World History Honors Hartwell Zentouro by MikeJenny

VIEWS: 24 PAGES: 25

									                                      History Review
                          For Mr. Hartwell's History II Honors Final


Without Word Bank
People                                         Description
                Early Americans
George Washington                              1st president of the United States of America
Alexander Hamilton                             Aide de camp to Washington during the
                                               Revolution, principal author of the Federalist
                                               Papers, and advocate for a strong federal
                                               government; first Secretary of the Treasury under
                                               George Washington
Thomas Jefferson                               3rd president of the USA ; principle author of the
                                               declaration of independence
Patrick Henry                                  “Give me liberty or give me death”
Sam Adams                                      American patriot who played a leading role in the
                                               Boston Tea Party
Thomas Paine                                   author of the powerful, widely read pamphlet,
                                               Common Sense
James Madison                                  Principal author of the Federalist Papers, close
                                               associate of Thomas Jefferson and with him a
                                               leader of the Republicans; President during the
                                               War of 1812
John Marshal                                   Chief Justice of the United States
                                               Opposed Madison
                    Europeans
Louis XVI                                      King of French during French revolution
Maximilien Robespierre                         Led the reign of terror
George II                                      ?

Marquis de Lafayette                           French nobleman and general who offered
                                               considerable assistance to General Washington
                                               during the Revolution; he later became a leader of
                                               the moderates in the French Revolution.
Napoleon Bonaparte                             Emperor of France ; defeated at battle of Waterloo
Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington           Led British forces that defeated Napoleon @
                                               battle of Waterloo
Marie Antoinette                               French queen whose extravagance cost her her
                                               head in 1793.
Admiral Horatio Nelson                         Fought in battle of Trafalgar
                                  1 eyed , 1 armed patriot
Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet   French Enlightenment writer who was famous for
                                  his wit and satires; among his most famous works
                                  were his Letters on England, praising the virtues
                                  of English government
Vocab                             Definition
Bourgeoisie                       Upper middle class
Cabinet                           body of high-ranking members of government,
                                  typically representing the executive branch
Census                            procedure of acquiring information about every
                                  member of a given population
Jurisdiction                      The area, geographic or otherwise, which is
                                  subject to a law, a court, or other legal authority;
                                  literally, the area to which the law “speaks”
Life tenure                       term of office that lasts for the office holder's
                                  lifetime, unless the office holder is removed from
                                  office under extraordinary circumstances
Neo-classicism                    draw upon Western classical art and culture –
                                  usually ancient Greece/ancient Rome. These
                                  movements were dominant during the mid 18th to
                                  the end of the 19th century
Embargo                           A ban on all exports and imports; tried to ill effect
                                  by Thomas Jefferson in 1807.
Ex post facto law                 is retroactive law, is a law that retroactively
                                  changes the legal consequences of acts committed
                                  or the legal status of facts and relationships that
                                  existed prior to the enactment of the law.
Habeas corpus                     A writ or judicial action that prohibits the
                                  government from imprisoning a person without
                                  showing cause
Impressment                       is the act of conscripting people to serve in the
                                  military or navy, usually by force and without
                                  notice
Incumbent                         Current officeholder
Infringe                          to encroach or trespass
Plurality                         More votes than anyone else but less than a
                                  majority
Precedent                         authority

Quorum                            minimum number of members of a deliberative
                                  body necessary to conduct the business of that
                                  group
Rococo                        rooms were designed as total works of art with
                              elegant and ornate furniture, small sculptures,
                              ornamental mirrors, and tapestry complementing
                              architecture, reliefs, and wall paintings.
Romanticism                   stressed strong emotion as a source of aesthetic
                              experience
Staggered terms               ?


