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                         Unionville-Sebewaing Area School District
                                    TECHNOLOGY PLAN

"Technology becomes most effective when it is so simple that it is nothing more than a tool used in the education of
              students as pencil is", Quote by Fred Sharpsteen, Unionville-Sebewaing Area Schools Technology Coordinator




                                         Unionville-Sebewaing Area Schools
                                              District Number 79145
                                                          Part of the
                                                      Tuscola ISD (79)
                                        District Technology Director and plan contact
                                                      Fred Sharpsteen
                                                    Sharpstf@usak12.org
                                          2203 Wildner Rd. Sebewaing MI 48759
                                                     Ph. (989) 883-2360
                                                     Fax (989) 883-9021



                                             Three Year Plan 2010 - 2013
                                                      Start Date 7/1/2010
                                                     End Date 6/30/2013
                                      http://tech.usa.k12.mi.us/Planing/tech_plans.htm




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                               Table of Contents

          Required Components of a District Technology Plan            3
          Contact Information                                          4
          Technology Planning Team Information                         5
          District Technology Mission Statement and Vision Statement   7
          District Location by Maps and Introduction                   8
          Curriculum                                                   9
          Student Achievement                                          10
          Technology Delivery                                          11
          Parental Communication & Community Relations                 13
          Collaboration                                                14
          Technical Support                                            16
          Professional Development                                     15
          Technology Time Table                                        21
          Infrastructure                                               22
          Budget & Funding                                             26
          Coordination of Funds                                        27
          Potential Consortium Agencies                                27
          Monitoring & Evaluation                                      28
          Nets for Administrators                                      29
          Adult Education                                              30
          Child Internet Protection Act                                31
          Consortium Members                                           32
          AUP Policy                                                   33
          Web Page Policy                                              34
          Internet Use by Students and Staff                           34
          Student Records Policy                                       36
          Directory Information Policy                                 38
          Weapons Policy                                               39
          Articulation Agreement—Delta College                         41
          Appendix Pages Training Survey                               41
          USA Technology History                                       45
          Detailed Infrastructure                                      47
          NCRAL Assessment Results                                     48




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Note: Asterisked (*) elements in this table are the same elements that have been          NCLB          FCC E-rate     Page
required by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) and the FCC                 Legislation   Discounts      Number
in the approval of technology plans; new items that are required by the recently                                       in the
passed “No Child Left Behind Legislation” (NCLB) are denoted and bolded.                                               Tech
Wording has been changed by both entities to clarify elements.                                                         Plan
INFORMATION ABOUT THE DISTRICT                                                                                         6
TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                                                      2
DISTRICT VISION AND GOALS                                                                                              7
I. CURRICULUM                                                                                                          9
A. Goal and Strategies, aligned with challenging state standards, for using               X             X              9
telecommunication and technology to improve teaching and learning*
B. Strategies that are based in research and that integrate technology into               X                            10
curricula and instruction for purposes of improving student academic
achievement and a timeline for this integration*
C. Strategies for the delivery of specialized or rigorous courses and curricula           X                            11
through the use of technology, including distance learning technologies (new)
D. Strategies to promote parental involvement and to increase communication               X                            13
with parents, including a description of how parents will be informed of the
technology to be used with students (new)
E. Strategies for developing the program, where applicable, in collaboration with         X                            14
adult literacy service providers*
II. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
F. Strategies for providing ongoing, sustained professional development for               X             X              16
teachers, principals, administrators and school library media personnel to ensure
that staff know how to use the new technology to improve education or library
services

G. Strategies and supporting resources such as services, hardware, software,              X             X              18
other electronically delivered learning materials and print resources that will be
acquired to ensure successful and effective uses of technology*
III. INFRASTRUCTURE, HARDWARE, TECHNICAL SUPPORT AND
SOFTWARE
H. Strategies to identify the need for telecommunication services, hardware,                            X              20
software and other services to improve education or library services, and
strategies to determine interoperability among the components of technologies to
be acquired*
I. Strategies to increase access to technology for all students and all teachers          X                            21
(new)
IV. FUNDING AND BUDGET
J. Timeline and budget covering the acquisition, implementation, interoperability         X             X              26
provisions, maintenance and professional development related to the use of
technology to improve student academic achievement*
K. Strategies that will be employed to coordinate available state and local               X                            27
resources to implement activities and acquisitions prescribed in the technology
plan*
V. MONITORING AND EVALUATION
L. Strategies that the district will use to evaluate the extent to which activities are   X             X              28
effective in integrating technology into curricula and instruction, increasing the
ability of teachers to teach, and enabling students to reach challenging State
academic standards*
M. Strategies are in place to monitor the district’s Acceptable Use Policy for staff      X             X              31
and student use of the technologies*




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                                                Cover Page

                                            Contact Information


(79) Tuscola Intermediate School District
Technology Director Robert Frost
1401 Cleaver Rd. Caro, MI 48723
Phone (989) 673-5300
Fax (989) 673-5366

(79145) Unionville-Sebewaing Area School District Office
2203 Wildner Rd. Sebewaing, MI 48759
Phone (989) 883-2360
Fax (989) 883-9021

Unionville-Sebewaing Area Schools
Technology Support Coordinator and Technology Grants Contact
Fred Sharpsteen
2203 Wildner Rd. Sebewaing, MI 48759
E-Mail sharpstf@usak12.org
Phone (989) 883-2360
Fax (989) 883-9021

Unionville-Sebewaing Area High School
2203 Wildner Rd. Sebewaing, MI 48759
Phone (989) 883-2534
Fax (989) 883-9739

Unionville-Sebewaing Area Middle School
2203 Wildner Rd. Sebewaing, MI 48759
Phone (989) 883-3140
Fax (989) 883-9469

Unionville-Sebewaing Area Elementary School
7835 Unionville Rd. Unionville, MI 48759
Phone (989) 883-9147
Fax (989) 883-9193




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Technology Planning Team

                                Technology Planning Team
          Names               Position
          John ―Kip‖ Walker   Superintendent
          Kurt Ewald          School Board (Technology Committee)
          Fred Sharpsteen     Technology Support Coordinator
          George Rierson      High School Principal, Middle School Principal
          Libby Treiber       Elementary School Principal
          Jason Beagle        High School Teacher
          John Ioannidis      High School Teacher
          Jason Parmenter     Middle School Teacher
          Dave Wineman        Business Input




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District Mission Statement
Unionville-Sebewaing Area Schools will provide the best, modern technology to aid students, staff, and the
community in productive learning and problem solving for life.




Location and Demographics
Unionville-Sebewaing Area Schools is located in the rural area of the state of Michigan, located in Tuscola and
Huron Counties as shown on the map above. The area of Michigan where USA School District is located is better
known throughout the state as ―The Thumb of Michigan‖. It is located on the shore of Saginaw Bay approximately
25 miles north of Bay City on M-25. It is designated as rural community per the Universal Service Funding
category. The school district is 120 square miles and is made up of 820 students as of 08/30/2009. There are 311
elementary students, 220 middle school students, and 289 high school students. The district has 373 students as of
10/30/2009 that qualify for free or reduced lunch, which makes up 45% of the students in the USA School District.
There are 120,000 square feet of building for the high school, 43,000 of square feet of building for the middle school,
and 69,000 square feet of elementary school building.




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Vision and Goals

Unionville-Sebewaing Area School District Technology Vision Statement

Technology will be universally available and applied, practical and expandable, with available resources. In an effort
to stay current, contemporary technology will be integrated into all curricular areas, with regular and timely training.
Collaborative efforts will be employed by those within and outside of our school district to achieve the goals.


Goals Overview

Unionville-Sebewaing Area School District has highly integrated technology into all areas of the curriculum from
                              th
kindergarten through the 12 grades. As the Vision Statement refers, the technology will be universally available.
The district has made technology available to all levels PK-12 and all social economic statuses universally. One
demonstration of this is the TLCF grant cycle 4 when the district standardized one calculator for the high school and
middle school. It is the TI-83. We also purchased two lab sets so that any student could have one for use at school
and to check out if they could not buy one. Also, we were able to enrich the other curriculum areas with the purchase
of laptops and projection units for check out by the teaching staff. We will continue to maximize grant opportunities
to help with this integration but only when the technology will be seamlessly integrated into a curriculum area. We
have taken on a philosophy that we will not purchase technology just to say that we have it. It must be demonstrated
how it will become an integral part of the instruction and create higher level learning opportunities or generate higher
level thinking skills.

School Improvement Plan: Copies available at Unionville-Sebewaing Area Schools Central Office
High School Course Descriptions available at the High School Guidance Office
Middle School Course Descriptions available at the Middle School Guidance Office
School district’s strategic plan on technology: Copies available at Unionville-Sebewaing Area Schools Central Office


Telecommunication needs:
We have put in place modern Category 5 and 5E network wiring to every classroom and office area in the school
district to take advantage of Universal Service Funding Money needed to achieve full use of technology. We have
also put in place the Internet Access needed to connect 100% of the computers in the school district. The bandwidth
is currently a two 1.54 Mbps T1 circuit that we monitor for bandwidth being used. In the 2002–2003 school year, we
supplied the local parochial school with a WAN connection using a Cisco 11 Mbps radio link. Telephone system is
integrated into the data network. It is based on IP technology and is a Cisco system.

With Internet becoming an integral part of education we are seeing a drastic increase in the bandwidth needed.
This need will exceed the ability of T1 phone circuit’s ability and there will be a need to use a combination of
services to get a cost effective solution.

         Leasing of WAN services Wireless licensed or unlicensed service
         Fiber optics network (Private or leased)

The county has looked at a Wide Area Fiber Network for over the last 10 years, We have did planning session to
look at cost projections and have met with several potential partners. The county early this school year has wrote

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grants federal stimulus grants to implement REMC 10 coverage of all Local Educational Agencies (LEA). With this
grant we will need to look at internal connection USF money to implement the connections to the fiber.


Here is a graphic showing where fiber is run in the state of Michigan, Note that the Thumb of Michigan is white
indicating no Fiber connections. Merit is very interested in working with the area, as it doesn’t have any resources of
fiber developed in the region. Merit is working on hooking medical facilities in the state to a statewide network. In
this project they will need to run fiber into the Thumb Area or partner with other groups. The K-12 School would be
a great partner for these projects.




Electrical needs:

Buildings Ages

High School – Opened 1980
Middle School – Opened 1994
Elementary School – Opened 2003

The district buildings are all modern and well equipped to handle the electrical needs for today and into the future.
The oldest building the High School was constructed in the 1979 - 1980 school year. This building had an addition of
a Middle School in the 1994 – 1995 and the newest the Elementary school was put into service for the 2003 - 2004
school year.

Trainers:
Our school district is blessed with much talent that has been developed by the district with sources such as ATA,
Intel, Tuscola ISD, and Teach for Tomorrow. The ISD has joined a state consortium sponsored by the Macomb ISD
with a project called 21 Things. This is a site developed for helping teacher to integrate 21st century learning skills
into their curriculum.
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I. CURRICULUM (Items A and B have been combined into one category in this plan)

A. Curriculum Integration

(Goals and strategies, aligned with challenging state standards, for using telecommunications and technology to
improve teaching and learning.)


Goal: Document camera for high school and middle school
Strategies: Find grant to purchase cameras for high school and middle school
Time Line: School Year 2010 - 2011
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals

Goal: Work with staff on integration of NETS standards and 21st Century Learning Skills
Strategies: Purchase ISTE book on NETS so that the staff can integrate the standards effectively
Time Line: School Year 2010 - 2013
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal and Local School Improvement Goals

Goal: Purchase ―COW‖ (Computer on Wheels) Lab computer laptops on wheels
Strategies: Find grant to purchase "COW" computers for high school, middle school, and elementary school labs
Time Line: School Year 2011 - 2012
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals

Goal: Classroom Response Systems
Strategies: Find grant to purchase high school, middle school, and elementary units
Time Line: School Year 2011 - 2013
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals

Goal: Purchase LWL Learning Without Limits
Strategies: Find grant to purchase units for high school, middle school, and elementary school labs
Time Line: School Year 2011 - 2012
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals




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B. Student Achievement

(Strategies that are based in research and that integrate technology into curricula and
instruction for purposes of improving student academic achievement and a timeline for
that integration.)


Overview of Curriculum

Unionville-Sebewaing Area School District has adopted the NETS Student, Teachers, and Administrative Guidelines
and Standards. The school district feels these are outstanding standard that have been widely adopted and well
researched. These standards have been adopted by the Michigan Department of Education. The district has a wide
variety of opportunity at all levels of the K-12 system where technology has been seamlessly integrated into the
curriculum. The district also has a very strong computer curriculum to help train the students so that they may
integrate technology into the other three R’s, Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic. This is further supported by the self-
survey that the district did with the NCRAL Engage tools. The results are in the appendix of this Technology Plan.
An example of the technology integration that the district has implemented is Patriot Reader. This is a program that
encourages students to read more. During this program they read many books for accelerated reader points. They
receive awards at different levels. Reading is a skill that helps make all students successful. If they can’t read they
struggle in all area of academics. We just completed a federal grant application to help with the quality and quantity
of books that the students have to read. Also, we are looking at updating the software assessment system so that we
have better information available to the students and staff on each student’s progress.

The ISTE National Educational Technology Standards (NETS•S) and Performance Indicators for Students

   1. Creativity and Innovation. Students demonstrate creative thinking, construct knowledge, and develop innovative
      products and processes using technology. Students:
          a. Apply existing knowledge to generate new ideas, products, or processes.
          b. Create original works as a means of personal or group expression.
          c. Use models and simulations to explore complex systems and issues.
          d. Identify trends and forecast possibilities.
   2. Communication and Collaboration. Students use digital media and environments to communicate and work
      collaboratively, including at a distance, to support individual learning and contribute to the learning of others. Students:
          a. Interact, collaborate, and publish with peers, experts, or others employing a variety of digital environments and
              media.
          b. Communicate information and ideas effectively to multiple audiences using a variety of media and formats.
          c. Develop cultural understanding and global awareness by engaging with learners of other cultures.
          d. Contribute to project teams to produce original works or solve problems.
   3. Research and Information Fluency. Students apply digital tools to gather, evaluate, and use information. Students:
          a. Plan strategies to guide inquiry.
          b. Locate, organize, analyze, evaluate, synthesize, and ethically use information from a variety of sources and
              media.
          c. Evaluate and select information sources and digital tools based on the appropriateness to specific tasks.
          d. Process data and report results.
   4. Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, and Decision Making. Students use critical thinking skills to plan and conduct
      research, manage projects, solve problems, and make informed decisions using appropriate digital tools and resources.
      Students:
          a. Identify and define authentic problems and significant questions for investigation.
          b. Plan and manage activities to develop a solution or complete a project.
          c. Collect and analyze data to identify solutions and/or make informed decisions.
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          d. Use multiple processes and diverse perspectives to explore alternative solutions.
   5. Digital Citizenship. Students understand human, cultural, and societal issues related to technology and practice legal
      and ethical behavior. Students:
          a. Advocate and practice safe, legal, and responsible use of information and technology.
          b. Exhibit a positive attitude toward using technology that supports collaboration, learning, and productivity.
          c. Demonstrate personal responsibility for lifelong learning.
          d. Exhibit leadership for digital citizenship.
   6. Technology Operations and Concepts. Students demonstrate a sound understanding of technology concepts, systems,
      and operations. Students:
          a. Understand and use technology systems.
          b. Select and use applications effectively and productively.
          c. Troubleshoot systems and applications.
              Transfer current knowledge to learning of new technologies.




