Ielts Essay Writing Guide - DOC

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					Providing online provision for an IELTS preparation course through
a Managed Learning Environment (MLE)

Richard Gresswell
August 2003


The project below looks at the steps taken in order to provide online support for
students undertaking an IELTS (International English Language Testing System)
preparation course at The Brudenell Centre, Park Lane College in Leeds. In particular
it looks at the course design and the online support structure provided to meet the
needs of the students.

1.1 Background to the project

Having taught three IELTS preparation courses at the Brudenell Centre, Park Lane
College in Leeds it became apparent that there were common obstacles to students
reaching their objectives. Their objectives being either:

      o To gain at least a grade 6 in IELTS to enter university or
      o To gain at least a grade 7 IELTS in order to register with the General Medical

N.B. IELTS is an exam in which the four language skills are assesses i.e. reading,
writing, listening and speaking. The mark ranges from 0 (non-user) to 9 (native
speaker standard user). The grades required by the students equate to at least ESOL
core curriculum level 2. (N.B. based on personal experience as opposed to official
research). For further information have a look at the official IELTS website

Through feedback from students the main concerns raised were that:

      o Out of the four academic skills areas (reading, writing, speaking and listening)
        students struggled most with academic reading.
      o In the speaking and writing papers students often felt that they had the
        necessary linguistic and communicative skills but they found themselves
        achieving lower marks because they didn’t know WHAT to talk or write about
        i.e. language itself wasn’t a problem but subject matter was.
      o General lack of writing practice on the course.


To help students overcome these obstacles the following have been considered as
possible solutions:

      o Design a thematic course in order to cover subject matter e.g. health,
        environment, science and technology etc and integrating exam technique and
        practice into each thematic unit.
      o Provide online provision through the college MLE to mirror the new
        thematically designed course.

Such online provision could:

      o Help encourage students to develop a reading habit by guiding them to
        appropriate academic reading resources.
      o Make available further practice materials related to IELTS such as essay
        writing tasks and vocabulary exercises.
      o Help encourage more peer support, as students on the course will be able to
        use the MLE communication facility to email messages to each other and their
      o Guide students to particularly good English learning websites e.g.

1.2 Background to MLEs and VLEs

What are VLEs and MLEs?

The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) define VLEs and MLEs in a
briefing paper as follows “while recognising that the world at large will continue to
use terminology in different and often ambiguous ways the term Virtual Learning
Environment (VLE) is used to refer to the “online” interactions of various kinds
which take place between learners and tutors. The JISC Steering Group has said that
the term Managed Learning Environment (MLE) is used to include the whole range of
information systems and processes of a college (including a VLE if it has one) that
contribute directly, or indirectly, to learning and the management of that learning.

At Park Lane College the system being used is known as an MLE as the online
learning provision known as “The Learning Line” is connected to the college
management information systems. Therefore students wishing to use the The
Learning Line have to be enrolled on courses in order to be issued with a password.
The Learning Line is accessed through the college website at

Further information on MLEs and VLEs can be obtained from the JISC website



To provide access to further suitable material to enable IELTS students enrolled on a
course at the Brudenell Centre to further practice their language skills and read around
topical issues. The online materials will be set up in order to mirror the newly
designed thematic course on a weekly basis.


      o Identifying student needs.
      o Designing a new course on a thematic basis.
      o Producing materials e.g. using Microsoft word, Hot Potatoes etc and
        identifying useful websites for students.
      o Learning how to upload materials to the MLE system and organise the
        materials into directories.
      o Testing to see that materials and links can be downloaded.
      o Evaluation of online materials by allowing students to access MLE and write
        their comments on a questionnaire.

3.1 Identifying student needs

As outlined in the introduction the main concerns of the students have been:

      o Inability to cope with academic reading.
      o General lack of writing practice.
      o Lack of subject matter for the speaking and writing paper.

These needs were evident through feedback from students (informal, class discussions
etc) and from IELTS test results.

3.2 Designing a new thematic course

(See appendix 1 for sample of course design)

The new course was designed according to:
   o The students needs (focusing on a thematic basis to give students more ideas
      for speaking and writing) and focusing more on reading.
   o Number of hours and weeks (based on previous success of earlier courses) (11
      weeks including one week for screening, enrolment and diagnostic testing and
      negotiation of learning plans, 9 hours per week).
   o Coursebook to be used – In this case Sue O’Connell – “Focus on IELTS”. I
      chose this book having worked with units from the book on previous course.
      Finding it to work well, suitable length to match course and set out


3.3 Producing materials e.g. using Microsoft word, authoring software etc and
identifying useful web links for students.

After the course syllabus had been put together I could start producing materials to be
put later on the MLE bearing in mind the syllabus and course design. The MLE was
to be set up to mirror the course so that students could continue to work on further
suitable materials after class which they can access from any computer connected to
the Internet.
The vast majority of the time was spent researching suitable websites. The web has a
vast amount of potential material on it but finding appropriate websites can be like
looking for a needle in a haystack. One reason why I feel the Internet is underused by
students and tutors alike is due to the bewildering amount of material available and
the time it takes to find something really useful. Therefore a lot of time was spent
exploring possible websites for the MLE in order to save students’ time in the future.
To do this I first established criteria in which those websites needed to meet to be
deemed “suitable.”

