Handyman Business _ Estimating Guide

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Handyman Business _ Estimating Guide Powered By Docstoc
					                                       Handy David



                                                     2008
Handyman Business & Estimating Guide




                                                                From my thirty years of experience, I have put together a simple to read
                                                                and understand guide on how to start a handyman business along with
                                                                an estimating guide to help you succeed as a handyman.




                                              HODI Publishing
                                       www.HowOthersDidit.net
Thank You for Supporting HowOthersDidit.net




                  AUTHOR: HandyDavid

                              Table of Contents:


Business Essentials

      About the author
      Qualifications
      Getting Started
      Handyman VS handyman franchise
      Licenses
      Insurance
      Incorporating
      Naming your business
      Income & sales tax
      Advertising
      Website
      Bookkeeping
      Scheduling
      Estimating
      Work tips
      The Bill
      Hiring help
      Financing
      Selling your business
      Jobs to take
      Keeping your clients
      Tools & supplies




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Estimating Guide

      Electrical
      Plumbing
      Painting
      A/C & heat
      Miscellaneous
      Windows
      Doors
      Carpentry
      Cabinets
      Concrete & masonry
      Drywall
      Insulation
      Hauling & cleanup
      Item assembly
      Roofing
      Flooring
      Pressure washing
      Parking lot maintenance
      Copyright notice




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About The Author:
I have been involved with the handyman and construction industry for over
30 years. I currently live in Florida but I have lived in Nevada, California,
Mississippi and Iowa.
If you are considering becoming a handyman and have a good general
knowledge of construction or you are mechanically inclined and learn quickly
then you will have a great career as a handyman. You do not need to know
how to perform every job there are plenty of how to books in the home
improvement stores to help you with the hands on part of the job.
First thing you want to remember is to be fair with your pricing. As a
handyman doing the work yourself you will not become rich but you will
make a good living. Being your own boss is very rewarding and fulfilling.
Over time you will get a handful of clients that will keep you busy full time. I
have three one owns a Title company and two commercial buildings with
rental space. I take care of her buildings and her residence. I also do work
for most of her employees at one time or another. This person and her
employees and friends keep me very busy. My second client has five
commercial metal buildings from 5,000 to 10,000 sq ft each. I get them
ready for tenants and any office build outs. I also do work at his residence
when needed. My third client has 6 rental homes that I maintain along with
his personal residence.
It takes time to build relationships with clients to develop your business into
what I have. You will start out working for a lot of different people which is
great there is nothing wrong with that, it will build a great business. But you
will see once you work for a few business owners and they find out you are a
hard worker and fair they will want to keep you busy because they do not
want to lose you to someone else.




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Qualifications:
Be Handy
You don’t have to already know everything. There are plenty of excellent
―How To‖ books and help at Home Centers. Besides, you only need to take
on jobs which you are comfortable in doing.
      The willingness to do physical work and be productive. In this
       business, results are what matter.
      The ability to stay focused on your objectives. Be honest and do the
       best you can. Be able to do basic math.
      You must be self motivated. Be able to say no to jobs you do not want
       to do.


When starting out don't be afraid to try something you are completely sure
how to do. Just be up front with your customer about your skills. Explain to
them that it will look great when you’re done but it may take a little longer
because you have not done this particular project before. Just make sure
you give them a break on your hours you charge. If you get asked to do
something that is either too difficult for you or they could save money by
using someone that specializes in that field let them know. Always be
honest.
When starting out the biggest problem you will have is turning down jobs
that are too big and time consuming. You will not be able to afford to take
on a 2 month project and loose all the small jobs. In the long run the small
jobs will be your business and if you keep putting clients off they will find
another handyman to do it. Then once you finish you big job you will be
starting all over again trying to build up a client base. Now there are seasons
that business may be slow. Once you know when these times are you can
take on that bigger project.




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Getting Started:
Ok you have decided to start your own handyman business. Here is a list of
things to check and make sure you are ready.
      First thing to consider do you have a truck, van or car with a trailer to
       get to your jobs.
      Do you have enough tools to get started, you do not have to have
       everything but you will need the basics.
      Now you need to decide on a name, I suggest you use your own but
       that is up to you.
      You should put together all the bookkeeping essentials you will need.
       If you start right away it is easier to stay on top of.
      Apply for an occupational license.
      Apply for insurance.
      Have business cards and magnetic signs made up for your vehicle.
      Include name, phone, website address, license # and Insured written
       on the card and signs



Get together some basic materials.

      Screws and nails
      picture hangars
      lubricants
      caulk
      garbage bags
      masking tape
      drywall mud
      toilet repair kits
      cleaner
      paper towels
      roll of brown paper for when you paint



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      Receptacles and switches decor style also.
      couple of pieces of copper pipe
      assortment of copper fittings
      Light bulbs
      2 empty 5 gallon buckets.


Look professional, printed shirts or printed hat. Put together a uniform of
sorts. Same color shirt with handyman on it. Wear the same color jeans.
Good pair of sneakers, remember you go in and out of houses a lot so if you
get work boots make sure they do not track a lot of dirt. Always have extra
shirts with you so you can change into a clean one if needed.


Now you are ready to start letting people know you are in business. Start
with friends, relatives, business people you already know. After you exhaust
all of your own contacts and their contacts it will be time to start your plan
for advertising.




Handyman VS Franchise
I have much simpler goals and like to keep it simple.

(KISS)

My objective is to:

      Earn a decent steady income.
      Give good professional service and value to my customers.
      Work when I want, and do things I want to do.    A
      Void difficulties or problems.



I try to always keep focused on
these objectives and not get distracted.

I am and want to be “A Handyman”
Some other advantages to being a Handyman are:




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      Work for yourself with no hassles from a boss or employer.

      Not responsible for any management or overseeing of employees.

      Be ―out and about‖ and not stuck in an office or shop every day.

      See the immediate benefits of your labor and take pride in your work.

      Set your own hours and schedule and work as much or as little as you
       want.

      Ability to pick and do only tasks which you are good at, find easy, or
       enjoy.

      Very steady and recession proof vocation.

Common misconception
      I am a very good handyman, which makes me eminently qualified to
       run a successful handyman business.
      Doing the work and running a business requires totally different skill
       sets.
      These guys that run small businesses make lots of money and don’t
       have to do much work.

Handyman Franchise

I would describe the “Handyman Business” as being an independent
business or franchise which:

      Solicits customers,
      Receives calls and dispatches employees,
      Estimates and sells jobs,
      Manages multiple jobs at multiple locations,
      Handles collections
      Handles the unsatisfied customers,
      Handles employee issues
      Handles government compliance issues, (Payroll, Taxes, Social
       Security, Workman's comp, OSHA, etc...)
This “Handyman Business / Franchise” requires business
management education and skill sets.


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Licenses:
Every state is a little different when issuing a license to become a
handyman. Some states like California will only let you do work if the total
job is under $500.00. Many Florida counties are trying not to even issue
licenses. I am not trying to scare you from becoming a handyman; actually I
think it is probably one of the best businesses to start. Now here is some
very good advice and I suggest you pay attention.



When going for your occupational license in any of the states along the gulf
coast always play dumb. Go in and tell them you are going into business (do
not say what type of business if asked, tell them you are not sure what you
would classify it as) tell them you are going to do some simple things for
people like hang pictures, clean windows, yard work, assemble office
furniture that comes in a box, hang holiday decorations, fix broken door
knobs. Keep it simple; let them find the license for you. They will probably
give you a general maintenance license which will cover everything you
need. After they give you the license ask them if they have a paper
explaining what type of jobs the license will allow you to do. Explain to them
you do not want to do anything you shouldn't. I know this sounds crazy, but
because of the hurricanes many of the gulf coast states are trying to make
everyone have a contractor’s license for everything. The problem is
contractors will not come out for the small jobs.



Occupational License


If you are going to operate a handyman business you must get an
occupational license. Now before you head down to your local licensing
board you need to have a few things figured out. I put them in order of so
you can go step by step making it easy.



      Choosing your business name:
      Choosing your business entity:
      Getting insurance:




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Once you take care of these steps it is time to get your occupational license.
This is not usually very difficult. Either in your phone book or on the internet
and find your local city hall occupational license division. Most license are
under $100.00 and they will give you a simple form to fill out and if you
chose a fictitious name you will have to usually run it in the local town paper
to make sure no one else has a claim to it. Some cities do not require this. If
you went through the steps I listed you will have little to no problems
getting your license.


Getting Insurance

This is a must. Some counties require you have insurance in order to obtain
your occupational license. Your customer will be most likely to use someone
who is insured then someone who is not. I go over some of your insurance
options and some of the companies that are offering good rates in my
section on insurance. This is a good thing to remember when you hire
someone to work in your house, if the person working in your house is not
insured and they get hurt your homeowners insurance will end up paying
and your rates will go up. You do not have to be over insured but you need
something.




Insurance:
You will find many handymen do not carry insurance. This is a big mistake.
The cost of the insurance will be offset by the quality of the customers you
will end up doing work for because you have insurance. Always put licensed
and insured on all of your business stationary, advertising and signs. I will
go over the basic insurances you will need or should purchase for your
handyman business.



Liability Insurance

Liability coverage will compensate others for their losses if you're
responsible for injuring another person or if you're responsible for damaging
another person's property. Liability coverage also helps you pay the costs of
related lawsuits. Imagine if you had to pay for all this without insurance! I
suggest getting a minimum of $300,000 dollar worth of liability insurance. If
you can afford to purchase $1,000,000 of general liability would be ideal. My
understanding is that Net Quote is giving the best rates at this time. It only
takes a few minutes to fill out their quote request form. I would take care of
it now so when you get ready you will know what it is going to cost you.



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Workman's Comp

You will not need this in most states unless you hire employees. I highly
recommend if you start to hire employees look into using a payroll leasing
company. What they do is act as the employer, because of this they will do
all your payroll handle the taxes and any audits, stay up on all the
insurances and so on. You will pay them and they will pay everyone who
works for you. They do this for many businesses so they get a huge break
on insurances. This usually in itself will justify the cost of using them. You
will also be able to offer your employees the option of purchasing health and
Life insurances along with setting up retirement accounts through the payroll
leasing company.



