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					                                                   31 .   Manufactures
         [Statistics in this section relate to continental 'United States except as noted. For additional defiance on
            manufactured food products, mineral products, and forest products, see sections 25, 20, 27, 28, and 291
            GENERAL Non.-The Census of Manufactures was taken decennially prior to 1899 and for each fifth
         year thereafter through 1919, and has been taken every second year from 1921 to 1939. During the war years
         the Census of Manufactures was abandoned as directed by Executive Order No. 9152, In the Interests of
         more important work related to the Nation's war effort. The censuses for 1904, 1909, 1914, and 1919 covered
         all factories or plants whose products were valued at $500 or more, but, beginning with 1921, the minimum
         limit has been $5,000. As a mle, the term "establishment" signifies a single plant or factory, but in some
         cases an establishment operates two or more factories and in a few cases two or more departments of a
         single plant or factory are treated as separate establishments. At the censuses for 1937 and 1939, however,
         an establishment operating two or more factories was counted as two or more establishments. The total
         number of establishments was Increased approximately 2,000 by this change.
            "Value of products" represents selling value at the plant or factory. Because of the use of the products
         of some establishments as materials for others, the total cost of materials and the total value of products
         for all industries in a given group, and for all groups in the aggregate, include much duplication, estimated
         at roughly one-third of the gross value of products. Such duplication is not, however, found to any great
         extent within Individual industries.
            The 1939 Census of Manufactures questionnaire, for the first time, called for personnel employed in dis-
         tribution, construction, etc., separately from the manufacturing employees of the plants, and therefore the
         data for earlier years probably are not strictly comparable with those for 1989. It is not known how many
         of die wage earners and the salaried employees reported at previous censuses were engaged in distribution
         and construction and how many were engaged in manufacturing.
            It la sometimes necessary, for various reasons but chiefly because of changes in census classification, to
         make adjustments in the figures for earlier census years, Adjustments have been made in the figures
         beginning with 1809 as a result of the exclusion from the Census of Manufactures since 1929 of the Industries
         "Coffee and spice, roasting and grinding," "Flax and hemp, dressed," "Clas, Illuminating and heating,"
         "Grindstones," "Motion pictures, not including projection in theaters," "Peanuts, walnuts, and other
         nuts, processed or shelled,' and "Railroad repair shops" (both steam and electric).
           Detailed quantity end value figures for products of selected manufacturing industries are presented in
         certain of the census tables in this section and In sections 25, 28, 27, and 29. The "total value" figures for
         the respective industries, as given in those tables, differ from tile values of products of the corresponding
         industries, as given in table 932, because of the inclusion In the product-value totals in those tables, but
         not in the values of products for the corresponding Industries in table 932, of data for the respective classes
         of commodities made as minor or secondary products by establishments engaged primarily l.n other lines
         of manufacture.

                            No. 923.-MANUFACTIIRES-SITEMART: 1849 To 1939

                                                            Wage                          Cost of
                                           Number         earners                       materials,                       Value
                  CIZisue YEAR                of          (average         Wages        containers,    Value of       added by
                                          establish-       for the                       fuel, and     products         mum.
                                            ments           year)                       Purchased                      facture 3
                                                                                          energy

         Factories and hand and neigh-
           borhood industries;                                          5,00141ollers 1,00 dollar, 1,000 dollars 1,060 dollars
             1849 Jr                         123, 020       957, 059        236, 756       55e 124      1, 019, 107        463, 983
                                                                                                                             .
             1859 a                          140, 433     1,311, 246        378, 879     1, 031, 605    1, 885, 862        854,257
             1860 I                          252, 148     2, 053, 896     s 820,487     a 1,990, 742 a 3, 385, 860     a 1, 395, 119
             1879 1                          253, 852     2, 732, 590       947, 954     8, 306, 824    6, 369, 579      1, 972, 756
             1889 a                          355, 405     4, 251,135      1, 801,220     5, 162, 014    9, 372, 379      4, 210, 365
             1899 I .   .                     512,191     5,306,143       2, 320, 938    7, 343,628    13, 000, 149      5, 656, 521
         Factories, excluding band and
           neighborhood industries:
             1899 3                          204, 750     4, 501, 919     1, 892, 574    6, 385, 970   11, 032, 951      4, 646, 981
             1004 a                          213, 444     5, 181. 660     2, 440, 851    8, 233, 790   14, 252, 961      8, 010, 171
             1909 1                          264, 826     6, 262, 242     3, 205, 618   11, 783, 160   19, 945, 249      8, 162, 089
             1914 s                          209, 193     6, 613, 189     3, 787, 399   14, 020, 417   23, 442, 692      9, 422, 276
             1914 d                          173, 575     6, 475, 587     3, 709, 449   13, 811, 422   23, 049, 632      9, 238, 210
             1919 4                          210, 268     8, 423, 964     9, 511, 002   36, 229,015    59, 964, 027     23, 735, 012
             1921'                           192, 050     8, 475, 474     7, 461, 299   24, 897,078    41, 649, 853     17, 252, 775
             1923'                           192, 008     8, 194, 170    10, 148, 624   33, 611, 809   58, 181, 296     24, 569, 487
             1925 4                          183, 877     7, 871, 409     9, 979, 649   35, 141, 601   60, 800, 225     26,687, 624
             1927 1                          187, 629     7,048. 070     10, 099, 465   34, 010, 075   60, 335, 469     26, 325, 394
             1029 4                          206, 663     8, 309, 705    10, 884, 919   87, 402, 608   67, 994,041      30, 591, 435
             1931 a                          171, 450     6, 163, 144     8, 688, 541   21, 229, 358   39, 829, 888     18,600, 582
             1933'                           139,325      5, 787, 611     4, 940, 146   16, 649, 788   30, 557, 328     14, 007, 540
             1036 I                          167, 916     7,203, 794      7, 311, 329   28, 441, 145   44, 993, 699   4 18, 532, 613
             1937 I                          166, 794     8, 569, 231    10, 112, 883   35, 539, 333   60, 712, 872   6 25, 173, 639
             1939'                           184, 230     7, 886, 667     0,089, 941    32, 100, 107   58, 843, 025   6 24, 682, 918
                                                     ,


             Value of products less cost of materials, containers, fuel, and pnrohased eleetr a energy.
             For ell eetablishments having products valued at $500 or more.         d Reduced to gold basis.
           4 For all establishments having products valued at $5,000 or more.       I Includes cost of contract work.
           d Calculated by subtracting sum of cost of materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and cost
         of contract work from value of products. Not strictly comparable with years prior to 1935.
           Spume: Department of Comtnerce, Bureau of the Census; reports of Biennial Census of Manufactures.
                                                                                                                  809
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          810                                                 MANUFACTURES

          No. 924.PormATIox, WA.(331 EARNERS, AND PRODTIcTIONINDintrost .1899
                                                                         To 1939
                                                        NOTE .Bee general note, p. 809.

                                              Pro- Produe- I                                                                      Pro- Produe-
            CENSUS YEAR         Pope- Wage du0tlonl tion per                                                      Popu- Wage duction Don per
                                %hen earners (quan- wage                                   CIIMB TR."             lation earners ((luau- Wage
                                             tity) I earner                                                                      tity) 1 earner

          1399                     100          100         100              100 I 1927                                158           178         317         176
                                                                  f
          1004                     110          116         124 I            108 I 1929                                162           190         364         192
          1900                     121          139         158 J
          1914
                                                                             114 J 1931                                168           140        262          187
                                   131          147         186              127 I 1933                                168           131        228    '     174
          1919                     HO           191         222 J            116   1935
          1921                                                                                                         170           163         301         185
                                   145          117         194
          1923                     149
                                                                             132 I 1937                                172           194         376         194
                                                186         280 j            151   1939                                175           187         373         199
          1923                     164          178         298              167
                                                                                                                                                               _
             Index of physical output from National Bureau of Econoraie Research,

         No. 925.M ANITFACTTIRING             ESTABLISHMENTS CLASSIFIED                                                              ACCORDING TO
                                   NUMBER OP WAGE EARNERS : 1937 AND 1939
                                                          NOTz.-8ee general note, P. 505.                         '



                                                                      1837                                                          1939

                 90133,(8ER 07 WAGE                         Percent of total
                      EARNERS                Estab- Average                                                            Average             Percent of total
                                                                             Estab-
                                              lish. number                    lish-                                   number
                                             meats of wage Establish- Wage ments
                                                    earners
                                                                                                                       of wage        Establish- age
                                                            manta earners                                              earners         manta earners
                  Total                      1401, 794 8,969,231               100.0         100. 0 184,230           7, 988, 667             100.01       190.0
         None                                  6,885                                4.1                  8, 315                                 4.
         1 to 6                               82,164       170, 171                37. 3       2. 0                                                          2. 6
         6 to 20                                                                                        73, 930          203, 032              41. 2
                                              48, 402    514, 487                  27.8        8. 0     49,015           542, 679              26, 6         6. 9
         21 to 50                             23, 138    760, 922                  13.9        8. 8
         31 to 100                                                                                      23, 646          764, 814              12. 8         O. 7
                                              11, 911    852, 373                   7.1        9. 9     11, 908          848, 423               6. 5        10. 8
         101 to 250                            0, 746 1, 522, 670                   5. 8      17. 8
         261 to 500                                                                                      9, 468       1, 472, 651               3. 1        18. 7
                                               3, 911 1, 363, 000                   2.8       15.        3, 651       1, 268, 983                           M. 1
         301 to 1,000                                                                                                                           2. 0
                                               1, 680 1, 133, 323                   1.0       13. 2      1, 495       1, 024, 297                 .8        13, 0
         1,001 to 2,500                          737'   1,080, 534                   .4       12. 6
         2,501 or more                                                                                     634           937, 136                 .3        11. 9
                                                 241    1, 181, 748                  .1       33. 8        178           824, 332                .1         10.


         No. 926.MANTTACTurarro ESTABLISHMENTS                                                         CLASSIFIED                   BY VALur or
                                                                PRODUCTS: 1939
                                                         NOTE .See general note, p. 809.

                                                  ESTABLISH-                                            VALUE OP PROD-                VALUE ADDED BY
                                                        MEETS            WAGE EARNERS
         CLASS 07 ESTABLISHMENTS                                                                               VCTS                    MANUFACTURE
           ACCORDING TO VALVE or
           PRODUCTS                             Nam_ Percent Average Percent Amount Percent Amount Percent
                                                     distri-
                                                 ber button num b_ °' distri. (thousa nds dtstri- (thousands distrl-
                                                                      bution of dollars) button of dollars) bution

                  Total                        184, 230      100. 0 7, 888, 587              100. 0 68, 843, 026          100. 0 24, 882, 018              100. 0
         $5,000 to $19,999                      60, 593       32. 9     189, 676
         $20,000 to $49,999       ....   _                                                               680, 777            1. 2          393, 900          1. 6
                                                12, 083       22. 8     327, 310
         $50,000 to $99,999                     23, 490       13. 8     389, 637
                                                                                                       1,353, 676            2.4           719, 598          3.0
         $100,000 to $249,999                   24, 718
                                                                                                       1,811,483             3.2           966,006          3. 9
                                                              13. 4     768, 368                       3, 920, 971         6. 9       1, 938, 317
         $230,000 to $499,999                   13, 086        7. 1     839, 222
                                                                                                                                                            7. 9
         $300,000 to $999,999                                                                          4, 626, 937         8. 1       2, 167, 507           8. 8
                                                 8, 706         4. 7 1, 038, 151                       6,110, 939
         $1,000,000 to $2,499,999                6,088          3. 3 1, 483, 278
                                                                                                                          10. 8       2, 816, 572          11. 4
         $2,500,000 to $4,999,099                                                                      9, 298, 280        18. 4       4, 276, 718          17. 3
                                                 2, 013         1. 1    804, 184                       6, 918, 927
         $5,000,00C1 and over                                                                                             12. 2       3, 160, 708          12. 8
                                                 1, 473          . 8 1, 966,322                       22,121,182          38. 9       8, 221, 595          33, 3
           _
             mime or tables 92 , 925, and 926: Departutent of Commerce,
         Census of Manufactures.                                        Bureau of the Census; reports of Biennial


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                                                         INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION                                                            811
               No. 927.INDIT8T1IAL PROMICTIONINDEXES, ITT GROUPS: 1926 TO 1945
         [1935-39 average=100. For discussion of revisions beginning 1930, see Federal Reserve Bulletin, October
           1943; for discussion of revisions for earlier years, see September 1941 Bulletin. Monthly data are adjusted
           for seasonal variation

                                                                                       MANUFACTURES


                                                                             Durable manufactures                       Nondurable manu-
                                                                                                                             actures
           YEAR AND
            MONTE
                                 Total
                                                                                    Trans- Nell- Lum.
                                          Total
                                                        Total
                                                                   Iron
                                                                   and                      and
                                                                                               ,,
                                                                               Ma- porta- ferrous ber
                                                                              elan. tion --"'''''' and
                                                                                                               Stone,
                                                                                                               clay,
                                                                                                                and
                                                                                                               alass Total!
                                                                                                                                 rGx- Leath-
                                                                                                                                 tiles
                                                                                                                                  and er azd
                                                                   steel            ment --
                                                                               ery equip- prOd- prod-
                                                                                                   liets
                                                                                                               - ,
                                                                                                               pro"'
                                                                                                                                 prod- prod-
                                                                                                                                 nets     Lida
                                                                                            UCtS               UCtS


        1920                       90           95        114                          109     113       148     105      79       84        90
        1927                       96           94        107                           89     108       144     106      83       N         94
        1928                       99           99        117                          108     118       142     110      85       87        93
        1929                      110          110        132                          134     136       146     110      03       01        95
        1930                       91           90         98                           91     106       105      96      84       71        84
        1931                       75            75        67                           62      83        76      77      79       79        82
        1932                       58            57          41                         88      52        51      61      79       71        76
        1033                       60            68          64                         48      00        63      54      79       88        88
        1934                       74            74          05                          09     02        04      94      81       76        91
        1935                       87            87          83                         03      80 '      85      77      90       93        09
        1936                      103          104        108                          110     101       105     103     100       104      103
        1937                      113          113        122                          123     122       113     114     106      106       102
        1938                       89            87          78                         72      80       90       92      95       86        93
        1939                      109          109        109                          103     113      100      114     100      112       105
        1940                      125          120        130                          145     139      116      124     115      114        98
        1941                      102          168        201                          248     191      134      102     142      152       123
        1942                      199          212        279                          464     214      134      168     158      157       122
        1943                      239          268        300                          735     257      120      173     176      153       114
        1944                      235          252        353                          719      260     125      104     171      148       113
        1945                      203          214        274                          487    2 201     109      103     100      146       117
               Tan                234          251        345                          700     253      126      162     175      1150      113
               Feb                236          252        340                          695     257      123      163     170      155       121
               Mar                235          252        345                          075     267       121     105     175      163       122
               Apr                230          247        336                          651     253      119      167     174      149       222
               May                225          240        323                          610     248      118      162     173      160       121
               Juno               220          231        308                          572     219      116      166     173      150       127
               July               210          222        292                          535     196      110      109     165      132       100
               Aug                186          104        239                          405     165      107      100     157      134       108
               Sept               107          173        194                          273     139       OS      101     155      144       119
               Oct       .....    102          168        180                          258     144       01      161     151      141       112
               Nov-- ......       108          173        191                          252     118       09      158     158      140       116
               Dec                103          100        185                          218     147       03      164     156      143       111


                                                                  mAmmucrtmEscontinued                                         MINERALS


                                                        Nondurable manufacturesContinued
                  YEAR              Mann-                               ..           Print- Petro-
                                        fac-           Alm-       To-        Paper    ing     leum Chem- Rub- Total Fuels ivret.
                                                                                                                           ais
                                    tured              bona       Wes         and     and      and  teal  ber
                                        food          bever-      prod-      prod-   pub-     coal     prod- prod-
                                    prod-             ages        'acts       ucts   lish-    prod- ucts       nets
                                     nets                                             ing     ucts
        1925                               87                        88         72      92       76              80      100       95      126
        1927                               88                        90         74      93       78              83      100       97      116
        1928                               93                        92         79      90       87              98       99       95      129
        1929                              101                        96         85     104       06             100      107      103      134
        1030                              100                        93         79      07       80              78       93       91      102
        1031                               go                        87         74      88       80              72      80        82       68
        1932                               79                        70         05      74       69              64      67        72       36
        1933                               83                        80         76      75       74              77      75        80       51
        1034                               88            74          87         76      80       70              86      80        83       68
        1935                               89            89          90         85      89       85              93      86        89       73
        1930                               08           109          90         98      99       97             107      99        99      102
        1937                              103           108         103        107     100      108             104      112      100      127
        1938                              101            06         102         95      96      100              83       97       99       80
        1039_                             108            98         106        114     100      110             113      106      105      113
        1940                              113           101         109        123     112      120             123      117      114      134
        1941                              127           117         120        160     127      135             103      125      122      149
        1942                               134          118         131        142     116      147             172      129      125      148
        1943                              145           117         133        139     111      185             228      132      132      120
        1044                               182          144         125        139     191      247             234      140      145      113
        1046                             2 150          178         136        130     108    5 235             215      137      143      101
          For footnotes, seo page 812.
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        812                                                  MANUFACTuRES

         No. 927.-INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION-INDEXES, BY GROUPS : 1926 To 1945-Con.
                                                   IfAxuncruurcs-continued                                                                    MINERALS

                                            Nondurable manufactures-Continued

          YEAR AND MONTH Menu-                                         Print- Petro.
                         fac-              Alco-    To.       Paper ing               learn Chem- Rub- Total Fuels Met-
                                                                                                                   als
                                 tured     bone    bacco       and and                 and   Ica]  ber
                                 food     bever-   prod-      prod- pub-              coal       prod- prod-
                                 prod-     ages     ucts       tints        lish-    prod-       nets       ucts
                                  nets                                       ing      ucts

                  1945 .
         Jan                        155      213      121                     102          273     317                                  140       145          111
         Feb                        158      170      123                     105          276     318                                  141       146          111
         Mar                        160      148      123                     105          272     319                                  142       347          111
         Apr                        160      144      120                     105          268     318                                  140       145          111
         May                        153      136      128                     105          273     319                                  138       143          110
         June                       151      139      139                     106          269     318                                  144       150          105
         July                       147      193      128                     105      2 267       307                                  143       148          106
         Aug                        138      173      150                     111      2 240       265                                  140       146          105
         Sept                       144      192      160                     109      2 184       239                                  184       139          105
         Oct__                      143      201      167                     115      2 156       230                                  124       126          106
         Nov                        150      216      154                     114      2 174       228                                  138       143          109
         Dec                        153      212      112                     112      2 172       230                                  133       137          108


           1 Beginning January 1942 includes industrial alcohol produced in the alcoholic beverage industry. Fig-
         ures not available for publication separately.              5 Preliminary.
           Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Figures published monthly in Federal
         Reserve Bulletin.

         No. 928.-MANUFACTURE8-PRIME MOVERS, MOTORS, A ND GENERATORS, B Y
                                                           --
                       NUMBER AND RATED CAPACITY: 1899 TO 1939
                                                          t.
                                                           t.                                                tO
                                                                                                              tO
                                                                                                             bO
                                                                                                                   to
                                                                                                                   to
                                                                                                                   CO
                                                                                                                   CAD
                                                                                                                   G CO

                                                                                                                          tO
                                                                                                                          01
                                                                                                                          -3
                                                                                                                          CO
                                                                                                                          0101
                                                                                                                          1001 V




                                          [See fourth paragraph of general note, p. 8044

                             HIND                              1899                 1909             1919                             1020              1939

         Number of establishments reporting power
          equipment                                           1 131, 309        1 181, 894        1 219, 398                           190, 091      2 179, 674
         Prime movers, horsepower                           3 9, 633, 215      16, 393, 467      19, 432, 157                      19, 328, 309    21, 239, 105
         Electric motors driven by purchased
          energy, horsepower                                   178, 176         1, 069, 226       8, 965, 400                      21, 793, 762    29, 213, 085
         Prime movers:
            Steam engines:
                  Number                                       5 127, 145   8 148, OK                110, 609                          02, 805          42, 538
                Horsepower                                  8 7, 999, 241 213, 806, 053          13, 346, 169                      9, 157, 755      6, 533, 429
            Ste am turbines:
                  Number                                         (5)                 (5)               5, 655                           8, 883          12, 631
                Horsepower                                       (9                 (8)           3, 098, 698                      7, 409, 748     11, 295, 872
            Diesel and semi-Diesel engines:
                  Number                                         (9                                   (8)                              (2)                5, 311
                  Horsepower                                     (8)                                  (9                               (9               630, 181
               Other internal-combustion engines:
                  Number                                       2 14, 231         6 33, 866          6 30, 080                     6 10, 991             10, 278
                  Horsepower _                                6 132, 961        2 739, 736       81, 223, 296                 6 1, 203, 303         1, 170, 044
            Hydroturbines and water wheels:
               Number                                           7 23, 078         7 21, 225          7 13, 952                      6, 511               3, 854
                  Horsepower_                               7 1, 493, 821     7 1, 819, 465      7 1, 763, 994                 1, 557, 503          1, 603, 666
         Electric generators, kilowatt rating                    (8)                 (8)              (8)                      7, 691, 999          9, 658, 823
         Electric motors, total horsepower                     475, 342         4, 582,689       15, 612, 644                 33, 844, 131         45, 291, 819
            Driven by purchased energy:
                 Number                                          (8)               193, 898          954, 916                  2, 666, 142          4, 138, 287
                 Horsepower                                    178, 176         1, 669, 226       8, 965, 406                 21, 793, 762         29, 213, 085
            Driven by energy generated in plant:
                 Number                                         16, 317            180, 791          465, 519                     829, 959          1, 224, 478
                 Horsepower                                    297, 166         2, 913, 463       6, 647, 238                 12, 050, 369         16, 078, 234
           1 Because of the change from $500 to 85,000 in the no nimum-value-of-products limit, the 'Number of
         establishments reporting power equipment" figures for 1919 and earlier years are not comparab e with those
          or 1929 and 1939. This change did not, however, materially impair the comparableness of the figures for
         the other Items in this table.
           2 Returns for "Logging camps and logging contractors (not operating mills)," numbering 967, were ex-
         cluded from power tabulations.
            Includes 47,192 horsepower reported as other owned power, not distributed by type of prime mover.
           4 Includes 28,213 horsepower reported as other owned power, not distributed by typo of prime mover.
           s Figures for "Steam engines" include data for "Steam turbines," not reported separately.
           6 Figures for "Other internal-combustion engines" include data for "Diesel and semi-Diesel engines,"
         not reported separately.
             Includ es data for water motors.                Not available.
           Source: Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; reports of Biennial Census of Manufactures, 1939.
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                                                                   No. 929.-MANIFFACTIMES-RATED CAPACITY OF PRIME MOVERS, MOTORS, AND GENERATORS, AND CONSUMPTION                                                                                    OF ELECTRIC
                                                                                                              ENERGY, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND BY INDUSTRY GROUPS: 1939

                                                                                                                             ESTABLISHMENTS                                              ELECTRIC MOTORS, HORSEPOWER                      ELECTRIC ENERGY (MILLIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             OF EILOWATY-ITOMiS)

                                                                                                                                    Number              Prime         Generators,
                                                                        GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION IND /181:MSVEY GROUP                              movers,                  kilowatt
                                                                                                                                   reporting,                           rating                        Driven by           Driven by       Gener-
                                                                                                                             Number power - horsepower                                 Total          purchased             plant         ated in    Sold       Put-
                                                                                                                                     equip-                                                            energy              energy          plant                chased
                                                                                                                                           merit

                                                                        United States                                         184, 230    1 179, 674   21, 239, 196     9, 658, 828   45, 291, 31.9    29, 213, 085        16, 078, 234    28, 751    2, 922      45, 040
                                                                   New England                                                 16, 136      15, 733     1, 968, 571     I, 045, 303    3, 807, 593      2, 518. 491         I, 3* 102       2, 380       98        3. 386
                                                                   Middle Atlantic                                             56, 291      54,922      5, OHO, 360     2,077, 345    IL 542. 265       7, 606. 740         3, 935. 525     5, 592      882       12, 950
                                                                   East North Central                                          40,415       39,825      6, 423. 434     3, 130, 324   15, 592.605       9, 610, 304         5, 982, 301     9, 416      980       10, 883
                                                                   West North Central                                          14, 947      14, 772       828, 385         372. 094    2. 102, 829      1, 487, 058           616, rn       1, 047      157        2, 051
                                                                   South Atlantic                                              17, 317      16, 666     2, 759,673      1, 433, 118    4, 737, 350      2, 897, 014         1, 840, 384     5, 389      413        5, 624
                                                                   East South Central                                           7, 275       6, 962     I, 093, 104        402, 845    3., 904, 465     1, 305, 852            598. 613     1, 418       79        3, 787
                                                                   West South Central                                          10, 021       9, 804     1, 433, 406       4.58, 217    1, 689, 754      1, 050. 992            638. 762     1, 367       85        1, 961
                                                                   Mountain                                                     4, on        3, 869        530 559        226, 342        799, 562         528. 576            270, 986        608      119        1, 065
                                                                   Pacific                                                     17, 817      17, 121     1, 121, 620       513, 240     3, 053. 848      2, 208. 058            845, 790     1, 534      109        3, 263
                                                                   Food and kindrecEproduets                                   61, 448      50, 972     1, 985, 335       720,413      4,652, 156       3, 656, 029           996, 127      1, 470       80        4, 998
                                                                   Tobacco manufactures                                            765          751         49, 665        31, 512         80, 661          50, 846            29, 815          53        4            66
                                                                   Textile-mill products andd, other fiber manufactures_ -      6, 444       6, 236     1, 441, 513       899, 354     3, 184, 229      2, 228, 077           955, 252      1, 774      172        5, 202
                                                                   Apparel and other finished products made from fabrics
                                                                     and similar materials                                     20, 206      18, 779         24, 191         14, 050       231, 806         220. 271             11, 535        12           1        342
                                                                   Lumber and timber basic products                            11, 520       9, 842     1,687, 664         531, 935    1, 709. 125         916, 470            792, 655        896      185          526
                                                                   Furniture and finished lumber products                        8, 457      8, 394       406. 560         181, 081       940, 288         634, 436            305, 852        192          5        418
                                                                   Paper and allied products                                     3, 279      3, 237     2, 792. 900     1, 545, 870    3, 498, 419      1, 336, 303         2, 162, 116     6, 347      212        3, 258
                                                                   Printing, publishing, and allied industries                 24, 878      24, 809         53, 679         33, 088       768, 903         717, 594             45, 909         50          3        813
                                                                   Chemicals and allied products                                 9, 203      9, 130     2, 106, 023     1, 103, 147    2, 932. 044      I, 681. 652         1, 250, 392     4, 433      176        5, 554
                                                                   Products of petroleum and coal                                   989         977     1, 349, 421        409, 210    1, 770, 365      1, OIS, 891            751, 474     1, 646      115        1, 909
                                                                   Rubber products                                              ' 595           579        283. 170       167,213         933, 332         701, 757            281, 575        508        5        1,082
                                                                   Leather and leather products                                  3, 568      3, 448        150, 166        88, 972        418, 122         309. 866   '        168, 255        136       21          287
                                                                   Stone, clay, and glass products                               7, 024      6, 908        947, 133        517, 256    2, 991, 016      2, 089, 488            901, 558     1, 627       34       3, 259
                                                                   Iron and steel and their products, except machinery           8, 994      8, 911     5, 344, 511     1, 877, 701   12, 348, 309      7, 277, 940         5, 070. 459     5, 949   1, 364       7, 651
                                                                   Nonferrous metals and their products                          5, 600      5, 558       671, 692         112, 526    1, 553, 990      1, 212, 772            341, 218     1, 474      312       4, 794
                                                                   Electrical machinery                                          2, 014      1, 997        354, 449        248, 697    1, 016, 877         664, 374            352, 003       470        53       1, 015




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                                                                   Machinery (except electrical)                                 9, 506      9, 459       434, 109        253, 494     2, 746. 416      2, 177, 8SS            563, 523        353       11       1, 643
                                                                   Automobiles and automobile equipment                         1,133        1, 069       853. 672         602, 339    2, 231, 363      1, 393, 294            838, 069    .1, 175      128       1, 421
                                                                   Tmnsportalion equipment except automobiles                      998          959        131, 924         60. 641       826, 261         574. 739            251, 622        67         4          419
                                                                   Miscellaneous Industries                                     7, 699       7, 659        126, 500         59, 291       412. 517         348. 568             63. 919       110        87          383

                                                                      1 Returns for "Logging camps and logging contractors (not operating mills)," numbering 967, were ercIuded from power tabulations.
                                                                      Source: Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census; reports of Biermial Census of Manufactures.
         814                                       MANUFACTURES

         No. 930.-INDUST1IIAL POWER REQUIREMENTS OF MANUFACTURING AND Ex-
                                       TRA.CTING INDUSTRIES: 1939 TO 1945

         [Based on reports filed by more than 5,000 manufacturing, industrial, and other establishments consuMing
           over 85 percent of the total energy used by such establishments. Use for 1945 was estimated. Data have
           been adjusted to Census coverage based on 1939 Census of Manufactures and 1939 Census of Mineral
           Industries.]
                                                [In millions of kilowatt-honrs]

                         INDUSTRY                             1939        1940      1941        1942      1M3        1944      1945


                Total                                       79, 014      92, 390 113, nz 133, 890 158, 525 158, 751           161, 658

          Manufacturing industries, total_                  70, 518      82, 661 103, 109 120, 844 143, 963 144, 319          146, 236
         Food and kindred products                           8, 386       6, 532   7, 315   7, 905   8, 561   8, 724            9, 081
         Tobacco manufactures                                   115          126      140      145      160       164              170
         Textile mill products                               6, 800       7, 394   9, 119   9, 794   9, 077   8, 816            9, 124
         Apparel and other finished products                    357          420      514      554      605       639              587
         Lumber and timber basic products                    1, 245       1, 424   1, 582   1, 686   1, 630   1, 462            1, 546
         Furniture and finished lumber products                 605          679      830      845      886       867              908
         Paper and allied products                           9, 007      10, 006 11, 185 11, 270 10, 985 11, 038               11, 460
         Printing and publishing                                859          930   1, 025   1, 042   1, 075   1, 101            1, 084
         Chemicals and allied products                       9, 747      12, 602 16, 397 21, 671 28, 684 29, 163               29, 529
         Products of petroleum and coal                      3, 438       3, 844   4, 358   4, 621   5, 229   6, 243            6, 776
         Rubber products                                     1, 584       1, 652   2, 073   1, 764   2, 137   2, 494            2, 813
         Leather and leather products                           402          416      523      559      556       556              563
         Stone, clay, and glass products                     4, 851       5, 301   6, 547   6, 998   6, 070   5, 100            5, 273
         Iron and steel and their products                  12, 246      14, 810 18, 703 20, 316 22, 304 23, 290               za, 946
         Nonferrous metals and their products                5, 954       7, 805 10, 663 15, 375 23, 495 20, 755               19, 020
         Electrical machinery                                1, 432       1, 817   2, 522   2, 999   3, 542   3, 658            3, 678
         Machinery, except electric                          1, 985       2, 549   3, 034   4, 816   5, 811   0 , 881           6, 030
         Automobiles and automobile equipment                2, 467       3, 012   3, 668   3, 454   4, 572   4, 662            4, 044
         Transportation equipment                               482           796  1, 648   4, 277   7, 201   8, 900            8, 870
         Miscellaneous industries                               433           516     663      793      933       917              930

          Government manufacturing industries, total            441         614          929    1, 918    2, 886     3, 082     3, 589
         Shipbuilding and ship repairing                        180         250          414       735       986     1, 155     1, 286
         Arsenal and ordnance products                           90          133         319       809    1, 109     1, 100     1, 323
         Miscellaneous government products                      171         231          196       374       791        827        060

          Extracting industries, total                        8, 085      9, 115    9, 894      11, 137   11, 676   11, 350    11, 853
         Metal mining                                         2, 895      3, 340    3, 697       4, 164    4, 227    3, 819     3, 072
         Coal mining                                          3, 525      3, 938    4, 181       4, 856    5, 168    5, 238     5, 456
         Nonmetallic mining and quarrying                        828         939    1, 151       1, 230    1, 346    1, 348     1, 438
         Crude petroleum and natural gas production              837         808       883          887       935       945       007


           Source: Federal Power Commission; annua report, Industrial Electric Power in the United StateS,
         1939-1945.

         No. 931.-GENERATING CAPACITY AND ELECTRIC PRODUCTION-INDUSTRIAL
                                  ESTADLISIEMENTS FOR OWN USE: 1939 TO 1945

                               [Data from establishments with capacities of 100 kilowatts or more]

                                                                             RILOWATT-HOURS (thousands)

                        YEAR
                                            Kilowatts                              Type of prime mover
                                           (thousands)                                                               Hydro as
                                                            Total                                                    percent of
                                                                            Hydro              Steam      Int. comb.   total

         1939                                   10, 575   33, 666, 083
         1940                                   11, 035   38, 069, 944
         1941                                   11, 500   43, 518, 573
         1942                                   12, 184   47, 166, 886
         1943                                   12, 589   49, 781, 366     5, 445, 430     41, 571, 029     2, 764, 907           10. 0
         1944                                   12, 877   51, 335, 847     4, 059, 370     43, 336, 876     3, 039, 592            9. 7
         1945 (preliminary)                     12, 733   48, 741, 000     4, 851, 000            43, 880, 000                    10. 0

           Source: Federal Power Commission; 'annual report, Industrial Electric Power in the United States,
         1939-1945; and. 1945 monthly reports, Production of Electric Energy in the United States.




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                                        MANUFACTURES BY INDUSTRIES                                                        815
         No. 932.-MANUFACTURES-SUMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
                            AND FOR SI1DGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939
          NOTE.-The Bgures given in this table do not represent exactly the numbers of wage earners, values of
           products, etc., assignable to the classes of commodities from which the industries derive their names,
           as it is necessary for census purposes to classify each establishment as a whole in some ono industry,
           according to its product of chief value, although in many cases a single establishment manufactures
           two or more classes of commodities. See also general note, P. 809.

                      6                                                                     COST OF
                                                                                             MATE-
                                                                                             RIALS,
                                                                                           ETC., FUEL,           VALUE
                                                        Num-       Wage        WAGES          PUR-     VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                               C en-    ber of    earners                   CEASED     PRODUCTS MANUFAC.
                GROUP OR INDUSTRY              sus      estab-    (average                 ENERGY,                      TITRE 1
                                               year      lish-    for the                  AND CON-
                                                       MINAS       year)                     TRACT
                                                                                             WORK


                                                                                           In thousands of dollars

                All industries, total          1030    184, 230 7, 880, 567 0, 089, 941 32,160, 107 56, 843, 025 24, 082, 918
                                               1037    166, 794 8, 569, 231 10, 112, 883 35, 839, 333 60, 712, 872 25, 173, 839
                                               1935    187, 916 7,203, 794 7, 311, 329 26, 241,145 44, 893, 699 18, 552, 563
                                               1929    200, 663 8, 369, 705 10, 884, 919 237,402,900 67, 994, 041 30,591, 435
         Food And kindred products, total_     1039     51, 448   823, 693      013, 986   7,062, 039 10, 018, 026 3, 555, 987
                                               1937     28, 763   890, 503      981, 409   7, 924, 135 11, 294, 890 3, 370, 755
                                               1935     48, 982   800, 108      801, 159   6, 738, 864 9, 543, 015 2,804, 162
                                               1929     85, 325   740, 937      895, 713 28, 318, 886 11, 658, 705 3, 339, 848
                Meat products, total_          1930      3, 387   147, 268      185, 213    2, 510, 514   3, 002, 639    402, 125
                                               1937      2, 730   148, 840      191, 005    2, 648, 367   3,107, 020     459, 555

          Meat packing, wholesale.- .....      1939      1, 478   119, 853      161, 524   2, 220, 539    2, 648, 326    421, 787
                                               1937      1, 136   120, 917      169, 723   2, 886, 82/    2, 785, 618    399, 727

          Custom slaughtering, wholesale..     1939         40         640          689            478         1, 933      1, 455
                                               1937         24         560          064            270         1, 810      1, 541

         Sausages, prepared meats, and         1930      1, 067     11, 277      13, 273      165, 045      208, 048     43, 003
          other meat products-not mode         1937      1, 000     11, 584      13, 879      170, 405      208, 188     37, 784
           In  meat-packing       establish-
           ments.
         Sausage casings-not made in           1939         37         087          882         3, 700         6, 016      2, 305
           meat-packing establishments.        1937         31         875          899         4, 416         6, 530      2, 124

         Poultry dressing and packing,         1930        765     14, 506        8, 646      114, 743      138, 318     23, 575
           wholesale.                          1937        533      8, 913        5, 031       87, 457      105, 841     18, 384

                Dairy products, total          1939      9, 535    50, 756       54, 039      870, 023    1,152, 560     283, 637
                                               1937      9, 803    53, 461      57,229        951, 196    1, 247, 795    280, 599

         Creamery buttor                       1930      3, 800    17, 953      18, 379       418, 752      492, 221     73, 470
                                               1037      3, 716    19, 437      19, 619       510, 114      589, 767     79, 652

         C)nese                                1939      2, 682      5, 009       5, 156       91, 440      108, 207     16, 767
                                               1937      2, 567      4, 482       4, 359       95, 672      112, 780     17, 114

         Condensed and evaporated milk.        1939        502       9, 705     11, 231       163, 523      209, 756     46, 233
                                               1937        601       8, 967      0, 964       166, 606      210, 718     44, 112

         Ice cream and lees                    1058     2, 734     15, 711      17, 344       145, 924      285, 807     139, 883
                                               1937     2, 881     18, 664      21, 269       143, 587      282, 003     138, 416

         Special dairy products                1939         51       2, 378       2, 427       60, 884       57, 560       7, 185
                                               1937         34       1, 011       2, 017       45, 217       52, 523       7, 306

                Canned     and    preserved    1930     3, 053    134, 471      88, 711       520, 630      838, 126     317, 496
                  foods, total.                1937     3, 093    155, 118     101, 215       546, 727      806, 338     319, 611

         Canned fish, erustaces, and mol-      1039        214     15, 735        7, 228       40, 022       85, 450     25, 434
          lusks.                               1037        217     16, 358        7, 117       38, 973       63, 568     24, 695

         Cured fish                            1039        114       1, 893       1, 670       10, 972       15, 615       4, 613
                                               1937        104       1, 006       1, 460        9, 192       13,842        4, 650

         Canned and dried fruits and veg..     1939     2, 007     98, 022      65, 235       356, 281      687, 343    231, 063
           etabl es (including canned          1937     2,213     119, 379      78,201        590, 930      629,882     238, 952
           soups).
         Preserves, jams, jellies, and fruit   1939        171      3, 717        3,126        20, 682       38, 026     11, 344
           butters.                            1937        116      4, 682        3, 769       29, 020       41, 314     12, 293
           I Value of products less cost of materials containerp, fuell purchased electric energy, and contract work.
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           816                                            MANUFACTURES

           No. 932. -MANUFACTURES-SUMMARY' FOR INDUSTRY GRouPs, 1929 TO 1939,
                 AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                                 COST OP
                                                                                                  MATE-
                                                                                                  RIALS,
                                                                                               ETC., FUEL,           VALUE
                                                           N, um'   Wage                          FUR-     VALUE OP ADDED BY
                                                 Cen-      Der of earners          WAGE s        CHASED    PRODUCTS MANUPAC.
                    GROUP OR INDUSTRY             sus      estab- (average                      ENERGY               TURD 1
                                                  year      fish-  for the                      AND CON- ,
                                                           ments    Year)                        TRACT
                                                                                                 Worm

                                                                                               n thousands of dollars

           No& eM.-Continued.
           Pickled fruits and vegetables and      1939           877      9, 908      7, 393      42, 619         72, 637         30 019
            vegetable sauces and season-          1937           279      8, 053      6, 814      36, 808         63, 689         26, 882
            logs.
           ialad dressings                        1939          134       2, 556      2, 434      37, 873.        48, 942         11, 069
                                                  1937          n3        2, 487      2, 522      86, 915         45, 901          8, 986

           Znick-frozen foods                     1939           36       2, 640      1, 606       6, 183         10, 107          3, 925
                                                  1937           21       1, 963      1, 332       4, 888          8, 141          3, 252

                Grain-mill produats, total__      1939      3, 746       50, 682     06, 006      914, 504    1, 240, 464        325, 959
                                                , 11137     3, 637       51, 138     58, 173   7, 164, 937    1, 482,870         287, 082
           ?lour and other grain-mill prod-      1939       2, 143      24, 771      28, 370     506, 062       649, 943         143, 882
            Lids.                                1037       2, 238      26, 390      30, 186     722, 711       856, 310         133, 600
           ?rewired feeds (including min-        1639       1, 383      15, 401      16, 253     302, 640       401, 880          99, 240
            eran for animals and fowls.          1937       1, 126      14, 397      16,839      338, 505       415, 211          76, 706

           Yereal preparations                   1939            70      7, 458       9, 857      58, 034       128, 383          70, 349
                                                 1937       .    71      7, 725      10, 419      85, 181       150, 861          65, 680
           Sloe cleaning and polishing           1939            72      2, 346       1, 033      33, 803        42, 363    ,      8, 561
                                                 1937            61      2, 218       1, 366      38, 816        46, 853           8,037
           llended and prepared flour made       1839            78        706          693       13, 966        17, 804           3, 028
            from purchased flour.               3 1937           41        408          373        9, 720        13, 634           3, 009
                Bakery products, total           1939     18, 390      230, 706     290, 661     849, 477     1, 411,817        782, 340
                                                 1937     17, 193      239, 388     293, 994     727, 022     1, 426,163        699, 141
           tread and other bakery products       1939     18, 043      201,633      262, 002    567, 427      1, 211, 024       643, 897
           (except biscuit, crackers, and        1937     16, 874      210, 597     265, 354    629, 267      1, 217, 865       088, 598
           pretzels).
           tiscuit, crackers, and pretzels__     1939           356     29, 173     28, 550      82, 049        200, 793        118, 743
                                            ,    1937           319     28, 751     28, 641      97, 755        208, 298        110, 643
               Sugar, total                      1939           190     28, 760     31, 131     441, 845        557, 793        115, 947
                                                 1037           182     27, 611     30, 086     452, 371        661, 178        108, 807
           ' ate sugar-except relln cries        1939           78       4,217        2, 673     23, 017         33, 627          10, 510
                                                 1937           72       4,221        2, 380     20, 722         29, 151           8, 429
           ane-sugar refining                    1939           27     14, 133      16, 197     333, 877        389, 870         55, 093
                                                 1637           23     14, 024      15, 973     362, 653        424, 531         61, 078
           eet sugar                             1939           85     10, 410      12, 861      84, 901        134, 356         45, 445
                                                 1937           87      9, 306      11, 733      68, 996        107, 396         38,399
               Confedtionery and related        1939      1, 318       58,831       52,082      251, 826       467,663          206, 738
                    pro duots, total.           1937      1, 291       63, 325      54, 636     273, 801       464,907          191, 106
           andy and other confectionery         1939      1, 252       49, 740      41, 055     170, 736       297, 762         127, 026
           products.                            1937      1, 226       53, 722      43, 441     182, 781       305, 839         123, 058
                           A


           hocolate and cocoa products          1939            39      6, 464       7, 711      63, 460        99,018           36, 559
                                                1937            40      7, 402       8, 129      74, 131       102, 346          28, 215
           hewing turn                          1339            27      2, 627       3, 286      17, 630        60, 783          43, 163
                                                1937            25      2, 401       2, 967      16, 888        56, 722          30, 833
               Beverages, total                 1339      6, 745       67, 777      95, 293     432, 143     1, 088, 340        65634
                                                                                                                                  , 19
                                                1937      5, .327      92,974      130, 376     669, 678     1, 208, 806        645, 226
           malcoholic beverages                 1939      4, 504       21, 265     20, 345      163, 935       365, 779         211,844
                                                1937      3, 920       27, 979     30, 981      112, 380       276, 779         164, 398
           Value of products loss cost of materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
          3Not comparable with figures for 1939; blended flour establishments were not canvassed for 1937.

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                                 MANUFACTURES BY INDUSTRIES                                                         817
     No. 932.-MANUFACTURES-SIIMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GRotrn, 1929 TO 1939,
           AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                     COST OE
                                                                                      MATE-
                                                                                      RIALS,
                                                                                    ETC., PTIEL,                VALUE
                                                 Num-     Wage           WAGES          PUR-        VALUE Olf ADDED BY
                                          Cen-   ber of earners                       CHASED        PRODUCTS MANTJFAC-
             GROUP OR INDUSTRY            sus    estab- (average                     ENERGY,                  TURK T
                                          Year    lish-  (or the                     AND CON-
                                                 meats year)                           TRACT
                                                                                       WORK


                                                                                    In thousands of dollars

     Food, etc.-Continued.
     Malt liquors                         1939      605     36 088        62, 281      162, 897       626, 077     363, 180
                                          1937      658        47, 037    79, 275      201, 917       537, 105     335, 189

     Malt                                 1039       62         1, 459     2, 693       39, 296        58,479       19, 183
                                          1037       66         1, 644     2, 923       76, 118        94, 630      18, 512

     Wines                                1930      301         2, 056     2, 023        19, 387       32, 782      13, 305
                                          1937      337         3, 005     3, 051        23, 586       42, 733      19, 147

     Liquors, distilled                   1933      135         4, 091     4, 885        28, 384       BB, 080      27, 696
                                          1937      151         6, 215     7, 412        73, 200      113, 103      39, 903

     Liquors, rectified ar blended        1930      148         2, 818     8, 216        28, 248       49, 144      20, 890
                                          1937      210         7, 094     6, 732        72, 378      144, 455      72, 077

            Miscellaneous food prepa-     1939    6, 075       54, 447    69, 828       471, 077      867, 724      396, 647
             rations and kindred prod-    1937    5, 607       68,439     64, 706       560, 136      928, 908      868, 772
              *acts, total.
     Baking powder, yeast, and other      1939       47         2, 334     3, 654        14, 462       31, 775      17, 312
      leavening compounds.                1937       40         2, 380     3, 761        13, 830       00, 279      16, 949

     Cooking and other ediblefats and     1939       56         4, 672     6, 397       154, 358      186, 252      31, 895
      oils, not elsewhere classified.     1937       48         4, 901     6, 651       204, 383      239, 495      35, 112

     Oleomargarine-not     made in        1939       18            984     1, 296        21, 734       34, 102       12. 367
       meat-packing establishments.       1937       16         1, 214     1, 607        30, 987       44, 563       13, 676

     Corn sirup, corn sugar, corn oil,    1939       39         6, 764    10, 686        66, 916      119, 408      52, 493
      and starch,                         1937       27         7, 010    10, 411        96, 462      135, 820      39, 368

     Flavoring extracts and flavoring     1939      477         3, 580     3, 764        50, 168      139, 902      89, 734
      sirups, not elsewhere classified.   1937      398         4, 162     4, 274        46, 280      117, 897      71, 617

     Vinegar and cider                    1939      132         1, 059       877          4, 266        7, 506        3, 240
                                          1937      117            974       836          3, 774        6, 427        2, 653

     Ice, manufactured                    1939    3, 975       15, 912    17, 692        26, 010      130, 165      104, 156
                                          1937    3, 847       18, 705    21, 603        27, 617      136, 842      109, 025

     Macaroni, spaghetti, vermicelli,     1930      328         0, 013     5, 383        26, 929       46, 153       19, 224
      and noodles.                        1937      319         6, 452     6, 710        32, 836       50, 369       17, 522

     Food preparations, not elsewhere     1939    1, 007       13, 120    11, 181       106, 234      172, 459       66, 225
      classified.                         1037      798        12, 641    10, so        104, 566      167, 526       62, 960

     Tobacco manufactures, total          1039       705    87, 525       68, 500       972, 037    1, 322, 189     350, 152
                                          1937       852    92, 158       70, 291       947, 628    1, 272, 688     326, 059
                                          1935       890    90, 543       50, 448       809, 025    1, 093, 400     289, 375
                                          1929    1, 788   110, 119       94, 879     I 429, 272    1, 246, 242      (4)

     Cigarettes                           1939       35        27, 426    26, 068       811, 068    1, 037, 748     226, 679
                                          1937       34        26, 149    24, 182       771, 622      968, 927      197, 405

     Cigars                               1939      508        60, 897    34, 240        79, 249      160, 764       81, 605
                                          1937      693        66, 879    37, 622        87, 341      169, 237       81, 895

     Tobacco (chewing and smoking)        1939      132         9, 202     8, 193        81, 719      123, 687       41, 968
      and snuff.                          1037      125        10, 130     8, 587        88, 766      134, 524       45, 759

     Textile-mill products and other      1939    0, 444 1, 082, 602     908, 379     2, 108, 926   3, 930, 678   1, 821, 752
       fiber manufactures, tota1.5        1937    6, 096 1, 138, 219     974, 256     2, 314, 647   4, 100, 968   1, 786, 311

       I Value of products less cost of materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
         Excludes cost of contract work.
       4 No comparable figure available as the internakevenue tax is Included in value of products but not in
     cost of materials, etc.
       $ No comparable figures available for 1023 and 1935.1


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            818                                            MANUFACTURES

            No. 932. -MANITFACTURBS-SUMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
                  AND FOE SUBOR017PS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued
                                                                                                    COST OF
                                                                                                     MATE-
                                                                                                     RIALS,
                                                                                                   ETC., FUEL,           VALUE
                                                            Nam-          Wage        WAGES
                                                                                                      PUR-     VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                                    Gen-    ber of       earners                     CHASED    PRODUCTS MANUFAC-
                    GROIN" OR INDUSTRY              sus     estab-       (average                   ENERGY,               TTIRE i
                                                    year     lish-       for the                    AND CON-
                                                            ments         year)                      TRACT
                                                                                                     WORIC

                                                                                                  In thonsands of dollars

           resales, ete.-Oontinued.
                   Cotton manufactures, total__     1939     1, 248      409, 317     292 536        595, 391   1, 168, 171     672, 777
                                                    1937     1, 272      445, 501     332 188        748, 616   1, 340, 646     692, 031
           7ottori broad woven goods                1109       661       312 249      225, 175       431, 023     BO, 354      438, 33/
                                                    1937       713       346 015      263, 619       567, 792   1, 031, 721    463, 933
           1otton narrow fabrics                    1939       163         13,318       11, 776       22, 934      48, 501      25, 566
                                                    1937       156         12, 618      11, 131       22, 115      43, 486      21, 371
           lotton yarn                              1939       349         70, 452      45, 055      114, 741     198, 940      84, 199
                                                    1037       350         76 108       47, 632      135, 489     219, 495      84, 006
           lotton thread                            1089           75      13, 298      10, 529       26, 695      51, 376      24, 681
                                                    1937           53      11, 672       9, 855       23, 219      45, 940      22, 721
                Rayon and silk mamdac-              1939       829       119, 821      93, 843       270, 331     441, 900     17/, 569
                  tures, total.                    Ri37        861       117, 946      93, 619       249, 749    408,136       158, 387
           .ayon broad woven goods-reg-            1939        106        65, 432      53, 435       177, 443    272, 714       95, 271
            ular factories or jobbers en-          1937        177        54, 827      46, 730       148, 862    226, 367       77, 505
            gaging contractors.
            ayon broad woven goods-con-            1039         79         4, 313       3, 120           627        5, 307       4, 680
            tract factories.                       1037         62         3, 264       2, 316           529        3, 747       3, 219
          R ayon narrow fabrics                    1930       120          5,933        4, 755         9, 014     20, 516       11, 503
                                                   1037       114          5, 694       4, 941         8, 689     19, 122       10, 455
            ayon yarn and thread, span or          1939        52          5,930        3, 397        18, 627     26, 471        7, 814
           thrown-regular factories or             1937        54          5, 548       3, 868        14,993      22, 391        7, 397
           jobbers engaging contractors.
           ayon throwing and spinning-             1938        32          2,423        1, 480           892       3, 066        2, 474
            contract factories.                    1937        25          1,937        1, 191           472       2,400         1, 927
           lk broad woven goods-regular            1939        82         8, 754        7, 606       21, 639      35, 732       14, 094
           factories or jobbers engaging           1937       136        15, 342       12, 785       39, 135      61, 721       22, 509
           contractors,
           lk broad woven goods-con-               1939        37          1, 096          725           132       1,102           970
           tract factories.                        1937        60          2,865        1, 922           430       2, 968        2, 559
           lk narrow fabrics                       1989       100          4, 309       3, 852        4, 823      13, 133        8, 310
                                                   1937        84          4, 606       4, 266        5, 588      13,981         8, 393
         Si lk   yarn and thread spun or          1939         53          9,191        6, 736       34, 027      48, 005      13, 978
           thrown-regular factories or            1937         53        10, 574        7, 822       27, 419      40,159       12, 740
           lobbors engaging contractors.
         Si k   throwing and spinning-            1939         78        12, 374        7, 638        3, 408      15, 853      12, 446
           iontract factories.                    1937         98        13, 290        7, 789        3, 633      15, 278      11, 645
                 Woolen and worsted manu-         1939       722        149,915      143, 494       451, 400    735, 905      284, 505
                  factures, total.                1937       704        158,841      158, 642       533, 402    823, 887      290, 485
           oolen and worsted manufac-             1939       583        140, 022     133, 488       422, 349    685, 312      262, 962
           ures-regular factories or job-         1937       591        149, 795     149, 019       508, 890    778, 784      269, 894
           sets engaging contractors.
           balm and worsted manufac-              1939        76          6, 072       6, 061         2, 097      13,157       11, 059
           ures-contract factories.               1937        58          5, 591       6, 765         2, 137      11, 438       9, 301
           %Mg and finishing woolen and           1939        63          3, 821       3, 946        26, 953     37, 437       10, 481
           rorsted.                               1937        55          3, 455       3, 858        22, 378     33, 665       11, 289
                 Knit goods, total                1939     2, 089       236, 628     202, 763       357, 396    714, 429      357, 032
                                                  1937     1, 828       233, 822     200, 631       333, 413    667, 033      334, 520
       Sus siery-full-fashioned..                 1939       499        07, 200      100, 775       121, 123    277,170       156, 047
                                                  1937       354        89, 358       98, 755        96, 944    237, 949      141, 006
         Efo siery-seamless                       1939       433        61,852        41, 862       66, 675     138, 665       72, 090
                                                  1937       391        61, 102       37. 509       62. 974     523. 628       en asR
           I Value of products less cost of materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.


