for equipment, and separate schedules for preventive and routine
           maintenance and service with standard time allotment.

           1.    Scheduled Maintenance and Service: Tabulate actions for daily, weekly, monthly,
                 quarterly, semiannual, and annual frequencies.
           2.    Maintenance and Service Record:          Include manufacturers' forms for recording
                 maintenance.

      F.   Spare Parts List and Source Information: Include lists of replacement and repair parts, with
           parts identified and cross-referenced to manufacturers' maintenance documentation and local
           sources of maintenance materials and related services.

      G.   Maintenance Service Contracts: Include copies of maintenance agreements with name and
           telephone number of service agent.

      H.   Warranties and Bonds: Include copies of warranties and bonds and lists of circumstances and
           conditions that would affect validity of warranties or bonds.

           1.    Include procedures to follow and required notifications for warranty claims.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        MANUAL PREPARATION

      A.   Operation and Maintenance Documentation Directory: Prepare a separate manual that provides
           an organized reference to emergency, operation, and maintenance manuals.

      B.   Emergency Manual: Assemble a complete set of emergency information indicating procedures
           for use by emergency personnel and by Owner's operating personnel for types of emergencies
           indicated.




OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA                                                           0812/017823 - 6
  C.   Product Maintenance Manual: Assemble a complete set of maintenance data indicating care
       and maintenance of each product, material, and finish incorporated into the Work.

  D.   Operation and Maintenance Manuals: Assemble a complete set of operation and maintenance
       data indicating operation and maintenance of each system, subsystem, and piece of equipment
       not part of a system.

       1.    Engage a factory-authorized service representative to assemble and prepare information
             for each system, subsystem, and piece of equipment not part of a system.
       2.    Prepare a separate manual for each system and subsystem, in the form of an instructional
             manual for use by Owner's operating personnel.

  E.   Manufacturers' Data: Where manuals contain manufacturers' standard printed data, include
       only sheets pertinent to product or component installed. Mark each sheet to identify each
       product or component incorporated into the Work. If data include more than one item in a
       tabular format, identify each item using appropriate references from the Contract Documents.
       Identify data applicable to the Work and delete references to information not applicable.

       1.    Prepare supplementary text if manufacturers' standard printed data are not available and
             where the information is necessary for proper operation and maintenance of equipment or
             systems.

  F.   Drawings: Prepare drawings supplementing manufacturers' printed data to illustrate the
       relationship of component parts of equipment and systems and to illustrate control sequence and
       flow diagrams. Coordinate these drawings with information contained in Record Drawings to
       ensure correct illustration of completed installation.

       1.    Do not use original Project Record Documents as part of operation and maintenance
             manuals.
       2.    Comply with requirements of newly prepared Record Drawings in Division 01 Section
             "Project Record Documents."

  G.   Comply with Division 01 Section "Closeout Procedures" for schedule for submitting operation
       and maintenance documentation.

  H.   O&M Requirements

                     SECTION                 DESCRIPTION

                     DIVISION 06:            WOOD, PLASTICS AND COMPOSITES

                     064023                  INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK

                     DIVISION 07:            THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION

                     074213                  METAL WALL PANELS
                     075423                  THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING

                     DIVISION 08:            OPENINGS

                     084113                  ALUMINUM-FRAMED ENTRANCES AND STORE



OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA                                                      0812/017823 - 7
                                 FRONTS
                  085113         ALUMINUM WINDOWS
                  087100         DOOR HARDWARE

                  DIVISION 09:   FINISHES

                  095113         ACOUSTICAL PANEL CEILINGS
                  096813         TILE CARPETING
                  096816         SHEET CARPETING

                  DIVISION 10:   SPECIALTIES

                  101100         VISUAL DISPLAY SURFACES
                  102226         OPERABLE PARTITIONS
                  102800         TOILET, BATH AND LAUNDRY ACCESSORIES
                  104413         FIRE EXTINGUISHER CABINETS
                  105113         METAL LOCKERS

                 DIVISION 11:    EQUIPMENT

                  114000         FOOD SERVICE EQUIPMENT
                  115213         PROJECTION SCREENS

                  DIVISION 12:   FURNISHINGS

                  122413         ROLLDER WINDOWS SHADES
                  124813         ENTRANCE FLOOR MATS AND FRAMES

                  DIVISION 14:   CONVEYING EQUIPMENT

                  142400         HYDRAULIC ELEVATORS


                  DIVISION 32:   EXTERIOR IMPROVEMENTS

                  328400         PLANTING IRRIGATION
                  329200         TURF AND GRASSES
                  329300         PLANTS

                  DIVISION 22:   PLUMBING      AS REQUIRED


                  DIVISION 26:   ELECTRICAL    AS REQUIRED




END OF SECTION 017823




OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA                               0812/017823 - 8
SECTION 017839 - PROJECT RECORD DOCUMENTS


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes administrative and procedural requirements for Project Record
           Documents, including the following:

           1.    As-built Drawings.
           2.    Record Specifications.
           3.    Record Product Data.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Closeout Procedures" for general closeout procedures.
           2.    Division 01 Section "Operation and Maintenance Data" for operation and maintenance
                 manual requirements.
           3.    Divisions 02 through 49 Sections for specific requirements for Project Record
                 Documents of the Work in those Sections.


1.3        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Record Drawings: Comply with the following:

           1.    Number of Copies: Submit one (1) set of As-built Prints.
           2.    Number of Copies: Submit copies of Record Drawings as follows:

                 a.    Final Submittal: Submit one (1) set of marked-up As-built Prints.

      B.   Record Product Data: Submit one (1) copy of each Product Data submittal.

           1.    Where Record Product Data is required as part of operation and maintenance manuals,
                 submit marked-up Product Data as an insert in manual instead of submittal as Record
                 Product Data.




PROJECT RECORD DOCUMENTS                                                               0812/017839 - 1
PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        AS-BUILT DRAWINGS

      A.   As-built Prints: Maintain one set of blue- or black-line white prints of the Contract Drawings
           and Shop Drawings.

           1.    Preparation: Mark As-built Prints to show the actual installation where installation varies
                 from that shown originally. Require individual or entity who obtained record data,
                 whether individual or entity is Installer, subcontractor, or similar entity, to prepare the
                 marked-up Record Prints.

                 a.    Give particular attention to information on concealed elements that would be
                       difficult to identify or measure and record later.
                 b.    Accurately record information in an understandable drawing technique.
                 c.    Record data as soon as possible after obtaining it. Record and check the markup
                       before enclosing concealed installations.

           2.    Content: Types of items requiring marking include, but are not limited to, the following:

                 a.    Dimensional changes to Drawings.
                 b.    Revisions to details shown on Drawings.
                 c.    Depths of foundations below first floor.
                 d.    Locations and depths of underground utilities.
                 e.    Revisions to routing of piping and conduits.
                 f.    Revisions to electrical circuitry.
                 g.    Actual equipment locations.
                 h.    Duct size and routing.
                 i.    Locations of concealed internal utilities.
                 j.    Changes made by Change Order or Construction Change Directive.
                 k.    Changes made following Architect's written orders.
                 l.    Details not on the original Contract Drawings.
                 m.    Field records for variable and concealed conditions.
                 n.    Record information on the Work that is shown only schematically.

           3.    Mark the Contract Drawings or Shop Drawings, whichever is most capable of showing
                 actual physical conditions, completely and accurately. If Shop Drawings are marked,
                 show cross-reference on the Contract Drawings.
           4.    Mark record sets with erasable, red-colored pencil. Use other colors to distinguish
                 between changes for different categories of the Work at same location.
           5.    Mark important additional information that was either shown schematically or omitted
                 from original Drawings.
           6.    Note Construction Change Directive numbers, alternate numbers, Change Order
                 numbers, and similar identification, where applicable.

      B.   Newly Prepared As-built Drawings: Prepare new Drawings instead of preparing As-built
           Drawings where Architect determines that neither the original Contract Drawings nor Shop
           Drawings are suitable to show actual installation.




PROJECT RECORD DOCUMENTS                                                                 0812/017839 - 2
           1.    New Drawings may be required when a Change Order is issued as a result of accepting
                 an alternate, substitution, or other modification.
           2.    Consult Architect for proper scale and scope of detailing and notations required to record
                 the actual physical installation and its relation to other construction. Integrate newly
                 prepared As-built Drawings into As-built Drawing sets; comply with procedures for
                 formatting, organizing, copying, binding, and submitting.

      C.   Format: Identify and date each Record Drawing; include the designation "PROJECT AS-
           BUILT DRAWING" in a prominent location.

           1.    As-built Prints: Organize As-built Prints and newly prepared As-built Drawings into
                 manageable sets. Bind each set with durable paper cover sheets. Include identification
                 on cover sheets.
           2.    Identification: As follows:

                 a.    Project name.
                 b.    Date.
                 c.    Designation "PROJECT AS-BUILT DRAWINGS."
                 d.    Name of Architect.
                 e.    Name of Contractor.


2.2        RECORD PRODUCT DATA

      A.   Preparation: Mark Product Data to indicate the actual product installation where installation
           varies substantially from that indicated in Product Data submittal.

           1.    Give particular attention to information on concealed products and installations that
                 cannot be readily identified and recorded later.
           2.    Include significant changes in the product delivered to Project site and changes in
                 manufacturer's written instructions for installation.
           3.    Note related Change Orders and Record Drawings where applicable.


2.3        MISCELLANEOUS RECORD SUBMITTALS

      A.   Assemble miscellaneous records required by other Specification Sections for miscellaneous
           record keeping and submittal in connection with actual performance of the Work. Bind or file
           miscellaneous records and identify each, ready for continued use and reference.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        RECORDING AND MAINTENANCE

      A.   Recording: Maintain one copy of each submittal during the construction period for Project
           Record Document purposes. Post changes and modifications to Project Record Documents as
           they occur; do not wait until the end of Project.

      B.   Maintenance of Record Documents and Samples: Store Record Documents and Samples in the
           field office apart from the Contract Documents used for construction. Do not use Project


PROJECT RECORD DOCUMENTS                                                                0812/017839 - 3
       Record Documents for construction purposes. Maintain Record Documents in good order and
       in a clean, dry, legible condition, protected from deterioration and loss. Provide access to
       Project Record Documents for Architect's reference during normal working hours.


END OF SECTION 017839




PROJECT RECORD DOCUMENTS                                                         0812/017839 - 4
SECTION 017900 - DEMONSTRATION AND TRAINING


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes administrative and procedural requirements for instructing Owner's
           personnel, including the following:

           1.    Demonstration of operation of systems, subsystems, and equipment.
           2.    Training in operation and maintenance of systems, subsystems, and equipment.
           3.    Demonstration and training videotapes.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Project Management and Coordination" for requirements for pre-
                 instruction conferences.
           2.    Divisions 02 through 49 Sections for specific requirements for demonstration and
                 training for products in those Sections.


1.3        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Instruction Program: Submit two copies of outline of instructional program for demonstration
           and training, including a schedule of proposed dates, times, length of instruction time, and
           instructors' names for each training module. Include learning objective and outline for each
           training module.

           1.    At completion of training, submit one complete training manual(s) for Owner's use.

      B.   Qualification Data: For instructor and photographer.

      C.   Attendance Record:     For each training module, submit list of participants and length of
           instruction time.

      D.   Demonstration and Training Videotapes: Submit two copies within seven days of end of each
           training module.

           1.    Identification: On each copy, provide an applied label with the following information:

                 a.    Name of Project.
                 b.    Name and address of photographer.


DEMONSTRATION AND TRAINING                                                              0812/017900 - 1
                 c.    Name of Architect
                 d.    Name of Contractor.
                 e.    Date videotape was recorded.
                 f.    Description of vantage point, indicating location, direction (by compass point), and
                       elevation or story of construction.

           2.    Transcript: Prepared on 8-1/2-by-11-inch (215-by-280-mm) paper, punched and bound
                 in heavy-duty, 3-ring, vinyl-covered binders. Mark appropriate identification on front
                 and spine of each binder. Include a cover sheet with same label information as the
                 corresponding videotape. Include name of Project and date of videotape on each page.


1.4        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Facilitator Qualifications: A firm or individual experienced in training or educating
           maintenance personnel in a training program similar in content and extent to that indicated for
           this Project, and whose work has resulted in training or education with a record of successful
           learning performance.

      B.   Instructor Qualifications: A factory-authorized service representative, complying with
           requirements in Division 01 Section "Quality Requirements," experienced in operation and
           maintenance procedures and training.

      C.   Photographer Qualifications: A professional photographer who is experienced photographing
           construction projects.

      D.   Pre-instruction Conference: Conduct conference at Project site to comply with requirements in
           Division 01 Section "Project Management and Coordination." Review methods and procedures
           related to demonstration and training including, but not limited to, the following:

           1.    Inspect and discuss locations and other facilities required for instruction.
           2.    Review and finalize instruction schedule and verify availability of educational materials,
                 instructors' personnel, audiovisual equipment, and facilities needed to avoid delays.
           3.    Review required content of instruction.
           4.    For instruction that must occur outside, review weather and forecasted weather conditions
                 and procedures to follow if conditions are unfavorable.


1.5        COORDINATION

      A.   Coordinate instruction schedule with Owner's operations.      Adjust schedule as required to
           minimize disrupting Owner's operations.

      B.   Coordinate instructors, including providing notification of dates, times, length of instruction
           time, and course content.

      C.   Coordinate content of training modules with content of approved emergency, operation, and
           maintenance manuals. Do not submit instruction program until operation and maintenance data
           has been reviewed and approved by Architect.




DEMONSTRATION AND TRAINING                                                              0812/017900 - 2
PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        INSTRUCTION PROGRAM

      A.   Program Structure: Develop an instruction program that includes individual training modules
           for each system and equipment not part of a system, as required by individual Specification
           Sections, and as follows:


           1.    Equipment, including projection screens.
           2.    Fire-protection systems, including fire alarm and fire-extinguishing systems.
           3.    Refrigeration systems, including condensers, pumps and distribution piping.
           4.    HVAC systems, including air-handling equipment, air distribution systems and terminal
                 equipment and devices.
           5.    HVAC instrumentation and controls.
           6.    Electrical service and distribution, including transformers, switchboards, panelboards,
                 and motor controls.
           7.    Lighting equipment and controls.
           8.    Communication systems, including intercommunication, clocks and programming and
                 voice and data equipment.

      B.   Training Modules: Develop a learning objective and teaching outline for each module. Include
           a description of specific skills and knowledge that participant is expected to master. For each
           module, include instruction for the following:

           1.    Basis of System Design, Operational Requirements, and Criteria: Include the following:

                 a.    System, subsystem, and equipment descriptions.
                 b.    Performance and design criteria if Contractor is delegated design responsibility.
                 c.    Operating standards.
                 d.    Regulatory requirements.
                 e.    Equipment function.
                 f.    Operating characteristics.
                 g.    Limiting conditions.
                 h.    Performance curves.

           2.    Documentation: Review the following items in detail:

                 a.    Emergency manuals.
                 b.    Operations manuals.
                 c.    Maintenance manuals.
                 d.    Project Record Documents.
                 e.    Identification systems.
                 f.    Warranties and bonds.
                 g.    Maintenance service agreements and similar continuing commitments.

           3.    Emergencies: Include the following, as applicable:

                 a.    Instructions on meaning of warnings, trouble indications, and error messages.
                 b.    Instructions on stopping.



DEMONSTRATION AND TRAINING                                                               0812/017900 - 3
           c.    Shutdown instructions for each type of emergency.
           d.    Operating instructions for conditions outside of normal operating limits.
           e.    Sequences for electric or electronic systems.
           f.    Special operating instructions and procedures.

      4.   Operations: Include the following, as applicable:

           a.    Startup procedures.
           b.    Equipment or system break-in procedures.
           c.    Routine and normal operating instructions.
           d.    Regulation and control procedures.
           e.    Control sequences.
           f.    Safety procedures.
           g.    Instructions on stopping.
           h.    Normal shutdown instructions.
           i.    Operating procedures for emergencies.
           j.    Operating procedures for system, subsystem, or equipment failure.
           k.    Seasonal and weekend operating instructions.
           l.    Required sequences for electric or electronic systems.
           m.    Special operating instructions and procedures.

      5.   Adjustments: Include the following:

           a.    Alignments.
           b.    Checking adjustments.
           c.    Noise and vibration adjustments.
           d.    Economy and efficiency adjustments.

      6.   Troubleshooting: Include the following:

           a.    Diagnostic instructions.
           b.    Test and inspection procedures.

      7.   Maintenance: Include the following:

           a.    Inspection procedures.
           b.    Types of cleaning agents to be used and methods of cleaning.
           c.    List of cleaning agents and methods of cleaning detrimental to product.
           d.    Procedures for routine cleaning
           e.    Procedures for preventive maintenance.
           f.    Procedures for routine maintenance.
           g.    Instruction on use of special tools.

      8.   Repairs: Include the following:

           a.    Diagnosis instructions.
           b.    Repair instructions.
           c.    Disassembly; component removal, repair, and replacement; and reassembly
                 instructions.
           d.    Instructions for identifying parts and components.
           e.    Review of spare parts needed for operation and maintenance.



DEMONSTRATION AND TRAINING                                                         0812/017900 - 4
PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        PREPARATION

      A.   Assemble educational materials necessary for instruction, including documentation and training
           module. Assemble training modules into a combined training manual.

      B.   Set up instructional equipment at instruction location.


3.2        INSTRUCTION

      A.   Engage qualified instructors to instruct Owner's personnel to adjust, operate, and maintain
           systems, subsystems, and equipment not part of a system.

           1.    Architect will furnish an instructor to describe basis of system design, operational
                 requirements, criteria, and regulatory requirements.
           2.    Owner will furnish an instructor to describe Owner's operational philosophy.
           3.    Owner will furnish Contractor with names and positions of participants.

      B.   Scheduling: Provide instruction at mutually agreed on times. For equipment that requires
           seasonal operation, provide similar instruction at start of each season.

           1.    Schedule training with Owner through Construction Manager with at least seven days'
                 advance notice.

      C.   Evaluation: At conclusion of each training module, assess and document each participant's
           mastery of module by use of an oral performance-based test.

      D.   Cleanup: Collect used and leftover educational materials and give to Owner. Remove
           instructional equipment. Restore systems and equipment to condition existing before initial
           training use.


3.3        DEMONSTRATION AND TRAINING VIDEOTAPES

      A.   General: Engage a qualified commercial photographer to record demonstration and training
           videotapes. Record each training module separately. Include classroom instructions and
           demonstrations, board diagrams, and other visual aids, but not student practice.

           1.    At beginning of each training module, record each chart containing learning objective
                 and lesson outline.

      B.   Videotape Format: Provide high-quality VHS color videotape in full-size cassettes.

      C.   Recording: Mount camera on tripod before starting recording, unless otherwise necessary to
           show area of demonstration and training. Display continuous running time.

      D.   Narration: Describe scenes on videotape by dubbing audio narration off-site after videotape is
           recorded. Include description of items being viewed. Describe vantage point, indicating
           location, direction (by compass point), and elevation or story of construction.


DEMONSTRATION AND TRAINING                                                             0812/017900 - 5
  E.   Transcript: Provide a typewritten transcript of the narration. Display images and running time
       captured from videotape opposite the corresponding narration segment.


END OF SECTION 017900




DEMONSTRATION AND TRAINING                                                         0812/017900 - 6
SECTION 018113 - SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes general requirements and procedures for compliance with certain U.S.
           Green Building Council's (USGBC) LEED prerequisites and credits needed for the Project to
           obtain LEED Platinum certification based on LEED Building Design and Construction (BD+C),
           Version 2009.

           1.    Other LEED prerequisites and credits needed to obtain LEED certification are dependent
                 on material selections and may not be specifically identified as LEED requirements.
                 Compliance with requirements needed to obtain LEED prerequisites and credits may be
                 used as one criterion to evaluate substitution requests.
           2.    Additional LEED prerequisites and credits needed to obtain the indicated LEED
                 certification are dependent on the Architect's design and other aspects of the Project that
                 are not part of the Work of the Contract.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:

           1.    Divisions 01 through 49 Sections for LEED requirements specific to the Work of each of
                 those Sections. These requirements may or may not include reference to LEED.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Certificates of Chain-of-Custody: Certificates signed by manufacturers certifying that wood
           used to make products was obtained from forests certified by an FSC-accredited certification
           body to comply with FSC 1.2, "Principles and Criteria." Certificates shall include evidence that
           mill is certified for chain-of-custody by an FSC-accredited certification body.

      B.   LEED: Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design.

      C.   Rapidly Renewable Materials: Materials made from agricultural products that are typically
           harvested within a ten-year or shorter cycle. Rapidly renewable materials include products
           made from bamboo, cotton, flax, jute, straw, sunflower seed hulls, vegetable oils, or wool.

      D.   Regional Materials: Materials that have been extracted, harvested, or recovered, as well as
           manufactured, within 500 miles (800 km) of Project site. If only a fraction of a product or
           material is extracted/harvested/recovered and manufactured locally, then only that percentage
           (by weight) shall contribute to the regional value.



SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS                                                          0812/018113 - 1
      E.   Regionally Manufactured Materials: Materials that are manufactured within a radius of 500
           miles (800 km) from the Project location. Manufacturing refers to the final assembly of
           components into the building product that is installed at the Project site.

      F.   Regionally Extracted, Harvested, or Recovered Materials: Materials that are extracted,
           harvested, or recovered and manufactured within a radius of 500 miles (800 km) from the
           Project site.

      G.   Recycled Content: The percentage by weight of constituents that have been recovered or
           otherwise diverted from the solid waste stream, either during the manufacturing process (pre-
           consumer), or after consumer use (post-consumer).

           1.    Spills and scraps from the original manufacturing process that are combined with other
                 constituents after a minimal amount of reprocessing for use in further production of the
                 same product are not recycled materials.
           2.    Discarded materials from one manufacturing process that are used as constituents in
                 another manufacturing process are pre-consumer recycled materials.

      H.   Pre-Consumer Recycled Content: Material diverted from the waste stream during the
           manufacturing process. Excluded is reutilization of materials such as rework, regrind, or scrap
           generated in a process and capable of being reclaimed within the same process that generated it.

      I.   Post Consumer Recycled Content: waste material generated by households or by commercial,
           industrial, and institutional facilities in their role as end users of the product, which can no
           longer be used for its intended purpose.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   General: Submit additional LEED submittal requirements included in other sections of the
           Specifications.

      B.   LEED submittals are in addition to other submittals. If submitted item is identical to that
           submitted to comply with other requirements, submit duplicate copies as a separate submittal to
           verify compliance with indicated LEED requirements.

      C.   Project Materials Cost Data: Provide statement indicating total cost for building materials used
           for Project within 30 days of date established for commencement of the Work. Include
           statement indicating total cost of mechanical and electrical components.

      D.   LEED Action Plans: Provide preliminary submittals within 30 days of date established for
           commencement of the Work indicating how the following requirements will be met.

           1.    Credit MR 2:      Waste management plan complying with Division 01 Section
                 "Construction Waste Management and Disposal."
           2.    Credit MR 3: List of proposed salvaged and refurbished materials.

                 a.     Identify each material that will be salvaged or refurbished, its source, and cost or
                        replacement cost, whichever is greater.

           3.    Credit MR 4: List of proposed materials with recycled content.



SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS                                                          0812/018113 - 2
            a.    Indicate cost, post-consumer recycled content, and pre-consumer recycled content
                  for each product having recycled content.

       4.   Credit MR 5: List of proposed regionally extracted and manufactured materials.

            a.    Identify each regionally extracted, harvested or recovered, as well as manufactured
                  material, its source, and cost.

       5.   Credit MR 6: List of proposed rapidly renewable materials.

            a.    Identify each rapidly renewable material, its source, and cost.

       6.   Credit MR 7.0: List of proposed certified wood products.

            a.    Indicate each product containing certified wood, its source, and cost.
            b.    Include statement indicating total cost for wood-based materials used for Project,
                  including non-rented temporary construction. If temporary construction materials
                  are purchased for use on multiple projects, include these materials for only one
                  project.

       7.   Credit IEQ 3.1: Construction indoor air quality management plan.

  E.   LEED Progress Reports: Concurrent with each Application for Payment, submit LEED Online
       Templates documenting progress towards achieving LEED points for the following:

       1.   Credit MR 2: Waste reduction progress reports complying with Division 01 Section
            "Construction Waste Management and Disposal."
       2.   Credit MR 3: Salvaged and refurbished materials.
       3.   Credit MR 4: Recycled content.
       4.   Credit MR 5: Regionally extracted and manufactured materials.
       5.   Credit MR 6: Rapidly Renewable Materials.
       6.   Credit MR 7: Certified Wood.
       7.   Credit IEQ 3.1: Construction Indoor Air Quality Management Plan, photographs of
            implemented strategies.

  F.   LEED Documentation Submittals:

       1.   Credit SS 7.2: Product Data for roofing materials indicating Energy Star compliance and
            for green vegetated roof system.
       2.   Credit WE 2 and 3: Product Data for plumbing fixtures indicating water consumption.
       3.   Prerequisite EA 3: Product Data for new HVAC equipment indicating absence of CFC
            refrigerants.
       4.   Credit EA 4: Product Data for new HVAC equipment indicating absence of HCFC
            refrigerants, and for clean-agent fire-extinguishing systems indicating absence of HCFC
            and Halon.
       5.   Credit EA 5: Product Data and wiring diagrams for sensors and data collection system
            used to provide continuous metering of building energy and water consumption
            performance over a period of time of not less than one year of post-construction
            occupancy.
       6.   Credit MR 2: Comply with Division 01 Section "Construction Waste Management and
            Disposal."



SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS                                                     0812/018113 - 3
      7.    Credit MR 3: Receipts for salvaged and refurbished materials used for Project, indicating
            sources and costs for salvaged and refurbished materials and new material replacement
            value.
      8.    Credit MR 4: Product Data and certification letter indicating percentages by weight of
            post-consumer and pre-consumer recycled content for products having recycled content.
            Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.
      9.    Credit MR 5: Product Data indicating location of material manufacturer for regionally
            extracted, harvested, or recovered, as well as regionally manufactured, materials.

            a.    Include statement indicating cost and distance from manufacturer to Project for
                  each regionally manufactured material.
            b.    Include statement indicating cost and distance from point of extraction, harvest, or
                  recovery to Project for each raw material used in regionally manufactured
                  materials.

      10.   Credit MR 6: Product Data for rapidly renewable materials.

            a.    Include statement indicating costs for each rapidly renewable material.

      11.   Credit MR 7: Product Data and certificates of chain-of-custody for products containing
            certified wood.

            a.    Include statement indicating costs for each product containing certified wood.
            b.    Include statement indicating total cost for wood-based materials used for Project,
                  including non-rented temporary construction.
            c.    Exclude salvaged wood materials that are reused in the project.

      12.   Credit IEQ 1: Product Data and Shop Drawings for carbon dioxide monitoring system.
      13.   Credit IEQ 3.1:

            a.    Construction indoor air quality management plan.
            b.    Product Data for temporary filtration media.
            c.    Product Data for filtration media used during occupancy.
            d.    Construction Documentation: Maintain a detailed photo log of the construction
                  IAQ management plan practices during construction along with a brief description
                  of the SMACNA approach employed, documenting implementation of the IAQ
                  management measures, such as protection of ducts and on-site stored or installed
                  absorptive materials.

      14.   Credit IEQ 3.2:

            a.    Signed statement describing the building air flush-out procedures including the
                  dates when flush-out was begun and completed and statement that filtration media
                  was replaced after flush-out.
            b.    Product Data for filtration media used during flush-out and during occupancy.
            c.    For Air Quality Testing Option: Report from testing and inspecting agency
                  indicating results of IAQ testing and documentation showing conformance with
                  IAQ testing procedures and requirements.

      15.   Credit IEQ 4.1: Product Data for adhesives and sealants used on the interior of the
            building indicating VOC content of each product used. Indicate VOC content in g/L



SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS                                                    0812/018113 - 4
                 calculated according to South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Rule
                 #1168.
           16.   Credit IEQ 4.2: Product Data for paints and coatings used on the interior of the building
                 indicating chemical composition and VOC content of each product used. Indicate VOC
                 content in g/L calculated according to Green Seal Standard GS-11, Paints, 1st Edition,
                 Green Seal Standard GC-03, Anti-Corrosive Paints, 2nd Edition, and South Coast Air
                 Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Rule 1113, Architectural Coatings.
           17.   Credit IEQ 4.3: Product Data for flooring products indicating VOC content of each
                 product used. Indicate products meet the requirements of the Carpet and Rug Institute
                 Green Label Plus program, are certified as compliant with the Floorscore standard by an
                 independent third party, and meet the requirements of South Coast Air Quality
                 Management District (SCAQMD) Rule 1113and 1168.
           18.   Credit IEQ 4.4: Product Data for composite wood and agrifiber products indicating that
                 products contain no urea-formaldehyde resin.

                 a.    Include statement indicating adhesives and binders used for each product.


           19.   Credit IEQ 7: Product Data and Shop Drawings for sensors and control system used to
                 monitor and control room temperature and humidity.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   LEED Coordinator: Engage an experienced Professional to coordinate LEED requirements.
           LEED coordinator may also serve as waste management coordinator.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        SALVAGED AND REFURBISHED MATERIALS

      A.   Credit MR 3: Provide salvaged, reused, or refurbished materials for a minimum of 10 percent
           of building materials (by cost).

           1.    Mechanical, electrical and plumbing components and specialty items cannot be included
                 in this calculation.


2.2        RECYCLED CONTENT OF MATERIALS

      A.   Credit MR 4: Provide building materials with recycled content such that post-consumer
           recycled content plus one-half of pre-consumer recycled content constitutes a minimum of 10
           percent of the cost of materials used for the Project.

           1.    The cost of post-consumer recycled content of an item shall be determined by dividing
                 the weight of post-consumer recycled content in the item by the total weight of the item
                 and multiplying by the cost of the item.
           2.    The cost of post consumer recycled content plus one-half of pre-consumer recycled
                 content of an item shall be determined by dividing the weight of post-consumer recycled



SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS                                                         0812/018113 - 5
                 content plus one-half of pre-consumer recycled content in the item by the total weight of
                 the item and multiplying by the cost of the item.
           3.    Mechanical, electrical and plumbing components and specialty items cannot be included
                 in this calculation.
           4.    Recycled content of materials shall be defined according to the Federal Trade
                 Commission's "Guide for the Use of Environmental Marketing Claims," 16 CFR
                 260.7 (e).
           5.    Building materials (by cost) with recycled content such that post-consumer recycled
                 content plus one-half of pre-consumer recycled content constitutes a minimum of 20
                 percent of the cost of materials and used for the Project will earn an additional point
                 under Innovation and Design.


2.3        REGIONAL MATERIALS

      A.   Credit MR 5: Provide a minimum of 20 percent of building materials (by cost) that have been
           regionally extracted, harvested, or recovered, as well as regionally manufactured.

           1.    If only a fraction of a product or material has been extracted, harvested, or recovered, and
                 manufactured regionally, than only that percentage (by weight) contributes to the regional
                 value.
           2.    Mechanical, electrical and plumbing components and specialty items cannot be included
                 in this calculation.
           3.    A minimum of 40 percent of building materials (by cost) that have been regionally
                 extracted, harvested, or recovered, as well as regionally manufactured and used for the
                 Project will earn an additional point under Innovation and Design.



2.4        RAPIDLY RENEWABLE MATERIALS

      A.   Credit MR 6: Provide a minimum of 2.5 percent of building materials (by cost) that use rapidly
           renewable materials and products.


2.5        CERTIFIED WOOD

      A.   Credit MR 7: Provide a minimum of 50 percent (by cost) of wood-based materials that are
           certified in accordance with the Forest Stewardship Council’s principles and criteria for wood
           building components and permanently installed on in the Project.

           1.    Wood-based materials include but are not limited to the following materials when made
                 from made wood, engineered wood products, or wood-based panel products:

                 a.    Rough carpentry.
                 b.    Miscellaneous carpentry.
                 c.    Heavy timber construction.
                 d.    Wood decking.
                 e.    Metal-plate-connected wood trusses.
                 f.    Structural glued-laminated timber.
                 g.    Finish carpentry.



SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS                                                           0812/018113 - 6
                 h.    Architectural woodwork.
                 i.    Wood paneling.
                 j.    Wood veneer wall covering.
                 k.    Wood flooring.
                 l.    Wood lockers.
                 m.    Wood cabinets.
                 n.    Wood doors.
                 o.    Furniture, if included consistently on MR Credits 3 through 7.
                 p.    Non-rented temporary construction, including bracing, concrete formwork,
                       pedestrian barriers, and temporary protection. If temporary construction materials
                       are purchased for use on multiple projects, include these materials for only one
                       project.

           2.    Chain of Custody Requirements: Collect all vendor invoices for permanently installed
                 wood products, FSC certified or not, purchased by the project contractor and
                 subcontractors. Each vendor invoice must conform to the following requirements:

                 a.    Each wood product must be identified on a line-item basis.
                 b.    FSC products must be identified as such on a line-item basis.
                 c.    The dollar value of each line-item must be shown.
                 d.    The vendor’s COC certificate number must be shown on any invoice that includes
                       FSC products. Each wood product’s vendor that invoices FSC certified products
                       must be COC certified by an FSC-accredited certifier.


2.6        LOW-EMITTING MATERIALS

      A.   Credit IEQ 4.1: All adhesives and sealants used on the interior of the building must apply with
           the following requirements as applicable to the project scope:


           1.    For interior applications use adhesives, sealants, and sealant primers that comply with the
                 following limits for VOC content when calculated according to South Coast Air Quality
                 Management District (SCAQMD) Rule #1168:

                 a.    Indoor carpet adhesives: 50 g/L.
                 b.    Carpet pad adhesives: 50 g/L.
                 c.    Wood flooring adhesives: 100 g/L.
                 d.    Rubber floor adhesives: 60 g/L.
                 e.    Subfloor adhesives: 50 g/L.
                 f.    Ceramic tile adhesives: 65 g/L.
                 g.    VCT and asphalt adhesives: 50 g/L.
                 h.    Drywall and panel adhesives: 50 g/L.
                 i.    Cove base adhesives: 50 g/L.
                 j.    Multipurpose construction adhesives: 70 g/L.
                 k.    Structural glazing adhesives: 100 g/L.
                 l.    Metal to metal adhesives: 30 g/L.
                 m.    Plastic foams: 50 g/L.
                 n.    Adhesives for porous material (except wood): 50 g/L.
                 o.    Wood adhesives: 30 g/L.
                 p.    Fiberglass adhesives: 80 g/L.


SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS                                                          0812/018113 - 7
             q.     Architectural sealant primers (nonporous): 250 g/L.
             r.     Architectural sealant primers (porous): 775 g/L.
             s.     Other sealant primers: 750 g/L.
             t.     PVC welding: 510 g/L.
             u.     CPVC welding: 490 g/L.
             v.     ABS welding: 325 g/L.
             w.     Plastic cement welding: 250 g/L.
             x.     Adhesive primer for plastic: 550 g/L.
             y.     Contact adhesive: 80 g/L.
             z.     Special purpose contact adhesive: 250 g/L.
             aa.    Structural wood member adhesive: 140 g/L.
             bb.    Sheet applied rubber lining operations: 850 g/L.
             cc.    Top and trim adhesive: 250 g/L.
             dd.    Architectural sealants: 250 g/L.
             ee.    Non membrane roof sealants: 300 g/L.
             ff.    Roadway sealants: 250 g/L.
             gg.    Single-ply roof membrane sealants: 450 g/L.
             hh.    Other sealants: 420 g/L.

       2.    Use aerosol adhesives that comply with Green Seal Standard for Commercial Adhesives
             GS-36 requirements:

             a.     General purpose mist spray: 65 percent VOCs by weight
             b.     General purpose web spray: 55 percent VOCs by weight
             c.     Special purpose aerosol adhesives (all types): 70 percent VOCs by weight

  B.   Credit IEQ 4.2: For interior applications use paints and coatings that comply with the following
       criteria:

       1.    Architectural paints and coatings must not exceed VOC content limits established in
             Green Seal Standard GS-11, Paints, and 1st Edition.
       2.    Anti-corrosive and anti-rust paints must not exceed VOC content limit of 250 g/L
             established in Green Seal Standard GC-03, Anti-Corrosive Paints, 2nd Edition.
       3.    Clear wood finishes, floor coatings, stains, primers, and shellacs must not exceed VOC
             content limits established in South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD)
             Rule 1113, Architectural Coatings.

  C.   Credit IEQ 4.3: Use flooring that complies with the following criteria:

       1.    All interior carpet must meet the testing and product requirements of the Carpet and Rug
             Institute Green Label Plus program.
       2.    All interior carpet cushion must meet the requirements of the Carpet and Rug Institute
             Green Label Plus program.
       3.    All carpet adhesive must meet the requirements of IEQ Credit 4.1, which includes a VOC
             limit of 50 g/L.
       4.    All hard surface flooring, including vinyl, linoleum, laminate flooring, wood flooring,
             ceramic flooring, rubber flooring, and wall base, must be certified as compliant with the
             Floorscore standard by an independent third party.
       5.    Concrete, wood, bamboo, and cork floor finishes such as sealer, stain, and finish must
             meet the requirements of South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Rule
             1113, Architectural Coatings.


SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS                                                      0812/018113 - 8
           6.    Tile setting adhesives and grout must meet South Coast Air Quality Management District
                 (SCAQMD) Rule 1168.

      D.   Credit IEQ 4.4: Do not use composite wood, agrifiber products, and laminating adhesives that
           contain urea-formaldehyde resin.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        MEASUREMENT AND VERIFICATION

      A.   Credit EA 5: Implement measurement and verification plan consistent with Option B: Energy
           Conservation Measure Isolation in the EVO's "International Performance Measurement and
           Verification Protocol (IPMVP) Volume III: Concepts and Options for Determining Energy
           Savings in New Construction," and as further defined by the following:

           1.    Measurement and Verification Plan available upon request.

      B.   If not already in place, install metering equipment to measure energy usage. Monitor, record,
           and trend log measurements.

      C.   Evaluate energy performance and efficiency by comparing actual to predicted performance.

      D.   Measurement and verification period shall cover at least one year of post construction
           occupancy.


3.2        CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT

      A.   Credit MR 2:    Comply with Division 01 Section "Construction Waste Management and
           Disposal."


3.3        CONSTRUCTION INDOOR AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT

      A.   Credit IEQ 3.1: Comply with Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning National Contractors
           Association (SMACNA) IAQ Guidelines for Occupied Buildings under Construction, 2nd
           Edition 2007, ANSI/SMACNA 008-2008 (Chapter 3).

           1.    If Owner authorizes the use of permanent heating, cooling, and ventilating systems
                 during construction period as specified in Division 01 Section "Temporary Facilities and
                 Controls," install filter media having a MERV 8 according to ASHRAE 52.2 at each
                 return-air inlet for the air-handling system used during construction.
           2.    Replace all air filters immediately prior to occupancy. Replacement air filters shall have
                 a MERV 13 according to ASHRAE 52.2.

      B.   Credit IEQ 3.2: Comply with one of the following requirements:

           1.    After construction ends, prior to occupancy and with all interior finishes installed,
                 perform a building flush-out by supplying a total volume of 14000 cu. ft. (4 300 000 L)



SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS                                                         0812/018113 - 9
           of outdoor air per sq. ft. (sq. m) of floor area while maintaining an internal temperature of
           at least 60 deg F (16 deg C) and a relative humidity no higher than 60 percent.


           a.    General Contractor shall submit a written request for inspection for Substantial
                 Completion.
           b.    On receipt of request, Architect will either proceed with inspection or notify
                 Contractor of unfulfilled requirements.
           c.    Architect will conduct a walk-through and prepare a punch list for correction by
                 contractor.
           d.    Upon completion of the punch list the building can then be flushed out.

      2.   If occupancy is desired prior to flush-out completion, the space may be occupied
           following delivery of a minimum of 3500 cu. ft. (1 070 000 L) of outdoor air per sq. ft.
           (sq. m) of floor area to the space. Once a space is occupied, it shall be ventilated at a
           minimum rate of 0.30 cfm per sq. ft. (1.52 L/s per sq. m) of outside air or the design
           minimum outside air rate determined in EQ Prerequisite 1, whichever is greater. During
           each day of the flush-out period, ventilation shall begin a minimum of three hours prior to
           occupancy and continue during occupancy. These conditions shall be maintained until a
           total of 14000 cu. ft./sq. ft. (4 300 000 L/sq. m) of outside air has been delivered to the
           space.

      3.   Air-Quality Testing Option:

           a.    Conduct baseline indoor-air-quality testing, after construction ends and prior to
                 occupancy, using testing protocols consistent with the EPA's "Compendium of
                 Methods for the Determination of Air Pollutants in Indoor Air," and as additionally
                 detailed in the USGBC's "LEED 2009 BD+C: Reference Guide."
           b.    Demonstrate that the contaminant maximum concentrations listed below are not
                 exceeded:

                 1)     Formaldehyde: 27 ppb.
                 2)     Particulates (PM10): 50 micrograms/cu. m.
                 3)     Total Volatile Organic Compounds (TVOC): 500 micrograms/cu. m.
                 4)     4-Phenylcyclohexene (4-PH): 6.5 micrograms/cu. m.
                 5)     Carbon Monoxide: 9 ppm and no greater than 2 ppm above outdoor levels.

           c.    For each sampling point where the maximum concentration limits are exceeded,
                 conduct additional flush-out with outside air and retest the specific parameter(s)
                 exceeded to indicate the requirements are achieved. Repeat procedure until all
                 requirements have been met. When retesting noncomplying building areas, take
                 samples from same locations as in the first test.
           d.    Air-sample testing shall be conducted as follows:

                 1)     All measurements shall be conducted prior to occupancy but during normal
                        occupied hours, and with building ventilation system starting at the normal
                        daily start time and operated at the minimum outside air flow rate for the
                        occupied mode throughout the duration of the air testing.
                 2)     Building shall have all interior finishes installed including, but not limited
                        to, millwork, doors, paint, carpet, and acoustic tiles. Nonfixed furnishings




SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS                                                     0812/018113 - 10
                        such as workstations and partitions are encouraged, but not required, to be in
                        place for the testing.
                 3)     Number of sampling locations will vary depending on the size of building
                        and number of ventilation systems. For each portion of building served by a
                        separate ventilation system, the number of sampling points shall not be less
                        than one per 25,000 sq. ft. (2300 sq. m) or for each contiguous floor area,
                        whichever is larger, and shall include areas with the least ventilation and
                        greatest presumed source strength.
                 4)     Air samples shall be collected between 3 and 6 feet (0.9 and 1.8 m) from the
                        floor to represent the breathing zone of occupants, and over a minimum
                        four-hour period.


END OF SECTION 018113




SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS                                                   0812/018113 - 11
                                             SECTION 01 9113

                             GENERAL COMMISSIONING REQUIREMENTS
PART 1 GENERAL
1.01 SUMMARY
   A. This Section Covers:
        1. Commissioning Plan
        2. Systems to be Commissioned
        3. Commissioning Team
        4. Submittals
        5. LEED Systems Manual
        6. Materials
        7. Coordination
        8. Commissioning Scheduling
        9. Training Tours
        10. Equipment Training
        11. Installation Checklists
        12. Functional Performance Tests
        13. Deficiency Tracking/Corrective Actions
        14. Maintenance Acceptance
        15. Operations Acceptance
        16. Commissioning Documentation
1.02 COMMISSIONING PLAN
   A. The Commissioning Plan, to be provided by the Commissioning Professional following Contractor’s
      receipt of Notice to Proceed, along with subsequent revisions, shall be incorporated by reference into
      this contract.
1.03 SYSTEMS TO BE COMMISSIONED
   A. Mechanical Systems
       1. Air Handling Units.
       2. Fan Coil Units.
       3. Blower Coil Units.
       4. Exhaust Fans.
       5. VAV Terminals.
       6. Cabinet Unit Heaters.
       7. Water to Water Heat Pumps.
       8. Heating Hot Water System (Boiler and Pumps).
       9. Chilled Water System (Pumps).
       10. In-Floor Heat.

   B. Plumbing Systems
        1. Domestic Hot Water System - Solar Panels, Geothermal Heating, and Pumps.
   C. Electrical Systems
        1. Lighting Controls - Occupancy Sensors, Dimming Controls, Exterior Lighting, and Daylighting
             Controls.
        2. Renewable Energy Systems – Wind Turbine and Photovoltaics.




GENERAL COMMISSIONING REQUIREMENTS
1.04 COMMISSIONING TEAM

        Owner                                       Rural Learning Center

        Architect                                   Koch Hazard Architects

        Design Engineers                            Associated Consulting Engineering, Inc.

        General Contractor                          TBD

        Mechanical Contractor                       TBD

        Electrical Contractor                       TBD

        Temperature Controls Contractor             TBD
              ®
        LEED Facilitator                            Koch Hazard Architects

        Commissioning Professional                  Questions & Solutions Engineering
                                                    Associated Consulting Engineering, Inc.


   A.   Commissioning Coordination Supervisor: The General Contractor shall assign a person with five (5)
        years of experience with the coordination of disciplines of construction. The coordinator’s
        responsibilities include:
        1. Communication with Owner’s Commissioning Professional
        2. Commissioning coordination meeting attendance
        3. Planning
        4. Scheduling
        5. Enforcement of subcontractors’ specification requirements
        6. Subcontractors’ quality assurance
        7. Documentation
        8. Direction of subcontractors’ corrective actions
    B. Contractors’ Representative: Each of the subcontractors shall assign a person responsible for
       communications with the General Contractor’s Commissioning Coordination Supervisor.
       Responsibilities include:
       1. Communication with Commissioning Coordination Supervisor
       2. Commissioning coordination meeting attendance
       3. Planning
       4. Scheduling
       5. Operations & Maintenance training and manuals
       6. Complete installation checklists
       7. Review of final functional performance test procedures
       8. Functional performance test participation
       9. Corrective actions
1.05 SUBMITTALS
    A. General Contractor shall submit the name of person(s) assigned as Commissioning Coordination
       Supervisor within (2) weeks of construction notice to proceed. General Contractor shall submit the
       following information for each assigned Commissioning Representative:
       1. Company Name
       2. Name
       3. Title
       4. Years of Experience



GENERAL COMMISSIONING REQUIREMENTS
         5.   Office Phone Number
         6.   Cell Phone Number
         7.   Fax Number
         8.   E-Mail Address

    B. Each subcontractor shall submit the name of person(s) assigned as representatives to
       Commissioning Team within (2) weeks of construction notice to proceed. Each Subcontractor shall
       submit the following information for each assigned Commissioning Representative:
       1. Company Name
       2. Name
       3. Title
       4. Years of Experience
       5. Office Phone Number
       6. Cell Phone Number
       7. Fax Number
       8. E-Mail Address
    C. Equipment submittals and shop drawings:
       1. Submit a list of all required submittals to the Commissioning Professional prior to submitting any
          equipment submittals for review.
       2. Commissioning Professional will identify submittals for which copies shall be submitted to the
          Commissioning Professional.
       3. Submit copies of selected submittals to Commissioning Professional, Owner’s Representative,
          and Owner’s Facilities Staff for review.

    D. Master Construction Schedule: Incorporate all commissioning milestones into the Master Construction
       Schedule. See 3.02.A below for a listing of minimum milestones for inclusion in the Master
       Construction Schedule.
       1. Submit Master Construction Schedule with the inclusion of the commissioning milestones no later
          than 8 weeks after Construction Notice-to-Proceed.
       2. Submit updated Master Construction Schedule to the Commissioning Professional at a minimum
          once per month.
    E. Submit copies of Construction Meeting Minutes, Field Change Requests (FCR), Requests
       for Information (RFI), Addendums, Proposal Requests (PR), etc., to the Commissioning Professional.
    F. Submit equipment training session agendas to the Commissioning Professional for approval no later
       than 8 weeks after acceptance of associated equipment submittals. Document training agendas on
       Equipment Training Agenda Form.
    G. Submit the specific date, time and place for individual training sessions no later than 4 weeks prior to
       the scheduled training sessions.
    H. Submit required documentation for the LEED Systems Manual (see 1.06 below) as it becomes
       available to the responsible parties.
    I.   Submit detailed functional performance testing schedule to the Commissioning Professional at least
         four (4) weeks prior to the start of testing.
    J. Submit fully executed Installation Checklists to the Commissioning Professional upon completion and
       at least two (2) working days before the scheduled start of functional performance testing for the
       respective system. System functional performance testing shall not commence until its system is
       documented to be ready for testing.
    K. Submit estimated completion dates and status updates to outstanding items on the Commissioning
       Action List / Issues Log to the Commissioning Professional weekly.
1.06 LEED SYSTEM MANUAL
    A. Prepare and submit the following documents for inclusion in the LEED Systems Manual:
       1. System single line diagrams



GENERAL COMMISSIONING REQUIREMENTS
       2.   As-built sequences of operation, control drawings, and original setpoints.
       3.   Operating instructions for integrated building systems.
       4.   Recommended schedule for recalibrating sensors and actuators.
       5.   Recommended schedule and frequency for each manufacturer’s recommended maintenance
            activity.

    B. The submission shall be in an electronic format compatible with the rest of the Systems Manual
       sections (most likely Adobe PDF). It shall be formatted for printing no larger than 11”x17” and
       preferably 8.5” x 11”.
    C. The LEED Systems Manual is a collaborative effort. The following table details the involvement of
       each team member. “R” identifies the party responsible for overseeing task completion. “X” identifies
       the commissioning team members who will be required to participate on each task. The LEED
       Systems Manual will document the systems being commissioned.



            LEED Systems Manual
            Component                     OR      OM       AR      DE      GC       MC       EC      CP

            Final Version of Owner’s
                                           X       X        X       X                                 R
            Project Requirements

            Final Version of Basis of
                                           X       X        X       R                                 X
            Design

            System single line
                                                                    R       X       R        R        X
            diagrams

            As-built sequences of
            operations, points list and            X                X       X       R        R        X
            initial control setpoints

            Operating instructions for
            integrated building                    X        X       X       R        X       X        X
            systems

            Recommended schedule
            of maintenance
                                                   X                        X       R        R        X
            requirements and
            frequency

            Recommended                            X                                                  R
            recommissioning schedule

            Recommended schedule                   X                        X       R        R        X
            for calibration of sensors
            and actuators


            OR=Owner’s Representative, OM=Owner’s Maintenance/Facilities Staff, AR=Architect, DE=Design
            Engineer, GC=General Contractor, MC=Mechanical Contractor, EC=Electrical Contractor
            CP=Commissioning Professional




GENERAL COMMISSIONING REQUIREMENTS
PART 2 PRODUCTS
2.01 MATERIALS
   A. Provide tools, services and instruments required to test and adjust equipment and to verify compliance
      with design documents. Individual Functional Performance Test Procedures provided by the
      Commissioning Professional will indicate the requirements of each procedure.


PART 3 EXECUTION
3.01 COORDINATION
   A. Assign Commissioning Representatives (see 1.05-A. and 1.05-B. for submittal requirements).
   B. Participate in Commissioning Coordination meetings conducted by the Commissioning Professional.
   C. Review the commissioning requirements.
   D. Request clarification as needed.
3.02 COMMISSIONING SCHEDULING
   A. Include the following commissioning milestone activities in the master schedule (not a separate
      commissioning schedule):
        1. Equipment training agenda submission
        2. Testing and balancing
        3. Equipment training sessions
        4. Installation checklist completion
        5. Functional performance testing
        6. Deficiency correction
        7. Functional performance retesting (as necessary)
        8. LEED Systems Manual Submission – Draft
        9. LEED Systems Manual Submission – Final
3.03 TRAINING TOURS
   A. Contractor shall conduct at least two guided training tours once construction of relevant systems has
      progressed, but before completion and Equipment Training (see 3.04 below). The primary objective of
      the tours will be to orient Owner’s Facilities staff to the locations of equipment and components of
      interest that have recently been installed to allow the end-of-construction equipment and systems
      training sessions to focus more on how equipment and systems work and less on where the system
      components are located. Equipment and components of interest include, but are not limited to: terminal
      units, DDC control sensors, shutoff valves, control panels, etc.
   B. Each tour shall consist of two parts – one led by the mechanical subcontractor and the other led by the
      electrical subcontractor.
   C. Owner’s Facilities staff will also use the tours as an opportunity for site observation. Comments
      generated during the Training Tours will be discussed at subsequent Commissioning Coordination
      meetings and tracked through the Commissioning Action List / Issues Log as necessary.
3.04 EQUIPMENT TRAINING
   A. Coordinate operation and maintenance training activities through the Commissioning Professional and
      the Owner.
   B. One Equipment Training Agenda will be provided by the Commissioning Professional for each training
      session associated with the systems being commissioned. A blank training agenda has been provided
      for reference in 3.10-B below. The contractor shall have an opportunity to submit comments on each
      Training Agenda. Comments are due to the Commissioning Professional no later than two (2) weeks
      after receipt of Training Agendas from the Commissioning Professional.




GENERAL COMMISSIONING REQUIREMENTS
   C. The Training Plan (refer to 3.10-A below) lists each training session and associated spec section for
      equipment associated with systems being commissioned. The Training Plan will be used to document
      level of rigor for each session, pre-substantial completion and post-substantial completion training hours
      and tracking of training to completion. Note: this is not a comprehensive list of training for the project,
      just the training for the commissioned systems.
   D. Schedule the training dates with the Owner for the convenience of the trainees. Training may be
      deferred for equipment that is inoperable (e.g., due to weather conditions, future startup, etc.) during
      pre-substantial completion training.
   E. Controls system training shall occur on site using the computer provided to the Owner.
   F. Document completion of each training session by completing the approved Equipment Training Agenda
      Form (refer to 3.10-B below).
   G. Post-occupancy training shall be delivered as requested by and scheduled with the Owner within 18
      months of Substantial Completion.
3.05 INSTALLATION CHECKLISTS
   A. Example Installation Checklists establishing level of detail will be found in Commissioning Plan. The
      Installation Checklists will be customized for this project.
   B. The table below lists the Installation Checklists expected for this project. They include, but are not
      limited to:


             INSTALLATION CHECKLISTS

             SYSTEM                                                             SAMPLE SIZE OR QTY

             Air Handling Units                                                 2

             Fan Coil Units                                                     100%

             Blower Coil Units                                                  100%

             Exhaust Fans                                                       100%

             VAV Terminals                                                      100%

             Cabinet Unit Heaters                                               100%

             Water to Water Heat Pumps                                          1

             In-Floor Heating System                                            1

             Heating Hot Water System                                           1

             Chilled Water System                                               1

             Domestic Hot Water Systems                                         1

             Lighting Control Systems                                           100%

             Renewable Energy Systems                                           100%


   C. Installation Checklists shall be prepared by the Commissioning Professional after reviewing submittals,
      change orders, supplemental instructions, proposal requests, and, and other construction-phase
      modifications and/or additions to the designed systems.


GENERAL COMMISSIONING REQUIREMENTS
   D. Prior to the scheduled start of functional performance test procedures, check systems to confirm
      readiness for testing.
   E. In addition to verifying that all equipment and associated hardware is installed properly, perform and
      document sensor calibration or provide documentation verifying manufacturer’s performance of
      calibration one week prior to functional performance testing. A sensor is defined as any device that
      measures a system parameter for control purposes or for monitoring the system performance. The
      Commissioning Professional reserves the right to observe sensor calibration procedures.
   F. Submit Installation Checklists to the Commissioning Professional upon completion of the checklist.
      System functional performance testing shall not commence until its system is documented as being
      ready for testing.
   G. Completion of the Installation Checklists shall be a joint effort between all Contractors and the
      subcontractors responsible for each system. The General Contractor shall be responsible for
      coordinating and submitting completed Installation Checklists.
3.06 FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE TESTS
   A. Example Functional Performance Test Procedures establishing level of detail will be found in the
      Commissioning Plan. The table below lists the Functional Performance Test Procedures expected for
      this project. The Functional Performance Tests will be customized for this project. They include, but are
      not limited to:


             FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE TEST PROCEDURES

             SYSTEM                                                           SAMPLE SIZE OR QTY

             Air Handling Units                                               2

                                                                              Random Sample of approx
             Fan Coil Units
                                                                              20%

             Blower Coil Units                                                100%

                                                                              Random Sample of approx
             Exhaust Fans
                                                                              20%

                                                                              Random Sample of approx
             VAV Terminals
                                                                              20%

                                                                              Random Sample of approx
             Cabinet Unit Heaters
                                                                              20%

             Water to Water Heat Pumps                                        1

             In-Floor Heating System                                          1

             Heating Hot Water System                                         1

             Chilled Water System                                             1

             Domestic Hot Water Systems                                       100%

                                                                              Random Sample of approx
             Lighting Control Systems
                                                                              20% for all types

             Renewable Energy Systems                                         100%



GENERAL COMMISSIONING REQUIREMENTS
   B. Provide input into the master scheduling process with regard to timing and duration of the functional
      performance test procedures.
   C. Functional performance test procedures shall be prepared by the Commissioning Professional after
      reviewing submittals, change orders, supplemental instructions, proposal requests, and other
      construction-phase modifications and/or additions to the designed systems. The Contractors shall
      review and comment on Draft procedures and acceptance criteria prior to the Commissioning
      Professional issuing Final procedures. Provide feedback as to the efficiency of the procedures and
      possible alternate approaches to achieving the same results.
   D. Provide personnel and equipment as required to perform the functional performance test procedures
      under the direction of the Commissioning Professional.
   E. If a system cannot be fully and adequately tested at the end of construction, participate in post-
      substantial completion testing scheduled by the Commissioning Professional. The exact systems
      requiring deferred testing will be dependent on the final construction schedule.
3.07 DEFICIENCY TRACKING/CORRECTIVE ACTIONS
   A. Perform corrective actions for resolution of deficiencies found during:
       1. Site Observation
       2. Test and Balance
       3. Installation Checkout
       4. Functional Performance Testing
   B. During Functional Performance Testing, a deficiency is defined as equipment that does not function as
      expected and more than five (5) minutes is required to correct the problem.
   C. During construction or testing anyone finding deficiencies may document the deficiencies on a
      Commissioning Action List / Issues Log. The deficiency shall then be forwarded to the Commissioning
      Professional.
        1. Deficiency Identification Process (by Commissioning Professional):
            a. Date
            b. Comment Generator
            c. Responsible Party
            d. Description of deficiency
            e. Estimated Completion Date
            f. Distribute copies to:
                 1) General Contractor
                 2) Owner’s Representative
                 3) Design Engineers
        2. Corrective Action Completed (by General Contractor or subcontractor)
            a. Date of correction
            b. Description of final equipment status or corrective action performed
            c. Name of person(s) performing the work
            d. Update the Commissioning Action List / Issues Log
            e. Commissioning Professional distributes updated copies to:
                 1) General Contractor
                 2) Owner’s Representative
                 3) Design Engineers
        3. Verification of Corrective Action Completion (by Commissioning Professional)
            a. Date of retest (if necessary)
            b. Status description; resolved or more work required
            c. Name(s) of person(s) performing verification
            d. Enter resolution into Commissioning Action List




GENERAL COMMISSIONING REQUIREMENTS
            e. Distribute copies to:
                 1) General Contractor
                 2) Owner’s Representative
                 3) Design Engineers
3.08 MAINTENANCE ACCEPTANCE
   A. The Owner will take responsibility for maintenance of the equipment associated with the mechanical
      and electrical systems at the time of Substantial Completion.
   B. If the commissioning functional performance tests have not been successfully completed:
         1. The Contractor shall be responsible for the operation of all systems and all adjustments
             necessary to successfully pass the functional performance test procedures.
         2. The Contractor shall document and respond to all concerns and questions from building
             occupants in a timely and professional manner.
         3. The Owner shall not attempt to change system operating setpoints, programming, or user
             interfaces but must work through the Contractor to resolve issues that come to the Owner’s
             attention.
3.09 OPERATIONS ACCEPTANCE
   A. Upon successful completion of all functional performance testing, the Owner shall take responsibility for
      operation of the mechanical and electrical systems. This may or may not occur at the same time as
      Maintenance Acceptance.
   B. The Contractor shall not attempt to change system operating setpoints, programming, or user interfaces
      but must work through the Owner to resolve issues that come to the Contractor’s attention.
   C. Operational acceptance is a requirement of final completion and must be documented prior to
      submitting the Final Application for Payment. This is in addition to any requirements defined in Section
      01-7700 Closeout Procedures.
3.10 COMMISSIONING DOCUMENTATION
   A. Equipment Training Plan
   B. Equipment Training Agenda Form


                                             END OF SECTION




GENERAL COMMISSIONING REQUIREMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            MARONEY RURAL LEARNING CENTER




                                                                                                              O&M STAFF EQUIPMENT TRAINING PLAN
                                                                                                                              Scope, Scheduling and Tracking
                          Description                                                               Scope                                               Trainer Information                            Scheduling                                 Tracking
                                                                                                                     Post
                                                                   Pre-Substantial Completion Training
                                                                                                                  Occupancy     Primary                                                                                                            Training     Training
                                                 Spec                                               Total          Training    Responsible                                     Phone                                                   Agenda       Session      Session
                     Equipment                  Section   1             1             1                             Hours      Contractor        Name          Company        Number                                                  Approved     Complete     Approved
                                                              Scope A       Scope B       Scope C   Hours   Notes                                                                           Date       Time           Location
MECHANICAL

Plumbing Equipment                              224000

Cabinet Unit Heaters                            226000

Propeller Unit Heaters                          226000

Duct Mounted Heating Coils                      226000

HVAC Pumps                                      226000

High Efficiency Boilers                         226000

Geothermal Earth to Water Heat Exchanger        226000

Radiant Floor Heating System                    226000

Blower Coil Units                               238000

Fan Coil Units                                  238000

Air Handling Units                              238000

Adjustable Frequency Drives                     238000

Power Roof Ventilators                          238000

Exhaust Fans                                    238000

VAV/Reheat Terminal Units                       238000

Water to Water Heat Pump                        238000

Direct Digital Control System for HVAC          239000

Sequence of Operation                           239000
ELECTRICAL

Lighting Control Devices                         16145

Lighting Dimming Control System                    ?




 1General Scope   Codes (refer to the specific equipment Training Agenda for additional details)
          A. Provide an overview of the purpose and operation of this equipment, including required interactions of trainees with the equipment. (Approximately 15 to 30 minutes)
          B. At an intermediate level, provide technical information regarding the purpose, operation and maintenance of this equipment, expecting that serious malfunctions will be addressed by factory reps. (Approximately 1 to 2 hours)
          C. At a very technical level, provide information regarding the purpose, operation, troubleshooting and maintenance of this equipment, expecting that almost all operation, service and repair will be provided by the trainees. (Hours vary by level of
          complexity.)
 2




Maroney Rural Learning Center                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1/6/2010
LEED Commissioning                                                                                                                       Page 1 of 2                                                                                                            Training Plan
SECTION 021000 – SOIL INVESTIGATION DATA


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY


      A. Data on indicated sub-surface soil conditions is not intended as representative of or warrants con-
         tinuity of such conditions between soil borings. It is expressly understood that Owner will not be
         responsible for interpretations or conclusions drawn there from by Contractor. Data is made
         available for the convenience of Contractor.
      B. Additional test borings and other exploratory operations may be made by Contractor at no addi-
         tional expense to Owner, provided such operations are acceptable to the Architect.
      C. Contractor is responsible for any conclusions to be drawn from boring data. If he prefers not to
         assume such risk he is under obligation to employ his own experts to analyze available informa-
         tion and be responsible for any consequences of acting on conclusions obtained.
      D. Because the area of the borings is small in relation to the entire site area, and for other reasons,
         the Owner, Architect or Structural Engineer do not guarantee continuity or warranty conditions
         between soil borings is typical of the entire site nor do they assume any responsibility for the cor-
         rectness of these borings.
      E. Should concealed conditions encountered in the performance of the work below the surface of the
         ground be at variance with the conditions indicated by the Contract Documents or should un-
         known physical conditions below the surface of the ground of an unusual physical condition or
         nature differing materially from those ordinarily encountered and generally recognized as inhe-
         rent in work of the character provided for in this Contract, be encountered, the Contract Sum shall
         be equitably adjusted by Change Order upon claim by either party made within a reasonable time
         after the first observance of the conditions.



PART 2 - PRODUCTS (Not Applicable)

PART 3 - EXECUTION (Not Applicable)


3.1        SOIL INVESTIGATION

      A.   Subsurface soil investigation test boring locations and data logs from boring made upon the
           project site have been completed and are included within this Section.




SOILS INVESTIGATION DATA                                                                    0812/021000 - 1
         Letter to Owner
         Table of Contents
         Geotechnical Exploration – Pages 3-16
         Boring Location Plan
         Borings Logs 1- 8
         Soil Classification Chart
         Boring Log Symbols and Descriptive Terminology




END OF SECTION 021000




SOILS INVESTIGATION DATA                                  0812/021000 - 2
                      GEOTEK ENGINEERING
                      & TESTING SERVICES, INC.
                      909 East 50th Street North
                      Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57104
                      605-335-5512 Fax 605-335-0773



                                                                                   May 8, 2009

The Rural Learning Center
109 N. Main Street
Howard, South Dakota 57349

Attn: Mr. Randy Parry

Subj: Geotechnical Exploration
      Proposed Building
      Rural Learning Center
      Howard, South Dakota
      GeoTek #09-270

This correspondence presents our written report of the geotechnical exploration program for the
referenced project. Our work was performed in accordance with your verbal authorization on
April 17, 2009. We are transmitting two copies of our report for your use. An additional copy is
being sent as noted below.

We thank you for the opportunity of providing our services on this project and look forward to
continued participation during the design and construction phases. If you have any questions
regarding this report, please contact our office at (605) 335-5512.

Respectfully Submitted,
GeoTek Engineering & Testing Services, Inc.

Jared Haskins

Jared Haskins, EIT
Project Manager

Jeff Christensen

Jeff Christensen, PE
Geotechnical Manager

Cc:    Koch Hazard Architects, Attn: Keith Thompson
Rural Learning Center                                                                                                        Page 2 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                                                                      GeoTek #06-742

                                                     TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................... 3
   PROJECT INFORMATION ............................................................................................................... 3
   SCOPE OF SERVICES ..................................................................................................................... 3
SITE AND SUBSURFACE CONDITIONS .................................................................................. 4
   SITE LOCATION AND DESCRIPTION .............................................................................................. 4
   SUBSURFACE CONDITIONS ........................................................................................................... 4
   WATER LEVELS ........................................................................................................................... 5
ENGINEERING REVIEW AND RECOMMENDATIONS.......................................................... 5
   PROJECT DESIGN DATA ............................................................................................................... 5
   DISCUSSION ................................................................................................................................. 6
   SITE PREPARATION ...................................................................................................................... 7
     Excavation............................................................................................................................... 7
     Filling...................................................................................................................................... 8
   FOUNDATIONS.............................................................................................................................. 9
   FLOOR SLABS............................................................................................................................. 10
   EXTERIOR FOUNDATION BACKFILL............................................................................................ 10
   SITE DRAINAGE ......................................................................................................................... 11
   VEGETATION .............................................................................................................................. 11
CONSTRUCTION CONSIDERATIONS .................................................................................... 11
   GROUNDWATER AND SURFACE WATER ..................................................................................... 11
   DISTURBANCE OF SOILS ............................................................................................................. 12
   COLD WEATHER PRECAUTIONS ................................................................................................. 12
   EXCAVATION SIDESLOPES.......................................................................................................... 12
   OBSERVATIONS AND TESTING .................................................................................................... 13
     Excavation Observation ........................................................................................................ 13
     Testing................................................................................................................................... 13
SUBSURFACE EXPLORATION PROCEDURES..................................................................... 14
   TEST BORINGS ........................................................................................................................... 14
   SOIL CLASSIFICATION ................................................................................................................ 14
   WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENTS ................................................................................................ 15
   LABORATORY TESTS .................................................................................................................. 15
LIMITATIONS............................................................................................................................. 15
STANDARD OF CARE ............................................................................................................... 16
APPENDIX A                       SITE SKETCH
                                 BORING LOGS
                                 SOIL CLASSIFICATION SHEET
                                 SYMBOLS AND DESCRIPTIVE TERMINOLOGY SHEET




                                     GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
Rural Learning Center                                                             Page 3 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                           GeoTek #06-742

                              GEOTECHNICAL EXPLORATION
                                  PROPOSED BUILDING
                                RURAL LEARNING CENTER
                                HOWARD, SOUTH DAKOTA
                                    GEOTEK #09-270


                                         INTRODUCTION


Project Information

This report presents the results of the recent geotechnical exploration program for the proposed
building for Rural Learning Center in Howard, South Dakota.

Scope of Services

Our work was performed in accordance with the verbal authorization of Randy Parry with Rural
Learning Center. The authorized scope of services included the following:

   1. To perform eight (8) standard penetration test (SPT) borings to gather data on the
      subsurface conditions at the project site.

   2. To perform laboratory tests including moisture content, dry density, Atterberg limits
      (liquid and plastic limits) and unconfined compressive strength.

   3. To prepare an engineering report including the results of the field and laboratory tests as
      well as our geotechnical engineering opinions and recommendations regarding the
      following:

           •   Site preparation and excavation/filling procedures;
           •   Foundation types and depths, allowable bearing capacity and estimated potential
               settlements of foundations;
           •   Floor slab support;
           •   Foundation backfill;
           •   Comments regarding factors that may impact the constructability and final
               performance of the project;
           •   Quality control observations and testing.

The scope of our work was intended for geotechnical purposes only. This scope of work did not
include determining the presence or extent of environmental contamination at the site or to
characterize the site relative to wetlands status.



                          GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
Rural Learning Center                                                              Page 4 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                            GeoTek #06-742

                          SITE AND SUBSURFACE CONDITIONS

Site Location and Description

The project site for the proposed building is located south of the existing building on and south
of Farmer Avenue between Main Street and Minnie Street in Howard, South Dakota. The site is
currently a paved street and vacant lots from buildings demolished in preparation for the new
Rural Learning Center. The topography of the site is relatively flat. Ground surface elevations at
the boring locations were determined by using the fire hydrant located southeast of the
intersection of Farmer Avenue and Main Street. An arbitrary elevation of 100.0 feet was used for
the benchmark. Based on the benchmark datum, the surface elevations at the boring locations
varied from 97.9 feet at boring #2 to 96.3 feet at boring #3. A site sketch is attached at the
conclusion of this report showing the relative locations of the soil borings.

Subsurface Conditions

Eight (8) test borings were performed at the site on April 23, 2009. The subsurface conditions
encountered at the test boring locations are illustrated by means of the boring logs included in
Appendix A.

A review of the boring logs indicates a general soil profile consisting of 4 ½ to 9 ½ feet of
existing fill materials at the surface, with the exception of boring #3, which had approximately 4
½ feet of topsoil at the surface. Mostly fat clay with sand (glacial till) soils were encountered
beneath the topsoil and existing fill materials. The existing fill materials consisted of mostly
brown and black lean clay soils.

The consistency of the natural clay soils varied from firm to very stiff. The consistency of the
soils are indicated by the standard penetration resistance (“N”) values as shown on the boring
logs.

We wish to point out that the subsurface conditions at other times and locations at the site may
differ from those found at our test boring locations. If different conditions are encountered
during construction, it is necessary that you contact us so that our recommendations can be
reviewed.


                         GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
Rural Learning Center                                                              Page 5 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                            GeoTek #06-742

Water Levels

Groundwater measurements were made at the boring locations and the data is recorded on the
boring logs. No measurable amount of groundwater was noted during or upon immediate
completion of the borings.

The water levels indicated on the boring logs may or may not be an accurate indication of the
depth or lack of subsurface groundwater. A long period of time is generally required for
subsurface water to stabilize in the impervious soils encountered at the boring locations. Long
term groundwater monitoring was not included in our work scope.

Subsurface groundwater levels should be expected to fluctuate seasonally and yearly from the
groundwater readings recorded at the borings. Fluctuations occur due to varying seasonal and
yearly rainfall amounts and snowmelt, as well as other factors. It is possible that the subsurface
groundwater levels during or after construction could be significantly different than the time the
borings were performed.

                 ENGINEERING REVIEW AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Project Design Data

We understand that the project will consist of constructing a new building for the Rural Learning
Center in Howard, South Dakota. The existing building located in the north wing of the proposed
building will be incorporated into the new project. The proposed building will be a one-story and
two-story slab-on-grade structure having steel framing and precast concrete panels. The building
will have an approximate footprint area of 49,400 square feet with the existing building. We
assume the main finish floor elevation of the proposed building will be near 98.0 feet. We
anticipate moderate foundation loads for the proposed building.

The above information/assumptions are important factors in our review and recommendations.
If there are any corrections or additions to the above-mentioned data, it is necessary that you
contact us so that we can review our recommendations with regards to the revised plans.




                          GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
Rural Learning Center                                                                   Page 6 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                                 GeoTek #06-742

Discussion

The test borings indicate that the subgrade soils consist of topsoil, existing fill materials, and
mostly fat clay with sand (glacial till) soils. It is our opinion that the existing fill and topsoil
materials are not considered suitable for support of the foundations and floor slabs and additional
site preparation is required. In addition, the fat clay with sand (glacial till) soils encountered
beneath the topsoil and existing fill materials can experience an expansion or contraction with a
change in the moisture content of the soil. We recommend additional site preparation be
preformed beneath the footings to reduce the risk of expansion or contraction for the fat clay
with sand (glacial till) soils.

In our opinion, a spread footing foundation system can be used for the planned construction. We
recommend additional site preparation be performed beneath the footings in order to improve the
supporting characteristics of the foundations.

Based on the results of the field and laboratory tests, it is our opinion that the fat clay with sand
(glacial till) soils encountered at the test borings have a moderate to high potential for expansion
properties. This potential for expansion of the soils occurs when the expansive clay soils increase
in moisture content causing the expansive clay soils to swell. The increases in moisture content
of soils are caused by a variety of factors such as climate, changes in subsurface water levels,
leaky plumbing, lawn irrigation, poor drainage, evaporation barriers, and many others. Most of
these factors are either uncontrollable or difficult to control or predict. Structures constructed on
these clays are subjected to potentially large uplift forces caused by the swelling. These forces
will induce both cosmetic and structural damage by heaving and cracking floor slabs,
foundations and pavements. The owner should be aware of the additional risk of movement and
damage to the buildings and pavements due to the expansive clay soils.

It is our opinion that various design alternatives should be considered when building a structure
on expansive soils that can reduce the risk of damage to the structure. The risk of damage, of
course, is never zero because it is not possible to control every variable at all times in the future.

