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Unit buy or exchange houses

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									        Unit 2
American Homes and British
          Homes
     Pre-reading Tasks
Discuss the following questions.
• 1 What is your home like ?
• 2 Do you live in a house or a flat, in a
  town or a village?
• 3 What do know about…?
     American Homes
• Many young Americans do not live
  with their families, but in apartment
  blocks of residential areas where
  everyone is more or less of the same
  age.
block
A usually rectangular section of a city
  or town bounded on each side by
  consecutive streets.
街区; 城镇中沿着连续的街道两边的呈长
  方形的地段
residential area
an area mainly designed for people to
  live, where most buildings are for
  people to live in
more or less
almost; nearly
• Young people often move away from home
  when they leave school (if they can afford
  it) into shared apartment. They do their
  own cooking and cleaning and go to the
  family home occasionally for the weekend.
• Young married couples may move to new
  suburbs where most people have young
  children. In the country, some even build
  their houses themselves.
afford (often used with can/could/be
  able to)
To have the financial means for; be
  able to meet the cost of:
  e.g. not able to afford a new car 买不
  起新车
shared apartments
an apartment where several people live
occasionally
Now and then; from time to time.
 偶然地; 时不时地;间断性的
suburbs
The usually residential region around a
  major city;
  e.g. in the suburbs 在郊区
• If a family’s income goes up, they may move to
  another suburb, where the houses are bigger,
  with two or even three garages, a swimming
  pool, a game room for the children, and
  everything a family could want.
• Old people often do not live with their grown-
  up children. Many live in old people’s homes.
  Some live in special towns built for old people,
  where there are no young children and the
  atmosphere is quiet.
income
The amount of money or its equivalent
  received during a period of time in
  exchange for labor or services, from
  the sale of goods or property, or as
  profit from financial investments. 收
  入; 收益
go up: increase

garage: a building or indoor space in
  which to park or keep a motor vehicle.
grown-up children: adult children; sons
  or daughters already grow up
atmosphere 气氛
e.g. the exciting atmosphere of a
  football match 一场足球比赛的激动人
 心的气氛
• Americans are always on the move, and some
  families change their homes every few years.
  Every year, 20% of Americans move house. Mr.
  And Mrs. Schultz could start life in an apartment
  in New York, go on to a white-painted wooden
  house in New England, with small windows to keep
  out the cold in winter, and then, after retirement,
  move to a sunny house in California, where oranges
  grow in the garden, and big window give a
  wonderful view of the swimming pool and the sea.
on the move
move: a change of residence or location.
 搬家
retirement
retire v.
to withdraw from one's occupation,
  business, or office; stop working
garden
n.
a plot of land used for the cultivation of
  flowers, vegetables, herbs, or fruit.
 花园,菜园,果园
v.
to plant or tend a garden.
种植或修整花园
         British Homes
• British homes are usually smaller than American
  homes, but like Americans, old people, young
  families and unmarried people do not usually
  live together.
• Many British people love old houses, and these
  are often more expensive than modern ones.
  They also love gardening and you will see
  gardens everywhere you go in town, villages,
  and out in the country. Some are very small,
  with just one tree and a few flowers. Others
  are enormous, with plenty of flowers and
  enough vegetables and fruit trees to feed a
  family.
enormous adj.
very great in size, extent, number, or
  degree
feed v.
to give food to; supply with
  nourishment:
e.g. feed the children
• There are 19 million homes in Britain—big
  homes and small homes, old cottages and new
  high-rise buildings, houses and flats (Americans
  say “apartment,” but British people say “flat”).
• Half of the families in Britain own house.
  Millions of these “owner-occupied” houses are
  the same, with two or three bedrooms and a
  bathroom upstairs, a sitting room, dining room
  and kitchen downstairs, and a small garden at
  the back and front of the house. To pay for
  their houses, homeowners borrow money from a
  “building society” and pay back a little every
  month.
owner-occupied houses
houses in which the owners of them
  live
pay for 偿还, 赔偿

pay v.t.
to give (money) in exchange for goods
  or services:
e.g. pay three dollars for a hamburger
    pay an hourly wage
One third of British people live in rented state-
  owned homes, called “council houses”. Many of
  these are flats, but some are houses, each with a
  small garden. Other people rent their homes from
  private owners.
There are a great many different kinds of homes in
  Britain, but there are not enough! It can be
  difficult for young people to find a home when
  they get married and start a family.
rent v.
to obtain occupancy or use of (another's
  property) in return for regular payments.
 租借

council houses (英国市, 镇, 郡等)地方当局营
  造的简易住宅
undergo v.
to pass through; experience
e.g. undergo changes 经历变化
2 Language work
A Fill in the blanks with word (s)
  from the text that match the
  descriptions below.
1.A small house, especially an old one in the country. This
    type of house is often thought of in a very romantic
    way as being cosy and sate, and having a thatched
    roof and roses round the door. cottage
2.A place where old people can live together and receive
    special care. home for the elderly
3.An area of a town or a city where people live or stay
    without offices or factories. residential area
4.An area that is lived in mostly by young married couples
    because the houses there are usually newly built and
    cheaper. new suburbs
5.A room used for recreation or games. game room
6.An area on the edge of a city where most people live, as opposed to the
      shopping and business centre. In Britain and the US, the area is
      generally thought of as a place where middle-class families live. The
      area is also thought of as being dull and unimaginative, less
      culturally romantic than the countryside. suburbs
7.A set of rooms in a building ,especially on one single floor, including a
      kitchen and a bathroom. flat
8.A building for people to live In, often one that has more than one
      storey and is intended for use by a single family. house
9.A very tall building with many storeys. In Britain, such buildings are
      very rich, but in the US, some of them could be very attractive and
      very expensive. In Britain English, it is called “a block of flats”.
      high-rise
10.Houses which are built by the government, usually plain in appearance
      and often cheap to rent. They are typically lived in by working class
      people in Britain.
               Dictation
• Charles had just graduated from college. He
  worked at a food factory and earned enough to
  get by. He was still living with his parents, but
  wanted to move to a flat as soon as he could
  afford it. He had a girlfriend and hoped to get
  married and started a family. But he had to
  wait until his income went up so that he could
  sale some money. His girlfriend, Clara. who was
  the same age as he, worked at a cleaning
  business, and earned less than Charles. They
  didn’t want to depend on their parents.
  Someday, they hope to have a council house,
  but for now they have to have patience.
             4 Translation
    Put the following sentences into
                 English
• 1我想在镇上买幢房子,但现在买不起。 (afford)
• 2今年生意很好,我们可以买一辆汽车了。(afford)
• 3他把房子照料得很好,每两年粉刷一次。 (every)
• 4她每隔三天回家—次,帮母亲打扫房间。 (every)
• 5他把家具搬进了另一个房间。(move)
• 6他们决定搬家,因为他们不喜欢住在这个地区。
  (move house)
• 7李明和其他四位同学合住一套公寓。(share)
               Answer
• 1. I want to buy a house in town, but can’t
  afford it now.
• 2. We can’t afford to wait. Let’s get out of
  here!
• 3. He took good care of the house and painted
  it every second year/every other year/once in
  two years.
• 4. He moved the furniture into another room.
• 5. They have decided to move to another house
  because they don’t like this place.
• 6. Li Ming shares an apartment with four other
  students.

								
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