1 A name or persona—the mask or appearance
one presents to the world—by which one is
This criminal has taken on several identities
2 Knowledge of who one is.
I've been through so many changes, I have no sense of identity.
This nation has a strong identity.
3-The difference or character that marks off an
individual from the rest of the same kind,
4- The sameness some individuals share to make
up the same kind or universal.
What you really are...
becomes only clear ,
when you look in the heart of your heart...
Who looks outside,
Who looks inside,
Psychologists most commonly use the term
"identity" to describe PERSONAL IDENTITY,
or the idiosyncratic things that make a person
Meanwhile, sociologists often use the term to
describe SOCIAL IDENTITY, or the collection
of group memberships that define the
However, these uses are not proprietary, and each
discipline may use either concept.
CULTURAL IDENTITY refers to the content
of values as guiding principles, to meaningful
symbols, and to life-styles that individuals
share with others, though not necessarily
within recognizable groups.
Identity is a dynamic concept
Each individual is seen to have a repertoire of
identities open to them (social and personal),
each identity informing the individual of who
he is and what this identity entails. Which of
these many identities is most salient for an
individual at any time will vary according to
the social context.
SYMBOLS : words(languages) , gestures,
images, objects (cloths, hairstyle, flags,...),...
HEROES : persons ( dead or alive, ficiton or
real) who can be considered as models for
RITUALS : How to greet, social and religious
ceremonies , politics, business... Things which
stimulate the cohesion of a group.
STAGE Psycho - Significant Psycho-social Psycho- Mal -
social crisis relations modalities social adaptations &
1 : (0-1y) Trust vs. Mother To get, to Hope, Sensory,
Infant Mistrust give in return faith distortion
2 : (2-3y) Autonomy Parents To hold on , Will, Impulsivity
Toddler vs. Shame to let go determi- compulsion
and doubt nation
3: (3-6y) Initiative Family To go after, Purpose, Ruthlessness
pre- vs- guilt to play courage inhibition
4:(7-12or so) Industry Neighbour- To complete, Compe- Narrow
school – vs. hood and to make tence virtuosity
age child Inferiority school things inertia
STAGE Psycho - Significant Psycho-social Psycho-social Mal -
social crisis relations modalities virtues adaptations &
5: (12- Ego-identity Peer To be oneself, to Fidelity, Fanaticism
18or so) vs. Role- groups, role share oneself loyalty reduptiation
adole- confusion models
6: (the Intimicy vs. Partners , To lose or to Love Promiscuity
20’s) isolation friends find oneself in repudiation
7: (late Generativi- Household, To make be, to Care Overextension
20’s to ty vs. self- workmates take care of rejectivity
8: (50’s Integrity vs. Mankind To be, through Wisdom Presumption
and despair or‖my having been, to despair
beyond kind‖ face not being
Mandala = Sanskrit for ―Circle‖
A Mandala can be described as any form of
geometric design that contains symbols of a
person’s inner self, guiding principles and
overall ideas about the world.
Reference : Carl Gustav Jung
Mandala exercise = to encourage self reflection
21 “trauma” or “joy”
Persons ? HEROES?
14 – 21 7- 14
- Gender / sex : ( man- woman )
- Your participation in
- Your education?
- Migration? (active/passive)
- Trauma’s/ Moments of joy an happiness
- Changes in role/position