Generally, a deep foundation system consisting of drilled piers and grade beams, along with a
structural floor system and void space under the floor is best suited to minimize the movement


                           GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
Rural Learning Center                                                                  Page 7 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                                GeoTek #06-742

and damage caused by swelling of the expansive clays. It is our opinion that this system of
drilled piers, grade beams and structural floor typically would provide the greatest reduction of
risk for damage. However, the additional cost for a deep foundation system and structural floor
system is usually prohibitive.

A second alternative would be to remove a predetermined depth (typically 2 to 3 feet) of
expansive soil from beneath the spread footing foundations and floor slab-on-grade and replacing
it with non-expansive granular structural fill. This alternative has historically proven to be
effective in managing the effects of the expansive soils on several building sites with similar
subsurface conditions. However, this alternative does involve more risk of building movement
and damage than the drilled pier and structural floor system.

A third alternative would be to place the spread footing foundations on the expansive soils.
Obviously, this option carries the highest degree of risk for movement and damage. Due to all of
the factors involved, many of which are uncontrollable, it is difficult to predict the total amount
of potential heave due to swelling of the expansive soils. However, for the purpose of assessing
risk, we estimate potential upward heave movements on the order of 1 to 2 inches for this
alternative if the expansive clay soils increase in moisture content and swell.

Site Preparation

        Excavation

We recommend site preparation for the footing areas consist of completely removing the topsoil
and existing fill materials. This would also include removing debris and remnants of previous
structures, utilities, and utility backfill. After the footing areas have been cleared of all topsoil,
existing fill materials, and debris, the footing areas should be further excavated to a minimum
depth of 2 feet below the bottom of the footing grade. In order to reduce the risk of swelling of
the fat clay with sand (glacial till) soils, we recommend placing a minimum of 2 feet of granular
structural fill beneath the footings and foundations. The bottom of the foundation excavations
should be laterally oversized one foot beyond the edges of the footing for each vertical foot of
structural fill required below the footing (1 horizontal : 1 vertical).




                          GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
Rural Learning Center                                                                  Page 8 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                                GeoTek #06-742

In the floor slab area, we recommend site preparation consist of completely removing the topsoil
and existing fill materials followed by placing granular structural fill up to the design floor grade.
This would also include removing debris and remnants of previous structures, utilities, and utility
backfill. The floor slab area should be excavated to a minimum depth of 3 feet below the bottom
of the floor slab in order to reduce the risk of the movement and damage due to the swelling of
the expansive soils.

The predominant clayey soils encountered at the boring locations are susceptible to disturbance
and can experience strength loss caused by construction traffic and/or additional moisture.
Precautions will be required during earthwork activities in order to reduce the risk of soil
disturbance. The excavation should be performed with a track-driven excavator (backhoe) having
a smooth cutting edge on the bucket to minimize soil disturbance.

The risk of soil disturbance increases significantly with additional moisture and the presence of
water. Water may enter the excavation as a result of subsurface water, precipitation and surface
run off. It will likely be possible to remove and control water entering the excavation using
normal sump pumping techniques due to the low permeable characteristics of the predominant
clayey soils encountered at the boring locations. However, lenses and layers of sand may be
encountered, requiring more extensive dewatering techniques depending upon the subsurface
water levels present during construction and the required excavation depths. Any water that
accumulates in the bottom of the excavation should be immediately removed and surface
drainage away from the excavation should be provided during construction.

       Filling

The granular structural fill placed in dry excavations for support of the footings and floor slabs
should consist of a pit-run or processed sand or gravel having a maximum particle size of 3 inch
with less than 15 percent by weight passing the #200 sieve.

Any structural fill placed in excavations with water or having saturated soils in the bottoms
should consist of a washed rock (minus ¾ inch) or medium to coarse grained, free-draining sand
with less than 5 percent by weight passing the #200 sieve. The initial lift of this material should




                          GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
Rural Learning Center                                                                Page 9 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                              GeoTek #06-742

be placed to a height of approximately 2 feet above the water surface or saturated soils prior to
compaction to lessen the risk of disturbing the natural soils.

The fill and backfill materials should be placed and uniformly compacted in thin lifts, using
vibratory compactors sized for the individual tasks. For heavy, self-propelled compactors, the fill
should be placed in lifts of 12 inches or less. For hand-operated compactors, the fill should be
placed in lifts of 6 inches or less. Table 1 below presents a summary of the recommended
compaction criteria for the various areas that will likely require fill or backfill. The percentages
shown are expressed as minimums of standard Proctor density (ASTM:D698).

Table 1. Recommended Compaction Requirements
 Location                                    Minimum Compaction, Percent
 Below Footings                                         98
 Below Floor Slabs                                      98
 Interior Foundation Backfill                           98
 Exterior Foundation Backfill                           95
 Exterior Pavements and Sidewalks                       95
 Non-Structural Areas                                   90


Foundations

Once the site has been prepared as previously recommended in the section entitled Site
Preparation, the proposed structure can be supported by a spread footing foundation system. It is
our opinion the footings can be designed using a net allowable soil bearing pressure of 4,000
pounds per square foot (psf) if the site has been prepared according to our recommendations in
the Site Preparation section. The net allowable soil bearing pressure is based on the soil
conditions encountered at the test borings, the results of the field and laboratory tests,
recommended compaction levels and past experience with similar soil conditions.

We recommend all footings be placed at a sufficient depth for frost protection. The perimeter
footings for heated buildings should be placed such that the bottom of the footing is a minimum
of 4 feet below finished exterior grade. Interior footings in heated buildings can be placed
beneath the floor slab. Footings for unheated areas and canopies, or footings that are not



                          GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
Rural Learning Center                                                               Page 10 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                              GeoTek #06-742

protected from frost during freezing temperatures, should be placed at a minimum depth of 5 feet
below the lowest adjacent grade.

It is our opinion the recommended bearing pressure should provide a minimum safety factor of
3.0 against shear or base failure. Total settlement of the building should be less than 1 inch and
differential should be less than ½ inch. Unknown soil conditions at the site that are different from
those depicted at the boring locations could increase the amount of expected settlement.

Floor Slabs

As previously described, we recommend site preparation consist of completely removing the
topsoil, existing fill materials, and debris followed by placing granular structural fill up to the
design floor grade. The floor slab area should be excavated to a minimum depth of 3 feet below
the bottom of the floor slab. The overexcavated areas should be backfilled using structural fill as
previously recommended for fill in the Site Preparation – Filling section. The structural fill
should be placed and compacted according to our previous recommendations in the section
entitled Site Preparation - Filling.

We recommend placing a layer of free-draining sand fill beneath the floor slabs in order to
provide a working surface for the placement of concrete and to serve as a capillary barrier. This
free-draining granular fill should have less than 40 percent by weight passing the #40 sieve and
less than 5 percent by weight passing the #200 sieve. We recommend placing a minimum of 6
inches of free-draining sand fill beneath on-grade floor slabs.

Exterior Foundation Backfill

We recommend non-organic clay soils be used as exterior foundation backfill. We recommend
that the moisture content of the clay backfill soils be adjusted to a level between the optimum
moisture content and 3 percent above the optimum moisture content as defined by standard
Proctor. The exterior foundation backfill soils should be placed and compacted according to our
previous recommendations in the section entitled Site Preparation - Filling. The foundation walls
should be braced prior to backfilling or they should be backfilled evenly on both sides to reduce
the risk of damaging the walls.



                          GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
Rural Learning Center                                                             Page 11 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                            GeoTek #06-742

Site Drainage

Proper site drainage should be provided during and after construction. General site grading
should direct all surface waters away from the excavations. Any water that accumulates in the
excavations should be removed as soon as practical.

Finished grades around the perimeter of the structure should be adequately sloped to provide
positive drainage away from the building to minimize wetting of the potentially expansive soils.
Also, a system to collect and channel roof run-off waters away from the building is suggested.

Finished grades should be sloped away from the structure with a minimum slope of 1 inch per
foot starting at the foundation and extending to at least 10 feet beyond the excavation line. If
pavement will be placed immediately next to the structure, a slope of at least ¼ inch per foot
away from the foundation should be used for the pavement, if possible. The joint between the
pavement and the foundation should be properly sealed and maintained.

Vegetation

We recommend that no high water demand vegetation be planted within 25 feet of the proposed
structure. Also, any vegetation in which the root system extends down to the footing elevation
should not be planted adjacent to the structure. Also, a controlled watering system of any
vegetation near the structure is important. We recommend that lawns or vegetation not be
watered to saturation adjacent to the proposed structure.

                           CONSTRUCTION CONSIDERATIONS

Groundwater and Surface Water

Water may enter the excavations due to subsurface water, precipitation or surface run off.
Where clay soils are encountered, it will likely be possible to remove and control water entering
the excavation using normal sump pumping techniques. However, where sand soils are
encountered, more extensive dewatering techniques may be required depending upon the
subsurface water levels present during construction and the required excavation depths. Any




                         GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
Rural Learning Center                                                              Page 12 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                             GeoTek #06-742

water that accumulates in the bottom of the excavation should be immediately removed and
surface drainage away from the excavation should be provided during construction.

Disturbance of Soils

The soils encountered at the boring locations are susceptible to disturbance and can experience
strength loss caused by construction traffic and/or additional moisture. Precautions will be
required during earthwork activities in order to reduce the risk of soil disturbance. The
excavation should be performed with a track-driven excavator (backhoe) having a smooth cutting
edge on the bucket to minimize soil disturbance. If the soils become disturbed, additional
excavation and filling will be required.

Cold Weather Precautions

If site preparation and construction is anticipated during cold weather, we recommend all
foundations, slabs and other improvements that may be affected by frost movements be insulated
from frost penetration during freezing temperatures. If filling is performed during freezing
temperatures, all frozen soils, snow and ice should be removed from the areas to be filled prior to
placing the new fill. The new fill should not be allowed to freeze during transit, placement and
compaction. Concrete should not be placed on frozen subgrades. Frost should not be allowed to
penetrate below the footings. If floor slab subgrades freeze, we recommend the frozen soils be
removed and replaced, or completely thawed, prior to placement of the floor slab. The subgrade
soils will likely require reworking and recompacting due to the loss of density caused by the
freeze/thaw process.

Excavation Sideslopes

All excavations must comply with the requirements of OSHA 29 CFR, Part 1926, Subpart P,
“Excavations and Trenches”. This document states that the excavation safety is the responsibility
of the contractor. Reference to this OSHA requirement should be included in the project
specifications.




                         GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
Rural Learning Center                                                                Page 13 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                               GeoTek #06-742

Observations and Testing

This report was prepared using a limited amount of information for the project and a number of
assumptions were necessary to help us develop our conclusions and recommendations. It is
recommended that our firm be retained to review the geotechnical aspects of the final design
plans and specifications to check that our recommendations have been properly incorporated into
the design documents.

The recommendations submitted in this report have been made based on the subsurface
conditions encountered at the test boring locations. It is possible that there are subsurface
conditions at the site that are different from those represented by the borings. As a result, on-site
observation during construction is considered integral to the successful implementation of the
recommendations. We believe that qualified field personnel need to be on-site at the following
times to observe the site conditions and effectiveness of the construction.

       Excavation Observation

We recommend that a geotechnical engineer or geotechnical engineering technician working
under the direct supervision of a geotechnical engineer observe all excavations for foundations,
slabs and pavements. These observations are recommended to determine if the exposed soils are
similar to those encountered at the boring locations, if unsuitable soils have been adequately
removed and if the exposed soils are suitable for support of the proposed construction. These
observations should be performed prior to placement of fill or foundations.

       Testing

After the subgrade is observed by a geotechnical engineer/technician and approved, we
recommend a representative number of compaction tests be taken during the placement of the
structural fill and backfill placed below foundations, slabs and pavements, beside foundation
walls and behind retaining walls. The tests should be performed to determine if the required
compaction has been achieved. As a general guideline, we recommend at least one test be taken
for every 2,000 square feet of structural fill placed in building and paved areas, at least one test
for every 75 to 100 feet in trench fill, and for every 2-foot thickness of fill or backfill placed.



                         GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
Rural Learning Center                                                                 Page 14 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                                GeoTek #06-742

The actual number of tests should be left to the discretion of the geotechnical engineer. Samples
of proposed fill and backfill materials should be submitted to our laboratory for testing to
determine their compliance with our recommendations and project specifications.

                      SUBSURFACE EXPLORATION PROCEDURES

Test Borings

Eight (8) standard penetration test (SPT) borings were drilled on April 23, 2009, with a truck rig
equipped with hollow-stem auger. Soil sampling was performed in accordance with the
procedures described in ASTM:D1586. Using this procedure, a 2-inch O.D. split barrel sampler
is driven into the soil by a 140-pound weight falling 30 inches. After an initial set of 6 inches, the
number of blows required to drive the sampler an additional 12 inches is known as the
penetration resistance, or “N” value. The “N” value is an index of the relative density of
cohesionless soils and the consistency of cohesive soils.

The borings were backfilled with on-site materials and some settlement of these materials can be
expected to occur. Final closure of the holes is the responsibility of the client or property owner.

The soil samples collected from the boring locations will be retained in our office for a period of
one month after the date of this report and will then be discarded unless we are notified
otherwise.

Soil Classification

As the samples were obtained in the field, they were visually and manually classified by the crew
chief according to ASTM:D2488. Representative portions of all samples were then sealed and
returned to the laboratory for further examination and for verification of the field classification.
In addition, selected samples were then submitted to a program of laboratory tests. Where
laboratory classification tests (sieve analysis and Atterberg limits) have been performed,
classifications according to ASTM:D2487 are possible. Logs of the borings indicating the depth
and identification of the various strata, the “N” value, the laboratory test data, water level
information and pertinent information regarding the method of maintaining and advancing the
drill holes are also attached in Appendix A. Charts illustrating the soil classification procedures,


                          GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
Rural Learning Center                                                             Page 15 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                            GeoTek #06-742

the descriptive terminology and the symbols used on the boring logs are also attached in
Appendix A.

Water Level Measurements

Measurements for groundwater levels were made at the boring locations both at the time they
were completed and just before being backfilled. The groundwater level measurements are
shown on the bottom of the boring logs.

The water levels indicated on the boring logs may or may not be an accurate indication of the
depth or lack of subsurface groundwater. A long period of time is generally required for
subsurface water to stabilize in the impervious soils encountered at the boring locations. Long
term groundwater monitoring was not included in our work scope.

Subsurface groundwater levels should be expected to fluctuate seasonally and yearly from the
groundwater readings recorded at the borings. Fluctuations occur due to varying seasonal and
yearly rainfall amounts and snowmelt, as well as other factors. It is possible that the subsurface
groundwater levels during or after construction could be significantly different than the time the
borings were performed.

Laboratory Tests

Laboratory tests were performed on selected samples to aid in determining the index and strength
properties of the soils. The index tests consisted of moisture content, dry density and Atterberg
limits (liquid limit and plastic limit). The strength tests consisted of unconfined compressive
strength. The laboratory tests were performed in accordance with the appropriate ASTM
procedures. The results of the laboratory tests are shown on the boring logs opposite the samples
upon which the tests were performed.

                                          LIMITATIONS

The recommendations and professional opinions submitted in this report were based upon the
data obtained through the sampling and testing program at the boring locations. We wish to point
out that because no exploration program can totally reveal the exact subsurface conditions for the



                          GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
Rural Learning Center                                                              Page 16 of 16
Howard, South Dakota                                                             GeoTek #06-742

entire site, conditions between borings and between samples and at other times may differ from
those described in our report. Our exploration program identified subsurface conditions only at
those points where samples were retrieved or where water was observed. It is not standard
engineering practice to continuously retrieve samples for the full depth of the borings.
Therefore, strata boundaries and thicknesses must be inferred to some extent. Additionally, some
soils layers present in the ground may not be observed between sampling intervals. If the
subsurface conditions encountered at the time of construction differ from those represented by
our borings, it is necessary to contact us so that our recommendations can be reviewed. The
variations may result in altering our conclusions or recommendations regarding site preparation
or construction procedures, thus, potentially affecting construction costs.

This report is for the exclusive use of the addressee and its representatives for the use in design
of the proposed project described herein and preparation of construction documents. Without
written approval, we assume no responsibility to other parties regarding this report. Our
conclusions, opinions and recommendations may not be appropriate for other parties or projects.

                                    STANDARD OF CARE

The recommendations submitted in this report represent our professional opinions. Our services
for your project were performed in a manner consistent with that level of care and skill ordinarily
exercised by members of the engineering profession currently practicing at this time and area.

This report was prepared by:
GeoTek Engineering & Testing Services, Inc.



Jared Haskins, EIT
Project Manager



Jeff Christensen, PE
Geotechnical Manager




                         GeoTek Engineering and Testing Services, Inc.
                                                                                    GEOTEK ENGINEERING                         GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING LOG
                                                                                    & TESTING SERVICES, INC.
                                                                                    909 E. 50th Street North
                                                                                    Sioux Falls, SD 57104
                                                                                    605-335-5512 Fax 605-335-0773
                                                                                    www.geotekeng.com


                                                           GEOTEK # 09-270                                                                              BORING NO.          1 (1 of 1)

                                                           PROJECT Proposed Building, Rural Learning Center, Howard, SD
                                                           DEPTH                                                                                   SAMPLE             LABORATORY TESTS
                                                                              DESCRIPTION OF MATERIAL                       GEOLOGIC
                                                             in                                                                         N
                                                            FEET        SURFACE ELEVATION           97.2 ft                  ORIGIN            WL NO.   TYPE     WC     D   LL    PL     QU

                                                                      FILL, MOSTLY CLAY: a little gravel, black               FILL
                                                                      and dark brown, moist
                                                                                                                                                   1       HSA




                                                                                                                                         4         2       SPT   11




                                                            4½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel,                  GLACIAL
                                                                      mottled brown and gray, moist, stiff to very stiff,     TILL
                                                                      (CH)                                                              10         3       SPT   23    99




                                                                                                                                        17         4       SPT




                                                            9½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel,                  GLACIAL
                                                                      brown, moist, stiff, (CH)                               TILL
                                                                                                                                        14         5       SPT




                                                            12
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel, brown            GLACIAL
                                                                      mottled, moist, stiff, (CH)                             TILL
GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING 09-270.GPJ GEOTEKENG.GDT 5/8/09




                                                                                                                                        14         6       SPT




                                                                                                                                        11         7       SPT

                                                            16
                                                                               Bottom of borehole at 16 feet.


                                                                                   WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENTS                            START     4-23-09     COMPLETE       4-23-09 9:55 am

                                                             DATE           TIME
                                                                                      SAMPLED       CASING       CAVE-IN    WATER      METHOD
                                                                                       DEPTH        DEPTH        DEPTH      LEVEL      3.25" ID Hollow Stem Auger
                                                            4-23-09       9:55 am         16            --         14.5      none
                                                               --            --           --            --          --        --
                                                               --            --           --            --          --        --
                                                               --            --           --            --          --        --       CREW CHIEF       Gordy Hawkey
                                                                                    GEOTEK ENGINEERING                       GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING LOG
                                                                                    & TESTING SERVICES, INC.
                                                                                    909 E. 50th Street North
                                                                                    Sioux Falls, SD 57104
                                                                                    605-335-5512 Fax 605-335-0773
                                                                                    www.geotekeng.com


                                                           GEOTEK # 09-270                                                                            BORING NO.          2 (1 of 1)

                                                           PROJECT Proposed Building, Rural Learning Center, Howard, SD
                                                           DEPTH                                                                                 SAMPLE             LABORATORY TESTS
                                                                              DESCRIPTION OF MATERIAL                     GEOLOGIC
                                                             in                                                                       N
                                                            FEET       SURFACE ELEVATION           97.9 ft                 ORIGIN            WL NO.   TYPE     WC     D    LL   PL     QU

                                                                      FILL, MIXTURE OF CLAY AND SAND: a little              FILL
                                                                      gravel, black, moist
                                                                                                                                                 1       HSA




                                                                                                                                      10         2       SPT




                                                                                                                                       2         3       SPT   38




                                                             7
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel,                GLACIAL
                                                                      mottled brown and gray, moist, firm, (CH)             TILL
                                                                                                                                       6         4       SPT




                                                            9½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel, brown          GLACIAL
                                                                      mottled, moist, stiff, (CH)                           TILL
                                                                                                                                      14         5       SPT




                                                            12
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel,                GLACIAL
                                                                      mottled brown and dark gray, moist, very stiff,       TILL
GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING 09-270.GPJ GEOTEKENG.GDT 5/8/09




                                                                      (CH)                                                            17         6       SPT




                                                                                                                                      17         7       SPT

                                                            16
                                                                              Bottom of borehole at 16 feet.


                                                                                  WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENTS                           START     4-23-09     COMPLETE       4-23-09 10:25 am

                                                             DATE          TIME
                                                                                     SAMPLED       CASING      CAVE-IN    WATER      METHOD
                                                                                      DEPTH        DEPTH       DEPTH      LEVEL      3.25" ID Hollow Stem Auger
                                                            4-23-09      10:25 am        16            --         14.5     none
                                                               --            --          --            --          --       --
                                                               --            --          --            --          --       --
                                                               --            --          --            --          --       --       CREW CHIEF       Gordy Hawkey
                                                                                    GEOTEK ENGINEERING                       GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING LOG
                                                                                    & TESTING SERVICES, INC.
                                                                                    909 E. 50th Street North
                                                                                    Sioux Falls, SD 57104
                                                                                    605-335-5512 Fax 605-335-0773
                                                                                    www.geotekeng.com


                                                           GEOTEK # 09-270                                                                            BORING NO.           3 (1 of 1)

                                                           PROJECT Proposed Building, Rural Learning Center, Howard, SD
                                                           DEPTH                                                                                 SAMPLE             LABORATORY TESTS
                                                                              DESCRIPTION OF MATERIAL                     GEOLOGIC
                                                             in                                                                       N
                                                            FEET       SURFACE ELEVATION           96.3 ft                 ORIGIN            WL NO.   TYPE     WC     D    LL    PL     QU

                                                                      LEAN CLAY: black, moist, firm to stiff, (CL)        TOPSOIL

                                                                                                                                                 1       HSA




                                                                                                                                       7         2       SPT




                                                            4½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel,                GLACIAL
                                                                      brown, moist, stiff, (CH)                             TILL
                                                                                                                                      13         3       SPT   21    105   54    18     9700

                                                             6
                                                                      SANDY LEAN CLAY: a little gravel, brown,            GLACIAL
                                                                      moist, stiff, (CL)                                    TILL


                                                                                                                                      13         4       SPT




                                                            9½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel,                GLACIAL
                                                                      brown, moist, stiff, (CH)                             TILL
                                                                                                                                      13         5       SPT




                                                            12
                                                                      FAT CLAY: brown, moist, stiff to firm, (CH)         GLACIAL
                                                                                                                            TILL
GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING 09-270.GPJ GEOTEKENG.GDT 5/8/09




                                                                                                                                      12         6       SPT




                                                                                                                                       8         7       SPT

                                                            16
                                                                              Bottom of borehole at 16 feet.


                                                                                  WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENTS                           START     4-23-09     COMPLETE        4-23-09 2:18 pm

                                                             DATE          TIME
                                                                                     SAMPLED       CASING      CAVE-IN    WATER      METHOD
                                                                                      DEPTH        DEPTH       DEPTH      LEVEL      3.25" ID Hollow Stem Auger
                                                            4-23-09       2:19 pm        16            --        14.5      none
                                                               --            --          --            --         --        --
                                                               --            --          --            --         --        --
                                                               --            --          --            --         --        --       CREW CHIEF       Gordy Hawkey
                                                                                    GEOTEK ENGINEERING                       GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING LOG
                                                                                    & TESTING SERVICES, INC.
                                                                                    909 E. 50th Street North
                                                                                    Sioux Falls, SD 57104
                                                                                    605-335-5512 Fax 605-335-0773
                                                                                    www.geotekeng.com


                                                           GEOTEK # 09-270                                                                            BORING NO.          4 (1 of 1)

                                                           PROJECT Proposed Building, Rural Learning Center, Howard, SD
                                                           DEPTH                                                                                 SAMPLE             LABORATORY TESTS
                                                                              DESCRIPTION OF MATERIAL                     GEOLOGIC
                                                             in                                                                       N
                                                            FEET       SURFACE ELEVATION          96.9 ft                  ORIGIN            WL NO.   TYPE     WC     D   LL    PL     QU

                                                                      FILL, MOSTLY CLAY: a little gravel, mottled           FILL
                                                                      and dark brown, moist
                                                                                                                                                 1       HSA




                                                                                                                                       2         2       SPT




                                                            4½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel,                GLACIAL
                                                                      mottled brown and gray, moist, stiff, (CH)            TILL
                                                                                                                                       7         3       SPT   24    96




                                                                                                                                      12         4       SPT




                                                            9½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel,                GLACIAL
                                                                      brown, moist, firm to stiff, (CH)                     TILL
                                                                                                                                       8         5       SPT
GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING 09-270.GPJ GEOTEKENG.GDT 5/8/09




                                                                                                                                      11         6       SPT




                                                           14½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel, brown          GLACIAL
                                                                      mottled, moist, stiff, (CH)                           TILL
                                                                                                                                      13         7       SPT

                                                            16
                                                                              Bottom of borehole at 16 feet.


                                                                                  WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENTS                           START     4-23-09     COMPLETE       4-23-09 1:46 pm

                                                             DATE          TIME
                                                                                     SAMPLED      CASING       CAVE-IN    WATER      METHOD
                                                                                      DEPTH       DEPTH        DEPTH      LEVEL      3.25" ID Hollow Stem Auger
                                                            4-23-09       1:47 pm        16           --           14.5    none
                                                               --            --          --           --            --      --
                                                               --            --          --           --            --      --
                                                               --            --          --           --            --      --       CREW CHIEF       Gordy Hawkey
                                                                                    GEOTEK ENGINEERING                       GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING LOG
                                                                                    & TESTING SERVICES, INC.
                                                                                    909 E. 50th Street North
                                                                                    Sioux Falls, SD 57104
                                                                                    605-335-5512 Fax 605-335-0773
                                                                                    www.geotekeng.com


                                                           GEOTEK # 09-270                                                                            BORING NO.           5 (1 of 1)

                                                           PROJECT Proposed Building, Rural Learning Center, Howard, SD
                                                           DEPTH                                                                                 SAMPLE             LABORATORY TESTS
                                                                              DESCRIPTION OF MATERIAL                     GEOLOGIC
                                                             in                                                                       N
                                                            FEET       SURFACE ELEVATION          97.3 ft                  ORIGIN            WL NO.   TYPE     WC     D     LL   PL     QU

                                                                      FILL, MOSTLY CLAY: a little gravel, black             FILL
                                                                      and dark brown, moist
                                                                                                                                                 1       HSA




                                                                                                                                      13         2       SPT




                                                            4½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel,                GLACIAL
                                                                      mottled brown and gray, moist, stiff, (CH)            TILL
                                                                                                                                      10         3       SPT   23    101




                                                                                                                                      15         4       SPT




                                                            9½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel, brown          GLACIAL
                                                                      mottled, moist, stiff to very stiff, (CH)             TILL
                                                                                                                                      15         5       SPT
GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING 09-270.GPJ GEOTEKENG.GDT 5/8/09




                                                                                                                                      14         6       SPT




                                                                                                                                      17         7       SPT

                                                            16
                                                                              Bottom of borehole at 16 feet.


                                                                                  WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENTS                           START     4-23-09     COMPLETE        4-23-09 10:55 am

                                                             DATE          TIME
                                                                                     SAMPLED      CASING       CAVE-IN    WATER      METHOD
                                                                                      DEPTH       DEPTH        DEPTH      LEVEL      3.25" ID Hollow Stem Auger
                                                            4-23-09      10:58 am        16           --           14.5    none
                                                               --            --          --           --            --      --
                                                               --            --          --           --            --      --
                                                               --            --          --           --            --      --       CREW CHIEF       Gordy Hawkey
                                                                                    GEOTEK ENGINEERING                        GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING LOG
                                                                                    & TESTING SERVICES, INC.
                                                                                    909 E. 50th Street North
                                                                                    Sioux Falls, SD 57104
                                                                                    605-335-5512 Fax 605-335-0773
                                                                                    www.geotekeng.com


                                                           GEOTEK # 09-270                                                                             BORING NO.           6 (1 of 1)

                                                           PROJECT Proposed Building, Rural Learning Center, Howard, SD
                                                           DEPTH                                                                                  SAMPLE             LABORATORY TESTS
                                                                             DESCRIPTION OF MATERIAL                       GEOLOGIC
                                                             in                                                                        N
                                                            FEET       SURFACE ELEVATION          96.6 ft                   ORIGIN            WL NO.   TYPE     WC     D     LL   PL     QU

                                                                      FILL, MOSTLY CLAY: a little gravel, dark               FILL
                                                                      brown, moist
                                                                                                                                                  1       HSA




                                                                                                                                        4         2       SPT   26    92




                                                                                                                                        4         3       SPT   15    112




                                                                                                                                        3         4       SPT




                                                            9½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel,                 GLACIAL
                                                                      brown, moist, stiff, (CL)                              TILL
                                                                                                                                       12         5       SPT
GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING 09-270.GPJ GEOTEKENG.GDT 5/8/09




                                                                                                                                       10         6       SPT




                                                           14½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel, brown           GLACIAL
                                                                      mottled, moist, stiff, (CL)                            TILL
                                                                                                                                       11         7       SPT

                                                            16
                                                                              Bottom of borehole at 16 feet.


                                                                                  WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENTS                            START     4-23-09     COMPLETE        4-23-09 11:25 am

                                                             DATE          TIME
                                                                                     SAMPLED      CASING         CAVE-IN   WATER      METHOD
                                                                                      DEPTH       DEPTH          DEPTH     LEVEL      3.25" ID Hollow Stem Auger
                                                            4-23-09      11:25 am       16            --          14.5      none
                                                               --            --         --            --           --        --
                                                               --            --         --            --           --        --
                                                               --            --         --            --           --        --       CREW CHIEF       Gordy Hawkey
                                                                                    GEOTEK ENGINEERING                       GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING LOG
                                                                                    & TESTING SERVICES, INC.
                                                                                    909 E. 50th Street North
                                                                                    Sioux Falls, SD 57104
                                                                                    605-335-5512 Fax 605-335-0773
                                                                                    www.geotekeng.com


                                                           GEOTEK # 09-270                                                                            BORING NO.          7 (1 of 1)

                                                           PROJECT Proposed Building, Rural Learning Center, Howard, SD
                                                           DEPTH                                                                                 SAMPLE             LABORATORY TESTS
                                                                              DESCRIPTION OF MATERIAL                     GEOLOGIC
                                                             in                                                                       N
                                                            FEET       SURFACE ELEVATION          97.3 ft                  ORIGIN            WL NO.   TYPE     WC     D    LL   PL     QU

                                                                      FILL, MOSTLY CLAY: a little gravel, black             FILL
                                                                      and dark brown, moist, 4in. asphalt at surface
                                                                                                                                                 1       HSA




                                                                                                                                       9         2       SPT




                                                            4½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel,                GLACIAL
                                                                      mottled brown and gray, moist, stiff, (CH)            TILL
                                                                                                                                      11         3       SPT




                                                                                                                                      14         4       SPT




                                                            9½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel,                GLACIAL
                                                                      brown, moist, stiff, (CH)                             TILL
                                                                                                                                      13         5       SPT




                                                            12
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel, dark           GLACIAL
                                                                      brown, moist, very stiff, (CH)                        TILL
GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING 09-270.GPJ GEOTEKENG.GDT 5/8/09




                                                                                                                                      17         6       SPT




                                                           14½
                                                                      FAT CLAY: brown, moist, stiff, (CH)                   FINE
                                                                                                                          ALLUVIUM
                                                                                                                                      15         7       SPT

                                                            16
                                                                              Bottom of borehole at 16 feet.


                                                                                  WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENTS                           START     4-23-09     COMPLETE       4-23-09 12:26 pm

                                                             DATE          TIME
                                                                                     SAMPLED      CASING       CAVE-IN    WATER      METHOD
                                                                                      DEPTH       DEPTH        DEPTH      LEVEL      3.25" ID Hollow Stem Auger
                                                            4-23-09      12:26 pm        16           --           14.5    none
                                                               --            --          --           --            --      --
                                                               --            --          --           --            --      --
                                                               --            --          --           --            --      --       CREW CHIEF       Gordy Hawkey
                                                                                    GEOTEK ENGINEERING                       GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING LOG
                                                                                    & TESTING SERVICES, INC.
                                                                                    909 E. 50th Street North
                                                                                    Sioux Falls, SD 57104
                                                                                    605-335-5512 Fax 605-335-0773
                                                                                    www.geotekeng.com


                                                           GEOTEK # 09-270                                                                            BORING NO.           8 (1 of 1)

                                                           PROJECT Proposed Building, Rural Learning Center, Howard, SD
                                                           DEPTH                                                                                 SAMPLE             LABORATORY TESTS
                                                                             DESCRIPTION OF MATERIAL                      GEOLOGIC
                                                             in                                                                       N
                                                            FEET       SURFACE ELEVATION          97.3 ft                  ORIGIN            WL NO.   TYPE     WC     D    LL    PL     QU

                                                                      FILL, MOSTLY CLAY: a little gravel, black             FILL
                                                                      and dark brown, moist, 2in. asphalt at surface
                                                                                                                                                 1       HSA




                                                                                                                                       7         2       SPT




                                                            4½
                                                                      LEAN CLAY WITH SAND: a trace of gravel,             GLACIAL
                                                                      brown mottled, moist, stiff, (CL)                     TILL
                                                                                                                                      11         3       SPT   20    107                9600




                                                             7
                                                                      LEAN CLAY: a trace of gravel, brown, moist,         GLACIAL
                                                                      stiff, (CH)                                           TILL
                                                                                                                                      10         4       SPT   24




                                                            9½
                                                                      FAT CLAY WITH SAND: a little gravel, brown          GLACIAL
                                                                      mottled, moist, stiff, (CH)                           TILL
                                                                                                                                      13         5       SPT
GEOTECHNICAL TEST BORING 09-270.GPJ GEOTEKENG.GDT 5/8/09




                                                                                                                                      13         6       SPT




                                                                                                                                      13         7       SPT

                                                            16
                                                                              Bottom of borehole at 16 feet.


                                                                                  WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENTS                           START     4-23-09     COMPLETE        4-23-09 1:06 pm

                                                             DATE          TIME
                                                                                     SAMPLED      CASING       CAVE-IN    WATER      METHOD
                                                                                      DEPTH       DEPTH        DEPTH      LEVEL      3.25" ID Hollow Stem Auger
                                                            4-23-09       1:06 pm       16            --        14.5       none
                                                               --            --         --            --         --         --
                                                               --            --         --            --         --         --
                                                               --            --         --            --         --         --       CREW CHIEF       Gordy Hawkey
                                SOIL CLASSIFICATION CHART
                                                               SYMBOLS                TYPICAL
               MAJOR DIVISIONS
                                                              GRAPH LETTER          DESCRIPTIONS
                                            CLEAN                              WELL-GRADED GRAVELS, GRAVEL -
                       GRAVEL              GRAVELS                        GW   SAND MIXTURES, LITTLE OR NO FINES
                         AND
                      GRAVELLY
                                                                               POORLY-GRADED GRAVELS, GRAVEL
                        SOILS          (LITTLE OR NO FINES)               GP   - SAND MIXTURES, LITTLE OR NO
                                                                               FINES

    COARSE
    GRAINED                             GRAVELS WITH                           SILTY GRAVELS, GRAVEL - SAND -
     SOILS          MORE THAN 50%          FINES                          GM   SILT MIXTURES
                      OF COARSE
                       FRACTION
                    RETAINED ON NO.
                        4 SIEVE        (APPRECIABLE AMOUNT                     CLAYEY GRAVELS, GRAVEL - SAND -
                                             OF FINES)                    GC   CLAY MIXTURES



                                                                               WELL-GRADED SANDS, GRAVELLY
                        SAND             CLEAN SANDS                      SW   SANDS, LITTLE OR NO FINES
  MORE THAN 50%          AND
  OF MATERIAL IS
 LARGER THAN NO.        SANDY
                        SOILS                                                  POORLY-GRADED SANDS, GRAVELLY
   200 SIEVE SIZE                      (LITTLE OR NO FINES)               SP   SAND, LITTLE OR NO FINES


                                         SANDS WITH
                     MORE THAN 50%         FINES                          SM   SILTY SANDS, SAND - SILT MIXTURES
                      OF COARSE
                       FRACTION
                    PASSING ON NO. 4
                         SIEVE         (APPRECIABLE AMOUNT                     CLAYEY SANDS, SAND - CLAY
                                             OF FINES)                    SC   MIXTURES

                                                                               INORGANIC SILTS AND VERY FINE
                                                                               SANDS, ROCK FLOUR, SILTY OR
                                                                          ML   CLAYEY FINE SANDS OR CLAYEY
                                                                               SILTS WITH SLIGHT PLASTICITY

                        SILTS                                                  INORGANIC CLAYS OF LOW TO
      FINE                                 LIQUID LIMIT                        MEDIUM PLASTICITY, GRAVELLY
    GRAINED
                         AND              LESS THAN 50                    CL   CLAYS, SANDY CLAYS, SILTY CLAYS,
                        CLAYS                                                  LEAN CLAYS
     SOILS
                                                                               ORGANIC SILTS AND ORGANIC SILTY
                                                                          OL   CLAYS OF LOW PLASTICITY


  MORE THAN 50%                                                                INORGANIC SILTS, MICACEOUS OR
  OF MATERIAL IS
  SMALLER THAN                                                            MH   DIATOMACEOUS FINE SAND OR SILTY
                                                                               SOILS
   NO. 200 SIEVE
        SIZE
                        SILTS
                                           LIQUID LIMIT                        INORGANIC CLAYS OF HIGH
                         AND             GREATER THAN 50                  CH   PLASTICITY
                        CLAYS

                                                                               ORGANIC CLAYS OF MEDIUM TO HIGH
                                                                          OH   PLASTICITY, ORGANIC SILTS



                                                                               PEAT, HUMUS, SWAMP SOILS WITH
                HIGHLY ORGANIC SOILS                                      PT   HIGH ORGANIC CONTENTS


NOTE: DUAL SYMBOLS ARE USED TO INDICATE BORDERLINE SOIL CLASSIFICATIONS
         BORING LOG SYMBOLS AND DESCRIPTIVE TERMINOLOGY


                        SYMBOLS FOR DRILLING AND SAMPLING

       Symbol    Definition
       Bag       Bag sample
       CS        Continuous split-spoon sampling
       DM        Drilling mud
       FA        Flight auger; number indicates outside diameter in inches
       HA        Hand auger; number indicates outside diameter in inches
       HSA       Hollow stem auger; number indicates inside diameter in inches
       LS        Liner sample; number indicates outside diameter of liner sample
       N         Standard penetration resistance (N-value) in blows per foot
       NMR       No water level measurement recorded, primarily due to presence of drilling fluid
       NSR       No sample retrieved; classification is based on action of drilling equipment and/or
                 material noted in drilling fluid or on sampling bit
       SH        Shelby tube sample; 3-inch outside diameter
       SPT       Standard penetration test (N-value) using standard split-spoon sampler
       SS        Split-spoon sample; 2-inch outside diameter unless otherwise noted
       WL        Water level directly measured in boring
       ▼         Water level symbol


                           SYMBOLS FOR LABORATORY TESTS

       Symbol    Definition
       WC        Water content, percent of dry weight; ASTM:D2216
       D         Dry density, pounds per cubic foot
       LL        Liquid limit; ASTM:D4318
       PL        Plastic limit; ASTM:D4318
       QU        Unconfined compressive strength, pounds per square foot; ASTM:D2166


     DENSITY/CONSISTENCY TERMINOLOGY                                      PARTICLE SIZES

Density                          Consistency                Term                     Particle Size
Term             N-Value         Term                       Boulder                  Over 12”
Very Loose       0-4             Soft                       Cobble                   3” – 12”
Loose            5-8             Firm                       Gravel                   #4 – 3”
Medium Dense     9-15            Stiff                      Coarse Sand              #10 – #4
Dense            16-30           Very Stiff                 Medium Sand              #40 – #10
Very Dense       Over 30         Hard                       Fine Sand                #200 – #40
                                                            Silt and Clay            passes #200 sieve

          DESCRIPTIVE TERMINOLOGY
                                                                     GRAVEL PERCENTAGES
Term             Definition
Dry              Absence of moisture, powdery               Term                     Range
Frozen           Frozen soil                                A trace of gravel        2-4%
Moist            Damp, below saturation                     A little gravel          5-15%
Waterbearing     Pervious soil below water                  With gravel              16-50%
Wet              Saturated, above liquid limit
Lamination       Up to ½” thick stratum
Layer            ½” to 6” thick stratum
Lens             ½” to 6” discontinuous stratum



                    GeoTek Engineering & Testing Services, Inc.
SECTION 024119 - SELECTIVE STRUCTURE DEMOLITION


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS


      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:

           1.    Demolition and removal of selected portions of building or structure.
           2.    Demolition and removal of selected site elements.
           3.    Salvage of existing items to be reused or recycled.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 01 Section "Summary" for use of premises and Owner-occupancy requirements.
           3.    Division 01 Section "Temporary Facilities and Controls" for temporary construction and
                 environmental-protection measures for selective demolition operations.
           4.    Division 31 Section "Site Clearing" for site clearing and removal of above- and below-
                 grade improvements.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Remove: Detach items from existing construction and legally dispose of them off-site, unless
           indicated to be removed and salvaged or removed and reinstalled.

      B.   Remove and Salvage:        Detach items from existing construction and deliver them to
           Owner ready for reuse.

      C.   Remove and Reinstall: Detach items from existing construction, prepare them for reuse, and
           reinstall them where indicated.

      D.   Existing to Remain: Existing items of construction that are not to be removed and that are not
           otherwise indicated to be removed, removed and salvaged, or removed and reinstalled.


1.4        MATERIALS OWNERSHIP

      A.   Historic items, relics, and similar objects including, but not limited to, cornerstones and their
           contents, commemorative plaques and tablets, antiques, and other items of interest or value to


SELECTIVE STRUCTURE DEMOLITION                                                           0812/024119 - 1
           Owner that may be encountered during selective demolition remain Owner's property.
           Carefully remove and salvage each item or object in a manner to prevent damage and deliver
           promptly to Owner.


1.5        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Qualification Data: For demolition firm and refrigerant recovery technician.

      B.   Schedule of Selective Demolition Activities: Indicate the following:

           1.    Detailed sequence of selective demolition and removal work, with starting and ending
                 dates for each activity. Ensure Owner's on-site operations are uninterrupted.
           2.    Interruption of utility services. Indicate how long utility services will be interrupted.
           3.    Coordination for shutoff, capping, and continuation of utility services.
           4.    Locations of proposed dust- and noise-control temporary partitions and means of
                 egress, including for other tenants affected by selective demolition operations.
           5.    Means of protection for items to remain and items in path of waste removal from
                 building.

      C.   Inventory: After selective demolition is complete, submit a list of items that have been removed
           and salvaged.

      D.   Pre-demolition Photographs or Videotapes: Show existing conditions of adjoining construction
           and site improvements, including finish surfaces that might be misconstrued as damage caused
           by selective demolition operations. Submit before Work begins.


1.6        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Demolition Firm Qualifications: An experienced firm that has specialized in demolition work
           similar in material and extent to that indicated for this Project.

      B.   Refrigerant Recovery Technician Qualifications: Certified by an EPA-approved certification
           program.

      C.   Regulatory Requirements: Comply with governing EPA notification regulations before
           beginning selective demolition. Comply with hauling and disposal regulations of authorities
           having jurisdiction.

      D.   Standards: Comply with ANSI A10.6 and NFPA 241.


1.7        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Conditions existing at time of inspection for bidding purpose will be maintained by Owner as
           far as practical.

      B.   Notify Architect of discrepancies between existing conditions and Drawings before proceeding
           with selective demolition.




SELECTIVE STRUCTURE DEMOLITION                                                            0812/024119 - 2
      C.   Hazardous Materials: It is not expected that hazardous materials will be encountered in the
           Work.


           1.    If materials suspected of containing hazardous materials are encountered, do not disturb;
                 immediately notify Architect and Owner. Owner will remove hazardous materials under
                 a separate contract.

      D.   Storage or sale of removed items or materials on-site is not permitted.

      E.   Utility Service: Maintain existing utilities indicated to remain in service and protect them
           against damage during selective demolition operations.

           1.    Maintain fire-protection facilities in service during selective demolition operations.


1.8        WARRANTY

      A.   Existing Warranties: Remove, replace, patch, and repair materials and surfaces cut or damaged
           during selective demolition, by methods and with materials so as not to void existing warranties.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS (Not Used)


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Verify that utilities have been disconnected and capped.

      B.   Survey existing conditions and correlate with requirements indicated to determine extent of
           selective demolition required.

      C.   Inventory and record the condition of items to be removed and reinstalled and items to be
           removed and salvaged.

      D.   When unanticipated mechanical, electrical, or structural elements that conflict with intended
           function or design are encountered, investigate and measure the nature and extent of conflict.
           Promptly submit a written report to Architect.

      E.   Engage a professional Structural Engineer to survey condition of building to determine whether
           removing any element might result in structural deficiency or unplanned collapse of any portion
           of structure or adjacent structures during selective demolition operations.

      F.   Survey of Existing Conditions: Record existing conditions by use of pre-construction
           photographs or pre-construction videotapes.




SELECTIVE STRUCTURE DEMOLITION                                                             0812/024119 - 3
           1.    Before selective demolition or removal of existing building elements that will be
                 reproduced or duplicated in final Work, make permanent record of measurements,
                 materials, and construction details required to make exact reproduction.

      G.   Perform surveys as the Work progresses to detect hazards resulting from selective demolition
           activities.


3.2        UTILITY SERVICES AND MECHANICAL/ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

      A.   Existing Services/Systems: Maintain services/systems indicated to remain and protect them
           against damage during selective demolition operations.

           1.    Comply with requirements for existing services/systems interruptions specified in
                 Division 01 Section "Summary."

      B.   Service/System Requirements: Locate, identify, disconnect, and seal or cap off indicated utility
           services and mechanical/electrical systems serving areas to be selectively demolished.


           1.    Arrange to shut off indicated utilities with utility companies.
           2.    If services/systems are required to be removed, relocated, or abandoned, before
                 proceeding with selective demolition provide temporary services/systems that bypass
                 area of selective demolition and that maintain continuity of services/systems to other
                 parts of building.
           3.    Cut off pipe or conduit in walls or partitions to be removed. Cap, valve, or plug and seal
                 remaining portion of pipe or conduit after bypassing.

                 a.     Where entire wall is to be removed, existing services/systems may be removed
                        with removal of the wall.


3.3        PREPARATION

      A.   Site Access and Temporary Controls: Conduct selective demolition and debris-removal
           operations to ensure minimum interference with roads, streets, walks, walkways, and other
           adjacent occupied and used facilities.

           1.    Comply with requirements for access and protection specified in Division 01 Section
                 "Temporary Facilities and Controls."

      B.   Temporary Facilities: Provide temporary barricades and other protection required to prevent
           injury to people and damage to adjacent buildings and facilities to remain.

           1.    Provide protection to ensure safe passage of people around selective demolition area and
                 to and from occupied portions of building.
           2.    Provide temporary weather protection, during interval between selective demolition of
                 existing construction on exterior surfaces and new construction, to prevent water leakage
                 and damage to structure and interior areas.
           3.    Protect walls, ceilings, floors, and other existing finish work that are to remain or that are
                 exposed during selective demolition operations.



SELECTIVE STRUCTURE DEMOLITION                                                              0812/024119 - 4
           4.    Cover and protect furniture, furnishings, and equipment that have not been removed.
           5.    Comply with requirements for temporary enclosures, dust control, heating, and cooling
                 specified in Division 01 Section "Temporary Facilities and Controls."

      C.   Temporary Shoring: Provide and maintain shoring, bracing, and structural supports as required
           to preserve stability and prevent movement, settlement, or collapse of construction and finishes
           to remain, and to prevent unexpected or uncontrolled movement or collapse of construction
           being demolished.

           1.    Strengthen or add new supports when required during progress of selective demolition.


3.4        SELECTIVE DEMOLITION, GENERAL

      A.   General: Demolish and remove existing construction only to the extent required by new
           construction and as indicated. Use methods required to complete the Work within limitations of
           governing regulations and as follows:

           1.    Proceed with selective demolition systematically, from higher to lower level. Complete
                 selective demolition operations above each floor or tier before disturbing supporting
                 members on the next lower level.
           2.    Neatly cut openings and holes plumb, square, and true to dimensions required. Use
                 cutting methods least likely to damage construction to remain or adjoining construction.
                 Use hand tools or small power tools designed for sawing or grinding, not hammering and
                 chopping, to minimize disturbance of adjacent surfaces. Temporarily cover openings to
                 remain.
           3.    Cut or drill from the exposed or finished side into concealed surfaces to avoid marring
                 existing finished surfaces.
           4.    Do not use cutting torches until work area is cleared of flammable materials. At
                 concealed spaces, such as duct and pipe interiors, verify condition and contents of hidden
                 space before starting flame-cutting operations. Maintain fire watch and portable fire-
                 suppression devices during flame-cutting operations.
           5.    Maintain adequate ventilation when using cutting torches.
           6.    Remove decayed, vermin-infested, or otherwise dangerous or unsuitable materials and
                 promptly dispose of off-site.
           7.    Remove structural framing members and lower to ground by method suitable to avoid
                 free fall and to prevent ground impact or dust generation.
           8.    Locate selective demolition equipment and remove debris and materials so as not to
                 impose excessive loads on supporting walls, floors, or framing.
           9.    Dispose of demolished items and materials promptly.

      B.   Removed and Salvaged Items:

           1.    Clean salvaged items.
           2.    Pack or crate items after cleaning. Identify contents of containers.
           3.    Store items in a secure area until delivery to Owner.

      C.   Removed and Reinstalled Items:

           1.    Clean and repair items to functional condition adequate for intended reuse.         Paint
                 equipment to match new equipment.



SELECTIVE STRUCTURE DEMOLITION                                                           0812/024119 - 5
           2.    Pack or crate items after cleaning and repairing. Identify contents of containers.
           3.    Protect items from damage during transport and storage.
           4.    Reinstall items in locations indicated. Comply with installation requirements for new
                 materials and equipment. Provide connections, supports, and miscellaneous materials
                 necessary to make item functional for use indicated.

      D.   Existing Items to Remain: Protect construction indicated to remain against damage and soiling
           during selective demolition. When permitted by Architect, items may be removed to a suitable,
           protected storage location during selective demolition and cleaned and reinstalled in their
           original locations after selective demolition operations are complete.


3.5        SELECTIVE DEMOLITION PROCEDURES FOR SPECIFIC MATERIALS

      A.   Concrete: Demolish in small sections. Cut concrete to a depth of at least 3/4 inch (19 mm) at
           junctures with construction to remain, using power-driven saw. Dislodge concrete from
           reinforcement at perimeter of areas being demolished, cut reinforcement, and then remove
           remainder of concrete indicated for selective demolition. Neatly trim openings to dimensions
           indicated.

      B.   Masonry: Demolish in small sections. Cut masonry at junctures with construction to remain,
           using power-driven saw and then remove masonry between saw cuts.

      C.   Concrete Slabs-on-Grade: Saw-cut perimeter of area to be demolished, then break up and
           remove.

      D.   Resilient Floor Coverings:    Remove floor coverings and adhesive according to
           recommendations in RFCI-WP and its Addendum.

           1.    Remove residual adhesive and prepare substrate for new floor coverings by one of the
                 methods recommended by RFCI.

      E.   Roofing: Remove no more existing roofing than can be covered in one day by new roofing and
           so that building interior remains watertight and weather-tight. Refer to Division 07 Section
           "Ethylene-Propylene-Diene-Monomer (EPDM)” for new roofing requirements.

           1.    Remove existing roof membrane, flashings, copings, and roof accessories.
           2.    Remove existing roofing system down to substrate.

      F.   Air-Conditioning Equipment: Remove equipment without releasing refrigerants.


3.6        DISPOSAL OF DEMOLISHED MATERIALS

      A.   General: Except for items or materials indicated to be reused, salvaged, reinstalled, or
           otherwise indicated to remain Owner's property, remove demolished materials from Project site
           and legally dispose of them in an EPA-approved landfill.

           1.    Do not allow demolished materials to accumulate on-site.
           2.    Remove and transport debris in a manner that will prevent spillage on adjacent surfaces
                 and areas.



SELECTIVE STRUCTURE DEMOLITION                                                        0812/024119 - 6
           3.    Remove debris from elevated portions of building by chute, hoist, or other device that
                 will convey debris to grade level in a controlled descent.

      B.   Burning: Do not burn demolished materials.

      C.   Disposal: Transport demolished materials off Owner's property and legally dispose of them.


3.7        CLEANING

      A.   Clean adjacent structures and improvements of dust, dirt, and debris caused by selective
           demolition operations. Return adjacent areas to condition existing before selective demolition
           operations began.


3.8        SELECTIVE DEMOLITION SCHEDULE

      A.   As indicated on Drawings.


END OF SECTION 024119




SELECTIVE STRUCTURE DEMOLITION                                                         0812/024119 - 7
SECTION 033000 - CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section specifies cast-in place concrete, including formwork, reinforcement, concrete
           materials, mixture design, placement procedures, and finishes, for the following:

           1.    Footings.
           2.    Foundation walls.
           3.    Slabs-on-grade.
           4.    Suspended slabs.
           5.    Concrete toppings (bonded to precast corefloor).
           6.    Building walls.
           7.    Polished Concrete.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 31 Section "Earth Moving" for drainage fill under slabs-on-grade.
           3.    Division 32 Section "Concrete Paving" for concrete pavement and walks.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Cementitious Materials: Portland cement alone or in combination with one or more of the
           following: blended hydraulic cement, fly ash and other pozzolans, ground granulated blast-
           furnace slag, and silica fume; subject to compliance with requirements.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of product indicated.

      B.   LEED Submittals:

           1.    Product Data for Credit MR 4.1 and Credit MR 4.2: For products having recycled
                 content, documentation indicating percentages by weight of post-consumer and pre-
                 consumer recycled content.

                 a.    Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.


CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                                  0812/033000 - 1
           2.    Credit MR 5.1 and 5.2: Product Data and Credit Report form indicating location of
                 material manufacturer for regionally manufactured materials.

                 a.     Include statement indicating material cost and distance from manufacturer to
                        Project for each regionally manufactured material.
                 b.     Include statement indicating material cost and distance from point of extraction,
                        harvest, or recovery to Project for each raw material used in regionally
                        manufactured materials.

           3.    Design Mixtures for Credit ID 1.1: For each concrete mixture containing fly ash as a
                 replacement for portland cement or other portland cement replacements and for
                 equivalent concrete mixtures that do not contain portland cement replacements.

           4.    Product Data for Credit EQ 4.2: For primers, paints and coatings, including printed
                 statement of VOC content and chemical components.

      C.   Design Mixtures: For each concrete mixture. Design mixes are to be developed and certified
           by an engineer licensed in the state of South Dakota. See Article 2.11, A for submittal
           requirements. Submit alternate design mixtures when characteristics of materials, Project
           conditions, weather, test results, or other circumstances warrant adjustments.

      D.   Vapor Retarders: Submit manufacturer’s product data indicating compliance with the specified
           vapor retarder.

      E.   Steel Reinforcement Shop Drawings: Placing drawings that detail fabrication, bending, and
           placement. Include bar sizes, lengths, material, grade, bar schedules, stirrup spacing, bent bar
           diagrams, bar arrangement, splices and laps, mechanical connections, tie spacing, hoop spacing.

      F.   Construction Joints in Topping on Corefloor: Submit proposed locations for approval.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Installer Qualifications: A qualified installer who employs on Project personnel qualified as
           ACI-certified Flatwork Technician and Finisher and a supervisor who is an ACI-certified
           Concrete Flatwork Technician.

      B.   Manufacturer Qualifications: A firm experienced in manufacturing ready-mixed concrete
           products and that complies with ASTM C 94/C 94M requirements for production facilities and
           equipment.

      C.   Source Limitations: Obtain each type or class of cementitious material of the same brand from
           the same manufacturer's plant, obtain aggregate from one source, and obtain admixtures through
           one source from a single manufacturer.

      D.   ACI Publications: Comply with the following unless modified by requirements in the Contract
           Documents:

           1.    ACI 301, "Specification for Structural Concrete," Sections 1 through 5.
           2.    ACI 117, "Specifications for Tolerances for Concrete Construction and Materials.



CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                                   0812/033000 - 2
      E.   Mockups: Provide mockup for polished concrete to demonstrate typical joints, surface finish,
           texture, tolerances, floor treatments, and standard of workmanship.


           1.    Provide mockup approximately 100 sq. ft. (9.3 sq. m) in the location indicated or, if not
                 indicated, as directed by Architect.
           2.    Approved mockups may become part of the completed Work if undisturbed at time of
                 Substantial Completion.

      F.   Pre-installation Conference: Conduct conference at Project site to comply with requirements in
           Division 01 Section "Project Management and Coordination."


1.6        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Steel Reinforcement: Deliver, store, and handle steel reinforcement to prevent bending and
           damage. Avoid damaging coatings on steel reinforcement.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   In other Part 2 articles where titles below introduce lists, the following requirements apply to
           product selection:

           1.    Available Products: Subject to compliance with requirements, products that may be
                 incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to, products specified.


2.2        FORM-FACING MATERIALS

      A.   Smooth-Formed Finished Concrete: Form-facing panels that will provide continuous, true, and
           smooth concrete surfaces. Furnish in largest practicable sizes to minimize number of joints.

           1.    Plywood, metal, or other approved panel materials.
           2.    Exterior-grade plywood panels, suitable for concrete forms, complying with DOC PS 1,
                 and as follows:
                 a.    B-B (Concrete Form), Class 1 or better; mill oiled and edge sealed.

      B.   Rough-Formed Finished Concrete: Plywood, lumber, metal, or another approved material.
           Provide lumber dressed on at least two edges and one side for tight fit.

      C.   Forms for Cylindrical Columns, Pedestals, and Supports: Metal, glass-fiber-reinforced plastic,
           paper, or fiber tubes that will produce surfaces with gradual or abrupt irregularities not
           exceeding specified formwork surface class. Provide units with sufficient wall thickness to
           resist plastic concrete loads without detrimental deformation.

      D.   Chamfer Strips: Wood, metal, PVC, or rubber strips, 3/4 by 3/4 inch (19 by 19 mm), minimum.




CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                                   0812/033000 - 3
      E.   Form-Release Agent: Commercially formulated form-release agent that will not bond with,
           stain, or adversely affect concrete surfaces and will not impair subsequent treatments of
           concrete surfaces.

           1.    Formulate form-release agent with rust inhibitor for steel form-facing materials.

      F.   Form Ties: Factory-fabricated, removable or snap-off metal or glass-fiber-reinforced plastic
           form ties designed to resist lateral pressure of fresh concrete on forms and to prevent spalling of
           concrete on removal.

           1.    Furnish units that will leave no corrodible metal closer than 1 inch (25 mm) to the plane
                 of exposed concrete surface.
           2.    Furnish ties that, when removed, will leave holes no larger than 1 inch (25 mm) in
                 diameter in concrete surface.


2.3        STEEL REINFORCEMENT

      A.   Reinforcing Bars: ASTM A 615/A 615M, Grade 60, deformed.

      B.   Low-Alloy-Steel Reinforcing Bars: ASTM A 706/A 706, deformed.

      C.   Plain-Steel Wire: ASTM A 82, as drawn.

      D.   Plain-Steel Welded Wire Reinforcement: ASTM A 185, plain, fabricated from as-drawn steel
           wire into flat sheets.


2.4        REINFORCEMENT ACCESSORIES

      A.   Bar Supports: Bolsters, chairs, spacers, and other devices for spacing, supporting, and fastening
           reinforcing bars and welded wire reinforcement in place. Manufacture bar supports from steel
           wire, plastic, or precast concrete according to CRSI's "Manual of Standard Practice," of greater
           compressive strength than concrete and as follows:

           1.    For concrete surfaces exposed to view where legs of wire bar supports contact forms, use
                 CRSI Class 1 plastic-protected steel wire or CRSI Class 2 stainless-steel bar supports.


2.5        CONCRETE MATERIALS

      A.   Cementitious Material: Use the following cementitious materials, of the same type, brand, and
           source, throughout Project:

           1.    Portland Cement: ASTM C 150, Type I, gray. Supplement with the following:

                 a.     Fly Ash: ASTM C 618, Class C or F.

      B.   Normal-Weight Aggregates ASTM C 33, Class 3S coarse aggregate or better, graded. Provide
           aggregates from a single source.




CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                                     0812/033000 - 4
           1.    Maximum Coarse-Aggregate Size: 1-1/2 inches nominal (1/2 inches at topping on
                 corefloor).
           2.    Fine Aggregate: Free of materials with deleterious reactivity to alkali in cement.

      C.   Water: ASTM C 94/C 94M and potable.


2.6        ADMIXTURES

      A.   Air-Entraining Admixture: ASTM C 260.

      B.   Chemical Admixtures: Provide admixtures certified by manufacturer to be compatible with
           other admixtures and that will not contribute water-soluble chloride ions exceeding those
           permitted in hardened concrete. Do not use calcium chloride or admixtures containing calcium
           chloride.


           1.    High-Range, Water-Reducing Admixture: ASTM C 494/C 494M, Type F.


2.7        FIBER REINFORCEMENT

      A.   Synthetic Fiber for Slabs-On-Grade and Topping on Corefloor: Fibrillated polypropylene fibers
           engineered and designed for use in concrete pavement, complying with ASTM C 1116,
           Type III, 1/2 to 1-1/2 inches (13 to 38 mm) long.

           1.    Products:

                 a.    Fibrillated Fibers:

                       1)     Axim Concrete Technologies; Fibrasol F.
                       2)     Euclid Chemical Company (The); Fiberstrand F.
                       3)     FORTA Corporation; Forta.
                       4)     Grace Construction Products, W. R. Grace & Co.; Grace Fibers.
                       5)     SI Concrete Systems; Fibermesh.


2.8        VAPOR RETARDERS

      A.   Plastic Vapor Retarder shall meet the following requirements:
           1.    Minimum Permeance               ASTM E-96                 0.01 Perms
           2.    Water Vapor Barrier             ASTM E 1745,              Meets or Exceeds Class A,
           3.    Thickness of Barrier            ACI 302.1R- 6 & 7.        Not Less than 10 mils.

      B.   Include manufacturer's recommended adhesive or pressure-sensitive joint tape.

      C.   Supplied materials must be printed with “Meets ASTM E-1745 Class A” a minimum of 1 time
           per 500 square feet.




CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                                  0812/033000 - 5
      D.   Basis-of-Design Product: The design for vapor retarder is based on the product named. Subject
           to compliance with requirements, provide either the named product or a comparable product by
           one of the other manufacturers specified.

           1.    Basis-of-Design Product: Vapor Block 10, by Raven Industries or a comparable product
                 by one of the following:

                 a.     Fortifiber Corporation.
                 b.     Raven Industries.
                 c.     Reef Industries.
                 d.     W.R. Meadows.


2.9        CURING MATERIALS

      A.   Absorptive Cover: AASHTO M 182, Class 2, burlap cloth made from jute or kenaf, weighing
           approximately 9 oz./sq. yd. (305 g/sq. m) when dry.

      B.   Moisture-Retaining Cover:     ASTM C 171, polyethylene film or white burlap-polyethylene
           sheet.

      C.   Water: Potable.

      D.   Clear, Waterborne, Membrane-Forming Curing Compound: ASTM C 309, Type 1, Class B,
           dissipating.

           1.    Available Products:


                 a.     ChemMasters; Safe-Cure Clear.
                 b.     Meadows, W. R., Inc.; 1100 Clear.


2.10       RELATED MATERIALS

      A.   Expansion- and Isolation-Joint-Filler Strips: ASTM D 1751, asphalt-saturated cellulosic fiber.

      B.   Bonding Agent:      ASTM C 1059, Type II, non-redispersible, acrylic emulsion or styrene
           butadiene.


2.11       CONCRETE MIXTURES, GENERAL

      A.   Submit written reports of each proposed mix for each class of concrete at least 15 days prior to
           start of the related work. Mix designs are to be developed and certified by an Engineer licensed
           in South Dakota. The report for each proposed mix design shall contain the following
           information:


                        Design Slump

                        Cement and Fly Ash Content with ASTM reference for each product


CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                                   0812/033000 - 6
                   Fine Aggregate Weight (with sieve analysis) and ASTM reference

                   Coarse Aggregate Weight (with sieve analysis) with ASTM reference

                   Quantity of each Admixture with manufacturer’s literature and ASTM reference

                   Air Content

                   Expected 28-day Compressive Strength

                   Location in the Project of each Design Mix (e.g. 4000 psi Footings, etc.)

  B.   Prepare design mixtures for each type and strength of concrete, proportioned on the basis of
       either laboratory trial mixture or field test data bases, as follows:

       1.    Proportioned normal-weight concrete according to ACI 211.1 and ACI 301.

  C.   Use a qualified independent testing agency for preparing and reporting proposed mix designs
       for the laboratory trial mix basis.

  D.   Footings: Proportion normal-weight concrete mix as follows:


       1.    Compressive Strength (28 Days): 3000 psi (20.7 MPa).
       2.    Maximum Slump: 4 inches (100 mm).
       3.    Maximum Slump for Concrete Containing High-Range Water-Reducing Admixture: 8
             inches after admixture is added to concrete with 2- to 4-inch slump.

  E.   Foundation Walls and Stoops: Proportion normal-weight concrete mix as follows:


       1.    Compressive Strength (28 Days): 4000 psi (27.6 MPa).
       2.    Maximum Slump: 4 inches (100 mm).

  F.   Slabs-on-Grade: Proportion normal-weight concrete mixture as follows:


       1.    Compressive Strength (28 day): 3500 psi (24.1 MPa).
       2.    Maximum Slump: 5 inches (125 mm).

  G.   Suspended Slabs: Proportion normal-weight concrete mix as follows:


       1.    Compressive Strength (28 Days): 3500 psi.
       2.    Maximum Slump: 4 inches (100 mm).

  H.   Topping bonded to Precast Corefloor: Proportion normal-weight concrete mix as follows:


       1.    Compressive Strength (28 Days): 4000 psi.



CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                              0812/033000 - 7
       2.    Maximum Slump: 4 inches (100 mm).

  I.   Building Walls: Proportion normal-weight concrete mixture as follows:

       1.    Minimum Compressive Strength: 4000 psi (27.6 MPa) at 28 days.
       2.    Slump Limit: 4 inches (100 mm).

  J.   Cementitious Materials: Limit percentage, by weight, of cementitious materials other than
       portland cement in concrete as follows:

       1.    Fly Ash: 15 percent.

  K.   Maximum Water-Cementitious Materials Ratio: 0.50 for concrete required to have low water
       permeability.

  L.   Maximum Water-Cementitious Materials Ratio: 0.45 for concrete exposed to deicers or subject
       to freezing and thawing while moist.

  M.   Air Content: Add air-entraining admixture at manufacturer's prescribed rate to result in
       concrete at point of placement having an air content as follows within a tolerance of plus 1 or
       minus 1.5 percent, unless otherwise indicated:

       1.    Air Content: 5.5 percent for 1-1/2-inch- (38-mm-) nominal maximum aggregate size.
       2.    Air Content: 6 percent for 1-inch- (25-mm-) nominal maximum aggregate size.
       3.    Air Content: 6 percent for 3/4-inch- (19-mm-) nominal maximum aggregate size.

  N.   Do not air entrain concrete to trowel-finished interior floors, concrete topping on precast
       corefloor, and suspended slabs. Do not allow entrapped air content to exceed 3 percent.

  O.   Limit water-soluble, chloride-ion content in hardened concrete to 0.15 percent by weight of
       cement.

  P.   Synthetic Fiber in Slabs-On-Grade and concrete Topping on precast Corefloor: Uniformly
       disperse in concrete mix at manufacturer's recommended rate, but not less than 1.5 lb/cu. yd.
       (0.90 kg/cu. m).

  Q.   Admixtures: Use admixtures according to manufacturer's written instructions.

       Use high-range water-reducing admixture (superplasticizer) in concrete, as required, for
       placement and workability.


2.12   CONCRETE POLISH

  A.   Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide the named product or a
       comparable product by one of the following:


       1.    L & M Construction Chemicals, Inc.
       2.    L. M. Scofield Company.

  B.   Polished Concrete Finishing Products:


CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                                0812/033000 - 8
           1.    Hardener, Sealer, Densifier: Proprietary, water based, odorless liquid, VOC compliant,
                 environmentally safe chemical hardening solution leaving no surface film.

                 a.     Acceptable Manufacturers:

                      1. L & M Construction Chemicals, Inc.
                      2. L. M. Scofield Company.

           2.    Joint Filler: Semi-rigid, 2-component, self-leveling, 100% solids, rapid curing, polyurea
                 control joint and crack filler with Shore A 80 or higher hardness.

                 a.     Acceptable Manufacturers:

                         1. L & M Construction Chemicals, Inc.
                         2. L. M. Scofield Company.

           3.    Oil Repellent Sealer: Ready to use, silane, siloxane and fluoropolymers blended water
                 based solution sealer, quick drying, low-odor, oil and water repellent, VOC compliant
                 and compatible with chemically hardened floors.

                 a.     Acceptable Manufacturers:

                         1. L & M Construction Chemicals, Inc.
                         2. L. M. Scofield Company.

           4.    Concrete Dyes: Fast-drying dye, packaged in premeasured units ready for mixing with
                 VOC exempt solvent; formulated for application to polished cementitious surfaces.

                 a.     Acceptable Manufacturers:

                         1. Dye-N-Seal.
                               a. Color: Custom Color as selected by Architect.

           5.    Cleaning Solution: Proprietary, mild, highly concentrated liquid concrete cleaner and
                 conditioner containing wetting and emulsifying agents; biodegradable, environmentally
                 safe and certified High Traction by National Floor Safety Institute Concrete (NFSI).

                 a.     Acceptable Manufacturers:

                         1. L & M Construction Chemicals, Inc.
                         2. L. M. Scofield Company.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        FABRICATING REINFORCEMENT

      A.   Fabricate steel reinforcement according to CRSI's "Manual of Standard Practice."



CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                                  0812/033000 - 9
3.2        CONCRETE MIXING

      A.   Ready-Mixed Concrete: Measure, batch, mix, and deliver concrete according to ASTM C 94
           and ASTM C1116, and furnish batch ticket information.

      B.   Project-Site Mixing: Not permitted

      C.   If requested by the Architect or Engineer, provide batch ticket for each batch discharged and
           used in the Work, indicating Project identification name and number, date, mix type, mix time,
           quantity, and amount of water added. Record approximate location of final deposit in structure.


3.3        FORMWORK

      A.   Design, erect, shore, brace, and maintain formwork, according to ACI 301, to support vertical,
           lateral, static, and dynamic loads, and construction loads that might be applied, until structure
           can support such loads.

      B.   Construct formwork so concrete members and structures are of size, shape, alignment,
           elevation, and position indicated, within tolerance limits of ACI 117.

      C.   Limit concrete surface irregularities, designated by ACI 347R as abrupt or gradual, as follows:

           1.    Class A, 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) for smooth-formed finished surfaces.
           2.    Class B, 1/4 inch (6 mm) for rough-formed finished surfaces.

      D.   Construct forms tight enough to prevent loss of concrete mortar.

      E.   Fabricate forms for easy removal without hammering or prying against concrete surfaces.
           Provide crush or wrecking plates where stripping may damage cast concrete surfaces. Provide
           top forms for inclined surfaces steeper than 1.5 horizontal to 1 vertical.

           1.    Install keyways, reglets, recesses, and the like, for easy removal.
           2.    Do not use rust-stained steel form-facing material.

      F.   Set edge forms, bulkheads, and intermediate screed strips for slabs to achieve required
           elevations and slopes in finished concrete surfaces. Provide and secure units to support screed
           strips; use strike-off templates or compacting-type screeds.

      G.   Provide temporary openings for cleanouts and inspection ports where interior area of formwork
           is inaccessible. Close openings with panels tightly fitted to forms and securely braced to
           prevent loss of concrete mortar. Locate temporary openings in forms at inconspicuous
           locations.

      H.   Chamfer exterior corners and edges of permanently exposed concrete.

      I.   Form openings, chases, offsets, sinkages, keyways, reglets, blocking, screeds, and bulkheads
           required in the Work. Determine sizes and locations from trades providing such items.

      J.   Clean forms and adjacent surfaces to receive concrete. Remove chips, wood, sawdust, dirt, and
           other debris just before placing concrete.



CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                                  0812/033000 - 10
      K.   Retighten forms and bracing before placing concrete, as required, to prevent mortar leaks and
           maintain proper alignment.

      L.   Coat contact surfaces of forms with form-release agent, according to manufacturer's written
           instructions, before placing reinforcement.


3.4        EMBEDDED ITEMS

      A.   Place and secure anchorage devices and other embedded items required for adjoining work that
           is attached to or supported by cast-in-place concrete. Use setting drawings, templates,
           diagrams, instructions, and directions furnished with items to be embedded.

           1.    Install anchor rods, accurately located, to elevations required and complying with
                 tolerances in Section 7.5 of AISC's "Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and
                 Bridges."
           2.    Install reglets to receive waterproofing and to receive through-wall flashings in outer face
                 of concrete frame at exterior walls, where flashing is shown at lintels, shelf angles, and
                 other conditions.


3.5        REMOVING AND REUSING FORMS

      A.   General: Formwork for sides of beams, walls, columns, and similar parts of the Work that does
           not support weight of concrete may be removed after cumulatively curing at not less than 50
           deg F (10 deg C) for 24 hours after placing concrete, if concrete is hard enough to not be
           damaged by form-removal operations and curing and protection operations are maintained.

           1.    Leave formwork for slabs, and other structural elements that supports weight of concrete
                 in place until concrete has achieved at least 70 percent of its 28-day design compressive
                 strength.
           2.    Remove forms only if shores have been arranged to permit removal of forms without
                 loosening or disturbing shores.

      B.   Clean and repair surfaces of forms to be reused in the Work. Split, frayed, delaminated, or
           otherwise damaged form-facing material will not be acceptable for exposed surfaces. Apply
           new form-release agent.

      C.   When forms are reused, clean surfaces, remove fins and laitance, and tighten to close joints.
           Align and secure joints to avoid offsets. Do not use patched forms for exposed concrete
           surfaces unless approved by Architect.