C. Technology Delivery

(Strategies for the delivery of specialized or rigorous courses and curricula through the
use of technology, including distance learning technologies.)

Michigan Virtual University will be used for delivery of instruction not offered locally or that will not fit a student’s
schedule
Virtual field trips K - 12
Career Pathways
Freshman year
Sophomore year
Junior year
Senior year
Classroom delivery systems will include K-12
White Board Systems
Projection Units
TI - 83 Graphing Calculators
VCR/DVD
TV/LCD
Document Cameras
Library Automation
Library of Michigan MEL program
Career Cursing for Career Pathways Middle School/High School
Microsoft Office
CCC - Persons Digital Learning
Compass Learning
E2020
Learning Advantage Systems
        Star Reader
        Star Math
        Accelerated Reader
        Accelerated Math
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      Math Flash Facts
Computers
      Desktop units
      Laptop Units
Advanced Technology/Independent Study

Assessment system

AIMS Web
Dibels

Data Assessment Systems

Data Director
AIMS Web
Dibels
Data 4 Student success system
Mi-Tracker




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D. Parental Communication & Community Relations

(Strategies to promote parental involvement and to increase communication with parents,
including a description of how parents will be informed of the technology to be used with
students.)
Throughout the school year the parents are kept informed by many forms of communication. Listed are various
methods that are used to keep the parents and community informed of the new things that the school is doing with
technology and the curriculum.

Web Site (www.think-usa.org)
Patriot Press Newsletters
School Improvement Reports
Guidance Newsletters
Principal Newsletters
Parent Groups
Superintendent Newsletters
Technology Department Newsletters




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E. Collaboration

(Strategies for developing the program, where applicable, with adult literacy providers.)

Over the last few years we have worked with local private and community colleges to develop programs for adult
literacy with limited success. We are looking at ways to fund a community education director that will run an adult
literacy program and help in the scheduling and promotion of our new auditorium.


                                                Consortium Members
Consortium Members                              Contact Person
Greater Thumb Telecommunications Consortium     Bob Frost Tuscola Area ISD 1385 Cleaver Road
(GTTC)                                          Caro, MI 48723 Phone: (989) 673-2144 Fax: (989)
                                                673-5366



Tuscola ISD                                     Bob Frost Tuscola Area ISD 1385 Cleaver Road
                                                Caro, MI 48723 Phone: (989) 673-2144 Fax:
                                                (989) 673-5366



Saginaw Bay Area Transition II Consortium       Delta College University Center, MI 48710

Thumb Area Employment Training Consortium       Marvin Pichla Executive Director Thumb Area
                                                3270 Wilson St. Marlette, MI 48453


Math Line                                       Delta College University Center, MI 48710

Saginaw Valley Tech Prep Consortium             Carol Socha, Asst. Supt. Tuscola Area ISD 1385
                                                Cleaver Road Caro, MI 48723 Phone: (989) 673-
                                                2144 Fax: (989) 673-5366



REMC 10 Huron County – Sanalac County –         Bob Frost Tuscola Area ISD 1385 Cleaver Road
Tuscola County                                  Caro, MI 48723 Phone: (989) 673-2144 Fax:
                                                (989) 673-5366


Educational Technology Professionals (ETP)      Bob Frost Tuscola Area ISD 1385 Cleaver Road
Technology school leaders from Huron County –   Caro, MI 48723 Phone: (989) 673-2144 Fax:
Sanalac County – Tuscola County                 (989) 673-5366




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II. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT

                                  Overview of Professional Development

Countywide Professional Development Overview
The acquisition and educational applications of technological hardware and software without appropriate training in
its use, maintenance, repair, upgrade, access to resources, etc., has often been the experience of many school districts
due to limited funding and other reasons. The result of this practice has usually been catastrophic in that instructors
and administrators are not knowledgeable in the acquisition, operation, or appropriate use of these resources, do not
have access to persons who can provide the training, and as a result, some excellent resources either do not get used,
or frustrate those who are courageous enough to try to use them and sometimes unwittingly abuse them.
USA Schools follows the Tuscola County Technological Consortium recommendations for professional development
as follows:

      Regular awareness sessions regarding local existing technologies, available technologies, and emerging
       technologies.
      Hands-on experience with specific technologies in the first two categories above on a regularly scheduled
       basis with technical personnel qualified in the operation, maintenance, and troubleshooting of specific
       technologies.
      Opportunities to attend, or send representatives who will report back on, annual technology conferences,
       seminars, classes, workshops, etc., sponsored by technology organizations such as MACUL, MICTA,
       MADES, REMC, ETP, etc.
      Local and county workshops for the development of skills for researching and development of curricular
       resources.
      Immediate access to resource persons qualified to assist as needs arise.
      In the use or development of technologies.
      In the development of resources appropriate curricular offerings using available technologies.
      Administrative training and support in the integration and appropriate use of both administrative and
       curricular hardware, software, and support services.


USA Schools Professional Development Overview
With our professional development, we will look at meaningful professional development on effective and
appropriate uses of technology in the classroom. We will follow the state and national standards and state and
national goals. Some of these standards include, but are not limited to, MI-Climb, NETS, ISTE and Best Instructional
Practices. There are many professional development opportunities throughout the school year from sources other
than our own training. These opportunities include training from the Tuscola ISD, Ameritech Teacher Academy;
Train the Trainer with Intel and conferences. We are committed to providing opportunities for teaching staff,
principals, administrators, school library media personnel and technology support staff. These training sessions will
focus in three areas. Several examples of what training will include are hardware, software, and effective integration
of technology into student education. We are also committed to finding new opportunities. The responsibility for
developing training sessions and models for training is the School Improvement Team. They coordinate all training
with the Technology Committee and Technology Coordinator. All training sessions will end with an evaluation sheet
so that the committee can assess the training sessions’ effectiveness and that they meet the needs of the participants.




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F. Professional Development

(Strategies for providing ongoing, sustained professional development for teachers,
principals, administrators and school library media personnel to ensure that staff know
how to use the new technology to improve education or library services.)


Overview
Unionville-Sebewaing Area School District understands the importance of professional development. It is not
enough to just purchase technology. You must train and retrain for people to use it. One of the listed goals of USA
Schools is to appropriate an amount of money equal to 25% percent of technology purchases.


Technical Support Training
USA Schools has been receiving technical support training from the Educational Technology Professionals group.
Professional training also needs to be added to the budget as a line item. We also need to make sure that we get
professional training for the Technology Support Coordinator and his support staff as this field changes rapidly.

Professional Development Goals


Goal: Budget at least 25% of the amount of the line item budgeted for new technology purchases to professional
development. This can include In-kind services, ISD Services or outsource services.
Strategies: To work with administration when building the budget to add a line item for professional development.
Time Line: School Year 2010 – 2013
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals

Goal: Mentor Teacher Program
Strategies: Teachers help other teachers in team teaching program and the mentor teacher for a new teacher helps the new
teacher to learn the systems, such as SDS and curriculum software, Accelerated Reader, and CCC.
Time Line: School Year 2010 - 2013
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals

Goal: Open lab at least one evening a week for community access, student access, and staff access.
Strategies: Use a work-study student that is capable of answering questions and helping in building spreadsheets, word
documents and Power Point presentations. Also, the worker should be familiar with the district’s classroom instruction, such
as projection units, e-beam units and Smart Boards.
Time Line: School Year 2010 - 2011
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals




Goal: Part-Time Technology Curriculum Integration Staff Person.
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Strategies: Look at funding methods to create the position. Also, it will be the responsibility of the groups listed below to help in
establishing a job description and job responsibilities.
Time Line: School Year 2011 - 2013
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: State Recommendation 6,7, 8, 9, and 20 National Goals 2, 4, and 5


Goal: Have another team from each building start ATA - I program. Look at sending the first teams back to the ATA II training.
Strategies: Look at funding methods to create the position. Also, it will be the responsibility of the groups listed below to help in
establishing a job description and job responsibilities.
Time Line: School Year 2010 - 2013
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals




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G. Professional Development

(Strategies and supporting resources such as services, software, other electronically
delivered learning materials and print resources that will be acquired to ensure successful
and effective use of technology).

Goal: Professional development on the alignment of teacher competencies with the state and national standards,
such as NETS ISTE and state standards and 21st Century learning skills.
Strategies: Purchase enough books for all instructional staff and administrators to allow professional development
training on the implementation of the NETS standards.
Time Line: School Year 2010 - 2011
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals

Goal: Professional development of instructional staff and library media specialist on student NETS ISTE standards
and 21st Century learning skills.
Strategies: Purchase enough books for all instructional staff and administrators to allow professional development
training on the implementation of the NETS standards.
Time Line: School Year 2010 - 2011
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals

Goal: Professional development of Administrators on NETS ISTE standards for Administrators, NETS ISTE
standards and competencies for teachers, and NETS ISTE standards for students and 21st Century learning skills.
Strategies: Purchase enough books for all administrators to allow professional development training on the
implementation of the NETS standards.
Time Line: School Year 2010 - 2013
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals

Goal: Michigan Virtual University/Learn Port and other online resources as SET-SEG.
Strategies: Purchase service after the free training runs out
Time Line: School Year 2010 - 2013
Responsibility: Administrative group
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals


Goal: REMC10 21 things teacher training.
Strategies: Utilize the services of REMC 10 for this training
Time Line: School Year 2010 - 2012
Responsibility: Administrative group
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals




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The ISTE National Educational Technology Standards (NETS•T) and Performance Indicators for Teachers

Effective teachers model and apply the National Educational Technology Standards for Students (NETS•S) as they design,
implement, and assess learning experiences to engage students and improve learning; enrich professional practice; and provide
positive models for students, colleagues, and the community. All teachers should meet the following standards and performance
indicators. Teachers:

   1. Facilitate and Inspire Student Learning and Creativity. Teachers use their knowledge of subject matter, teaching
      and learning, and technology to facilitate experiences that advance student learning, creativity, and innovation in both
      face-to-face and virtual environments. Teachers:
          a. Promote, support, and model creative and innovative thinking and inventiveness
          b. Engage students in exploring real-world issues and solving authentic problems using digital tools and resources
          c. Promote student reflection using collaborative tools to reveal and clarify students’ conceptual understanding
               and thinking, planning, and creative processes
          d. Model collaborative knowledge construction by engaging in learning with students, colleagues, and others in
               face-to-face and virtual environments
   2. Design and Develop Digital-Age Learning Experiences and Assessments. Teachers design, develop, and evaluate
      authentic learning experiences and assessments incorporating contemporary tools and resources to maximize content
      learning in context and to develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes identified in the NETS•S. Teachers:
          a. Design or adapt relevant learning experiences that incorporate digital tools and resources to promote student
               learning and creativity
          b. Develop technology-enriched learning environments that enable all students to pursue their individual
               curiosities and become active participants in setting their own educational goals, managing their own learning,
               and assessing their own progress
          c. Customize and personalize learning activities to address students’ diverse learning styles, working strategies,
               and abilities using digital tools and resources
          d. Provide students with multiple and varied formative and summative assessments aligned with content and
               technology standards and use resulting data to inform learning and teaching
   2. Model Digital-Age Work and Learning. Teachers exhibit knowledge, skills, and work processes representative of an
      innovative professional in a global and digital society. Teachers:
          a. Demonstrate fluency in technology systems and the transfer of current knowledge to new technologies and
               situations
          b. Collaborate with students, peers, parents, and community members using digital tools and resources to support
               student success and innovation
          c. Communicate relevant information and ideas effectively to students, parents, and peers using a variety of
               digital-age media and formats
          d. Model and facilitate effective use of current and emerging digital tools to locate, analyze, evaluate, and use
               information resources to support research and learning
   3. Promote and Model Digital Citizenship and Responsibility. Teachers understand local and global societal issues and
      responsibilities in an evolving digital culture and exhibit legal and ethical behavior in their professional practices.
      Teachers:
          a. Advocate, model, and teach safe, legal, and ethical use of digital information and technology, including respect
               for copyright, intellectual property, and the appropriate documentation of sources
          b. Address the diverse needs of all learners by using learner-centered strategies and providing equitable access to
               appropriate digital tools and resources
          c. Promote and model digital etiquette and responsible social interactions related to the use of technology and
               information
          d. Develop and model cultural understanding and global awareness by engaging with colleagues and students of
               other cultures using digital-age communication and collaboration tools
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   4. Engage in Professional Growth and Leadership. Teachers continuously improve their professional practice, model
      lifelong learning, and exhibit leadership in their school and professional community by promoting and demonstrating
      the effective use of digital tools and resources. Teachers:
           a. Participate in local and global learning communities to explore creative applications of technology to improve
               student learning
           b. Exhibit leadership by demonstrating a vision of technology infusion, participating in shared decision making
               and community building, and developing the leadership and technology skills of others
           c. Evaluate and reflect on current research and professional practice on a regular basis to make effective use of
               existing and emerging digital tools and resources in support of student learning
           d. Contribute to the effectiveness, vitality, and self-renewal of the teaching profession and of their school and
               community




III. INFRASTRUCTURE, HARDWARE, TECHNICAL SUPPORT AND SOFTWARE
H. (Strategies to identify the need for telecommunications services, hardware, software and
other services to improve education or library services, and strategies to determine
interoperability among the components of technologies to be acquired.)

