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Vocal Music

VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 53

									            AMV4M

  Theory Resource and Text Book




Name:___________________________



                                   1
Course Overview
Music: AMV4M, Grade 12, University/College Preparation.
Prerequisite: Grade 11 Music,
Teacher: Mr. G. Smink
School: Delta Secondary School
Credit: 1

                       Course Description
This course emphasizes the appreciation, analysis, and performance of music from the romantic
period and the twentieth century, including art music, jazz, popular music, and Canadian and non-
Western music. Students will concentrate on developing interpretive skills and the ability to work
independently. They will also complete complex creative projects.
This course is designed to broaden students’ knowledge and skills in performance,
composing and arranging, listening and analysis, music in society, and music and
technology. Students concentrate on developing their skills through the performance of
complex technical exercises and repertoire, composition and arrangement of their own
music, listening and analysis of live and recorded music, and complex creative projects
completed through the use of technology, as well as conventional methods. This course is
performance-based, and although performance is a specific unit, it is expected that
performance be infused in all units of study at this grade level, wherever possible.
Teachers are encouraged to select activities from any unit in any order they deem
appropriate

This course is designed to enhance and extend the performance skills of all students, through the
acquisition of an advanced theoretical and practical musical education. Grade 12 students have the
opportunity to accomplish the knowledge and skills necessary for acceptance into a postsecondary
music program at a university or college.

Considerations for planning and effective implementation must include the availability of
computer MIDI workstations. Although technology appears in this profile as a separate unit, each
of the activities in this unit relates directly to the other four units and technology should therefore
be appropriately utilized as a reinforcement activity and/or tool in the individual units. Some of
the students in this course have Grade 11 Open as their prerequisite course. Additional theory and
performance lessons may have to be taught before students can attempt the composition and
arranging expectations for this course. The number of hours indicated for the performance unit
constitutes classroom hours. Due to the nature of the Grade 12 Music course, students are
expected to practise instrument-specific studies and pieces independently, using classroom hours
for teacher consultation and assessment, as well as ensemble performance rehearsal.
Students in this course continue to gain experience working independently as well as in a
group, respecting the rights, responsibilities, and contributions of self and others. This
course enables students to become self-directed learners of music who can participate
actively in, and make a contribution to, a musically literate society.




                                                                                                      2
                              Units: Titles and Time
Unit 1                           Performance                                  60 hours
Unit 2                     Composing and Arranging                            20 hours
Unit 3                      Listening and Analysis                             5 hours
Unit 4                         Music in Society                               10 hours
Unit 5                      Music and Technology                               5 hours

 Term Work

 Performance: 60%

 Composing & Arranging: 20%

 Listening and Analysis: 5%

 Music in Society: 10%

 Music and Technology: 5%

 Term work = 70% of final mark

 Exam = 30 % of final mark

 Students are expected to have in class a binder, pencil and Resource book.




                                                                                    3
Music
Theory


Review



         4
Note Names and basic Musical symbols:

Treble Clef and Bass Clef: Copy out both clefs 5 times:




What instruments use Treble Clef?




What instruments use bass clef?




Note names in treble clef:




      F     A     C     E      E    G     B     D     F

Note Names in the Bass Clef:




      A     C     E     G      G    B     D     F     A




                                                          5
The use of leger lines:

Leger lines are used to add lines temporarily above or below the staff
Here are some examples in the treble clef:




Here are examples of leger lines in the bass clef:




              B   mc      d   e   f   g   a   b   f   e   d   c   b a   g   f




                                                                                6
Identify the following notes:     Name:______________________
Watch out what clef you are in:
To be handed in




/44




                                                                7
Time Signatures and rhythm




                             8
Counting Rhythms:

     All bars should equal the top number of the time signature
     The notes that = the beat are counted 1,2,3,4,5,6,etc
     Notes that get half a beat = 1,&,2,&,3,&,4,& etc
     Notes that get quarter of a beat are counted 1,e,&,a,etc…
     The note that = a beat is determined by the bottom number of the
      Time Sig.