3.6        VAPOR RETARDERS

      A.   Plastic Vapor Retarders: Place vapor retarders under all slab-on-grade concrete. Place, protect,
           and repair vapor retarders according to ASTM E 1643 and manufacturer's written instructions.

           1.    Lap joints 6 inches (150 mm) and seal with manufacturer's recommended tape.




CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                                   0812/033000 - 11
3.7        STEEL REINFORCEMENT

      A.   General: Comply with CRSI's "Manual of Standard Practice" for placing reinforcement.

           1.    Do not cut or puncture vapor retarder. Repair damage and reseal vapor retarder before
                 placing concrete.

      B.   Clean reinforcement of loose rust and mill scale, earth, ice, and other foreign materials that
           would reduce bond to concrete.

      C.   Accurately position, support, and secure reinforcement against displacement. Locate and
           support reinforcement with bar supports to maintain minimum concrete cover. Do not tack
           weld crossing reinforcing bars.

      D.   Set wire ties with ends directed into concrete, not toward exposed concrete surfaces.

      E.   Install welded wire reinforcement in longest practicable lengths on bar supports spaced to
           minimize sagging. Lap edges and ends of adjoining sheets at least one mesh spacing. Offset
           laps of adjoining sheet widths to prevent continuous laps in either direction. Lace overlaps with
           wire.


3.8        JOINTS

      A.   General: Construct joints true to line with faces perpendicular to surface plane of concrete.

      B.   Construction Joints: Install so strength and appearance of concrete are not impaired, at
           locations indicated or as approved by Architect.

           1.    Place joints perpendicular to main reinforcement. Continue reinforcement across
                 construction joints, unless otherwise indicated. Do not continue reinforcement through
                 sides of strip placements of floors and slabs.
           2.    Form keyed joints as indicated. Embed keys at least 1-1/2 inches (38 mm) into concrete.

      C.   Contraction Joints in Slabs-on-Grade: Form weakened-plane contraction joints, sectioning
           concrete into areas as indicated. Construct contraction joints for a depth equal to at least one-
           fourth of concrete thickness as follows:


           1.    Sawed Joints: Form contraction joints with power saws equipped with shatterproof
                 abrasive or diamond-rimmed blades. Cut 1/8-inch- (3.2-mm-) wide joints into concrete
                 when cutting action will not tear, abrade, or otherwise damage surface and before
                 concrete develops random contraction cracks.

      D.   Isolation Joints in Slabs-on-Grade: After removing formwork, install joint-filler strips at slab
           junctions with vertical surfaces, such as column pedestals, foundation walls, grade beams, and
           other locations, as indicated.

           1.    Extend joint-filler strips full width and depth of joint, terminating flush with finished
                 concrete surface, unless otherwise indicated.




CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                                   0812/033000 - 12
           2.    Terminate full-width joint-filler strips not less than 1/2 inch (13 mm) or more than 1 inch
                 (25 mm) below finished concrete surface where joint sealants, specified in Division 07
                 Section "Joint Sealants," are indicated.
           3.    Install joint-filler strips in lengths as long as practicable. Where more than one length is
                 required, lace or clip sections together.

      E.   Construction Joints in Concrete Topping Slabs on Precast Corefloor: Location of joints are to
           be proposed by the Contractor and the location(s) must comply with appropriate details.
           Construct joints in accordance with details.

      F.   Contraction Joints in Concrete Topping Slabs on Precast Corefloor: Form weakened-plane
           contraction joints, sectioning concrete into areas as indicated. Construct contraction joints for a
           depth equal to at least one-fourth of concrete thickness as follows:


           1.    Sawed Joints: Form contraction joints with power saws equipped with shatterproof
                 abrasive or diamond-rimmed blades. Cut 1/8-inch- (3.2-mm-) wide joints into concrete
                 when cutting action will not tear, abrade, or otherwise damage surface and before
                 concrete develops random contraction cracks.

      G.   Doweled Joints: Install dowel bars and support assemblies at joints where indicated. Lubricate
           or asphalt coat one-half of dowel length to prevent concrete bonding to one side of joint.


3.9        CONCRETE PLACEMENT

      A.   Before placing concrete, verify that installation of formwork, reinforcement, and embedded
           items is complete and that required inspections have been performed.

      B.   Do not add water to concrete during delivery, at Project site, or during placement unless
           approved by Architect.

      C.   Deposit concrete continuously in one layer or in horizontal layers of such thickness that no new
           concrete will be placed on concrete that has hardened enough to cause seams or planes of
           weakness. If a section cannot be placed continuously, provide construction joints as indicated.
           Deposit concrete to avoid segregation.

           1.    Deposit concrete in horizontal layers of depth to not exceed formwork design pressures
                 and in a manner to avoid inclined construction joints.
           2.    Consolidate placed concrete with mechanical vibrating equipment according to ACI 301.
           3.    Do not use vibrators to transport concrete inside forms. Insert and withdraw vibrators
                 vertically at uniformly spaced locations to rapidly penetrate placed layer and at least 6
                 inches (150 mm) into preceding layer. Do not insert vibrators into lower layers of
                 concrete that have begun to lose plasticity. At each insertion, limit duration of vibration
                 to time necessary to consolidate concrete and complete embedment of reinforcement and
                 other embedded items without causing mixture constituents to segregate.

      D.   Deposit and consolidate concrete for floors and slabs in a continuous operation, within limits of
           construction joints, until placement of a panel or section is complete.




CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                                    0812/033000 - 13
       1.    Consolidate concrete during placement operations so concrete is thoroughly worked
             around reinforcement and other embedded items and into corners.
       2.    Maintain reinforcement in position on chairs during concrete placement.
       3.    Screed slab surfaces with a straightedge and strike off to correct elevations.
       4.    Begin initial floating using bull floats or darbies to form a uniform and open-textured
             surface plane, before excess bleedwater appears on the surface. Do not further disturb
             slab surfaces before starting finishing operations.

  E.   Cold-Weather Placement: Comply with ACI 306.1 and as follows. Protect concrete work from
       physical damage or reduced strength that could be caused by frost, freezing actions, or low
       temperatures.

       1.    When average high and low temperature is expected to fall below 40 deg F (4.4 deg C)
             for three successive days, maintain delivered concrete mixture temperature within the
             temperature range required by ACI 301.
       2.    Do not use frozen materials or materials containing ice or snow. Do not place concrete
             on frozen subgrade or on subgrade containing frozen materials.
       3.    Do not use calcium chloride, salt, or other materials containing antifreeze agents or
             chemical accelerators unless otherwise specified and approved in mixture designs.

  F.   Hot-Weather Placement: Comply with ACI 301 and as follows:

       1.    Maintain concrete temperature below 90 deg F (32 deg C) at time of placement. Chilled
             mixing water or chopped ice may be used to control temperature, provided water
             equivalent of ice is calculated to total amount of mixing water. Using liquid nitrogen to
             cool concrete is Contractor's option.
       2.    Fog-spray forms, steel reinforcement, and subgrade just before placing concrete. Keep
             subgrade uniformly moist without standing water, soft spots, or dry areas.


3.10   FINISHING FORMED SURFACES

  A.   Rough-Formed Finish: As-cast concrete texture imparted by form-facing material with tie holes
       and defective areas repaired and patched. Remove fins and other projections exceeding ACI
       347R limits for class of surface specified.

  B.   Smooth-Formed Finish: As-cast concrete texture imparted by form-facing material, arranged in
       an orderly and symmetrical manner with a minimum of seams. Repair and patch tie holes and
       defective areas. Remove fins and other projections exceeding 1/8 inch (3mm) in height.

       1.    Apply to concrete surfaces exposed to public view or to be covered with a coating or to
             be covering material applied directly to concrete, such as waterproofing, damp proofing,
             veneer plaster, or painting.


3.11   FINISHING FLOORS AND SLABS

  A.   General: Comply with ACI 302.1R recommendations for screeding, restraightening, and
       finishing operations for concrete surfaces. Do not wet concrete surfaces.




CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                            0812/033000 - 14
  B.   Float Finish: Consolidate surface with power-driven floats or by hand floating if area is small
       or inaccessible to power driven floats. Restraighten, cut down high spots, and fill low spots.
       Repeat float passes and restraightening until surface is left with a uniform, smooth, granular
       texture.

       1.    Apply float finish to surfaces indicated to receive trowel finish and to be covered with
             fluid-applied or sheet waterproofing, or sand-bed terrazzo.

  C.   Trowel Finish: After applying float finish, apply first troweling and consolidate concrete by
       hand or power-driven trowel. Continue troweling passes and restraighten until surface is free of
       trowel marks and uniform in texture and appearance. Grind smooth any surface defects that
       would telegraph through applied coatings or floor coverings.

       1.    Apply a trowel finish to surfaces indicated exposed to view or to be covered with resilient
             flooring, carpet, ceramic or quarry tile set over a cleavage membrane, paint, or another
             thin-film-finish coating system.
       2.    Finish surfaces to the following tolerances, according to ASTM E 1155, for a randomly
             trafficked floor surface:
             a.     Specified overall values of flatness, F(F) 35; and of levelness, F(L) 25; with
                    minimum local values of flatness, F(F) 24; and of levelness, F(L) 17; for slabs-on-
                    grade.

  D.   Trowel and Fine-Broom Finish: Apply a first trowel finish to surfaces where ceramic or quarry
       tile is to be installed by either thickset or thin-set method. While concrete is still plastic,
       slightly scarify surface with a fine broom.

       1.    Comply with flatness and levelness tolerances for trowel finished floor surfaces.

  E.   Broom Finish: Apply a broom finish to exterior concrete platforms, steps, and ramps, and
       elsewhere as indicated.

       1.    Immediately after float finishing, slightly roughen trafficked surface by brooming with
             fiber-bristle broom perpendicular to main traffic route. Coordinate required final finish
             with Architect before application.

  D.   Floor Surface Polishing and Treatment:

       1.    Provide polished concrete floor treatment in entirety of slab indicated by drawings.
             Provide consistent finish in all contiguous areas.

       2.    Apply floor finish prior to installation of fixtures and accessories.

       3.    Diamond polish concrete floor surfaces with power disc machine recommended by floor
             finish manufacturer. Sequence with coarse to fine grit using dry method.
            a.   Comply with manufacturer’s recommended polishing grits for each sequence to
                 achieve desired finish level. Level of sheen shall match that of approved mock-up.
            b.   Expose aggregate in concrete surface only as determined by approved mock-up.

       4.    Dyed and Polished Concrete;




CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                               0812/033000 - 15
             a.     Locate demarcation line between dyed surfaces and other finishes.
             b.     Polish concrete to final finish level.
             c.     Apply diluted dyes to polished concrete surface.
             d.     Allow dye to dry.
             e.     Remove residue with dry buffer; reapply as necessary for desired result.

       5.    Apply Hardener and Densifier as Follows:

             a.     First coat at 250 ft2/gal (6.25 m2/L).
             b.     Second coat at 350 ft2/gal (8.75 m2/L).
             c.     Follow manufacturer’s recommendations for drying time between successive
                    coats.

       6.    Remove defects and re-polish defective areas.

       7.    Finish edges of floor finish adjoining other materials in a clean and sharp manner.


3.12   MISCELLANEOUS CONCRETE ITEMS

  A.   Filling In: Fill in holes and openings left in concrete structures, unless otherwise indicated,
       after work of other trades is in place. Mix, place, and cure concrete, as specified, to blend with
       in-place construction. Provide other miscellaneous concrete filling indicated or required to
       complete the Work.

  B.   Equipment Bases and Foundations: Provide machine and equipment bases and foundations as
       shown on Drawings. Set anchor bolts for machines and equipment at correct elevations,
       complying with diagrams or templates from manufacturer furnishing machines and equipment.\

  C.   Steel Pan Stairs: Provide concrete fill for steel pan stair treads, landings, and associated items.
       Cast-in inserts and accessories as shown on Drawings. Screed, tamp, and trowel-finish concrete
       surfaces.


3.13   CONCRETE PROTECTING AND CURING

  A.   General: Protect freshly placed concrete from premature drying and excessive cold or hot
       temperatures. Comply with ACI 306.1 for cold-weather protection and ACI 301 for hot-
       weather protection during curing.

  B.   Evaporation Retarder: Apply evaporation retarder to unformed concrete surfaces if hot, dry, or
       windy conditions cause moisture loss approaching 0.2 lb/sq. ft. x h (1 kg/sq. m x h) before and
       during finishing operations. Apply according to manufacturer's written instructions after
       placing, screeding, and bull floating or darbying concrete, but before float finishing.

  C.   Formed Surfaces: Cure formed concrete surfaces, including supported slabs, and other similar
       surfaces. If forms remain during curing period, moist cure after loosening forms. If removing
       forms before end of curing period, continue curing for the remainder of the curing period.

  D.   Unformed Surfaces: Begin curing immediately after finishing concrete. Cure unformed
       surfaces, including floors and slabs, concrete floor toppings, and other surfaces.



CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                                0812/033000 - 16
  E.   Cure concrete according to ACI 308.1, by one or a combination of the following methods:

       1.    Moisture Curing: Keep surfaces continuously moist for not less than seven days with the
             following materials:

             a.     Water.
             b.     Continuous water-fog spray.
             c.     Absorptive cover, water saturated, and kept continuously wet. Cover concrete
                    surfaces and edges with 12-inch (300-mm) lap over adjacent absorptive covers.

       2.    Moisture-Retaining-Cover Curing: Cover concrete surfaces with moisture-retaining
             cover for curing concrete, placed in widest practicable width, with sides and ends lapped
             at least 12 inches (300 mm), and sealed by waterproof tape or adhesive. Cure for not less
             than seven days. Immediately repair any holes or tears during curing period using cover
             material and waterproof tape.

       3.    Curing Compound: Apply uniformly in continuous operation by power spray or roller
             according to manufacturer's written instructions. Recoat areas subjected to heavy rainfall
             within three hours after initial application. Maintain continuity of coating and repair
             damage during curing period.


3.14   JOINT FILLING

  A.   Prepare, clean, and install joint filler according to manufacturer's written instructions.

       1.    Defer joint filling until concrete has aged at least one month. Do not fill joints until
             construction traffic has permanently ceased.

  B.   Remove dirt, debris, saw cuttings, curing compounds, and sealers from joints; leave contact
       faces of joint clean and dry.

  C.   Install semi-rigid joint filler full depth in saw-cut joints and at least 2 inches (50 mm) deep in
       formed joints. Overfill joint and trim joint filler flush with top of joint after hardening.


3.15   CONCRETE SURFACE REPAIRS

  A.   Defective Concrete: Repair and patch defective areas when approved by Architect. Remove
       and replace concrete that cannot be repaired and patched to Architect's approval.

  B.   Patching Mortar: Mix dry-pack patching mortar, consisting of one part portland cement to two
       and one-half parts fine aggregate passing a No. 16 (1.18-mm) sieve, using only enough water
       for handling and placing.

  C.   Repairing Formed Surfaces: Surface defects include color and texture irregularities, cracks,
       spalls, air bubbles, honeycombs, rock pockets, fins and other projections on the surface, and
       stains and other discolorations that cannot be removed by cleaning.

       1.    Immediately after form removal, cut out honeycombs, rock pockets, and voids more than
             1/2 inch (13 mm) in any dimension in solid concrete, but not less than 1 inch (25 mm) in
             depth. Make edges of cuts perpendicular to concrete surface. Clean, dampen with water,


CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                                  0812/033000 - 17
             and brush-coat holes and voids with bonding agent. Fill and compact with patching
             mortar before bonding agent has dried. Fill form-tie voids with patching mortar or cone
             plugs secured in place with bonding agent.
       2.    Repair defects on surfaces exposed to view by blending white portland cement and
             standard portland cement so that, when dry, patching mortar will match surrounding
             color. Patch a test area at inconspicuous locations to verify mixture and color match
             before proceeding with patching. Compact mortar in place and strike off slightly higher
             than surrounding surface.
       3.    Repair defects on concealed formed surfaces that affect concrete's durability and
             structural performance as determined by Architect.

  D.   Repairing Unformed Surfaces: Test unformed surfaces, such as floors and slabs, for finish and
       verify surface tolerances specified for each surface. Correct low and high areas. Test surfaces
       sloped to drain for trueness of slope and smoothness; use a sloped template.

       1.    Repair finished surfaces containing defects. Surface defects include spalls, popouts,
             honeycombs, rock pockets, crazing and cracks in excess of 0.01 inch (0.25 mm) wide or
             that penetrate to reinforcement or completely through unreinforced sections regardless of
             width, and other objectionable conditions.
       2.    After concrete has cured at least 14 days, correct high areas by grinding.
       3.    Correct localized low areas during or immediately after completing surface finishing
             operations by cutting out low areas and replacing with patching mortar. Finish repaired
             areas to blend into adjacent concrete.
       4.    Correct other low areas scheduled to receive floor coverings with a repair underlayment.
             Prepare, mix, and apply repair underlayment and primer according to manufacturer's
             written instructions to produce a smooth, uniform, plane, and level surface. Feather
             edges to match adjacent floor elevations.
       5.    Repair defective areas, except random cracks and single holes 1 inch (25 mm) or less in
             diameter, by cutting out and replacing with fresh concrete. Remove defective areas with
             clean, square cuts and expose steel reinforcement with at least a 3/4-inch (19-mm)
             clearance all around. Dampen concrete surfaces in contact with patching concrete and
             apply bonding agent. Mix patching concrete of same materials and mixture as original
             concrete except without coarse aggregate. Place, compact, and finish to blend with
             adjacent finished concrete. Cure in same manner as adjacent concrete.
       6.    Repair random cracks and single holes 1 inch (25 mm) or less in diameter with patching
             mortar. Groove top of cracks and cut out holes to sound concrete and clean off dust, dirt,
             and loose particles. Dampen cleaned concrete surfaces and apply bonding agent. Place
             patching mortar before bonding agent has dried. Compact patching mortar and finish to
             match adjacent concrete. Keep patched area continuously moist for at least 72 hours.

  E.   Perform structural repairs of concrete, subject to Architect's approval, using epoxy adhesive and
       patching mortar.

  F.   Repair materials and installation not specified above may be used, subject to Architect's
       approval.


3.16   FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

  A.   Testing and Inspecting: The Owner will engage a qualified testing and inspecting agency to
       perform field tests and inspections (including Special Inspections as described in IBC chapter


CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                              0812/033000 - 18
       17) and prepare test reports. Contractor shall coordinate with the Owners Testing Agency for all
       testing and inspections as required.

  B.   Inspections:

       1.    Steel reinforcement placement.
       2.    Verification of use of required design mixture.
       3.    Concrete placement, including conveying and depositing.
       4.    Curing procedures and maintenance of curing temperature.

  C.   Concrete Tests: Testing of composite samples of fresh concrete obtained according to
       ASTM C 172 shall be performed according to the following requirements:

       1.    Testing Frequency: Obtain at least one composite sample for each day's pour exceeding
             5 cu. yds., plus additional sets for each additional 50 cu. yds. over and above the first 25
             cubic yards of each concrete class placed in any one day; one specimen tested at 7 days,
             two specimens tested at 28 days.

             a.       When frequency of testing will provide fewer than five compressive-strength tests
                      for each concrete mixture, testing shall be conducted from at least five randomly
                      selected batches or from each batch if fewer than five are used.

       2.    Slump: ASTM C 143; one test at point of placement for each composite sample, but not
             less than one test for each day's pour of each concrete mixture. Perform additional tests
             when concrete consistency appears to change.
       3.    Air Content: ASTM C 231, pressure method, for normal-weight concrete; one test for
             each composite sample, but not less than one test for each day's pour of each concrete
             mixture.
       4.    Concrete Temperature: ASTM C 1064/C 1064M; one test hourly when air temperature is
             40 deg F and below and when 80 deg F and above, and one test for each composite
             sample.
       5.    Compression Test Specimens: ASTM C 31/C 31M.

             a.       Cast and laboratory cure one set of four standard cylinder specimens for each
                      composite sample.

       6.    Compressive-Strength Tests: ASTM C 39/C 39M; test one laboratory-cured specimen at
             7 days and one set of two specimens at 28 days. Retain the fourth specimen for additional
             testing as required.


             a.    A compressive-strength test shall be the average compressive strength from a set of
                   two specimens obtained from same composite sample and tested at age indicated.
       7.    Strength of each concrete mixture will be satisfactory if every average of any three
             consecutive compressive-strength tests equals or exceeds specified compressive strength
             and no compressive-strength test value falls below specified compressive strength by
             more than 500 psi.
       8.    Test results shall be reported in writing to Owner, Architect, Structural Engineer,
             concrete manufacturer, and Contractor within 48 hours of testing. Reports of
             compressive-strength tests shall contain Project identification name and number, date of
             concrete placement, name of concrete testing and inspecting agency, location of concrete



CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                               0812/033000 - 19
             batch in Work, design compressive strength at 28 days, concrete mixture proportions and
             materials, compressive breaking strength, and type of break for both 7- and 28-day tests.
       9.    Nondestructive Testing: Impact hammer, sonoscope, or other nondestructive device may
             be permitted by Architect but will not be used as sole basis for approval or rejection of
             concrete.
       10.   Additional Tests: Testing and inspecting agency shall make additional tests of concrete
             when test results indicate that slump, air entrainment, compressive strengths, or other
             requirements have not been met, as directed by Architect. Testing and inspecting agency
             may conduct tests to determine adequacy of concrete by cored cylinders complying with
             ASTM C 42/C 42M or by other methods as directed by Architect.
       11.   Additional testing and inspecting, at Contractor's expense, will be performed to determine
             compliance of replaced or additional work with specified requirements.
       12.   Correct deficiencies in the Work that test reports and inspections indicate dos not comply
             with the Contract Documents.

  D.   Measure floor and slab flatness and levelness according to ASTM E 1155 (ASTM E 1155M)
       within 48 hours of finishing.


END OF SECTION 033000




CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE                                                             0812/033000 - 20
SECTION 034100 -PLANT- PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General Conditions and Division 01
           Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   Section Includes:

           1.    Precast structural concrete (cored slab floor units – “corefloor”).

      B.   Related Sections:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 03 Section "Cast-in-Place Concrete" for concrete topping and placing
                 connection anchors in concrete.
           3.    Division 05 Section "Structural Steel Framing" for furnishing and installing connections
                 attached to structural-steel framing.
           4.    Division 7 Section "Joint Sealants" for elastomeric joint sealants and sealant backings.


1.3        PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

      A.   Delegated Design: Design precast structural concrete, including comprehensive engineering
           analysis by a qualified professional engineer, using performance requirements and design
           criteria indicated.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of product indicated.

      B.   LEED Submittals:

           1.    Product Data for Credit MR 4.1 and Credit MR 4.2: For products having recycled
                 content, documentation indicating percentages by weight of postconsumer and
                 preconsumer recycled content.

                 a.    Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.

           2.    Design Mixtures for Credit ID 1.1: For each concrete mixture containing fly ash as a
                 replacement for portland cement or other portland cement replacements and for
                 equivalent concrete mixtures that do not contain portland cement replacements.


PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE                                                             0812/034100 - 1
       3.    Credit MR 5.1 and 5.2: Product Data and Credit Report form indicating location of
             material manufacturer for regionally manufactured materials.

             a.     Include statement indicating material cost and distance from manufacturer to
                    Project for each regionally manufactured material.
             b.     Include statement indicating material cost and distance from point of extraction,
                    harvest, or recovery to Project for each raw material used in regionally
                    manufactured materials.

  C.   Design Mixtures: For each precast concrete and concrete grout mixture. Include compressive
       strength and water-absorption tests.

  D.   Shop Drawings: Include member locations, plans, elevations, dimensions, shapes and sections,
       openings, support conditions, and types of reinforcement, including special reinforcement.
       Detail fabrication and installation of precast structural concrete units.


       1.    Indicate welded connections by AWS standard symbols. Show size, length, and type of
             each weld.
       2.    Detail loose and cast-in hardware, lifting and erection inserts, connections, and joints.
       3.    Indicate locations, tolerances, and details of anchorage devices to be embedded in or
             attached to structure or other construction.
       4.    Include and locate openings larger than 10 inches.
       5.    Indicate location of each precast structural concrete unit by same identification mark
             placed on panel.
       6.    Indicate relationship of precast structural concrete units to adjacent materials.
       7.    Indicate estimated camber for precast floor slabs with concrete toppings.
       8.    Indicate shim sizes and grouting sequence.
       9.    Comprehensive engineering analysis signed and sealed by the qualified professional
             engineer Licensed in South Dakota responsible for its preparation.

             a.     Design Modifications: If design modifications are proposed to meet performance
                    requirements and field conditions, submit design calculations and Shop Drawings.
                    Do not adversely affect the appearance, durability, or strength of units when
                    modifying details or materials and maintain the general design concept.

  E.   Samples of bearing pads.

  F.   Qualification Data: For Installer and fabricator.

  G.   Welding certificates.

  H.   Material Certificates: For the following, from manufacturer:

       1.    Cementitious materials.
       2.    Reinforcing materials and prestressing tendons.
       3.    Admixtures.
       4.    Bearing Pads.




PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE                                                         0812/034100 - 2
1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Fabricator Qualifications: A firm that assumes responsibility for engineering precast structural
           concrete units to comply with performance requirements. Responsibility includes preparation
           of Shop Drawings and comprehensive engineering analysis by a qualified professional engineer.


           1.    Has sufficient production capacity to produce required units without delaying the Work.

           2.    Participates in PCI's Plant Certification program at time of bidding and is designated a
                 PCI-certified plant as follows:

                 a.     Group C, Category C2 – Pre-stressed Hollow core and Repetitively Produced
                        Products.

      B.   Installer Qualifications: An experienced precast concrete erector who, before erection of
           precast concrete, has retained a "PCI-Certified Field Auditor" to conduct a field audit of a
           project installed by erector in Category S1 - Simple Structural Systems and who produces an
           Erectors' Post Audit Declaration, according to PCI MNL 127, "PCI Erector's Manual -
           Standards and Guidelines for the Erection of Precast Concrete Products.

      C.   Design Standards: Comply with ACI 318 (ACI 318M) and design recommendations in
           PCI MNL 120, "PCI Design Handbook - Precast and Prestressed Concrete," applicable to types
           of precast structural concrete units indicated.

      D.   Quality-Control Standard: For manufacturing procedures and testing requirements, quality-
           control recommendations, and dimensional tolerances for types of units required, comply with
           PCI MNL 116, "Manual for Quality Control for Plants and Production of Structural Precast
           Concrete Products."

      E.   Calculated Fire Resistance: Where indicated, provide precast structural concrete units whose
           fire resistance has been calculated according to PCI MNL 124, "Design for Fire Resistance of
           Precast Prestressed Concrete," and is acceptable to authorities having jurisdiction.

      F.   Products are identified with appropriate markings of applicable testing and inspecting agency.

      G.   Welding Qualifications: Qualify procedures and personnel according to the following:

           1.    AWS D1.1/D.1.1M, "Structural Welding Code - Steel."
           2.    AWS D1.4, "Structural Welding Code - Reinforcing Steel."


1.6        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Support units during shipment on nonstaining shock-absorbing material in same position as
           during storage.

      B.   Store units with adequate bracing and protect units to prevent contact with soil, to prevent
           staining, and to prevent cracking, distortion, warping or other physical damage.

           1.    Store units with dunnage across full width of each bearing point unless otherwise
                 indicated.


PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE                                                              0812/034100 - 3
           2.    Place stored units so identification marks are clearly visible, and units can be inspected.

      C.   Handle and transport units in a position consistent with their shape and design in order to avoid
           excessive stresses that would cause cracking or damage.

      D.   Lift and support units only at designated points shown on Shop Drawings.


1.7        COORDINATION

      A.   Furnish loose connection hardware and anchorage items to be embedded in or attached to other
           construction before starting that Work. Provide locations, setting diagrams, templates,
           instructions, and directions, as required, for installation.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   Fabricators: Subject to compliance with requirements, available fabricators offering products
           that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to, the following:


           1.    Concrete, Inc.
           2.    Gage Brothers Concrete Products, Inc.
           3.    Hansen Precast.
           4.    Molin Concrete Products.


2.2        MOLD MATERIALS

      A.   Molds: Rigid, dimensionally stable, non-absorptive material, warp and buckle free, that will
           provide continuous and true precast concrete surfaces within fabrication tolerances indicated;
           nonreactive with concrete and suitable for producing required finishes.

           1.    Mold-Release Agent: Commercially produced liquid-release agent that will not bond
                 with, stain or adversely affect precast concrete surfaces and will not impair subsequent
                 surface or joint treatments of precast concrete.


2.3        REINFORCING MATERIALS

      A.   Reinforcing Bars: ASTM A 615/A 615M, Grade 60 (Grade 420), deformed.


2.4        PRESTRESSING TENDONS

      A.   Pretensioning Strand:       ASTM A 416/A 416M, Grade 250 (Grade 1720) or Grade 270
           (Grade 1860), uncoated, 7-wire or ASTM A 886/A 886M, Grade 270 (Grade 1860), indented,
           7-wire, low-relaxation strand.



PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE                                                                0812/034100 - 4
2.5        CONCRETE MATERIALS

      A.   Portland Cement: ASTM C 150, Type I or Type III, gray, unless otherwise indicated.

      B.   Supplementary Cementitious Materials:

           1.    Fly Ash: ASTM C 618, Class C or F, with maximum loss on ignition of 3 percent.
           2.    Metakaolin Admixture: ASTM C 618, Class N.
           3.    Silica Fume Admixture:      ASTM C 1240, with optional chemical and physical
                 requirement.
           4.    Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag: ASTM C 989, Grade 100 or 120.

      C.   Normal-Weight Aggregates: Except as modified by PCI MNL 116, ASTM C 33, with coarse
           aggregates complying with Class 4M. Stockpile fine and coarse aggregates for each type of
           exposed finish from a single source (pit or quarry) for Project.

      D.   Water: Potable; free from deleterious material that may affect color stability, setting, or
           strength of concrete and complying with chemical limits of PCI MNL 116.

      E.   Corrosion-Inhibiting Admixture: Commercially formulated, anodic inhibitor or mixed cathodic
           and anodic inhibitor; capable of forming a protective barrier and minimizing chloride reactions
           with steel reinforcement in concrete.


2.6        STEEL CONNECTION MATERIALS

      A.   Carbon-Steel Shapes and Plates: ASTM A 36/A 36M.

      B.   Carbon-Steel-Headed Studs: ASTM A 108, AISI 1018 through AISI 1020, cold finished,
           AWS D1.1/D1.1M, Type A or B, with arc shields and with minimum mechanical properties of
           PCI MNL 116.

      C.   Carbon-Steel Plate: ASTM A 283/A 283M.

      D.   Carbon-Steel Castings: ASTM A 27/A 27M, Grade 60-30 (Grade 415-205).

      E.   Carbon-Steel Bolts and Studs: ASTM A 307, Grade A (ASTM F 568M, Property Class 4.6);
           carbon-steel, hex-head bolts and studs; carbon-steel nuts, ASTM A 563 (ASTM A 563M); and
           flat, unhardened steel washers, ASTM F 844.

      F.   High-Strength Bolts and Nuts: ASTM A 325 (ASTM A 325M), Type 1, heavy hex steel
           structural bolts, heavy hex carbon-steel nuts, and hardened carbon-steel washers.

      G.   Finish: For exterior steel items, steel in exterior walls, and items indicated for galvanizing,
           apply zinc coating by hot-dip process according to ASTM A 123/A 123M, after fabrication, and
           ASTM A 153/A 153M, as applicable.

           1.    Galvanizing Repair Paint: High-zinc-dust-content paint with dry film containing not less
                 than 94 percent zinc dust by weight, and complying with DOD-P-21035A or SSPC-
                 Paint 20.

      H.   Welding Electrodes: Comply with AWS standards.


PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE                                                             0812/034100 - 5
      I.   Precast Accessories: Provide clips, hangers, plastic or steel shims, and other accessories
           required to install precast structural concrete units.


2.7        BEARING PADS

      A.   Provide one of the following bearing pads for precast structural concrete units as recommended
           by precast fabricator for application:

           1.    Elastomeric Pads: AASHTO M 251, plain, vulcanized, 100 percent polychloroprene
                 (neoprene) elastomer, molded to size or cut from a molded sheet, 50 to 70 Shore, Type A
                 durometer hardness, ASTM D 2240; minimum tensile strength 2250 psi (15.5 MPa),
                 ASTM D 412.
           2.    Random-Oriented, Fiber-Reinforced Elastomeric Pads: Preformed, randomly oriented
                 synthetic fibers set in elastomer. 70 to 90 Shore, Type A durometer hardness,
                 ASTM D 2240; capable of supporting a compressive stress of 3000 psi (20.7 MPa) with
                 no cracking, splitting, or delaminating in the internal portions of pad. Test 1 specimen
                 for every 200 pads used in Project.
           3.    Cotton-Duck-Fabric-Reinforced Elastomeric Pads: Preformed, horizontally layered
                 cotton-duck fabric bonded to an elastomer; 80 to 100 Shore, Type A durometer hardness,
                 ASTM D 2240; complying with AASHTO's "AASHTO Load and Resistance Factor
                 Design (LRFD) Bridge Specifications," Division II, Section 18.10.2; or with MIL-C-
                 882E.
           4.    Frictionless Pads: Tetrafluoroethylene, glass-fiber reinforced, bonded to stainless- or
                 mild-steel plate, of type required for in-service stress.
           5.    High-Density Plastic: Multimonomer, nonleaching, plastic strip.


2.8        GROUT MATERIALS

      A.   Sand-Cement Grout: Portland cement, ASTM C 150, Type I, and clean, natural sand,
           ASTM C 144 or ASTM C 404. Mix at ratio of 1 part cement to 2-1/2 parts sand, by volume,
           with minimum water required for placement and hydration.

      B.   Nonmetallic, Nonshrink Grout: Premixed, nonmetallic, noncorrosive, nonstaining grout
           containing selected silica sands, portland cement, shrinkage-compensating agents, plasticizing
           and water-reducing agents, complying with ASTM C 1107, Grade A for drypack and Grades B
           and C for flowable grout and of consistency suitable for application within a 30-minute working
           time.


2.9        CONCRETE MIXTURES

      A.   Prepare design mixtures for each type of precast concrete required.

      B.   Design mixtures may be prepared by a qualified independent testing agency or by qualified
           precast plant personnel at precast structural concrete fabricator's option.

      C.   Limit water-soluble chloride ions to maximum percentage by weight of cement permitted by
           ACI 318 (ACI 318M) or PCI MNL 116 when tested according to ASTM C 1218/C 1218M.




PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE                                                             0812/034100 - 6
  D.   Normal-Weight Concrete Mixtures: Proportion face and backup mixtures or full-depth
       mixtures, at fabricator's option by either laboratory trial batch or field test data methods
       according to ACI 211.1, with materials to be used on Project, to provide normal-weight
       concrete with the following properties:

       1.    Compressive Strength (28 Days): 5000 psi
       2.    Maximum Water-Cementitious Materials Ratio: 0.40.
       3.    Add air-entraining admixture at manufacturer's prescribed rate to result in normal-weight
             concrete at point of placement having an air content as follows, with a tolerance of plus
             or minus 1-1/2 percent:

             a.     Air Content: 6 percent for 1-inch- nominal maximum aggregate size.
             b.     Air Content: 6 percent for 3/4-inch- nominal maximum aggregate size.
             c.     Air Content: 7 percent for 1/2-inch- nominal maximum aggregate size.

  E.   Water Absorption:     6 percent by weight or 14 percent by volume, tested according to
       PCI MNL 116.

  F.   Add air-entraining admixture at manufacturer's prescribed rate to result in concrete at point of
       placement having an air content complying with PCI MNL 116.

  G.   When included in design mixtures, add other admixtures to concrete mixtures according to
       manufacturer's written instructions.

  H.   Concrete Mix Adjustments:         Concrete mix design adjustments may be proposed if
       characteristics of materials, Project conditions, weather, test results, or other circumstances
       warrant.


2.10   FABRICATION

  A.   Cast-in Anchors, Inserts, Plates, Angles, and Other Anchorage Hardware: Fabricate anchorage
       hardware with sufficient anchorage and embedment to comply with design requirements.
       Accurately position for attachment of loose hardware, and secure in place during precasting
       operations. Locate anchorage hardware where it does not affect position of main reinforcement
       or concrete placement.

       1.    Weld-headed studs and deformed bar anchors used for anchorage according to
             AWS D1.1/D1.1M and AWS C5.4, "Recommended Practices for Stud Welding."

  B.   Furnish loose hardware items including steel plates, clip angles, seat angles, anchors, dowels,
       cramps, hangers, and other hardware shapes for securing precast structural concrete units to
       supporting and adjacent construction.

  C.   Cast-in reglets, slots, holes, and other accessories in precast structural concrete units as
       indicated on the Contract Drawings.

  D.   Cast-in openings larger than 10 inches (250 mm) in any dimension. Do not drill or cut openings
       or prestressing strand without Architect's approval.




PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE                                                          0812/034100 - 7
  E.   Reinforcement: Comply with recommendations in PCI MNL 116 for fabricating, placing, and
       supporting reinforcement.

       1.    Clean reinforcement of loose rust and mill scale, earth, and other materials that reduce or
             destroy the bond with concrete. When damage to epoxy-coated reinforcement exceeds
             limits specified, repair with patching material compatible with coating material and
             epoxy coat bar ends after cutting.
       2.    Accurately position, support, and secure reinforcement against displacement during
             concrete-placement and consolidation operations. Completely conceal support devices to
             prevent exposure on finished surfaces.
       3.    Place reinforcement to maintain at least 3/4-inch (19-mm) minimum coverage. Increase
             cover requirements according to ACI 318 (ACI 318M) when units are exposed to
             corrosive environment or severe exposure conditions. Arrange, space, and securely tie
             bars and bar supports to hold reinforcement in position while placing concrete. Direct
             wire tie ends away from finished, exposed concrete surfaces.
       4.    Place reinforcing steel and prestressing strand to maintain at least 3/4-inch (19-mm)
             minimum concrete cover. Increase cover requirements for reinforcing steel to 1-1/2
             inches (38 mm) when units are exposed to corrosive environment or severe exposure
             conditions. Arrange, space, and securely tie bars and bar supports to hold reinforcement
             in position while placing concrete. Direct wire tie ends away from finished, exposed
             concrete surfaces.

  F.   Reinforce precast structural concrete units to resist handling, transportation, and erection
       stresses.

  G.   Prestress tendons for precast structural concrete units by either pretensioning or post-tensioning
       methods. Comply with PCI MNL 116.

       1.    Delay detensioning or post-tensioning of precast, prestressed structural concrete units
             until concrete has reached its indicated minimum design release compressive strength as
             established by test cylinders cured under same conditions as concrete.
       2.    Detension pretensioned tendons either by gradually releasing tensioning jacks or by heat
             cutting tendons, using a sequence and pattern to prevent shock or unbalanced loading.
       3.    If concrete has been heat cured, detension while concrete is still warm and moist to avoid
             dimensional changes that may cause cracking or undesirable stresses.
       4.    Protect strand ends and anchorages with bituminous, zinc-rich, or epoxy paint to avoid
             corrosion and possible rust spots.
       5.    Protect strand ends and anchorages with a minimum of 1-inch-thick, nonmetallic,
             nonshrink, grout mortar and sack rub surface. Coat or spray the inside surfaces of pocket
             with bonding agent before installing grout.

  H.   Comply with requirements in PCI MNL 116 and in this Section for measuring, mixing,
       transporting, and placing concrete. After concrete batching, no additional water may be added.

  I.   Place concrete in a continuous operation to prevent seams or planes of weakness from forming
       in precast concrete units.

  J.   Comply with ACI 306.1 procedures for cold-weather concrete placement.

  K.   Comply with PCI MNL 116 procedures for hot-weather concrete placement.




PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE                                                           0812/034100 - 8
  L.   Identify pickup points of precast structural concrete units and orientation in structure with
       permanent markings, complying with markings indicated on Shop Drawings. Imprint or
       permanently mark casting date on each precast structural concrete unit on a surface that will not
       show in finished structure.

  M.   Cure concrete, according to requirements in PCI MNL 116, by moisture retention without heat
       or by accelerated heat curing using low-pressure live steam or radiant heat and moisture. Cure
       units until compressive strength is high enough to ensure that stripping does not have an effect
       on performance or appearance of final product.

  N.   Discard and replace precast structural concrete units that do not comply with requirements,
       including structural, manufacturing tolerance, and appearance, unless repairs meet requirements
       in PCI MNL 116 and meet Architect's approval.


2.11   FABRICATION TOLERANCES

  A.   Fabricate precast structural concrete units straight and true to size and shape with exposed edges
       and corners precise and true so each finished unit complies with PCI MNL 116 product
       dimension tolerances.


2.12   COMMERCIAL FINISHES

  A.   Grade B finish: fill air pockets and holes larger than ¼ inch in diameter with sand-cement paste
       matching color of adjacent surfaces. Fill air holes greater than 1/8 inch in width that occur in
       high concentration (more than one per 2 in^2. Grind smooth form offsets or fins larger than 1/8
       inch. Repair surface blemishes due to holes or dents in forms. Discoloration is permitted at form
       joints.

  B.   Apply roughened surface finish according to ACI 318 (ACI 318M) to precast concrete units that
       will receive concrete topping after installation.


2.13   SOURCE QUALITY CONTROL

  A.   Testing Agency: The Owner may engage a qualified testing agency to evaluate precast
       structural concrete fabricator's quality-control and testing methods.

       1.    Allow testing agency access to material storage areas, concrete production equipment,
             concrete placement, and curing facilities. Cooperate with testing agency and provide
             samples of materials and concrete mixtures as may be requested for additional testing and
             evaluation.

  B.   Testing: Test and inspect precast structural concrete according to PCI MNL 116 requirements.

  C.   Strength of precast structural concrete units will be considered deficient if units fail to comply
       with ACI 318 (ACI 318M) requirements for concrete strength.

  D.   If there is evidence that strength of precast concrete units may be deficient or may not comply
       with ACI 318 (ACI 318M) requirements, employ a qualified testing agency to obtain, prepare,



PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE                                                           0812/034100 - 9
           and test cores drilled from hardened concrete to determine compressive strength according to
           ASTM C 42/C 42M.

           1.    A minimum of three representative cores will be taken from units of suspect strength,
                 from locations directed by Architect.
           2.    Cores will be tested in an air-dry condition or, if units will be wet under service
                 conditions, test cores after immersion in water in a wet condition.
           3.    Strength of concrete for each series of 3 cores will be considered satisfactory if average
                 compressive strength is equal to at least 85 percent of 28-day design compressive
                 strength and no single core is less than 75 percent of 28-day design compressive strength.
           4.    Test results will be made in writing on same day that tests are performed, with copies to
                 the Architect, Structural Engineer, Contractor, and precast concrete fabricator. Test
                 reports will include the following:

                 a.     Project identification name and number.
                 b.     Date when tests were performed.
                 c.     Name of precast concrete fabricator.
                 d.     Name of concrete testing agency.
                 e.     Identification letter, name, and type of precast concrete unit(s) represented by core
                        tests; design compressive strength; type of break; compressive strength at breaks,
                        corrected for length-diameter ratio; and direction of applied load to core in relation
                        to horizontal plane of concrete as placed.

      E.   Patching: If core test results are satisfactory and precast structural concrete units comply with
           requirements, clean and dampen core holes and solidly fill with same precast concrete mixture
           that has no coarse aggregate, and finish to match adjacent precast concrete surfaces.

      F.   Defective Units: Discard and replace precast structural concrete units that do not comply with
           requirements, including strength, manufacturing tolerances, and color and texture range.
           Chipped, spalled, or cracked units may be repaired, subject to Architect's approval. Architect
           reserves the right to reject precast units that do not match approved samples, sample panels, and
           mockups.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine supporting structural frame or foundation and conditions for compliance with
           requirements for installation tolerances, true and level bearing surfaces, and other conditions
           affecting performance of the Work.

      B.   Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.

      C.   Do not install precast concrete units until supporting, cast-in-place, building structural framing
           has attained minimum allowable design compressive strength or until supporting steel or other
           structure is complete.




PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE                                                               0812/034100 - 10
3.2        INSTALLATION

      A.   Install clips, hangers, bearing pads, and other accessories required for connecting precast
           structural concrete units to supporting members and backup materials.

      B.   Erect precast structural concrete level, plumb, and square within specified allowable tolerances.
           Provide temporary structural framing, supports, and bracing as required to maintain position,
           stability, and alignment of units until permanent connection.

           1.    Install temporary steel or plastic spacing shims or bearing pads as precast structural
                 concrete units are being erected. Tack weld steel shims to each other to prevent shims
                 from separating.
           2.    Maintain horizontal and vertical joint alignment and uniform joint width as erection
                 progresses.
           3.    Remove projecting lifting devices and grout fill voids within recessed lifting devices
                 flush with surface of adjacent precast surfaces when recess is exposed.

      C.   Connect precast structural concrete units in position by bolting, welding, grouting, or as
           otherwise indicated on Shop Drawings. Remove temporary shims, wedges, and spacers as soon
           as practical after connecting and grouting are completed.

           1.    Do not permit connections to disrupt continuity of roof flashing.

      D.   Field cutting of precast units is not permitted without approval of the Architect.

      E.   Fasteners: Do not use drilled or powder-actuated fasteners for attaching accessory items to
           precast, prestressed concrete units.

      F.   Welding: Comply with applicable AWS D1.1/D1.1M and AWS D1.4 for welding, welding
           electrodes, appearance, quality of welds, and methods used in correcting welding work.

           1.    Protect precast structural concrete units and bearing pads from damage by field welding
                 or cutting operations, and provide noncombustible shields as required.
           2.    Clean weld-affected steel surfaces with chipping hammer followed by brushing and
                 grinding weld smooth at connections visible to the public in their completed state, and
                 reprime damaged painted surfaces. At galvanized surfaces, grind weld smooth and apply
                 a minimum 0.004 inch thick coat of galvanized repair paint to galvanized surfaces in
                 conformance with ASTM A 780.
           3.    Remove, reweld, or repair incomplete and defective welds.

      G.   At bolted connections, use lock washers, tack welding, or other approved means to prevent
           loosening of nuts after final adjustment.

           1.    Where slotted connections are used, verify bolt position and tightness. For sliding
                 connections, properly secure bolt but allow bolt to move within connection slot. For
                 friction connections, apply specified bolt torque and check 25 percent of bolts at random
                 by calibrated torque wrench.

      H.   Grouting: Grout connections and joints and open spaces at keyways, connections, and joints
           where required or indicated on Shop Drawings. Retain grout in place until hard enough to
           support itself. Pack spaces with stiff grout material, tamping until voids are completely filled.



PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE                                                               0812/034100 - 11
           1.    Place grout to finish smooth, level, and plumb with adjacent concrete surfaces.
           2.    Fill joints completely without seepage to other surfaces.
           3.    Trowel top of grout joints on roofs smooth and uniform. Finish transitions between
                 different surface levels not steeper than 1 to 12.
           4.    Promptly remove grout material from exposed surfaces before it affects finishes or
                 hardens.
           5.    Keep grouted joints damp for not less than 24 hours after initial set.


3.3        ERECTION TOLERANCES

      A.   Erect precast structural concrete units level, plumb, square, true, and in alignment without
           exceeding the noncumulative erection tolerances of PCI MNL 135.

      B.   Minimize variations between adjacent slab members by jacking, loading, or other method
           recommended by fabricator and approved by Architect.


3.4        FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

      A.   Testing and Inspecting: The Owner will engage a qualified testing and inspecting agency to
           perform field tests and inspections and prepare test reports. This work is to conform to the
           requirements specified in IBC 2006 Chapter 17. Contractor shall coordinate with the Owners
           Testing/Inspection Agency for all testing and inspections as required. Testing/Inspection
           Agency shall report test results promptly and in writing to Owner, Construction Manager,
           Architect and Structural Engineer.

      B.   Field welds shall be visually inspected and nondestructive tested according to ASTM E 165 or
           ASTM E 709. High-strength bolted connections will be subject to inspections.

      C.   Repair or remove and replace work where tests and inspections indicate that it does not comply
           with specified requirements.

      D.   Additional testing and inspecting, at Contractor's expense, will be performed to determine
           compliance of replaced or additional work with specified requirements.


3.5        REPAIRS

      A.   Repair precast structural concrete units if permitted by Architect.

           1.    Repairs may be permitted if structural adequacy, serviceability, durability, and
                 appearance of units have not been impaired.

      B.   Mix patching materials and repair units so cured patches blend with color, texture, and
           uniformity of adjacent exposed surfaces and show no apparent line of demarcation between
           original and repaired work, when viewed in typical daylight illumination from a distance of 20
           feet .

      C.   Wire brush, clean, and paint damaged prime-painted components with same type of shop
           primer.



PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE                                                           0812/034100 - 12
      D.   Remove and replace damaged precast structural concrete units that cannot be repaired or when
           repairs do not comply with requirements as determined by Architect.


3.6        CLEANING

      A.   Clean mortar, plaster, fireproofing, weld slag, and other deleterious material from concrete
           surfaces and adjacent materials immediately.

      B.   Clean exposed surfaces of precast concrete units after erection and completion of joint treatment
           to remove weld marks, other markings, dirt, and stains.

           1.    Perform cleaning procedures, if necessary, according to precast concrete fabricator's
                 written recommendations. Clean soiled precast concrete surfaces with detergent and
                 water, using stiff fiber brushes and sponges, and rinse with clean water. Protect other
                 work from staining or damage due to cleaning operations.
           2.    Do not use cleaning materials or processes that could change the appearance of exposed
                 concrete finishes or damage adjacent materials.
           3.    Clean all surfaces to receive paint in a manner that is compatible with the specified paint
                 system.


END OF SECTION 034100




PRECAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE                                                             0812/034100 - 13
SECTION 034500 - PRECAST ARCHITECTURAL CONCRETE


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:

           1.    Architectural precast concrete units.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 4 Section "Unit Masonry" for full-size brick facing, mortar, and anchorages.
           3.    Division 07 Section "Water Repellents" for water-repellent finish treatments.
           4.    Division 7 Section "Sheet Metal Flashing and Trim" for flashing receivers and reglets.
           5.    Division 7 Section "Joint Sealants" for elastomeric joint sealants and sealant backings.


1.3        PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

      A.   Structural Performance: Provide architectural precast concrete units and connections capable of
           withstanding the design loads in accordance with IBC within limits and under conditions
           indicated.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of product indicated.

      B.   LEED Submittal:

           1.    Product Data for Credit MR 4.1 and Credit MR 4.2: For products having recycled
                 content, documentation indicating percentages by weight of postconsumer and
                 preconsumer recycled content.

                 a.     Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.


           2.    Credit MR 5.1 and 5.2: Product Data and Credit Report form indicating location of
                 material manufacturer for regionally manufactured materials.



PRECAST ARCHITECTURAL CONCRETE                                                            0812/034500 - 1
                 a.     Include statement indicating material cost and distance from manufacturer to
                        Project for each regionally manufactured material.
                 b.     Include statement indicating material cost and distance from point of extraction,
                        harvest, or recovery to Project for each raw material used in regionally
                        manufactured materials.

      C.   Design Mixtures: For each precast concrete mixture.

      D.   Shop Drawings: Detail fabrication and installation of architectural precast concrete units.
           Indicate locations, plans, elevations, dimensions, shapes, and cross sections of each unit.
           Indicate joints, reveals, and extent and location of each surface finish. Indicate details at
           building corners.

           1.    Indicate separate face and backup mixture locations and thicknesses.
           2.    Indicate welded connections by AWS standard symbols. Detail loose and cast-in
                 hardware, inserts, connections, and joints, including accessories.
           3.    Indicate locations, tolerances, and details of anchorage devices to be embedded in or
                 attached to structure or other construction.
           4.    Indicate locations and details of joint treatment.
           5.    Comprehensive engineering analysis signed and sealed by the qualified professional
                 engineer responsible for its preparation. Show governing panel types, connections, and
                 types of reinforcement, including special reinforcement. Indicate location, type,
                 magnitude, and direction of loads imposed on the building structural frame from
                 architectural precast concrete.

      E.   Samples: For each type of finish indicated on exposed surfaces of architectural precast concrete
           units, in sets of 3, illustrating full range of finish, color, and texture variations expected;
           approximately 12 by 12 by 2 inches .

      F.   Welding certificates.

      G.   Qualification Data: For Installer and fabricator.

      H.   Material Certificates: For the following items, signed by manufacturers:

           1.    Cementitious materials.
           2.    Reinforcing materials and prestressing tendons.
           3.    Admixtures.
           4.    Water-absorption test reports.
           5.    Insulation.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Installer Qualifications: An experienced installer who has completed precast architectural
           concrete work similar in material, design, and extent to that indicated for this Project and whose
           work has resulted in construction with a record of successful in-service performance.

      B.   Fabricator Qualifications: A firm that assumes responsibility for engineering architectural
           precast concrete units to comply with performance requirements. This responsibility includes




PRECAST ARCHITECTURAL CONCRETE                                                            0812/034500 - 2
           preparation of Shop Drawings and comprehensive engineering analysis by a qualified
           professional engineer.

           1.    Participates in PCI's plant certification program at time of bidding and is designated a
                 PCI-certified plant for Group A, Category A1 - Architectural Cladding and Load Bearing
                 Units or participates in APA's "Plant Certification Program for Production of
                 Architectural Precast Concrete Products" and is designated an APA-certified plant.

      C.   Design Standards: Comply with ACI 318 (ACI 318M) and design recommendations of
           PCI MNL 120, "PCI Design Handbook - Precast and Prestressed Concrete," applicable to types
           of architectural precast concrete units indicated.

      D.   Quality-Control Standard: For manufacturing procedures and testing requirements, quality-
           control recommendations, and dimensional tolerances for types of units required, comply with
           PCI MNL 117, "Manual for Quality Control for Plants and Production of Architectural Precast
           Concrete Products."

      E.   Product Options: Drawings indicate size, profiles, and dimensional requirements of precast
           concrete units and are based on the specific types of units indicated. Other fabricators' precast
           concrete units complying with requirements may be considered.

      F.   Welding: Qualify procedures and personnel according to AWS D1.1/D.1.1M, "Structural
           Welding Code - Steel"; and AWS D1.4, "Structural Welding Code - Reinforcing Steel."


1.6        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Deliver architectural precast concrete units in such quantities and at such times to limit
           unloading units temporarily on the ground.

      B.   Support units during shipment on nonstaining shock-absorbing material.

      C.   Store units with adequate dunnage and bracing and protect units to prevent contact with soil, to
           prevent staining, and to prevent cracking, distortion, warping or other physical damage.

      D.   Place stored units so identification marks are clearly visible, and units can be inspected.

      E.   Handle and transport units in a position consistent with their shape and design in order to avoid
           excessive stresses which would cause cracking or damage.

      F.   Lift and support units only at designated points shown on Shop Drawings.


1.7        SEQUENCING

      A.   Furnish loose connection hardware and anchorage items to be embedded in or attached to other
           construction without delaying the Work. Provide locations, setting diagrams, templates,
           instructions, and directions, as required, for installation.




PRECAST ARCHITECTURAL CONCRETE                                                              0812/034500 - 3
PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   Available Fabricators: Subject to compliance with requirements, fabricators offering products
           that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to, the following:

      B.   Fabricators:   Subject to compliance with requirements, provide products by one of the
           following:


           1.    Concrete, Inc.
           2.    Gage Brothers Concrete Products, Inc.
           3.    Hansen Precast.
           4.    Molin Concrete Products.


2.2        MOLD MATERIALS

      A.   Molds: Rigid, dimensionally stable, non-absorptive material, warp and buckle free, that will
           provide continuous and true precast concrete surfaces within fabrication tolerances indicated;
           nonreactive with concrete and suitable for producing required finishes.

      A.   Form Liners: Units of face design, texture, arrangement, and configuration indicated. Furnish
           with manufacturer's recommended liquid-release agent that will not bond with, stain, or
           adversely affect precast concrete surfaces and will not impair subsequent surface or joint
           treatments of precast concrete.


2.3        REINFORCING MATERIALS

      A.   Reinforcing Bars: ASTM A 615/A 615M, Grade 60, deformed.


2.4        PRESTRESSING TENDONS

      A.   Prestressing Strand: ASTM A 416/A 416M, Grade 270 (Grade 1860), uncoated, 7-wire, low-
           relaxation strand.


2.5        CONCRETE MATERIALS

      A.   Portland Cement: ASTM C 150, Type I or Type III, gray, unless otherwise indicated.

           1.    For surfaces exposed to view in finished structure, mix gray with white cement, of same
                 type, brand, and mill source.

      B.   Normal-Weight Aggregates: Except as modified by PCI MNL 117, ASTM C 33, with coarse
           aggregates complying with Class 5S.




PRECAST ARCHITECTURAL CONCRETE                                                         0812/034500 - 4
           1.    Face-Mix Coarse Aggregates: Selected, hard, and durable; free of material that reacts
                 with cement or causes staining.

           2.    Face-Mix Fine Aggregates: Selected, natural or manufactured sand of the same material
                 as coarse aggregate, unless otherwise approved by Architect.

      C.   Lightweight Aggregates: Except as modified by PCI MNL 117, ASTM C 330, with absorption
           less than 11 percent.

      D.   Coloring Admixture: ASTM C 979, synthetic or natural mineral-oxide pigments or colored
           water-reducing admixtures, temperature stable, non-fading, and alkali resistant.

      E.   Water: Potable; free from deleterious material that may affect color stability, setting, or
           strength of concrete and complying with chemical limits of PCI MNL 117.

      F.   Air-Entraining Admixture: ASTM C 260, certified by manufacturer to be compatible with other
           required admixtures.

      G.   Chemical Admixtures: Certified by manufacturer to be compatible with other admixtures and
           to not contain calcium chloride or more than 0.15 percent chloride ions or other salts by weight
           of admixture.

           1.    Water-Reducing Admixtures: ASTM C 494/C 494M, Type A.


2.6        STEEL CONNECTION MATERIALS

      A.   Deformed-Steel Wire or Bar Anchors: ASTM A 496 or ASTM A 706/A 706M.

      B.   Carbon-Steel Bolts and Studs: ASTM A 307, Grade A; carbon-steel, hex-head bolts and studs;
           carbon-steel nuts, ASTM A 563 (ASTM A 563M); and flat, unhardened steel washers,
           ASTM F 844.

      C.   Finish: For exterior steel items, steel in exterior walls, and items indicated for galvanizing,
           apply zinc coating by hot-dip process according to ASTM A 123/A 123M, after fabrication, and
           ASTM A 153/A 153M, as applicable.

           1.    Galvanizing Repair Paint: High-zinc-dust-content paint with dry film containing not less
                 than 94 percent zinc dust by weight, and complying with DOD-P-21035A or SSPC-
                 Paint 20.

      D.   Welding Electrodes: Comply with AWS standards.

      E.   Accessories: Provide clips, hangers, plastic shims, and other accessories required to install
           precast architectural concrete units.


2.7        BEARING PADS

      A.   Provide one of the following bearing pads for architectural precast concrete units as
           recommended by precast fabricator for application:



PRECAST ARCHITECTURAL CONCRETE                                                           0812/034500 - 5
           1.    Elastomeric Pads: AASHTO M 251, plain, vulcanized, 100 percent polychloroprene
                 (neoprene) elastomer, molded to size or cut from a molded sheet, Type A durometer
                 hardness of 50 to 70, ASTM D 2240, minimum tensile strength 2250 psi (15.5 MPa),
                 ASTM D 412.
           2.    Random-Oriented, Fiber-Reinforced Elastomeric Pads: Preformed, randomly oriented
                 synthetic fibers set in elastomer. Type A durometer hardness of 70 to 90, ASTM D 2240;
                 capable of supporting a compressive stress of 3000 psi (20.7 MPa) with no cracking,
                 splitting, or delaminating in the internal portions of pad. Test one specimen for every
                 200 pads used in Project.
           3.    Cotton-Duck-Fabric-Reinforced Elastomeric Pads: Preformed, horizontally layered
                 cotton-duck fabric bonded to an elastomer; Type A durometer hardness of 80 to 100,
                 ASTM D 2240; complying with AASHTO's "AASHTO Load and Resistance Factor
                 Design (LRFD) Bridge Design Specifications, Division II, Section 18.10.2, or with MIL-
                 C-882E.
           4.    Frictionless Pads: Tetrafluoroethylene (Teflon), glass-fiber reinforced, bonded to
                 stainless or mild-steel plate, of type required for in-service stress.
           5.    High-Density Plastic: Multimonomer, nonleaching, plastic strip.


2.8        GROUT MATERIALS

      A.   Nonmetallic, Nonshrink Grout: Premixed, nonmetallic, noncorrosive, nonstaining grout
           containing selected silica sands, portland cement, shrinkage-compensating agents, plasticizing
           and water-reducing agents, complying with ASTM C 1107, Grade A for drypack and Grades B
           and C for flowable grout and of consistency suitable for application within a 30-minute working
           time.


2.9        CONCRETE MIXTURES

      A.   Prepare design mixtures for each type of precast concrete required.

      B.   Design mixtures may be prepared by a qualified independent testing agency or by qualified
           precast plant personnel at architectural precast concrete fabricator's option.

      C.   Limit water-soluble chloride ions to maximum percentage by weight of cement permitted by
           ACI 318 (ACI 318M) or PCI MNL 117 when tested according to ASTM C 1218/C 1218M.

      D.   Normal-Weight Concrete Mixtures: Proportion face and backup mixtures by either laboratory
           trial batch or field test data methods according to ACI 211.1, with materials to be used on
           Project, to provide normal-weight concrete with the following properties:

           1.    Compressive Strength (28 Days): 5000 psi minimum.

      E.   Water Absorption:     6 percent by weight or 14 percent by volume, tested according to
           PCI MNL 117.

      F.   Add air-entraining admixture at manufacturer's prescribed rate to result in concrete at point of
           placement having an air content complying with PCI MNL 117.




PRECAST ARCHITECTURAL CONCRETE                                                           0812/034500 - 6
  G.   When included in design mixtures, add other admixtures to concrete mixtures according to
       manufacturer's written instructions.


2.10   MOLD FABRICATION

  A.   Molds: Accurately construct molds, mortar tight, of sufficient strength to withstand pressures
       due to concrete-placement operations and temperature changes and for prestressing and
       detensioning operations.   Coat contact surfaces of molds with release agent before
       reinforcement is placed. Avoid contamination of reinforcement and prestressing tendons by
       release agent.

       1.    Place form liners accurately to provide finished surface texture indicated. Provide solid
             backing and supports to maintain stability of liners during concrete placement. Coat form
             liner with form-release agent.

  B.   Maintain molds to provide completed architectural precast concrete units of shapes, lines, and
       dimensions indicated, within fabrication tolerances specified.

       1.    Form joints are not permitted on faces exposed to view in the finished work.
       2.    Edge and Corner Treatment: Uniformly chamfered.


2.11   FABRICATION

  A.   Cast-in Anchors, Inserts, Plates, Angles, and Other Anchorage Hardware: Fabricate anchorage
       hardware with sufficient anchorage and embedment to comply with design requirements.
       Accurately position for attachment of loose hardware, and secure in place during precasting
       operations. Locate anchorage hardware where it does not affect position of main reinforcement
       or concrete placement.

       1.    Weld-headed studs and deformed bar anchors used for anchorage according to
             AWS D1.1/D1.1M and AWS C5.4, "Recommended Practices for Stud Welding."

  B.   Furnish loose hardware items including steel plates, clip angles, seat angles, anchors, dowels,
       cramps, hangers, and other hardware shapes for securing architectural precast concrete units to
       supporting and adjacent construction.

  C.   Reinforcement: Comply with recommendations in PCI MNL 117 for fabricating, placing, and
       supporting reinforcement.

       1.    Clean reinforcement of loose rust and mill scale, earth, and other materials that reduce or
             destroy the bond with concrete
       2.    Accurately position, support, and secure reinforcement against displacement during
             concrete-placement and consolidation operations. Completely conceal support devices to
             prevent exposure on finished surfaces.
       3.    Place reinforcement to maintain at least 3/4-inch minimum coverage. Arrange, space,
             and securely tie bars and bar supports to hold reinforcement in position while placing
             concrete. Direct wire tie ends away from finished, exposed concrete surfaces.




PRECAST ARCHITECTURAL CONCRETE                                                       0812/034500 - 7
  D.   Reinforce architectural precast concrete units to resist handling, transportation, and erection
       stresses.

  E.   Prestress tendons for architectural precast concrete units by either pretensioning or post-
       tensioning methods. Comply with PCI MNL 117.

       1.    Delay detensioning or post-tensioning of precast, prestressed architectural concrete units
             until concrete has reached its indicated minimum design release compressive strength as
             established by test cylinders cured under same conditions as concrete.
       2.    Detension pretensioned tendons either by gradually releasing tensioning jacks or by heat-
             cutting tendons, using a sequence and pattern to prevent shock or unbalanced loading.
       3.    If concrete has been heat cured, detension while concrete is still warm and moist to avoid
             dimensional changes that may cause cracking or undesirable stresses.
       4.    Protect strand ends and anchorages with bituminous, zinc-rich, or epoxy paint to avoid
             corrosion and possible rust spots.

  F.   Comply with requirements in PCI MNL 117 and requirements in this Section for measuring,
       mixing, transporting, and placing concrete. After concrete batching, no additional water may be
       added.

  G.   Place face mixture to a minimum thickness after consolidation of the greater of 1 inch (25 mm)
       or 1.5 times the maximum aggregate size, but not less than the minimum reinforcing cover
       specified.

  H.   Place concrete in a continuous operation to prevent seams or planes of weakness from forming
       in precast concrete units.

       1.    Place backup concrete mixture to ensure bond with face-mixture concrete.

  I.   Thoroughly consolidate placed concrete by internal and external vibration without dislocating
       or damaging reinforcement and built-in items, and minimize pour lines, honeycombing, or
       entrapped air on surfaces. Use equipment and procedures complying with PCI MNL 117.

  J.   Comply with PCI MNL 117 for hot- and cold-weather concrete placement.

  K.   Identify pickup points of architectural precast concrete units and orientation in structure with
       permanent markings, complying with markings indicated on Shop Drawings. Imprint or
       permanently mark casting date on each architectural precast concrete unit on a surface that will
       not show in finished structure.

  L.   Cure concrete, according to requirements in PCI MNL 117, by moisture retention without heat
       or by accelerated heat curing using low-pressure live steam or radiant heat and moisture. Cure
       units until compressive strength is high enough to ensure that stripping does not have an effect
       on performance or appearance of final product.

  M.   Discard and replace architectural precast concrete units that do not comply with requirements,
       including structural, manufacturing tolerance, and appearance, unless repairs meet requirements
       in PCI MNL 117 and Architect's approval.




PRECAST ARCHITECTURAL CONCRETE                                                       0812/034500 - 8
2.12       FABRICATION TOLERANCES

      A.   Fabricate architectural precast concrete units straight and true to size and shape with exposed
           edges and corners precise and true so each finished panel complies with PCI MNL 117 product
           tolerances as well as position tolerances for cast-in items.


2.13       FINISHES

      A.   Panel faces shall be free of joint marks, grain, and other obvious defects. Corners, including
           false joints shall be uniform, straight, and sharp. Finish exposed-face surfaces of architectural
           precast concrete units to match approved sample panels and as follows:

           1.    Design Reference Sample: Color to be selected by Architect.
           2.    As-Cast Surface Finish: Provide surfaces free of pockets, sand streaks, and honeycombs.
           3.    Exposed-Aggregate Finish: Use chemical retarding agents applied to concrete forms and
                 washing and brushing procedures to expose aggregate and surrounding matrix surfaces
                 after form removal.


2.14       SOURCE QUALITY CONTROL

      A.   Quality-Control Testing: Test and inspect precast concrete according to PCI MNL 117

      B.   Strength of precast concrete units will be considered deficient if units fail to comply with
           ACI 318 (ACI 318M) requirements for concrete strength.

      C.   Patching: Finish to match adjacent precast concrete surfaces.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine supporting structural frame or foundation and conditions for compliance with
           requirements for installation tolerances, true and level bearing surfaces, and other conditions
           affecting performance.

      B.   Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.

      C.   Do not install precast concrete units until supporting cast-in-place building structural framing
           has attained minimum allowable design compressive strength or supporting steel or other
           structure is complete.


3.2        INSTALLATION

      A.   Install clips, hangers, bearing pads, and other accessories required for connecting architectural
           precast concrete units to supporting members and backup materials.




PRECAST ARCHITECTURAL CONCRETE                                                            0812/034500 - 9
      B.   Erect architectural precast concrete level, plumb, and square within specified allowable
           tolerances. Provide temporary supports and bracing as required to maintain position, stability,
           and alignment as units are being permanently connected.

           1.    Install temporary steel or plastic spacing shims or bearing pads as precast concrete units
                 are being erected. Tack weld steel shims to each other to prevent shims from separating.
           2.    Maintain horizontal and vertical joint alignment and uniform joint width as erection
                 progresses.
           3.    Remove projecting lifting devices and grout fill voids within recessed lifting devices
                 flush with surface of adjacent precast surfaces when recess is exposed.
           4.    Unless otherwise indicated, maintain uniform joint widths of 3/4 inch (19 mm).

      C.   Connect architectural precast concrete units in position by bolting, welding, grouting, or as
           otherwise indicated on Shop Drawings. Remove temporary shims, wedges, and spacers as soon
           as practical after connecting and grouting are completed.

           1.    Do not permit connections to disrupt continuity of roof flashing.

      D.   Welding: Comply with applicable AWS D1.1/D1.1M and AWS D1.4 for welding, welding
           electrodes, appearance, quality of welds, and methods used in correcting welding work.

           1.    Protect architectural precast concrete units and bearing pads from damage by field
                 welding or cutting operations, and provide noncombustible shields as required.
           2.    Welds not specified shall be continuous fillet welds, using no less than the minimum
                 fillet as specified by AWS.
           3.    Clean weld-affected metal surfaces with chipping hammer followed by brushing, and
                 reprime damaged painted surfaces.
           4.    Remove, reweld, or repair incomplete and defective welds.

      E.   At bolted connections, use lock washers, tack welding, or other approved means to prevent
           loosening of nuts after final adjustment.

           1.    Where slotted connections are used, verify bolt position and tightness. For sliding
                 connections, properly secure bolt but allow bolt to move within connection slot. For
                 friction connections, apply specified bolt torque and check 25 percent of bolts at random
                 by calibrated torque wrench.

      F.   Grouting Connections: Grout connections where required or indicated. Retain grout in place
           until hard enough to support itself. Pack spaces with stiff grout material, tamping until voids
           are completely filled. Place grout to finish smooth, level, and plumb with adjacent concrete
           surfaces. Keep grouted joints damp for not less than 24 hours after initial set. Promptly remove
           grout material from exposed surfaces before it affects finishes or hardens.


3.3        ERECTION TOLERANCES

      A.   Erect architectural precast concrete units level, plumb, square, true, and in alignment without
           exceeding the noncumulative erection tolerances of PCI MNL 117, Appendix I.




PRECAST ARCHITECTURAL CONCRETE                                                         0812/034500 - 10
3.4        REPAIRS

      A.   Repair architectural precast concrete units if permitted by Architect. The Architect reserves the
           right to reject repaired units that do not comply with requirements.

      B.   Mix patching materials and repair units so cured patches blend with color, texture, and
           uniformity of adjacent exposed surfaces and show no apparent line of demarcation between
           original and repaired work, when viewed in typical daylight illumination from a distance of 20
           feet.

      C.   Remove and replace damaged architectural precast concrete units when repairs do not comply
           with requirements.


3.5        CLEANING

      A.   Clean surfaces of precast concrete units exposed to view.

      B.   Clean exposed surfaces of precast concrete units after erection and completion of joint treatment
           to remove weld marks, other markings, dirt, and stains.

           1.    Perform cleaning procedures, if necessary, according to precast concrete fabricator's
                 recommendations. Clean soiled precast concrete surfaces with detergent and water, using
                 stiff fiber brushes and sponges, and rinse with clean water. Protect other work from
                 staining or damage due to cleaning operations.
           2.    Do not use cleaning materials or processes that could change the appearance of exposed
                 concrete finishes or damage adjacent materials.


END OF SECTION 034500




PRECAST ARCHITECTURAL CONCRETE                                                          0812/034500 - 11
SECTION 042000 - UNIT MASONRY


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes unit masonry assemblies consisting of the following:

           1.    Concrete masonry units (CMUs).
           2.    Face brick.
           3.    Mortar and grout.
           4.    Reinforcing steel.
           5.    Masonry joint reinforcement.
           6.    Ties and anchors.
           7.    Embedded flashing.
           8.    Miscellaneous masonry accessories.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 07 Section "Water Repellents" for water repellents applied to unit masonry
                 assemblies.
           3.    Division 07 Section "Sheet Metal Flashing and Trim" for exposed sheet metal flashing.
           4.    Division 07 Section "Joint Sealants" for sealing control and expansion joints in unit
                 masonry.

      C.   Products installed, but not furnished, under this Section include the following:


           1.    Steel lintels and shelf angles for unit masonry, furnished under Division 05 Section
                 "Metal Fabrications."


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Reinforced Masonry: Masonry containing reinforcing steel in grouted cells.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of product indicated.



UNIT MASONRY                                                                                  0812/042000 - 1
      B.   LEED Submittals:

           1.    Product Certificates for Credit MR 5.1 and Credit MR 5.2: For products and materials
                 required to comply with requirements for regional materials indicating location and
                 distance from Project of material manufacturer and point of extraction, harvest, or
                 recovery for each raw material. Include statement indicating cost for each regional
                 material and the fraction by weight that is considered regional.

      C.   Shop Drawings: For the following:


           1.    Reinforcing Steel: Detail bending and placement of unit masonry reinforcing bars.
                 Comply with ACI 315, "Details and Detailing of Concrete Reinforcement.”


      D.   Samples for Verification: For each type and color of the following:


           1.    Face brick, in the form of straps of five or more bricks.
           2.    Pigmented mortar. Make Samples using same sand and mortar ingredients to be used on
                 Project.
           3.    Weep holes/vents.
           4.    Accessories embedded in masonry.

      E.   Material Certificates: Include statements of material properties indicating compliance with
           requirements including compliance with standards and type designations within standards.
           Provide for each type and size of the following:


           1.    Masonry units.
           2.    Cementitious materials. Include brand, type, and name of manufacturer.
           3.    Preblended, dry mortar mixes. Include description of type and proportions of ingredients.
           4.    Grout mixes. Include description of type and proportions of ingredients.
           5.    Reinforcing bars.
           6.    Joint reinforcement.
           7.    Anchors, ties, and metal accessories.

