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Water Quality Improvement Plan

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					     European Communities (Quality of Shellfish Waters)
                   Regulations 2006

                           S.I. No. 268 of 2006

                   Regulation 6 Action Programme

                       Roaringwater Bay, Co. Cork.

Date Designated:     1994 under the Quality of Shellfish Waters Regulations (S.I.
                     No. 200 of 1994, as amended by S.I No. 459 of 2001). These
                     Regulations have now been replaced by the European
                     Communities (Quality of Shellfish Waters) Regulations, 2006
                     (S.I. No. 268 of 2006).

Boundaries:          That part of inner Roaringwater Bay that lies east of an
                     imaginary line southeast from a point c.1km east of Coosheen
                     Point on the mainland to the northwest of Castle Island, and
                     from the southeast of Castle Island west to the northwest of
                     Skeam West to Skeam East and on to the westerly point of
                     Cunnamore, north of Coolim and Goose Island, to the high
                     water mark, but not including Ballydehob Bay.

                     The attached map shows the boundary of the designated
                     shellfish area, discharge points and aquaculture licensed sites.
                     The area shown on the attached map corresponds to the area
                     shown on the Map of Record associated with S.I. No. 268 of
                     2006.

Sampling and Analysis: Sampling point is within a 50m radius of 100 683E, 31
                  450N (Lat. 51 31 39 N, Long. 9 25 54.6 W).

                     Bord Iascaigh Mhara (BIM) has been tasked by the Minister for
                     Communications, Marine and Natural Resources (CMNR) with
                     undertaking the sampling and monitoring regime required
                     under the Directive and the Regulations. This is carried out in
                     conjunction with the Marine Institute (MI).

Responsibilities of Public Authorities:
                      The Minister for CMNR is primarily responsible for ensuring
                      implementation of the terms of the Directive and the
                      implementing Regulations.   For this purpose the Shellfish
                      Waters Management Committee (SWMC) has been established
                      by the Minister for CMNR (see section on “Review of
                      Programme” below).
                      Regulation 4 of S.I. No. 268 of 2006, inter alia, places an
                      obligation on every public authority that has functions, the
                      performance of which may effect shellfish waters, to perform
                      its functions in a manner that promotes compliance with the
                      Directive and the Regulations, and to take such actions that will
                      secure compliance with the Directive and the Regulations and
                      with this action programme.            The “prescribed public
                      authorities” are those listed in Schedule 1 to S.I. No. 268 of
                      2006 and are consulted by the Minister for CMNR in
                      establishing and reviewing this action programme, and in
                      investigating any instances where the designated waters fail to
                      comply with mandatory standards. Some of the “prescribed
                      public authorities” are also represented on the SWMC.

Description of Area: Roaringwater Bay including Long Island Bay is situated on the
                     south west coast of Ireland in Co. Cork. The bay is 12km long
                     and 8km at its widest point and covers an area of c.10, 900ha,
                     and incorporates more than 15 islands. The designated
                     shellfish area of inner Roaringwater Bay at the head of the bay
                     covers the area of approximately 2,235 ha. Average depth is 4-
                     5m and the seabed composition is a mixture of mud, maerl,
                     gravel and sand. The mean tidal range is c.3m. The direct
                     catchment is mainly good agricultural lowland with one town
                     (Ballydehob) and low density housing and covers
                     approximately 10,700ha. The bedrock is Old Red Sandstone
                     and there are a number of pebble and sandy beaches. There are
                     three main rivers entering the designated area, the Rathruane,
                     the Bawnaknockane and the Leamawaddra. According to EPA
                     monitoring data the rivers are classed as unpolluted.

                      Tourism, agriculture, aquaculture and inshore fishing are the
                      main commercial activities in the area. There are four
                      uninhabited islands within the area used seasonally for
                      agriculture and tourism.

                      Roaringwater Bay is a Natural Heritage Area and has been
                      proposed as a Special Area of Conservation. The designated
                      area falls within the proposed SAC.

Population:           According to Census 2002 figures there are approximately
                      2,800 people living within the catchment. The population of the
                      Electoral Districts along the shore of the Designated Area is
                      1,778.

Sewage Collection Systems:
                    Of the 1,778 people who live in the Electoral Districts along the
                    shore of the Designated Area, 200 live in Ballydehob, the only
                    area serviced by a sewage collection system.
Septic Tanks:   The Electoral Districts along the shore of Roaring Water Bay
                Designated Area cover an area of 7,643 hectares, and the
                population using septic tanks is approximately 1,578. These
                represent a population density of 0.2 per hectare. The geology
                in the vicinity of Roaringwater bay is a mixture of sandstone
                and volcanic rocks. These are classed as poor aquifers by the
                Geological Survey of Ireland.