Health Insurance

If your spouse can not add you to her policy, then you will have to check
around because this can get costly. Check with your small business
association in your area, many times they have good deals because they get
a group rate. I shop my health insurance every year and so far no one has
been able to beat the quotes I get from Assurant Health and Net Quote they
also offer business insurance so you mine as well check their rates also. I
pay $225.00 per month for me and my wife's health insurance and that
is good deal.


Inland Marine Insurance

This insurance coverage is a broad type of insurance protecting articles that
are transported from place to place from the risks associated with moving,
storage and usage. If you find yourself moving a lot of items with a
commercial account you may have then I would look into this insurance, but
for the most part I doubt you will need it.


Life Insurance

Take care of your spouse and get some life insurance. The cost is cheap for
a term policy and it is well worth the money. I mean it is something like
$15.00 for 250,000 dollars. While you are at Net Quote filling out for the
business insurance take 1 minute and answer the 5 questions and get a
quote. When you live on two incomes just think how your spouse will get by
if you are not around to help out.



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Depending on the structure of your business and the type of services you
will be providing, insurance needs will vary greatly. Some people starting out
are already wealthy people and therefore will have more to lose and require
more insurance. The largest amount you could possibly be sued for is the
amount of insurance coverage to obtain, not what your business is worth.
These are only suggestions and I wouldn't presume to dictate what you
need. It is best to discuss your individual needs with a professional
insurance agent.




Incorporating:
Corporation

A business may incorporate without an attorney, but legal advice is highly
recommended. The corporate structure is usually the most complex and
more costly to organize than the other two business formations. Control
depends on stock ownership. Persons with the largest stock ownership, not
the total number of shareholders, control the corporation. With control of
stock shares or 51 percent of stock, a person or group is able to make policy
decisions. Control is exercised through regular board of directors' meetings
and annual stockholders' meetings. Records must be kept to document
decisions made by the board of directors. Small, closely held corporations
can operate more informally, but record-keeping cannot be eliminated
entirely. Officers of a corporation can be liable to stockholders for improper
actions. Liability is generally limited to stock ownership, except where fraud
is involved. You may want to incorporate as a "C" "LLC" or "S" corporation.
This is one of the easiest and least expensive places to incorporate. They are
online and can incorporate you for any state. Incorporate Online
Inexpensively



How does incorporating help a small businessman?

      If the business goes bankrupt, you limit your loss to what you have
       invested in the corporation. Your other personal assets are protected.

      Why would a small business go bankrupt?

      The business is not profitable and is forced into bankruptcy by
       creditors for supplies, materials, rent, etc.




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      Something is done by an employee of the corporation, which has
       caused a lawsuit or claim not covered by insurance or in excessive of
       insurance limits.

      Let’s say you are going to be in your own business.

      Suppliers are going to require you to sign a ―personal guarantee‖
       before opening accounts.

      If you personally do something wrong which causes a lawsuit, the
       corporation does not protect you from personal liability.



Why Not Incorporate

      The expense and time in setting up the corporate entity (about
       $1,000)

      The tax returns of a Cooperation (no matter how small) must be
       completed by a CPA (about $2,000 a year)

      The Expense and time invested in government compliance to hold the
       corporation active (about $500 a year)



Sole Proprietorship

This is the easiest and least costly way of starting a business. A sole
proprietorship can be formed by finding a location and opening the door for
business. There are likely to be fees to obtain business name registration, a
fictitious name certificate and other necessary licenses. Attorney's fees for
starting the business will be less than the other business forms because less
preparation of documents is required and the owner has absolute authority
over all business decisions. This is how most handyman start out. Once
again Florida throws a curve. In Florida if you are a sole proprietor you must
have workman's comp insurance. If you incorporate you can exclude
yourself from workman's comp. Because of the cost of workman's comp
insurance you may be better off incorporating in Florida.


Partnership

There are several types of partnerships. The two most common types are
general and limited partnerships. A general partnership can be formed
simply by an oral agreement between two or more persons, but a legal


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partnership agreement drawn up by an attorney is highly recommended.
Legal fees for drawing up a partnership agreement are higher than those for
a sole proprietorship, but may be lower than incorporating. A partnership
agreement could be helpful in solving any disputes. However, partners are
responsible for the other partner's business actions, as well as their own.



A Partnership Agreement should include the following:

          1. Type of business.
          2. Amount of equity invested by each partner.
          3. Division of profit or loss.
          4. Partner’s compensation.
          5. Distribution of assets on dissolution.
          6. Duration of partnership.
          7. Provisions for changes or dissolving the partnership.
          8. Dispute settlement clause.
          9. Restrictions of authority and expenditures.
          10. Settlement in case of death or incapacitation.




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Naming Your Business:
This can be fun so I would include the whole family. Now there are two ways
to go. One you can use your personal name, which makes the process a lot
simpler. The other way is to choose a fictitious name, this will take some
thought to come up with a good name but a good catchy name is worth a
fortune when you start advertising. Let’s discuss the pros and cons for each
choice.

Personal Name

When using your own name, when your customer pays you in a check you
can go directly to their bank and cash it. This will let you know the check is
good without waiting a week for your bank to notify you if it bounced. Plus
when starting out you sometimes need the cash immediately. Just don't
forget to enter the cash you received on your books or the IRS wouldn't
know you made it (hmm). Now the downside is using your own name may
be hard for people to remember versus a catchy name that sticks in your
customers head. Remember word of mouth will be your best advertising so if
people can remember your name easily, you will be busier and make more
money. Now just because you chose your personal name does not mean you
cannot have a catchy name and logo that you use for people to remember
you by. The only difference is when people go to write out their check you
have to remind them to make it out to your name and not the web name
you choose. Sometimes customers will not like this because it seems shady.
But if you decide to go this route you can go to http://hodihosting.net/ and
search for the name to see if it is taken. If you need help creating a great
logo you can go to logo works they do a great job.



Fictitious Name

Choosing a fictitious name can be fun and challenging. A couple of things
you need to think about. First when you come up with a list of names you
like, you need to check and see if the name is available on the internet. If
you go to http://hodihosting.net/ you can check to see if the name is
available. Don't worry you do not have to purchase it at this time. I do
suggest that if you decide this is the name for you that you do purchase the
name soon. Also check your name in the online listing of the yellow pages
for your state. You don't want to go through the entire licensing and
fictitious name search to find out afterwards someone took the name while
you were getting everything worked out. Having your own domain name
with a simple page explaining what services you offer and how to get in
touch with you is vital in today's market. Before settling on a name, call a
couple of friends or relatives and try the name on them. Also make sure the


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name's initials do not spell out something nasty. Now that you have chosen
a name you will have to open a business bank account in order for you to
deposit checks that you receive and to keep your personal and business
accounts separate.


Business Entity

You need to decide whether you are going to operate your business as a sole
proprietorship, corporation or partnership. This will take some thought but in
my section on incorporating I try to too simplify the decision process for you.



Income & Sales Tax:
Income Tax

Everyone hates the tax man. Now if you incorporate you will have to use an
accountant to do your taxes. You will also have to pay your payroll taxes
quarterly. If you stay a sole proprietor I would suggest holding out 25% of
your gross sales and deposit it in a separate account or make sure you
deduct it from the account you use so you do not spend it. Every quarter
you must send in your estimated tax payment. The first year you start your
business you probably will not have any payment vouchers from the IRS, but
after your first year they will estimate your quarterly taxes owed and give
you 4 tax slips one to mail in with each quarterly payment.



Sales Tax Certificate

Yes you will need a sales tax number. All materials that you use on the job
and charge the customer for are taxable. Labor is not. Now some states may
vary from this so make sure you check with states department of revenue
where you live. You can go about handling your sales tax responsibilities in
two ways.
When you make your material purchases you can show them your sales tax
certificate and they will not charge you sales tax. Now when you use those
materials you charge the customer sales tax on them. Each county
sometimes will have a different sales tax rate make sure you charge the
correct amount. Now at the end of each quarter when taxes are do you will
need to pay your state the tax you collected minus a very small collection
allowance.


The other way which is much easier, is to pay tax when purchasing your
materials just like any customer would. Now you still have to charge the

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customer tax on the materials you use just like above. The difference is at
the end of each quarter when taxes are due you will add up what you
collected from each customer and subtract it from the tax you paid on the
receipts. This is the amount you will have to send in to your state. This is
easier because it keeps you from having to fill out a tax exempt form when
making purchases. You will not make the mistake of spending the tax money
you collected and not have it when it is due.




Advertising:
Yellow Pages

I would not advertise in the yellow pages. I do not even have a land
business line. I only use a cell phone. One of the most important things is
answering your calls. If you are at a job I would walk out to my truck and
take the call or call the person back while I you stand out by your truck. It
doesn't look good if you talk on the phone while standing in someone's
house while you are supposed to be working. Now granted you will get some
business from the yellow pages, but you will also get a lot of empty leads
that waste your time. The cost is not worth the return for a one man
operation.

Word of Mouth

The very best way to get your name out is word of mouth. Have your friends
or family let people know at their work that you are a handyman. Give them
plenty of business cards to pass out. When you go to your doctor or dentist
make sure you give out your cards to the receptionist or any other worker
you come in contact with while you are there. Stop by other professional
centers like title companies, law offices and realtors leave them your cards.
These types of business have a lot of women working for them. Women are
your best customers by far. It does not take long to get started. Once you
do a few jobs word of mouth will take off and you will have as much
business as you want.
Sample Flyer & Business Card

You can use these below if you like you can go online to
http://howothersdidit.com/handyman/handydavid if you would like to
download them to your computer to make changes.


Business cards:



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Newspaper AD:




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Flyer:




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Door hanger:




Join Groups and Organizations

You can join networking groups like BNI they put together a group of
businessmen like yourself who help each other with referrals and give each
other a chance to talk about marketing and pricing strategies. These groups
work well if you commit to them. You could also join the local chamber of
commerce and your local small business association.




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Signs and Business Cards

Make sure you get some magnetic signs for your truck and or trailer, you
can get them at a great price online. VistaPrint make sure they are easy to
read. Just your name, phone number, web address, licensed and insured
and that you are a handyman. Your business cards also need the same
information on them. You can put a little more on you business cards
because people have time to look at them, but try to keep them clean and
simple. Here is a great place to get handyman business cards VistaPrint. You
can also use door hangers. When you do a job for someone hang a door
hanger advertisement on the neighbors door, write on it the address of the
job you just did. If they have a job they will ask their neighbor how you did.
Next thing you know you have another job.


