Common Ethical Problems (PowerPoint) by liaoqinmei

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									Common Ethical
  Problems

    Chapter 3
How to Look at Ethical
       Issues
• What it is. A definition of the
  issue.
• Why it is an ethical problem.
• Professional costs and possible
  penalties for ethical or legal
  transgressions.
    Human Resource
        Issues
• Discrimination
• Harassment, Sexual or Otherwise
       Discrimination

• Occurs when something other
  than qualifications affects how an
  employee is treated.
  – Unequal/unfair treatment
  – Intentional or unintentional
    Why is it an ethical
        problem?
• It’s at the core of “fairness” in the
  workplace.
                   Costs

• Legal
  –   Title VII of Civil Rights Act of 1964
  –   Age Discrimination Act of 1967
  –   The Rehabilitation Act of 1973
  –   The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978
  –   The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
  –   The Uniformed Services Employment and
      Reemployment Rights Act
             Costs

• Media Coverage
• Morale of other employees
  Other Considerations

• Valuing diversity means treating people
  equally while incorporating their diverse
  ideas.

• Discrimination means treating people
  unequally because they are, or appear
  to be, different.
   Sexual Harassment

• Sexual harassment – unwelcome
  sexually oriented behavior that
  makes someone feel
  uncomfortable at work.
  – Quid pro quo
  – Hostile work environment
Why is it an Ethical
     Problem

 It is discrimination!
             Costs

• EEOC suit can be filed
• Lawsuit
Conflicts of Interest

– Bribes or kickbacks
– Influence
– Privileged information
   Why is it an Ethical
        Problem
• Customer confidence issues
  revolve around fairness, honesty
  and respect for others. Customer
  relationships cannot survive
  without trust.
         What is it?

• When your judgment or objectivity
  is compromised.
 Why is it an Ethical
     Problem?
The basis of personal and
corporate relationships is trust.
Appearances of favorable to
treatment to special friends erodes
that trust.
                Costs

•   Investigation
•   Suspension
•   Termination
•   Arrest and conviction
    Customer Confidence
          Issues
•   Confidentiality
•   Product Safety
•   Truth in Advertising
•   Special Fiduciary Responsibilities
   Why is it an Ethical
       Problem?
• Because it can affect your
  relationship with your customers.
  The issues under this topic again
  revolve around fairness and trust.
     Use of Corporate
       Resources
• Use of corporate reputation
• Corporate financial resources
• Providing honest information
 Why is it an Ethical
     Problem?
Your use of corporate resources
represents fulfilling your end of the
employer/employee contract.
             Costs

• Termination
• Arrest and conviction
• Lawsuit
Blowing the Whistle

– Approach immediate manager first
– Discuss with your family
– Take to the next level
– Contact company’s ethics or ombudsman
– Consider going outside your chain of
  command
– Go outside the company
– Leave the company
 Linda K. Trevino and Katherine A.
  Nelson, Managing Business
  Ethics, (Wiley, New Jersey) pp.
  66-94

								
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