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Intelligence and Creativity (PowerPoint download)

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					Intelligence and Creativity
         What is intelligence?
     The ability to acquire knowledge (learn &
  understand), apply knowledge (solve problems),
        and engage in abstract reasoning.

Elements:
• Ability to set and work towards a goal
• Ability to adapt and adjust to new situations
• Ability to comprehend and understand
  challenges/problems
• Ability to evaluate solutions
   How is intelligence measured?

• Intelligence testing: mental age and
  Intelligence quotient (IQ)

• Mental age: the age level at which the
  test-taker is able to complete problems

• IQ:
          Mental age X 100 = IQ
          Physical age
  Measuring Intelligence
A six year old completes an IQ test
as well as most eight year olds.
What is the mental age and the IQ
of this child?

A 15-year old does as well on the
test as most 12-year olds. What is
the mental age and IQ of this child?
   Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test

• Alfred Binet: designed the first intelligence
  test to help identify students who need
  special instruction in school.
• Binet‟s test was later modified at Stanford
  University
• Still used today (100 years later)
• Tests the four elements of intelligence in
  increasing difficulty
• Primarily designed for school-aged kids
           Wechsler Scale
• Stanford-Binet test is not accurate for
  adults because it is almost all verbal

• Wechsler scale assesses verbal
  intelligence and non-verbal
  reasoning/performance.

• More accurate for adults
        Test Examples:
Which one of these does not conform
           to the others?
        Test Examples
Which one of these does not conform
           to the others?
         Test Examples
Which two shapes can fitted together to
        make the larger shape?
                Test Examples
Which larger shape would be made if the
    two sections are fitted together?




Choose Your Answer
            Test Examples
 Choose the image that mirrors the same shape:




1)          2)           3)           4)         5)
         Test Examples
 Sarah needs 11 bottles of water from
 the store. Sarah can only carry 3 at a
 time. What's the minimum number of
 trips Sarah needs to make to the
 store?

Choose Your Answer
 1) 5 2) 4 ½ 3) 1/2 4) 5 ½         5) 4
         Test Examples
Which number is next in the sequence:

 5 10 15 10 ?

Choose Your Answer
 1) 9 2) 10 3) 5 4) 15
            Test Examples
Question
ELVIS is to LIVES as 72945 is to
 _______:

Choose Your Answer
1) 24975
2) 54927
3) 24579
4) 24957
          Test Examples

  Which one of the five is least like the
             other four?

Choose Your Answer:
1) Giraffe
2) Cow
3) Dog
4) Bird
5) Llama
          Test Examples
Pen is to paper as brush is to _______:

Choose Your Answer:

1)   Paint
2)   Air
3)   Oil
4)   Canvas
         Test Examples
    If all Moops are Tazzies and all
  Tazzies are Fazzies, then all Moops
          are definitely Fazzies?

Choose your answer:
True
False
         Test Examples
 Choose the word most similar to spy:

Choose Your Answer:
1) Hostile
2) Rock
3) Hidden
4) Observation
         Test Examples
 Choose the word that does not belong
           with the others:

Choose Your Answer
1) Laser
2) Sun
3) Moon
4) Space
5) Planet
         Test Examples
  If you rearrange the letters "NAKSE"
         you have the name of a:

Choose Your Answer:
1) Animal
2) Country
3) State
4) City
5) Ocean
        IQ Scales/Scores
Below 70: mentally retarded (~2%)
70-80: borderline MR (~7%)
80-90: low average (~16%)
90-110: average (50%)
110-120: high average (~16%)
120-130: superior (~7%)
Above 130: Very superior (~2%)
 You mean those are real words?
Real intelligence terms based on Wechsler:

1- Profound Idiot: (profound MR) - score 1-10 points in
  Wechsler IQ test scale.
2- Severe Idiot: (severe MR) - scores 11-25 points
3- Imbecile: (moderate MR) - score 26-40 points. Their
  mental age is no more than a child of five years old.
4- Moron: score 41-55 points. Their mental development
  equals that of a child of 8-12 years old.
5- Border Line: score 56-70 points on a Wechsler IQ test
  scale.
         What is genius?
• Genius: 126-130
• Super-genius: greater than 130