      F.   Mix Designs: For each type of mortar and grout. Include description of type and proportions of
           ingredients. Pre-packaged mortar and grout is required. Use of ready-mix mortar or grout is
           prohibited.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Source Limitations for Masonry Units: Obtain exposed masonry units of a uniform texture and
           color, or a uniform blend within the ranges accepted for these characteristics, through one
           source from a single manufacturer for each product required.

      B.   Source Limitations for Mortar Materials: Obtain mortar ingredients of a uniform quality,
           including color for exposed masonry, from a single manufacturer for each cementitious
           component and from one source or producer for each aggregate.



UNIT MASONRY                                                                            0812/042000 - 2
      C.   Fire-Resistance Ratings: Where indicated, provide materials and construction identical to those
           of assemblies with fire-resistance ratings determined per ASTM E 119 by a testing and
           inspecting agency, by equivalent concrete masonry thickness, or by other means, as acceptable
           to authorities having jurisdiction.

      D.   Mockups: Build mockups to verify selections made under sample submittals and to
           demonstrate aesthetic effects and set quality standards for materials and execution.


           1.    Build mockup of typical wall area as shown on Drawings.
           2.    Build mockups for typical exterior wall in sizes approximately 48 inches long by 48
                 inches high by full thickness, including face and backup wythes and accessories.
           3.    Clean one-half of exposed faces of mockups with masonry cleaner as indicated.
           4.    Approval of mockups is for color, texture, and blending of masonry units; relationship of
                 mortar and sealant colors to masonry unit colors; tooling of joints; and aesthetic qualities
                 of workmanship.
           5.    Approved mockups may become part of the completed Work if undisturbed at time of
                 Substantial Completion.

      E.   Pre-installation Conference: Conduct conference at Project site to comply with requirements in
           Division 01 Section "Project Management and Coordination."


1.6        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Store masonry units on elevated platforms in a dry location. If units are not stored in an
           enclosed location, cover tops and sides of stacks with waterproof sheeting, securely tied. If
           units become wet, do not install until they are dry.

      B.   Store cementitious materials on elevated platforms, under cover, and in a dry location. Do not
           use cementitious materials that have become damp.

      C.   Store aggregates where grading and other required characteristics can be maintained and
           contamination avoided.

      D.   Deliver preblended, dry mortar mix in moisture-resistant containers designed for lifting and
           emptying into dispensing silo. Store preblended, dry mortar mix in delivery containers on
           elevated platforms, under cover, and in a dry location or in a metal dispensing silo with
           weatherproof cover.

      E.   Store masonry accessories, including metal items, to prevent corrosion and accumulation of dirt
           and oil.


1.7        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Protection of Masonry: During construction, cover tops of walls, projections, and sills with
           waterproof sheeting at end of each day's work. Cover partially completed masonry when
           construction is not in progress.




UNIT MASONRY                                                                              0812/042000 - 3
           1.    Extend cover a minimum of 24 inches (600 mm) down both sides and hold cover
                 securely in place.
           2.    Where 1 wythe of multiwythe masonry walls is completed in advance of other wythes,
                 secure cover a minimum of 24 inches (600 mm) down face next to unconstructed wythe
                 and hold cover in place.

      B.   Do not apply uniform floor or roof loads for at least 12 hours and concentrated loads for at least
           3 days after building masonry walls or columns.

      C.   Stain Prevention: Prevent grout, mortar, and soil from staining the face of masonry to be left
           exposed or painted. Immediately remove grout, mortar, and soil that come in contact with such
           masonry.

           1.    Protect base of walls from rain-splashed mud and from mortar splatter by spreading
                 coverings on ground and over wall surface.
           2.    Protect sills, ledges, and projections from mortar droppings.
           3.    Protect surfaces of window and door frames, as well as similar products with painted and
                 integral finishes, from mortar droppings.
           4.    Turn scaffold boards near the wall on edge at the end of each day to prevent rain from
                 splashing mortar and dirt onto completed masonry.

      D.   Cold-Weather Requirements: Do not use frozen materials or materials mixed or coated with ice
           or frost. Do not build on frozen substrates. Remove and replace unit masonry damaged by frost
           or by freezing conditions. Comply with cold-weather construction requirements contained in
           ACI 530.1/ASCE 6/TMS 602 and Section 2104.3 in the International Building Code.

           1.    Cold-Weather Cleaning: Use liquid cleaning methods only when air temperature is 40
                 deg F (4 deg C) and above and will remain so until masonry has dried, but not less than 7
                 days after completing cleaning.

      E.   Hot-Weather Requirements: Comply with hot-weather construction requirements contained in
           ACI 530.1/ASCE 6/TMS 602.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   In other Part 2 articles where titles below introduce lists, the following requirements apply to
           product selection:


           1.    Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers
                 offering products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to,
                 manufacturers specified.




UNIT MASONRY                                                                              0812/042000 - 4
2.2        MASONRY UNITS, GENERAL

      A.   Defective Units: Referenced masonry unit standards may allow a certain percentage of units to
           exceed tolerances and to contain chips, cracks, or other defects exceeding limits stated in the
           standard. Do not uses units where such defects, including dimensions that vary from specified
           dimensions by more than stated tolerances, will be exposed in the completed Work or will
           impair the quality of completed masonry.


2.3        CONCRETE MASONRY UNITS (CMUs)

      A.   Shapes: Provide shapes indicated and as follows:

           1.    Provide special shapes for lintels, corners, jambs, sashes, movement joints, headers,
                 bonding, and other special conditions.
           2.    Provide bullnose units for outside corners in corridors and recessed door openings, unless
                 otherwise indicated.

      B.   Integral Water Repellent: Provide units made with integral water repellent for exposed units
           and where indicated.

           1.    Integral Water Repellent: Liquid polymeric, integral water-repellent admixture that does
                 not reduce flexural bond strength. Units made with integral water repellent, when tested
                 as a wall assembly made with mortar containing integral water-repellent manufacturer's
                 mortar additive according to ASTM E 514, with test period extended to 24 hours, show
                 no visible water or leaks on the back of test specimen.

                 a.    Available Products:

                       1)     Addiment Incorporated; Block Plus W-10.
                       2)     Grace Construction Products, a unit of W. R. Grace & Co. - Conn.; Dry-
                              Block.
                       3)     Master Builders, Inc.; Rheopel.

      C.   Concrete Masonry Units: ASTM C 90.


           1.    Grade N
           2.    Size: Manufacturer’s standard unit with nominal face dimensions of 16” long x 8” high
                 (15-5/8” x 7-5/8” actual) x thickness indicated.
           3.    Type: I moisture-controlled units.
           4.    Exposed Faces: Manufacturer’s standard color and texture, unless otherwise indicated.
           5.    Hollow Loadbearing Block: ASTM C 90, 1900 psi unit compressive strength.
           6.    Weight Classification: Normal weight (C33)


2.4        BRICK

      A.   General: Provide shapes indicated and as follows:




UNIT MASONRY                                                                            0812/042000 - 5
           1.   For ends of sills and caps and for similar applications that would otherwise expose
                unfinished brick surfaces, provide units without cores or frogs and with exposed surfaces
                finished.
           2.   Provide special shapes for applications where stretcher units cannot accommodate special
                conditions, including those at corners, movement joints, bond beams, sashes, and lintels.
           3.   Provide special shapes for applications requiring brick of size, form, color, and texture on
                exposed surfaces that cannot be produced by sawing.
           4.   Provide special shapes for applications where shapes produced by sawing would result in
                sawed surfaces being exposed to view.

      B.   Face Brick: ASTM C 216, Grade SW, Type FBX.

           1.   Basis-of-Design Face Brick: Sioux City Brick and Tile Company, Napa Valley Velour or
                an approved comparable face brick by one of the following:


                a.    Sioux City Brick and Tile Company.

           2.   Unit Compressive Strength: Provide units with minimum average net-area compressive
                strength of 5500 psi (37.9 MPa).
           3.   Initial Rate of Absorption: Less than 30 g/30 sq. in. (30 g/194 sq. cm) per minute when
                tested per ASTM C 67.
           4.   Size (Actual Dimensions): 3-5/8 inches (92 mm) wide by 2-1/4 inches (57 mm) high by
                7-5/8 inches (194 mm) long.
           5.   Application: Use where brick is exposed, unless otherwise indicated.

      C.   Building (Common) Brick: ASTM C 62 Grade SW.

           1.   Unit Compressive Strength: Provide units with minimum average net-area compressive
                strength of 5500 psi (37.9 MPa).
           2.   Size: Match size of face brick.
           3.   Application: Use where brick is indicated for concealed locations. Face brick complying
                with requirements for grade, compressive strength, and size indicated for building brick
                may be substituted for building brick.


2.5        MORTAR AND GROUT MATERIALS

      A.   Portland Cement-Lime Mix: Packaged blend of portland cement complying with ASTM C 150,
           Type I or Type III, and hydrated lime complying with ASTM C 207, Type S. Pre-packaged
           mortar and grout is required. Use of ready-mix mortar or grout is prohibited.

      B.   Aggregate for Mortar: ASTM C 144.

           1.   For mortar that is exposed to view, use washed aggregate consisting of natural sand or
                crushed stone.
           2.   For joints less than 1/4 inch (6.5 mm) thick, use aggregate graded with 100 percent
                passing the No. 16 (1.18-mm) sieve.

      C.   Aggregate for Grout: ASTM C 404.




UNIT MASONRY                                                                             0812/042000 - 6
      D.   Water-Repellent Admixture: Liquid water-repellent mortar admixture intended for use with
           concrete masonry units, containing integral water repellent by same manufacturer.

           1.    Available Products:

                 a.     Addiment Incorporated; Mortar Tite.
                 b.     Grace Construction Products, a unit of W. R. Grace & Co. - Conn.; Dry-Block
                        Mortar Admixture.
                 c.     Master Builders, Inc.; Color Cure Mortar Admix or Rheomix Rheopel.

      E.   Water: Potable.


2.6        REINFORCEMENT

      A.   Uncoated Steel Reinforcing Bars: ASTM A 615/A 615M or ASTM A 996/A 996M, Grade 60
           (Grade 420).

      B.   Masonry Joint Reinforcement, General: ASTM A 951.

           1.    Interior Walls: Hot-dip galvanized, carbon steel.
           2.    Exterior Walls: Hot-dip galvanized, carbon steel.
           3.    Wire Size for Side Rods: W1.7 or 0.148-inch (3.8-mm) diameter.
           4.    Wire Size for Cross Rods: W1.7 or 0.148-inch (3.8-mm) diameter.
           5.    Spacing of Cross Rods, Tabs, and Cross Ties: Not more than 16 inches (407 mm) o.c.
           6.    Provide in lengths of not less than 10 feet (3 m), with prefabricated corner and tee units.

      C.   Masonry Joint Reinforcement for Single-Wythe Masonry: Either ladder or truss type with
           single pair of side rods.

      D.   Masonry Joint Reinforcement for Multiwythe Masonry:


           1.    Adjustable (two-piece) type, either ladder or truss design, with one side rod at each face
                 shell of backing wythe and with separate ties that extend into facing wythe. Ties have
                 two hooks that engage eyes or slots in reinforcement and resist movement perpendicular
                 to wall. Ties extend at least halfway through facing wythe but with at least 5/8-inch (16-
                 mm) cover on outside face. Ties have hooks or clips to engage a continuous horizontal
                 wire in the facing wythe.


2.7        TIES AND ANCHORS

      A.   Corrugated Metal Ties: Metal strips not less than 7/8 inch (22 mm) wide with corrugations
           having a wavelength of 0.3 to 0.5 inch (7.6 to 12.7 mm) and an amplitude of 0.06 to 0.10 inch
           (1.5 to 2.5 mm) made from steel sheet, galvanized after fabrication not less than 0.043 inch (1.1
           mm) thick. Ties made from galvanized steel sheet may be used in interior walls, unless
           otherwise indicated.




UNIT MASONRY                                                                               0812/042000 - 7
      B.   Rigid Anchors: Fabricate from steel bars 1-1/2 inches (38 mm) wide by 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) thick
           by 24 inches (600 mm) long, with ends turned up 2 inches (50 mm) or with cross pins, unless
           otherwise indicated.

           1.    Corrosion Protection: Hot-dip galvanized to comply with ASTM A 153/A 153M.


2.8        MISCELLANEOUS ANCHORS

      A.   Anchor Bolts: Headed steel bolts complying with ASTM A 307, Grade A (ASTM F 568M,
           Property Class 4.6); with ASTM A 563 (ASTM A 563M) hex nuts and, where indicated, flat
           washers; hot-dip galvanized to comply with ASTM A 153/A 153M, Class C; of dimensions
           indicated.

      B.   Postinstalled Anchors: Provide chemical or torque-controlled expansion anchors, with
           capability to sustain, without failure, a load equal to six times the load imposed when installed
           in solid or grouted unit masonry and equal to four times the load imposed when installed in
           concrete, as determined by testing per ASTM E 488 conducted by a qualified independent
           testing agency.

           1.    Corrosion Protection:   Carbon-steel components zinc plated to comply with
                 ASTM B 633, Class Fe/Zn 5 (5 microns) for Class SC 1 service condition (mild).


2.9        EMBEDDED FLASHING MATERIALS

      A.   Flexible Flashing: For flashing not exposed to the exterior, use the following, unless otherwise
           indicated:

           1.    Asphalt-Coated Copper Flashing: 5-oz. /sq. ft. (1.5-kg/sq. m) copper sheet coated with
                 flexible asphalt. Use only where flashing is fully concealed in masonry.

                 a.     Available Products:

                        1)    Advanced Building Products Inc.; Cop-R-Cote.
                        2)    AFCO Products Inc.; Cop-A-Cote.
                        3)    Hohmann & Barnard, Inc.; H & B C-Coat Flashing.
                        4)    Phoenix Building Products; Type ACC-Asphalt Bituminous Coated.
                        5)    Sandell Manufacturing Co., Inc.; Coated Copper Flashing.
                        6)    York Manufacturing, Inc.; Copperseal.

      B.   Copper Flashing: For flashing exposed to the exterior, use the following, unless otherwise
           indicated:


           1.    Copper Masonry Flashing: ASTM B 370, H100 temper (cold-rolled), 16 oz. sheet.
           2.    Stainless Steel Masonry Flashing: ASTM A 167 Type 304, dead soft, 0.015" thick sheet.




UNIT MASONRY                                                                             0812/042000 - 8
2.10   MISCELLANEOUS MASONRY ACCESSORIES

  A.   Bond-Breaker Strips: Asphalt-saturated, organic roofing felt complying with ASTM D 226,
       Type I (No. 15 asphalt felt).

  B.   Weep/Vent Products: Use one of the following, unless otherwise indicated:


       1.    Cellular Plastic Weep/Vent: One-piece, flexible extrusion made from UV-resistant
             polypropylene copolymer, full height and width of head joint and depth 1/8 inch (3 mm)
             less than depth of outer wythe, in color selected from manufacturer's standard.

             a.    Available Products:

                   1)     Advanced Building Products Inc.; Mortar Maze weep vent.
                   2)     Dayton Superior Corporation, Dur-O-Wal Division; Cell Vents.
                   3)     Heckmann Building Products Inc.; No. 85 Cell Vent.
                   4)     Hohmann & Barnard, Inc.; Quadro-Vent.
                   5)     Wire-Bond; Cell Vent.

  C.   Cavity Drainage Material: Free-draining mesh, made from polymer strands that will not
       degrade within the wall cavity.

       1.    Provide one of the following configurations:

             a.    Strips, full-depth of cavity and 10 inches (250 mm) wide, with dovetail shaped
                   notches 7 inches (175 mm) deep that prevent mesh from being clogged with mortar
                   droppings.

       2.    Available Products:

             a.    Advanced Building Products Inc.; Mortar Break.
             b.    Archovations, Inc.; CavClear Masonry Mat.
             c.    Dayton Superior Corporation, Dur-O-Wal Division; Polytite MortarStop.
             d.    Mortar Net USA, Ltd.; Mortar Net.


2.11   MASONRY CLEANERS

  A.   Proprietary Acidic Cleaner: Manufacturer's standard-strength cleaner designed for removing
       mortar/grout stains, efflorescence, and other new construction stains from new masonry without
       discoloring or damaging masonry surfaces. Use product expressly approved for intended use by
       cleaner manufacturer and manufacturer of masonry units being cleaned.

       1.    Available Manufacturers:

             a.    Diedrich Technologies, Inc.
             b.    EaCo Chem, Inc.
             c.    ProSoCo, Inc.




UNIT MASONRY                                                                       0812/042000 - 9
2.12   MORTAR AND GROUT MIXES

  A.   General: Pre-packaged mortar and grout is required. Use of ready-mix mortar or grout is
       prohibited. Do not use admixtures, including pigments, air-entraining agents, accelerators,
       retarders, water-repellent agents, antifreeze compounds, or other admixtures, unless otherwise
       indicated.

       1.    Do not use calcium chloride in mortar or grout.

  B.   Preblended, Dry Mortar Mix: Furnish dry mortar ingredients in form of a preblended mix.
       Measure quantities by weight to ensure accurate proportions, and thoroughly blend ingredients
       before delivering to Project site.

  C.   Mortar for Unit Masonry: Comply with ASTM C 270 Property Specification. Provide the
       following types of mortar for applications stated unless another type is indicated or needed to
       provide required compressive strength of masonry.


       1.    For CMU exterior, above-grade, load-bearing and non-load-bearing walls and parapet
             walls; for interior load-bearing walls; for interior non-load-bearing partitions; and for
             other applications where another type is not indicated, use Type S.
       2.    For interior non-load-bearing partitions, Type O may be used instead of Type N.

  D.   Grout for Unit Masonry: Comply with ASTM C 476. Pre-packaged mortar and grout is
       required. Use of ready-mix mortar or grout is prohibited.

       1.    Use grout of type indicated or, if not otherwise indicated, of type (fine or coarse) that will
             comply with Table 1.15.1 in ACI 530.1/ASCE 6/TMS 602 for dimensions of grout spaces
             and pour height.
       2.    Provide grout with a slump of 8 to 11 inches (200 to 280 mm) as measured according to
             ASTM C 143/C 143M.


2.13   SOURCE QUALITY CONTROL

  A.   Owner may engage a qualified independent testing agency to perform source quality-control
       testing indicated below:

       1.    Payment for these services will be made by Owner.
       2.    Retesting of materials failing to comply with specified requirements shall be done at
             Contractor's expense.

  B.   Clay Masonry Unit Test: For each type of unit furnished, per ASTM C 67.

  C.   Concrete Masonry Unit Test: For each type of unit furnished, per ASTM C 140.




UNIT MASONRY                                                                          0812/042000 - 10
PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine conditions, with Installer present, for compliance with requirements for installation
           tolerances and other conditions affecting performance of work.

           1.    For the record, prepare written report, endorsed by Installer, listing conditions detrimental
                 to performance of work.
           2.    Verify that foundations are within tolerances specified.
           3.    Verify that reinforcing dowels are properly placed.

      B.   Before installation, examine rough-in and built-in construction for piping systems to verify
           actual locations of piping connections.

      C.   Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


3.2        INSTALLATION, GENERAL

      A.   Thickness: Build cavity and composite walls and other masonry construction to full thickness
           shown. Build single-wythe walls to actual widths of masonry units, using units of widths
           indicated.

      B.   Build chases and recesses to accommodate items specified in this and other Sections.

      C.   Leave openings for equipment to be installed before completing masonry. After installing
           equipment, complete masonry to match the construction immediately adjacent to opening.

      D.   Use full-size units without cutting if possible. If cutting is required to provide a continuous
           pattern or to fit adjoining construction, cut units with motor-driven saws; provide clean, sharp,
           unchipped edges. Allow units to dry before laying unless wetting of units is specified. Install
           cut units with cut surfaces and, where possible, cut edges concealed.

      E.   Select and arrange units for exposed unit masonry to produce a uniform blend of colors and
           textures.

           1.    Mix units from several pallets or cubes as they are placed.

      F.   Matching Existing Masonry: Match coursing, bonding, color, and texture of existing masonry.

      G.   Wetting of Brick: Wet brick before laying if initial rate of absorption exceeds 30 g/30 sq. in.
           (30 g/194 sq. cm) per minute when tested per ASTM C 67. Allow units to absorb water so they
           are damp but not wet at time of laying.

      H.   Comply with construction tolerances in ACI 530.1/ASCE 6/TMS 602 and with the following:

           1.    For conspicuous vertical lines, such as external corners, door jambs, reveals, and
                 expansion and control joints, do not vary from plumb by more than 1/8 inch in 10 feet (3
                 mm in 3 m), 1/4 inch in 20 feet (6 mm in 6 m), or 1/2 inch (12 mm) maximum.



UNIT MASONRY                                                                              0812/042000 - 11
           2.    For vertical alignment of exposed head joints, do not vary from plumb by more than 1/4
                 inch in 10 feet (6 mm in 3 m), or 1/2 inch (12 mm) maximum.
           3.    For conspicuous horizontal lines, such as lintels, sills, parapets, and reveals, do not vary
                 from level by more than 1/8 inch in 10 feet (3 mm in 3 m), 1/4 inch in 20 feet (6 mm in 6
                 m), or 1/2 inch (12 mm) maximum.
           4.    For exposed bed joints, do not vary from thickness indicated by more than plus or minus
                 1/8 inch (3 mm), with a maximum thickness limited to 1/2 inch (12 mm). Do not vary
                 from bed-joint thickness of adjacent courses by more than 1/8 inch (3 mm).
           5.    For exposed head joints, do not vary from thickness indicated by more than plus or minus
                 1/8 inch (3 mm). Do not vary from adjacent bed-joint and head-joint thicknesses by more
                 than 1/8 inch (3 mm).
           6.    For faces of adjacent exposed masonry units, do not vary from flush alignment by more
                 than 1/16 inch (1.5 mm) except due to warpage of masonry units within tolerances
                 specified for warpage of units.
           7.    For exposed bed joints and head joints of stacked bond, do not vary from a straight line
                 by more than 1/16 inch (1.5 mm) from one masonry unit to the next.


3.3        LAYING MASONRY WALLS

      A.   Lay out walls in advance for accurate spacing of surface bond patterns with uniform joint
           thicknesses and for accurate location of openings, movement-type joints, returns, and offsets.
           Avoid using less-than-half-size units, particularly at corners, jambs, and, where possible, at
           other locations.

      B.   Bond Pattern for Exposed Masonry: Unless otherwise indicated, lay exposed masonry in
           running bond; do not use units with less than nominal 8-inch (200-mm) horizontal face
           dimensions at corners or jambs.

      C.   Lay concealed masonry with all units in a wythe in running bond or bonded by lapping not less
           than 4-inches (100-mm). Bond and interlock each course of each wythe at corners. Do not use
           units with less than nominal 8-inch (200-mm) horizontal face dimensions at corners or jambs.

      D.   Stopping and Resuming Work: Stop work by racking back units in each course from those in
           course below; do not tooth. When resuming work, clean masonry surfaces that are to receive
           mortar, remove loose masonry units and mortar, and wet brick if required before laying fresh
           masonry.

      E.   Built-in Work: As construction progresses, build in items specified in this and other Sections.
           Fill in solidly with masonry around built-in items.

      F.   Fill space between steel frames and masonry solidly with mortar, unless otherwise indicated.

      G.   Where built-in items are to be embedded in cores of hollow masonry units, place a layer of
           metal lath, wire mesh, or plastic mesh in the joint below and rod mortar or grout into core.

      H.   Fill cores in hollow concrete masonry units with grout 24 inches (600 mm) under bearing plates,
           beams, lintels, posts, and similar items, unless otherwise indicated.

      I.   Build non-load-bearing interior partitions full height of story to underside of solid floor or roof
           structure above, unless otherwise indicated.



UNIT MASONRY                                                                              0812/042000 - 12
3.4        MORTAR BEDDING AND JOINTING

      A.   Lay hollow brick and concrete masonry units as follows:

           1.    With face shells fully bedded in mortar and with head joints of depth equal to bed joints.
           2.    With webs fully bedded in mortar in all courses of piers, columns, and pilasters.
           3.    With webs fully bedded in mortar in grouted masonry, including starting course on
                 footings.
           4.    With entire units, including areas under cells, fully bedded in mortar at starting course on
                 footings where cells are not grouted.

      B.   Tool exposed joints slightly concave when thumbprint hard, using a jointer larger than joint
           thickness, unless otherwise indicated.

      C.   Cut joints flush for masonry walls to receive plaster or other direct-applied finishes (other than
           paint), unless otherwise indicated.


3.5        CAVITY WALLS

      A.   Bond wythes of cavity walls together using one of the following methods:

           1.    Individual Metal Ties: Provide ties as shown installed in horizontal joints, but not less
                 than one metal tie for 1.77 sq. ft. (0.16 sq. m) of wall area spaced not to exceed 16 inches
                 (406 mm) o.c. horizontally and 16 inches (406 mm) o.c. vertically. Stagger ties in
                 alternate courses. Provide additional ties within 12 inches (305 mm) of openings and
                 space not more than 36 inches (915 mm) apart around perimeter of openings. At
                 intersecting and abutting walls, provide ties at no more than 24 inches (610 mm) o.c.
                 vertically.

                 a.     Where bed joints of wythes do not align, use adjustable (two-piece) type ties.
                 b.     Where one wythe is of clay masonry and the other of concrete masonry, use
                        adjustable (two-piece) type ties to allow for differential movement regardless of
                        whether bed joints align.

           2.    Masonry Joint Reinforcement: Installed in horizontal mortar joints.


                 a.     Where bed joints of wythes do not align, use adjustable (two-piece) type
                        reinforcement with continuous horizontal wire in facing wythe attached to ties.
                 b.     Where one wythe is of clay masonry and the other of concrete masonry, use
                        adjustable (two-piece) type reinforcement with continuous horizontal wire in
                        facing wythe attached to ties to allow for differential movement regardless of
                        whether bed joints align.

      B.   Bond wythes of cavity walls together using bonding system indicated on Drawings.

      C.   Keep cavities clean of mortar droppings and other materials during construction. Bevel beds
           away from cavity, to minimize mortar protrusions into cavity. Do not attempt to trowel or
           remove mortar fins protruding into cavity.




UNIT MASONRY                                                                             0812/042000 - 13
      D.   Installing Cavity-Wall Insulation: Place small dabs of adhesive, spaced approximately 12
           inches (300 mm) o.c. both ways, on inside face of insulation boards, or attach with plastic
           fasteners designed for this purpose. Fit courses of insulation between wall ties and other
           confining obstructions in cavity, with edges butted tightly both ways. Press units firmly against
           inside wythe of masonry or other construction as shown.

           1.    Fill cracks and open gaps in insulation with crack sealer compatible with insulation and
                 masonry.


3.6        MASONRY JOINT REINFORCEMENT

      A.   General: Install entire length of longitudinal side rods in mortar with a minimum cover of 5/8
           inch (16 mm) on exterior side of walls, 1/2 inch (13 mm) elsewhere. Lap reinforcement a
           minimum of 6 inches (150 mm).

           1.    Space reinforcement not more than 16 inches (406 mm) o.c. at running bond and 8 inches
                 o.c. (203 mm) at stack bond.
           2.    Space reinforcement not more than 8 inches (203 mm) o.c. in foundation walls and
                 parapet walls.
           3.    Provide reinforcement not more than 8 inches (203 mm) above and below wall openings
                 and extending 12 inches (305 mm) beyond openings.

                 a.     Reinforcement above is in addition to continuous reinforcement.

      B.   Interrupt joint reinforcement at control and expansion joints, unless otherwise indicated.

      C.   Provide continuity at wall intersections by using prefabricated T-shaped units.

      D.   Provide continuity at corners by using prefabricated L-shaped units.


3.7        CONTROL AND EXPANSION JOINTS

      A.   General: Install control and expansion joint materials in unit masonry as masonry progresses.
           Do not allow materials to span control and expansion joints without provision to allow for in-
           plane wall or partition movement.

      B.   Form control joints in concrete masonry using one of the following methods:

           1.    Fit bond-breaker strips into hollow contour in ends of concrete masonry units on one side
                 of control joint. Fill resultant core with grout and rake out joints in exposed faces for
                 application of sealant.
           2.    Install preformed control-joint gaskets designed to fit standard sash block.
           3.    Install interlocking units designed for control joints. Install bond-breaker strips at joint.
                 Keep head joints free and clear of mortar or rake out joint for application of sealant.
           4.    Install temporary foam-plastic filler in head joints and remove filler when unit masonry is
                 complete for application of sealant.

      C.   Form expansion joints in brick made from clay or shale as follows:




UNIT MASONRY                                                                              0812/042000 - 14
           1.     Build flanges of metal expansion strips into masonry. Lap each joint 4 inches (100 mm)
                  in direction of water flow. Seal joints below grade and at junctures with horizontal
                  expansion joints if any.
           2.     Build flanges of factory-fabricated, expansion-joint units into masonry.
           3.     Build in compressible joint fillers where indicated.
           4.     Form open joint full depth of brick wythe and of width indicated, but not less than 1/2
                  inch (13 mm) for installation of sealant and backer rod specified in Division 07 Section
                  "Joint Sealants."


3.8        LINTELS

      A.   Install steel lintels where indicated.

      B.   Provide masonry lintels where shown and where openings of more than 12 inches (305 mm) for
           brick-size units and 24 inches (610 mm) for block-size units are shown without structural steel
           or other supporting lintels.

      C.   Provide minimum bearing of 8 inches (200 mm) at each jamb, unless otherwise indicated.


3.9        FLASHING, WEEP HOLES, CAVITY DRAINAGE, AND VENTS

      A.   General: Install embedded flashing and weep holes in masonry at shelf angles, lintels, ledges,
           other obstructions to downward flow of water in wall, and where indicated.

      B.   Install flashing as follows, unless otherwise indicated:

           1.     Prepare masonry surfaces so they are smooth and free from projections that could
                  puncture flashing. Where flashing is within mortar joint, place through-wall flashing on
                  sloping bed of mortar and cover with mortar. Before covering with mortar, seal
                  penetrations in flashing with adhesive, sealant, or tape as recommended by flashing
                  manufacturer.
           1.     At multiwythe masonry walls, including cavity walls, place sheet flashing on bed joint
                  extended out from face of wall 1/2 inch and turned down at a 45 degree angle. Adhere
                  flexible flashing on top of sheet flashing through outer wythe, turned up a minimum of 8
                  inches (200 mm), and through inner wythe to within 1/2 inch (13 mm) of the interior face
                  of wall in exposed masonry. Where interior face of wall is to receive furring or framing,
                  carry flashing completely through inner wythe and turn flashing up approximately 2
                  inches (50 mm) on interior face.
           2.     At lintels and shelf angles, extend flashing a minimum of 6 inches (150 mm) into
                  masonry at each end. At heads and sills, extend flashing 6 inches (150 mm) at ends and
                  turn up not less than 2 inches (50 mm) to form end dams.

      C.   Install weep holes in head joints in exterior wythes of first course of masonry immediately
           above embedded flashing and as follows:

           1.     Use specified weep/vent products to form weep holes.
           2.     Space weep holes 24 inches (600 mm) o.c., unless otherwise indicated.




UNIT MASONRY                                                                           0812/042000 - 15
  D.   Place cavity drainage material in cavities to comply with configuration requirements for cavity
       drainage material in Part 2 "Miscellaneous Masonry Accessories" Article.

  E.   Install vents in head joints in exterior wythes at spacing indicated. Use specified weep/vent
       products to form vents.


3.10   REINFORCED UNIT MASONRY INSTALLATION

  A.   Temporary Formwork and Shores: Construct formwork and shores as needed to support
       reinforced masonry elements during construction.

       1.    Construct formwork to provide shape, line, and dimensions of completed masonry as
             indicated. Make forms sufficiently tight to prevent leakage of mortar and grout. Brace,
             tie, and support forms to maintain position and shape during construction and curing of
             reinforced masonry.
       2.    Do not remove forms and shores until reinforced masonry members have hardened
             sufficiently to carry their own weight and other temporary loads that may be placed on
             them during construction.

  B.   Placing Reinforcement: Comply with requirements in ACI 530.1/ASCE 6/TMS 602.

  C.   Grouting: Do not place grout until entire height of masonry to be grouted has attained enough
       strength to resist grout pressure.

       1.    Comply with requirements in ACI 530.1/ASCE 6/TMS 602 for cleanouts and for grout
             placement, including minimum grout space and maximum pour height.
       2.    Limit height of vertical grout pours to not more than 60 inches (1520 mm).


3.11   FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

  A.   Inspectors: Owner will engage qualified independent inspectors to perform inspections and
       prepare reports. Allow inspectors access to scaffolding and work areas, as needed to perform
       inspections. Contractor shall coordinate all inspections as required.

       1.    Place grout only after inspectors have verified compliance of grout spaces and grades,
             sizes, and locations of reinforcement.

  B.   Testing Agency: Owner will engage a qualified independent testing and inspecting agency to
       perform field tests and inspections indicated below and prepare test reports. Contractor shall
       coordinate with the Owners Testing Agency for all testing as required.

       1.    Payment for these services will be made Owner.
       2.    Retesting of materials failing to comply with specified requirements shall be done at
             Contractor's expense.

  C.   Testing agency will report inspection results promptly and in writing to Owner, Contractor
       Structural Engineer and Architect.

  D.   Testing Frequency: One set of tests for each 5000 sq. ft. (465 sq. m) of wall area or portion
       thereof.


UNIT MASONRY                                                                       0812/042000 - 16
  E.   Clay Masonry Unit Test: For each type of unit provided, per ASTM C 67.

  F.   Concrete Masonry Unit Test: For each type of unit provided, per ASTM C 140.

  G.   Mortar Test (Property Specification): No sampling or testing required.

  H.   Grout Test (Compressive Strength): For each mix provided, per ASTM C 1019.


3.12   REPAIRING, POINTING, AND CLEANING

  A.   Remove and replace masonry units that are loose, chipped, broken, stained, or otherwise
       damaged or that do not match adjoining units. Install new units to match adjoining units; install
       in fresh mortar, pointed to eliminate evidence of replacement.

  B.   Pointing: During the tooling of joints, enlarge voids and holes, except weep holes, and
       completely fill with mortar. Point up joints, including corners, openings, and adjacent
       construction, to provide a neat, uniform appearance. Prepare joints for sealant application,
       where indicated.

  C.   In-Progress Cleaning: Clean unit masonry as work progresses by dry brushing to remove
       mortar fins and smears before tooling joints.

  D.   Final Cleaning: After mortar is thoroughly set and cured, clean exposed masonry as follows:

       1.    Remove large mortar particles by hand with wooden paddles and nonmetallic scrape hoes
             or chisels.
       2.    Test cleaning methods on sample wall panel; leave one-half of panel uncleaned for
             comparison purposes. Obtain Architect's approval of sample cleaning before proceeding
             with cleaning of masonry.
       3.    Protect adjacent stone and nonmasonry surfaces from contact with cleaner by covering
             them with liquid strippable masking agent or polyethylene film and waterproof masking
             tape.
       4.    Wet wall surfaces with water before applying cleaners; remove cleaners promptly by
             rinsing surfaces thoroughly with clear water.
       5.    Clean brick by bucket-and-brush hand-cleaning method described in BIA Technical
             Notes 20.
       6.    Clean masonry with a proprietary acidic cleaner applied according to manufacturer's
             written instructions.
       7.    Clean concrete masonry by cleaning method indicated in NCMA TEK 8-2A applicable to
             type of stain on exposed surfaces.


3.13   MASONRY WASTE DISPOSAL

  A.   Salvageable Materials: Unless otherwise indicated, excess masonry materials are Contractor's
       property. At completion of unit masonry work, remove from Project site.

  B.   Waste Disposal as Fill Material: Dispose of clean masonry waste, including excess or soil-
       contaminated sand, waste mortar, and broken masonry units, by crushing and mixing with fill
       material as fill is placed.



UNIT MASONRY                                                                        0812/042000 - 17
  C.   Excess Masonry Waste: Remove excess clean masonry waste and other masonry waste, and
       legally dispose of off Owner's property.


END OF SECTION 042000




UNIT MASONRY                                                              0812/042000 - 18
SECTION 051200 - STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:

           1.    Structural steel.
           2.    Grout.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 01 Section "Quality Requirements" for independent testing agency procedures
                 and administrative requirements.
           3.    Division 05 Section "Metal Fabrications" for steel lintels, miscellaneous steel fabrications
                 and other metal items not defined as structural steel.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Structural Steel: Elements of structural-steel frame, as classified by AISC's "Code of Standard
           Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges," that support design loads.


1.4        PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

      A.   Connections: Provide details of simple shear connections required by the Contract Documents
           to be selected or completed by structural-steel fabricator to withstand loads indicated and
           comply with other information and restrictions indicated.

           1.    Select and complete connections using schematic details indicated and AISC's "Manual
                 of Steel Construction, Allowable Stress Design," 13th edition
           2.    Engineering Responsibility: Fabricator's responsibilities include using a qualified
                 professional engineer to observe connection details for compliance with design loads for
                 structural-steel connections.

      B.   Construction: Type 2, simple framing.




STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING                                                                  0812/051200 - 1
1.5        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of product indicated.

      B.   LEED Submittal:

           1.    Product Data for Credit MR 4.1 and Credit MR 4.2: For products having recycled
                 content, documentation indicating percentages by weight of postconsumer and
                 preconsumer recycled content. Include statement indicating costs for each product
                 having recycled content.

      C.   Shop Drawings: Show fabrication of structural-steel components.

           1.    Include details of cuts, connections, splices, camber, holes, and other pertinent data.
           2.    Include embedment drawings.
           3.    Indicate welds by standard AWS symbols, distinguishing between shop and field welds,
                 and show size, length, and type of each weld.
           4.    Indicate type, size, and length of bolts, distinguishing between shop and field bolts.
                 Identify pretensioned and slip-critical high-strength bolted connections.

      D.   Welding certificates.

      E.   Qualification Data: For Installer, fabricator, if requested by the Architect.

      F.   Mill Test Reports: Signed by manufacturers certifying that the following products comply with
           requirements:

           1.    Structural steel including chemical and physical properties.
           2.    Bolts, nuts, and washers including mechanical properties and chemical analysis.
           3.    Direct-tension indicators.
           4.    Tension-control, high-strength bolt-nut-washer assemblies.
           5.    Shear stud connectors.
           6.    Shop primers.
           7.    Nonshrink grout.

      G.   Source quality-control test reports.


1.6        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Installer Qualifications: A qualified installer who has satisfactorily performed similar work
           recently.

      B.   Fabricator Qualifications: A qualified fabricator who participates in the AISC Quality
           Certification Program and is designated an AISC-Certified Plant, Category STD. A fabricator
           experienced in fabricating structural steel similar to that indicated for this Project and with a
           record of successful in-service performance, as well as sufficient production capacity to
           fabricate structural steel without delaying the Work will be considered in lieu of the AISC
           certification upon written request to the Architect and Structural Engineer, with copies sent to
           all General Contractors intending to bid by the Fabricator, at least 15 days prior to the bid date.
           The Architect and/or Structural Engineer may require the Fabricator submit supporting



STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING                                                                   0812/051200 - 2
           information verifying their qualifications prior to granting approval for their inclusion on this
           project. All work related to this pre-qualification of non-certified AISC fabricators must occur
           at least five days prior to the bid date.

      C.   Welding: Qualify procedures and personnel according to AWS D1.1, "Structural Welding
           Code--Steel."

      D.   Comply with applicable provisions of the following specifications and documents:

           1.    AISC's “Allowable Stress Design 13th Edition Specification for Structural Steel
                 Buildings."
           2.    AISC's "Specification for the Design of Steel Hollow Structural Sections."
           3.    AISC's "Specification for Allowable Stress Design of Single-Angle Members."
           4.    RCSC's "Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A 325 or A 490 Bolts."


1.7        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Store materials to permit easy access for inspection and identification. Keep steel members off
           ground and spaced by using pallets, dunnage, or other supports and spacers. Protect steel
           members and packaged materials from erosion and deterioration.

           1.    Store fasteners in a protected place. Clean and relubricate bolts and nuts that become dry
                 or rusty before use.
           2.    Do not store materials on structure in a manner that might cause distortion, damage, or
                 overload to members or supporting structures. Repair or replace damaged materials or
                 structures as directed.


1.8        COORDINATION

      A.   Furnish anchorage items to be embedded in or attached to other construction without delaying
           the Work. Provide setting diagrams, sheet metal templates, instructions, and directions for
           installation.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        STRUCTURAL-STEEL MATERIALS

      A.   W-Shapes: ASTM A 992/A 992M Fy = 50 ksi.

      B.   Channels, Angles, M, S-Shapes: ASTM A 36/A 36M.

      C.   Plate and Bar: ASTM A 36/A 36M.

      D.   Cold-Formed Hollow Structural Sections: ASTM A 500, Grade B, structural tubing.

      E.   Welding Electrodes: Comply with AWS requirements.




STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING                                                                 0812/051200 - 3
2.2        BOLTS, CONNECTORS, AND ANCHORS

      A.   High-Strength Bolts, Nuts, and Washers: ASTM A 325 Type 3, heavy hex steel structural bolts;
           ASTM A 563 heavy hex carbon-steel nuts; and ASTM F 436 hardened carbon-steel washers.

           1.    Finish: Plain.

      B.   Headed Anchor Rods: ASTM F 1554-S1, Grade 55 Weldable.

           1.    Configuration: Headed.
           2.    Nuts: ASTM A 563 (ASTM A 563M) heavy hex carbon steel.
           3.    Plate Washers: ASTM A 36/A 36M carbon steel.
           4.    Washers: ASTM F 436 (ASTM F 436M) hardened carbon steel.
           5.    Finish: Plain.

      C.   Threaded Rods: A 572/A 572M, Grade 50 (345).

           1.    Nuts: ASTM A 563 (ASTM A 563M) heavy hex carbon steel.
           2.    Washers: ASTM A 36/A 36M carbon steel.
           3.    Finish: Hot-dip zinc coating, ASTM A 153, Class C.


2.3        PRIMER

      A.   Primer: Fabricator's standard lead- and chromate-free, nonasphaltic, rust-inhibiting primer.


2.4        GROUT

      A.   Nonmetallic, Shrinkage-Resistant Grout:     ASTM C 1107, factory-packaged, nonmetallic
           aggregate grout, noncorrosive, nonstaining, mixed with water to consistency suitable for
           application and a 30-minute working time.


2.5        FABRICATION

      A.   Structural Steel: Fabricate and assemble in shop to greatest extent possible. Fabricate
           according to AISC's "Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges" and AISC's
           "Specification for Structural Steel Buildings--Allowable Stress Design and Plastic Design."

           1.    Camber structural-steel members where indicated.
           2.    Identify high-strength structural steel according to ASTM A 6/ A 6M and maintain
                 markings until structural steel has been erected.
           3.    Mark and match-mark materials for field assembly.
           4.    Complete structural-steel assemblies, including welding of units, before starting shop-
                 priming operations.

      B.   Bolt Holes: Cut, drill, or punch standard bolt holes perpendicular to metal surfaces.

      C.   Cleaning: Clean and prepare steel surfaces that are to remain unpainted according to SSPC-
           SP 2, "Hand Tool Cleaning."



STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING                                                                  0812/051200 - 4
      D.   Holes: Provide holes required for securing other work to structural steel and for passage of
           other work through steel framing members.

           1.    Cut, drill, or punch holes perpendicular to steel surfaces. Do not thermally cut bolt holes
                 or enlarge holes by burning.
           2.    Base-Plate Holes: Cut, drill, mechanically thermal cut, or punch holes perpendicular to
                 steel surfaces.
           3.    Weld threaded nuts to framing and other specialty items indicated to receive other work.


2.6        SHOP CONNECTIONS

      A.   High-Strength Bolts: Shop install high-strength bolts according to RCSC's "Specification for
           Structural Joints Using ASTM A 325 or A 490 Bolts" for type of bolt and type of joint
           specified.

           1.    Joint Type: Snug tightened.

      B.   Weld Connections: Comply with AWS D1.1 for welding procedure specifications, tolerances,
           appearance, and quality of welds and for methods used in correcting welding work.


2.7        SHOP PRIMING

      A.   Shop prime steel surfaces except the following:

           1.    Surfaces embedded in concrete or mortar.         Extend priming of partially embedded
                 members to a depth of 2 inches.
           2.    Surfaces to be field welded.

      B.   Surface Preparation: Clean surfaces to be painted. Remove loose rust and mill scale and
           spatter, slag, or flux deposits. Prepare surfaces according to the following specifications and
           standards:

           1.    SSPC-SP 2, "Hand Tool Cleaning."

      C.   Priming: Immediately after surface preparation, apply primer according to manufacturer's
           written instructions and at rate recommended by SSPC to provide a dry film thickness of not
           less than 1.5 mils. Use priming methods that result in full coverage of joints, corners, edges,
           and exposed surfaces. At all members that are to be exposed to public view at project
           completion, shop primer must be compatible with the final paint system specified.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Verify elevations of concrete- and masonry-bearing surfaces and locations of anchor rods,
           bearing plates, and other embedments, with steel erector present, for compliance with
           requirements.



STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING                                                                 0812/051200 - 5
      B.   Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


3.2        PREPARATION

      A.   Provide temporary shores, guys, braces, and other supports during erection to keep structural
           steel secure, plumb, and in alignment against temporary construction loads and loads equal in
           intensity to design loads. Remove temporary supports when permanent structural steel,
           connections, and bracing are in place, unless otherwise indicated.

      B.   Set structural steel accurately in locations and to elevations indicated and according to AISC's
           "Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges" and "Allowable Stress Design
           Specification for Structural Steel Buildings".

      C.   Base and Bearing Plates: Clean concrete- and masonry-bearing surfaces of bond-reducing
           materials, and roughen surfaces prior to setting base and bearing plates. Clean bottom surface
           of base and bearing plates.

           1.    Set base and bearing plates for structural members on wedges, shims, or setting nuts as
                 required.
           2.    Weld plate washers to top of base plate.
           3.    Snug-tighten anchor rods after supported members have been positioned and plumbed.
                 Do not remove wedges or shims but, if protruding, cut off flush with edge of base plate
                 before packing with grout.
           4.    Promptly pack grout solidly between bearing surfaces and base or bearing plates so no
                 voids remain. Neatly finish exposed surfaces; protect grout and allow to cure. Comply
                 with manufacturer's written installation instructions for shrinkage-resistant grouts.

      D.   Maintain erection tolerances of structural steel within AISC's "Code of Standard Practice for
           Steel Buildings and Bridges."

      E.   Align and adjust various members forming part of complete frame or structure before
           permanently fastening. Before assembly, clean bearing surfaces and other surfaces that will be
           in permanent contact with members. Perform necessary adjustments to compensate for
           discrepancies in elevations and alignment.

           1.    Level and plumb individual members of structure.
           2.    Make allowances for difference between temperature at time of erection and mean
                 temperature when structure is completed and in service.

      F.   Splice members only where indicated.

      G.   Do not enlarge unfair holes in members by burning or using drift pins. Ream holes that must be
           enlarged to admit bolts.


3.3        FIELD CONNECTIONS

      A.   High-Strength Bolts: Install high-strength bolts according to RCSC's "Specification for
           Structural Joints Using ASTM A 325 or A 490 Bolts" for type of bolt and type of joint
           specified.



STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING                                                                  0812/051200 - 6
           1.    Joint Type: Snug tightened.

      B.   Weld Connections: Comply with AWS D1.1 for welding procedure specifications, tolerances,
           appearance, and quality of welds and for methods used in correcting welding work.

           1.    Comply with AISC's "Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges" and
                 "Specification for Structural Steel Buildings--Allowable Stress Design and Plastic
                 Design" for bearing, adequacy of temporary connections, alignment, and removal of paint
                 on surfaces adjacent to field welds.
           2.    Remove backing bars or runoff tabs, back gouge, and grind steel smooth.
           3.    Verify that weld sizes, fabrication sequence, and equipment used for architecturally
                 exposed structural steel will limit distortions to allowable tolerances. Prevent weld show-
                 through on exposed steel surfaces.

                 a.     Grind butt welds flush.
                 b.     Grind or fill exposed fillet welds to smooth profile. Dress exposed welds.


3.4        FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

      A.   Testing Agency: The Owner will engage a qualified independent testing and inspecting agency
           to inspect field welds and high-strength bolted connections. Contractor shall coordinate with the
           Owners Testing Agency for all testing as required.

      B.   Bolted Connections: Shop-bolted connections will be inspected according to RCSC's
           "Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A 325 or A 490 Bolts."

      C.   Welded Connections: Field welds will be visually inspected according to AWS D1.1.

      D.   Testing agency will report inspection results promptly and in writing to Owner, Contractor,
           Structural Engineer and Architect.

      E.   Correct deficiencies in Work that test reports and inspections indicate does not comply with the
           Contract Documents.


3.5        REPAIRS AND PROTECTION

      A.   Touchup Painting: After installation, promptly clean, prepare, and prime or reprime field
           connections, rust spots, and abraded surfaces of prime-painted joists and accessories, bearing
           plates, and abutting structural steel.

           1.    Clean and prepare surfaces by SSPC-SP 2 hand-tool cleaning or SSPC-SP 3 power-tool
                 cleaning.
           2.    Apply a compatible primer of same type as shop primer used on adjacent surfaces.


END OF SECTION 051200




STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING                                                                 0812/051200 - 7
SECTION 052100 - STEEL JOIST FRAMING


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:


           1.    K-series steel joists.
           2.    KCS-type K-series steel joists.
           3.    Joist accessories.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 04 Section "Unit Masonry" for installing bearing plates in unit masonry.
           3.    Division 05 Section “Metal Fabrications” for furnishing bearing plates.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   SJI "Specifications": Steel Joist Institute's "Standard Specifications, Load Tables and Weight
           Tables for Steel Joists and Joist Girders."


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of joist, accessory, and product indicated.

      B.   LEED Submittal:

           1.    Product Data for Credit MR 4.1 and Credit MR 4.2: For products having recycled
                 content, documentation indicating percentages by weight of postconsumer and
                 preconsumer recycled content.

                 a.     Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.

      C.   Shop Drawings: Show layout, designation, number, type, location, and spacings of joists.
           Include joining and anchorage details, bracing, bridging, joist accessories; splice and connection
           locations and details; and attachments to other construction.



STEEL JOIST FRAMING                                                                       0812/052100 - 1
           1.    Indicate locations and details of bearing plates to be embedded in other construction.

      D.   Welding certificates. Copies of certificates for welding procedures and personnel.

      E.   Manufacturer Certificates:     Signed by manufacturers certifying that joists comply with
           requirements.

      F.   Mill Certificates: Signed by bolt manufacturers certifying that bolts comply with requirements.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Manufacturer Qualifications: A firm experienced in manufacturing joists similar to those
           indicated for this Project and with a record of successful in-service performance.

           1.    Manufacturer must be certified by SJI to manufacture joists complying with SJI standard
                 specifications and load tables.
           2.    Manufacturer’s responsibility includes engineering special joists to comply with
                 performance requirements. This responsibility includes preparation of Shop Drawings
                 and comprehensive engineering analysis by a qualified professional engineer.

      B.   SJI Specifications: Comply with SJI's "Standard Specifications Load Tables and Weight Tables
           for Steel Joists and Joist Girders" (hereafter, "Specifications"), applicable to types of joists
           indicated.

      C.   Welding: Qualify procedures and personnel according to AWS D1.1/D1.1M, "Structural
           Welding Code - Steel."


1.6        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Deliver, store, and handle joists as recommended in SJI's "Specifications."

      B.   Protect joists from corrosion, deformation, and other damage during delivery, storage, and
           handling. At joists to be exposed to public view in their final configuration take special care
           during delivery, storage, and handling so as to not adversely affect the adherence of the finish
           paint system.


1.7        SEQUENCING

      A.   Deliver steel bearing plates to be built into cast-in-place concrete and masonry construction.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MATERIALS

      A.   Steel: Comply with SJI's "Specifications" for web and steel-angle chord members.




STEEL JOIST FRAMING                                                                        0812/052100 - 2
      B.   Carbon-Steel Bolts and Threaded Fasteners: ASTM A 307, Grade A (ASTM F 568M, Property
           Class 4.6), carbon-steel, hex-head bolts and threaded fasteners; carbon-steel nuts; and flat,
           unhardened steel washers.

           1.    Finish: Plain Coated.

      C.   High-Strength Bolts, Nuts, and Washers: ASTM A 325 (ASTM A 325M), Type 1, heavy hex
           steel structural bolts; ASTM A 563 (ASTM A 563M) heavy hex carbon-steel nuts; and
           ASTM F 436 (ASTM F 436M) hardened carbon-steel washers.

           1.    Finish: Plain, uncoated.

      D.   Welding Electrodes: Comply with AWS standards.


2.2        PRIMERS

      A.   Primer: SSPC-Paint 15, or manufacturer's standard shop primer complying with performance
           requirements in SSPC-Paint 15. At all members that are to be exposed to public view at project
           completion, shop primer must be compatible with the final paint system specified.


2.3        K-SERIES STEEL JOISTS

      A.   Manufacture steel joists of type indicated according to "Standard Specifications for Open Web
           Steel Joists, K-Series" in SJI's "Specifications," with steel-angle top- and bottom-chord
           members, underslung ends, and parallel top chord.

           1.    Joist Type: K-series and KCS-type K-series steel joists.

      B.   Comply with AWS requirements and procedures for shop welding, appearance, quality of
           welds, and methods used in correcting welding work.

      C.   Provide holes in chord members for connecting and securing other construction to joists.

      D.   Camber joists according to SJI's "Specifications."

      E.   Manufacturer shall design joists and joist bridging to accommodate location of duct runs
           parallel to joists at the locations indicated within the joist depth


2.4        JOIST ACCESSORIES

      A.   Bridging: Schematically indicated. Detail and fabricate according to SJI's "Specifications."
           Furnish additional erection bridging if required for stability.

      B.   Bridging: Fabricate as indicated and according to SJI's "Specifications." Furnish additional
           erection bridging if required for stability.

      C.   Steel bearing plates with integral anchorages are specified in Division 5 “Metal Fabrication.”




STEEL JOIST FRAMING                                                                       0812/052100 - 3
2.5        CLEANING AND SHOP PAINTING

      A.   Clean and remove loose scale, heavy rust, and other foreign materials from fabricated joists and
           accessories by hand-tool cleaning, SSPC-SP 2 or power-tool cleaning, SSPC-SP 3.

      B.   Apply 1 coat of shop primer to joists and joist accessories to be primed to provide a continuous,
           dry paint film not less than 1 mil (0.025 mm) thick.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine supporting substrates, embedded bearing plates, and abutting structural framing for
           compliance with requirements for installation tolerances and other conditions affecting
           performance.

           1.    Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


3.2        INSTALLATION

      A.   Do not install joists until supporting construction is in place and secured.

      B.   Install joists and accessories plumb, square, and true to line; securely fasten to supporting
           construction according to SJI's "Specifications," joist manufacturer's written recommendations,
           and requirements in this Section.

           1.    Before installation, splice joists delivered to Project site in more than one piece.
           2.    Space, adjust, and align joists accurately in location before permanently fastening.
           3.    Install temporary bracing and erection bridging, connections, and anchors to ensure that
                 joists are stabilized during construction.

      C.   Field weld joists to supporting steel bearing plates and framework. Coordinate welding
           sequence and procedure with placement of joists. Comply with AWS requirements and
           procedures for welding, appearance and quality of welds, and methods used in correcting
           welding work.

      D.   Bolt joists to supporting steel framework using high-strength structural bolts. Comply with
           RCSC's "Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A 325 or ASTM A 490 Bolts" for
           high-strength structural bolt installation and tightening requirements.

      E.   Install and connect bridging concurrently with joist erection, before construction loads are
           applied. Anchor ends of bridging lines at top and bottom chords if terminating at walls or
           beams.


3.3        FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

      A.   Testing Agency: The Owner will engage a qualified independent testing and inspecting agency
           to inspect field welds and bolted connections and to perform field tests and inspections and


STEEL JOIST FRAMING                                                                       0812/052100 - 4
           prepare test and inspection reports. Contractor shall coordinate with the Owners Testing Agency
           for all testing as required.

      B.   Field welds will be visually inspected according to AWS D1.1/D1.1M.

      C.   Bolted connections will be visually inspected.

      D.   High-strength, field-bolted connections will be tested and verified according to procedures in
           RCSC's "Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A 325 or ASTM A 490 Bolts."

      E.   Testing agency will report inspection results promptly and in writing to Owner, Contractor,
           Structural Engineer and Architect.

      F.   Correct deficiencies in Work that test and inspection reports have indicated are not in
           compliance with specified requirements.

      G.   Additional testing will be performed to determine compliance of corrected Work with specified
           requirements.


3.4        REPAIRS AND PROTECTION

      A.   Touchup Painting: After installation, promptly clean, prepare, and prime or reprime field
           connections, rust spots, and abraded surfaces of prime-painted joists, bearing plates, abutting
           structural steel, and accessories.

           1.    Clean and prepare surfaces by hand-tool cleaning, SSPC-SP 2, or power-tool cleaning,
                 SSPC-SP 3.
           2.    Apply a compatible primer of same type as shop primer used on adjacent surfaces.

      B.   Provide final protection and maintain conditions, in a manner acceptable to manufacturer and
           Installer that ensure that joists and accessories are without damage or deterioration at time of
           Substantial Completion.


END OF SECTION 052100




STEEL JOIST FRAMING                                                                      0812/052100 - 5
SECTION 053100 - STEEL DECKING


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:

           1.    Roof deck.
           2.    Noncomposite form deck.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 05 Section "Metal Fabrications" for framing deck openings with miscellaneous
                 steel shapes.
           3.    Division 9 painting Sections for repair painting of primed deck.


1.3        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of deck, accessory, and product indicated.

      B.   LEED Submittal:

           1.    Product Data for Credit MR 4.1 and Credit MR 4.2: For products having recycled
                 content, documentation indicating percentages by weight of postconsumer and
                 preconsumer recycled content.

                 a.     Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.

      C.   Shop Drawings: Show layout and types of deck panels, anchorage details, reinforcing channels,
           pans, cut deck openings, special jointing, accessories, and attachments to other construction.

      D.   Product Certificates: For each type of steel deck, signed by product manufacturer.

      E.   Welding certificates.

      F.   Product Test Reports: Based on evaluation of comprehensive tests performed by a qualified
           testing agency, indicating that each of the following complies with requirements:

           1.    Power-actuated mechanical fasteners.


STEEL DECKING                                                                            0812/053100 - 1
1.4        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Welding: Qualify procedures and personnel according to AWS D1.3, "Structural Welding
           Code - Sheet Steel."

      B.   AISI Specifications: Comply with calculated structural characteristics of steel deck according
           to AISI's "North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural
           Members."


1.5        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Protect steel deck from corrosion, deformation, and other damage during delivery, storage, and
           handling.

      B.   Stack steel deck on platforms or pallets and slope to provide drainage.        Protect with a
           waterproof covering and ventilate to avoid condensation.

           1.    Protect and ventilate acoustical cellular roof deck with factory-installed insulation to
                 maintain insulation free of moisture.


1.6        COORDINATION

      A.   Coordinate installation of sound-absorbing insulation strips in topside ribs of acoustical deck
           with roofing installation specified in Division 7 Section "EPDM Membrane Roofing" to ensure
           protection of insulation strips against damage from effects of weather and other causes.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide products by one of the
           following:

           1.    Steel Deck:


                 a.    Nucor Corp.; Vulcraft Division.
                 b.    Wheeling Corrugating Company; Div. of Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corporation.


2.2        ROOF DECK

      A.   Steel Roof Deck: Fabricate panels, without top-flange stiffening grooves, to comply with "SDI
           Specifications and Commentary for Steel Roof Deck," in SDI Publication No. 30, and with the
           following:




STEEL DECKING                                                                           0812/053100 - 2
           1.    Galvanized and Shop-Primed Steel Sheet: ASTM A 653/A 653M, Structural Steel (SS),
                 Grade 33 (230), G60 (Z180) zinc coating; cleaned, pretreated, and primed with
                 manufacturer's standard baked-on, rust-inhibitive primer. Color: Manufacturer's
                 standard.
           2.    Deck Profile: As indicated.
           3.    Profile Depth: As indicated.
           4.    Design Uncoated-Steel Thickness: As indicated.
           5.    Span Condition: Triple span or more.
           6.    Side Laps: Lapped and fastened at indicated spacing.


2.3        NONCOMPOSITE FORM DECK

      A.   Noncomposite Steel Form Deck: Fabricate ribbed-steel sheet noncomposite form-deck panels
           to comply with "SDI Specifications and Commentary for Noncomposite Steel Form Deck," in
           SDI Publication No. 30, with the minimum section properties indicated, and with the following:


           1.    Galvanized and Shop-Primed Steel Sheet: ASTM A 653, Structural Steel (SS), Grade 33,
                 ASTM A924 G60 zinc coating; cleaned, pretreated, and primed with manufacturer's
                 standard gray baked-on, rust-inhibitive primer.
           2.    Profile Depth: As indicated.
           3.    Design Uncoated-Steel Thickness: As indicated.
           4.    Span Condition: Triple span or more.
           5.    Side Laps: Overlapped.


2.4        ACCESSORIES

      A.   General: Provide manufacturer's standard accessory materials for deck that comply with
           requirements indicated.

      B.   Mechanical Fasteners: Corrosion-resistant, low-velocity, power-actuated or pneumatically
           driven carbon-steel fasteners; or self-drilling, self-threading screws.

      C.   Side-Lap Fasteners: Corrosion-resistant, hexagonal washer head; self-drilling, carbon-steel
           screws, No. 10 minimum diameter.

      D.   Miscellaneous Sheet Metal Deck Accessories: Steel sheet, minimum yield strength of 33,000
           psi, not less than 0.0359-inch (0.91-mm) design uncoated thickness, of same material and finish
           as deck; of profile indicated or required for application.

      E.   Flexible Closure Strips: Vulcanized, closed-cell, synthetic rubber.

      F.   Miscellaneous Sheet Metal Deck Accessories: Steel sheet, minimum yield strength of 33,000
           psi (230 MPa), not less than 0.0359-inch (0.91-mm) design uncoated thickness, of same
           material and finish as deck; of profile indicated or required for application.

      G.   Column Closures, End Closures, Z-Closures, and Cover Plates: Steel sheet, of same material,
           finish, and thickness as deck, unless otherwise indicated.




STEEL DECKING                                                                           0812/053100 - 3
      H.   Weld Washers: Uncoated steel sheet, shaped to fit deck rib, 0.0598 inch (1.52 mm) thick, with
           factory-punched hole of 3/8-inch (9.5-mm) minimum diameter.

      I.   Recessed Sump Pans: Single-piece steel sheet, 0.0747 inch (1.90 mm) thick, of same material
           and finish as deck, with 3-inch- (76-mm-) wide flanges and level recessed pans of 1-1/2-inch
           (38-mm) minimum depth. For drains, cut holes in the field.

      J.   Repair Paint: Manufacturer's standard rust-inhibitive primer of same color as primer.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine supporting frame and field conditions for compliance with requirements for
           installation tolerances and other conditions affecting performance.


3.2        INSTALLATION, GENERAL

      A.   Install deck panels and accessories according to applicable specifications and commentary in
           SDI Publication No. 30, manufacturer's written instructions, and requirements in this Section.

      B.   Install temporary shoring before placing deck panels, if required to meet deflection limitations.

      C.   Locate deck bundles to prevent overloading of supporting members.

      D.   Place deck panels on supporting frame and adjust to final position with ends accurately aligned
           and bearing on supporting frame before being permanently fastened. Do not stretch or contract
           side-lap interlocks.

      E.   Place deck panels flat and square and fasten to supporting frame without warp or deflection.

      F.   Cut and neatly fit deck panels and accessories around openings and other work projecting
           through or adjacent to deck.

      G.   Provide additional reinforcement and closure pieces at openings as required for strength,
           continuity of deck, and support of other work.

      H.   Comply with AWS requirements and procedures for manual shielded metal arc welding,
           appearance and quality of welds, and methods used for correcting welding work.


3.3        ROOF-DECK INSTALLATION

      A.   Fasten roof-deck panels to steel supporting members by arc spot (puddle) welds of the surface
           diameter indicated or arc seam welds with an equal perimeter that is not less than 1-1/2 inches
           long, and as follows:

           1.    Weld Diameter: 5/8 inch, nominal.



STEEL DECKING                                                                              0812/053100 - 4
           2.    Weld Spacing: Weld edge and interior ribs of deck units with a minimum of two welds
                 per deck unit at each support. Space welds as indicated.

      B.   Side-Lap and Perimeter Edge Fastening: Fasten side laps and perimeter edges of panels
           between supports, at intervals not exceeding the lesser of 1/2 of the span or as indicated, and as
           follows:

           1.    Mechanically fasten with self-drilling, No. 10 diameter or larger, carbon-steel screws.

      C.   End Bearing: Install deck ends over supporting frame with a minimum end bearing of 1-1/2
           inches (38 mm), with end joints as follows:

           1.    End Joints: Lapped 2 inches minimum.

      D.   Roof Sump Pans and Sump Plates: Install over openings provided in roof deck and weld
           flanges to top of deck. Space welds not more than 12 inches (305 mm) apart with at least one
           weld at each corner.

           1.    Install reinforcing channels or zees in ribs to span between supports and weld.

      E.   Miscellaneous Roof-Deck Accessories: Install ridge and valley plates, finish strips, end
           closures, and reinforcing channels according to deck manufacturer's written instructions. Weld
           to substrate to provide a complete deck installation.

           1.    Weld cover plates at changes in direction of roof-deck panels, unless otherwise indicated.

      F.   Flexible Closure Strips: Install flexible closure strips over partitions, walls, and where
           indicated. Install with adhesive according to manufacturer's written instructions to ensure
           complete closure.

      G.   Sound-Absorbing Insulation: Installation into topside ribs of deck as specified in Division 7
           Section "EPDM Membrane Roofing”.


3.4        FLOOR-DECK INSTALLATION

      A.   Fasten floor-deck panels to steel supporting members by arc spot (puddle) welds of the surface
           diameter indicated and as follows:

           1.    Weld Diameter: 5/8 inch (16 mm) nominal.
           2.    Weld Spacing: Space and locate welds as indicated.
           3.    Weld Washers: Install weld washers at each weld location for floor deck thicknesses less
                 than 20 gauge.

      B.   Side-Lap and Perimeter Edge Fastening: Fasten side laps and perimeter edges of panels
           between supports, at intervals not exceeding the lesser of half of the span or 36 inches (910
           mm), and as follows:

           1.    Mechanically fasten with self-drilling, No. 10 (4.8-mm-) diameter or larger, carbon-steel
                 screws.




STEEL DECKING                                                                             0812/053100 - 5
      C.   End Bearing: Install deck ends over supporting frame with a minimum end bearing of 1-1/2
           inches (38 mm), with end joints as follows:

           1.    End Joints: Lapped.

      D.   Pour Stops and Girder Fillers: Weld steel sheet pour stops and girder fillers to supporting
           structure according to SDI recommendations, unless otherwise indicated.

      E.   Floor-Deck Closures: Weld steel sheet column closures, cell closures, and Z-closures to deck,
           according to SDI recommendations, to provide tight-fitting closures at open ends of ribs and
           sides of deck.


3.5        FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

      A.   Testing Agency: The Owner will engage a qualified independent testing and inspecting agency
           to perform field tests and inspections and prepare test reports. Do not cover work until the work
           has been inspected and found to be satisfactory. Contractor shall coordinate with the Owners
           Testing Agency for all testing as required.

      B.   Field welds will be subject to inspection.

      C.   Testing agency will report inspection results promptly and in writing to Owner, Construction
           Manager, Structural Engineer, and Architect.

      D.   Remove and replace work that does not comply with specified requirements.

      E.   Additional inspecting, at Contractor's expense, will be performed to determine compliance of
           corrected work with specified requirements.


3.6        REPAIRS AND PROTECTION

      A.   Repair Painting: Wire brush and clean rust spots, welds, and abraded areas on both surfaces of
           prime-painted deck immediately after installation, and apply repair paint.

           1.    Apply repair paint, of same color as adjacent shop-primed deck, to bottom surfaces of
                 deck exposed to view.

      B.   Provide final protection and maintain conditions to ensure that steel deck is without damage or
           deterioration at time of Substantial Completion.


END OF SECTION 053100




STEEL DECKING                                                                            0812/053100 - 6
SECTION 054000 - COLD-FORMED METAL FRAMING


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:


           1.    Exterior load-bearing wall framing.
           2.    Interior load-bearing wall framing.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 05 Section "Metal Fabrications" for masonry shelf angles and connections.
           3.    Division 09 Section "Non-structural Metal Framing" for interior non-load-bearing, metal-
                 stud-framing and ceiling suspension assemblies.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Minimum Uncoated Steel Thickness: Minimum uncoated thickness of cold-formed framing
           delivered to the Project site shall be not less than 95 percent of the thickness used in the cold-
           formed framing design. Lesser thicknesses shall be permitted at bends due to cold forming.

      B.   Producer: Entity that produces steel sheet coil fabricated into cold-formed members.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of cold-formed metal framing product and accessory indicated.

      B.   LEED Submittal:

           1.    Product Data for Credit MR 4.1 and Credit MR 4.2: For products having recycled
                 content, documentation indicating percentages by weight of postconsumer and
                 preconsumer recycled content.

                 a.     Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.




COLD-FORMED METAL FRAMING                                                                 0812/054000 - 1
      C.   Welding certificates. Copies of certificates for welding procedures and personnel. Certificates
           must confirm qualifications specifically for AWS D1.3.

      D.   Shop Drawings for Roof Trusses: Include layout, spacings, sizes, thicknesses, and types of cold-
           formed metal framing; fabrication; and fastening and anchorage details, including mechanical
           fasteners. Show reinforcing channels, opening framing, supplemental framing, strapping,
           bracing, bridging, splices, accessories, connection details, and attachment to adjoining work.

           1.    Include structural analysis data signed and sealed by the qualified professional engineer
                 responsible for their preparation.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Installer Qualifications: An experienced installer who has completed cold-formed metal
           framing similar in material, design, and extent to that indicated for this Project and whose work
           has resulted in construction with a record of successful in-service performance.
      B.   Welding: Qualify procedures and personnel according to AWS D1.1, "Structural Welding
           Code--Steel," and AWS D1.3, "Structural Welding Code--Sheet Steel."

      C.   AISI Specifications: Comply with AISI's "Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel
           Structural Members" current edition, for calculating structural characteristics of cold-formed
           metal framing.


           1.    CCFSS Technical Bulletin: “AISI Specification Provision for Screw Connections.”
           2.    Engineering Responsibility for Roof Trusses: Engage a qualified professional engineer
                 to prepare design calculations, Shop Drawings, and other structural data. Comply with
                 AISI's "North American Standard for Cold-Formed Steel Framing - Truss Design, 2007
                 Edition."

      D.   Professional Engineer Qualifications: A professional engineer who is legally qualified to
           practice in jurisdiction where Project is located and who is experienced in providing
           engineering services of the kind indicated. Engineering services are defined as those performed
           for installations of cold-formed metal framing that are similar to those indicated for this Project
           in material, design, and extent.


1.6        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Protect cold-formed metal framing from corrosion, deformation, and other damage during
           delivery, storage, and handling.

      B.   Store cold-formed metal framing, protect with a waterproof covering, and ventilate to avoid
           condensation.




COLD-FORMED METAL FRAMING                                                                  0812/054000 - 2
PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers offering
           cold-formed metal framing that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited
           to, the following:


           1.    Clark Steel Framing.
           2.    Dietrich Metal Framing; a Worthington Industries Company.
           3.    United Metal Products, Inc.


2.2        MATERIALS

      A.   Steel Sheet: ASTM A 653/A 653M, structural steel, G60 (Z180) zinc coating, Grade 33 (230)
           for minimum uncoated steel thickness of 0.0428 inch (1.09 mm) and less; Grade 50 (340) for
           minimum uncoated steel thickness of 0.0538 inch (1.37 mm) and greater.


2.3        LOAD-BEARING WALL FRAMING

      A.   Steel Studs: Manufacturer's standard C-shaped steel studs, of web depths indicated, punched,
           with stiffened flanges, complying with ASTM C 955, and as follows:

           1.    Minimum Uncoated-Steel Thickness:          As indicated in literature of acceptable
                 manufacturers.
           2.    Flange Width: 1-5/8 inches, unless indicated otherwise on the Drawings.

      B.   Steel Track: Manufacturer's standard U-shaped steel track, of web depths indicated, unpunched,
           with straight flanges, complying with ASTM C 955, and as follows:

           1.    Minimum Uncoated-Steel Thickness:        As indicated in literature of acceptable
                 manufacturers. Gauge to match corresponding steel studs.

           2.    Flange Width: 1-1/4 inches, unless indicated otherwise on the Drawings.

      C.   Steel Box Headers: Manufacturer's standard C-shapes used to form header beams, of web
           depths indicated, unpunched, with stiffened flanges and as follows:

           1.    Minimum Uncoated-Steel Thickness:        As indicated in literature of acceptable
                 manufacturers. Gauge to match corresponding steel studs.

           2.    Flange Width: 1-1/4 inches, unless indicated otherwise on the Drawings.

      D.   Vertical Deflection Clips: As indicated.




COLD-FORMED METAL FRAMING                                                              0812/054000 - 3
2.4        FRAMING ACCESSORIES

      A.   Fabricate steel-framing accessories of the same material and finish used for framing members,
           with minimum yield strength of 33,000 psi.

      B.   Provide accessories of manufacturer's standard thickness and configuration, unless otherwise
           indicated, as follows:

           1.    Supplementary framing.
           2.    Bracing, bridging, and solid blocking.
           3.    Web stiffeners.
           4.    Gusset plates.
           5.    Stud kickers, knee braces, and girts.
           6.    Hole reinforcing plates.
           7.    Backer plates.


2.5        ANCHORS, CLIPS, AND FASTENERS

      A.   Steel Shapes and Clips: ASTM A 36/A 36M, zinc coated by hot-dip process according to
           ASTM A 123/A 123M.

      B.   Anchor Bolts: ASTM F 1554-S1, Grade 55, threaded carbon-steel hex-headed bolts and
           carbon-steel nuts; and flat, hardened-steel washers, zinc coated by hot-dip process according to
           ASTM A 153/A 153M, Class C.

      C.   Expansion Anchors: Fabricated from corrosion-resistant materials, with capability to sustain,
           without failure, a load equal to 5 times design load, as determined by testing per ASTM E 488
           conducted by a qualified independent testing agency.

      D.   Power-Actuated Anchors: Fastener system of type suitable for application indicated, fabricated
           from corrosion-resistant materials, with capability to sustain, without failure, a load equal to 10
           times design load, as determined by testing per ASTM E 1190 conducted by a qualified
           independent testing agency.