                                                                     9
10
11
12
13
Write in the proper counting for the following musical examples:




Symbols and semitones




                                                                   14
15
Using a key signature:
A key signature tells us what notes are to be played either sharp or
flat in a scale or a piece of music

Sharp (#) keys follow the following pattern:

F
C
G
D
A
E
B
And they look like this on a musical staff
Copy out the order of sharps 3 times on the following staff




Using the order of sharps to tell us how many sharps each key gets

Key Name              # of Sharps

F#+
C+/C#+
G+
D+
A+
E+
B+




                                                                       16
Flat Keys (Order of Sharps backwards)

B
E
A
D
G
C
F

The flat key signature looks like this on the musical staff:
Copy out the order of flats 3 times




Using the order of flats we can show how many flats each key name
gets. (Remember C+ = 0)

Bb+
Eb+
Ab+
Db+
Gb+
C+/Cb+
F+




                                                                    17
Scale Assignment

Write out the following scales on the musical staff
In treble and bass clef
Using key signatures and whole notes

C+




G+




D+



A+



E+



B+



F#+



C#+




                                                      18
Write out the following Flat scales using
   Treble and bass clef
   Whole notes
   Flat key signatures

F+



Bb+




Eb+




Ab+




Db+




Gb+




Cb+




                                            19
Tempo and Dynamics:

pp

mp

p

mf

f

ff

Cresc.


Dim.


Decresc.




                      20
Intervals:
 The Space between two notes

P1               Unison
o2               Jaws
+2               Do – Re, Are You Sleeping…
-3               O Canada
+3               Oh When the Saints, O Blah Dee
P4               Here Comes the Bride
x 4 / o5         Simpson’s Theme Song
P5               Star wars, Twinkle Twinkle…
-6               Love Story
+6               My Bonnie…
-7               Star Trek
+7               Superman Theme Song
P8               Somewhere Over the Rainbow

Major = +
Minor = -
Augmented = X
Diminished = o
P = Perfrect




                                                  21
Minor and Relative Major Scales
a. How Sharps and Flats appear in a key signature

Order of Sharps:
Father Charles Goes Down And Ends Battle

Order of Flats:
Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles Father




B. How to determine the number of sharps in each key using the order of Sharps
and Flats

Order of Sharps: (#)              Order of Flats: (b)
      Major (+)      Minor (-)                  Major (+)    Minor (-)
F#    6              F#    3            Bb      2            Bb    5
C/C# 0/7             C#    4            Eb      3            Eb    6
G     1              G#    5            Ab      4            A/Ab 0/7
D     2              D#    6            Db      5            D     1
A     3              A/A# 0/7           Gb      6            G     2
E     4              E     1            C/Cb 0/7             C     3
B     5              B     2            F       1            F     4




                                                                                 22
Relative Scales

Look for the same amount of sharps or Flats and voila they are related

Eg, F#+ is related to D# - , G + is related to E - , E Major is related to C# minor,
D Major is related to _____ Minor, A Major is related to _____ Minor, B Major is
related to _____ minor, C + is related to _____ minor, C# Major is related to
_____minor.

Same for flat scales:
Bb + =
Eb +=
Ab +=
Db +=
Gb +=
Cb+ =
F+ =


Write out the following Minor Scales Ascending and descending
Using Key Signatures
Half Notes
Treble and bass clef
Raise the 7th note by one semitone with an accidental

                                  A Min Harmonic




                                  E Min Harmonic




                                     B Min Har.




                                  F# Min Harmonic




                                                                                       23
  C# Minor H




  G # Min H




  D# Min H




  A # Min H




D Min Harmonic




G Min Harmonic




C Min Harmonic




  F Min Har.