Goal: Identifying needs of the students in the hardware, software, and library service.
Strategies: Use a survey to determine the needs of the district and the students.
Time Line: School Year 2010- 2011
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals


Goal: Phase three--build fiber project that phase one and two showed we needed for Internet and shared data
services.
Strategies: Put RFP out and complete the project.
Time Line: School Year 2010- 2013
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, Technology Committee, and TISD
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals

USA Schools’ Technology Time Table
All the county’s goals are to be included in these time lines.

Phase I 2010 – 2011
Meet with countywide and REMC wide technology teams to establish if it is feasible to consolidate data centers.

Phase II 2011 - 2012
Virtualized Server and consolidate data centers in the county if it is found feasible

Phase III 2012 - 2013
Consolidate services as found feasible in the study




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Countywide Technology Time Table
Not available at this time--will add it when we get a copy.

I. (Strategies to increase access to technology for all students and all teachers)
Goal: Open labs
Strategies: Hire person to watch labs
Time Line: School Year 2010- 2011
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals

Goal: Personal learning devices (PLD)
Strategies: Find ways to implement student owned personal learning devices and find ways to purchase units for
students that don’t have the means to buy them based on a needs assessment of family income. Change school policy
to meet the needs of the students and the social issues of the community and schools. PLD can be Laptops, Nintendo
DS units, Cell Phones with Internet services or any other smart devices that students can carry for educational
enrichment.
 Time Line: School Year 2011 - 2013
Responsibility: Administration Group, School Improvement Team, and Technology Committee
Alignment: National Goals, State Goals, NETS Goal, and Local School Improvement Goals




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                                                     INFRASTRUCTURE
Overview
Technology being considered for the future for interoperability at Unionville-Sebewaing Area Schools


Interoperability and Standardization
One of the keys that Unionville-Sebewaing Area Schools has used to make a successful technology program is it follows a TOC (Total
Ownership Cost) strategy. This is achieved by using equipment that is interoperable and by keeping computers grouped the same (i.e., a lab
of 30 Dell 620 computers and not 15 white box computers and 10 of a different make). This saves us time by allowing only one ghost image
file per lab of building classroom. All network equipment and phone equipment follows the Ethernet standards.


What will it to take to keep the technology current at USA?
The Technology Committee has come to an agreement in the update of 1995 on basic philosophies:
     Computers have a useful life as a workstation of five years.
     Printers and other peripherals have a life of five years.
     The major wiring infrastructure has a life of ten to twenty years with some of electronics being updated on a five-year rotation.




Why is the life expectancy of a computer 3 to 5 years?
Software applications get more hardware demanding, while computers do not get any faster as they age. Do we need to upgrade software?
In order for our students to be competitive in today’s global market, we need to be instructing them on today’s technology. A good example
is that some universities are still teaching FORTRAN and Cobalt to the students. Then when they graduate and go out into the real world,
they need to learn programming in C++ or Visual Basic as the other languages are becoming obsolete.


Computer Density
What is computer density? It is the ratio of computers per student. Presently, we have about 350 computers district wide and about 825
students. This is a ratio of approximately 2.35 students to 1 computer.


Computer Strategies on Updating
What the Technology Committee is proposing is that in order to keep the technology current we should rotate computers on a yearly basis.
There should be a new lab in the high school every year, moving the old high school lab to the middle school, and moving the old middle
school lab to the elementary school. If we place a dual use second lab in the high school, we should then rotate the computers from the
number one lab in the high school to the number two labs in the high school, then to the middle school, and then to the elementary school.


Local District Technology Plan Summary
Internet Access                                                                 T1 Internet Service from Merit
Internet Access Desk Top                                                                All Computers
Technology Coordinator & Technician                                                          Yes
Technology Lab (Career Development)                                                          Yes
High School Computer Lab 1                                                                   Yes
High School Computer Lab 2                                                                   Yes
Middle School Computer Lab                                                                   Yes
Elementary School Computer Lab                                                               Yes
Teacher Desk Computers HS-MS-Elementary                                                      Yes
District Compatibility Among Technology                                                      Yes
District Professional Development Plan                                                       Yes
District wide Technical Assistance                                                           Yes
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Curriculum Integration Plan                                                                  Yes




WAN Network Backbone
The long-term plan is to link our LAN from Unionville-Sebewaing Area School District to the Tuscola ISD. In order to do this, it will be
single mode fiber. This is addressed in the goals in the network infrastructure portion of the Technology Plan.

LAN Network Backbone
The network backbone will be 1, Gbps with fiber or copper hooking the cabinets and switches together.

Network Wiring from Cabinets
All components of the network will meet 586 A or 586 B Cat 5 standards. After 7/1/2002 all network wire installed will be Category 5E
or higher.

Minimum Computer Specifications
These requirements change too fast to be listed here and instead will be found on the Unionville-Sebewaing Area Technology Web Page.



                                                               Software
Software Purchases
All software to be purchased should meet these requirements and should be approved by the Building Principal and District Technology
Coordinator.
1        Microsoft Windows based
2        Challenge higher level thinking skills
3        Teamwork skills
4        Easy assessment of student progress
5        Assessments that integrate into the district data assessment tool.

Types of Software Under Consideration
1        Upgrade to Windows 7 OS
2        Upgrade Network OS to Novell OES Versions for all Servers

E-Mail
We use a mail package that is FREE of charge. It is called Pegasus and has a DOS and Windows-based package. We have both
installed on the system and currently, all students and staff have e-mail capability.

MS Office Program
The computer application suite we have chosen is Microsoft Office Pro, which has the following features available:
1      Word--a word processor
2      Excel--a spreadsheet program
3      Power Point--a presentation program
4      Access--a database program

SDS Student Systems
This Specialized Data Systems’ (SDS) program contains the following:
1       An integrated grade collection system
2       A student attendance system
3       A student scheduling system
4       A discipline system
5       Student demographics
6       Student transcripts
7       A health records system


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The program is a GUI windows application system and has a very fast learning curve for people that do the data entry. The teachers do the
data entry from the desktop in their own classrooms by entering grades at the end of the quarter, and they also do daily attendance. This data
is all stored in a centralized database from which you can then gather, view, and print many different reports and mailing labels. Some of
these reports are pre-designed by the company and USA employees can design others. In the past, we used a system called Surfside and a
combination of customized databases, and we had to reenter data into the different modules multiple times. A one-time database entry is one
of the big benefits that have been seen with the SDS software. Attendance was written in a book in the past so any time you wanted to know
a student’s cumulative attendance you had to go to the book and do a visual count. Today, with a few keystrokes, you can have a complete
list of a student’s schedule, absences, grades, and discipline.

SDS Finance
In 1996, we moved the finance package to the new Windows-based SDS finance system. We currently are evaluating other finance systems.

Quicken Accounting
Quicken is the number one selling personal and small business finance program. At USA it is used in the Ag program to run a small
business operation. It has features such as account number tracking, budgeting, payments, a checkbook portion, and reconciliation area.

Command Antivirus Software
This is the antivirus software that USA School District currently uses.

CCC Software
This software package is for curriculum reinforcement for students. We purchased this software on July 1, 1998, for the middle school and
the elementary school. They bought 25 seats for each site. It has been used on a regular basis since then.

Deep Freeze
This software is used on all student workstations to keep them from adding software or making changes that disrupts the use of the
computer.

Kidspiration
This software was bought and installed in the elementary computer lab.

Accelerated Reader
Accelerated Reader is a computer program that allows USA students to read books from a selected list of books. It is presently being used at
the middle school and the elementary school. These books are listed by grade year and points. After reading the books, the students take a
test of 10 to 20 questions. These questions are specific enough so that the students must read the whole book and the questions used are such
that if you watch a movie on the book that specific question is not answered in the movie. This program is also used in other local sister
parochial school systems. We are developing our program so that we will all be in alignment with each other and will be able to integrate
cross programs such as book sharing in the future.
      Star Math
      Start Reading
      Early Literacy
      Accelerated Reader
      Accelerated Math
      Math Facts


Winnebago Library Software
        Circulation Desk
        On-Line Card Catalog System

PageMaker
This is a desktop publishing package we use here at USA. It is a very popular program from the public sector. It is used for newspaper
layout work and other publishing.

Operating System Software
Currently, we run Windows 98SE and Millennium and XP Professional on the network.

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Work Stations
We are using DOS 6.20 as the operating system for the desktop computers. We will be watching Windows XP and will probably move to
that operating system in the year 2006 or 2007. There are many applications that will not run out of Windows 95 which are mostly DOS
based. Accordingly, we need to wait until the product is stable. The other factor discouraging us from a radical change at the present time is
the cost of the license and the training required to bring us up to date.

Work Station Network Stacks
We are currently running VLMs. We will be looking at converting from IPX to IP over the summer months.

Novell Software
The file servers here at USA use the network software Novell version 4.11 on USA_NW01 and USA_NW02. We also have version 6.0 that
will be loaded on two 2650 Dell Poweredge servers called USA_NW03 and USA_NW04.

Linux (UNIX) Operating System
This software is a free operating system for UNIX DNS and Internet servers. The cost of this software is $25.00 to $35.00 for the CD ROM
disk. We have run Red Hat in the past, but will be switching to SUSE as this is the version of Linux that Novell is working with and will
give greater interoperability.

Library Automation
The network allows for complete media center automation. Students and staff can check the references from any computer in the school.
The books are checked in and out by the librarian, and she uses a software package from Winnebago. The software package is called
Spectrum. With this software, you have instant accountability of books, whether they are in or out, and an overdue book list. You can also
reserve a book so that when it is returned the librarian can set it aside for students or staff. The automation update of the elementary school
was completed in early December with the labeling of the books, the servers have been running since the first day of school. We also added
web-based card catalog lookups with the automation project.

Technical Support

USA hired a Technology Support Coordinator in 1995 the title was changed a few years back to Director of Technology to address the
increase in job responsibilities. The Coordinator of technology has the responsibility of helping to coordinate software purchases and
upgrades, maintaining all the computers district wide, maintains all Novell servers, UNIX servers, and Windows NT servers. The
coordinator is responsible for helping put together the Technology Budget. There has been a great need to more tightly integrate technology
in to the curriculum and the need for Data Driven Decision in education. With the addition of these components to education there was a
need to re-imagine the roll of the Technology Department. The Director has the added responsibility to help with the school improvement
system. To help accomplish this the Director of technology furthered his education with a Bachelor of Science in Networking Technologies
and Business Management. After completing his Bachelor of Science program the Director of Technology then completed a graduate
program at Central Michigan University in Instructional Technology. Unionville-Sebewaing Area School Board has made a commitment to
keeping the technology maintained and to provide support for the students and teachers. USA Schools had been looking into ways of having
a first level contact in each building. During the school year of 2002 – 2003, we started a new program with Davenport University. They
post a position at the local campuses for workstation help. We have had two students working for us 30 to 40 hours a week each. This
program has worked out well. So far, we are able to keep the student workers 1 to 2 years each before they receive their Associate’s Degree
or Bachelor of Science Degree in Computer Science or Networking Technologies. This is a good program for the college students and the
school. In the time that they are working with the school, they are able to gain work skills and we are able to get very much needed support
for teachers’ students and staff. This program is very cost effective for the district as the state and/or federal government covers 70% of the
work-study cost. We have since added one full time technology support person that help with work station related issues and helping at a
staff level the integration of technology in to the curriculum and helping to guide any student workers in a independent student study or any
one that is working with us in the college work study situation.




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IV. FUNDING AND BUDGET
J. Timeline and budget covering the acquisition, implementation, interoperability provision, maintenance and
the professional development related to the use of technology to improve student academic achievement.)

Budget Overview
The USA School District is budgeting for supplies, support, on-going service providers, software maintenance costs, and capital cost for
replacement. Also, the school district is spending money from other sources, such as teaching supplies and Title I funds to purchase
equipment and software to help support the curriculum areas. Listed in Table A1 below is a tentative budget for 2009 -2010. Table A2
shows capital spent each year.
A1
Description                                             Budget Amount
Capital                                                 $35,000.00
Title 1 part II D                                       $4,156.00
Contracts                                               $20,500.00
Supplies                                                $18,000.00
Support                                                 $103,150.00
Repairs                                                 $8,500.00
Total                                                   $189,306.00

A2

                        Year                            Capital
                     1997 – 1998                        $22,500.00
                     1998 – 1999                        $30,000.00
                     1999 – 2000                        $30,000.00
                     2000 – 2001                        $30,000.00
                     2001 – 2002                        $30,000.00
                     2002 – 2003                        $30,000.00
                     2003 – 2004                        $30,000.00
                     2004 – 2005                        $20,000.00
                     2005 – 2006                        $61,000.00
                     2006 – 2007                        $45,000.00
                     2007 – 2008                        $42,000.00
                     2008 – 2009                        $25,000.00
                     2009 – 2010                        $26,000.00

                         Money Committed To Contracts and Annual Cost

The table below shows the amount we have committed to technology and the length of time that we are required to pay. Funds committed to
projects through contracts and other commitments to the programs:
                Description                     Cost                Years                Date Started
                 Thumb TV                           $500           Annual                August, 1995
                  Internet                      $14,500            Annual                  Each Year
         SDS Maintenance (Student)                $3,000           Annual                  Each Year
        SDS Maintenance (Finance)                 $1,200           Annual                  Each Year
                   Other                            $500           Annual                  Each Year
               Virus Software                     $1,500          Bi-Annual            Every Other Year




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K. (Strategies that will be employed to coordinate available state and local resources to implement activities
and acquisitions prescribed in the Technology Plan.)

                                                       Coordination of Funds

The plan must describe how the district will coordinate available local, state, and federal funds and grant resources to implement the long-
range strategies of the Technology Plan.

Funding resources will be coordinated as follows to implement the Technology Plan:
                                                                                                 Other
                                                                                               (Discounts,
                                                             State/Federal Foundation
Item                           Local District Funds                                           Cooperative
                                                                      Grants
                                                                                             Purchase, Fees,
                                                                                             Contributions)
Hardware and Related
                                          X                               X                          X
Software
Service Providers
(Telephone Carriers,
                                          X                               X                          X
Internet Providers,
TATV, Licenses, Etc.
Media Resources
(TATV, REMC, Library,
                                          X                               X                          X
Periodicals, Supplies,
Etc.)
Collaborative Training                    X                               X                          X
Local Training                            X                               -                          X
Collaborative Personnel                   X                               -                          X
Local Personnel                           X                               X                          -
Computer Lab                              X                               X                          X

With state funds shrinking quickly, the integration plans by Unionville-Sebewaing Area Schools and many other Michigan school districts
that we have are in great danger of being scaled back or discontinued. All time lines and projects will be put on hold or shifted to the right on
the time lines. All equipment’s useful life will need to be extended until the funding is reestablished.