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                                      MANUFACTURES BY INDUSTRIES                                                           819
      No. 932.-MANUFACTURES-SOMIVIARY FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
            AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                        COST OF
                                                                                         MATE-
                                                                                         RIALS,
                                                                                       ETC., FUEL,                       VALUE
                                                     Num.   Wage           WAGES          nut-            VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                             Con-    ber ofearners                       CHASED           PRODUCTS MANI7FAG,
            GROUP OR INDUSTRY                sus     estab-(average                     ENERGY,                          TIME I
                                             year     lish-for the                      AND CON-
                                                     meats year)                 O
                                                                                          TRACT
                                                                                          WORK


                                                                                       In thousands of dollars

      T extiles, etc,-C ontinued.
      ICnitted sloth                         1939      229       10, 917    10, 166           44, 206       68, 663        24, 457
                                             1937      213       11, 360    10, 558           44, 298       68, 001        23, 703
      Knitted outerwear (except knit         1939      476       18,440     15, 518           58, 111       97, 641       39, 530
       gloves)-regular factories or          1937      505       23, 424    19, 504           58, 867      102, 244       43, 378
        jobbers engaging contractors.
      ICnitted outerwear (except knit        1939       233       4,109      3, 198                 769      6, 550         5, 780
        gloves)-contract factories.          1937       101       2, 715     2, 050                 658      4, 692         3, 934
      Knitted underwear                      1939       199      38, 536    27, 405           01, 614      113, 853.       51, 739
                                             1937       186      41, 237    29, 328           65, 192      121, 304        55, 812
      Knitted gloves                         1939           20    5, 574     3, 839            4, 998        12, 386        7, 387
                                             1937           15    4, 626     2, 928            4, 181        10, 216        6, 035
            Dyeing and finishing tez.        1939       580      63, 048    65, 596       150, 310         294, 850       144, 539
             tiles, except woolen and        1987       630      64, 781    68, 343        94, 824         222, 307       127, 533
              worsted, total.
      Dyeing and finishing cotton,           1939      468       60, 237    61, 745       140, 172         271, 167      130, 695
       rayon, silk, and linen textiles.      1937      442       61, 652    64, 220        88, 633         205, 091      116, 458
      Cloth sponging and miscella-           1939       112       2, 811     3, 852            9, 838       23, 682        13, 844
       neous special finishing.              1937        88       3, 229     4, 123            6, 191       17, 266        11, 075
            Carpets, rugs, and other         1939       162      38, 892    46, 165       105, 672         239, 953       134, 282
              floor coverings, total.        1937       151      44, 871    40, 221       135, 334         260, 927       125, 593
      Carpets and rugs, wool                 1939           43   25, 590    30, 144           61, 066      140, 338        79, 272
                                             1937           51   30,346     31, 702           80, 672      158, 778        78, 106
      Carpet yarn, woolen and worsted_       1939           18    3, 137     3, 600           11, 869        19, 883        8, 113
                                             1937           17    3, 695     4, 044           17, 312        23, 401        6, 138
      Carpets, rugs, and mats made           1939           84    3, 137     2, 116            4, 308        9, 758         5, 391
       from such materials as paper          1937           04    2, 823     2, 098            4, 412        9, 514         6, 078
       fiber, grass, jute, flax, sisal,
        cotton, cocoa fiber, and rags.
      Linoleum, asphalted - felt-base        1939           17    7, 028    10, 406           28, 369        69, 875       41, 506
        and other hard-surface floor         1937           16    8, 107    11, 378           32, 908        69, 184       36, 276
       coverings, not elsewhere classi-
       fied.
            Eats, except cloth and milli-    1939      264       23, 639    24, 272           63, 094       101, 256       48, 183
              nery, total,                   1987       229      24, 693    25, 628           67, 791       106, 943       49, 152
      Hat bodies and hats, fur-felt          1939           43    9, 928    11, 837           16, 988       89, 501        22, 513
                                             1937           38   11, 372    13, 281           20, 765       43, 160        22, 595
      Hat bodies and hats, wool-felt._       1939           12    4,421      4, 210            8, 174       16, 010         7, 836
                                             1937           14    4, 038     3, 714            8, 547       16, 473         6, 926
      Hats, straw                            1939           11      988          438                727      1, 649              822
                                             1937           12      584          478                804      1, 605              801
      Hatters' fur                           1939           37    1, 893     1, 579            7, 256        10, 956        3, 701
                                             1937           28    1, 705     1, 617            7, 373        11, 073        3, 700
      Finishing of men's and boys' hats      MO        151        6,909      fl, 207          10, 949        33, 240       13, 291
          of fur-felt, wool-felt, and        1937      137        6, 994     6, 638           20, 302        35, 432       15, 130
          straw.                                                                          .
       Finishing of ni en's and boys'        1939       115       4, 687     4, 267           15, 193        24, 078        8, 878
         hats of fur-felt.                  6 1937      102       4, 554     4, 424           13, 938        23, 415        9, 447
       Finishing of men's and boys'           1939       10         101         147               656              981         325
         hats of wool-felt.     ,            1937     (0)         (0)       (9                (0)            (0)           (0)

       Finishing of men's and boys'          1939           26    2, 171     I, 793            4, 094        8, 181         4, 087
         hats of straw.                      1937           35    2, 440     2, 214             12,017
                                                                                               6, 334         5, 683
         Value of products less cost of materials containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work,
       0 Finishing of men's and boys' hats of wool-felt included with finishing of men's and boys' hats of fur-felt.



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           820                                             MCANTTACI unES

              No. M.-MANUFACTURES-SUMMARY POR INDUSTRY Guoups, 1929 TO 1939,
                      AND POR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES,                           1937 AND 1939-Continued
                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                  COST Or
                                                                                                   MATE-
                                                                                                   RIALS,
                                                                                                 ETC., FUEL,                'VALVE
                                                            Num.     Wage          ,,. , GE,"      PITE-          VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                                    Con.    ber of earners           -.4    .     CHASED          PRODDCTS MANI:TAO.
                                                     sus    estab. (average                      ENERGY,                         TURN i
                    GROUP OR INDUSTRY
                                                    year     lish. Mr the                        AND CON-
                                                            ments year)                            TRACT




                                                                                                                                --
                                                                                                   WORE

                                                                                                 n thousands of dollars

           readies, etc.-Continued.
                    Miscellaneous textile goods,    1939        560    41, 342        40, 209          125, 329     234, 213       108, 883
                     total.                         1037        621    47, 764        45, 986          181, 617     270, 128       108, 611

           Felt goods, wool, hair, and lute         1029        37       3, 346        8, 867          13, 048        23, 574       10, 528
               (except woven felts and hat          1937         85      8, 711        4, 629          18, 649        29, 649       11, GOO
               bodies and hats).                                         7, 254        8, 107            8, 785      24, 138
           Lace goods                               1039        63                                                                  15, 333
                                                    1937        57       8, 109        9, 037           10, 534      28, 342        17, 809

           Batting, padding, and wadding;           1939        124      4, 604        4, 120          16, 921        SO, 213       13, 292
            upholstery filling.                     1037        110      4, 645        4, 353          23, 888        36, 870       12, 682

           Processed waste and recovered            1939       128       4, 225        3, 370          22, 234       31, 525         9, 291
            wool tibers-regular factories or        1637       103       4, 861        4, 081      .   26, 269       36, 472        10, 203
            Jobbers engaging contractors.                                                  564
           Processed waste and recovered            1639        27         619                             245        1, 449         1,204
            wool Ilbers-contraot factories.         1637        22         357             567             286        1, 437         1, 151

           4.rtificia1 leather and oilcloth         1939        36       8, 076        5, 391          25, 250       43, 434       18, 189
                                                    1937        33       3, 893        6, 291          28, 088       40, 879       12, 841

          1Anon goods                               1539         9       1, 735       1, 496            3,351         6, 298         2,947
                                                    1037        10       1, 613       1, 431            3, 484        5, 895         2, 210

           .ute goods (except felt)                 1039        22      8, 586        5, 118            7, 783       16, 897        9, 114
                                                    1937        29      6, 332        5, 023           12, 397       24, 865       12, 018

           l'ordage and twine                       1939       116     12, 098       10, 185           27, 711       56, 686       28,974
                                                    1037       118     14, 043       11, 683           88, 022       06, 918       25, 396

           kpparel and other finished prod-         1939    20, 206   751, 377     654, 402      1, 943, 677      3, 325, Olt   1, 381, 338
              ucts made from fabrics and            1937    16, 277   692, 626     600, 108      1, 889, 062      3, 132, 760   1, 243,699
              similar materials, total.°
                 Men 's and boys' tailored                   2, 440   137, 487     139, 728        334, 657         698, 273

                                                                                                                                ----
                                                    1989                                                                          203, 716
                     clothing, total.               1037     2, 130   136, 847     139, 071        364, 465         608, 306      263, 842
           vlen's and boys' suits, coats, and      1939      1, 371    80, 031       56, 044       329, 609         636, 613      207, 004
              overcoats (except work cloth.        1837      1, 212    93, 068     100,164         350, 121         653, 082      2'32, 971
              ing).=made in Inside factories                                                                                         ,
              or by Jobbers engaging contract
              tors.
           fen's and boys' suits, coats, and       1939     1, 078     48, 956       43, 694            4, 948       61, 660       55, 713
            overcoats (except work cloth..         1937       878      42, 779       39, 407            4, 344       55, 215       50,871
              ing)-mado in contract facto.
              ries.
                    Men's and boys' furnish-       1930     1, 770    166, 045     105, 578        287, 692         489, 939      292,247
                     ings, work and sport gar.     1937     1, 496    162, 226      96, 688        279, 550         466, 590      177,040
                     ments, total,
           feu's and boys' shirts (except          1939       449      57, 082       87, 323       107, 492         181, 174       73,682
            work shirts), collars, and night.      1937       409      55, 670       34, 048       102, 835         174, 988       72, 164
            wear-made in inside factories
              or by Jobbers engaging contrac-
              tors.
          Islen's   and boys' shirts (except       1939       141      13, 371        7, 619            1, 147       11, 192       10, 045
              work shirts), collars, and night.    1937       120      12, 024        6, 107            1, 214        9, 240        8,025
              wear-made In contract factories.
           I en's a nd boys' underwear-            1039         44      6, 232        1, 032           10, 096       15, 558        6, 602
              made in inside factories or by       1937         30      7, 888        4, 213           13, 707       20, 285        6, 578
              Jobbers engaging contractors.
           fen's and boys' underwear-              1939         10      1, 211             697            182         1, 095             913
              made in contract factories.          1937          9      1, 424             623            148            910             762

           'rousers (semldress), wash suits,       1939       297      19, 541       12, 841           34, 813       60, 985       26, 172
            and washable service apparel.          1937       232      13, 817        0, 332           28, 779       46, 778       17,999
           rork shirts                             1035        87      13, 449        7, 269           21, 419       85,672        14, 253
                                                   1937       115      14, 824        7, 181           24, 081       36, 011       11, NO
           I Value of products less cost of materials containers, fuel, purchased electrio energy, and contract work.
           a No comparable figures available for 1929 arid 1935,


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                                   MANUFACTURES BY INDUSTRIES                                                         821
      No. 932.-MANTJFACTURES-SUMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
            AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 ANo 1939-Continued

                                                                                           COST OP
                                                                                            MATE-
                                                                                            RIALS,
                                                                                         ETC, FUEL,            VALUE
                                                    Num.        Wage                       FUR.     VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                     -       Cen-   ber of    earners     WAGEe            CHASED       PRODUCTS MANUFAC-
            GROUP OR INDUSTRY                sus    estab-    (average                    ENERGY,                 WIRE 3
                                             year    lish-     for the                    AND cox-
                                                    ments       year)                       TRACT
                                                                                           WORK


                                                                                         In thousands of dollars

      Apparel, etc.-Continued.
      Work clothing (except work             1939      742      56, 959    86, 797          112, 544     184, 223     71, 879
        shirts), sport garments (except      1937      NO       54, 678    34, 083          108, 787     168, 379     59, 692
        leather), and other men's and
        boys' apparel, not elsewhere
        classified.
            Men's neckwear, total_           1939      381       9, 603        7, 346        28, 597      46, 393     19, 795
                                             1937      520      10, 958        8, 729        30, 506      50, 772     20, 460

      Men's neckwear-made in inside          1939      347       3, 686        8, 796        26, 452       45, 405     18, 053
       factories or by jobbers engag,        1037      no       10, 512        8, 444        80, 239       50, 297     20, 058
       ing contractors.
      Men's neckwear-made in con-            1939       34         917            550            145           988        842
        tract factories.                     1937       20         446           285              67           475        407

             Men's and boys' hats and        1939      325       4, 179        5, 620         8, 652       16, 293      7, 641
             caps, and hat and cap           1937      299       4, NO         3, 571         8, 646       15, 873      7, 227
             materials, total.
      Men's and boys' hats and caps          1939      270       3, 383        2, 877         6, 711       11, 605      0, 894
        (except felt and straw).             1937      258       3, 460        2, 934         5, 928       11, 730      5, 802

      Hat and cap materials; trim-           1939       55         796            793          2, 940        4, 687     1, 747
        mings, etc.                          1937       41         739            637          2, 718       4, 142      1, 425

             Women's and misses' onter       1939    6, 267    207, 642    204, 130          697, 554   1, 015, 757   418, 203
              clothing, total.               1937    5, 060    178, 011    177, 444          654, 147      936, 053   381, 908

       Women's and misses' blouses           1939      170       4, 564        3, 910        24, 540       36, 419     11, 879
        and waists-made in Inside fee-       1937      128       3, 850        3, 350        16, 774       26; 785     10, 010
        tories or by jobbers engaging
        contractors.
      Women's and misses' blouses and        1939      132       5, 100        3, 483            337        5, 311      4, 974
        waists-made in contract facto.       1937       64       2, 554        1, 661            145        2, 435      2,290
        ries.
       Women's and misses' dresses (ex-      1939    1, 426     63, 996     61, 652          284, 628     441, 325    166, 697
        cent house dresses)-made in          1937    1, 147     48, 217     54, 278          258, 464     403, 074    144, 610
        inside factories or by jobbers
        engaging contractors.
       Women's and misses' dresses (ex.      1939    1, 490     49, 742     46, 748            3, 301      64, 936     61, 635
        eopt house dresses)-made in          1937    1,275      43, 874     42, 655            2, 636      58, 503     55, 868
        contract factories.
      House dresses, uniforms, and           1039      487      27, 833        17, 638        64, 683     104, 416     39, 783
        aprons-made in inside fac-           1937      403      28, 250        17, 165        55, 884      93, 892     38, 208
        tories or by jobbers engaging                                      -
        contractors.
       House dresses, uniforms, and          1939      255      10, 901        6, 368            490         9, 252     8, 761
        aprons-made        in   contract     1037       79       4, 039        2, 203            278         3, 242     2, 969
        factories.
       Coats, suits, and skirts (except      1939    1, 120     24, 018     33, 661          199, 095     281, 146     87, 051
        fur coats)-made       in inside      1937    1, 005     20, 690     29, 708          201, 551     290, 124     88, 672
        factories or by jobbers engaging
        contractors.
       Coats, suits, and skirts (except      1939      846      21, 905        22, 856         2, 544      32, 851     30, 107
        fur coats)-made in contract          1937      782      18, 923        22, 004         2, 103      31, 097     28, 939
        factories.
      Women's and misses' clothing           1939      231       6, 281         5, 887        22, 652      96, 759     13, ME
        not elsewhere classified-made        1937      159       4, 167         8, 462        16, 298      25, 339      9, 041
        in inside factories or by jobbers
        engaging contractors.
                                         -
      Women's and misses' clothing           1939      100       3, 703         2, 528            284        4, 811     4, 922
        not elsewhere classified-inside 1937          38      1, 447        960         159       1, 564     1, 411
        in contract factories.
        I Value of products less cot of materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work,
                80667-46---53
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               822                                         MANUFACTURES

               No. 932.-MANUFACTURES-STIMMA1'sY FOR INDUSTRY GROUTS, 1929 TO 1939,
                     AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                                  COST 01?
                                                                                                   MATE
                                                                                                    RLILS,
                                                                                                 ETC., FUEL,           'VALUE
                                                            Num-       Wage       WAGES             PUR-     VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                                    Cen-    ber of    earners                      CHASED    PRODUCTS MANUFAC.
                     GROW Olt INDUSTRY              sus     estab-    (average                    ENERGY,              Tuna 1
                                                    year     lish-     for the                   AND cox-
                                                            merits      year) .                    TRACT
                                                                                                  'worm

                                                                                             DI thousands of dollars

               ippareL etc.-Continued.
                                                                                                                   .             -
                    Women's accessories ex-         1939     1, 064     58, 952    43, 597         143, 125    248, 786   105, 662
                     cept millinery, total.         1987       907      63, 995    38, 944         134, 681    280, 131    95, 450
               Yemen's, children's, and in-         1939       139       6, 398     4, 373          14, 855     24, 608     9, 754
                %Ms' underwear and night-           1937       106       7, 605     4, 988          17, 494     28, 414    10, 921
                wear of knitted fabrics.
               Vernon's, children's, and in-        1939       174      11, 349     7, 462          21, 944     37, 184    15, 240
               fants' underwear and night.          1937       122       8, 835     5, 511          19, 600     30, 050    10, 450
                wear of cotton and flannelette
                woven fabrics.
               hmen's, children's, and in-          1939       372     20, 509     14, 349          50, 021     90, 628    31, 606
               fants' underwear and nigbt-          1937       875     18, 874     13, 446          58, 438     89, 858    31, 420
               wear of silk and rayon woven
               fabrics.
               'Insets and allied garments         1939       272      18, 765     15, 734         40, 105     84, 418     44, 313
                                                   1937       215      16, 385     13, 255         32, 514     70, 789     38, 274
               Tomen's neckwear, scarfs, etc__     1939       107       1, 531      1, 678          7, 200     11, 948      4, 748
                                                   1937        89       2, 206      1, 744          13, 630    11, 021      4, 385
                    Millinery                      1939     1, 050     24, 298     26, 060         48, 236    105, 601     57, 365
                                                   1937        756     21, 560     22, 921         41, 007     88, 242     47, 235
                    Children's and infants'        1939       574      23, 801     19, 176         02, 862     96, 484     43, 622
                     outerwear, total.             1937       452      21, 110     16, 602         47, 007     83, 463     35, 456
               hildren's dresses-made in in-       1939       182      10, 646     8, 064          24, 835     46, 742     21, 907
               skie factories or byjobbers en-     1937       157       9, 613     7, 358          25, 270     42, 626     17, 356
               gaging contractors.
               bildren's dresses-made ill con-     1939       114       4, 487     2, 599             211       3, 842     3, 630
               tract factories.                    1937        56       3, 246     1, 650             113       2, 479     2, 363
               aildren's coats-made in in-         1939       108       2, 130     3, 008          17, 162     24, 971     7, 809
               side factories or by jobbers en-    1937        83       1, 689     2, 497          12, 618     19, 073     6, 455
               gaging contractors.
           o aildren's coats-made in con-         1939         45       1,181      1, 325             204       1, 947     1, 743
             tract factories.                     1937         36       1, 105     1, 088             101       1, 641     1, 540
               rildren's and infants' wear not    1939       103       4, 365      3, 503          10, 378     17, 942     7, 564
               Ilsewhere classified-made In       1937       106       4, 760      3, 440           8, 844     15, 823     6, 979
               nside factories or by jobbers
               mgaging contractors.
               dldren's and infants' wear not     1939        22          995        <178              73       1, 041       968
               asewhere classified-made in        1917         14         806        561               62         824        762
               ontract factories.
                   Fur coats and other fur gar-   1939     2, 175     13, 111     23, 403         107, 762    168, 032    60, 280
                     ments, accessories, and      1937     1, 642     12, 932     21, 500         106, 345    155, 005    49, 260
                     trimmings.
                   Miscellaneous apparel,         1939       971      38, 288     29, 456         94, 917     159, 998    64, 681
                    total,                        1937       645      86, 854     27, 059         91, 651     148, 445    56, 894
          Be Its   (apparel)     regardless of    1939      245        4, 222      4, 067          9, 900     19, 076      9, 176
               mteria1.                           1937      119        3, 435      3, 294    '     8, 374     16, 706      8, 332
          Wi ,rk gloves and mittens: Cloth,       1030       04        8, 901      5, 663         11, 928     22, 457     10, 530
               loth and leather combined.         1937       85       10, 999      6, 796         17, 188     29, 370     12, 183
          Dr MS and semidress gloves and          1939       49       3, 396      2, 298           3, 638      7, 703      4, 065
               sittens: Cloth and cloth and       1937       22       1, 680      1, 061           1, 517      3, 190      1, 973
           1 ether combined.
            1 Value of products less cost of materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, ninl contract work.


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                                     MANUFACTURES Br INDUSTRIES                                                 823
       No. 932.-MANUFACTURES-SIMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GuoursL 1929 TO 1939,
             AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                     COST OF
                                                                                      MATE-
                                                                                      RIALS,
                                                                                   ETC., FUEL,           VALUE
                                                   Num-       Wage      WAGES         PUR-     VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                            Cen-   ber of    earners                 CHASED       PRODUCTS MANUFAC-
              GROUP OR INDUSTRY             sus    estab-    (average               ENERGY,                   TURE t
                                            year    lish-     for the               AND CON-
                                                   ments      Year)                   TRACT
                                                                                      WORK


                                                                                   In thousands of dollars

       Apparel, etc.-Continued.
       Handkerchiefs-mado in inside         1939       60      3, 734     2, 627       13, 835      20, 419      6, 585
         factories or by jobbers engag-     1937       58      4, 110     2, 670       13, 493      18, 870      6, 376
         ing contractors.
       Handkerchiefs-made in con-           1939       20      1,105        693            165       1, 182      1, 017
         tract factories.                   1937       16        887        664            111          850         739
       Suspenders, garters, and other       1939       66      2, 558     1, 956         8, 918     15, 483      6, 666
        goods made from purchased           1937       64      2, 903     2, 193         8, 660     16, 038      6, 379
         elastic material.
       Robes, lounging garments, and        1939      264      7, 377     5, 701       26,684       39, 830     14, 146
         dressing gowns.                    1937      142      6, 522     5, 166       21, 901      33, 444     11, 542
       Raincoats and other waterproof       1939       76      2, 323     1, 874        7, 083      11, 304      4, 221
         garments (except oiled cotton).    1937       61      2, 243     1, 707        6, 908      10, 004      4, 097
       Clothing, leather and sheep-lined_   1939       97      4, 672     4, 578       13, 766      22, 142     8, 376
                                            1937       78      4, 075     3, 720       14, 399      20, 973     6, 573
             Embroideries and, trim-        1939    1, 431    17, 828    15, 667       26, 162      62, 677    36, 526
              mings, total.                 1937    1, 068    14, 592    12, 711       23, 799      52, 123    28, 324
       Embroideries: Schiffil-machine       1939      398      3, 750     3, 248        6, 129      14, 122     7, 993
        products.                           1937      271      2, 757     2, 417        4, 451      10, 189     5, 737
       Embroideries, other than Sail        1939       54        608        .505           671       1, 686      1, 015
         machine products-made in           1837       47        548        459            676       1,652         966
         regular factories or by jobbers
         engaging contractors.
       Embroideries, other than Schiff11-   1939      357      4,189      3, 324        1, 622       8, 220      6, 698
         machine      products-contract     1937      267      3, 394     2, 869        1, 472       6, 956      6, 485
         factories.
       Trimmings (not made in textile       1939      227      3,728      3, 153       15, 944      26, 139    10, 195
         mills), stamped art goods, and     1937   0.200       3, 765     3, 106       15, 806      24, 600     8, 694
         art needlework-made in regu-
         lar factories or by jobbers en-
         gaging contractors.
       Trimmings (not made in textile       1939      395      5, 553     5, 339        1, 786      12, 510    10, 723
         mills), stamped art goods, and     1937      283      4, 128     3, 870        1, 394       8, 847     7, 462
         art needlework-contract fac-
         tories.
             Miscellaneous fabricated       1939   1, 759     49, 242    30, 741      215, 581     317, 184   101, 602
              textile products, total.      1937   1, 511     42, gOD    34, 622      218, 201     309, 735    91, 443
       Curtains, draperies, and bed-        1939      362     15, 798     9, 472       47, 475      70, 233    22, 758
        spreads-made in regular fac-        1937      284      8, 934     5, 908       37, 253      52, 517    15, 264
        tories or by jobbers engaging
        contractors.
       Curtains, draperies, and bed-        1939      75       1, 109       798           260        1, 679     1, 419
        spreads-contract factories.         1937      48          711       606           173        1, 109        937
       Housefurnishings (except cur-        1939     472      10, 623     8. 069       43, 973      67, 621    23, 648
        tains, draperies, and bed-          1937   134 393     9, 791     7, 542       39, 465      50, 340    20, 876
        spreads).
       Textile bags-not made in textile     1939     216      11, 991    10, 003       93, 807     121, 702    27, sgs
        mills.                              1937     186      12, 075     9, 749      103, 725     130, 001    26, 276
       Canvas products (except bags)___     1939     334       3, 869     3, 621       13, 030      24, 408    11, 378
                                            1937     367       4, 732     4, 844       17, 606      30, 324    12, 818
        I Value of products less cost of materials containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work,
        0. Revised; revision not carried into group total.


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          824                                               MANUFACTURES

          No. 932.- MANUFACTURES-SUMMARY' FOR INDUSTRYGROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
                     AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES,                            1937 AND 1939-Continued
                                                                                                 COST OF
                                                                                                  MATE-
                                                                                                  RIALS,
                                                                                               ETC., FUEL,            VALUE
                                                                                                           VALUE OF ADDED BE
                                                  Gen-
                                                             Num-     Wage
                                                             ber of earners               '
                                                                                    ,,o,,,,,       PUR-
                                                                                                 CHASED
                                                                                                ENERGY,
                                                                                                           PRODUCTS MANI:TAO.
                                                                                                                      TURE 2
                   GROUP OR /NDUSTRE              sus        estab- (average
                                                  year        Usti   for the                   AND CON-
                                                             raents yeaT)                        TRACT
                                                                                                 WORK

                                                                                               In thousands of dollars

          Lpparel, eto.-Contirmed.
          Vflseellaneous fabricated textile        1033         300      5, 852      4, 789        17, 037       31, 640       14, 604
           products not elsewhere &sal-          4,, 1937       233      6, 557      0,074         20, 169       35, 443       16, 274
           fied.
          umber and timber bask prod-              1939      11, 520   360, 613    310, 381       604, 243    1, 122 058      Or, 815
          tuts, totaL                              1937      10, 420   387, 514    839, 787       512, 475    1, 146, 285      633, 810
                                                  y 1935      8,734    303, 627    225, 263       331, 648       747, 886      416, 338
                                                  r 1929     17, 764   509, 218    538, 008     2 715, 812    I, 827, 058   1, /14, 444

               Logging camps and logging           1939         967     22, 785     22, 703        28, 165       69, 621       14, 496
                 contractors (not operating        1937         591     19, 390     22, 157        28, 882       66, 255       37, 373
                   sawmills).
               Sawmills, veneer mills,             1939      7, 391    205, 185    214, 920       280,019       692, 945      412 925
                   an d cooperage-stock            1937      7,002     206,832     245,320        304,658       755,464       450, 856
                   mills, including those
                   combined with logging
                   camps and with planing
                   mills.
               Planing and plywood mills,                    3, 162     72, 643     72, 758       196, 059      359, 492      163, 433

                                                                                                                            ----
                                                   1939
                 total.                            1937      2, 827     71, 292     72, 310       178, 935      324, 666      145, 631

          'Inning mills not operated in            1939      3, 076     62, 838     62, 815
          conjunction with sawmills.               1937      2, 750     61, 650     63, 186       177, 735      320, 614      142 879
                                                                                                  161, 611      289, 623      127, 912
          'lywood mills                            1039          86      9, 805      9, 943
                                                   1937          77      9, 602      9, 124        18, 325        38, 879      20, 554
                                                                                                   17, 824        35, 043      17, 719
          trniture and fMished lumber              1939      8, 457    293, 570    274, 738       640, 956    1, 267, 724     628, 768
          products, total.                         1937      7, 559    310, 449    299, 212       681,387     1, 317, 650     638, 263
                                                 2 1935      7, 471    253, 677    211, 621       493, 331       946, 793     463, 462
                                                 1 1929      9,125     334, 171    394, 910     1 899, 832    1, 792, 147     892, 315

               Household furniture, total__        1939      3, 392    143, 051    133, 579       282, 111      670, 468      288, 357
                                                   1937      8, 052    149, 097    141, 708       293, 309      686, 175      292, 889

          ingresses and bed springs                1939        947      18, 342     19, 498        60, 942      113, 115       62, 173
                                                   1937        839      19, 165     19, 811        63, 190      113, 120       43, 929

          fphoistered household furniture.        1935         853      29, 949     30, 082        65, 977    ' 128, 724       62, 746
                                                  1937         791      31, 667     82, 095        73, 654      139, 265       65. 611

          [Ousehold furniture except up-          IMP        1, 592    94, 700      83, 999       1.15, 192     328, 630      173, 437
           holstered.                             1537       1, 422    09, 105      90, 901      153, 465       338, 790      177, 325

               Office furniture                   1939         152      11, 776     13, 674       22, 670        54, 750       32, 180
                                                  1937         155      14, 297     17, 290       26, 294        65, 329       39, 035

              Public building and pro-            1939         188       8, 882      9, 919        17, 751       41, 334       23, 683
                   fessional furniture, total.    1937         149       9, 706     11, 497        19, 324       45, 297       25, 974

          ublic building furniture                1939         106       5, 000      6, 568        11, 438       26, 679       15, 211
                                                  1037          79       6, 450      7, 451        12, 542       29, 030       16, 488

          a boratory, hospital, and other         1939          82       2, 982      3, 351         6, 314       14, 656        8, 342
          professional furniture.                 1937          70       3, 250      4, 046         6, 782       16, 267        9, 486

              Partitions, shelving, cabi-         1939         718     13, 828      17, 735       30, 507        70, 718       40, 212
                net work, and office and          1037         580     25, 237      29, 875       32, 567        74, 785       42, 228
                store fixtures.
              Wooden containers, total...         1939       1, 251    45, 070     33, 132        79, 980       150, 150       70, 170
                                                  1037       1, 294    48, 173     36, 189        87, 624       160, 350       72, 726

            Vahla of products less cost of materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
            Excludes cost of contract work.
          1.Revised; revision not carried into group total.
          I Not comparable with figures for 1937 and 1989 because the manufacture of venetian blinds was Included.
          1 Not comparable With figures for 1937 and 1939 because the manufacture of venetian blinds was excluded.

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                                     MANUFACTURES BY INDUSTRIES                                                   825
       No. 932.-MANIIPACTURES'---SUMMARY FOR INIZTISTEX GuotTPS, 1929 TO 1939,
             AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                      COST OP
                                                                                       MATE.
                                                                                       RIAU,
                                                                                     ETC., FUEL,           VALUE
                                                     Num-     Wage        WAGES
                                                                                       FUR.      VALUE OP ADDED BY
                                             Celle   ber of earners                   CEASED PRODUCTS MANUFAC.
              GROUP OR INDUSTRY               sus    estab. (average                 ENERGY,           TUBE 1
                                             year     lish-  for the                 AND CON-
                                                     ments    year)                    TRACT
                                                                                       'worm

                                                                                     n thousands of dollars

       Furniture, etc.-Continued.
       Baskets for fruits and vegetables     1939      163      8, 048      4, 470        5, 749      14, 286      8, 638
                                             1937      146      7', 503     3, 92         6, 214      12, 438      7, 224
       Rattan and willowware (except         1939        47     1, an         926         1, 674        3, 918     2, 244
         furniture) and baskets other        1937        48     1, 805      1, 174        1, MO         4, 213     2, 463
         than vegetable and fruit bas-
         kets.
       Cigarboxes: wooden, partwooden_       1939        M      3, 101      2, 017        2, 483        6, 331     3, 848
                                             1937        69     3, 296      2, 322        2, 681        7, 128     4, 447
       Wooden boxes except cigar boxes_      1939      642     25, 351     19, 159       45, 757      87, 354     41, 897
                                             1937      634     25, 981     19, 644       45, 454      86, 347     40, 893
       Cooperage                             1939      350      7, 193      6, 360      24, 318       38, 261     13, 943
                                             1937      397      9, 588      0,177       32,527        50, 225     17, 698
             Window and door screens,        1939      709     11, 270     11, 203      36, 918       68, 260     31, 342
              shades, and venetian           1837      533      9,227       9,200       28, 808       63, 070     24, 262
              blinds, total.
       Window and door screens and           1939      162      2, 830      2,984         7, 892      15, 224      7, 881
        weather strip.                       1937      144      2, 833      3, 034        7, 394      14, 748      7, 353
       Window shades                         1939      273      3, 251      3, 411      18, 410       27, 071     11, 661
                                             1937      304      3, 166      3,173       13, 294       23, 574     10, 280
       Venetian blinds                       1939      274      5,179       4, 808      13, 665       25, 965     12, 300
                                             1937       85      3, 228      2, 992       8, 120       14, 749      6, 629
             Caskets,    coffins,   burial   1939      099     12, 447     13, 392      31, 862       70, 383     38, 491
               cases, and other mor-         1937      521     13, 678     15, 120      33, 628       71, 767     38, 128
              ticians' goods.
             Miscellaneous wood prod-        1939    1, 450    47, 248     42, 104     139, 257      241, 691    102, 433
              vets, totaL                    1937    1, 275    50, 131     46, 354     159, 832      260, 887    101, 054
       Excelsior                             1939       53        925         700         1, 382       2, 987      1, 608
                                             1937       52        960         730         1, 385       3, 033      1, 698
       Cork products                         1939       35      2,923       3, 302       8, 412       17, 724      9, 311
                                             1937       35      3, 699      4, 136      13, 905       21, 783      7, 879
       Matches                               1939       28      6, 426      5, 598       14, 098      25, 677     11, 479
                                             1937       25      5, 261      5, 392     , 20, 214     ' 30, 902    10, 688
       Wood preserving                       1939      218     11, 242      9, 764      77, 477      106,295      28, 818
                                             1937      197     12, 401     11, 338      84, 084      116, 700     32, 015
       Lasts and related products            1939       48      1, 519      1,995         2, 026       0,072       4, 646
                                             1937       48      1, 444      1, 833        1, 624       6, 433      3, 809
       Mirror frames and picture frames_     1939      182     3, 220       3, 065        5, 570      13,250       7, 679
                                             1937      163     3, 382       3,933         5, 234      12, 767      7, 634
       Wood products not elsewhere           1939      886     21, 993     17, 680      30, 291       99, 186     38, 895
        classified.                          1937      755     23, 087     19, 493      32, 837       70, 268     37, 431
       Paper and allied products, total 1    1939    3, 279   264, 716    309, 857   1, 149, 666   2, 019, 568   869, 902
                                             1937    3, 084   266, 944    310, 137   1, 213, 559   2, 076, 425   862, 866
             Pulp mills and paper and        1939      832    137, 445    178, 688     676, 997    1, 169, 867   482, 870
               pap erboard nulls, total.     1937      841    137, 803    175, 650     721, 101    I, 205, 132   989, 031

       Pulp mills                            1939      194     26, 870     33, 088     144, 737      226, 862     82, 115
                                             1937      194     26, 994     33, 670     163. 652      247. 192     93. 540
           I Value of products less cost of material, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
            No comparable figures available for 1929 and 1930.
             Includes amount of excise taxes, which were not collected for 1930.




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           820                                             MANUFACTURES

           No. 932.-MANUFACTURES--SUMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
                 AND FOR SUB GROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                                COST OP
                                                                                                 MATE-
                                                                                                 ELLIS,
                                                                                               TC., FUEL,           VALUE
                                                            Num-       Wage       WAGES           PUR-    VALUE OP ADDED BY
                                                    Cen-    ber of    earners                   CHASED    PRODUCTS MANUFAC-
                    GROUP OR INDUSTRY               sus     estab-    (average                 ENERGY,              TURE
                                                    year     Rah-      for the                 AND CON-
                                                            inents      year)                    TRACT
                                                                                                 WORE


                                                                                              In thousands of dollars

           Paper, eto.-Continued.
           Paper and paperboard mills              1939        638     110, 576    142, 600      532, 261      933, 016      400, 755
                                                   1937        647     110, 809    142, 080      567, 449      957, 940      390, 491
                   0i:inverted paper products,      1939     2, 433    126, 570    133, 350      171, 146      855, 874      384, 728
                     total.                        1937      2, 233    128, 322    133, 613      490, 983      807, 252      370, 268
           Coated and glazed paper _____ .......- 1939         140       7, 450      0, 384       53, 628       84, 387       30, 759
                                                   1937        303       7, 240      8, 614       51, 950       78, 622       26, 572
          EnVelopes                                1939        169       8, 689      9, 597       24, 623       50, 118       25, 495
                                                   1937        162       9, 511     10, 503       25, 107       51, 290       26, 183
          Paper bags, except those made in         1939        119      11, 081     10, 629       53, 964       85, 776      31,812
           paper mills.                            1937        107      10, 360      0, 850       53, 424       82, 458      29, MI
          Fiber cans, tubes, and similar           1939        116       6, 637      6, 963       13, 952       33, 345       19, 303
            products.                              1937        100       6,104       6,347        14, 089       32, 792       18, 703
          Paperboard containers and boxes          1939     1, 338      62,530     63, 806       213, 839      382, 710     16% 871
            not elsewhere classified,              1937     1, 226     62, 620     63, 301       231, 410      394, 787     163, 377
          Die-cut paper and paperboard,            1939        121       4, 354      5, 454       16, 069      33, 264       17, 194
            and converted cardboard.               1937        115       5, 046      6, 064       15, 520      34, 044       18, 524
          Wallpaper                                1039         46       4, 054     5, 333        11, 696      24, 969       33, 273
                                                   1937         42       4, 543     6, 455        11, 920      26, 772       14, 852
          Converted paper products not             1935       384      21, 775     22, 185        83, 375     161, 306       77, 930
            elsewhere classified.                  1037       378      22, 898     23, 479        87, 564     166, 587       79, 023
                  Pulp goods (pressed,             1930         14         701         810         1, 523        3, 826        2, 304
                    molded).                       1937         10         819         873         1, 475        4, 042        2007
                                                                                                                                ,

          Printing, publishing, and allied         1930    24, 878    324, 635    493, 616      812, 008    2, 578, 464   1, 766, 457
            industries, total,                     1937    22, 674    350, 352    530, 214      790, 227    2, 576, 818   1, 7E6, 491
                                                   1935    22, 505    302, 643    443, 023      610, 694    2, 157, 334   1, 546, 640
                                                   1929    27, 211    353, 964    630, 506      929, 172    3, 144, 894   2, 215, 722
                  Newspapers, total                1939     7, 309     97, 251    164, 718      232, 492      010, 189      677, 697
                                                   1937     6,980     109, 882    185, 836      221, 094      922, 335      701, 241
          Newspapers: publishing without          1939        431         260         363         5, 315       11,964         6, 649
           printing.                              1937        343         206         271         4, 299       10, 473        6, 175
          Newspapers: publishing        and   I   1939      6, 878     96, 991    164, 365      227, 177      898, 225     671, 048
           printing.                              1937      6, 637    109, 676    185, 565      216, 795      911, 862     695, 066
                  Periodicals, total              1339      2, 558     21, 421    35, 553       174, 297      468, 847     294, 550
                                                  1937      2, 264     25, 333    36, 045       171, 927      473, 696     301, 768
          Periodicals: publishing without         1939      1, 958        436         580       116, 664      266, 832     150, 167
           printing.                              1937      1, 762        711         919       109, 282      259, 021     149, 739
         Perio dicals: publishing and             1939        600     20, 985     33, 003        57, 633     202, 016      144, 382
           printing.                              1937        502     24, 622     35, 125        62, 645     214, 675      152, 030
                  Books, total                    1983     1, 396     22, 773     33, 638        79, 289     236, 752      157, 163
                                                  1937       990      21, 911     32, 308        74, 028     220, 035      146 007
         Books: publishing without print-         1939       556          136        196         35, 548     109, 579       74, 031
           ing.                                   1937       409                                 36, 253     103, 227       66, 974
         Books: publishing and printing._         1930       160       6, 091      8, 405        II, 729       39, 617      27, 789
                                                  1937       121       6, 094      8, 413        11, 633       40, 827      29, 154
         Books: printing without pub-             1939       890      16, 647     25, 038        32, 012      87, 666       55, 644
           lishing.                           1937       460     15, 817      23, 895    26, 142      75, 981     49, 839
            1 Value of products less cost of materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work,



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                                        MANUFACTURES BY INDUSTRIES                                                         827
      No. 932.-MANUFACTURES-1DIMARY FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
            AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                             COST OF
                                                    -                                         MATE-
                                                                                              ATALS,
                        '                                                                  ETCFUEL,                  VALUE
                                                        Num- Wage               WAGES          FUR-       'VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                                 Cen-   ber of earners                       CHASED        PRODUCTS MANUFAC,
              GROUP OR INDUSTRY                  sus    estab- (average                     ENERGY,                  TITRE I
                                                 year    lish-  for tho                     AND CON-
                                                        ments year)                           TRACT
                                                                                              WORE

                                                                                           In thousands of dollars

      Printing, etc.-Continued.
             General commercial (job)            1939   9, 595        96, OM    132, 945      191, 734      315, 436      323, 702
              priMing.                           1937   9, 035       108, 761   148, 802      201, 848      519, 521      347, 674
             Lithographing and photo-            1939     749         26, 000    37, 929       57, 686      154, 395       96, 708
              lithographing (including           1937     516         22, 633    33, 952       80, 731      129, 244       78, 614
              preparation of stones or
              plates and dry transfers).
             Greeting       cards    (except     1939     109          7, 522     7, 261        16, 490      39, 713       24, 225
                  hand-painted).                 1937      79          6, 847     6, 491        10, 146      29, 636       19, 490

             Gravure, rotogravme, and            1939      24          2, 623     5, 436         7, 243      18, 015       11, 372
              rotary photogravure (in-           1937      20          2, 228     4, 809         7, 499      18, 488       10, 989
              eluding preparation of
              plates).
             Bookbinding and related             1939   1, 133        26, 690    29, 063       30, 429      102, 691       72, 163
              industries.                        1937      997        25, 333    28, 665       30, 746       94, 822       64, 077

             Service industries for the          1939   2, 005        25, 218    49, 069       23, 347      131, 925      108, 677
                  printing trades, total.        1937   1, 793        28, 124    53, 306       23, 817      139, 041      115, 224

      Machine and hand typesetting               1939     641          6, 244    10, 425        3, 062       25, 096       22, 044
        (including advertisement type-           1937     537          5, 425    10, 691        2, 722       24, 082       21, 360
        Setting).
      Engraving (steel, copperplate,             1939     436          5, 353     7, 156        6, 029       22, 161       16, 184
        and wood); plate printing.               1937     418          7, 226     9, 312        7, 138       26, 025       19, 487

      Photoengraving not done in                 1939     694          9, 207    22, 568        7, 362       55, 619       48, 268
       printing establishments (in-              1937     620          9, 707    23, 609        7, 199       37, 291       50, 095
        eluding preparation of plates).
      Electrotyping and stereotyping,            1939     234          4, 412     8, 920        8, 904       29, 045       22, 141
        not done in printing establish-          1937     218          4, 766     9, 694      0.6, 761       31, 043    s. 24, 282
        ments.
      Chemicals and allied products,             1939   9, 203       287, 136   356, 176    1, 854, 140   3, 733, 658   1, 879, 517
        tota1.0                                  1937   8, 618       313, 539   377, 487    1, 942, 250   8, 718, 400   1, 776, 116

             Paints, varnishes, and col-         1939   1, 255        28, 173    39, 816      288, 959      518, 847      229, 887
               ors, total.                       1937   1, 124        31, 664    42, 751      312, 085      538, 461      226, 375

      Paints, varnishes, and lacquers_..         1939   1, 169        22, 334    31, 702      245, 571      434, 961      189, 390
                                                 1937   1, 037   .    25, 135    34, 313      264; 382      453, 869      189, 484
      Colors and pigments                        1989      80          5, 839     8, 114       41, 388       83, 886       40, 497
                                                 1937      87          6, 529     8, 437       47, 708       84, 595       36, 892

             Animal and vegetable oils           1939     663         21, 678    16, 924      269, 801      337, 328       67, 626
              (not including lubricants          1937     606         22, 556    15, 815      331, 653      409, 611       78, 091
                  or cooking and salad oils),
                  total.
      Cottonseed oil, cake, meal, and            1939     447         15, 191     8, 939      138, 764      171, 476       32, 712
       linters.                                  1937     447         16, 583     8, 632      195, 747      242, 043       46, 296

      Linseed oil cake, and meal            __   1939      25          2, 120     3, 193       56, 456       68, 012       11, 566
                                                 1937      23          2, 628     3, 691       74, 481       90, 357       15, 875

      Soybean oil, cake, and meal                1939      47          1, 481     1, 889       34, 435       43, 947        9, 512
                                                 1937      26             871     1, 192       19, 950       24, 312        4, 862

      Essential oils                             1939      14            255        357         6, 861        9, 811        2, 953
                                                 1937      13            195        266         3,705         5,139         1,431
         Value of products less cost of materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
        a No comparable figures available for 1929 and 1935.
       0. Revised; revision not carried into group total.



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           828                                             MANUFACTITEES

            No. 932.-MANTIFACTURES-SUMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GRouPs, 1929 TO 1939,
                  AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                                        COST OF
                                                                                                         MATE-
                                                                                                         RIAU],
                                                                                                      ETC., FUEL,                VALUE
                                                               Num-       Wage                           PUB-          VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                                    Can-       ber of     earners        WAGE 8         CHASED         PRODUCTS MANUFAC.
                     GROUP OR INDLTTRY              sus        estab-    (average                      ENERGY,                       TIME I
                 .                                  year        lish-     for the                      AND CON-
                                                               monts       year)                         TRACT
                                                                                                         WORE

                                                                                                      ln thousands of dollars

           Chemicals, ete.-Con tin u ed.                                   .
           Fish and other marine oils, cake,        1939           76       1, 523         1, 308             8. 907       13, 622      4, 716
             and meal                               1937           39       1, 211            979             7, 665       11, 593      3, 929
           Vegetable and animal oils, not           1939           64       1. 108         1, 237            24, 378       30, 457      6, 079
             elsewhere classified.                  lor            38       1, 068         1, 266            30, 006       36, 200      6, 195
                  Dings,      medicines, toilet     1939        2, 407    37, 7110        38, 935        218, 158         605, 895    387, 737
                     preparations, ins eeti-        1937        2, 136    39, 741         41, 478        196, 332         005, 984    369, 652
                     oides, and related prod-
                     ucts, total.
           )ruge and medicines (including           1939        1, 094    22, 386         23, 808        115, 273         364, 885   249, 713
             drug grinding).                        1937        1, 034    24, 795         26, 965        103, 584         353, 854   250. 270
           'erfurnes, cosmetics, and other          1989          539     10, 363          9, 044            58, 510      147. 466    88, 956
            toilet preparations.                    1937          478     10, 1.58   '     9, 262 .          63, 905      132, 336    78, 431
                                                                                                         _

           nsecticides, fungicides, and re-         1939          774      5, 017          5, 393        44, 376           93, 444    49, 008
            latod industrial and household          1937          624      4,788           5, 251        38, 843           79, 794    40, 081
            chemical compounds.                                                                                                e
                 Soap and glycerin                  1939          264     13, 624         18, 801       161, 003         302, 634    141, 632
                                                    1937          232     14, 008         19, 075       185, 170         301, 292    116,122
                 Rayon and allied products          1939           30     48, 332         60, 030        78, 460         247, 066    168, 605
                                                    1937           33     65, 008         65, 291        80, 616         254, 697    174,081
                 Hardwood distillation,            1939           823      5, 064          3, 731        23, 848           38,319     14, 471
                     charcoal, and naval           1937         1, 053     5,973           4, 374        33, 907           55,170     21,173
                     stores, total.
           fardwood distillation ami char-         1939            43      1, 770          1, 631            3, 928        6, 893      2, 916
            cool manufacture.                      1937            39      2, 108          1, 864            6, 164        8, 983      3, 819
            ,'1:)od naval stores                   1939            25      2, 353         1, 867             6, 524       14, 114      7, 590
                                                   1937            21      2, 359         2, 160             6, 163       17, 162     10, 998
           [um naval stores (processing but        1939    .     755         971             334         13, 396          17, 362     ' 3, 966
            not gathering or warehousing).         1937          993      1, 506             360         22, 670          29, 025       6, 356
                Fertilixers_                       1933          761     18, 744         13, 678        128, 630         185, 664     57, 005
                                                   1937          729     20, 391         ID, 027        129, 136         194, 129     64, 693
                Industrial chemicals, total._      1939        1,340     88,801      134, 380           514, 682       1, 169, 061   654, 379
                                                   1937        1, 297    96, 711     140, 842           511, 263       1, 083, 349   672, 086
           anning materials, natural dye-          1939          158      2, 716          3, 003         23, 860          42, 165     18, 304
           stuffs, mordants, assistants,           1937          158      2,812           3, 000         22, 603          35, 685     13, 081
           and sues.
          o cal-tar products, crude and in-       1930            49      2, 338          3, 598         25, 557          42, 917     17, 360
           termediate.                            1937            48      2,028           3, 032         24, 233          37, 177     12, 944
           lastio materials                       1939           38       6, 966          9, 840         40, 664          77, 653     37, 090
                                                  1037           34       7,283           9, 482         35, 713          66, 955     31, 242
           splosives                              1939           80       7, 242         10, 964         26. 800          71, 063    44, 193
                                                  1937           85       7, 240         10, 928         27, 597          67,343     89, 746
           lt                                     1939           40       3, 737          4, 235          9, 569          27, 630     17, 961
                                                4. l937          39       3, 846          4, 480         10, 249          27, 909     17, 660
          o =pressed and liquefied gases-         1939          379       3, 960          5, 854         13, 832          03, 366    39, 833
           aot made in petroleum refineries       1937          356       4, 655          6, 591         14, 244          66, 418    42, 174
            r in natural gasoline plants.
             Value of products less cost of materials containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work                        .
           5 . Revised; revision not carried into group total.




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                                     MANUFACTURES BY INDUSTRIES                                                    829
       No. 932.-MANUFACTURES-SUMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 To                                                 1939,
                   AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                      COST OP
                                                                                       MATE-
                                                                                       RIALS,
                                                                                    ETC., FUEL,                  VALVE
                                                   Num-     Wage                        PUR        VALUE OP ADDED BY
                                           Cen-    ber of earners       WAGES         CHASED       PRODUCTS MAN UFAC
              GROUP OR INDUSTRY            su$     estab- (average                   ENERGY,                     TUBE I
                                           year     lish-  for the                   AND CON-
                                                   ments    year)                      TRACT
                                                                                       WORE

                                                                                    Ill thousands of dollars

       Chemicals, etc.-Oontinued.
       Bone black, carbon black, and        1939       63      1, 574      2, 001         6, 103       14, 627      8, 523
        lampblack.                          1937       62      2, 190      2, 712         7, 236       18, 854     11, 618
       Chemicals not elsewhere classi-      1939      543     66 268      94, 884       368, 636     836 750      471, 115
        fled.                               1937      615     66, 657    100, 620       369, 388     773, 008     403, 620
             Miscellaneous chemical         1939    1, 657    24, 924     29, 882       170, 600     328, 824    ' 158, 225
                  products, total.          1937    1, 401    26, 623     32, 013       161, 907     312, 007      150, 100

       Printing ink                         1939      206      2, 572      3, 701        25, 166       49, 132     23, 966
                                            1937      184      2, 793      4, 085        25, 104       47, 317     22, 243

       Ammunition          '                1939       13      4, 264      4, 953        13, 004       29, 091     16, 087.
                                            1937       11      5, 071      5, 608        14, 709       31, 043     16, 334

       Cleaning and polishing prepare-      1939      637      5, 128      5, 667        37, 670       89, 767     52, 097
        lions, blackings, and dressings.   1937       610      4, 877      0, 422        31, 632       77, 054     45, 422

       alue and gelatin                    1939        80      3, 039      3, 942        18, 794       34, 332     15, 538
                                           1937        75      3, 647      4, 565        23, 391       40, 650     17, 259
       Crease and tallow (except lubri-    1939       310      5, 201      6, 508        38, 115       68, 226     20, 111
        sating greases).                   1937       266      5, 200      6, 763        32, 980       52, 269     19, 289

       Lubricating oils and greases-       1939       232      2, 128      2, 713       28, 931       49, 067      20, 126
        not made in petroleum refin-       1937       195      2, 231      2, 839       25, 387       44, 113      18, 725
        eries.
       Fireworks                           1939        59      1, 168         087         1, 853       4, 628       2, 775
                                           1937        46      1, 461      1, 201         2, 064       5, 366       3, 302

       Candles                             1939        28        840         817         3, 338        6, 320       2, 991
                                           1937        22        726         686         2, 624        5, 352       2, 727

       Bluing .                            1939        13         55          56            380        1, 142          756
                                           1937        14         67          69            350        1, 120          778

       uticilage, Paste, and other ad-     1939        64      - 285         290          2, 141       4, 169       2, 028
        hesives, except glue and rubber    1937        61        285         313          2, 165       4, 210       2, 045
        cement.
       Writing ink                         1039        15        254         247          1, 202       2, 951       1, 749
                                           1937        17        366         370          1, 500       3, 476       1, D76

       ?roducts of petroleum and coal,     1939       989    105, 428   173, 702     2, 278, 486   2, 953, 973   675, 488
        tota1.5                            1037       739    113, 006   188, 003     2, 418, 665   3, 038, 203   519, 638

             Petroleum refining            1939       485     72, 840   128, 214     1, 933, 264   2, 461, 127   527, 862
                                           1937       365     83, 182   110, 415     2, 064, 307   2, 546, 745   482, 439

             Coke and byproducts, total_   1939       112    21, 593      32, 481      261, 217      340, 978     85, 761
                                           1937        04    20, 803      33, 103      273, 068      357, 469     84, 401

       Seehive coke                        1939        29        685         701         3, 567        4, 781       1, 214
                                           1937        30      1, 310      1, 468        7, 716       10, 298       2, 582

       )ven coke and coke-oven by-         1939        83     21, 008     31, 780      257, 651      342, 197     84, 517
        products.                          1937        64     19, 293     31, 635      265, 352      347, 171     81, 820

            Paving and roofing mate-       1939       360     IO, 485    12, 522        80, 433      140, 581     60, 148
                  rials, total,            1937       259      9, 364    11, 938        77, 250      127, 851     BO, 801

       'eying blocks and paving mix-       1939       231     2, 437      2, 681        19, 027       32, 764     13, 728
        tures: asphalt, creosoted wood,    1037        148    1, 916      2, 419        14, 605       25, 289  10,683
        and composition.
         1 Value of products less cost of ma terials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
          No comparableflgures available for 1929 and 1535.




