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					Identifying the
Elements of A
 Plot Diagram
   Student Notes
    Plot Diagram
            3



                4
      2
1
                    5
       1. Exposition
• This usually occurs at the beginning of a
  short story.
• Here the characters & setting are
  introduced.
• We are introduced to the main conflict (main
  problem).
             2. Rising Action
• This part of the story begins to develop the
  conflict(s) with complications.
• Complications are events that test the characters.
• A building of interest or suspense occurs.
• Suspense is the growing feeling of excitement/anxiety in
  a story – makes you want to keep reading!
            3. Climax
• This is the turning point of the story – most
  exciting part of the story.
• Usually the main character comes face to
  face with a conflict.
• The main character will change in some way.
   4. Falling Action
• All loose ends of the
  plot are tied up.
• All of the events that
  occur after the climax.
      5. Resolution
• The story comes to a reasonable ending.
• Conflict is resolved.
• Also called the denouement.
  Putting It All Together
1. Exposition         Beginning of
                         Story
2. Rising Action

                    Middle of Story
3. Climax


4. Falling Action
                         End of Story
5. Resolution
Remember: The PLOT of a story
  moves like a roller coaster
      Rising
Action/Excitement   Climax of the story is at the most
      builds                  exciting point


                                  Falling Action
 Think about the story diagram as
      you read short stories.
As you read:
• What is the sequence (order) of events in the
  plot?
• What does the exposition tell the reader at the
  start of the story?
• What are the complications faced by characters
  during the rising action?
• What happens during the falling action of the
  story?
• What is the resolution at the end of the story?
    Story Elements: Flip Book
You will need:
• 5 sheets of colored paper – each one a
  different color
• A stapler
• Pencil/Pen
• Your brain
 Let’s get started….follow me as I show you
       how to fold and staple your paper!
    Story Elements: Flip Book
1. First Flap:
your name
Title:
      Story Elements
      6th Grade ELA
 Label each of the Story
Elements Flaps like this….
This is what your 2nd  Flap
     should look like:
    Story Elements: Flip Book

2. Flap 2: Plot Diagram
       Plot     (definition)
• Plot is the organized
  pattern or sequence of
  events that make up a
  story.
     Story Elements: Flip Book
Make sure you write SMALL – there’s a
        lot to fit on each flap!
Flap 3: Short story terms:
• 1. Exposition/introduction – beginning part
  of story, sets up story, explains
• Setting – when/where story takes place
• Characters – people, animals, creatures,
  and sometimes things in a story
    Story Elements: Flip Book
Flap 3: Short story terms:
• Conflict – a characters struggle with
  opposing forces in a story
• 2. Rising action – part of the story where
  complications are added – to test
  character
• Suspense – a feeling of
  excitement/anxiety in a story
• Complications – events that test
  characters in a story
    Story Elements: Flip Book
Flap 3: Short story terms:
• 3. Climax – the most exciting part of the
  story
• 4. Falling action – events that occur after
  the climax
• 5. Resolution/dénouement - final part of a
  story where conflict is resolved
This is what your 3rd Flap
     should look like:
     Story Elements: Flip Book
• Flap 4: Point of View/Theme:
• Tone – author’s attitude towards subject
• Mood – how the author makes the reader
  feel
• Narrator – one telling the story
• Point of view – perspective from which a
  story is told
• First person – narrator tells story (part of
  story); uses pronouns - I, me,we
    Story Elements: Flip Book
Flap 4: Point of View/Theme
• Third Person (limited)-narrator is on
  outside of story – uses they, he, she, it,
  etc..; observing
• Third Person (omniscient) – narrator sees
  all – even into characters’ minds – all
  knowing/God like
A little trick to remember Point
             of View…
     Story Elements: Flip Book
Flap 4: Point of View/Theme
• Foreshadowing – technique of hinting
  about what will eventually happen in story
• Flashback – a interruption in the order of
  events in a story; usually for info;
  memories – not events
• Theme –the message of a story; usually a
  life lesson
    Story Elements: Flip Book
Flap 5: Characters / Conflict:
• Protagonist – the main character (hero)
• Antagonist – one who opposes the main
  character (anti-hero)
• Characterization – technique used by an
  author to create characters for the reader
• Static character – a character that stays
  the same during a story
    Story Elements: Flip Book
Flap 5: Characters / Conflict:
• Flat character – a character that is one
  sided; usually a stereotype
• Dynamic character – a character that
  changes during a story
• Round character – a well-developed
  character with many faults and virtues
• Internal conflict – when a character
  struggles with forces inside himself/herself
     Story Elements: Flip Book
Flap 5: Characters / Conflict:
External Conflict - when a character
  struggles with an outside force (another
  person, society, weather, natural events,
  etc…)
Types of conflict –
• Man vs. Man (Man vs. Society) (External)
• Man vs. Nature (External)
• Man vs. Self (Internal)
    Story Elements: Flip Book
Flap 6: Genres/Symbols:
• Genre – term used to identify different
  types of literature
• Biography – a story written about a
  person’s life
• Autobiography – a story about a person’s
  life which is written by that person
• Fantasy – a type of fiction that is highly
  imaginative and could not happen
    Story Elements: Flip Book
Flap 6: Genres/Symbols
• Science fiction – fiction that takes place
  in the future or in another galaxy/universe
• Historical fiction - fiction that takes place
  in a factual historic setting; realistic for
  time
• Realistic fiction – fiction that takes place
  in a realistic setting and could actually
  happen in the modern world
    Story Elements: Flip Book
Flap 6: Genres/Symbols
• Symbol – a person, place, thing that
  represents something other than itself –
  usually an idea
• Examples:
     love

     peace
    Story Elements: Flip Book
• Now, you should have 4 flaps left – save
  them for later
• Label them Story 1, Story 2, Story 3, &
  Story 4
• Your flip book will come in handy during
  your next quiz!
Finally, your Flip Book should
         look like this:
  Story #1: The Dog of Pompeii
• Author: Louis
  Untermeyer

• Genre: Historical
  Fiction
 Story #1: The Dog of Pompeii
• Setting: Pompeii, 79 AD
• Characters:
  – Tito – young, blind
    homeless boy; depends
    on Bimbo for survival
  – Bimbo – Tito’s dog;
    feeds Tito everyday
  – Other residents of the
    city
  Story #1: The Dog of Pompeii
• Point of View:?

• Conflict: ?

• Theme: ?

• Mood:?
 Story #1: The Dog of Pompeii

Label the Plot Diagram:
Finally, your Story #1: Flap
   should look like this:
  Now, complete the same
process for the next 3 stories!

				
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posted:9/12/2011
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