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Supporting Statement for a Planning Application for a Lagoon-based

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					          Supporting Statement for a
   Planning Application for a Lagoon-based
Leachate Treatment System and Relocation of an
 Existing Gas Flare Compound and Associated
                 Infrastructure




           Barnstone Landfill Site
         Barnstone, Nottinghamshire




     Report Reference CE/BTN0116/RP01
         VERSION 02 – March 2009
                                                                          Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                                                              Barnstone Landfill



CONTENTS

      PLANNING APPLICATION FORMS AND CERTIFICATES

1     INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................................................... 1
    1.1      Preface................................................................................................................................... 1
    1.2      The Applicant ........................................................................................................................ 1
    1.3      The Site.................................................................................................................................. 1
    1.4      Background to the Application............................................................................................ 2
    1.5      Overview of the Leachate Treatment Process................................................................. 4
    1.6      Benefits of the Proposed Development ............................................................................ 5
    1.7      Design and Access Statement ........................................................................................... 6
    1.8      The Applicant Company ...................................................................................................... 6
2     POLICY ......................................................................................................................................... 9
    2.1      General .................................................................................................................................. 9
    2.2      National Policy and Strategies ......................................................................................... 10
    2.3      Development Plan – Regional Policy and Supporting Strategies............................... 14
    2.4      Development Plan – Structure Plan, Local Plan and LDF ........................................... 24
    2.5      Development Plan – Waste Local Plan and WDF......................................................... 28
3     DEVELOPMENT DETAILS...................................................................................................... 34
    3.1      The Proposed Development............................................................................................. 34
    3.2      Site Access.......................................................................................................................... 37
    3.3      Site Operations ................................................................................................................... 37
    3.4      Waste Transfer ................................................................................................................... 37
    3.5      Vehicle Movements............................................................................................................ 38
    3.6      Hours of Operation............................................................................................................. 38
    3.7      Site Infrastructure ............................................................................................................... 39
    3.8      Site Security ........................................................................................................................ 39
    3.9      Staffing / Accommodation ................................................................................................. 39
4     ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS .............................................................................. 40
    4.1      Dust ...................................................................................................................................... 40
    4.2      Odour ................................................................................................................................... 40
    4.3      Noise .................................................................................................................................... 41
    4.4      Surface Water Drainage.................................................................................................... 41
    4.5      Litter...................................................................................................................................... 42
    4.6      Pests..................................................................................................................................... 42
    4.7      Health and Safety............................................................................................................... 42
    4.8      Visual Impact....................................................................................................................... 43
    4.9      Landscape Impact .............................................................................................................. 45
    4.10     Archaeology ........................................................................................................................ 46
    4.11     Ecology ................................................................................................................................ 46
5     SUMMARY.................................................................................................................................. 48




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                                                Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                                    Barnstone Landfill



    LIST OF DRAWINGS:

     CE/BTN0116/DW06        Leachate Treatment Facility – Site Location Plan      1:25,000 / 1:2,000

                            Leachate Treatment Facility – Lagoon Layout Plan
     CE/BTN0116/DW07                                                              1:1,000
                            & Cross-sections




    APPENDICES:

    Appendix 1 – Aerator Specification

    Appendix 2 – Odour Impact Assessment




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                            Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
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PLANNING APPLICATION FORMS AND CERTIFICATES




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1         INTRODUCTION

1.1       Preface
1.1.1     This document provides information to support a planning application for the
          construction of a facultative lagoon-based leachate treatment system
          consisting of two number lagoons and relocation of the existing gas flare
          compound and associated infrastructure (the Proposed Development) at
          Barnstone Landfill Site, Nottinghamshire.              The treatment lagoons will
          provide a treated liquor suitable for the irrigation of Short Rotation Coppice
          (SRC) willow planting to be established on restored areas of the landfill (not
          forming part of this application).

1.1.2     This document (the Supporting Statement) has been prepared by
          Crestwood Environmental, an environmental consultancy specialising in the
          waste management sector, on behalf of the Applicant.