Potential Consortium Agencies, Organizations, Institutions, and Programs




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V. MONITORING AND EVALUATION
        L. (Strategies that the district will use to evaluate the extent to which activities are effective in
            integrating technology into curricula and instruction, increasing the ability of teachers to teach,
            and enabling students to reach challenging state academic standards.)

We are currently looking at online assessment software to allow teachers to do a common assessment of all students.
With the package, we are looking at a system that would allow the teachers to do a pretest and posttest. This would
allow teachers to concentrate on the weak areas of all students and to be able to get better learning intervention for
students who are weak in any given area. A third opportunity that it would provide teachers is the ability to identify
gifted and talented students so that they could take an intervention that would allow them to move ahead and be
better challenged. The other area that we would be looking at is an assessment tool for the administration to find
trends with groups of students where interventions are needed.

Current Evaluation Used
 Evaluation of Teachers’ Professional Development: In the past, we have done teacher surveys to evaluate what professional development
they needed. We also used this study to find out if there was a correlation between proficiency and the use of computers at home. We will
do the same study again to find out where the greatest needs for training are. We will also evaluate the use of technology currently used
within the curriculum. This way we will be able to determine and evaluate how well the curriculum alignment initiative has worked with the
integration of technology components.

 Graphing Calculator Evaluation: Surveys will be done with the math class to see if the resources were used in a way that improved math
performance of all students. Class scores will be evaluated to determine whether there is an improvement trend. We will especially focus on
students that have traditionally not been able to purchase the units for doing homework. We will also evaluate to see if students who would
not normally have taken the class due to not being able to purchase the graphing calculators because of economical disadvantages are now
signing up for advanced math classes.

 Evaluation of Student Use of Middle School Computer Lab and Computer Curriculum: We will use Microsoft MOUS (Microsoft
Office Users Specialist) certification tests to determine the effectiveness of the classes’ outcome. We will test students at the beginning of
the semester and at the end of the semester to check their gain of proficiency. We are also looking at the possibility of students coming out
of the curriculum with a Microsoft Office proficiency level certification. We will look at implementing the MOUS testing software at all
levels of Microsoft application training. The middle school classes would work on achieving proficiency level status. The high school
classes would work on achieving expert level status.

 Evaluation with Technology Committee Meetings: We will hold meetings of the district Technology Committee on a monthly basis to
communicate the effectiveness and the status of the project. The project staff at these meetings will gather reports that will be used for the
MDE progress report.

Evaluation of CCC: Throughout the year, we will print reports to see how much time each student is using the system. As per CCC each
student needs at least 120 ten-minute sessions in a school year to achieve significant improvements.

Evaluation of Tech Prep Phase I & II: Use class counts and scores of students to determine achievement on tests.

Evaluation of File Servers: Look into purchasing Novell OES.

Evaluation of Internet Usage: We can look at the Merit Network utilization statistics. We can determine the percentage of utilization from
8:00 AM to 5:00 PM. If the utilization is above 80% for 30 ten-minute counts for 2 consecutive months, we should start to look at an
upgrade to our circuit.




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The ISTE National Educational Technology Standards (NETS•A) and Performance Indicators for Administrators

   1. Visionary Leadership. Educational Administrators inspire and lead development and implementation of a shared
      vision for comprehensive integration of technology to promote excellence and support transformation throughout the
      organization. Educational Administrators:
          a. Inspire and facilitate among all stakeholders a shared vision of purposeful change that maximizes use of digital-
               age resources to meet and exceed learning goals, support effective instructional practice, and maximize
               performance of district and school leaders
          b. Engage in an ongoing process to develop, implement, and communicate technology-infused strategic plans
               aligned with a shared vision
          c. Advocate on local, state, and national levels for policies, programs, and funding to support implementation of a
               technology-infused vision and strategic plan
   2. Digital-Age Learning Culture. Educational Administrators create, promote, and sustain a dynamic, digital-age
      learning culture that provides a rigorous, relevant, and engaging education for all students. Educational Administrators:
          a. Ensure instructional innovation focused on continuous improvement of digital-age learning
          b. Model and promote the frequent and effective use of technology for learning
          c. Provide learner-centered environments equipped with technology and learning resources to meet the individual,
               diverse needs of all learners
          d. Ensure effective practice in the study of technology and its infusion across the curriculum
          e. Promote and participate in local, national, and global learning communities that stimulate innovation,
               creativity, and digital-age collaboration
   3. Excellence in Professional Practice. Educational Administrators promote an environment of professional learning and
      innovation that empowers educators to enhance student learning through the infusion of contemporary technologies and
      digital resources. Educational Administrators:
          a. Allocate time, resources, and access to ensure ongoing professional growth in technology fluency and
               integration
          b. Facilitate and participate in learning communities that stimulate, nurture, and support administrators, faculty,
               and staff in the study and use of technology
          c. Promote and model effective communication and collaboration among stakeholders using digital-age tools
          d. Stay abreast of educational research and emerging trends regarding effective use of technology and encourage
               evaluation of new technologies for their potential to improve student learning
   4. Systemic Improvement. Educational Administrators provide digital-age leadership and management to continuously
      improve the organization through the effective use of information and technology resources. Educational
      Administrators:
          a. Lead purposeful change to maximize the achievement of learning goals through the appropriate use of
               technology and media-rich resources
          b. Collaborate to establish metrics, collect and analyze data, interpret results, and share findings to improve staff
               performance and student learning
          c. Recruit and retain highly competent personnel who use technology creatively and proficiently to advance
               academic and operational goals
          d. Establish and leverage strategic partnerships to support systemic improvement
          e. Establish and maintain a robust infrastructure for technology including integrated, interoperable technology
               systems to support management, operations, teaching, and learning
   5. Digital Citizenship. Educational Administrators model and facilitate understanding of social, ethical, and legal issues
      and responsibilities related to an evolving digital culture. Educational Administrators:
          a. Ensure equitable access to appropriate digital tools and resources to meet the needs of all learners
          b. Promote, model, and establish policies for safe, legal, and ethical use of digital information and technology
          c. Promote and model responsible social interactions related to the use of technology and information
          d. Model and facilitate the development of a shared cultural understanding and involvement in global issues
               through the use of contemporary communication and collaboration tools




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Countywide Plan
The primary purpose of educational technologies and their curricular use is to facilitate student learning. Therefore,
these technologies need to be readily accessible, transparently used, regularly maintained, repaired and upgraded, and
supported with adequate and current resource materials. To achieve this purpose, teachers, students, and
administrators must be involved in resources selection, adequate training in effective operation and use, minor
repairs/maintenance/replacement, and access to support staff for both hardware and software.

Adequate release time and classroom time must be provided to staff and students respectively to acquire technology
skills, research existing and develop new technological curriculum resources, collaborate with resource persons and
students and to explore new emerging technologies and resources relevant to their particular personal and
curriculum/administrative function needs.

To accomplish the above, it is recommended a technology line item be established in district budgets and that up to
30% of the technology line item be allocated to staff development/training each year.

Adult Education
Presently, USA Schools does not have a Community Education Director. This person would be responsible for
setting up programs in Health, Lifelong Learning, Technology, and sports for all ages. In the past, Adult Education
has offered technology classes in MS Word, MS Excel, and MS Windows. Other classes being looked into are open
labs and Internet.

Open Lab Policy
USA Schools has the computer labs available for use by students, staff, and alumni before school hours at the high
school and middle school. The library is available for computer usage before and after school. The public is
welcome at any time to come in and use the Internet connection. At this time though, we don’t have a lab aide that
can help people when they are in need of assistance. This is being addressed in the plan in the goals section of the
Professional Development.




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M. (Strategies are in place to monitor the district’s Acceptable Use Policy for staff and student use of the
technologies.)

Overview
We regularly monitor the log files of the Firewall to see the usage of the Internet and the system. Also, student
directories are randomly monitored for appropriate usage. Also, teachers are trained and will continue to be trained
on acceptable uses of the computer and network. Students are also to be monitored by the staff when they are using
the computers, Internet, or the network.

The Unionville-Sebewaing Area School board policies are available from the USA Web site and on the next pages.

CIPA (Child Internet Protection Act)
Unionville-Sebewaing Area School District is in compliance with all USF rules pertaining the protection of children
from pornography. USA Schools’ strategy is that no filtering system is perfect. Therefore, USA Schools’ approach
to protecting our children is to put in place a filtering solution in which we use a Watchguard firewall that
implements a program called ―Web Blocker‖. The program’s database has the ability to be push updated so that at
any time they make a change to their database, such as a new pornography site has been found, the software database
is updated instantaneously by Watchguard organization. The database also has the ability to put exceptions and
additions for sites that we feel are appropriate or inappropriate. Since USA Schools takes the position that no
filtering solution is perfect and catches only 90% of the bad sites out there, we have also implemented a strategy that
requires all students to be monitored any time they are using the Internet resources.




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                              Consortium Members USA Acceptable Use Policy
Consortium Members                            Contact Person
Greater Thumb Telecommunications Consortium   Bob Frost
(GTTC)                                        Tuscola Area ISD
                                              1385 Cleaver Road
                                              Caro, MI 48723
                                              Phone: (989) 673-2144
                                              Fax: (989) 673-5366

Tuscola ISD                                   Bob Frost
                                              Tuscola Area ISD
                                              1385 Cleaver Road
                                              Caro, MI 48723
                                              Phone: (989) 673-2144
                                              Fax: (989) 673-5366

Saginaw Bay Area Transition II Consortium     Delta College
                                              University Center, MI   48710

Thumb Area Employment Training Consortium     Marvin Pichla
                                              Executive Director, Thumb Area
                                              3270 Wilson St.
                                              Marlette, MI 48453

Math Line                                     Delta College
                                              University Center, MI   48710

Saginaw Valley Tech Prep Consortium           Carol Socha
                                              Superintendent, Tuscola Area ISD
                                              1385 Cleaver Road
                                              Caro, MI 48723
                                              Phone: (989) 673-2144
                                              Fax: (989) 673-5366

REMC 10 Thumb TV                              Tim von Hoff
                                              4415 Seeger St.
                                              Cass City, MI 48726
                                              Phone: (989) 872-4212
                                              Fax: (989) 872-2226

Tuscola County Technology Consortium (TCTC)   Bob Frost
                                              Tuscola Area ISD
                                              1385 Cleaver Road
                                              Caro, MI 48723
                                              Phone: (989) 673-2144
                                              Fax: (989) 673-5366




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7540 - COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY AND NETWORKS
The Board of Education is committed to the effective use of technology to both enhance the quality of student
learning and the efficiency of district operations. It also recognizes that safeguards have to be established to ensure
that the district's investment in both hardware and software is achieving the benefits of technology and inhibiting
negative side effects.

The Superintendent is directed to establish administrative guidelines not only for proper acquisition of technology
but also to ensure that staff and students are making appropriate and ethical use of the computers and other
equipment as well as any networks that may be established.

The Superintendent shall also ensure that both staff and students are adequately informed about disciplinary actions
that will be taken if district technology and/or networks are abused in any way or used in an illegal or unethical
manner.

7540.01 - TECHNOLOGY PRIVACY
The Board of Education recognizes its staff members' right to privacy in their personal lives. The district has
established this policy to inform staff members of the district's position with respect to staff-member privacy in the
workplace and to protect the district's interests.

All computers, telephone systems, electronic mail systems, and voice mail systems are the district's property and are
to be used primarily for business purposes. The district retains the right to access and review all electronic and voice
mail, computer files, data bases, and any other electronic transmissions contained in or used in conjunction with the
district's computer system, telephone system, electronic mail system, and voice mail system. Staff members should
have no expectation that any information contained on such systems is confidential or private.

Review of such information may be done by the district with or without the staff member's knowledge. The use of
passwords does not guarantee confidentiality, and the district retains the right to access information in spite of a
password. All passwords or security codes must be registered with the district. A staff member's refusal to permit
such access may be grounds for discipline up to and including discharge.

Personal messages via district-owned technology should be limited in accordance with the Superintendent’s
guidelines. Staff members are encouraged to keep their personal records and personal business at home.

Because the district's computer and voice mail systems are to be used primarily for business purposes, staff members
are prohibited from sending offensive, discriminatory, or harassing computer, electronic, or voice mail messages.
This policy is necessary to ensure that district resources are used properly. Review of computer files, electronic mail,
and voice mail will only be done in the ordinary course of business and will be motivated by a legitimate business
reason. If a staff member's personal information is discovered, the contents of such discovery will not be reviewed by
the district, except to the extent necessary to determine if the district's interests have been compromised. Any
information discovered will be limited to those who have a specific need to know that information.

The administrators and supervisory staff members authorized by the Superintendent have the authority to search and
access information electronically.

All computers and any information or software contained therein are property of the district. Staff members shall not
remove or communicate any such information in any form for their personal use or for the use of others. In addition,
staff members may not copy software on any district computer and may not bring software from outside sources for
use on district equipment without the prior approval of the principal. Such pre-approval will include a review of any
copyright infringements or virus problems associated with such outside software.
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7540.02 - DISTRICT WEB PAGE
The Board of Education authorizes the creation of web sites by employees and students of the USA School District to
be published on the World Wide Web. The creation of web sites by students must be done under the supervision of a
professional staff member. These web sites must reflect the professional image of the district, its employees, and
students. The content of all pages must be consistent with the USA School District's Mission Statement.

The purpose of the web site is to educate, inform, and communicate. The following criteria should be used to guide
the development of such web sites:

       A. Educate
       Content provided in the web site should be usable by students and teachers to support the curriculum and
       School District Objectives as listed in the District's Strategic Plan.

       B. Inform
       Content may inform the community about the school, teachers, students, or departments, including
       information about curriculum, events, class projects, student activities, and departmental policies.

       C. Communicate Content may provide an avenue to communicate with the community. The information
       contained on the web site should reflect and support the District's Mission Statement, Educational
       Philosophy, and the School Improvement Process.

When the content includes a photograph or information relating to a student, the district will abide by the provisions
of Policy 8330 - Student Records.

All links included on the pages must also meet the above criteria.

Under no circumstances is a web site to be used for commercial purposes or to provide financial gains for any
individual.

Pages should reflect an understanding that both internal and external audiences will be viewing the information.

School web sites must be located on district-affiliated servers.
The Superintendent shall prepare administrative guidelines defining the standards permissible for web-site use.

