Chapter 29 Disorder and Discontent_ 1969-1980 by yaoyufang


									Chapter 29
Disorder and
Discontent, 1969-1980

      The American People, 6th ed.
I.   The Decline of
The Republican Agenda
 Nixon was willing to use economic tools
  to maintain fiscal stability
 Although parts of his monetary plan
  worked, inflation plagued the economy
 Nixon worked to control the
  communications industry as best he
  could, denounced “disruptive elements”
  of the population, and was able to
  appoint four Supreme Court justices
Civil Rights
 Nixon was less sympathetic to the cause
  of civil rights than his Democratic
 Nixon felt that any effort to woo the black
  electorate in the South was a waste of
  his time
 Nixon denounced busing of Black
  students into white school districts,
  effectively prolonging segregation in the
II.   The Ongoing Effort in
 This was Nixon’s plan to bring American
  soldiers home from the Vietnam war by
  gradually replacing American forces with
  Vietnamese troops
 With this reduction of troop number,
  Nixon ramped up the bombing of North
  Vietnam and (illegally) extended the
  destruction to Cambodia and Laos
The End of the War
 The conflict in Vietnam lingered past
  Nixon’s reelection in 1972 until the spring
  of 1975
 The Communist-aided North finally broke
  through weakened South Vietnamese
  lines and took Saigon
 58,000 men and women had died in the
III. Constitutional Conflict
     and Its Consequences
 Early in 1972, Nixon’s aides proposed an
  elaborate scheme to wiretap various leaders
  of the Democratic Party and use gained
  information to disrupt their nomination
  process in the upcoming election
 The wiretappers were arrested and every
  member of the Nixon administration was
 The lengthy unraveling of the facts took
  several years and led to the eventual
  resignation of Nixon
Ford and Carter
 Gerald Ford became president upon the
  resignation of Richard Nixon and handily lost to
  former Georgia Gov. Jimmy Carter in the 1976
 Carter stood for honesty, home-spun virtue and
  a reduction of presidential powers
 Severe problems with the economy and
  American hostages in revolutionary Iran
  spelled his political downfall after one term
IV. The Continuing Quest
    for Social Reform
Attacking the Feminine
 National Organization for Women
  (NOW): a pressure group concerned
  with the promotion of equal opportunity
  for women
 The combined women’s movement
  pushed for adoption of an Equal Rights
  Amendment, but the required 38 states
  for ratification could not be achieved
 This era saw fledgling protest movements
  in the Latino communities of America and
  a resurgence of “nationalism” within the
  various Native American tribes who were
  eager to use the legal system to try to win
  back their original lands stolen by the U.S.
 Gays, Lesbians, Environmentalists and
  Consumer advocates used the era to
  promote their causes and encourage
  national change

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