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```					Intelligence and Creativity
What is intelligence?
The ability to acquire knowledge (learn &
understand), apply knowledge (solve problems),
and engage in abstract reasoning.

Elements:
• Ability to set and work towards a goal
• Ability to comprehend and understand
challenges/problems
• Ability to evaluate solutions
How is intelligence measured?

• Intelligence testing: mental age and
Intelligence quotient (IQ)

• Mental age: the age level at which the
test-taker is able to complete problems

• IQ:
Mental age X 100 = IQ
Physical age
Measuring Intelligence
A six year old completes an IQ test
as well as most eight year olds.
What is the mental age and the IQ
of this child?

A 15-year old does as well on the
test as most 12-year olds. What is
the mental age and IQ of this child?
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test

• Alfred Binet: designed the first intelligence
test to help identify students who need
special instruction in school.
• Binet‟s test was later modified at Stanford
University
• Still used today (100 years later)
• Tests the four elements of intelligence in
increasing difficulty
• Primarily designed for school-aged kids
Wechsler Scale
• Stanford-Binet test is not accurate for
adults because it is almost all verbal

• Wechsler scale assesses verbal
intelligence and non-verbal
reasoning/performance.

Test Examples:
Which one of these does not conform
to the others?
Test Examples
Which one of these does not conform
to the others?
Test Examples
Which two shapes can fitted together to
make the larger shape?
Test Examples
Which larger shape would be made if the
two sections are fitted together?

Test Examples
Choose the image that mirrors the same shape:

1)          2)           3)           4)         5)
Test Examples
Sarah needs 11 bottles of water from
the store. Sarah can only carry 3 at a
time. What's the minimum number of
trips Sarah needs to make to the
store?

1) 5 2) 4 ½ 3) 1/2 4) 5 ½         5) 4
Test Examples
Which number is next in the sequence:

5 10 15 10 ?

1) 9 2) 10 3) 5 4) 15
Test Examples
Question
ELVIS is to LIVES as 72945 is to
_______:

1) 24975
2) 54927
3) 24579
4) 24957
Test Examples

Which one of the five is least like the
other four?

1) Giraffe
2) Cow
3) Dog
4) Bird
5) Llama
Test Examples
Pen is to paper as brush is to _______:

1)   Paint
2)   Air
3)   Oil
4)   Canvas
Test Examples
If all Moops are Tazzies and all
Tazzies are Fazzies, then all Moops
are definitely Fazzies?

True
False
Test Examples
Choose the word most similar to spy:

1) Hostile
2) Rock
3) Hidden
4) Observation
Test Examples
Choose the word that does not belong
with the others:

1) Laser
2) Sun
3) Moon
4) Space
5) Planet
Test Examples
If you rearrange the letters "NAKSE"
you have the name of a:

1) Animal
2) Country
3) State
4) City
5) Ocean
IQ Scales/Scores
Below 70: mentally retarded (~2%)
70-80: borderline MR (~7%)
80-90: low average (~16%)
90-110: average (50%)
110-120: high average (~16%)
120-130: superior (~7%)
Above 130: Very superior (~2%)
You mean those are real words?
Real intelligence terms based on Wechsler:

1- Profound Idiot: (profound MR) - score 1-10 points in
Wechsler IQ test scale.
2- Severe Idiot: (severe MR) - scores 11-25 points
3- Imbecile: (moderate MR) - score 26-40 points. Their
mental age is no more than a child of five years old.
4- Moron: score 41-55 points. Their mental development
equals that of a child of 8-12 years old.
5- Border Line: score 56-70 points on a Wechsler IQ test
scale.
What is genius?
• Genius: 126-130
• Super-genius: greater than 130

Highest ever recorded?
Marilyn vos Savant has an
approximate IQ of 228. At that level,
IQ is almost impossible to measure
with accuracy.
Causes for Intelligence
• Strong genetic component
– Identical twins have closer IQs than
fraternal twins
– Natural children‟s IQs are more similar
children‟s IQs
• Environmental component
– Nutrition
– Stimulating environment during
development
Causes for Retardation
Physical: 20% (usually result in severe to
profound retardation)
• Injury/Disease
• Extreme malnutrition
• Lack of oxygen at birth
• Toxic chemical exposure
• Lack of stimulation
• Alcohol/drug abuse by pregnant mom
• Poor nutrition
Savant Syndrome
Person with below-normal mental
capacity possesses particular talent
or ability

Causes unknown

Rainman
Creativity
• Ability to consistently create original,
workable ideas
• Ability to deviate from the expected
• Ability to „break set‟
• Not measurable by standard IQ tests
• Not necessarily correlated with high
IQ
What is ‘breaking set?’
Set = tendency to use the same strategy or
solution over and over again – even when
it doesn‟t work
Breaking set = new, unexpected solutions
or ideas; using something in a way that is
different from the normal way

Creative solutions are unusual, but effective
Measuring Creativity
airplane
Measuring Creativity
Use some or all of the objects below
to mount a candle on the wall
Measuring Creativity

List as many uses as possible for a
brick
Creative Students
• Not often identified as the „brightest‟
• Above average IQ, but only slightly
• Often unpredictable & disruptive
• May be silly and tend to contradict
teachers
• Not often „teacher‟s pets‟
• Accomplishments are not always
achieved in the usual way
Quiz
1. Define 3 components of
intelligence
2. What is the name of the
intelligence test given to school
kids?
3. What is the name of the
4. A person is tested to have an
IQ of 75. What will their
intelligence level be listed
as?
5. At what score is a person
considered to be mentally
retarded?
6. How will a person with an IQ
of 148 will be listed?
A six year old taking an IQ test is
questions that most nine year
old students are able to answer.

7. What is this child‟s IQ?
8. What is this child‟s mental
age?
9. What are two things that an
intelligent person may be able to
do better than a person with
normal or below average
intelligence?
10.What does the “E” in E = mc  2

mean, and who come up with the
formula?
Quiz #2
1. What IQ test is normally given to
school kids?
If a nine-year old student tests at a six-
year old level:
2. What is their mental age?
3. What is their IQ?
4. What range of intelligence does this
score put them into?
5. Name three things that may
contribute to intelligence
6. Name three things that may
contribute to retardation
7. What is a savant?
Guilford test for creativity
Plot Titles, where participants are given the plot of a story
and asked to write original titles.
Quick Responses is a word-association test scored for
uncommonness.
Figure Concepts, where participants were given simple
drawings of objects and individuals and asked to find
qualities or features that are common by two or more
drawings; these were scored for uncommonness.
Unusual Uses is finding unusual uses for common
everyday objects such as bricks.
Remote Associations, where participants are asked to
find a word between two given words (e.g. Hand _____
Call)
Remote Consequences, where participants are asked to
generate a list of consequences of unexpected events
(e.g. loss of gravity)
Torrance Test of Creativity
• Fluency. The total number of
interpretable, meaningful, and relevant
ideas generated in response to the
stimulus.
• Flexibility. The number of different
categories of relevant responses.
• Originality. The statistical rarity of the
responses among the test subjects.
• Elaboration. The amount of detail in the
responses.

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