By: Kimberly Madison
Art of Illusion, Ray Dream Studio, Bryce, Maya, Lightwave, Alice,
and Adobe Flash (2D) are just a few examples. There are many
Prices will vary greatly depending on target market.
Workstations prices can run from $2,000 all the way up to $16,000.
Some impressive animation can be achieved even with basic programs;
however, the rendering (the process of producing the pixels of an image
from a higher-level description of its components) can take a lot of time on
an ordinary home computer, possibly taking tens to hundreds of years.
Professionals also use digital movie cameras, motion capture or
performance capture, bluescreens, film editing software, props, and
other tools for movie animation.
The Future of Computer Animation
One open challenge in computer
animation is a photorealistic
animation of humans. Currently,
most computer-animated movies
show animal characters (Finding
Nemo), fantasy characters (Shrek,
Monsters Inc.), or cartoon-like
humans (The Incredibles). The
movie Final Fantasy: The Spirits
Within is often cited as the first
computer-generated movie to
attempt to show realistic-looking
However, due to the enormous
complexity of the human body,
human motion, and human
biomechanics, realistic simulation
of humans remains largely an
Here are some examples of images created using