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          830                                            MAN17FACTURES

          No, 932.-M.A.NTIF.A.CTVRES--StIMIVIARY FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
                 A.ND FOR SUBGROUPS AND IND USTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                                     COST OF
                                                                                                      MATE-
                                                                                                      RIALS,
                                                                                                   ETC., FUEL,            VALUE I

                                                          NUM-        Wage      .,,,,,..              PUR-     VALUE or ADDED BY
                                                 Gen-     ber of     earners     "        '          CHASED    PRODUCTS JMANUIAO.
                    (mow. on INDUSTRY            sus      estab-    (average                        ENERGY,               TUBE L
                                                 Year      lish-     for tile                      AND CON-
                                                          IlleIRS     Year)                          TRACT
                                                                                                     WORE

                                                                                                   n thousands of dollars

          ?redacts of petroleum, etc.-Con.
          looting, built-up and roll; as-         1939       129       8, 048         9, 841           61, 406      107, 827             46, 421
           phalt shingles; roof coating (ex-      1937       111       7, 418         9, 520           62, 644      102,662               39,917
           cept paint).
               Fuel briquets                     1939         32         410            485             3, sn          5, 287             1, 716
                                                 1937         21         457            M7              4, 041         8, 138             2,097
          tubber products, total                 1939       595      120, 740   161, 410             496, 174       902, 329            408,155
                                                 1937       478      129, 818   171, 305              514, 260      883, 033            368, 772
                                                 1936       466      114, 681   133, 715             368, 811       677, 659            308, 848
                                                 1929       625      149, 148   207 306             2 078, 678   1,117, 460             588, 783
                Tires and. inner tubes           1939         53      54, 115    89, 774             349, 557       680, 929            231, 372
                                                 1937        48      61,290      96, 707             366, 858       675, 860            209, 002
                Rubber boots and shoes.-         1939        13      14, 861     16, 802              20, 749        49, 981             29, 231
                                                 1937         12     18, 356     20, 422              27, 475        64, 456             86, 981
                Miscellaneous rubber in-         1039       629      61, 764     54, 835             125, 868       271, 419            146, 651
                 dustries, total.                1937       420      48, 172     64, 176             119, 927       242, 717            122, 790
           eelaimed rubber                       1930        10        1, 072        1, 477            2, 992         6, 894              3, 902
                                                 1937         9        1,258         1, 830            4, 172         7, 942        '     3, 771
          ,ubber products not elsewhere          1939       519      50, 692     53, 358             122, 8/5      264, 525             141, 660
          classified.                            1937       411      46, 914     52, 346             115, 755      234, 774             119,019
          anther and, leather products,           1930    3, 508    327, 683    294, 290             805, 911    1, 389, 514            583, 6D2
           total.                              10 1987    8, 249    828, 651    808, 027             891. 229    f , 475, 000           583, 780
                                               10 1937    3,364     331,955     311, 293             899, 469    1, 491, 513            592, 043
                                                  3935    3, 506    310, 755    279, 740             694, 293    1, 224, 431            639, 189
                                           '      1929    4, 285    318, 472    359, 461           1, 132, 022   1, 006, 201            774, 179
               Leather, tanned, 'curried,        1939       440      47, 252     56, 783             229, 044      346, 438             117, 391
                    and finished, total.         1937       402      50, 687     61, 288             281, 506      395, 022             113, 515
          eather: tanned, curried, and           1939       335      41, 795     50, 570             222, 741      329, 728             106, 987
          finished-regular factories or          1937       331      48,132      58, 332             279, 220      387, 908             108, 688
          jobbers engaging contractors.
          eather: tanned, curried, and           1939       111       5, 457         6, 213            6, 303       16, 710              10, 407
          finished-contract factories.           1937        71       2, 555         2, 956            2, 286        7, 114               4, 828
               Leather products, total           1939    3, 062     280, 411    237, 507            576, 868     1, 043, 076            466, 208
                                                 1937    2, 847     277, 864    246, 738            609, 723     1, 079, 987            470. 264
          idustrial leather belting and          1939       190       2, 337         2, 861    .      13, 596       24, 410              10, 814
          packing leather.                       1937       182       2, 829         3, 355           15, 529       27, 901              12, 372
          )ot and shoe cut stock and            1939       520       18, 846     17, 196             90, 487       129, 399              38, 912
          findings.                             1937       470       18, 755     17, 844             96, 988       132, 860              36, 672
          )otwear (except rubber)               1939     1, 070     218, 028    183, 658            388, 439       734, 673             316, 234
                                                1937     1, 080     215, 438    191, 300            416, 805       768, 327             352, 022
          oather gloves and mittens             1939       233        9, 936         7, 409          13, 763        26, 831             13, 068
                                                1937       221       11, 637     .9, 039             15, 720        30, 718             14, 999
          dtcases, briefcases, bags, trunks     1939       829        8, 326         7, 919          19, 215        36, 691             17, 377
          Ind other luggage.                    1937       277        8, 708         8, 458          20, 634        38, 720             18, 185
          omen's pocketbooks, hand-            1939     286      14, 048     11, 239    32, 878    56, 807    22,929
           bags, and nurses.                   1937     203      11, 396       9. 054   24. 756    43. 446    IR. RD0
          I Value products less cost of materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
            Excludes cost of contract work.
          06 The 1937 figures in italics are comparable with 1939 statistics and exclude data for 115 establishments
        Which have been transferred to another group. No adjustment Was made for other years. The 1937 sta-
        tistics in toltlaTi type are comparable with the statistics for earlier years.



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                                         MANUFACTURES BY INDUSTRIE S                                                         831
          No. 932.-MANUFACTURES-SUMMART FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
                 AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-COntinue4

                                                                                               COST OF
                                                                                                MATE-
                                                                                                RIALS,
                                                                                             ETC., FUEL,           VALUE
                                                         Num-     Wage           WAGES
                                                                                                PUR-     VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                                Cen-     ber of earners                        CHASED        PRODUCTS MANI:TAO,
                  GROUP OR INDUSTRY             sus      estab- (average                      ENERGY,                      TORE I
                                                Year      lish-  for the                      AND CON-
                                                         ments year)                            TRACT
                                                                                               WORK
                                                                                                         -


                                                                                             In thousands of dollars

          l eath er, ete.-Continued.
          Small leather goods                   1939        118       3, 615       2, 751         7, 372        14, 334        6, 962
                                                1937         68       2, 143       1, 850         5, 342        10, 217        4, 875

          Saddlery, harness, and whips._        1939        156        2, 755      2, 388         6, 877        12, 118        5, 242
                                                1937        139        3, 049      2, 609         8, 110        13, 417        5, 306

          Leather goods not elsewhere else-     1939        160        2, 462       2, 087        4, 211         8, 911        4, 671
             sided.                             1937        207        3, 699       3, 133        7, 439        14, 581        7, 142

           Stone, clay, and glass products,     1939      7, 024     287, 524     329, 560       528, 792    1, 440, 151      911, 359
             total.                             1937      6, 196     306, 211     355, 451       538, 160    1, 428, 411      890, 251
                                                1935      6, 846     237. 979     230 881        385, 476       970, 738      605, 262
                                                1929      8 677      334, 894     441, 564     2 546, 942    1, 604, 470   1, 057, 528

                 Flat glass                     1939         37       16, 739      24, 009       33, 849       102, 389       68. 540
                                                1937         39       20, 683      30, 598       44, 450       127, 353       82, 903

                 Glassware, pressed or          1939        192       63, 083      64, 298       86, 927       255, 589      168, 662
                      blown, total.             1937        193       58, 468      70, 990       98, 255       260, 357      161, 102

           Glass containers                     1939         77       25, 753      34, 181       59, 893       158, 272       98, 378
                                                1937         80       28, 422      37, 288       69, 136       162, 717       93, 581

           Tableware, pressed or blown          1939        115       27, 330      30, 115       27, 033        97, 317       70, 284
                                                                                                                              70, 521
             glass and glassware not else.      1937        113       30, 046      33, 701       27, 119        97, 640
             where classified.
                 Mirrors and other glass         1939       557       10, 012      10, 615       26, 455        49, 886       23, 432
                   products made of pur-         1937       534       12, 652      13, 981       40, 744        88, 009       47, 285
                   chased glass.
                  Cement                        1939        160       23, 801      31, 588       68, 530       192, 611      124, 082
                                                1937        158       26, 426      34, 070       69, 979       183, 201      113, 222

                 , Structural clay products,    1939      1, 206 .    55, 745      54, 831       47, 630       165, 750      118, 119
                     total.                     1937 ,    1, 198      59, 684      57, 844       50, 975       163, 262      112, 286

           Brick and hollow structural tile._   1939        800       29, 069      26, 349       22, 470        78, 153       65, 681
                                                1937        781       27, 742      24, 685       20, 014        65, 901       45, 887

           Terra cotta                           1039        12        1, 099       1, 299           757
                                                                                                     852
                                                                                                                  3, 175
                                                                                                                  3, 253
                                                                                                                                2, 418
                                                                                                                                2, 402
                                                 1937        14        1, 126       1, 322

           Roofing tile                          1939         16         628          616            376          1, 825        1, 449
                                                 1937        29          793          714            361          1, 890        1, 528

           Floor and wall tile (except quarry    1939         49       5, 681       5, 931        5, 142        17, 659       12, 617
             tile).                              1937         53       6, 288       6, 631        5, 324        17, 086       11, 762

           Sewer pine and kindred prodUcts.      1039         65       6, 406       6, 818        4, 628        18, 296       13, 668
                                                 1937         64       6, 270       6, 271        4, 288        15, 895       11, 607

           Clay refractories, including re.      1939       165       12, 211      12, 324        13, 214       12, 191       28, 978
             fractory cement (clay).             1937       163       15, 449      16, 409        17, 823       52, 650       34, 827

           Clay products (except pottery)        1039        99        1, 651       1, 491         1, 043         4, 450        3, 407
             not elsewhere classified.           1037       103        1, 916       1, 883         2, 314         6, 587        4, 274

                                                                                   37, 459        28, 927        98, 884       69, 957
                  Pottery and related prod-     .1939       290       33, 105
                                                                                                  27, 014        96, 416       69, 401
                   ucts, total.                  1937       267       33, 366      38, 688

                                                                                                   6, 982        21, 979       14, 997
           Vitreous china plumbing fx.           1939         25       4, 534       6, 316
                                                                                                   5, 846        20, 393       14, 547
            tures.                               1937         30       4, 577       6, 481

                                                                                                   1, 707         9, 380        7, 652
           Hotel china                           1939         17        4, 350      4, 639
                                                                                                   1, 977        10, 415        8, 431
                                                 1937         18        4, 671      5, 030
             I Value of products less cost of materials containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
             I Excludes cost of contract work.




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           832                                          MANUFACTURES

                 932.-MANUFACTURDS-SUMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
                   AND POR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                                COST OF
                                                                                                 MATE-
                                                                                                 RIALS ,
                                                                                              ETC., FUEL,           VALUE
                                                         Num- Wage              WAGES             'FUR-   VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                                 Cen-    ber of earners                         MUSED TRODUCTS MANUFAC-
                 GROUP OR INDUSTRY.               sus    estab- (average                       ENERGY,              TUBE
                                                 year     lish- for the                       AND CON-
                                                         ments    year)                         TRACT
                                                                                               WORK


                                                                                             In thousands of dollars

          Stone, etc.-Continued.
          Whiteware                              1039        31     11,728         13, 150         8, 157       27, 801       19, 644
                                                 1937        35     11, 348        12, 918         7, 744       25, 999       17, 945
          Porcelain electrical supplies          1939        42      6, 018         6, 530         7, 144       20, 917       13, 973
                                                 1937        37      7,170          8, 160         7, 451       23, 659       16, 208
          Chine firing and decorating (for       1939        24        421            429         1,119          2, 334         1, 22,5
           the trade).                           1937        16        306            359            762         1, 690           927
          Pottery products not elsewhere         1939       151      6, 054        0, 398         3, 818        16, 593       12, 776
            classified.                          1937       131      5, 294        6, 740         3, 235        14, 570       11, 335
                 Concrete, gypsum,        and    1039    2, 550     39, 869       42, 013       114, 424       257, 598      143, 174
                  plaster products.              1937    1, 778     34, 181       36, 673        81, 073       104, 862      113, 789
          Concrete products                      1930    2, 040     17, 393       IS, 770        65, 685       130, 393       84, 709
                                                 1037    1, 382     12, 840       13, 781        35, 453        76,174        40, 721
          Gypsum products                        1039        60      4, 936        6, 6116       16, 694        48, 242       29, 548
                                                 1037        70      5, 207        6, 591        16, 681        42, 617       26, 935
          Mineral wool                           1939        58      1, 985        1, 821         3, 535         8, 238        4, 703
                                                 1937        32      1, 701        1, 835         3, 129         7, 459        4, 330
         Wallboard and wall plaster (ex-        1930       124       6, 227        0, 288        14, 804        35, 754       20, 949
          cept gypsum), building insula-        1937        82       4, 682        4, 857        12, 523        33, 590       21, 097
           tion (except mineral wool), and
           floor composition.
         Lime_                                  11130      269       9, 468        9, 069        13, 706        38, 971       23, 295
                                                1937       203       9, 751        9, 610        13, 287        35, 022       21, 786
               Monuments,       tombstones,     1939     1, 244     18, 516       22, 000        25, 287        75, 812       50, 625
                  cut-stone, and s to n e       1937     1, 403     20, 816       24, 381        27, 349        79, 006      '51, 057
                  products not elsewhere
                classified.
               Miscellaneous nonmetallic
                mineral products, total.
         Abrasive wheels, stones, paper,
          cloth, and related products.
                                                1939
                                                1937

                                                1939
                                                1537
                                                           779
                                                           626

                                                           124
                                                           103
                                                                    35, 854
                                                                    40, 135

                                                                     7, 734
                                                                     9, 670
                                                                                  42, 148
                                                                                  48, 225

                                                                                  10, 683
                                                                                  14, 250
                                                                                                 96, 764
                                                                                                100, 320
                                                                                                 26, 006
                                                                                                 29, 339
                                                                                                              241, 633
                                                                                                              235, 946

                                                                                                                71, 271
                                                                                                                77, 951
                                                                                                                          --144, 868
                                                                                                                            135, 626

                                                                                                                              44, 765
                                                                                                                              48, 615
         Asbestos products (except steam        /030        IV      0, GM         11, OW         23,038        60, 224        36, 3413
          packing and pipe and boiler           1937        73     13, 023       14, 157         29, 494       63, 794        34, 390
          covering),
         Steam and other packing; pipe          1939       134      5, 907         7, 190        17, 608       37, 170        19, 562
           and boiler covering.                 1937       125      5, 934         6, 930        15, 048       32, 554        17, 506
         Natural graphite, ground and           1933         6          50            66            852          1, 251          399
           refined.                             1937         8          66            74            729          1, 078          349
         Minerals and eartbs, ground or         1939       237      5,858          5, 750        14, 660       38, 003        24, 214
          otherwise treated.                    1937       167      4, 539         4, 898        11, 613       27, 161        15, 648
         Sand-lime brick, block and tile        1939        27        346            414            638          1, 016        1, 278
                                                1937        23        414            460            645          1, 618        1, 073
         Nonclay refractories                   1939        46      4, 792         5, 316        11, 508       25, 906        15, 808
                                                1937        40      5, 641         6, 381        12, 638       28, 457        15, 910
         Statuary and art goods (except         1939       126        983          1, 160           975         3, 440        2, 465
           stone and concrete), factory         1937        99        858          1, 126        1, 015         3, 331        2,136
           production.
         Iron and steel and their products,     1939     8,994    366, 367    1, 313, 633    3, 635, 871    0, 591, 530   2, 955, 660
           except machinery, total.t            1937     8, 382 1,140,529     1, 619, 78S    4, 056, 338    7, 445, 350   3, 389, 012

           I Value of products less cost of materials containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
             No comparable figures available for 1029 and 1935.



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                                      MANUFACTURES BY INDUSTRIES                                                            833
       No. 932.-MANUFACTURES-SUMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
                 AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                             COST or
                                                                                             MATE-
                                                                                             RIALS,
                                                                                           ETC., FUEL,           'VALUE
                                                       NUM-   Wage              WAGES
                                                                                              FUR-     VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                               Cell-   ber ofearners                         CHASED        PRODUCTS MANUFAC-
                 GROUP OR INDUSTRY              SUS    estab-(average                       ENERGY,                      TURE 1
                                               year     lish- for the                       AND CON-
                                                       ments year)                            TRACT
                                                                 .                            WORIC


                                                                                           In thousands of dollars

       Iron and steel, etc.-Continued.
               Blast furnaces, steel work s,    1939      334        388, 441   698, 037    2, 036, 191    3, 270, 822   1, 234, 631
                 and rolling mills, total,      1937      352        401, 118   755, 427    2, 314, 830    3, 818, 789   1, 503, 959

       Blast-furnace products                   1539       81         10, 537    28, 312       463, 719      550, 802      - 87, 083
                                                1037       87         23, 075    38, 001       644, 881      072, 625      127, 614

         teel works and rolling mills           1039      255        368, 904   569, 724     1, 572, 472   2, 720, 020   1, 147, 548
                                                1937      265        438, 043   717, 425     1, 769, 949   3, 146, 263   1, 376, 314

               Iron and steel foundry           1939    I, 482       123, 045   101, 738       170, 159      463, 716      293, 547
                  products, total.              1937    1, 456       156, 586   203, 319       210, 204      676, 303      368, 098

        Gray-iron and semisteel castings_       1930    1, 101        58, 428    70, 758        78, 972      209, 720      130, 748
                                                1937    1, 152        73, 993    94, 065        06, 964      261, 442      161, 478

       Malleable-iron castings                  1939       83         18, NI     22, 555        17, 951       53, 451       35, 600
                                                1937       84         23, 713    28, 819        24, 004       69, 516       46, 612

       Steel castings                           1939      154         30, 088    41, 942        45, 232      135, 466       90, 234
                                                1937      145         41, 299    62, 351        63, 796      184, 228      120, 432

        Cast-iron pipe and fittings             1939       74         10, 488    17, 483        28, 014       65, 079       37, 065
                                                1537       75         17, 580    18, 093        25, 441       61, 118       35, 677

               Tin cans and other tinware       1039      248         31, 770    36, 308       249, 044      372, 616      123, 572
                 not elsewhere classified.      1937      224         33, 145    37, 194       245, 110      318, 796      113, 686

               Wire products                    1935      800         54, 870    68, 235       180, 770      328, 228      167, 458
                                                1937      698         60, 493    75, 021       184, 300      358, 580      174, 282

        Wire drawn from purchased rods_         1939       95         21, 969    29, 966        99, 982      176, 503       78, 521
                                                1037       93         24, 580    33, 067       100,375       182, 149       81,774
       Nails, spikes, etc., not made in         1939       36          2, 515     2, 730         5, 836       12, 908        7, 072
         wire mills or in plants operated       1937       42          2, 432     2, 746         5, 630       11, 929         6,293
         in connection with rolling mills
        Wirework not elsewhere classi-          1039      669         30, 386    35, 539        74, 962      158, 817       83, 865
         fied.                                  1937      563         33, 471    39, 257        78, 206      164, 510       85, 214

               Cutlery, tools, and hard-        1539    1, 196        73, 684    84, 057       116, 121      319, 455      203, 334
                  ware, total.                  1937    1, 149        85, 867   100, 190       126, 370      860, 614      224,244
       Cutlery (except aluminum, 'sil-          1939      266         15,399     16, 797        18. 756       59, 924       41, 168
         ver, and plated cutlery) and           1937      251         16, 830    18, 633        18, 737       68, 194       45, 457
         edge tools.
       Tools (except edge tools, ma-            1939      387         15, 343    18, 002        27, 355       75, 290       47, 935
         chine tools, files, and saws).         1937      ,369        17, 612    21, 132        30, 959       80, 046       49, 087

       Files                                    1939       22          3, 205     3, 839         2, 453       11, 294        8, 841
                                                1937       21          3, 715     4, 815         3, 314       13, 653       10, 309

        Saws                                    1939       87          4, 072     5, 198         6, 781       18, 471       11, 086
                                                1937       80          4, 384     5, 576         7, 115       19, 853       12, 438

        Hardware not elsewhere classified       1939      434         35, 645    40, 221        60, 772      164, 476       93, 704
                                                1937      929         43, 326    00, 032        65, 915      168, 869      102, 954

               Heating apparatus and            1939    1, 673       119, 919   149, 088       294, 870      686, 126      391, 456
                plumbers' supplies, total       1937    1, 524       130, 512   176, 266       313, 200      718, 485      405, 285

        Enameled-iron sanitary ware             1939      259         24, 605    30, 769        52, 630      126, 578       72, 94E
         and other plumbers' supplies           1937      241         25, 240    30, 635        50, 115      113, 920       63, 904
         'not including pipe and vitre-
          ins and sernivitreous china
         sanitary ware).
         1 Value of products less cost ef materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
         " Revised; revision not carried 'nto group total.


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          834                                          MANITPACTOlitS

          No. 932.-MANUFACTURES-SUMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GRoves, 1929 TO 1939,
                AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                                 91,0 SATT EO-F


                                                                                                 RIALS,
                                                                                               ETC., FUEL,                  VALUE
                                                         Num.      VELge       WAGES               FUR.           VALUE OF ADDED ET
                                               Gen-     ber of     earners                       CHASED           PRODUCTS 1.1.6.NUFAC.
                GROUP OR INDUSTRY               sus     estab-    (average                     ENERGY,                         TURE I
                                               year      lish-     for the                     AND CON-
                                                        ments       year)                        TRACT
                                                                                                 WORE

                                                                                              In thousands of dollars

         Cron and Steel, etc.-Oontinued.
         Dil burners, domestic and indus-      1939         130      1,498        1, 893            10, 273          18, 468       8, 1 5
           trial.                              1937         113      1, 865       2, 815             9, 355          19, 034       9, 679
         ?ower boilers and associated          1939         448    18, 888      2.9, 298            70, 655         140, 960     70, 305
          products.                            14137        453    24, 485      33, 842             82, 979         165, 280     82, 301
         >team and hot-water heating.          1939          68     8, 493       9, 922            17, 165          45, 378      28, 2/3
          apparatus (including hot-wa-         1937          60     9, 774      11,705             17, 907          43, 634      25, 726
           ter furnaces).
         ftoves, ranges, water heaters,       1939       o 449     41, 701      48, 069           97, 475          223, 427     126, 952
           and hot-air furnaCes (except       1937         409     49, 570      59, 400          107, 826          236, 720     128, 894
           electric).
         'team fittings, regardless of ma-    1939         181     21, 815      29, 630            37, 667         111, 986      74, 318
           terial.                            1937         154     25, 811      35, 286            38, 421         124, 129      85, 708
         Testing and cooking apparatus,       1939         138      2, 919       3, 508              8, 805         20, 330      11, 525
          except electric, not elsewhere      1937          94      2, 267       3, 082              6, 595         15, 770       9, 174
           classified.
               Metal stamping, enameling ,    1939         963     55, 051      114,352          136, 284          283, 599     147,315
                galvanizing , ja.panning ,    1937         807     62, 212      74, 517          150, 675          300, 033     149, 368
                and lacquering, total.
         'itreous enameled products, in.      1939          55     10, 809      11, 442           20, 348           44, 239      23, 891
           eluding kitchen , household,       1937          48     11, 326      11, 362           19, 293           41, 115      21, 822
           and hospital utensils.                                                         .

         .utomobile stampings                 1939          90     8, 597       11, 970           21, 827           47, 833     26, 006
                                              1937          91    14, 994       20, 704           39, 998           78, 921     38, 923
         tamped and pressed metal prod.       1939        655     33, 112      37, 535            89, 141          178, 395     89, 254
          ucts (except automobile stamp-      1937        527     31, 905      37, 788            85, 201          163, 863     78, 662
          ings).
          nameling, japanning, and lac-       1939          80      1, 821      2, 062              2, 456           6, 936      4, 480
          quering.                            1937          74     2, 868       3, 287              3, 636          10, 140      6, 484
          alvanizing and other coating-       1939          83      1, 212      1, 343              2, 513           6, 196      3, 683
          carried on in plants not oper.      1937          64      1, 119      1, 376              2, 527           5, 994      3, 467
          ated in connection with rolling
          mills.
              Fabricated structural steel    1939       1,343     43, 217      58,081           191, 475           332, 889    141, 414
                and ornamental metal-        1937       1, 286    47, 222      65, 777          189, 726           342, 071    152, 945
                Work, total.
         abricated structural steel and      1939       1, 138    36, 47.7     47, 550          172, 437           284, 670    118 232
         ornamental metalwork, made          1937       1,132     38, 814      53, 898          169, 673           292, 756    123, 083
         in plants not operated n con-
                                 i
         nection with rolling mills.
         oors, window sash, frames,          1939         205     7, 740       10, 531           19, 037           48, 219      29, 182
         molding, and trim (made of          1937         154     8, 408       11, 879           20, 053           49, 915      29, 862
         metal).
             Miscellaneous iron and          1939         955     75, 890     103, 648          261, 147          514, 080     252, 933
              steel products, total.         1937         886     95, 253     131, 178          321, 916          521, 070     299,164
         dts, nuts, washers, and rivets-     1939         155     14, 381      18, 333           38, 709           84, 118      45, 409
         nade in plants not operated in      1937         138     16, 840      22, 088           44, 342           98, 079      63, 797
         :onnection with rolling mills.
         rgings, iron and steel-mode 1939            207     15, 372     22, 652     51, 974    104, 883     52 910
         n plants not operated in con- 1937          194     18, 255     27, 659     63, 224    122, 835     59, 611
         tection with rolling mills.
          Value of products less cost of materials containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work,


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                                    MANUFACTURES BY INDUSTRIES                                                          85
      No. 932.-MANUTACTURES-SITAIMARY FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
            AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                         COST OF
                                                                                          MATE-
                                                                                          RIALS,
                                                                                        ETC., FUEL,           VALUE
                                                   Num-      Wage        WAGES             PUR-     VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                           Con-    ber of   earners                      CHASED       enornicrs     la ANUFAC-
            GROUP OR INDUSTRY              sus     estab-   (average                    ENERGY,                        TURE 1
                                           year     lish.   for the                     AND COE-
                                                   ments      'year)                      TRACT
                                                                                          WORK


                                                                                    In thousands of dollars
                                                                                    ,


      Iron and steel, etc.-Continued.
      Wrought pipes, welded and            1939        49      8, 370     12, 306          41, 856       75, 865       34, 008
       heavy riveted-made in plants        1937        sa     14, 125     19, 436          68, 629      113, 769       45, 140
       not operated M connection
       With rolling mills.
      Springs, steel (except wire)-        1939        53       2, 940     4, 277           12, 796      23, 044       10, 249
       made in plants not operated in      1937        57       3, 902     5, 801           16, 103      27, 233       11, 080
       connection with rolling mills.
      Screw-machine products and           1939      345      16, 924     22, 106           32, 619      82, 807       50, 158
       wood screws.                        1937      311      21, 287     28, 030           42, 714     102, 725       60, 011
      Steel barrels, kegs, and drums__     1039        64       6, 072     7, 360          32, 028       49, 166       16, 838
                                           1937        58       6, 231     7, 357          30, 296       48, 175       17, 880
                 i


      Firearms                             1939-      23        5, 001     6, 846           3, 053       17, 712       14, 659
                                           1937       21        6, 847     9, 670           4, 383       21, 555       17, 222
      Safes and vaults                     1939        16       1, 236     1, 589           2, 413         6, 084        3, 671
                                           1937       14        I, 182     1, 145           1, 998         5, 149        3, 152
      Dold-rolled steel sheets and strip   1939       43       5, 644      8, 178          45, 369       70, 401       26, 032
       and cold-finished steel bars        1937       40       6, 634      9, 688          50, 228       $1, 549       31, 321
       made in plants not operated in
       connection with hot-rolling
       mills.
      Ffonferrous metals     and their     1939    5, 600   228, 753     299, 220       1, 748, 692   2, 572, 854     824, 263
        products , tota1.5                 1937    5, 173   265, 767     336, 349       1, 934. 185   2 779. 961      845, 776
           Primary smelting and re-        1939       63      27, 630    38, 411          819, 570       956, 572     137, 002
             fining of       nonferrous    1937       66      32, 798    47, 342          980, 546    1, 140, 216     159, 671
             metals.
           Alloying and rolling and        1939      188      38, 816    56, 282          280, 890      445, 090      164, 170
            drawing of nonferrous          1937      162      43, 964    62, 177          291, 310      457, 309      165, 909
             metals, except       alumi-
             num.
           Secondary smelting and re-      1939      174       4, 723     6, 063          160, 219      183, 822       23, 603
             fining of nonferrous          1937      168       6, 058     7, 683          179, 260      206, 100       25, 841
             metals and alloys, total.
      iecondary,amelting and refining,     1939       66       1, 115     1, 687           94, 783      101, 784        7, 001
        gold, silver, and platinum.        1937       65       1, 085     1, 561           82, 208       92, 093        6,886
      lecondary smelting and refining      1939      108       li, 608    4, 366           65, 436       82, 030       16, 602
        of nonferrous metals, not else-    1537      103       4, 973     5, 972           94, 052      113, 007       18, 955
        where classified.
           Clocks and watches, total       1939      116      20, 287    23, 407,          39, 191       94, 638       65, 440
                                           1937      104      25, 674    30, 715           42, 626      108, 291       65, 665
      Mocks, watches, and materials        1939       74      17, 878    20, 467           35, 204      84, 846        49, 642
       and parts, except watchcases.       1937       75      23, 223    27, 559           38, 444      97, 934        69,489
      Watchcases,                          1939       42       2, 409     2, 940            3, 937       9, 792         5, 804
                                           1937       29       2, 451     3, 156            4, 182      10, 358         6, 176
           7ewelry, total_                 1939    1, 058     14, 438    17, 609           62, 846      99, 037*       46, 191.
                                           1937       911     13, 764    18, 045           51, 429      95, 600        44, 171
      'ewelry (precious metals)            1939      886      11, 358    14, 243           34, 697      71, 419        36,822
                                           1937      789      11, 077    11. 737           33. 512      69, 526        36. 014
       3 Value of products less cost of materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
       I No comparable figures available for 1020 and 1935.




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          836                                            MANUFACTURES
           No. 932.-MANUFACTU50ES-STJMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
                AND FOR SUP GROUPs AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                                        COST OF
                                                                                                         MATE-
                                                                                                         RIALS,
                                                                                                      ETC., FUEL,           VALUE
                                                          Num-             Wage                          PUR-     VALUE OF ADDED BE
                                                                                       WAGES                      PRODUCTS MANI7FAC.
                                                  Can-    ber of          earners                       CITASED
                   GROUP OR INDUSTRY              SITS    estab-          (average                     ENERGY,              TURD 1
                                                  year     lish-          for tho                      AND CON-
                                                          TI:VAS          ' year)                        TRACT
                                                                                                        WORK


                                                                                                      In thousands of doEars

          Nonferrous metals, eto.-Con.
          fewelers' findings and materials_       1939           82         . 2, 813         2, 975       14, 493       22, 489        7, 996
                                                  1937           71           2, 470         3, 002       14, 574       21, 684        7, 109

          Lapidary work                           1939           90             267            391         3, 755        0, 129        1, 374
                                                  1937           51             217            306         3, 343        4, 391        1, 048

                  Silverware and plated ware_ MO                150         12, 105      15, 304          24, 787       62, 771       37, 984
                                                  1937          136         11, 361      13, 790          22, 670       56, 733       34. 063

                  Engraving on meta1, plat-       1939          737          9, 825     11, 249            8, 978       34, 032       25, 051
                   ing, and polishing, total..    1937          624         10, 408     12, 599            9, 680       35, 567       26, 887

          70ograving OR metal (except for         1939          94           1, 419          1, 806        1, 678        5, 814        4. 185
            printing purposes).                   1937          77           2,132           2, 771        2, 815        8, 881        5, 016

          Illectroplating, plating, and pol-      1939         693           8, 200          9, 383        7, 300       28, 168       20, 808
            ishing.                               1937         547           8, 256          9, 828        6, 815       20, 686       19, 872

                  lighting fixtures               1939         568          20, 477     23, 238           59, 851     124, 682        64, 731
                                                  1937         466          21, 748     21, 918           55, 593     115, 096        59, 500

                  Nonferrous metal products       1939     2, 546           80, 652     107, 665         302, 258     572, 341      270, 082
                   not elsewhere classified,      1937     2,536            89, 997     118, 830         301, 072     566, 048      264, 970
                   total.                                  .
          Ton ferrous Metal foundries (ex.        1939         600           9, 099     12, 210           28; 703       55, 607       26, 934
            cept aluminum).                       1937         595          11, 032     14, 099           37, 983       69, 528       31, 546

          auminum ware, kitchen, hos-             1939          32           6, 297      7, 775           17, 207       37, 125       19, 918
           pital, and household (except           1937          87           6, 748      8, 007           16, 070       36, 392       20, 522
            electrical appliances).
          duminum products (including            1939          162          17, 249     25, 539          106, 993     169, 819        02, 826
            rolling and drawing and ex.          1937          116          10, 347     23, 882           SO, 034     129, 052        49, 018
            truding), not elsewhere classi-
           Bed.                                                                          .


          lollapsible tubes                      1939           14           1, 933          1, 003       4, 906        9, 472        4, 536
                                                 1937           15           1, 983          1, 872       0, 272        0, 185        3, 913

          /old and silver leaf and foil          1039           20             563             470        1, 090        2, 109        1, 013
                                                 1937           26             625             515        1, 231        2, 299        1, 069

          'in and other foils (except gold       1939           12           1, 328      1, 908          10, 338       19, 072        8, 734
           and silver foil).                     1937            9           1, 669      2, 354          11, 157       17, 760        6, 603
          beet-metal work not specifically       1939     1, 262           134, 749     23, 079          70, 081      137, 341       66, 360
           classified.                           1937     1, 392           22, 973      29, 203          85, 935      159, 096       73, 161

          fonferrous m etal products not         1939          438         24, 834      34, 751          02, 005      141, 766       79, 761
           elsewhere classified.                 1937          396         28, 020      28, 839          08, 391      142, 537       79, 14a
         li leotrical   machinery, total         1939     2, 014          256, 467     335, 820         727, 436    1, 727, 390      999, 951
                                                 1937     1, 397          806, 063     407. 901         797, 772    1, 899, 905   1, 102,133
                                                 1935     1. 389          224, 437     240, 952         975, 687    1, 161,403       683, 716
                                                 1929     1, 861          843, 138     474, 203 21,008,341          2, 397, 763   1, 389, 424
                                                                      .
                Electrical equipment for         1939          727         95, 130     135, 354         250, 618      624, 941      374, 323
                   inpstria1 use, tota1,         1937          585        122, 106     178, 406         276, 678      736, 881      460, 204

          'icing devices and supplies            1939       146            14, 564      16, 906          44, 506       04, 305       40, 800
                                                 1937       124            17, 301      19, 884          46, 906       95, 391       48, 435
          arbon products for the electrical      1939          31           3, 199      4, 454            6, 691       19, 376       11, 694
          industry, and manufactures             1937          30           4, 098      5, 776            9, 075       23, 390       11, 316
          of carbon cr artificial eranbite.
           Value of products less cost of materials containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
           Excludes cost of contract work.


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                                        MANUFACTURES BY INDUSTRIES                                                          837
        No. 932.-MAN-uPACTincEs-SIIMMARY POR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
              AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                            COST OF
                                                                                             MATE-
                                                                                             RIALS,
                                                                                            TC., FUEL,                    VALUE
                                                        Num-    Wage          'WAGES           PTJR-        VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                                Can-    bar of earners                       CEASED         PRODUCTS MANTIFAC
                GROUP OR INDUSTRY                sus    estab- (averago                     ENERGY,                       TURE 1
                                                year     lish- for the                      AND CON-
                                                        meats year)                          TRACT
                                                                                             'WORE


                                                                                           In thousands of dollars

         Electrical machinery-Continued.
         Electrical measuring instruments._     1939        59     6, 976        9, 881         12 101        41, 797       29, 693
                                                1937        2      6, 935       10,102          10, 257       4 0,416       30, 159

         Generating, distribution, and          1939       491    70, 4 01     104, 084        187, 326      470, 462      283, 136
           industrial apparatus, and ap-        1937       398    93,802       142, 643        210, 441      577, 685      367, 244
           paratus for incorporation in
           Manufactured products, not
           elsewhere classified.
                Electrical appliances           IND        138     19, 89 0     25, 4 09        68, 081       145, 696       87, 615
                                                1937       107     20, 605      27 ,272         57, 530       129, 515       71,085

               Insulated wire and cable         193 9       79     15, 606      18, 638         70, 125       120, 390       50, 205
                                                1937        57     16, 913      20, 683         73, 170       134, 633       61, 453

               Automotive          electrical   1939        84     17, 495      24, 896         42, 041       109, 762       67, 721
                     equipment.                 1937        61     23, 103      32, 899         61, 395       137, 712       76, 317

               Electric lamps                   1939        55     9, 622       10, 089         28, 571        84, 828       56, 257
                                                1937        41     8, 984       10, 163         26, 190        82, 538       56, 348

                Communication equipment         1935       451    75, 627       91, 470        194, 202       467, 197      272, 995
                 and related products,          1937       349    89, 324      107, 328        220, 086       505, 331      285, 245
                 total.
         Radios, radio tubes, and phono-        1939       221    43, 608       47, 026        145, 810       275, 870      130, 023
          graphs.                               1937       162    48, 343       52, 002        151, 90 6      277, 807      1 22, 902

         Communication equipment                1939       227     32, 119      44, 444         48, 22        191, 326      142, 975
                                                1937       187     40. 981      65, 326         65, 181       227, 524      162, 343

                Electrical products not else-   1939       980     23, 007      29, 363         83, 798       174, 577       5 0, 7781
                  where classified, total.      1937       397     24, 878      31, 309         82, 724       173, 295       9 0, 572

         Batteries, storage and primary         1039       221     15, 034      19, 209         63, 177       117, 583       54, 906
          (dry and wet).                        1537       184     14, 571      18, 83 2        50, 209       108, 158       48, 949

         X-ray and therapeutic apparatus        1939        81      1, 959       2, 744           .5, 755      17, 945       12, 190
          and electronic tubes.                 1937        46      1, 935       2, 760           5, 236       17, 198       11, 912

         Electrical products not elsewhere      1939       175      6, 014       7, 410         14, 866        39, 049       24, 182
           classified.                          1937       167      8, 371       9, 71 7        18, 279        47, 989       29, 710

         Machinery       (except electrical),   1935     9, 506   522, 980     748, 288      1, 285, 211    3, 214, 174   1, 968, 963
           tota1.5                              1937     8, 368   643, 522     955, 996      1, 571,162     3, 902, 907   2, 331, 604

                Engines and turbinas, totaL     1939        92     18, 664      21, 852         63, 007       135, 109       72, 102
                                                1937       114     25, 325      39, 046         66, 688       146, 602       79, 914

         Steam engines, turbines, and           1935        18      3, 002       6, 349          9, 551        24, 751       15, 200
           water wheels.                        1937        22      4, 102       7, 614          7, 012        22, 425       15, 413

         Internal-combustion engines            1939        74     14, 752      21, 503         53, 456       110, 358       66, 902
                                                1937        92     21, 223      31, 432         59, 676       124, 177       64, 501

                Agricultural     machinery      1939       347     59, 081      85, 074        214, 896       421, 847      206, 950
                 and tractors, total.           1937       298     80, 238     129, 968        293, 137       578, 341      285, 204

         Tractors                               1939        30     31, 275      49, 846        135, 626       253, 911      118, 325
                                                1937        28     42, 465      69, 216        185, 125       353, 297      168, 172

         Agricultural machinery (except         1039       317     27, 806      35, 229         79, 270       1 67, 895      88, 625
          tracters).                            1937       '270    37, 773      55, 751      ' 108, 012       225, 044      117. 032

                Construction, mining, and       1939       987     34, 723      50, 21 6       110, 055       262, 674      162, 619
                 related machinery, total,      1937       402     41, 546      62, 655        129, 220       508, 670      179, 450

           lValue of products fess cost of materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
           a No comparable figures available for 1929 and 1935.
                     686667-46-51
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          838                                            MANUFACTURES

           No. 932.-MANUFACTURES-SITIVIMARY FOR. INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 To 1939,
                 AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                             COST OF
                                                                                              MATE-
                                                                                              RUES,
                                                                                            ETC FUEL,                VALUE
                                                          Num-      Wage       WAGES
                                                                                               PIIR-      VALUE OF ADDED 13T
                                                  Cen-    ber of   earners                   CHASED       PRODUCTS 3IANDFAC.
                      GROUP OR INDUSTRY           sus     estab-   (average                 ENERGY,                  TORE 1
                                                  year     lish-    for the                 AND CON-                    .
                                                          ments      year)                    TRACT
                                                                                              WORE

                 .
                                                                                           In thousands of dollars

          dachinery, etc.-Continued.
          1onstruction and similar ma-            1939       199     17, 259     26, 198       63, 376      140, 138        76, 762
            chinery (except mining and oil-       1937       177     20, 045     29, 779       67, 965      147, 002        79, 937
            field machinery and tools).
          )11-field machinery and tools__         1939       223     12, 524     18, 741       31, 305       88, 977        57, 673
                                                  1937       179     16, 347     25, 248       48, 644      126, 666        78, 022
          lining machinery and equip.             1939        65      4, 940      6, 277       15, 374       33, 559        18, 185
           ment.                                  1937        46      6, 163      7, 627       12, 611       34, 103        21, 491
                     Netalworldng machinery,      1939    1, 332     77, 684    128, 769      130, 026      442, 650    312, 624
                       total.                     1937    1, 163     90, 192    162, 281      161, 248      489, 687   338,439
          f achine tools                          1939      200      36, 624    62, 333        63, 866      218, 045   154, 179
                                                  1937      205      37, 477    62, 610        69, 515      202, 739   143, 223
          f achino-tool and other metal.         1939       954      25, 161    41, 347        31, 410      125, 630    94, 220
           working machinery accessories,        1937       806      32, 893    65, 957        46, 002      162, 002   116, 000
          metal - cutting and shaping
          tools, and machinists' preci-
          sion tools,
          ietalworking machinery and             1939       178      15, 899    25, 089        34, 750       98, 075    64, 226
          equipment, not elsewhere clas-         1937       152      19, 822    33, 716        45, 731      124, 946    79, 216
          sided.
                     Special industry machin-    1939     1, 348     64, 678    88, 791       121, 456     349, 508    228.051
                      ery, total.                1937     1, 258     79, 480   114, 685       144, 169     422, 073    278, 405
          Dod-products machinery__               1939       379     13, 979     18, 937       31, 950       93, 841     58. 891
                                                 1937       323     18, 475     26, 579       39, 301      114, 082     74, 781
        T urtile machinery                       1939       300     21, 904     27, 615       33, 598       93, 276     59, 678
                                                 1937       356     25, 340     33, 139       35, 546      107, 429     71, 883
           oodworking machinery                  1939       130      3, 622      4, 657        8, 292        21, 604    13, 312
                                                 1937       106      3, 678      4, 856        8, 375        20, 311    11, 937
          sper-mill, pulp-mill, and paper-       1939        99      5, 409      7, 775       1 2, 727      32, 420     19, 692
          products machinery.                    1937        91      6, 813     10, 861       19, 015       43, 406     24, 391
          Mting-trades machinery and             1939      231       9, 376     14, 647       15, 053        55, 582    40, 529
          squipment.                             1937      230      13, 716     22, 378       20, 966        78, 628    57, 662
          )ecial industry machinery, not         1939      207      10, 388     15, 161       19, 836       55, 786     35, 949
          qsewhere classified.                   1937      150      11, 459     16, 872       20, 965       58, 716     37, 761
              Genera/ industrial machin-        1939     5, 200    172, 104    237, 363      396, 706    1, 062, 931   668, 225
                ery, total.                     1937     4, 498    202, 400    289, 168      478, 222    1, 238, 620   760, 398
          casuringand dispensingpumpa.          1939        38       5, 054     6, 751        19, 020       44, 286    25, 267
                                                1937        36       6, 652     8, 862        24, 312       54, 675    30, 363
          roping equipment and air              1939       337     19, 180     26, 208        64, 204      134, 941    80, 737
          ompressors.                           1937       310     21, 668     30, 910        60, 749      144, 046    83, 297
        El ovators, escalators, and con-        1939       183      8, 015     13, 358        25, 057       64, 128    39, 071
           eyors.                               1037       168      9, 497     14, 688        26, 122       69, 293    43, 171
        C ars   and trucks, Industrial- _ _..   1939        55      2, 732      3, 149         7, 801       17, 320     9, 519
                                                1937        62      3, 819      4, 964        10, 268       25, 688    15, 430
       B1 )wers; exhaust and ventilating        1939        77      3, 885      6, 371        11, 768       28, 606    16, 839
          ans.                                  1937        42      3, 997      5, 845        12, 731       30, 265    17, 534
          msuringinstruments, mechan-      1939        68      6, 692      8, 874     13, 177     39, 684     213, 507
          Ial (except electrical measur- 1937          67      7, 460      9, 852     14, 897     42, 077     27, 180
          og instruments, watches, and
          locks).
         1 Value of products less cost of materials containers, fuel, purchased e ectrie energy, and contract work.


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                                      MANUFACTURES BY INDUSTRIES                                                          839
         No. 932.-MAN-EfFACTURES-SIMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GROIN'S, 1929 TO 1939,
               AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                           COST OF
                                                                                           MATE-
                                                                                           RIALS,
                                                                                         ETC., FUEL,                VALUE
                                                      Nuna-    Wage                          Pun-        VALUE OF ADDED BY
                                                                             WAGES                       PRODUCTS mernmc-
                                              Cen-    ber of earners                       CHASED
               Olintrr OR INDUSTRY            SUS     estab- (average                      ENERGY                      YORE I
                                              Year     lish-  for the                     AND CON-
                                                      ments      370DP)                     TRA.CT '
                                                                                            WORK

                                                                                         In thousands of dollars

         Machinery, etc.-Continued.
         Mechanical power-transmisSion        1039        218    30, 268      43, 752         50, 367      170, 291      119, 925
          equipment.                          1937        163    33, 029      48, 498         56, 624      181, 278      124, 754

         Stokers, inechaMeal, domestic        1939         61      3, .549     4, 789           9, 857      24, 545       14, 688
          and industrial.                     1937         50      3, 529      5, 092           9, 879      25, 577       15, 697

         Macbine-Shopproducts, not else-      1939     2, 126     60, 717     81, 660        141, 493      360, 334      218, 841
          where classified.                   1937     1, 626     65, 370     91, 911        153, 965      382, 255      228, 290

         Industrial machinery, not else-      1939        579     21, 036     31, 178         52, 904      140, 828       87, 664
          where classified.                   1937        857     88, 967     56, 795         90, 885      247, 222      150, 337

         Machine-Shop repairs                 1939      1, 469     9, 176     12, 273         10, 908       38, 166       27, 169
                                              1937     1, 18       8, 412     11, 751         11, 900       36, 244       24, 34-4

               Office and store machines,     1939        230     42, 885     57, 920         44, 805      187, 663      142, 888
                total.                        1937        219     62, 385     72, 322         62, 365      228, 051      173, 586

         Office and store machines, not       1039        in      36, 204     40, 082         29, 143
                                                                                              30, 548
                                                                                                           160, 170
                                                                                                           180, 827
                                                                                                                         121, 027
                                                                                                                         147, 278
          elsewhere classified.               1937        115     44, 776     63, 020

         Vending, amusement, and other        1939         51      3, 842      4, 632         10, 675       23, 143       12, 408
          coin-operated machines.             1937         47      4, 310      5, 187         12, 959       27, 388       14, 400

         Scales and balances                  1930         56      2, 839       3, 306          4, 988      14, 350        9, 363
                                              1937         57      9, 209       4, 115          5, 858      17, 856       11, 968


               Household and service-in-      1939        472     a, 171       72, 302       204, 250      391, 792      187, 533
                dustry machines, total.       1937        418     71, 988     180, 871       256, 314      492, 423      230, 108

         Laundry equipment, domestic__ 1939                42      7, 166       0, 277        36, 385       81, 601       25, 236
                                              1037         40      9, 302      11, 875        41, 208       89, 889       28, 680

         Commercial laundry, dry-clean-       1930         82      2, 705       3, 477          8,821       21, 830       13, 013
          ing, and pressing machinery.        1037         62      3, 012       4, 274        10, 874       23, 010       13, 036

         Sowing machines, domestie and        1939         39      7, 840      11, 157          8, 810      29, 707       21, 036
          industrial.                         1937         36      9, 019      13, 551          9, 003      34, 836       25, 833

         Refrigerators, domestic (me-         1930        309     35, 160      48, 392       150, 463      278, 640      128,183
           chanical and absorption), re-      1937        280     50, 623      71, 371       196, 220      363, 788      168, 653
           frigeration machinery and
           equipment and complete air-
           conditioning units.

         Automobiles and auto mobile          1939      1, 133   398, 963     640, 400     2, 725, 390   4, 017, 873   1, 322, 478
           equipment, total.                11 1987     1, 070   611, 555     807, ORB     8,710,919     5, 202, 795   1, 681, 877
                                            it 1037     1, 067   479, 341     756, 081 3, 669, 342       5, 170,238    1, 608, 894
                                              2935         046   387, 801     545, 414 2, 819, 873       3, 942, 014   1, 122,141
                                              1929      1, 398   447, 448     730, 083 2 3, 258, 197     5, 260, 723   2, 002, 228

         Motor vehicles, motor-vebicle        1939      1, 054   397, 537     644, 905     2, 720, 551   4, 030, 931   1, 319, 370
           bodies, parts and accessories.     1037         985   508, 341     803, 416     3, 703, 741   6, 279, 697   1, 576, 956

         Automobile trailers (lor attache     1039         79      /, 426       1, 501          4, 835       7, 942        3, 207
          ment to passenger oars).            1937         85      2, 992       3, 610          7, 178      13, 099        9, 921

         Transportation equipment except      1939        968    157, 097     239, 254       411, 377      882, 897      471, 520
           automobiles, totaLi                1037        888    260, 885     221, 624       448, 164      852, 785      404, 620

           1 Value of products less cost of materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
            2 Excludes cost of contract work.
            s No comparable figures avallablo for 1929 and 1936.
            11 The 1937 figures shown in italics are comparable with the statistics for 1929 and include data for 3 estab-
         lishments which were originally classified in another group for 1987 and previous years but which have
         now been reclassified in this group. The roman-type figures for 1937 do not include data for these 3 estab-
         lishments and are comparable with statistics for earlier years.
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         840                                              MANUFACTURES

         No. 932.-MANUFACTU16E0-SUMMA1Y FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
                     AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND                                1939-Continued
                                                                                              COST OF
                                                                                               MATE-
                                                                                               RIALS,
                                                                                            ETC., FnEL,            VALUE

                                                   Con-
                                                           Nurn-    Wage
                                                           ber of earners
                                                                                .,,,,.
                                                                                 - ---'
                                                                                               PUR-
                                                                                              CEASED
                                                                                                        'VALUE or .armEn Br
                                                                                                         PRODUCTS MANUFAO
                GROUP OP. INDUSTRY                  SUS    estab. (average                   ENERGY,                TURE i
                                                   year     lish-  for the                   AND CON-
                                                           ments    year)                      TRACT
                                                                                               WORE


                                                                                            In thousands of dollars

         Cransportatien, etc.-Continued.
              Railroad equipment, total__          1939       168    30, 1193     44, 271      129, 588     215, 807     88, 219
                                                   1937       167    49, 466      74, 121      205, 771     407, 445    141, 674
         ,ocomotives (including frames)            193D       15      6, 470       9, 657       25, 927      47, 426     21, 499
          and parts-railroad, mining               1937       13      9, 000      14, 845       39, 266      72, 128     32, 857
          and industrial.
         jars and car couipment-rail-              103D       143    24, 523     34. 615       103, 661     168, 382     64, 721
          road, street, and rapid-transit.         1037       154    40, 466     59, 276       226, 505     335, 322    108,817
               Aircraft and parts, inclad-         1939       225    43,638      77, 488        96, 250     279, 497    183,247
                ing aircraft engines.              1937       105    SO, 384     93, 827        56, 556     199, 700     P3 144
               Ship' and boatbuilding and          1930      608     69, 241    107, 371       158, 374     328, 272    370,898
                repairing, total.                  1937       544    62, 274     93, 747       101, 411     250, 457    149, 046
         hipbuilding and ship repairing__          1939      406     66, 611    104, 473       163, 415     327, 387    173, 972
                                                   1037      353     59, 452     90, 514        95, 687     238, 386    142, 699
         ;oatbuilding and boat repairing,          1939      202      2, 630      2, 897         4, 968      10, 885      5, 926
                                                   1937      191      2, 822      3, 232         5, 725      12, 072      6, 347
              Motorcycles, bicycles, and           1939       36      6, 073      8, 974        24, 041      93, 052     39, 011
               parts.                              1937       29      6, 938      8, 207        19, 793      39, 044     16, 251

              Transportation equipment             1939       41      1, 252      ll 150         3,124        6, 269      3, 145
               not elsewhere classified.           1937       43      1, 823      1, 723         4, 633       3, 138      4, 505
         (iscellaneous industries, total' __       1939    7, 099   238, 827    238, 325       469, 167   1, 162, 968   693, 791
                                                   1037    6, 311   239, 802    260, 452       442, 007   1, 077, 573   634, 666
               Professional and scientific         1939      499     38, 324     53, 089        75, 590     244, 617    169. 027
                    instruments, photo-            1937      392     39, 836     56, 408        66, 115     215, 894    145: 729
                    graphic apparatus, and
                    optical goods, total.
         rofossional and scientific la-           1939      213       9, 429     13, 709        17, 711      61, 017     43, 306
         struments (except surgical and           1937      187       9, 388     13, 067        15, 030      52, 495     37, 465
         dental).
         holographic apparatus and ma-            1939      160      17, 271     25, 287        42, 559     133, 899     91, 343
         terials and projection equip-            1937      109     18, 450      28, 876        36, 653     115, 888     79, 235
         ment (except lenses).
         ptioal instruments and lenses__          1939        30      1, 372      1, 848        1, 114        4, 796      3, 682
                                                  1937        17      1, 092      1, 498           970        8, 941      2, 971
       0 phthalmic goods; lenses and              1939        01    10, 252      12, 246       14, 200       44, 955     30, 795
         fittings.                                1337        79    10, 906      12, 918       13, 462       43, 620     30, 058
             Surgical ,      medical,       and   1939      541     14, 339      15, 352       55, 874      118, 997     01, 323
                dental instruments,               1937      468     14, 444      15, 756       59, 783      118, 512     55, 780
                equipment, and sup-
                plies, total,
       Su mgical and medical instru-              1939       50      1, 626      1, 979         2, 320        8, 052     5, 732
         clients.                                 1937       39      1, 447      1, 863         2,035         7, 565     5, 530
         rgical supplies and equipment            1930      360      8, 468      8, 590        40, 207      79, 398     39, 102
         lot elsewhere classified; ortbo-         1937      323      8, 423      8, 516        45, 031      77, 008     32, 037
         iedic appliances,
         mtal equipment and supplies__            1039      131      4, 245      9, 825        13, 258      31, 547     18, 283
                                                  1337      101      4, 574      5, 347        12, 717      30, 879     18, 162
            Musical instruments and               1939      193     10, 806     12, 625        16, 793      40, 238     23, 445
               parts, total.                      1937      187     11, 971     14, 089        17, 161      43, 265     26, 104

         Value of products less cost of materials containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work
         No comparable figures available for 5029 and 1935.             .