Statute                       formal, written law of a country or state, written
                              and enacted by its legislative authority, perhaps to
                              then be ratified by the highest executive in the
                              government, and finally published. Typically,
                              statutes command, prohibit, or declare policy.
                              Statutes are sometimes referred to as legislation or
                              “black letter law”
strict/lose construction      A literal interpretation, allowing little or no room
                              for implied meaning
Veto                          gives power, possibly unlimited, to stop changes,
                              but not to adopt them
Other
Articles of Confederation     Document that first set forth the frame of
                              government for the United States in 1777
Bill of Rights                First Amendment
                              Guarantees freedoms of speech, religion and
                              assembly
Barbary Pirates               Muslim pirates and privateers that operated from
                              North Africa, from the time of the Crusades until
                              the early 19th century
Marbury v. Madison            Source of the basic legal principal that the
                              Supreme Court could invalidate laws of Congress
                              as unconstitutional.
Anti-federalists              General term for people who opposed the
                              ratification of the Constitution because they feared
                              it was creating too strong a federal government.
Federalists                   For the ratification of the Constitution
Republicans

War of 1812                   fought from 1812 to 1815, although a peace treaty
                              was signed in 1814
Declaration of Independence   Written by Thomas Jefferson in June, 1776 and
                              adopted by the First Continental Congress
Waterloo                            1815 battle at which Napoleon was defeated for
                                    good by British forces under Arthur Wellesley

With Word Bank
People
                 Early Americans
Aaron Burr                          killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel that was
                                    provoked by their differences over New York state
                                    politics
                                    later committed for treason

Benedict Arnold                     Great general ; switched sides during
                                    revolutionary war
Meriwether Lewis                    Traveled on expedition with Clark to find a water
                                    route to the pacific
Eli Whitney                         Invented cotton gin
James Fenimore Cooper               Author of The Last of the Mohicans and other
                                    Leatherstocking Tales glorifying the American
                                    pioneer spirit
Stephen Decatur                     American naval hero of the Barbary War;
                                    commanded the USS Intrepid which, in a daring
                                    raid, burned the captured USS Philadelphia
Peter Stuyvesant                    Dutch governor of New Amsterdam, who worked
                                    to put the struggling colony on a sound footing
                                    only to see it taken over by England.
Peter Minuit                        the Dutch settler well-known for purchasing the
                                    island of Manhattan from local Native American
                                    groups in 1626
Tecumseh                            Shawnee Indian leader who, with his brother
                                    Tenskwatawa (“the Prophet”), lead an Indian
                                    confederation against white settlement in the Old
                                    Northwest; died in the Battle of the Thames
                                    during the War of 1812
Noah Webster                        Wrote speller books
                                    dictionary
Abigail Adams                       Wife of John Adams (2nd president)
                                    advocate for women's rights
                  Latin Americans
Simon Bolivar                       Freed Peru from Spanish rule
Jose de San Martin                  Helped to free South America from Spanish rule
Bernardo O'Higgins                  Freed Chile from Spanish Rule
Toussaint L'Ouverture           Leader of Haitian Revolution
                    Europeans
Louis XIV                       The sun king
Louis XVIII                     ruled the kingdom from 1814 (although he dated
                                his reign from the death of his nephew in 1795)
                                until his own death in 1824, with a brief break in
                                1815 due to his flight from Napoleon during the
                                Hundred Days
Alexander I                     ?


Madame de Pompadour             Mistress of king louis XV
Baron de Montesquieu            Author of The Spirit of the Laws formulating a
                                view of government with three branches;
                                Enlightenment thinker influential with the
                                founding fathers.
Charles Dickens                 English novelist of the Victorian era
Frederick II (“the Great”)      King of Prussia
Catherine II (“the Great”)