In a Nut Shell

      Ask friends and family to let everyone know you’re a handyman and
       give them a few cards each so they can tell others.
      You pass out business cards to everyone you know and other business
       people you have contact with.
      Stop by and pass out business cards to receptionists at title
       companies, law offices and realtors.
      Hang door hangers on neighbor’s doors next to the job you just
       finished.
      When you finish a job always leave 5 business cards with them or
       more if they ask.
      Join groups like BNI and SBA



Website:
To provide basic information that establishes credibility - just as a listing in
the Yellow Pages shows you are serious about your business, having your
own company domain reinforces your legitimacy as a serious business.

Too make business information available to customers and clients 24/7.

To allow you to update your information as frequently or infrequently as you
choose.

Too reach your local market. The web reaches the world, but customers
shop it for local information as well.


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Many times people will remember your website when they see it on the side
of your truck, but not your phone number.
To reduce costs, use your site to answer your most frequently asked
questions.
To reduce costs, show your services over the web instead of printing
brochures.
To obtain feedback from customers; It is easy to see what your customers
respond to on the website.

To enhance your business relationships; Explain to your clients about related
businesses they might be interested in, and maybe get a referral fee for it!
This is one of the best hosting companies on the web
http://howothersdidit.net/hosting_instructions.htm they have a great
support team and great prices. They also provide large selections of
templates to choose from.




Bookkeeping:
Record Keeping

If you have never been in business before or have a friend that can help you
set up your books and explain how to keep them up I would suggest talking
to a bookkeeper. There are a few computer programs out there that make
the task easy. I would suggest QuickBooks Simple Start it cost about
$100.00. I kept my books using a pencil and paper for years. The principal is
the same the computer just makes it easy to do the math and look back at
your figures to see how you are doing. I would get the program if you can
afford it. Now you need to set up your books immediately. You will have
entries to make as soon as you get your license and bank account.
The first thing you need to set up in your bookkeeping whether it be manual
or on a computer is your chart of accounts. I have put together some basic
forms and a sample chart of accounts you can use to get started. You can
download the trial version here Microsoft Office Free Trial.
YOU MUST BE ONLINE TO VIEW FORMS AND THEN SAVE THEM TO YOUR COMPUTER. Go to
http://howothersdidit.com/handyman/handydavid


      Chart of accounts
      Job quote
      Cash receipt
      Invoice


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How to Keep Organized

It is very important to start your bookkeeping system from day one. You will
have expenditures to enter from the first day of business including the
purchase of this information. The more detailed and accurate your records
are, the easier to see how your business is doing.

        No matter if you use a program like QuickBooks, or hand write all of
         your entries, the basic principles are all the same.
        Keep all of your receipts of every payment and expense your business
         has.
        Enter and total these entries daily, weekly or monthly.
        You can use these entries to summarize your profits or losses.

If you are going to write off your actual vehicle expense instead of taking the
standard IRS allowed deduction, you need to keep a log. Just keep a
notebook in your truck every time you get in it to go to a job write down the
date, job and mileage. That's it. Now at the end of each month make a
photo copy and drop it in that month's work folder just in case you lose the
book.


What You Need

   1.    Paper
   2.    Stapler
   3.    Plastic boxes
   4.    Pen and pencil
   5.    Plastic folders
   6.    Calculator
   7.    File cabinet or File boxes
   8.    File folders
   9.    Penda-flex folder holders
   10.   You need two journals one for paid expenses and one for paid invoices.


Lets Get Started


Expenses Not Paid-

Take a file folder and label it accounts payable and place it inside one of the
penda-flex folders in your file cabinet. For every invoice still owed, mark the
due date on top then put them in the folder according to the due date,
earliest being first. Once you pay the bill, put it in the plastic box marked
expense receipts. Even though the bill was from a different month, enter it
in the journal for the date it was paid.


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Expenses Paid-

Put all of the current month's receipts for expenditures your business has
incurred in the box marked expense receipts. Take them out at the end of
the month and put them in order according to date, from the beginning of
the month to the end of the month. Now, take one of your journals and
mark it expenses. On the top of the first page write the current month and
year. Each column can be labeled for one of the expense categories.
Example; office supplies, auto repair, gas, phone, advertising etc... Now,
take each receipt and write the amount in the correct category. At the
bottom of the page, add up each column total for that category. Then add up
all the category totals across and this is your expense total for the month.
Label your penda-flex folders with each month of the year and put all of your
entered expense receipts into the appropriate month.


Invoices Not Paid-

Take a file folder and label it accounts receivable. This is where you keep a
copy of each unpaid invoice you've billed your customers. Place them in
alphabetical order. After you receive payment, put the invoices in the plastic
box marked Invoices paid. This is so you make sure you record them at the
end of the month in the journal you will mark accounts receivable. Even
though the date on the invoice may be for a different month, record them in
the month they were paid. Just list the invoices in one column of the journal.
If you want to keep track of a particular clients business, you can create a
separate column just for them. Now, at the bottom of the page total the
columns down and then across to give you your total income for the month.
Then you need to file them alphabetically in the penda-flex folder. Keep a
separate folder for customers who frequently use your service.


Invoices Paid-

If your client pays at the time of service rendered or prepays, place the
invoice in the plastic box marked invoices paid. This way you will not forget
to record them at the end of the month. Then you need to file them
alphabetically like previously mentioned above.


Business Checkbook-

One of the first things you should do when you start a business is open a
business checking account. You should keep your business account separate
from your personal checking account. The business checkbook is your basic
source of information for recording your business expenses. You should
check your account for errors by reconciling it.


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Consider using a checkbook that allows enough space to identify the source
of deposits as business income, personal funds, or loans. You should also
note on the deposit slip the source of the deposit and keep copies of all slips.



You should make all payments by check to document business expenses.
Write checks payable to yourself only when making withdrawals from your
business for personal use. Avoid writing checks payable to cash. If you must
write a check for cash to pay a business expense, include the receipt for the
cash payment in your records. If you cannot get a receipt for a cash
payment, you should make an adequate explanation in your records at the
time of payment. Use the business account for business purposes only.
Indicate the source of deposits and the type of expense in the checkbook.


Let’s See How You Did-

Subtract your expenses from your income. This is what you made for the
month. Because you are not counting accounts receivable until they are
paid, the month may not look as good on paper as it really was. However,
this will balance itself out when a financial statement is done at the end of
each quarter. This is done the same as each month, just add the totals for
the 3 month period and see how you are doing over a greater period of time.




Scheduling:
Time Management

In over 30 years of being self-employed, the managing of time has been the
single most difficult hurdle to conquer and overcome and there are times
when I still lose the battle.

In a home-based business, time management can be the difference between
success and failure just as assuredly as any of the following:
      Under financing
      Miss management
      Poor customer service
      Over extension




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What falls under the term "time management"?
How about procrastination? "Putting off until tomorrow..." Well you know the
rest. You can find many excuses to put a task off. "I'll do it tomorrow." or I'll
do it when I have more time." But you never seem to have more time and
tomorrow comes... and tomorrow... and tomorrow… and tomorrow…
What about the attitude, ―I am the boss!" It is so easy to goof off when you
are your own boss, working at home. After all, there is no authority figure
above you in the chain of command. But remember, you are the boss and as
the boss you are ultimately responsible to get the job done.

Chances are, as a small one person business, it will be solely up to you to
get a lot of things done. But look on the bright side, when your business is
successful you can hire someone to do all the things you don't want to do,
just like your boss does now.

Misspent time or time not spent wisely. For instance, you keep checking and
reading your email and not getting other work done or you surf the Internet
for no specific purpose or go off on a tangent while doing research on
another subject.

You take the easier road or course of action. For instance, you know that
promoting and marketing yourself and your web site are ongoing and daily
tasks. But they can be boring, arduous and time consuming, so you put up
your web site and then sit back and wait to get rich. Then you wonder why
you are not successful?

I am sure you or I could find many other ways to "waste time"; I always said
I had it down to an art form. But the bottom line is that time, (next to your
health) is probably the most important commodity an individual in his or her
own business has.
Time management is crucial to your business plan. You must "control" the
use of your time; because the one thing you have no control over is the
"passing of time". No matter what you do, time is still going to go by,
therefore, you should make the most of your time.

What will it take to conquer time? You probably never will! But if you are
aware that it is a problem that plagues us all and challenge it, you can be
time's master and not its slave.

What you need above all to conquer time is focus and discipline.

Here are, without a doubt, the two most important attributes a self-
employed person can possess. Focus and Discipline. If you have focus and
discipline, everything else will fall into place.


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Some Timely Tips

It's action that makes the difference. Doing something that moves you
forward will help you feel you have more control of your day and your
workload. Just thinking about doing something is a waste of your time.

Delegate, don't be afraid to enlist the help of others to complete projects
that are time consuming or monotonous. Whether you have to ask your wife
or your 10-year old son do it.

Set goals. It's much easier to get something done if you know exactly what
it is you're working toward. Set long-term goals first and then determine the
short-term goals that will serve as stepping stones toward the larger goal.

Sort your mail immediately. Mail can quickly become beastly, taking over
every nook and cranny. When you get your mail each day, open it directly
over the garbage can. Most likely, the bulk of it can be dropped right in. For
the rest, determine what action needs to be taken and deal with it
appropriately.

Make an appointment with yourself. Schedule at least one hour each day for
"catch up" tasks such as work overflow, returning phone calls, answering
emails etc. If you pencil time into your calendar, you're less likely to let the
mundane (but necessary) tasks pile up.

Have an assembly line mentality. Complete like tasks together such as
returning phone calls, answering email, sending out invoices etc. You'll be
much more productive.

Work when you're most alert. Figure out your most productive time of day
and set your work schedule accordingly.


Use checklists. For tasks that must be completed on a regular basis, make
and keep simple checklists to ensure you don't overlook important steps in
the process.

Give everything a place. Don't waste your time trying to find things that
seemed to have disappeared. Organize your workspace so that every item
has a home. It'll make locating and storing items a snap.

Be prepared to reserve 5 minutes at the end of each day to review your
schedule for the next. That way, you'll have no surprises.