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                                            MANITFACTURES BY INDUSTRIES                                                        841
        No. 932.-MANUFACTURES-SIIMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
              AND Ton SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                             COST OP
                      *                                                                        MATE-
                                                                                               RIALS,
                                                                                            ETC., FUEL,            VALUE
                                                          Num-      Wage       'WAGES
                                                                                                FUR-    *VALUE OP ADDED BY
                                                Cen-      ber of   earners                    CHASED    PRODUCTS MANUFAC,
                  GROUP OR INDUSTRY             . sus     estab-   (average                  ENERGY,               TURD 1
                                                year       lish-   for the                   AND CON-
                                                          ments     year)                      TRACT
                                                                                               WORE

                                                                                            In thousands of dollars

        Miscellaneous indnstries-Con.
        Pianos                                  1939         35      5, 311       6, 12         10, 124         20, 493        10, 360
                                                3937         38      5, fi98      7, 062         9, 767         21, 703        11, 930

        Organs                                  1939 ,.      84         989       1, 061         1, 297          3, 421         2, 124
                                                1937         34      1, 086       1,235          1, 474          4, 637         3, 163

        Piano and organ parts and               1939          23     1, 315       1, 131          1, 927         4, 772         2, 844
         materials..                            1937         32      1, 778       1, 716         2,114           4, 978         2, 864

        Musical instruments, parts, and         1939        101      3, 101       3, 917          3, 445        11, 552         8, 108
         materials not elsewhere classi-        1937         83      3, 409       4,075           3, 806        11, 948         8, 141
          Lied.
              Toys and sporting and             1939        821     36, 797      34, 427        67, 957        151, 404        83, 447
                   athletic goods, total.       1937        625     34, 686      32, 703        62, 468        133, 519        71, 062

        Games and toys (except dolls and        1939        343     15, 610      12, 667        24, 910         55, 401        30, 491
         ehildren's vehicles),                  1937        250     14, 608      12, 427        21, 639         50, 591        28, 952
                                                                                                           ,
        Dolls (except rubber)                   1939         84      3, 052      2, 837           6, 418        12, 132         5, 716
                                                1937         74      2, 682      2, 319           6, 314        11, 199         4, 885

        Children's vehicles                     1939         44      4, 319       4, 713         9, 940         19, 117         9, 177
                                                1937         64      5, 218       5, 415         9, 960         19, 655         9, 696

        Sporting and athletic goods not         1939        350     13, 816      14, 221        28, 690         64, 754        38, 064
          elsewhere classified.                 1937        247     12, 178      12, 54.2       24, 555         52, 074        27, 519

              Pens, pencils, stencils , and     1939        199     12, 591      12, 974        33, 359         76, 399       45, 040
               artists' materials, total.       1937        444     14, 493      14, 891        30, 758         75, 287       44, 529
        Pens, mechanical pencils, and           1939          70     4, 463       4, 329         8, 700         24, 881        16, 181
         pen points.                            1937          55     b, 703       5, 356         9, 238         25, 970        16, 732

        Pencils (except mechanical) and         1939          40     3, 779      3, 434          7, 279         15, 860         8, 580
          crayons.                              1937          33     4,416       4, 212          8, 013         18, 288        10, 275

        Hand stamps, stencils, and              1939        289      2, 211       2, 615         3, 204         10, 812         7, 607
          brands.                               1937        266      2, 375       2, 929         3, 047         10, 386         7, 339

        Artists' materials                      1939          42       397          464          2, 019          4, 070         2, 051
                                                1937          40       372          403          1, 282          2, 783         1, 501

        Carbon paper and inked ribbons..        1939          58     1, 741       2, 132        10, 157         20, 777        10, 620
                                                1937          60     1, 627       1, 991         9, 178         17, 860         8, 681

              Buttons                           1039        316     10, 972       8, 623        12, 473         29, 817        17, 314
                                                1937        291     12, 026       9, 256        13, 678         31, 291        17, 713

              Costume jewelry and mis-          1939        863     25, 256      15, 743        32, 117         77, 472        45, 355
               cellaneous products, total.      1937        702     23, 688      19, 182        28, 094         67, 071        38, 977

        Costume jewelry and costume             1939        289     10, 808      8, 755         15, 830         33, 922        20, 002
         novelties jeswelry other than          1937        240     10, 165      9, 339         11, 673         29, 929        18, 256
          fine jewelry).
        Iewelry case and instrument             1939        132      5, 127       4, 691         6, 479         16, 670        10, 191
          cases.                                1937         91      4, 788       3, 692         4, 860         12, 202         7, 343

        Lamp shades                             1939        128      2, 671       1, 715         4, 384          8, 376         3, 991
                                                1937        121      2, 819       1, 821         4, 192          8, 212         4, 050

        Feathers, plumes, and axtificial        1939        314      6, 650      4, 582          7, 424         18, 504        11, ON
         flowers.                               1937        250      6, 216      4, 330          7, 369         16, 098         9, 329

              Miscellaneous industries,         1939      3, 967    89, 742     101, 592       177, 003        424, 013       247, 010
               not elsewhere classified,        1937      3, 206    88, 249      98, 088       164, 859        394, 997       230, 1-39
                   total.
        Brooms                                  1939        320      3, 787       2, 757         6,052          11, 812   ,     5, 700
                                                1937        289      4, 087       2, 906         6, 301         11, 628         5, 327
          3 Value of products less cost of materials containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work,

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          842                                              MANUFACTURES

          No. 932.-MANITFACTURES-SUMMARY FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1929 TO 1939,
                AND FOR SUBGROUPS AND INDUSTRIES, 1937 AND 1939-Continued

                                                                                                    COST or
                                                                                                     MATE-
                     .                                                                               FOALS,
                                                                                                   ETC., FUEL,             VALUE
                                                                                                     PUR -       VALUE OF ADED BY
                                                                                                                            D
                                                            NUM-
                                                            bar of    Wage
                                                                     earners        'WAGE a
                                                    Cen-                                            CHASED       PRODUCTS MANUFA C-
                GROUP OR INDUSTRY                   SUS     estab-   (average                      ENERGY,                 TITRE I
                                                    year     lish-    for the                      AND CON-
                                                            ments     year)                          TRACT
                                                                                                     WORE

                                                                                                  In thousands of dollars

         Miscellaneous industries-Con.                                                     ,
         Brushes                                    1939      245      7, 891            7, 989       25, 255      48, 407    23, 212
                                                    1937      243      7, 915            7, 250       24, 110      44, 537    20, 426
         B eauty-shop and barber-shop              1939        72      1, 986   °        1, 818        5, 366      13, 000     7, 640
          equipment.                               1937        73      2, 548            2, 480        6, 334      13, 571     8, 238
         Furs, dressed and dyed                    1939       145      5, 115            9, 066        4, 858      22, 395    / 7, 63 7
                                                   1937       121      6,043             8, 335        6, 449      21, 753    16, 311
         Signs, advertising displays, and          1939     1, 386    17, 206           20, 657       32, 493      87, 625    55, 132
           advertising novelties.                  1937     1, 001    16, 042           19, 181       27, 754      75, 723    47, 969
         Fabhcated plastic products, not           1939       216     15, 094           17, 688       31, 747      71, 904   40, 157
          elsewhere classified.                    1937       129     14, 184           16, 965       20, 640      62, 139   35, 600
         Umbrellas, parasols, and canes-           1939        90      2, 862            2, 193        6, 869      11, 620    4, 551
                                                   1937        81      3, 088            2, 572        8, 042      13, 237    5, 196
        Tobacco pipes and cigarette                1939        32     2,481              2, 407        2, 299       7, 508    5, 208
          holders,                                 1937        25     2,382              2, 413        2, 523       7, 647    5, 124
        Soda fountains, beer dispensing            1939        51     1, 590            2, 389         5, 968      13, 600    7, 692
         equipment, and related prod-              1937        51     1, 855            2, 519         6, 263      13, 033    6, 770
         nets.
        Models and patterns        (except         1939      683      5,666             9, 037        4, 228      22, 329    18, 101
          paper patterns),                         1937      594      5, 728        "   9, 762        4, 142      22, 289    18, 147
        Hairworlr                                 1939        42        322                261           739       1, 401        662
                                                 6.1937       31        325                296           851       1, 661        813
        Wool psdling                      _ ,-    1939        17        830             1, 101        9, 615      13, 122     3, 507
                                                  1937        19        794             1, 064       12, 695      16, 651     3, 956
        Needles, pins, hooks and eyes,            1939        58     10, 403        11, 804          13, 485      38, 155    24, 670
         and, slide and snap fasteners.           1937        52      9, 580        19,164           10, 291      36, 240    25, 949
        Fire extinguishers, chemical              1939        28         995            1, 273        4, 705       9, 228     4, 524
                                                  1937        25      1, 041            1, 401        3, 582       8, 889     5, 307
        Miscellaneous fabricated prod-            1939       582     13, 608        11, 252          23, 322      51, 849    28, 527
         nets not elsewhere classified.           1937       459     12,607         10, 769          19, 883      45, 986    20, 103

         I Value of products less cost of materials containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work,.
         'I. Revised; revision not carried into group total.
          Source; Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; reports of Biennial Census of Manufactures.




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                                    MANUFACTURES BY STATES                                                               843
               No. 933.-MANIIFACTURES-SIMIMARY, ET STATES : 1937 AND 1939
                                               [See general note, p. 809]

                                                                                              COST OF
                                                                                 MATEM-
                                                                                ALS,ETC.,
                                                                                 FURL,                                 VALUE
                                  Num-                                                    VALUE                        ADDED
                                                                                  FUR-
                             00C- ber of Salaried
                                         ,,,,,,,era         Wag('
                                                           BURSTS ALARMS WAGES CHASED       OF                          BY
       GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION    SUS estab- '""               average              ELECTRIC
                                                                                          PROD-                         MANE--
           AND STATE         year Eel- and em- for the
                                           ,                                                  ENERGY,       IICTS        FAC-
                                  manes 1Loyees year)                                         AND CON-
                                                                                                                       TITRE I
                                                                                               TRACT
                                                                        -                      'WORE

                                                                                    In thousands of dollars
           United States     1939 184, 230 1, 048, 607 7, 886, 567 2, 540, 367 0,089, 941 32,160,107 56,843,026 24,682,918
                             1937 169 794 1, 217, 171 8, 669, 231 2, 716, 860 10,112,883 35,539,333 62712,872 25,173,539
        GEOGRAPHIC DIVS.
     New England             1939   16, 136     120, 328 953, 670       284, 339 1, 025, 006 2, 463, 320 4, 891, 966 2, 428,346
                             1937   15, 568     131, 740 1, 022, 350    294, 813 1, 183, 392 2, 622, 660 6, 109, 018 2, 487, 268
     Middle Atlantic         1939   56, 291     320, 253 2, 249, 621    812, 869 2, 688, 703 8, 684, 136 16,039,273 7, 355, 137
                             1937   49, 897     378, 730 2, 386, 743    882, 402 2 936, 510 9, 56, 477 19599,776 7, 343, 298
     East North Central      1939   49, 415     319, 957 2, 196, 479    803, 503 2, 950, 313 2 777, 614 17,519,905 7, 782, 291
                             1937   39 773      380, 686 2 , 671, 131   876, 111 3, 505, 767 11,523,928 19,970,059 8, 446, 131
     West North Central      1039   14, 947      59, 885 382, 201       134, 287 427, 457 2, 452, 694 3, 815, 177 1, 362, 483
                             1037   13, 834      76, 559 408, 176       153, 687 457, 489 2, 752, 949 4, 091, 727 1, 328, 778
     South Atlantic          1939   17, 317      81, 403 986, 521       180, 715 826, 413 3, 156, 673 5, 369 420 2, 233, 747
                             1037   15, 751      84, 029 991, 825       179 843 836, 180 3, 288, 201 6, 103, 450 2 116 245
     East South Central      1939    7, 276      32, 725 357, 827        70, 187 291, 019 1, 130, 137 1, 958 720 828, 688
                             1937    6, 681      34, 198 370, 412        69, 717 297, 939 1, 186, 135 1, 977, 318 791, 183
     West South Central      1939   10, 021      36, 558 262, 580        78, 996 238, 265 1, 744, 122 2, 567, 821 823, 700
                             1937    8, 682      41, 992 272, 389        80, 350 251, 833 1, 877, 111 2, 693, 027 815, 910
     Mountain                1939    4, 011      12, 203      69, 245    25, 728     81, 737 545, 187 810, 833 274, 646
                             1937    3, 683      13, 784      78, 774    27, 032     06, 678 639, 194 028 051 289, 757
     Pacific                 1939   17, 817      65, 295 429, 423       140, 674 561, 026 2, 206, 224 3, 800, 209 1, 592 530
                             1937   16, 025      75, 953 469, 431       165, 862 597, 096 2, 382, 675 3, 938, 647 1, 655, 072
     New England :
      Maine                  1039     1, 210      6, 339     75, 656     13, 592    68, 434    192, 945    345, 369 152, 423
                             1937     1, 171      6, 432     75, 464     13, 452    72, 263    197, 526    348, 636 151, 111
       New Hampshire         1939        806      4, 693     51, 781     10, 484    02, 735    132, 208    237, 396 105, 188
                             1937        794      4, 819     59, 517     10, 473    55, 230    144, 323    240, 632 105, 309
       Vermont               1939        717      2, 759     21, 789      6, 041    21, 232     51, 214    103, 154     51, 941
                             1937        683      2, 871     22 682       6, 038    24, 85 58, 772 111, 876             53, 104
       Massachusett          1939     9, 007     61, 898   460, 674     148, 602   500, 923 1, 271, 452 2, 459, 771 1, 188, 319
                      -      1037     8, 619     68, 204    499 036     164, 043   616, 077 1,364, 299 2, 620, 789 1, 259 490
       Rhode Island          1939     1, 960     12, 002    106, 275     27, 930   105, 407 278, 102 519 391 238, 289
                             1937     1, 409     12, 084    108, 031     28, 872   112, 933 276, 739 517, 196 240, 458
       Connecticut           1939     2, 936     32, 787    233, 625     77, 690   276, 274 637, 399 I, 229, 586 692, 187
                             1037     2, 892     37, 030    262, 620     81, 936   312, 270 581, 002 1, 201, 789 680, 78
     Middle Atlantic:
      New York               1939   34, 606     151, 392   957, 854     359 693 1, 163, 785 3, 792, 505 7, 134, 400 3, 341, 895
                             1937   22 749      188, 616   095, 058     438, 861 1, 236, 048 3, 098, 266 7, 314, 447 3, 319 180
       New Jersey            1939    7, 984      62 884    433, 471     162, 954 521, 569 1 , 904, 834 2 428, 947 1, 524, 114
                             1937    7, 064      07, 496   430, 745     160, 526 523, 504 1, 890, 539 3, 253, 246 1, 362, 708
       Pennsylvania          1989   13, 801     106, 977   858, 296     252 221 1, 003, 349 2 986, 797 9, 475, 926 2, 489, 129
                             1037   13, 084     122, 618   954, 340     283, 014 1, 176, 957 3, 367, 673 9 032, 081 2, 664, 410
     East North Central:
       Ohio                  1939   10, 070      87, 692   598, 307     220, 750   812, 676 2, 469, 192 4, 584, .666 ..., 125, 474
                             1937    9, 138     104, 016   694, 205     242, 874   957, 650 2, 793, 199 5, 099, 817 2, 306, 627
       Indiana               1939    4, 337      40, 940   277, 467      94, 354   345, 475 1, 257, 430 2, 227, 648 970, 212
                             1937     2 989      43, 681   313, 342      93, 480   402, 117 1, 478, 568 2 497, 548 , 018, 980
       Illinois              1939   12, 980      92, 327   596, 476     238, 215   750, 239 2, 593, 266 4, 704, 861 2, 201, 595
                             1937   11, 761     118, 256   668, 841     273, 835   862, 793 2, 986, 247 6, 304, 283 2, 319, 036
       Michigan              1939    6, 311      66, 204   522, 242     173, 581   789, 976 2, 549 819 4, 348, 223 1,708, 404
                             1937    5, 614      76, 219   660, 676     183, 414   986, 841 3, 204, 438 5, 296, 101 2, 091, 663
       Wisconsin             1989    6, 717      32, 794   200, 897     76, 692    251, 947 917, 902 1, 604, 507 686, 605
                             1937    6, 318      38, 614   234, 067     82, 507    296, 366 1, 062, 486 1, 772, 310 709, 824
     West North Central:
       Minnesota             1939    4, 008      12, an     79, 733      28, 555    96, 887    535, 143    845, 772     310, 628
                             1937    3, 718      17, 424    89, 925      35, 923   107, 393    624, 565    937, 463     312, 898
       Iowa                  1939    2, 670      11, 501    65, 314      23, 532    73, 466    472 737     718, 532     244, 795
                             1937    2, 454      13, 886    67, 878      25, 490    76, 193    473, 195 709, 458        236, 064
       Missouri              1939    4, 796      24, 275   178, 538      58, 937   190, 736    800, 005 1, 388, 056     587, 962
                             1937    4, 291      22 893    185, 831      64, 001   202, 580    944, 986 1, 505, 383     580, 398
       North Dakota          1989       350          798     2, 637       1, 433     2, 771     32, 666     43, 767      11, 102
                             1937       340          839      2 814       1, 433     3, 192     55, 571     45, 837      10, 266
       South Dakota          1939       468       1, 261      5, 138      2, 346     6, 036     61, 217     81, 172      19, 955
                             1937       434       1, 281      4, 970      2, 198     5, 485     52, 807     67, 276      14, 380
       Nebraska              1939    1, 161       2 642      18, 807      7, 500    20, 624    204, 437 273, 525         69, 087
                             1037    1, 071       4, 899     12 560       9, 049    22, 126    215, 077 282, 502         67, 424
       Kansas                1039    1, 494       9 074      31, 614     11, 985    36, 938    345, 401 464, 364        118, 952
                             1937    1, 626       8, 387     34, 128     16, 594    40, 513    416, 459 543, 807        127, 848

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For infoFor footnotes, see p. 844
          844                                         MANUFACTURES

          No. 933.-MANU1SACTURES-SUMMATCY5 BY STATES :                                 1937 AND 1939-Continued
                                                                                                  COST OF
                                                                                                  MATERI-
                                                                                                  ALS,ETC.,               VALUE
                                                                                                   FUEL,
                                                                                                    PUR-    VALVE         ADDED
                                         Num-             Wage SALARIES WAGES                                 OP           BY
                                                                                                   CHASED
                                    Cen- ber of Salaried earners
                                                officers                                          ELECTRIC
                                                                                                              PROD-       MANU-
                       STATE         sus estab- and em- average                                               UCTS         FAC-
                                                                                                  ENERGY,
                                    year lish- ployees for the                                    AND CON-                TURE
                                         ments            year)                                    TRACT
                                                                                                   WORK


                                                                                       In thousands of dollars

         South Atlantic:
           Delaware_ _________      1939        420    2, 356     20 392      6, 003    21, 960     50, 570 114, 754       55, 183
                                    1937        369    a 679      21, 052     6, 329    22, 992     65, 980 124, 384       58,404
           Maryland                 1039     2, 893    15, 526   141, 643    36, 778   166, 783    604, 505 1, 027, 354   422, 849
                                    1937     2 683     18, 436   146, 982    40, 787   156, 996    665, 027 1, 095, 863   430, 836
           District of Columbia     1939       497      8, 572      7,877     8, 648    n, 772      35, 558     79, 875    44, 317
                                    1937       460      5, 043     8, 714     9, 521    12, 848     31, 451     74, 108    42, 657
           Virginia                 1939     2 679    IL 937     133, 894    27, 343   115, 539    600, 325 988, 813      375, 488
                                    1937     2, 384   11, 791    132, 643    25, 388   112, 774    672, 374 908, 222      335, 848
           West Virginia            1939     1, 130    8, 058     74, 989    18, 600    88, 487    227, 062 441, 840      214, 779
                                    1937     1, 057    8 061      83, 464    18, 295   102, 511    257, 762 480, 520      222, 774
           North Carolina           1539     3, 225   15, 467    270, 207    34, 270   190 290     875, 377 1, 421, 330   545, 052
                                    1937     2 806    13, 139    258, 771    29, 050   189, 265    908, 903 1, 384, 738   475, 884
           South Carolina           1939     1, 331    6, 196    126, 983    13, 203    86, 616    227, 666 397, 513      1M, 847
                                    1937     1, 193    5, 934    129,748     11, 841    91, 792    234, 433 409, 912      175, 478
           Georgia                  1939     3, 150   12, 361    157, 804    24, 105   108, 083    894, 087 677, 403      283, 316
                                    1937     2 875    12 549     169, 496    23, 629   110, 501    439, 145 708, 652      269, 507
           Florida                  1980     2, 083    5, 930     52, 732    11, 776    37, 883    123, 523 241, 639      118, 016
                                    1937     1, 835    6, 897     52, 005    12, 003    36, 601    113, 138 217, 045      103, 907
         East South Central:
           Kentucky                 1939     1, 640    7, 924     62, 794    18, 018    61, 902    293, 629   481,030     187, 400
                                    1937     1, 624    8, 301     68, 998    18, 208    66, 249    323, 002   604, 897    181, 896
           Tennessee                1939     2, 289   12, 446    131, 874    27, 829   109, 662    407, 746   728, 088    320, 342
                                    1937     a 083    13, 369    136, 073    27, 241   109, 248    412, 360   707, 987    295, 627
           Alabama                  1939     2, 052    8, 700    116, 800    17, 663    92, 018    327, 287   574, 671    247, 384
                                    1937     1, 874    8, 832    120, 301    18, 511    96, 058    336, 328   573,764     237, 936
          Mississippi               1939     1, 294    3, 666     46, 359     6, 647    27,437     101, 475   174, 937     73,462
                                    1937     1,100     3, 206     46, 040     5, 708    26, 384    114, 446   190, 671     76, 225
         West Sauth Central:
          Arkansas                  1939    1, 178     3, 180     36, 256     6, 210    24, 577     92, 777 160, 167       67, 300
                                    1937    1, 048     3, 251     37, 280     6, 095    24, 734     99, 089 164, 670       65, 587
          Louisiana                 1939    1, 861     8, 436     71, 218    18, 043    55, 084 365, 179 566, 266         200, 086
                                    1937    1, 684     9, 645     76, 057    18, 919    60, 203 380, 984 580, 840         190, 856
          Oklahoma                  1939    1, 606     .5, 414    28, 114    11, 079    30, 466 209, 050 312, 168         103, 118
                                    1937    1, 428     8 042      29, 561    12, 066    34, 390 255, 470 366, 089         110, 618
          Texas                     1930    6, 376    19, 528    126, 992    43, 663   128, 139 1, 077, 115 1, 530, 221   453, 105
                                    1937    4, 422    22, 554    129, 501    43, 280   132, 505 1, 141, 568 1, 581, 422   439, 854
        Mountain :
          Montana                  1930        585     1, 727      9,171      3, 684    12, 148    112, 095   151, 885     39, 790
                                   1937        515     1, 952     11, 268     3, 936    16, 758    134, 041   176, 279     42, 238
          Idaho                    1939        549     1, 355     10, 877     2, 613    12, 754     58, 705    90, 475     31, 770
                                   1937        533     1, 819     12, 797     2, 485    16, 250     63, 633   101, 325     37, 691
          Wyoming                  1939        310        792      3, 484     I, 680     4, 757     29, 794    46, 423     15, 620
                                   1937        235        824      3, 795     1, 711     5, 219     33, 028    49, 129     16, 101
          Colorado                 1939     1, 298     4, 177     23, 719     9, 111    28, 392    130, 387   221, 643     91, 256
                                   1937     1, 233     5, 197     25, 932    10, 209    31, 753    145, 735   237, 888     92, 103
          New Mexico               1939        272        522      3, 250        927     2, 913     16, 412    25, 124      8, 712
                                   1937        241        506      3, 683        708     2, 992     11, 485    20, 599      9, 114
          Arizona                  1939       332      1, 110      6, 096     2, 612     7, 163     66, 488    97, 629     32, 041
                                   1037       290      1, 288      7, 193     2, 823     8, 602     84, 721   118, 356     33, 635
          Utah                     1939        560     2, 286     11, 555     4, 591    11, 968    123, 452   167, 172     43, 72D
                                   1037       552      2, 448     13, 094     4, 575    14, 479    156, 911   204, 857     47, 946
          Nevada                   1939       105         234      1, 093       509      1, 642      8, 854    20, 582     11, 728
                                   1937        84         250      1, 012       434      1, 625      9, 638    20, 568     10, 930
        Paeida:
          Washington _ _           1939     3, 240    10, 812     90, 324    25, 086   118, 326 350, 003       636, 650 286, 647
                                   1937     3, 057    13, 008    101, 260    26, 589   128, 472 380, 321       675, 640 296, 319
          Oregon                   1930     2, 248     6, 256     63, 622    13, 735    77, 586 193, 200 365, 374 172, 175
                                   1937     2, 107     7, 051     65, 982    14, 670    79, 492 194, 085 363, 142 169, 057
          California               1939    12, 329    48, 227    275, 477   110, 864   365, 114 1, 663, 022 2, 798, 180 , 136, 158
                                   1937    10, 861    55, 894    302, 189   114, 603   389, 132 1, 808, 269 2, 899, 805 , 091, 597


          I Calculated by subtrac ing sum of cost of materials, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and con-
        tract work from value of products.
          Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; reports of Biennial Census of Manufactures.




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                                 MANUFACTiTRES FOR I1VUSTRIAL AREAS                                                             845
          O. 934.-MANUFACTURES-SIMMART FOR INDUSTRIAL ARRAS: 1937 AND 1939
        Nont.-The term industrial area siFifies an area having as its nucleus an important manufacturing ciey
         and comprising the county in which the city is located, together with any adjoining county or counties
         in which there is great concentration of manufacturing industry. The industrial areas by constituent
         counties are as follows; Akron area-Surainit County; Albany-Sebenectady-Troy area-Albany, liens-
         selaar, and Schenectady Counties; Allentown-Bethlehem area-Lehigh and Northampton Counties;
         Baltimore area-Baltimore City and Baltimore County; Boston area-Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, and
         Suffolk Counties; Bridgeport-New Haven-Waterbury area-Fairfleld and New Haven Counties; Buffalo
         area-Erie and Niagara Counties; Chicago area-Cook, Du Page, Kane, Lake, and Will Counties, Ill., and
         Lake County, Ind.; Cincinnati area-Butler and Hamilton Counties, Ohio, and Campbell and Kenton
         Counties, Ky. Cleveland area-Cuyahoga and Lorain Counties; Dayton area-Montgomery County;
          Detroit area-bakland and Wayne Counties; Hartford area-Trartford County; Indianapolis area-
          Marion County; Kansas City area-Clay and Jackson Counties, Mo., and Wyandotte County, Kans.;
          Los Angeles area-Los Angeles County; Milwaukee area-Kenosha, Milwaukee, and Racine Counties;
          Minneapolis-St. Paul area-Dakota, Hennepin, and Ramsey Counties; New York City-Newark-Jersey
          City area-Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond, and Westchester Counties, N. Y., and Bergen,
          Essex, Hudson, Middlesex, Passaic, and Union Counties, N. 3.; Philadelphia-Camden area-Bucks,
          Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties, Pa., and Burlington, Camden, and Glou-
          cester Counties, N. J.; Pittsburgh area-Allegheny, Beaver, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties;
          Providence-Fall River-New Bedford area-Providence County, R. I., and Bristol County, Mass.;
          Reading area-Berks County; Rochester area-Monroe County; St. Louis area-St:Louis City and St.
          Louis County, Mo.,. and Madison and St. Clair Counties, Ill.; San Francisco-Oakland area-Alameda,
          Contra Costa, Mann, San Francisco, and San Mateo Counties; Scranton-Wilkes-Barre area-Lacka-
          wanna and Lucerne Counties; Seattle-Tacoma area-King and Pierce Counties; Springfield-Holyoke
          area-Hampden County; Toledo area-Lucas County; Wheeling area-Brooke, Hancock, and Ohio
          Counties, W. Va., and Belmont, Columbiana, and Jefferson Counties, Ohio; Worcester area-Worcester
          County; Youngstown area-Mahonlng and Trumbull Counties, Ohio, and Lawrence and Mercer Coun-
          ties, Pa. See also general note, p. 809.
                              [All figures except number of wage earners in thousands of dollars]

                                         WAGE EARNERS
                                          (AVERAGE FOR                  WAGES             VALUE 0 PRODUCTS          VALUE ADDED BY
                                             YEAR)                                                                   MANUFACTURE
                    AREA
                                                                                          .                    .
                                         1937           nu          137        1939           1937       $30         1937       1939


        United States           8, 569, 231 7,886, 587 10,112,883 9, 089, 941 80, 712, 872 58, 843, 025 25, 173, 539 24, 682, 918
              Total for areas   4, 788, 548 4, 311, 587 6, 251, 249 5, 552, 128 36, 279, 318 33, 575, 755 15, 413, 924 14, 818, 898
        Akron area                  52, 888     40, 155     80, 702     65, 506    395, 871     332, 926     179, 774     168. 566
        Albany-Schenectady-Troy
          area                      44, 085     38,368      57, no      46, 163    304, 469     245, 199      168, 876     120, 695
        Allentown-Bethlehem
          area                            56, 850        55,342      62, 106    58, 667       290, 734   280, 592    150, 768   141, 721
        Baltimore area                   105, 615       105,737     124, 623   126, 981       925, 761   856, 967    352, 405   341, 669
        Boston area                      247, 685       237, 496    281, 911   264, 496 1, 483, 927 1, 425, 462      677, 039   660, 839
        Bridgeport-New Haven-
          Waterbury area                 140, 077       128,396     173, 309   150, 993     701, 229   722, 554    396, 284    393, 684
        Buffalo area                     105, 722        91, 328    154, 440   127, 123 1, 078, 068    905, 221    432, 175   394, 338
        Chicago area                     538, 775       483, 593    740, 160   640, 533 4, 711, 428 4, 277, 816 1, 995, 958 1, 909, 989
        Cincinnati area                  101, 044        87, 384    128, 762   112, 225     794, 341   702, 620    330, 770   315, 707
        Cleveland area                   163, 319       140, 653    282, 570   200, 154 I, 210, 522 1, 123, 147    570, 486    546, 642
        Dayton area                       47, 388        39,367      72, 594    60, 089     315, 584   277, 134    185, 702    162 254
        Detroit area                     406, 882       311, 332    648, 515   511, 909 3, 409, 351 2, 719, 210 1, 304, 063 1, 069, 085
        Hartford area                     70, 079        62, 245     89, 474    80, 424     314, 894   326, 667    194, 666    204 719
        Indianapolis area                 41, 254        38, 838     50, 356    48, 136     297, 483   291, 51.2   142, 475    139, 153
        Kansas City (Missouri
         and Kansas) area                 41, 410        38, 378     49, 857    47, 811    549, 273   463, 771       139, 767   148, 465
        Los Angeles area                 125, 555       126, 191    164, 763   166, 630 1, 205, 280 1, 219, 434      466, 080   512 527
        Milwaukee area                   120,957         98, 414    172, 675   137, 897    871, 529    753, 680      395, 288   361, 456
        Minneapolis-St. Paul
         area                                 65, 509    48, 108     69, 316    62, 458       533, 733   480, 272    205, 528   201, 521
        N cw York City,Newark             .
          Jersey City area__ . _         818, 345       849, 608 1,046, 187 1, 042, 682 6,761, 288 6, 948,445 2, 878, 131 5,060, 564
        Philadelphia-Camden
          area                           346, 653       321, 725    421, 546   387, 118 2, 350, 645 2, 292, 960 1, 005, 830 1, 040, 712
        Pittsburgh area_ _ ..,                                                 271, 080 1, 746, 908 1, 501, 309     767, 357   643, 225
                           -
        Providence-Fall iliver-
          New Bedford area
                                     .   227, 675

                                         158, 075
                                                        191, 903

                                                        153, 013
                                                                    348, 762

                                                                    157, 766   146, 086    670, 564    663, 917      316, 711   315, 111
        Reading area                      45, 429        40, 612     47, 349    41, 697    156,921     154, 765       83, 761    51, 978
        Rochester area                    57, 690        51, 331     78, 620    70, 961    342, 224    345, 900      198, 565   208, 668
        St. Louis area                   140, 876       129, 831    171, 719   152, 939 1, 202, 719 1, 086, 696      465, 275   463, 516
        San Francisco-Oakland
          area                            88, 414        76, 374    122, 016   110, 964 1, 052, 353      960, 636    356, 821   360, 480
        Scranton-Wilkes-Barre
          area                            33, 363        31, 452     25,380     27, 127       133, 63,   132,822      65,297     66, 101
        Seattle-Tacoma area               39, 103        36, 853     51, 292    50, 708       307, 401   302, 227    115, 586   124, 208
        Springfield-Holyoke area_         16, 187       - 36, 446    57, 242    44, 298       258, 177   211, 897    132, 139   110, 097
        Toledo area                       41, 716        80, 676     59, 023    43, 656       334, 092   249, 409    142, 985   111, 475
        '5)rheeling area                  50, 574        43, 519     72, 523    57, 785       332, 671   291, 618    126, 386   108, 187
        Worcester area                    88, 203        78, 373    108, 977    88, 890       424, 879   376, 838    220, 664   108,478
        Youngstown area                   83, 251        72, 826    120, 626   107, 944       748, 302   629, 224    288, 430   226, 507


          Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; reports of Biennial Census of Manufacture&


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                                                                   No. 935. -INVENTORIES IN THE HANDS OP MANUFACTURERS AT THE BE GINNMG
                                                                                                                                                                             AND END OF 1937 AND 1939, AND RY INDUSTRY GliouPs, 1939
                                                                   NoTE.-In thousands of dollars. Statistics on inventories were no collected for                                                                                                                             00
                                                                                                                                                     any of Indus
                                                                      for contract shops classified in the textile industrie& The value of products of thosethe industries in tile printing and publishing group, nor were inventory statis i
                                                                                                                                                                             __-_,, - - -,..,       e.,,,,e were am coueeteu amounted to 82,846,966,000.

                                                                                                                                                                         INVENTORIES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        VALUE OF PRODUCTS

                                                                                              INDUSTRY GROUP                                    Beginning of year                                 End of year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               For estab-     For estab-
                                                                                                                                                                                -                                                              lishments
                                                                                                                                                                    Materials,                                                                                 lishments
                                                                                                                                        Total         Finished                                     Finished      Materials,       Total        reporting      not report-
                                                                                                                                                     products i     suPPlieS,        Total                       supplies,                      invento-      ing inven-
                                                                                                                                                                      etc.a                       products ,        etc.3                         ries ,        tories
                                                                           1997
                                                                           1939                                                        5, 467, 786    3, 523, 109    4, 941, 877    9, 882, 951    4, 319, 785    5, 519, 196   97, 892, 417   54, 750, 193
                                                                                                                                       9, 926, 499    3, 959, 996    4, 966, 472    9, 032, 350    3, 903, 091                                                  3, 142, 234
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5, 729, 258   53, 996, 059   52, 094, 456     1, 901, 805
                                                                   Food and kindred products
                                                                   Tobacco manufactures                                                1, 266, 054      774, 061       491, 993     1, 361, 680
                                                                                                                                          179, 675                                                   784, 230       577, 449    10, 618, 026   10, 257, 211
                                                                   Textile-mill products and other fiber manufactures                                    21, 783       157, 892        183, 937                                                                   360, 815
                                                                                                                                          758, 971      302, 801                                      24, 008       159, 929     1, 322, 189    1, 320, 035         2, 154
                                                                   Apparel and other finished products made from fabrics and similar                                   456, 169        828, 349      287, 433       540,916      3, 884, 191
                                                                     materials                                                                                                                                                                  3, 655, 872       228, 322
                                                                   Lumber and timber basic products                                       283, 909     .123, 310       160, 598        347, 978
                                                                                                                                          276, 601
                                                                                                                                                                                                     145, 894       202, 394     3, 102, 998    2, 420, 094       682, 901
                                                                   Furniture and Suisbed lumber products                                                 183, 556       93, 045        267, 602      177, 373
                                                                                                                                          239, 600        90, 039                                                     90, 319    1, 122, 058    1, 058, 404        83, 654
                                                                   Paper and allied products                                                                           149, 561        256, 792       90, 908        165, 884    1, 267, 724
                                                                   Chemicals and allied products                                          281, 792        92, 042      189, yst        298, 272                                                 1, 245, 592        22, 132
                                                                                                                                         703, 275                                                     90, 049       208, 223     2, 019, 568    1, 969, 546        50, 023
                                                                   Products of petroleum and coal                                                       320, 329       382, 945        713, 729      292, 816
                                                                                                                                          481, 322      282, 329                                                    420, 913     3, 733, 658    3, 692, 478        41, 180
                                                                   Rubber products_                                                                                    198, 993        479, 098      284, 606        104, 492    2, 953, 973
                                                                   Leather and leather products                                           146, 362        78, 887       69, 975                                                                 2, 841, 274       109, 700
                                                                                                                                                                                       189, 558       82, 187         87, 371       902, 329       898, 370
                                                                   Stone, clay, and glass products                                       237, 334         90, 999      146, 325        263, 168                                                                     3, 958
                                                                                                                                         264, 212                                                     91, 567        171, 601    1, 389, 514    1, 262, 917        26, 567
                                                                   Iron and steel and their products, except machmery                                  '153, 259       110, 962        266, 182      144, 659
                                                                                                                                       1, 346, 864                                                                   121, 523    1, 440, 151    1, 383, 192        56, 959
                                                                   Nonferrous metals and their products                                                 481, 288       865, 577     1, 483, 103      476, 043     1, 007, 060    6, 591, 530
                                                                                                                                         434, 454       172, 792       261, 662                                                                 6, 425, 111       166, 419
                                                                   Electrical machinery                                                                                                439, 472      117, 753       291, 719     2, 572, 854    2, 557, 082
                                                                   IVIachinery (except electrical)                                       386, 427       173, 281       213, 143        414, 976      155, 182                                                      15, 773
                                                                                                                                         942, 902       439, 444                                                    259, 793     1, 727, 390    1, 721, 718         2, 672
                                                                   Automobiles and automobile equipment                                                                503, 458        995, 808      428, 435       567, 373     3, 254, 174
                                                                                                                                         338, 567        86, 929       251, 938                                                                 3, 233, 366        20, 808
                                                                   rransportation equipment except automobiles                                                                         411, 257      101, 249       310, 008     4, 047, 873    4, 047, 510
                                                                                                                                         140, 742        12, 417       128, 325        214, 011                                                                        363
                                                                   Miscellaneous industries                                                                                                           13, 825       200, 186        882, 897       879, 653         3, 344
                                                                                                                                         217, 406        83, 256       134, 151        237, 289       85, 186       152, 103     1, 162, 958    1, 119, 098        43, 860
                                                                                      a ue of goods pro uced by contract work on materials owned by the manufacturers reporting.




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                                                                       Includes the value of fuel, work in progress, and all other inventories.
                                                                      3 Includes the value of products of establishments reporting no Inventories on hand.
                                                                      Source: )5epartment of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; reports of Biennial Census of Manufactures.
                                                      CHEMICALS                                                                   847
                      No. 936.- CHEMICALS-PRODUCTION, BY KIND, 1939 TO 1945
       [Data for chemicals shown are restricted to a selected group comprised for most part of inorganic chemicals
         and related products which are sufficiently important economically to juStify publication. Data for
         production by GoVernment-owned arsenals, ordnance works, and certain plants operated for Govern-
         ment by private industry are excluded, except that data for chemicals manufactured by Tennessee Valley
         Authority are included)

                CHEMICAL AND BASIS                   Unit                1939         1941          1943         1914            1945


       Acetylene, total               M cu. ft    1, 338, 843 2, 384, 614 4, 532, 384 5, 536, 131 .3,849, 815
        For use in chemical synthesis    do           (1)         (1)     2, 702, 430 3, 884, 495 *2, 733, 567
        For commercial purposes        _ do           (1)         (1)     1, 739, 954 1, 661, 636 *1, 116, 218
       Aluminum chloride:
        Anhydrous and crystal (100% M pounds _ _ i           1 (1)            49, 536     58, 757      *43, 084
           A.1C13).                                                      10, 048
         Solution (32° Be)                            do            J                  (I)           6, 276       10, 939         8, 581
       Synthetic anhydrous ammonia                Snort tons__          310, 822     501, 271    2 543,380     2 513, 651   2 648, 655
       Ammonium chloride (100% NH4C1)             M pounds__              45, 523     69, 772       59, 170       58, 898     *49, 385
       Barium sulfate (Blanc RA) (100%                do                2 37, 306       (4)          (1)          58, 981     *42, 094
         BaS Os).
       Calcium acetate (80% Ca (00-713002)__    do                       22, 558      23, 645       19, 800      11, 601          *5, 721
       Calcium arsenate (100% Ca3 (As04)2)__    do                       39, 282      56, 136       74, 864      44, 361          (1)
       Calcium carbide (commercial)          Short tons__               167, 592     370, 294      659, 021     789, 126         672, 568
       Calciura hypochlorite (true) (70% M pounds__                       (J)          9, 053       11, 546      14, 117         *19, 815
        available C12).
       Calcium phosphate:
          Monobasic (100% CaH4 (P 04)2)               do                  74, 076      71, 508      70, 293      61, 894          62, 72t
         Dibasic (100% CaElPO4)                       do                   (I)          (I)         36, 949      49, 914          58, 931
        Carbon, activated 4                           do                  32, 336       (1)         59, 249      61, 570         *46, 71C
        Carbon black (channel):
         Rubber grade                                 do                  (1)                      335, 134     379, 155        *362, 316
         Other than rubber grade                      do                  (1)            1)
                                                                                         1)         37, 502      29,060          24,235
        Carbon dioxide:
         Liquid and gas                               do                  (1)        160, 267    206, 426    226, 370          236, 089
         Solid (dry ice)                              do                356, 894     437, 754    563, 812    666, 009          659, 165
        Chlorine                                  Short tons___         514, 401     800, 833 1, 214, 416 1, 262, 362       1, 192, 081
        Chrome green (C. P.)                      M pounds__              10, 029     11, 629      8, 101      6, 602            9, 068
        Chrome yellow and. orange (C. P ,)_           do                2 38, 933     47, 903     38, 338     34,378            44, 085
        Copper acetoarsenite (Paris green) _          do                   (1)
                                                                                       (1)         3, 888      4, 529             (1)
        Hydrochloric acid (100% HC1)              Short tons__          123, 831     227, 686   342, 475     381, 026            407, 551
        Hydrogen_                                 Millions of              (I)        15, 882     22, 975     24, 371             22, 247
                                                   cubic feet.
       Hydrogen peroxide (100 volumes)            M pounds__              23, 879       (1)         27, 030      28, 669         *23, 875
        Iron Blue (C. P.)                             do                   7, 462        (1)          (1)         9, 024          *6, 941
        Lamp black                                    do                   7, 842       (1)         13, 262      14, 040         *11, 186
        Lead arsenate (acid and basic)                do                  59, 569      75, 912      73, 955      90, 705          77, 525
       Lead oxide:
         Red. (O. P.)                                 do                   (J)       105, 722      101, 767     103, 765          72, 965
         Yellow (C. P.)                               do                196, 795     290, 209      259, 178     011, 624        *253, 615
       Methanol:
         Natural (100% 011a0H)                    M gallons_ __            4, 005       4, 820       3, 881       3, 354    '      2, 814
         Synthetic (100% CH3OH)                       do                  46, 521      55, 817      64, 923      71, 188         *56, 777
       Molybdate chrome orange (C. P.)            M pounds__               (1)          (1)          1, 752       1, 339           2, 28C
       Nitric acid (100% 11NO3)                   Short tons_ _ _       167, 740     346, 977      483, 107     471, 717         447, 085
       Nitrous oxide                              M gallons              95, 677     108, 852      127, 182     138, 760        *119, 154
                                                   S. T. P.
        Oxygen                                    M cu. ft                 (4)      8, 682, 075 165,29,974 18,495,207 13, 942, 792
        Phosphoric acid (50% HaP 04)              Short tons_ _-        375, 190     662, 659      636, 848     696, 570         717, 855
        Potassium bichromate and chromate M pounds__                       4,690      10, 518        9, 652       7, 329          *4, 87E
          (100%).
        Potassium hydroxide (caustic potash) Short tons__                 17, 093     34, 641       40, 803      41, 262         *40, 682
          (100% KOH).
        Soda ash (commercial sodium car-
           bonate):
         Ammonia soda process-
           Total wet and dry           (98-100%       do            2, 826, 263 3, 606, 826 4, 407, 600 4, 538, 398         4, 375, 017
              NasO
            Finished light (98-100% Na2C 03) 1_       do                   (1)          (1)      2, 305, 776 2, 456, 368    2, 285, 532
            Finished dense (98-100% Na2CO3)_          do                   (1)          0)       1, 387, 962 1, 461, 832    1, 444, 022
         Natural                                      do                121, 858    3 117, 574    3 163, 523   3 179, 580    2 181, 783
        Sodium bicarbonate (reRned) (100%             do                148, 649      169, 446      172, 998     155, 216      174, 945
          NaHC 03).
        Sodium bichromate and chromate               _do                  68, 164       (1)         81, 961      81, 976          80, 672
          (100%).
        Sodium bisulfite (100% NaHS03)            M pounds--               (1)         42, 058      38, 105      40, 902         *27, 031
        Sodium hydrosuffide (100% NaSH)_              do                   (1)          (1)         18, 623      26, 268         *19, 605
        Sodium hydrosulfite (100% NasS204)            do                   (1)        31, 564       34, 639      40, 718         ''28, 086
        Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda): 3
          Electrolytic process-
           Liquid (100% NaOH)                     Short tons___         512, 492     743, 219    1, 115, 200 1, 182, 883    1, 129, 312
            Solid (100% Na0H)                         do                   (1)          (1)        228, 749     221, 838         213, 44G
          Lima-soda process-
           Liquid (100% Na0H)                         do                632, 914     685, 994      663, 492     688, 565         734,992
            Solid (10055, Na0H)                       do                   (2)          (1)        241, 624     234, 1314        244, Dli
          For footnotes, see p. 848.



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         848                                       MANUTACTURES
         No. 936.-CHEMIOALS-PRODIICTION, BY KIND: 1939 To 1945-Continued
                   CREMICAL AND BASIS                 Unit             1939          1941           1943         1944           1945

         Sodium phosphate:
          Monobasic (100% Na 112P 04)              Short tons_ _         (I)              7, 161     10, 885      14, 562        14, 783
          Diabasic (100% Na2HF 04)                    do                 32,382      22, 619         45, 899      55, 792        62, 673
          Tribasic (100% Nall' 0.1)                   do               116, 731      86, 315         72, 632      80, 288        88, 731
          Meta (100% NaP Oa)                          do                (9           13, 132         18, 019      25, 541        27, 925
          Tetra (100% NasP207)                        do                47, 587      49, 288         36, 037      38, 757        43, 447
        Sodium silicate:
          Soluble silicate glass, liquid and solid    do______          (9           386, 189       361, 863     428, 353       410, 686
            (anhydrous).
        Sodium sulfate:                                                                                           '
          Anhydrous (refined) (100% Na2SO4)    do                           9         56, 922         76, 608      69, 997       83, 201
          Glauber's salt (100%NaISO4JOHIO)/    do_ _ __ _                            158, 566        202, 640     249, 939      196, 756
          Salt cake (crude) (commercial)       do                           1      8 537401        8 575, 830   8 575, 645    8 659, 8 26
        Sulfur dioxide                      M pounds - -                40, 466       54, 970         71, 385      76, 536      ''57, 461
        Sulfuric acid:
          Total (100% Ef2SO4)                     Short tons__ 4, 795, 002 86, 770, 084 88, 442, 145 89, 244, 507 89, 522, 697
              Chamber process (100%11280i)-           do           2,120, 964 83, 011, 929 83, 147, 590 83, 237, 217 83, 169, 197
              Contact process (100%112SO4),,          do           2, 674, 038 83, 758, 155 8 5, 294, 555 86, 007, 290 86, 353, 500
               Net, contact process (100%             do               (9          (8)     84, 703, 193 8 5, 304;465 8 5, 517, 873
                 Ef2S0.0 ." 11
        White load, total                           ...do.        59, 785   129, 383    71, 947   89, 688  *40, 150
           Basic lead. carbonate (C. P.)               do         46,300    100,332     50, 848   77, 315  *31, 217
           Basic lead, sulfate (C. P.)                 do_        13, 485    20, 051    12, 099   12, 273    *8, 933
       Zinc yellow (zinc chromate) (C. P.)             do. - ---- ()         (9         12,958    14,591     12,326
          . 9 months total. No data collected after September 1945.                  Not available.
          a A small amount of aqua ammonia is included. in the figures reported by 1 company.
          a Data from Mineral Yearbook, 1940, Bureau of Mines.
          4 Not including data for gas mask and solvent recovery grades of activated carbon.
          3 Includes production of molybdate orange.
            Total wet and dry production, including quantities diverted for manufacture of caustic soda and sodium
       bicarbonate, and quantities processed to finished light and finished dense soda ash.
          7 Not including quantities converted to finished dense soda ash. ,
          8 Natural soda ash, crude salt cake and sulfuric acid data are collected in cooperation with Bureau of
       Mines.
            Production figures represent total production of liquid material, including quantities evaporated to
       solid caustic and reported as such.
         Io Includes sulfuric acid of oleum grades.                    81 Excludes spent acid.
          Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; 1939 from Biennial Census of Manufactures;
       1941-45 compiled from manufacturers' reports to War Production Board and published in Facts for Indus.
       try series.
       Ncz.     937.-SYNTIIETIC 0 RGANIC CHEMICALS-PRODUCTION AND SALES, BY
                                    Gitorr: 1943 AND 1941
                    [Production and sales in thousands of pounds ; sales value in thousands of dollars]

                                                                     1943                                       1944
                           GROUp
                                                   Produc-         Sales          Sales        Produc-          Sales          Sales
                                                     tion                         value          tion                         value
              ORGANIC CHEMICALS, CYCLIC
       Intermediates                               , 837, 275    , 032, 439     134, 988       2, 189, 343 1, 602, 227         188, 863
       Finished products                           , 398, 342    , 272, 568     484, 881       2, 651, 096 2, 374, 800         693, 080
         Dyes                                        144, 013      145, 499     105, 350          151, 651    150, 049         110, 748
           Color index                               107, 147     103 724        60, 267          109, 918    108, 320          69, 861
           Prototype                                  20, 098       19, 605      25, 041           26, 314     26, 062          32, 027
           Ungrouped_                                 16, 768       17,170       20, 042           15,419      15, 667          18, 860
         Color lakes and toners                       16, 317      14, 970       10, 358           18, 262     17, 624          13, 359
         Medicinals                                   51, 633      47, 262      120, 869           38, 424     36, 197          93, 447
         Flavor and perfume materials                  9, 059       9, 516       11, 920           11, 726     11, 049          14, 556
         Plastics materials                         380, 523      337, 651       76, 761          404, 105   380, 813           83, 261
         Rubber-processing chemicals                  61, 710      58, 300       23, 628           74, 110     66, 352          27, 35 1
         EIastomers (synthetic rubbers)             413, 908      401, 056       74, 355       1, 500, 993 1, 395, 136         268, 315
         Miscellaneous 2                            320, 679      258, 311       61, 640          451, 825   317, 680           82, 040
              ORGANIC CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC
      Intermediates and finished products       9, 033, 935     5, 029, 043     812, 025     10, 899, 687 6, 205, 087        1, 115, 126
        Medicinals                                   4, 062          4, 541      18, 770           4, 011      3, 721            17, 968
        Flavor and perfume materials a               3, 687          3, 573       3, 933           4, 553      4, 514             4, 546
        Plastics materials                         273, 415       230,179       101, 430         380, 032    315, 105           124, 405
        Rubber-processing chemicals                 19,213       18, 976          7, 509          31, 547     30, 973            16, 807
        Elastomers (synthetic rubbers)._ ....... 168, 801       151, 560         82, 022         262, 234    238, 364            89, 464
        Miscellaneous a                          8, 574, 757 4, 620, 215        598, 361     10, 017, 310 5, 612, 407           861, 956
         Includes alicyclic, heterocyclic, and terpenoid compounds as well as benzenoid (coal-tar) chemicals.
        2 Includes plasticizers and surface-active agents.
        a Includes acyclic favor and perfume materials and chemically modified essential oils.
        Source: United States Tariff Commission; Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production
      and Sales, 1944.


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                               EXPLOSIVES AND COTTON MANtrFACTITEES                                                                  849
        N 0.       938.-EXPLOSIVES-AMOUNT8 (EXCLUDING EXPORTS) MANUFACTURED
                  AND SOLD, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES AND ALASKA: 1920 TO 1914
         In thousands of pounds. Permissible explosives are those approved by the Bureau of' Mines as suitable
                                                            for use in coal mines]

                                            High BLACK BLAST-                                                              High
                                      Per- explo- MO POWDER                                                    Per- expio- Black
                                      mis- sives                                                               mis- sines blast-
                vaAn      Total       Bible other                                    ME                 Total Bible other ing
                                     explo- than        ,,,,
                                     elves pennis ''.a,'"'"' Pellet
                                                                                                              explo- than pow-
                                                                                                              styes permis der
                                            sible      """                                                           sible

         L920             537, 955 53, 963 229,112 251, 880              1943             477, 651 92, 658 339 573 46, 422
         1921             372, 108 41, 134 170, 952 160, 021
         1922             431, 772 43, 430 209, 476 178,866          Coal mining          189, 790 92, 135 54, 060 43, 595
         1923 '           529, 728 60, 371 267,405 201, 951         Metal mining          122, 743        26 122, 653      63
         L924             495, 533 55, 134 273, 323 167, 076         Quarrying and non-
         1925             801, 752 58, 353 286,435 1155,964 (1)       metallic mineral
         1926             535,890 67, 685 310, 518 1157, 687 (11      mining               82, 110       421 79, 647 2, 018
         1927             499, 011 63, 847 303, 368 1131, 696 (1)    Railway and other
         1928             475, 261 60, 708 292,785 38,004 23,751      construetionwork_ 74, 563           40 73,922       601.
         1929             509, 708 62, 669 326,993 86, 818 33, 227 All other purposes        8, 439       38 8, 292       114
         1930             445, 090 53, 826 291, 391 63, 133 36, 735
         1931             337, 565 41, 578 216, 157 46, 300 33, 530
         1932             233, 887 32, 225 137, 908 35, 793 27, 961
         1933             255, 987 33, 927 157, 849 33, 887 30, 323
         1934             314, 768 39, 208 206, 625 17,193 31, 742
         1935._           308, 081 39, 170 200, 324 34, 223 34, 665      1914              464, 111 102, 536 318, 619 42, 960
         1936             391, 605 47, 859 262, 047 40,420 41, 278
         1937             404, 744 49, 579 2,58, 924 29,837 36, 404 Coal mining            919, 279 101, 825 77, 493 39, 961
         1938             332, 110 41, 859 238, 576 23,522 28, 143 Metal mining            102, 238        4 102 , 164      70
         1939             386, 438 49, 950 278, 250 28,022 29, 915 Quarrying and non-
         1940             423,389 58, 436 305, 180 29, 084 10, 670    metallic mineral
         1041             481,927 70, 612 351, 857 27, 882 31, 576    mining                72, 633      513 70, 531 1, 589
         1942             499, 266 84, 022 359, 699 24, 167 31, 367 Railway and other
         1943             477, 651 92, 650 338, 573 19 814 26, 60:    construction work_ 60, 390         177 59, 095 1, 117
         1944             464, 111 102, 538 318, 613 16, 282 26, 677 All other purposes___ 9, 671         19 9, 329       223
                           .,



            1 Pellet powder (first manufactured for general sale in 1925) is included with granular powder.
            Source: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines: Production of Explosives in the United States.
                                                                                        ,
         No. 939.-00TT0N SPINDLE ACTIVITY, 194,3 1944, 1 V-40, AND COTTON CONSUMP-
                               TION, 1936 TO 1945, BY STATES
         NoTE.-Years ended July 91. Consumption includes domestic and foreign cotton and is in running bales
               counting rounds as half bales, except foreign cotton which is in equivalent 500-pound bales.