John Locke                      English philosopher
Jean Paul Marat                 French thinker who was critical of the
                                Enlightenment and extolled the virtues of the
                                “noble savage” and advocated a political order
                                founded on the “general will” of the people.
William Penn                    Founded pennsylvania
Francisco Goya                  Goya was a court painter to the Spanish Crown
                                and a chronicler of history
John Wesley                     early leader in the Methodist movement
Gen. Charles Lord Cornwallis    Leading British general in American Revolution
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand   French diplomat
Jean-Jacques Rousseau           composer/philosopher of Enlightenment
John Marshall                   Chief justice of the Supreme Court who, in cases
                                such as Marbury v. Madison, created a powerful
                                role for the Supreme Court within the federal
                                government
Vocab
Apportionment                   distribution or allotment in proper shares
Bill of attainder               is an act of legislature declaring a person or group
                                of persons guilty of some crime and punishing
                    them without benefit of a trial
Boycott             act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying,
                    or dealing with someone or some other
                    organization as an expression of protest
Letter of marque    Official warrant or commission from a
                    government authorizing the designated agent to
                    search, seize, or destroy specified assets or
                    personnel belonging to a foreign party which has
                    committed some offense under the laws of nations
                    against the assets or citizens of the issuing nation,
                    and has usually been used to authorize private
                    parties to raid and capture merchant shipping of
                    an enemy nation.
Naturalization      The process of becoming a citizen for those born
                    outside the United States
Pacifism            Opposition of war and violence
Patent              set of exclusive rights granted by a state to an
                    inventor or his assignee for a fixed period of time
                    in exchange for a disclosure of an invention
Perfidy             Act of deliberate treachery or deception
Copyright           legal concept, enacted by most governments,
                    giving the creator of an original work exclusive
                    rights to it, usually for a limited time
Delegate            member of a group representing an organization
Despot              a single person who wields all the power and
                    authority of a state
Encroach            advance beyond proper limits
Enumerated powers   list of specific responsibilities found in Article I
                    Section 8 of the US constitution, which enumerate
                    the authority granted to the US congress.
                    Congress may exercise only those powers that are
                    granted to it by the Constitution, limited by the
                    Bill of Rights and the other protections found in
                    the Constitutional text
Evince              to show clearly; make evident or manifest; prove
Floor leaders       leaders of their political parties in each of the
                    houses of the legislature
Guillotine          device used for carrying out executions by
                    decapitation
Impeach             first of two stages in a specific process for a
                    legislative body to remove a government official
                    without that official's agreement
Iniquitous                                 flagitious, nefarious, perverse, evil, base, unjust,
                                           wrong
Interim                                    temporary pause in a line of succession or event.
                                           "in between," "transitional," or "temporary."
Precarious                                 dependent on circumstances beyond one's control;
                                           uncertain; unstable; insecure
President pro tempore                      The senator who presides over the Senate when
                                           the Vice President is not around
Privateer                                  private warship authorized by a country's
                                           government by letters of marque to attack foreign
                                           shipping
Running mate                               A person running for a subordinate position on a
                                           joint ticket during an election
Salons                                     private and public, of intellectuals to meet, discuss
                                           ideas and watch artistic performances
Sycophant                                  servile person who, acting in his or her own self
                                           interest, attempts to win favor by flattering one or
                                           more influential persons, with an undertone that
                                           these actions are executed at the cost of his or her
                                           own personal pride, principles, and peer respect.
                                           Such a manner is called obsequiousness
Other
XYZ affair and the Quasi-War with France   The proposal that American diplomats sent to
                                           France bribe French officials in order to have a
                                           successful negotiation.
Shay's Rebellion                           Uprising of Massachusetts farmers in 1786-87
                                           unhappy over excessive taxation foreclosures and
                                           inability to pay off debts.
Whiskey Rebellion                          Western Pennsylvanians protest newly adopted
                                           federal taxes in 1794
American Revolution                        American struggle to remove itself from british
                                           tyranny
Election of 1796                           Adams defeats Jefferson in the run for the
                                           presidency
Election of 1800                           Vice President Thomas Jefferson defeated
                                           President John Adams. The election was a
                                           realigning election that ushered in a generation of
                                           Democratic-Republican Party rule and the
                                           eventual demise of the Federalist Party.
Kentucky and Virginia Resolves             Resolutions drafted by Madison and Jefferson
                                           protesting the Alien and Sedition Acts
Rhode Island                               The state that refused to allow the “5% impost”,
                                                      refused to send delegates to the Constitutional
                                                      Convention, and was the last to ratify the
                                                      Constitution.