                 24
Bb Min Harmonic




  Eb Minor H




   Ab Min H




                  25
                           Harmonic and Melodic Minior

Rules For Melodic Minor:

Write out a minor scale just like normal
Raise the 6th and 7th note ascending (with an accidental) and lower the 6th and 7th
(with an accidental) descending

Write out all the minor scales in the melodic minor:




                                                                                      26
27
Intervals:
 The Space between two notes

P1                  Unison
o2                  Jaws
+2                  Do – Re, Are You Sleeping…
-3                  O Canada
+3                  Oh When the Saints, O Blah Dee
P4                  Here Comes the Bride
x 4 / o5            Simpson’s Theme Song
P5                  Star wars, Twinkle Twinkle…
-6                  Love Story
+6                  My Bonnie…
-7                  Star Trek
+7                  Superman Theme Song
P8                  Somewhere Over the Rainbow

Major = +
Minor = -
Augmented = X
Diminished = o
P = Perfrect


Written intervals                Types of intervals:

Chart
Diminished o        Minor - /dim o      Major/perfect +/p   Augmented X
                    o1                   P1                  x1

o2                  -2                   +2                  x1

o3                  -3                   +3                  x3

                    o4                   P4                  x4

                    o5                   P5                  x5

o6                  -6                   +6                  x6

o7                  -7                   +7                  x7

                    o8                   P8                  x8




                                                                          28
The above chart illustrates all the types of intervals you can have. The actual
number refers to the number of note names between the bottom note (when going
from bottom to top) to the top or top (when going from top to bottom) to bottom
note.

You need to count note names starting with the “root” note as number 1. Count up
to the next note. This will be your number (1 – 8)

Eg., C – G is a 5th: C1, D2, E3, F4, G5

The question remains: What type of 5th? o, P or x

Each type of interval has a number of semitones associated with it

The following chart can help:

P1/o2   = 0 semitones
-2/x1   = 1 semitone
+2/o3   = 2 semitones
-3/x2   = 3 semitones
+3/o4   = 4 semitones
P4/x3   = 5 semitones
X4/o5   = 6 semitones
P5/o6   = 7 semitones
-6/x5   = 8 semitones
+6/o7   = 9 semitones
-7/x6   = 10 semitones
+7/o8   = 11 semitones
P8/x7   = 12 Semitones

It is also useful to draw a keyboard to count semitones

From the root note to the second note this will then tell you the exact type of interval
you have

C – G is a perfect 5th because the number C – G is 5 and the semitone count is 7

Exercises:

On the following page identify the following intervals:




                                                                                      29
Inverted intertvals:

Whatever note is on the top of the two intervals now goes to the bottom:

Eg     E – G -3
       G – E = +6

The combined numbers of the interval and the inverted intervals must equal 9

The signs will also change:

+ becomes –
- becomes +
X becomes o
o becomes x
P stays P

Invert the above intervals and name them




                                                                               30
Triads:

What are they and how do the work?
Terminology: Root, third, fifth




Write out C major scale




               I     ii     iii    IV     V     vi   viio   VII (I)
Scale degree
Names:
I      =
II     =
III    =
IV     =
V      =
VI     =
VII =
VIII =

Write out the following scales in whole notes
With Key Signatures
Showing all the triads

E+




Ab+




                                                                      31
Inversions of triads:

Explanation:
Terminology:            1st.inversion,         2nd inversion,     3rd. inversion




Exercise

Using C Major scale and triads show the following triad with its inversions:

       I Chord                           iii Chord                vi chord




Using Ab+ scale and triads show the following triads with there inversions

       ii chord                          IV chord                 V chord




Using Gb+ scale and triads show the following triads with there inversions

       V chord                 vii chord                    I chord




                                                                                   32
Writing chords in open score

Explanation:
Triads have 3 notes, chords have four so we need to double one.
Bottom note of triad is the bass note of the chord



Example:

C major I chord in all inversions & V chord in all inversions




Doubling notes       Root:         Double Bottom note
                     1st inv:      Double top note
                     2nd inv:      Double Top

Write chords from above open score using treble and bass clef




                                                                  33
The seventh chord
Adding sevenths to a chord
Terminology: Root, Third, Fifth, seventh
Inversions: root, first, second, third
Don’t need to double any note because there are 4 notes in any seventh chord
The bottom note of the chord is the bass note of the chord




In C maj show a V7 Chord, and a vi7 Chord




Write out these chords in open score




                                                                               34
Transposing: (Applying intervals)

Moving of entire musical passages to other keys without changing the way the
passage sounds. Basically we are changing the Key, Notes and pitch.