                                     COTTON SPINDLES IN ACTIVE COTTON SPINDLE                   COTTON CONSUMED, EXCLUDING
                                     PLACE (TIIOUSANDS)   HOURS (MILLIONS)                      LINTERS (TROUSANDS OF BALES)
                SECTION AND
                   STAIN                                                             1936-
                                     1942-43 1943-44 1944-45 1982-43 1943-44 1944-45 1946, 1941-41 194243 1943-44 1944-45
                                                                                    average

         United States               23, 401 23, 293 23, 128 129, 709 119 283 111, 898         6, 938 11, 170 11, 100      9, 943     9, 568

         Cotton-growing
          States                     17, 628 17, 681 17, 607 106, 504 98, 842        04, 249   5, 860    9, 526   9, 640   8, 739     8, 455
         New England                  5, 126   4, 987   4, 931   20, 729   17, 426   15, 631      878    1, 213   1, 156      950        891
         Other States                   647       625      590    2,476     2,015     1, 810      201       331      305      254        222

         Alabama                      1,811    1,808    1,804    11,027    10, 198    9,616       746    1,299    1,301    1, 176     1,164
         Connecticut                    518       486     486     1,642     1, 425    1, 327       61        94       78       62         57
         Georgia                      3, 037   3, 100   3, 064   18, 852   17, 277   16, 596   1, 356    2, 225   2, 296   2, 045     2, 010
         Maine                          607       602      602    2, 505    2, 117    2, 007     141        215      182      153         119
         Massachusetts                2, 835   2, 751   2, 694   11, 590    9, 882    9, 017     440       692       625      513     -   485

         New Hampshire__                 289     282              1,462     1,520                 121       159      146       125       112
         New York                        291     298       268    1, 076      037        869       89       131      110       103        91
         North Carolina               5, 716   5, 726   5, 719   33, 138   31, 165   30, 071   1, 795    2, 832   2, 854    2, 660    2, 550
         Rhode Island                    843      832      825    1, 349    2, 535    2, 222      103       148      121        95        85
         South Carolina               5, 347   5, 331   5,314    33, 388   31, 311   29, 673   1, 374    2, 150   2, 190    2, 039    1, 952

          TenneSsee                     529      545       533    3, 783    3, 264    2, 980     172       273      263       222         223
          Texas                         239      239       239    1, 235    1,055     1, 028     120       254      267       208         191
          Virginia                      636      623       620    3, 328    2, 980    2, 770     153       252      260       231         220
          All other States_.......      704      671       958    3, 336    2, 818    3, 722     231       441      397       312         274


            Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; annual report, Cotton Production and Distri-
          bution.


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        850                                                  MANUFACTURES
                    No. 940.-00TToN SPINDLM, COTTON CONSUMPTION, AND STOCKS
        NOTE.-Th e statistics for 1915 to 1915 relate to the 12 months ended Tub' 31 and those for prior years to
                                                                          are expressed in running bales, counting round
         the 12 months ended Aug. 31. Consumption and stocks and foreign cotton for all years are in equivalent
         as half bales, except that all figures, 1840 to 1870, inclusive,
         500-pound bales. The number of active cotton spind es represents spindles operated at some time during
                            not as satisfactory a measure of activity of the industry as active spindle hours.
                                                                                                      Spin-                         COTTON CONSUMED, EXCLUDING
                                 COTTON SPINDLES (THOUSANDS)                                                                       LINTERS I (THOUSANDS OF BALES)
                                                                                   124
                                                                                  cotton spindi e
                                                                                                                   Ac oetttiovne
                                                      Active                       with hours
             YEAR
                          Total                                                    other (thou- United Cotton- New
                                                                                                       growing En,                                               Other
                           in       united Cotton- New                    Other fibers sands) States States land                                                 States
                          place
                                                   Eng-
                                    States growing land                   States (thou-
                                            States                              , sands)


        1840               (8)        2, 285         181     1, N7                                     (2)
                                                                                                                         i)           27         71      139          7
                           (8)        3, 998         265      2, 930                                   ( 2/                            378       78      481         67
        1860                                                                                                             2             846       94      667        1 84
        1860               (8)        5, 236         324      3, 859                                   (2)
        1870               (2)        7, 132         328      5, 498                                   (2)             e               797       69      551         177
                           (8)      a 10, 663       8 561   5 8, 632                                   (8)             (8 )         1, 570    8 180 8 1, 129       a 262
        1880                                                                                                                                          1, 602
        1890               (2)       14,384      1, 670     10, 934                                    (8)              (2)         2, 518      639                 177
                    ___   (I)        19, 472     4, 368     13, 171                                    (2)              (1          3, 873   1, 523   1, 909        440
        1900                                                                                           (2)                          4, 622   2, 234   1, 995
        1910            28, 929      28, 267    10, 494     15, 735
                                                                                                                        (2                                          393
                        35, 834      35, 481    15, 231     18, 287            0                         402            (2)         6, 420   3, 383   2, 397        440
        11120 _                                                                co
                                                                               <1,
                                                                               ico
                                                                               co co

                                                                                       0
                                     35, 032    17,292      15, 976                C30
                                                                                    cO
                                                                                    0
                                                                                                         251        91, 055         6, 193   4, 220   1, 639        335
                    ___ 37,929
                                                                                       CO CO




        1926                                                                                   to
                                                                                               00
                                                                                               CO
                                                                                               CO 0
                                                                                               CO 0
                                                                                               0 CO


                                                                                                                    99, 604         7, 091   5, 392
        1929            34,820       32, 417    18, 541      12, 538                                     207                                          1, 447         251
                        34, 025      31, 245    18, 586      11, 351                                     177        87,615          6, 106   4, 749   1, 143         214
        1930                                                                                                                        5, 263   4, 148      937
        1931            32, 673      28, 980    18, 073       9, 655                                     117        75, 264                                          179
                          31, 709    27, 272    17, 630       8, 666                                     113        68, 755         4, 866   4, 033      677         155
        1932                                                                                                                        6, 137   5, 087      884
                          30, 893    26, 895    17, 929       8, 205                                     119        85, 265                                          187
        1933
                          30, 942    27, 742    18, 511       8, 457                                     126        80, 419         5, 700   4, 550      985         165
        1934                                                                                                        72, 526         5, 361   4, 306      818
        1935_             30, 093    26, 701    18, 212       7, 763                                      88                                                         237
        1936              28, 147    24, 684    17, 834       6, 092                                          78    83,960          6351     5, 336      832         184
                          26, 982    25, 419    18, 244       6, 425                                          91 101, 225           7, 950   6, 626   1, 073         251
        1937                                                                                                                        5, 748
                          26, 372    24, 774    18, 128       5, 919                                      90  74, 962                         9 , 881      708       160
        1938                                                                                                                        6, 858    5, 810
        1939              25, 261    23, 731    17, 666       5, 408                                     116  87, 696                                     859        189
                          24, 750    23, 586    17, 641       5, 279                                     103  07, 006               7, 784    6, 647      918        219
        1940
        1911              24, 335    23, 389    17, 053       5, 988                                     101 111, 775               9, 722    8, 289    1, 147       25
                          23, 971    23, 608    17, 800       5, 138                                     127       131, 161        11, 170    9, 526    1, 313       331
        1942
                          23, 401    23, 429    17, 746       5, 043                                     213       129, 709        11, 100    9, 640    1, 156       305
        1943                                                                                                                                  8. 739       950
                          23, 293    23, 019    17, 652       4, 784                                     240       118, 283         9, 943                           254
        1944
                          23, 128    22, 675    17, 271       4, 242                                     256       111, 898         9, 568    8, 455       891       222
        1945

                                       CONSUMPTION (THOUSANDS OF BALES)                                                             STOOKS IN CONSUMING ESTAB-
                                                                                                                                     LISHMENTS AT END OP YEAR
                                         Cotton, excluding linters                                                                    (THOUSANDS OF BALES)

           YEARLY                                    Domestic                                                                      Cotton,excluding linters1
          A:ENRAGE
          OR YEAR                               a                                                                  Linters
                          Total                                           AMer- Foreign                                                                          Linters
                                                    Sea                   lean-                                                            Do-
                                                                                                                                    Total mestic Foroign
                                     Total Upland Island                  8.....gyP-
                                                                            5
                                                                            tian

        1906-1910_ _.. 5 4, 829     a 4, 680    6 4, 616        184                                     149            0 163         a 731     a 673       68       8 39
        1911-1915_       5, 257       5, 011    8 4, 976         74                                     206              293          822        738       84         8e
        1916-1920_ _ _ 6, 388         6, 105    8 6, 034         71          (8 )                       232              734        1, 452    1, 362      100        179
        1921-1925_       5, 809       5, 677     5, 631              9                 37               292                  09     1, 003       911       92        139
        1926-1930._ 6, 735            6, 434     6, 419              1                 15               301              815        1, 150    1, 050      100        186
        1931-1935.. _ _ 3 , 486       5, 326     5, 311              1                 14               140              720        1, 116    1. 061       55        261
        1936-1940_ 6, 938             6, 799     6, 780              2                 18                139             836        7, 133    7, 060       74        271
        1929             7, 091       6, 778     6, 764              1                 13                313             879        1, 052       932      120        187
        1930             6, 106       5, 803     5, 790        (9                      13                302             805        1, 183    1, 048      135        239
        1931             5, 263       5,084      5, 068        (I)                     15                179             714           996       922       74        254
        1932             4, 868       4, 744     4, 732        (8)                     12                122             637        1, 218    1, 163       66        301
        1933             6, 137       6, 004     5, 985              1                 18                133             761        1, 348    1, 298       60        322
        1934        ___ 1, 700        6,563      5, 540        18)                     13                148             767        1, 228    1, 172       66        27
        1035_            5, 361       5, 241     5, 229              1                 11                120             719           789       749       40        187
        1936_ _ . _____  6, 351       6, 220     6, 198        (5)                     21                131             734           897       855       42        181
        1937             7, 950       7, 768     7, 747        (8)                     20                182             819        1, 286    1, 218       67        236
        1938_ - _        5, 748       5, 616     5, 608              2                         6         132             715       10, 908   10, 821       87        268
        1939             6, 858       6, 736     6, 714.             3.                19                122             851       12, 483   12, 406       76        291
        1940             7, 784       7, 655     7, 631              3                 21                128          1, 061       10, 094    9, 999       95        400
        1941             9, 722       9, 576     9, 545              3                 27                146          1, 369       11, 581   11, 441      140        469
        1942            11, 170      10, 974    10, 922              4                 47                196          1, 48B        9, 900    9, 765      135        439
        1943            11, 100      10, 930    10, 874              6                 60                170          1, 301        9, 792    9, 704       88        465
        1944             9, 943       9, 829     9, 782              3                 44                114          1, 365       10, 159   10, 041      118        335
        1945             9, 568       9, 448     9, 404              1                 44                 120          I, 481      10, 339   10, 215      124        247

          a Includes linters for 1840 to 1908. Figures for all years include foreign and domestic cotton.
            Not aval able. a Cotton mills only. e Inc udes linters for 1906 to 1908. 0 Average, 1909 and 1910.
          4 Includes stocks held in public storage and at compresses beginning 1938.
            wpland ' includes "American-Egyptian" beginning 1912 (first year produced). 8 Less than 500 bales.
            Source: Dept. of Commerce, Bur. of the Census; annual report, Cotton Production and Distribution.

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                                             COTTON MANUFACTURES                                                                 851
           No. 911.-COTToN MA NOTACTURES-PRODUCTION BY KIND: 1939 To 1945
       (Production statistics since 1939 were compiled for the administrative use of the War Production Board
         and Civilian Production Administration and strict comparability with the 1939 Census of Manufactures
         was not maintained.]
                                                 [In thousands of linear yards]

                      PRODUCT                         1939 1         1941           1942          1943          1944           1945,


       Gotten woven goods over 12 inches in
        width, except tire fabrics, total 4_ 8,287,249 10, 431,079 11,108, 327 10, 573, 894j 9, 546, 722                      8, 711, 756

         Cotton duck                           173, 979               338, 063       606, 313      520,4721      431, 924       444, 262
         Narrow sheetings and allied coarse
           and medium yarn fabrics          1, 585, 031             2, 110, 024    2, 722, 826   2, 869, 511   2, 467, 486    2, 258, 565
         Print-cloth yarn fabrics           2, 999, 356             3, 530, 336    3, 644, 890   3, 298, 124   3, 078, 126       807, 363
         Napped fabrics, total                 451, 412                535, 133       437, 234      446, 781      440, 040       395, 711
           Flannel, moleskin and duvetYn - 318,346                   4 316, 745       314, 238     308, 348       289, 003       282, 509
           Blankets, except crib, total 44            I 74, 774        101, 940        76, 513       63, 195       54, 667        45, 361
             All-cotton, total                          58, 407        7 82, 301     7 62, 347     7 49, 323     7 43, 825      7 36, 472
               Not jacquard                             45, 452                      (0                                         (8)
               Jacquard                                 12, 955        (8)                          0)            (8)           (8)
             Part-wool (blankets, except all-
               cotton, containing less than 25
               percent, by weight, of wool or
               similar flbers)-jacquard and
              not [acquerd                       "    8 1,367         Q 19,08        Q 14, 1       Q 13,872      0103, 84.2      O 8, 883,
           Crib blankets, all cotton                    10, 750 1      (10)          (10)           11,795         14,150         16,764
           Crib blankets, all fibers                    (9
           Blanketings (made for sale as piece
             goods), all cotton                          5,607         (9             (9            (4)           (8)            (8)
           Other napped fabrics                         47,035        116, 448        46, 483        63, 443       82, 220       51, 077
         Colored yarn cotton goods and re-
           lated fabrics                               683, 659       909, 699       770, 392      698, 471       662, 554      517, 921
         Fine cotton-goods (all combed or
           part-combed cotton fabricS, in-
           cluding fabrics having rayon or
           other synthetic fiber or silk dec-
           orations and fine carded goods)           1,036, 206 1 1, 270, 11311 1, 423, 479 11     335, 739 11 1, 209, 250 11 1, 128, 248
         Towels, toweling, washcloths, and
          terry-woven fabrics other than
           towels                                      482, 641       531, 405       441, 666      416, 695      342, 578       352, 018
         Wide cotton fabrics                           557, 475       679, 329       640, 063      586, 351      534, 394       495, 690
         Specialties and all other fabrics             317,487        527, 877       421, 47       373, 150      380,176        111,077

           Data collected in the 1939 Census were published in square yards, although the major fabric classifi-
       cations included data in terms of linear yards.
         2 In the gray except blankets and blanketings. All Egures for 1941-45 represent goods In the gray.
         O Includes outing and interlining flannels, canton fivmels, moleskin (heavy-4111ing sateens), duvetyns
       and suede.
           Data for interlining flannels, workshirt flannels, moleskins and suede include with all other napped
       fabrics.
           For the production of wool-and-cotton mixed blankets and blanketing containing 25 to 98 percent wool,
       see table 044.       a 1939 data are for finished fabrics. 1941-45 are for goods in the gray.
         7 Includes a small quantity of cotton and rayon blankets. 8 Data not available. I Includes blanketing.
         le Data for crib blankets not collected separately. Included with other blankets according to fiber content.
         li Includes fabrics containing 61 percent or more cotton by weight, balance rayon.
         Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; 1939 from Biennial Census of Manufactures;
       1941-45 compiled from manufacturers' reports to War Production'Board and Civilian Production Admin-
       istration awl published in Feats ta Industry Mies.




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             852                                                 MANITFACTT.TRES

             No. 942.-COTTON AND RAYON WOVEN GOODS, BLEACHED, DYED OR P RINTED
                                                                     1939 To 1945
             [Data cover the bleaching, dyeing, and printing of cotton and rayon woven textiles. Data for 1941-45 were
               collected to inset requirements of the war agencies and are not comparable with the Census of Manufac-
                   tures for 1939.]
                                                              [In thousands of linear yards]

                                      PRODUCT                            1939 t          1941             1943              1944       1945 (wet.)

             Bleached, dyed or printed goods, tottl                    6,302, 776          (2)         9,034, 432      8,339.167         7, 987, 253
               Cotton                                                  5,050,065       6, 619, 620     7, 403, 108     6, 729, 601       6, 446, 946
              Rayon , 6                                                1,252, 710         (2)          1, 631, 324     1, 609, 566       1, 640, 307

            Bleached and white finished goods, totaL                 4 2,174, 322         (2)          3,900,383       3, 372, 522       3, 346, 987
              Cotton                                                   2, 174, 352     3, 054,821      3, 681, 604     3, 184, 446       3, 149, 647
              Rayon 3                                                     (0              (3)             218, 779        188, 076          197, 320
            Plain dyed and finished goods, total                     4 2,404, 894         (2)          3,695, 410      3,434, 627        3,158, 783
              Cotton                                                   1, 431, 938     2, 112, 435     2, 479, 416     2, 387, 337       2, 327, 972
               Rayon ,                                                 4 972, 956         (2)          1, 053,994      1, 047, 290       1, 030, 81/
            Printed and finished goods, total a                        1,723, 529         (2)          1,600,639       1,532,018         1,481, 503
              Cotton                                                   1,443, 775      1, 352, 204     1, 242, 088     1, 157, 818       1, 169, 327
             Rayon s                                                     279, 764         (2)            358, 551        374, 200           212, 176

                Cotton fabric data for 1939 include cotton, linen and cotton-warp mixtures. Rayon fabric data include
            rayon and silk, including mixtures.
              2 Complete data for finishing rayon fabrics in 1941 are not available.
                Rayon fabrics are defined as fabrics containing 51 percent or more rayon by weight. Rayon means
            synthetic yarns made by viscose, cuprammonium and cellulose acetate processes. An unknown quantity
            of fabrics made from nylon and other synthetic fibers are also included in the rayon yardage.
              4 White finished rayon goods are included with rayon dyed goods.
               Includes roller, screen, flock and block printed fabrics.
              Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census; 1939 from Biennial Census of Manufactures ;
            1941-45, compiled from manufacturers' reports to War Production Board and Civilian Production Board
            and published in Facts for Industry series.

            No. 943.-PYROXYLIN SPREAD, SHIPMENTS ItT TYPE OF. GOODS, AND CAPACITY:
                                                                     1935 TO 1945
            [Data are based on monthly figures of processors who coat or impregnate fabrics or paper with soluble
              cotton or pyroxylin preparations, either separately or in combination with other materials. "Light"
             cotton fabrics include sheetings and print cloths; "Heavy" cotton fabrics include drills, ducks, sateens,
              broken twills, and moleskins.)
                                                      [Quantity and value figures in thousands)

                                                                                     511IPMENTS


                    YEA RLY       P yroxylin      Light eotton    Heavy cotton Custom coating Nonfabric ma- Capacity
             AVERAGE OR.               spread       fabrics          fabrics                      terial     (linear
                    YE.ot             (pounds)                                                              yards) 2
                                                 Linear ..,- awe Linear ...,,, Linear Value Linear Value
                                                              ,
                                                 yards v         yards " '"` yards            yards

           1935-39                     68, 851   33, 828   88T114    22, 132 811, 805            (2)    (2)
                                                                                                        (2)
                                                                                                                                           87, 857
           1935                        51, 564   30, 528    7, 627   19, 061 10,304              (2)                                       87, 577
           1936                        62, 163   35, 914    8, 812   21, 807 12, 077             (2)    (2)                                87, 927
           1937                        65, 787   38, 377    9, 581   23, 264 13, 083                    (2)
                                                                                                 (2)                                       88, 967
           1938                        51,911    20, 604    6, 748   20, 021   10, 730          (2)      (2)                               89, 363
           1939                        62,829    34, 720    7, 901   26, 518   13, 132          (2)      (2)
                                                                                                                                           85, 431
           1940                        59, 656   33, 986    7, 932   26, 652   13, 117                   (2)
           1.911                       82, 331   48,112    12, 450   39, 945   20, 420
                                                                                                (2)
                                                                                                (2)     (3)                    --          87, 6 LI
                                                                                                                                           87, 448
           1942                        58, 306   37, 335   11, 610   28, 297   16, 426          (2)     (2)
                                                                                                                                           87, 515
           L943                        49, 444   34, 311    9, 180   25, 464   15, 577                                                     94, 415
           [944                        54, 882   38, 759   12, 434   26, 747   15, 496          (2 )    (2 )
                                                                                                                                           07, 7.59
                                                                                                                                        (pounds)
           .945                        59, 941   34, 559   11, 359   17, 566   11, 836 222,032 2 $4, 928         I 2, 378     4 $592    , 184, 000
             Based on maximum quantity of 1.27 to 1 30 sateen coated to a finished weight of 173'S ounces per linear
          yard, in a month of 350 working hours.
             Data for "Custom coating" included with "Light cotton fabrics" and "Heavy cotton fabrics".
            5 Data for "Fabrics other than cotton" included with "Custom coating" to avoid disclosing data for
          individual establishments.
              Data not collected prior to January 1945.
             5 Based on all machines suitable for pyroxylin coating, assuming 600 working hours per month and entire
          production on 53°-1.32 sateen coated to a finished weight of 173' ounces per linear yard assuming 40 percent
          solids. No comparative data available from 1935 to 1944.
             Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; annual summary of monthly reports on pyroxy-
          lin-coated woven cotton fabrics.


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                                            WOOL MANUFACTTIRDS                                                      853
       No. 944.-W0oLEN AND WORSTED MANUFACTURES-PRODUCTION, BY KIND,
                                                      1939 TO 1945
       [Woolen and worsted woven goods are defined as fabrics containing by weight 25 percent or more wool
        fiber. Wool fiber means fibers as defined by the Wool Products Labeling Act of 1939. Data beginning
        with 1942 are not strictly comparable with those published in the census of Manufactures for 1939. De-
        tailed information on military fabrics was required by the war agencies, and in most cases, Information
        was collected by type of fabric rather than by end use. Consultations with the military agencies pro-
        vided the basis for estimating the end use of each type of fabric. Fortunately, for purposes of comparison
        with 1939, the more important military fabrics were generally produced for a single end use in terms of
        the 1939 classification. The estimates occurred primarily In the men's wear fabrics, and involved less
        than 15 percent of the total apparel fabrics produced. Production figures of women's and children's
        wear fabrics wore collected by weight of fabric instead of end use. In the Census of Manufactures for
         1939 data were collected from this industry on a square-yard basis; the present series requires the reporting
         Of linear yards, with narrow fabrics converted to a 54-inch width. The 1939 data have been converted
         to a 54-inch linear yard measure by dividing the quantity of square yards by 114, excepting blankets which
         were converted to a 72-inch linear yard measure by dividing the quantities of square yards by 2]

                               PRODUCT                             1939        1942       1943       1944      I   1945


                                                                              Thousands of linear yards

       Woven goods (except woven felt)                            371,848     527,736    536,429    527,995        493,532
         Apparel fabrics 2                                        321, 008    456, 787   440, 573   110, 680       401, 523
           Men's wear                                             178, 850    277, 004   256, 769   217, 778       203, 856
            Men's wear suitings and pantings                      149, 788    184, 263   166, 282   103, 735       161, 149
            Men's wear shirtings                                     1, &SO    48, 629    46, 007    21, 194        25, 227
            Men's wear overcoatings and topcoatings                27, 188     44, 112    44, 480    32, 849        27, 480
           Women's and children's wear 3                          107, 080    107, 602   132, 097   170, 467       141, 260
            Weighing up to 8.9 ounces                               (4)         (4)       23, 507    37, 123        22, 640
            Weighing 9-12.9 ounces                                  (4)         (4)       49, 805    76, 140        77, 275
            Weighing over 13 ounces                                 (4)         (4)       88, 785    57, 204        41,345
           General use fabrics                                     25, 668     63, 394    44, 026    47, 004        48, 570
            Melton, mackinaw, snow and ski suit cloths_ _ _        5 8,892     12, 107     9, 705    15, 978        17, 278
            Linings and interlinings                                0, 204     46, 032    27, 918    22, 358        24, 177
            Bathrobe flannels                                      10, 572      5, 255     6, 403     8, 728         7, 115
           Other apparel fabrics                                    9, 404      8, 787     7, 681     5, 371         7, 837

         Nonapparel fabrics (except woven felts)                   50, 840     70, 949   95, 856     87, 315        82, 009
           Blankets                                                19, 576     64, OW    89, 302     78, 887        80, 167
            98 percent or more wool or similar animal fibers_       (4)         (1)      66,303      52,713         52,894
             SO percent but loss than 98 percent wool or
               similar animal fibers                                (4)         (4)        6,800      7,381           7,774
             25 percent but less than 50 percent wool or
              similar animal fibers                                 (4)         (4)       16,199     18,793         19,499
           Upholstery fabrics                                        5,688      1,882      1,904      4,162           7, 659
           Bunting                                                              2, 452       527      1, 499             380
           Other nonapparel                                        25, 576      2, 519    4, 123      2, 767          3, 803

                                                                                  Thousands of pounds

       Paperinakers' felts                                           5,114      (4)       5, 074      5, 390          5, 819
       Other woven felts                                             1, 576   5 8, 024    3, 668      3, 009          3, 081


          The measure used in 1939 was square yards. Data have been converted to a 54-inch linear yard measure,
       excepting blankets which have been converted to a 72-inch linear yard measure. Data for 1942-45 on
       narrow fabrics were converted by reporting companies to a 54-inch linear yard measure.
         2 Includes data for military fabrics which were reported by typos. Estimates as to end use classification
       were made on less than 15 percent of the total quantity of apparel fabrics.
         a Data for 1939 and for 1942 were collected as to end use. 1943-15 data were collected byweight of fabric.
            Data not available.
          t An unknown quantity of these fabrics are included in the women's and children's wear classifications.
         5 Includes data for papermakers' felts which were not collected separately for 1942.
         Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; 1939 from Biennial Census of Manufactures:
       1942-45 compiled from manufacturers' reports to War Production Board and Civilian Production Adminis-
       tration and published in Facts for Industry series.




               080 0 07-46-----55

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         854                                           MANUFACTURES

         No. 915.- RAYON BROAD WOVEN FABRICS- SEMI-ANNUAL PRODUCTION,                                                      El "Ir
                                        TYPE: JITLY 1943 TO DECEMBER 1945
         [Data cover production of rayon broad woven fabrics containing by weight 51 percent or more rayon. The
           fabrics reported are either 100 percent rayon or rayon mixtures containing 51 percent or more rayon with
                                                                                are added
           the addition of cotton or other fibers. However, if the wool fibers the fabricsto the extent of 25 percent or
                                                                                           listed in this table. After
           more, they are classed as woolen mixtures and are not included with
           the Census of M anufactures for 1939, detailed data for this industry were not collected unti11943.          These
           data were collected to meet the requirements of war agencies and are not comparable with the                Census
           of Manufactures data.]
                                               [In thousands of linear yards]

                                                                             1943                1944          1945 (prel.)
                                      PRODUCT
                                                                           July-       Jan.-        July-    San.-     J taly-
                                                                            Dee.       rune         Dec.     June      Dec.

         Rayon broad woven fabrics over 12 inches in width, total 1       781, 341    826, N2 772, 27 800, 929         750, 022
           100 percent filament rayon fabrics, total                      52, 461 677, 159 522, 757 HI, 088            487, 557
             Bright viscose taffetas                                       28, 574    25, 942      22, 714   19, 982   25, 324
             Pigment viscose taffetas                                      '41, 593   43, 322      38, 148   41, 438   34, 203
             Acetate taffetas                                               38, 184   45, 734      40, 577   44, 377   41, 342
             Cross dyed taffetas                                             8, 021   11, 089       9, 999   10, 684   11, 180
             Twills and serges                                              64, 858   72, 585      64, 526   56, 067   48, 101
             Satins                                                         73, 694   78, 127      78, 287   78, 132   72, 966
             Flat crepes                                                    33, 059   38, 591      33, 406   30, 965   31, Olt
             French crepes                                                  36, 089   41, 232      42, 876   42, 882   42, 059
             Canton crepes                                                   3, 161    4, 130       4, 392    5, 231    4, 597
             Sheers (including georgettes)                                  13, 787   15, 904      17, 220   17, 297   16, 221
            Marquisettes                                                    17, 882   21, 249      18, 046   21, 915   22, 247
            Ninons and voiles                                               15, 603   19, 580      19, 362   19, 011   18, 952
            Combination crepes                                             78, 042    77, 902      70, 295   68, 483   66, 955
            Other 100 percent filament rayon fabrics (including para-


                                                                                      --
             chute fabrics)                                               101, 414    81, 763      62, 909   84, 624   52, 396
          100 percent spun rayon fabrics, total
            Poplins and challis
                                                                                 -
                                                                           84, 376

                                                                            8, 669
                                                                                      79, 333

                                                                                      14, 146
                                                                                                   76, 758

                                                                                                   13, 688
                                                                                                             82, 726

                                                                                                             15, 308
                                                                                                                       79, 809
                                                                                                                       16, 703
            Twills, serges and bedford cords                               32, 005    29, 563      25, 158   25, 660   18, 821
            Linen type and flakes                                           9, 067    11, 156      12, 610   12, 994   12, 391
            Piled yarn fabrics                                              8, 250     8, 698       9, 197   10, 799   10, 787
            All other 100 percent spun rayon fabrics                       26, 385    15, 770      16, 205   17, 965   21, 107
          Combination filament and spun rayon fabrics, total               70, 877    78, 864      77, 843   78, 403   81, 028
            Fujis                                                          18, 020    23, 216      24, 752   28, 349   33, 112
            Shantungs                                                      13, 402    14, 064      13, 773   12, 467   10, 513
            All other combination filament and spun rayon fabrics          38, 855    39, 084      39, 318   37, 587   37, 403
          Pile, upholstery, drapery, tapestry, and tie fabrics, total 3    16, 021    14, 200      14, 962   15, 802   15, 922
            Velvets, plushes, and other pile fabrics                       4, 084      4, 079       4, 254    4, 115    4, 002
            -Upholstery, drapery, and tapestry fabrics                     2, 925      1, 907       2, 237    2, 325    2, 770
            Tie fabrics                                                    8, 012      8, 214       8, 471    9, 362    9, 150
          All other rayon mixtures, total                                 67, 606     78, 8413     80, 267   82, 910   85, 708
            Rayon and wool                                                11, 432     12, 557      12, 364   13, 336   14, 702
            Rayon and cotton                                              43, 065     48, 605      47, 580   46, 079   50, 298
            Rayon and other fibers                                        13, 109     17, 684      20, 323   23, 495   20, 706
         ilk, nylon, glass, and other fabrics ,                           36, 177     25, 990      55, 752   46, 980   21, 365

          1 IncludeS estimated production for a few mills whose reports were never received. These estimates
        were distributed by fabric classification.
          a Fabrics containing 61 percent or more rayon by weight, without separation as to type of yarn used
        i ncludes filament rayon, spun rayon and mixtures of rayon and other fiber.
           3 Includes fabrics made of casein, other synthetic fibers and mixtures of rayon and other fibers containing
        less than 51 percent of rayon.
           Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; compiled from manufacturers reports to War
         Production Board and Civilian Production Administration and published in Facts for Industry series.




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                                         KNIT GOODS AND APPAREL                                                                     855
      No. 946.KNIT GOODS: CLOTH, UNDERWEAR, AND OUTERWEARPROD CTION,
                            BY TYPE: 1943, 1944, AND 1945

                             PROMUCT                                   Unit               1943                  1944           1948


      Knit cloth for sale, total 1                            Millions of lbs                   113. 3           125. 9            130. 0
        Warp kait fabrics                                         do                             22. 6            28. 6             28. 1
        Circular knit fabrics                                     do                             90. 7            97. 3            101. 9
      Knit underwear, total 1                                 Thous. doz                 51, 436. 6          54, 159. 1        55, 294. 1
        Knit rayon underwear and nightwear, total                 do                     12, 923. 7          14, 981. 6        15, 235. 7
         Made from circular knit tubing                           do                      9, 528. 7          11, 155. 6        10,725. 4
         Made from warp knit fabric                               do                      3, 395. 0           3, 826. 0         4, 510. 3
        Knit cotton and wool and other knit under-                do                     38, 512. 9          39, 177. 5        39, 998.4
           wear, total.
          Union suits                                             do                      3, 575. 9             3, 329. 1       2, 634. 3
          Undershirts                                             do                1    19, 757. 3 1 13, 286. 5
                                                                                                    r
                                                                                                       2, 396, 9
                                                                                                                               13,456. 8
          Drawers                                                 do                                                               1, 894. 3
          Shorts, briefs, vests, and panties                      do                     13, 630. 8          18, 484. 2        20,246. 5
          Nightwear and other knit underwear                      do                      1, 548. 9             1, 680.8           1, 766. 5
      ICnit outerwear: 3
        Sweaters, jackets and jerseys                         Thous. doz                                          8, 809             8, 773
        Polo, sweat, and other knit shirts                       do                                               3, 391             3, 799
        Bathing suits and trunks                                 do                                                  595                779
        Knit headwear and neckwear                                do                                              2, 534             2,523
        Dresses, suits, blouses and skirts                        do                                                   73               118
        Children's and infants' knit outerwear                    do                                              2, 077             2, 103
        All other                                                 do                                              1, 467             1, 670


        1 Data account for practically the entire production of knit cloth made for commercial sale.
        2 Data based on reports received from mills representing from 90 percent to the entire production of the
      industry.
        3 Data account for practically the entire production of knit outerwear made by knitting mills and cut-and
      sewn children's and infants' outerwear garments made from knit fabrics. Data for 1943 are not available.
        Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; published in Facts for IndustrY series.

      No. 947.WOMEN'S AND CHILDREN'S CLOTHINGPRODUCTION AND SALES, BY
                           CLASS: 1942, 1943, AND 1944
      [ Sales data based on reports filed by approximately 5,000 firms; 1,500 with annual sales of less than $150,000
         and 3,600 with annual sales of $150,000 or more. Production data based on reports fled by the 3,500 firms
        with sales in 1943 of $150,000 or more. Reports were estimated for firms failing to report, for one or two
        periods. In no case did an estimate exceed 15 percent of the item total]

                                                                                                                        NET SALES
                                                                               PRODUCTION                               (millions of
                             CLASS                                                                                       dollars)

                                                                        Unit             1043            1944      1942     1913     1944


           All industrial classifications, total                                                                  1, 997 2, 527      2, 755

      Women's and misses' blouses                              Thous. cloz               6, 481       6, NO          91      129        141
      Women's and misses' unit price dresses                   Thous, units             35, 876      31, 798        561      753        843
      Women's and misses' dozen price              dresses,    Thous. doz                7, 615       6, 640        181      198        198
        aprons, and allied garments. ,
      Women's and misses' suits, coats (except fur             Thous, units             64, 028      55, 398        549      739        797
       coats), and skirts.
      Other women's and misses' outerwear                          do                   29, 136      17,602            29     40         40
      Underwear and nightwear made from woven Thous. doz                                17, 560      15,172         211.     235        243
       fabric.
      Corsets and allied garments                                  do_                    7, 965      8,544         110      103        120
      Children's dresses                                       Thous, units             66, 756      66,995            68     83         92
      Children's coats                                            do                    2 8, 803     12,309            71     89        106
      Other children's outerwear                               Thous. do7               2 5, 547      6,719            55     78         94
      Robes and dressing gowns                                    do                      (3)         1,450            47     61         64
      Raincoats                                                   do                      (3)             320          14     19         17


        1 Includes estimated sales of firms with annual sales of less than $150,000.
        2 Not strictly comparable due to incomplete reporting.
        a Data not available.
         Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; published in Facts for Industry series.




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          856                                           MANUFACTURES

                            No, 948.-HoBIERY----PBODUCTION, BY TYPE: 1940 TO 1945
          [Thousands of dozen pairs. Data based upon reports received from mills representing from 75 percent to
            the entire capacity of the industry for the various types. Dal a for the non-reporting companies are esti-
            mated and take account of new mills, mills which have been closed either temporarily or permanently,
            and the seasonal trends]

                                 'TYPE                           1940         1941             1942              1943         1944          1.945


                   All types, total                             134, 475     149, 988        147, 802        149, 282        139, 734       135, 841
          Women's full-fashioned, total                          41,870       41, 819          35, 082           37, 998     86, 595         34, 740
          Seamless, total (including men's fug-fash-
              ioned                                              92, 604     108,150         112, 820        111, 284        103, 139       101, 101
            Women's seamless, total                              15, 656      15, 655         15, 192         13, 043          9, 462         7, 420
             Full-length (flat)                                  12, 990     12,996           13, 181         11, 722          8, 535          (5, 730
                   Silk 1                                         5, 101     23, 389               59                                          a 216
                   All-rayon I                              )    4, 362        5, 745         2 8, 088 {
                                                                                                              2 3,336
                                                                                                                4, 064       2 1, 293
                                                                                                                               3, 932         3, 321
                   Rayon leg, with cotton welt I                                                                                                 051
                   Cotton                                        3, 359        8, 671          4, 861             4, 216      3, 146           2,174
                   Wool__                                           168          191                173               107        163              77
            Knee-length (including campus hose) _.                  461           812               170                17         26              /7
            Misses' and women's ribbed hose                      2, 205        1, 847          1, 840             1, 305         901             661
           Men's full-fashioned half-hOSO 2- - .. - -y.              99              91             102                62         99             118
           Men's seamless half-hose and slacks, taal            40, 875      49, 914          52, 432            52, 490     47, 111         48, 594
            Seamless half-hose                                  51,324       36, 998         38, 040             36, 766     34, 503         35, 030
              Silk (including nylon)                                880          816              210                  37            1            96
                   Rayon                                        12, 792      14, 823          14, 354            10, 752       9, 124         8, 180
                   Cotton                                       16, 299      17,987          19, 889             18, 755      14, 478        11, 875
                Wool                                             1,353        3, 372           3, 588             7, 222      10, 900        11, 969
              Slack socks (including crew socks) ....            9, 551      12, 917         14, 392             15, 724     12, 608         13, 561
           Cotton bundle goods                                   4, 418       6,154            5, 803             5, 693       5, 902         5, 213
           Woolen bundle goods                                   2,301        2,392            2, 482             3, 083       3, 267         3, 701
           Athletic socks                                        1, 024       1, 078           1, 057          I, 164          1, 192            817
          3111dren's and infants' (excluding anklets)-           6, 135       6, 904           6, 117          4, 546          5, 224         (i, 282
          mklets                                                22, 097      26,958          29, 636          31, 202        30, 882         28, 888

          I Includes constructions with foot reinforcements other than main body yarn. 2 Includes nylon hosiery.
          2 206,000 dozen pairs, all nylon; 11,000, nylon leg.  4 Data are for nylon only.
          Source: National Association of Hosiery Manufacturers, New York, New York; Hosiery Statistics, 1945.

         No. 949.-13 OOTS, SHOES, AND SLIPPERS (OTHIeR THAN RuBBER)-PRODITCTION
                              BY CLASS: 1914 TO 1945
        [In thousands of pairs. Data for 1925 and subsequent years were compiled from monthly reports of manu-
                            facturers representing ahnost the entire production in the U. S.]

                        CLASS              1914      1919         1925       1930          1935           1940        1942      1944        1945

            Total                        292, 6813 331, 225 323, 663 304, 170 383, 761 404, 161 483, 870 462, 668                         483, 7113
        Leather uppers:
          Men's 1                         98, 031  95, 017 86, 546 77, 147 99, 525 102, 383 142, 975 108, 537                             104, 794
          Youths' and boys'               22, 898 26, 504 21, 021     18, 530 17, 847  15, 276  17, 107  16, 265                           14, 201
          Women's                         80, 916 104, 813 104, 782 112, 629 145, 231 151, 944 181, 685 118, 079
          Misses'
          Children's                     )48, 322 48, 538 38, 691 32, 037 37, 276 40, 750 41, 285 35, 643                                ,312
                                                                                                                                          120, 917
                                                                                                                                         f 21, 8
                                                                                                                                         1. 20, 16-4
          Infants'                        15, 477   16, 669     24, 587    18, 558        21, 167     1, 750        25, 657 29, 075        30, 218
          Athletic 1                        (z)         586      5, 911     1, 728         1, 861     4, 454         5, 793   2, 565        2, 733
        Part-leather and part fabric        (3)       (5)         (5)        (I)           2, 891     9,   432      11, 387
        All-fabric (satin, canvas) 4_       (2)     11, 056      8, 564     2, 593         3, 671     6,   395       4, 715 )83, 072       97,743
        Slippers 2                          (2)       (2)       23, 899    34, 094        42, 055    46,   387      43, 326 62, 248        66, 878
        All other footwear               27, 024    28, 042      9, 549     5, 951        12, 138     5,   331       9, 910   7, 086        1, 210

          1 Figures beginning with 1930 are not strictly comparable with earlier years owing to the fact that large
        quantities of heavy footwear now included with Inen's shoes were included with "Athletic" prior to 1927.
        Data for men's shoes foe 1941-44 include Government shoes.
         I Not reported separately; included with "all other."
           Not reported separately; included with various classes of boots and shoes.
           Ineludes footwear with fabric uppers and rubbers soles made on conventional shoe machinery.
         2 Includes slippers and moccasins (all leather and part leather, felt, etc.) for house wear.
         Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; figures are published currently in monthly
       releases.




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                                                         LEATHER                                                                           857
        No. 950.-LEATHER-PRODUCTION, BY PRINCIPAL TYPES OF RAW STOCK :
                                                        1934 TO 1945
                            (Cattle hide in thousands of hides, other figures in thousands of skins]
                        Cattle Calf and Goat             Sheep                               Cattle Calf and Goat                         Sheep
              YEAR      hide     kip   and kid           laand               TEAR
                                                                                              hide    kip   and kid                        and
                                                           rob 2                                                                          lamb I
       1934             19, 771    12, 442    44, 982     34, 255      1940                  21, 013         11, 387           37, 697     37, 920
       1935             21, 932    14, 140    48, 250     38, 455      1941                  28, 099         13, 098           45, 365     51, 865
       1936             22, 628    13, 127    47, 363     37, 042      1942                  30, 822         12, 554           41, 122     53, 634
       1937             22, 380    12, 027    96, 554     34, 232      1943                  25, 656         11, 112           37, 351     59, 315
       1938             19, 047    12, 991    31, 905     28, 941      1944                  26, 114         10, 930           34, 866     53, 953
       1939             22, 095    14, 027    40, 419     39, 384      1945                  27, 578         11, 627           24, 030     50, 366
           Prior to 1940, data include skivers and exclude fleshy's; beginning 1940, they include fleshers and exclude
       skivers.
         Source: Tanners' Council of America.

                     No. mi.-LEATHER-PRODUCTION, BY KIND : 1937 AND 1939
                                                                                    1937               1939                      1937      1939
                                                                                                         Pro-                            Pro-
                                                                                              Pro-     duced                            duced
                                                                                            (Mead         in                              in
                                                                                   Quar'      in
                                                                                    tity regular contract
                                                                                                      factories                Value
                                                                                                                                        regu-
                                                                                   (thou- factories on com-                               lar
                              PRODUCT                               Unit           sands                                       (thou- - fac-
                                                                                                      mission                   sand, tories
                                                                                      of
                                                                                    unit    Quail-      Quasi"                    of
                                                                                   sped-     tity        thy                   dollars) Value
                                                                                                                                        (thou-
                                                                                    fled)   (thou-      (thou-                            a snds
                                                                                            sands       sands                                of
                                                                                           of unit     of unit                            dollars)
                                                                                          specified) specified)
             Total value                                                                                                       372, 458   322, 359
       Sole and bolting leather:
         Oak, union, chrome, and combination sole_ ___ Pound_ 251, 086                       201, 021          40, 317          84, 074    60, 049
         Horse-sole                                    Sq. ft    3, 042                        3, 960                               825        938
         Belting butts-curried                         Pound     9, 236                        6, 107                            6, 365     3, 661
         Offal                                                   ...do             04, 438    88, 687                    176    18, 948    16, 314
       11 arness leather:
        Union black                                                do               5, 855     1, 335                           1, 816         387
        Oak black and russet '                                     do               8, 642     6, 332                           2, 675      1, 880
       Bag, case, and strap leather-finished grains              Sq. ft_      _    21, 522    21, 245                           5, 316      4, 888
       Collar, skirting, lace and latigo leather                    _ do _           (i)       9, 414                           2, 805      2, 334
       Welting leather-cattle                                    Pound_             7, 240     7, 933                           2, 238      2, 491
       Upholstery leather-finished:
        Wholehide grains and machine-bufied                      Sq. ft____ 20, 871           17, 701    1,    2   5 556 5 5, 227           4, 036
        Splits                                                    _do        13, 868          10, 193    J           0   1 1, 911           1,171
       U pper leather:
        Cattle, including kip sides                                  do           322, 567   362, 921           7, 689         64, 508     60, 458
        Calf and whole kip, except kip sides                     __do             119,005    123, 140          10, 330         35, 706     34, 482
        G oat and kid                                                do           173, 850   141, 410          12, 419         39, 133     26, 515
        Kangaroo and wallaby                                     __do               5, 138     5, 529                           1, 634      1, 419
        Wax and finished splits                                      do            57, 756    39, 330              (5)          8, 537      3, 634
         Other upper leather                                                                                                    4, 152      3, 820
       Glove and garment leather:
         C abretta                                               Sq. ft_ _ ..        (1) '     8, 326          13, 094           1, 054     1, 792
         Sheep and lamb, except shearlings                           do            91, 935    59, 515          43, 271          10, 072    10, 317
         Sheerlings                                              __do              22, 772    10, 050              (5)           4, 878     3, 648
         Other glove and garment leather                                                                                         6, 636     5, 857
       Fancy and bookbinders leather                                                                                             6, 880     5, 572
       Lining leather:
         Sheep and lamb-shoe stock                               Sq. ft____ £5, 202           50, 522          26, 716          9, 210      5, 812
         G oat and kid                                             do        27, 114          44, 650           9, 624          4, 755      8, 136
         Other lining leather                                        do             7, 059    12, 371           1, 664          1, 466      1, 985
       Patent upper leather (cattle, including kip
        sides)-japanned                                          __do              49, 874    29, 080          22, 206          9, 326      6, 078
       Splits, other than wax and finished upper and
        upholstery                                                   do            94, 899   112, 399          25, 787          10, 230     7, 568
       Skivers                                           _do                       24, 865    22, 985           8, 386           2, 304     2, 259
       Finishing or currying of tanned leather          __do                         (4)      19, 990          54, 559            (4)       3, 396
       Leather, tanned, curried, or finished on a com-
         missión basis for leather manufacturers, deal-
         ers, and jobbers                                                                                                         (4)      13, 523
       Other leather                                    Sq. ft_                               28, 414          34, 617          9, 355      5, 014
       Rough leather:
        Belting butts-rough, for sale as such           Poun d.. _                10, 055      6, 109                           6, 829      2, 707
        Upholstery leather-russet, for sale as such__ Sq. f t_ _ .                27, 244     28, 203              (2)          2, 923      3, 053
         Other rough leather_ _____ . _ __________ _ _ . __ ____ _____                                                          1, 612        666
         I No comparable data.
         2 Figure for "Upholstery leather-flnished" inc tides both rough and finished upholstery leather which
       cannot be shown separately without disclosing production of individual establishments.
         3 Figure cannot be shown witbout disclosing, exactly or approximately, the production of individual
       establishments.                    4 Not called for on schedule.
          Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; reports of Biennial Census of Manufactures.


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           858                                                        MANUFACTURES

                               No, 952.-T0BA000 PRODUCTS-PRODUCTION, BY KIND
           I Compiled from monthly returns of manufacturers. Data relate to products manufactured in continent a
              United States, excluding those manufactured in bonded manufacturing warehouses. There were
             108,871,066 large cigars manufactured in these warehouses in 1944. Large cigars are those weighing more
             than 3 pounds per thousand.]

                                                                                                                    CIGARS (THOU-               CIGARETTES
                                TOBACCO AND SNUFF (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS)                                                    SANDS)               (THOUSANDS)
             CALENDAR
              YEAR OF
              YEARLY
              AVERAGE           Total      plug             Twist         Fine
                                                                          cut
                                                                                        Smok-
                                                                                         ing 1      "     tify      Larga       Small        Large        Small

          1901-1905             346, 841       175, 981                   11, 903       138, 402     20, 556       6, 513, 095    716, 720    7, 143     3, 227, 606
         1906-1910             113, OM     167, 460   13, 624             12, 525       192, 700     26, 845       6, 833, 272 1, 059, 501   16, 113 6, 192, 571
          1911-1015            437, 346    158, 529   15, 017             10, 795       221, 866     31, 140       7, 087, 530 1, 053, 6M    15 695 14, 802, 416
         1916-1920             456, 584    159, 869   14, 346              9, 758       237, 808     34, 805       7, 34, 937    810, 327    26, 026 41, 565 670
         1921-1925             409, 457    115, 445   10, 105             6,972         239, 151     37, 785      6, 691, 913    557, 300    16, 704 65, 903, 991
          i 926-1930           389, 244     99, 470    8, 374             5, 821        235, 421     40, 159      6, 350, 650    414, 044    10, 479 109, 361, 216
         1931-1935             349, 785     64, 662          5 404        3, 660        239, 072     36, 987      4, 648, 368    245, 412    20, 417 121, 702, 676
         1933-1940             344, 331     54, 402          6, 029       4, 703        241, 501     37, 636      5, 184, 661    164, 652     2, 956 174, 117, 549
         1935                  342, 728     60, 588          5, 694       4, 683        236, 757     36, 095      4, 685, 370    177, 822     2, 604 139, 966, 180
         1936                  347, 977     59, 165          6, 372       5, 008        239, 349     38, 022      5, 172, 279    180, 006     2, 458 158, 893, 958
         1937                  340, 579     58, 331          6, 774       4, 999        233, 334     37, 141      5, 303, 369    198, 585     3, 056 169, 969, 320
         1938                  345, 359     54, 495          5, 659       1, 572        243, 470     37, 173      5, 014, 758    152, 990     2, 638 171, 686, 383
         1939                  343, 307     51, 263          5, 733       4, 701        243, 640     37, 970      5, 197, 627    156, 940     4, 369 180, 666, 824
         1940                  344, 423    48, 759           5, 605       4, 176        248, 011     37, 872      6, 235, 271    134, 738     2, 249 189, 371, 258
         1941                  342, 427    50, 230           5, 614       5,059         241, 897     39, 616      5, 610, 176    146, 711     1, 790 217, 934, 925
         1942                  330, 413    54, 300           6, 024       5, 084        224, 002     41, 003      5, 840, 805    133, 150     2, 503 267, 520, 863
         1943                  327, 089    68, 945           6, 257       4, 460        214, 249     43, 179      5, 363, 027    125, 480     8, 111 296, 173, 333
         1944                  396, 935    61, 655           6, 498       4, 092        192, 728     41, 962      5. 198, 679    123, 340    26, 870 323, 583, 888


                                            NUMBER OF FACTORIES
                                                                                                    PRODUCTION IN 1944 (CALENDAR YEAR>
                                            TAN. 1, 1945 MAKING-

                       STATE                                                              Tobacco           Cigars (thousands)                 Cigarettes
                                            Tobac-                         Ciga- and snuff                                                    (thousands)
                                            00 and           Cigars       rettes           (1,000
                                            snuff 2                                       pounds)                Large       Small       Large          Small

              Total                               410          2, 973             63        338, 935         5, 198, 879      123, 340   28, 871 328, 583, 888
         California                                20            101                5              365           93, 860                                5, 401, 809
         Connecticut                                   4          77                                  9          33, 009                                 -      ___ _
         Florida                                       il        374                1        (1)               740, 624                                           55
         Illinois                                  501           299                         11, 607             34, 917                                           _
         Indiana                                   isj            38                                51         146, 429
         Kentucky                                  141            22                5        31, 139             66, 349                               14, 258, 729
         Louisiana                                                    8                                          62, 985
         Massachusetts                             171          128                2               243          60, 994                                       1, 054
         Michigan                                 17             79                3          8, 515            51, 790 _                                         47
         Minnesota                                    sI         43                                 20           10, 315
         Missouri                                     si         45                1        41, 280             32, 440                                      15, 593.
         Vew Hampshire                                  i        15                                             72, 499
         N'ew Jersey                             12              94               2          8, 975            395, 412                         1      17, 405, 346
         \Taw York                              100             658              20          1, 507            317, 342       15, 859    10, 686   1, 547, 934
         Vorth Carolina                            si             7                8       107, 121             28, 371                       43 168, 031, 297
         Phio                                     291           120                1        30, 126            249, 600                                     3, 242
         Pennsylvania                             46            502               4          6, 893         2, 147, 849                  16, 141       7, 550, 214
         loath Carolina                                           2                                            201, 220
         Tennessee                                10              8                         21, 347             19, 598
         Jirginia                                  7             10              10         24, 946            187, 616      107, 481 ___ ___        09 368 567
         tVest Virginia                            4             16 -                       10, 199             68, 688 _                                          _
         S..I1 other                              43            327                          2, 531           186, 872                                             _


          1 Includes scrap chewing tobacco.
          2 Factories producing a taxable product, excluding 170 "quasi" manufacturer's. 3 Less than 500.
          Source: Treasury Department, Bureau of Internal Revenue; Annual Report of the Commissioner.




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                                                              TOBACCO                                                            859
       No, 953:-TOBACCO, LEAP-AMOUNTS CONSUMED IN THE MANUFACTURE                                                                   OP
                    CIGARS, CIGARETTES, CHEWING AND SMOKING TOBACCO AND SNUFF
       Norn.---All figures in thousands of pounds, Figures represent the equivalent in unstemmed loaf tobacco
        of stemmed leaf or scraps, cuttings, and clippings. In the following table the tobacco used in the manufac-
        ture of cigars and cigarettes was converted on the basis of 3 pounds of stemmed, leaf or scraps, etc., to 4
        pounds of unstemmed beginning 1915 (conversion prior to 1915 was at the ratio of 3 to 5) and of tobacco
        and snuff beginning 1903. For 1895 to 1902, tobacco used in manufactured tobacco and snuff was shown
        only under two heads, namely "leaf" and "scraps." It is probable that stemmed leaf WBS included
        with unstemmed tobacco under the head of "leaf" without the one kind being converted, to the equivalent
        in the other. The conversion ratio of 3 to 4 was applied unly to "scraps" for these years. Data exclude
        tobacco used in bonded manufacturing warehouses.

