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Charity

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									Money Charity
It was never fashionable to give money to charity, but since pop stars and other famous people have started to
take an active part in work for charity, everyone wants to do it. Last year in Britain individual people gave
2,700 million pounds away to charity. Companies (factories, other firms, etc.) gave over 1,000 million pounds
and the Government gave 4 billion pounds. Pop stars, film stars and other famous people helped to publicise
the problems of the poor and hungry people in Africa, children in need everywhere, poverty in our cities and
killer diseases.
        Bob Geldof’s charity activity is a brilliant example of a pop star’s universal love and goodwill to man.
In 1984 Geldof’s life as a pop star was going nowhere. One day he saw a TV news programme about
thousands of people dying of hunger in Ethiopia. Suddenly his own troubles seemed stupid. He telephoned
everyone in the pop music world to ask them to help to make a record. The song “Do they Know It’s
Christmas?” made everyone give money to Africa. Eight months later he organized the Live Aid concert. Bob
Geldof’s work raised 75 million pounds for the people of Africa. He visited Africa many times. He spoke in
the European Parliament in Strasbourg and at the United Nations in New York. He said, “We are today’s real
activists. We don’t talk and complain. We do something about the problem. We haven’t just given these
people food. We have taught them how to be farmers for the future. I prefer that.” Geldof taught young people
all over the world how to raise money and give to the poor. His next project is a worldwide TV concert to
save the world – the ozone layer and the rainforests.
  Mark true or false sentence
1. Famous people have started to participate in charity work.           6. Bob Geldof has never visited Africa.
 2. Bob Geldof was always a successful pop star.                    7. Bob Geldof spoke at the United Nations.
 3. Bob wanted other pop star to make a record with him.          8. The people in Africa were given only food.
 4. Bob had no pity for people dying of hunger in Ethiopia.       9. Bob raised money and spent it on himself.
 5. People all over the world wanted to give money to Africa.
 10. Bob Geldof has a definite project how to save the world.
    I.      Look at the list of charities. Which do you think are the most and least deserving?
            - a charity that helps old people with food and housing
            - a hospice for people who are dying of an icurable disease
            - an organization that encourages people to sponsor a child in the Third World
            - a charity that helps homeless people in cities
            - cancer research
            - a charity that helps people with HIV or AIDS
            - a group that believes we should not exploit animals in any way at all
    II.     Listen to three charity appeals and fill in the chart.
Who or what charity tries to help       How the charity helps     Some of their successes and /or problems




    I. Amnesty International is a world-wide organization, independent of
     any government or political party. It is our aim to release prisoners of conscience. These are men and
women who are in prison not because they have broken the law but because of their beliefs, colour,
language, or religion. We try to get fair and early trials by publicizing their cases and by putting pressure on
their governments to practice basic human rights. Amnesty International has been in operation for over 20
years, and in that time we have helped prisoners in over 60 countries. We have won several peace prizes,
including the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978. Each year we handle, on average, nearly 5,000 individual cases.
Please, help us. We need your donations to make us unnecessary in this world.
      II The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals ( RSPCA ) was founded in1824.
  It is the world`s oldest animal welfare organization. We work to promote kindness and to prevent cruelty
to animals within all lawful means throughout England and Wales. Every year we Find new homes for about
80,000 animals, we treat over 200,000 sick animals ranging from hedgehogs to horses, and we investigate
over 100,000 complaints of cruelty.
         We also work for welfare of animals in the wild, such as whales and badgers. We are the world`s
experts at cleaning and rehabilitating birds that have been damaged in oil spills. Every year nearly 3 million
animals are used in research laboratories, and we oppose all experiments that cause pain and suffering.
          We work with both governments and the farming industry to promote humane methods in the rearing
the farm animals. Intensive farming methods can cause many animal welfare problems.
       The society is a charity, and receives no aid from the government. Our running costs amount to 38
million pound a year. Please, give generously.
Drought and famine in Africa. Drought and famine have come to Africa again this year, just as they have
every year for the past fifteen years. In some parts of Africa it hasn`t rained for three years. There have been
no crops, and the animals on which many people depend died long ago. Refugees are pouring from the
countryside into the towns in their desperate search for food, and it has been estimated that over a thousand
people are dying every day.
We are supplying towns and camps with food and medical supplies, but our efforts are drops in the ocean. We
a hundred times more food and medical supplies, as well as doctors, nurses, blankets, tents, and clothes. Your
help is needed now before it is too late. Please give all you can.No pound or penny will ever be better spent or
more appreciated.
Helping Hands
[A] Oxfam is a charitable organisation that helps save millions of lives every day by providing food,shelter
and medical supplies for victims of famines, floods and civil war in the developing world. It works to improve
the lives of the less fortunate all over the world.
    Oxfam first began development work in 1962 in Ethiopia. During the famine of the 80s it played a major
role in the international relief effort, organising food and water distribution.
Today, much of Oxfam's work is still in Africa, where it tries to help communities to find long-term solutions to
their problems. Oxfam still gives money to the needy, but it also teaches them to grow their own food, dig wells
for clean water and even to become health workers. It also gives advice on education and on how to prepare for
droughts and famines by storing water and food. Nowadays, thanks to Oxfam, people in over seventy countries
are living better lives.