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Estimating:
Charge by the Hour

This is the fairest way to get paid for you and the customer. I charge $35.00
per hr. but every state has different circumstances that will lower or raise
how much you can charge. I found the easiest way to figure how much an
hour your area can handle is to go to 4 or 5 local garages, not the franchise
ones but the local shops and see what they are charging. Then take 45% of
that. So if the average hourly rate of 5 garages is $70.00 then multiply that
by %45 (70.00 x %40 =33.75) round it up to $34.00 and that is what I
would charge.



Charge by the Job

The problem is some customers need to have an idea how long the job is
going to take before you start. This can be difficult sometimes, especially
when you are first starting out. I tried to help you with this by including my
estimating guide.



Charging For Materials

I do not mark up my materials. I do charge for the time to go get them.
Since I do not make anything off of materials, I just show the customer the
receipts and have them broken down on the invoice. Now you have to keep
the receipts because of tax purposes the customer uses your bill to for their
records.



Getting a Deposit

If the job is under $100.00 in materials then no I do not get a deposit. I just
use my credit card that is just for the business and charge the customer
after the job is done. If the materials will exceed $100.00 I either have the
customer purchase a gift card from Home Depot or Lowes for the
approximate cost that I have figured or give me a check. If it cost less they
will see the deduction on the bill if it cost more I pay the difference and
charge it to them on the bill.
By charging for materials this way the customer can see what you expected
what the job was going to take. Now let’s say you removed the door and find
the wood behind it rotten you can explain to the customer that obviously
they need more materials and it will cost a little more because you had no
way of knowing this problem existed.


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Weekends and Odd Hours

I do not charge anything extra for working weekends. Some commercial
accounts you may have to do early mornings or late nights when they are
not open. I do not charge any extra for this either. Your commercial
accounts will bring you more customers then you can imagine. Usually you
will end up doing work for the owner’s personal home and then his friends
and employees. You need to be flexible. You will find that once a wealthy
person has you start doing work for them and they like it, they will be afraid
of losing you or you not being available when they need you. So they will
keep you busy 1 or 2 days a week doing something. Before long you will
have 6 or 7 solid customers and you will be making a great living & loving
your job. Now it takes time to get customers like this but as you go along
working for people every now and then you run into a great one. Once you
get enough great customers you will be turning down work because you are
so busy.



Work Tips:
Standing Out From the Rest

      Always answer your phone when it rings, unless you are in the middle
       of a conversation with your customer
      Call people back the same day or night
      Be punctual, if you are running late call them
      Be friendly, smile and say good morning
      Always finish your job, don't come back in a month to finish it
      Have a clean and neat appearance
      Keep your vehicle clean
      Always clean up after you finish that day’s work even if you are
       coming back the next day.
      If you move the customers furniture put it back in the same place
      Your customers are your business. Treat everyone like they’re your
       number one customer. Keep notes on names and interest that they
       might mention. Make them feel important, they are!
      Always use a drop cloth, don't set your tools on their carpet



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      Make sure your shoes are clean and change your shirt between jobs.
       The next job is just as important as the first
      Send Birthday, Holiday and reminder cards
      Send thank you cards for the business your customers give you,
       always include some business cards
      Be observant. If you see additional work you can make money on,
       make a suggestion to your customer
      If they have a dog ask them if you can give them a treat



Keeping Your Customers Pays

      98% of unsatisfied customers never complain they just leave.
      85% of unsatisfied customers tell nine people about their poor
       experience, and 13% tell twenty people.
      A satisfied customer tells just five people.
      Over five years, a typical business loses 60% of its customers; 45%
       due to a negative experience with the company.
      75% of the reasons a customer leaves a business is because of the
       service.
      A 5% retention rate will increase profits from 25% to 55%.
      The successful business will have a 80% customer retention.
      For every 1% improvement in customer retention over 5 years , there
       is a 20% improvement in operating income.
      The #1 reason customers switch businesses is that they do not feel
       appreciated.




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The Bill:
Accepting Payment

I would accept personal checks, credit cards and cash. The more payment
methods you take the more customers you will have. Now the easiest way to
accept credit card payments is with (accept by phone) they only charge you
$5.00 per month and a small percentage per transaction. You can accept
any major credit card and use you cell phone to do it. Fantastic company
called Accept by Phone I highly recommend them.

Unless it is a commercial account that I do work on a weekly or monthly
basis, I get paid when the job is done period. If it is a commercial account
that I do work for often I will bill them, these accounts usually give me a
credit card for materials that I use when doing work for them this way I
have no money at of pocket. I am just waiting on my check for labor.



Making out the Bill

When making out the bill make sure you write down everything you did. I
will give you an example below. The first one the customer thinks that was
expensive. The correct one the customer got a great deal.


For example, I would not give a bill like this:



XYZ Office Complex

Repaired ceiling and cleaned AC drains $445.00


** you would have to charge tax on the total $445.00 instead of just the
materials used.




The Bill would look more like this:

XYZ Office Complex

-Met with property manager and tenant to discuss required repairs.


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-Inspected water damaged ceiling and investigated cause of leak. (AC unit)

-Vacuumed standing water from AC overflow pan and surrounding area.

-Vacuumed out AC Drain pipe and Overflow pipe.

-Blew out lines with compressed air.

-Adjusted and modified defective AC shut-off float switch.

-Went to supply house and picked up required materials.

-Returned to Office next day before business hours and removed damaged
ceiling

-Hung new Drywall, taped and spackled.

-Install temporary lighting.

-Cleaned-up and removed debris.

-Hauled off and disposed of debris at dump

-Returned next day before business hours and textured coated ceiling

-Clean-up and removed debris

-Returned two days later and painted ceiling

-Applied mildew-side treatment to drain pipes

-Reviewed continual application with tenant and property manager.

-Cleaned-up and removed debris

-Returned, Removed temporary lighting and re-installed original lights.


Material: $55.00
Sales tax: 3.30
Labor: $490.00

Total Due $548.30




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Hiring Help:
Hiring Temp Help

If you just need help on one job and you don't have a friend or family
member who can help, then I would go to one of the local labor for hire
places. They handle all the paperwork and all you do is pay the company. If
the guy isn't working out just call the company and they come get them.
Most of them will work hard for you.



Hiring Permanent Help

Embarking on a new venture while the original business is at the throes of
expansion may nip the growth in the bud. Your efforts will be diluted, your
resources divided, and your time and attention will be watered down. Before
you know it, you might lose your first business before your new one is even
started.

Don't rush to hire a permanent full time employee. Start with one or two
part time people and slowly work them into your business. This gives you a
chance to see how they do and what they can handle. It also helps you to
take the expansion slowly.
Make sure you're maintaining a consistent bottom-line profit and that you've
shown steady growth over the past few years.
Look at the trends, both economic and consumer, for indications on your
company's staying power.

Make sure your administrative systems and management skills are
extraordinary—you'll need them to get up and running.

Prepare a complete business plan for expansion.
Determine where and how you'll obtain financing.

Choose your new employees based on what's best for your business, not
your personal feelings for someone.

Great hires are always the result of good preparation, good information, and
good decision making. You can probably teach a turkey to climb a tree – but
it is easier to hire a squirrel.

Avoid hiring in a hurry just to get a body on board

Know what you really needed – not who looked good on paper?


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Get the word out to a variety of sources so that the best candidates could
apply?

Pay attention to the right things during the interview – the required
competencies?

Prepare for the interviews ahead of time and do your homework about what
to look for?

Ask focused questions to draw out the candidate’s skills, knowledge and
experience?

Have real proof that the candidate can do the job – get behavioral
examples?

Make a timely decision and not procrastinate for fear of making a wrong
choice?

Use both your head and gut in determining the best candidate for the
position?




What I Look For In Employees

      Flexibility - I want my employee to be available when I need them
      Manages Time Well - They need to be able to act quickly and keep up
      Honesty - Most important
      Excellent Communication
      Good people skills
      Good Handwriting

Purchase a Franchise

This is actually very different then being a handyman. To own a handyman
franchise you do not necessarily need to be a handyman. What you need to
be is a good business man. Now it does help to be knowledgeable in
construction work but not a necessity. Many of the handyman franchises are
extremely successful. They will give you great support and advertising



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power. They hold your hand the whole way. If you have the money and are
looking to have a larger operation this may be the way to go.




Financing:
Confused by how to finance a small business? One key to a successful
business start-up and expansion is your ability to obtain and secure
appropriate financing.

Raising capital is the most basic of all business activities. But as many new
entrepreneurs quickly discover, raising capital may not be easy; in fact, it
can be a complex and frustrating process. However, if you are informed and
have planned effectively, raising money for your business will not be a
painful experience.

This section focuses on ways a small business can raise money.

There are several sources to consider when looking for financing. It is
important to explore all of your options before making a decision.
Personal savings: The primary source of capital for most new businesses
comes from savings and other forms of personal resources. While credit
cards are often used to finance business needs, there may be better options
available, even for very small loans.
Friends and relatives: Many entrepreneurs look to private sources such as
friends and family when starting out in a business venture. Often, money is
loaned interest free or at a low interest rate, which can be beneficial when
getting started.

Banks: The most common source of funding, banks, will provide a loan if you
can show that your business proposal is sound.

Venture capital firms: These firms help expanding companies grow in
exchange for equity or partial ownership.

It is often said that small business people will have a very difficult time
borrowing money. This is not necessarily true.

Banks make money by lending money. However, the inexperience of many
small business owners in financial matters often prompts banks to deny loan
requests.

Requesting a loan when you are not properly prepared sends a signal to
your lender. That message is: "High Risk!"


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To be successful in obtaining a loan, you must be prepared and organized.
You must know exactly how much money you need, why you need it, and
how you will pay it back. You must be able to convince your lender that you
are a good credit risk.



Things You Will Need

A good business plan will show the lender not only why you want a small
business loan but what you plan to do with the money.

You will need a Cash Flow Projection showing the lender you will be able to
repay the loan. Your business's cash flow projections give lenders the data
they need to undertake the risk of lending you the money.

Personal Financial Statement helps the lender make a sound decision based
on you and your character.


Also be prepared to show these documents.

Past business tax returns - This will help show the lender how you are doing
financially.

A credit rating report - The lender will take your credit score and figure it
into their formula for lending you money. You do not need to bring this with
you because they will run a report themselves. But it is important you know
what your score is.

You can get a credit report by contacting one of the three credit reporting
agencies or services on the web. I will include a link on the links page.