1.2       The Applicant
1.2.1     Waste Recycling Group (the Applicant) is one of the leading waste
          management services companies in the UK, receiving, recycling and
          disposing of 13 million tonnes of household, commercial and industrial
          waste each year. Waste Recycling Group is owned by the Spanish
          construction and services group, Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas
          (FCC). See www.wrg.co.uk and section 1.8 below for further details.

1.3       The Site
1.3.1     Barnstone     Landfill   Site   is   located     off    Works     Lane,     Barnstone,
          Nottinghamshire, NG13 9JN (National Grid Reference: SK 740349 - see
          drawing CE/BTN0116/DW06).             The 1.2 ha earmarked for the Proposed
          Development is referred to in this document as the Site and is operated by
          Waste Recycling Group (WRG).




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1.3.2     The Proposed Development lies wholly within the Site (including the
          existing associated Planning and Environmental Permit boundaries) and is
          delineated    by   the   ‘red   line’    boundary      shown      on     drawings
          CE/BTN0116/DW06 to DW07)

1.3.3     The Site lies 0.5 kilometres to the south east of the village of Barnstone in
          Nottinghamshire. The site is bordered on all sides by arable fields with the
          exception of the north west corner, which is adjacent to a cement works
          area.

1.3.4     The Site is accessed from the east, from an access road off Works Lane.

1.3.5     The northern landfill boundary lies at approximately 32m AOD, a level which
          varies only slightly around the site perimeter, dropping to 30m across the
          western and southern boundary. The land rises steeply from the north, west
          and south toward a level of 47m in the centre of the Site. The Site slopes
          more gently from the highest point toward the east, which at the site
          boundary is approximately 28m AOD. The surrounding land lies at a level of
          approximately 30m AOD, with a general downward slope toward the north.

1.4       Background to the Application
1.4.1     Landfilling (i.e. the disposal of waste into engineered containment ‘cells’)
          has been undertaken by the Applicant at Barnstone Landfill Site for a
          number of years. The site and is not currently accepting waste and is now
          in post closure.

1.4.2     Stringent environmental management of the operational landfill, and upon
          its closure, will be required for the foreseeable future, in line with the
          requirements of the Environment Agency (EA) and the Site’s Environmental
          Permit.

1.4.3     One of the main aspects of the ongoing environmental management
          required at landfill sites is dealing with leachate. Leachate is the liquid
          formed when water comes into contact with contaminants released by the
          decomposition of the landfilled waste.
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1.4.4       Its characteristics vary depending on the composition of the original waste
            and its stage of decomposition and can therefore vary over time.

1.4.5       If leachate is not actively managed it can accumulate and potentially create
            an increased risk of seepage from the landfill, potentially polluting the
            surrounding land and water.

1.4.6       Leachate management usually involves its removal from the landfill followed
            by treatment for safe release back into the environment. Landfill operators
            must demonstrate to the EA that Best Available Techniques (BATs) are
            adopted       throughout        and     that       all   reasonable      alternatives       for   the
            management of leachate are considered.

1.4.7       Discharge of leachate to public sewer (where possible) or watercourse, or
            tankering away, with treatment being undertaken at a sewage/waste-water
            treatment works, are usually the BATs used. Each option has defined
            constraints and its own set of negative effects on the environment and local
            amenity.

1.4.8       Landfill operators are increasingly looking for new, safe, environmentally
            sustainable and cost-effective techniques to manage leachate. Waste
            Recycling Group, in conjunction with the EA and ADAS (whom assessed
            the effects of irrigation using treated leachate on the soil environment and
            SRC crop) have been assessing the science and operational practice of
            novel pre-treatment in facultative lagoon-based environments combined
            with a drip irrigation system, at Kirkby on Bain Landfill, in Lincolnshire, since
            1999. The EA have used this reference site as the basis for their Position
            Statement on this technique, such that the EA now consider the technique
            to be an environmentally acceptable option1.