Current National Leaders

President – George W. Bush
Vice President – Richard Cheney
Speaker of the House – Nancy Pelosi (D-Ca)
President pro tempore – Robert Byrd (D-WV)
Senate Majority Leader – Harry Reid (D-Nev)
Senate Minority Leader – Mitch McConnell (R-Ken)
House Majority Leader – Steny Hoyer (D-Md)
House Minority Leader – John Boehner (D-Oh)

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court – John Roberts

key cabinet positions
Secretary of State – Condoleeza Rice
Secretary of Defense – Robert Gates
Secretary of the Treasury – Henry Paulson
Attorney General (heads the Department of Justice) – Michael Mukasey
Secretary of Homeland Defense – Michael Chertoff

other cabinet positions include the Secretaries of Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, Health and Human
Services, Housing and Urban Development, Education, Transportation, Energy, and Veterans Affairs

Presidential order of succession (first five):
V.P. > Speaker of the House > President pro tempore of the Senate > Secretary of State


                                                 Quizzes

1. __________'s Bill No. 2 removed all the trade restrictions with Britain and France, but authorized
the president to reapply the principle of no-trade to either of these warring nations if the other ceased
violations of American neutral rights.
Your Answer: macon



2. As whites moved into the Ohio Valley in the early nineteenth century, __________, a Shawnee chief,
tried to unite all tribes east of the Mississippi River into an Indian confederation.
Your Answer: Tecumseh
3. In 1814, the British planned a three-pronged attack on the United States; an invasion of New York,
incursions at Chesapeake Bay, and the capture of __________ to gain control of the American west.
Your Answer: new orleans



4. During the War of 1812, the __________ party enjoyed a revival of its popularity in New England,
and some party radicals encouraged New England's secession from the Union.
Your Answer: federalist



5. In 1818, a joint Anglo-American commission settled the disputed boundary between the United
States and Canada by designating the __________ th parallel as the boundary from the Lake of the
Woods to the Rocky Mountains.
Your Answer: 49



6. In the Transcontinental Treaty, the United States obtained __________ from Spain for $5 million, to
be paid to Americans who had claims against Spain.
Your Answer: florida



7. In 1823, fears of __________ expansion in the Western Hemisphere prompted President Monroe and
his secretary of state to warn that the American continents were no longer open to European
colonization.
Your Answer: russia



8. British "dumping" of cheap cloth in America after the War of 1812 strengthened the position of the
advocates of a __________ tariff, who argued that American industry needed to be defended against
foreign competition.
Your Answer: protective



9. Of the three sections, the __________ was most supportive of federal financing of internal
improvement projects like road construction.
Your Answer: west



10. Although it caused little conflict in national politics before, __________ became the most divisive
sectional issue in 1819.
Your Answer: slavery



11. South Carolina's __________, a former War Hawk and emerging southern leader, took a strong
nationalist position on all major public issues immediately following the War of 1812.
Your Answer: John Calhoun



12. When Missouri was admitted to the Union as a slave state in 1820, __________ was admitted as a
free state to preserve the balance in the Senate.
Your Answer: maine



13. In 1820, a proposal by Senator __________ barred slavery from the Louisiana Territory north of
36e 30'.
Your Answer: thomas



14. As president between 1825 and 1829, __________ adopted a Hamiltonian nationalist view and tried
to promote projects beneficial to the national interest.
Your Answer: john quincy adams



15. Because of its high rates on manufactured and agricultural goods, southerners referred to the new
tariff law in 1828 as the Tariff of __________.
Your Answer: Abominations

1. After the failure of Jefferson's Embargo Act, President Madison abandoned the policy of using
American trade to try to force neutral rights concessions from England and France.
Your Answer: False



2. The Ohio Valley Indian leader, the Prophet, argued that Indians must give up the white mans' ways
and preserve Native American culture.
Your Answer: True