Now that you have all of this in order you just need to find a lender.




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Selling Your Business:
Worth More than You Think

Let’s say you have been a successful Handyman for 10 years and earn
$60,000 per year and would like to retire. Are you just going to close-up?
Are you going to slow down, work part time and let the business just fall off?

There is a market for selling your business. Some people would say, "You
are the business and if you leave, there is nothing to sell." That is not true.
You have several valuable assets to sell.

A phone number which rings with people looking to spend money with a
Handyman.


You have a database of 10 years worth of satisfied customers who have and
will continue to use a Handyman.

On the job training which you could provide a purchaser this would pretty
much guarantee their success.


How would you set the price for this business?

Most businesses are valued at a multiple of earnings. But if you are a one-
man operation and you leave there are no earnings.
So what about the real world construction business?

Let’s say an average tradesman in your area makes $30,000 per year and is
someone who would be capable of working as a Handyman for your
customers.

He can come up with $15,000 for a down payment (refinancing house, Sell
car, Loan from parents, etc) to purchase your business. You work with him
for a sixty day training and transitional period. He agrees to pay you
$15,000 per year for three years.

He is happy because he immediately goes from making $30,000 per year to
making $45,000 per year for three years and then up to $60,000 thereafter.
You are happy because you realized $60,000 for your business, which you
might have just let fold.

This is an oversimplification. But, you need to go into this business with the
attitude that that you are developing a significant asset which has


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substantial value to the right individual. I would recommend spending the
three years prior to retirement looking for a perspective buyer.


            If you have a goal in mind, you are half way there.



Jobs to Take:
You need to keep a record of how long it takes to do some of your basic
jobs. You can give them a rough idea over the phone of how much it will
cost them. You are not trying to build a business where you have to go out
on a bunch of leads and give free estimates. This is why you are cheaper
than a handyman franchise.

Tell your customers or put on your business cards, ―If a receptionist answers
the phone you're paying too much‖. Remember, take the gravy jobs. Don’t
do major electrical, but replacing a receptacle or changing floodlight bulbs
will make you good money. They will love you because they can’t get
anyone out there to do it.

Remember electrical is about the only thing you do that could cause serious
injury to a client or their property. Not too many clients have been injured
by a wall falling on them or by a bad plumbing job after you have left. So if
you do not feel comfortable doing certain electrical jobs let the customer
know, or have a electrician you know do it and just pay them yourself then
charge the customer. Even if you lose a couple of bucks on that particular
part of the job if you keep the client for everything else it was worth it.




Keeping Your Clients:
Opening a business and hoping the customers will come to you won't cut it
in today's economy. You need to map out a plan to attract them to you.
Your customers are your business. Treat everyone like they’re your number
one customer. Keep notes on names and interest that they might mention.
Make them feel important, they are!

Build a customer list of the customers you have services and the potential
customers




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Build a customer list of the customers you have serviced.

Show care and concern for them and their property, it pays dividends. Post
sale feedback. Show the customer you care about the quality of your work.
Call your customers and ask them if they're happy with the service you
provide.
Send Birthday, Holiday and reminder cards.

Send thank you cards for the business your customers give you, always
include some business cards.

Be observant. If you see additional work you can make money on, make a
suggestion to your customer.

98% of unsatisfied customers never complain they just leave.

85% of unsatisfied customers tell nine people about their poor experience,
and 13% tell twenty people.

A satisfied customer tells just five people.

Over five years, a typical business loses 60% of its customers; 45% due to a
negative experience with the company.

75% of the reasons a customer leaves a business is because of the service.

A 5% retention rate will increase profits from 25% to 55%.

The successful business should have an 80% customer retention.

For every 1% improvement in customer retention over 5 years, there is a
20% improvement in operating income.

The #1 reason customers switch businesses is that they do not feel
appreciated.




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Tools & Supplies:
Truck

If you can get a truck with a topper, something you can lock up your tools
in. I try to keep with me at all times the tools I use every day. The larger
items or specialty tools I just take when I know I need them. The more you
can carry the better off you will be. I would pick up a 5 x 10 utility trailer
one with full size tires. I use this to haul my materials when needed. Make
sure you keep your truck clean. Remember it represents you and how you
look and act is a good sign of the type work you do. It does not have to be
new but just clean.



Tools Needed

You do not have to have every tool I have listed in order to start your
business. Some of the larger items you are better off renting until you can
afford them. Some items I still rent because I just do not use them often
enough to warrant the purchase. When purchasing your power tools pay the
extra money and get the ones that come in cases. These are much easier to
store and keep in good shape.

Power Tools
   1. 18 Volt Cordless Set (drill/screw gun, sawzall, 2 batteries
   2. Circular Saw
   3. Portable Table Saw
   4. Miter Saw
   5. Wet Tile Saw
   6. Compressor
   7. Air Nail Guns
   8. Wet Dry Vac
   9. Gas Pressure Washer
   10.Lawn Mower
   11.Weed Eater
   12.Edger
   13.Router
   14.Laminate Router
   15.Paint Sprayer
   16.Sander
   17.Air Staple Gun
   18.Roto Zip
   19.Power Load Fastener
   20.Electric Drill and Sawzall
   21. Jig Saw




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Hand Tools
   1. Hammer                                  1. Assorted Wrenches
   2. Assorted screw drivers                  2. Socket Set
   3. Wood chisel set                         3. Extension Cords
   4. Hack saw                                4. Water Hose
   5. Razor knife                             5. Flashlight
   6. Assorted pliers                         6. Work Lights
   7. Tool belt                               7. 5 Gallon Buckets
   8. Circuit tester                          8. Spring Clamps
   9. Stud finder                             9. Screw Clamps
   10.Carpenter Square                        10.Sanding Block
   11.Speed Square                            11.Paint Brushes
   12.Drywall Square                          12.Paint Roller
   13.Cats paw                                13.Extension Handle
   14.Pry Bar                                 14.Brooms
   15.Sledge Hammer                           15.Paint Tray
   16.Bolt Cutters                            16.Paint Screen
   17.Glass Cutter                            17.Drop Cloth
   18.Pipe Cutter                             18.Screen Spline Tool
   19.Sprinkler Head tool                     19.Step Ladder
   20.Caulking Gun                            20.Extension Ladder
   21.Rakes                                   21.Hat
   22.Shovels                                 22.Sun Screen
   23.Assorted Trowels                        23.Dust Masks
   24.Assorted putty Knives                   24.Safety Glasses
   25.Paint Scrapper                          25.First Aid Kit
   26.Drill Bits                              26.Soldering Torch
   27.Saw Horses (plastic)                    27.Saw Table (plastic)
   28.Tile Cutter                             28.Texture Hopper
   29.Assorted Files                          29.Planer
   30.Large Scissors                          30.Tin Snips
   31.Change of Clothes                       31.Wall Paper Tools
   32.Post Hole Digger                        32. Gloves




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Supplies
   1. Paper Towels                            1. Couple of Switches
   2. Rags                                    2. Cover Plates
   3. Assorted Tap Cons                       3. Some Electrical Wire
   4. Assorted Anchors                        4. Paint Rollers
   5. Assorted Screws                         5. Roll Brown Paper
   6. Assorted Wire Nuts                      6. Assorted Light Bulbs
   7. Assorted Tape                           7. Some Lubricants
   8. Drywall Mud                             8. Assorted Caulking
   9. Drywall Tape                            9. Picture Hangers
   10.Couple of Receptacles                   10.Some Cleaning Supplies
   11.A/C Filters (assorted)                  11.Plumbing Fittings
   12. Toilet Parts                           12. Pencils




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ESTIMATING SECTIONS:

Electrical
NEVER ASSUME the electricity is off. Before servicing an electrical device,
disconnect it from its electrical source either by unplugging the appliance or
turning off the power at the breaker or fuse box. Mark the service panel with
a note so that no one will restore power while you are working. After turning
off the power to the circuit, test the circuit to be certain that there is no
power. Some devices can store a hazardous electrical charge even when
disconnected from an electrical source, always discharge these devices
before attempting service.

If you are unfamiliar with a device or its components, consult with a
professional before attempting service. When working with electrical
equipment wear rubber-soled shoes, avoid damp locations and hold all tools
by their insulated handles. Never touch conductive surfaces such as pipes or
metal bracing. Use a non-conductive fiberglass ladder when working with
electricity. Avoid shorting electrical circuits.


SWITCHES

      Replace wall switch 0.35 hrs.
      Replace exterior weather proof switch 0.5 hrs.
      Replace surface mounted timer 1.5 hrs.
      Replace exterior pump switch 1.0 hrs.
      Replace door bell push button switch 0.5 hrs.
      Replace sump pump float switch 1.5 hrs.
      Replace hot water thermostat 1.5 hrs.
      Replace A/C thermostat 0.75 hrs.
      Replace pool alarm push button switch 0.5 hrs.
      Replace pool alarm window/door sensor 0.5 hrs.
      Replace security alarm sensors 0.5 hrs.
      Replace vacuum wall switch 0.75 hrs.
      Remove switch and cap off wiring 0.5 hrs
      Replace cover plates 0.1 hrs. each
      Replace smoke alarm 0.75 hrs.
      Replace photo or motion sensor on light fixture 0.75 hrs.
      Replace table lamp switch 0.75 hrs.




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RECEPTACLES

      Replace duplex receptacle 0.35 hrs.
      Replace exterior weather proof receptacle 0.5 hrs
      Replace dryer/range or window A/C 220v receptacle        0.75 hrs.
      Remove receptacle and cap off wiring 0.5 hrs.
      Replace cover plates 0.1 hrs. each
      Replace phone jack 0.35 hrs.



FANS

      Replace or add new ceiling fan to an existing properly supported pre
       wired electrical box 2.0 hrs.
      Replace ceiling light fixture with ceiling fan and install proper support
       for fan 3.0 hrs.
      Replace bathroom exhaust fan 0.75 hrs.
      Replace existing bathroom ceiling light with lighted exhaust fan
       making alterations in the ceiling to accommodate fan and installing
       duct work to exit eave of roof making alterations in eave to accept
       vent 6.0 hrs.
      Replace or add new remote control kit        0.75 hrs.
      Replace or add new light kit to ceiling fan     0.75 hrs.