1
 Application of treated landfill leachate to short rotation coppice (SRC) – Regulatory Position Statement
(Environment Agency – Adopted February 2008)

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1.5       Overview of the Leachate Treatment Process
1.5.1     The degree of removal of 'ammoniacal nitrogen' from leachate has
          conventionally been a key indicator for biological treatment processes (i.e.
          using naturally-occurring bacteria to break this component down to nitrates -
          a primary nutrient used in plant growth).

1.5.2     Providing an environment to favour the growth of the range of bacteria
          required to deal with the variety of contaminants found in leachate is a
          complex issue.

1.5.3     The treatment process occurs in two stages, undertaken in primary and
          secondary lagoons. Liquid levels in the primary lagoon are maintained
          consistently throughout the year, excess being transferred to the secondary
          lagoon where it receives further treatment. Liquid levels in the secondary
          lagoon fluctuate during the year, being reduced during the spring and
          summer growing season as a consequence of irrigation, and recovering
          over winter. The secondary lagoon is sized to provide winter storage of
          treated leachate for use as an irrigation resource for the following growing
          season.

1.5.4     The treatment is termed a 'facultative' process and seeks to encourage a
          self-regulating environment that supports a complex community of aerobic,
          anaerobic and facultative bacteria. Aerobic bacteria use dissolved oxygen
          to process contaminants, anaerobic bacteria use oxygen that is combined
          with other chemicals (e.g. sulphate) and facultative bacteria can switch
          between both sources of oxygen. This combination results in an increased
          opportunity to degrade contaminants and utilises 3 zones:

               •    An anaerobic (without oxygen) digestion zone at the lagoon
                    base;

               •    A facultative intermediate zone which prevents the exposure of
                    anaerobic bacteria to the aerobic environment;



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               •    An upper aerobic (with oxygen) zone.

1.5.5     Compared to the aggressively mixed aerobic treatment processes which
          have been conventionally adopted previously, this process only requires
          gentle mixing which also allows sludge self-digestion by encouraging all
          solids to settle within the anaerobic zone.

1.5.6     With a lesser requirement to mix/provide supplementary dissolved oxygen
          this process benefits from generating negligible quantities of waste, and at
          the same time requires significantly less power and process chemical
          requirements than conventional alternatives.

1.5.7     The treated leachate can be potentially used as a water and nutrient
          resource, by being directly placed via ground-level drip irrigation of SRC,
          making use of the plants' nutrient/water demands and providing a potential
          opportunity to optimise the crop's growth potential for use as a ‘bio-fuel’.

1.5.8     Irrigation would be undertaken in compliance with activities and control
          parameters agreed with the EA, i.e. monitoring/reporting, nutrient content
          and soil quality indicators. The automatic recording and monitoring of
          activities in 'real time', including the ability to configure dial out alarms and
          failsafe systems would be incorporated into the process.

1.5.9     Approval of such schemes is required by the EA, as the process is
          considered to be a biological treatment of waste operation. This approval is
          currently being sought by way of an application to vary the Environmental
          Permit at the Site, which will be submitted to the EA in parallel with this
          Planning Application submission and a separate submission of a revised
          restoration plan to incorporate the locations for SRC and buffer planting etc.

1.6       Benefits of the Proposed Development
1.6.1     The establishment of the leachate treatment facility at this location will
          provide the following benefits:




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               •      Reduces the ongoing movement of non-treated leachate off-site
                      to a waste water treatment works via road, thus reducing road
                      movements and associated pollution;

               •      Removes the potential need for discharges of treated leachate
                      directly to sewer or existing watercourses;

               •      Provides a sustainable alternative to the treatment of landfill
                      leachate being self regulating and resulting in the generation of
                      negligible quantities of waste;

               •      With a lesser requirement to mix/provide supplementary
                      dissolved oxygen, the treatment process requires significantly
                      less   energy     and   process    chemical      requirements      than
                      conventional alternatives.

