89-richard+nixon by jizhen1947


									 Richard Milhous Nixon
               By Whitney Anderson

   37th President: (1969 - 1973)(1973 - 1974)
            Nickname: Tricky Dick
Best remembered: the Watergate scandal/was the
       only President to resign in disgrace
                    Early Life
 Born January 9, 1913- Yorba Linda, California
 Mother=Hannah Milhous Nixon

 Father= Francis "Frank" Anthony Nixon

 4 brothers (2 died of tuberculosis)

 Lemon farm failed--moved to Whittier,

California (father=ran a grocery store)
 Nixon had a troubled childhood--abusive
  father/controlling mother
 Went to local public schools
 Graduated first in high school class in 1930.
 Attended Whittier College 1930-34 and
  graduated with history degree
  (president of the student body
  senior year)
 Graduated from Duke
  University Law School in 1937
      Adulthood/Pre Presidency
  Married Thelma Catherine Patricia “Pat” Ryan (a high
   school teacher) in 1940
 2 daughters--Patricia and Julie.

 Religion: Society of Friends (Quaker)

 Entered the navy as a lieutenant j in August 1942.

 September 1945, a group of

Republicans in Whittier asked
him to run for Congress--left
the navy in January 1946 and began
his campaign [won]
              Road to Presidency
 1947 was elected a U.S. Representative.
 1950 he became a U.S. Senator
 Served until he was elected Vice
President under Eisenhower in 1953
(political spokesman/foreign travel )
    -made a trip through Asia, establishing many useful
  relationships (impressed critics and showed his knowledge
  of foreign affairs)
 He ran for President in 1960 but lost to Kennedy--also lost
  the Governorship of California in 1962.
    Election/ Inauguration
 1968, Nixon became the Republican
candidate for President (Vice President=
Spiro Agnew )
 Slogan=“For The Future. Nixon's The One”

 Defeated Democrat Hubert Humphrey and Edmund
  Muskie (43% of the popular vote and 301 electoral
 Took office on January 20, 1969 (56 years old)

 In inaugural address, promised to unite the nation
  (feuding over Vietnam War)
   Secretary of State: William Rogers + Henry Kissinger
   Secretary of Defense: Melvin Laird + James Schlesinger + Elliot
   Postmaster General: Winton Blount
   Secretary of Agriculture: Clifford Hardin + Earl Butz
   Secretary of Labor: George Shultz +James Hodgeson + Peter Brennan
   Secretary of Housing and Urban Development: George Romney +
    James Lynn
   Attorney General: John Mitchell + Richard G. Kleindienst + Elliot L.
    Richardson + William B. Saxbe
   Secretary of the Treasury: David M. Kennedy + John B. Connally +
    George P. Shultz + William E. Simon
   Secretary of the Interior: Walter J. Hickel + Rogers C. B. Morton
   Secretary of Commerce: Maurice H. Stans + Peter G. Peterson + •
    Frederick B. Dent
   Secretary of Transportation
    John A. Volpe + Claude S. Brinegar
   Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
    Robert Finch + Elliot L. Richardson + Caspar Weinberger
     Election/ Inauguration cont.
   1973-Ran for a second term against Democrats
    George McGovern and Sargent Shriver
   Agnew was his vice president again
   Slogan: “Experience Counts! Vote Nixon”
   He won with 61% of the vote and 520 electoral
 Tried to negotiate an end to the Vietnam War,
  but was unsuccessful.
 At the end of 1969, withdrew 110,000 troops

 In his first year, signed a treaty with the Soviet
  Union placing limits on the production of
  nuclear arms.
 He helped the rise of American relations

  with China.
                Watergate Scandal
  June 17, 1972 in Washington D.C, 5
men broke into the Democratic National
Committee at the Watergate Complex
(Security noticed tape was over the locks and
called police)
 The search of the burglars' hotel rooms and their
   accounts showed the link to Nixon
 Included: campaign fraud, political espionage (spying)
   and sabotage, illegal break-ins, improper tax audits, illegal
   wiretapping, and a secret slush fund (money used for
   illicit or corrupt political purposes)
Watergate Scandal
 “Nixon tried to cover up the
Involvement of his staff in the break-in”
 Reports by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein
  of the Washington Post were exposed
 “Plumbers”-stop leaking of information
 “During the investigation it became known that
  Nixon had made tapes of all his conversations
  and telephone calls”--become known as the
  Smoking Gun
      Watergate Scandal cont.
 “Became key items of evidence, and when the
  House drew up Articles of Impeachment, Nixon
  decided to resign instead of being impeached”
 Gerald Ford became new president after Agnew
  was replaced
 Ford officially pardoned

Nixon-brought an end to
prosecutions against him
               Post Presidency
  Wrote memoirs and other books
 on international affairs and politics
 Richard M. Nixon Library and
Birthplace opened in the early 1990s
in Yorba Linda.
      -Center for Peace and Freedom, a center at the
   Richard M. Nixon Library and Birthplace.
 Died: April 22, 1994
   Where: New York, New York
   Why: Stroke
Setting aside the Watergate Scandal, I think that Nixon
was on his way to making great president. He helped
rekindle Sino-American relations, signed a treaty with
the Soviet Union, and tried to stop the Vietnam War. In
my opinion, however, he was one of the worst
presidents. The Watergate Scandal highlighted all his
major flaws and it showed how bad of a leader he really
was, behind all the lies. I think it was better that he was
exploited then, rather then later on when he could have
really harmed America.
   http://www.notablebiographies.com/Ni-Pe/Nixon-
   http://americanhistory.about.com/od/richardnixon/p
   http://library.thinkquest.org/TQ0312172/nixon.html
   http://www.essortment.com/all/watergatescand_reji.h
   http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAnixon.htm

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