7540.03 - INTERNET USE BY STUDENTS AND STAFF
The purpose of this policy is to facilitate network (electronic mail and electronic bulletin board) and Internet access
(all referred to as "network"), for educational purposes for the staff and students where appropriate. As such, this
access should (1) assist in the collaboration and exchange of information, (2) facilitate personal growth in the use of
technology, and (3) enhance information gathering and communication skills. For the purpose of this policy, "user"
includes both staff and students.

The use of the network is a privilege, which may be revoked by the district at any time and for any reason.
Appropriate reasons for revoking privileges include, but are not limited to, the altering of system software or the
placing of unauthorized information, computer viruses or harmful programs on or through the computer system in
either public or private files or messages. The district reserves the right to remove files, limit or deny access, and
refer the user for other disciplinary actions.


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The district reserves all rights to any material stored in files which are generally accessible to others and will remove
any material which the district, at its sole discretion, believes may be unlawful, obscene, pornographic, abusive, or
otherwise objectionable. A user will not use his/her district-approved computer account/access to obtain, view,
download, or otherwise gain access to such materials.

In district locations where public access is granted, students are required to use only those computers assigned for
student use. In public areas having computer use available, computers shall be clearly marked in an unalterable
manner: "For Students," or "For General Public." Students who are not eighteen (18) years of age or accompanied by
an adult shall not use computers marked "For General Public." Each unauthorized use is a violation of this policy.
"For Student" computers will utilize a system or method that is designed to prevent a minor from viewing obscene
matter or sexually explicit matter that is harmful to minors. The district may use passwords and or filters.

All information services and features contained on district or network resources are intended for the private use of its
registered users and any use of these resources for commercial-for-profit or other unauthorized purposes (i.e.
advertisements, political lobbying), in any form, is expressly forbidden.

The district and/or network resources are intended for the exclusive use by their registered users. The user is
responsible for the use of his/her account/password and/or access privilege. Any problems which arise from the use
of a user member’s account are the responsibility of the account holder. Use of an account by someone other than the
registered account holder is forbidden and may be grounds for loss of access privileges.

Any misuse of the account will result in suspension of the account privileges and/or other disciplinary action
determined by the district. Misuse shall include, but not be limited to:

            A. Intentionally seeking information on, obtaining copies of, or modifying files, other data, or passwords
               belonging to other users
            B. Misrepresenting other users on the network
            C. Disrupting the operation of the network through abuse of the hardware or software
            D. Malicious use of the network through hate mail, harassment, profanity, vulgar statements, or
               discriminatory remarks interfering with others’ use of the network
            E. Extensive use for non-curriculum-related communication
            F. Illegal installation of copyrighted software
            G. Unauthorized downsizing, copying, or use of licensed or copyrighted software;
            H. Allowing anyone to use an account other than the account holder.
            I. The use of district and/or network resources are for the purpose of (in order of priority):
                   a. Direct support of the academic program
                   b. Telecommunications
                   c. General information
                   d. Recreational

All of the above uses should still be related to the educational or business mission of the district.
The district and/or network does not warrant that the functions of the system will meet any specific requirements the
user may have, or that it will be error free or uninterrupted; nor shall it be liable for any direct or indirect, incidental,
or consequential damages (including lost data, information, or time) sustained or incurred in connection with the use,
operation, or inability to use the system.

The user will diligently delete old mail messages on a daily basis from the personal mail directory to avoid excessive
use of the electronic mail disk space.

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The district and/or network will periodically make determinations on whether specific uses of the network are
consistent with the acceptable-use practice. The district and/or network reserves the right to log Internet use and to
monitor electronic mail space utilization by users.

The user may transfer files from information services and electronic bulletin board services. For each file received
through a file transfer, the user agrees to check the file with a virus-detection program before opening the file for use.
Should the user transfer a file, shareware, or software, which infects the network with a virus and causes damage, the
user will be liable for any and all repair costs to make the network once again fully operational and may be subject to
disciplinary action.

The user may not transfer file, shareware, or software from information services and electronic bulletin boards
without the permission of the Superintendent or his/her designee. The user will be liable to pay the cost or fee of any
file, shareware, or software transferred, whether intentional or accidental, without such permission.
The district reserves the right to log computer use and to monitor fileserver space utilization by users. The district
reserves the right to remove a user account on the network to prevent further unauthorized activity.
The user is responsible for the proper use of the equipment and will be held accountable for any damage to or
replacement of equipment caused by abusive use.
M.C.L.A. 397.606 (6)

8330 - STUDENT RECORDS
In order to provide appropriate educational services and programming, the USA Board of Education must collect,
retain, and use information about individual students. Simultaneously, the board recognizes the need to safeguard
student's privacy and restrict access to student's personally identifiable information. The USA Board of Education is
responsible for maintaining records of all students attending schools in this district. Only records mandated by the
state or federal government and/or necessary and relevant to the function of the school district or specifically
permitted by this board will be compiled by board employees. The board hereby authorizes collection of the
following student records, in addition to the membership record required by law:

       A. Observations and ratings of individual students by professional staff members acting within their sphere
          of competency
       B. Samples of student work
       C. Information obtained from professionally acceptable standard instruments of measurement such as:
              a. Interest inventories and aptitude tests
              b. Vocational preference inventories
              c. Achievement tests
              d. Standardized intelligence tests
       D. Authenticated information provided by a parent or adult student concerning achievements and other
          school activities which the parent or student wants to make a part of the record
       E. Verified reports of serious or recurrent behavior patterns
       F. Rank in class and academic honors earned
       G. Psychological tests
       H. Attendance records
       I. Health records
       J. Custodial arrangements

In all cases, permitted, narrative information in student records shall be objectively-based on the personal observation
or knowledge of the originator. Student records shall be available only to students and their parents, adult students,
and designated school officials and personnel, who have a legitimate educational interest in the information, or to
other individuals or organizations as permitted by law. The term "parents" includes legal guardians or other persons
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standing in loco parentis (such as a grandparent or stepparent with whom the child lives, or a person who is legally
responsible for the welfare of the child).

In situations in which a student has both a custodial and a noncustodial parent, both shall have access to the student's
educational records unless stipulated otherwise by court order. In the case of adult students (individuals eighteen (18)
and older), parents will be allowed access to the records without the student's consent, provided the student is
considered a dependent under section 152 of the Internal Revenue Code.

"Legitimate educational interest" shall be defined as a "direct or delegated responsibility for helping the student
achieve one (1) or more of the educational goals of the district" or if the record is necessary in order for the school
official to perform an administrative, supervisory or instructional task or to perform a service or benefit for the
student or the student's family.

The board authorizes the administration to:
          A. Forward student records on request to a school or school district in which a student of this district
              seeks or intends to enroll upon condition that the student's parents be notified of the transfer, receive a
              copy of the record if desired, and have an opportunity for a hearing to challenge the content of the
              record;
          B. Provide "personally-identifiable" information to appropriate parties in connection with an emergency
              if such knowledge is necessary to protect the health and safety of the student or other individuals;
          C. Report a crime committed by a child with a disability to appropriate authorities and to transmit copies
              of the student’s special education and disciplinary records to the authorities for their consideration;
          D. Request each person or party requesting access to a student's record to abide by the federal regulations
              concerning the disclosure of information to a third party.

The board will comply with a legitimate request for access to a student's records within a reasonable period of time
but not more than forty-five (45) days after receiving the request. Upon the request of the viewer, a record shall be
reproduced, unless said record is copyrighted, and the viewer may be charged a fee equivalent to the cost of handling
and reproduction. Based upon reasonable requests, viewers of educational records will receive explanation and
interpretation of the records.

The board shall maintain a record of those persons to whom information about a student has been disclosed. Such
disclosure records will indicate the student, person viewing the record, information disclosed, date of disclosure, and
date parental/adult student consent was obtained.

Only "directory information" regarding a student shall be released to any person or party, other than the student or
his/her parent, without the written consent of the parent; or, if the student is eighteen (18) years of age or older, the
written consent of the student, except those persons or parties stipulated by the board policy and administrative
guidelines and/or those specified in the law.

The board shall exempt from disclosure directory information, as requested for the purpose of surveys, marketing, or
solicitation, unless the board determines that the use is consistent with the educational mission of the board and
beneficial to the affected students. The board may take steps to ensure that directory information disclosed shall not
be used, rented, or sold for the purpose of surveys, marketing, or solicitations. Before disclosing the directory
information, the board may require the requester to execute an affidavit stating that directory information provided
shall not be used, rented, or sold for the purpose of surveys, marketing, or solicitation.




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DIRECTORY INFORMATION
Each year the Superintendent shall provide public notice to students and their parents of its intent to make available,
upon request, certain information known as "directory information." The board designates as student "directory
information": a student's name; address; telephone number; date and place of birth; major field of study; participation
in officially recognized activities and sports; height and weight, if a member of an athletic team; dates of attendance;
date of graduation; or awards received.

Parents and adult students may refuse to allow the district to disclose any or all of such "directory information" upon
written notification to the District within thirty (30) days after receipt of the district's public notice.

Armed Forces Recruiting
The board shall, in accordance with state and federal law, provide at least the same access to the high school campus
and to student directory information (names, addresses, and telephone listings of secondary students) of the students
enrolled in the high school as is provided to other entities offering educational or employment opportunities to
official recruiting representatives of all of the following for the purpose of informing students of educational and
career opportunities available in the armed forces of the United States and the service academies of the armed forces
of the United States. "Armed forces of the United States" means the armed forces of the United States and their
reserve components and the United States Coast Guard.

If a student or the parent or legal guardian of a student submits a signed, written request to the board that indicates
that the student or the parent or legal guardian does not want the student’s directory information to be accessible to
official recruiting representatives, then the officials of the school shall not allow that access to the student’s directory
information. The board shall ensure that students and parents and guardians are notified of the provisions of the
opportunity to deny release of directory information.

Public notice shall be given regarding the right to refuse disclosure of any or all "directory information" including to
the armed forces of the United States and the service academies of the armed forces of the United States.
A fee, not to exceed the actual costs incurred by the high school, for copying and mailing student directory
information under this section, may be charged an official recruiting representative.

Directory information received under armed services authorization request shall be used only to provide to students
concerning educational and career opportunities available in the armed forces of the United States or the service
academies of the armed forces of the United States. An official recruiting representative who receives student
directory information under this section shall not release that information to a person who is not involved in
recruiting students for the armed forces of the United States or the service academies of the armed forces of the
United States.

Annually, the board will notify male students age eighteen (18) or older that they are required to register for the
selective service.

Requests to the district records officer shall be presented on a standardized form developed by the armed forces of
the United States requesting access to a high school campus and a time for the access. Requests should bear the
signature of the ranking recruiting officer of the armed service making the request.

Whenever parental consent is required for the inspection and/or release of a student's educational records or for the
release of "directory information", either parent may provide such consent unless stipulated otherwise by court order.
If the student is under the guardianship of an institution, the Superintendent shall appoint a person who has no
conflicting interest to provide such written consent.

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The board may disclose "directory information" on former students without student or parental consent.

The board shall not permit the collection, disclosure, or use of personal information collected from students for the
purpose of marketing or for selling that information (or otherwise providing that information to others for that
purpose).

The Superintendent shall prepare administrative guidelines to ensure that students and parents are adequately
informed each year regarding their rights to:

       A.      Inspect and review the student's educational records;
       B.      Request amendments if the record is inaccurate, misleading, or otherwise in violation of the student's
               rights;
       C.      Consent to disclosures of personally-identifiable information contained in the student's educational
               records, except to unauthorized disclosures allowed by the law;
       D.      Challenge the board's noncompliance with a parent's request to amend the records through a hearing;
       E.      File a complaint of board noncompliance with the Department of Education;
       F.      Obtain a copy of the board's policy and administrative guidelines on student records.

The Superintendent shall also develop procedural guidelines for informing district employees of the federal and state
laws concerning student records.

The board authorizes the use of the microfilm process or electromagnetic processes of reproduction for the recording,
filing, maintaining, and preserving of records.

No liability shall attach to any member, officer, or employee of this district specifically as a consequence of
permitting access or furnishing student records in accordance with this policy and regulations.

34 C.F.R. Part 99, 2002
Section 444 of subpart of part C of the General Education Provisions Act
Title IV of Public Law 90-247 20 U.S.C., Section 1232g 20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq. 26 U.S.C. 152 Individuals with
Disabilities Education Act 20 U.S.C. 7908
Revised 3/10/03
USA Weapons Policy



5772 - WEAPONS
The USA Board of Education prohibits students from possessing, storing, making, or using a weapon in any setting
that is under the control and supervision of the district for the purpose of school activities approved and authorized
by the district including, but not limited to, property leased, owned, or contracted for by the district, a school-
sponsored event, or in a district vehicle without the permission of the Superintendent or his/her designee.

The term "weapon" means any object which, in the manner in which it is used, is intended to be used, or is
represented, is capable of inflicting serious bodily harm or property damage, as well as endangering the health and
safety of persons. Weapons include, but are not limited to, firearms, guns of any type whatsoever, including air and
gas-powered guns (whether loaded or unloaded), knives, razors, clubs, electric weapons, metallic knuckles, martial
arts weapons, ammunition, and explosives.


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This policy shall also encompass such actions as look-alike items, false fire alarms, bomb threats, or intentional calls
to falsely report a dangerous condition.

The Superintendent is authorized to establish instructional programs on weapons which require students to
immediately report knowledge of weapons and threats of violence by students and staff to the building principal.
Failure to report such knowledge may subject the student to discipline up to and including suspension or expulsion
from school.

The Superintendent will refer any student who violates this policy to the student’s parents or guardians and to the
criminal justice or juvenile delinquency system. The student may also be subject to disciplinary action, up to and
including expulsion.

Policy exceptions include:

   A.      Weapons under the control of law enforcement personnel.
   B.      Items pre-approved by the building principal as part of a class or individual presentation under adult
           supervision, if used for the purpose and in the manner approved. (Working firearms and any ammunition
           will never be approved as part of a presentation.)
   C.      Theatrical props used in appropriate settings.

This policy will be published annually in all district student and staff handbooks. Publication is not a precondition to
enforcement of this policy.