      E.   Mechanical Fasteners: ASTM C 1513, corrosion-resistant-coated, self-drilling, self-threading
           steel drill screws.

           1.    Head Type: Low-profile head beneath sheathing, manufacturer's standard elsewhere.

      F.   Welding Electrodes: Comply with AWS standards.

      G.   Cement Grout: Portland cement, ASTM C 150, Type I; and clean, natural sand, ASTM C 404.
           Mix at ratio of 1 part cement to 2-1/2 parts sand, by volume, with minimum water required for
           placement and hydration.

      H.   Sealer Gaskets: Closed-cell neoprene foam, 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) thick, selected from
           manufacturer's standard widths to match width of bottom track or rim track members.




COLD-FORMED METAL FRAMING                                                                  0812/054000 - 4
2.6        MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

      A.   Galvanizing Repair Paint: SSPC-Paint 20 or DOD-P-21035.


2.7        FABRICATION

      A.   Fabricate cold-formed metal framing and accessories plumb, square, and true to line, and with
           connections securely fastened, according to manufacturer's written recommendations and
           requirements in this Section.

           1.    Fabricate framing assemblies using jigs or templates.
           2.    Cut framing members by sawing or shearing; do not torch cut.
           3.    Fasten cold-formed metal framing members by welding or screw fastening, as standard
                 with fabricator. Wire tying of framing members is not permitted.

                 a.    Comply with AWS D1.3 requirements and procedures for welding, appearance and
                       quality of welds, and methods used in correcting welding work.
                 b.    Locate mechanical fasteners and install according to Shop Drawings, with screw
                       penetrating joined members by not less than three exposed screw threads.

      B.   Fabrication Tolerances: Fabricate assemblies level, plumb, and true to line to a maximum
           allowable tolerance variation of 1/8 inch in10 feet(1:960) and as follows:

           1.    Spacing: Space individual framing members no more than plus or minus 1/8 inch (3mm)
                 from plan location. Cumulative error shall not exceed minimum fastening requirements
                 of sheathing or other finishing materials.
           2.    Squareness: Fabricate each cold-formed metal framing assembly to a maximum out-of-
                 square tolerance of 1/8 inch (3 mm).


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine supporting substrates and abutting structural framing for compliance with
           requirements for installation tolerances and other conditions affecting performance. Proceed
           with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


3.2        INSTALLATION, GENERAL

      A.   Cold-formed metal framing may be shop or field fabricated for installation, or it may be field
           assembled.

      B.   Install cold-formed metal framing according to AISI's "Standard for Cold-Formed Steel
           Framing - General Provisions" and to manufacturer's written instructions unless more stringent
           requirements are indicated.

      C.   Preparation: Grout bearing surfaces uniform and level to ensure full contact of bearing flanges
           or track webs on supporting concrete or masonry construction.


COLD-FORMED METAL FRAMING                                                               0812/054000 - 5
      D.   Install sealer gaskets to isolate the underside of wall bottom track or rim track and the top of
           foundation wall or slab at stud or joist locations.

      E.   Install cold-formed metal framing and accessories plumb, square, and true to line, and with
           connections securely fastened, according to manufacturer’s written recommendations and
           requirements in this section.

           1.    Cut framing members by sawing or shearing; do not torch cut.
           2.    Fasten cold-formed metal framing members by welding, screw fastening, clinch
                 fastening, or riveting. Wire tying of framing members is not permitted.

                 a.     Comply with AWS D1.3 requirements and procedures for welding, appearance and
                        quality of welds, and methods used in correcting welding work.
                 b.     Locate mechanical fasteners and install according to Shop Drawings, and
                        complying with requirements for spacing, edge distances, and screw penetration.

      F.   Install framing members in one-piece lengths unless splice connections are indicated for track
           or tension members.

      G.   Install temporary bracing and supports to secure framing and support loads comparable in
           intensity to those for which structure was designed. Maintain braces and supports in place,
           undisturbed, until entire integrated supporting structure has been completed and permanent
           connections to framing are secured.

      H.   Do not bridge building expansion and control joints with cold-formed metal framing.
           Independently frame both sides of joints.

      I.   Install insulation, specified in Division 07 Section "Thermal Insulation," in built-up exterior
           framing members, such as headers, sills, boxed joists, and multiple studs at openings, that are
           inaccessible on completion of framing work.

      J.   Fasten hole reinforcing plate over web penetrations that exceed size of manufacturer's standard
           punched openings.

      K.   Erection Tolerances: Install cold-formed metal framing level, plumb, and true to line to a
           maximum allowable tolerance variation of 1/8 inch in 10 feet (1:960) and as follows:

           1.    Space individual framing members no more than plus or minus 1/8 inch (3 mm) from
                 plan location. Cumulative error shall not exceed minimum fastening requirements of
                 sheathing or other finishing materials.


3.3        LOAD-BEARING WALL INSTALLATION

      A.   Install continuous tracks sized to match studs. Align tracks accurately and securely anchor to
           supporting structure as indicated.

      B.   Fasten both flanges of studs to top and bottom tracks, unless otherwise indicated. Space studs
           as follows:

           1.    Stud Spacing: as indicated



COLD-FORMED METAL FRAMING                                                                0812/054000 - 6
      C.   Set studs plumb, except as needed for diagonal bracing or required for nonplumb walls or
           warped surfaces and similar configurations.

      D.   Align roof framing over studs, unless otherwise indicated. Where framing cannot be aligned,
           continuously reinforce track to transfer loads.

      E.   Isolate non-load-bearing steel framing from building structure to prevent transfer of vertical
           loads while providing lateral support.
           1.     Connect vertical deflection clips to bypassing studs and anchor to primary building
                  structure.

      F.   Install horizontal bridging in curtain-wall studs, spaced in rows indicated on Shop Drawings but
           not more than 48 inches (1370 mm) apart. Fasten at each stud intersection.

           1.    Bridging: Cold-rolled steel channel welded or mechanically fastened to webs of punched
                 studs.

      G.   Install miscellaneous framing and connections, including stud kickers, web stiffeners, clip
           angles, continuous angles, anchors, fasteners, and stud girts, to provide a complete and stable
           curtain-wall-framing system.


3.4        FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

      A.   Testing: The Owner will engage a qualified independent testing and inspecting agency to
           perform field tests and inspections and prepare test reports. Contractor shall coordinate with
           Owners Testing Agency for all testing as required.

      B.   Field and shop welds will be subject to testing and inspecting.

      C.   Testing agency will report test results promptly and in writing to Owner, Construction Manager,
           Structural Engineer, and Architect.

      D.   Remove and replace work where test results indicate that it does not comply with specified
           requirements.

      E.   Additional testing and inspecting, at Contractor's expense, will be performed to determine
           compliance of replaced or additional work with specified requirements.


3.5        REPAIRS AND PROTECTION

      A.   Galvanizing Repairs: Prepare and repair damaged galvanized coatings on fabricated and
           installed cold-formed metal framing with galvanized repair paint according to ASTM A 780 and
           manufacturer's written instructions.

      B.   Protect paper-surfaced gypsum sheathing that will be exposed to weather for more than 30 days
           by covering exposed exterior surface of sheathing with a securely fastened air-infiltration
           barrier. Apply covering immediately after sheathing is installed.

      C.   Protect cutouts, corners, and joints in sheathing by filling with a flexible sealant or by applying
           tape recommended by sheathing manufacturer at time sheathing is applied.


COLD-FORMED METAL FRAMING                                                                  0812/054000 - 7
  D.   Provide final protection and maintain conditions, in a manner acceptable to manufacturer and
       Installer that ensure that cold-formed metal framing is without damage or deterioration at time
       of Substantial Completion.


END OF SECTION 054000




COLD-FORMED METAL FRAMING                                                           0812/054000 - 8
SECTION 055000 - METAL FABRICATIONS


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:


           1.    Steel framing and supports for mechanical and electrical equipment.
           2.    Steel framing and supports for applications where framing and supports are not specified
                 in other Sections.
           3.    Loose bearing and leveling plates.
           4.    Aluminum Ladder.
           5.    Pipe Bollards.
           6.    Recessed Floor Doors.

      B.   Products furnished, but not installed, under this Section include the following:


           1.    Anchor bolts, steel pipe sleeves, and wedge-type inserts indicated to be cast into concrete
                 or built into unit masonry.
           2.    Loose steel lintels and loose bearing plates.
           3.    Joist bearing plates.

      C.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 03 Section "Cast-in-Place Concrete" for installing anchor bolts, steel pipe
                 sleeves, wedge-type inserts and other items indicated to be cast into concrete.
           3.    Division 04 Section "Unit Masonry" for installing loose lintels, anchor bolts, and other
                 items indicated to be built into unit masonry.
           4.    Division 05 Section "Structural Steel Framing."


1.3        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For the following:

           1.    Paint products.
           2.    Grout.



METAL FABRICATIONS                                                                            0812/055000 - 1
      B.   LEED Submittals:

           1.    Product Data for Credit MR 4.1 and Credit MR 4.2: Indicating percentages by weight of
                 postconsumer and preconsumer recycled content for products having recycled content.
                 Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.

      C.   Shop Drawings: Show fabrication and installation details for metal fabrications.

           1.    Include plans, elevations, sections, and details of metal fabrications and their
                 connections. Show anchorage and accessory items.
           2.    Provide templates for anchors and bolts specified for installation under other Sections.

      D.   Welding certificates: Copies of certificates for welding procedures and personnel.


1.4        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Welding Qualifications: Qualify procedures and personnel according to the following:

           1.    AWS D1.1/D1.1M, "Structural Welding Code - Steel."
           2.    AWS D1.2/D1.2M, "Structural Welding Code - Aluminum."


1.5        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Field Measurements: Verify actual locations of walls and other construction contiguous with
           metal fabrications by field measurements before fabrication and indicate measurements on Shop
           Drawings.

           1.    Established Dimensions: Coordinate wall and other contiguous construction to ensure
                 that actual dimensions correspond to established dimensions.
           2.    Provide allowance for trimming and fitting at site.


1.6        COORDINATION

      A.   Coordinate installation of anchorages for metal fabrications. Furnish setting drawings,
           templates, and directions for installing anchorages, including sleeves, concrete inserts, anchor
           bolts, and items with integral anchors, that are to be embedded in concrete or masonry. Deliver
           such items to Project site in time for installation.

      B.   Coordinate installation of steel weld plates and angles for casting into concrete that are specified
           in this Section but required for work of another Section. Deliver such items to Project site in
           time for installation.




METAL FABRICATIONS                                                                          0812/055000 - 2
PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        METALS, GENERAL

      A.   Metal Surfaces, General: Provide materials with smooth, flat surfaces, unless otherwise
           indicated. For metal fabrications exposed to view in the completed Work, provide materials
           without seam marks, roller marks, rolled trade names, or blemishes.


2.2        FERROUS METALS

      A.   Stainless-Steel Sheet, Strip, and Plate: ASTM A 240/A 240M or ASTM A 666, Type 304.

      B.   Wire Rope: 1/8 inch Stainless Steel ASTM 316

      C.   Wire Rope Fittings: Ultra-Tec Pull-lock Stop End Fittings, Stainless Steel ASTM A316

      D.   Steel Plates, Shapes, and Bars: ASTM A 36/A 36M.

      E.   Steel Tubing: ASTM A 500, cold-formed steel tubing.

      F.   Steel Pipe: ASTM A 53/A 53M, standard weight (Schedule 40), unless another weight is
           indicated or required by structural loads.


2.3        NONFERROUS METALS

      A.   Aluminum Plate and Sheet: ASTM B 209 (ASTM B 209M), Alloy 6061-T6.

      B.   Aluminum Extrusions: ASTM B 221 (ASTM B 221M), Alloy 6063-T6. (Anodized Medium
           Bronze)

      C.   Stainless-Steel Sheet:   ASTM A 240/A 240M or ASTM A 666, Type 304, dead soft, fully
           annealed.

           1.    Finish: 4 (polished directional satin).
           2.    Surface: Smooth, flat.

      D.   Stainless-Steel Bars and Shapes: ASTM A 276, Type 304.


2.4        FASTENERS

      A.   General: Unless otherwise indicated, provide Type 304 stainless-steel fasteners for exterior use
           and zinc-plated fasteners with coating complying with ASTM B 633, Class Fe/Zn 5, at exterior
           walls. Provide stainless-steel fasteners for fastening aluminum. Select fasteners for type, grade,
           and class required.

      B.   High-Strength Bolts, Nuts, and Washers: ASTM A 325 Type 1, heavy hex steel structural bolts;
           ASTM A 563 heavy hex carbon-steel nuts; and ASTM F 436 hardened carbon-steel washers.
           Plain finish.


METAL FABRICATIONS                                                                        0812/055000 - 3
      C.   Anchor Rods: ASTM F 1554-S1, Grade 55 Weldable.

           1.    Provide hot-dip or mechanically deposited, zinc-coated anchor bolts where item being
                 fastened is indicated to be galvanized.

      D.   Machine Screws: ASME B18.6.3.

      E.   Lag Bolts: ASME B18.2.1.

      F.   Wood Screws: Flat head, ASME B18.6.1.

      G.   Plain Washers: Round, ASME B18.22.1.

      H.   Cast-in-Place Anchors in Concrete: Anchors capable of sustaining, without failure, a load equal
           to four times the load imposed, as determined by testing according to ASTM E 488, conducted
           by a qualified independent testing agency.

           1.    Threaded or wedge type; galvanized ferrous castings, either ASTM A 47/A 47M
                 malleable iron or ASTM A 27/A 27M cast steel. Provide bolts, washers, and shims as
                 needed, hot-dip galvanized per ASTM A 153/A 153M.

      I.   Expansion Anchors: Anchor bolt and sleeve assembly with capability to sustain, without
           failure, a load equal to six times the load imposed when installed in unit masonry and four times
           the load imposed when installed in concrete, as determined by testing according to
           ASTM E 488, conducted by a qualified independent testing agency.

           1.    Material for Anchors in Interior Locations: Carbon-steel components zinc-plated to
                 comply with ASTM B 633, Class Fe/Zn 5.
           2.    Material for Anchors in Exterior Locations: Alloy Group 1 (A1) stainless-steel bolts
                 complying with ASTM F 593 (ASTM F 738M) and nuts complying with ASTM F 594
                 (ASTM F 836M).


2.5        MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

      A.   Welding Rods and Bare Electrodes: Select according to AWS specifications for metal alloy
           welded.

      B.   Universal Shop Primer: Fast-curing, lead- and chromate-free, universal modified-alkyd primer
           complying with MPI#79.

           1.    Use primer with a VOC content of 420 g/L (3.5 lb/gal.) or less when calculated according
                 to 40 CFR 59, Subpart D (EPA Method 24).
           2.    Use primer containing pigments that make it easily distinguishable from zinc-rich primer.

      C.   Galvanizing Repair Paint: High-zinc-dust-content paint for regalvanizing welds in steel,
           complying with SSPC-Paint 20.

      D.   Bituminous Paint: Cold-applied asphalt emulsion complying with ASTM D 1187.




METAL FABRICATIONS                                                                       0812/055000 - 4
      E.   Nonshrink, Nonmetallic Grout: Factory-packaged, nonstaining, noncorrosive, nongaseous grout
           complying with ASTM C 1107. Provide grout specifically recommended by manufacturer for
           interior and exterior applications.

      F.   Concrete Materials and Properties: Comply with requirements in Division 3 Section "Cast-in-
           Place Concrete" for normal-weight, air-entrained, ready-mix concrete with a minimum 28-day
           compressive strength of 3000 psi, unless otherwise indicated.


2.6        FABRICATION, GENERAL

      A.   Shop Assembly: Preassemble items in the shop to greatest extent possible. Disassemble units
           only as necessary for shipping and handling limitations. Use connections that maintain
           structural value of joined pieces. Clearly mark units for reassembly and coordinated
           installation.

      B.   Cut, drill, and punch metals cleanly and accurately. Remove burrs and ease edges to a radius of
           approximately 1/32 inch, unless otherwise indicated. Remove sharp or rough areas on exposed
           surfaces.

      C.   Form bent-metal corners to smallest radius possible without causing grain separation or
           otherwise impairing work.

      D.   Form exposed work true to line and level with accurate angles and surfaces and straight edges.

      E.   Weld corners and seams continuously to comply with the following:

           1.    Use materials and methods that minimize distortion and develop strength and corrosion
                 resistance of base metals.
           2.    Obtain fusion without undercut or overlap.
           3.    Remove welding flux immediately.
           4.    At exposed connections, finish exposed welds and surfaces smooth and blended so no
                 roughness shows after finishing and contour of welded surface matches that of adjacent
                 surface.

      F.   Form exposed connections with hairline joints, flush and smooth, using concealed fasteners
           where possible. Where exposed fasteners are required, use Phillips flat-head (countersunk)
           screws or bolts, unless otherwise indicated. Locate joints where least conspicuous.

      G.   Fabricate seams and other connections that will be exposed to weather in a manner to exclude
           water. Provide weep holes where water may accumulate.

      H.   Cut, reinforce, drill, and tap metal fabrications as indicated to receive finish hardware, screws,
           and similar items.

      I.   Provide for anchorage of type indicated; coordinate with supporting structure. Space anchoring
           devices to secure metal fabrications rigidly in place and to support indicated loads.




METAL FABRICATIONS                                                                        0812/055000 - 5
2.7        MISCELLANEOUS FRAMING AND SUPPORTS

      A.   General: Provide steel framing and supports not specified in other Sections as needed to
           complete the Work.

      B.   Fabricate units from steel shapes, plates, and bars of welded construction, unless otherwise
           indicated. Fabricate to sizes, shapes, and profiles indicated and as necessary to receive adjacent
           construction retained by framing and supports. Cut, drill, and tap units to receive hardware,
           hangers, and similar items.

      C.   Galvanize miscellaneous framing and supports where indicated.


2.8        FIXED ALUMINUM LADDERS

      A.   Manufacturers:


           1.    Alco-Lite Industrial Products.
           2.    Halliday Products.
           3.    O'Keeffe's Inc.
           4.    Precision Ladders, LLC.

      B.   Model: Rungs shall be no less than 1-1/4 inches in section and 18-3/4 inches long, formed from
           tubular aluminum extrusions, allow 6063-T6, and shall be squared and deeply serrated on all
           sides to provide maximum grip and foot traction. Rungs shall be able to withstand a 1000 pound
           loading without failure.

      C.   Side Rail: Channel Side Rails (CH) where specified shall be no less than .125 inches wall
           thickness by three inches wide, having a minimum sectional modulus of .49.

      D.   Construction shall be as follows: Self locking stainless steel fasteners; full penetration inert-gas
           smooth, and butt-free heliarc welds; clean, surfaces.

      E.   Finish: 204R1 Clear Anodized

      F.   Accessories: Complete with mounting brackets, necessary fastenings.


2.9        LOOSE STEEL LINTELS

      A.   Fabricate loose steel lintels from steel angles and shapes of size indicated for openings and
           recesses in masonry walls and partitions at locations indicated. Weld adjoining members
           together to form a single unit where indicated.

      B.   Size loose lintels to provide bearing length at each side of openings not less than 8 inches,
           unless otherwise indicated.




METAL FABRICATIONS                                                                          0812/055000 - 6
2.10   LOOSE BEARING AND LEVELING PLATES

  A.   Provide loose bearing and leveling plates for steel items bearing on masonry or concrete
       construction. Drill plates to receive anchor bolts and for grouting.


2.11   PIPE BOLLARDS

  A.   Pipe Bollards General: Fabricate pipe bollards from Schedule 80 steel pipe galvanized.6" round
       pipe, .432" wall thickness. Fill pipe with concrete & #6 re-bar, dome top of concrete. Paint
       bollards with exterior yellow paint.


2.12   MISCELLANEOUS STEEL TRIM

  A.   Unless otherwise indicated, fabricate units from steel shapes, plates, and bars of profiles shown
       with continuously welded joints and smooth exposed edges. Miter corners and use concealed
       field splices where possible.

  B.   Provide cutouts, fittings, and anchorages as needed to coordinate assembly and installation with
       other work.

       1.    Provide with integrally welded steel strap anchors for embedding in concrete or masonry
             construction.

  C.   Galvanize exterior miscellaneous steel trim.


2.13   RECESSED FLOOR DOORS

  A.   Recessed Floor Doors: Fabricate recessed floor doors from 1/4 inch aluminum smooth plate
       reinforced for 300 psf live load and have 1 inch recess with wire mesh to receive concrete
       topping.


       1.    Manufacturer: U.S.F. Fabrication, Inc. or equal.
       2.    Series: R-TPS.
       3.    Cover: 1/4 inch aluminum smooth plate, recessed for concrete topping.
       4.    Frame: Frame shall be aluminum with continuous anchor flange and drain coupling.
       5.    Hinges: Continuous 316 stainless steel hinge with tamper proof bolts/lockouts.
       6.    Springs: 316 stainless steel automatic hold open arm with vinyl grip.
       7.    Latch: 316 stainless steel slam latch with plug and removable key wrench.
       8.    Size: 36 inch by 36 inch.


2.14   FINISHES, GENERAL

  A.   Comply with NAAMM's "Metal Finishes Manual for Architectural and Metal Products" for
       recommendations for applying and designating finishes.

  B.   Finish metal fabrications after assembly.



METAL FABRICATIONS                                                                   0812/055000 - 7
2.15       STEEL AND IRON FINISHES

      A.   Galvanizing: Hot-dip galvanize items as indicated to comply with applicable standard listed
           below:

           1.    ASTM A 123/A 123M, for galvanizing steel and iron products.
           2.    ASTM A 153/A 153M, for galvanizing steel and iron hardware.

      B.   Preparation for Shop Priming: Prepare uncoated ferrous-metal surfaces to comply with
           minimum requirements indicated below for SSPC surface preparation specifications and
           environmental exposure conditions of installed metal fabrications:

           1.    Exteriors (SSPC Zone 1B): SSPC-SP 6/NACE No. 3, "Commercial Blast Cleaning."
           2.    Interiors (SSPC Zone 1A): SSPC-SP 3, "Power Tool Cleaning."

      C.   Shop Priming: Apply shop primer to uncoated surfaces of metal fabrications, except those with
           galvanized finishes and those to be embedded in concrete, sprayed-on fireproofing, or masonry,
           unless otherwise indicated. Comply with SSPC-PA 1, "Paint Application Specification No. 1:
           Shop, Field, and Maintenance Painting of Steel," for shop painting.

           1.    Stripe paint corners, crevices, bolts, welds, and sharp edges.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        INSTALLATION, GENERAL

      A.   Cutting, Fitting, and Placement: Perform cutting, drilling, and fitting required for installing
           metal fabrications. Set metal fabrications accurately in location, alignment, and elevation; with
           edges and surfaces level, plumb, true, and free of rack; and measured from established lines and
           levels.

      B.   Fit exposed connections accurately together to form hairline joints. Weld connections that are
           not to be left as exposed joints but cannot be shop welded because of shipping size limitations.
           Do not weld, cut, or abrade surfaces of exterior units that have been hot-dip galvanized after
           fabrication and are for bolted or screwed field connections.

      C.   Field Welding: Comply with the following requirements:

           1.    Use materials and methods that minimize distortion and develop strength and corrosion
                 resistance of base metals.
           2.    Obtain fusion without undercut or overlap.
           3.    Remove welding flux immediately.
           4.    At exposed connections, finish exposed welds and surfaces smooth and blended so no
                 roughness shows after finishing and contour of welded surface matches that of adjacent
                 surface.




METAL FABRICATIONS                                                                       0812/055000 - 8
      D.   Fastening to In-Place Construction: Provide anchorage devices and fasteners where metal
           fabrications are required to be fastened to in-place construction. Provide threaded fasteners for
           use with concrete and masonry inserts, toggle bolts, through bolts, lag bolts, wood screws, and
           other connectors.

      E.   Corrosion Protection: Coat concealed surfaces of aluminum that will come into contact with
           grout, concrete, masonry, wood, or dissimilar metals with a heavy coat of bituminous paint.


3.2        INSTALLING MISCELLANEOUS FRAMING AND SUPPORTS

      A.   General: Install framing and supports to comply with requirements of items being supported,
           including manufacturers' written instructions and requirements indicated on Shop Drawings.


3.3        INSTALLING BEARING AND LEVELING PLATES

      A.   Clean concrete and masonry bearing surfaces of bond-reducing materials, and roughen to
           improve bond to surfaces. Clean bottom surface of plates.

      B.   Set bearing and leveling plates on wedges, shims, or leveling nuts. After bearing members have
           been positioned and plumbed, tighten anchor bolts. Do not remove wedges or shims but, if
           protruding, cut off flush with edge of bearing plate before packing with grout.

           1.    Use nonshrink, nonmetallic grout, unless otherwise indicated.
           2.    Pack grout solidly between bearing surfaces and plates to ensure that no voids remain.

3.4        FIELD QUALITY CONTROL


      A.   Testing Agency: The Owner will engage a qualified independent testing and inspecting agency
           to inspect field welds and high-strength bolted connections, including Special Inspections per
           IBC 2006 Chapter 17, and prepare reports. Contractor shall coordinate with the Owners Testing
           Agency for all testing as required.

      B.   Bolted Connections: Shop-bolted connections will be inspected according to RCSC’s
           “Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A 325 or A 490 Bolts.”

      C.   Welded Connections: Field welds will be visually inspected according to AWS D1.1.

      D.   Inspection reports shall be reported in writing to Owner, Contractor, Architect and Structural
           Engineer within 48 hours of inspection. Reports of inspections shall contain Project
           identification name and number, date of inspection, name of inspecting agency, name of
           inspection personnel, location of item inspected, contract documents requirements of item
           inspected and observed condition of item inspected, and a summary statement whether the item
           observed is in compliance or not in compliance with the contract documents.

      E.   Correct deficiencies in Work that test reports and inspections indicate does not comply with the
           Contract Documents.


METAL FABRICATIONS                                                                       0812/055000 - 9
3.5        REPAIRS AND PROTECTION

      A. Touchup Painting: After installation, promptly clean, prepare and prime or reprime field
         connections, rust spots, and abraded surfaces of prime-painted joists and accessories, bearing
         plates, and abutting structural steel.


            1.    Clean and prepare surfaces by SSPC-SP 2 hand-tool cleaning or SSPC-SP 3 power-tool
                  cleaning.
            2.    Apply a compatible primer of same type as shop primer used on adjacent surfaces.


3.4         ADJUSTING AND CLEANING

      A.    Touchup Painting: Immediately after erection, clean field welds, bolted connections, and
            abraded areas. Paint uncoated and abraded areas with the same material as used for shop
            painting to comply with SSPC-PA 1 for touching up shop-painted surfaces.

            1.    Apply by brush or spray to provide a minimum 2.0-mil (0.05-mm) dry film thickness.

      B.    Galvanized Surfaces: Clean field welds, bolted connections, and abraded areas and repair
            galvanizing to comply with ASTM A 780.


END OF SECTION 055000




METAL FABRICATIONS                                                                   0812/055000 - 10
SECTION 055100 - METAL STAIRS AND PIPE RAILINGS


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:


           1.    Preassembled steel stairs with concrete-filled treads.
           2.    Steel tube railings attached to metal stairs.
           3.    Steel tube handrails attached to walls adjacent to metal stairs.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements
           2.    Division 03 Section "Cast-in-Place Concrete" for concrete fill for stair treads and
                 platforms.
           3.    Division 09 Section "Painting" for surface preparation and priming requirements.


1.3        PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

      A.   Structural Performance of Stairs: Provide metal stairs capable of withstanding the effects of
           gravity loads and the following loads and stresses within limits and under conditions indicated:

           1.    Uniform Load: 100 lbf/sq. ft. (4.79 kN/sq. m).
           2.    Concentrated Load: 300 lbf (1.33 kN) applied on an area of 4 sq. in. (2580 sq. mm).
           3.    Uniform and concentrated loads need not be assumed to act concurrently.
           4.    Stair Framing: Capable of withstanding stresses resulting from railing loads in addition
                 to loads specified above.
           5.    Limit deflection of treads, platforms, and framing members to L/360 or 1/4 inch (6.4
                 mm), whichever is less.

      B.   Structural Performance of Railings: Provide railings capable of withstanding the effects of
           gravity loads and the following loads and stresses within limits and under conditions indicated:

           1.    Handrails:

                 a.     Uniform load of 50 lbf/ ft. (0.73 kN/m) applied in any direction.
                 b.     Concentrated load of 200 lbf (0.89 kN) applied in any direction.
                 c.     Uniform and concentrated loads need not be assumed to act concurrently.


METAL STAIRS AND PIPE RAILINGS                                                           0812/055100 - 1
           2.    Top Rails of Guards:

                 a.     Uniform load of 50 lbf/ ft. (0.73 kN/m) applied in any direction.
                 b.     Concentrated load of 200 lbf (0.89 kN) applied in any direction.
                 c.     Uniform and concentrated loads need not be assumed to act concurrently.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For metal stairs and the following:


           1.    Dimensional Prints for alternating stairs shall be submitted for approval prior to
                 fabrication.
           2.    Prefilled metal-pan stair treads.
           3.    Paint products.
           4.    Grout.

      B.   LEED Submittals:

           1.    Product Data for Credit MR 4.1 and Credit MR 4.2: Indicating percentages by weight of
                 postconsumer and pre-consumer recycled content for products having recycled content.
                 Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.

      C.   Shop Drawings: Include plans, elevations, sections, details, and attachments to other work.

           1.    Provide templates for anchors and bolts specified for installation under other Sections.
           2.    For installed products indicated to comply with design loads, include structural analysis
                 data signed and sealed by the qualified professional engineer responsible for their
                 preparation.

      D.   Welding certificates.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Installer Qualifications: Fabricator of products.

      B.   Professional Engineer Qualifications: A professional engineer who is legally qualified to
           practice in jurisdiction where Project is located and who is experienced in providing
           engineering services of the kind indicated. Engineering services are defined as those performed
           for installations of metal stairs (including handrails and railing systems) that are similar to those
           indicated for this Project in material, design, and extent.

      C.   NAAMM Stair Standard: Comply with "Recommended Voluntary Minimum Standards for
           Fixed Metal Stairs" in NAAMM AMP 510, "Metal Stairs Manual," for class of stair designated,
           unless more stringent requirements are indicated.

           1.    Preassembled Stairs: Commercial class.

      D.   Welding: Qualify procedures and personnel according to the following:



METAL STAIRS AND PIPE RAILINGS                                                               0812/055100 - 2
           1.    AWS D1.1, "Structural Welding Code--Steel."


1.6        COORDINATION

      A.   Coordinate installation of anchorages for metal stairs. Furnish setting drawings, templates, and
           directions for installing anchorages, including sleeves, concrete inserts, anchor bolts, and items
           with integral anchors, that are to be embedded in concrete or masonry. Deliver such items to
           Project site in time for installation.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        METALS, GENERAL

      A.   Metal Surfaces, General: Provide materials with smooth, flat surfaces, unless otherwise
           indicated. For components exposed to view in the completed Work, provide materials without
           seam marks, roller marks, rolled trade names, or blemishes.


2.2        FERROUS METALS

      A.   Steel Plates, Shapes, and Bars: ASTM A 36/A 36M.

      B.   Steel Tubing: ASTM A 500 (cold formed).

      C.   Rolled-Steel Floor Plate: ASTM A 786/A 786M, rolled from plate complying with
           ASTM A 36/A 36M or ASTM A 283/A 283M, Grade C or D.

      D.   Iron Castings: Either gray or malleable iron, unless otherwise indicated.

           1.    Gray Iron: ASTM A 48/A 48M, Class 30, unless another class is indicated or required by
                 structural loads.
           2.    Malleable Iron: ASTM A 47/A 47M.

      E.   Galvanized Steel Sheet: ASTM A 653/A 653M, G90 (Z275) coating, either commercial quality
           or structural quality, Grade 33 (Grade 230), unless another grade is required by design loads.

      F.   Stainless Steel Cable: 7 x 19 preformed stainless steel aircraft cable, Type 302/304, 1/4 inch.


2.3        FASTENERS

      A.   General:      Provide zinc-plated fasteners with coating complying with ASTM B 633,
           Class Fe/Zn 25 for exterior use, and Class Fe/Zn 5 where built into exterior walls. Select
           fasteners for type, grade, and class required.

      B.   Bolts and Nuts: Regular hexagon-head bolts, ASTM A 307, Grade A (ASTM F 568M, Property
           Class 4.6); with hex nuts, ASTM A 563 (ASTM A 563M); and, where indicated, flat washers.




METAL STAIRS AND PIPE RAILINGS                                                             0812/055100 - 3
      C.   Expansion Anchors: Anchor bolt and sleeve assembly with capability to sustain, without
           failure, a load equal to six times the load imposed when installed in unit masonry and four times
           the load imposed when installed in concrete, as determined by testing according to
           ASTM E 488, conducted by a qualified independent testing agency.

           1.    Material for Anchors in Interior Locations: Carbon-steel components zinc-plated to
                 comply with ASTM B 633, Class Fe/Zn 5.


2.4        MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

      A.   Welding Rods and Bare Electrodes: Select according to AWS specifications for metal alloy
           welded.

      B.   Universal Shop Primer: Fast-curing, lead- and chromate-free, universal modified-alkyd primer
           complying with MPI#79.

           1.    Use primer with a VOC content of 420 g/L (3.5 lb/gal.) or less when calculated according
                 to 40 CFR 59, Subpart D (EPA Method 24).
           2.    Use primer containing pigments that make it easily distinguishable from zinc-rich primer.

      C.   Nonshrink, Nonmetallic Grout: Factory-packaged, nonstaining, noncorrosive, nongaseous grout
           complying with ASTM C 1107. Provide grout specifically recommended by manufacturer for
           interior and exterior applications.

      D.   Concrete Materials and Properties: Comply with requirements in Division 03 Section "Cast-in-
           Place Concrete" for normal-weight, air-entrained, ready-mix concrete with a minimum 28-day
           compressive strength of 3000 psi (20 MPa), unless otherwise indicated.

      E.   Welded Wire Fabric: ASTM A 185, 6 by 6 inches (152 by 152 mm)--W1.4 by W1.4, unless
           otherwise indicated.


2.5        FABRICATION, GENERAL

      A.   Provide complete stair assemblies, including metal framing, hangers, struts, railings, clips,
           brackets, bearing plates, and other components necessary to support and anchor stairs and
           platforms on supporting structure.

           1.    Join components by welding, unless otherwise indicated.
           2.    Use connections that maintain structural value of joined pieces.

      B.   Preassembled Stairs: Assemble stairs in shop to greatest extent possible. Disassemble units
           only as necessary for shipping and handling limitations. Clearly mark units for reassembly and
           coordinated installation.

      C.   Cut, drill, and punch metals cleanly and accurately. Remove burrs and ease edges to a radius of
           approximately 1/32 inch (1 mm), unless otherwise indicated. Remove sharp or rough areas on
           exposed surfaces.

      D.   Form bent-metal corners to smallest radius possible without causing grain separation or
           otherwise impairing work.


METAL STAIRS AND PIPE RAILINGS                                                           0812/055100 - 4
      E.   Form exposed work true to line and level with accurate angles and surfaces and straight edges.

      F.   Weld connections to comply with the following:

           1.    Use materials and methods that minimize distortion and develop strength and corrosion
                 resistance of base metals.
           2.    Obtain fusion without undercut or overlap.
           3.    Remove welding flux immediately.
           4.    Weld exposed corners and seams continuously, unless otherwise indicated.
           5.    At exposed connections, finish exposed welds and surfaces smooth and blended so no
                 roughness shows after finishing and contour of welded surface matches that of adjacent
                 surface.

      G.   Form exposed connections with hairline joints, flush and smooth, using concealed fasteners
           where possible. Where exposed fasteners are required, use Phillips flat-head (countersunk)
           screws or bolts unless otherwise indicated. Locate joints where least conspicuous.

      H.   Fabricate joints that will be exposed to weather in a manner to exclude water. Provide weep
           holes where water may accumulate.


2.6        STEEL-FRAMED STAIRS

      A.   Stair Framing:

           1.    Fabricate stringers of steel tubing

                 a.     Provide closures for exposed ends of stringers.

           2.    Construct platforms of steel channel headers and miscellaneous framing members as
                 indicated.
           3.    Weld stringers to headers; weld framing members to stringers and headers.
           4.    Where masonry walls support metal stairs, provide temporary supporting struts designed
                 for erecting steel stair components before installing masonry.

      B.   Metal-Pan Stairs: Form risers, sub-tread pans, and sub-platforms to configurations shown from
           steel sheet of thickness to safely sustain design loads indicated in “Performance Requirements”
           section.


           1.    Steel Sheet: Galvanized steel sheet, unless otherwise indicated.
           2.    Directly weld metal pans to stringers; locate welds on top of sub-treads where they will
                 be concealed by concrete fill. Do not weld risers to stringers.
           3.    Shape metal pans to include nosing integral with riser.


2.7        STEEL TUBE RAILINGS

      A.   General: Fabricate railings to comply with requirements indicated for design, dimensions,
           details, finish, and member sizes, including wall thickness of tube, post spacings, and
           anchorage, but not less than that needed to withstand indicated loads.



METAL STAIRS AND PIPE RAILINGS                                                           0812/055100 - 5
      B.   Welded Connections: Fabricate railings with welded connections. Cope components at
           connections to provide close fit, or use fittings designed for this purpose. Weld all around at
           connections, including at fittings.

      C.   Form changes in direction of railings as follows:

           1.    As detailed.

      D.   Form simple and compound curves by bending members in jigs to produce uniform curvature
           for each repetitive configuration required; maintain cross section of member throughout entire
           bend without buckling, twisting, cracking, or otherwise deforming exposed surfaces of
           components.

      E.   Close exposed ends of railing members with prefabricated end fittings.

      F.   Provide wall returns at ends of wall-mounted handrails, unless otherwise indicated. Close ends
           of returns unless clearance between end of rail and wall is 1/4 inch (6 mm) or less.

      G.   Brackets, Flanges, Fittings, and Anchors: Provide wall brackets, end closures, flanges,
           miscellaneous fittings, and anchors for interconnecting components and for attaching to other
           work. Furnish inserts and other anchorage devices for connecting to concrete or masonry work.

           1.    Connect posts to stair framing by direct welding, unless otherwise indicated.
           2.    For galvanized railings, provide galvanized fittings, brackets, fasteners, sleeves, and other
                 ferrous-metal components.

      H.   Fillers: Provide fillers made from steel plate, or other suitably crush-resistant material, where
           needed to transfer wall bracket loads through wall finishes to structural supports. Size fillers to
           suit wall finish thicknesses and to produce adequate bearing area to prevent bracket rotation and
           overstressing of substrate.


2.8        FINISHES

      A.   Comply with NAAMM's "Metal Finishes Manual for Architectural and Metal Products" for
           recommendations for applying and designating finishes.

      B.   Finish metal stairs after assembly.

      C.   Preparation for Shop Priming: Prepare uncoated ferrous-metal surfaces to comply with
           minimum requirements indicated below for SSPC surface preparation specifications and
           environmental exposure conditions of installed products:


           1.    Interior Stairs (SSPC Zone 1A): SSPC-SP 3, "Power Tool Cleaning."

      D.   Apply shop primer to uncoated surfaces of metal stair components, except those with
           galvanized finishes and those to be embedded in concrete or masonry unless otherwise
           indicated. Comply with SSPC-PA 1, "Paint Application Specification No. 1: Shop, Field, and
           Maintenance Painting of Steel," for shop painting.

      E.   Finish coat: Factory applied Safety Yellow Paint Powder Coat Baked Enamel.


METAL STAIRS AND PIPE RAILINGS                                                             0812/055100 - 6
PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        INSTALLATION, GENERAL

      A.   Fastening to In-Place Construction: Provide anchorage devices and fasteners where necessary
           for securing metal stairs to in-place construction. Include threaded fasteners for concrete and
           masonry inserts, through-bolts, lag bolts, and other connectors.

      B.   Cutting, Fitting, and Placement: Perform cutting, drilling, and fitting required for installing
           metal stairs. Set units accurately in location, alignment, and elevation, measured from
           established lines and levels and free of rack.

      C.   Provide temporary bracing or anchors in formwork for items that are to be built into concrete,
           masonry, or similar construction.

      D.   Fit exposed connections accurately together to form hairline joints. Weld connections that are
           not to be left as exposed joints but cannot be shop welded because of shipping size limitations.
           Do not weld, cut, or abrade surfaces of exterior units that have been hot-dip galvanized after
           fabrication and are for bolted or screwed field connections.

      E.   Field Welding: Comply with the following requirements:

           1.    Use materials and methods that minimize distortion and develop strength and corrosion
                 resistance of base metals.
           2.    Obtain fusion without undercut or overlap.
           3.    Remove welding flux immediately.
           4.    At exposed connections, finish exposed welds and surfaces smooth and blended so no
                 roughness shows after finishing and contour of welded surface matches that of adjacent
                 surface.

      F.   Place and finish concrete fill for treads and platforms to comply with Division 03 Section "Cast-
           in-Place Concrete."


3.2        INSTALLING STEEL TUBE RAILINGS

      A.   Adjust railing systems before anchoring to ensure matching alignment at abutting joints. Space
           posts at spacing indicated or, if not indicated, as required by design loads. Plumb posts in each
           direction. Secure posts and rail ends to building construction as follows:

           1.    Anchor posts to steel by welding directly to steel supporting members.
           2.    Anchor handrail ends to concrete and masonry with steel round flanges welded to rail
                 ends and anchored with post-installed anchors and bolts.

      B.   Attach handrails to wall with wall brackets. Provide bracket with 1-1/2-inch (38-mm) clearance
           from inside face of handrail and finished wall surface. Locate brackets as indicated or, if not
           indicated, at spacing required to support structural loads. Secure wall brackets to building
           construction as follows:

           1.    Use type of bracket with flange tapped for concealed anchorage to threaded hanger bolt.



METAL STAIRS AND PIPE RAILINGS                                                           0812/055100 - 7
           2.    Use type of bracket with predrilled hole for exposed bolt anchorage.
           3.    For concrete and solid masonry anchorage, use drilled-in expansion shields and hanger or
                 lag bolts.
           4.    For hollow masonry anchorage, use toggle bolts.
           5.    For steel-framed gypsum board assemblies, use hanger or lag bolts set into wood backing
                 between studs. Coordinate with stud installation to locate backing members.


3.3        FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

      A.   Testing Agency: The Owner will engage a qualified independent testing and inspecting agency
           to inspect field welds and high-strength bolted connections, including Special Inspections per
           IBC 2006 Chapter 17. Contractor shall coordinate with the Owners Testing Agency for all
           testing as required.

      B.   Bolted Connections: Shop-and-field-bolted connections shall be inspected according to RCSC's
           "Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A 325 or A 490 Bolts." Special Inspections
           are to fully comply with the requirements per IBC 2006 Chapter 17.

      C.   Welded Connections: Field welds shall be visually inspected according to AWS D1.1. All
           weld inspections shall be performed by an AWS-certified weld inspector. Special Inspections
           are to fully comply with the requirements per IBC 2006 Chapter 17.

      D.   Inspection reports shall be reported in writing to Owner, Construction Manager, Architect and
           Structural Engineer within 48 hours of inspection. Reports of inspections shall contain Project
           identification name and number, date of inspection, name of inspecting agency, name of
           inspection personnel, location of item inspected, contract documents requirements of item
           inspected and observed condition of item inspected, and a summary statement whether the item
           observed is in compliance or not in compliance with the contract documents.

           1.    Correct deficiencies in Work that test reports and inspections indicate does not comply
                 with the Contract Documents.


3.4        ADJUSTING AND CLEANING

      A.   Touchup Painting: Immediately after erection, clean field welds, bolted connections, and
           abraded areas of shop paint, and paint exposed areas with the same material as used for shop
           painting to comply with SSPC-PA 1 for touching up shop-painted surfaces.

           1.    Apply by brush or spray to provide a minimum 2.0-mil (0.05-mm) dry film thickness.

      B.   Touchup Painting: Cleaning and touchup painting of field welds, bolted connections, and
           abraded areas of shop paint are specified in Division 09 painting Sections.


END OF SECTION 055100




METAL STAIRS AND PIPE RAILINGS                                                          0812/055100 - 8
SECTION 061000 - ROUGH CARPENTRY


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following: Adjust list below to suit Project.

           1.    Framing with dimension lumber.
           2.    Wood blocking, cants, and nailers.
           3.    Wood furring and grounds.
           4.    Plywood backing panels.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 6 Section “Metal-Plate-Connected Wood Trusses.”
           3.    Division 6 Section “Sheathing.”


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Exposed Framing: Framing not concealed by other construction.

      B.   Dimension Lumber: Lumber of 2 inches nominal (38 mm actual) or greater but less than 5
           inches nominal (114 mm actual) in least dimension.

      C.   Timber: Lumber of 5 inches nominal (114 mm actual) or greater in least dimension.

      D.   Lumber grading agencies, and the abbreviations used to reference them, include the following:

           1.    NeLMA: Northeastern Lumber Manufacturers' Association.
           2.    NLGA: National Lumber Grades Authority.
           3.    RIS: Redwood Inspection Service.
           4.    SPIB: The Southern Pine Inspection Bureau.
           5.    WCLIB: West Coast Lumber Inspection Bureau.
           6.    WWPA: Western Wood Products Association.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   LEED Submittals:


ROUGH CARPENTRY                                                                         0812/061000 - 1
           1.    Product Data for Credit EQ 4.1: For adhesives, including printed statement of VOC
                 content.
           2.    Product Data for Credit EQ 4.4: For composite-wood products, documentation indicating
                 that product contains no urea formaldehyde.
           3.    Certificates for Credit MR 7: (See Alternate Chain-of-custody certificates certifying that
                 products specified to be made from certified wood comply with forest certification
                 requirements. Include evidence that mill is certified for chain of custody by an FSC-
                 accredited certification body.

                 a.     Include statement indicating costs for each certified wood product.

      B.   Product Data: For each type of process and factory-fabricated product. Indicate component
           materials and dimensions and include construction and application details.

           1.    Include data for wood-preservative treatment from chemical treatment manufacturer and
                 certification by treating plant that treated materials comply with requirements. Indicate
                 type of preservative used and net amount of preservative retained.

           2.    For products receiving a waterborne treatment, include statement that moisture content of
                 treated materials was reduced to levels specified before shipment to Project site.

           3.    Include copies of warranties from chemical treatment manufacturers for each type of
                 treatment.

      C.   Fastener Patterns: Full-size templates for fasteners in exposed framing.


1.5        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Stack lumber flat with spacers between each bundle to provide air circulation. Provide for air
           circulation around stacks and under coverings.

1.6        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Source Limitations for Engineered Wood Products: Obtain each type of engineered wood
           product through one source from a single manufacturer.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        WOOD PRODUCTS, GENERAL

      A.   Lumber: DOC PS 20 and applicable rules of grading agencies indicated. If no grading agency
           is indicated, provide lumber that complies with the applicable rules of any rules-writing agency
           certified by the ALSC Board of Review. Provide lumber graded by an agency certified by the
           ALSC Board of Review to inspect and grade lumber under the rules indicated.

           1.    Factory mark each piece of lumber with grade stamp of grading agency.
           2.    Where nominal sizes are indicated, provide actual sizes required by DOC PS 20 for
                 moisture content specified. Where actual sizes are indicated, they are minimum dressed
                 sizes for dry lumber.


ROUGH CARPENTRY                                                                          0812/061000 - 2
           3.    Where nominal sizes are indicated, provide actual sizes required by DOC PS 20 for
                 moisture content specified. Where actual sizes are indicated, they are minimum dressed
                 sizes for dry lumber.
           4.    Provide dressed lumber, S4S, unless otherwise indicated.


2.2        WOOD-PRESERVATIVE-TREATED LUMBER

      A.   Preservative Treatment by Pressure Process: AWPA C2, except that lumber that is not in
           contact with the ground and is continuously protected from liquid water may be treated
           according to AWPA C31 with inorganic boron (SBX).

           1.    Preservative Chemicals: Acceptable to authorities having jurisdiction and containing no
                 arsenic or chromium.
           2.    For exposed items indicated to receive a stained or natural finish, use chemical
                 formulations that do not require incising, contain colorants, bleed through, or otherwise
                 adversely affect finishes.

      B.   Kiln-dry lumber after treatment to a maximum moisture content of 19 percent. Do not use
           material that is warped or does not comply with requirements for untreated material.

      C.   Mark lumber with treatment quality mark of an inspection agency approved by the ALSC Board
           of Review.

           1.    For exposed lumber indicated to receive a stained or natural finish, mark end or back of
                 each piece or omit marking and provide certificates of treatment compliance issued by
                 inspection agency.

      D.   Application: Treat items indicated on Drawings, and the following:

           1.    Wood cants, nailers, curbs, equipment support bases, blocking, stripping, and similar
                 members in connection with roofing, flashing, vapor barriers, and waterproofing.
           2.    Wood sills, sleepers, blocking, furring, stripping, and similar concealed members in
                 contact with masonry or concrete.


2.3        FIRE-RETARDANT-TREATED MATERIALS

      A.   General: Where fire-retardant-treated materials are indicated, use materials complying with
           requirements in this article, that are acceptable to authorities having jurisdiction, and with fire-
           test-response characteristics specified as determined by testing identical products per test
           method indicated by a qualified testing agency.

      B.   Fire-Retardant-Treated Lumber and Plywood by Pressure Process: Products with a flame
           spread index of 25 or less when tested according to ASTM E 84, and with no evidence of
           significant progressive combustion when the test is extended an additional 20 minutes, and with
           the flame front not extending more than 10.5 feet (3.2 m) beyond the centerline of the burners at
           any time during the test.

           1.    Use treatment that does not promote corrosion of metal fasteners.




ROUGH CARPENTRY                                                                             0812/061000 - 3
           2.    Exterior Type: Treated materials shall comply with requirements specified above for
                 fire-retardant-treated lumber and plywood by pressure process after being subjected to
                 accelerated weathering according to ASTM D 2898. Use for exterior locations and where
                 indicated.
           3.    Interior Type A: Treated materials shall have a moisture content of 28 percent or less
                 when tested according to ASTM D 3201 at 92 percent relative humidity. Use where
                 exterior type is not indicated.


2.4        DIMENSION LUMBER FRAMING

      A.   Maximum Moisture Content: 15 percent.

      B.   Non-Load-Bearing Interior Partitions: Construction or No. 2 grade of any species.

      C.   Framing Other Than Non-Load-Bearing Interior Partitions: Construction or No. 2 grade and any
           of the following species:

           1.    Hem-fir (north); NLGA.
           2.    Southern pine; SPIB.
           3.    Douglas fir-larch; WCLIB or WWPA.
           4.    Mixed southern pine; SPIB.
           5.    Spruce-pine-fir; NLGA.
           6.    Douglas fir-south; WWPA.
           7.    Hem-fir; WCLIB or WWPA.
           8.    Douglas fir-larch (north); NLGA.


2.5        MISCELLANEOUS LUMBER

      A.   General: Provide miscellaneous lumber indicated and lumber for support or attachment of other
           construction, including the following:

           1.    Blocking.
           2.    Nailers.
           3.    Rooftop equipment bases and support curbs.
           4.    Furring.

      B.   For items of dimension lumber size, provide Standard, Stud, or No. 3 grade lumber with 15
           percent maximum moisture content and any of the following species:

           1.    Hem-fir (north); NLGA.
           2.    Mixed southern pine; SPIB.
           3.    Spruce-pine-fir; NLGA.
           4.    Hem-fir; WCLIB, or WWPA.
           5.    Spruce-pine-fir (south); NeLMA, WCLIB, or WWPA.
           6.    Western woods; WCLIB or WWPA.
           7.    Northern species; NLGA.
           8.    Eastern softwoods; NeLMA.




ROUGH CARPENTRY                                                                         0812/061000 - 4
      C.   For blocking not used for attachment of other construction, Utility, Stud, or No. 3 grade lumber
           of any species may be used provided that it is cut and selected to eliminate defects that will
           interfere with its attachment and purpose.

      D.   For blocking and nailers used for attachment of other construction, select and cut lumber to
           eliminate knots and other defects that will interfere with attachment of other work.

      E.   For furring strips for installing plywood or hardboard paneling, select boards with no knots
           capable of producing bent-over nails and damage to paneling.


2.6        PLYWOOD BACKING PANELS

      A.   Telephone and Electrical Equipment Backing Panels: DOC PS 1, Exposure 1, C-D Plugged in
           thickness indicated or, if not indicated, not less than 1/2-inch (19-mm) nominal thickness.


2.7        FASTENERS

      A.   General: Provide fasteners of size and type indicated that comply with requirements specified
           in this Article for material and manufacture.

           1.    Where rough carpentry is exposed to weather, in ground contact, pressure-preservative
                 treated, or in area of high relative humidity, provide fasteners with hot-dip zinc coating
                 complying with ASTM A 153/A 153M.

      B.   Nails, Brads, and Staples: ASTM F 1667.

      C.   Wood Screws: ASME B18.6.1.

      D.   Lag Bolts: ASME B18.2.1 (ASME B18.2.3.8M).

      E.   Bolts: Steel bolts complying with ASTM A 307, Grade A (ASTM F 568M, Property Class 4.6);
           with ASTM A 563 (ASTM A 563M) hex nuts and, where indicated, flat washers.

      F.   Expansion Anchors: Anchor bolt and sleeve assembly of material indicated below with
           capability to sustain, without failure, a load equal to 6 times the load imposed when installed in
           unit masonry assemblies and equal to 4 times the load imposed when installed in concrete as
           determined by testing per ASTM E 488 conducted by a qualified independent testing and
           inspecting agency.

           1.    Material:   Carbon-steel components, zinc plated to comply with ASTM B 633,
                 Class Fe/Zn 5.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        INSTALLATION, GENERAL

      A.   Set rough carpentry to required levels and lines, with members plumb, true to line, cut, and
           fitted. Fit rough carpentry to other construction; scribe and cope as needed for accurate fit.


ROUGH CARPENTRY                                                                           0812/061000 - 5
           Locate furring, nailers, blocking, grounds, and similar supports to comply with requirements for
           attaching other construction.

      B.   Provide blocking and framing as indicated and as required to support facing materials, fixtures,
           specialty items, and trim.

      C.   Use common wire nails, unless otherwise indicated. Select fasteners of size that will not fully
           penetrate members where opposite side will be exposed to view or will receive finish materials.
           Make tight connections between members. Install fasteners without splitting wood; do not
           countersink nail heads, unless otherwise indicated.

      D.   For exposed work, arrange fasteners in straight rows parallel with edges of members, with
           fasteners evenly spaced, and with adjacent rows staggered.

      E.   Use finishing nails, unless otherwise indicated. Countersink nail heads and fill holes with wood
           filler.


3.2        WOOD GROUND, SLEEPER, BLOCKING, AND NAILER INSTALLATION

      A.   Install where indicated and where required for screeding or attaching other work. Form to
           shapes indicated and cut as required for true line and level of attached work. Coordinate
           locations with other work involved.

      B.   Attach items to substrates to support applied loading. Recess bolts and nuts flush with surfaces,
           unless otherwise indicated.

      C.   Provide permanent grounds of dressed, pressure-preservative-treated, key-beveled lumber not
           less than 1-1/2 inches (38 mm) wide and of thickness required to bring face of ground to exact
           thickness of finish material. Remove temporary grounds when no longer required.


3.3        WOOD FURRING INSTALLATION

      A.   Install level and plumb with closure strips at edges and openings. Shim with wood as required
           for tolerance of finish work.


3.4        PROTECTION

      A.   Protect rough carpentry from weather. If, despite protection, rough carpentry becomes wet,
           apply EPA-registered borate treatment. Apply borate solution by spraying to comply with EPA-
           registered label.


END OF SECTION 061000




ROUGH CARPENTRY                                                                          0812/061000 - 6
SECTION 061600 - SHEATHING


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:

           1.    Wall sheathing.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 06 Section "Rough Carpentry" for plywood backing panels.
           3.    Division 07 Section “Water Barriers” for building wrap.


1.3        SUBMITTALS

      A.   LEED Submittals:

           1.    Certificates for Credit MR 6: Chain-of-custody certificates indicating that products
                 specified to be made from certified wood comply with forest certification requirements.
                 Include documentation that manufacturer is certified for chain of custody by an FSC-
                 accredited certification body. Include statement indicating cost for each certified wood
                 product.
           2.    Product Data for Credit EQ 4.1: For adhesives, documentation including printed
                 statement of VOC content.
           3.    Product Data for Credit EQ 4.4: For composite wood products, documentation indicating
                 that product contains no urea formaldehyde.

      B.   Product Data: For each type of process and factory-fabricated product. Indicate component
           materials and dimensions and include construction and application details.


           1.    For building wrap, include data on air-/moisture-infiltration protection based on testing
                 according to referenced standards.
           2.    Include data for fire-retardant treatment from chemical treatment manufacturer and
                 certification by treating plant that treated materials comply with requirements. Include
                 physical properties of treated materials based on testing by a qualified independent
                 testing agency.



SHEATHING                                                                               0812/061600 - 1
1.4        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Stack plywood and other panels flat with spacers between each bundle to provide air
           circulation. Provide for air circulation around stacks and under coverings.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        WOOD PANEL PRODUCTS, GENERAL

      A.   Plywood: Either DOC PS 1 or DOC PS 2, unless otherwise indicated.

      B.   Oriented Strand Board: DOC PS 2.

      C.   Thickness: As needed to comply with requirements specified, but not less than thickness
           indicated.

      D.   Factory mark panels to indicate compliance with applicable standard.


2.2        FIRE-RETARDANT-TREATED PLYWOOD

      A.   General: Comply with performance requirements in AWPA C27.

           1.    Use treatment that does not promote corrosion of metal fasteners.
           2.    Use Exterior type for exterior locations and where indicated.
           3.    Use Interior Type A, High Temperature (HT) for roof sheathing and where indicated.
           4.    Use Interior Type A, unless otherwise indicated.

      B.   Kiln-dry material after treatment to a maximum moisture content of 15 percent. Do not use
           material that is warped or does not comply with requirements for untreated material.

      C.   Identify fire-retardant-treated plywood with appropriate classification marking of UL, U.S.
           Testing, Timber Products Inspection, or another testing and inspecting agency acceptable to
           authorities having jurisdiction.

      D.   Application: Treat all plywood, unless otherwise indicated.


2.3        WALL SHEATHING

      A.   Plywood Wall Sheathing: Exterior sheathing.

           1.    Span Rating: As required to suit stud spacing indicated.
           2.    Thickness: 15/32 inch.


2.4        FASTENERS

      A.   General: Provide fasteners of size and type indicated that comply with requirements specified
           in this Article for material and manufacture.


SHEATHING                                                                             0812/061600 - 2
           1.    For roof and wall sheathing, provide fasteners with hot-dip zinc coating complying with
                 ASTM A 153/A 153M.

      B.   Nails, Brads, and Staples: ASTM F 1667.

      C.   Power-Driven Fasteners: NES NER-272.

      D.   Wood Screws: ASME B18.6.1.


2.5        MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

      A.   Adhesives for Field Gluing Panels to Framing: Formulation complying with ASTM D 3498
           that is approved for use with type of construction panel indicated by manufacturers of both
           adhesives and panels.

           1.    Use adhesives that have a VOC content of 70 g/L or less when calculated according to
                 40 CFR 59, Subpart D (EPA Method 24).


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        INSTALLATION, GENERAL

      A.   Do not use materials with defects that impair quality of sheathing or pieces that are too small to
           use with minimum number of joints or optimum joint arrangement.

      B.   Cut panels at penetrations, edges, and other obstructions of work; fit tightly against abutting
           construction, unless otherwise indicated.

      C.   Securely attach to substrate by fastening as indicated, complying with the following:

           1.    NES NER-272 for power-driven fasteners.
           2.    Table 2304.9.1, "Fastening Schedule," in ICC's "International Building Code."

      D.   Use common wire nails, unless otherwise indicated. Select fasteners of size that will not fully
           penetrate members where opposite side will be exposed to view or will receive finish materials.
           Make tight connections. Install fasteners without splitting wood.

      E.   Coordinate wall and roof sheathing installation with flashing and joint-sealant installation so
           these materials are installed in sequence and manner that prevent exterior moisture from passing
           through completed assembly.

      F.   Do not bridge building expansion joints; cut and space edges of panels to match spacing of
           structural support elements.

      G.   Coordinate sheathing installation with installation of materials installed over sheathing so
           sheathing is not exposed to precipitation or left exposed at end of the workday when rain is
           forecast.




SHEATHING                                                                                 0812/061600 - 3
3.2        WEATHER-RESISTANT SHEATHING-PAPER INSTALLATION

      A.   General: Comply with applicable recommendations in APA Form No. E30K, "APA
           Design/Construction Guide: Residential & Commercial," for types of structural-use panels and
           applications indicated.

           1.    Comply with "Code Plus" installation provisions in guide referenced in paragraph above.

           2.    Cut back barrier 1/2 inch (13 mm) on each side of the break in supporting members at
                 expansion- or control-joint locations.
           3.    Apply barrier to cover vertical flashing with a minimum 4-inch (100-mm) overlap, unless
                 otherwise indicated.

      B.   Building Wrap: Comply with manufacturer's written instructions.

           1.    Seal seams, edges, fasteners, and penetrations with tape.
           2.    Extend into jambs of openings and seal corners with tape.

      C.   Fastening Methods: Fasten panels as indicated below:

           1.    Wall Sheathing:

                 a.    Nail to wood framing.
                 b.    Space panels 1/8 inch apart at edges and ends.


END OF SECTION 061600




SHEATHING                                                                              0812/061600 - 4
SECTION 062023 - INTERIOR FINISH CARPENTRY


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:

           1.    Interior standing and running trim.
           2.    Plywood paneling.
           3.    Sunflower Board.
           4.    Reclaimed Wood.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 06 Section "Rough Carpentry" for furring, blocking, and other carpentry work
                 not exposed to view.
           3.    Division 06 Section "Interior Architectural Woodwork" for interior woodwork not
                 specified in this Section.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Lumber grading agencies, and the abbreviations used to reference them, include the following:

           1.    NeLMA: Northeastern Lumber Manufacturers' Association.
           2.    NHLA: National Hardwood Lumber Association.
           3.    NLGA: National Lumber Grades Authority.
           4.    SPIB: The Southern Pine Inspection Bureau.
           5.    WCLIB: West Coast Lumber Inspection Bureau.
           6.    WWPA: Western Wood Products Association.

      B.   MDF: Medium-density fiberboard.

      C.   MDO Plywood: Plywood with a medium-density overlay on the face.




INTERIOR FINISH CARPENTRY                                                               0812/062023 - 1
1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of process and factory-fabricated product. Indicate component
           materials, dimensions, profiles, textures, and colors and include construction and application
           details.

      B.   LEED Submittals:

           1.    Product Data for Credit EQ 4.1: For adhesives and glues used at Project site, including
                 printed statement of VOC content.
           2.    Product Data for Credit EQ 4.2: Manufacturers' product data for stains, including printed
                 statement of VOC content and chemical components.
           3.    Product Data for Credit EQ 4.4: For composite-wood products, documentation indicating
                 that product contains no urea formaldehyde.
           4.    Certificates for Credit MR 7: (See Alternate No. 1) Chain-of-custody certificates
                 certifying that products specified to be made from certified wood comply with forest
                 certification requirements. Include evidence that mill is certified for chain of custody by
                 an FSC-accredited certification body.

                 a.    Include statement indicating costs for each certified wood product.

      C.   Samples for Verification:

           1.    For each species and cut of lumber and panel products with non-factory-applied finish,
                 with 1/2 of exposed surface finished, 50 sq. in. (300 sq. cm) for lumber and 8 by 10
                 inches (200 by 250 mm) for panels.


1.5        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Protect materials against weather and contact with damp or wet surfaces. Stack lumber,
           plywood, and other panels flat with spacers between each bundle to provide air circulation.
           Provide for air circulation within and around stacks and under temporary coverings.

      B.   Deliver interior finish carpentry materials only when environmental conditions meet
           requirements specified for installation areas. If interior finish carpentry materials must be
           stored in other than installation areas, store only where environmental conditions meet
           requirements specified for installation areas.


1.6        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Environmental Limitations: Do not deliver or install interior finish carpentry materials until
           building is enclosed and weatherproof, wet work in space is completed and nominally dry, and
           HVAC system is operating and maintaining temperature and relative humidity at occupancy
           levels during the remainder of the construction period.

      B.   Do not install finish carpentry materials that are wet, moisture damaged, or mold damaged.




INTERIOR FINISH CARPENTRY                                                                0812/062023 - 2
PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MATERIALS, GENERAL

      A.   Lumber: DOC PS 20 and applicable grading rules of inspection agencies certified by ALSC's
           Board of Review.

           1.    Factory mark each piece of lumber with grade stamp of inspection agency indicating
                 grade, species, moisture content at time of surfacing, and mill.
           2.    For exposed lumber, mark grade stamp on end or back of each piece.

      B.   Softwood Plywood: DOC PS 1.

      C.   Hardboard: AHA A135.4.


2.2        STANDING AND RUNNING TRIM

      A.   Softwood Moldings for Transparent Finish (Stain or Clear Finish): WMMPA WM 4, N-grade
           wood moldings. Made to patterns included in WMMPA WM 12.

           1.    Species: White Birch, plain sliced.
           2.    Maximum Moisture Content: 15 percent with at least 85 percent of shipment at 12
                 percent or less.
           3.    Finger Jointing: Not allowed.
           4.    Matching: Selected for compatible grain and color.
           5.    Stain color: As selected by Architect.


2.3        PANELING

      A.   Hardwood Veneer Plywood Paneling: Manufacturer's stock hardwood plywood panels
           complying with applicable requirements in HPVA HP-1, made without urea-formaldehyde
           adhesive.

           1.    Face Veneer Species: White Birch, plain sliced.
           2.    Backing Veneer Species: Any hardwood compatible with face species.
           3.    Construction: Veneer core.
           4.    Thickness: 3/4 inch.
           5.    Edges: Veneer tape to match face.
           6.    Panel Size: See drawings.
           7.    Glue Bond: Type II (interior)
           8.    Face Pattern: Book matched.
           9.    Finish: Stain and finish coats as selected by Architect.

      B.   Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers offering
           products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to, the following:

           1.    Hardwood Veneer Plywood Paneling:

                 a.    Chesapeake Hardwood Products, Inc.


INTERIOR FINISH CARPENTRY                                                               0812/062023 - 3
                 b.    Davidson Plywood; a division of Do+Able Products, Inc.
                 c.    Georgia-Pacific Corp.
                 d.    Weyerhaeuser Company.


2.4        SUNFLOWER BOARD

      A.   Sunflower Board: Manufactured from rapidly renewable agricultural resources.
           1.    Basis-of-Design Product: The design for sunflower board ceiling panel type is based on
                 the product named. Subject to compliance with requirements, provide either the named
                 product or approved equal.

                 a.    Manufacturer: Environ Biocomposite Manufacturing, LLC.
                 b.    Properties: Dakota Burl.
                 c.    Finish: Clear coat.
                 d.    Size: As indicated on drawings.
                 e.    Thickness: 3/4 inch.


2.5        RECLAIMED WOOD (OWNER PROVIDED)

      A.   Type 1: Reclaimed Maple Wood Flooring. 2,600 s.f. of material is owner provided, contractor
           to provide matching material for remainder of necessary material.
           1.     Finish: plane and sand smooth finish face.
           2.     Finish: see Section 099123 Painting.
           3.     Fit and cut material to minimize waste.

      B.   Type 2: Reclaimed Fir Wood (Ceilings and walls.) 5,000 s.f. of material is owner provided
           (Type 2 and Type 3 combined), contractor to provide matching material for remainder of
           necessary material.
           1.    Finish: plane and sand smooth finish face, ease edges.
           2.    Finish: see Section 099123 Painting.
           3.    Fit and cut material to minimize waste and as shown on Drawings. Rip boards for square
                 edges.

      C.   Type 3: Reclaimed Fir Wood (Countertops and shelves.) 5,000 s.f. of material is owner
           provided (Type 2 and Type 3 combined), contractor to provide matching material for remainder
           of necessary material.
           1.    Finish: plane and sand smooth finish face, ease edges.
           2.    Finish: see Section 099123 Painting.
           3.    Fit and cut material to minimize waste and as shown on Drawings. Rip boards as
                 necessary for square edges.


2.6        MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

      A.   Fasteners for Interior Finish Carpentry: Nails, screws, and other anchoring devices of type,
           size, material, and finish required for application indicated to provide secure attachment,
           concealed where possible. Verify exposed fastener types with Architect.




INTERIOR FINISH CARPENTRY                                                            0812/062023 - 4
      B.   Multipurpose Construction Adhesive: Formulation complying with ASTM D 3498 that is
           recommended for indicated use by adhesive manufacturer.

           1.    Use adhesive that has a VOC content of 70 g/L or less when calculated according to
                 40 CFR 59, Subpart D (EPA Method 24).


2.7        FABRICATION

      A.   Back out or kerf backs of the following members except those with ends exposed in finished
           work:

           1.    Interior standing and running trim except shoe and crown molds.

      B.   Ease edges of lumber less than 1 inch (25 mm) in nominal thickness to 1/16-inch (1.5-mm)
           radius and edges of lumber 1 inch (25 mm) or more in nominal thickness to 1/8-inch (3-mm)
           radius.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine substrates, with Installer present, for compliance with requirements for installation
           tolerances and other conditions affecting performance.

      B.   Examine finish carpentry materials before installation. Reject materials that are wet, moisture
           damaged, and mold damaged.

      C.   Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


3.2        PREPARATION

      A.   Clean substrates of projections and substances detrimental to application.

      B.   Before installing interior finish carpentry, condition materials to average prevailing humidity in
           installation areas for a minimum of 24 hours unless longer conditioning is recommended by
           manufacturer.


3.3        INSTALLATION, GENERAL

      A.   Do not use materials that are unsound, warped, improperly treated or finished, inadequately
           seasoned, or too small to fabricate with proper jointing arrangements.

           1.    Do not use manufactured units with defective surfaces, sizes, or patterns.

      B.   Install interior finish carpentry level, plumb, true, and aligned with adjacent materials. Use
           concealed shims where necessary for alignment.



INTERIOR FINISH CARPENTRY                                                                 0812/062023 - 5
           1.    Scribe and cut interior finish carpentry to fit adjoining work. Refinish and seal cuts as
                 recommended by manufacturer.
           2.    Countersink fasteners, fill surface flush, and sand where face fastening is unavoidable.
           3.    Install to tolerance of 1/8 inch in 96 inches (3 mm in 2438 mm) for level and plumb.
                 Install adjoining interior finish carpentry with 1/32-inch (0.8-mm) maximum offset for
                 flush installation and 1/16-inch (1.5-mm) maximum offset for reveal installation.
           4.    Coordinate interior finish carpentry with materials and systems in or adjacent to it.
                 Provide cutouts for mechanical and electrical items that penetrate interior finish
                 carpentry.

      C.   Install with minimum number of joints practical, using full-length pieces from maximum
           lengths of lumber available. Do not use pieces less than 24 inches (610 mm) long, except where
           necessary. Stagger joints in adjacent and related standing and running trim. Cope at returns and
           miter at corners to produce tight-fitting joints with full-surface contact throughout length of
           joint. Use scarf joints for end-to-end joints. Plane backs of casings to provide uniform
           thickness across joints where necessary for alignment.

           1.    Match color and grain pattern of trim for transparent finish (stain or clear finish) across
                 joints.
           2.    Install trim after gypsum board joint finishing operations are completed.
           3.    Drill pilot holes in hardwood before fastening to prevent splitting. Fasten to prevent
                 movement or warping. Countersink fastener heads on exposed carpentry work and fill
                 holes.


3.4        PANELING INSTALLATION

      A.   Plywood Paneling: Select and arrange panels to minimize noticeable variations in grain
           character and color between adjacent panels. Install with uniform joints between panels as
           indicated on drawings.

           1.    Attach panels to supports with manufacturer's recommended concealed panel fasteners.
                 Space fasteners as recommended by panel manufacturer.

      B.   Plywood Panel Edges: Veneer tape panel edges.


3.5        ADJUSTING

      A.   Replace interior finish carpentry that is damaged or does not comply with requirements.
           Interior finish carpentry may be repaired or refinished if work complies with requirements and
           shows no evidence of repair or refinishing. Adjust joinery for uniform appearance.


3.6        CLEANING

      A.   Clean interior finish carpentry on exposed and semi-exposed surfaces. Touch up factory-
           applied finishes to restore damaged or soiled areas.




INTERIOR FINISH CARPENTRY                                                                0812/062023 - 6
3.7        PROTECTION

      A.   Protect installed products from damage from weather and other causes during remainder of the
           construction period.

      B.   Remove and replace finish carpentry materials that are wet, moisture damaged, and mold
           damaged.

           1.    Indications that materials are wet or moisture damaged include, but are not limited to,
                 discoloration, sagging, or irregular shape.
           2.    Indications that materials are mold damaged include, but are not limited to, fuzzy or
                 splotchy surface contamination and discoloration.


END OF SECTION 062023




INTERIOR FINISH CARPENTRY                                                             0812/062023 - 7
SECTION 064023 - INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS


      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:


           1.    Wood cabinets.
           2.    Plastic-laminate cabinets.
           3.    Plastic-laminate countertops.
           4.    Solid-surface countertops.
           5.    Composite-surface countertops.
           6.    Solid Surface Window Sills.
           7.    Shop finishing of interior woodwork.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 06 Section "Rough Carpentry" for wood furring, blocking, shims, and hanging
                 strips required for installing woodwork and concealed within other construction before
                 woodwork installation.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Interior architectural woodwork includes wood furring, blocking, shims, and hanging strips for
           installing woodwork items unless concealed within other construction before woodwork
           installation.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   LEED Submittals:

           1.    Product Data for Credit EQ 4.1: For installation adhesives, including printed statement
                 of VOC content.
           2.    Product Data for Credit EQ 4.4:




INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK                                                        0812/064023 - 1
             a.     For each composite-wood product used, documentation indicating that the bonding
                    agent contains no urea formaldehyde.
             b.     For each adhesive used, documentation indicating that the adhesive contains no
                    urea formaldehyde.

       3.    Product Data for Credit(s) MR 4.1 and MR 4.2: For products having recycled content,
             documentation indicating percentages by weight of post-consumer and pre-consumer
             recycled content

             a.     Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.

       4.    Certificates for Credit MR 7: (See Alternate No. 1) Chain-of-custody certificates
             certifying that products specified to be made from certified wood comply with forest
             certification requirements. Include evidence that mill is certified for chain of custody by
             a FSC-accredited certification body.

             a.     Include statement indicating costs for each certified wood product.