LIGHTING

      Replace canister light 1.5 hrs.
      Replace vanity light     0.5 hrs.
      Replace surface mounted ceiling light       0.5 hrs
      Replace fluorescent fixture     0.5 hrs.
      Replace fluorescent fixture starter    0.75 hrs.
      Replace fluorescent fixture ballast    0.5 hrs.
      Replace flood light fixture    0.75 hrs.
      Replace hanging type lighting (chandeliers etc..)      1.0 hrs.
      Replace yard pole lamp (lamp only)        1.0 hrs.
      Replace fluorescent bulbs in drop ceiling 0.25 hrs.
       Replace fluorescent bulbs in open fixture      0.15 hrs.
      Replace exterior flood lamp bulbs      0.25 hrs.
      Replace ceiling canister bulbs     0.15 hrs.
      Replace under water pool light      1.0 hrs.
      Replace cord on table lamp       0.75 hrs




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APPLIANCES

      Replace    water heater element        1.0 hrs.
      Replace    electric water heater      3.0 hrs.
      Replace    gas water heater       3.0 hrs.
      Replace    tank less water heater       2.0 hrs.
      Replace    tank water heater with tank less        4.0 hrs.
      Replace    garbage disposal       1.0 hrs.
      Replace    range hood      2.0 hrs.
      Replace    built in dish washer      2.5 hrs.
      Replace    range      1.0 hrs.
      Replace    built in microwave      1.5 hrs.
      Replace    clothes dryer      1.0 hrs.
      Replace    clothes washer       1.0 hrs.
      Replace    refrigerator     1.0 hrs.
      Replace    fridge ice maker      1.0 hrs.
      Replace    trash compactor       1.5 hrs.
      Replace    small appliance cord       05. hrs.



COMPUTERS & TV

      Install new data cable in wall up through attic or crawl space   2.5
       hrs.
      Install new coax cable in wall up through attic or crawl space   2.5
       hrs.




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Plumbing
The biggest mistake most people make when soldering is failing to get the
interior of the fitting and the exterior of the pipe clean and shiny. Polish
these surfaces with a fine emery clot until bright. When soldering, never
heat the pipe, but instead heat the fitting. Doing so allows the solder to be
drawn into the fitting by capillary action. Use a propane torch to heat the
fitting to the correct temperature. Uncoil the solder so that it is easy to
work with, and when the fitting has reached the proper temperature, apply
the solder. It will be sucked into the joint as the proper temperature has
been reached. It may take a bit of practice, so try this first on some scrap
pieces.
The market today has quick-connect fasteners for every plumbing need.
They work well with almost every kind of pipe. These connectors remove
any chance of leaks, eliminate the need for high-temperature propane
torches when working in a confined space and eliminate the learning curve
for soldering. There are several different types of these connectors
available. Some of them are even repairable, eliminating the need to
replace the entire unit. If you do not know how to do something visit
http://www.doityourself.com they have a lot of answers and tips.


SINKS

      Replace kitchen sink with same size 3.0 hrs.
      Replace bathroom drop in sink 2.0 hrs.
      Replace bathroom pedestal sink 3.0 hrs.
      Replace bathroom solid surface one piece sink top     5.0 hrs.
      Replace utility sink 2.0 hrs.
      Replace drain plumbing 2.0 hrs.
      Unclog sink with electric snake 1.5 hrs.

FAUCETS

      Replace faucet 2.0 hrs.
      Replace shutoff valve 1.5 hrs.
      Replace supply tube 0.5 hrs.
      Replace tub diverter valve 0.5 hrs.
      Replace wall mounted tub faucet controls   3.5 hrs.
      Replace tub spout 0.5 hrs.
      Replace shower head 0.5 hrs.
      Repair leaky faucet 0.75 hrs.




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TUB & SHOWER

      replace shower pan (tear out tile floor and walls up to 3 rows and install new
       vinyl pan and drain assembly, mud in pan and reinstall wallboard and tile you
       removed. 15.0 hrs.
      Replace existing tub or shower one piece molded unit 14.0 hrs.
      Cover existing tub and walls with a molded modular insert 8.0 hrs.
      Unclog tub or shower drain with electric snake 1.75 hrs.
      Replace old moldy caulk with new 0.5 hrs per 10 linear ft.
      Install standard by-pass or hinged tub or shower enclosure 2.0 hrs.

TOILET

       Replace existing toilet 3.0 hrs.
      Replace toilet flange and re-install toilet in wood floor 5.0 hrs.
      Replace toilet flange and re-install toilet in concrete floor 6.5 hrs.
      Replace wax ring and re-install toilet 3.0 hrs.
      Replace tank guts 0.75 hrs.
      Unclog toilet with snake 0.75 hrs.




Painting
Keep windows wide-open, as weather permits, for about 2 to 3 days after
painting to avoid unwanted exposure to paint vapors (and to return to
acceptable indoor air quality).

Use window-mounted box fans to exhaust vapors from the work area. Make
sure they cannot fall out of the window. If fans cannot be used, make sure
that rooms being painted have adequate cross-ventilation.

Provide advance notice to neighbors in adjacent units that painting is to
begin.

Take frequent fresh air breaks while painting.

Avoid freshly painted rooms for 2 to 3 days, whenever possible.

Keep young children and individuals with breathing problems from freshly
painted rooms. Leave painted areas if you experience eye watering,
headaches, dizziness, or breathing problems.




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INTERIOR

      2 coats 8 to 10 ft high walls 0.03 hrs. per sq. ft.
      2 coats over 10 ft high walls 0.04 hrs. per sq. ft.
      2 coats on ceilings 8 to 10 ft high 0.02 hrs. per sq. ft.
      2 coats on ceilings over 10 ft. high 0.03 hrs. per sq. ft.
      Trim & moldings 2 coats oil based 2.0 hrs. per 30 linear ft.
      Trim & moldings 2 coats water based        1.5 hrs. per 30 linear ft.
      Solid slab or raised panel door 2 coats oil based 2.0 hrs
      Solid slab or raised panel door 2 coats water based 1.5hrs.
      Louvered doors 2 coats oil based 5.0 hrs.
      Louvered doors 2 coats water based 3.5 hrs.
      Glass inserts 6 to 12 panel (per door) 2 coats oil 3.5 hrs.
      Glass inserts 6 to 12 panel (per door) 2 coats water based 2.5 hrs.
      Closet shelves 2 coats water based       0.075 hrs. per linear ft.
      12" deep bookcases       0.075 hrs. per linear ft. per shelf
      24" deep bookcases        0.10 hrs. per linear ft. per shelf
      Closets 5 ft. wide standard closet up to 10 ft high inside 6.0 hrs.



EXTERIOR
(Prep work, see pressure washing section)

      Stucco walls 2 coats sprayed on 1 hrs. per 200 sq. ft.
      Stucco walls 2 coats rolled & brushed on 1hrs. per 100 sq. ft.
      Wood or other siding sprayed 2 coats 1hrs. per 200 sq. ft.
      Brick 2 coats sprayed on 1hrs. per 100 sq. ft.
      Gutters & downspouts 0.5 hrs. per 10 linear ft.
      Fascia or soffit rolled & brushed 0.5hrs. per 10 linear ft.
      Solid slab door exterior side 2 coats oil based 2.5 hrs.
      Solid slab door exterior side 2 coats water based 1.5 hrs.
      6 to 12 panel glass door 2 coats oil based 4.0 hrs.
      6 to 12 panel glass door 2 coats water based 2.0 hrs.
      Single car garage door 2 coats water based sprayed 2.0 hrs.
      Double car garage door 2 coats water based sprayed 2.5 hrs.
      Columns 2 coats water based rolled & brushed 1.0 hrs. up to 8 ft.
       high
      Door casings 2 coats water or oil based 1.5 hrs.
      Window trim bands and sill 2 coats water based 1.5 hrs.
      Fences & decks sealed or painted sprayed on per coat 2.0 hrs. per
       100 sq. ft.
      Concrete floor rolled on per coat    1.0 hrs. per 200 sq. ft.




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STAINING

      Windows 1 to 4 panes of glass 2.0 hrs.
      Windows 6 to 12 panes of glass 3.0 hrs.
      Trim & moldings 1.0 hrs per 20 linear ft.
      Door per side 2.5 hrs.



WALLPAPER

      Remove wallpaper 2.0 hrs. per 100 sq. ft.
      Re-paste seams 1.0 hrs. per 10 linear ft.
      Remove bubbles 0.25 hrs. per bubble
      Remove wrinkles 0.5 hrs. per wrinkle
      Repair torn paper 1.0 hrs each




A/C & Heating
One easy way to determine if your air conditioner or heat pump needs a
tune-up is to check the difference in temperature between the air exiting the
supply ducts and that drawn into the return ducts. You will need an accurate
thermometer for the test and to operate the cooling equipment for at least
15 minutes when the outdoor temperature is above 80 degrees.

While the unit is running, measure the temperature of the air at a return and
a supply register. These registers should be the ones closest to the inside
cooling equipment. The temperature difference should be between 14 and 20
degrees. A smaller difference indicates time for service.

      Replace A/C filter 0.2 hrs
      Clean coils 2.0 hrs
      Re-charge Freon 1.5 hrs
      Re-tape & mastic duct 0.5 hrs per joint
      Re-support duct 0.5 hrs each tie support




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Miscellaneous
Though not always required by code, one important safety feature is a toe
rail along a handrail that prevents a wheelchair from rolling under the
handrail and off the side of the ramp.
Every inch of rise requires a foot of ramp. So a ramp that goes up to a
doorway 20 inches off the ground should be at least 20 feet long. The slope
should never exceed a 1-to-12 ratio.
A landing should be 60 inches by 60 inches, for five feet square.
Improper venting or a clogged dryer vent will give the following results:

   1.   Long drying times
   2.   Clothes are hot at end of cycle...bad for Perma-Press items
   3.   Dryer is noisier than usual
   4.   Clothes still hot and damp after cycle ends
   5.   Automatic sensors fail to shut off
   6.   Premature failure of heating element, motor or bearings



       Replace pet door same size 1.0 hrs.
       Install new pet door in wood or aluminum door 2.5 hrs.
       Concrete wheel chair ramp 3.0 hrs.
       Wood wheel chair ramp 1.5 hrs.
       Clean dryer vent and ductwork up to 10 ft. 3.0 hrs.
       Replace A/C filter 0.2 hrs.
       Clean A/C coils 2.0 hrs.