The following is a musical passage the will be transposed up a Major 3rd




Here is what you need to think about
   1. What is the key? This example: D Maj (If there are a few accidentals it is
       probably in a minor key)
   2. What will be the new Key? Imagine D Maj as just the note D. What is a Maj
       third higher than D? D E F….F What? Check out the semitones for Maj 3rd:
       4. So D- D#1, D# - E2, E – F3, F – F#4.
   3. The new Key is F# Major: 6 sharps
   4. Now that you have the correct new key, just move the notes up a 3rd
       (Remember the original note is counted as 1)
   5. Here is your transposed line:




Transpose the above line (in F# Major) up a P 5 and down a minor 2




                                                                               35
Transposing Instruments:

Some instruments do not play “concert” pitch. That is: the note that they read is not
the note that they sound. These are called transposing Instruments as opposed to
concert pitch instruments (those that play the pitch of the written note)

Transposing Instruments are as follows:

Bb: Trumpet, Clarinet, Tenor and Soprano Sax, Treble Clef Baritone: They
Transpose up a Major Second

Eb: Alto and Baritone Sax
They transpose up a major 6th

Tuba and String Bass sound an Octave lower than written.

Transpose the following for 1 clarinet, 1Alto Saxophone 1 tenor Sax and 1 Bari Sax
and have a students perform it at a lunch time concert it.




                                                                                   36
Use the following order:
Top notes Cl
Alto Notes: Alto Sax
Tenor Notes: Tenor Sax
Bass Notes: Bari Sax

Remember Tenor and Bari play in the treble clef so you need to move them into
treble clef first

What is the original Key?
What is the new key for the clarinet and Tenor Sax?
What is the new key for the Alto and Bari Sax?




                                                                                37
Harmony

Definitions:
Chord progression
Melody
Tonic, supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, leading note,
dominant
Scale based chords (Triads)


Using C Major scale show all the chords you may use




What are progressions?

Each note of a scale has a chord attached to it. The chord you use determines what
the next chord can be. Also the note of the melody reduces your choices.


Here is a chord chart that will give you a good sounding musical work

These chords….                       Lead to these
I                                    Any Chord
ii                                   IV, V, viio ,iii
iii                                  ii, vi, iv
IV                                   I, V, viio
V                                    I
vi                                   ii, IV
viio                                 I, iii, vi



Melodies:

You need a melody in order to have a harmony. Here are some hints for a good
melody
Start on either the first or the fifth note of the scale of whatever key you are in.
Make sure your melody has a shape
Don’t leap from note to note, move stepwise




                                                                                       38
On the following pages you will be given melodies to write harmonies to.




Composition assignment:




                                                                           39
Students will write a musical composition for guitar and solo voice, using the Guitar
Chord Chart.

Students will be required to either write lyrics, or find suitable lyrics for there song
(All lyrics must be approved be the teacher)                /10

Students will write out a melody on staff paper and than notate it using Finale 2004.
Students need to use a key signature
Proper notation
Time signature
For melody writing use 4 bar phrases and chorus
Don’t make it too long
The Lyrics will also be included on Finale with the melody
(All network computers in the school use this program)
                                                        /20

Hand in Stage 1 (Check for completion and any suggestions)

Students will write chords that fit the melody using the chord chart.
Song will be notated in chords and tab.                   /30


Performance of Opus                                        /30




                                                                                       40
Composition Check list                                  Name: _______________

Found Lyrics: yes            No
What are the verses?




What is the chorus?




Include a copy of lyrics

Melody writing
What Key am I in? ________________________
(Use one that has easier chords to play eg C+, G+, D Maj, A min, )
What is my time signature? __________________________
What note am I starting on? ____________
What note am I ending on? _____________
(Hint: begin on tonic I or dominant V, end on Tonic I)
What is the shape of my melody?


What is the shape of my chorus?


Did I write it out on score paper?


Did I notate it in Finale?



What chords did I use as harmony for my peice?