            CALENDAR
             YEAR OR                                ,,,o.    Tobacco           CALENDAR                                Ciga- Tobacco
             YEARLY           Total     Cigars      s''''"
                                                    rates      and               YEAR
                                                                                                  Total     Cigars     rettes  and
            AVERAGE                                           snuff                                                              snuff

       1896-1900              359, 053 87, 851    10, 235 254, 967       1933                     710, 668 104, 699 326, 003 279, 876
       1901-1905              451, 401 124, 411   12, 444 314, 006       1934                     775, 530 111, 123 375, 383 289, 024
       1906-1910              524, 193 139, 206 22, 079 362, 908         1935                     775, 932 113, 742 399, 458 262, 731
       1911-1915              578, 283 161, 890 52, 207 374, 186         1036                     847, 367 126, 578 453, 327 267, 462
       1916-1020              660, 460 155, 312 130, 320 364, 828        1937                     872, 924 128, 653 479, 861 294, 309
       1921-1925              672, 077 151, 421 198, 069 322, 588        1938                     805, 302 118, 751 483, 840 262, 710
       1926-1930              762, 540 140, 240 312, 533 300, 767        1939                     885, 299 122, 681 009, 133 253, 485
       1931-1035              740, 934 112, 296 345, 985 282, 652        1940                     922, 716 126, 835 635, 218 280, 663
       1936-1940 ...... .._   878, 722 124, 700 492, 296 261, 726        1941                   1, 009, 085 136, 066 626, 842 216, 178
       1930                   770, 806 137, 901 347, 913 293, 990        1942                   1, 131, 065 140, 879 754, 550 235, 837
       1931                   752, 404 127, 628 329, 962 294, 813        1943                   1, 228, 703 131, 806 860, 459 236, 349
       1932                   690, 131 104, 288 299, 029 286, 817        1944                   1, 254, 541 129,882 920, 418 204, 241


       No. 964.-ALC0H0LIC BEVERAGES-PRODUCTION, TAX-PAID WITHDRAWALS,
                   AND STOCKS: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1939 TO 1945
                                      [Includes data for Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico]

                     CLASS                          Unit              1939      1940     1941      1942      1913      1944      1915

       Fermented malt liquor:
         Production                       Thous, of bb1.1             53, 871 54, 892 55, 214     03, 717    71, 018   81, 726   86, 604
         Tax-paid withdrawals_              .. do                     61, 817 53, 014 52, 799     69, 856    68, 630   76, 970   79, 591
         Stocks on hand June 30               do                      9, 447    9, 019   9, 038    8, 935     8, 280    8, 862    9, 262
       Distilled spirits, total:
              Production 2                Thous, of tax ga1,3_ _ 145, 326 143, 455 175, 209 4157, 982 4 39, 917 4 23, 805 128, 205
              'Pax-paid withdrawals 2         do                  114, 578 128, 326 130, 552 144, 208       138, 837   90, 404 142, 331
              Stocks on hand June             do                  522, 058 525, 395 551, 424 687, 751 470, 345 376, 278 338, 173
               as
           Whiskey:
            Production                        do                  93, 004 98, 993 121, 852 120, 257 19, 530             41, 502
            Tax-paid withdrawals              do                  72, 059 81, 267 80, 542 84, 709 87, 914 58, 833 63, 891
       .  Stocks on hand June 30_             do                 478, 900 480, 938 504, 081 516, 919 424, 825 348, 646 307, 588
       Rectified spirits and wines,
            production, total            Thous. of proof gal_     43, 401 47, 657 51, 159         67, 771   70, 125    67, 686 118, 863
           Whiskey, production                do                  33, 593 37, 977 14, 317         55, 962   60, 795    57, 862 101, 645
       Still wines: 5
         Production 7                    Thous, of wine gal.a 231, 959 212, 368 286, 371 313, 766 195, 225 264, 853 314, 983
           Tax-paid withdrawals             do                  67, 376 82, 177 88, 592 102, 016 108, 425 84, 073 88, 792
        Stocks on hand June 30 g            do                  94, 842 93, 245 117, 887 133, 195 91, 031 94, 313 102, 725
      Sparkling wines: 10
           Production                    Thous. of halfpint 11. 6, 684 9, 635 18, 211             24, 582   20, 348    30, 192   31, 017
           Tax-paid withdrawals__           do                   6, 338 8, 377 14, 464            17, 560   22, 071    26, 961   25, 269
           Stocks on hand June 30._         do                  12, 944 13, 208 15, 872           20, 992   17, 548    18, 715   22, 634

         1 Barrels of not more than 31 wine gallons.        Excludes ethyl alcohol.
        5 A tax gallon for spirits of 100 proof or over is equivalent to the proof gallon. For spirits of less than 100
      proof the tax gallon is equivalent to the wine gallon.
            Excludes high-proof spirits and unfinished spirits produced at registered distilleries for industrial
      purposes.
          Includes ethyl alcohol.
          Excludes vermouth.
        7 Production represents total amount removed from fermenters, including distilling material (substan-
      dard wines produced with excessive water or residue materials), In 1946, 206,720000 gallons of distilling
      materials were produced.
        8 Standard United States gallon.
        2 Excludes distilling materials.
         Includes champagne, other sparkling wines, and artificially carbonated wines.
       11 Tax is payable on each 8-pint or fraction thereof in each bottle or container.
       8ource of tables 953 and 934: Treasury Department, Bureau of IMernal Revenue; Annual Report of the
      Commissioner.




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          860                                               1UANETFACTURES
                                   No. 955.-D1tNATunED ALCOHOL:1 1910 To 1945
                                    Alcohol pro-      PT :2 I,:         Ethyl alcohol        DENATURED ALCOOL PRODUCE D
                                                                                                          H
                 TRAIL ENDED   1    atleed at al-     ,T,4              withdrawn
                                                                        for donator-     Completely            Specially
                  JUNE 30-         dustrial alcohol                                                                                 T ota l
                                      plants i            ,, "'t'''..      mien ,        denatured         denatured
                                                          ated
                                    Proof gallons                       Proof gallons    illne gallons     Wine gallons ll'ine gallons
         1910                                                    12       10, 605, 871       3, 070, 025        3, 002, 103         6, 079, 027
         1915                                                    23       25, 111, 719       6, 386, 647        8, 599, 822        13, 986, 469
         1920                          18, 933, 551              02       45, 640, 949      13, 528, 403       15, 307, 947        28, 836, 850
         1925                         166, 165, 518              91      152, 254, 039      46, 083, 970       34, 824, 103        81, 808, 273
         1910                         103, 823, 717              68      185, 000, 827     843, 063, 510       47, 713, 468       100, 776,4378
         1935                         180, 645,020               39      163, 500,786      38, 746, 675        58, 284, 395        97, 931,074
         1936                         196, 126, 236              37      172, 178, 748     30, 522, 058        64, 066 485        101, 477, 843
         1937                         223, 181, 228              45      179, 324, 373      22,118, 378        80, 084, 281       102, 202, 650
         1938                         201, 033,858               43      104, 263, 210      26, 598, 717       60, 009, 024        04, 607, 741
         1939                         201, 017, 546              38      175, 644,641       17,179, 433        83, 561, 077       100, 749, 610
         1940                         243, 727, 750              40      223, 321,704       15, 352, 033   111, 400, 797          120, 761, 830
         1911                         298, 845,417               43      274, 887, 261      17, 670, 171   135, 834, 201          153, 510, 433
         1942                         424, 804, 091              62      374, 760, 259      28, 628, 181   179, 217, 153          207, 845, 334
         1943                         447, 786,568               76      408, 303, 779      24, 369, 788   198, 524, 631          222, 894, 419
         1944                         015, 575, 216              66      973, 439, 556      52,131, 761    471. 781, 825          524, 113, 586
         1946                         683, 431, 544              65      971, 446, 910      31,087, 533    404, 008, 004          527, 095, 637
             Includes data for Hawaii for all years and data for Puerto Rica beginning with Aug. 1,1928.
             Separate accounts for alcohol procdi cad at industrial alcohol plants required commencing May 1, 1920.
           3 Figures include rom and spirits p oduced at distilleries for denaturation, through 1930. Represents
         withdrawals of alcohol only for denaturation, 1035 through 1941. For 1942 through 1945, represents all
         products used for denaturation which were regarded, upon receipt at denaturing plants, as alcohol, whether
         originally produced as alcohol by industrial alcohol plants or as spirits or unfinished spirits by registered
            Source: Treasury Department, Bureau of Internal Revenue, Annual Report of the Commissioner,
         No. 956.-ETHYL ALCOHOL AND OTHER DISTILLED SPIRITS, EXCEPT BRANDY-
                   MATERIALS USED IN PRODUCTI 0 N, BY KINDS: 1901 To 1945
                                                                                                     ETHYL I PINE.
                              Molas- GRAIN (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS)  SOL-   APPLE      OTHER
                                ses                              PRATE JUICE     MATERIALS 3
          YEAR ENDED JUNE 30- (thou-
                               sand                                Thousand    Thou- I hen-
                              gallons) 0CM    Malt  Rye Other,      gallons     sand    sand
                                                                               gallons pounds
        1901-05, average                  14, 0513 1, 004, 027 197, 602 303, 038            3,349
        1906                              22, 038 1, 120, 112 210, 504 113, 376             2,016
        1907                              25, 723 1, 314, GOO 248, 640 350, 056             2,576
        1908                              28, 945 975, 504 166, 000 210, 336                1, 792
        1909_                             33, 650 1, 012, 536 180, 376 244, 384             1, 232
        1910                              12, 193 1, 150, 632 207, 480 282, 408             1, 848
        1911-                             14, 363 1, 301, 832 226, 968 301, 056             5, 096
        1912                              61, 605 1, 288, 052 223, 256 ,313, 600            4, 760
        1913_                             04, 641 1, 335, 488 238,168 026, 308              6, 100
        1914-                             114, 721 1, 193, 696 220, 584 299, 152            4, 048
        1915                             123, 301    798, 500 131, 992 136 690              9, 480
        1915-                             80, 977 1, 795, 920 250, 936 174, 652             4, 592                            71, 156
        1917-                            112, 438 1, 502, 488 2417, 490 133, 000            4, 536                            78, 463
        1918                             118, 028 814, 520 94, 640 13, 944                  9, 632                            68, 527
        1910                             123, 499 217, 840 32, 088        1, 400            4, 816                             9, 801
        1 920-                           113, 133     59, 248 12, 040     2, 800            2, 912                            15, 127
        1921_                            119, 053 273, 840 51,184 10, 528                   1, 624                            31, 101
        1922_                             97, 223 173, 208 45, 696        4, 700                56                            74, 705
        1923-                            118, 711 173, 936 46, 53C           280                                              32, 043        12
        1924_                            155, 001 271, 432 64, 608        5, 096            1, 120                            15, 525 155, 756
        1926_                           203, 270 403, 256 59, 976         5, 432              616                             37, 824 1.22, 302
        1920-                           207, 404 445, 088 30, 400            728              672                             44, 508 443, 885
        1927                            211, 519 400, 448 28, 280            392                                              40, 942 40,409-
        1928_                           213, 630 340, 864 25, 368            392              501                             66, 795 79, 576
        1920                            268, 045 .548, 912 20, 720           448                                              53, 884 53, 038
        1930-                           235, 797 568, 096 37, 296 11, 648                   1, 848    1, 274                  21, 601  06, 535
        1 931-                          187, 790 137, 424 16, 008 357, 560                  1, 508   10, 072      6, 768      19, 302 30, 344
        1932                            161, 205 271, 488 28, 330 12, 208                  18, 592   11, 115      4, 235      15, 072 20, 377
        1933-                           117, 939 ' , 808 31, 360 31, 584
                                                      .                                        336    8, 943      5, 544       6, 772 00, 26.5
        1934                            174, 031 580, 259 140, 848 252, 619                 2, 651    9, 558      7, 491       1, 672 23, 707
        1935_                           196, 166 1, 086, 392 269, 361 573,413               3, 099   13, 609      5, 317       1, 190  28, 247
        1936-                           179, 123 1, 782, :205 372, 421 718, 789             3, 716   24, 403      6, 793       8, 092      678
        1937-                           208, 071 2, 029, 500 387, 312 651,457               3, 573   25, 493      3, 598      12, 218      963
        1938_                           166, 722 1, 110, :331 206, 625 3313, 066            2, 089   20, 577      2, 007           27      456
        1939                            163, 223 1, 012, 868 183, 411 307, 742              3, 432   35, 389      1, 594      26, 177   1, 204
        1940- -                         198, 929 1, 015, 019 186, 468 314, 371              2,383    45, 786      3, 256      13,801    12, 644
        1941_                           225, 849 1, 307, 455 231, 065 373, 957              2, 527   53, 403      1, 831       2, 365   18, 563
        1942_ _                         286, 3742,235,455 333, 150 384, 100        114,806           71, 259      1, 988       2,859    25, 907
        1943                            183, 039 2, 707, 530 553, 864 117, 008 2, 370, 391           78, 299      3, 237       3, 574   37, 133
        1944_                           263, 889 120, 126 727, 200 217,3985,353,230                  94, 467      4, 918       8, 680   70, 030
        1945_ -                         242, 786 1, 600, 0284 062, 002 651, 049 6, 464, 941          91, 621      2,755       57, 949   97,106
          1 Conversion factor used was 56 pounds per bushel when reported in bushels.
          I Wheat, barley, rice, etc. also mixtures of corn, malt, and rye.
          I Diamalt, snlpinte liquoi, manioca meal, maguey juice, maple sirup, cider, earn sirup, potatoes, crude-
        alcohol mixture, cellulose pulp, and chemical mixtures, etc.
          Source: Treasury Department: 1901 to 1933, Bureau of Industrial Alcohol; Statistics Concerning Intoxicat-
        ing Liquors. 1934 and subsequent years, Bureau of Internal Revenue; annual and special reports.



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                                         ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES                                                                    861
       No. 957.-DISTILLED SPIRITS, MALT LIQUORS, AND WINES-APPARENT AV-
         ERAGE ANNUAL PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION IN THE CONTINENTAL UNITED
         STATES; 1850 TO 1944
                            [In gallons, except distilled spirits whicli is shown in tax gal ons]

                                         DISTILLED SPIRITS                  MALT LIQUORS                              WINES
                  FISCAL YEAR                                                                       /
                                                    Sm-,                Im-
                                       TotalDomes- Dona.0 Total Domes- ported ToMI D om as- ported
                                                                                             Im-
                                              tic                 tie                 tic

       850                               2. 24    2. 02         . 22     1. 58    1. 57     . 01                        . 01          . 26
       860                               2. 85    2. 67         .19      3. 22    3. 18     . 04                        .115          , 28
       870                               Z 07     1. 89         . 18     5. 31    5, 28     . (t3                       . 08          . 24
       871-80 l                          1. 39    I. 35         . 04     6. 93    6. 90     . 03                        . 31          .1(5
       881-90 1                          1.34     1. 31         . 03    11. 37   11. 34     . 03                        . 51)         . 09
       891-95 1                          1. 37    1. 35         . 02    15. 20   15. 15     . 05                         . 32         . 07
       895-1000 1                        1. 12    1. lf)        . 02    15. 63   15. 49     . 04                        . 31          . 05
       001-05 1 '                        1. 39    1. 36         . 03    17. 34   17. 29     . 95                         . 40         . 07
       909-10 i                          1. 43    1. 39         . 04    19. 81   19. 73     . 08                         . 53         . 09
       011                               1. 46    1. 42         . 04    20. 09   20. 61     . OS                        .110          . 07
       912                               1, 45    1. 41         . 04    20. 02   19. 95     . 07                        . 52          . 06
       913                               1. 51    1. 47 .        . 04   20. 72   20. 54      . OS                       . 49          . 07
       914                               1. 44    1. 40         . 04    20. 89   20. 92      . 07                       . 46          . 07
       915                               1. 26    1. 23         . 93    18. 40   18. 37      . 03                       . 27          . 05
       910                               1. 37    I. 33         . 04    17. 78   17. 711    . 02                        . 42          , 05
       917                               1. 62    1. 59         . 03    18.17    AB. A      . 02                        . 36          . 05
       918                                . 87     . 86       . 01      14. 77   14. 76      . 01                       . 46          . 03
       919                                . 79     . 79     (2)          8. 00    8. 00    (2)                          . 40          . 02
       920                                . 22     . 22     (2)          a 61     2. 01    (2)                          . 12    (2)

       921                                . 32     . 32     (2)                                                         . 18          . 01
       922 1                              .18      .18      (2)                                                         . 05          . 01
       923 1                              .11      .11      (2)                                                         . 13    (2)
       924 3                              .10      .10      (2)                                                         . 08    (2)
       925 I                              . 09     . 09     (2)                                         -
                                                                                                        0
                                                                                                        0, 0             05     (2)
                                                                                                            ,
                                                                                                          tst  OG
                                                                                                               CAI
                                                                                                                --7



       926 a                              .1)9     . 09     (2)                                                         . 05    (2)
       927 a                              . OS     . OS     (2)                                                         .04     (2)
       928 2                              . 09     . 09     (2)                                                           04    (2)
       929 3                              . (19    . 09     (2)                                                         . 09    (2)
       930 1                              . 08     . 08     (2)                                                         . 53    (2)

       931 3                              . 07     . 07     (2)                                                           05    (2)
       932 1                              . 06     . O)5    (I)                                                         . 01    (I)
       933 a                              . 05     . 05     (2)          1. 56    1. 55     . 0)                        . 01    (2)
       934 3                              . 33     .20          . 03     7. 90    7. 89     . 01                        . 12      . 02
       935                                . 70     . 67         . 03    10. 45   10. 44     . 01                        . 28       . 02
       036                                . 81     . 73         . 08    11. 93   11. 92     . 01                        . 37      . 02
       937                               1. 03     . 90     '   , 13    13. 46   13. 44      . 02                       . 49       . 03
       038                               1. 00     . 89         , 11    13. 02   13. 00     . 02                        . 48      . 03
       939                                . 93     . 84         . 09    12. 40   12. 38     . 02                        . 52      . 03
       040                               1. 02     . 95         . 09    12. 67   12. 56     . 01                        . 63      . 03
       941                               1. 04     .98          . 08    12, 41   12. 40     . 01                        , 08          . 02
       942                               1.13     1.06           . 07   IA 17    14. 1(5    . 01                        . 78          . 01
       943                               1. 11    1. 00         . 11    15. 94   15. 91     .113                        . 83          . 01
       044                               1. 05     . 72         . 31    17. 95   17. 90     . 05                        . 68          . 07

        1 Average for the period.
         Less than .005.
        2 IllellIdel quantities withdrawn for certain manufacturing, compounding, medicinal, and sacramental
      uses.
        Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; Industrial Reference
      Service, Part 5, Vol. 3, No. 11: Foreign Trade in Beverage and Beverage Materials, November,1945. Data
      prior to 1922 published in the Statistical Abstract 1921 p 610.




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          862                                            -MANUPACTURES
          No. 958.RUBBER PRODUCTSPRODUCTION, BY KIND: 1929, 1937, AND 1939
                                                                             QUANTITY (THOUSANDS                        VALUE (THOUSANDS
                                                                              OF UNIT SPECIFIED)                          OF DOLLARS)
                                KIND                            UNIT
                                                                              1929           1937         1939         1929             1037       1939
                Total value                                                                                          1, Ill, 691 878, 626 895, 659
          Tires and inner tubes                                                                                         676, 910 478, 771 503, 448
            Pneumatic tires and casings:
              Motor vehicle, except motorcycle and
                bicycle                                       Number          69, 705        53, 401      57, 771      673, 527 410, 398 430, 040
              Other (incl. motorcycle and bicycle).          __ -do_ _ __                     5, 760       7, 221                 6, 950  14, 285
            Inner tubes:
              Passenger car, truck, and bus                    _do_           77, 780        52, 373      51, 251       84, 210        55, 739     52, 954
              Other                                             do_                           3, 590       5, 088                       1, 759      2, 985
            Solid cuShion:
            Truck, bus, tractor, and trailer                    do_ _                            255         218      i ,9 1 f          2,424       1,964
            Other                                            Pouni                           13, 667     10, 819 f      '   ,
                                                                                                                                   ' ' 't 1501      1, 220
         Rubber boots and shoes                                                                                        111, 360 58, 269 43, 122
           Canvas rubber-soled shoes                         Pair            43, 961        31, 519      28, 177        30, 335 18, 042 15, 048
          Rubber boots_                                        . do_ _        5, 454         3, 884       2, 919        16, 141    7, 625   5, 082
          Lumbermen's and pees                                 _ do_ .        1, 817         1, 357       1, 124         4, 172   2, 808    1, 988
          Arctics and gaiters                                  do.. _        19, 245        20, 125      15, 899        31, 722 18, 347    11, 019
            Other shoes, rubbers, and. footholds _ _ _ _ _ ___ do__ _ _      30, 295        20, 116      14, 727        28, 989 11, 448     7, 944
         Rubber products, not elsewhere classified_                                                                  2 323, 361 3'21, 848 332, 135
           Heals                                             Pair           292, 719 295, 081 265, 666                  17, 927 16, 285    14, 494
           Soles, incl. comppsition or fiber                   . do__        46, 189 72, 476 146, 657                    8, 960 10, 750 15, 114
           Rubberized fabrics:
             Raincoat                                        Sq. yard        25, 576        21, 374      12, 217        9, 682     4, 873  2, 126
             Other                                            _do_           67, 391                                   20, 072    16, 758 19, 528
           Belts and belting                                 Pound__         45, 024        58, 706 5 54, 683          25, 776    32, 060 28, 459
           Hose and. tubing                  4
                                                               do_                      158, 187                       40, 932   40, 410 40, 777
           Insulation products                                                                                         (4)       20, 655  16, 147
           Druggists' and stationers' sundries                                                                         15, 828 15, 963 17, 846
           Hard-rubber goods, n. e. e                                                                                  17, 937 16, 711 19, 229
           All other mannfactunts of rubber                                                                           166, 246 {1-47 382 158, 214
                                                                                                                                    '
         Reclaimed rubber _                                 Pound                       399, 629 340, 187 1                      19, 738 16, 962
           I Includes data for a small quantity of casings and tubes other than those for motor vehicles, motorcycles ,
         and bicycles.
           2 Includes data for reclaimed rubber.
           s Quantity not reported for belts and belting valued at $628,060.
             Data incomplete; included in "all other manufactures of rubber."
           Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; report of Biennial Census of Manufactures.
         No. 959.--FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTSQUARTERLY AVERAGE VALUE OF
           SEIPME11T8, 1944, AND INDEX OF QUARTERLY VALUE OF SHIPMENTS, 1943, 1944,
           AND 1945
        [The figures do not include data for primary metal fabricators such as blast furnaces, steel works, rolling
          mills, smelters, refineries and nonferrous metal mills, foundries and forge shops, nor for United States
          naval yards. Also excluded are shipments from small producers. The companies whose shipments are
          included account for about 90 percent of the total shipments of all fabricated metal products)
                                                                                        -
                                                       LNDIM OF VALUE OF SHIPMENTS (1044 QUARTERLY AVERAnK


                                                                    1913                               1944                             1945

                       CLASS
                                                                                                 :SI
                                                                                                                            LI                       '',




            Total
        Ammunition
        Guns and fire-control ['maim
                                                1, 106 103. 1 104. 1 108. 3 108. 3 98. 0 94, 0
                                                                                               - g
                                                                                                 -0
                                                                                                 c-4



                                                                                               102. 7

                                                   742 123. 3 126. 6 131. 8 127. 1 107. 8 100. 7          94. 6 96. 9 00. 9
                                                                                                                            - c'


                                                                                                                            :52.



                                                                                                                        96. 9 91. 9 56. 1
                                                                                                         100. 9 107. 1 121. 6       128. 0
                                                                                                                                     89. 9
                                                                                                                                              0'
                                                                                                                                             '0
                                                                                                                                             4,


                                                                                                                                             ij
                                                                                                                                               0     0
                                                                                                                                                     V
                                                                                                                                                    ,0



                                                                                                                                                    5. 2
                                                                                                                                             43. 8 16. 1
        Combat vehicles                            793 147. 4 135. 3 140.1 25. 1 101. 2 99. 1             93. 7 106. 0 112. 8       107. 5   37. 8 3. 7
        Aircraft, parts, and equip              4, 900 64. 1 80. 3 87. 8 101. 9 109. 6 DC 9               96. 3 89. 2 91. 9          81. 2   37. 1  5. 4
        Ships and ship equipment                2, 390 87. 2 92. 4 104. 6 118. 2 100. 2 108. 4            92. 7 98. 7 78. 7          71. 3   53. 6 25. 7
        Communication and electronic
          equipment                             1, 010 71. 7 76. 0 83. 1 96. 2 99. 6 103. 3 101. 5 95. 6 85. 5 86. 9 49. 5 23. 3
        hitermediate products and
          components                           2, 535 92. 5 102. 5 102. 6 105. 1 103. 8 104. 4 97. 6 94. 2 91. 0 87. 2 58. 1 44, 3
        Pransportation equipment               1, 137 67. 8 78. 1 86. 4 89. 1 94. 9 95. 1 02. 3 107. 7 109. 7 110. 5 75.11 69. 2
        Mdustrial machinery and
          equip                                1, 348 104. 3 111. 7 105. 6 101. 7 99. 5 102. 9 97. 6 100. 0 101. 0 102 0 80. 3f 74. 6
        :lambing and heating equip                 85 79. 5 81. 0 89. 4 96. 7 88. 1 91. 4 104. 0 116. 5 108. 3 113. 9 22. 0 164. I
        Donsumer and service-industry
          machinery                              132   97. 9 98. 0    91. 1 89. 1     90. 4 99. 9 102. 1      107. 6   113. 2      122. 5 125. 4 177. 3
        ;slaty and technical equip__             262   89. 1 102. 7   98. 3 100. 0   101. 9 99. 6 97. 9       100. 6    98. 3       N. 3 76. sI 69. 6
        Utseellaneous metal products             757   80. 3 88. 9    97. 9 93. 2     M. 0 00. 3 103. 7       100. 0   103. 1      109, 1 99. 4 97. 6
        )ther products                           757   86. 2 94. 2    05. 3 97. 8     97. 3 101. 5 98. 5      102. 7   110. 1      109. 3 79. 9 79. 2
         Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; basic figuies published in Facts for Industry series.

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                                         PIG IRON AND FERRO-ALLOYS                                                                                        863
       No. 960.-PIG IRON AND FERRO-ALLOYS-PRODUCTION, BY DISPOSITION, KIND,
                              AND FUEL AND MATERIALS USED: 1900 TO 1944
                            [In thousands of long tans (2,240 pounds) unless otherwise specified]
                                                                                                                    ,


                     ITEM                  1900        1920         1916        1920      1920       1930          1935          1940         1943        1944

       Total pig iron and ferra-alloys___ 13, 789 27, 904 29, 916 36, 928 36, 701 31, 762 21, 373 42, 320 86, 045 56, 131
       By disposition:
         For sale                           F)          (1)          8, 583 10, 724 8, 991 7, 083 4, 022 6, 105 9, 573 8, 487
         For maker's use                     1)         (1)         21, 330 26, 202 27, 710 24, 670 17, 351 36, 215 46, 472 47, 643
       By kinds:
         Basic                              1,072      9, 085 13, 003 15, 738 19, 667 18, 303 13, 518 30, 346 40, 513 40, 970
         Bessemer and low-phos-
          phorous                           7,979 11., 215 10, 523 12, 062                 9, 413       7, 315      4, 239       6, 996        9, 641     9,135
         Foundry (Mel. ferrosilicon)_       3, 376 5, 260 4, 844 5, 958                    5, 410       3, 960      I, 908       2, 492        2, 003     2, 704
         Malleable                             173    843     830 1, 311                   1, 554       1, 572      1, 206       1, 636        2, 137     2,227
         Forge                                 793    564     316      318                    241           51             5             3
         Ferromanganese, spiegel-
           eisen, and all other                  335      306          310         539         409         461          336         847        1, 091     1, 094
       By fuels:
         Coke 3                            11, 725 26, 258 20, 560 36, 309 36, 504 31, 656 21, 298 42, 243 55, 980 56, 077
         Anthracite                         1, 677     649      85     303                           . . .... __..
         Charcoal                                384          397      296         323         196          97             75           77           65          53

       Materials used:
        Iron ore, briquettes, etc          24, 131 51, 739 25, 137 66, 450 65, 460 353, 662 335, 183 371, 136 394, 711 308, 95C
        Cinder, scale, scrap, etc           1, 600 2, 800 4, 483 4, 986 5, 017 3 6, 236 3 4, 257 3 6, 678 3 8, 571 3 9, 078
         Coke (1,000 tons of 2,000
          pounds) 4                          (3)      (4)    33, 329 42,040 39, 296 331, 168 393, 272 '40, 451 354, 730 355, 211
         Limestone                           7, 422 14, 528 14, 790 17,825 15, 154 311, 099 3 7, 523 314, 891 321, 012 321, 181
       Total number furnaces Dec. 3L             406          473      448         492         395         no             258          231        247        241
       Furnaces in blast Dec. 31 5_              232          206      310         216         288          97            124          206        230        219


         3 Not available.       .2 Includes pig iron and ferroalloys made in e ectric furnaces.
         3 Materials consumed in manufacture of pig iron only.          4 Coke and bituminous coal 1900 to 1925.
           Or as of Jan, 1 of following year.
         Source: American Iron and Steel Institute, annual report.

        No. 961.-PIG IRON AND FERRO-ALLOYS-PRODUCTION BY STATES: 1938 TO 1944
                                            [In thousands of long tons (2,240 pounds)]

                                 STATE                                1938         1939          1940        1941               1942          1943        1944
          _
            Grand total                                               19, 161     31, 865      42, 320      50, 613         54,378           56, 045      26, 1.31

          Pig iron, total                                             18, 546     31, 079      41., 155     49, 197         52,713           54, 295      14, 471

        Pennsylvania                                                   4, 836      8, 758        12, 757     15, 085        16,180           16, 585      16, 527
        Ohio                                                           4, 211      7,173         8, 002      11,417         11,732           12,254        11,988
        Indiana, Michigan                                              2, 347      4, 274        5, 971          6, 897      7, 245           7, 328        7, 566
        Illinois                                                       1, 657      2, 651        3, 611          4, 781         5, 223        5, 813        5, 075
        Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky,
         'Tennessee, Texas                                             1, 813      2,783          3, 193         3, 327         3,921         4, 103        4, 269
        Alabama                                                        2, 023      2, 621         3, 053         3, 300         3, 644        3, 375        3, 526
        Massachusetts, New York                                        1, 303      2, 163         2, 779         3, 355         3,769         3, 731        3, 524
        Mhmesota, Iowa, Colorado, Utah, California_                       356         656           867          I, 034         1, 082        1, 607        2, 044

           Ferro-alloys, total                                             615           776      1, 185         1, 418         1, 812        1, 749        1, 660

        Pennsylvania                                                       165           276         460           554             500           538             539
        New York, New Jersey                                               190           171         289           441             482           485             427
        Virginia, 'West Virignia, South Carolina,
         Alabama, Tennessee                                                107           114         128           142             275           377             340
        Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Colorado,
         Washington                                                        153           214         308           278             314           349             324


           Source: American Iron and Steel Institute, annual report.




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            864                                                    MANUFACTURES
            No. 962,--Pia IRON AND FERRO-ALLOYS AND STEEL INGOTS AND CASTINGS- --
                            PRODUCTION, EXPORTS, AND IMPORTS: 1871 TO 1944
           NOTE.-In long tons (2,240 pounds). Prior to 1001 exports and imports are for years ended June 30 fol-
            linving year specified; calendar years -thereafter. Imports are imports for consumption beginning with
            1933. All production figures are for calendar years. For figures for earlier years, see Abstract for 1931.

                         PIG IRON AND FERRO-ALLOYS          Steel                                PIG IRON AND FERRO-AT.LOYS
                                                                                                                                        '-
                                                                                                                                        Steel
            YEARLY                                       ingots and                                                                  ingots and
       -

           AVERAGE                       Exports          castings,                    YEAR       Produc-        Exports              castings.
            OR YEAR
                           Produc-        of do- Imports produc-                                                  of do-     Imports produc-
                             tion                                                                   tion         mestic                             tion
                                         mestic                           tion
           1871-1875     2, 248, 293       7,412     137, 591         1 389, 799       1928___   38, 155, 714     96, 743     194,636         51,  544, 180
           1876-1880.    2, 562, 763       3,407     276, 600           803, 479       1929_     42, 613, 983     53, 749     223,68Q         56.  433, 473
           1881-188.5    4, 301, 096       5,311     325, 290        1, 052, 208       1930_     31, 752, 169     25, 344      182, 440       40,  699, 483
           1886-1890_    7, 079, 312      12,407     229, 970        3, 292, 763       193L      18, 426, 354     15, 429      103, 540       25,  94 5, 501
           1891-1895.      8, 183, 014    22,983      54, 778        4; 575, 736
                                                                                       1932_     8, 781, 4 53      0, 938      145, 664       13,  681, 162
           1896-1900.   11, 491, 937     224, 208     34,    808     8, 439,     938   1933__ _ 13, 345, 602      11, 272      196, 284       23,  232, 347
           1901-1905_   18, 239, 665      4 5, 405   314,    705    15, 367,     931   1931_ __ 16, 138, 573      13, 474      157, 387      226,  055, 289
           1908-1910.   24, 024, 722      78,1318    275,    036    22, 166,     783
                                                                                       1935___ 21, 372, 599       17, 714     189, 197        34,  092, 594
           1911-1915.   27, 518, 219     202, 011    132,    751    28, 378,     470             31, 029, 167     23, 606     254, 000
                                                                                 177
                                                                                       1936_                                                 247,  76 7, 856
           1910-1920.   27, 010, 402     414. 224    1015,   851    41, 820,           1937_ _ _ 37, 127, 277    818, 000     HE, 272        2 50, 568, 701
           1921         19, 688, 120      28, 405     44, 842       15, 783, 797       1938_     19, 150, 861    460, 361      71, 436        25, 349, 09 I
           1022         27,   210, 904    33, 332    498, 059       35,1102, 925       1939_ 31, 854, 551        212, 700     115, 622         47, 14 1, 70 9
           1023         40,   861, 140    37, 559    474, 723       44,943, 696        1910_     42, 320, 115    612, 158      40, 528       2 59, 805, 970
           3921         31,   405, 700   4,5, 818    270, 900       37, 931, 939                 50, 613, 039    545,294       25, 754       2 73, .98.3,, 624
           1925         86,   700, 566   39. 907     516, 948       45,393, 524        1842_ __ 54, 377, 9 50    134, 063      26, 620       2 70, 814, 224
           1926         39,   372, 729   28, 606     514, 288       48,293, 763        1943_ 56, 041, 596        170, 428      13, 181       279, 3 18, 314
           1927         36,   565,645    JJ, 890     175, 529       44, 935, 185       1944___ 56, 130, 834      152, 908      27, 970       280, 03 7, 14 3
            1 1875 only.            2 Includes only steel castings produced in foun dries producing steel ingots

           No. 963.--1101AXO AND MISCELLANEOUS STEEL PRODUCTS-PRODUCTIO N, BY
                                              KIND: 1915 TO 1944
       Non .-In thousands of long tons (2,240 pounds). Blank spaces indicate figures not available. The mis-
        cellaneous products, except cast-iron pipe, arc mostly further elaborations of products above,

                               KIND                             1915        1920        1920      1930      1935        1940            1943         1 944

       Hot-rolled products, total                             24,393       32, 348     33,387    29,513    29, 965     43,447          68,611        58, 75 1
        Rails                                                  2, 204       2, 604      2, 785    1,873         712     1,499           1, 899        2, 224
           Bessemer and electric                                  327            143       10          2           1     (i)                21              33
           Open hearth                                         1, 775       2, 334     2, 692     1,835         692     1, 458         1, 834         2, 167
           Retailed                                                1112          127       84        30                      41            44             44
        Sheets and plates                                         078       9, 398     9, 808     9, 067    8, 691     14, 778        20, 128        2 0, 8 49
           Universal                                              955       1, 250     1, 196     1, 041        439        681         1, 431         1, 497
           Sheared                                             1, 923       3, 505     2, 507     2, 622    1, 016      3, 179        10, 282        10, 221
           Black sheets 2                                      1, 837       2, 886     4, 097     3, 512    5, 176     10, 452         8, 396         9, 231
           Black platos for tinning                            1, 093       1, 449     1, 632     1, 692    1, 795         313              9
           Other black-plate specialties                          270            247      325        201        266         113              9        (1)
        Wire rods                                              3, 096       3,137      2, so      2, 349    2, 441     :3, 886         4, 191         4, 148
        Structural shapes                                      2, 437       3,307      3; 604     1, 512    1, 750     3, 779          4, 086         4, 175
            Merchant bars                                      4, 131       0,130      5, 659     4, 132    3, 699     6, 767         10, 164         9, 404
            Skein                                              2, 209       3,220      3, 230     2, 682    1, 352     2, 419          2, 699         2, 723
            hoops                                                  282           333      205         80        90           87            54             61
            Bands and cotton tics                                  418           389      356         46        25           40            41             32
            Splice and tie-plate bars                              536           576      823        006        268         461           121            770
            Rolled forging blooms, billets, etc. _                 601         447        345       304         340       821          3, 390         3, 359
            Bars for reonforced concrete work_ _                   303         572        820       850         557    1, 273             424            502
            Strip and sheets for cold reduced
             black plate and tin plate                                                                                 2,171           2, 663         3, 730
        Strips and Bats for cold rolling_                                                        1, 942     2,648      1, 855          1, 898         2, 315
        Blanks or pierced billets                1, 888   2, 294  2, 908                         1, 248         953    2, 072          3, 099         3, 284
        All other rolled products s                                                                 821         439    1, 939          1, 256         1, 017
       Miscellaneous products:
        Tin plate                                   953   1,175   1, 544                         1,660      1, 69 5    2, 297           1, 507        1, 693
        Terneplate and long term sheets_ _ _         73       71     114                            103        191          286           200            312
        Galvanized sheets                           706      835  1, 134                         1, 045     1, 028     1514               716         1, 221
        Galvanized formed products                   50       64       80                            65          00        76               74            85
        Wire nails                                  651      734     690                            427         396       579             688            548
        Cut nails and cut spikes                     35       38       33                            21          18        22               21            11
        Wrought pipe or tubes                    1, 925   3,003   3, 031                         2, 247         964    1, 370           1, 822        1, 91 1
        Boiler tubes                                 97      119       03                                        16          16             18              5
        Seamless pipes or tubes                     110     292      588                         1, 194         877    1, 750 , 2, 581               2, 787
        Cast-iron pipe and fittings              1, 085     792   1, 719                         1, 282         615    1, 159     I



        Forgings made by rolling mills              524     540      388                            476         315       556     1   t 1, 579      s I, 8 54
        1 Less than 500 tons,       i Rolled on sheet er jobbing mills.
             Merchant bars include certain nnscellaneous bars included in "All other rolled products" prior to
       1935.               4 Excluding electric welding.                          s Including forged axles.
         Sources: Table 962, production, American Iron and Steel Institute, annual report. Exports and im.
       ports, Dept. of Commerce, Bur. of Foreign and Domestic Commerce through April 1941 and Bureau of
       the Census thereafter; annual report, Foreign Commerce oral Navigation of the U. S.                                  Table 903, American
       Iron and Steel Institute, annual report.


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                                                   IRON AND STEEL                                                                           865
        No. 964.- STEEL INGOTS A ND CASTINGS-PRODUCTION, ET GRADE : 1890 TO 1941
                                                 [In long tons (2,240 pounds) .1

                                                                        OPEN ILEAWTH
                 TEAS          Total      Bessem er                                                             Cru -      Electric Miami.
                                                               Total            Basic            Acid           eible                      laneous

        1890                4, 277, 071   3, 688, 871            513, 232         (')              (1)          7075           (,)            3, 793
        1900               10, 188, 329   6,6134, 770         3, 398, 135      2, 545, 091       853, 049    100, 662          (1)            4, 862
        1910               26, 094,919    9, 412, 772        16. 504, 509     15, 292, 329     1, 212, 180   122, 303        52, 141          3, 194
        1915               32, 151, 036   8, 287, 213        23, 879, 102     22, 308, 725     1, 370, 377   113. 782        69, 412          1, 627
        1920               42, 132, 934   8, 883, 087        32, 871, 895     31, 376, 723     1, 296, 172      72, 265    505, 687
        1925               46, 393, 524   8, 723, 962        38, 034, 488     37, 087, 342       997, 146       19, 562    615, 612
        1930               40, 699, 483   6, 035, 459        35, 049, 172     34, 268, 316        780, 856       2, 253    612, 699
        1936 ,             34, 092, 699   2, 835, 031        30, 715, 429     30, 361, 237        354, 192          642    541, 492
        1937 3             60, 668, 701   3, 449, 927        46, 272, 303     45, 772, 510       499, 793          934     845, 537
        1938 2             28, 349, 901   1, 880, 661        25, 904. 300     26, 691, 963       272, 337            6     605, 024
        1930 3             47, 141, 709   2, 999, 032        48, 223, 036     42, 704, 197       318, 839          831     918, 810
        1940 1             59, 805, 970   3, 311, 226        54,975, 967      64, 359, 670       616, 288           914 1,617,868
        1941 2             73, 963, 624   4, 980, 421        66, 410, 302     35, 457, 902       MI, 400         2, 065 2,561,836
        1942 I             76, 814, 224   4, 958, 414        68, 305, 319     67, 127, 737     1, 177, 582       1, 795 3,548,696
        1943 '             79, 314, 314   5, 022, 701        76. 198, 009     68, 915, 598     1, 262, 441          130 4,007,884 ______ __
        1944 2             80, 037, 130   4, 499, 931        71, 753, 518     70, 685, 965     1, 067, 553           22 3,783,659

          I Not available.
          2 Figures include only that part of steel for castings which was made in foundries producing steel ingots.
          Source: American Iron and Steel Institute, annual report.

        'No. 965.-BLAST FURNACES AND STEEL MMLS-SUMMARY 1889 TO 1939
        No ra,--Data for years prior to 1937 include figures for steel castings, thereafter such data are excluded:

                                                                                                                  VALUE
                                                                 Wage                            VALUE OP        ADDED SY            ...   .___
                                             Number                              WAGES
                                                                earners                         PRODUCTS 1       MANTIFILC-          r rimarY
                        YEAH                 of es tab-        (average                                            'SURE 2             horse.
                                            lishments          number)                                                                power .
                                                                                        Thousands of dollars
        1880                                       719            171, 181          89, 273          478, 888         161, 415            784, 36E
        1899                                       368            222, 430         120, 820          800, 968         281, 669         1, 597, 816
        1909                                       654            278, 595         187, 807       1, 377, 152         399, 013         3, 274, 28s
        1919                                       695            416, 748         711, 407       3, 623, 369      1, 321, 507         6, 399, 574
        1923                                       658            421, 913         896, 761       4, 161,618       1,289,910           6,899, 911

        1925                                       595             99, 914         660, 297       3, 711, 364      1, 281, 976         6, 143, 927
        1927                                       602            389, 270         645, 634       3, 488, 744      1, 219, 634         6, 781, 058
        1929                                       591            419, 534         730, 974       4, 137, 214      1, 622, 837         7, 532, 530
        1931                                       526            278, 208         357, 645       1, 714, 214         623, 199             (3)

        1933                                       466            288, 945         270, 367       1, 357, 574         481, 629             (I)
        1935                                       468            374, 808         968, 584       2, 305, 970         893, 681             (2)
        1937                                       352            461, 118         ,755, 427      3, 818, 789      1, 503, 959             (2)
        1939                                       334            888, 441          698, 097      3, 270, 822      1, 234, 631       4, 014, 118
        Blast furnaces:
               1937 1                                   87          23, 075          38,001          672, 525           127,644            (9
               1939 4                                   81          19, 637          28, 312         550,802             87, 083           (3)
        S teel works and rolling mills:
               1937                                266            438, 043         717, 425       8, 146, 263      1, 376, 314             (1)
               1930                                263            368, 994         569, 724       2, 720, 020      1, 147, 548             (,)

          1 Includes much duplication.
          s Value of products less eost of materials, supplies, fuel, and purchased electric energy. Beginning 1935,
        deductions include, in addition, cost of contract work.
          2 No data.
          4 Includes data for 5 establishments In 1937 and 2 in 1939 engaged in production of sintered ore and Sue
        dust and operated independently of blast furnaces.
           Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; reports of Biennial Census of Manufactures.




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         866                                               MANUFACTURES

          No. 966.-IR0N AND STEEL CASTINGS-SHIPMENTS: 1943, 1944, AND 1945
         [In short tons. For malleable iron castings, data represent complete coverage. Data for gray iron castings
           represent approximately 93 percent (for pressure pipe and soil pipe, practically complete) coverage for
               1943, and complete coverage for 1944 and 1945. For steel castings, data represent about 94 percent coverage
               for 1943 and 1944, and complete coverage for 1945]

                                                           GRAY IRON CASTINGS                                           STEEL CASTINGS
                                 Malleable
                   YEAR            iron                    Pressure Soil pipe All other                                        Grado of Steel
                                 castings      Total       pipe and    and    gray iron                         Total
                                                            fittings fittings castings                                        Carbon    Alloy
         1943                     844, 639   9, 217, 800       541,446        159, 330     8, 517, 024 11, 198, 328          1 861, 110       1 337, 218
         1944                     878, 233   9, 794, 541       507, 525       181, 956     9,105, 569 2, 445, 421           1, 821, 130        620, 291
         1945                     790, 731   9, 578, 295       602, 663       203, 033    8, 772, 599         1, 942, 477   1, 434, 473         .508, 004
                For July through December only.
           Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 'Monthly data are published in Facts for
         Industry series.
         No. 967.-STEEL CASTINGS FOR SALE-YEARLY PRODUCTION AND ORDERS
                                     BOOKED BY TYPE OF CASTING: 1920 TO 1945
         [In short tons. Approximate coverage of the industry is as follows: 1920-30, 80 percent; 1935-36, 90 percent;
                                      1937-38, 95 percent; 1939-44, 96 percent; 1945, 100 percent]

                                                                                                                 ORDERS BOOKED
                                                            FRODUCTION                                        LESS CANCELLATIONS
                          YEAR
                                                                  Railway           Miscel-                Total         Railway             Miscel-
                                                  Total          specialties        laneous                             specialties          laneous
        1920                                                                          (1)           f       997, 358        429, 643            587, 715
                                              1      (1)                (I)                         1.      981, 343        423, 647            557, 696
        1925
        1930                                        991, 872           368, 690      623, 182               884, 433        333, 199            551, 234
        1935                                        398, 988            94, 329      304, 659               400, 157         97, 357            302, 800
        1936                                        805, 691           327, 356      478, 335               909, 080        407, 233            501, 847
        1937                                     1, 010, 896           450, 614      569, 282               877, 459        379, 788            497, 671
        1938                                        342, 737            88, 898      253, 839               333, 278         87, 917            245, 361
        1930                                        594, 147           193, 682      400, 455               685, 074        260, 511            424, 563
        1940                                        797, 047           290, 258      507, 602               816, 919                            550, 501
        1941                                     1, 316, 027           471, 810      844, 217            1, 551, 864            ,
                                                                                                                            g(63,   24       1, 001, 578
        1942                                     1, 079, 178           309, 352   1, 359, 825            2, 187, 347        219, 145         2, 96S, 202
        1943                                     1, 528, 545           248, 664   1, 679, 981            2, 333, 420        352, 760         1, 980, 660
        1944                                    1, 843, 386            338, 007   1, 505, 379            1, 914, 294        322, 030         1, 591, 664
        1945                                   2 1, 490, 202         2 311, 833 2 1, 178, 359            1, 529, 912        312, 382         1, 177, 530
           i Data not available. 2 Data for the last quarter of 1945 are shipments rather than production.
           Source: Data prior to July 1944 from Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Subsequent
         data collected jointly by War Production Board and Bureau of the Census. Monthly data published
        currently in Facts for Industry series.
        No. 968.-MALLEABLE IRON CASTINGS-PRODUCTION, SHIPMENTS AND ORDERS
                                                       Bowan: 1923 TO 1945
        [In short tons. The statistics represent a coverage of approximately 90 percent for the years 1923 to 1948
            ' inclusive. For 1944 and 1945, the coverage is complete and represents reports from 115 foundries)

                                                                     SHIPMENTS
                                                                                                                       NEW ORDERS
                                                                                                                   LEIS CANCELLATIONS

                                                                                 For use by                                              For use by
                                       Produc.                                  own company                                          OW11 Company
                     TEAR               tion                           To           or by an                              For              or by an
                                                     Total           outside       affiliate or             Total       outside           affiliate or
                                                                     trades       subsidiary,                           trades           subsidiary,
                                                                                   or parent                                              or parent
                                                                                   company                                                company
        19231                          668, 887     543, 987                                                444, 107
        1925                           703, 109     794, 174     I      (I)              (I)                750, 761        (I)               (I)
        1930,                          471, 923     475, 371                                                432, 722
        1935                           456, 395     455, 208                                                452, 611
        1936                           571, 696     554, 670         378, 900            175, 770           576, 334    398, 666               177, 669
        1937.                          602, 278     596, 622         420, 937            175, 685           549, 972    384, 689               165, 283
        1938_                          289, 914     296, 003         208, 597             87, 406           289, 384    203, 172                86, 212
        1939                           480, 578     466, 058         331, 421            134, 647           489, 482    354, 249               131, 233
        /940                           565, 923     550, 209         400, 818            155, 391           571, 929    414, 310               157, 019
        1941_                          843, 038     832, 173         619, 365            212, 808           884, 881    663, 688               221, 193
        1942                           708, 406     745, 008         590, 804            155, 204           859, 102    703, 167               156, 935
        1943                           849, 764     844, 630         653, 884            100, 765        1, 054, 224    826, 422               227, 802
        1944                           889, 820     878, 233         010, 588            258, 645           069, 483    686, 511               283, 972
        1946                                        790, 731         520, 887            269, 844           766, 711    426, 119               340, 652
           8 months total.                               No data available.
          3 The collection of stet 'sties on production was discontinued in September 1945.
          Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Monthly data are published in Facts for
        Industry series.


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                                                        IRON AND STEEL                                                          867
        No. 969.-IRON AND STEEL, FINISHED ROLLED-PRODUCTION, EXPORTS, AND
                                 IMPORTS : 1876 TO 1944
       NOTE.-In long one (2,240 pounds). Imports are imports for consumption beginning with 1933; genera]
                   imports in earlier years. Blank spaces indicate that figures are not available.

        YEARLY AVER.,       Total                         RAILS                          PLATES AND SHEETS
        AGE OR YEAR prOduCtiCII,
                                                                                                                     Mer-
          (CALENDAR       finished                                                                                   chant
            YEAR)       rolled prod- Production Exports                                                             bar pro-
                            ucts                                        Imports Production        Exports Importsl duction 2
       1876-1880                             911, 096       4, 441       59, 851
       1881-1885                          1, 273, 688       3, 986      118, 972
       1886-1890        3 5, 278, 214     1, 710, 278       7, 276       49, 775   3 884, 914                  # 8, 013
       1891-1895          5, 172, 849     1, 264, 677      13, 650        1, 047     755, 818        1, 010      23, 894
       1898-1900          8, 162, 560     1, 881, 905     232, 518        2, 399  1,483, 879        30, 995       4, 771
       1901-1905         13, 670, 907     2, 895, 138     225, 746       43, 207  2, 694, 625       39, 505       6,107 4 3, 593, 601
       1906-1910         18, 509, 490     3, 238, 486     803, 234        3, 963  4, 054, 102      158, 691       4, 096    3, 479, 91C
       1911-1915        22, 250, 076      2, 760, 657     378, 792       23, 740  5,382, 221       416, 404       2, 876    3, 770, 31e
       1918-1920         30, 810 650      2, 629, 506     550, 821       21, 392  8, 246 245       907, 490       1, 576    6,294, 708
       1921-1925         27, 195, 296     2, 404, 740     245, 301       31, 723  7, 924, 446      436, 129       3, 808    4, 799, 412
       1924              28, 086, 435     2, 433, 332     208, 496       43, 368  8, 087, 883      360, 610       6, 086    4, 937, 043
       1925              33, 386, 960     2, 785, 257     151, 690       36, 872  9,807, 059       386, 912       4, 480    6, 478, 902
       1920              35, 495, 892     3 217, 649      187, 557       85, 212 10, 529, 056      517, fill     15, 616    6, 289, 661
       1927              32, 879, 031     2, 806,486      177, 593       15, 465  9,627, 734       468, 511      19, 760    1, 686 26C
       1928              37, 652, 916     2, 647, 493     190, 925       14, 019 11, 000 050       522, 657      30, 800    7, 229, 722
       1929              41, 069, 416     2, 722, 138     146, 060        6, 236 12,436, 312       540, 896      28, 461     7,423, 49f
       1930              29, 613, 007     1, 873, 233      35, 179        8, 307  9,067, 366       346, 853      28, 486     4, 982, 124
       1931              19, 175, 894     1, 167, 751      33, 108        5, 007  6, 030, 881      192, 830      16, 907 F3, 033,,Kit
       1932              10, 451, 088        402, 566      11, 320        5, 662  3,443, 308        79, 031      22, 252     1, 899, 503
       1933              16, 735, 086        410,296       41, 481        6, 403  6,218,850        108, 841       9, 503     2,865, 04S
       1934              18, 969, 506     1, 010, 224      69, 159        3, 073  6,375, 815       202, 265       4, 646     3, 289, 431
       1936              23, 964, 552        711, 637      51, 672        5, 658  8, 891, 136      226, 552      11, 733   4,256, 418
       1936              33, 801, 379     1, 219, 846      73, 455        7, 768 12,152, 317       309, 601      23, 032   6, 091, 511
       1937              30, 766, 389     1,445, 739      148, 182        8, 298 14, 036, 840      790, 356       9, 013   6, 031,261
       1938              21, 043. 706       622, 895       82, 721        3, 624  7, 594, 851      512, 337       6, 399   3, 111, 138
       1939              34, 881, 744     1, 172, 006      59, 092        7, 784 12, 438, 213      661, 220       1, 434   5, 480, 670
       1940              43, 446, 758     1, 499, 095     258, 054        1, 689 14, 777, 936   1, 268, 135          137 7, 040, 412
       1941              55, 646, 696     1, 721, 296     151, 377        6, 850 18, 118, 813      941, 232          112 9, 802, 405
       1.942             55, 755, 280     1, 871, 571     228, 713       12, 888 18,961, 671    1, 218, 593          227 10, 660, 690
       1943              56, 611, 315     1,899, 104      278, 447        6, 693 20, 127, 714   1, 628, 352          418 10, 587, 642
       1944              58, 753, 543     2, 223 800      282, 060        8, 833 20, 949, 156   I, 424, 254       5, 058 9, 905, 355

        YEARLY AVER-                                   WIRE RODS                       STRUCTURAL SHAPES  All other
        AGE OR YEAR Skelp pro-                                                                            finished
          (CALENDAR      dud=                                                                               rolled
            YEAR)                       Production Exports             Imports Production Exports Imports produc-            don -2'
       1.891-1895                           633, 248                    34, 804    a 129, 872                               2, 475, 209
       [896-1500                            909, 819     8 16, 182      18, 087      689, 419   8 48, 877                   3, 217, 638
       [901-1905        4 1, 435, 995    1, 590, 280       16, 345      18, 390   1, 203, 791     65, 651      712, 888     1, 263, 391
       [906-1910         1, 668, 674     2, 058, 732       13, 403      15, 400   1, 936, 951   121, 086        11, 107     2, 074, 634
       1911-1915         2, 242, 270     2, 619, 287       75, 226      11, 784 0 2, 446 391.   265, 891         6, 352     3, 029, 034
       [916-1920         2, 788, 397     2, 978, 731     144, 707        3, 739   2, 982, 143   336, 379         2, 806     4, 890, 919
       1921-1925         2, 987, 487     2, 532, 433       28, 043       4, 288   2, 856, 885   200, 158        27, 962     3, 599, 892
       1924              7, 170, 543     2, 622, 545      18, 762        6, 861   3, 283, 708   167, 910        43, 245     3, 651, 381
       1925              3, 229, 768     2, 844, 656      21, 207        7, 988   3, 604, 130   169, 252        77, 291     4, 635, 588
       1926              3, 764, 550     2, 722, 032      19, 616       10, 075   3, 911, 653   233, 059       121, 100     5, 061, 277
       1927              3, 418, 852     2, 770, 271      16, 127       17, 088   3, 742, 445   216, 226       161, 849     4, 826, 983
       [928              3, 368, 973     3, 080, 816      38, 623       19, 298   4, 096 143    296, 885       163, 762     6, 233, 718
       [929              3, 117, 238     3, 134, 409      42, 250       11, 653   4, 778, 020   399, 837       148, 223     7, 057, 803
       1930              2, 682, 046     2, 348, 600      39, 779        8, 843   3, 512, 473   243, 840       120, 333     6, 047, 155
       1931              1, 499, 280     1, 844, 620      32, 126        7,114 2, 062, 868      121, 725        72, 329     3,487, 808
       ,932                 607, 599     1, 186, 181      14, 818        7, 934      937, 228    32,061         36, 647     2, 374, 705
       1933                 994, 515     2,024, 095        16, 877 .    13, 339   1, 109, 457    32, 033`       20, 206     3,319, 024
        934              1, 120, 217     3, 723, 765      23, 732       10, 667   1, 425, 040    53, /74        25, 023     4, 025, 014
       .936              1, 352, 079     2, 440, 794      26, 092       18, 780   1, 749, 740    57, 313        41, 601     4, 762,849
       .936              2, 156, 502     2, 997, 880      34, 872       18, 911   2, 897, 631    87, 628        61, 584     6, 285, 592
        937              2, 279, 862     3, 000 290       60, 008       15, 819   3, 276, 846   185,779         78, 273     6, 686, 551
        938              1, 253, 161     2, 108, 598      22, 283        6, 280   1, 859, 540   127, 820       03, 624      4, 493, 123
       .939              2, 080, 471     3, 285, 979      31, 450       10, 692   2, 999, 094   163, 153       39, 533      7, 424, 311
        940              2, 418, 750     3, 885, 579     286, 269        3, 987   3, 778, 880   495, 218           767     10, 040, 106
        941              3, 247, 834     4, 703, 949     167, 255           106   5, 110, 925   326,105            318     12, 941, 370
        942              2, 589, 947     4, 135, 729     129, 658           .51   5, 193, 144   205,140            148     12, 342, 520
       943              2, 698, 570      4, 190, 891     157, 178           28    4, 086, 575   214, 272           151     12, 921, 920
       944              2, 722. 930      4, 148. 480     110. 536            2    1. 176. 429   210. 350       25. 015     14. 568. 336
        3 Includes skelp beginning 1922.
          Merchant bars include concrete reinforcement bars and, beginning 1934, certain miocellaneous bars
       previously included in ''All other finished rolled production."
        3 Average for years 1887-90.                                       Average for period July 1, 1897, to Dec. 31, 1900.
        4 Average for years 1902-06.                                      ? Average for period Iuly 1, 1903, to Dec. 31, 1905.
          Average for years 1892-95.                                      8 Small structural forms not included in 1811.
         Source: Production, American Iron and Steel Institute, annual report. Exports and imports, Dept.
       of Commerce, Bur. of Foreign and Domestic Commerce through April 1941 and the Bureau of the Census
       thereafter; annual report, Foreign Commerce and Navigation of the U. S.