Windows
Depending on your space available and preference, most use either a cutting
bench or a wall-mount system. In either case, it is best to use a proper,
tungsten carbide cutting wheel, rather than a cheap 'DIY' store one, or a
diamond. Glass to be cut should be dry and warm (i.e. above 55°f / 12°c)
for reliable results. The cutting wheel should be kept free of dirt and dust
build-up and lubricated.

Always use a proper T-square or straight edge and cut smoothly across the
sheet from edge to edge. Do not go over the cut again. Always break out the
cut quickly - the longer it is left the less reliable will be the result.




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      Re-caulk to seal window 1.0 hrs
      Replace aluminum or vinyl window in block stucco opening 4.0 hrs.
      Replace aluminum or vinyl window in frame opening 3.0 hrs.
      Replace glass with wood stops 1.5 hrs.
      Replace glass with plastic, rubber or aluminum stops 1.0 hrs.
      Replace putty glazed window 2.0 hrs.
      Replace balance rod 0.75 hrs.
      Replace window crank 0.3 hrs.
      Re-screen window screen 1.0 hrs.
      Clean windows 0.3 hrs.




Doors
Determining the proper door swing?

Stand in the doorway with your back to the hinges. (You will be standing
sideways in the opening, looking at the part of the opening where the door
latches into place when closed).

Which side of you is the door on? If the door is on your right hand side, it is
a right handed door. If the door is on your left side, it is a left hand door.

All exterior doors should swing out, for fire safety. All doors in a commercial
building should have lever handles not knobs per most state codes.

Most state codes require commercial doors to have three hinges.


INTERIOR DOORS

      Replace hardware 0.75 hrs.
      Replace Hinges     0.75 hrs.
      Replace door stop 0.25 hrs.
      Replace existing pre hung door 2.0 hrs.
      Replace slab door (only door) re-using all hardware off of original
       door 4.0 hrs.
      Replace hardware on pocket doors 1.0 hrs
      Replace pocket door slab using existing hardware 2.0 hrs.
      Replace bi-fold closet doors 2.0 hrs.
      Replace by-pass closet doors 2.0 hrs.
      Cut off bottom of door for carpet clearance 1.5 hrs.
      Stop squeaking .15 hrs.

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EXTERIOR DOORS

      Replace existing deadbolt 0.5 hrs
      Replace existing hinges 0.75 hrs.
      Replace existing door knob 0.5 hrs.
      Replace existing peep hole 0.5 hrs.
      Replace slab door 4.0 hrs.
      Replace door trim 1.0 hrs.
      Remove door & replace rotten wood and reinstall 5.0 hrs.
      Replace storm/screen door 2.0 hrs.
      Replace storm door closer 1.0 hrs.
      Re-screen screen door 1.0 hrs.
      Replace sliding glass doors with same size 4.0 hrs.
      Replace sliding glass door rollers 1.5 hrs. for 4 rollers
      Replace sliding glass door handle 0.75 hrs.
      Re-screen sliding glass door screen 1.0 hrs.
      Adjust sliding glass doors 0.5 hrs up to 2 doors
      Install security locks on sliding glass doors 0.75 hrs.
      Replace commercial door closer 1.0 hrs.
      Replace sliding glass doors with French style doors to fit in the same
       size opening 6.0 hrs.
      Replace sliding glass doors with French style doors and sidelights to fill
       larger size opening 8.0 hrs.
      Replace weather stripping 0.5 hrs.
      Replace glass in sliding glass door 2.0 hrs
      Replace glass in storm door 1.0 hrs
      Replace glass in wood door with wood stops 1.5 hrs.
      Replace glass insert in fiberglass or steel door 2.5 hrs.
      Install new deadbolt in door 1.5 hrs.
      Install kick plate 0.75 hrs.
      Install new peephole 1.0 hrs.




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Carpentry
When figuring how much molding to quote for, always add 1 foot for every
corner inside and outside corners.

If you want a heavy crown look without the purchasing very expensive
molding, use a two piece crown or even three pieces. You will have no
compound miters and it looks great.

It goes without saying that if you have a place to nail your crown into you're
most likely going to do a better job of installing it. Whether or not you install
blocking in the ceiling is really a function of the type of crown you're going to
install and how bad the walls and ceilings are. If you're going to install a
paint grade crown the need for blocking really becomes less than if you're
going to install a stained grade crown. Since the installation of stain grade
crown is more demanding the need to secure the molding better is of great
importance.


INSTALL CROWN MOLDING

      2 piece to be painted 3.0 hrs first 10 linear ft. then 1.5 hrs each
       additional 10 ft.
      1 piece crown to be painted 2.0 hrs. First 10 linear ft. then 1.0 hrs
       each additional 10 ft.
      1 piece crown to be stained 3.0 hrs per first 10 linear ft. then 2.0 hrs
       each additional 10 ft.
      Add $1.00 per linear ft. to tear out existing.

INSTALL CHAIR RAIL MOLDING

      To be painted 1.5 hrs first 10 linear ft. then 1.0 hrs each additional
       10 ft.
      To be stained 2.0 hrs first 10 linear ft. then 1.5 hrs each additional
       10 ft.
      Add $1.00 per linear ft. to tear out existing.



INSTALL BASE MOLDING

      To be painted 1.5 hrs first 10 linear ft. then 1.0 hrs each additional
       10 ft. Add $1.00 per linear ft. to tear out existing.
      To be stained 2.0 hrs first 10 linear ft. then 1.5 hrs each additional
       10 ft. Add $1.00 per linear ft. to tear out existing.
      Replace existing attic pull down stair case 4.0 hrs.


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      Replace rotten fascia, soffit, rake 3.0 hrs first 10 linear ft. then 1.5
       each additional 10 ft. (Add $2.00 per linear ft. for 2 or 3 story home)
      Replace stockade fence pickets 0.1 hrs per picket
      Replace warped or rotten deck boards 2.0 hrs first 10 linear ft. then
       1.0 hrs each additional 10 ft.
      Re-screw deck wood (drill holes and screw down) 1.5 hrs. per box of
       50 screws
      Replace wood stair treads 1.0 hrs. first tread then 0.2 hrs each
       additional tread
      replace wood porch post 5.0 hrs
      Replace deck or porch railing 3.5 hrs first 10 linear ft. then 2.0 hrs
       each additional 10 ft.
      Replace damaged clapboard siding 3.0 hrs. first 10 linear ft. then 1.5
       hrs each additional 10 ft.
      Replace damaged siding corner board 205 hrs.
      Replace aluminum or vinyl siding 2.0 hrs first 10 linear ft. then 1.5
       hrs each additional 10 ft.

Cabinets
When you are installing kitchen cabinets always clamp the cabinets together
and pre drill before screwing them together.

When installing cabinets that you have to assemble from a box. After you
assemble the cabinet lay it on its face square it up and glue the back to the
frame with good quality hot glue. This will make the cabinets square and
much more solid.

Always make a jig up when attaching new handles to new cabinet doors.
This is the easiest way to make sure they are all the same height and
straight.


      Replace cabinet handles or knobs 0.1 hrs per handle or knob using
       existing holes.
      Replace bathroom vanity cabinet removing sink and counter top and
       re-use 6.5 hrs.
      Replace medicine cabinets 1.0 hrs. same size replacement.
      Replace vanity top with cultured marble, laminate or other solid
       surface pre fabricated 5.0 hrs. replace with same size
      Install slide outs and lazy Susan in kitchen cabinets 1.5 hrs.
      Install cabinets in garage using new organizer style or old kitchen
       cabinets 2.0 hrs per cabinet.
      Remove old kitchen cabinets and install new ones 3.0 per cabinet
       R+R



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Concrete & Masonry
The key to a lasting repair is to make a saw cut around the perimeter of the
damaged area, cutting back to solid concrete. The cut should be at least 3/8
in. deep: Most repairs that fail do so because the patch is too thin at the
edges and breaks off. Set a masonry blade at a 5-degree angle so the cutout
is slightly wider at the bottom than at the top. This helps ―lock in‖ the patch
. Slowly guide the saw through the concrete. The masonry blade grinds a
groove, so don’t put a lot of pressure on the saw; let the blade do the work.
Cut about 1/4 in. on each pass.

A patch will be lighter-colored than the old concrete. Even after weathering
for a few years, the new patch will probably still stand out. One way to hide
the patch is to stain the entire surface to blend the old with the new. But
you’ll have to renew the stain periodically.

      Remove section of sidewalk and replace 5.0 hrs. up to first 10 sq. ft.
       then 0.5 hrs each additional 2 sq. ft.
      Patch cracks in stucco 2.0 hrs. for up to 6 linear ft. of crack
      Patch large holes in stucco 4" round to 12" 2.0 hrs.
      Repair concrete steps 2.0 hrs. per step
      Install new sidewalk 4.0 hrs for the first 10 sq. ft. then 0.2 hrs. each
       additional 2 sq. ft.
      Form out an pour concrete pad 4.0 hrs. for up to a 3ft. x 4 ft. pad




Drywall/Sheetrock
The two most common drywall compounds are lightweight and all-purpose.
They both are easy to work with, and have a shelf life at room temperature
of about nine months. If you have an entire house to repair, buy a 4.5-gal
bucket of the material ($11 to $15) and keep using it until the project is
done. For small repairs, buy a 1-gal. container but be advised that you
might pay nearly as much for that as you will for the 4.5-gal size, depending
on where you shop. For a few minor repairs, buy a quart (about $5). The
differences between the two are that the lightweight product weighs about a
third less than all-purpose, it dries more quickly and takes less force to sand

It's best to do a repair with three or four thin coats of compound--if possible
leaving sanding for just the last coat. Also, "the most important thing with a
repair is to build the joint out wider than you would normally.




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DRYWALL SCREWED TAPED & FINISHED

      Walls minimum charge of 3 sheets 1.5 hrs. per sheet
      Ceilings minimum charge of 3 sheets 2.0 hrs. per sheet



PATCH HOLES TO MATCH EXISITNG TEXTURE

      Walls up to 4 inch holes 1.0 hrs. per hole
      Walls holes larger than 4 inches 1.5 hrs per hole
      Ceilings holes up to 4 inches 1.5 hrs. per hole
      Ceilings holes larger than 4 inches 2.0 hrs. per hole



REPAIR CRACKS & FINISH TO MATCH EXSISTING

      Walls 1.0 hrs. per linear ft.
      Ceilings 1.5 hrs per linear ft.