  B.   Product Data: For each type of product indicated, including high-pressure decorative laminate,
       adhesive for bonding plastic laminate, cabinet hardware and accessories.

  C.   Shop Drawings: Show location of each item, dimensioned plans and elevations, large-scale
       details, attachment devices, and other components.

       1.    Show details full size.
       2.    Show locations and sizes of furring, blocking, and hanging strips, including concealed
             blocking and reinforcement specified in other Sections.
       3.    Show locations and sizes of cutouts and holes for plumbing fixtures faucets and other
             items installed in architectural woodwork.
       4.    Show veneer leaves with dimensions, grain direction, exposed face, and identification
             numbers indicating the flitch and sequence within the flitch for each leaf.

  D.   Samples for Initial Selection:

       1.    Shop-applied transparent finishes.
       2.    Plastic laminates.
       3.    PVC edge material.
       4.    Solid-surface material.
       5.    Composite-surface material.

  E.   Samples for Verification:

       1.    Lumber and panel products with shop-applied opaque finish, 50 sq. in. (300 sq. cm) for
             lumber and 8 by 10 inches (200 by 250 mm) for panels, for each finish system and color,
             with[ 1/2 of] exposed surface finished.
       2.    Plastic laminates, 8 by 10 inches (200 by 250 mm), for each type, color, pattern, and
             surface finish, with 1 sample applied to core material and specified edge material applied
             to 1 edge.
       3.    Exposed cabinet hardware and accessories, one unit for each type and finish.

  F.   Product Certificates: For each type of product, signed by product manufacturer.



INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK                                                      0812/064023 - 2
      G.   Qualification Data: For fabricator.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Fabricator Qualifications: Shop that employs skilled workers who custom-fabricate products
           similar to those required for this Project and whose products have a record of successful in-
           service performance.

      B.   Source Limitations: Engage a qualified woodworking firm to assume undivided responsibility
           for production of interior architectural woodwork with sequence-matched wood veneers and
           wood doors with face veneers that are sequence matched with woodwork and transparent-
           finished wood doors that are required to be of same species as woodwork.

      C.   Quality Standard: Unless otherwise indicated, comply with AWI's "Architectural Woodwork
           Quality Standards" for grades of interior architectural woodwork indicated for construction,
           finishes, installation, and other requirements.


1.6        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Do not deliver woodwork until painting and similar operations that could damage woodwork
           have been completed in installation areas. If woodwork must be stored in other than installation
           areas, store only in areas where environmental conditions comply with requirements specified
           in "Project Conditions" Article.


1.7        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Environmental Limitations: Do not deliver or install woodwork until building is enclosed, wet
           work is complete, and HVAC system is operating and maintaining temperature and relative
           humidity at occupancy levels during the remainder of the construction period.

      B.   Field Measurements: Where woodwork is indicated to fit to other construction, verify
           dimensions of other construction by field measurements before fabrication, and indicate
           measurements on Shop Drawings. Coordinate fabrication schedule with construction progress
           to avoid delaying the Work.

           1.    Locate concealed framing, blocking, and reinforcements that support woodwork by field
                 measurements before being enclosed, and indicate measurements on Shop Drawings.
           2.    Established Dimensions: Where field measurements cannot be made without delaying
                 the Work, establish dimensions and proceed with fabricating woodwork without field
                 measurements. Provide allowance for trimming at site, and coordinate construction to
                 ensure that actual dimensions correspond to established dimensions.


1.8        COORDINATION

      A.   Coordinate sizes and locations of framing, blocking, furring, reinforcements, and other related
           units of Work specified in other Sections to ensure that interior architectural woodwork can be
           supported and installed as indicated.



INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK                                                          0812/064023 - 3
PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        WOODWORK FABRICATORS

      A.   Available Fabricators: Subject to compliance with requirements, fabricators offering interior
           architectural woodwork that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to,
           the following:

      B.   Fabricators: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide interior architectural woodwork
           by one of the following:

           1.    GH Cabinets, Inc.
           2.    JMJ Casework, LLC
           3.    LSI Corporation of America, Inc.
           4.    Maloney, Inc.
           5.    Pearlgreen, Inc.
           6.    Pine Valley Cabinet Co.
           7.    TMI Systems Design Corporation.


2.2        MATERIALS

      A.   General: Provide materials that comply with requirements of AWI's quality standard for each
           type of woodwork and quality grade specified, unless otherwise indicated.

      B.   Wood Species and Cut for Transparent Finish: White Birch, plain sliced.

      C.   Wood Products: Comply with the following:

           1.    Hardboard: AHA A135.4.
           2.    Medium-Density Fiberboard: ANSI A208.2, Grade M, made with binder containing no
                 urea formaldehyde.
           3.    Particleboard: ANSI A208.1, Grade M-2.
           4.    Particleboard: Straw-based particleboard complying with requirements in ANSI A208.1,
                 Grade M-2, except for density.
           5.    Softwood Plywood: DOC PS 1.
           6.    Veneer-Faced Panel Products (Hardwood Plywood): HPVA HP-1, made with adhesive
                 containing no urea formaldehyde.

      D.   Thermoset Decorative Panels: Particleboard or medium-density fiberboard finished with
           thermally fused, melamine-impregnated decorative paper complying with LMA SAT-1.

           1.    Provide PVC or polyester edge banding complying with LMA EDG-1 on components
                 with exposed or semiexposed edges.

      E.   High-Pressure Decorative Laminate: NEMA LD 3, grades as indicated or, if not indicated, as
           required by woodwork quality standard.




INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK                                                        0812/064023 - 4
       1.    Manufacturer:    Subject to compliance with requirements, provide high-pressure
             decorative laminates by one of the following:

             a.    Arborite; Division of ITW Canada, Inc.
             b.    Formica Corporation.
             c.    Nevamar Company, LLC; Decorative Products Div.
             d.    Pionite Corporation.
             e.    Wilsonart International; Div. of Premark International, Inc.

  F.   Solid-Surfacing Material: Homogeneous solid sheets of filled plastic resin complying with
       ISSFA-2.


       1.    Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide products by one of the
             following:

             a.    Corian.
             b.    Formica.
             c.    LG Surfaces.
             d.    Wilsonart.

       2.    Colors and Patterns: See Finishes & Color Schedule.

  G.   Composite-Surfacing Material: Recycled glass, ceramic granite aggregate, porcelain, mirror and
       metals; quartz aggregate; corn-based resin, with color pigments; complying with ANSI A-137
       and ADTM C-615.


       1.    Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide product by the
             following:

             a.    Cosentino USA, Inc.

                   1)     Product: Eco by Cosentino.

       2.    Recycled Content: Minimum 75 percent, classified as post-consumer.
       3.    Surface Finish: Polished.
       4.    Thickness: 3/4 inch and 1/2 inch for 2 inch built-up edge.
       5.    Color: See Finishes & Color Schedule.

  H.   Solid Surface Window Stools:


       1.    Manufacturer: Corian Solid Surfaces
       2.    Size: 3/4 inch with radius edge.
       3.    Color: See Finishes & Colors.




INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK                                                    0812/064023 - 5
2.3        CABINET HARDWARE AND ACCESSORIES

      A.   General: Provide cabinet hardware and accessory materials associated with architectural
           cabinets, except for items specified in Division 08 Section.

      A.   Frameless Concealed Hinges (European Type):         BHMA A156.9, B01602, 170 degrees of
           opening, self-closing.

      B.   Pulls: Back mounted, Berenson Bravo 1057-4BN-P, Brushed Nickel finish 3 inch length, 3/4
           inch width, and 1 3/4 inch height.

      C.   Catches: LH-340, 6 lb. magnetic catches for base and wall cabinet. Provide two pulls for each
           tall cabinet door. Catch housing to be molded in white color to match cabinet interior.

      D.   Adjustable Shelf Standards and Supports: LH-354 twin pin design with anti tip-up restraints for
           both ¾ inch and 1 inch shelves. Design to include heel to retard shelf slide-off and slot for
           ability to mechanically attach shelf to clip. Load rating to be a minimum of 300 lbs. Each
           support without failure. Cabinet interior sides shall be flush, without shelf system permanent
           projection.

      E.   Drawer Slides: BHMA A156.9, B05091.


           1.    Standard Duty (Grade 1, Grade 2, and Grade 3): Side mounted and extending under
                 bottom edge of drawer; full-extension type; with captive front and rear polymer rollers;
                 positive in-stop and out-keeper to maintain drawer in 80% open position; minimum 100
                 lb. dynamic load rating.
           2.    Heavy Duty (Grade 1HD-100 and Grade 1HD-200): Side mounted; full-extension type;
                 zinc-plated steel ball-bearing slides.

      F.   Locks: 5-pin tumbler type lock, keyed alike and master keyed. Dull chrome finish.

      G.   Standards shall be equal to Knape & Vogt heavy duty 87 ANO. Contractor to verify length.

      H.   Brackets shall be equal to Knape & Vogt heavy duty 187 ANO. Contractor to verify length.

      I.   Wardrobe Rod & Flanges: LH-362, 1-1/16” chrome steel rod w/LH-363 chrome flanges.

      J.   Grommets for Cable Passage through Countertops: 2-inch (51-mm) OD, black, molded-plastic
           grommets and matching plastic caps with slot for wire passage.

      K.   Exposed Hardware Finishes: For exposed hardware, provide finish as indicated.

      L.   For concealed hardware, provide manufacturer's standard finish that complies with product class
           requirements in BHMA A156.9.


2.4        MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

      A.   Furring, Blocking, Shims, and Hanging Strips: Softwood or hardwood lumber, kiln dried to less
           than 15 percent moisture content.



INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK                                                         0812/064023 - 6
      B.   Sub-base: Separate and continuous (no cabinet body sides-to-floor), water-resistant exterior
           grade plywood with concealed fastening to cabinet bottom. Ladder-type construction, of front,
           back and intermediates, to form a secure and level platform to which cabinets attach.

      C.   Anchors: Select material, type, size, and finish required for each substrate for secure anchorage.
           Provide nonferrous-metal or hot-dip galvanized anchors and inserts on inside face of exterior
           walls and elsewhere as required for corrosion resistance. Provide toothed-steel or lead
           expansion sleeves for drilled-in-place anchors.

      D.   Adhesives, General: Do not use adhesives that contain urea formaldehyde.

      E.   VOC Limits for Installation Adhesives and Glues: Use installation adhesives that comply with
           the following limits for VOC content when calculated according to 40 CFR 59, Subpart D (EPA
           Method 24):

           1.    Wood Glues: 30 g/L.
           2.    Contact Adhesive: 250 g/L.

      F.   Adhesive for Bonding Plastic Laminate: Unpigmented contact cement.

           1.    Adhesive for Bonding Edges: Hot-melt adhesive or adhesive specified above for faces.


2.5        PLASTIC-LAMINATE CABINETS

      A.   Grade: Custom.

      B.   AWI Type of Cabinet Construction: Flush overlay.

      C.   Laminate Cladding for Exposed Surfaces: High-pressure decorative laminate complying with
           the following requirements:

           1.    Horizontal Surfaces Other Than Tops: Grade HGL.
           2.    Postformed Surfaces: Grade HGP.
           3.    Vertical Surfaces: Grade VGS.
           4.    Edges: Grade VGS.

      D.   Materials for Semiexposed Surfaces:

           1.    Surfaces Other Than Drawer Bodies: High-pressure decorative laminate, Grade VGS.

                 a.     Edges of Plastic-Laminate Shelves: PVC tape, 0.018-inch (0.460-mm) minimum
                        thickness, matching laminate in color, pattern, and finish.
                 b.     For semiexposed backs of panels with exposed plastic-laminate surfaces, provide
                        surface of high-pressure decorative laminate, Grade VGS.

           2.    Drawer Sides and Backs: Solid-hardwood lumber.
           3.    Drawer Bottoms: Hardwood plywood.

      E.   Concealed Backs of Panels with Exposed Plastic Laminate Surfaces: High-pressure decorative
           laminate, Grade BKL.



INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK                                                           0812/064023 - 7
      F.   Colors, Patterns, and Finishes: Provide materials and products that result in colors and textures
           of exposed laminate surfaces complying with the following requirements:


           1.    See Finishes & Color Schedule.

      G.   Provide dust panels of 1/4-inch (6.4-mm) plywood or tempered hardboard above compartments
           and drawers, unless located directly under tops.


2.6        PLASTIC-LAMINATE COUNTERTOPS

      A.   Provide countertop design and profile as indicated on Drawings. Radius front edge, 3/8” radius
           cove at intersection of top and backsplash, and radius top edge on backsplash. All exposed and
           edges shall be plastic laminate clad.

      B.   Grade: Custom.

      C.   High-Pressure Decorative Laminate Grade: HGS.

      D.   Colors, Patterns, and Finishes: Provide materials and products that result in colors and textures
           of exposed laminate surfaces complying with the following requirements:


           1.    See Finishes & Color Schedule.

      E.   Grain Direction: Parallel to cabinet fronts.

      F.   Edge Treatment: Same as laminate cladding on horizontal surfaces.

      G.   Core Material: High performance particle board.

      H.   Core Material at Sinks: Particleboard made with exterior glue.

      I.   Backer Sheet: Provide plastic-laminate backer sheet, Grade BKL, on underside of countertop
           substrate.


2.7        SOLID-SURFACING-MATERIAL COUNTERTOPS

      A.   Grade: Premium.

      B.   Solid-Surfacing-Material Thickness: 3/4 inch (19 mm).

      C.   Colors, Patterns, and Finishes: Provide materials and products that result in colors of solid-
           surfacing material complying with the following requirements:


           1.    See Finishes & Color Schedule.

      D.   Fabricate tops in one piece, unless otherwise indicated. Comply with solid-surfacing-material
           manufacturer's written recommendations for adhesives, sealers, fabrication, and finishing.


INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK                                                          0812/064023 - 8
           1.    Fabricate tops with shop-applied edges of materials and configuration indicated.
           2.    Fabricate tops with shop-applied backsplashes.

      E.   Install integral sink bowls in countertops in shop.

      F.   Drill holes in countertops for plumbing fittings, trash receptacles and soap dispensers in shop.


2.8        COMPOSITE SURFACING

           1.    Thickness: 1 1/4 and 3/4 inches.

           2.    Colors and Patterns:
                 a.    See Finishes & Color Schedule.

      B.   Fabricate tops in one piece, unless otherwise indicated. Comply with composite-surfacing-
           material manufacturer's written recommendations for adhesives, sealers, fabrication, and
           finishing.

           1.    Fabricate tops with shop-applied edges of materials and configuration indicated.


2.9        SHOP FINISHING

      A.   Grade: Provide finishes of same grades as items to be finished.

      B.   General: Finish architectural woodwork at fabrication shop as specified in this Section. Defer
           only final touchup, cleaning, and polishing until after installation.

      C.   General: Shop finish transparent-finished interior architectural woodwork at fabrication shop as
           specified in this Section.

      D.   General: Drawings indicate items that are required to be shop finished. Finish such items at
           fabrication shop as specified in this Section.

      E.   Preparation for Finishing: Comply with referenced quality standard for sanding, filling
           countersunk fasteners, sealing concealed surfaces, and similar preparations for finishing
           architectural woodwork, as applicable to each unit of work.

           1.    Backpriming: Apply one coat of sealer or primer, compatible with finish coats, to
                 concealed surfaces of woodwork. Apply two coats to back of paneling and to end-grain
                 surfaces. Concealed surfaces of plastic-laminate-clad woodwork do not require
                 backpriming when surfaced with plastic laminate, backing paper, or thermoset decorative
                 panels.

      F.   Transparent Finish:


           1.    Grade: Custom.
           2.    Staining: Match Architect's sample.
           3.    Sheen: Satin, 31-45 gloss units measured on 60-degree gloss meter per ASTM D 523.



INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK                                                            0812/064023 - 9
PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        PREPARATION

      A.   Before installation, condition woodwork to average prevailing humidity conditions in
           installation areas.

      B.   Before installing architectural woodwork, examine shop-fabricated work for completion and
           complete work as required, including removal of packing and backpriming.


3.2        INSTALLATION

      A.   Grade: Install woodwork to comply with requirements for the same grade specified in Part 2 for
           fabrication of type of woodwork involved.

      B.   Anchor slatwall at locations indicated per manufacturer’s recommendations.

      C.   Assemble woodwork and complete fabrication at Project site to comply with requirements for
           fabrication in Part 2, to extent that it was not completed in the shop.

      D.   Install woodwork level, plumb, true, and straight. Shim as required with concealed shims.
           Install level and plumb (including tops) to a tolerance of 1/8 inch in 96 inches.

      E.   Scribe and cut woodwork to fit adjoining work, refinish cut surfaces, and repair damaged finish
           at cuts.

      F.   Anchor woodwork to anchors or blocking built in or directly attached to substrates. Secure with
           countersunk, concealed fasteners and blind nailing as required for complete installation. Use
           fine finishing nails or finishing screws for exposed fastening, countersunk and filled flush with
           woodwork and matching final finish if transparent finish is indicated.

      G.   Cabinets: Install without distortion so doors and drawers fit openings properly and are
           accurately aligned. Adjust hardware to center doors and drawers in openings and to provide
           unencumbered operation. Complete installation of hardware and accessory items as indicated.

           1.    Install cabinets with no more than 1/8 inch in 96-inch (3 mm in 2400-mm) sag, bow, or
                 other variation from a straight line.
           2.    Maintain veneer sequence matching of cabinets with transparent finish.
           3.    Fasten wall cabinets through back, near top and bottom, at ends and not more than 16
                 inches (400 mm) o.c. with No. 10 wafer-head screws sized for 1-inch (25-mm)
                 penetration into wood framing, blocking, or hanging strips.

      H.   Countertops: Anchor securely by screwing through corner blocks of base cabinets or other
           supports into underside of countertop.

           1.    Align adjacent solid-surfacing-material countertops and form seams to comply with
                 manufacturer's written recommendations using adhesive in color to match countertop.
                 Carefully dress joints smooth, remove surface scratches, and clean entire surface.
           2.    Install countertops with no more than 1/8 inch in 96-inch (3 mm in 2400-mm) sag, bow,
                 or other variation from a straight line.


INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK                                                         0812/064023 - 10
           3.    Secure backsplashes to tops with concealed metal brackets at 16 inches (400 mm) o.c.
           4.    Calk space between backsplash and wall with sealant specified in Division 07 Section
                 "Joint Sealants."

      I.   Touch up finishing work specified in this Section after installation of woodwork. Fill nail holes
           with matching filler where exposed.


3.3        ADJUSTING AND CLEANING

      A.   Repair damaged and defective woodwork, where possible, to eliminate functional and visual
           defects; where not possible to repair, replace woodwork. Adjust joinery for uniform
           appearance.

      B.   Clean, lubricate, and adjust hardware.

      C.   Clean woodwork on exposed and semiexposed surfaces. Touch up shop-applied finishes to
           restore damaged or soiled areas.


END OF SECTION 064023




INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL WOODWORK                                                         0812/064023 - 11
SECTION 071326 - SELF-ADHERING SHEET WATERPROOFING


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:

           1.    Modified bituminous sheet waterproofing.
           2.    Insulation.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 07 Section "Joint Sealants" for joint-sealant materials and installation.


1.3        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: Include manufacturer's written instructions for evaluating, preparing, and treating
           substrate, technical data, and tested physical and performance properties of waterproofing.

      B.   Shop Drawings: Show locations and extent of waterproofing. Include details for substrate
           joints and cracks, sheet flashings, penetrations, inside and outside corners, tie-ins with adjoining
           waterproofing, and other termination conditions.

           1.    Include setting drawings showing layout, sizes, sections, profiles, and joint details of
                 pedestal-supported concrete pavers.

      C.   Samples: For the following products:

           1.    12-by-12-inch (300-by-300-mm) square of waterproofing and flashing sheet.
           2.    12-by-12-inch (300-by-300-mm) square of insulation.

      D.   Installer Certificates:   Signed by manufacturers certifying that installers comply with
           requirements.

      E.   Qualification Data: For Installer.

      F.   Product Test Reports: Based on evaluation of comprehensive tests performed by a qualified
           testing agency, for waterproofing.



SELF-ADHERING SHEET WATERPROOFING                                                           0812/071326 - 1
      G.   Warranties: Special warranties specified in this Section.


1.4        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Installer Qualifications: A firm that is approved or licensed by waterproofing manufacturer for
           installation of waterproofing required for this Project.

      B.   Source Limitations:     Obtain waterproofing materials through one source from a single
           manufacturer.

      C.   Pre-installation Conference: Conduct conference at Project site.

           1.    Review waterproofing requirements including surface preparation, substrate condition
                 and pretreatment, minimum curing period, forecasted weather conditions, special details
                 and sheet flashings, installation procedures, testing and inspection procedures, and
                 protection and repairs.


1.5        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Deliver liquid materials to Project site in original packages with seals unbroken, labeled with
           manufacturer's name, product brand name and type, date of manufacture, and directions for
           storing and mixing with other components.

      B.   Store liquid materials in their original undamaged packages in a clean, dry, protected location
           and within temperature range required by waterproofing manufacturer.

      C.   Remove and replace liquid materials that cannot be applied within their stated shelf life.

      D.   Store rolls according to manufacturer's written instructions.

      E.   Protect stored materials from direct sunlight.


1.6        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Environmental Limitations: Apply waterproofing within the range of ambient and substrate
           temperatures recommended by waterproofing manufacturer. Do not apply waterproofing to a
           damp or wet substrate.

           1.    Do not apply waterproofing in snow, rain, fog, or mist.

      B.   Maintain adequate ventilation during preparation and application of waterproofing materials.


1.7        WARRANTY

      A.   Special Manufacturer's Warranty: Manufacturer's standard form in which manufacturer agrees
           to replace waterproofing material that does not comply with requirements or that fails to remain
           watertight within specified warranty period.



SELF-ADHERING SHEET WATERPROOFING                                                          0812/071326 - 2
           1.    Failure includes, but is not limited to, failure of waterproofing due to failure of substrate
                 prepared and treated according to requirements or formation of new joints and cracks in
                 substrate exceeding 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) in width.
           2.    Warranty Period: Five years from date of Substantial Completion.

      B.   Special Installer's Warranty: Installer’s standard warranty form, signed by Installer, covering
           Work of this Section, for warranty period of two years.

           1.    Warranty includes removing and reinstalling protection board, drainage panels,
                 insulation, pedestals, and pavers on plaza decks.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MODIFIED BITUMINOUS SHEET WATERPROOFING

      A.   Modified Bituminous Sheet: 60-mil- (1.5-mm-) thick, self-adhering sheet consisting of 56 mils
           (1.4 mm) of rubberized asphalt laminated to a 4-mil- (0.10-mm-) thick, polyethylene film with
           release liner on adhesive side and formulated for application with primer or surface conditioner
           that complies with VOC limits of authorities having jurisdiction.

           1.    Available Products: Subject to compliance with requirements, products that may be
                 incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to, the following:
           2.    Products: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide one of the following:

                 a.     Carlisle Coatings & Waterproofing Inc.; CCW MiraDRI 860/861.
                 b.     Grace, W. R. & Co.; Bituthene 3000.
                 c.     Meadows, W. R., Inc.; SealTight Mel-Rol.
                 d.     Polyguard Products; Polyguard 650.

           3.    Physical Properties:

                 a.     Tensile Strength: 250 psi (1.7 MPa) minimum; ASTM D 412, Die C, modified.
                 b.     Ultimate Elongation: 300 percent minimum; ASTM D 412, Die C, modified.
                 c.     Low-Temperature Flexibility: Pass at minus 20 deg F (minus 29 deg C);
                        ASTM D 1970.
                 d.     Crack Cycling: Unaffected after 100 cycles of 1/8-inch (3-mm) movement;
                        ASTM C 836.
                 e.     Puncture Resistance: 40 lbf (180 N) minimum; ASTM E 154.
                 f.     Hydrostatic-Head Resistance: 150 feet (45 m) minimum; ASTM D 5385.
                 g.     Water Absorption: 0.15 percent weight-gain maximum after 48-hour immersion at
                        70 deg F (21 deg C); ASTM D 570.
                 h.     Vapor Permeance: 0.05 perms (2.9 ng/Pa x s x sq. m); ASTM E 96, Water
                        Method.


2.2        AUXILIARY MATERIALS

      A.   General: Furnish auxiliary materials recommended by waterproofing manufacturer for intended
           use and compatible with sheet waterproofing.



SELF-ADHERING SHEET WATERPROOFING                                                          0812/071326 - 3
           1.    Furnish liquid-type auxiliary materials that comply with VOC limits of authorities having
                 jurisdiction.

      B.   Primer: Liquid waterborne primer recommended for substrate by manufacturer of sheet
           waterproofing material.

      C.   Surface Conditioner: Liquid, waterborne surface conditioner recommended for substrate by
           manufacturer of sheet waterproofing material.

      D.   Liquid Membrane: Elastomeric, two-component liquid, cold fluid applied, trowel grade or low
           viscosity.

      E.   Substrate Patching Membrane: Low-viscosity, two-component, asphalt-modified coating.

      F.   Sheet Strips: Self-adhering, rubberized-asphalt sheet strips of same material and thickness as
           sheet waterproofing.

      G.   Mastic, Adhesives, and Tape: Liquid mastic and adhesives, and adhesive tapes recommended
           by waterproofing manufacturer.

           1.    Detail Tape: Two-sided, pressure-sensitive, self-adhering reinforced tape, 4-1/2 inches
                 (114 mm) wide, with a tack-free protective adhesive coating on one side and release film
                 on self-adhering side.
           2.    Detail Strips: 62.5-mil- (1.58-mm-) thick, felt-reinforced self-adhesive strip, 9 inches
                 (229 mm) wide, with release film on adhesive side.


2.3        INSULATION

      A.   Board Insulation: Extruded-polystyrene board insulation complying with ASTM C 578, square
           edged.


           1.    Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide products by one of the
                 following:

                 a.    Diversifoam Products.
                 b.    Dow Chemical Company (The).
                 c.    Owens Corning.

           2.    Type IV, 25-psi (173-kPa) minimum compressive strength.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine substrates, areas, and conditions, with Installer present, for compliance with
           requirements and other conditions affecting performance.




SELF-ADHERING SHEET WATERPROOFING                                                       0812/071326 - 4
           1.    Verify that concrete has cured and aged for minimum time period recommended by
                 waterproofing manufacturer.
           2.    Verify that concrete is visibly dry and free of moisture. Test for capillary moisture by
                 plastic sheet method according to ASTM D 4263.
           3.    Verify that compacted subgrade is dry, smooth, and sound; and ready to receive
                 adhesive-coated HDPE sheet.
           4.    Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


3.2        SURFACE PREPARATION

      A.   Clean, prepare, and treat substrates according to manufacturer's written instructions. Provide
           clean, dust-free, and dry substrates for waterproofing application.

      B.   Mask off adjoining surfaces not receiving waterproofing to prevent spillage and overspray
           affecting other construction.

      C.   Remove grease, oil, bitumen, form-release agents, paints, curing compounds, and other
           penetrating contaminants or film-forming coatings from concrete.

      D.   Remove fins, ridges, mortar, and other projections and fill honeycomb, aggregate pockets,
           holes, and other voids.

      E.   Prepare, fill, prime, and treat joints and cracks in substrates. Remove dust and dirt from joints
           and cracks according to ASTM D 4258.

           1.    Install sheet strips and center over treated construction and contraction joints and cracks
                 exceeding a width of 1/16 inch (1.6 mm).

      F.   Bridge and cover isolation joint, expansion joints and discontinuous deck-to-wall and deck-to-
           deck joints with overlapping sheet strips.

           1.    Invert and loosely lay first sheet strip over center of joint. Firmly adhere second sheet
                 strip to first and overlap to substrate.

      G.   Corners: Prepare, prime, and treat inside and outside corners according to ASTM D 6135.

           1.    Install membrane strips centered over vertical inside corners. Install 3/4-inch (19-mm)
                 fillets of liquid membrane on horizontal inside corners and as follows:

                 a.     At footing-to-wall intersections, extend liquid membrane each direction from
                        corner or install membrane strip centered over corner.
                 b.     At plaza deck-to-wall intersections, extend liquid membrane or sheet strips onto
                        deck waterproofing and to finished height of sheet flashing.

      H.   Prepare, treat, and seal vertical and horizontal surfaces at terminations and penetrations through
           waterproofing and at drains and protrusions according to ASTM D 6135.




SELF-ADHERING SHEET WATERPROOFING                                                         0812/071326 - 5
3.3        MODIFIED BITUMINOUS SHEET WATERPROOFING APPLICATION

      A.   Install modified bituminous sheets according to waterproofing manufacturer's written
           instructions and according to recommendations in ASTM D 6135.

      B.   Apply primer to substrates at required rate and allow to dry. Limit priming to areas that will be
           covered by sheet waterproofing in same day. Reprime areas exposed for more than 24 hours.

      C.   Apply and firmly adhere sheets over area to receive waterproofing. Accurately align sheets and
           maintain uniform 2-1/2-inch- (64-mm-) minimum lap widths and end laps. Overlap and seal
           seams and stagger end laps to ensure watertight installation.

           1.    When ambient and substrate temperatures range between 25 and 40 deg F (minus 4 and
                 plus 5 deg C), install self-adhering, modified bituminous sheets produced for low-
                 temperature application. Do not use low-temperature sheets if ambient or substrate
                 temperature is higher than 60 deg F (16 deg C).

      D.   Horizontal Application: Apply sheets from low point to high point of decks to ensure that side
           laps shed water.

      E.   Apply continuous sheets over sheet strips bridging substrate cracks, construction, and
           contraction joints.

      F.   Seal exposed edges of sheets at terminations not concealed by metal counterflashings or ending
           in reglets with mastic.

      G.   Install sheet waterproofing and auxiliary materials to tie into adjacent waterproofing.

      H.   Repair tears, voids, and lapped seams in waterproofing not complying with requirements. Slit
           and flatten fishmouths and blisters. Patch with sheet waterproofing extending 6 inches (150
           mm) beyond repaired areas in all directions.

      I.   Correct deficiencies in or remove sheet waterproofing that does not comply with requirements;
           repair substrates, reapply waterproofing, and repair sheet flashings.


3.4        FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

      A.   Flood Testing: Flood test each deck area for leaks, according to recommendations in
           ASTM D 5957, after completing waterproofing but before overlying construction is placed.
           Install temporary containment assemblies, plug or dam drains, and flood with potable water.

           1.    Flood to an average depth of 2-1/2 inches (64 mm) with a minimum depth of 1 inch (25
                 mm) and not exceeding a depth of 4 inches (100 mm). Maintain 2 inches (51 mm) of
                 clearance from top of sheet flashings.
           2.    Flood each area for 24 hours.
           3.    After flood testing, repair leaks, repeat flood tests, and make further repairs until
                 waterproofing installation is watertight.
           4.    In-place testing: After membrane installation testing is completed, Contractor shall
                 submit a letter of Certification to the Architect confirming that completed waterproofing




SELF-ADHERING SHEET WATERPROOFING                                                          0812/071326 - 6
                 membrane area was flooded with water and maintained for 24 hours checking for leaks
                 and repairing same.


3.5        INSULATION INSTALLATION

      A.   Install one or more layers of board insulation to achieve required thickness over waterproofed
           surfaces. Cut and fit to within 3/4 inch (19 mm) of projections and penetrations.

      B.   On horizontal surfaces, loosely lay insulation units according to manufacturer's written
           instructions. Stagger end joints and tightly abut insulation units.


3.6        PROTECTION AND CLEANING

      A.   Do not permit foot or vehicular traffic on unprotected membrane.

      B.   Protect waterproofing from damage and wear during remainder of construction period.

      C.   Protect installed board insulation from damage due to UV light, harmful weather exposures,
           physical abuse, and other causes. Provide temporary coverings where insulation will be subject
           to abuse and cannot be concealed and protected by permanent construction immediately after
           installation.

      D.   Clean spillage and soiling from adjacent construction using cleaning agents and procedures
           recommended by manufacturer of affected construction.


END OF SECTION 071326




SELF-ADHERING SHEET WATERPROOFING                                                      0812/071326 - 7
SECTION 071413 - HOT FLUID-APPLIED RUBBERIZED ASPHALT WATERPROOFING


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:


           1.    Reinforced waterproofing membrane.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 06 Section "Sheathing" for roof deck surfaces.
           3.    Division 07 Section "Joint Sealants" for joint-sealant materials and installation.
           4.    Division 22 Section "Plumbing" for roof drains.
           5.    Division 32 Section "Plants" for plants in planter.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Intensive Green Roof -- Landscaping requiring regular maintenance, consisting of deeper soil
           depths (> 8 inches (203mm) with a wider variety of plant species possible including shrubs and
           small trees.


1.4        PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

      A.   Provide waterproofing that prevents the passage of water and complies with physical
           requirements in CGSB-37.50, "Hot Applied, Rubberized Asphalt for Roofing and
           Waterproofing."


1.5        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: Include manufacturer's written instructions for evaluating, preparing, and treating
           substrate, technical data, and tested physical and performance properties.

      B.   Shop Drawings: Show locations and extent of waterproofing. Include details for substrate
           joints and cracks, sheet flashings, penetrations, inside and outside corners, tie-ins to adjoining
           waterproofing, and other termination conditions.


HOT FLUID-APPLIED RUBBERIZED ASPHALT WATERPROOFING                                        0812/071413 - 1
      C.   Installer Certificates:   Signed by manufacturers certifying that installers comply with
           requirements.

      D.   Product Test Reports: From a qualified independent testing agency indicating and interpreting
           test results of waterproofing for compliance with requirements, based on comprehensive testing
           of current waterproofing formulations.

      E.   Sample Warranty: Copy of special waterproofing manufacturer's and Installer's warranty
           stating obligations, remedies, limitations, and exclusions before starting waterproofing.


1.6        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Installer Qualifications: A qualified installer who is authorized, approved, or licensed to install
           waterproofing manufacturer's products; and who is eligible to receive waterproofing warranty
           specified.

      B.   Source Limitations: Obtain waterproofing materials and sheet flashings through one source
           from a single manufacturer.

      C.   Mockups: Apply waterproofing to 100 sq. ft. (9.3 sq. m) of deck to demonstrate surface
           preparation, crack and joint treatment, corner treatment, thickness, texture, and execution
           quality.

           1.    If Architect determines mockups do not comply with requirements, reapply
                 waterproofing until mockups are approved.
           2.    Approved mockups may become part of the completed Work if undisturbed at time of
                 Substantial Completion.

      D.   Pre-installation Conference: Conduct conference at Project site to comply with requirements in
           Division 01 Section "Project Management and Coordination." Review requirements for
           waterproofing, including surface preparation specified under other Sections, substrate condition
           and pretreatment, minimum curing period, forecasted weather conditions, special details and
           sheet flashings, installation procedures, testing and inspection procedures, and protection and
           repairs.


1.7        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Deliver liquid materials to Project site in original containers with seals unbroken, labeled with
           manufacturer's name, product brand name and type, date of manufacture, and directions for
           storing and mixing with other components.

      B.   Store liquid materials in their original undamaged containers in a clean, dry, protected location
           and within the temperature range required by waterproofing manufacturer.

      C.   Remove and replace liquid materials that cannot be applied within their stated shelf life.

      D.   Protect stored materials from direct sunlight.




HOT FLUID-APPLIED RUBBERIZED ASPHALT WATERPROOFING                                         0812/071413 - 2
1.8        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Environmental Limitations: Apply waterproofing within the range of ambient and substrate
           temperatures recommended by waterproofing manufacturer. Do not apply waterproofing to a
           damp or wet substrate, or when temperature is below 0 deg F (minus 18 deg C).

           1.    Do not apply waterproofing in snow, rain, fog, or mist.

      B.   Maintain adequate ventilation during application and curing of waterproofing materials.


1.9        WARRANTY

      A.   Special Manufacturer's Warranty: Written warranty, signed by waterproofing manufacturer
           agreeing to repair or replace waterproofing and sheet flashings that do not comply with
           requirements or that do not remain watertight within specified warranty period.

           1.    Warranty does not include failure of waterproofing due to failure of substrate prepared
                 and treated according to requirements or formation of new joints and cracks in substrate
                 that exceed 1/8 inch (3 mm) in width.
           2.    Warranty includes removing and reinstalling plants and soils on plaza decks.
           3.    Warranty Period: 10 years after date of Substantial Completion.

      B.   Special Installer's Warranty: Written waterproofing Installer's warranty signed by Installer,
           covering Work of this Section, for warranty period of two years.


           1.    Warranty includes removing and reinstalling plants and soils on plaza decks.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   Basis-of-Design Product: The design for Hot Fluid-Applied Rubberized Asphalt Waterproofing
           is American Hydrotech, Inc.; Monolithic Membrane 6125V. Subject to compliance with
           requirements, provide the named product or a comparable product by one of the following:


           1.    American Hydrotech, Inc.
           2.    The Barret Company, Ram 250.
           3.    CETCO, Strataseal HR.


2.2        MEMBRANE

      A.   Membrane shall be a hot, fluid applied, rubberized asphalt membrane meeting the CGSB-37.50-
           M89 standard and other pertinent physical properties:




HOT FLUID-APPLIED RUBBERIZED ASPHALT WATERPROOFING                                      0812/071413 - 3
           1.    Flash Point: Not less than 260 deg C or not less than 25 deg C above manufacturer's
                 maximum recommended application temperature.
           2.    Cone Penetration: 98 mm @77°F (25°C), 187 mm @122°F (50°C)
           3.    Flow: 1 mm maximum at 60 deg C.
           4.    Toughness: Not less than 16.0 Joules
           5.    Ratio of Toughness to Peak Load: 0.069
           6.    Adhesion Rating: Pass.
           7.    Water-Vapor Permeance: 0.3 ng/Pa(s)M2
           8.    Water Absorption: .11 gram weight gain
           9.    Pinholing: Not more than one pinhole.
           10.   Low-Temperature Flexibility: No cracking.
           11.   Crack Bridging Capability: No cracking, splitting, or loss of adhesion.
           12.   Heat Stability: No change in viscosity, penetration, flow or low temperature flexibility
                 Viscosity Test: 11.0 seconds
           13.   Acid Resistance: ASTM D-896 Pass-50% Nitric Acid, Procedure 7.1 (N-8) -50%
                 Sulfuric Acid.
           14.   Resistance to Hydrostatic Pressure ASTM D-08.22100 psi.
           15.   Elongation, ASTM D-5329 - 1000% minimum

2.3        AUXILIARY MATERIALS

      A.   Surface Conditioner:

           1.    Asphaltic surface conditioner for concrete surfaces meeting ASTM D41.

      B.   Reinforcing Fabric: Manufacturer's recommended spun-bonded polyester fabric.

      C.   Flashing:


           1.    1.60-mil (1.5 mm) thick, uncured neoprene sheet.

      D.   Adhesives/Sealant:


           1.    Contact adhesive to bond elastomeric flashing together.
           2.    Contact adhesive to bond elastomeric flashing to an approved substrate.


      E.   Separation/Root Barrier Protection Course:


           1.    160-mil (4 mm) thick polyester reinforced, modified asphalt sheet with granular surface
                 and root inhibiting additive.

      F.   Prefabricated Drainage Course:


           1.    Composite drainage system consisting of a three-dimensional, crush-proof, drainage core
                 and a filter fabric.




HOT FLUID-APPLIED RUBBERIZED ASPHALT WATERPROOFING                                         0812/071413 - 4
      G.   Sealants and Accessories:       Waterproofing manufacturer's recommended sealants and
           accessories.


2.4        INSULATION

      A.   Board Insulation: Extruded-polystyrene board insulation complying with ASTM C 578, square
           edged; of type, density, and compressive strength indicated below:


           1.    Type VI, 1.8-lb/cu. ft. (29-kg/cu. m) minimum density and 40-psi (276-kPa) minimum
                 compressive strength.

      B.   Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers offering
           products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to, the following:

           1.    Diversifoam Products.
           2.    Dow Chemical Company (The).
           3.    Owens Corning.

      C.   Drainage/Water Retention Component:

           1.    Three-dimensional, molded panels of recycled polyethylene with drainage channels top
                 and bottom sides and water retention reservoirs top side.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine substrates, areas, and conditions, with Installer present, for compliance with
           requirements and other conditions affecting performance.

           1.    Verify that concrete has cured and aged for minimum time period recommended by
                 waterproofing manufacturer.
           2.    Verify that substrate is visibly dry and free of moisture. Test for capillary moisture by
                 plastic sheet method according to ASTM D 4263.
           3.    Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


3.2        PREPARATION

      A.   Clean and prepare substrate according to manufacturer's written instructions. Provide clean,
           dust-free, and dry substrate for waterproofing application.

      B.   Mask off adjoining surfaces not receiving waterproofing to prevent spillage and overspray
           affecting other construction.

      C.   Close off deck drains and other deck penetrations to prevent spillage and migration of
           waterproofing fluids.



HOT FLUID-APPLIED RUBBERIZED ASPHALT WATERPROOFING                                      0812/071413 - 5
      D.   Remove fins, ridges, and other projections and fill honeycomb, aggregate pockets, and other
           voids.


3.3        JOINTS, CRACKS, AND TERMINATIONS

      A.   Prepare and treat substrates to receive waterproofing membrane, including joints and cracks,
           deck drains, corners, and penetrations according to CAN/CGSB-37.51, "Application of
           Rubberized Asphalt, Hot-Applied, for Roofing and Waterproofing," and waterproofing system
           manufacturer's written instructions.

      B.   At expansion joints and discontinuous deck-to-wall or deck-to-deck joints, bridge joints with
           elastomeric flashing sheet extended a minimum of 6 inches (150 mm) on each side of joints and
           adhere to substrates in a layer of hot, rubberized asphalt.


3.4        FLASHING INSTALLATION

      A.   Install flashing sheets at terminations of waterproofing membrane according to CAN/CGSB-
           37.51, "Application of Rubberized Asphalt, Hot-Applied, for Roofing and Waterproofing," and
           waterproofing system manufacturer's written instructions.

      B.   Prime substrate with asphalt primer.

      C.   Install elastomeric flashing sheet and adhere to deck and wall substrates in a layer of hot,
           rubberized asphalt.

      D.   Install modified-bituminous flashing sheet and adhere to substrate in a layer of hot, rubberized
           asphalt.

      E.   Extend flashing sheet up walls as indicated.

      F.   Install termination bars and mechanically fasten to top of flashing sheet at terminations and
           perimeter of roofing.


3.5        MEMBRANE APPLICATION

      A.   Apply rubberized asphalt according to CAN/CGSB-37.51, "Application of Rubberized Asphalt,
           Hot-Applied, for Roofing and Waterproofing," and manufacturer's written instructions.

      B.   Heat rubberized asphalt in an oil- or air-jacketed melter with mechanical agitator specifically
           designed for heating rubberized-asphalt waterproofing.

      C.   Start application with manufacturer's technical representative present.

      D.   Apply primer, at manufacturer's recommended rate, over prepared substrate and allow to dry.

      E.   Unreinforced Membrane: Apply waterproofing to substrates and adjoining surfaces indicated.
           Spread hot fluid-applied, rubberized asphalt to provide a uniform, unreinforced, seamless
           membrane 180 mils (4.5 mm) thick.



HOT FLUID-APPLIED RUBBERIZED ASPHALT WATERPROOFING                                       0812/071413 - 6
      F.   Reinforced Membrane: Apply waterproofing to substrates and adjoining surfaces indicated.
           Spread hot fluid-applied, rubberized asphalt to a thickness of 90 mils (2.3 mm); embed
           reinforcing fabric, overlapping sheets 2 inches (50 mm); and spread another 125-mil- (3.2-mm-)
           thick layer to provide a uniform, reinforced, seamless membrane 215 mils (5.5 mm) thick.

      G.   Apply waterproofing over prepared joints and up wall terminations and vertical surfaces to
           heights indicated or required by manufacturer.

      H.   Cover waterproofing with separator sheet with overlapped joints while rubberized asphalt is still
           hot and before membrane is subject to traffic.

           1.    Install protection course with overlapped joints over separator sheet..


3.6        INSULATION INSTALLATION

      A.   Install one or more layers of board insulation to achieve required thickness over waterproofed
           surfaces. Cut and fit to within 3/4 inch (19 mm) of projections and penetrations.

      B.   On horizontal surfaces, loosely lay insulation units according to manufacturer's instructions.
           Stagger end joints and tightly abut insulation units.


3.7        FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

      A.   Flood Testing: Flood test each deck area for leaks, according to recommendations in
           ASTM D 5957, after completing waterproofing but before overlying construction is placed.
           Install temporary containment assemblies, plug or dam drains, and flood with potable water.

           1.    Flood to an average depth of 2-1/2 inches (65 mm) with a minimum depth of 1 inch (25
                 mm) and not exceeding a depth of 4 inches (100 mm). Maintain 2 inches (50 mm) of
                 clearance from top of sheet flashings.
           2.    Flood each area for 24 hours.
           3.    After flood testing, repair leaks, repeat flood tests, and make further repairs until
                 waterproofing installation is watertight.

      B.   Owner may an independent testing agency to observe flood testing and examine underside of
           decks and terminations for evidence of leaks during flood testing.


3.8        CURING, PROTECTING, AND CLEANING

      A.   Cure waterproofing according to manufacturer's written recommendations, taking care to
           prevent contamination and damage during application stages and curing.

           1.    Do not permit foot or vehicular traffic on unprotected membrane.

      B.   Protect waterproofing from damage and wear during remainder of construction period.

      C.   Clean spillage and soiling from adjacent construction using cleaning agents and procedures
           recommended by manufacturer of affected construction



HOT FLUID-APPLIED RUBBERIZED ASPHALT WATERPROOFING                                         0812/071413 - 7
END OF SECTION 071413




HOT FLUID-APPLIED RUBBERIZED ASPHALT WATERPROOFING   0812/071413 - 8
SECTION 071900 - WATER REPELLENTS


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes penetrating water-repellent coatings for the following vertical and
           horizontal surfaces:


           1.    All exterior masonry.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 04 Section "Unit Masonry" for integral water-repellent admixture for unit
                 masonry assemblies.
           3.    Division 07 Section “Joint Sealants” for application of sealants in expansion and control
                 joints.


1.3        PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

      A.   Performance Testing: Provide water repellents that comply with test-performance requirements
           indicated, as evidenced by reports of tests performed by manufacturer by a qualified
           independent testing agency on manufacturer's standard products applied to substrates simulating
           those on Project using same application methods to be used for Project.

      B.   Absorption: Minimum 80 percent reduction of absorption after 24 hours in comparison of
           treated and untreated specimens.

           1.    Brick: ASTM C 67.

      C.   Water-Vapor Transmission: Maximum 10 percent reduction in rate of vapor transmission in
           comparison of treated and untreated specimens, per ASTM E 96.

      D.   Permeability: Minimum 80 percent water-vapor transmission in comparison of treated and
           untreated specimens, per ASTM D 1653.

      E.   Water Penetration and Leakage through Masonry: Maximum 90 percent reduction in leakage
           rate in comparison of treated and untreated specimens, per ASTM E 514.



WATER REPELLENTS                                                                        0812/071900 - 1
1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of product indicated.

           1.    Include manufacturer's printed statement of VOC content.

      B.   Manufacturer Certificates: Signed by manufacturers certifying that water repellents comply
           with requirements.

      C.   Qualification Data: For Installer.

      D.   Warranty: Special warranty specified in this Section.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Installer Qualifications: An employer of workers trained and approved by manufacturer.

      B.   Test Application: Apply a finish sample for each type of water repellent and substrate required.
           Duplicate finish of approved sample.

           1.    Locate each test application as shown on Drawings.
           2.    Size: 25 sq. ft. (2.3 sq. m).
           3.    Final approval by Architect of water-repellent application will be from test applications.

      C.   Pre-installation Conference: Conduct conference at Project site to comply with requirements in
           Division 01 Section "Project Management and Coordination."


1.6        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Limitations: Proceed with application only when the following existing and forecasted weather
           and substrate conditions permit water repellents to be applied according to manufacturers'
           written instructions and warranty requirements:

           1.    Ambient temperature is above 40 deg F (4.4 deg C).
           2.    Concrete surfaces and mortar have cured for more than 28 days.
           3.    Concrete or brick masonry walls are not treated prior to 30 days after building close-in.
           4.    Rain or snow is not predicted within 24 hours.
           5.    Application proceeds more than 24 hours after surfaces have been wet.
           6.    Substrate is not frozen, or surface temperature is above 40 deg F (4.4 deg C).
           7.    Windy conditions do not exist that may cause water repellent to be blown onto vegetation
                 or surfaces not intended to be treated.


1.7        WARRANTY

      A.   Special Warranty: Manufacturer's standard form in which manufacturer and Applicator agree(s)
           to repair or replace materials that fail to maintain water repellency specified in Part 1
           "Performance Requirements" Article within specified warranty period.

           1.    Warranty Period: Five years from date of Substantial Completion.


WATER REPELLENTS                                                                          0812/071900 - 2
PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   Available Products: Subject to compliance with requirements, products that may be
           incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to, products listed in other Part 2
           articles.

      B.   Products: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide one of the products listed in other
           Part 2 articles.


2.2        PENETRATING WATER REPELLENTS

      A.   Silane/Siloxane-Blend, Penetrating Water Repellent: Clear, silane and siloxane blends with 3.3
           lb/gal. (400 g/L) or less of VOCs.

           1.    Available Products:


                 a.     Chem-trete, Aquatrete EM.
                 b.     L&M Construction Chemicals, Inc.; Hydropel WB
                 c.     Sonneborn Building Products, a division of ChemRex; White Roc 10 WB.
                 d.     Tamms Industries, Chemstop WB Regular
                 e.     TK Products, TK-290WB


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        PREPARATION

      A.   Clean substrate of substances that might interfere with penetration or performance of water
           repellents. Test for moisture content, according to water-repellent manufacturer's written
           instructions, to ensure that surface is dry enough.


           1.    Clay Brick Masonry: Clean clay brick masonry per ASTM D 5703.

      B.   Protect adjoining work, including sealant bond surfaces, from spillage or blow-over of water
           repellent. Cover adjoining and nearby surfaces of aluminum and glass if there is the possibility
           of water repellent being deposited on surfaces. Cover live plants and grass.

      C.   Coordination with Sealants: Do not apply water repellent until sealants for joints adjacent to
           surfaces receiving water-repellent treatment have been installed and cured.

           1.    Water-repellent work may precede sealant application only if sealant adhesion and
                 compatibility have been tested and verified using substrate, water repellent, and sealant
                 materials identical to those used in the work.

      D.   Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


WATER REPELLENTS                                                                          0812/071900 - 3
3.2        APPLICATION

      A.   Apply a heavy-saturation spray coating of water repellent on surfaces indicated for treatment
           using low-pressure spray equipment. Comply with manufacturer's written instructions for using
           airless spraying procedure, unless otherwise indicated.

           1.    Precast Concrete: At Contractor's option, first application of water repellent on precast
                 concrete units may be completed before installing units. Mask sealant-bond surfaces to
                 prevent water repellent from migrating onto joint surfaces.

      B.   Apply a second saturation spray coating, repeating first application.           Comply with
           manufacturer's written instructions for limitations on drying time between coats and after
           rainstorm wetting of surfaces between coats. Consult manufacturer's technical representative if
           written instructions are not applicable to Project conditions.


3.3        CLEANING

      A.   Immediately clean water repellent from adjoining surfaces and surfaces soiled or damaged by
           water-repellent application as work progresses. Repair damage caused by water-repellent
           application. Comply with manufacturer's written cleaning instructions.


END OF SECTION 071900




WATER REPELLENTS                                                                        0812/071900 - 4
SECTION 072100 - THERMAL INSULATION


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:


           1.    Cavity wall insulation.
           2.    Concealed building insulation.
           3.    Perimeter wall insulation (supporting backfill).
           4.    Spray Applied Insulation
           5.    Vapor retarders.


      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 07 Section "Ethylene-Propylene-Diene-Monomer (EPDM) Roofing for
                 insulation specified as part of roofing construction.
           3.    Division 09 Section "Gypsum Board" for installation in metal-framed assemblies of
                 insulation specified by referencing this Section.
           4.    Division 22 Section "Plumbing Insulation."
           5.    Division 23 Section "HVAC Insulation."


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Mineral-Fiber Insulation: Insulation composed of rock-wool fibers, slag-wool fibers, or glass
           fibers; produced in boards and blanket with latter formed into batts (flat-cut lengths) or rolls.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of product indicated.

      B.   LEED Submittal:

           1.    Product Data for Credit MR 4.1 and MR 4.2: For products having recycled content,
                 documentation indicating percentages by weight of postconsumer and preconsumer
                 recycled content.


THERMAL INSULATION                                                                       0812/072100 - 1
                 a.     Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.

      C.   Product Test Reports: Based on evaluation of comprehensive tests performed by a qualified
           testing agency for insulation products.

      D.   Research/Evaluation Reports: For foam-plastic insulation.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Source Limitations: Obtain each type of building insulation through one source from a single
           manufacturer.

      B.   Fire-Test-Response Characteristics: Provide insulation and related materials with the fire-test-
           response characteristics indicated, as determined by testing identical products per test method
           indicated below by UL or another testing and inspecting agency acceptable to authorities having
           jurisdiction. Identify materials with appropriate markings of applicable testing and inspecting
           agency.

           1.    Surface-Burning Characteristics: ASTM E 84.
           2.    Fire-Resistance Ratings: ASTM E 119.
           3.    Combustion Characteristics: ASTM E 136.


1.6        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Protect insulation materials from physical damage and from deterioration by moisture, soiling,
           and other sources. Store inside and in a dry location. Comply with manufacturer's written
           instructions for handling, storing, and protecting during installation.

      B.   Protect plastic insulation as follows:

           1.    Do not expose to sunlight, except to extent necessary for period of installation and
                 concealment.
           2.    Protect against ignition at all times. Do not deliver plastic insulating materials to Project
                 site before installation time.
           3.    Complete installation and concealment of plastic materials as rapidly as possible in each
                 area of construction.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers offering
           products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to, the following:

           1.    Extruded-Polystyrene Board Insulation:

                 a.     DiversiFoam Products.
                 b.     Dow Chemical Company.


THERMAL INSULATION                                                                         0812/072100 - 2
                 c.    Owens Corning.

           2.    Glass-Fiber Insulation:

                 a.    CertainTeed Corporation.
                 b.    Johns Manville Corporation.
                 c.    Owens Corning.

           3.    Spray-Applied Foam Insulation :

                 a.    FOAM-TECH, Division of H.C. Fennel. Thetford, Vermont


2.2        INSULATING MATERIALS

      A.   General: Provide insulating materials that comply with requirements and with referenced
           standards.

           1.    Preformed Units: Sizes to fit applications indicated; selected from manufacturer's
                 standard thicknesses, widths, and lengths.

      B.   Extruded-Polystyrene Board Insulation: ASTM C 578, of type and density indicated below,
           with maximum flame-spread and smoke-developed indices of 75 and 450, respectively:

           1.    Type IV, 1.60 lb/cu. ft., unless otherwise indicated.


      C.   Unfaced, Flexible Glass-Fiber Board Insulation: ASTM C 665, Type I; with maximum flame-
           spread and smoke-developed indices of 25 and 50, respectively; and of the following properties:

           1.    Combustion Characteristics: Passes ASTM E 136.

      D.   Rigid, spray-applied polyurethane with Zero Ozone Depletion Potential blowing agent as
           provided by FOAM-TECH or approved equal, with an in-place density of 2.1 - 2.5 lbs. per
           cubic foot in the exterior walls, ceilings and floors. Foam product will be a standard
           polyurethane or polyisocyanurate 2-component mix for producing rigid, closed-cell insulation.


           1.    Closed cell content: 90 percent minimum.
           2.    Water absorption: 3.0% maximum.
           3.    Blowing agent: Non-flourochlorocarbon (Non-CFC). Projects requiring SUPERGREEN
                 FOAM™ or equal shall have an "Zero ozone depletion potential" blowing agent.
           4.    Surface-burning characteristics: Maximum flame-spread and smoke developed indices of
                 75 and 450, respectively, based on tests performed on unfaced core by ASTM E-84 test
                 method. F.K-value: 0.15 minimum when aged 90 days at 140o F dry heat.
           5.    K-value: 0.15 minimum when aged 90 days at 140 F dry heat




THERMAL INSULATION                                                                      0812/072100 - 3
2.3        VAPOR RETARDERS

      A.   Polyethylene Vapor Retarders: ASTM D 4397, 6 mils (0.15 mm) thick, with maximum
           permeance rating of 0.13 perm (7.5 ng/Pa x s x sq. m).


2.4        AUXILIARY INSULATING MATERIALS

      A.   Vapor-Retarder Tape:        Pressure-sensitive tape of type recommended by insulation
           manufacturers for sealing joints and penetrations in vapor-retarder facings.

      B.   Adhesive for Bonding Insulation: Product with demonstrated capability to bond insulation
           securely to substrates indicated without damaging insulation and substrates.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine substrates and conditions, with Installer present, for compliance with requirements of
           Sections in which substrates and related work are specified and for other conditions affecting
           performance.

           1.    Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


3.2        PREPARATION

      A.   Clean substrates of substances harmful to insulation or vapor retarders, including removing
           projections capable of puncturing vapor retarders or of interfering with insulation attachment.


3.3        INSTALLATION, GENERAL

      A.   Comply with insulation manufacturer's written instructions applicable to products and
           application indicated.

      B.   Install insulation baffles in trusses before installation of roof sheathing.

      C.   Install insulation that is undamaged, dry, and unsoiled and that has not been left exposed at any
           time to ice, rain, and snow.

      D.   Extend insulation in thickness indicated to envelop entire area to be insulated. Cut and fit
           tightly around obstructions and fill voids with insulation. Remove projections that interfere
           with placement.

      E.   Water-Piping Coordination: If water piping is located within insulated exterior walls,
           coordinate location of piping to ensure that it is placed on warm side of insulation and insulation
           encapsulates piping.




THERMAL INSULATION                                                                         0812/072100 - 4
      F.   For preformed insulating units, provide sizes to fit applications indicated and selected from
           manufacturer's standard thicknesses, widths, and lengths. Apply single layer of insulation units
           to produce thickness indicated unless multiple layers are otherwise shown or required to make
           up total thickness.


3.4        INSTALLATION OF PERIMETER AND UNDER-SLAB INSULATION

      A.   On vertical surfaces, set insulation units in adhesive applied according to manufacturer's written
           instructions. Use adhesive recommended by insulation manufacturer.

           1.    If not otherwise indicated, extend insulation a minimum of 24 inches below exterior
                 grade line.

      B.   Protect below-grade insulation on vertical surfaces from damage during backfilling by applying
           protection course with joints butted. Set in adhesive according to insulation manufacturer's
           written instructions.

      C.   Protect top surface of horizontal insulation from damage during concrete work by applying
           protection course with joints butted.


3.5        INSTALLATION OF CAVITY WALL INSULATION

      A.   On units of plastic insulation, install small pads of adhesive spaced approximately 1’-0” o.c.
           both ways on inside face, as recommended by Manufacturer. Fit courses of insulation between
           wall ties and other confining obstructions in cavity, with edges butted tightly both ways. Press
           units firmly against inside wythe of masonry or other construction as shown.


3.6        INSTALLATION OF GENERAL BUILDING INSULATION

      A.   Apply insulation units to substrates by method indicated, complying with manufacturer's written
           instructions. If no specific method is indicated, bond units to substrate with adhesive or use
           mechanical anchorage to provide permanent placement and support of units.

      B.   Seal joints between foam-plastic insulation units by applying adhesive, mastic, or sealant to
           edges of each unit to form a tight seal as units are shoved into place. Fill voids in completed
           installation with adhesive, mastic, or sealant as recommended by insulation manufacturer.

      C.   Set vapor-retarder-faced units with vapor retarder to warm side in location indicated of
           construction, unless otherwise indicated.

           1.    Tape joints and ruptures in vapor retarder, and seal each continuous area of insulation to
                 surrounding construction to ensure airtight installation.

      D.   Install mineral-fiber insulation in cavities formed by framing members according to the
           following requirements:

           1.    Use insulation widths and lengths that fill the cavities formed by framing members. If
                 more than one length is required to fill cavity, provide lengths that will produce a snug fit
                 between ends.


THERMAL INSULATION                                                                         0812/072100 - 5
           2.    Place insulation in cavities formed by framing members to produce a friction fit between
                 edges of insulation and adjoining framing members.
           3.    Maintain 3-inch (76-mm) clearance of insulation around recessed lighting fixtures.
           1.    For metal-framed wall cavities where cavity heights exceed 96 inches support unfaced
                 blankets mechanically and support faced blankets by taping stapling flanges to flanges of
                 metal studs.

      E.   Stuff glass-fiber loose-fill insulation into miscellaneous voids and cavity spaces where shown.
           Compact to approximately 40 percent of normal maximum volume equaling a density of
           approximately 2.5 lb/cu. ft. (40 kg/cu. m).


3.7        SPRAY APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS:

      A.   Process a two-component urethane foam system with 1:1 ratio by volume, positive-
           displacement, industry-standard pumping equipment.

      B.   Monitor and maintain the component ratio and mix the components of the urethane chemicals in
           accordance with the manufacturer's product specifications and processing instructions to
           achieve the desired density and physical properties. Verify the product component ratio with
           flow meters and programmable ratio monitoring equipment that can prevent the installation of
           product that is off-ratio by more than the manufacturer’s prescribed limits.

      C.   Monitor and maintain the component temperatures in accordance with the manufacturer's
           product specifications and processing instructions to achieve the desired density and physical
           properties.

      D.   Apply to a minimum or average cured depth as required in the contract documents. Average
           thickness specifications will be to a 1/2” plus-or-minus tolerance.

      E.   Spray the mixed foam onto the substrate in multiple rises -- increments as recommended by the
           manufacturer. The foam will expand and give off heat.

      F.   The temperature on both sides of the wall must be a minimum of 40 degrees during foaming
           and for a forty-eight (48) hour period after foam has been placed in the wall cavity. If the
           exterior temperatures are below 40 degrees, the interior temperature must be 40 degrees for a
           minimum of eight (8) hours prior to injection and forty-eight (48) hours after completion. The
           outside temperature should not be less than 20 degrees unless the outside is protected by
           thermal insulation.

      G.   During foam operations, the above temperature requirements must be met while providing two
           (2) air changes per hour for ventilation for installation personnel. Heat during foaming
           operations shall be provided by vented or non-open flame sources.

      H.   Chemical components are to be maintained at a minimum of 65 degrees while stored on site.

      I.   Access for spray installation equipment and vehicles shall not be more than 150' from the
           farthest wall or roof cavity to be injected.

      J.   Power for spray equipment shall be one, fifty-amp, 220 volt circuit with standard plug
           receptacles located within 100 ' of vehicle access points.



THERMAL INSULATION                                                                      0812/072100 - 6
3.8        INSTALLATION OF VAPOR RETARDERS

      A.   General: Extend vapor retarder to extremities of areas to be protected from vapor transmission.
           Secure in place with adhesives or other anchorage system as indicated. Extend vapor retarder to
           cover miscellaneous voids in insulated substrates, including those filled with loose-fiber
           insulation.

      B.   Seal vertical joints in vapor retarders over framing by lapping not less than two wall studs.
           Fasten vapor retarders to wood framing at top, end, and bottom edges; at perimeter of wall
           openings; and at lap joints. Space fasteners 16 inches (400 mm) o.c.

      C.   Before installing vapor retarder, apply urethane sealant to flanges of metal framing including
           runner tracks, metal studs, and framing around door and window openings. Seal overlapping
           joints in vapor retarders with vapor-retarder tape according to vapor-retarder manufacturer's
           written instructions. Seal butt joints with vapor-retarder tape. Locate all joints over framing
           members or other solid substrates.

      D.   Firmly attach vapor retarders to metal framing and solid substrates with vapor-retarder fasteners
           as recommended by vapor-retarder manufacturer.

      E.   Seal joints caused by pipes, conduits, electrical boxes, and similar items penetrating vapor
           retarders with vapor-retarder tape to create an airtight seal between penetrating objects and
           vapor retarder.

      F.   Repair tears or punctures in vapor retarders immediately before concealment by other work.
           Cover with vapor-retarder tape or another layer of vapor retarder.


3.9        PROTECTION

      A.   Protect installed insulation and vapor retarders from damage due to harmful weather exposures,
           physical abuse, and other causes. Provide temporary coverings or enclosures where insulation
           is subject to abuse and cannot be concealed and protected by permanent construction
           immediately after installation.


END OF SECTION 072100




THERMAL INSULATION                                                                       0812/072100 - 7
SECTION 072500 - WEATHER BARRIERS


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   Section Includes:


           1.    Building wrap.


      B.   Related Requirements:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 06 Section "Sheathing" for building wrap applied over wall sheathing.
           3.    Division 07 Section "Siding" for building wrap applied behind siding.


1.3        ACTION SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of product.

           1.    For building wrap, include data on air and water-vapor permeance based on testing
                 according to referenced standards.


1.4        INFORMATIONAL SUBMITTALS

      A.   Evaluation Reports: For water-resistive barrier, from ICC-ES.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        WATER-RESISTIVE BARRIER

      A.   Building Wrap: ASTM E 1677, Type I air barrier; with flame-spread and smoke-developed
           indexes of less than 25 and 450, respectively, when tested according to ASTM E 84; UV
           stabilized; and acceptable to authorities having jurisdiction.




WEATHER BARRIERS                                                                        0812/072500 - 1
           1.    Products: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide one of the following]
                 [available products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to,
                 the following:

                 a.     Dow Chemical Company (The); Styrofoam Weathermate Plus Brand Housewrap.
                 b.     DuPont (E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company); Tyvek CommercialWrap.
                 c.     Raven Industries Inc.; Fortress Pro Weather Protective Barrier.

           2.    Water-Vapor Permeance: Not less than 25 g through 1 sq. m of surface in 24 hours per
                 ASTM E 96/E 96M, Desiccant Method (Procedure A).
           3.    Air Permeance: Not more than 0.004 cfm/sq. ft. at 0.3-inch wg (0.02 L/s x sq. m at
                 75 Pa) when tested according to ASTM E 2178.
           4.    Allowable UV Exposure Time: Not less than three months.

      B.   Building-Wrap Tape:        Pressure-sensitive plastic tape recommended by building-wrap
           manufacturer for sealing joints and penetrations in building wrap.


2.2        MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

      A.   Nails and Staples: ASTM F 1667.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        WATER-RESISTIVE BARRIER INSTALLATION

      A.   Cover exposed exterior surface of sheathing with water-resistive barrier securely fastened to
           framing immediately after sheathing is installed.

      B.   Cover sheathing with water-resistive barrier as follows:

           1.    Cut back barrier 1/2 inch (13 mm) on each side of the break in supporting members at
                 expansion- or control-joint locations.
           2.    Apply barrier to cover vertical flashing with a minimum 4-inch (100-mm) overlap unless
                 otherwise indicated.

      C.   Building Wrap: Comply with manufacturer's written instructions.

           1.    Seal seams, edges, fasteners, and penetrations with tape.
           2.    Extend into jambs of openings and seal corners with tape.


END OF SECTION 072500




WEATHER BARRIERS                                                                           0812/072500 - 2
SECTION 074213 - METAL WALL PANELS


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:


           1.    Corrugated metal wall panels.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 06 Section “Rough Carpentry” for secondary support framing supporting metal
                 wall panels.
           3.    Division 07 Section "Sheet Metal Flashing and Trim" for flashings and other sheet metal
                 work not part of metal wall panel assemblies.
           4.    Division 07 Section "Joint Sealants" for field-applied sealants not otherwise specified in
                 this Section.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Metal Wall Panel Assembly: Metal wall panels, attachment system components, miscellaneous
           metal framing, thermal insulation, flashings and accessories necessary for a complete
           weathertight system.

      B.   Steel Sheet Thickness: Minimum thickness of base metal without metallic coatings or painted
           finishes.


1.4        PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

      A.   General: Provide metal wall panel assemblies that comply with performance requirements
           specified as determined by testing manufacturers' standard assemblies similar to those indicated
           for this Project, by a qualified testing and inspecting agency.

      B.   Air Infiltration: Air leakage through assembly of not more than 0.06 cfm/sq. ft. (0.3 L/s per sq.
           m) of wall area when tested according to ASTM E 283 at a static-air-pressure difference of 6.24
           lbf/sq. ft. (300 Pa.)



METAL WALL PANELS                                                                        0812/074213 - 1
      C.   Water Penetration: No water penetration when tested according to ASTM E 331 at a minimum
           differential pressure of 20 percent of inward-acting, wind-load design pressure of not less than
           6.24 lbf/sq. ft. (300 Pa) and not more than 12 lbf/sq. ft. (575 Pa).

      D.   Thermal Movements: Provide metal wall panel assemblies that allow for thermal movements
           resulting from the following maximum change (range) in ambient and surface temperatures by
           preventing buckling, opening of joints, overstressing of components, failure of joint sealants,
           failure of connections, and other detrimental effects. Base engineering calculation on surface
           temperatures of materials due to both solar heat gain and nighttime-sky heat loss.

           1.    Temperature Change (Range): 120 deg F (67 deg C), ambient; 180 deg F (100 deg C),
                 material surfaces.


1.5        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: Include construction details, material descriptions, dimensions of individual
           components and profiles, and finishes for each type of metal wall panel and accessory.

      B.   LEED Submittals:

           1.    Product Test Reports for Credit SS 7.2: For roof panels, indicating that panels comply
                 with solar reflectance index requirement.
           2.    Product Data for Credit MR 4.1 and Credit MR 4.2: Indicating percentages by weight of
                 postconsumer and preconsumer recycled content for products having recycled content.

                 a.    Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.
           3.    Credit MR 5.1 and 5.2: Product Data and Credit Report form indicating location of
                 material manufacturer for regionally manufactured materials.

                 a.     Include statement indicating material cost and distance from manufacturer to
                        Project for each regionally manufactured material.
                 b.     Include statement indicating material cost and distance from point of extraction,
                        harvest, or recovery to Project for each raw material used in regionally
                        manufactured materials.

      C.   Shop Drawings: Show fabrication and installation layouts of metal wall panels; details of edge
           conditions, joints, panel profiles, corners, anchorages, attachment system, trim, flashings,
           closures, and accessories; and special details. Distinguish between factory- and field-assembled
           work.

           1.    Accessories: Include details of the following items, at a scale of not less than 1-1/2
                 inches per 12 inches (1:10):

                 a.     Flashing and trim.

      D.   Coordination Drawings: Exterior elevations drawn to scale and coordinating penetrations,
           vertical joints and wall-mounted items. Show the following:

           1.    Wall panels, joints and attachments.
           2.    Stud framing.



METAL WALL PANELS                                                                        0812/074213 - 2
           3.    Wall-mounted dimensional letters.
           4.    Trim and flashing.

      E.   Samples for Initial Selection: For each type of metal wall panel indicated with factory-applied
           color finishes.

           1.    Include similar Samples of trim and accessories involving color selection.
           2.    Include manufacturer's color charts consisting of strips of cured sealants showing the full
                 range of colors available for each sealant exposed to view.

      F.   Samples for Verification: For each type of exposed finish required, prepared on Samples of size
           indicated below.

           1.    Metal Wall Panels: 12 inches (300 mm) long by actual panel width. Include fasteners,
                 closures, and other metal wall panel accessories.

                 a.     Include 90 degree outside corner.
           2.    Trim and Closures: 12 inches (300 mm) long. Include fasteners and other exposed
                 accessories.
           3.    Accessories: 12-inch- (300-mm-) long Samples for each type of accessory.
           4.    Exposed Gaskets: 12 inches (300 mm) long.
           5.    Exposed Sealants: For each type and color of joint sealant required. Install joint sealants
                 in 1/2-inch- (13-mm-) wide joints formed between two 6-inch- (150-mm-) long strips of
                 material matching the appearance of metal wall panels adjacent to joint sealants.

      G.   Qualification Data: For Installer.

      H.   Product Test Reports: Based on evaluation of comprehensive tests performed by a qualified
           testing agency, for the following:

           1.    Metal Wall Panels: Include reports for air infiltration and water penetration.

      I.   Maintenance Data: For metal wall panels to include in maintenance manuals.

      J.   Warranties: Special warranties specified in this Section.


1.6        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Installer Qualifications: An employer of workers trained and approved by manufacturer.

      B.   Source Limitations: Obtain each type of metal wall panel through one source from a single
           manufacturer.

      C.   Product Options: Drawings indicate size, profiles, and dimensional requirements of metal wall
           panels and are based on the specific system indicated. Refer to Division 01 Section "Product
           Requirements."

           1.    Do not modify intended aesthetic effects, as judged solely by Architect, except with
                 Architect's approval. If modifications are proposed, submit comprehensive explanatory
                 data to Architect for review and approval.



METAL WALL PANELS                                                                         0812/074213 - 3
      D.   Pre-installation Conference: Conduct conference at Project site to comply with requirements in
           Division 01 Section "Project Management and Coordination." Review methods and procedures
           related to metal wall panel assemblies including, but not limited to, the following:

           1.    Meet with Owner, Architect, Owner's insurer if applicable, testing and inspecting agency
                 representative, metal wall panel Installer, metal wall panel manufacturer's representative,
                 structural-support Installer, and installers whose work interfaces with or affects metal
                 wall panels including installers of doors, windows, and louvers.
           2.    Review and finalize construction schedule and verify availability of materials, Installer's
                 personnel, equipment, and facilities needed to make progress and avoid delays.
           3.    Review methods and procedures related to metal wall panel installation, including
                 manufacturer's written instructions.
           4.    Examine support conditions for compliance with requirements, including alignment
                 between and attachment to structural members.
           5.    Review flashings, special siding details, wall penetrations, openings, and condition of
                 other construction that will affect metal wall panels.
           6.    Review temporary protection requirements for metal wall panel assembly during and
                 after installation.
           7.    Review wall panel observation and repair procedures after metal wall panel installation.
           8.    Document proceedings, including corrective measures and actions required, and furnish
                 copy of record to each participant.


1.7        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Deliver components, sheets, metal wall panels, and other manufactured items so as not to be
           damaged or deformed. Package metal wall panels for protection during transportation and
           handling.

      B.   Unload, store, and erect metal wall panels in a manner to prevent bending, warping, twisting,
           and surface damage.

      C.   Store metal-faced composite wall panels vertically, covered with suitable weathertight and
           ventilated covering. Store metal-faced composite wall panels to ensure dryness, with positive
           slope for drainage of water. Do not store metal-faced composite wall panels in contact with
           other materials that might cause staining, denting, or other surface damage. Do not allow
           storage space to exceed 120 deg F (49 deg C).