3. For the United States, the War of 1812 was poorly planned and managed.
Your Answer: True



4. While negotiating the Treaty of Ghent, the British ignored the United States's demand for recognition
of its neutral rights and abandonment of the impressment policy.
Your Answer: True



5. In the 1817 Rush-Bagot Agreement, the United States and Britain agreed to joint occupation of the
Oregon Country for ten years.
Your Answer: False



6. In the early 1820s, the United States and Britain issued a joint declaration opposing any restoration
of the Spanish empire in the Americas.
Your Answer: False



7. By 1820, Jeffersonian Republicans had come to accept most of Alexander Hamilton's economic
policies.
Your Answer: True



8. Initially, the South opposed protective tariffs on the grounds that they increased the price of imports
and hampered the export of cotton and tobacco.
Your Answer: False



9. Until 1819, there were an equal number of slave states and free states in the Union.
Your Answer: True



10. John Quincy Adams and Martin Van Buren were in favor of federally funded internal
improvements.
Your Answer: True



11. The Tallmadge Amendment was the first attempt to restrict the expansion of slavery since the
Northwest Ordinance of 1787.
Your Answer: True



12. The morality of slavery and the rights of African Americans were at the heart of the debate during
the Missouri Crisis in 1819-1820.
Your Answer: False



13. "In South Carolina Exposition and Protest," John C. Calhoun defended the right of a state to nullify
an act of Congress.
Your Answer: True

1. The "War Hawks"
Your Answer: feared that Madison's diplomacy was costing the nation its honor and, potentially, its
             independence


2. In the Treaty of Ghent ending the War of 1812, the British agreed to
Your Answer: stop the fighting



3. The attitudes of most Americans in the immediate aftermath of the War of 1812 included all of the
following EXCEPT
Your Answer: strident partisanship



4. In an agreement with Great Britain in 1818, the United States acquired
Your Answer: joint occupation rights in the Oregon Country



5. The Monroe Doctrine did NOT intend to prevent
Your Answer: the United States acquiring any new territories in the Western Hemisphere



6. Supporters of a protective Tariff of 1816 argued that it would do all of the following EXCEPT
Your Answer: help lead to the abolition of slavery



7. Henry Clay's American System was primarily designed to promote
Your Answer: national economic self-sufficiency



8. The Missouri Compromise did NOT result in
Your Answer: banning slavery in all states north of 36° 30' latitude



9. Generally, President John Quincy Adams was
Your Answer: a strong nationalist



10. John C. Calhoun's nullification theory argued that
Your Answer: a state could declare an act of Congress unconstitutional

1. Most of those who attended the Philadelphia Convention were
Your Answer: nationalists



2. Delegates to the Philadelphia Convention did NOT agree that
Your Answer: slavery should be abolished



3. The "Federalist Papers" were written by
Your Answer: Madison, Jay, and Hamilton to support the ratification of the Constitution



4. For Hamilton to get a national bank, he had to argue in favor of
Your Answer: the doctrine of "implied powers"



5. In Jay's Treaty, Jay got the British to agree to all of the following EXCEPT
Your Answer: recognition of America's neutral rights



6. In his Farewell Address, Washington warned Americans against the dangers of foreign alliances and
Your Answer: political parties

1. After the Revolutionary War, New England merchants were hard hit by being excluded from trade
with the
Your Answer: Britain’s imperial trade union



2. To many who opposed it, Shays's Rebellion was a reminder that
Your Answer: the national government was too weak



3. The major controversy at the Philadelphia Convention involved the question of
Your Answer: representation in the national government



4. The original Philadelphia Constitution did NOT provide that
Your Answer: states could issue paper currency



5. In New York, ratification of the Constitution was obtained after its supporters promised
Your Answer: to call for a second convention to consider Constitutional amendments



6. The initial source of public revenue enacted by the first session of Congress was a tax on
Your Answer: imports



7. Madison and Jefferson agreed to Hamilton's assumption program in return for a promise involving
the
Your Answer: location of the national capitol