*** You have to charge a minimum for drywall repairs unless you are doing
other work for the customer.




Insulation
Some fiber glass insulation materials may be dusty or irritate the skin. Many
insulation jobs are done in confined areas such as attics or crawlspaces.
Therefore, the following protective gear is strongly recommended:

      Work gloves
      Loose-fitting, long-sleeved shirt (cover cuffs with glove wristbands)
      OSHA-approved safety glasses
      Properly fitted NIOSH or MSHA approved disposable dust respirator
      Long pants
      Hat or cap

General Installation Tips For fiber glass insulation:
Leave fiber glass insulation in its wrapper until you're ready to use it.
Packaged insulation is highly compressed and expands greatly when the
wrapper is opened.
Use continuous rolls in floors because of longer joist spans.
To cut insulation, lay it on a board with the Kraft or foil facing down, if
applicable. Lay a yardstick (or 2 x 4) over the area of insulation to be cut.

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Press your straight edge down hard and cut with a utility knife, using
straight edge as a guide.

      Insulate joists of basement ceiling 1.0 hrs. per every 3 rolls
      Insulate attic with blown in insulation 1.5 hrs. for 400 sq. ft.
      Insulate attic with blanket insulation 1.0 hrs. per every 3 rolls




Hauling & Cleanup
Another common and much overlooked item are electric motors. Many are
just thrown out and those still attached to their appliances are usually easily
removed. It doesn’t take long to accumulate 100 pounds of them and at
their height they fetched over twenty cents per pound.

The easiest way to determine if the metal is steel or aluminum is to use a
magnet. Magnets will not stick to aluminum.

The big 50 gallon steel drums, normally you have to cut the closed end off
and flatten it in order to scrap it.

If possible leave paints and other chemicals for the home owner to dispose
of. Usually it is free for them 2 times a year. Otherwise you will have to
charge them at least $25.00 for your disposal costs.

      Load and haul piled junk away 3.0 hrs. per pickup truck bed (full
       size)
      Load and deliver firewood 3.0 hrs. per pickup truck bed (full size)
      Cut up and haul off down tree 0.5 hrs. per ft. tall
      Take down and haul away metal shed 3.0 hrs. plus dump fees. You
       can take it to a salvage yard for extra money
      Load and haul away portable spa 2.0 hrs. plus dump fees
      Haul mulch and drop off 2.0 hrs.




Item Assembly
The first thing you want to do is have plenty of workspace available to
unpack and inventory all of the parts in the box.

While unpacking your new unit, make sure to check everywhere including all
of the slots inside of the Styrofoam where small bags of hardware may be
hidden and don't throw away any of the packaging until the item is
completely assembled.

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The next step would be to inventory all of the nuts and bolts and other small
parts by using the parts list located in the instruction manual. This is done so
while assembling you can easily find the needed parts without searching and
possibly using the wrong part and damaging the unit.

Now that we have inventoried everything we can start building. One problem
that many people encounter is jumping steps. You must go in the order as
the instructions refer. Take your time while working through the steps to
insure a quality product once assembled.

      Office furniture 1.5 hrs. per section
      Barbecue grills 1.5 hrs. for a basic grill
      Computers 1.5 hrs. basic setup
      Cabinets 1.0 hrs. per cabinet
      Bikes 1.0 hrs.




Roofing
When roofing ladder safety is improved and gutters are better protected if
you use a ―gutter-guard.‖ To do this, notch a piece of scrap plywood to
accept the width of a ladder, and fasten the wood to the roof deck. Set the
ladder in the notch and tie it in place. The ladder won’t touch or crush the
gutter, or slide sideways during wind gusts or while being climbed.

Leave steep and/or high roof work to the pros. The few dollars you’ll lose by
not taking the job aren’t worth the risk of death or a lifelong disability if you
fall. Pick a clear, calm, cool time of day to work on roofs. Wet roofs are
slippery. Wind also poses a danger, and excessive heat softens the shingles,
making them vulnerable to damage.

      Replace defective or broken shingles 3.0 hrs up to 5 shingles, each
       additional shingle 0.33 hrs. each
      Paint roof with aluminum based roof paint 1.0 hrs per 100 sq. ft.
      Replace wood damaged or leaking wood shingles 3.0 hrs up to 5
       shingles each additional shingle0.33 hrs. each
      Re-seal skylight 1.0 hrs.
      Replace broken clay tile 0.75 hrs. per tile
      Repair cracked clay tile 0.5 hrs. per tile
      Replace skylight in metal roof 3.0 hrs.
      Replace rusted & leaking metal roof panel 4.0 hrs. per panel
      Flashing repair with roof cement (small repairs) 2.0 hrs. per patch
      Clean roof valleys 1.0 hrs. per valley



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GUTTERS

      Re-move gutters     1.0 hrs per 10 linear ft.
      Repair leaking gutter 1.0 hrs. each repair
      Install new gutters 1.0 hrs per 10 linear ft.
      Repair downspout 0.75 hrs per downspout
      Install new downspout 0.75 hrs. per downspout
      Clean out gutters 2.0 hrs. per 25 linear ft.



SOFFIT & FASCIA

      Replace existing aluminum or vinyl soffit 1.5 hrs per 12 linear ft.
      Install new aluminum soffit and fascia over wood 2.0 hrs. per 12
       linear ft.



CHIMNEY

      Firebox re-pointing & rebuilding 2.0 hrs per 20 sq. ft.
      Flue replacement 10.0 hrs.
      Damper replacement 10.0 hrs.
      Mortar crown repair 2.0 hrs.
      Clean chimney 4.0 hrs.




Flooring
If the vinyl flooring was definitely made after the 1970's, you can remove it
yourself. if made before 1970 it will most likely contain asbestos and I would
go over it rather than pay to remove it. The best way to tear out vinyl
flooring is to pull it up and then go back and remove the remaining glue and
pieces of flooring.

For sheet flooring (or rolled flooring), you will probably want to score the
flooring into strips to make it easier to handle and pull up. Some people
choose to use heat guns to soften the flooring's adhesive, making it easier to
remove; some people just pull it up without any pre-work. Whichever
method you choose, keep in mind that this process is going to take some
time and effort, but it will be worth it in the end.


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TILE

      Replace broken floor or wall tile   3.0 hrs. for up to 4 tiles
      Seal grout 0.75 hrs. per 100 sq. ft. of tile
      Repair cracked floor grout    1.0 hrs. up to 3 linear ft.
      Replace shower/tub wall grout 6.0 hrs. for a standard 2.5 ft. x 5.0 ft.
      Install new floor tile 0.1 hrs. per sq. ft.
      Install new wall tile 0.1 hrs per sq. ft.
      Buff floor with machine 3.0 hrs. for up to 400 sq. ft. of floor



VINYL

      Tear out old vinyl floor 3.0 hrs. per 100 sq. ft.
      Install new vinyl floor self adhesive squares 3.0 hrs. per 100 sq. ft.
      Install sheet vinyl 3.0 hrs. per 100 sq. ft.



CARPET

      Tear out old glued down carpet 2.0 hrs. per 100 sq. ft.
      Tear out carpet with padding and remove tack strip 1.0 hrs. per 100
       sq. ft.
      Install new glued down carpet 3.0 hrs per 100 sq. ft.
      Install loose laid 2.5 hrs. per 100 sq. ft.
      Steam clean carpet 0.5 hrs. per 100 sq. ft.



WOOD

      Re-finish hardwood floor 5.0 hrs per 100 sq. ft.
      Re-place damaged section of floor 6.0 hrs for up to 20 sq. ft.
      Install new hardwood pre finished floor 8.0 hrs. per 100 sq. ft.



LAMINATE FLOORING

      Tear out old laminate floor 1.0 hrs per 100 sq. ft.
      Install new laminate floor 5.5 hrs per 100 sq. ft.




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Pressure Washing

Pressure washers rated at 1300-2200 PSI are for only light, occasional
chores such as cleaning a small area, lawn equipment, cars, trucks, mud or
dirt. Models rated at 2200-3000 PSI are designed for more frequent users
and for larger jobs such as cleaning vinyl and wood siding easier, whether
the surface is being prepared for painting or to remove dirt and grime. Units
rated at PSI 2200-3500 are used for professional use on heavy-duty
projects. Contractors and commercial users turn to this category to clean
their heavy equipment, construction sites, paint preparation and other
demanding projects. Some units are rated above 3500 psi however there are
few advantages or applications for this extreme pressure.

Belt driven washers will last you much longer then a direct driven washer. If
you can afford it they are the ones to buy.

Cold water pressure washers are most suitable for car, deck, grill, patio,
sidewalk, house, bus, and truck power cleaning.

On the other hand, hot water pressure washers are excellent for oil, grease,
and fuel spills, and for sanitization. Hot water pressure washers are also the
best candidates for places such as garages, industrial plants, agriculture
machineries, service areas.

      Roof cleaning 7.0 hrs. for up to a 2000 sq. ft. roof
      Vinyl siding 2.0 hrs. per 500 sq. ft.
      Brick & stucco 2.0 hrs. per 500 sq. ft.
      Decks 2.0 hrs. per 100 sq. ft.
      Wood fences 1.0 hrs. per 200 sq. ft.
      Patios & driveways 1.0 hrs. per 100 sq. ft.
      RV's and campers 2.0 hrs.
      Commercial drive thru 1.0 hrs. per lane




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Lot Maintenance
Seal and waterproof cracks or larger damaged areas in asphalt driveways.
To make repairs, simply cut a piece of material the size of the cracked area,
peel off the adhesive backing paper and press the fabric down on the
pavement.
The heavy duty polypropylene fabric, saturated with rubberized asphalt,
Self-adhesive, Comes in rolls 6 inches wide by 9 ft. long.



      Re-stripe parking lines 0.25 hrs. per line
      Replace parking curb 0.5 hrs. per curb
      Re paint stenciled signs 0.5 hrs. per word or sign
      Vacuum lot 1.0 hrs. per week up to 20 spaces
      Patch a hole in pavement 1.0 hrs. per up to 12 inch hole
      Install a preformed speed bump 3.0 hrs.
      Install a new sign on pole 0.5 hrs.
      Install new sign and pole 1.5 hrs.




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