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              868                                              MANITFACTTJRES

                          N 4).                        AND STEEL-AGGREnATE EXPORTS: 1890 TO i941
              NOTE.-This table covers products listed in table 971 and therefore does not include data for highly elabo-
               rated products ot iron and steel. Value figures for 1921 and prior years exclude, and those for 1022 and
               subsequent years include, data for small items for ;which quantity figures are not available. Data for
               ferromanganese ore included for all years. Data for steam and hot-water heating boilers and radiators,
               formerly classified es heavy iron and steel' products, have been excluded for 1522 and subsequent years.
                          (Quantities in thousands of long tons (2,240 pounds); values in thousands of dollars]

                 YEAR        Quantity
                                    .       Value          YEAR         Quant ty          Value              YEAR           Quantity             Value

          1890                         52               1921                2, 2: 3        214, 830      1933                     1, 341          45, 534
          1895                        89                1922               1, 91 5         136, 334      1934                     2, 813          88, 091
          1900                    1, 159     42, 518   1923                2, 01 0         167, 247      1935                     3, 004          88. 414
          1903                    1, 010     33, 813   1924                1, 8(           150, 494      1936                     3, 157         112, 692
          1910                    1, 530     63,436    1925                1, 7( 3         144, 252      1937                     7, 570         302, 300
          1914                    1, 550     63, 409   1021                2, ll 7         174, 145      3938                     5, 148         185, 432
          /915                    3, 538    140, 903   1927                2, ll 3         160, 609      1939                     6, 084         2116, 947
          1910                    8, 101    353, 971   1928                2, Sie 5        179, 881    1940                      10, 503         524, 425
          1917                    (1. 430   567, 041   1929                3, 038          200, 201    1941                  -    7, 168         506, 9(11
          1118                    5, 375    558, 279   1910                1,91 3          139. 039    1942                       5, 596         598, 939
          1919                    4,100     410, 164   1931                  05 9           63, 220    1943_                      6, 469         621, 847
          1920                    4, 935    458, 376   11132                 55 5           28, 857    1844                       5, 400         560, 178


                       No. 971.-IRON AND STEEL-EXPORTS, BY KIND: 1941 TO 1944

                                                                  QUANTITY IN LONG TONS                         VALUE IN THOUSANDS OF
                                                                     (2,240 eouNDS)                                         DOLLARS
                             ARTICLE

                                                           1941        1942           1943        1948          1941      1942       1943         1044


                  Total
         Pig iron, not including ferro-alloys _
          Ferromanganese and spiegeleisen
          Other ferro-alloys
                                                        7, 168, 428 8, 595, 652 6, 468, 827 6,488,944 506, 901 598, 939 621, 847 560, 178


                                                     4, 003
                                                    16, 882
                                                           511, 547
                                                                 6, 450
                                                                13, 050
                                                                       98, 702
                                                                           11, 449
                                                                           30, 107
                                                                                      128, 812
                                                                                          715
                                                                                                  145, 070 15, 607
                                                                                                   772
                                                                                                   '

                                                                                       7, 123 5, 030
                                                                                                            970 1, 728
                                                                                                         6, 4.59
                                                                                                                          3, 145

                                                                                                                   5, 513 9, 307
                                                                                                                                168
                                                                                                                                      4, 201
                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                   4, 387


          Scrap                                    807, 804 126, 540       49, 013    85, 422 15, 974 3, 322 1, (171        1, 011
         Ingots, blooms, sheet bars, skelp, etc 2, 211, 1150 2, 113,151 1, 9411, 715 1, 128, 988 102, 818 100, 008 97, 688 57, 120
         Iron andsteel bars and alloy steel bars_ 524, 309 558, 573 561, 393 581, 889 54, 716 79, 467 84, 693 72, 787
         Wire rods                                 167, 250 129, 188     157, 178   110, 536    0, 385   7, 498 9, 224      6, 075
         Galvanized sheets                         115, 239    89, 658    04,158     84, 931 10, 561     8, 022 5, 801      7, 305
         Plates, iron and steel                    361, 758 394, 101     652, 245   295, 121 28, 979 29, 313 45, 437 19, 102
         Black steel sheets                        428, 641  710, 101    624, 810   697, 250 34, 475 57, 317 47, 833 08, 114
         Black iron sheets                                 21, 922     13, 340        4, 152      10, 854       2, 141    1, 120           338     1, 382
         Hoop, band, and strip steel_                     159, 758    198, 235      178, 599     185, 245 14, 803 25, 479 27, 994 27, 012
         Tin plate, terneplate, ate                       354, 940    593, 776      396, 586     430, 632 42, 835 70, 051 45, 515 52, 308
         Structural shapes, plain material                263, 415    170, 649      107, 673     148, 259 14, 795 9, 318 9, 467    8, 070
         Structural materials, fabricated                  82, 430     44, 797       87, 197      80, 356       8, 819    5, 790     8, 9:37      10, 337
         Tanks, complete and knocked down._                19, 442     24, 951        20, 037     39, 076       2, 128    3, 320     4, 209        5, 233
         Metal lath                                         2, 930      1, 032           474          588          537      198     102               104
         Steel rails                                      151, 377    228, 713      278, 447     282, 960       7, 201) 11, 515 12, 880           12, 989
         Rail fastenings, switches, frogs, etc_            28, 537     49543          86, 790    120, 181       2, 641"   4, 020     8, 502       11, 71 0
        Boiler tubes                                       47, 784     27, 071        50, 023     69, 635       7, 444    4, 473     9, 179       14, 616
         Casing and oil-line pipe                         126,738     122,166       101, 002     177, 338 11, 858 12, 300 10, 649 20, 071
        Seamless black pipe, except casing
          and oil-line                                    40, 899      54, 720       74, 420      40, 239  5, 750 7,122 8, 935 5, 337
        Black and galvanized welded pipe                 148, 805     141, 115      131, 358     117, 525 15, 472 14, 027 14, 470 12, 908
        Cast-iron pipe and fittings                        50, 600     20, 683        21, 172     38, 359 4, 012 2, 076 2, 945 3, 253
        Malleable-iron screwed pipe fittings                5, 095      4, 485         5, 183      4, 061       1, 768    1, 894     2, 145       1, 782
        All other iron and steel pipe and
         fittings, n. e. s                                31, 146     104, 096      110, 933     101, 034  7, 307 19, MS 26, 968 26, 374
        Barbed-wire nad woven-wire fencing.               75, 855     146, 936       22, 932      29, 002  7, 211 13, 792 2,404    3, 350
        Plain and galvanized wire                        128, 026     133, 179      145, 351     125, 018 13, 615 17, 211 21, 418 17, 815
        Woven-wire screen cloth                             5, 147      4, 470         3, 553      1, 256       2, 375    1, 570     2, 444       2, 685
        Wire rope and wire strand                          20, 174     30, 090        34, 751     81, 009       7, 268 14, 88 / 10, 952 16, 270
        Electric welding rods                               6, 215      4, 554         7, 705     12, 342       1, 243    1, 8611    2, 595       3, 108
        Wire, other, and manufactures thereof__            18, 275     20, 232        23, 700     20, 507       3, 775    0, 210     8, 382       8, 453
        -W ire   nails_                                    50, 722     21, 345        36, 746     08, 103       4, 510    2, 219     3, 378       3, 488
        Nails other than wire, tacks, staples              11, 928      7, 022         7, 503      9, 020       2, 315    I, 287   1, 581 Z 013
        Horseshoes                                             71)0        113            139         251           107       12       23     45
        Bolts, nuts, rivets, and washers 1                 44, 393    30, 041         48, 017     50, 100 11, 519         9, 884 14, 318 14, 008
        Car wheels and axles                              35, 423     50, 470         07, 004     74 935     4, 334       5, 059 11, 831 9, 158
        lron castings                                      14, 483    22, 315         21, 311     20, 478    2, 193       3, 395     4, 155       3, 957
        Stec/ castings                                     7, 082     11, ow-         17, 945     14, 5401      ,         4, 045    6, 430        5, 194
        Forgings                                          61, 708     00, 544         62, 515    15,170 21, 020 27, 335 28, 190 18, 005

          1Except railroad.
          Source of tables 970 and .971: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce
        through April 1041 and the Bureau of the Census thereafter; annual report, Foreign Commerce and Navi-
        gation of the United States.



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                                         IRON AND STEEL AND MAGNESITIM                                                                                                869
        No. 972.-IRON AND STEEL-AVERAGE ANNUAL PRICES, WY CLASS OR KIND:
                                    1891 TO 1945
        [Prices of pig iron, rails, and billets, and wire rods in dollars per long ton (2,240 pounds) ; other prices in
                                                    dollars per 100 poundal

                                  PIG IRON         Open
                                                  hearth
                                                        I
                                                                       I
                                                                            ,.,,
                                                                            'w"                                 Mer-             Iron                      Strut-
                                    South- Lodul, rausat hearth Wire
                             Basic, ern,                   steel                                                Chant            bars
                                                                                                                                 (best
                                                                                                                                            Tank
                                                                                                                                       shtuarpaels,
                                                                                                                                                                      Cm-
                                                  -7-             rods,                                         bars, refined) plates,               psoide:
               YEAR          The No 2, No. -2, mills in billets Pitts-                                                                              fin i hod
                             Val- Cumin- Chi- Penn- Pitts. ' burgh
                                     . ' .                                                                      Pas- Pitts.' burgh bur gh 6
                                                    syl-                                                        ourgh burgh 4
                              lays   Dati  cago l vania , burgh '
        1891-1895_ __                11. 74    12.80        27. 27
        1896-1900_ _ _               12. 56    14. 30       24. 90                                              6 1. 46 I         I. 50 I     L 61          6 L 63
        1901-1905_ __                15. 80    17. 50       27. 87                                                1. 47           1. 77 I     1. 60           L 03
        1906-1910____                17. 66    19. 42       28.00                                                   1.47          1.75 I      1. 57           1, 58     L 77
        1911-1915_                   14.10     14. 72       28. 00                                                  I. 31         1. 47       1. 32           1.32      L 54
        1916                         18. 57    20. 26       32. 00                                                  2. 67         2. 13       3. 53           2.15      2. 07
        1917                         38.96     41. 31       38. 0 0                                                 3. 64         3. 83       6. 88           3. 67     4. 19
        1918                         30. 56    33. 25       55. 00                                                  2. 89         4. 31       3. 24           2. 99     3. 54
        1910                         32. 17    29. 11       47. 29                                  53. 93          2. 50         4. 10       2. 72           2.52      3. I2
        1920                         44. 52    42. 52       52. 42                                  69. 55          3. 22         4. 75       3. 28           2.95      3. 74
        1921                         28. 68    22. 93       44. 00                                  45.94           I. 87         4. 47       1. 93           1.94      2.44
                                     23.93     24. 85       40. 75          tN,                     40. 46          1. 72         3. 15       1. 72           1. 71     2. 11
        1923 .                       27. 87    28. 16       43. 00                                  50. 39          2. 30         3. 50       2. 43           2, 43     2. 71
        1924                         23, 91    22. 10       43. 00                  -
                                                                                    o
                                                                                   cop
                                                                                    c               48. 31          2. 20    I    4. 00       2. 12           2. 19     2. 51
                                                                                         44-
                                                                                         c.7%

        1925                         23. 74    22. 09       43. 0))                                 46. (15          2. 02         4. 52      1. 91           1. 90     2. 31
        1926                         24.71     21. 64       13. 03                                  45. 00           2. 00 I      4. 62       1. 88           1. 95     2. 31
        1927,                        21. 16    19. 68       43. 00                                  42.44           1. 84         4. 68       1. 82           1. 83     2. 21
        19 28                         19.70    18. 54       43.00                                   42. 51          1. 87         4. 64       1. 87           1.87      2. 11
        19 29 , _____                 18. 61   20. 00       43, 00                                  41. 50          1. 92         4. 13       1. 93           I. 92     2. 21
        1030 , _                      16. 16   18. 47       -43. OD                                 36. 91          1, 71    I     4. 11      /. 69           1. 69     2. 11
        1931                         14.52     17. 35       43. 00                                  35. 03          1.831          3. 69      L 62            1. 62     I. 91
        1932                          13. 84   15. 87       4 2. 44                             I   37. 00          1. 57    I     3. 35      1. 57           1. 97      1. 81
        1933_ _                       16.31    16. 47       39. 36                                  35. 15          1. 64    J
                                                                                                                                   2. 31      1. 61           1. 98      1.81
        1934                          18. 80   13. 19       35. 37                                  37. 37          1. 81          3. 50      1. 78           1. 78     2. 01
        1935 -                        19. 34   18. 68       36. 37                              I   38. 21          I. 81    i     3. 50      1. 80           1.811     2.01
        1936 .                        19.99    19. 60       30. 65                                  39. 12          1.93           3. 70      1. 85           1, 81     2.11
        1917_                        23. 20    23. 40       41. 86                              1
                                                                                                    40. 27          2.40           4. 50      2. 21           2. 21     2. 5,
        1938_ _                      22. 18    22, 20       41. 77                              I   44. 93          2.35           4. 511     2. 17           2. 17     2. 41
        1930                         21. 64    21. 59       40,06                                   43. 00          2. 19          1. 40      2.10            2. 10      2. 3
        1940                         23.06     23. 03       40. 00                              I
                                                                                                    41.80           2.16 i         1. 64      2. 10           2. 10      2. 3(
        1941                          21. 02   21. 00       40. 00                                  44. 80          2.16     I     5. 00      2. 10           2. 10     2. a
        1042 .           ,

                                      24. 52   24. 00       40. 00                                  44. 80          2.15     I     5. 00      2. 10           2. 10     2. 2i
        1943                          24. 25   24. 00       46. CO                                  41. 80          2.15 I         5. 1 1     2. 30           2. 10      2. 21
        1944                          24. 81   24. 00       40. 00                                  41. 80          2.11 I         5. 81      2. 10           2. 10      2.21
        1945_ _                     7 26. 10   25. 00       42. 44                                  45. 81          2. 21        2 5.40       2. 21           2. 10      2. 4;


           1 At furnace after 1907.                2 Bessemer rai s prior to Oct. 22, M].
            Bessemer billets prior to 1927.        4 Muck iron in 1891.         , Beams pripr to Mar. 19, Mg.
           oAverage for 1893-1900.          7 Average ior week of Dee. 25, 1014        Double refined iron bare.
          Source: Steel and The Tim Age, annual review issues; and American Iron and Steel Institute, annual
        report.
        No. 973.-MAGNESIUM--PROMICTION OF SEMIFAERICATED PRODUCTS: 1940 TO
                                       1945
                                                             [Thousands of pounds]

                                 CLASS                                     1940                     1911             1912              1013           1944            1915


               Total                                                        5, 476                  13, 575          55, 164         1413, 262        213, 418         89, 770

        Castings:
          Sand                                                     1        3' 074                  11 945      f    32,024            59, 123         75, 221         42, 471
          Permanent mold                                       .   1                                  '         ]    20, 387           81, 337        123, 904         39, 592
          Die                                                                     099                     768          1,249             2, 866            '2,362       1, 689
        Sheet, strip, and plate                                                   866                     435               897          1, 680            2 , 308      2, 900
        Extrusions                                                                411                     411           1 471          1 1, 029        1   11, 18 }   2 1, 118
        Forgings                                                                   26                      26                45             227              425


          r Excludes extruded sheet stock, forging stock, powder. and st'eks.
          2 Forging stock combined with extrusions. Forgiing not collected separately for all oi 1945.
          Source: 1940 and 1911, Department of Interior, B ori, al of NI isllYi; Minerals Yearbook. 1942 and subse-
        quent years, pepartmout of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Facts for Industry series.
                636607 40          56




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          870                                      MANUFACTURES

                             No. 971-BRAss MILL PRODUCTION : 1942 To 1945
                                                    [Thousands of pounds]

                                                                         1942              1943               1944           1945
                                    CLASS                          (July-Dec.)

              All products                                           2, 402, 892      5, 619, 026           5, 019, 200     3, 782, 354
         Alloyed products                                            2, 180, 474      5, 226,   /79      4, 6/8, 152        3, 312, 499
          Plate, sheet, and strim                                    1, 568, 082      3, 994, 819        3, 272, 928        2, 051, 366
          Rod and wire                                                 457, 354           943, 870       1, 018, 479           989, 362
          Tubes                                                        155, 038           287, 490          326, 745           271, 771
         Unalloyed products                                            222, 418           383, 847          395, 048           469, 855

            Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; published in Facts for industry series.

         N. 975. -NONFERROUS METALS AND ALLOYS, AND FINISHED PRODUCTS
                          THEREOF-PRODUCTION, BY KIND: 1935, 1937, AND 1939
          NOTE.- Table shows products made for sale and interplant transfer, excluding those made for consumption
            in same works. Data represent production of commodities specified, whether made as primary or as
            secondary products by industries reporting them. The census designations of industries in which these
           commodities are made are as follows: "Alloying; and rolling and drawing of nonferrous metals, excep t
           aluminum;" "Secondary smelting and refining of nonferrous Instals, not elsewhere classified;""Nonferrous
           metal foundries (except aluminum) ;" and "Nonferrous metal products not elsewhere classited." No
           data are included for production of copper, lead, zinc, and other nonferrous metals from the ore nor of
           secondary metals by establishments engaged in primary smelting and refining of nonferrous metals.
                                                                                                   VALUE (THOUSANDS OE
                                                          TONS (2,000 FOUNDS)                                 DOLLARS)
                             KIND
                                                        1936       1937            1939           1936           1937         1939
         Ingots and pigs:
           Brass and bronze                             74, 388   138, 762      114, 208      1 14, 381          34, 348       25, 105
           Antifriction-hearing metal                   19, 638    40, 970       20, 900        1 6, 520         11, 674        7, 09
           Solders, all kinds                           38, 950    58, 546       56. 617      1 16, 720          28, 622       25, 409
           Type metal                                   28, 381    34, 756       31, 901        1 4, 234          6, 258        5, 673
           Copper, secondary                            29, 281    39, 890       44, 458          4, 935          9, 499        9, 827
           Lead, secondary                             129, 512   125, 520      148, 822        11, 429          15, 437       15, 909
           Zinc, secondary                              31, 058    47, 918       44, 485          3, 044          6, 221        4, 955
           Tin, secondary                                2, 746     4, 924        5, 450        1 2, 712          4, 983        5, 422
         Plates and sheets:
           Brass and bronze                            113, 364   195, 822      186, 548          44, 606        78, 798       68, 452
           Copper                                       93, 014   104, 366      105, 211          26, 143        36, 350       36, 282
           Lead                                         17, 332    22, 503       23, 407           2, 309         3, 776        3, 440
          Zinc                                          49, 931    63, 744       60, 998           8, 131        12, 342       10, 027
          Nickel-alloys                                 14, 881    17, 899       25, 515           7, 713        10, 795       12, 195
         Rods:
          Brass and bronze                              94, 261   139, 743      135, 156          23, 894        43, 240       36, 949
          Copper                                       111, 334   199, 374      204, 903          22, 387        44, 080       45, 364
          Nickel-alloys and other nonferrous met-
            als and alloys.                                                                        6, 400         8, 760        8, 731
        Extruded shapes                                                                            6, 966         6, 077        4, 568
        Tubing (seamless) and pipe:
          Brass and bronze                              47, 834    78, 865       70, 183          16, 626        34, 870       29, 73.5
          Copper                                        33, 992    57, 999       67, 330          12, 039        26, 282       29,386
          Lead                                          16, 829    22, 965       17, 923           2, 455         3, 928       2, 706
          Nickel-alloys                                  1, 304     1, 918        2, 478           1, 522         2, 165       2, 524
        Other tubing, including brazed                  (2)        (2)            3, 189           1, 399         2, 183       1, 547
        Wire and wire products +                                                                  40, 459        83, 860      67, 848
        Castings, rough:
          Brass and bronze                              51, 598   126, 281      93, 371       4 19, 156          49, 354      37, 712
          Copper                                         1, 820     3, 901       3, 296           a 771           2, 214       1, 777
          Nickel-alloys I                                1, 194     1, 513       1, 139           4 1 123         1, 470       1, 087
          Bells, cast                                                                              (i)               158          145
        Finished products;
          Bearings and bushings (including anti-
            friction linings)                                                                     21, 209        43, 255      37, 192
          Die castings                                                                            20, 267        28, 073      28, 559
          Castings, finished                                                                       4, 356         3, 475       3, 828
          Forged and hot-pressed parts                                                             2, 723         6, 837       5, 931
          Fittings_                                                                                               6, 094       9, 247
          Spun ware                                                                                 2             2 , 321      3, 557
          Powder                                                                                   (+)            (1)          1, 792
          1 Not including the value of ingots and pigs for which no quantity was reported as follows: Brass and
        bronze, $197,000; antifriction-bearing metal, $1,186,000; solders, $2,010,000; type metal, $214,000; secondary
        tin, $44,000.                                        I Data not available.
          + Reported by establishments classified in this industry only.
          4 Not including the value of castings for which no quantity was reported as follows: Brass and bronze
        $14,303,000; copper, $644,000; nickel alloys, $27,000.          6 Other than heat-corrosion resistant.
          Source: Dept. of Commerce, Bur. of the Census; reports of Biennial Census of Manufactures.




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                                                      MACHINERY                                                          871
         No. 976.-MACHINEKY-VALUE OF THE PRINCIPAL CLASSES MANUFACTURED
         NOTE.-In thousands of dollars. The various classes of machinery listed are products of a number of indus-
          tries, such as "Industrial machinery, not elsewhere classified," "Motor vehicles, motor-vehicle bodies,
          parts and accessories," "Agricultural machinery (except tractors)," etc. This table is not an. industry
          presentation, but a special presentation giving value of products for groups designated. Tbe values are
          in part duplicated in other tables in this Abstract such as tables 977, 980, and 981.

                                CLASS                            1929             1933         1936         1937         1939


         Agricultural machinery                                 167, 673          17, 109      68, 916     n4,340          96, 207
         Aircraft (begun and completed within year)              52 167           15, 860      17, 454      38, 664        75, 873
         Bakers' machinery and equipment                         21, 730           7, 332      11, 869      18, 120        17, 583
         Blowers and fans                                        25, 243           6, 955      15, 830      26, 282      1 24, 561
         Bottlers' machinery, except for dairies                 11, 082           9, 157       8, 264      21, 136        11, 969
         Canning machinery                                        8, 635           3, 139       8, 271      11, 840         4, 103
         Cash registers, adding, calculating, and card-tabu-
           lating machines, and typewriters                     151, 583          46, 677    9 83 217      118, 552       95, 712
         Cement and concrete machinery (not including
           cement-making, etc.)                                   4, 132             224        1, 809       4, 053        1, 739
         Cement-making machinery                                  4, 387             545        1, 649       2, 066        3, 036
         Clay-working machinery (brick, pottery, etc.)            4, 402             591        1, 071       2, 727        2, 069
         Coin operated commodity or vending machines       '      8, 821           5,472        5,989        8, 978        6, 164
         Commercial laundry, dry-cleaning, and pressing
          machinery                                             3 36, 110         3 7, 993   3 14, 241      21, 969       20, 727
         Confectionery and ice-cream machinery_                    3, 674           2, 667      5, 052       7, 217        6, 985
         Construction and similar machinery                    4 160, 683          25, 868     61, 708     133, 869      115, 298
         Cotton-ginning machinery                                 11, 760          2, 165       4, 892      D., 300        5, 115
         Dairy machinery                                          16, 593          8, 327      14 804       18, 462       15, 467
         Electrical machinery (generators, motors, and fans,
           including parts)                                      285, 974          73, 405    151, 501    ' 296, 690     219, 915
         Elevators, escalators, and conveyors:
           Automobile lifts                                        0)               1, 869      4, 013       3, 786        4, 254
           Conveying and elevating machinery                     48, 537           11, 413     22, 045      33, 911       29, 773
           Elevators, escalators, and dumb-waiters____ _   _     44,011             8, 322      9, 110      21, 235       16, 981
         Engines (steam or internal-combusion), turbines,
                                                    - --
          and water wheels ,                                    129, 175           25, 871     61, 555     113, 851      113, 572
         Flour-mill and grain-mill machinery                      8, 286            2, 354      5, 167       6, 916        6,087
         Foundry machinery                                       10, 639            1, 957      5, 585       9, 166        6, 804
         Glass-making machinery                                   3, 688            1, 895      3, 543       4, 729        4, 459
         Lawn mowers                                             10, 953            3, 467      4, 987       8, 427        9, 691
         Leather-working machinery, other than shoe_              1, 249               747      1, 005       1, 220        1, 265
         Locomotives                                             82, 909            2, 748     21, 735      65, 163       43, 411
         Machine tools                                          147, 316           16, 457     64, 515     162, 046      166, 619
         Metalworking machinery                                  92, 358           23, 151     80,346      131, 664      107, 709
         Mining machinery (not including well drilling or
           dredging)                                             7 40, 325          8, 107     21, 195      29, 124       234, 385
         Motorcycles, side cars, bicycle3 and parts                21, 198          (°)        22, 807     39, 827         38, 917
         Motor vehicles and chassis                            3, 412, 050        928, 650 2, 152, 986 2, 848, 786     2, 275, 254
         Oil-field machinery, tools, and equipment                 (9               (9          ()        9 120, 988       81, 869
         Oil-mill machinery, cottonseed and other                  2, 633           2, 110      2, 790       4, 677         2, 931
         Oil-refinery machinery                                   30, 210           1, 807      7, 931      14, 816        10, 365
         Packing-house machinery_                                  6, 653           2, 756      5, 317       7, 029         6, 022
         Paper-mill and pulp-mill machinery                       30, 456           8, 696     14, 829      33, 177        21, 610
         Printers' machinery                                      64, 860          13, 598     30, 377      46, 582        31, 749
         Pumps, pumping equipment, and air compressors:
           Measuring and dispensing pumps                                 ,f       10, 343     18, 092      38, 898       31, 767
           Pumps and pumping equipment                         1 132, 74'    1.    25, 322     46, 118      82, 982       79, 230
          Air compressors                                         39, 683           7,214      1 5, 891     28,328        21,239
         Refrigerators, mechanical                                           4, 694
                                                               } 167, 149 { 90, 175             6, 613
                                                                                              152, 570        9, 865
                                                                                                            243, 534     193, 977
         Refrigerating and ice-making machinery                                                                            6, 541
         Rubber-working machinery                                 13, 552           3, 347      4, 883      12, 271        13,681
         Scales and balances                                      25, 385           6, 805     12, 191      17, 169        13,544
         Sewing machines                                          37, 378          10, 274     18, 250      24, 693        20, 304
         Shoe machinery                                           12, 317           8, 130     10, 245      10, 903        10, 802
         Stokers, mechanical                                      11, 054           6, 629     11, 537       22, 170       20,271
         Sugar-mill machinery                                      5, 046              794      1, 260        4, 344        2, 93t
         Textile machinery and parts                             115, 525          57, 892     64, 899    1 100, 696      85, 601
         Tobacco-manufacturers' machinery                          5, 018           1, 106      1, 693        3, 679       3, 333
         Vacuum cleaners (electric)                               35, 108          14, 411     24, 191       36, 029       44,165
         Washing machines, clothes wringers, driers, and
          ironing machines for domestic use_                      79, 011          42, 422     59, 513       73, 291    10 66, 289
         Well-drilling machinery (excluding oil-well)               (h)             (5)         (3)           3, 334        1, 511
         Windmills                                                  4, 063          1, 400       1, 833       2, 613        1, 921
         Woodworking machinery                                     36, 151          6, 100      12, 542      23 118        23, 413


           1 Not strictly comparable with figures for earlier years.
           2 Includes postal meters.
           a Excludes dry-cleaning machinery.
             Not including mining dredges.
           2 No comparable data.
           2 Not including motor-vehicle or aircraft engines.
           r Includes dredging.
           8 Includes mine conveying and elevating machinery.
           a Not strictly comparable with figures for 1939.
           se Includes parts and attachments.
           Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; reports of Biennial Census of M anufactures.


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           872                                        MANUFACTURES

           No. 977.           ELECTRICAL MACHINERY GROUP-VALUE, BY CLASSES: 1933 To 1939
                                                      an thousands of dollars]

                                          PRODI7CI                                    1933        1935          1937            1939

                        Electrical machinery, total                                 648, 671 1, 124, H8 1, 995, 841           1, 7 64, 088

                Wiring de7ices and s pplies                                          38, 948      63, 559     109, 529          109, 140
           Wiring devices                                                            17, 796      24, 583      32, 003           34, 788
           Wiring supplies                                                            4, 702      12, 345      23, 667           25, WO
           insulators and insulating materials                                        ()           (I)         2 6, 344          2 3, 924
           Conduits and fittings                                                     14, 692      23, 095      39, 443           3 8, 407
           Lightning arresters and choke coils                                        1, 592       2, 871       .5, 983            5, 412
           Relays (excluding industrial motor-control and telephone)                     166           664      2, 088             1, 421
                 Carbon products for the electrical industry, and manu-
                  factures of carbon or artificial graphite                           8, 997      12, 470      20, 432           18, 68 5
           3rush es iind plates, rods, and powder for making brushes                  2, 282       4, 150       6, 511           - 5. 330
           fIectrod QS                                                         )      6, 715       8, 320      13, 921    f      10, 102
           3 ther carbon and graphite products                                                                                     3, 153
               Electrical measuring instruments                                       9, 162      22, 822      39, 026           87, 14 5
           Vfeasuring instruments aud meters                                          9, 162      22, 822      36, 879           3 2, 689
           Smalyzers for testing the electrical and other equipment of                (I)          (I)
            internal-combustion engines and radio apparatus                                                     2, H7             4, 456
                 Generating, distribution, and industrial apparatus, and
                  apparatus for incorporation in manufactured products,
                  not elsewhere classified                                         120, 961     241, 561      492, 735         404, 583
           3enerating apparatus and parts, except railway and vehicle
            power generators                                                       0 14, 129    a 40, 976      60, 952           46, 850
           :ransformers, current-limiting reactors, and feeder-voltage
           regulators (except measuring-instrument transformers)                   .4 13, 094    28, 881       83, 613           65, 064
           Waring con verting apparatus                                               2, 201      9, 862       10, 928            4, 816
           vIotors, except railway and vehicle motors (not including
              starters and controllers)                                             4.5, 606     72, 668      163, 295         123, 050
            Fractional-horsepower                                                  5 23, 746     32, 365       71, 723          55, 087
              Number                                           _ thousands..          5, 818       7,019       20, Ma           11, 25a
            1 hp. and over                                                           17, 197     34, 562       67, 400           52 040
              Direct-current                                                          3, 622       8, 489      15, 629          11, 675
              Alternating-current                                                  o 13, 574     26, 073       51, 771          40, 375
                Numher                                          thousands _.             172          294         521               457
            Other motors and parts and supplies                                     8 4, 663     7 5, 740      14, 172          15, 064
           lontrol apparatus (except railway and vehicle controllers, all
            types)                                                                  15, 165      28, 230      47, 388           46, 040
           'uses and fuse blocks (excep t high-voltage and. power types,
           2,300 volts and over).                                                    4, 825        8, 013      7, 117            6, 879
           adustrial and commercial apparatus and appliances                         9, 698      23, 747      40, 697           34, 001
           witchboard apparatus (circuit breakers, panelboards, switch-
             boards, and switches)                                                  16, 243      36, 188      88, 743           76, 983
            Fanelboards and distribution boards                                      (1)          7, 896      16, 692           14, 451
            Knife, power, and other switches                                         (i)          5, 382      13, 649           11, 447
            Circuit breakers, including attachments and parts.                       (1)          8, 019      22, 452           17, 199
            Power switchboards an d parts.                                          31)           9, 008      21, 221           18, 133
            Power switching equipment, power connectors, end distribu-
             tion cut-outs and fuse links for 2,300 to 15,000 volts, a. c.
             service                                                                 (1)          6, 884      14, 730           11, 752
                Electrical appliances                                              39, 770       80, 891     190, 783          124, 82'
           'ans (direct motor-driven)                                               2, 437        6, 695      15, 56.3           8, 286
           loniestie cooking and heating equipment and other household
             appliances                                                            36, 707      72, 457      112, 151          11 2, 248
            Water heaters (for permanent installation)                                  932      3, 530        5, 605            3, 453
            Cooking and heating appliances                                         14, 731      31, 589       54, 615          4 8, 443
            Mixers, whippers, and juicers                                           (I)          9, 737        7, 372            6, 540
             IsTumber                                          thousands...         (i)           (1)          1,058             1,086
           Vacuum cleaners                                                         14, 411      24, 191       36, 029          44, 160
            Num0er                                             thousands...            555        1, III       1, 515           1, 445
           Other                                                                    7, 129        3, 410       8, 580           9, 646
           onirnercial cooking apparatus and other commercial or do-
           mestic appliances                                                           625        1, 739       3, 067            3, 792
                Insulated wire and cable                                     05, 637    122, 228             245, 342         204, 450
            ubber insulated                                                  25, 789     46, 242              DO, 432          67, 435
            atton insulated, including weatherproof and slow-burning..._._ }          { 12 341                22, 680          20, 856
         A Mestosinsula ted                                                    7, 248     3, 041               6, 530           9, 476
         Pi mer-insulated                                                     0, 032      8, 129              33, 420          20, 783
         V arnished-cambric insulated                                          1, 979      4, 121              9, 140           5, 796
         /V agnet                                                            10,141      16, 899              29, 805          25,431
         A uttered cable or conductor                                         4, 411      6, 845               8, 917          12, 985
         Ig nition-cable sets or wire assemblies for internal-combustion
            mgines                                                            (1)         (1)                 13, 389           7, 714
         0 her                                                                     10, 039      21, 606       31, 028          38. 952
          For footnotes, see next page.



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                                          ELECTRICAL MACHINERY                                                          873
        No. 977.-ELECTRICAL MACBINERY GROUP-VALUE, BY CLASSES: 1938 TO 1939-
                                                        Continued
                                                   [In thousands of dollars]

                                     PRODUCT                                   19 33       1935       1937             1839

              Automotive electrical equipment                                  92, 464    65, 828    114, 149          106,094
        Automotive generators for battery charging (not including auto-
          motive starter-motors)                                                 ()        (1)        22, 359           14, 949
        A utomotive starter-motors, railway motors and control equip-
          ment, motors, generators, and control equipment for gasoline-
          electric and oil-electric buses, trucks, and locomotives, and
          for storage battery trucks                                           0 9,032 10 25,300      33, NO            2,95E
        Ignition apparatus for internal-combustion engines                     23, 432    40, 528     58, 201           69, 727
              Electric lamps                                                   49, N9     64, 774     77, 891           70, 904
        Incandescent-filament lamps                                        III 40 849 { 62, 703       74, 304           73, 119
        Other lamps                                                        f       '       2, 072      3, 588            6, 185
              Radios, radio tubes, and phonographs                            119, 235   206, 813    288, en           234, 47
        Radio sets, complete (cabinet, chassis, speaker, and tubes)            71, 961   134, 674    176, 736          161, 391
          For home and general use (except radio-phonograph combina-
              tions and audio-television)                                      56, 240   104, 816    131, 526          111, ME
            Covering standard broadcast band                                    80, 096   19, 793     33, 194           48, 41E
                 Number                                       thousands          2, 781    1, 437      2, 280            5, 861
               Socket-power-operated                                            48, 104   14, 1108    29, 523           35, 43C
                 Number                                       thousands          2, 689     1, 260     2,048             4, 201
               Battery-operated (excluding batteries)                             1, 932   4, 885      3, 666           12, 98'1
                 Number                                       thousands._             98       187        235            1, 155
            Extending beyond standard broadcast band                             5, 071   85, 023     OB, 332           63, 421
                 Number                                       thousands__            116   2,961       3, 668            8,896
               Socket-power-operated                                             (I)      77, 994     91, 472           60, 324
                 Number                                       thousands. _       (1)       2,701       8200
                                                                                                         ,               2, 685
               Battery-operated (excluding batteries)                            (I)       7, 028      5, 860            3, 105
                 Number                                       thousands__        (1)           260           278            814
           Not reported by kind                                                 1, 073
          Radio-phonograph combinations                                         1, 408      2,461      4,567            17, 193
           Number                                           thousands._               SO        28          58              476
         Automobile sets, including all accessory equipment                    13, 598     25, 556    38, 679           27, 716
           Number                                           thousands__            700      1,220      1, 891            I, 687
         All other receiving sets                                                  715      3, 841      1, 963           4, 634
        Radio tubes (made for own use or for sale)                             27, 027     31, 562    42, 797           35, 675
         Radio receiving tubes for use as initial equipment                     9, 345     18, 021    23, 789           22, 935
           Number                                           thousands.. _      RS, 417     41, 462    70, 746           78, 194
         Radio receiving tubes for renea al and replacement                    15, 870     12, 954    15, 482           10, 012
           Number                                           thousands__        5:6, 442    86,769     41, 472           31, 327
         Radio transmitting tubes                                               1, 812      2, 587     3, 547            2, 629
            Num ber"                                           thousands.. _    (I)         (1)        (I)                  450
        Transmitters (including all associated equipment except tubes).       1, 893        5, 770     8,879             7, 333
        Phonographs and accessories                                           2, 973        6, 081    15, 493      22 48, 917
        Other                                                               15, 910        28, 545    44, 718           31, 260
              Communication equipment                                       27, 612        87, 618   199, 611          166, 867
        Radio'apparatus                                                      (11)          31, 882    51, 685           52, 583
        Signaling apparatus, electric (other than railway)                    6, 482       12, 146    22, 043           19, 789
        Telephone and telegraph apparatus (not including wireless)_-,       21, 180        43, 584   112, 883           94, 406
              Batteries, storage and primary (dry and wet)                  67, 444        85, 718   102, 877          111, 217
        Storage batteries                                                   52, 129        65, POI    78, 250           81, 122
        Dry batteries (cells)                                            I, 12, 929        15, 307    20, 680           25, 900
        Wet primary batteries and parts and supplies for dry batteries
          and wet primary batteries                                           2, 386        4, 510     3, 947            4, 195
              X-ray and therapeutic apparatus and electronic tubes            4, 681       12, 020    20, 397      '    21,431
        Electrotherapeutic and electromedical apparatus                              f      4, 680     6, 534            6, 326
        X-ray apparatus (exclusive of X-ray tubes)        '             1 4' 380 l          4, 563     9, 765           10, 506
        Nonradio electronic tubes and X-ray tubes                             28 298        2, 777     4, 098            4, 600
              Electrical products not elsewhere classified                  63, 910        58, 732   100, 451           85, 928

           No data.
          2 Includes porcelain and trolley-lino Insulators for 1937 and earlier Tears.
            Includes automotive generators for battery charging; for 1937 and 1939, data are included in "Auto-
        motive electrical equipment" industry.
            Includes radio transformers; for 1935, 1937, and 1939, data are included in radio apparatus in "Com-
        munication equipment" industry.
          6 Includes motors which in later years are included in other motors and parts and supplies.
          0 Includes motors not reported by kind. See note 6 also.
          7 Other motors only; parts aud supplies included with automotive starter motors in "Automotive elec-
        trical equipment" industry.
          8 See note 3.    0 Automotive starter motors only.
          a) Automotive starter motors and parts and supplies for other motors, see note 7.
          II Includes X-ray tubes; for later years data are included in nonradio electronic tubes and X-ray tubes
        in "X-ray and therapeutic apparatus and electronic tubes" industry.
          12 Includes phonographs for electrical reproduction of records, included in prior years in "Other."
          2' No data for radio parts. See note 4 also.
          14 Includes parts and supplies. 22 See note 11.
          Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; reports of Biennial Census of Manufactures.


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           874                                            MANUFACTURES

           No. 978.-FARM MACMNES AND EQUIPMENT, ATTACHMENTS, AND PARa S-
                                    PRODUCTION AND SALES: 1929 TO 1944
                                                  [All figures in thousands of dollars]

                                                              PRODUCTION                                           SALES

                         TEAR I                                Farm ma- Attach-                                Farm ma- Attach-
                                                 Total         chines and ments and             Total         chines and ments and
                                                               equipment    parts                             equipment    parts

          1929                                   552, 141          462, 849       89, 293        517, 015           434, 754        82, 201
          1930                                   466 788           387, 285       79, 503        439, 812           361, 217        78, 591
          1031                                   189 757           145, 339       44, 419        223, 427           171, 730        51, 696
          1935                                    301, 616         241, 158       60, 459       294, 546            234, 958        59, 687
          1938                                    442, 689         360,364        82, 325       402, 875            327, 940        74, 934
          1937                                    524, 420         439, 423       84, 997        617, 475           436, 678        80, 797
          1938                                    444, 237         351, 746-      92, 491       435, 806            346, 134        89, 673
          1939                                    415, 904         327, 964       87, 940       420, 707            330, 894        89, 903
          1910                                    496, 986         392, 249      104, 737       497, 823            396, 371       101, 462
          1941                                    653, 229         515,680       137, 548       671, 398            538, 963       132, 405
          1942                                    646, 969        420, 367       226, 603       659, 028            447, 187       211, 841
          1943                                    613, 675        366,829        246, 846       636, 989            375, 8139      261, 120
          1944                                 1, 080, 902        735, 172       345, 731     1;067, 840           730, 968        336, 872

             Annual survey suspended 1932, 1933, and 1931.
            Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, annual report, Production and Sales of
          Farm Machines and Equipment 1944.

          No.      979.-FARM MACHINES AND EQUIPMENT, ATTACHMENTS, AND 13 ARTS-
                    PRODUCTION AND SALES, BY CLASS OP PRODUCT : 1941 TO 1 944
                                                 [All figures in thousands of dollars]

                                                                PRODUCTION                                         SALES
                         CLASS
                                                  1941        1942       1943      1944        1941         1942        1943       1944

                 TotaL                         053, 229 046, 989 619, 675 1, 080, 902 871, 998 069, 028 636, 989                 1, 087, 840
         Planting, seeding, and fertilizing
           machinery                            27, 571      27, 230   14, 496    35, 897     28, 377   30, 470        16, 358      35, 110
         Plows and Esters__                     33, 369      32, 438   23, 382    35, 970     34, 579   85, 413        25, 197      35, 886
         Harrows, rollers, pulverizers,
           and stalk cutters                    19, 950      18, 446 . 10, 663    22,   445   20, 620   20,   162      10, 821      22, 514
         Cultivators and weeders                21, 403      21, 184 15, 045      30,   927   21, 990   23,   501      16, 172      30, 713
         Harvesting machinery                   55, 966      57, 701 48, 276      82,   877   63, 640   57,   941      40, 122      78, 637
         Haying machinery                       34, 881      33, 960 27, 276      50,   407   34, 700   35,   368      26, 264      45, 891
         Machines for preparing crops for
          market or for use                     24, 031      20, 772   13, 601    21, 361     24, 945   22, 030        14, 567      21, 312
         Dairy farm machines and equip-
          ment                                  22, 233      24, 882   23, 644    36, 324     20, 950   25, 919        25, 024      36, 127
         Poultry farm equipment                 11, 767      11, 251   18, 270    21, 845     12, 299   11, 830        17, 989      21, 323
         Barn and barnyard equipment             8, 718       8, 503    8, 859    14, 214      8, 553    8, 598         8, 888      14, 169
         Sprayers, dusters, and orchard
          heaters                                7, 772      8, 002     8, 108    13, 399      7, 928    8, 633         8, 366      13, 085
         Miscellaneous farm machines and
           equipment                           32, 317       35, 906   34, 265    42, 206     32, 793   35, 500       34,700       41, 633
         Tractors (agricultural, industrial,
           and military) _                     42, 035 307, 670 357, 920         657, 276 348, 625 333, 438 373, 340              655, 989
         Farm elevators and blowers             2, 649   2, 607   3, 497           4, 709   2, 714   2, 856   3, 495                4, 685
         Farm wagons and trucks                 8, 571   6, 417   6, 380          11, 046   8, 684   6, 579   6, 685               10, 913

          Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census, annual report, Production and Sales of Farm
         Machines and Equipment 1944.




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                                                  MACHINE TOOLS                                                               875
              No. 980.-MAcmNE TOOLS-PRODUCTION, BY KIND: 1937 AND 1939

                                                                                     NUMBER                VALUE (TEm-
                                                                                                         SANDS 07 DOLLARS)
                                    PRODUCT

                                                                              1937          1939           1937              19$1

              Machine tools and replacement and repair parts, total value                                 169,689            181, 613
        Boring machines                                                              927      1, 128        6, 715             8, 902
        Boring mills (vertical-work revolving, including vertical turret
          lathes)                                                                    529           365      4,345              5, 266
        Broaching machines                                                           591           470      2, 237             2, 296
        Cutting-off machines                                                                                1, 723             1, 121
        Drilling machines                                                       (9          17, 000        17, 256            12, 373
        Filing machines                                                            673          305            118                   .56
        Gear-cutting machines                                                   1, 855       1, 420        10, 860             9, 449
        Gear-chamfering machines                                                (i)             139         (I)                   462
        Gear-tooth grinding, shaving, or burnishing machines                                       171      (J)                1, 331
        Grinding machines                                                                                  28,177             30, 273
        ICeyseaters (except broaching)                                          (                  102      (1)                    81
        Iloning machines                                                              147          357
                                                                                                                  692
                                                                                                                         {     1, 359
        Lapping machines                                                                           218                            515
        Lathes:
          Bench (plain and screw-cutting)                                      14, 663      15, 191         1, 911             2,288
          Engine                                                                7, 261       6, 557        12, 700            13, 5E14
          Automatic single-spindle (horizontal or vertical). _______                          1,896        10, 079             8, 474
          Automatic multiple-spindle (horizontal or vertical)                   1,398            981       13, 637            10, 135
          Turret                                                                3,138         2, 660       13, 532            12, 951
          Polishing and buffing (bench and pedestal)                            (i)           (9                                  268
          Other, including hand or speed                                                                    3, 246 f
                                                                                                                   i           2, 428
                                                                                0)
        Milling machines                                                        5, 061        5, 334       19, 586            23, 136
        Planers                                                                    136             161      1, 556             4, 484
        Shapers                                                                   893        1, 163         1, 982             1, 892
        Threading machines                                                                   (I)            4, 179             3, 536
        Other machine tools                                                                                 7, 505            10, 009
        Replacements, and repair parts for machine tools for sale as such                                   7, 637            10, 173
        Rebuilt machine tools reported separately                                                                              4, 792

           Data incomplete or no comparable data.
          a Excludes number for hand-feed milling machines far which a value of $129,000 was reported.

        N o. 981. -MDTALWORIIING MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT-PRODUCTION, BY
                                 KIND: 1937 AND 1939

                                            VALUE (THOU-                                                     VALUE (THOU-
                                            SANDS OF DOL-                                                    SANDS OF DOL.
                                                   LARS)                                                             LARS)
                     PRODUCT                                                  PRODUCT


                                               1937      1939                                                     1931        1939


              Total value                     41,777 117,365      Punching machines (not port-
                                                                   able)                                            125              75
        Bending machines                       1, 476    2, 014   Riveting machines (not port-
        Die-casting machines                      531      537     able)                                           883              795
        Forging machines (hammers,                                Rolling-mill machinery and equip-
         presses, etc.)__                      3, 931   1,117      ment                                      52, 139         34,605
        Portable tools:                                           Rod and wire forming and fabri-
         Drills                                9, 754   9, 945     cating machines                            2, 091          1, 600
          Grinders                             2, 377   2, 270    Shears                                      2, 846          2, 103
         Hammers                               1, 303   1, 355    Sheet-meta working machinery__ 19, 033                     13, 541
          Flexible-shaft machines__               548      867    Spring winding and forming ma-
          0 ther                               2, 060   1, 255     chines                                                           415
          Cylinder reboring and finishing                         Wire drawing machines                           1,654        1,231
            machines, valve and valve-                            Other metal-working machinery__                 7,104        8,556
           seat grinders, and similar                             Welding and cutting apparatus,
           garage equipment                    2, 897    1, 778    acetylene                                  5, 868           3, 899
        Presses, other than forging           15, 036   15,741    Replacements and repair parts._ ...        10, 113           9, 656


          1 Not called for on schedule.
          Source of tables 980 and 981: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, reports of Biennial
        Census of Manufactures.




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           876                                          MANUFACTURES
           No. 982.---AIR CONDITIONING AND COMMERCIAL REET.IGERATION E QUIPMENT-
                           SHIPMENTS BY MANUFACTURERS: 1940 AND 1944
           (Value flgures in thousands of dollars. Statistics cover types normally sold as standard items and more
             important types of components and accessories. Data include a very limited amount of certain types
             specifically designed for special uses. Excluded are less important components and accessories such as
             switches, dehydrators, accumulators, valves, ai d surge drums and tanks. Companies included account
             for approximately 99 percent of the total value of equipment shipped during 1944.1
                                                                          SHIPMENTS OF COMPLETE UNITS
                                                                                                                                ENCLOSURES
                                                                         Self-contained                                            ONLY
                              PRODUCT                                           units            Remote units
                                                                       Number Value Number Value Number I Value
              1940, total unitary equipment                             258, 074    47,857       1 BO, 722     28,484          165, 759               11, 770
          Walk-in coolers                                                    387          254      4,760        2, 452           3, 734                1, 416
          Reach-in refrigerators                                          6, 284     1, 411       14,368        4, 064           8, 026                1, 972
          Bottled beverage-cooling equipment                             73, 898    10, 250        4,499        1, 004          75, 767                1, 882
          Display cases                                                   9, 981     4, 270       26,382       12, 011           6, 577                2, 592
          Bulk beverage-dispensing equipment                             14, 241     3, 327        6,263        1, 244           9, 513                   842
           Soda fountain equipment and ice cream cab-
              inets                                                      61, 237    12,155        20, 618       6,462            1, 157                      489
            Soda fountain equipment_                                      1, 107       339         7, 158       4,538                  564                   415
            Ice cream cabinets, hardening and dispensing._               61, 601    10, 438       12, 677       1,502                  593                    74
            Counter freezers                                              1, 526     1, 378           783          422
          Frozen food cabinets                                            9, 231     1, 861           377           08                 136
          Farm and dairy-milk coolers                                     (2)           (2)                      (2)             (2)                   (2)
          Drinking-water coolers                                         41, 994        4,467      2,862           165          24, 584                      638
          Ice-making machines                                                403          486           582        142           5, 510                      160
          Air-conditioning units-store type                               5, 880        4,407
          Absorption systems                                                                                      831
          Cold-storage doors                                                                                                    12, 175          I           910
          Miscellaneous air-conditioning and refrigeration
            equipment a                                                  31, 478     4, 710            22               9       18, 190                     865
              1944, total unitary equipment                             125, 473    40, 387     1 27, 553      12, 207          41, 833                7, 651
          Walk-in cooler                                                  1, 117     1, 120        4, 165       3,962            2, 994                3, 363
          Reach-in refrigerators                                         19, 445     5, 134        4, 835       1,849            2, 050                     574
          Bottled beverage-cooling equipment 4                               424        120             505       163            2, 646                     108
          Display cases                                                   3, 446     2, 083        4, 154       2,103            1, 472                     058
          Bulk beverage-dispensing equipment                                 172         88           157         133                 209                    20
          Soda fountain equipment and ice cream cab-
             inets                                                        5, 377    2, 454         1,486          750                 168                    55
           Soda fountain equipment                                          193        106              310       266           (s)                    (9
           Ice cream cabinets, hardening and dispensing _                2, 232       490               428       151           (9                     (9
           Counter freezers                                              2, 852     1, 857              758       333
         Frozen food cabinets                                            2, 277        746               12             8           14                        6
         Farm and dairy-milk coolers                                    27, 311     4, 530         1,241          226           3, 781                      238
         Drinking-water coolers                                         46, 136     6, 090         9,760          472           2, 488                       71
         Laboratory and industrial freezing equipment__ _                1, 100       931                       (2)                 91                       28
         Ice-making machines                                             2, 857     3,221               SOS       130              739                      /75
         Air-conditioning units-store type                               4, 468     3, 615
         Absorption systems                                                                       (I)          2, 410
         Cold storage doors                                                                                                    25, 091 J               2, 359
         Special refrigeration units and systems for war
          psuposes                                                      11, 015    10, 183                      (9
         Miscellaneous air-conditioning and refrigeration
           equipment                                                        329           71
                                                               1040                                                    1041
                                                  Total                   Domestic                  Total                       Domestic
                    PRODUCT                shipments T                   shipments               shipments                     shipments
                                         Number Value Number Value Number Valise Number J Value
             Total components     and
               accessories                              45, 105                   42, 483                     47, 847                                45, HI
         Condensing units                 211, 021      18, 808        197, 584 , 17, 423       189, 578      21, 872         182, 348               21, 080
          Ammonia refrigerants                 985          984             902       893         1, 431       2, 481           1, 362                2, 380
          Refrigerants except am-             ,
             monia                        210, 036      17, 844        196, 662    16, 530      188, 147      19, 391         180, 996               18, 701
           Air-cooled                     187, 468      12, 313        175, 153    11, 323      177, 717      15, 282         171, 217               14, 753
           Water-cooled                    22, 168       5, 531         21, 508     5, 207       10, 430       4, 110           9, 779                3, 94f;
         Compressors and compressor
           units                          84, 889         7, 084        63, 056     6, 344       78, 925       6, 633          76, 225 j              6, 192
         Centrifugal refrigeration ma-
          chines                                  112    2, 404            101      2, 237              70     1, 736                  70             1, 736
         Real-exchanger equipment__                     17, 110                    16, 478                    17, 606                                16, 835
          Evaporative condensers_ s __     2, 413         1, 789        2, 212      1, 666        1, 626       1, 691           1, 486                1, 677
          Unit coolers                    63, 417         7, 076       60, 826      6, 721       58, 921       6, 631          56, 802                6, 407
          Other heat-exchanger equip-
            ment                                        8, 206     I               8, 091                     9, 284                         I
                                                                                                                                                      8, 852
          I Number of absorption systems not included in total.
          I Not requested for 11140.   s Consists mostly of room coolers.
          4 Excludes coin-operated equipment, which is included in miscellaneous.
          s Not shown separately to avoid disclosing operations of individual companies.
         I Included in data for self-contained mitts to avoid disclosures.
         T Includes export shipments, not shown separately.
         Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Facts for Industry series, Shipments of Air
        Conditioning and Commercial Refrigeration Equipment 1944
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                                                MOTION-PICTURE PRODUCTION                                                                       877
                No. 983.-M ()MN-PICTURE PRODUCTION-SUMMARY : 1921 TO 1939
         Nom-All money figures are in thousands of dollars. Data represent the activities of the motion-picture
          studios and laboratories. They do not include the distribution of films arid their projection in theaters.
          No data are included for establishments which reported less than $5,000 as the cost of work done. The
          motion-picture industry hes been canvassed, since 1921,in connection with the Biennial Census of Manu-
          factures. It is not, however, a manufacturing industry, but was treated as such prior to 1931.