Development:    The area around Roaring Water bay is a popular tourist
                destination, with a thriving local economy. As such there is
                great demand for accommodation and holiday homes. This is
                most pronounced around the seaside villages of Ballydehob,
                Baltimore and Crookhaven. There also exists a demand for
                housing for locals.

                To have planning permission granted for one-off housing, it is
                necessary to show that the soil conditions on the site are
                suitable for the purpose. There must be adequate percolation to
                make the use of a septic tank efficient, and these tanks must be
                sited an adequate distance from water courses to minimise the
                risk of contamination of water bodies.

Agriculture:    The farming land is fairly good and is mainly for livestock,
                including sheep, and cattle. Sheep numbers in the South west
                region have been reduced by 23.05% between 1991 and 2003,
                reducing their potential impact on water quality. Cattle
                numbers have decreased by 2% in the same interval. With the
                advent of decoupling of headage payments this number is
                expected to fall further in the immediate future.

                More generally, S.I. No. 788 of 2005 (European Communities
                (Good Agricultural Practice for Protection of Waters)
                Regulations 2005) will significantly enhance measures for the
                protection of waters from potential pollution from agriculture.

Other :         A landfill site located in Derryconnell, which has recently been
                updated to include leachate retrieval, is licensed to receive
                14,000 tonnes annually, of non-hazardous municipal and inert
                waste. The Council is assessing the prospect of accepting
                leachate from the Derryconnell Landfill at the upgraded
                WWTP at Ballydehob.

                In addition to the direct catchment inflows a large river, the
                Ilen, enters the bay to the south east of the designated area.
                The catchment of the Ilen extends to approximately 23,600
                hectares.     This indirect catchment includes the towns of
                Skibbereen with a resident population of 2000 and no sewage
                treatment, Baltimore with 397 people, and a number of smaller
                villages. Because of prevailing wind and water direction, it is
                         unlikely that discharges from this side will have an impact on
                         water quality in the Designated Area.

                         To the west of the catchment lies the town of Schull, with a
                         resident population of 697 served by a septic tank which
                         discharges less than 2km from the designated area. Due to
                         prevailing winds and potentially low flushing rates there is the
                         possibility that this discharge may affect the designated area.


Shellfish Activity:      From initial trials in the late 1980‟s, production of Pacific
                         oysters and mussels has steadily increased. Average annual
                         production of Pacific oysters between 2000 and 2003 was 105
                         tonnes per annum. Rope mussel production between 2000 and
                         2004 has averaged 872 tonnes per annum. In addition to this
                         there are 20 small boats fishing for shellfish in the inner
                         harbour landing approximately 30 tonnes, the main species
                         including shrimp, crabs and periwinkles.

                         There is a detailed Coordinated Local Aquaculture
                         Management System (CLAMS) plan for Roaringwater Bay.

Classification:          Roaringwater Bay is classified „B‟ for mussels in accordance
                         with the European Communities (Live Bivalve Molluscs)
                         (Health Conditions for Production and Placing on the Market)
                         Regulations, 1996 (S.I. No. 147 of 1996).


Summary of Total Discharges (all types) in relevant catchment area relating to
Designated Shellfish Area.

  Discharge       No. Discharging      No. Discharging   No. Discharging   No. Discharging
    Type          directly into area   in a 5km radius    in a 5-10Km       in a 10-20Km
                                                             radius             radius
Untreated                Nil                 Nil                1                  1
Sewage
IPPC                     Nil                 Nil               Nil               Nil
Section 4                Nil                 Nil                2                 1
Section 16               Nil                 Nil               Nil                1
Treatment                Nil                  2                 1                 2
Plant
Other                    Nil                 1                 Nil               Nil

Assessment of Compliance

Results from sampling over the past 12 months shows that the area is in compliance
for parameters 1-9. Organohalogen levels have been below the limit of detection.

Over the past 2 years 100% of samples taken for the purposes of the Directive
recorded levels of faecal coliforms of less than 300 fcs per 100ml of flesh. The
designated waters are therefore compliant.
Risks /Actions regarding Discharges

Type: Section 4 Discharge Licence

 Discharge     Level of      Pop. Equ.    Responsible                   Timescale
    Ref.      treatment      /Volume       Authority
Rifkin        Secondary        8 No       Cork County   Issue: Lack of monitoring data.
Holiday                       Holiday       Council
Homes Ltd,                    homes                     Action: Cork Co Co to initiate
Colla,                                                  monitoring. BIM to liaise on monitoring
Schull                                                  data with Cork Co Co.