M.C.L.A. 380.1311, 380.1312(1), 380.1313 20 U.S.C. 7151
Revised 3/10/03




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Articulations Agreement between USA Schools and Delta College Technical Course Articulations:
Unionville-Sebewaing Area High School Courses                Unionville-Sebewaing Area High School Courses

Advanced Technology--with coverage on Mill, Lathe, Drill,    MS 113 Machine Processes (2 credits)
Instruments and Safety
Advanced Technology--with completion of Lab Volt. Vol. 1,    MT 220 Introduction to Fluid Power (3 credits)
Intro Hydraulics, Concept Trainer, and Components

Mechanical Drawing and CAD DRF 105 Beginning                 DRF 105 Beginning Mechanical Design (3 credits) DRF
Mechanical Design (3 cr.)                                    107 Intermediate Mechanical Design (3 cr.) CAD 114
                                                             AutoCAD Introduction (2 credits) DRF 107 Intermediate
                                                             Mechanical Design (3 cr.)

For more information, comments, or questions about Delta College Articulations, please contact Wendy Bull, Articulation Office Manager,
at wsbull@alpha.delta.edu Base Reference http://www.delta.edu/~artic/




                                                         Appendix Pages


                                           Training Needs Assessment Survey
                                                     USA Elementary School
                                 (Totals of surveys turned in was 14 for this building out of 18)

                                 Software or Equipment Beginner Intermediate Advanced Home Work
Computer 8088                                                                       0                         0
Computer 286                                                                        1                         14
Computer 386                                                                        0                         0

Computer 486                                                                            3                      1
Computer 586                                                                            0                      0
Modem                                                                                   2                      0

Computer Overall                                 26                                  0 N/A                    N/A
MS Word                                          47                                   00                       14
MS Excel                                         84                                   00                       14
MS Access                                        71                                   00                       14
MS Power Point                                   90                                   00                       14
SDS Teacher Program                            N/A N/A                              N/A N/A                   N/A
SDS Reports                                    N/A N/A                              N/A N/A                   N/A
On-line Card Catalog                           N/A N/A                              N/A N/A                   N/A
Infotrac                                       N/A N/A                              N/A N/A                   N/A
Grolers                                        N/A N/A                              N/A N/A                   N/A
CAD                                            N/A N/A                              N/A N/A                   N/A
Internet                                         66                                   10                       14
Scanner                                          30                                   00                       0
Digital Camera                                   40                                   00                       0
E-Mail                                           46                                   10                       14
CD-ROM                                           44                                   00                       0
Keyboarding                                      04                                  2 N/A                    N/A
DOS                                              33                                  0 N/A                    N/A
Windows 3.1                                      16                                   00                       14
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Windows 95                           74                    20            0
VCR                                  13                    10            0
Laser Disk Player                    51                    00            0
Fax                                  13                    10            0
Telephone                            15                    31            0
Tape Recorder                        04                    11            0
PageMaker                            42                    12            0
Graphing Calculator                  40                    00            0
Downloading Off Internet             41                    10            0
Video Tape Recorder Camera           23                    20            0

Training Time Preferred      Would Take Training   Have Taken Training
Before School                        2                     0
Conference Hour                      0                     0
After School                         8                     0
At Skill Center                      1                     1
Inservice Days                       1                     1
Summer                                1                    0




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                                           Training Needs Assessment Survey
                                                   USA Middle School
                             (Totals of surveys turned in was 10 for this building out of 20)

Software or Equipment                Beginner        Intermediate Advanced Home    Work__________
Computer 8088                                                                         0        0
Computer 286                                                                          0        0
Computer 386                                                                          0        0

Computer 486                                                                              1      9
Computer 586                                                                              1      1
Modem                                                                                     2      0

Computer Overall                        3                  4           0             N/A        N/A
MS Word                                 3                  4           0              0         10
MS Excel                                7                  0           0              0         10
MS Access                               3                  0           0              0         10
MS Power Point                          6                  0           0              0         10
SDS Teacher Program                     1                  4           0              0         10
SDS Reports                             2                  2           0              0         10
On-line Card Catalog                    3                  1           0              0         10
Infotrac                                3                  0           0              0         10
Grolers                                 1                  2           0              0         10
CAD                                     4                  0           0              0          0
Internet                                5                  2           0              0         10
Scanner                                 3                  0           0              0          1
Digital Camera                          2                  0           0              0          1
E-Mail                                  4                  4           0              1         10
CD-ROM                                  2                  3           0              1          1
Keyboarding                             3                  3           0             N/A        N/A
DOS                                     4                  0           0             N/A        N/A
Windows 3.1                             1                  2           0              1         10
Windows 95                              5                  0           0              2          0
VCR                                     1                  2           0              1          1
Laser Disk Player                       3                  2           0              0          0
Fax                                     1                  2           0              0          0
Telephone                               2                  2           1              2          0
Tape Recorder                           1                  1           2              0          0
PageMaker                               1                  0           0              2          0
Graphing Calculator                     2                  1           0              0          0
Downloading Off Internet                3                  0           0              0          0
Video Tape Recorder Camera              2                  0           1              0          0

Training Time Preferred              Would Take Training            Have Taken Training
Before School                          1                              0
Conference Hour                        4                              0
After School                           7                              2
At Skill Center                        2                              2
Inservice Days                         0                              0
Summer                                 0                              0




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                                                Training Needs Assessment Survey
                                                        USA High School
                                      (Totals of surveys turned in was 19 for this building out of 19)

                             Software or Equipment Beginner Intermediate Advanced Home Work
Computer 8088                                                                  0                  0
Computer 286                                                                   0                  0
Computer 386                                                                   2                  0

Computer 486                                                                 1                   19
Computer 586                                                                 2                   0
Modem                                                                        4                   0

Computer Overall                           08                              0 N/A                N/A
MS Word                                    29                               10                   19
MS Excel                                   47                               10                   19
MS Access                                  53                               10                   19
MS Power Point                             91                               10                   19
SDS Teacher Program                        23                               20                   19
SDS Reports                                45                               20                   19
On-line Card Catalog                       51                               10                   19
Infotrac                                   31                               30                   19
Grolers                                    20                               30                   19
CAD                                        32                               00                   2
Internet                                   66                               10                   19
Scanner                                    91                               10                   1
Digital Camera                             90                               00                   1
E-Mail                                     07                               00                   19
CD-ROM                                     47                               01                   0
Keyboarding                                04                              2 N/A                N/A
DOS                                        33                              0 N/A                N/A
Windows 3.1                                16                               01                   19
Windows 95                                 74                               21                   0
VCR                                        13                               11                   1
Laser Disk Player                          51                               00                   0
Fax                                        13                               10                   0
Telephone                                  15                               32                   0
Tape Recorder                              04                               12                   0
PageMaker                                  42                               12                   0
Graphing Calculator                        70                               00                   0
Downloading Off Internet                   57                               10                   0
Video Tape Recorder Camera                 43                               20                   0

Training Time Preferred            Would Take Training              Have Taken Training
Before School                               8                               0
Conference Hour                             3                               0
After School                               16                               6
At Skill Center                             5                               5
Inservice Days                              2                               0
Summer                                      1                               0




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                                The History of Technology at USA (Written in 1995)
High School
In the early 1980’s, USA purchased some Apple II E computers. Then, in the mid-1980’s USA purchased a computer lab in the high school
to replace some of the electric typewriters. The computers that were purchased were IBM systems dual floppy with no hard drive with color
monitors.
Middle School
In the late 1980’s, USA purchased a computer lab for $7,500.00. It consisted of eight 286 IBM compatible computers. This lab then had a
total of 20 Apple II E’s and the 8 IBM’s. The eight computers were monochrome monitors with 1 meg memory and a 40 meg hard drive.
The Apples were dual floppy monochrome systems.
Elementary School
USA Elementary School purchased a computer lab of 25 IBM’s and 1 file server Token Ring Network. The 25 computers are 286 1 meg
color monitor systems with 1 floppy and no hard drives. The cost of these systems was one of the problems facing our technology updates
because the lab, which was put in the elementary, was bought on time payments. USA School District still owes around $6,000.00 on this
lab. The elementary computer lab in Unionville is made up of IBM 286 computers and 8 Flex USA 486 DX2 50 mhz computers. There are
two multi-media computers and sound cards. These 286 machines are good computers for use as utility machines for the library areas. These
computers are past their useful life in the computer labs. One of the reasons that these computers are outdated is because they will not run
windows. We are starting to move into a new computer generation where DOS based applications are becoming obsolete and programming
is moving to GUI graphic user interface programs. The server at the elementary is a 486 DX2 50 Mhz Flex USA computer with 32 meg of
memory. The server is an ISA bus computer with a 425 meg IDE hard drive and a 1.2 Gig IDE hard drive. Down the road this server needs
to be updated to a faster bus server as the elementary building computer network is expanded.

Wide Area Network Radio Link
The communication link between Unionville and Sebewaing is a 2 Mbps. Wave Technology radio link. It is 2.7 miles from antenna to
antenna. The wireless bridges are two 486 based computers. The antenna was installed by Thumb Television organization, and they allowed
us to place our antenna on it for free. If we had needed to purchase an antenna like this, it would have cost $10,000.00 to install. This radio
link helps to establish e-mail conductivity, library automation, and an Internet presence for the elementary. A future need to be considered in
this area, as the network traffic increases across the radio link, is an upgrade to the link from the current 2 Mbps to a 10 Mbps system. We
would keep the 2 Mbps link in place for a backup as a 10 Mbps system is not as reliable a link in all weather conditions as the existing 2
Mbps system for a backup.



Internet at USA
History
USA first connected to the Internet in the fall of 1995. The connection came from a grant from Ameritech because they overcharged the
citizens of Michigan $11,000,000. The Public Service Commission (―PSC‖) allowed Ameritech to connect schools to the Internet to pay
back this debt. The Internet connection itself is through the organization called Merit. Merit is a nonprofit organization from the University
of Michigan. The dedicated 64 K frame relay line is from Ameritech. This grant is for a three-year period starting in August 1995. After
the three-year period, the price for the Internet will raise to full price. The price at that time will greatly depend on the competition in the
market. The total cost of this connection to USA over the three-year period is around $9,000.00. One of the challenges between now and
August 1998, is to find local partners in business or to find ways to bring the Internet to the community at lower rates. There are
possibilities that a joint consortium could be formed in the Thumb Tri-County area for a radio link between Tuscola, Huron, and Sanilac
Counties.

Internet Usage at USA Schools


Future Uses of the Internet Include the Following:
        Video
        Telephone Service IP telephony
        Distant Education




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                                             District Network Servers
High School, Middle School, Elementary Infrastructure
Cat 5e Wire: six Connections Per Room Cisco 2950 10/100 Switches with two Gig ports for Backbone Protocol on Network
Network Protocols
     Ethernet 802.3
     Ethernet II


High School and Middle School and Elementary Servers
USA_NW01 and USA_NW02 Novell 6.5 Version

USA Elementary School Infrastructure
Cat 5e Wire: six Connections Per Room Cisco 2950 10/100 Switches with 2 Gig ports for Backbone Protocol on Network
Network Protocols
     Ethernet 802.3
     Ethernet II


School District Wide Area Network
        Fiber optics cable run from point to point on school district property




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                                      Computers in District as of 2009-2010

                                                         High School

Lab 215
30 – Dell OptiPlex Computer desktop units purchased 7/1/09

Lab 216
30 – Dell OptiPlex Computer desktop units purchased 7/21/05

Classrooms
High School
Dell OptiPlex Computer desktop units purchased 8/1/06


Library
High School
Dell OptiPlex Computer desktop units purchased 7+ years ago



                                                          Middle School

Middle School Lab
30 – Dell OptiPlex Computer desktop units purchased 7/1/08

Middle School Classrooms
Dell OptiPlex Computer desktop units purchased 8/1/06

Middle School Library
1 - P166 Mhz, 16 Meg Ram, 1.2 Gig Hard Drive Networked to Ethernet with 10 Mbps SMC Cards
3 - 486 DX2 50 Mhz Computers, 8 Meg Ram, 450 Meg Hard Drives Networked to Ethernet with 10 Mbps SMC Cards
purchased 7+ years ago
                                                        Elementary School
Lab
30 – Dell OptiPlex Computer desktop units purchased 7/1/03

Classrooms
Dell OptiPlex Computer desktop units purchased 7/1/08


Library
Dell OptiPlex Computer desktop units purchased 7+ years ago




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NCRAL Engage Assessment Results
Technology Profile and Action Plan for Improvement Prepared on 2/24/2003 for: Fred Sharpsteen
Unionville-Sebewaing Area Schools
Overall Result Summary
According to the Technology Support Index (TSI) your system is considered ―Integrated‖ requiring limited improvements. The ―Integrated‖
stage of development refers to a system that is doing a very good job of support in many areas. Improvements in a number of areas will
enhance the organizational capacity to effectively implement technology.
Following is your technology profile and action plan for improvement, by domain:

District Profile
    1. Equipment Standards
                   Emergent                Islands               Integrated            Exemplary            Impact
Cycling of         No, we do not           Yes, we replace       Yes, we replace       Yes, we replace      Significant-
Equipment          have a                  computers every       computers 4-5         computers every 3    Requires a
                   replacement             5-7 years             years                 years                strategic
                   cycle.                                                                                   organizational and
                                                                                                            financial
                                                                                                            commitment
Brand Selection     The brand              There is a vendor     There is a vendor     We have a            Neutral-Savings
(Compaq, Dell,      purchased is up to     recommendation        recommendation        specific vendor      can be gained
Apple, IBM, etc)    the individual         list, but I am able   list with 1-2         list (1-2 brands),   with multiple year
                    school.                to easily purchase    brands, but I am      with only rare       contracts.
                                           non-standard          able to easily        exceptions are
                                           equipment and the     purchase              made that are not
                                           brand changes         equipment that is     on the list.
                                           frequently.           not on the list.
Model Selection     We can select any      A model line is       There are 3-5         Specific models      Neutral
                    model within a         defined, but many     models that we        from a brand are
                    brand or               choices are           can select from       defined and are
                    manufacturer.          provided in that      for purchase.         limited one or two
                                           line.                                       models with few
                                                                                       variations.
Platform (Apple,    Two or more            Two or more           Two platforms are     Only one platform    Neutral – Savings
Windows, Sun)       platforms are          platforms are         supported in the      is allowed with a    can be gained
                    supported in the       supported in the      district, but,        few exceptions       with a single
                    district, and in any   district, but         typically, the        made for special     platform.
                    given school           platforms             alternative           projects or
                    individuals are        decisions are         platform is limited   programs.
                    given platform         made at the school    to specific
                    choice and             level and most        program areas
                    multiple platforms     equipment at any      (i.e., Voc Ed,
                    are found.             given school is       Special Ed, etc).
                                           one platform.
Standard OS         Four or more.          Three, with older     Two, with most        One, with all        Moderate –
(Win 3.x, Win95,                           equipment either      equipment             equipment            Keeping a
Win98, Win2K,                              migrated or not       migrated to the       migrated to this     consistent OS
Mac8, Mac9,                                supported.            most recent OS.       OS.                  with new
Apple 11, etc.)                                                                                             purchases has no