8. Which one of the following is LEAST related to the other three?
Your Answer: Rule of 1756



9. Spain agreed to allow the United States use of the Mississippi River and the right of deposit in New
Orleans in the
Your Answer: Treaty of San Lorenzo
10. In which pair of items are the two items LEAST related to each other?
Your Answer: Rule of 1756--Farewell Address

1. With the removal of British mercantilistic restrictions in 1783, the United States' commercial trade
flourished and the national economy prospered.
Your Answer: False



2. Between 1782 and 1787, Congress used its power to tax imports as a way to assure the United States
a favorable balance of trade.
Your Answer: False



3. Generally, the delegates to the Philadelphia Convention, drawing upon their learning and practical
experience, were convinced that human nature was essentially kind and generous and that people could
be trusted to act responsibly toward each other.
Your Answer: False



4. Delegates to the Philadelphia Convention granted the national government the power to tax and to
regulate both foreign and interstate trade.
Your Answer: True



5. The Founding Fathers expected that the electoral college system they created for electing the
president would usually result in the House of Representatives making the choice.
Your Answer: True



6. The framers of the Constitution provided that it be ratified by a majority vote in each state
legislature.
Your Answer: False



7. President Washington, aware of the need to establish the power of the presidency, made frequent use
of his power to veto congressional legislation he disliked.
Your Answer: False
8. Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton deliberately intended his plan to create a national bank to
give a special advantage to the rich.
Your Answer: True



9. Although he was sympathetic to the French, Thomas Jefferson endorsed President Washington's
decision to proclaim U.S. neutrality toward the war that broke out between Britain and France in 1793.
Your Answer: True



10. In Jay's Treaty, the British agreed to evacuate their outposts on America's frontier that they had
occupied since 1783.
Your Answer: True



11. Although George Washington was a symbol of national unity, he usually sided with his Secretary of
State, Thomas Jefferson on issues of finance and foreign policy.
Your Answer: False



12. In the Election of 1796, a presidential candidate was elected vice-president.
Your Answer: True



13. The 1798 Alien and Sedition Acts were designed to protect foreign minorities in the United Sates,
and to guarantee every citizen's civil rights during wartime.
Your Answer: False

1. Citing the failure of Americans to live up to the terms of the 1783 Treaty of Paris, Britain refused to
surrender its outposts in the area of the U.S.'s __________ territory.
Your Answer: northwest



2. After the 1783 Treaty of Paris, __________ closed the Mississippi River to U.S. trade.
Your Answer: spain



3. When some state legislatures raised taxes and restricted new issues of paper currency in the 1780s,
the resulting deflation had its greatest impact on __________, especially farmers.
Your Answer: debtors



4. In 1786, the Massachusetts state supreme court was forced to close by an armed mob led by
__________, and it convinced many that the national government needed more authority.
Your Answer: Daniel Shay



5. At the Annapolis Convention in 1786, __________ who advocated a strong central government,
proposed calling another convention to meet in Philadelphia in 1787 to deal with constitutional reform.
Your Answer: alexander hamilton



6. The framers of the Constitution basically agreed that the United States should have a __________
system of government with independent state governments and a national government with limited
powers.
Your Answer: federal



7. The Philadelphia Convention delegates' decision to have both proportional and equal representation
in Congress was called the __________ (or Connecticut) Compromise.
Your Answer: great



8. The Three-fifths Compromise on taxation and representation at the Philadelphia Convention was the
result of the delegates having to determine the status of __________ in the United States.
Your Answer: slavery



9. Worried that the powerful new government they had created might be abused, the Founding Fathers
created a system of __________ to limit the authority of each branch of the national government.
Your Answer: checks and balances



10. Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay wrote the __________ that brilliantly explained
and defended the new system of government proposed in the Constitution.
Your Answer: federalist papers
11. The first Congress passed the first ten amendments to the Constitution. Known as the __________,
these amendments protected individual civil liberties and states' rights.
Your Answer: bill of rights