1.7       Design and Access Statement
1.7.1     In accordance with current Legislation, a Design and Access statement will
          be submitted in addition to this supporting statement and application forms.

1.8       The Applicant Company
1.8.1     Waste Recycling Group is engaged in the provision of the following
          services:

               •      A network of waste transfer and household waste recycling
                      centres, focusing on providing cost-effective recycling solutions;

               •      A range of green waste composting facilities at which the group
                      processes some 200,000 tonnes of waste a year.

               •      A total of >75 landfill sites. At many of these sites there are
                      facilities to generate electricity from landfill gas.            Waste
                      Recycling Group’s landfill sites are generating a total of 64MW
                      of electricity;




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               •    The management of HWRCs and recycling centres for local
                    authorities, with many sites achieving high recovery rates;

               •    A waste-to-energy plant in Nottingham (processing some
                    150,000 tonnes of household waste a year and heating around
                    5,000 homes, shopping centres and businesses) and a similar
                    plant at Allington (processing 500,000 tonnes of household
                    waste), in Kent;

               •    A quarrying business, operating seven quarries in Yorkshire.

1.8.2     Waste Recycling Group has received accreditation to the ISO 14001
          environmental standard at all of its Permitted sites.          This international
          standard seeks to ensure consistency and high quality in the management
          of environmental processes, and rigorously examine a company’s approach
          to issues such as the environmental monitoring of sites.

1.8.3     Waste Recycling Group openly reports on its health and safety,
          environmental and social performance every year. This Corporate, Social
          and Environmental Report (CSE) takes into account all of the company’s
          activities including waste management and quarrying.            Waste Recycling
          Group has continued to expand the Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) from
          its first report produced in 1999, in line with current best practice for
          environmental reporting.

1.8.4     The Company has attempted to ensure that, where practical, the report
          reflects the Government’s sustainable development indicators, together with
          work carried out by the Green Alliance and the Global Reporting Initiative
          (GRI).

          Waste Recycling Group Environmental Policy

1.8.5     Waste Recycling Group is committed to achieving high performance
          throughout the business.     Compliance with all environmental legislation
          pertinent to its activities is a minimum requirement and an integral part of
          the Environmental Policy. In addition Waste Recycling Group will:


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               •    Pursue continuous improvements in environmental performance
                    and the management system.

               •    Develop and maintain activities to protect and enhance the
                    environment and prevent pollution.

               •    Promote waste recycling and recovery and endeavour to
                    replace the use of non-sustainable natural resources.

               •    Identify environmental risks and use all practical measures to
                    bring these down.

               •    Have an ongoing commitment to informing and educating
                    legitimate interested parties about our activities.

               •    Have an ongoing commitment to develop all personnel.

               •    Wherever possible source materials and services locally to
                    minimise transport impacts and support the local economy.

               •    Work with suppliers to minimise the impact of their operations
                    on the environment.




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                                             Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
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2         POLICY

2.1       General
2.1.1     This section considers policy and objectives relevant to the Proposed
          Development. Planning Policy and Development Strategies are considered
          at different levels:

                •   National level:

                    · UK Government Strategies

                    · Planning Policy Guidance / Planning Policy Statements

                •   Development Plan level:

                    · Regional Spatial Strategy (and associated strategies)

                    · Structure Plan

                    · Local Plan

                    · Local Development Framework

                    · Local Waste Plan / Waste Development Framework

                    · Supplementary Planning Documents

          Sustainable Development

2.1.2     At a global level, the UN was establishing the need for societies to provide
          for Sustainable Development, a process that culminated in the 1992 Earth
          Summit at Rio.

2.1.3     At a European level, the 5th Action Programme for the Environment
          established the concept that Governments should produce national waste
          management strategies and set out clear targets for waste reduction and
          recovery underpinned by the ethic of Sustainable Development defined as:

          “Development which meets the needs of the present without compromising
          the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”



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2.1.4         The requirement to comply with the UK’s commitment to achieving
              Sustainable Development is reflected in National Policy and Development
              Plans, as described below.