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                                                                                                              cost implications.
                                                                                                              Migrating existing
                                                                                                              machines to a
                                                                                                              current operating
                                                                                                              system can have
                                                                                                              moderate costs to
                                                                                                              purchase the new
                                                                                                              OS and upgrading
                                                                                                              hardware to run it.
Application          A supported          Users are able to      Users are able to     A software             Neutral
Software             software list has    install titles that    install titles that   application list
Standard             not been adopted,    are not on the         are not on the        has been adopted
                     and users can        district list, and     district list, but    and only those
                     install any          will receive           will not receive      software titles on
                     software.            limited support.       any support.          the list are
                                                                                       permitted on
                                                                                       school computers.
Donated              We accept any        Equipment is           Equipment is          Equipment is           Neutral
Equipment            donated              accepted if it         accepted if it        accepted if it
                     equipment.           meets minimum          meets specific        meets specific
                                          performance            performance           brands, model,
                                          requirements.          requirements, is      and performance
                                                                 less than three       requirements and
                                                                 years old, and        is less than three
                                                                 matches the           years old.
                                                                 brand(s) of the
                                                                 district.
Granted              All granted          Grant equipment        The technology        All equipment          Neutral
Equipment            equipment is         is accepted            department            from grants must
                     accepted.            regardless of          approves grants       meet district
                                          brand and              involving             brand and
                                          specification, but     technology            performance
                                          the district is        equipment before      specifications or it
                                          consulted about        they are              is not allowed.
                                          standards.             submitted, and
                                                                 standardization is
                                                                 encouraged.
Peripheral           No peripheral        Peripherals are        Peripherals are       All equipment is       Minimal –
Standards            standards are set.   standardized by        standardized by       standardized on a      Industrial versions
(Printers,                                brand, but models      brand, but many       small number of        of peripherals are
scanners, digital                         within the brand       models are            brands and             more costly, but
cameras,                                  are not and the list   allowed and are       models with            are typically
projectors, video,                        changes                typically             equipment that is      balanced with
etc.)                                     frequently.            consumer rated.       rated for              longevity and
                                                                                       enterprise use.        reduced support
                                                                                                              cost.
Surplus Practice     Surplus              Surplus                Surplus               Surplus                Neutral
                     equipment is used    equipment is           equipment is no       equipment is
                     until it is no       supported by           longer supported      taken out of
                     longer functional    district personnel,    by district           service when it
                     and is supported.    but as a low           personnel, but can    reaches the
                                          priority.              be used by            replacement age,
                                                                 schools.              even if it still
                                                                                       works.
Warranties           No additional        Extended               Extended              Warranties are         Moderate to High
                     warranties are       warranties are         warranties are        purchased to           – Warranties



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                     pursued beyond       purchased for         purchased in         cover the life of     beyond 3 years
                     the standard         computers only        addition to the      the equipment ( 5     can be expensive.
                     warranty (1 year).   but don’t cover       standard warranty    or more years).
                                          the life of the       on computers and
                                          equipment and         peripherals but
                                          doesn’t include       don’t cover the
                                          peripherals (3        life of the
                                          years, computers      equipment (3
                                          only).                years, all
                                                                equipment).


Domain Result Summary: According to the TSI, your Equipment Standards (Domain 1) is considered ―Integrated‖ requiring limited
improvements. The ―Integrated‖ stage of development refers to a system that is doing a very good job of support in many areas.
Improvements in a number of areas will enhance the organizational capacity to effectively implement technology.

Recommendation: The support costs for technology equipment rise exponentially when it is left in service beyond its normal expected life.
Most school districts continue investing in older technology equipment even at extraordinary cost and limited capability because a
systematic replacement cycle has not been adopted. An adopted cycle (3-5 years), either through equipment leasing or by purchase and
replacement is recommended for your school district.
Cost: Significant
Resources: School districts committed to the use of technology are adopting replacement cycles to avoid obsolescence. Most
manufacturers offer leasing programs that support equipment cycling.

Recommendations: Decades of funding issues in schools has created a culture that uses every resource to the very end of its life.
Unfortunately with technology or when equipment has reached the end of its reasonable life it begins to cost the district enormous resources
to keep it in service. Even if no support is provided, staff time for troubleshooting and other indirect resources are substantial. Like
textbooks that are replaced and surplussed on a cycle, technology should be surplussed after its usable life even if the equipment may still
work. This strategy can be challenging for districts that have a culture of extreme frugality or do not have an adopted upgrade cycle.
Cost: Neutral

Recommendation: Most technology companies offer standard equipment warranties of 1-3 years. Equipment warranties save district
support costs both in time and $$$$, and, in some cases, can generate a revenue source for the district if they are a self-supporting
organization and receive warranty work reimbursement. A good warranty program ensures access to equipment specific expertise and
timely service. At the time of purchase, most companies will provide an extended warranty option. It is recommended that a district
consider purchasing agreements that include a warranty matching the expected service life of the equipment.

Recommendation: Every brand of computer has its own unique characteristics. While there are many similarities between brands, having
more that one brand makes computer support costly, time-consuming, and extremely challenging. Purchasing a single brand of computer
over multiple years is strongly recommended, as the standard will create support efficiencies in the organization. In many cases, the
selection of a single brand can decrease purchase costs due to volume pricing and multiple year contracts. Most issues with single brand
selection are related to organizational culture and decision-making.
Cost: Neutral
Resources: Case studies of school districts that have selected a single brand of computer can be found with most major
manufacturers.




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                                                           1. Staffing & Processes
                     Emergent              Islands                Integrated            Exemplary             Impact
Organizational       The technology        The reporting          The technical         All of the            Neutral
Structure            support comes         structures are         support functions     technology
                     from multiple         difficult to           and instructional     functions report
                     points within         identify, and          technology            through the same
                     organization, and     direction comes        functions report      unit in the
                     reporting is not      from multiple          differently, but      organization,
                     functionally          points of the          each unit is          providing for a
                     logical. Cross-       organization.          cohesively            logical chain of
                     functional            Cross-functional       organized and         command and
                     collaboration is      collaboration          there is              communication
                     difficult or          exists.                communication         structures.
                     nonexistent.                                 between units.
Staffing to          Computer to           Computer to            Computer to           Computer to           High
Computer Ratio       technician ratio is   technician ratio is technician ratio is      technician ratio is
                     over 250:1            between 150:1          between 75:1 and      less than 75:1
                                           and 250:1              150:1.
Formula Driven       Staffing formulas     Formulas for           Comprehensive         Comprehensive         Variable -
Technology           are not used or       staffing are           formulas have         formulas have         Depending upon
Staffing             considered.           considered but are been developed            been developed        the nature of the
                                           limited in scope       considering           and drive staffing    formula, over
                                           and are not used       multiple              as a normal part of   time additional
                                           to drive staffing.     dimensions of the     operations.           staffing is
                                                                  environment but       Formulas include      typically
                                                                  are only used as a    multiple              generated unless
                                                                  guide and do not      dimensions of the     the desired
                                                                  drive staffing.       environment.          computer
                                                                                                              penetration has
                                                                                                              been
                                                                                                              accomplished.
Escalation Process   No escalation         A clear path for       An escalation         A well-defined        Minimal
for Technical        process is in         resolution is in       process is in place   escalation process
Issues               place, and the        place, but no          with two steps of     is in place, with
                     path for              escalation process     escalation, and       three or more
                     resolution is         is recognized.         significant           steps of
                     unclear.                                     crossover between     escalation, and a
                                                                  levels.               clear path for
                                                                                        resolution.
HelpDesk             No Helpdesk           A help number is       A district            A district            Minimal to
                     support is            provided for staff     Helpdesk is in        Helpdesk is in        Moderate
                     provided.             but is not fully       place, but district   place with trained
                                           staffed. The help      culture has not       Helpdesk staff,
                                           number is used as      adopted the           and a district
                                           an emergency           Helpdesk              culture of using
                                           number only and        systemically.         the Helpdesk as
                                           is not used as first                         the first line of
                                           line of defense.                             defense.
Use of Online        Staff seeks no        Some staff seeks       Many staff seek       Most staff seeks      Minimal to
Knowledgebase        online help due to    online help, but       online help, but      help from an          Moderate
for Technical Help   both availability     the behavior is        not as a first line   online
                     of resources and      not pervasive.         of defense.           knowledgebase as
                     district culture.                                                  their first line of
                                                                                        defense for most
                                                                                        issues.



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Software Support     No list of            A list of            A list of supported     A list of supported     Neutral
Protocols and        supported             supported            software is             software is
Standards            software is           software is          provided with           provided, with
                     provided for          provided, but no     differentiated          clear
                     users.                differentiated       processes,              differentiated
                                           processes are        however, users          processes for each
                                           provided for         and staff do not        set of software
                                           limited support      follow them             that are
                                           products.            closely.                consistently used.
New Equipment        The school staff      The technical        The manufacturer        A single vendor         Moderate
Deployment           is responsible for    staff manages        or a vendor             provides
                     the deployment of     deployment of        performs                deployment of
                     new equipment.        new equipment,       equipment               new equipment,
                                           requiring a          imaging and             including
                                           reduction in         tagging, but setup      imaging, asset
                                           regular service.     is the                  tagging, setup,
                                                                responsibility of       and network
                                                                the regular             connections.
                                                                technical staff.        Regular technical
                                                                                        support functions
                                                                                        are not disrupted.
Documented           Little or no          Some                 Documentation           Documentation           Minimal to
Procedures           documentation         documentation        exists for many         exists for most         Moderate
                     exists for            exists for           technical tasks but     technical tasks
                     technical tasks,      technical tasks      is poorly written       and is used by
                     requiring users       but is not widely    and is not              most user groups.
                     and technical staff   shared or used.      systematically          Well-written
                     to invent their       Most                 updated as              documentation
                     own solutions.        documentation is     procedures are          production is a
                                           limited to few       developed.              normal part of
                                           technical staff                              operations.
                                           only.
Certification of     Certification is      Technical staff is   Some technical          Most technical          Minimal to
Technical Staff      not a priority in     encouraged to        staff is certified in   staff is certified in   Moderate
                     the organization,     become certified,    appropriate areas,      appropriate areas
                     and concerns are      but no support is    others are              (e.g., A+, Cisco,
                     raised about time     provided toward      involved in             MCSE, etc.).
                     away from the job     certification.       district-supported
                     to pursue                                  programs toward
                     certification.                             certification.
Differentiated Job   Technical support     Technical            Some                    Job descriptions        Neutral
Descriptions         employees do it       support,             differentiation in      are fully
                     all, and              employees do it      jobs has occurred,      differentiated
                     redundancies and      all, but             although                creating
                     inefficiencies are    redundancies are     assignments are         specialization and
                     created as a          not created due to   not provided            efficiencies, and a
                     result.               size and/or          based upon skill-       clear avenue for
                                           staffing levels.     set competencies.       support.
Retention            Technical staff       Technical staff      Technical staff         Technical staff         Minimal
                     turnover is very      turnover is high     turnover is             turnover is very
                     high; employee        due to other         moderate                low (excluding
                     satisfaction is       employment           (excluding              retirement);
                     low.                  opportunities;       retirement);            employee
                                           employee             employee                satisfaction is very
                                           satisfaction is      satisfaction is         high.
                                           fair.                high.



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Competitive        Technical            Technical            Technical            Technical             Moderate to High
Compensation       positions are        positions are        positions are        positions are very
                   poorly               moderately           competitive,         competitive;
                   competitive,         competitive,         offering             offering
                   offering             offering             compensation in      compensation in
                   compensation in      compensation in      the 75th to 90th     the 90th percentile
                   the bottom 50%       the 50th to 75th     percentile of        of equivalent
                   of equivalent        percentile of        equivalent           organizations in
                   positions in the     equivalent           organizations in     the area and, in
                   area.                organizations in     the area and offer   some cases,
                                        the area.            competitive          compete with
                                                             noncompensation      private businesses
                                                             benefits.            for talent.
Certificated       Certificated         Certificated         Certificated         Certificated          Neutral
Support            employees            employees            employees serve      employees are
                   provide all of the   provide much of      as the contact       used as the
                   technical            the technical        point, and perform   contact point in
                   assistance in the    assistance in the    some of the          the building but
                   building.            building with        technical work in    do not perform
                                        release time or      conjunction with     technical support
                                        stipend.             technical staff.     work.
Contracted         Contracted           Contracted           All technical        Contracted            Moderate
Support            support is not       support is used      support is           support is used for
                   used.                rarely, typically    contracted with an   major projects and
                                        for special          outside service      high-level
                                        projects only.       organization and     technical
                                                             meets district       problems, but not
                                                             criteria for         for day-to-day
                                                             support.             operational issues.
Student Support    Students provide     Students are used    No student           A curricular          Neutral
                   support for school   extensively, in an   support is           program is
                   in an ad-hoc         official capacity,   provided.            designed to train
                   manner due to        and supplant                              students in
                   limited district     district support.                         technical support.
                   support.                                                       They support
                                                                                  district
                                                                                  technology, but in
                                                                                  a peripheral way
                                                                                  as part of their
                                                                                  instructional
                                                                                  program only.

Domain Result Summary: According to the TSI, your Staffing & Procedures (Domain 2) is considered
―Integrated‖ requiring limited improvements. The ―Integrated‖ stage of development refers to a system that is doing
a very good job of support in many areas. Improvements in a number of areas will enhance the organizational
capacity to effectively implement technology.