Did I notate it is Finale




                                                                                41
42
                            DELTA SECONDARY SCHOOL
          AMV2O/3M/4M: MUSIC VOCALIST PERFORMANCE PROJECT
                                                      Page 1


 OBJECTIVE: Each student will gain experience in public speaking, presenting information and
          performing a piece using a variety of support aids and resources. Emphasis will be
          given to research skills and gathering information from hard-copy and electronic (web)
          resources and actual performance of a selected piece. Other computer applications
          will include the use of a scanner and power point slide shows. A written report of at
          least 500 words will summarize the content of the presentation.

FORMAT:       Each student will conduct a 10 minute multi-media presentation on a vocalist or
              vocal composer. The student will confer with and receive approval from teacher

              The presentation will consist of the following components:

                      1)       an oral component based on 40 points of information (minimum).
                      2)       a multi-media power point presentation with at least 5 graphic samples.
                      3)       a minimum of 2 audio samples.
                      4)       A performance of a selection by vocalist (Original composition) or by a
                      5)       Students will down load midi accompaniment of music or provide an
                               Accompanist, or use a Karaoke CD.
                      6)       other support materials which may include video excerpts, hand-outs,
                              use of blackboard, overhead projector, bristol-board presentations
                              (charts, posters, etc.), demonstrations/performances, media articles
                              and other publications, and additional written material.
                      7)       a written report consisting of at least 500 words containing a title
                              page, graphic examples, a bibliography listing all resources, and
                              rough notes (40 points of information and rough draft).


EVALUATION:            1)      40 points of information in written form                        20 marks

                      2)      5 computer-scanned images                                        5 marks

                      3)      2 audio samples which include a brief description                10 marks
                              of the sample and reason for selection

                      4)      Other support materials (see point 4 above)                      10   marks

                      5)      written report: content                          5 marks         15 marks
                                               Spelling and punctuation        5 marks
                                               Grammar                         5 marks

                      6)      public speaking/presenting/ information orally/
                              performance of music                                             40 marks

                                                                      Total Marks              100 marks
                 A deduction of 10% a day will apply to late assignments and presentations up to
       and including 3 days. Assignments and presentations received after this period will result in
       a mark of 0.




                                                                                                            43
                      DELTA SECONDARY SCHOOL
          AMV2O/3M/4M: MUSIC VOCALIST PERFORMANCE PROJECT
                                              Page 2


COMPONENT 1: Researching Factual Information (gathering information)
            Using magazine articles and the Internet, gather 40 points of information based on
            the following: (You may use more than these)

            1.     Date and place of birth including death, and cause of death, if applicable
            2.     Level of education attained and specialized education (certificates/degrees)
            3.     Early childhood/teenage experiences relating to music
            4.     influences gleaned from other musicians and individuals
            5.     Influences gleaned from other cultures
            6.     Experiences with previous bands/Music groups
            7.     Experiences with other musicians
            8.     Style(s) of music played
            9.     Choice of scales used in music
            10.    Choice of chords used in music
            11.    Strengths and weaknesses in song-writing ability
            12.    Strengths and weaknesses in performance ability
            13.    Strengths in music production
            14.    Strengths in music recording-engineering
            15.    Strengths in music business and promotion
             16.   Innovative ideas used in music composition
            17.    Innovative methods used in music performance
            18.    Related experience in music education (teaching)
            19.    Related experience in music publications (writing magazine articles,
                   music methods, etc.)
            20.    Music equipment used (guitars, amplification, effects, computers,
                   accessories - pick-ups, hardware, strings, etc.)
            21.    Collaboration with music companies in developing music equipment
            22.    Social impact and influences on youth behaviour
            23.    Impact and influence on fashion
            24.    Social contributions and donations (benefit concerts, awareness)
            25.    Political contributions and donations (benefit concerts, awareness)
            26.    Religious, spiritual or cultural beliefs if applicable
            27,    Musician's personal health awareness or behaviour (alcohol, drug abuse)
            28.    Musician's life-style (family, friends, associates, use of leisure time)
            29.    Other strengths and skills outside the area of music
            30.    Future music projects, or collaborations
            31.    Other

Find Music to perform:

   1.   You must have a musical copy of the music you will perform
   2.   Check with me, Library. Internet
   3.   Obtain an accompanist, midi file or karaoke CS
   4.   practice with accompanist




                                                                                                  44
                      DELTA SECONDARY SCHOOL
        AMV2O/3M/4M: MUSIC VOCALIST PERFORMANCE PROJECT

                                          Page 3


       COMPONENT 2: Computer Power Point Presentation (graphic manipulation)

           Collect at least 5 graphic samples of Interesting subject matter which support
           some of the facts gathered from Component 1 (40 points of information).
           Using power point, display these images and add any other type of media
           (Sound/Video) to enhance your presentation. Images may be saved from the internet
           and imported into the power point application.