      D.   Protect strippable protective covering on metal wall panels from exposure to sunlight and high
           humidity, except to extent necessary for period of metal wall panel installation.


1.8        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Weather Limitations: Proceed with installation only when existing and forecasted weather
           conditions permit assembly of metal wall panels to be performed according to manufacturers'
           written instructions and warranty requirements.

      B.   Field Measurements: Verify locations of structural members and wall opening dimensions by
           field measurements before metal wall panel fabrication and indicate measurements on Shop
           Drawings.



METAL WALL PANELS                                                                        0812/074213 - 4
           1.    Established Dimensions: Where field measurements cannot be made without delaying
                 the Work, either establish framing and opening dimensions and proceed with fabricating
                 metal wall panels without field measurements, or allow for field trimming of panels.
                 Coordinate wall construction to ensure that actual building dimensions, locations of
                 structural members, and openings correspond to established dimensions.


1.9        COORDINATION

      A.   Coordinate metal wall panel assemblies with rain drainage work, flashing, trim, and other
           adjoining work to provide a leakproof, secure, and noncorrosive installation.


1.10       WARRANTY

      A.   Special Weathertightness Warranty: Contractor's standard form in which contractor agrees to
           repair or replace metal wall panel assemblies that fail to remain weathertight, including leaks,
           within specified warranty period.

           1.    Weathertight Warranty Period: Five (5) years from date of Substantial Completion.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        PANEL MATERIALS

      A.   Metallic-Coated Steel Sheet: Restricted flatness steel sheet metallic coated by the hot-dip
           process and prepainted by the coil-coating process to comply with ASTM A 755/A 755M.


           1.    Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Sheet:       ASTM A 653/A 653M, G90 (Z275) coating
                 designation; structural quality.
           2.    Surface: Smooth, flat finish.

           3.    Concealed Finish: Apply pretreatment and manufacturer's standard white or light-
                 colored acrylic or polyester backer finish, consisting of prime coat and wash coat with a
                 minimum total dry film thickness of 0.5 mil (0.013 mm).

      B.   Panel Sealants:


           1.    Joint Sealant: ASTM C 920; elastomeric polyurethane, polysulfide, or silicone sealant;
                 of type, grade, class, and use classifications required to seal joints in metal wall panels
                 and remain weathertight; and as recommended in writing by metal wall panel
                 manufacturer.
           2.    Color: Standard or custom approved by Architect to match metal wall panels.




METAL WALL PANELS                                                                        0812/074213 - 5
2.2        MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

      A.   Fasteners: Self-tapping screws, bolts, nuts, self-locking rivets and bolts, end-welded studs, and
           other suitable fasteners designed to withstand design loads. Provide exposed fasteners with
           heads matching color of metal wall panels by means of plastic caps or factory-applied coating.

           1.    Fasteners for Wall Panels: Self-drilling or self-tapping, zinc-plated, hex-head carbon-
                 steel screws, with a stainless-steel cap or zinc-aluminum-alloy head and EPDM or
                 neoprene sealing washer.
           2.    Fasteners for Flashing and Trim: Blind fasteners or self-drilling screws with hex washer
                 head.
           3.    Blind Fasteners: High-strength aluminum or stainless-steel rivets.


2.3        CORRUGATED METAL WALL PANELS

      A.   General: Provide factory-formed metal wall panel assembly designed to be installed by
           covering vertical side edges of adjacent panels and mechanically attaching panels to supports
           using concealed clips. Include accessories required for weathertight installation.

           1.    Panel Performance:

                 a.     Fatigue: No evidence of delamination, core cracking, or permanent bowing when
                        tested to a 20-lbf/sq. ft. (958-kPa) positive and negative wind load and with
                        deflection of L/180 for 2 million cycles.
                 b.     Autoclave: No delamination when exposed to 2-psi (13.8-kPa) pressure at a
                        temperature of 212 deg F (100 deg C) for 2-1/2 hours.

      B.   Corrugated Metal Wall Panels: Formed in longest practical lengths, true to shape, accurate in
           size, square and free from distribution and manufacturer’s defects.

      C.   Manufacturers:


           1.    Owner provided material: 4,400 s.f. of material is owner provided, contractor to provide
                 matching material for remainder of necessary material.
           2.    Basis-of-Design Product: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide Mini-Rib
                 Panel, formed steel corrugated panels by McElroy Metal, Inc. or comparable product by
                 one of the following:

                 a.     McElroy Metal, Inc.

           3.    Panel Material: Zinc-coated (galvanized) steel sheet, 0.028-inch (0.71-mm) (24 gauge)
                 nominal thickness.

                 a.     Exterior Finish: Galvanized
                 b.     Color: None




METAL WALL PANELS                                                                        0812/074213 - 6
2.4        ACCESSORIES

      A.   Wall Panel Accessories: Provide components required for a complete metal wall panel
           assembly including trim, copings, fasciae, mullions, sills, corner units, clips, flashings, sealants,
           gaskets, fillers, closure strips, and similar items. Match material and finish of metal wall panels,
           unless otherwise indicated.

           1.    Closures: Provide closures at eaves and rakes, fabricated of same metal as metal wall
                 panels.
           2.    Backing Plates: Provide metal backing plates at panel end splices, fabricated from
                 material recommended by manufacturer.
           3.    Closure Strips: Closed-cell, expanded, cellular, rubber or crosslinked, polyolefin-foam or
                 closed-cell laminated polyethylene; minimum 1-inch- (25-mm-) thick, flexible closure
                 strips; cut or premolded to match metal wall panel profile. Provide closure strips where
                 indicated or necessary to ensure weathertight construction.

      B.   Flashing and Trim: Formed from 0.0179-inch- (0.45-mm-) thick, zinc-coated (galvanized) steel
           sheet. Provide flashing and trim as required to seal against weather and to provide finished
           appearance. Locations include, but are not limited to, bases, drips, sills, jambs, corners,
           endwalls, framed openings, rakes, fasciae, parapet caps, soffits, reveals, and fillers. Finish
           flashing and trim with same finish system as adjacent metal wall panels.


2.5        FABRICATION

      A.   General: Fabricate and finish metal wall panels and accessories at the factory to greatest extent
           possible, by manufacturer's standard procedures and processes, as necessary to fulfill indicated
           performance requirements demonstrated by laboratory testing. Comply with indicated profiles
           and with dimensional and structural requirements.

           1.    Form panel lines, breaks, and angles to be sharp and true, with surfaces free from warp
                 and buckle.
           2.    Fabricate wall panels with panel stiffeners as required to maintain fabrication tolerances
                 and to withstand design loads.

      B.   Fabricate metal wall panels in a manner that eliminates condensation on interior side of panel
           and with joints between panels designed to form weathertight seals.

           1.    Panel Bow Tolerance: Not more than 0.5 percent of panel width or length.

      C.   Sheet Metal Accessories: Fabricate flashing and trim to comply with recommendations in
           SMACNA's "Architectural Sheet Metal Manual" that apply to the design, dimensions, metal,
           and other characteristics of item indicated.

           1.    Form exposed sheet metal accessories that are without excessive oil canning, buckling,
                 and tool marks and that are true to line and levels indicated, with exposed edges folded
                 back to form hems.
           2.    Seams for Aluminum: Fabricate nonmoving seams with flat-lock seams. Form seams
                 and seal with epoxy seam sealer. Rivet joints for additional strength.
           3.    Seams for Other Than Aluminum: Fabricate nonmoving seams in accessories with flat-
                 lock seams. Tin edges to be seamed, form seams, and solder.



METAL WALL PANELS                                                                            0812/074213 - 7
           4.    Sealed Joints: Form nonexpansion but movable joints in metal to accommodate
                 elastomeric sealant to comply with SMACNA standards.
           5.    Conceal fasteners and expansion provisions where possible. Exposed fasteners are not
                 allowed on faces of accessories exposed to view.
           6.    Fabricate cleats and attachment devices from same material as accessory being anchored
                 or from compatible, noncorrosive metal recommended by metal wall panel manufacturer.

                 a.     Size: As recommended by SMACNA's "Architectural Sheet Metal Manual" or
                        metal wall panel manufacturer for application but not less than thickness of metal
                        being secured.


2.6        FINISHES, GENERAL

      A.   Comply with NAAMM's "Metal Finishes Manual for Architectural and Metal Products" for
           recommendations for applying and designating finishes.

      B.   Protect mechanical and painted finishes on exposed surfaces from damage by applying a
           strippable, temporary protective covering before shipping.

      C.   Appearance of Finished Work: Variations in appearance of abutting or adjacent pieces are
           acceptable if they are within one-half of the range of approved Samples. Noticeable variations
           in the same piece are not acceptable. Variations in appearance of other components are
           acceptable if they are within the range of approved Samples and are assembled or installed to
           minimize contrast.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine substrates, areas, and conditions, with Installer present, for compliance with
           requirements for installation tolerances, metal wall panel supports, and other conditions
           affecting performance of work.

           1.    Examine primary and secondary wall framing to verify that girts, angles, channels, studs,
                 and other structural panel support members and anchorage have been installed within
                 alignment tolerances required by metal wall panel manufacturer.
           2.    Examine solid wall sheathing to verify that sheathing joints are supported by framing or
                 blocking and that installation is within flatness tolerances required by metal wall panel
                 manufacturer.
           3.    For the record, prepare written report, endorsed by Installer, listing conditions detrimental
                 to performance of work.

      B.   Examine roughing-in for components and systems penetrating metal wall panels to verify actual
           locations of penetrations relative to seam locations of metal wall panels before metal wall panel
           installation.

      C.   Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.




METAL WALL PANELS                                                                          0812/074213 - 8
3.2        PREPARATION

      A.   Install flashings and other sheet metal to comply with requirements specified in Division 07
           Section "Sheet Metal Flashing and Trim."

      B.   Install fasciae and copings to comply with requirements specified in Division 07 Section "Sheet
           Metal Flashing and Trim."

      C.   Miscellaneous Framing: Install subgirts, base angles, sills, furring, and other miscellaneous
           wall panel support members and anchorage according to ASTM C 754 and metal wall panel
           manufacturer's written recommendations.


3.3        METAL WALL PANEL INSTALLATION, GENERAL

      A.   General: Install metal wall panels in orientation, sizes, and locations indicated on Drawings.
           Install panels perpendicular to girts and subgirts, unless otherwise indicated. Anchor metal wall
           panels and other components of the Work securely in place, with provisions for thermal and
           structural movement.

           1.    Field cutting of metal wall panels by torch is not permitted.
           2.    Shim or otherwise plumb substrates receiving metal wall panels.
           3.    Rigidly fasten base end of metal wall panels and allow eave end free movement due to
                 thermal expansion and contraction. Predrill panels.
           4.    Flash and seal metal wall panels with weather closures at eaves, rakes, and at perimeter
                 of all openings. Fasten with self-tapping screws. Do not begin installation until weather
                 barrier and flashings that will be concealed by metal wall panels are installed.
           5.    Install screw fasteners in predrilled holes.
           6.    Locate and space fastenings in uniform vertical and horizontal alignment.
           7.    Install flashing and trim as metal wall panel work proceeds.
           8.    Locate panel splices over, but not attached to, structural supports. Stagger panel splices
                 and end laps to avoid a four-panel lap splice condition.
           9.    Apply elastomeric sealant continuously between metal base channel (sill angle) and
                 concrete, and elsewhere as indicated or, if not indicated, as necessary for waterproofing.
           10.   Align bottom of metal wall panels and fasten with blind rivets, bolts, or self-tapping
                 screws. Fasten flashings and trim around openings and similar elements with self-
                 tapping screws.

      B.   Fasteners:

           1.    Steel Wall Panels: Use stainless-steel fasteners for surfaces exposed to the exterior and
                 galvanized-steel fasteners for surfaces exposed to the interior.

      C.   Metal Protection: Where dissimilar metals will contact each other or corrosive substrates,
           protect against galvanic action by painting contact surfaces with bituminous coating, by
           applying rubberized-asphalt underlayment to each contact surface, or by other permanent
           separation as recommended by metal wall panel manufacturer.

      D.   Joint Sealers: Install gaskets, joint fillers, and sealants where indicated and where required for
           weatherproof performance of metal wall panel assemblies. Provide types of gaskets, fillers, and
           sealants indicated or, if not indicated, types recommended by metal wall panel manufacturer.



METAL WALL PANELS                                                                         0812/074213 - 9
           1.    Prepare joints and apply sealants to comply with requirements in Division 07 Section
                 "Joint Sealants."


3.4        FACTORY-ASSEMBLED METAL WALL PANEL INSTALLATION

      A.   General: Apply continuous ribbon of sealant to panel joint on concealed side of insulated metal
           wall panels as vapor seal; apply sealant to panel joint on exposed side of panels for weather
           seal.

           1.    Fasten insulated metal wall panels to supports with fasteners at each lapped joint at
                 location, spacing, and with fasteners recommended by manufacturer.
           2.    Arrange and nest side-lap joints so prevailing winds blow over, not into, lapped joints.
                 Lap ribbed or fluted sheets one full rib corrugation. Apply panels and associated items
                 for neat and weathertight enclosure. Avoid "panel creep" or application not true to line.
           3.    Provide metal-backed washers under heads of exposed fasteners bearing on weather side
                 of insulated metal wall panels.
           4.    Locate and space exposed fasteners in uniform vertical and horizontal alignment. Use
                 proper tools to obtain controlled uniform compression for positive seal without rupture of
                 washer.
           5.    Provide sealant tape at lapped joints of insulated metal wall panels and between panels
                 and protruding equipment, vents, and accessories.
           6.    Apply a continuous ribbon of sealant tape to panel side laps and elsewhere as needed to
                 make panels weatherproof to driving rains.

      B.   Corrugated Metal Wall Panels:

           1.    Panels: Mechanically attach wall panels to supports using staggered, concealed side
                 clips. Install clips to supports with self-tapping fasteners. Seal joints with cylindrical
                 sealant backing and sealant.


3.5        ACCESSORY INSTALLATION

      A.   General: Install accessories with positive anchorage to building and weathertight mounting and
           provide for thermal expansion. Coordinate installation with flashings and other components.

           1.    Install components required for a complete metal wall panel assembly including trim,
                 copings, corners, seam covers, flashings, sealants, gaskets, fillers, closure strips, and
                 similar items.

      B.   Flashing and Trim: Comply with performance requirements, manufacturer's written installation
           instructions, and SMACNA's "Architectural Sheet Metal Manual." Provide concealed fasteners
           where possible, and set units true to line and level as indicated. Install work with laps, joints,
           and seams that will be permanently watertight and weather resistant.

           1.    Install exposed flashing and trim that is without excessive oil canning, buckling, and tool
                 marks and that is true to line and levels indicated, with exposed edges folded back to
                 form hems. Install sheet metal flashing and trim to fit substrates and to result in
                 waterproof and weather-resistant performance.




METAL WALL PANELS                                                                        0812/074213 - 10
           2.    Expansion Provisions: Provide for thermal expansion of exposed flashing and trim.
                 Space movement joints at a maximum of 10 feet (3 m) with no joints allowed within 24
                 inches (600 mm) of corner or intersection. Where lapped or bayonet-type expansion
                 provisions cannot be used or would not be sufficiently weather resistant and waterproof,
                 form expansion joints of intermeshing hooked flanges, not less than 1 inch (25 mm) deep,
                 filled with mastic sealant (concealed within joints).


3.6        ERECTION TOLERANCES

      A.   Installation Tolerances: Shim and align metal wall panel units within installed tolerance of 1/4
           inch in 20 feet (6 mm in 6 m), nonaccumulative, on level, plumb, and location lines as indicated
           and within 1/8-inch (3-mm) offset of adjoining faces and of alignment of matching profiles.


3.7        FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

      A.   Remove and replace applications of metal wall panels where inspections indicate that they do
           not comply with specified requirements.


3.8        CLEANING AND PROTECTION

      A.   Remove temporary protective coverings and strippable films, if any, as metal wall panels are
           installed, unless otherwise indicated in manufacturer's written installation instructions. On
           completion of metal wall panel installation, clean finished surfaces as recommended by metal
           wall panel manufacturer. Maintain in a clean condition during construction.

      B.   After metal wall panel installation, clear weep holes and drainage channels of obstructions, dirt,
           and sealant.

      C.   Replace metal wall panels that have been damaged or have deteriorated beyond successful
           repair by finish touchup or similar minor repair procedures.


END OF SECTION 074213




METAL WALL PANELS                                                                        0812/074213 - 11
SECTION 074213 - METAL WALL PANELS (HONEYCOMB-CORE METAL WALL PANELS)


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General Conditions and Division 01
           Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:


           1.    Factory-formed and -assembled, honeycomb-core metal wall panels.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 05 Section "Cold-Formed Metal Framing" for secondary support framing
                 supporting metal wall panels.
           3.    Division 06 Section “Rough Carpentry” for blocking and plywood backing.
           4.    Division 07 Section "Sheet Metal Flashing and Trim" for flashings and other sheet metal
                 work not part of metal wall panel assemblies.
           5.    Division 07 Section "Joint Sealants" for field-applied sealants not otherwise specified in
                 this Section.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Metal Wall Panel Assembly: Metal wall panels, attachment system components, miscellaneous
           metal framing, thermal insulation, flashings and accessories necessary for a complete weather-
           tight system.

      B.   Steel Sheet Thickness: Minimum thickness of base metal without metallic coatings or painted
           finishes.


1.4        PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

      A.   General: Provide metal wall panel assemblies that comply with performance requirements
           specified as determined by testing manufacturers' standard assemblies similar to those indicated
           for this Project, by a qualified testing and inspecting agency.

      B.   Air Infiltration: Air leakage through assembly of not more than 0.06 cfm/sq. ft. (0.3 L/s per sq.
           m) of wall area when tested according to ASTM E 283 at a static-air-pressure difference of 6.24
           lbf/sq. ft. (300 Pa.)


METAL WALL PANELS                                                                        0812/074213 - 1
      C.   Water Penetration: No water penetration when tested according to ASTM E 331 at a minimum
           differential pressure of 20 percent of inward-acting, wind-load design pressure of not less than
           6.24 lbf/sq. ft. (300 Pa) and not more than 12 lbf/sq. ft. (575 Pa).

      D.   Thermal Movements: Provide metal wall panel assemblies that allow for thermal movements
           resulting from the following maximum change (range) in ambient and surface temperatures by
           preventing buckling, opening of joints, overstressing of components, failure of joint sealants,
           failure of connections, and other detrimental effects. Base engineering calculation on surface
           temperatures of materials due to both solar heat gain and nighttime-sky heat loss.

           1.    Temperature Change (Range): 120 deg F (67 deg C), ambient; 180 deg F (100 deg C),
                 material surfaces.


1.5        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: Include construction details, material descriptions, dimensions of individual
           components and profiles, and finishes for each type of metal wall panel and accessory.

      B.   Shop Drawings: Show fabrication and installation layouts of metal wall panels; details of edge
           conditions, joints, panel profiles, corners, anchorages, attachment system, trim, flashings,
           closures, and accessories; and special details. Distinguish between factory- and field-assembled
           work.

           1.    Accessories: Include details of the following items, at a scale of not less than 1-1/2
                 inches per 12 inches (1:10):

                 a.     Flashing and trim.

      C.   Coordination Drawings: Exterior elevations drawn to scale and coordinating penetrations,
           vertical joints and wall-mounted items. Show the following:

           1.    Wall panels, joints and attachments.
           2.    Stud framing.
           3.    Wall-mounted dimensional letters.
           4.    Trim and flashing.

      D.   Samples for Initial Selection: For each type of metal wall panel indicated with factory-applied
           color finishes.

           1.    Include similar Samples of trim and accessories involving color selection.
           2.    Include manufacturer's color charts consisting of strips of cured sealants showing the full
                 range of colors available for each sealant exposed to view.

      E.   Samples for Verification: For each type of exposed finish required, prepared on Samples of size
           indicated below.

           1.    Metal Wall Panels: 12 inches (300 mm) long by actual panel width. Include fasteners,
                 closures, and other metal wall panel accessories.

                 a.     Include 90 degree outside corner.



METAL WALL PANELS                                                                        0812/074213 - 2
           2.    Trim and Closures: 12 inches (300 mm) long. Include fasteners and other exposed
                 accessories.
           3.    Accessories: 12-inch- (300-mm-) long Samples for each type of accessory.
           4.    Exposed Gaskets: 12 inches (300 mm) long.
           5.    Exposed Sealants: For each type and color of joint sealant required. Install joint sealants
                 in 1/2-inch- (13-mm-) wide joints formed between two 6-inch- (150-mm-) long strips of
                 material matching the appearance of metal wall panels adjacent to joint sealants.

      F.   Qualification Data: For Installer.

      G.   Product Test Reports: Based on evaluation of comprehensive tests performed by a qualified
           testing agency, for the following:

           1.    Metal Wall Panels: Include reports for air infiltration and water penetration.

      H.   Maintenance Data: For metal wall panels to include in maintenance manuals.

      I.   Warranties: Special warranties specified in this Section.


1.6        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Installer Qualifications: An employer of workers trained and approved by manufacturer.

      B.   Source Limitations: Obtain each type of metal wall panel through one source from a single
           manufacturer.

      C.   Product Options: Drawings indicate size, profiles, and dimensional requirements of metal wall
           panels and are based on the specific system indicated. Refer to Division 01 Section "Product
           Requirements."

           1.    Do not modify intended aesthetic effects, as judged solely by Architect, except with
                 Architect's approval. If modifications are proposed, submit comprehensive explanatory
                 data to Architect for review and approval.

      D.   Pre-installation Conference: Conduct conference at Project site to comply with requirements in
           Division 01 Section "Project Management and Coordination." Review methods and procedures
           related to metal wall panel assemblies including, but not limited to, the following:

           1.    Meet with Owner, Architect, Owner's insurer if applicable, testing and inspecting agency
                 representative, metal wall panel Installer, metal wall panel manufacturer's representative,
                 structural-support Installer, and installers whose work interfaces with or affects metal
                 wall panels including installers of doors, windows, and louvers.
           2.    Review and finalize construction schedule and verify availability of materials, Installer's
                 personnel, equipment, and facilities needed to make progress and avoid delays.
           3.    Review methods and procedures related to metal wall panel installation, including
                 manufacturer's written instructions.
           4.    Examine support conditions for compliance with requirements, including alignment
                 between and attachment to structural members.
           5.    Review flashings, special siding details, wall penetrations, openings, and condition of
                 other construction that will affect metal wall panels.



METAL WALL PANELS                                                                         0812/074213 - 3
           6.    Review temporary protection requirements for metal wall panel assembly during and
                 after installation.
           7.    Review wall panel observation and repair procedures after metal wall panel installation.
           8.    Document proceedings, including corrective measures and actions required, and furnish
                 copy of record to each participant.


1.7        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Deliver components, sheets, metal wall panels, and other manufactured items so as not to be
           damaged or deformed. Package metal wall panels for protection during transportation and
           handling.

      B.   Unload, store, and erect metal wall panels in a manner to prevent bending, warping, twisting,
           and surface damage.

      C.   Store metal-faced composite wall panels vertically, covered with suitable weathertight and
           ventilated covering. Store metal-faced composite wall panels to ensure dryness, with positive
           slope for drainage of water. Do not store metal-faced composite wall panels in contact with
           other materials that might cause staining, denting, or other surface damage. Do not allow
           storage space to exceed 120 deg F (49 deg C).

      D.   Protect strippable protective covering on metal wall panels from exposure to sunlight and high
           humidity, except to extent necessary for period of metal wall panel installation.


1.8        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Weather Limitations: Proceed with installation only when existing and forecasted weather
           conditions permit assembly of metal wall panels to be performed according to manufacturers'
           written instructions and warranty requirements.

      B.   Field Measurements: Verify locations of structural members and wall opening dimensions by
           field measurements before metal wall panel fabrication and indicate measurements on Shop
           Drawings.

           1.    Established Dimensions: Where field measurements cannot be made without delaying
                 the Work, either establish framing and opening dimensions and proceed with fabricating
                 metal wall panels without field measurements, or allow for field trimming of panels.
                 Coordinate wall construction to ensure that actual building dimensions, locations of
                 structural members, and openings correspond to established dimensions.


1.9        COORDINATION

      A.   Coordinate metal wall panel assemblies with rain drainage work, flashing, trim, and other
           adjoining work to provide a leak-proof, secure, and noncorrosive installation.




METAL WALL PANELS                                                                      0812/074213 - 4
1.10       WARRANTY

      A.   Special Warranty on Panel Finishes: Manufacturer's standard form in which manufacturer
           agrees to repair finish or replace metal wall panels that show evidence of deterioration of
           factory-applied finishes within specified warranty period.

           1.    Fluoropolymer Finish: Deterioration includes, but is not limited to, the following:

                 a.     Color fading more than 5 Hunter units when tested according to ASTM D 2244.
                 b.     Chalking in excess of a No. 8 rating when tested according to ASTM D 4214.
                 c.     Cracking, checking, peeling, or failure of paint to adhere to bare metal.

           2.    Finish Warranty Period: 20 years from date of Substantial Completion.

      B.   Special Weather-tightness Warranty: Contractor's standard form in which contractor agrees to
           repair or replace metal wall panel assemblies that fail to remain weather-tight, including leaks,
           within specified warranty period.

           1.    Weather-tight Warranty Period: Five (5) years from date of Substantial Completion.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   In other Part 2 articles where titles below introduce lists, the following requirements apply for
           product selection:


           1.    Basis-of-Design Products: The design for each metal wall panel specified is based on the
                 product named. Subject to compliance with requirements, provide either the named
                 product or a comparable product by one of the other manufacturers specified.


2.2        PANEL MATERIALS

      A.   Aluminum Sheet: Coil-coated sheet, ASTM B 209 (ASTM B 209M), alloy as standard with
           manufacturer, with temper as required to suit forming operations and structural performance
           required.

           1.    Surface: Smooth, flat finish.
           2.    Exposed Finishes: Apply the following coating, as specified or indicated on Drawings.
                 a.    High-Performance Organic Finish:         AA-C12C42R1x (Organic Coating: as
                       specified below). Prepare, pre-treat, and apply coating to exposed metal surfaces
                       to comply with coating and resin manufacturers' written instructions.

                        1)    Fluoropolymer Two-Coat System: Manufacturer's standard two-coat,
                              thermocured system consisting of specially formulated inhibitive primer and
                              fluoropolymer color topcoat containing not less than 70 percent
                              polyvinylidene fluoride resin by weight; complying with AAMA 2605.



METAL WALL PANELS                                                                        0812/074213 - 5
           3.    Concealed Finish: Apply pretreatment and manufacturer's standard white or light-
                 colored acrylic or polyester backer finish, consisting of prime coat and wash coat with a
                 minimum total dry film thickness of 0.5 mil (0.013 mm).

      B.   Aluminum Extrusions: ASTM B 221 (ASTM B 221M), alloy and temper recommended by
           manufacturer for type of use and finish indicated.

      C.   Panel Sealants:


           1.    Joint Sealant: ASTM C 920; elastomeric polyurethane, polysulfide, or silicone sealant;
                 of type, grade, class, and use classifications required to seal joints in metal wall panels
                 and remain weather-tight; and as recommended in writing by metal wall panel
                 manufacturer.
           2.    Color: Standard or custom approved by Architect to match metal wall panels.


2.3        THERMAL INSULATION FOR FIELD-ASSEMBLED METAL WALL PANELS

      A.   Refer to Division 07 Section "Thermal Insulation."


2.4        MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

      A.   Fasteners: Self-tapping screws, bolts, nuts, self-locking rivets and bolts, end-welded studs, and
           other suitable fasteners designed to withstand design loads. Provide exposed fasteners with
           heads matching color of metal wall panels by means of plastic caps or factory-applied coating.

           1.    Fasteners for Wall Panels: Self-drilling or self-tapping, zinc-plated, hex-head carbon-
                 steel screws, with a stainless-steel cap or zinc-aluminum-alloy head and EPDM or
                 neoprene sealing washer.
           2.    Fasteners for Flashing and Trim: Blind fasteners or self-drilling screws with hex washer
                 head.
           3.    Blind Fasteners: High-strength aluminum or stainless-steel rivets.


2.5        HONEYCOMB-CORE METAL WALL PANELS

      A.   General: Provide factory-formed and -assembled metal wall panels fabricated from two metal
           facing sheets and honeycomb-core material laminated or otherwise securely bonded, without
           use of contact adhesives or pinch rollers, to facing sheets during fabrication; with joints between
           panels designed to form weathertight seals. Include accessories required for weathertight
           installation.

           1.    Panel Performance:

                 a.     Fatigue: No evidence of delamination, core cracking, or permanent bowing when
                        tested to a 20-lbf/sq. ft. (958-kPa) positive and negative wind load and with
                        deflection of L/180 for 2 million cycles.
                 b.     Autoclave: No delamination when exposed to 2-psi (13.8-kPa) pressure at a
                        temperature of 212 deg F (100 deg C) for 2-1/2 hours.



METAL WALL PANELS                                                                          0812/074213 - 6
      B.   Wrapped-Edge, Honeycomb-Core Metal Wall Panels: Formed with flush exterior panel facing
           wrapped over panel edges; designed for independent installation by mechanically attaching
           panels to supports using staggered, concealed side clips engaging panel edges; with sealant
           joints.

           1.    Basis-of-Design Product: Firestone Metal Products, UNA-CLAD UNA-CORE
                 Honeycomb Panel System Series 10, sandwich panel with aluminum skins laminated
                 with a structural adhesive to an aluminum honeycomb core; or a comparable product of
                 one of the following:


                 a.     Architectural Specialty Products, Inc.; Series 500.
                 b.     Firestone Metal Products, Una-Core Honeycomb Panel System Series 10.
                 c.     Industrial Building Panels, Inc.; Honeycomb 1000 Series.
                 d.     Protean Construction Products, Inc.; HC-100 Panel.
                 e.     Metecno-Morin; Y-36

           2.    Facings: Fabricate panel with exterior and interior facings of same material and
                 thickness.


                 a.     Material: Aluminum sheet, 0.040 inch (1.0 mm) thick.
                 b.     Exterior Facing Finish: Fluoropolymer.
                        1)     Color: Una-Clad Metallic Silver.
                 c.     Interior Facing Finish: Manufacturer's standard primer or polyester.

           3.    Aluminum Honeycomb Core: Manufacturer's standard 0.003-inch- (0.08-mm-) thick,
                 commercial grade aluminum with maximum 3/4-inch (19-mm) cell size.

                 a.     Core of 3003 aluminum alloy structure fabricated to form a hexagonal-shaped cell
                        when expanded.
                 b.     Cell walls shall be perforated and kerfed.

           4.    Clips: Manufacturer's standard one piece, formed from stainless steel.
           5.    Sealant: Manufacturer's standard silicone.
           6.    Panel Thickness: 1.0 inch (25 mm).


2.6        ACCESSORIES

      A.   Wall Panel Accessories: Provide components required for a complete metal wall panel
           assembly including trim, copings, fasciae, mullions, sills, corner units, clips, flashings, sealants,
           gaskets, fillers, closure strips, and similar items. Match material and finish of metal wall panels,
           unless otherwise indicated.

           1.    Closures: Provide closures at eaves and rakes, fabricated of same metal as metal wall
                 panels.
           2.    Backing Plates: Provide metal backing plates at panel end splices, fabricated from
                 material recommended by manufacturer.
           3.    Closure Strips: Closed-cell, expanded, cellular, rubber or crosslinked, polyolefin-foam or
                 closed-cell laminated polyethylene; minimum 1-inch- (25-mm-) thick, flexible closure



METAL WALL PANELS                                                                            0812/074213 - 7
                 strips; cut or premolded to match metal wall panel profile. Provide closure strips where
                 indicated or necessary to ensure weathertight construction.

      B.   Flashing and Trim: Formed from 0.0179-inch- (0.45-mm-) thick, zinc-coated (galvanized) steel
           sheet or aluminum-zinc alloy-coated steel sheet prepainted with coil coating. Provide flashing
           and trim as required to seal against weather and to provide finished appearance. Locations
           include, but are not limited to, bases, drips, sills, jambs, corners, endwalls, framed openings,
           rakes, fasciae, parapet caps, soffits, reveals, and fillers. Finish flashing and trim with same
           finish system as adjacent metal wall panels.


2.7        FABRICATION

      A.   General: Fabricate and finish metal wall panels and accessories at the factory to greatest extent
           possible, by manufacturer's standard procedures and processes, as necessary to fulfill indicated
           performance requirements demonstrated by laboratory testing. Comply with indicated profiles
           and with dimensional and structural requirements.

           1.    Form panel lines, breaks, and angles to be sharp and true, with surfaces free from warp
                 and buckle.
           2.    Fabricate wall panels with panel stiffeners as required to maintain fabrication tolerances
                 and to withstand design loads.

      B.   Fabricate metal wall panels in a manner that eliminates condensation on interior side of panel
           and with joints between panels designed to form weathertight seals.

      C.   Honeycomb-Core Metal Wall Panels: Fabricate panels using manufacturer's standard
           thermosetting structural adhesive in a lamination process that bonds panel under minimum 10-
           psi (69-kPa) pressure. Use of contact adhesives with pinch-roll process is not acceptable.

           1.    Panel Bow Tolerance: Not more than 0.5 percent of panel width or length.

      D.   Sheet Metal Accessories: Fabricate flashing and trim to comply with recommendations in
           SMACNA's "Architectural Sheet Metal Manual" that apply to the design, dimensions, metal,
           and other characteristics of item indicated.

           1.    Form exposed sheet metal accessories that are without excessive oil canning, buckling,
                 and tool marks and that are true to line and levels indicated, with exposed edges folded
                 back to form hems.
           2.    Seams for Aluminum: Fabricate nonmoving seams with flat-lock seams. Form seams
                 and seal with epoxy seam sealer. Rivet joints for additional strength.
           3.    Seams for Other Than Aluminum: Fabricate nonmoving seams in accessories with flat-
                 lock seams. Tin edges to be seamed, form seams, and solder.
           4.    Sealed Joints: Form nonexpansion but movable joints in metal to accommodate
                 elastomeric sealant to comply with SMACNA standards.
           5.    Conceal fasteners and expansion provisions where possible. Exposed fasteners are not
                 allowed on faces of accessories exposed to view.
           6.    Fabricate cleats and attachment devices from same material as accessory being anchored
                 or from compatible, noncorrosive metal recommended by metal wall panel manufacturer.




METAL WALL PANELS                                                                        0812/074213 - 8
                 a.     Size: As recommended by SMACNA's "Architectural Sheet Metal Manual" or
                        metal wall panel manufacturer for application but not less than thickness of metal
                        being secured.


2.8        FINISHES, GENERAL

      A.   Comply with NAAMM's "Metal Finishes Manual for Architectural and Metal Products" for
           recommendations for applying and designating finishes.

      B.   Protect mechanical and painted finishes on exposed surfaces from damage by applying a
           strippable, temporary protective covering before shipping.

      C.   Appearance of Finished Work: Variations in appearance of abutting or adjacent pieces are
           acceptable if they are within one-half of the range of approved Samples. Noticeable variations
           in the same piece are not acceptable. Variations in appearance of other components are
           acceptable if they are within the range of approved Samples and are assembled or installed to
           minimize contrast.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine substrates, areas, and conditions, with Installer present, for compliance with
           requirements for installation tolerances, metal wall panel supports, and other conditions
           affecting performance of work.

           1.    Examine primary and secondary wall framing to verify that girts, angles, channels, studs,
                 and other structural panel support members and anchorage have been installed within
                 alignment tolerances required by metal wall panel manufacturer.
           2.    Examine solid wall sheathing to verify that sheathing joints are supported by framing or
                 blocking and that installation is within flatness tolerances required by metal wall panel
                 manufacturer.
           3.    For the record, prepare written report, endorsed by Installer, listing conditions detrimental
                 to performance of work.

      B.   Examine roughing-in for components and systems penetrating metal wall panels to verify actual
           locations of penetrations relative to seam locations of metal wall panels before metal wall panel
           installation.

      C.   Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


3.2        PREPARATION

      A.   Install flashings and other sheet metal to comply with requirements specified in Division 07
           Section "Sheet Metal Flashing and Trim."

      B.   Install fasciae and copings to comply with requirements specified in Division 07 Section "Sheet
           Metal Flashing and Trim."


METAL WALL PANELS                                                                          0812/074213 - 9
      C.   Miscellaneous Framing: Install subgirts, base angles, sills, furring, and other miscellaneous
           wall panel support members and anchorage according to ASTM C 754 and metal wall panel
           manufacturer's written recommendations.


3.3        METAL WALL PANEL INSTALLATION, GENERAL

      A.   General: Install metal wall panels in orientation, sizes, and locations indicated on Drawings.
           Install panels perpendicular to girts and subgirts, unless otherwise indicated. Anchor metal wall
           panels and other components of the Work securely in place, with provisions for thermal and
           structural movement.

           1.    Field cutting of metal wall panels by torch is not permitted.
           2.    Shim or otherwise plumb substrates receiving metal wall panels.
           3.    Rigidly fasten base end of metal wall panels and allow eave end free movement due to
                 thermal expansion and contraction. Predrill panels.
           4.    Flash and seal metal wall panels with weather closures at eaves, rakes, and at perimeter
                 of all openings. Fasten with self-tapping screws. Do not begin installation until weather
                 barrier and flashings that will be concealed by metal wall panels are installed.
           5.    Install screw fasteners in predrilled holes.
           6.    Locate and space fastenings in uniform vertical and horizontal alignment.
           7.    Install flashing and trim as metal wall panel work proceeds.
           8.    Locate panel splices over, but not attached to, structural supports. Stagger panel splices
                 and end laps to avoid a four-panel lap splice condition.
           9.    Apply elastomeric sealant continuously between metal base channel (sill angle) and
                 concrete, and elsewhere as indicated or, if not indicated, as necessary for waterproofing.
           10.   Align bottom of metal wall panels and fasten with blind rivets, bolts, or self-tapping
                 screws. Fasten flashings and trim around openings and similar elements with self-
                 tapping screws.

      B.   Fasteners:


           1.    Aluminum Wall Panels: Use aluminum or stainless-steel fasteners for surfaces exposed
                 to the exterior and aluminum or galvanized steel fasteners for surfaces exposed to the
                 interior.

      C.   Metal Protection: Where dissimilar metals will contact each other or corrosive substrates,
           protect against galvanic action by painting contact surfaces with bituminous coating, by
           applying rubberized-asphalt underlayment to each contact surface, or by other permanent
           separation as recommended by metal wall panel manufacturer.

           1.    Coat back side of aluminum wall panels with bituminous coating where wall panels will
                 contact wood, ferrous metal, or cementitious construction.

      D.   Joint Sealers: Install gaskets, joint fillers, and sealants where indicated and where required for
           weatherproof performance of metal wall panel assemblies. Provide types of gaskets, fillers, and
           sealants indicated or, if not indicated, types recommended by metal wall panel manufacturer.




METAL WALL PANELS                                                                        0812/074213 - 10
           1.    Prepare joints and apply sealants to comply with requirements in Division 07 Section
                 "Joint Sealants."


3.4        FACTORY-ASSEMBLED METAL WALL PANEL INSTALLATION

      A.   General: Apply continuous ribbon of sealant to panel joint on concealed side of insulated metal
           wall panels as vapor seal; apply sealant to panel joint on exposed side of panels for weather
           seal.

           1.    Fasten insulated metal wall panels to supports with fasteners at each lapped joint at
                 location, spacing, and with fasteners recommended by manufacturer.
           2.    Arrange and nest side-lap joints so prevailing winds blow over, not into, lapped joints.
                 Lap ribbed or fluted sheets one full rib corrugation. Apply panels and associated items
                 for neat and weathertight enclosure. Avoid "panel creep" or application not true to line.
           3.    Provide metal-backed washers under heads of exposed fasteners bearing on weather side
                 of insulated metal wall panels.
           4.    Locate and space exposed fasteners in uniform vertical and horizontal alignment. Use
                 proper tools to obtain controlled uniform compression for positive seal without rupture of
                 washer.
           5.    Provide sealant tape at lapped joints of insulated metal wall panels and between panels
                 and protruding equipment, vents, and accessories.
           6.    Apply a continuous ribbon of sealant tape to panel side laps and elsewhere as needed to
                 make panels weatherproof to driving rains.

      B.   Honeycomb-Core Metal Wall Panels:

           1.    Wrapped-Edge Panels: Mechanically attach wall panels to supports using staggered,
                 concealed side clips engaging wrapped panel edges. Install clips to supports with self-
                 tapping fasteners. Seal joints with cylindrical sealant backing and sealant.


3.5        ACCESSORY INSTALLATION

      A.   General: Install accessories with positive anchorage to building and weathertight mounting and
           provide for thermal expansion. Coordinate installation with flashings and other components.

           1.    Install components required for a complete metal wall panel assembly including trim,
                 copings, corners, seam covers, flashings, sealants, gaskets, fillers, closure strips, and
                 similar items.

      B.   Flashing and Trim: Comply with performance requirements, manufacturer's written installation
           instructions, and SMACNA's "Architectural Sheet Metal Manual." Provide concealed fasteners
           where possible, and set units true to line and level as indicated. Install work with laps, joints,
           and seams that will be permanently watertight and weather resistant.

           1.    Install exposed flashing and trim that is without excessive oil canning, buckling, and tool
                 marks and that is true to line and levels indicated, with exposed edges folded back to
                 form hems. Install sheet metal flashing and trim to fit substrates and to result in
                 waterproof and weather-resistant performance.




METAL WALL PANELS                                                                        0812/074213 - 11
           2.    Expansion Provisions: Provide for thermal expansion of exposed flashing and trim.
                 Space movement joints at a maximum of 10 feet (3 m) with no joints allowed within 24
                 inches (600 mm) of corner or intersection. Where lapped or bayonet-type expansion
                 provisions cannot be used or would not be sufficiently weather resistant and waterproof,
                 form expansion joints of intermeshing hooked flanges, not less than 1 inch (25 mm) deep,
                 filled with mastic sealant (concealed within joints).


3.6        ERECTION TOLERANCES

      A.   Installation Tolerances: Shim and align metal wall panel units within installed tolerance of 1/4
           inch in 20 feet (6 mm in 6 m), nonaccumulative, on level, plumb, and location lines as indicated
           and within 1/8-inch (3-mm) offset of adjoining faces and of alignment of matching profiles.


3.7        FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

      A.   Remove and replace applications of metal wall panels where inspections indicate that they do
           not comply with specified requirements.


3.8        CLEANING AND PROTECTION

      A.   Remove temporary protective coverings and strippable films, if any, as metal wall panels are
           installed, unless otherwise indicated in manufacturer's written installation instructions. On
           completion of metal wall panel installation, clean finished surfaces as recommended by metal
           wall panel manufacturer. Maintain in a clean condition during construction.

      B.   After metal wall panel installation, clear weep holes and drainage channels of obstructions, dirt,
           and sealant.

      C.   Replace metal wall panels that have been damaged or have deteriorated beyond successful
           repair by finish touchup or similar minor repair procedures.


END OF SECTION 074213




METAL WALL PANELS                                                                        0812/074213 - 12
SECTION 074600 - SIDING


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:

           1.    Fiber-cement siding.
           2.    Fiber-cement soffit.
           3.    Fiber-cement trim.
           4.    Building Wrap.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 07 Section “Water Barriers” for building wrap.
           3.    Division 07 Section "Sheet Metal Flashing and Trim" for flashing, gutters, and other
                 sheet metal work.
           4.    Division 07 Section "Joint Sealants."


1.3        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of product indicated.

      B.   Samples for Verification: For each type, color, texture, and pattern required.

           1.    12-inch- (300-mm-) long-by-actual-width Sample of siding.
           2.    12-inch- (300-mm-) long-by-actual-width Sample of soffit.
           3.    12-inch- (300-mm-) long-by-actual-width Sample of trim.

      C.   Product Certificates: For each type of siding and soffit, signed by product manufacturer.

      D.   Research/Evaluation Reports: For each type of siding required.


1.4        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Source Limitations for Siding and Soffit: Obtain each type, color, texture, and pattern of siding
           and soffit, including related accessories, through one source from a single manufacturer.



SIDING                                                                                      0812/074600 - 1
1.5        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Store materials in a dry, well-ventilated, weather-tight place.


1.6        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Weather Limitations: Proceed with siding installation only if substrate is completely dry and if
           existing and forecasted weather conditions permit siding to be installed according to
           manufacturer's written instructions.


1.7        SEQUENCING

      A.   Coordinate installation with flashings and other adjoining construction to ensure proper
           sequencing.


1.8        WARRANTY

      A.   Special Warranty: Manufacturer's standard form in which manufacturer agrees to repair or
           replace siding that does not comply with requirements or that fails within specified warranty
           period. Failures include, but are not limited to, cracking, deforming, fading, or otherwise
           deteriorating beyond normal weathering.

           1.    Fading is defined as loss of color, after cleaning with product recommended by
                 manufacturer, of more than 5 Hunter color-difference units as measured according to
                 ASTM D 2244.
           2.    Warranty Period: 30 years from date of Substantial Completion.


1.9        EXTRA MATERIALS

      A.   Furnish extra materials described below that match products installed and that are packaged
           with protective covering for storage and identified with labels describing contents.

           1.    Furnish full lengths of siding and trim in a quantity equal to 2 percent of amount
                 installed.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   In other Part 2 articles where titles below introduce lists, the following requirements apply to
           product selection:


           1.    Basis-of-Design Product: The design for each siding and soffit is based on the product
                 named. Subject to compliance with requirements, provide either the named product or a
                 comparable product by one of the other manufacturers specified.


SIDING                                                                                   0812/074600 - 2
2.2        SIDING

      A.   Fiber-Cement Siding: Siding made from fiber-cement board that does not contain asbestos
           fibers; complies with ASTM C 1186, Type A, Grade II; is classified as noncombustible when
           tested according to ASTM E 136; and has a flame-spread index of 25 or less when tested
           according to ASTM E 84.

           1.    Basis-of-Design Product: Hardiplank Lap Siding and Panel Siding by James Hardie
                 Building Products or a comparable product by one of the following:

           2.    Available Manufacturers:

                 a.    Cemplank, Inc.
                 b.    CertainTeed Corp.
                 c.    GAF Materials Corporation.
                 d.    James Hardie Inc.

           3.    Horizontal Lap Siding Pattern: Boards 5-1/4 inches with 4 inch exposure.

           4.    Panel Siding: As indicated on drawings.

                 a.    Texture: Smooth.


           5.    Factory primed.


2.3        SOFFIT

      A.   Fiber-Cement Soffit: Panels made from fiber-cement board that does not contain asbestos
           fibers; complies with ASTM C 1186, Type A, Grade II; is classified as noncombustible when
           tested according to ASTM E 136; and has a flame-spread index of 25 or less when tested
           according to ASTM E 84.

           1.    Basis-of-Design Product: Vented HardieSoffit by James Hardie Building Products or a
                 comparable product by one of the following:

           2.    Available Manufacturers:

                 a.    Same manufacturers listed for fiber-cement siding.

           3.    Pattern: 12-inch- (305-mm-) wide sheets with smooth texture.
           4.    Ventilation: Provide perforated soffit.
           5.    Factory Painted: As selected by Architect from Manufacturer’s full range of colors.


2.4        ACCESSORIES

      A.   Siding Accessories: Provide starter strips, edge trim, corner cap, and other items as
           recommended by siding manufacturer for building configuration.




SIDING                                                                                  0812/074600 - 3
           1.    Provide accessories made from same material as adjacent siding, unless otherwise
                 indicated.
           2.    Provide accessories matching color and texture of adjacent siding, unless otherwise
                 indicated.

      B.   Flashing: Provide 24 gauge pre-finished steel flashing complying with Division 07 Section
           "Sheet Metal Flashing and Trim" at window and door heads and where indicated.

           1.    Flashing Color: As selected by Architect.

      C.   Elastomeric Joint Sealant:        Single-component urethane joint sealant complying with
           requirements in Division 07 Section "Joint Sealants" for Use NT (nontraffic) and for Uses M, G,
           A, and, as applicable to joint substrates indicated, O joint substrates.

      D.   Fasteners:

           1.    For fastening to wood, use siding nails of sufficient length to penetrate a minimum of 1
                 inch (25 mm) into substrate.
           2.    For fastening to metal, use ribbed bugle-head screws of sufficient length to penetrate a
                 minimum of 1/4 inch (6 mm) or 3 screw-threads into substrate.
           3.    For fastening fiber-cement siding, use hot-dip galvanized fasteners.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine substrates for compliance with requirements for installation tolerances and other
           conditions affecting performance of siding. Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory
           conditions have been corrected.


3.2        PREPARATION

      A.   Clean substrates of projections and substances detrimental to application.


3.3        WEATHER-RESISTANT SHEATHING-PAPER INSTALLATION

      A.   General: Comply with applicable recommendations in APA Form No. E30K, "APA
           Design/Construction Guide: Residential & Commercial," for types of structural-use panels and
           applications indicated.

           1.    Comply with "Code Plus" installation provisions in guide referenced in paragraph above.

           2.    Cut back barrier 1/2 inch (13 mm) on each side of the break in supporting members at
                 expansion- or control-joint locations.
           3.    Apply barrier to cover vertical flashing with a minimum 4-inch (100-mm) overlap, unless
                 otherwise indicated.

      B.   Building Wrap: Comply with manufacturer's written instructions.


SIDING                                                                                  0812/074600 - 4
           1.    Seal seams, edges, fasteners, and penetrations with tape.
           2.    Extend into jambs of openings and seal corners with tape.


3.4        INSTALLATION

      A.   General: Comply with siding manufacturer's written installation instructions applicable to
           products and applications indicated unless more stringent requirements apply. Center nails in
           elongated nailing slots without binding siding to allow for thermal movement. Overlap joints to
           shed water away from direction of prevailing wind.

      B.   Install siding, soffit, trim and accessories according to siding manufacturer’s written
           instructions.


3.5        ADJUSTING AND CLEANING

      A.   Remove damaged, improperly installed, or otherwise defective siding materials and replace
           with new materials complying with specified requirements.

      B.   Clean finished surfaces according to siding manufacturer's written instructions and maintain in a
           clean condition during construction.


END OF SECTION 074600




SIDING                                                                                   0812/074600 - 5
SECTION 075423 - THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General Conditions and Division 01
           Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   Section Includes:

           1.    Adhered TPO membrane roofing system.
           2.    Roof insulation.
           3.    Concrete Pavers.
           4.    Pedestals.

      B.   Section includes the installation of acoustical roof deck rib insulation strips furnished under
           Division 05 Section "Steel Decking."

      C.   Related Sections:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 06 Section "Rough Carpentry" for wood nailers, curbs, and blocking.
           3.    Division 07 Section "Sheet Metal Flashing and Trim" for metal roof penetration
                 flashings, flashings, and counterflashings.
           4.    Division 07 Section "Joint Sealants" for joint sealants, joint fillers and joint preparation.
           5.    Division 22 Section "Plumbing" for roof drains.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   TPO: Thermoplastic polyolefin.

      B.   Roofing Terminology: See ASTM D 1079 and glossary in NRCA's "The NRCA Roofing and
           Waterproofing Manual" for definitions of terms related to roofing work in this Section.


1.4        PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

      A.   General: Provide installed roofing membrane and base flashings that remain watertight; do not
           permit the passage of water; and resist specified uplift pressures, thermally induced movement,
           and exposure to weather without failure.




THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING                                                     0812/075423 - 1
      B.   Material Compatibility: Provide roofing materials that are compatible with one another under
           conditions of service and application required, as demonstrated by roofing membrane
           manufacturer based on testing and field experience.

      A.   Roofing System Design: Provide membrane roofing system that is identical to systems that
           have been successfully tested by a qualified testing and inspecting agency to resist uplift
           pressures calculated according to ASCE/SEI 7.


1.5        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of product indicated.

      B.   LEED Submittals:

           1.    Product Data for Credit SS 7.2: For roof materials, indicating that roof materials comply
                 with Solar Reflectance Index (78 or greater) requirement
           2.    Product Data for Credit EQ 4.1: For adhesives and sealants, including printed statement
                 of VOC content.

      C.   Shop Drawings: For roofing system.           Include plans, elevations, sections, details, and
           attachments to other work.

           1.    Base flashings and membrane terminations.
           2.    Tapered insulation, including slopes.
           3.    Insulation fastening patterns for corner, perimeter, and field-of-roof locations.

      D.   Samples for Verification: For the following products:

           1.    Sheet roofing, of color specified, including T-shaped side and end lap seam.

      E.   Qualification Data: For qualified Installer and manufacturer.

      F.   Maintenance Data: For roofing system to include in maintenance manuals.

      G.   Warranties: Sample of special warranties.


1.6        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Installer Qualifications: A qualified firm licensed by roofing system manufacturer for a
           minimum of five (5) years to install manufacturer's product and that is eligible to receive
           manufacturer's warranty.

      B.   Source Limitations: Obtain components for membrane roofing system from same manufacturer
           as membrane roofing.

      C.   Pre-installation Roofing Conference: Conduct conference at Project site.

           1.    Meet with Owner, Architect, Owner's insurer if applicable, testing and inspecting agency
                 representative, roofing Installer, roofing system manufacturer's representative, deck



THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING                                                     0812/075423 - 2
                 Installer, and installers whose work interfaces with or affects roofing, including installers
                 of roof accessories and roof-mounted equipment.
           2.    Review methods and procedures related to roofing installation, including manufacturer's
                 written instructions.
           3.    Review and finalize construction schedule and verify availability of materials, Installer's
                 personnel, equipment, and facilities needed to make progress and avoid delays.
           4.    Examine deck substrate conditions and finishes for compliance with requirements,
                 including flatness and fastening.
           5.    Review structural loading limitations of roof deck during and after roofing.
           6.    Review base flashings, special roofing details, roof drainage, roof penetrations,
                 equipment curbs, and condition of other construction that will affect roofing system.
           7.    Review governing regulations and requirements for insurance and certificates if
                 applicable.
           8.    Review temporary protection requirements for roofing system during and after
                 installation.
           9.    Review roof observation and repair procedures after roofing installation.


1.7        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Deliver roofing materials to Project site in original containers with seals unbroken and labeled
           with manufacturer's name, product brand name and type, date of manufacture, approval or
           listing agency markings, and directions for storing and mixing with other components.

      B.   Store liquid materials in their original undamaged containers in a clean, dry, protected location
           and within the temperature range required by roofing system manufacturer. Protect stored
           liquid material from direct sunlight.

           1.    Discard and legally dispose of liquid material that cannot be applied within its stated
                 shelf life.

      C.   Protect roof insulation materials from physical damage and from deterioration by sunlight,
           moisture, soiling, and other sources. Store in a dry location. Comply with insulation
           manufacturer's written instructions for handling, storing, and protecting during installation.

      D.   Handle and store roofing materials and place equipment in a manner to avoid permanent
           deflection of deck.


1.8        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Weather Limitations: Proceed with installation only when existing and forecasted weather
           conditions permit roofing system to be installed according to manufacturer's written instructions
           and warranty requirements.


1.9        WARRANTY

      A.   Special Warranty: Manufacturer's standard or customized form, without monetary limitation, in
           which manufacturer agrees to repair or replace components of membrane roofing system that
           fail in materials or workmanship within specified warranty period.



THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING                                                     0812/075423 - 3
           1.    Special warranty includes membrane roofing, base flashings, roof insulation, fasteners,
                 cover boards, substrate board, roofing accessories and other components of membrane
                 roofing system.
           2.    Warranty Period: 15 years from date of Substantial Completion.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        TPO MEMBRANE ROOFING

      A.   Fabric-Reinforced Thermoplastic Polyolefin Sheet: ASTM D 6878, internally fabric or scrim
           reinforced, uniform, flexible TPO sheet.

           1.    Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide products by one of the
                 following:

                 a.    Carlisle SynTec Incorporated.
                 b.    Firestone Building Products Company.
                 c.    GenFlex Roofing Systems.
                 d.    Johns Manville.
                 e.    Versico Incorporated.

           2.    Thickness: 60 mils (1.5 mm), nominal.
           3.    Exposed Face Color: White.


2.2        AUXILIARY MEMBRANE ROOFING MATERIALS

      A.   General: Auxiliary membrane roofing materials recommended by roofing system manufacturer
           for intended use, and compatible with membrane roofing.

           1.    Liquid-type auxiliary materials shall comply with VOC limits of authorities having
                 jurisdiction.
           2.    Adhesives and sealants that are not on the exterior side of weather barrier shall comply
                 with the following limits for VOC content when calculated according to 40 CFR 59,
                 Subpart D (EPA Method 24):

                 a.    Plastic Foam Adhesives: 50 g/L.
                 b.    Gypsum Board and Panel Adhesives: 50 g/L.
                 c.    Multipurpose Construction Adhesives: 70 g/L.
                 d.    Fiberglass Adhesives: 80 g/L.
                 e.    Contact Adhesive: 80 g/L.
                 f.    Other Adhesives: 250 g/L.
                 g.    Single-Ply Roof Membrane Sealants: 450 g/L.
                 h.    Nonmembrane Roof Sealants: 300 g/L.
                 i.    Sealant Primers for Nonporous Substrates: 250 g/L.
                 j.    Sealant Primers for Porous Substrates: 775 g/L.

      B.   Sheet Flashing: Manufacturer's standard unreinforced thermoplastic polyolefin sheet flashing,
           55 mils (1.4 mm) thick, minimum, of same color as sheet membrane.



THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING                                                 0812/075423 - 4
      C.   Bonding Adhesive: Manufacturer's standard.

      D.   Slip Sheet: Manufacturer's standard, of thickness required for application.

      E.   Metal Termination Bars: Manufacturer's standard, predrilled stainless-steel or aluminum bars,
           approximately 1 by 1/8 inch (25 by 3 mm) thick; with anchors.

      F.   Metal Battens: Manufacturer's standard, aluminum-zinc-alloy-coated or zinc-coated steel sheet,
           approximately 1 inch wide by 0.05 inch thick (25 mm wide by 1.3 mm thick), prepunched.

      G.   Fasteners: Factory-coated steel fasteners and metal or plastic plates complying with corrosion-
           resistance provisions in FM Approvals 4470, designed for fastening membrane to substrate, and
           acceptable to membrane roofing system manufacturer.

      H.   Miscellaneous Accessories: Provide pourable sealers, preformed cone and vent sheet flashings,
           preformed inside and outside corner sheet flashings, T-joint covers, lap sealants, termination
           reglets, and other accessories.


2.3        SUBSTRATE BOARDS

      A.   General: Provide substrate boards that comply with requirements and referenced standards,
           selected from one of the following:

      B.   Substrate Board: ASTM C 1396/C 1396M, Type X gypsum board, 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) thick.

      C.   Substrate Board: ASTM C 728, perlite board, 3/4 inch (19 mm) thick, seal coated.


2.4        ROOF INSULATION

      A.   General: Provide preformed roof insulation boards that comply with requirements and
           referenced standards, selected from manufacturer's standard sizes and of thicknesses indicated.

      B.   Molded-Polystyrene Board Insulation: ASTM C 578 Type VIII, 1.15-lb/cu. ft. (18-kg/cu. m)
           minimum density.

           1.    Available Manufacturers:

                 a.     Diversified Products.
                 b.     Benchmark Foam, Inc.
                 c.     Premier Industries.

      C.   Tapered Insulation: Provide factory-tapered insulation boards fabricated to slope of 1/4 inch
           per 12 inches, unless otherwise indicated.

      D.   Provide preformed saddles, crickets, tapered edge strips, and other insulation shapes where
           indicated for sloping to drain. Fabricate to slopes indicated.




THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING                                                   0812/075423 - 5
2.5        INSULATION ACCESSORIES

      A.   General: Furnish roof insulation accessories recommended by insulation manufacturer for
           intended use and compatibility with membrane roofing.

      A.   Cold Fluid-Applied Adhesive: Manufacturer's standard cold fluid-applied adhesive formulated
           to adhere roof insulation to substrate.

      A.   Cover Board: ASTM C 208, Type IV, Class 1, wood-fiber insulation board, 1/2 inch (13 mm)
           thick.

           1.    Product: Provide cover board from same manufacturer as single-ply membrane.


2.6        WALKWAYS

      A.   Flexible Walkways: Factory-formed, nonporous, heavy-duty, slip-resisting, surface-textured
           walkway pads, approximately 3/16 inch (5 mm) thick, and acceptable to membrane roofing
           system manufacturer.


2.7        CONCRETE PAVERS

      A.   Concrete Pavers: Solid paving units, made from normal-weight concrete with a compressive
           strength not less than 5000 psi (34 MPa), water absorption not more than 5 percent according to
           ASTM C 140, and no breakage and not more than 1 percent mass loss when tested for freeze-
           thaw resistance according to ASTM C 67.

           1.    Thickness: 2 inches (51 mm).
           2.    Face Size and Shape: 24 inches (610 mm) square.
           3.    Color: As indicated by manufacturer's designations.


2.8        PEDESTALS

      A.   Basis-of-Design Product: The design for pedestals is based on Envirospec, Inc., Pave-el Paver
           Pedestals. Subject to compliance with requirements, provide the named product or a comparable
           product by one of the following:

                 a.    Envirospec, Inc.

           1.    Size: 5-1/2 inches x 5-12/ inches x 5/8 inch high x 1/4 inch spacer rib.
           2.    Leveling Palates: 5X, 1/8 inch thick.
           3.    Color: Black.




THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING                                                      0812/075423 - 6
PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine substrates, areas, and conditions, with Installer present, for compliance with the
           following requirements and other conditions affecting performance of roofing system:

           1.    Verify that roof openings and penetrations are in place and curbs are set and braced and
                 that roof drain bodies are securely clamped in place.
           2.    Verify that wood blocking, curbs, and nailers are securely anchored to roof deck at
                 penetrations and terminations and that nailers match thicknesses of insulation.
           3.    Verify that surface plane flatness and fastening of steel roof deck complies with
                 requirements in Division 05 Section "Steel Decking."

      B.   Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


3.2        PREPARATION

      A.   Clean substrate of dust, debris, moisture, and other substances detrimental to roofing installation
           according to roofing system manufacturer's written instructions. Remove sharp projections.

      B.   Prevent materials from entering and clogging roof drains and conductors and from spilling or
           migrating onto surfaces of other construction. Remove roof-drain plugs when no work is taking
           place or when rain is forecast.

      C.   Complete terminations and base flashings and provide temporary seals to prevent water from
           entering completed sections of roofing system at the end of the workday or when rain is
           forecast. Remove and discard temporary seals before beginning work on adjoining roofing.

      D.   NEW INSULATION SYSTEM – 1

           1.    First Layer: 3/4 inch thick Perlite Board Insulation.                           (R=2.08)

           2.    Second Layer: 3-1/2 inch thick Expanded Polystyrene Board Insulation.           (R=14.7)

           3.    Third Layer: 3-1/2 inch thick Expanded Polystyrene Board Insulation.            (R=14.7)

           4.    Fourth Layer: 1/2 inch thick Wood-Fiber Cover Board                              (R=1.40)

           5.    Note: Provide tapered insulation, tapered insulation crickets, etc. as indicated on
                 Drawings and details.

      E.   NEW INSULATION SYSTEM – 2

           1.    First Layer: 3/4 inch thick Perlite Board Insulation.                           (R=2.08)

           2.    Second Layer: 3 inch thick Expanded Polystyrene Board Insulation.               (R=12.6)

           3.    Third Layer: 3 inch thick Expanded Polystyrene Board Insulation.                (R=12.6)



THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING                                                     0812/075423 - 7
           4.    Fourth Layer: Tapered molded Expanded Polystyrene Board Insulation.

                 1/2 inch start, 1/8” tapered.                                                     (R=Varies)

           5.    Fifth Layer: : 1/2 inch thick Wood-Fiber Cover Board                              (R=1.40)

           6.    Note: Provide tapered insulation, tapered insulation crickets, etc. as indicated on
                 Drawings and details.

      F.   NEW INSULATION SYSTEM – 3

           1.    First Layer: 1 inch thick Expanded Polystyrene Board Insulation.                  (R=4.20)

           2.    Second Layer: : 1/2 inch thick Wood-Fiber Cover Board                             (R=1.40)


3.3        INSULATION INSTALLATION

      A.   Coordinate installing membrane roofing system components so insulation is not exposed to
           precipitation or left exposed at the end of the workday.

      B.   Comply with membrane roofing system and insulation manufacturer's written instructions for
           installing roof insulation.

      C.   Install tapered insulation under area of roofing to conform to slopes indicated.

      D.   Install insulation under area of roofing to achieve required thickness. Where overall insulation
           thickness is 3-1/2 inches (87 mm) or greater, install two or more layers with joints of each
           succeeding layer staggered from joints of previous layer a minimum of 6 inches (150 mm) in
           each direction.

      E.   Trim surface of insulation where necessary at roof drains so completed surface is flush and does
           not restrict flow of water.

      F.   Install insulation with long joints of insulation in a continuous straight line with end joints
           staggered between rows, abutting edges and ends between boards. Fill gaps exceeding 1/4 inch
           (6 mm) with insulation.

           1.    Cut and fit insulation within 1/4 inch (6 mm) of nailers, projections, and penetrations.

      G.   Install cover boards over insulation with long joints in continuous straight lines with end joints
           staggered between rows. Loosely butt cover boards together and mechanically fasten to roof
           deck.


           1.    Mechanically fasten insulation according to requirements according to ASCE/SEI 7.
           2.    Mechanically fasten insulation to resist uplift pressure at corners, perimeter, and field of
                 roof.
           3.    Secure roof insulation to substrate with mechanical anchors of type approved by
                 manufacturer but in no case provide less than one anchor per 2 square feet of surface area
                 in field of roof, one anchor per 1.33 square feet of surface area on perimeter and one
                 anchor per 1 square foot at corners.


THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING                                                        0812/075423 - 8
3.4        ADHERED MEMBRANE ROOFING INSTALLATION

      A.   Adhere membrane roofing over area to receive roofing and install according to membrane
           roofing system manufacturer's written instructions.

      B.   Start installation of membrane roofing in presence of membrane roofing system manufacturer's
           technical personnel.

      C.   Accurately align membrane roofing and maintain uniform side and end laps of minimum
           dimensions required by manufacturer. Stagger end laps.

      D.   Bonding Adhesive: Apply to substrate and underside of membrane roofing at rate required by
           manufacturer and allow to partially dry before installing membrane roofing. Do not apply to
           splice area of membrane roofing.

      E.   In addition to adhering, mechanically fasten membrane roofing securely at terminations,
           penetrations, and perimeter of roofing.

      F.   Apply membrane roofing with side laps shingled with slope of roof deck where possible.

      G.   Seams: Clean seam areas, overlap membrane roofing, and hot-air weld side and end laps of
           membrane roofing and sheet flashings according to manufacturer's written instructions to ensure
           a watertight seam installation.

           1.    Test lap edges with probe to verify seam weld continuity. Apply lap sealant to seal cut
                 edges of sheet membrane.
           2.    Verify field strength of seams a minimum of twice daily and repair seam sample areas.
           3.    Repair tears, voids, and lapped seams in roofing that does not comply with requirements.

      H.   Spread sealant bed over deck drain flange at roof drains and securely seal membrane roofing in
           place with clamping ring.


3.5        BASE FLASHING INSTALLATION

      A.   Install sheet flashings and preformed flashing accessories and adhere to substrates according to
           membrane roofing system manufacturer's written instructions.

      B.   Apply bonding adhesive to substrate and underside of sheet flashing at required rate and allow
           to partially dry. Do not apply to seam area of flashing.

      C.   Flash penetrations and field-formed inside and outside corners with cured or uncured sheet
           flashing.

      D.   Clean seam areas, overlap, and firmly roll sheet flashings into the adhesive. Hot-air weld side
           and end laps to ensure a watertight seam installation.

      E.   Terminate and seal top of sheet flashings and mechanically anchor to substrate through
           termination bars.




THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING                                                   0812/075423 - 9
3.6        WALKWAY INSTALLATION

      A.   Flexible Walkways: Install walkway products in locations indicated. Heat weld to substrate or
           adhere walkway products to substrate with compatible adhesive according to roofing system
           manufacturer's written instructions.


3.7        PAVER INSTALLATION

      A.   Examine areas indicated to receive paving, with Installer present, for compliance with
           requirements for installation tolerances and other conditions affecting performance.

           1.    Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.
           2.    Where pavers are to be installed over waterproofing, examine waterproofing installation,
                 with waterproofing Installer present, for protection from paving operations. Examine
                 areas where waterproofing system is turned up or flashed against vertical surfaces and
                 horizontal waterproofing. Proceed with installation only after protection is in place.

      B.   Cut unit pavers with motor-driven masonry saw equipment to provide clean, sharp, un-chipped
           edges. Cut units to provide pattern indicated and to fit adjoining work neatly. Use full units
           without cutting where possible. Hammer cutting is not acceptable.


3.8        FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

      A.   Final Roof Inspection: Arrange for roofing system manufacturer's technical personnel to
           inspect roofing installation on completion and submit report to Architect.

           1.    Notify Architect or Owner seven (7) days in advance of date and time of inspection.

      B.   Repair or remove and replace components of membrane roofing system where inspections
           indicate that they do not comply with specified requirements.

      C.   Additional inspections, at Contractor's expense, will be performed to determine compliance of
           replaced or additional work with specified requirements.


3.9        PROTECTING AND CLEANING

      A.   Protect membrane roofing system from damage and wear during remainder of construction
           period. When remaining construction will not affect or endanger roofing, inspect roofing for
           deterioration and damage, describing its nature and extent in a written report, with copies to
           Architect and Owner.

      B.   Correct deficiencies in or remove membrane roofing system that does not comply with
           requirements; repair substrates; and repair or reinstall membrane roofing system to a condition
           free of damage and deterioration at time of Substantial Completion and according to warranty
           requirements.

      C.   Clean overspray and spillage from adjacent construction using cleaning agents and procedures
           recommended by manufacturer of affected construction.



THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING                                                 0812/075423 - 10
END OF SECTION 075423




THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN (TPO) ROOFING   0812/075423 - 11
SECTION 076200 - SHEET METAL FLASHING AND TRIM


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following sheet metal flashing and trim:


           1.    Formed wall flashing and trim.
           2.    Scuppers.
           3.    Downspouts.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 06 Section "Rough Carpentry for wood nailers, curbs, and blocking.
           3.    Division 07 Section "075323 Ethylene-Propylene-Diene-Monomer (EPDM) Roofing” for
                 installing sheet metal flashing and trim integral with roofing membrane.
           4.    Division 07 Section "Joint Sealants" for field-applied sheet metal flashing and trim
                 sealants.


1.3        PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

      A.   General: Install sheet metal flashing and trim to withstand wind loads, structural movement,
           thermally induced movement, and exposure to weather without failing, rattling, leaking, and
           fastener disengagement.

      B.   Fabricate and install roof edge flashing and copings capable of resisting the following forces
           according to recommendations in FMG Loss Prevention Data Sheet 1-49:


           1.    Wind Zone 2: For velocity pressures of 31 to 45 lbf/sq. ft. (1.48 to 2.15 kPa): 90-lbf/sq.
                 ft. (4.31-kPa) perimeter uplift force, 120-lbf/sq. ft. (5.74-kPa) corner uplift force, and 45-
                 lbf/sq. ft. (2.15-kPa) outward force.

      C.   Thermal Movements: Provide sheet metal flashing and trim that allow for thermal movements
           resulting from the following maximum change (range) in ambient and surface temperatures by
           preventing buckling, opening of joints, hole elongation, overstressing of components, failure of
           joint sealants, failure of connections, and other detrimental effects. Provide clips that resist
           rotation and avoid shear stress as a result of sheet metal and trim thermal movements. Base


SHEET METAL FLASHING AND TRIM                                                               0812/076200 - 1
           engineering calculation on surface temperatures of materials due to both solar heat gain and
           nighttime-sky heat loss.

           1.    Temperature Change (Range): 120 deg F (67 deg C), ambient; 180 deg F (100 deg C),
                 material surfaces.

      D.   Water Infiltration: Provide sheet metal flashing and trim that do not allow water infiltration to
           building interior.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of product indicated. Include construction details, material
           descriptions, dimensions of individual components and profiles, and finishes.

      B.   Shop Drawings: Show layouts of sheet metal flashing and trim, including plans and elevations.
           Distinguish between shop- and field-assembled work. Include the following:


           1.    Details for forming sheet metal flashing and trim, including profiles, shapes, seams, and
                 dimensions.
           2.    Details for fastening, joining, supporting, and anchoring sheet metal flashing and trim,
                 including fasteners, clips, cleats, and attachments to adjoining work.
           3.    Details of expansion-joint covers, including showing direction of expansion and
                 contraction.

      C.   Samples for Verification: For each type of exposed finish required, prepared on Samples of size
           indicated below:

           1.    Sheet Metal Flashing: 12 inches (300 mm) long.            Include fasteners, cleats, clips,
                 closures, and other attachments.

      D.   Qualification Data: For qualified fabricator.

      E.   Maintenance Data: For sheet metal flashing, trim, and accessories to include in maintenance
           manuals.

      F.   Warranty: Sample of special warranty.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Fabricator Qualifications: Shop that employs skilled workers who custom fabricate sheet metal
           flashing and trim similar to that required for this Project and whose products have a record of
           successful in-service performance.

      B.   Sheet Metal Flashing and Trim Standard: Comply with SMACNA's "Architectural Sheet Metal
           Manual." Conform to dimensions and profiles shown unless more stringent requirements are
           indicated.




SHEET METAL FLASHING AND TRIM                                                            0812/076200 - 2
1.6        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Deliver sheet metal flashing materials and fabrications undamaged. Protect sheet metal flashing
           and trim materials and fabrications during transportation and handling.

      B.   Unload, store, and install sheet metal flashing materials and fabrications in a manner to prevent
           bending, warping, twisting, and surface damage.

      C.   Stack materials on platforms or pallets, covered with suitable weathertight and ventilated
           covering. Do not store sheet metal flashing and trim materials in contact with other materials
           that might cause staining, denting, or other surface damage.


1.7        WARRANTY

      A.   Special Warranty on Finishes: Manufacturer's standard form in which manufacturer agrees to
           repair finish or replace sheet metal flashing and trim that shows evidence of deterioration of
           factory-applied finishes within specified warranty period.

           1.    Exposed Panel Finish: Deterioration includes, but is not limited to, the following:

                 a.     Color fading more than 5 Hunter units when tested according to ASTM D 2244.
                 b.     Chalking in excess of a No. 8 rating when tested according to ASTM D 4214.
                 c.     Cracking, checking, peeling, or failure of paint to adhere to bare metal.