12. When Thomas Jefferson questioned the constitutionality of Alexander Hamilton's proposal to create
a national bank, Hamilton responded that the authority to do so fell within the __________ of
Congress.
Your Answer: implied powers



13. The __________ was a protest by western Pennsylvania farmers against the excise tax policies of
Hamilton's financial program.
Your Answer: whiskey rebellion



14. The XYZ Affair nearly resulted in a war between the United States and __________.
Your Answer: France



15. In the Kentucky and __________ Resolves, James Madison and Thomas Jefferson argued that the
Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional, and Jefferson argued that states could declare an act of
Congress unconstitutional.
Your Answer: virginia

1. All of the following issues helped Americans justify their declaration of war against Britain in 1812
EXCEPT
Your Answer: recognition that the British, not Napoleon, posed a greater threat to U.S. interests



2. Delegates to the Hartford Convention in 1814
Your Answer: proposed a number of new constitutional amendments



3. The United States and Britain agreed to limit naval armaments on the Great Lakes in the
Your Answer: Rush-Bagot Agreement



4. The Louisiana Purchase boundary with Spanish territories in North America was first clearly defined
in the
Your Answer: Transcontinental Treaty, 1821



5. The primary argument of those who opposed the rechartering of the original Bank of the United
States in 1811 was that it was
Your Answer: unconstitutional



6. If enacted, the Tallmadge Amendment would have
Your Answer: gradually abolished slavery in Missouri



7. The 1824 presidential election featured
Your Answer: the choice of president made by the House of Representatives



8. John C. Calhoun was provoked to write his "South Carolina Exposition and Protest" in response to
congressional legislation on
Your Answer: tariff policy

1.The outcome of the presidential election in 1800 was decided by balloting in the __________.
Your Answer: House of Representatives



2.Thomas Jefferson, who derived his political philosophy from the ideas of the __________, believed
that society could be improved by the application of human reason.
Your Answer: enlightenment



3. Thomas Jefferson distrusted Alexander Hamilton's admiration for __________ society, and he was
delighted to see the French Revolution strike a blow against tyranny.
Your Answer: british



4. In Thomas Jefferson's first term in the presidency, Republicans repealed the Federalist's excise taxes
and allowed the __________ Acts to expire, but they did not destroy Hamilton's national bank.
Your Answer: alien and sedition
5. In the waning hours of his presidency, John Adams used the __________ to appoint many Federalists
as new judges. The new Republican Congress immediately repealed the act.
Your Answer: judiciary act of 1801



6. The significance of the case of __________ lies in the fact that it established the power of the federal
judiciary to invalidate federal laws.
Your Answer: marbury v. madison



7. President Jefferson acquired the Louisiana Territory from __________ in 1803 for $15 million.
Your Answer: france



8. During Jefferson's presidency, a group of die-hard Federalists in New England, called the
__________, began to consider secession from the United States.
Your Answer: essex junto



9. __________ killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel that was provoked by their differences over New
York state politics.
Your Answer: aaron burr



10. In 1803, President Jefferson commissioned an expedition led by __________ to explore the
Louisiana Territory to the Pacific Ocean.
Your Answer: lewis and clark



11. Thomas Jefferson was deeply committed to the concept of __________, believing the republic was
safe in the hands of America's many yeomen farmers.
Your Answer: majority rule



12. Republican leader, __________ of Roanoke, was a constant critic of President Jefferson's
departures from Republican party principles.
Your Answer: john randolf
13. Parliament responded to Napoleon's economic warfare against Britain by blockading most
continental ports and requiring vessels trading in __________ to first pay customs duties in England.
Your Answer: europe



14. In 1806, a British court declared that Americans could not legally transship and reexport colonial
goods as neutral goods on American ships, because doing so violated the __________.
Your Answer: rule of 1756



15. The 1807 __________ Act severely damaged New England's commerce, the nation's prosperity, and
President Jefferson's popularity.
Your Answer: embargo