Type: Section 16 Discharge Licence

 Discharge     Level of      Pop. Equ.    Responsible                   Timescale
     Ref.     treatment       /Volume      Authority
Normandy       Primary        25 cubic    Cork County   Issue: Lack of monitoring data
Irl Exports                  metres/day     Council
Ltd                                                     Action: Cork Co Co to initiate
                                                        monitoring. BIM to liaise on monitoring
                                                        data with Cork Co Co

Type: Waste Water Treatment Plant

Discharge       Level of     Pop. Equ.    Responsible                   Timescale
   Ref.        treatment     /Volume       Authority
Ballydehob    Tidal Septic    PE : 700    Cork County   Issue: Treatment Level and Monitoring.
 WWTP             tank                      Council
                                                        Action: Included in WSIP. Brief
                                                        approved and preliminary Report
                                                        awaited. Construction likely to start in
                                                        2008 and be operational in 2009
  Schull      Septic tank    PE: 3000     Cork County   Issue: Lack of Monitoring.
  WWTP                                      Council
                                                        Action: Included in WSIP for upgrade
                                                        of secondary treatment plant.
                                                        Preliminary Report approved.
                                                        Construction is likely to start in 2007,
                                                        with the plant operational in 2008.
                                                        Ministerial approval granted for
                                                        foreshore licence for outfall pipe.
 Baltimore    Septic tank    PE: 3,600    Cork County   Issue: Lack of Monitoring.
  WWTP                                      Council
                                                        Action: Included in WSIP for upgrade
                                                        of secondary treatment plant.
                                                        Preliminary Report approved.
                                                        Construction is expected to start 2007,
                                                        with the plant operational in 2009.
                                                        Disinfection will be included in WWTP.
Type: Other

 Discharge         Level of    Pop. Equ.    Responsible                   Timescale
     Ref.         treatment    /Volume       Authority
Derryconn-      None.            14,000     Cork County    Issue: Disposal of Leachate
ell landfill,   Previously        tons        Council
Schull, Co.     unlined with    annually                   Action: At present, leachate from newer
Cork.           leachate                                   sections is being tankered to Bandon
                going to                                   WWTP.
                ground                                     Council will assess prospects of
(Non-           water.                                     accepting Leachate for treatment at the
hazardous       Newer                                      upgraded Ballydehob WWTP, when
municipal       sections are                               operational. BIM to explore with Cork
and inert       lined.                                     Co Co the longer term options for
waste)                                                     disposal of leachate.




Discharges assessed as not having an impact on water quality in designated area

Discharge ref.                     Type                             Reason for Discounting
Skibbereen Sewage                  Untreated. Secondary treatment   Tidal regime, and distance from
                                   proposed under new WWTP.         designated area. New WWTP to
                                                                    be provided; construction is
                                                                    likely to start in 2007, with the
                                                                    plant becoming operational in
                                                                    2009
JH Barrett                         Untreated Discharge              Distance from Designated Area
The Mart Centre, Skibbereen        Section 4                        Tidal regime and distance from
                                                                    designated area.        Will be
                                                                    connected to new collection
                                                                    system for treatment at new
                                                                    WWTP.
Clear Island Co op                 Section 4                        Distance from Designated Area
Goleen WWTP                        Septic Tank                      Distance from Designated Area
Crookhaven WWTP                    Septic Tank                      Distance from Designated Area

Other Actions:

         Continued monitoring of water quality within the designated area.
         Continued liaising between all relevant agencies to ensure that information is
          up to date, accurate and available to all interested parties.

Review of Programme

This action programme will be managed by the SWMC consisting of representatives
of the Minister for Communications, Marine and Natural Resources, the Minister for
the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, the Minister for Agriculture and
Food, BIM, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the M.I. Other public
authorities, as relevant to the particular geographical area encompassed by the
programme, may also be represented.
This programme will be reviewed every six months. Comments, suggestions etc. can
be relayed to the Coastal Zone Management Division, Department of
Communications Marine and Natural Resources, Leeson Lane, Dublin 2, tel:
6782000, fax: 6782159, or e-mail foreshore@dcmnr.ie.

Key:

IPPC – Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Licence issued by the
Environmental Protection Agency under the Environmental Protection Agency Act,
1992.

Section 4 – a licence issued by the relevant local authority under Section 4 of the
Local Government (Water Pollution Act), 1977 for the discharge of trade effluent or
sewage effluent to waters.

Section 16 - a licence issued by the relevant local authority under Section 16 of the
Local Government (Water Pollution Act), 1977 for the discharge of any trade effluent
or other matter (other than domestic sewage or storm water) to a sewer.

CSO – Combined Storm Overflow.

WSIP – Water Services Investment Programme.

DEHLG – Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government.

DCMNR – Department of Communications, Marine and Natural Resources.


26 May 2006

				
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