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					CONFIDENTIAL                                                                    AP/MAR2002/QSD102




                                  UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
                                        FINAL EXAMINATION



     COURSE                         CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY I

     COURSE CODE                    QSD 102
     DATE                           19 MARCH 2002

     TIME                           3 HOURS (9.00 A.M -             12.00 NOON)
     DOCUMENT ID: 100000
     FACULTY                        Architecture, Planning & Surveying
     SEMESTER                       November 2001 - April 2002
     PROGRAMME/CODE                 Diploma In Quantity Surveying/AP114



INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

1.          Answer FOUR (4) questions only. THREE (3) questions must be answered from SECTION
            A, and ONE (1) from SECTION B.

2.          Answer for SECTION A must be in separate answer scripts from SECTION B.

3.          All answer should start on a new page.

4.          Candidates are allowed to answer in English or Bahasa Malaysia.

5.          Candidates are not allowed to bring any materials other than those allowed by the
            invigilator into the examination hall.

6.          Please check to make sure that this examination pack consists of;
                i.        Appendix 1     - Provided by the Faculty




                   DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO
                        This Examination Paper consists of 7 printed pages
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BAHASAINGGERIS


SECTION A


Answer THREE (3) questions only
Illustrate your answer with appropriate sketches



1      a)     Define the differences between Quantity Surveyor, Land Surveyor and
              Building Surveyor.

                                                                                    (7 Marks)

       b)     With the use of sketches, explain two (2) types of soil investigation, which are
              suitable for small project.

                                                                                    (8 Marks)

       c)     Appendix I show detail plan and section drawing for the proposed toilet.
              Explain five (5) element and five (5) trades that involved in the following
              works.



                                                                                  (10 Marks)



2.     a)     Explain the factors affecting the choice of foundation.

                                                                                    (5 Marks)


       b)     Preliminary soil investigation for a proposed two-storey bungalow shows a
              form bearing strata at reasonable depth. The Engineer has divided to use
              skeleton framed reinforced concrete structure of the advantages that it can
              offer.

                  i.      Suggest with the help of sketches the type of foundation that might
                          be used and state reasons for your selection.

                                                                                   (12 Marks)

                  ii.    With the aid of sketches, explain the process of constructing the
                         foundation that you proposed.
                                                                                (8 Marks)


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3.   a)    Clearly describe the principles of brick bonding in brickworks.

                                                                                  (5 Marks)


     b)    Explain with the help of sketches the following brick bonding: -

           i.     Strecher bond
           ii.    Header bond
           iii,   English bond
           iv.    Flemish bond


                                                                                (16 Marks)

     c)    Explain the following two types of loads: -
           i.     Dead loads
           ii.    Live loads
                                                                                 (4 Marks)




4.   a)    Explain clearly four (4) types of mortar used in brick bonding.

                                                                                 (8 Marks)

     b)    The process of absorption of dampness in a building must be prevented.
           Explain clearly how it can be prevented.

                                                                                (12 Marks)


     c)    Explain the differences between Main Contractor and Sub-Contractor.


                                                                                 (5 Marks)




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SECTION B


Answer ONE (1) question only.



1.    a.     What are the possible roles of a Quantity Surveyor in determining suitable
             building materials.
                                                                              (12 /2 marks)

      b.     Describe eight (8) characteristics of calcium silicate bricks.
                                                                               (121/2marks)



2.    a.     Mortar can be divided into several types. Explain all types of mortar which are
             used in brick bonding.
                                                                              (121/2marks)

      b.     Illustrate using flow chart, the process of manufacturing concrete block.
                                                                               (12 % marks)


3.    Briefly describe with suitable sketches the following :-

      i.     Artificial Stones
      ii.    Engineering Bricks
      iii.   3 ways of dampness
      iv.    3 types of concrete blocks
      v.     Reconstructed Stones
                                                                                 (25 marks)




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CONFIDENTIAL                              5                       AP/M AR2002/QSD102


BAHASA MELAYU


BAHAGIAN A


Jawab TIGA (3) soalan sahaja
Lengkapkan jawapan anda dengan lakaran yang sesuai.


1.   a)      Huraikan perbezaan di antara Jurukur Bahan, Jurukur Tanah dan Jurukur
             Bangunan.

                                                                             (7 Markah)

      b)     Dengan bantuan lakaran, terangkan dua (2) jenis penyiasatan tanah yang
             difikirkan sesuai bagi sebuah prpjek kecil.

                                                                            (8 Markah)


             Lampiran I menunjukkan lukisan terperinci pelan dan keratan rentas bagi
             cadangan sebuah tandas. Huraikan lima (5) elemen dan lima (5) tukang yang
             terfibat di dalam kerja-kerja tersebut.


                                                                           (10 Markah)



2.    a)     Terangkan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pemilihan asas.

                                                                            (5 Markah)


      b)     Siasatan tanah asal bagi bangalow dua (2) tingkat menunjukkan bearing
             strata yang kuat pada kedalaman yang munasabah. Jurutera telah membuat
             keputusan untuk menggunakan kerangka konkrit besi bertetulang kerana
             kebaikan yang dimilikinya.

             i.    Cadangkan dengan bantuan lakaran jenis asas yang sesuai
                   digunakan dan terangkan sebab pemilihan anda.

                                                                           (12 Markah)

             ii.   Dengan bantuan lakaran terangkan proses pembinaan asas yang
                   anda cadangkan.

                                                                            (8 Markah)



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3.   a)    Huraikan dengan jelas prinsip-prinsip susunan bata di dalam kerja-kerja bata.

                                                                             (5 Markah)

     b)    Terangkan dengan bantuan gambarajah jenis-jenis ikatan bata di bawah:-

           i.     Ikatan sisi bata
           ii.    Ikatan kepala bata
           iii.   Ikatan English
           iv.    Ikatan Flemish

                                                                           (16 Markah)



4.   a)    Huraikan dengan jelas empat (4) jenis mortar yang digunakan di dalam kerja-
           kerja ikatan bata.

                                                                             (8 Markah)


     b)    Proses penyerapan iembapan mestilah dielakkan daripada berlaku di dalam
           sesebuah bangunan. Terangkan dengan jelas bagaiman ia boleh dielakkan.


                                                                           (12 Markah)


     c)    Terangkan perbezaan diantara Kontraktor Utama dan Sub-kontraktor.


                                                                             (5 Markah)




                                                                         CONFIDENTIAL
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BAHAGIAN B


Jawab SATU (1) soalan sahaja.



1.    a)     Apakah peranan yang boleh dimainkan oleh seorang Jurukur Bahan dalam
             menentukan pemilihan bahan binaan.
                                                                    (121/2 markah)

      b)     Huraikan lapan (8) ciri-ciri bata kalsium silika.
                                                                      (12 1/2 markah)



2.    a)     Mortar boleh dibahagikan kepada beberapa jenis. Terangkan semua jenis
             mortar yang digunakan dt dalam kerja-kerja ikatan bata.
                                                                     (12 1/2 markah)

      b)     Terangkan dengan menggunakan carta atir, proses pembuatan blok konkrit.
                                                                      (12/2 markah)



3.    Huraikan secara ringkas berserta lakaran yang sesuai semua perkara-perkara
      berikut:-

      i.     Batu Buatan
      ii.    Bata Kejuruteraan
      iii.   3 arah kelembapan
      iv.    3 jenis blok konkrit
      v.     Batu Bina Semula
                                                                        (25 markah)




                                END OF QUESTION PAPER




                                                                      CONFIDENTIAL