1. The Federalists' major contribution to the American political system was to establish strong state
governments while making some concessions to centralized authority.
Your Answer: False



2. Thomas Jefferson wanted the United States to remain a nation of small farmers because he admired
their independence.
Your Answer: True



3. Because of his dislike for their policies, President Jefferson bent every effort of his administration to
inflame partisan factionalism and punish the Federalists.
Your Answer: False



4. "In "Marbury v. Madison," the Supreme Court ruled that the Judiciary Act of 1801 was
unconstitutional.
Your Answer: False



5. The "Marbury v. Madison" case established the precedent for removal of federal judges for "high
crimes and misdemeanors."
Your Answer: False
6. President Jefferson sent a naval squadron to confront the Barbary pirates in order to protect
American commerce in the Mediterranean Sea.
Your Answer: True



7. Spain's transfer of territory to France alarmed President Jefferson in 1800 because it threatened
America's access to the Mississippi River and New Orleans.
Your Answer: True



8. In order to make the Louisiana Purchase, President Jefferson had to adopt the concept of implied
powers in the Constitution.
Your Answer: True



9. Thomas Jefferson's presidency demonstrated that a stable government could be established and
maintained without resort to heavy taxation and limitations on individual liberty.
Your Answer: True



10. For his part in a western empire-building scheme, Aaron Burr was tried for, but acquitted of
treason.
Your Answer: True



11. Napoleon's Milan Decree declared that U.S. shipping was in violation of the Rule of 1756, thus
liable to French confiscation.
Your Answer: False



12. President Jefferson refused to concede the right of British naval officers to seize British subjects
from American ships and press them into service for the Royal Navy.
Your Answer: False



13. President Jefferson responded to the "Chesapeake" incident by requesting the Embargo Act, which
prohibited all exports.
Your Answer: True
14. The Non-Intercourse Act forbade U.S. trade with both Britain and France.
Your Answer: True

1. A major contribution of the Federalists was their
Your Answer: leadership skill in organizing the national government



2. Thomas Jefferson did NOT favor
Your Answer: foreign alliances



3. Jefferson's presidency was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
Your Answer: philosophical consistency



4. The case of "Marbury v. Madison" concerned
Your Answer: "midnight justices"



5. In a secret treaty with Spain in 1800,
Your Answer: France acquired Louisiana



6. What is the correct time order of (A) Louisiana Purchase, (B) Election of 1800, (C) "Marbury v.
Madison," (D) Burr conspiracy?
Your Answer: B, C, A, D



7. Jefferson's presidency was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
Your Answer: international peace



8. After the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, the war between Britain and France became a war of
Your Answer: economic attrition



9. The "Chesapeake" affair involved flagrant use of
Your Answer: impressment



10. In the following pairs the two items are directly related to each other in each case EXCEPT
Your Answer: Continental System--impressment

1. After the election of 1800, the Constitution was amended to change
Your Answer: voting procedures in the Electoral College



2. Thomas Jefferson did NOT believe that
Your Answer: manufacturing was the key to national prosperity



3. President Jefferson's first administration did NOT
Your Answer: revoke the National Bank's charter



4. The legal precedent for the Supreme Court's authority to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional
was established when
Your Answer: the "Marbury v. Madison" ruling was handed down in 1803



5. President Jefferson's first foreign policy decision was to
Your Answer: send a naval squadron to the Mediterranean



6. Which one of the Caribbean islands played a key role in the Louisiana Purchase?
Your Answer: St. Dominique



7. The Lewis and Clark Expedition was commissioned to explore the
Your Answer: Louisiana Territory



8. John Randolph of Roanoke was notable as
Your Answer: a staunch defender of states' rights
9. In the "Essex" case in 1806 a British court found the United States in violation of the
Your Answer: Rule of 1756



10. Thomas Jefferson's political career "ended on a sour note" because of the failure of the
Your Answer: Embargo Act

								
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