Recommendation: The most efficient and effective support practice used in industry is a Helpdesk for the first line
of defense. The Helpdesk centralizes the intellectual capital of the organization and allows for efficient deployment
of technical resources. Even in small school districts, the Helpdesk is an essential component of an effective support
system. The development and effective use of a technology Helpdesk is strongly recommended.
Cost: Minimal to Moderate

 Recommendation: A large percentage of technical issues that arise are often simple in nature. In most cases, with
the right information and a culture that promotes minimal troubleshooting, users can help themselves for many

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technical problems. An easy to use and searchable knowledgebase is critical to empower users to solve the simple
problems themselves. The more effective knowledgebase implementations are those that grow with the organization
and are populated by staff that is solving problems. To more effectively use staff time and resources, the purchase
and use of an online knowledgebase is strongly recommended.
Cost: Minimal to Moderate

Recommendation: When new equipment arrives in a school or district, the regular technical support duties are
often disrupted until the deployment is complete. Many districts try to purchase in large quantities to take advantage
of volume pricing which exacerbates the problem. A number of hardware vendors and service organizations now
offer installation services for districts that include asset tagging, branding, software installation (imaging), and set-
up. By deploying equipment in this way, technology service staff can keep the disruption to support at a minimum.
It is recommended that equipment deployment services be used, especially on large orders.
Cost: Moderate

Recommendation: Employees in the high tech sector are in very high demand. Most school districts do not expect
to compete with many of their private sector neighbors. It is recommended, however, that a school district monitor
comparative salaries with similar public organizations to stay in the higher quartile at a minimum, preferably in the
top 10%.
Cost: Moderate to High

Recommendation: Many school districts fund staffing based upon a political process rather than one that is
committed to a staffing formula generated by the conditions in the district. For example, a new program may
generate an additional 500 computers but rarely will the new equipment generate an equivalent number of staff.
Existing staff is expected to support the new equipment with existing resources. Even if the formula is less than ideal,
a formula based system of staffing creates a basis and rationale for technology staffing. Considerations for the
staffing formula include computer and peripheral number, buildings, network connections, number of applications
supported, number of operating systems, etc. A formula driven staffing formula is highly recommended.
Cost: Variable




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        2. Professional Development
                    Emergent              Islands                 Integrated              Exemplary               Impact
Comprehensive       There is no formal    A staff                 A staff                 A comprehensive         High
Staff Development   staff development     development             development             staff development
Programs            program in place.     program is in place     program is in place     program is in
                    Training is           but is limited,         but is not              place that impacts
                    provided              voluntary, and uses     comprehensive in        ALL staff. The
                    infrequently, and     a single dimension      nature in that it       program is
                    the organization      in its delivery.        does not impact all     progressive in
                    depends upon                                  staff and does not      nature, and
                    individuals’ own                              offer the depth         balances
                    motivation to                                 required to change      incentive,
                    build expertise.                              the organization.       accountability,

                                                                                          and diverse
                                                                                          learning
                                                                                          opportunities.
Online Training     Online training       Online training         Online training         Online training         Minimal to
Opportunities       opportunities do      opportunities exist     opportunities are       opportunities are       Moderate
                    not exist.            but are limited in      available for staff     provided for staff
                                          scope and are           onsite and remotely     both onsite and
                                          available to a          but are limited in      remotely, and
                                          limited number of       their offerings.        represent a
                                          employees                                       diversity of skill
                                                                                          sets.
Just in Time        No just-in-time       Just-in-time            A process and           A process and           Moderate
Training            training process or   training is used, but   delivery for just-      delivery system
                    delivery system       the process and         intime training is in   has been
                    has been put into     delivery system has     place, but has not      established for
                    place.                not been refined so     been adopted by         just-in-time
                                          it can be used          the organization as     training
                                          realistically within    a mechanism for         organization-wide
                                          the organization.       solving issues.         and is used
                                                                                          consistently.
Expectations for    Expectations of       Expectations of         Expectations of         Expectations for        Neutral
all Staff           staff are not         staff are articulated   staff are               all staff are clearly
                    clearly defined       but are limited in      articulated, but        articulated.
                    and are not part of   scope.                  have not been           Performance
                    the organizational                            adopted as part of      expectations are
                    culture.                                      the organizational      built into work
                                                                  culture.                functions and are
                                                                                          part of the
                                                                                          organizational
                                                                                          culture.
Training for        Technical staff is    Technical staff         Technical staff         Technical staff         Minimal to
Technical Staff     only given            receives consistent     receives consistent     receives ample          Moderate
                    training to take      training around         training around         training as a
                    care of the           emergent issues.        emergent issues,        normal part of
                    immediate issues      Advanced training       and have limited        their employment,
                    in the district.      is not district         district-sponsored      and includes
                    Advanced training     sponsored but is        opportunities for       training toward
                    is not encouraged.    encouraged.             advanced training.      certification.




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Is basic           Basic                Troubleshooting is   Troubleshooting is   Basic                  Minimal to
troubleshooting    troubleshooting is   built into           built into the       troubleshooting is     Moderate
part of the        not considered as    professional         professional         built into the
district’s         a part of            development but is   development          professional
professional       professional         too technical in     program and is       development
development        development.         nature and is not    used as a major      program and is
program?                                balanced with a      strategy for         used as a first line
                                        technical support    technical support.   of defense in
                                        system.                                   conjunction with
                                                                                  technical support.

Domain Result Summary: According to the TSI, your Professional Development (Domain 3) is considered
―Exemplary‖ requiring few improvements. The ―Exemplary‖ stage of development refers to a system that is doing
an outstanding job of support in most areas. Improvement in a number of areas will further refine a very good
system of support.

Recommendation: Technology changes rapidly and the complexities of a highly technical environment are
challenging. To stay abreast of current solutions it is recommended that technical staff training be provided as a
normal part working in the school district. Training activities should be part of the work schedule, and should lead
toward certification.
Cost: Minimal to Moderate

Recommendation: Organizations that have high expectations for ALL staff with systems in place to provide
support will have lower support costs over the long term. While initially support costs are high bringing staff up to
speed, as staff become more sophisticated those costs drop. It is recommended that clear expectations be established
for all staff, including basic troubleshooting.
Cost: Neutral

Recommendation: Providing online training for staff expands their pool of opportunities, increasing staff capacity,
and reducing low-level technical support issues. It is recommended that online training be put into place both on-site
and remotely.
Cost: Minimal to Moderate




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        3. Intelligent Systems
                   Emergent             Islands               Integrated            Exemplary            Impact
Trouble            No trouble           A simple ticketing    A trouble             All technical        Minimal to
Ticketing System   ticketing system     system is in place    ticketing system is   issues are           Moderate
                   exists.              but is not            in place and is       recorded and
                                        electronic and/or     used extensively      delegated to
                                        is simple in its      for responding to     appropriate
                                        implementation        technical issues.     resources through
                                        not allowing for      Analysis of issues,   an electronic
                                        universal tracking    response times,       ticketing system.
                                        of issues and         and possible          All technical
                                        establishing          trends is not done.   issues are tracked
                                        trends.                                     and evaluated
                                                                                    through this
                                                                                    system.
Virus Protection   No virus software    Virus software is     Server-based virus    Server-bases virus   Minimal to
                   is used.             used, but it is       software is used,     software is          Moderate
                                        client-based and      but the parameters    available, used,
                                        therefore often out   for its use are       and automatically
                                        of date.              loosely defined       updated.
                                                              and updates are
                                                              not consistent.
Network            Network access is    Network access is     Network access is     Robust broadband     High to
Infrastructure     limited to some      available to all      available to all      network access is    Significant
                   locations and is     locations but does    locations, but        available to all
                   not available in     not impact all        segments of the       locations allowing
                   every location.      computers and is      network are           for unlimited
                                        limited in            limited in            network control
                                        bandwidth.            bandwidth.            and tool use.
Desktop and        No desktop           Desktop               Desktop               Desktop              Minimal
Software           standardization      standardization       standardization       standardization
Standardization    tools or practice    tools are in place    tools are in place,   tools are used to
Tools (Profiles)   are used.            but are mostly        but user changes      provide a
                                        ignored once the      are not               common desktop
                                                                                    for all

                                        equipment is          automatically         users and access
                                        deployed.             accommodated.         to common
                                                                                    software.
                                                                                    Changes to the
                                                                                    desktop are
                                                                                    automatically
                                                                                    corrected.
Network Sniffing   No network           Network sniffing      Network sniffing      Network sniffing     Minimal to
Tools              sniffing tools are   tools are used for    tools are used for    tools are used to    Moderate
                   used.                problem diagnosis     problem diagnosis     both diagnose
                                        only.                 and limited           problems and
                                                              preventative          establish
                                                              maintenance.          performance
                                                                                    matrices for
                                                                                    preventative
                                                                                    maintenance.
                                                                                    These tools
                                                                                    systematically
                                                                                    monitor the
                                                                                    network.



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Online            No online             An online             An online             An online            Minimal to
Knowledge Base    knowledgebase is      knowledgebase is      knowledgebase is      knowledgebase is     Moderate
                  present.              in place, but it is   in place and is       in place and is
                                        limited in scope      consulted by          expansive in its
                                        and is not readily    users. It is not      detail. It is used
                                        used in the           designed to easily    readily, and
                                        organization.         expand and users      automatically
                                                              do not use it as a    grows based upon
                                                              first line of         the trend data
                                                              defense.              generated in other
                                                                                    tracking systems.
Integrated and    Electronic            Electronic            Electronic            Electronic           Minimal to
Systemic          communication is      communications        communication is      communication is     Moderate
Electronic        limited and has       is available to       available to          available to
Communication     little use for        many staff but is     everyone in the       everyone in the
                  providing             not integrated into   organization but is   organization and
                  technical support.    the daily work of     not readily used      is integrated into
                                        employees.            for technical         daily work, so it
                                                              support.              can be used for
                                                                                    technical support.
Remote            No remote             Remote                Remote                Remote               Moderate to High
Computer          management is         management is         management is         management is
Management        available.            available for         available for all     available for all
                                        servers only.         computers but is      computers and is
                                                              not used              used as a primary
                                                              extensively.          strategy of
                                                                                    support.
Ghost or Other    Ghost or imaging      Imaging software      An image is used      Machines receive     Minimal
Imaging Systems   systems are not       is used in the most   for delivery of the   a Ghost image
                  used.                 primitive sense,      machine but is not    upon delivery.
                                        only providing        used to clone all     The images are
                                        recovery services     of the software on    used both for
                                        for those with the    the machine.          mass delivery and
                                        software installed.                         for
                                                                                    troubleshooting
                                                                                    computers.

SMS or            SMS or                SMS or                SMS or                SMS or               Moderate
ManageWise        ManageWise is         ManageWise is         ManageWise is         ManageWise is
                  not used as a         used for metering     used for metering     used for all
                  district tool.        but is not used for   and some              software
                                        installation and      software updates,     distribution,
                                        updates, and its      but major             technical updates,
                                        use is limited in     software              and for metering
                                        scope.                installations are     of software use on
                                                              handled on the        the district’s
                                                              individual PC.        computers.
Server Farms      Every site has it’s   Each site has only    Many servers are      All servers and      Moderate to High
and Centralized   own server and in     one sever with        consolidated into     services are
Services          some cases,           some services         a few locations       centralized
                  multiple servers.     (e.g., e-mail, SIS)   and most services     requiring minimal
                  Backup and server     provided              are provided          server
                  management            centrally.            centrally.            management
                  occurs locally.                                                   outside of one
                                                                                    location.




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Use of              No ASP services      One or two ASP        A number of ASP       ASP services are      Moderate to High
Application         are used.            services are used,    services are used     used for most
Service Providers                        but it does not       but is limited to     major applications
(ASP)                                    impact support        one category of       including
                                         due to the            software.             productivity,
                                         peripheral nature                           content, and
                                         of the product.                             research-based
                                                                                     applications.
Vendor Specific     Vendor tools are     Vendor tools are      Vendor tools are      Vendor tools are      Minimal
Management          not installed or     available and have    used in a limited     used extensively
Tools (e.g.         considered when      been purchased,       way for diagnosis     for diagnosis of
Insight Manager)    purchasing           but they are          and prevention.       issues, to
                    hardware.            mostly unused.                              streamline
                                                                                     processes, and for
                                                                                     preventive
                                                                                     measures.
Quality             Surveys are done     Quality assurance     Surveys are done      Quality assurance     Minimal
Assurance and       generally as part    surveys are           specific to           is measured by a
Customer            of other             conducted, but        technical support;    random and
Follow-up           departmental         they are not          however, they are     automatic system
                    survey work          automated and are     done only             that tracks
                    within the           only done             periodically and      customer
                    organization or      annually.             the data is used      satisfaction and
                    not at all.                                sporadically.         closed tickets.
                                                                                     Data is collected
                                                                                     throughout the
                                                                                     year. Questions
                                                                                     asked are specific
                                                                                     to technical
                                                                                     support and the
                                                                                     data is used to
                                                                                     make adjustments.
Student, Fiscal,    Student, Fiscal,     Student, Fiscal,      Student, Fiscal,      Student, Fiscal,      Moderate to High
HR and/or           HR and/or Rubric     HR and/or Rubric      HR and/or Rubric      HR and/or Rubric
Assessment          systems are not in   systems are           systems are in        systems are in
Systems             place.               partially in place,   place and reliable,   place, reliable,
                                         and are not           but do not            intuitive, and
                                         reliable or           integrate well        integrate nicely
                                         intuitive.            with other            with other
                                                               systems and are       productivity tools.
                                                               not intuitive.

Domain Result Summary: According to the TSI, your Intelligent Systems (Domain 4) is considered ―Integrated‖
requiring limited improvements. The ―Integrated‖ stage of development refers to a system that is doing a very good
job of support in many areas. Improvements in a number of areas will enhance the organizational capacity to
effectively implement technology.

Recommendation: Technical support costs easily escalate because technicians are required to travel to the location
of the computer to resolve the issue. If a technician is able to access a computer remotely regardless of location,
significant savings of time and resources will be gained.
Cost: Moderate to High

Recommendation: Software distribution and metering can take place over the network with products like SMS and
ManageWise. Enormous labor savings can be gained by distributing software in this way. In addition these products


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allow for asset management, copyright compliance, and detection of software that may place the system at risk. It is
recommended that SMS or ManageWise be used for software distribution and management.
Cost: Moderate

Recommendation: Many vendors provide their own management tools to reduce and increase support. This
includes restore disks and management tools like Compaq’s Insight Manager. It is highly recommended that districts
take advantage of vendor provided tools for the management of computer systems.
Cost: Minimal

Recommendation: A large percentage of technical issues that arise are often simple in nature. In most cases, with
the right information and a culture that promotes minimal troubleshooting, users can help themselves for many
technical problems. An easy to use and searchable knowledgebase is critical to empower users to solve the simple
problems themselves. The more effective knowledgebase implementations are those that grow with the organization
and are populated by workers that are solving problems. To more effectively use staff time and resources, the
purchase and use of an online knowledgebase is strongly recommended.
Cost: Minimal to Moderate




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