                                                               PERSONS ENGAGED                SALARIES AND
                                                                             WAGES
                                                 Num-                                            Cost of
                                                 ber of                                 Cost of studio Cost of
                 YEAR AND STATE                  estab- Salaried Wage                  contract supplies, produc-
                                                  lish- officers earners
                                                 ments and em- (average Salaries Wages
                                                                              I          work     fuel,     tin
                                                                                                  etc.1
                                                        ployees for year)

                  EXITED STATES
        1921                                           127           4, 400 i 6, 259   22, 953     14, 740                563      32, 190       77, 397
        1923                                            97           3, 496   6, 408   21, 824     113, 601            1, 606      30, 657       85, 418
        1925                                           132           5, 945   5, 573   35, 951     13, 006             5, 369      33, 218       93, 636
        1927                                           142           7, 698 I 8, 415   56, 299     18, 637            15, 977      34, 867      134, 343
        1929                                           142        8,8781 10, 784       50, 168     24, 860            11. 312      38, 491      184, 102
        1931                                           140            2 14 339              , 70 637                  12, 015      32, 222      154, 436
        1933                                            92       3 8, 260    10, 777 a 52, 948     18, 395             4, 028      26, 153      119, 347
        1935                                           129       12, 675     14,917    79, 743     24, 636             5, 145      29, 541      161, 86P
        1937                                            83       13, 060     19, 338 102, 393      37, 158             7, 013      35, 575      197, 741
        1930                                           178         9, 635    24, 052   93, 341     45, 736             3, 645      43, 052      215, 70C
                      STATES, 1939

        California                                      93       ,   8, 69G       21, 573    89,885      41, 096        2, 024     31, 118      186, 849
           Los Angeles                                  65           4, 554        9, 597    43,680      10, 701           832     20, 454       96, 326
           Remainder of State                           28           4, 136       11, 976     46, 205    21, 396        1, 192     10, 654       91, 62(
        Illinois                                           g             53           72          162         97             2         225           536
        Michigan                                           5           125           138           336       334            35         680        1, 763
        Missouri                                           5            20             11           43         9             1          32           171
        New York                                       43              577         I, 268      2, 478     2, 397        I, 532      6, 541       18, oa
        Other States                                   23              170           990           437    1, 803            51      4, 455        8, 32I


                       PRODUCTS, BY KIND AND COST, AND RECEIPTS FOR WORK D ONE

                  Irum               1933       1935           1937        1939               ITEM             1933         1035      1937       1539


                 Total cost of                                                        Unfinished pro-
                      work done_ 119, 343 161, 865 197, 741 215, 700                   dilations, cost_        14, 581      15, 684   33, 075 38, 301
                                                                                      Laboratory work:
         Negatiye films,                                                               Positive films,
               cost                  82, 280 118,673 131, 755 148, 632                      cost                   7, 625    6, 040    8,218      6,116
           Theatrical:                                                                  Receiptsfor
            Number                   I, 059   1, 094    3, 042   (4)               work done for
             Cost                  177, 536 3110, 975 126,039 142, 602             others                      11, 855      15, 089   15, 318 18, 594
           Advertising, cost_        6 4, 076   a 4, 990       1 4, 546 1, 703 Value    of other
           Industrial, cost                      (2)                     2, 175  work done                         1, 520    1, 818    3, 468     2,337
           Educational,                                                         Receipts for me of
            cost                         168         324 1
                                                               i 1,176 I 1, 426
                                                               -            726  studio facilities._               1, 502    4, 554    5, 907     1, 42C
           Other films, cost                    a 2, 434

            Includes cost of studio supplies, containers for films, fuel, and purchased electric energy.
           I Data cover "productivo employees" only. These include all wage earners and a part, but not all, of
         the salaried employees. Figures are not, therefore, comparable with either tho wage-earner figures or with
         the total number of persons engaged. Data for other years cover all classes of employees.
           1 Does not include data for salaried officers of corporations.
             Data incomplete.
             "News reels" included with "advertising."
           9 Figure for "industrial" included in that for "other Elms."
           7 Combined to avoid disclosing approximations of data for individual establishments.
           Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Biennial Census report, Motion Pictures.




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             878                                          MANUFACTIMES

             No. 984.-PRINTING AND PUBLISHING-RECEIPTS AND CIRCULATION: 1929 TO
                                                                   1939

                                                                                           VALUE (THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS)
                                            CLASS
                                                                                              1029            1937            1939
            _          ,-




                  Aggregate value and receipts .2                                          2, 878, 282      2, 173, 082      2. 149, 2303
            Newspapers and periodicals, printed and published or published
                only                                                                       1, 580, 165      1, 269, 524      1, 254, 715
              Newspapers                                                                   1, 073, 179        861, 689         1345 687
                Subscriptions and sales                                                      275, 781         287, 508         306. 102
                Advertising                                                                   797, 338        574, 180         639, 485
              Periodicals                                                                    507, 445         407, 835         409, 027
                Subscriptions and sales                                                      184, 545         171, 961         184, 572
                Advertising                                                                  322, 900         235, 874         224, 4.55
            Books i                                                                          243, 867         230, 780         239, 987
             Printed and published or published only                                         185, 870         155 868          149, 880
             Printed for publication by others 1 '                                             67, 998         70, 871          90, 607
            ?amphlets, printed and published or published only                                 13, 145          8, 389          15, 000
            qaps, atlases and globe eoversi                                                   (3)               8, 283           8, 262
             Printed and published or published only                                          09                6, 495           4, 964
              Made for others 1                                                               (9                1, 788           3, 298
            lreeting cards '                                                                  (4)              32, 637          44, 286
              Printed and published or published only                                         (s)              (5)              28, 314
             Printed for others '                                                             (3)
            ionvenir cards                                                                                     5)               15, 972
            qewspapers and periodicals printed for others 1
                                                                                              (1)
                                                                                              71, 521
                                                                                                                                 1, 412
                                                                                                              81, 772           87, 852
            Abels, tags, and seals 6                                                           7, 384         51, 874           53; 085
            nher commercial printing                                                         7159, 781       487, 399         442, 81 g
            tanifolding done in printing establishments                                       (5)              2, 446            2, 1.136

                                                AGGREGATE CIRCULATION PER I SUE (AVERAGE FOR THE YEAR)
                            CLASS
                                               1929            1931          1933           1935             1937            1939

           Newspapers:
             Daily:
               Morning                     15, 741, 769    15, 480, 287   14, 781, 657   16, 983, 996    17, 311, 078      17, 152, 298
               Evening                     26, 273, 692    25, 813, 372   22, 848, 688   24, 886, 650    26, 033, 858      25, 813, 827
             Sunday                        29, 011, 648    27, 453, 465   25, 453, 894   29, 196, 006    32, 713, 298      33, 006, 875
             Triweekly                         287, 152        184, 380       140, 497       120, 601        231, 363          219, 121
             Semiweekly                     1, 580, 221     1, 352, 720    1, 025, 067    1, 723, 630     1, 719, 820       7, 989, 744
             Weekly                        18, 883, 551    16, 173, 234   12, 048, 317   15, 185, 366    17, 286, 731      18, 224, 604
           Periodicals:
             Daily                              932, 363     850, 992         793, 036      681, 697        790, 722        1, 979, 417
             Triweekly                           24, 622      31, 314          25, 206       22, 327         32, 978            27, 162
             Semiweekly                     1, 901, 963   4, 284, 906      1, 810, 622   2, 129, 010      2, 335 002        2, 994, 810
             Weekly                        34, 494, 799 30, 781,148       39, 365, 192 42, 648, 210      56, 115, 124      55, 825, 296
             Semimonthly                    9, 168, 458   6, 375, 456      4, 592, 607   5, 507, 919      7, 597, 644       8, 135, 250
             Monthly                      133, 048, 488 122, 670, 328     03, 192, 794 102, 193, 740     24, 520, 8413    134, 756, 467
             Quarterly                     20, 605, 002 19, 175, 617      23, 237, 557 23, 277, 089      25, 808,124       26, 238, 181
             Other classeS                  2, 345, 897   1, 977, 550      1, 741, 779   2, 160, 680      6, 903, 152       9, 725, 925

              The inclusion of "Books and pamphlets printed for publication by others," ' Maps, atlases and globe
          covers made for others," "Greeting cards printed for others," "Newspapers and periodicals printed for
          publication by others," etc. results in duplication in the aggregate value and receipts, as follows: 1937,
          $158,466,000; 1939, $201,627,000, (No separate data available for greeting cards for 1937.) These amounts
          represent receipts by commercial printers for work done by them for other printers or for publishers, add
          consequently enter twice into the aggregate value and receipts.
            Includes "Pamphlets printed for publication by others."
             No data.
              Ineluded with "Other commercial printing."
              Included with "Greeting cards."
            6 In addition, labels, tags, and seals were produced by methods other than letterpress, as follows: 1937,
          $25,693,000; 1939, $29,944,000. 1929 hgures are not available.
            Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; reports of Biennial Census of Manufactures.




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                                                           PATENTS                                                           879
       No. 985.-PATENT APPLICATIONS AND PATENTS AND CERTIFICATES OF REG-
          ISTRATION ISSDED SINCE INITIATION OF THE PATENT SYSTEM ; 1836 TO
           1945
        NOTE.-The number of patents granted prior to July 28, 1836, was 5,957. Data include patents issued to
                          citizens of the United States and residents of foreign countries

                                                PATENTS ISSUED                        Omura Arns OP REGISTRATION ISSUED

        CALENDAR       Patent
         YEAR OR      applica-                                                                     Trade-
          PERIOD       dons 1      Total     Patents patents -_igus Reis-
                                                      Plant
                                                             -'-'"  sues                            mark
                                                                                      Total Trade- renew- Labels Prints
                                                                                            marks
                                                                                                           als

       1836-1860 ,... I 14, 062     8, 387    7, 864                4 340     7 183
       18514860- - 44, 302         25, 087   23, 140               1, 025       922
       1861-1870_ _ _ 128, 783     86, 910   79,612                2,181     3, 117     1 121    t 121
       1871-1880- 206, 436        138, 855   125, 520              7, 535    5, 309   10, 395    8, 017          7 2,378
       1881-1890_8_ 352, 475      217, 821   207, 850              8, 357    1, 614   14, 600   10, 636           4, 024
       1891-1900- 410, 040        234, 956   220, 810             13, 374       742   18,794    16, 903          7 1,608      1 285
       1001-1905_ __ 253, 417     148, 291   143, 791              3, 953       547   18, 590   12, 768 ______ __ 4, 579     1, 243
       1906-1910_ _ 307, 187      176, 618   171, 560              3, 297       761   38, 375   32, 060            2, 866    1, 469
       1911-1916 - __ 350, 937    194, 387   186, 241.             7, 295       851   32, 381   27, 369 ____ _8_ 3, 522      1, 490
       1916-1920- 368, 737        207, 108   197, 644              8, 486       978   35, 364   30, 681             3, 411   1, 272
       1921-1925_ 427, 127        217, 525   203, 977             12, 326    1, 222   81, 566   68, 881 II 2, 278   7, 361   3, 046
       1926-1930_ 459, 904        234, 857   219, 384             13, 796    1, 677   96, 729   71, 469 12, 057     8, 736   4 467
       1931-1935- - 342, 861      256, 219   239, 092      161    16, 079    1, 887   72, 783   62, 432    9, 222   8,486    2, 603
       1930-1940_ 359, 544        229, 514   200, 902      275    25, 458    1, 879   71, 786   52, 709    8, 409   8, 128   2, 640
       1907             88, 762    36, 820    35, 880                 589       151    8, 860    7, 878               667       315
       1908             61, 475    33, 682    32, 757                 757       168    6, 029    5, 191                618      220
       1909             65, 839    37, 421    36, 571                  687      160    4, 824    4, 194 _ _ .....      492      148
       1910             64, 629    35, 930    30, 168                  639      123    4, 720    4, 239                370      120
       1911             69, 121    34, 084    32, 917              1. 010       157    5, 112    4, 205               659       248
       1912             70, 976    37, 731    36, 231              1, 342       168    5, 896    5, 020                633      243
       1913             70, 367    36, 788    33, 941              1, 683      164     6, 063    5, 066                708      290
       1914             70, 404    41, 850    39, 946              1, 715      190     7, 874    6, 817                719      338
       1916 __          70, 069    44, 934    43, 207              1, 545      182     7, 436    6, 262                803      371
       1918             71. 033    45 927     43, 070              1, 759      198     8, 087    6, 791                864      482
       1917             70, 373    42, 760    41, 069              1, 512      170     6,197     5, 339                013      245
       1918             59, 800    39, 941    38, 569              1, 207      165     4, 912    4, 061                654      197
       1919             80, 638    38, 698    36, 872              1, 523      203     4, 874    4, 208                520      146
       1920             86, 893    39, 882    37, 164              2, 485      233    11, 294   10 282                760       262
       1921             93, 395    41, 401    37, 885              8, 277      239    13, 605   11, 654             1, 486      460
       1922             89, 028    40, 297    38, 414               1, 627     256    14, 992   12, 793             1, 612      587
       1923             79, 189    40, 787    38, 634              1, 927      226    16, 726   14, 846             1, 261      619
       1924_            80, 888    45, 600    42, 594              2, 671      235    17, 562   15, 749             1, 278      536
       1925             84, 627    49, 540    46, 460              2, 824      266    18, 082   13, 840    2, 278   1, 725      839
       1926             86, 116    47. 627    44. 750 __ ___       2, 602      275    21, 819   14, 984    4. 282   1,686       887
       1927             92, 122    44, 444    41, 731              2, 387      326    20,648    14, 586    3,053    1,807    1, 092
       1928             92, 726    46, 899    42, 376               3, 188     335    19, 084   14, 142    2, 049   1, 921      072
       1929             94, 738    48, 565    45, 284              2, 907      374    18, 087   14, 526    1, 008   1, 711      842
       1930             94, 203    48, 322    45, 243              2, 712      367    17,191    13, 251    1, 685   I, 811      684
       1931             84, 423    65, 103    51, 766         5    2, 037      395    15,328    11, 407    I, 643   1,683       595
       1932             71, 864    56, 866    53, 473        46    2, 944      393    13, 196    9, 813    1, 687   1,443       453
       1933_            60, 633    51, 683    48, 786        33    2, 411      333    12, 758    9, 140    1, 665   1, 470      483
       1934             61, 572    47,763     44, 429        32    2,921       371    10,063    11, 375    2, 407   1, 786      496
       1935             64, 389    44, 944    40, 638        45    3, 866      395    15, 438   10, 897    1, 880   2, 084      877
       1936             69, 585    44, 820    39, 793        49    4, 556      422    14, 804   10, 732    1, 886   1, 740      446
       1937             72, 984    43, 271    37, 695        55    5,137       384    15, 276   11, 264    1, 524   1, 860      648
       1938             75, 420    43, 493    38, 076        41    5,027       349    13, 564   10,212     1, 051   1, 762      539
       1939             71, 689    49, 080    43, 090        45    5, 593      352    14, 337   10, 526    1, 399   1, 807      005
       1940.            69, 857    48, 850    42, 248        85    6, 145      372    13, 806    9, 985    2, 549   11 969   11 302
       1941             69, 901    47, 978    41, 121        62    6, 486      309    11, 299    8, 524    2, 765    (11)    (11)
       1942             50, 057    42, 610    38, 467        65    3, 728      260     9, 691    6, 797    2, 894    (11)    (11)
       1943             48, 724    33, 523    31, 074        47    2, 229      173     9, 432    5, 596    3, 836    (11)    (II)
       1944             59, 472    31, 197    28, 073        38    2, 916      170    10, 079    6,027     4, 052    (n)     (n)
       1945             76, 119    29, 364    25, 702        17    3, 524       121   11, 703    7,493     4, 210    (11)    (11)


         1 Figures include patents for inventions, designs, and reissues of patents. Includes applications without fees .
          Data are for period from July 28, 1836, to Dee. 31, 1850, except as otherwise speoified.
          Data are for 11 years beginning 1810; records prior to this date are not available.
          Data are for 8 years beginning 1843.               Mats arc for 13 wears beginning 1838.
          Data are for the year 1870.                        7 Data are for 7 years beginning 1874.
          Registration of labels suspended from May 27, 1891, to June 9, 1898.
          Data are for 8 years; first print registered Mar. 7, 1893.            lo Data are for the year 1925.
         11 Figures for 1940 are for the six-months period ended Tune 30, 1940. On July 1, 1940, jurisdiction of
       prints and labels was transferred to the Copyright Office, Library of Congress, and data concerning them
       are compiled by that organization. (See table 988.)
        Source: Department of Commerce, United States Patent Office; records (not published elsewhere).
       Fiscal year figures published in Annual Report of the Secretary.



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              880                                                      MANUFACTURES

         -    No. 986.-PATENT S ISSUED TO CITIZ ENS OF THE UNITED STATES: 1936 T 0 1945

             STATE       OR     OTHER
                         AREA             1936          1937           1938           I     1939        1940            lni.     1942      1913           1944         1915

                    Total                98, 863       37, 236        37, 352             42, 372      42, 319     42, 345      38, 299   30, 704        28, 441       27, 124
             Alabama                         88           103            104                  126         107              98        86          55          80           116
             Arizona                         47            44                43                 62            46           50        34       40             30            29
             Arkansas                        44            47             46                    67         45              57        50          33          33            25
             California                  2, 507        2, 464         2, 448      I         2, 933     2, 011 ,        2, 915    2, 780    2, 326         2, 108        2, 223
             Colorado                       190           178            185                   204        316             235       167       134            130          108
             ..Domiecticut               1, 157        1, 072         1, 062               1, 325      1, 321          1, 289    1, 292    1, 114           987           916
             Delaware                      252           274             298                  325         333             315       339       297           279           300
             Florida                       178           178             230                  221        256             241       255       171            181           148
             3 eorgia                      149           144     I       130                  147        139       -     151       175       156            108            89
             Main)                           37           39              31                   37         44              fi7       43        35             26            16
             'Ilinois                    4, 011        4, 060    I     , 023               4, 617      4, 591          4, 554   4, 116     3, 303        3, 128        2, 373.
             bdiana                      1,028            899    I       985               1, 100      1, 063          1, 005      997        839           742           643
             owa                           333            300           296                  384          377            338       281       259            183           183
             (ansas                        193           158            178                  203          218             216      171        132           121           106
             Centacky                      178           169            160                  172          157             174      148       108            115           103
             ..ouisiana                    144           101            121                  152         181             135       135       106            131            92
             daine                          83            81             68                   84          84              76        59        60            50             59
             4aryland                       423           447            433                 466         432             465      384        337           385           340
             dassachusetts               2, 117        1, 369         1, 817               2, 009      2, 046          2, 080   1, 827    3, 505         1, 378        1, 259
             dichigan                    2, 248        2, 175         2, 163               2, 590      2, 556          2, 492   2, 327    1, 870         1, 697        1, 607
             dinnesota                     438           486            508                  180         652             664      670        408           451           368
             dississippi                    33            30             35                   41          57              37       40         37            35            27
             dissouri                      810           751            768                  750         825             933      770        640           638           518
             don Lana                       39            49             63                   57          61              51       43         24             32           25
             I ebraska                     128           124            137                  136         103             109       74         06             56           44
             Tevada                         16          12               13                   17          12               14       12        14             17           13
             rew Hampshire__               193        140               140                  137          97             101       107        81             73           67
             few Jersey                 3, 146     2, 961            2, 862               3, 300      3, 143       3, 322       3, 202    2, 563         2, 409        2, 427
             'ow Mexico                     22     .   34                20                   43          36           37           32        25            45             17
             nw York__                  7, 725     7, 379            7, 878               8, 783      9, 144       0, 305       7, 177    5, 506         5, 180        4, 882
             erth Carolina_                143          143             158                  155         164             164      140       109             103          106
             orth Dakota_ ____              27         20                22                   27          28              31       31         74              8           16
             hio                        3, 525     3, 109            3, 009               3, 593      3, 484       3, 344       3, 270    2, 592         2, 440        2, 362
             klahoma                       203        259               283                 349          359          324          333      274             263           330
             vegan                         165          196             181       ,         191      ' 195           211           189      132             134          132
             mnsylvania_ _ _____        3, 216     3, 032            3, 154               3, 308      3, 143       3, 156       3, 039    2, 313         3, 127        2, 050
             We Island                     306          310             360                 311          328         370          334        258           320           338
             kuth Carolina____             59            60              49                  58.          70           56           54       so             37            44
             kuth Dakota_ __ _ . _ _      34             32              33                  39           40             31         23       17             21            12
             onnessee                    210            203             190                 300         191             194       168       138            137           109
             ixas                        627            582           632                   727         860             705       722       602            522          485
             tah                           60            58            47                    49          53              76        39        43             37           43
             irmont_                       41            46             41                   54          42              42        47        36             51           32
             'rginia.                    208           180            205                   280         235             204       269       190            200          /50
              ashington                  278           301            286                   372         333             357       111       239            199          228
             est Virginia                181           149            181                   182        209              163       170       103            127          109
             iscon sin                   974           918            878                   941        966         1, 012         960       808            812          665
             yarning                      28            25             25                    23         20             37          22        24             17           17
             aska                          5             7              7                     6           4               5         5         3              3             2
             mal Zone _                                  1              4                    3                            1         6         3              5            3
             st. of Co1umbia             214           240            282                  261         248             308       214       205            206           203
             mail                         22            45             30                   33          39               39       18         22            13            16
             lilippine Islands_ _          5             9              a                    6          13                4         1         5

             lerto Rico                    7             4              4                     6           3               6        4          3              1            4
              8. Army                      2             1              1                     2           1               1       18         19            1:3           22
              S. Navy_                    21            21             35                   38           18              18       22        30             20      -     21
              S. Marine Corps_             3                            5                    2            1,                                 2      __                    4

             Source: Department of Commerce, United States Patent 0 fIles ; records (not published elsewhere) .




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                                         PATENTS AND COPYRIGHTS                                                                                         881
       No. 987.--PATENTS GRANTED TO RESIDE, TS OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES: 1936 TO
                                       1945

                     COUNTRY               1936     1937         1938      1039           tin            1941         1942       1943       1944         1945


             Total                         5, 734   5, 838       5 7 776   8 1 338        6,148          5, 311      3, 943      2, 825     2, 584       2, 112

       Argentina                              29       27            21        22              24           23           24         16            23           25
       Australia                              70       44            OS        46              86           36           42         25            27           21
       Austria                               102       105         112        120              63           26            7          5
       Belgium                                56        54           71        65              62           44           21         10            15           13
       Brazil                                  7         3            3         4               9           10            5          0            11            9

       Canada                                420      418          367        345             372          351          310        259           260       255
       Czechoslovakia                         45       46            54        49              54           32           10         13             0            1
       Cuba-                                  10        15           11        11              16              16        13         14            18        15
       Denmark                                 38       30           41        54              44            33          17         16            16         6
       , England .                         1, 262   1, 178       1, 250    1, 288         1, 308         1, 142      1, 000        743           813       905

       Finland                                  4        7             6        6               5               7         2          2                      11
       France                                 507      559          513       634            376            334         210        182           134       100
       Germany                             2, 068   2, 106       2, 206    2, 130         2, 595         2, 218      1, 455        722           641       243
        Flungary                               27       28           25        48             63             37          29          11           21            7
       Ireland                                  4        7            6        12             17                5         1           3            6            3

        Italy                                  83       88           82        91              97           92           02          27           52            28
        Japan                                  51       68           87        57              44           36           20           7           15            5
        Mexico                                 23       18           20        23              19           19           16          12            9            6
        Netherlands .                         181      192          195       239             236          203          134          93           62            20
        New Zealand                            19       21            22       20              14           12            10            8          2             6

        Norway_                                37       24            31        25             25              28        14          14           10            6
        Poland                                 11        15           10        15             16               4         5             3
        Scotland                               56       41            48        47             31              35        25          29           20            29
        Spain                                  31       21            11        8               8               1            2         5           2            10
        Sweden                                221      180           181      242             225           200         159         126          104           117

        Switzerland                           274      251           215       280             283          279         249         192          175           219
        Union of South Africa                  18       22            21        17              23           21              7       lr,          14            11
        Union of Soviet Socialist Re-
         publics                                5            4                       1              8           2            4          0
        Wales                                  11         8           13        12                  5           4            6          7          (1            0
        All other countries                    GO        51           03        70             79              -10       41          35           64            32


          Source: Department of Commerce, United States Patent Oilice: records (not published elsewhere .

        No. 988.-REGISTRATION OF COPYRIGHTS BY SUBJECT MATTER: FISCAL YEARS,
                                    1941 To 1945

                        SURSECT MATTER OF COPYRIGIT2                         1941                   1942              1913           1944               1945


                Total                                                       1.80, 647           182, 232             160, 789      169, 289             178, 848

        Books                                                                 51, 885               50, 276           40, 457        40, 682             40, 544
          Printed in the United StateR                                        49, 767               49, 110           39, 784        39,998              39, 714
            Books proper                                                      12, 735               10, 377            8, 658         7, 585              6, 562
            Pamphlets, leaflets, etc                                          31, 187               33, 620           27,558         27, 683             27, 936
            Contributions to newspapers and periodicals                        5, 845                5, 119            3, 568         4, 730              4, 855
          Printed abroad in a foreign language                                 1, 553                    651              166               82                 111
          English books registered for ad interim copyright                       565                    509              117            002                 679
        Periodicals (numbers)                                                 42, 207               45, 145           42, 995        44, 164             45; 763
        Lectures, sermons, addresses                                           1,362                      gm              625           1, 125            1, 177
        Dramatic or dramatico-musical composittons                            5, 019                    4,853          3, 581           4, 875            4, 714
        Musical compositions                                                 49, 135                50, 023           48, 348        52, (187            57, 835
        Maps                                                                   1.198                 1, 217               737             494                  857
        Works of art, models, or designs                                       2, 187                2, 110            1, 649           1, 743            1, 821
        Reproductions of works of art                                                343                321               221              173                 185
        Drawings or plastic works of a scientific or technical
          character                                                            2, 369               .2, 536            1, 911           1, 957            1, 554
        Photographs                                                            2, 411                 1, 602           1, 042           1, 270            1, 258
        Commercial prints and labels                                           7, 152                7, 162            5, 385           5, B53            7, 403
        Prints and pictorial illustrations                                     3, 050                2, 917            2, 317           2, 426            2, 631
        Motion picture photoplays                                                 822                   871              093             604                 615
        Motion pictures not photoplays                                            976                1, 348            1, 574         1, 268              1, 120
        Renewals of commercial prints and labels                                         19              27                20             41                    30
        Renewals of all other classes                                         10, 323               11, 461            9, 630        10, 203             11, 337


           Source: The Library of Congress, Annual Report.




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           882                                         MAYUFACTURES

           N o. 989. -PUERTO RICO-MANUFACTURES, BY INDUSTRIES: 1909 TO 1939
                                                   Non.-See headnote, table 990.

                                                             Wage                             Cost of
                                                      Num- earners                          materials,                     Value
                                                      ber of                                etc., fuel,     Value of     added by
                                            Census estab- (aver-              Wages          electric
                        INDIrsTRY            year  lish- age for                             energy,       products      manufac-
                                                            the
                                                      ments year)                            contract                      ture I
                                                                                              work

                                                                              Dollars        Dollars        Dollars       Dollars
                 All indutriei, total         1939       798      23,484     9, 220, 261   76, 280, 773 111, 493, 641    35, 218, 868
                                             21919       619      16,986     6, 765, 604   59, 985, 058 85, 506, 834     25, 621, 77G
                                             21909       939      15,682     3, 639,196    21, 500, 618 36, 749, 742     16, 249, 124
          Food and kindred products::
            Bread and other bakery            1939       219       1,470       630, 673     1,863,111      3, 067, 773    1, 214, 662
               products.                      1919       152           880     614,140      3, 426, 050    4, 761, 192    1, 335,142
                                              1909       258       1,197       366,107      1, 173, 745    1, 729, 886      556, 141
               Bread and other bakery        1939        212       1, 143      480, 129     1,614,962      2,636,533      1, 021, 581,
                products, except crack-
                ers.
               Crackers                      1939             7        327       70, 444      238, 159        431, 240      193, 081
            Beverages, nonalcoholic          1939         10            93      SO, 702       145, 466        277, 014      131, 548
                                             1919         11            66      20, 739        49, 647        134, 402       84, 755
            Candy; chocolate and COON_       1939             6         42      10, 620         79, 648       108, 559       29, 0/3
                                             1909             4         12       3, 086         26, 814        39, 969       13,155
            Cane sugar-except refin-         1939        40       7, 766     4, 501, 813   38, 880, 800   55, 377, 402   16, 496, 602
             eries!                          1919        55       7, 490     2, 832, 022   40, 139, 359   56, 411, 932   16, 272, 673
                                             1909       108       5, 052     1, 227, 685   12, 280, 094   20, 669, 348    8, 288, 364
            Cane-sugar refining 6            1939            4    I, 893       239, 313    10, 340, 938   12, 510, 477    2, 169, 530
            Canned fruits and vege-          1939            5         301      35, 432       135, 375       239, 149       103, 774
              tables.                        1909            4          48       4, 831        26, 930        38, 003        11, 073
                                                                  e     9
                                                                                 3, 020        36, 795
            Cheese                           1939            3                                                48, 958        12, 163
            Corn meal                        1939            4          8        2, 180        2/, 990        30, 241         8, 260
                                             1919        10            11        6, 085        84, 558       116, 916        31, 558
                                             1900            5          4           597          9, 017       12. 401         3, 884
           Ice cream and lees                1939                      27       11, 960        43, 584        70, 927        27, 343
           Ice, manufactured                 1939        25           286      107, 939       118, 697       500, 765       382, 068
                                             1919        13            86       35, 882        86, 112       248, 889       /62, 777
                                             1909                      38        9, 965        29,427         99, 927        70, 600
           Liquors, distilled               1939          9           340      152, 695       930, 927    1, 918, 934      988, 007
                                            1909         14            58       15, 871       144, 129    1, 117, 084      972, 955
           Liquors, rectified or blended-   1939         28           316      89, 754      1, 550,465    2, 198, 363      647, 898
           Vermicelli, soup paste, and      1939          8           154      69, 156        249, 38 2      420, 844      171, 402
            noodles.
           Wines                            1939          4            43       8, 026         25, 932        46, 137       20, 205
         Cakets                             1939          6                      2, 568         6, 439        16, 735        10, 2913
         Drugs and medicines                1939        13             64      19, 025         91, 771       180, 504       88, 733
                                            1919        10             20       7, 333        1,16, 479      193, 181       78, 702
         Fertilizers                        1939          8           236     107, 792     3, 163, 761    3, 863, 043      699, 282
         Furniture and showcases            1939       5 46           687     171, 549        379, 336       744, 202      364, 866
         Leather and leather goods_         1939       6 12            53      15, 890        54, 899        98, 930        44,031,
                                            1919        31            140      67, 555       185, 878       326, 595       140, 717
                                            1909        66            358      72, 539       191, 2211      370, 463       179, 234
                                            1939         8             90      27, 203         62, 407       150, 777       88, 370
                                            1919        19             62      19, 074         21, 159        58, 014       98, 865
                                            1909        12             28       2, 842          7, 812        14, 149        6,337
         Machinery                          1939                      475     271, 972       488, 548     1, 146, 696      608,148
          For footnotes, see p, 883.




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                                      MANTJFACTURES IN PUERTO RICO                                                         883
        No. 989. -PUERTO RICO-MANUFACTURES, BY INDUSTRIES                                              1909 TO 1939-
                                                          Continued

                                                                Wage                    Cost of
                                                   Num-        earners                 materials,                     Value
                   INDUSTRY                 Census ber of
                                                   estab-       (aver-   Wages
                                                                                       etc., fuel,    Value of       added by
                                             year   lish_  age for                      electric      products       manufae-
                                                             the                        energy,                        tram 3
                                                     ments year)
                                                              .                         contract
                                                                                         work
                                                                                                                                _
                                                                         Dollars        Dollars        Dollars        Dollars
        Metal products                        1939     7 11       144       63, 735        63, 890       170, 237         116, 317
                                            3 1919        5       271      192, 610       388, 077       749, 268         361, 191
                                            8 1909        6       188       63, 556        57, 634       178, 210         120, 576
        Needlework industries                1939       136     6, 378   1, 575, 814   g 13,323,273 le 20,778,267    31 7, 454, 994
        Perfumes, cosmetics, and other       1939        13        74       19, 690       141, 850       234, 978          93, 128
          toilet preparations.
         Planing-mill products 12-           1939        12       110       65, 131       129, 286       258, 590         129,101
                                             1909         8       123       39, 996       178, 418       268, 719          90, 301
         Printing, publishing, and           1939        59       654      329, 217       559, 860    1, 606, 975       1, 047, 115
             allied activities.              1919        35       311      187, 100       260, 638       671, 587          410, 949
                                             1909        43       353       97, 720       146, 772       370, 559          928, 787
           Newspapers                        1939        12       201      119, 676       260, 669       840, 978         590, 308
          Periodieals                        1939         5        50       15, 121         51, 626      131, 252          79, 626
           Books; job printing; photo-       1939      12 42      402      174, 420       257, 565       634, 745         377, 180
            engraving.
         Stone and clay products             1019        15       164       62, 045         95, 168      254, 623         IN, 455
                                             1919         s        21        6, 771          5,242        30,065           24, 821
           Floor and wall tiles (except      1939         9        117      45, 742         58,898       132, 365          73,467
             quarry).
           Brick and hollow structural       1939       14 6       47       16, 303         36, 270      122, 258          85, 988
             tile; sewer pipe; other con-
             crete and stone products.
         Textile products and other          1939      Ii 10      308      161, 591       290, 116       571, 023         280, 907
          fibre manufactures.
         Tobacco products                    1939        47        445      123, 615       451, 554      740, 694         289, 140
                                             1919       183     5, 098   2, 267, 204    3, 039, 541   8, 134, 534      5, 094, 993
                                             1909       282     7, 025   1, 479, 667    2, 069, 315   6, 060, 393      4, 001, 078
          Cigars and cigarettes              1939        42       415       119, 706      435, 681       713, 484         277, 803
          Tobacco, chewing and smok-         1939         5        30         3, 909        15, 873       27, 210          11, 337
            ing.
         Other industries                    1939      le 26       847     420, 231     2. 575, 607    3,868, 024       1, 292, 417
                                             1919        87     1, 539     610, 089    12, 182, 318   13, 671, 261      1, 488, 943
                                             1909       122     1, 088     254, 934     5, 168, 382    5, 880, 631         712, 249


          I Value of products less cost of materials, supplies, containers, fuel, purchased electric energy, and con-
        tract work.
          2 Figures include data for coffee clean ng and polishing, which is now treated as an agricultural activity
        and therefore was not covered by the 1939 Census of Manufactures,
            Except "Liquors, malt," and "Foods, miscellaneous." See footnote 16.
          4 The dgures for this industry do not include data for sugar-cane plantations.
            Household furniture, 40 establishments; mattresses, 2; office furniture, 1; show cases, 2,
          0 Footwear, except rubber, 9 establishments; leather, tan, 1; saddlery, 1; other goods, 1.
          7 Aluminum products, 1 establishment; ornamental ironwork. 3; sheet-metal work, 3; tin cans, 3; watch
        parts, 1.
          8 Reported as "Foundry and machine-shop Products."
          2 Estimated in part by use of ratios derived from reports made for corresponding classes of establishments
        operated in the United States.
          12 As part of the establishments engaged in contract work reported receipts for work done on materials
        owned by others, and part reported actual values of goods made, all returns have been converted to esti .
        mated value of products.
          u This figure is inflated to the extent to which it includes amonnts paid for outside work,
          12 Products of planing mills not reported in conjunction with sawmills.
          12 Books, 1 establishment; job printing, 49; photoengraving, 1.
          14 Brick and hollow structural tile, 2 establishments; sewer pipe, 1; other concrete and stone products, 3.
          88 Awnings, 1 establishment; hats, felt and linen, 2; hats, straw, 4; hosiery, full-fashioned, 1; rugs, string,
        1; rugs, wool, 1.
          10 Bus bodies, 1 establishment; buttons, pearl, 2; compressed and liquefied gases,2; cottonseed oil end meal,
        1; diamond cutting, 1; foods, miscellaneous, 5; liquors, malt, 2; matches, 1; novelties, mahogany, 1; oxcarts
        and truck bodies, 1; paperboard containers, 1; salt, 1; signs, neon, 1; soap, 2; tires, retreading, 1; trunks, 3.
           Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Reports of Census of Manufactures, 1939.


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            884                                                   MANUFACTURES

                   No, 990. -ALASKA-MANUFACTURES, BY INDUSTRIES: 1899 TO 1939
             N oirs.-The figures for 1939 do not include data for plants reporting products valued at less than $2,00 0;
              those for earlier years cover all plants having products valued at $500 or more. This increase in the
              mininnun value-of-products limit resulted in some reduction in the "Number of establishments" reported
              as compared with what ft would have been had the minimum of $500 been retained, but did not seriously
              impair the comparableness of the figures for 1039 with those for earlier years. Comparable 6gures f or
              earlier years are given for all industries for which such figures are available.
                                                                                      .

                                                                         Wage
                                                                  Num. earners                                Cost of
                                                                  ber of                                     materials,                       Value
                       I NDUSTRY                  Ceenesus        estab-      (aver-         Wages           etc ., fuel,    Value of       added by
                                                    y---T          lisb:      age for
                                                                                the                           electric       n roducts
                                                                                                                             -              manufae-
                                                                  meals        yeao \                         energy                          ture /

                                                                                             Dollars           Dollars        Dollars         Dollara
                  All industries, total           D 1939            230        4,816        6, 888, 088      20, 916, 757   38, 80 5, 436    1 7, 808, 679
                                                    1919            147        6, 575       8, 839, 452      19, 482, 485   41, 495, 243     22, 012, 758
                                                    1909            152        3,099        1, 948, 026       5, 119, 613   11, 34 0, 105     6, 220, 492
                                                    1899             48        2, 260       1, 374, 680       1, 762, 583     4, 194, 421     2, 431, 838
            Boat building and repairing,-           1939                 7         34             23, 950     59, 800           149, 739          89, 939
                                                    1909                 6          8              2, 440      3, 139            10, 330          7, 191
            Bread and other bakery prod-            1939             24            51             67, 497    233, 216           408, 464        175, 248
             ucts.                                 1909               8            24           41,900        71, 090           141, 110          70, 01 1
            Fish canning and processing            1939             140        4. 308       6, 288,175 19, 990, 289         36, 367, 663     1 6, 377, 374
             (Bel also tablcS 813, 814, ana        1919             104        6, 085       8. 236, 659 18, 635, 578        39, 160, 922     20, 625, 344
             815, pp. 834-5).                      1909              46        2, 717       1, 457, 587   4, 053, 004        9,189, 982       5, 136, 888
                                                   1899              36        2,092      , 1, 243, 000 5 1, 888, 000       3 3, 821, COO   , 2, 233, 0 00
           Ice, manufactured                       1939               4           12            18, 566       10, 080            77, 776           67, 606
           Lumber and timber product&              1939              21          250           287, 376      309, 416           900, III         590, 695
                                                   1919              22          222           327, 292      311, 439           950, 256         538, 817
                                                   1909              22          131           108, 201      168, 504          400, 272          231, 768
                                                   1899              10           78          a 66, 000     3 67, 000         3155, 000          2 88, 000
           Machine shops                           1339               7           10            20, 250       44, 951           112, 702          67, 761
           Printing and publishing                 1939              15          109           129, 701       81, 016           415, 877        333, 9 61
                                                   1909              16           64           100, 403       36, 392           228, 192        191, 800
           All other industries                    1919            4 12           40            48, 473     187, 089           383, 104         196, 015
                                                   1910              21          268           375, 501     635, 468         1, 384, 065        748, 597
                                                   1909              51          155           237, 495     787, 385         1,370, 219         582, 834
                                                   1899                 2         00          a 76, 000   3 108, 000          a 218, 000      3 110, 000

             / Value of products less cost of meter als, etc., fuel, and purchased electric energy.
             2 Figures for I033 cover the 12-month period ended Sept. 30, 1939,
             3 Exact Sgures not available.
              Beverages, nonalcoholic, 1 establishment; concrete products, 2; confectionery, 1; ice cream, 2; liquors,
           malt, 2; sheet-metal work, 2; wire netting, 2. Figures for these industries are combined to avoid disclosing
           data reported by individual establishments.
             Source: Department of Cominerce, Bureau of the Census; Reports of Census of NI anufactures, 1930.

                 No. 991. -HANYAn-MANIJIPACTI.IRES, BY INDUSTRIES: 1899 TO 1939
                                                          NOTE.-See headnote, table 990.

                                                                     Wage                                     Cost of
                                                             Num. earners
                                                             ber gii                                        matea ials,
                                                                                                            el c., fuel,                     Value
                                                                (aver-                      1,-                             Value of        added by
                     INDILISTItY                 Census estab- ego for
                                                  year   hob                                                 electric
                                                                                                             energy,        products
                                                             -   the
                                                                                                                                            manufae-
                                                        ments year)                                          contract                        ture 1
                                                                                                              work

                                                                                           Dollars           Dollars         Dollars        Dollars
                All industries, total             1930             474       17, 002      11, 458, 311      75, 651, 675 134, 005, 254      68, 353, 680
                                                 2 1919            496        9, 069       6, 636, 763      81, 178, 956 133, 006,412       51, 917, 456
                                                 2 1909       -    500        5, 904       2, 108, 903      25, 817, 734 47, 403,880        21, 586, 146
                                                 21899             222        3, 655       1, 473, 000      12, 251, 000 23, 354,000        11, 103, 000
           Lewd and kindred products: '
            Bread and other bakery                1939              76          534          413, 558        1, 625, 458    2,949, 064       1, 323, 606
              products.                           1919              30          108           87, 958           826, 838    1, 129, 294        362, 466
                                                  1909              46          107           35, 560           219, 575       343, 520        123, 045
                                                  1899               8            4            1, 000            5, 000         10,000           5, 009
            Beverages, alcoholic        (oIis-    1935              59          254          249, 560          705, 104     2, 118, 907      1, 413, 713
              tilled liquors, malt !Ri-
              pon, sake, and wines)
            Beverages, nonalcoholic ii....        1939              27         121            07, 355          306, 302       816, 235        459, 933
                                                  1919              32         157            88, 534          261, 763       518, 569        266, 806
                                                  1909             22           83            35, 391           74, 312       191, 273        119, 061
                                                  1899              7           35            11. 000           25. 000         80 OM          0.1 nun
            For footnotes see P. MG.


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                                           MANUFACTURES IN HAWAII                                                       885
       No. 991.-HANVAII-MANUFACTITRES, BY INDUSTRIES; 1899 TO 1939-Continued

                                                         Wage                          Cost of
                                                  Wu- - earners                       materials,                     Value
                                                  bar of (a ver-        ,,..ages      ete.' fuel,
                   INDUSTRY                Census estab- age for        yr              , .. .
                                                                                       electric      Value of       added by
                                            Year   lish-                               energy,       prodUets       manufac-
                                                           the
                                                  ments year)                          contract                      t ure 1
                           -
                                                                                        work

       Food and kindred products-
           Continued.                                                   Dollars        Dollars         Dollars       Dollars
         Cane Sugar e                        1939     35       4, 371   2 894, 420    30 482, 432    40 260, 987    18, 768, 555
                                             1019     43       3, 143   2,027, 123    45, 899, 288   80 236, 244    34, 336, 976
                                             1909     46       2, 517      781, 280   18, 721, 921   35, 949, 822   17, 228, 201
                                             1399     44       2, 369      748, 000    9, 778, 000   19, 255, 000    9, 477, 000
         Coffee deparchmentizing             1939      9           39       19, 555       401, 422       404, 321        62, 899
                                             1919     10           39       20, 516       875, 463    1,050, 752        175, 289
                                             1909      5           71       12, 100       250, 705       297, 263        48, 558
                                             1899      6           47        9, 000        60, 000        95, 000        36, 000
         Confectionery                       1939      9           26       17, 891        56, 176        98, 354        42, 178
                                           7 1919     20          102       51, 279       393, 147       587, 330       194, 183
                                             1909      6           21        6, 330        23, 574        43, 182        19, 588
         Fruit canning and preserv-          1939     18       7, 949   4, 577, 867   24, 549, 416   48, 692, 282   24, 142, 866
            ing.                             1919      9       2, 856   1, 391, 622   10, 772, 745   18, 997, 975    8, 225, 230
                                             1909     10          816      174, 502       926, 591    1, 501, 073      664,482
           Canned pineapple         ,ánd    1939           9   7, 900   4, 552, 667   24, 462, 105   48, 540, 806   24, 078, 701
             pineapple Juice.
          Jellies, preserves, etc           1939       9          49       25, 200        87, 311        161, 476       64, 165
        Ice crearn                          1939      10         111       89, 004       598, 154     1, 262, 777      554, 623
        Ice, manufactured                   1939       6           86      85, 797        42, 940       0228, 642      185, 702
                                            1909       5          40       23, 963        21, 386        107, 11/       86, 725
                                            1899       4          19       12, 000        16, 000        57, 000        41, 000
        Macaroni and noodles                1939       8          26       16, 499        40, 603        86, 067        45, 064
                                            1919           4       17       8, 936        76, 517        97, 799        21,282
         Native foods                       1939      56         121       64, 080       331, 861       599, 010       267, 149
          Fish cakes                        1939       4          20       18, 967        67, 921       110, 005        42, 084
          Poi                               1939      34          86       39, 283       173, 283       343, 561       170, 278
          Sugar and rice cakes              1939       8           4        2, 184        68, 725       105, 130        36, 411
           Tofu_                            1939      10            6       3, 646        21, 932        40, 308        18 376
         Pickled fruits and vege.           1939       6           4        1, 337        16, 390        38, 224        21, 834
          tables; vegetable sauces.         1919       3           4        1, 447        22, 816        34, 481        11, 665
                                            1909       6          13        2, 522        17, 133        33, 572        10 439
                                                       ,

        Potato chips; taro chips            1939           6       17       9, 433         23, 621        45, 372       21, 751
       Chemicals and fertilizers            1039       6          189     180, 984     1, 625, 294    2, 160, 108      638, 814
       Clothing, men's (including           1939      16         .303     149, 125        479, 079       777, 089      298,010
        shirts) and women's.                1919      15           26      11, 868         37, 960        79, 402       41, 442
                                            1909       4            3          600          0 985          7, 630        0 645
       Concrete products; stone             1939           7     122      107, 366       440, 146        810, 871      370, 725
        products; lime; pottery.,
       Footwear                             1939       6          34       17, 899        55, 178         88, 929       33, 751
                                            1919      12          23       12, 513        33, 622         64, 419       30, 797
                                            1909      14          81       17, 159        78, 120        126, 475       48, 355
                                            1899      14          39       11, 000        20, 000         47, 000       27, 009
       Furnitur0                            1939      12          71       66, 348        97, 951        243,247       145, 296
                                            1919       5          10        9, 345         8, 523         29, 169       20, 648
                                            1909       6          54       14, 741        38, 663         60, 752       31, 089
        Furniture, household (ex.           1939           4       9        7, 264         6, 876         23, 036       10,180
          cept upholstered).
        Furniture, upholstered              1939           4      34       28, 088        54, 629        128, 458       73,826
        Furniture and fixtures, of-         1939           4      29       30, 996        36, 446         91, 753       65, 307
          Lice and store.
       Cron castings; steel products;       1939     97           95      117, 839       148, 708        358,163       209,465
        machine-shop products.,
       Tewelry; silverware; electro         1039     to g         28       29, 447        21, 757        100, 419       84, 682
        plating. 4                          1919       6          36       26, 414        46, 432        107, 963       61, 531
                                            1909       6          54       24, 143        51, 006        111, 335       60,329
       Mattresses and bed springs           1939        6         18       11, 610        56, 677         94, 005       37, 928
                                            1919           6      15       11, 844        30, 389         54, 035       23, 646
                                            1909       6          21        7, 511        18, 137         37, 908       21, 771
       Picture frames; Venetian             1939     II 4         36       31, 722        82, 572       155,984         73,412
        blinds.,
       Planing-mill products is             1939      10         161      181, 556       462, 558        824, 483       361, 940
                                            1919       8         135      118, 717       422, 916        612, 006       189, 990
                                            1909       8         254      109, 647        97, 459        281, 325       183, 886
                                            1899       3          35       22, 000        42, 000         91, 000        49, 000
       Printing, publishing, and al-        1939      56         783      830, 421       963, 976     4, 147, 337    3, 183, 361
        lied activities.                    1916      49         576      407, 055       377, 109     1, 338, 955       901, 848
                                            1909      37         319      140, 830       102, 442        431, 779       332, 337
                                            1899      10         132       22, 009        33, 000       200, ORD        167, 000
        Newspaper publishing and            1939      25         573      630, 178       570, 920     2, 928, 133    2, 357, 218
         printing, or publishing
          only.
        For footnotes, see p. esp.
              686667-46-57
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           886                                        MANUFACTURES
            No. 991.-HAWAII-MANUFACTURES, BY INDUSTRIES: 1899 TO 1989-Continued

                                                            Wage                        Cost of
                                                     Num- Coners                      materials,                       ga r
                                                     ber of
                                            Census estab- (aver-         Wages
                                                                                      etc., fuel,
                                                                                       electric          Value of        a ddal dbey
                                                                                                                             e\r u
                      INDUSTRY               year   iloh. age for                      energy,           products        manufa 0-
                                                            the
                                                   ments year)                         contract                               ture I
                                                                                        work

           Printing, publishing, and al-
               lied activities-Con.                                     Dollars         Dollars          Dollars              Dollars
            Periodical publishing and         1939         6        8        5, 283           19, 001        42, 073             23, 072
               printing, or publishing
              only.
             Book publishing and print-       1930     13 25     203      238,950            374, 055    1, 177; 126            803, 071
               ing or publishing only;
               job printing; lithograph-
                ing; photoengraving.4
           Signs, neon                        1930         3        7        8, 492      -   19, 528        45, 766               26, 238
           Soap                               1930         3        3        1, 639           8, 502        20, 347               11, 755
           Wood products, not elsewhere       1939        8       95        50, 826          37, 395       108 , 576              71, 211
             classified.
           All other industries               1939     55 48   1, 422   1, 086, 672   12, 022, 425      17, 413, 083          5, 390, 658
                                              1919       245   2, 636   2 361, 687    21, 103, 448      28, 157, 119          7, 053, 671
                                              1009       273   1, 450     716, 624     5, 175, 025       7, 774, 880          2, 699, 85,5
                                             .1599       126      076     637, 000     2, 272, 000       3, 510, 000          1, 238, 000

             1 Value of products less cost of mater'als, etc. fuel, purchased electric energy, and contract work.
             2 Figures includedata for coffee roasting and spice grinding which are no longer treated as manufacturing
          activities.
             s Except butter and cheese, canned tuna. rice cleaning and polishing, meat packing and sausage manu-
          facturing, and vegetable oils and siraps. See note 14.
             4 Combined to avoid disclosing, exactly or approximately, data for individual establishments or companies
               Distilled liquors, 1 establishment; molt liquors, 2; sake, 5; wines, 1.
             O Figures for this industry relate solely to sugar mills, and do not include data for sugarcane plantations.
             I Reported as confectionery and ice cream.
             5 Concrete products, 2 establishments; stone products, 2; lime, 2; pottery, 1.
             5 Iron castings, 1 establishment; steel products, 4; machine-shop products, 2.
             15 Jewelry, 6 establishments; silverware, 1; electroplating, 1.
             u Picture frames, 1 establishment; Venetian blinds, 3.
             15 Products of planing mills not operated in conjunction with sawmills,
             15 Book publishing and printing, or publishing only, 2 establishments; job printing, 21; lithographing, 1;
          photoengraving, 1.
            14 Boat building and repairing, 5 establishments; brooms, 2; butter and cheese, 3; canned tuna, 3; caskets,
          1; cushions, pillows, and quilts, 1; drugs, medicines, perfumes, 3; insulation board, 1; lighting fixtures, 1;
          machinery, fann, 1; machinery, sugar-mill, 1; mats, 1; meat packing, sausage manufacturing, 6; paper
          goods, 5; prepared feeds, 1; rice cleaning and polishing, 2; skirts, hula, 1; suitcases and trunks, 1; tin cans, 7;
          vegetable oils and sirups, 2. Figures for these industries are combined to avoid disclosing data reported
          by individual establishments.
            Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Reports of Census of Manufactures, 149.




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