           2.    Finish Warranty Period: 20 years from date of Substantial Completion.


1.8        COORDINATION

      A.   Coordinate installation of sheet metal flashing and trim with interfacing and adjoining
           construction to provide a leak-proof, secure, and non-corrosive installation.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   In other Part 2 articles where titles below introduce lists, the following requirements apply to
           product selection:

      B.
           1.    Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide products by one of the
                 manufacturers specified.

                 Copper Sales
                 Integris, Inc.
                 Peterson Aluminum Corporation




SHEET METAL FLASHING AND TRIM                                                            0812/076200 - 3
2.2        SHEET METALS

      A.   Prepainted, Metallic-Coated Steel Sheet: 24 gauge steel sheet metallic coated by the hot-dip
           process and prepainted by the coil-coating process to comply with ASTM A 755/A 755M.

                 a.     Fluoropolymer 2-Coat System: Manufacturer's standard 2-coat, thermocured
                        system consisting of specially formulated inhibitive primer and fluoropolymer
                        color topcoat containing not less than 70 percent polyvinylidene fluoride resin by
                        weight; complying with AAMA 2605.

                       1.)    Color: Standard or Premium Color as selected by Architect from
                              manufacturer’s full range.

      C.   Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Sheet: ASTM A 653/A 653M, G90 (Z275) coating
           designation; structural quality.


2.3        MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

      A.   General: Provide materials and types of fasteners, solder, welding rods, protective coatings,
           separators, sealants, and other miscellaneous items as required for complete sheet metal flashing
           and trim installation.

      B.   Fasteners: Wood screws, annular threaded nails, self-tapping screws, self-locking rivets and
           bolts, and other suitable fasteners designed to withstand design loads.


           1.    Fasteners for Flashing and Trim: Blind fasteners or self-drilling screws, gasketed, with
                 hex washer head.

      C.   Solder for Copper: ASTM B 32, Grade Sn50, 50 percent tin and 50 percent lead.

      D.   Sealing Tape: Pressure-sensitive, 100 percent solids, polyisobutylene compound sealing tape
           with release-paper backing. Provide permanently elastic, nonsag, nontoxic, nonstaining tape.

      E.   Elastomeric Sealant: ASTM C 920, elastomeric polyurethane olymer sealant; of type, grade,
           class, and use classifications required to seal joints in sheet metal flashing and trim and remain
           watertight.


2.4        FABRICATION, GENERAL

      A.   General: Custom fabricate sheet metal flashing and trim to comply with recommendations in
           SMACNA's "Architectural Sheet Metal Manual" that apply to design, dimensions, metal, and
           other characteristics of item indicated. Shop fabricated items where practicable. Obtain field
           measurements for accurate fit before shop fabrication.

      B.   Fabricate sheet metal flashing and trim in thickness or weight needed to comply with
           performance requirements, but not less than that specified for each application and metal.

      C.   Fabricate sheet metal flashing and trim without excessive oil canning, buckling, and tool marks
           and true to line and levels indicated, with exposed edges folded back to form hems.


SHEET METAL FLASHING AND TRIM                                                             0812/076200 - 4
      D.   Sealed Joints: Form non-expansion but movable joints in metal to accommodate elastomeric
           sealant to comply with SMACNA recommendations.

      E.   Expansion Provisions: Where lapped or bayonet-type expansion provisions in the Work cannot
           be used, form expansion joints of intermeshing hooked flanges, not less than 1 inch (25 mm)
           deep, filled with elastomeric sealant concealed within joints.

      F.   Conceal fasteners and expansion provisions where possible on exposed-to-view sheet metal
           flashing and trim, unless otherwise indicated.

      G.   Fabricate cleats and attachment devices from same material as accessory being anchored or
           from compatible, noncorrosive metal.

           1.    Thickness: As recommended by SMACNA's "Architectural Sheet Metal Manual" and
                 FMG Loss Prevention Data Sheet 1-49 for application but not less than thickness of metal
                 being secured.


2.5        ROOF DRAINAGE SHEET METAL FABRICATIONS

      A.   Parapet Scuppers: Fabricate scuppers of dimensions required with closure flange trim to
           exterior, 4-inch- (100-mm-) wide wall flanges to interior, and base extending 4 inches (100 mm)
           beyond cant or tapered strip into field of roof. Fasten gravel guard angles to base of scupper.

      B.   Conductor Heads: Fabricate conductor heads with flanged back and stiffened top edge and of
           dimensions and shape indicated complete with outlet tubes and exterior flange trim.

           1.    Fabricate from the following material:


                 a.    Prepainted, Metallic-Coated Steel: 24 gauge thick.

      C.   Downspouts: Fabricate open-face downspouts complete with mitered elbows. Furnish with
           metal hangers, from same material as downspouts, and anchors.


2.6        LOW-SLOPE ROOF SHEET METAL FABRICATIONS

      A.   Copings: Fabricate in minimum 96-inch- (2400-mm-) long, but not exceeding 10-foot- (3-m-)
           long, sections. Fabricate joint plates of same thickness as copings. Furnish with continuous
           cleats to support edge of external leg and drill elongated holes for fasteners on interior leg.
           Miter corners, seal, and solder or weld watertight.

           1.    Joint Style: Butt, with 6-inch- (150-mm-) wide exposed cover plates.


2.7        FINISHES

      A.   Comply with NAAMM's "Metal Finishes Manual for Architectural and Metal Products" for
           recommendations for applying and designating finishes.




SHEET METAL FLASHING AND TRIM                                                           0812/076200 - 5
      B.   Protect mechanical and painted finishes on exposed surfaces from damage by applying a
           strippable, temporary protective covering before shipping.

      C.   Appearance of Finished Work: Variations in appearance of abutting or adjacent pieces are
           acceptable if they are within one-half of the range of approved Samples. Noticeable variations
           in the same piece are not acceptable. Variations in appearance of other components are
           acceptable if they are within the range of approved Samples and are assembled or installed to
           minimize contrast.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine substrates, areas, and conditions, with Installer present, to verify actual locations,
           dimensions and other conditions affecting performance of work.

           1.    Verify that substrate is sound, dry, smooth, clean, sloped for drainage, and securely
                 anchored.
           2.    Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


3.2        INSTALLATION, GENERAL

      A.   General: Anchor sheet metal flashing and trim and other components of the Work securely in
           place, with provisions for thermal and structural movement. Use fasteners, solder, welding
           rods, protective coatings, separators, sealants, and other miscellaneous items as required to
           complete sheet metal flashing and trim system.

           1.    Torch cutting of sheet metal flashing and trim is not permitted.

      B.   Metal Protection: Where dissimilar metals will contact each other or corrosive substrates,
           protect against galvanic action by painting contact surfaces with bituminous coating or by other
           permanent separation as recommended by fabricator or manufacturers of dissimilar metals.

      C.   Install exposed sheet metal flashing and trim without excessive oil canning, buckling, and tool
           marks.

      D.   Install sheet metal flashing and trim true to line and levels indicated. Provide uniform, neat
           seams with minimum exposure of solder, welds, and elastomeric sealant.

      E.   Expansion Provisions: Provide for thermal expansion of exposed flashing and trim. Space
           movement joints at a maximum of 10 feet (3 m) with no joints allowed within 24 inches (600
           mm) of corner or intersection. Where lapped or bayonet-type expansion provisions cannot be
           used or would not be sufficiently watertight, form expansion joints of intermeshing hooked
           flanges, not less than 1 inch (25 mm) deep, filled with elastomeric sealant concealed within
           joints.

      F.   Fasteners: Use fasteners of sizes that will penetrate substrate not less than 1-1/4 inches (32 mm)
           for nails and not less than 3/4 inch (19 mm) for wood screws.



SHEET METAL FLASHING AND TRIM                                                             0812/076200 - 6
      G.   Seal joints with elastomeric sealant as required for watertight construction.
           1.     Prepare joints and apply sealants to comply with requirements in Division 07 Section
                  "Joint Sealants."


3.3        ROOF FLASHING INSTALLATION

      A.   General: Install sheet metal roof flashing and trim to comply with performance requirements,
           sheet metal manufacturer's written installation instructions, and SMACNA's "Architectural
           Sheet Metal Manual." Provide concealed fasteners where possible, set units true to line, and
           level as indicated. Install work with laps, joints, and seams that will be permanently watertight.

      B.   Continuous cleat: Anchor 22 gauge continuous cleats at 24 inch O.C. on face and top. Fastening
           shall be staggered.

      C.   Roof Edge Flashing: Anchor to resist uplift and outward forces according to recommendations
           in FMG Loss Prevention Data Sheet 1-49 for specified wind zone and as indicated.

           1.    Interlock bottom edge of roof edge flashing with continuous cleats anchored to substrate
                 at 24-inch (600-mm) centers.

      D.   Copings: Anchor to resist uplift and outward forces according to recommendations in FMG
           Loss Prevention Data Sheet 1-49 for specified wind zone and as indicated.

           1.    Interlock exterior bottom edge of exterior coping to continuous cleats.
           2.    Anchor interior leg of coping with screw fasteners and washers at 24-inch (600-mm)
                 centers.


3.4        ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEM INSTALLATION

      A.   Parapet Scuppers: Fabricate scuppers of dimensions required with riveted and soldered joints or
           with lapped joints sealed with elastomeric sealant. Provide for thermal expansion. Provide
           closure flange trim to exterior, 4-inch- (100-mm-) wide wall flanges to interior, and base
           extending 4 inches (100 mm) beyond cant or tapered strip into field of roof. Fasten gravel
           guard angles to base of scupper. Provide end flange for connection to conductor head where
           required.

      B.   Conductor Heads: Attach conductor heads to scupper flange with stiffened top edge and of
           dimensions and shape indicated complete with outlet tubes.

      C.   Downspouts: Join sections with 1-1/2-inch (38-mm) telescoping joints. Provide fasteners
           designed to hold downspouts securely 1 inch (25 mm) away from walls; locate fasteners at top
           and bottom and at approximately 60 inches (1500 mm) o.c. in between.

           1.    Provide elbows at base of downspout to direct water away from building.


3.5        CLEANING AND PROTECTION

      A.   Clean exposed metal surfaces of substances that interfere with uniform oxidation and
           weathering.


SHEET METAL FLASHING AND TRIM                                                             0812/076200 - 7
  B.   Clean and neutralize flux materials. Clean off excess solder and sealants.

  C.   Remove temporary protective coverings and strippable films as sheet metal flashing and trim
       are installed. On completion of installation, clean finished surfaces, including removing unused
       fasteners, metal filings, pop rivet stems, and pieces of flashing. Maintain in a clean condition
       during construction.

  D.   Replace sheet metal flashing and trim that have been damaged or that have deteriorated beyond
       successful repair by finish touchup or similar minor repair procedures.


END OF SECTION 076200




SHEET METAL FLASHING AND TRIM                                                        0812/076200 - 8
SECTION 077200 - ROOF ACCESSORIES


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:


           1.    Roof hatches.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 06 Section "Rough Carpentry" for roof sheathing, wood cants, and wood nailers.


1.3        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of roof accessory indicated. Include construction details, material
           descriptions, dimensions of individual components and profiles, and finishes.

      B.   Shop Drawings: Show fabrication and installation details for roof accessories. Show layouts of
           roof accessories including plans and elevations. Indicate dimensions, weights, loadings,
           required clearances, method of field assembly, and components. Include plans, elevations,
           sections, details, and attachments to other work.


1.4        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Pack, handle, and ship roof accessories properly labeled in heavy-duty packaging to prevent
           damage.


1.5        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Field Measurements: Verify required openings for each type of roof accessory by field
           measurements before fabrication and indicate measurements on Shop Drawings.




ROOF ACCESSORIES                                                                        0812/077200 - 1
1.6        COORDINATION

      A.   Coordinate layout and installation of roof accessories with roofing membrane and base flashing
           and interfacing and adjoining construction to provide a leakproof, weathertight, secure, and
           noncorrosive installation.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        METAL MATERIALS

      A.   Aluminum-Zinc Alloy-Coated Steel Sheet: ASTM A 792/A 792M, AZ50 (AZM150) coated.

      B.   Aluminum Sheet: ASTM B 209 (ASTM B 209M), alloy and temper recommended by
           manufacturer for type of use and mill finish.


           1.    Class II, Clear Anodic Finish: AA-M12C22A31 (Mechanical Finish: Nonspecular as
                 fabricated; Chemical Finish: Etched, medium matte; Anodic Coating: Architectural
                 Class II, clear coating 0.010 mm or thicker) complying with AAMA 611.

      C.   Aluminum Extrusions and Tubes:        ASTM B 221 (ASTM B 221M), alloy and temper
           recommended by manufacturer for type of use, mill finished.


2.2        MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

      A.   Polyisocyanurate Board Insulation: ASTM C 1289, 1 inch (25 mm) thick.

      B.   Fasteners: Same metal as metals being fastened, or nonmagnetic stainless steel or other
           noncorrosive metal as recommended by roof accessory manufacturer. Match finish of exposed
           fasteners with finish of material being fastened. Provide nonremovable fastener heads to
           exterior exposed fasteners.

      C.   Gaskets: Manufacturer's standard tubular or fingered design of neoprene, EPDM, or PVC; or
           flat design of foam rubber, sponge neoprene, or cork.

      D.   Butyl Sealant: ASTM C 1311, single-component, solvent-release butyl rubber sealant,
           polyisobutylene plasticized, and heavy bodied for hooked-type expansion joints with limited
           movement.


2.3        ROOF HATCHES

      A.   Roof Hatches: Fabricate roof hatches with insulated double-wall lids and insulated double-wall
           curb frame with integral deck mounting flange and lid frame counterflashing. Fabricate with
           welded or mechanically fastened and sealed corner joints. Provide continuous weathertight
           perimeter gasketing and equip with corrosion-resistant or hot-dip galvanized hardware.

           1.    Available Manufacturers:



ROOF ACCESSORIES                                                                       0812/077200 - 2
                 a.    Babcock-Davis; a Cierra Products Inc. Company.
                 b.    Bilco Company (The).
                 c.    Dur-Red Products.
                 d.    J. L. Industries, Inc.
                 e.    Milcor Inc.; a Gibraltar Company.

           2.    Type and Size: Single-leaf lid, 30 by 36 inches (750 by 900 mm).
           3.    Curb and Lid Material: Aluminum sheet, 0.090 inch (2.28 mm) thick.

                 a.    Finish: Mill.

           4.    Insulation: Polyisocyanurate board.
           5.    Interior Lid Liner: Manufacturer's standard metal liner of same material and finish as
                 outer metal lid.
           6.    Exterior Curb Liner: Manufacturer's standard metal liner of same material and finish as
                 metal curb.
           7.    On ribbed or fluted metal roofs, form flange at perimeter bottom to conform to roof
                 profile.
           8.    Fabricate units to minimum height of 12 inches (300 mm), unless otherwise indicated.
           9.    Hardware: Stainless-steel spring latch with turn handles, butt- or pintle-type hinge
                 system, and padlock hasps inside and outside.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine substrates, areas, and conditions, with Installer present, to verify actual locations,
           dimensions, and other conditions affecting performance of work.


3.2        INSTALLATION

      A.   General: Install roof accessories according to manufacturer's written instructions. Anchor roof
           accessories securely in place and capable of resisting forces specified. Use fasteners,
           separators, sealants, and other miscellaneous items as required for completing roof accessory
           installation. Install roof accessories to resist exposure to weather without failing, rattling,
           leaking, and fastener disengagement.

      B.   Install roof accessories level, plumb, true to line and elevation, and without warping, jogs in
           alignment, excessive oil canning, buckling, or tool marks.


3.3        CLEANING

      A.   Clean exposed surfaces according to manufacturer's written instructions.


END OF SECTION 077200




ROOF ACCESSORIES                                                                        0812/077200 - 3
SECTION 079200 - JOINT SEALANTS


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes joint sealants for the following applications, including those specified by
           reference to this Section:

           1.    Exterior joints in the following vertical surfaces and horizontal non-traffic surfaces:


                 a.     Control and expansion joints in unit masonry.
                 b.     Joints between different materials listed above.
                 c.     Perimeter joints between materials listed above and frames of doors, windows and
                        louvers.
                 d.     Other joints as indicated.

           2.    Interior joints in the following vertical surfaces and horizontal non-traffic surfaces:


                 a.     Tile control and expansion joints.
                 b.     Vertical joints on exposed surfaces of interior unit masonry, concrete, walls and
                        partitions.
                 c.     Perimeter joints between interior wall surfaces and frames of interior doors
                        windows and elevator entrances.
                 d.     Other joints as indicated.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 04 Section "Unit Masonry" for masonry control and expansion joint fillers and
                 gaskets.
           3.    Division 08 Section "Glazing" for glazing sealants.
           4.    Division 09 Section "Gypsum Board" for sealing perimeter joints of gypsum board
                 partitions to reduce sound transmission.
           5.    Division 32 Section "Concrete Paving Joint Sealants" for sealing joints in pavements,
                 walkways, and curbing.




JOINT SEALANTS                                                                              0812/079200 - 1
1.3        PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

      A.   Provide elastomeric joint sealants that establish and maintain watertight and airtight continuous
           joint seals without staining or deteriorating joint substrates.

      B.   Provide joint sealants for interior applications that establish and maintain airtight and water-
           resistant continuous joint seals without staining or deteriorating joint substrates.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each joint-sealant product indicated.

      B.   LEED Submittal:

           1.    Product Data for Credit EQ 4.1: For sealants and sealant primers used inside the
                 weatherproofing system, including printed statement of VOC content.

      C.   Samples for Verification: For each type and color of joint sealant required, provide Samples
           with joint sealants in 1/2-inch- (13-mm-) wide joints formed between two 6-inch- (150-mm-)
           long strips of material matching the appearance of exposed surfaces adjacent to joint sealants.

      D.   Product Certificates:    For each type of joint sealant and accessory, signed by product
           manufacturer.

      E.   Qualification Data: For Installer.

      F.   Warranties: Special warranties specified in this Section.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Installer Qualifications: Manufacturer's authorized Installer who is approved or licensed for
           installation of elastomeric sealants required for this Project.

      B.   Source Limitations:     Obtain each type of joint sealant through one source from a single
           manufacturer.

      C.   Mockups: Build mockups incorporating sealant joints, as follows, to verify selections made
           under sample submittals and to demonstrate aesthetic effects and set quality standards for
           materials and execution:

           1.    Joints in mockups of assemblies specified in other Sections that are indicated to receive
                 elastomeric joint sealants, which are specified by reference to this Section.


1.6        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Do not proceed with installation of joint sealants under the following conditions:

           1.    When ambient and substrate temperature conditions are outside limits permitted by joint-
                 sealant manufacturer or are below 40 deg F (5 deg C).


JOINT SEALANTS                                                                            0812/079200 - 2
           2.    When joint substrates are wet.
           3.    Where joint widths are less than those allowed by joint-sealant manufacturer for
                 applications indicated.
           4.    Contaminants capable of interfering with adhesion have not yet been removed from joint
                 substrates.


1.7        WARRANTY

      A.   Special Installer's Warranty: Installer's standard form in which Installer agrees to repair or
           replace elastomeric joint sealants that do not comply with performance and other requirements
           specified in this Section within specified warranty period.

           1.    Warranty Period: Five (5) years from date of Substantial Completion.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   Products: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide one of the products listed in other
           Part 2 articles.


2.2        MATERIALS, GENERAL

      A.   Compatibility: Provide joint sealants, backings, and other related materials that are compatible
           with one another and with joint substrates under conditions of service and application, as
           demonstrated by sealant manufacturer, based on testing and field experience.

      B.   VOC Content of Interior Sealants: Provide interior sealants and sealant primers that comply
           with the following limits for VOC content when calculated according to 40 CFR 59, Subpart D
           (EPA Method 24):

           1.    Sealants: 250 g/L.
           2.    Sealant Primers for Nonporous Substrates: 250 g/L.
           3.    Sealant Primers for Porous Substrates: 775 g/L.

      C.   Colors of Exposed Joint Sealants: As selected by Architect from manufacturer's full range.


2.3        ELASTOMERIC JOINT SEALANTS

      A.   Elastomeric Sealants: Comply with ASTM C 920 and other requirements indicated for each
           liquid-applied chemically curing sealant specified, including those referencing ASTM C 920
           classifications for type, grade, class, and uses related to exposure and joint substrates.

      B.   Stain-Test-Response Characteristics: Where elastomeric sealants are specified to be non-
           staining to porous substrates, provide products that have undergone testing according to
           ASTM C 1248 and have not stained porous joint substrates indicated for Project.



JOINT SEALANTS                                                                           0812/079200 - 3
  C.   Single-Component Neutral-Curing Silicone Sealant:

       1.    Available Products:

             a.    Dow Corning Corporation; 799.
             b.    GE Silicones; UltraGlaze SSG4000.
             c.    GE Silicones; UltraGlaze SSG4000AC.
             d.    Polymeric Systems Inc.; PSI-631.
             e.    Schnee-Morehead, Inc.; SM5731 Poly-Glaze Plus.
             f.    Tremco; Proglaze SG.
             g.    Tremco; Spectrem 2.
             h.    Tremco; Tremsil 600.

       2.    Type and Grade: S (single component) and NS (non-sag).
       3.    Class: 25.
       4.    Use Related to Exposure: NT (non-traffic).
       5.    Uses Related to Joint Substrates: M, G, A, and, as applicable to joint substrates
             indicated, O.

  D.   Single-Component Mildew-Resistant Acid-Curing Silicone Sealant:

       1.    Available Products:

             a.    Dow Corning Corporation; 786 Mildew Resistant.
             b.    GE Silicones; Sanitary SCS1700.
             c.    Tremco; Tremsil 200 White.

       2.    Type and Grade: S (single component) and NS (non-sag).
       3.    Class: 25.
       4.    Use Related to Exposure: NT (non-traffic).
       5.    Uses Related to Joint Substrates: G, A, and, as applicable to joint substrates indicated, O.


  E.   Multi-component Non-sag Urethane Sealant:

       1.    Available Products:

             a.    Schnee-Morehead, Inc.; Permathane SM 7200.
             b.    Sika Corporation, Inc.; Sikaflex - 2c NS TG.
             c.    Sonneborn, Division of ChemRex Inc.; NP 2.
             d.    Tremco; Vulkem 227.
             e.    Tremco; Vulkem 322 DS.

       2.    Type and Grade: M (multicomponent) and NS (nonsag).
       3.    Class: 25.
       4.    Uses Related to Exposure: T (traffic) and NT (nontraffic).
       5.    Uses Related to Joint Substrates: M, [G, ]A, and, as applicable to joint substrates
             indicated, O.




JOINT SEALANTS                                                                        0812/079200 - 4
2.4        ACOUSTICAL JOINT SEALANTS

      A.   Acoustical Sealant for Concealed Joints: Manufacturer's standard, nondrying, nonhardening,
           nonskinning, nonstaining, gunnable, synthetic-rubber sealant recommended for sealing interior
           concealed joints to reduce airborne sound transmission.

           1.    Available Products:

                 a.     Pecora Corporation; BA-98.
                 b.     Tremco; Tremco Acoustical Sealant.


2.5        JOINT-SEALANT BACKING

      A.   General: Provide sealant backings of material and type that are nonstaining; are compatible
           with joint substrates, sealants, primers, and other joint fillers; and are approved for applications
           indicated by sealant manufacturer based on field experience and laboratory testing.

      B.   Cylindrical Sealant Backings: ASTM C 1330, Type C (closed-cell material with a surface
           skin)] [O (open-cell material) and of size and density to control sealant depth and otherwise
           contribute to producing optimum sealant performance:

      C.   Elastomeric Tubing Sealant Backings: Neoprene, butyl, EPDM, or silicone tubing complying
           with ASTM D 1056, nonabsorbent to water and gas, and capable of remaining resilient at
           temperatures down to minus 26 deg F (minus 32 deg C). Provide products with low
           compression set and of size and shape to provide a secondary seal, to control sealant depth, and
           to otherwise contribute to optimum sealant performance.

      D.   Bond-Breaker Tape: Polyethylene tape or other plastic tape recommended by sealant
           manufacturer for preventing sealant from adhering to rigid, inflexible joint-filler materials or
           joint surfaces at back of joint where such adhesion would result in sealant failure. Provide self-
           adhesive tape where applicable.


2.6        MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

      A.   Primer: Material recommended by joint-sealant manufacturer where required for adhesion of
           sealant to joint substrates indicated, as determined from preconstruction joint-sealant-substrate
           tests and field tests.

      B.   Cleaners for Nonporous Surfaces: Chemical cleaners acceptable to manufacturers of sealants
           and sealant backing materials, free of oily residues or other substances capable of staining or
           harming joint substrates and adjacent nonporous surfaces in any way, and formulated to
           promote optimum adhesion of sealants to joint substrates.

      C.   Masking Tape: Nonstaining, nonabsorbent material compatible with joint sealants and surfaces
           adjacent to joints.




JOINT SEALANTS                                                                              0812/079200 - 5
PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine joints indicated to receive joint sealants, with Installer present, for compliance with
           requirements for joint configuration, installation tolerances, and other conditions affecting joint-
           sealant performance.

      B.   Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


3.2        PREPARATION

      A.   Surface Cleaning of Joints: Clean out joints immediately before installing joint sealants to
           comply with joint-sealant manufacturer's written instructions and the following requirements:

           1.    Remove all foreign material from joint substrates that could interfere with adhesion of
                 joint sealant, including dust, paints (except for permanent, protective coatings tested and
                 approved for sealant adhesion and compatibility by sealant manufacturer), old joint
                 sealants, oil, grease, waterproofing, water repellents, water, surface dirt, and frost.
           2.    Clean porous joint substrate surfaces by brushing, grinding, blast cleaning, mechanical
                 abrading, or a combination of these methods to produce a clean, sound substrate capable
                 of developing optimum bond with joint sealants. Remove loose particles remaining after
                 cleaning operations above by vacuuming or blowing out joints with oil-free compressed
                 air. Porous joint substrates include the following:

                 a.     Masonry.
                 b.     Unglazed surfaces of ceramic tile.

           3.    Remove laitance and form-release agents from concrete.
           4.    Clean nonporous surfaces with chemical cleaners or other means that do not stain, harm
                 substrates, or leave residues capable of interfering with adhesion of joint sealants.
                 Nonporous joint substrates include the following:

                 a.     Metal.
                 b.     Glass.
                 c.     Glazed surfaces of ceramic tile.

      B.   Joint Priming: Prime joint substrates, where recommended in writing by joint-sealant
           manufacturer, based on preconstruction joint-sealant-substrate tests or prior experience. Apply
           primer to comply with joint-sealant manufacturer's written instructions. Confine primers to
           areas of joint-sealant bond; do not allow spillage or migration onto adjoining surfaces.

      C.   Masking Tape: Use masking tape where required to prevent contact of sealant with adjoining
           surfaces that otherwise would be permanently stained or damaged by such contact or by
           cleaning methods required to remove sealant smears. Remove tape immediately after tooling
           without disturbing joint seal.




JOINT SEALANTS                                                                              0812/079200 - 6
3.3        INSTALLATION OF JOINT SEALANTS

      A.   General: Comply with joint-sealant manufacturer's written installation instructions for products
           and applications indicated, unless more stringent requirements apply.

      B.   Sealant Installation Standard: Comply with recommendations in ASTM C 1193 for use of joint
           sealants as applicable to materials, applications, and conditions indicated.

      C.   Acoustical Sealant Application Standard: Comply with recommendations in ASTM C 919 for
           use of joint sealants in acoustical applications as applicable to materials, applications, and
           conditions indicated.

      D.   Install sealant backings of type indicated to support sealants during application and at position
           required to produce cross-sectional shapes and depths of installed sealants relative to joint
           widths that allow optimum sealant movement capability.

           1.    Do not leave gaps between ends of sealant backings.
           2.    Do not stretch, twist, puncture, or tear sealant backings.
           3.    Remove absorbent sealant backings that have become wet before sealant application and
                 replace them with dry materials.

      E.   Install bond-breaker tape behind sealants where sealant backings are not used between sealants
           and backs of joints.

      F.   Install sealants using proven techniques that comply with the following and at the same time
           backings are installed:

           1.    Place sealants so they directly contact and fully wet joint substrates.
           2.    Completely fill recesses in each joint configuration.
           3.    Produce uniform, cross-sectional shapes and depths relative to joint widths that allow
                 optimum sealant movement capability.

      G.   Tooling of Non-sag Sealants: Immediately after sealant application and before skinning or
           curing begins, tool sealants according to requirements specified below to form smooth, uniform
           beads of configuration indicated; to eliminate air pockets; and to ensure contact and adhesion of
           sealant with sides of joint.

           1.    Remove excess sealant from surfaces adjacent to joints.
           2.    Use tooling agents that are approved in writing by sealant manufacturer and that do not
                 discolor sealants or adjacent surfaces.
           3.    Provide concave joint configuration per Figure 5A in ASTM C 1193, unless otherwise
                 indicated.


3.4        CLEANING

      A.   Clean off excess sealant or sealant smears adjacent to joints as the Work progresses by methods
           and with cleaning materials approved in writing by manufacturers of joint sealants and of
           products in which joints occur.




JOINT SEALANTS                                                                           0812/079200 - 7
3.5        PROTECTION

      A.   Protect joint sealants during and after curing period from contact with contaminating substances
           and from damage resulting from construction operations or other causes so sealants are without
           deterioration or damage at time of Substantial Completion. If, despite such protection, damage
           or deterioration occurs, cut out and remove damaged or deteriorated joint sealants immediately
           so installations with repaired areas are indistinguishable from original work.


END OF SECTION 079200




JOINT SEALANTS                                                                           0812/079200 - 8
SECTION 081113 - HOLLOW METAL DOORS AND FRAMES


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS


      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   Section Includes:


           1.    Standard hollow metal doors and frames.
           2.    Traffic Doors.

      B.   Related Sections:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 04 Section "Unit Masonry" for embedding anchors for hollow metal work into
                 masonry construction.
           3.    Division 08 Section "Glazing" for glazed lites in standard steel doors and frames.
           4.    Division 08 Section "Door Hardware" for door hardware for hollow metal doors.
           5.    Division 09 Sections "Painting" for field painting hollow metal doors and frames.


1.3        DEFINITIONS

      A.   Minimum Thickness: Minimum thickness of base metal without coatings.

      B.   Standard Hollow Metal Work: Hollow metal work fabricated according to ANSI/SDI A250.8.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: Include construction details, material descriptions, core descriptions, label
           compliance, fire-resistance rating and finishes for each type of steel door and frame specified.

      B.   Shop Drawings: In addition to requirements below, provide a schedule of standard steel doors
           and frames using same reference numbers for details and openings as those on Drawings:

           1.    Elevations of each door design.
           2.    Details of doors, including vertical and horizontal edge details and metal thicknesses.
           3.    Frame details for each frame type, including dimensioned profiles and metal thicknesses.
           4.    Locations of reinforcement and preparations for hardware.


HOLLOW METAL DOORS AND FRAMES                                                            0812/081113 - 1
           5.    Details of each different wall opening condition.
           6.    Details of anchorages, joints, field splices, and connections.
           7.    Details of accessories.
           8.    Details of moldings, removable stops, and glazing.
           9.    Details of glazing frames and stops showing glazing.
           10.   Details of conduit and preparations for electrified door hardware and controls.


      C.   Oversize Construction Certification: For standard steel door assemblies required to be fire rated
           and exceeding limitations of labeled assemblies; include statement that doors comply with
           requirements of design, materials, and construction but have not been subjected to fire test.

      D.   Other Action Submittals:

           1.    Schedule: Provide a schedule of hollow metal work prepared by or under the supervision
                 of supplier, using same reference numbers for details and openings as those on Drawings.
                 Coordinate with door hardware schedule.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Installer Qualifications: An employer of workers trained and approved by manufacturer.

      B.   Source Limitations: Obtain hollow metal work from single source from single manufacturer.

      C.   Fire-Rated Door Frame Assemblies: Assemblies complying with NFPA 80 that are listed and
           labeled by a testing and inspecting agency acceptable to authorities having jurisdiction, for fire-
           protection ratings indicated.


1.6        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Deliver hollow metal work palletized, wrapped, or crated to provide protection during transit
           and Project-site storage. Do not use nonvented plastic.

      B.   Deliver welded frames with two removable spreader bars across bottom of frames, tack welded
           to jambs and mullions.

      C.   Store hollow metal work under cover at Project site. Place in stacks of five units maximum in a
           vertical position with heads up, spaced by blocking, on minimum 4-inch- (102-mm-) high wood
           blocking. Do not store in a manner that traps excess humidity.

           1.    Provide minimum 1/4-inch (6-mm) space between each stacked door to permit air
                 circulation. If wrappers on doors become wet, remove cartons immediately.


1.7        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Field Measurements: Verify openings by field measurements before fabrication and indicate
           measurements on Shop Drawings.




HOLLOW METAL DOORS AND FRAMES                                                              0812/081113 - 2
           1.    Established Dimensions: Where field measurements cannot be made without delaying
                 the Work, establish opening dimensions and proceed with fabricating standard steel
                 frames without field measurements. Coordinate wall construction to ensure that actual
                 opening dimensions correspond to established dimensions.


1.8        COORDINATION

      A.   Coordinate installation of anchorages for hollow metal frames. Furnish setting drawings,
           templates, and directions for installing anchorages, including sleeves, concrete inserts, anchor
           bolts, and items with integral anchors. Deliver such items to Project site in time for installation.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide products by one of the
           following:

           1.    Amweld Building Products, LLC.
           2.    Ceco Door Products; an Assa Abloy Group company.
           3.    Curries Company; an Assa Abloy Group company.
           4.    Kewanee Corporation (The).
           5.    Mesker Door Inc.
           6.    Republic Builders Products Company.
           7.    Pioneer Industries, Inc.
           8.    Steelcraft; an Ingersoll-Rand company.
           9.    Windsor Republic Doors.


2.2        MATERIALS

      A.   Cold-Rolled Steel Sheet: ASTM A 1008/A 1008M, Commercial Steel (CS), Type B; suitable
           for exposed applications.

      B.   Hot-Rolled Steel Sheet: ASTM A 1011/A 1011M, Commercial Steel (CS), Type B; free of
           scale, pitting, or surface defects; pickled and oiled.

      C.   Metallic-Coated Steel Sheet: ASTM A 653/A 653M, Commercial Steel (CS), Type B; with
           minimum A40 (ZF120) (galvannealed) metallic coating.

      D.   Electrolytic Zinc-Coated Steel Sheet: ASTM A 591/A 591M, Commercial Steel (CS), Class B
           coating; mill phosphatized.

      E.   Frame Anchors:       ASTM A 591/A 591M, Commercial Steel (CS), 40Z (12G) coating
           designation; mill phosphatized.

           1.    For anchors built into exterior walls, steel sheet complying with ASTM A 1008/A 1008M
                 or ASTM A 1011/A 1011M, hot-dip galvanized according to ASTM A 153/A 153M,
                 Class B.


HOLLOW METAL DOORS AND FRAMES                                                               0812/081113 - 3
      F.   Inserts, Bolts, and Fasteners: Hot-dip galvanized according to ASTM A 153/A 153M.

      G.   Powder-Actuated Fasteners in Concrete: Fastener system of type suitable for application
           indicated, fabricated from corrosion-resistant materials, with clips or other accessory devices for
           attaching hollow metal frames of type indicated.

      H.   Grout: ASTM C 476, except with a maximum slump of 4 inches (102 mm), as measured
           according to ASTM C 143/C 143M.

      I.   Glazing: Comply with requirements in Division 08 Section "Glazing."


2.3        TRAFFIC DOORS

      A.   Basis-of-Design Product: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide Eliason
           Corporation, Model SCP-11, or a comparable product by one of the following:

           1.    Eliason Corporation.

                 a.     Core Construction: 3/4 inch (19mm) exterior grade solid wood core; 1 inch total
                        thickness.
                 b.     Facing: Decorative thermoplastic; .090 inches.
                 c.     Full Length Panels: High impact thermoplastic surface bonded to solid wood core.
                 d.     Thermoplastic Color: As selected from manufacturer’s standard selection.
                 e.     Scuff Plate: 24 inches high, .090 inches ABS plastic.
                 f.     Window Size: 14 inches (356 mm) wide by 16 inches (406 mm) high.
                 g.     Window Molding; Black rubber molding.
                 h.     Glazing: Clear acrylic.

           2.    Hinges: Double Action Easy Swing proprietary hinges.


                 a.     Finish: Zinc coated.


2.4        STANDARD HOLLOW METAL DOORS

      A.   General: Provide doors of design indicated, not less than thickness indicated; fabricated with
           smooth surfaces, without visible joints or seams on exposed faces unless otherwise indicated.
           Comply with ANSI/SDI A250.8.

           1.    Design: Flush panel.
           2.    Core Construction: Manufacturer's standard kraft-paper honeycomb, polystyrene,
                 polyurethane, polyisocyanurate, mineral-board, or vertical steel-stiffener core that
                 produces doors complying with ANSI A250.8.


                 a.     Fire Door Core: As required to provide fire-protection ratings indicated.

           3.    Vertical Edges for Single-Acting Doors: Beveled edge unless Square edge is indicated.

                 a.     Beveled Edge: 1/8 inch in 2 inches (3 mm in 50 mm).


HOLLOW METAL DOORS AND FRAMES                                                              0812/081113 - 4
           4.    Top and Bottom Edges: Closed with flush or inverted 16 gage thick, end closures or
                 channels of same material as face sheets.
           5.    Top and Bottom Edges in LAS: All doors shall be welded seamless top and bottom flush,
                 with no recesses.
           6.    Tolerances: Comply with SDI 117, "Manufacturing Tolerances for Standard Steel Doors
                 and Frames."

      B.   Exterior Doors: Face sheets fabricated from metallic-coated (galvannealed) steel sheet.
           Provide doors complying with requirements indicated below by referencing ANSI A250.8 for
           level and model and ANSI A250.4 for physical-endurance level:


           1.    Level 3 and Physical Performance Level A (Extra Heavy Duty), Model 2 (Seamless).

      C.   Interior Doors: Face sheets fabricated from cold-rolled steel sheet unless metallic-coated sheet
           is indicated. Provide doors complying with requirements indicated below by referencing
           ANSI/SDI A250.8 for level and model and ANSI/SDI A250.4 for physical performance level:


           1.    Level 3 and Physical Performance Level A (Extra Heavy Duty), Model 1 (Full Flush).

      D.   Hardware Reinforcement: Fabricate according to ANSI/SDI A250.6 with reinforcing plates
           from same material as door face sheets.

           1.    Hinges: Minimum 10 gage thick by 1-1/2 inches wide by 6 inches longer than hinge,
                 secured by not less than 6 spot welds.
           2.    Lock Face, Flush Bolts, Closers, and Concealed Holders: Minimum 14 gage thick.
           3.    All Other Surface-Mounted Hardware: Minimum 14 gage thick.

      E.   Fabricate concealed stiffeners and hardware reinforcement from either cold- or hot-rolled steel
           sheet.


2.5        STANDARD HOLLOW METAL FRAMES

      A.   General: Comply with ANSI/SDI A250.8 and with details indicated for type and profile.

      B.   Interior Frames:    Fabricated from cold-rolled steel sheet unless metallic-coated sheet is
           indicated.

           1.    Fabricate frames with mitered or coped and welded corners and grind all exposed welds
                 smooth.
           2.    Fabricate frames as full profile welded unless otherwise indicated.
           3.    Fabricate knocked-down, drywall slip-on frames for in-place gypsum board partitions.
           4.    Frames for Level 3 Steel Doors: 16 gage thick steel sheet.
           5.    Frames for Wood Doors: 16 gage thick steel sheet.
           6.    Frames for Borrowed Lights: 16 gage.

      C.   Hardware Reinforcement: Fabricate according to ANSI/SDI A250.6 with reinforcement plates
           from same material as frames.



HOLLOW METAL DOORS AND FRAMES                                                            0812/081113 - 5
           1.    Hinges: Minimum 10 gage thick by 1-1/2 inches wide by 6 inches longer than hinge,
                 secured by not less than 6 spot welds.
           2.    Lock Face, Flush Bolts, Closers, and Concealed Holders: Minimum 14 gage thick.
           3.    All Other Surface-Mounted Hardware: Minimum 14 gage thick.


      D.   Fabricate concealed stiffeners and hardware reinforcement from either cold- or hot-rolled steel
           sheet.

      E.   Ceiling Struts: Minimum 3/8-inch-thick by 2-inch wide steel.

      F.   Plaster Guards: Formed from same material as frames, not less than 26 gage thick.


2.6        FRAME ANCHORS

      A.   Jamb Anchors:

           1.    Masonry Type: Adjustable strap-and-stirrup or T-shaped anchors to suit frame size, not
                 less than 0.042 inch (1.0 mm) thick, with corrugated or perforated straps not less than 2
                 inches (50 mm) wide by 10 inches (250 mm) long; or wire anchors not less than 0.177
                 inch (4.5 mm) thick.
           2.    Stud-Wall Type: Designed to engage stud, welded to back of frames; not less than 0.042
                 inch (1.0 mm) thick.
           3.    Post-installed Expansion Type for In-Place Concrete or Masonry: Minimum 3/8-inch-
                 (9.5-mm-) diameter bolts with expansion shields or inserts. Provide pipe spacer from
                 frame to wall, with throat reinforcement plate, welded to frame at each anchor location.

      B.   Floor Anchors: Formed from same material as frames, not less than 0.042 inch (1.0 mm) thick,
           and as follows:

           1.    Monolithic Concrete Slabs: Clip-type anchors, with two holes to receive fasteners.


2.7        HOLLOW METAL PANELS

      A.   Provide hollow metal panels of same materials, construction, and finish as specified for
           adjoining hollow metal work.


2.8        STOPS AND MOLDINGS

      A.   Moldings for Glazed Lites in Doors: Minimum 0.032 inch (0.8 mm) thick, fabricated from
           same material as door face sheet in which they are installed.

      B.   Fixed Frame Moldings: Formed integral with hollow metal frames, a minimum of 5/8 inch (16
           mm) high unless otherwise indicated.

      C.   Loose Stops for Glazed Lites in Frames: Minimum 0.032 inch (0.8 mm) thick, fabricated from
           same material as frames in which they are installed.




HOLLOW METAL DOORS AND FRAMES                                                           0812/081113 - 6
2.9        ACCESSORIES

      A.   Mullions and Transom Bars: Join to adjacent members by welding or rigid mechanical anchors.

      B.   Ceiling Struts: Minimum 1/4-inch-thick by 1-inch- (6.4-mm-thick by 25.4-mm-) wide steel.

      C.   Grout Guards: Formed from same material as frames, not less than 0.016 inch (0.4 mm) thick.


2.10       FABRICATION

      A.   Fabricate hollow metal work to be rigid and free of defects, warp, or buckle. Accurately form
           metal to required sizes and profiles, with minimum radius for thickness of metal. Where
           practical, fit and assemble units in manufacturer's plant. To ensure proper assembly at Project
           site, clearly identify work that cannot be permanently factory assembled before shipment.

      B.   Tolerances: Fabricate hollow metal work to tolerances indicated in SDI 117.

      C.   Hollow Metal Frames: Where frames are fabricated in sections due to shipping or handling
           limitations, provide alignment plates or angles at each joint, fabricated of same thickness metal
           as frames.

           1.    Welded Frames: Weld flush face joints continuously; grind, fill, dress, and make smooth,
                 flush, and invisible.
           2.    Sidelight and Transom Bar Frames: Provide closed tubular members with no visible face
                 seams or joints; fabricated from same material as doorframe. Fasten members at
                 crossings and to jambs by butt welding.
           3.    Provide countersunk, flat- or oval-head exposed screws and bolts for exposed fasteners
                 unless otherwise indicated.
           4.    Grout Guards: Weld guards to frame at back of hardware mortises in frames to be
                 grouted.
           5.    Floor Anchors: Weld anchors to bottom of jambs and mullions with at least four spot
                 welds per anchor.
           6.    Jamb Anchors: Provide number and spacing of anchors as follows:

                 a.     Stud-Wall Type: Locate anchors not more than 18 inches (457 mm) from top and
                        bottom of frame. Space anchors not more than 32 inches (813 mm) o.c. and as
                        follows:

                        1)    Three anchors per jamb up to 60 inches (1524 mm) high.
                        2)    Four anchors per jamb from 60 to 90 inches (1524 to 2286 mm) high.
                        3)    Five anchors per jamb from 90 to 96 inches (2286 to 2438 mm) high.
                        4)    Five anchors per jamb plus 1 additional anchor per jamb for each 24 inches
                              (610 mm) or fraction thereof above 96 inches (2438 mm) high.
                        5)    Two anchors per head for frames above 42 inches (1066 mm) wide and
                              mounted in metal-stud partitions.

                 b.     Compression Type: Not less than two anchors in each jamb.
                 c.     Post-installed Expansion Type: Locate anchors not more than 6 inches (152 mm)
                        from top and bottom of frame. Space anchors not more than 26 inches (660 mm)
                        o.c.



HOLLOW METAL DOORS AND FRAMES                                                            0812/081113 - 7
       7.    Door Silencers: Except on weather-stripped doors, drill stops to receive door silencers as
             follows. Keep holes clear during construction.

             a.     Single-Door Frames: Drill stop in strike jamb to receive three door silencers.
             b.     Double-Door Frames: Drill stop in head jamb to receive two door silencers.

  D.   Fabricate concealed stiffeners, edge channels, and hardware reinforcement from either cold- or
       hot-rolled steel sheet.

  E.   Hardware Preparation: Factory prepare hollow metal work to receive templated mortised
       hardware; include cutouts, reinforcement, mortising, drilling, and tapping according to the Door
       Hardware Schedule and templates furnished as specified in Division 08 Section "Door
       Hardware."

       1.    Locate hardware as indicated, or if not indicated, according to ANSI/SDI A250.8.
       2.    Reinforce doors and frames to receive nontemplated, mortised and surface-mounted door
             hardware.
       3.    Comply with applicable requirements in ANSI/SDI A250.6 and ANSI/DHI A115 Series
             specifications for preparation of hollow metal work for hardware.

  F.   Stops and Moldings: Provide stops and moldings around glazed lites where indicated. Form
       corners of stops and moldings with butted or mitered hairline joints.

       1.    Single Glazed Lites: Provide fixed stops and moldings welded on secure side of hollow
             metal work.
       2.    Multiple Glazed Lites: Provide fixed and removable stops and moldings such that each
             glazed lite is capable of being removed independently.
       3.    Provide fixed frame moldings on outside of exterior and on secure side of interior doors
             and frames.
       4.    Coordinate rabbet width between fixed and removable stops with type of glazing and
             type of installation indicated.


2.11   STEEL FINISHES

  A.   General: Comply with NAAMM's "Metal Finishes Manual for Architectural and Metal
       Products" for recommendations for applying and designating finishes.

       1.    Finish standard steel door and frames after assembly.

  B.   Metallic-Coated Steel Surface Preparation: Clean surfaces with nonpetroleum solvent so
       surfaces are free of oil and other contaminants. After cleaning, apply a conversion coating
       suited to the organic coating to be applied over it. Clean welds, mechanical connections, and
       abraded areas, and apply galvanizing repair paint specified below to comply with ASTM A 780.

       1.    Galvanizing Repair Paint: High-zinc-dust-content paint for regalvanizing welds in steel,
             complying with SSPC-Paint 20.

  C.   Steel Surface Preparation: Clean surfaces to comply with SSPC-SP 1, "Solvent Cleaning";
       remove dirt, oil, grease, or other contaminants that could impair paint bond. Remove mill scale




HOLLOW METAL DOORS AND FRAMES                                                        0812/081113 - 8
           and rust, if present, from uncoated steel; comply with SSPC-SP 3, "Power Tool Cleaning," or
           SSPC-SP 6/NACE No. 3, "Commercial Blast Cleaning."

      D.   Factory Priming for Field-Painted Finish: Apply shop primer specified below immediately after
           surface preparation and pretreatment. Apply a smooth coat of even consistency to provide a
           uniform dry film thickness of not less than 0.7 mils.

           1.    Shop Primer: Manufacturer's standard, fast-curing, lead- and chromate-free primer
                 complying with ANSI A250.10 acceptance criteria; recommended by primer
                 manufacturer for substrate; compatible with substrate and field-applied finish paint
                 system indicated; and providing a sound foundation for field-applied topcoats despite
                 prolonged exposure.

      E.   Prime Finish: Apply manufacturer's standard primer immediately after cleaning and pretreating.

           1.    Shop Primer: Manufacturer's standard, fast-curing, lead- and chromate-free primer
                 complying with ANSI/SDI A250.10 acceptance criteria; recommended by primer
                 manufacturer for substrate; compatible with substrate and field-applied coatings despite
                 prolonged exposure.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine substrates, areas, and conditions, with Installer present, for compliance with
           requirements for installation tolerances and other conditions affecting performance of the Work.

      B.   Examine roughing-in for embedded and built-in anchors to verify actual locations before frame
           installation.


3.2        PREPARATION

      A.   Remove welded-in shipping spreaders installed at factory. Restore exposed finish by grinding,
           filling, and dressing, as required to make repaired area smooth, flush, and invisible on exposed
           faces.

      B.   Prior to installation, adjust and securely brace welded hollow metal frames for squareness,
           alignment, twist, and plumbness to the following tolerances:

           1.    Squareness: Plus or minus 1/16 inch (1.6 mm), measured at door rabbet on a line 90
                 degrees from jamb perpendicular to frame head.
           2.    Alignment: Plus or minus 1/16 inch (1.6 mm), measured at jambs on a horizontal line
                 parallel to plane of wall.
           3.    Twist: Plus or minus 1/16 inch (1.6 mm), measured at opposite face corners of jambs on
                 parallel lines, and perpendicular to plane of wall.
           4.    Plumbness: Plus or minus 1/16 inch (1.6 mm), measured at jambs on a perpendicular line
                 from head to floor.




HOLLOW METAL DOORS AND FRAMES                                                            0812/081113 - 9
      C.   Drill and tap doors and frames to receive nontemplated, mortised, and surface-mounted door
           hardware.


3.3        INSTALLATION

      A.   General: Install hollow metal work plumb, rigid, properly aligned, and securely fastened in
           place; comply with Drawings and manufacturer's written instructions.

      B.   Hollow Metal Frames: Install hollow metal frames of size and profile indicated. Comply with
           ANSI/SDI A250.11.

           1.    Set frames accurately in position, plumbed, aligned, and braced securely until permanent
                 anchors are set. After wall construction is complete, remove temporary braces, leaving
                 surfaces smooth and undamaged.

                 a.    At fire-protection-rated openings, install frames according to NFPA 80.
                 b.    Where frames are fabricated in sections because of shipping or handling
                       limitations, field splice at approved locations by welding face joint continuously;
                       grind, fill, dress, and make splice smooth, flush, and invisible on exposed faces.
                 c.    Install frames with removable glazing stops located on secure side of opening.
                 d.    Install door silencers in frames before grouting.
                 e.    Remove temporary braces necessary for installation only after frames have been
                       properly set and secured.
                 f.    Check plumbness, squareness, and twist of frames as walls are constructed. Shim
                       as necessary to comply with installation tolerances.

           2.    Floor Anchors: Provide floor anchors for each jamb and mullion that extends to floor,
                 and secure with postinstalled expansion anchors.

                 a.    Floor anchors may be set with powder-actuated fasteners instead of postinstalled
                       expansion anchors if so indicated and approved on Shop Drawings.

           3.    Metal-Stud Partitions: Solidly pack mineral-fiber insulation behind frames.
           4.    Masonry Walls: Coordinate installation of frames to allow for solidly filling space
                 between frames and masonry with grout.
           5.    In-Place Concrete or Masonry Construction: Secure frames in place with postinstalled
                 expansion anchors. Countersink anchors, and fill and make smooth, flush, and invisible
                 on exposed faces.
           6.    Ceiling Struts: Extend struts vertically from top of frame at each jamb to overhead
                 structural supports or substrates above frame unless frame is anchored to masonry or to
                 other structural support at each jamb. Bend top of struts to provide flush contact for
                 securing to supporting construction. Provide adjustable wedged or bolted anchorage to
                 frame jamb members.
           7.    Installation Tolerances: Adjust hollow metal door frames for squareness, alignment,
                 twist, and plumb to the following tolerances:

                 a.    Squareness: Plus or minus 1/16 inch (1.6 mm), measured at door rabbet on a line
                       90 degrees from jamb perpendicular to frame head.
                 b.    Alignment: Plus or minus 1/16 inch (1.6 mm), measured at jambs on a horizontal
                       line parallel to plane of wall.



HOLLOW METAL DOORS AND FRAMES                                                         0812/081113 - 10
                 c.    Twist: Plus or minus 1/16 inch (1.6 mm), measured at opposite face corners of
                       jambs on parallel lines, and perpendicular to plane of wall.
                 d.    Plumbness: Plus or minus 1/16 inch (1.6 mm), measured at jambs at floor.

      C.   Hollow Metal Doors: Fit hollow metal doors accurately in frames, within clearances specified
           below. Shim as necessary.

           1.    Non-Fire-Rated Standard Steel Doors:

                 a.    Jambs and Head: 1/8 inch (3 mm) plus or minus 1/16 inch (1.6 mm).
                 b.    Between Edges of Pairs of Doors: 1/8 inch (3 mm) plus or minus 1/16 inch (1.6
                       mm).
                 c.    Between Bottom of Door and Top of Threshold: Maximum 3/8 inch (9.5 mm).
                 d.    Between Bottom of Door and Top of Finish Floor (No Threshold): Maximum 3/4
                       inch (19 mm).

           2.    Fire-Rated Doors: Install doors with clearances according to NFPA 80.
           3.    Smoke-Control Doors: Install doors according to UBC Standard 7-2.

      D.   Glazing: Comply with installation requirements in Division 08 Section "Glazing" and with
           hollow metal manufacturer's written instructions.

           1.    Secure stops with countersunk flat- or oval-head machine screws spaced uniformly not
                 more than 9 inches (230 mm) o.c. and not more than 2 inches (50 mm) o.c. from each
                 corner.


3.4        ADJUSTING AND CLEANING

      A.   Final Adjustments: Check and readjust operating hardware items immediately before final
           inspection. Leave work in complete and proper operating condition. Remove and replace
           defective work, including hollow metal work that is warped, bowed, or otherwise unacceptable.

      B.   Remove grout and other bonding material from hollow metal work immediately after
           installation.

      C.   Prime-Coat Touchup: Immediately after erection, sand smooth rusted or damaged areas of
           prime coat and apply touchup of compatible air-drying, rust-inhibitive primer.

      D.   Metallic-Coated (galvannealed) Surfaces: Clean abraded areas and repair with galvanizing
           repair paint according to manufacturer's written instructions.


END OF SECTION 081113




HOLLOW METAL DOORS AND FRAMES                                                        0812/081113 - 11
SECTION 081416 - FLUSH WOOD DOORS


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   Section Includes:

           1.    Solid-core doors with wood-veneer faces.
           2.    Factory finishing flush wood doors.
           3.    Factory fitting flush wood doors to frames and factory machining for hardware.

      B.   Related Sections:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 08 Section "Glazing" for glass view panels in flush wood doors.


1.3        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of door indicated. Include details of core and edge construction
           and trim for openings.

      B.   LEED Submittals:

           1.    Certificates for Credit MR 7: (See Alternate No. 1) Chain-of-custody certificates
                 certifying that flush wood doors comply with forest certification requirements. Include
                 evidence that manufacturer is certified for chain of custody by an FSC-accredited
                 certification body.

                 a.    Include statement indicating costs for each certified wood product.

           2.    Product Data for Credit EQ 4.4: For adhesives and composite wood products,
                 documentation indicating that product contains no urea formaldehyde.

      C.   Shop Drawings: Indicate location, size, and hand of each door; elevation of each kind of door;
           construction details not covered in Product Data; location and extent of hardware blocking; and
           other pertinent data.

           1.    Indicate dimensions and locations of mortises and holes for hardware.
           2.    Indicate dimensions and locations of cutouts.
           3.    Indicate requirements for veneer matching.


FLUSH WOOD DOORS                                                                         0812/081416 - 1
           4.    Indicate doors to be factory finished and finish requirements.

      D.   Samples for Verification:

           1.    Factory finishes applied to actual door face materials, approximately 8 by 10 inches (200
                 by 250 mm), for each material and finish. For each wood species and transparent finish,
                 provide set of three samples showing typical range of color and grain to be expected in
                 the finished work.

      E.   Warranty: Sample of special warranty.


1.4        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Source Limitations: Obtain flush wood doors from single manufacturer.

      B.   Quality Standard: In addition to requirements specified, comply with AWI's "Architectural
           Woodwork Quality Standards Illustrated.”

           1.    Provide AWI Quality Certification Labels or an AWI letter of licensing for Project
                 indicating that doors comply with requirements of grades specified.


1.5        DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

      A.   Comply with requirements of referenced standard and manufacturer's written instructions.

      B.   Package doors individually in plastic bags or cardboard cartons.

      C.   Mark each door on top and bottom rail with opening number used on Shop Drawings.


1.6        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Environmental Limitations: Do not deliver or install doors until spaces are enclosed and
           weathertight, wet work in spaces is complete and dry, and HVAC system is operating and
           maintaining ambient temperature and humidity conditions at occupancy levels during the
           remainder of the construction period.


1.7        WARRANTY

      A.   Special Warranty: Manufacturer's standard form in which manufacturer agrees to repair or
           replace doors that fail in materials or workmanship within specified warranty period.

           1.    Failures include, but are not limited to, the following:

                 a.     Warping (bow, cup, or twist) more than 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) in a 42-by-84-inch
                        (1067-by-2134-mm) section.
                 b.     Telegraphing of core construction in face veneers exceeding 0.01 inch in a 3-inch
                        (0.25 mm in a 76.2-mm) span.



FLUSH WOOD DOORS                                                                        0812/081416 - 2
           2.    Warranty shall also include installation and finishing that may be required due to repair
                 or replacement of defective doors.
           3.    Warranty Period for Solid-Core Interior Doors: Life of installation.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        MANUFACTURERS

      A.   Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide products by one of the
           following:

           1.    Algoma Hardwoods, Inc.
           2.    Eggers Industries.
           3.    Graham; an Assa Abloy Group company.
           4.    Marshfield Door Systems, Inc.
           5.    VT Industries Inc.


2.2        DOOR CONSTRUCTION, GENERAL

      A.   Low-Emitting Materials: Provide doors made with adhesives and composite wood products that
           do not contain urea formaldehyde.

      B.   Particleboard-Core Doors:

           1.    Particleboard: ANSI A208.1, Grade LD-2.
           2.    Blocking: Provide wood blocking in particleboard-core doors as needed to eliminate
                 through-bolting hardware as follows:

                 a.    5-inch (125-mm) top-rail blocking, in doors indicated to have closers.
                 b.    5-inch (125-mm) bottom-rail blocking, in exterior doors and doors indicated to
                       have kick, mop, or armor plates.
                 c.    5-inch (125-mm) midrail blocking, in doors indicated to have exit devices.



2.3        VENEERED-FACED DOORS FOR TRANSPARENT FINISH

      A.   Interior Solid-Core Doors:

           1.    Grade: Premium, with Grade A faces.
           2.    Species: White Birch.
           3.    Cut: Plain sliced (flat sliced).
           4.    Match between Veneer Leaves: Book match.
           5.    Assembly of Veneer Leaves on Door Faces: Running match.
           6.    Pair and Set Match: Provide for doors hung in same opening or separated only by
                 mullions.
           7.    Room Match: Match door faces within each separate room or area of building. Corridor-
                 door faces do not need to match where they are separated by 10 feet (3 m) or more.



FLUSH WOOD DOORS                                                                        0812/081416 - 3
           8.    Room Match: Provide door faces of compatible color and grain within each separate
                 room or area of building.
           9.    Exposed Vertical and Top Edges: Same species as faces or a compatible species.
           10.   Core: Particleboard
           11.   Construction: Five plies. Stiles and rails are bonded to core, and then entire unit abrasive
                 planed before veneering. Faces are bonded to core using a hot press.


2.4        FABRICATION

      A.   Factory fit doors to suit frame-opening sizes indicated. Comply with clearance requirements of
           referenced quality standard for fitting unless otherwise indicated.

           1.    Comply with requirements in NFPA 80 for fire-rated doors.

      B.   Factory machine doors for hardware that is not surface applied. Locate hardware to comply
           with DHI-WDHS-3. Comply with final hardware schedules, door frame Shop Drawings,
           DHI A115-W series standards, and hardware templates.

           1.    Coordinate with hardware mortises in metal frames to verify dimensions and alignment
                 before factory machining.


2.5        FACTORY FINISHING

      A.   General: Comply with referenced quality standard for factory finishing. Complete fabrication,
           including fitting doors for openings and machining for hardware that is not surface applied,
           before finishing.

           1.    Finish faces, all four edges, edges of cutouts, and mortises. Stains and fillers may be
                 omitted on top and bottom edges, edges of cutouts, and mortises.

      B.   Finish doors at factory.

      C.   Transparent Finishes:

           1.    Grade: Premium.
           2.    Finish: WDMA TR-6 catalyzed polyurethane.
           3.    Staining: Match architects sample(s).
           4.    Sheen: Satin.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        EXAMINATION

      A.   Examine doors and installed door frames before hanging doors.

           1.    Verify that frames comply with indicated requirements for type, size, location, and swing
                 characteristics and have been installed with level heads and plumb jambs.
           2.    Reject doors with defects.


FLUSH WOOD DOORS                                                                          0812/081416 - 4
      B.   Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


3.2        INSTALLATION

      A.   Hardware: For installation, see Division 08 Section "Door Hardware."

      B.   Installation Instructions: Install doors to comply with manufacturer's written instructions and
           the referenced quality standard, and as indicated.

      C.   Job-Fitted Doors: Align and fit doors in frames with uniform clearances and bevels as indicated
           below; do not trim stiles and rails in excess of limits set by manufacturer or permitted for fire-
           rated doors. Machine doors for hardware. Seal edges of doors, edges of cutouts, and mortises
           after fitting and machining.


           1.    Clearances: Provide 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) at heads, jambs, and between pairs of doors.
                 Provide 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) from bottom of door to top of decorative floor finish or
                 covering unless otherwise indicated. Where threshold is shown or scheduled, provide 1/4
                 inch (6.4 mm) from bottom of door to top of threshold unless otherwise indicated.
           2.    Bevel non-fire-rated doors 1/8 inch in 2 inches (3-1/2 degrees) at lock and hinge edges.

      D.   Factory-Fitted Doors: Align in frames for uniform clearance at each edge.

      E.   Factory-Finished Doors: Restore finish before installation if fitting or machining is required at
           Project site.


3.3        ADJUSTING

      A.   Operation: Rehang or replace doors that do not swing or operate freely.

      B.   Finished Doors: Replace doors that are damaged or that do not comply with requirements.
           Doors may be repaired or refinished if work complies with requirements and shows no evidence
           of repair or refinishing.


END OF SECTION 081416




FLUSH WOOD DOORS                                                                          0812/081416 - 5
SECTION 083113 - ACCESS DOORS AND FRAMES


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS

      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes the following:

           1.    Access doors and frames for walls and ceilings.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 04 Section "Unit Masonry" for anchoring and grouting access door frames set in
                 masonry construction.
           3.    Division 09 Section "Gypsum Board" for access in walls and ceilings.
           4.    Division 09 Section "Painting" for finish requirements.


1.3        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: For each type of access door and frame indicated. Include construction details,
           materials, individual components and profiles, and finishes.

      B.   Shop Drawings: Show fabrication and installation details of access doors and frames for each
           type of substrate. Include plans, elevations, sections, details, and attachments to other work.

      C.   Access Door and Frame Schedule: Provide complete access door and frame schedule, including
           types, locations, sizes, latching or locking provisions, and other data pertinent to installation.


1.4        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Source Limitations: Obtain access door(s) and frame(s) through one source from a single
           manufacturer.

      B.   Size Variations: Obtain Architect's acceptance of manufacturer's standard-size units, which
           may vary slightly from sizes indicated.




ACCESS DOORS AND FRAMES                                                                   0812/083113 - 1
1.5        COORDINATION

      A.   Verification: Determine specific locations and sizes for access doors needed to gain access to
           concealed plumbing, mechanical, or other concealed work, and indicate in the schedule
           specified in "Submittals" Article.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


2.1        STEEL MATERIALS

      A.   Steel Plates, Shapes, and Bars: ASTM A 36/A 36M.

      B.   Steel Sheet: Uncoated or electrolytic zinc-coated, ASTM A 591/A 591M with cold-rolled steel
           sheet substrate complying with ASTM A 1008/A 1008M, Commercial Steel (CS), exposed.

      C.   Steel Finishes: Comply with NAAMM's "Metal Finishes Manual for Architectural and Metal
           Products" for recommendations for applying and designating finishes.

      D.   Drywall Beads: Edge trim formed from 0.0299-inch (0.76-mm) zinc-coated steel sheet formed
           to receive joint compound and in size to suit thickness of gypsum board.


2.2        ACCESS DOORS AND FRAMES FOR WALLS AND CEILINGS

      A.   Contractor shall provide five (5) access doors and frames as specified.

      B.   Basis-of-Design Product: The design for access doors is based on the product named. Subject
           to compliance with requirements, provide either the named product or a comparable product by
           one of the other manufacturers specified.

           1.    Basis-of-Design Product: Type TM by J L Industries Incorporated or a comparable
                 product by one of the following:


                 a.     Babcock-Davis; A Cierra Products Co.
                 b.     Dur-Red Products.
                 c.     J. L. Industries, Inc.
                 d.     Karp Associates, Inc.
                 e.     Larsen’s Manufacturing Company.
                 f.     Milcor Inc.

      C.   Flush Access Doors and Frames with Exposed Trim: Fabricated from steel sheet.

           1.    Locations: Masonry wall and/or gypsum board ceiling surfaces.
           2.    Door: Minimum 14 gage thick steel, set flush with exposed face flange of frame.
           3.    Frame: Minimum 16 gage thick steel with 1-inch wide surface-mounted trim wide.
           4.    Hinges: Continuous piano hinge.
           5.    Lock: Key-operated cylinder lock.
           6.    Size: 24 inches x 24 inch, unless otherwise indicated on drawings.
           7.    Access doors and frames shall be gasketed with manufacturer’s standard material.


ACCESS DOORS AND FRAMES                                                                0812/083113 - 2
2.3        FABRICATION

      A.   General: Provide access door and frame assemblies manufactured as integral units ready for
           installation.

      B.   Metal Surfaces: For metal surfaces exposed to view in the completed Work, provide materials
           with smooth, flat surfaces without blemishes. Do not use materials with exposed pitting, seam
           marks, roller marks, rolled trade names, or roughness.

      C.   Doors and Frames: Grind exposed welds smooth and flush with adjacent surfaces. Furnish
           attachment devices and fasteners of type required to secure access panels to types of supports
           indicated.

           1.    Exposed Flanges: Nominal 1 to 1-1/2 inches (25 to 38 mm) wide around perimeter of
                 frame.
           2.    Provide mounting holes in frames for attachment of units to metal or wood framing.
           3.    Provide mounting holes in frame for attachment of masonry anchors.

      D.   Latching Mechanisms: Furnish number required to hold doors in flush, smooth plane when
           closed.

           1.    For cylinder lock, furnish two keys per lock and key all locks alike.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.1        INSTALLATION

      A.   Comply with manufacturer's written instructions for installing access doors and frames.

      B.   Set frames accurately in position and attach securely to supports with plane of face panels
           aligned with adjacent finish surfaces.

      C.   Install doors flush with adjacent finish surfaces or recessed to receive finish material.


3.2        ADJUSTING AND CLEANING

      A.   Adjust doors and hardware after installation for proper operation.

      B.   Remove and replace doors and frames that are warped, bowed, or otherwise damaged.


END OF SECTION 083113




ACCESS DOORS AND FRAMES                                                                      0812/083113 - 3
SECTION 084413 - GLAZED ALUMINUM CURTAIN WALLS


PART 1 - GENERAL


1.1        RELATED DOCUMENTS


      A.   Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
           Conditions and other Division 01 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.


1.2        SUMMARY

      A.   This Section includes conventionally glazed aluminum curtain walls installed as stick systems.

      B.   Related Sections include the following:


           1.    Division 01 Section "Submittal Procedures" for Electronic Submittal Requirements.
           2.    Division 07 Section "Joint Sealants" for installation of joint sealants installed with glazed
                 aluminum curtain-wall systems and for sealants to the extent not specified in this Section.
           3.    Division 08 Section "Aluminum-Framed Entrances and Storefronts" for entrance and
                 storefront systems installed with glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems.
           4.    Division 08 Section "Glazing" for insulating-glass requirements.


1.3        PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

      A.   General: Provide glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems, including anchorage, capable of
           withstanding, without failure, the effects of the following:

           1.    Structural loads.
           2.    Thermal movements.
           3.    Movements of supporting structure indicated on Drawings including, but not limited to,
                 story drift, twist, column shortening, long-term creep, and deflection from uniformly
                 distributed and concentrated live loads.
           4.    Dimensional tolerances of building frame and other adjacent construction.
           5.    Failure includes the following:

                 a.     Deflection exceeding specified limits.
                 b.     Thermal stresses transferred to building structure.
                 c.     Framing members transferring stresses, including those caused by thermal and
                        structural movements, to glazing.
                 d.     Noise or vibration created by wind and thermal and structural movements.
                 e.     Loosening or weakening of fasteners, attachments, and other components.
                 f.     Sealant failure.

      B.   Structural Loads:



GLAZED ALUMINUM CURTAIN WALLS                                                              0812/084413 - 1
           1.    Wind Loads: 35 psf acting inward and 30 psf acting outward.

      C.   Structural-Test Performance: Provide glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems tested according
           to ASTM E 330 as follows:

           1.    When tested at positive and negative wind-load design pressures, systems do not
                 evidence deflection exceeding specified limits.
           2.    When tested at 150 percent of positive and negative wind-load design pressures, systems,
                 including anchorage, do not evidence material failures, structural distress, and permanent
                 deformation of main framing members exceeding 0.2 percent of span.
           3.    Test Duration: As required by design wind velocity but not less than 60 seconds.

      D.   Deflection of Framing Members:

           1.    Deflection Normal to Wall Plane: Limited to 1/175 of clear span for spans up to 13 feet 6
                 inches (4.1 m) and to 1/240 of clear span plus 1/4 inch (6.35 mm) for spans greater than
                 13 feet 6 inches (4.1 m) or an amount that restricts edge deflection of individual glazing
                 lites to 3/4 inch (19 mm), whichever is less.
           2.    Deflection Parallel to Glazing Plane: Limited to 1/360 of clear span or 1/8 inch (3.2
                 mm), whichever is smaller.

      E.   Thermal Movements: Provide glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems that allow for thermal
           movements resulting from the following maximum change (range) in ambient and surface
           temperatures. Base engineering calculation on surface temperatures of materials due to both
           solar heat gain and nighttime-sky heat loss.

           1.    Temperature Change (Range): 120 deg F (67 deg C), ambient; 180 deg F (100 deg C),
                 material surfaces.
           2.    Test Performance: No buckling, stress on glass, glazing-edge seal failure, sealant failure,
                 excess stress on curtain-wall framing, anchors and fasteners, or reduction of performance
                 when tested according to AAMA 501.5.

      F.   Air Infiltration: Provide glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems with maximum air leakage of
           0.06 cfm/sq. ft. (0.03 L/s per sq. m) of fixed wall area when tested according to ASTM E 283 at
           a minimum static-air-pressure differential of 1.57 lbf/sq. ft. (75 Pa).

      G.   Water Penetration Under Static Pressure: Provide aluminum glazed curtain-wall systems that
           do not evidence water penetration when tested according to ASTM E 331 at a minimum
           differential static pressure of 20 percent of positive design wind load, but not less than 10 lbf/sq.
           ft. (479 Pa).

      H.   Condensation Resistance: Provide glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems with condensation-
           resistance factor (CRF) of not less than 55 when tested according to AAMA 1503.


1.4        SUBMITTALS

      A.   Product Data: Include construction details, material descriptions, dimensions of individual
           components and profiles, and finishes for each type of product indicated.




GLAZED ALUMINUM CURTAIN WALLS                                                                0812/084413 - 2
      B.   LEED Submittal:

           1.    Product Data for Credit EQ 4.1: For glazing sealants used inside of the weatherproofing
                 system, including printed statement of VOC content.

      C.   Shop Drawings: Prepared by or under the supervision of a qualified professional engineer
           detailing fabrication and assembly of glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems.

      D.   Samples for Verification: For each type of exposed finish required, in manufacturer's standard
           sizes.

      E.   Fabrication Sample: Of each vertical-to-horizontal intersection of systems, made from 12-inch
           (300-mm) lengths of full-size components and showing details of the following:

           1.    Joinery.
           2.    Anchorage.
           3.    Expansion provisions.
           4.    Glazing.
           5.    Flashing and drainage.

      F.   Welding certificates.

      G.   Qualification Data: For Installer.

      H.   Warranties: Special warranties specified in this Section.


1.5        QUALITY ASSURANCE

      A.   Installer Qualifications: Capable of assuming engineering responsibility and performing Work
           of this Section and who is acceptable to manufacturer.

           1.    Engineering Responsibility: Preparation of data for glazed aluminum curtain-wall
                 systems including the following:

                 a.     Shop Drawings based on testing and engineering analysis of manufacturer's
                        standard units in assemblies similar to those indicated for this Project and
                        submission of reports of tests performed on manufacturer's standard assemblies.

      B.   Product Options: Information on Drawings and in Specifications establishes requirements for
           systems' aesthetic effects and performance characteristics. Aesthetic effects are indicated by
           dimensions, arrangements, alignment, and profiles of components and assemblies as they relate
           to sightlines, to one another, and to adjoining construction. Performance characteristics are
           indicated by criteria subject to verification by one or more methods including preconstruction
           testing, field testing, and in-service performance.

           1.    Do not modify intended aesthetic effects, as judged solely by Architect, except with
                 Architect's approval. If modifications are proposed, submit comprehensive explanatory
                 data to Architect for review.

      C.   Welding: Qualify procedures and personnel according to AWS D1.2, "Structural Welding
           Code--Aluminum."


GLAZED ALUMINUM CURTAIN WALLS                                                          0812/084413 - 3
1.6        PROJECT CONDITIONS

      A.   Field Measurements: Verify actual locations of structural supports for glazed aluminum
           curtain-wall systems by field measurements before fabrication and indicate measurements on
           Shop Drawings.

           1.    Established Dimensions: Where field measurements cannot be made without delaying
                 the Work, establish dimensions and proceed with fabricating glazed aluminum curtain-
                 wall systems