COMPONENT 3: Audio Samples

           Choose a minimum of 2 audio samples which will support statements made in
          your presentation. The excerpts could focus on:

          1.     Influences gleaned from other musicians and individuals
          2.     Influences gleaned from other cultures
          3.     Style(s) of music played
          4.     Choice of scales used in music
          5.     Choice of chords used in music
          6.     Strengths and weaknesses in song-writing ability
          7.     Strengths and weaknesses in performance ability
          8.     Strengths in music production
          9.     Strengths in music recording-engineering
          10.    Innovative ideas used in music composition
          11.    Innovative methods used in music performance
          12.    Music equipment used (guitars, amplification, effects, computers,
                 accessories, etc.)
          13.    Collaboration with music companies in developing music equipment
          14.    Social impact and influences on youth behaviour
          15.    Religious, spiritual or cultural beliefs if applicable
          16.    Use of melody, harmony, rhythm, texture, and sound characteristics
          17.    Other


COMPONENT 4: Other support materials

                 Select other presentation aids that will support the statements
                 made in your presentation. These may include video excerpts,
                 handouts, use of blackboard, overhead projector, bristol-board
                 presentations (charts, posters, etc.),
                 demonstrations/performances, media articles and other
                 publications, and additional written material in hand-out form.




                                                                                           45
                            DELTA SECONDARY SCHOOL
         AMV2O/3M/4M: MUSIC VOCALIST PERORMANCE PROJECT
                                                Page 4

COMPONENT 5: Written Report

            The content of your presentation will be captured in a written report consisting of
            at least 500 words. The finished product will contain a title page, graphic examples,
            a bibliography listing all resources, and all rough notes.

     TITLE PAGE:                  Title of Project
                                  Submitted by: (your name)
                                  Prepared for: (teacher's name)
                                  Course code: AMG4M
                                  Due date:

    WRITTEN REPORT:               Name of Guitarist

    Opening Paragraph:            Reason for selection (do not refer to yourself, i.e. the selection
                                  of this guitarist was based on his/her ability as an out standing
                                  Performer and soloist.)
                                  The contents of the report (what is included in your report.)
    Body of report:
                                  Factual statements should be written with no personal
                                       opinions. All information should be written in
                                       chronological order, from birth to the present day.
    Conclusion:                   Draw from information presented to validate your own
                                       conclusion or opinions.

COMPONENT 5: Public Speaking performance(presenting information
             orally)
        The evaluation of this component will be based on the following:

                      1.    Good introduction established                            5 marks
                      2.    Knowledge of subject                                     5 marks
                      3.    Selection of resources                                  10 marks
                      4.    Wealth of Data/Content                                  10 marks
                   5.       Accuracy, relative and significant information           5 marks
                   6.       Completeness                                            10 marks
                   7.       Purpose, point of discussion                             5 marks
                   8.       Main points highlighted                                 10 marks
                   9.       Ideas developed logically                                5 marks
                   10.      Audibility/Clarity                                       5 marks
                      11.   Vocabulary                                               5 marks
                   12.      Creativity/Originality                                  10 marks
                   13.      Use of Audio/Visual Aids                                 5 marks
                      14.   Effect delivery                                          5 marks
                   15.      Good closing statement                                  5 marks
                                                               Total 100/4=        25 marks




                                                                                                       46
                      Music performance

1. Pitch                5 marks
2. Diction              5 marks
3. Style                5 marks
4. Musical line         5 marks
5. Dynamics             5 marks
6. Performance          5 marks

30 marks =______/15




                                          47
History of
 Music




             48
Renaissance:




               49
Baroque




          50
Classical




            51
Romantic




           52
Modern




         53

								
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