[B] Voluntary Service Overseas is a charity that is committed to helping improve the quality of life for people
living in poor countries. It does this by sending expert volunteers to places where they can share their skills
with the local people and therefore help them to help themselves.
    VSO was set up in 1958 and since then it has placed over 29,000 volunteers overseas. At present, there are
about 2,000 qualified and experienced volunteers working in places such as Mozambique, Laos and Rwanda.
    VSO volunteers are men and women of all ages and all backgrounds. They go overseas for a minimum
period of two years and they are given accommodation and a basic wage. Many volunteers form lasting
friendships abroad and establish themselves as useful and valued members of the community

[C] Queen Elizabeth's Foundation for Disabled People is a charity that is dedicated to helping people with
physical disabilities. It provides many different services such as employment, training and housing as
well as advice and support through its eight specialist disability centres.
    The foundation has been helping disabled people since 1934. Although it relies heavily on donations and
 volunteers, it manages to support over 100,000 disabled people every year. Its main priority is to help
 people with disabilities to live a normal life. It does this through the Development Centre where it teaches the
life skills disabled people need to achieve as much independence as they are capable of.
   The centre is home to 52 young people who all have the ability and determination to stand on their own two
feet. Recently, work was completed on 16 new self-contained independent living flats for residents, which
contain all the special equipment they need.
                                                                  “ Splashes of Hope “ Program
The essence of the program is creating hand-paint murals on the walls of orphanages, hospitals and schools to
contribute into the healing process of the children having treatment there. Images and colors of the murals are
individually designed according to the type of the institution and the children's diseases. By watching the
murals and enjoying the pleasant atmosphere of the rooms created by the artists, children are feeling more
comfortable and the healing process is enhancing.
This project is realized in cooperation with Rotary International.
"Warmth in Soul" Program
"Warmth in soul" program of the DOLYA DYTYNY foundation- is a nation-wide program for providing
with heating and warmth children institutions of Ukraine.
The program consists of two parts - the first one intends on providing autonomous boiler rooms for the
children institutions that have problems with heating, the other part of the program intends on applying
modern technologies on warming the windows and doors in buildings where children stay to keep the results
of upgrading the boiling system.
The program had started in 2002 when the foundation received a significant amount of requests asking to help
with the heating in winter season and upon analyzing the level of child illness in these institutions. In
conditions of transitional period in Ukrainian economics financing of children institutions is catastrophically
poor and in most of them all boiling equipment is used up and doesn't manage with its functions. Winter
temperature in children institutions often is lower than 15 C°.
The program is constantly running in Kharkiv region, it was also launched in Cherkassy region.
"Warmth in Soul" program is realized in collaboration with "VOLODAR" and "PULSE" companies which
provide autonomous boiler rooms starting from design and supply of gas up to servicing and guaranteed
maintenance of restored or new built heating systems.

								
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