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Unit 2 American Homes and British Homes Pre-reading Tasks Discuss the following questions. • 1 What is your home like ? • 2 Do you live in a house or a flat, in a town or a village? • 3 What do know about…? American Homes • Many young Americans do not live with their families, but in apartment blocks of residential areas where everyone is more or less of the same age. block A usually rectangular section of a city or town bounded on each side by consecutive streets. 街区; 城镇中沿着连续的街道两边的呈长 方形的地段 residential area an area mainly designed for people to live, where most buildings are for people to live in more or less almost; nearly • Young people often move away from home when they leave school (if they can afford it) into shared apartment. They do their own cooking and cleaning and go to the family home occasionally for the weekend. • Young married couples may move to new suburbs where most people have young children. In the country, some even build their houses themselves. afford (often used with can/could/be able to) To have the financial means for; be able to meet the cost of: e.g. not able to afford a new car 买不 起新车 shared apartments an apartment where several people live occasionally Now and then; from time to time. 偶然地; 时不时地；间断性的 suburbs The usually residential region around a major city; e.g. in the suburbs 在郊区 • If a family’s income goes up, they may move to another suburb, where the houses are bigger, with two or even three garages, a swimming pool, a game room for the children, and everything a family could want. • Old people often do not live with their grown- up children. Many live in old people’s homes. Some live in special towns built for old people, where there are no young children and the atmosphere is quiet. income The amount of money or its equivalent received during a period of time in exchange for labor or services, from the sale of goods or property, or as profit from financial investments. 收 入; 收益 go up: increase garage: a building or indoor space in which to park or keep a motor vehicle. grown-up children: adult children; sons or daughters already grow up atmosphere 气氛 e.g. the exciting atmosphere of a football match 一场足球比赛的激动人 心的气氛 • Americans are always on the move, and some families change their homes every few years. Every year, 20% of Americans move house. Mr. And Mrs. Schultz could start life in an apartment in New York, go on to a white-painted wooden house in New England, with small windows to keep out the cold in winter, and then, after retirement, move to a sunny house in California, where oranges grow in the garden, and big window give a wonderful view of the swimming pool and the sea. on the move move: a change of residence or location. 搬家 retirement retire v. to withdraw from one's occupation, business, or office; stop working garden n. a plot of land used for the cultivation of flowers, vegetables, herbs, or fruit. 花园，菜园，果园 v. to plant or tend a garden. 种植或修整花园 British Homes • British homes are usually smaller than American homes, but like Americans, old people, young families and unmarried people do not usually live together. • Many British people love old houses, and these are often more expensive than modern ones. They also love gardening and you will see gardens everywhere you go in town, villages, and out in the country. Some are very small, with just one tree and a few flowers. Others are enormous, with plenty of flowers and enough vegetables and fruit trees to feed a family. enormous adj. very great in size, extent, number, or degree feed v. to give food to; supply with nourishment: e.g. feed the children • There are 19 million homes in Britain—big homes and small homes, old cottages and new high-rise buildings, houses and flats (Americans say “apartment,” but British people say “flat”). • Half of the families in Britain own house. Millions of these “owner-occupied” houses are the same, with two or three bedrooms and a bathroom upstairs, a sitting room, dining room and kitchen downstairs, and a small garden at the back and front of the house. To pay for their houses, homeowners borrow money from a “building society” and pay back a little every month. owner-occupied houses houses in which the owners of them live pay for 偿还, 赔偿 pay v.t. to give (money) in exchange for goods or services: e.g. pay three dollars for a hamburger pay an hourly wage One third of British people live in rented state- owned homes, called “council houses”. Many of these are flats, but some are houses, each with a small garden. Other people rent their homes from private owners. There are a great many different kinds of homes in Britain, but there are not enough! It can be difficult for young people to find a home when they get married and start a family. rent v. to obtain occupancy or use of (another's property) in return for regular payments. 租借 council houses (英国市, 镇, 郡等)地方当局营 造的简易住宅 undergo v. to pass through; experience e.g. undergo changes 经历变化 2 Language work A Fill in the blanks with word (s) from the text that match the descriptions below. 1.A small house, especially an old one in the country. This type of house is often thought of in a very romantic way as being cosy and sate, and having a thatched roof and roses round the door. cottage 2.A place where old people can live together and receive special care. home for the elderly 3.An area of a town or a city where people live or stay without offices or factories. residential area 4.An area that is lived in mostly by young married couples because the houses there are usually newly built and cheaper. new suburbs 5.A room used for recreation or games. game room 6.An area on the edge of a city where most people live, as opposed to the shopping and business centre. In Britain and the US, the area is generally thought of as a place where middle-class families live. The area is also thought of as being dull and unimaginative, less culturally romantic than the countryside. suburbs 7.A set of rooms in a building ,especially on one single floor, including a kitchen and a bathroom. flat 8.A building for people to live In, often one that has more than one storey and is intended for use by a single family. house 9.A very tall building with many storeys. In Britain, such buildings are very rich, but in the US, some of them could be very attractive and very expensive. In Britain English, it is called “a block of flats”. high-rise 10.Houses which are built by the government, usually plain in appearance and often cheap to rent. They are typically lived in by working class people in Britain. Dictation • Charles had just graduated from college. He worked at a food factory and earned enough to get by. He was still living with his parents, but wanted to move to a flat as soon as he could afford it. He had a girlfriend and hoped to get married and started a family. But he had to wait until his income went up so that he could sale some money. His girlfriend, Clara. who was the same age as he, worked at a cleaning business, and earned less than Charles. They didn’t want to depend on their parents. Someday, they hope to have a council house, but for now they have to have patience. 4 Translation Put the following sentences into English • 1我想在镇上买幢房子，但现在买不起。 (afford) • 2今年生意很好，我们可以买一辆汽车了。(afford) • 3他把房子照料得很好，每两年粉刷一次。 (every) • 4她每隔三天回家—次，帮母亲打扫房间。 (every) • 5他把家具搬进了另一个房间。(move) • 6他们决定搬家，因为他们不喜欢住在这个地区。 (move house) • 7李明和其他四位同学合住一套公寓。(share) Answer • 1. I want to buy a house in town, but can’t afford it now. • 2. We can’t afford to wait. Let’s get out of here! • 3. He took good care of the house and painted it every second year/every other year/once in two years. • 4. He moved the furniture into another room. • 5. They have decided to move to another house because they don’t like this place. • 6. Li Ming shares an apartment with four other students.
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