Highest ever recorded?
 Marilyn vos Savant has an
 approximate IQ of 228. At that level,
 IQ is almost impossible to measure
 with accuracy.
    Causes for Intelligence
• Strong genetic component
  – Identical twins have closer IQs than
    fraternal twins
  – Natural children‟s IQs are more similar
    to their parents/siblings than adopted
    children‟s IQs
• Environmental component
  – Nutrition
  – Stimulating environment during
    development
        Causes for Retardation
Physical: 20% (usually result in severe to
  profound retardation)
• Injury/Disease
• Extreme malnutrition
• Lack of oxygen at birth
• Toxic chemical exposure
Environmental (usually linked to poverty)
• Lack of stimulation
• Alcohol/drug abuse by pregnant mom
• Poor nutrition
      Savant Syndrome
Person with below-normal mental
capacity possesses particular talent
or ability

Causes unknown

Rainman
              Creativity
• Ability to consistently create original,
  workable ideas
• Ability to deviate from the expected
• Ability to „break set‟
• Not measurable by standard IQ tests
• Not necessarily correlated with high
  IQ
      What is ‘breaking set?’
Set = tendency to use the same strategy or
 solution over and over again – even when
 it doesn‟t work
Breaking set = new, unexpected solutions
 or ideas; using something in a way that is
 different from the normal way

Creative solutions are unusual, but effective
   Measuring Creativity
Write a story about this man on an
               airplane
   Measuring Creativity
Use some or all of the objects below
  to mount a candle on the wall
    Measuring Creativity


List as many uses as possible for a
               brick
        Creative Students
• Not often identified as the „brightest‟
• Above average IQ, but only slightly
• Often unpredictable & disruptive
• May be silly and tend to contradict
  teachers
• Not often „teacher‟s pets‟
• Accomplishments are not always
  achieved in the usual way
                Quiz
1. Define 3 components of
   intelligence
2. What is the name of the
   intelligence test given to school
   kids?
3. What is the name of the
   intelligence test given to adults?
4. A person is tested to have an
   IQ of 75. What will their
   intelligence level be listed
   as?
5. At what score is a person
   considered to be mentally
   retarded?
6. How will a person with an IQ
   of 148 will be listed?
A six year old taking an IQ test is
   able to consistently answer
 questions that most nine year
old students are able to answer.


 7. What is this child‟s IQ?
 8. What is this child‟s mental
    age?
9. What are two things that an
   intelligent person may be able to
   do better than a person with
   normal or below average
   intelligence?
10.What does the “E” in E = mc  2

   mean, and who come up with the
   formula?
                 Quiz #2
1. What IQ test is normally given to
    school kids?
If a nine-year old student tests at a six-
    year old level:
2. What is their mental age?
3. What is their IQ?
4. What range of intelligence does this
    score put them into?
5. Name three things that may
   contribute to intelligence
6. Name three things that may
   contribute to retardation
7. What is a savant?
      Guilford test for creativity
Plot Titles, where participants are given the plot of a story
and asked to write original titles.
Quick Responses is a word-association test scored for
uncommonness.
Figure Concepts, where participants were given simple
drawings of objects and individuals and asked to find
qualities or features that are common by two or more
drawings; these were scored for uncommonness.
Unusual Uses is finding unusual uses for common
everyday objects such as bricks.
Remote Associations, where participants are asked to
find a word between two given words (e.g. Hand _____
Call)
Remote Consequences, where participants are asked to
generate a list of consequences of unexpected events
(e.g. loss of gravity)
    Torrance Test of Creativity
• Fluency. The total number of
  interpretable, meaningful, and relevant
  ideas generated in response to the
  stimulus.
• Flexibility. The number of different
  categories of relevant responses.
• Originality. The statistical rarity of the
  responses among the test subjects.
• Elaboration. The amount of detail in the
  responses.

				
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