The following criteria was used:

      1. How often is the website updated? Students need to keep having new material
         to read, work on etc.
      2. How long is a typical text on the website? This is important as it is good
         practice for the students to read texts of about 2000 words (as in the IELTS
      3. Is the subject matter academic enough in content? – Important as the texts the
         students meet in the exam are taken from journals such as e.g. New Scientist.
      4. How quickly does the website download? Very important as slow websites
         can easily frustrate and discourage students.
      5. Is the website easy and clear to navigate? Well designed websites are easy to
         navigate and have clear links.
      6. Is the language level of the texts suitable? Students at this level should be able
         to read most authentic texts, however some are overly academic and verbose
         and others badly written with inappropriate language.

3.4 Learning how to upload materials to the MLE system and organise the
materials into directories

In order to learn how to upload materials to the MLE I first had to be issued with
passwords to have access the system. I then simply taught myself how to use the
system using a tutorial produced by the college.

After gaining access to the MLE and learning how to use the system I designed a tree
structure that reflected the class course syllabus. (See appendix 2)

Files were then uploaded from a computer on to the server. The files being materials I
had created or simply hyperlinks to chosen websites. (See appendix 3)

Once on the server the files could be attached to any part of the tree directory I had set
up earlier. (See appendix 4)

3.5 Testing to see that files can be downloaded

Having uploaded the materials on to the server and attached them to the appropriate
part of the tree directory I then entered “student view” and tested the links to see if the
files downloaded. As previously mentioned the students access the materials on the
MLE by going to the Park Lane website from there, they
go to the “virtual campus” where they can log on.

I discovered that on average files took 3-5 seconds to download.

3.6 Evaluating the MLE materials

As the system is only at a developmental stage students do not have passwords and
will only have so after they have enrolled or re-enrolled on an IELTS preparation
course. For evaluation purposes I asked previous students and students who are going
to reenrol for IELTS courses to evaluate the materials. I logged the students on and
allowed them to navigate the IELTS MLE materials to see what their thoughts were
about it and if they felt it had potential use. They recorded their responses on a
questionnaire. (See appendix 5)

3.61 Evaluation Results

12 students helped evaluate the materials. The following responses were of most

      o All the students have access to the Internet.
      o Most of the students though only have access to the Internet through the local
        library or at college.
      o All the students use a computer on a regular basis.
      o Most the students use the Internet often and some sometimes.
      o All the students said they would find the materials interesting. Most expressed
        an interest in the reading and writing links and felt it would be useful for exam
      o No comments were made about least useful areas except that some were
        concerned about having to wait for a password.
      o All students expect to use the communications facility that comes with the
        MLE system. (See appendix 6)
      o Students felt that the system could be improved with the addition of more


Unfortunately at this stage the system has only been set up and piloted and obviously
hasn’t had the chance to be fully tested. However many conclusions and hopes can be
drawn from the work already done. These are:

       o The students expressed a strong interest in using the MLE and felt that it
         would help them with their studies.
       o From the evaluation it would seem that I could expect most of the students to
         have access to the Internet and use it on a regular basis. If I take this particular
         group of students as a representative sample.
       o Using a criteria can help to find appropriate websites
       o Uploading materials to an MLE will not take a tutor a great deal of time and
         could be worth the time.
       o Materials that have already been made for use in the classroom can be
         uploaded e.g. files made in Microsoft Word, Excel, Hot Potatoes etc.


Online materials can be changed and edited on a daily / weekly basis. Once familiar
with the MLE / VLE system creating a directory and uploading materials needn’t take
up too much of a tutor’s time.

Many FE colleges have some form of MLE or VLE system. Based on the work I’ve
done and the time it has taken I would fully recommend tutors in ESOL taking
advantage of the facilities they may have. Materials can be prepared using software
familiar to many tutors such as Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Hot Potatoes etc.
In addition the materials and links can be developed over a period of time taking into
account materials that are popular / unpopular, useful etc. Also links that fail are no
longer active can be removed. Students will come to you with websites that they like
and you can add them to your MLE. Furthermore materials can be prepared for any
ESOL core curriculum level.

You may wish to read further about MLEs / VLEs. I have provided a list of further
links below that I hope you will find useful.


Ferl is an information service for all staff working within the Post Compulsory
Education sector. It aims to support individuals and organisations in making effective
use of ILT (Information Learning Technologies). Ferl does this through a web based
information service, conferences, publications and other events. Ferl is funded by the
Learning and Skills Council and managed by Becta.
The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) supports further and higher
education by providing strategic guidance, advice and opportunities to use
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) to support teaching, learning,
research and administration. JISC is funded by all the UK post-16 and higher
education funding councils.

Page from the above website focusing on MLEs and VLEs



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