2.2           National Policy and Strategies

              The Waste Strategy for England

2.2.1         The Waste Strategy for England 20072 sets out the Government’s policy on
              waste management. One of the Government’s key objectives is:

              “Get the most environmental benefit from [that] investment through
              increased recycling of resources and recovery of energy from residual
              waste using a mix of technologies.”

2.2.2         Main elements included in the Strategy aim to:

                    •    “Incentivise efforts to reduce, re-use, recycle waste and recover
                         energy from waste;

                    •    Reform regulation to drive the reduction of waste and diversion
                         from landfill while reducing costs to compliant businesses and
                         the regulator;

                    •    Target action on materials, products and sectors with the
                         greatest scope for improving environmental and economic
                         outcomes; and

                    •    Stimulate investment in collection, recycling and recovery
                         infrastructure, and markets for recovered materials that will
                         maximise the value of materials and energy recovered.”

2.2.3         The principles of the Waste Hierarchy are retained in the Strategy:

                    •    “The most effective environmental solution is often to reduce
                         the generation of waste (prevention);



2
    Waste Strategy for England 2007 – Defra, May 2007

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               •    Products and materials can sometimes be used again, for the
                    same or different purpose (re-use);

               •    Resources can often be recovered from waste (recycle or
                    compost);

               •    Value can also be recovered by generating energy from waste
                    (energy recovery).”

          It states that “only if none of the above offer an appropriate solution should
          waste be disposed of”.

          Comment:

2.2.4     The Proposed Development promotes a potentially beneficial use of a
          waste (leachate) by:

               •    Recovering resources from the waste (in the form of plant
                    nutrients/irrigant); and

               •    Reducing the production of further solid wastes during the
                    treatment process when compared to alternative techniques.

               •    Although not forming part of this application, assisting with the
                    rapid establishment of restoration of the landfill by promoting
                    willow growth;

               •    Reducing the production of further solid wastes during the
                    treatment process when compared to alternative techniques.

2.2.5     The Proposed Development will also improve ‘environmental and economic
          outcomes’ by potentially reducing the need for transport of waste via roads
          and industry costs associated with other treatment/disposal techniques.




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              Delivering Sustainable Development – PPS1 3

2.2.6         Sustainable Development is the core principle which underpins planning in
              “ensuring a better quality of life for everyone, now and for future
              generations” (Para. 3) in a manner that shall “protect … the physical
              environment and optimise resource …use” (Para. 4).                       Specifically this
              requires the “management of waste in ways that protect the environment
              and human health … including using it as a resource wherever possible”
              (Para. 20).

              Planning for Sustainable Waste Management – PPS10 4

2.2.7         PPS10 states at the outset that: “Through more sustainable waste
              management, moving the management of waste up the ‘waste hierarchy’ of
              reduction, re-use, recycling and composting, using waste as a source of
              energy, and only disposing as a last resort the Government aims to break
              the link between economic growth and the environmental impact of waste.
              This means a step-change in the way waste is handled and significant new
              investment in waste management facilities.”

2.2.8         The key planning objectives of PPS10 include:

                    •    “Help deliver sustainable development through driving waste
                         management up the waste hierarchy, addressing waste as a
                         resource and looking to disposal as the last option, but one
                         which must be adequately catered for;...

                    •    Help implement the national waste strategy, and supporting
                         targets,    are    consistent      with   obligations     required    under
                         European legislation and support and complement other
                         guidance and legal controls such as those set out in the WML
                         Regulations 1994;




3
    Planning Policy Statement 1: Delivering Sustainable Communities – ODPM, 2005
4
    Planning Policy Statement 10: Planning for Sustainable Waste Management– ODPM, July 2005

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               •    Help secure the recovery or disposal of waste without
                    endangering     human     health     and        without   harming    the
                    environment, and enable waste to be disposed of in one of the
                    nearest appropriate installations;

               •    Reflect the concerns and interests of communities, the needs of
                    waste collection authorities, waste disposal authorities and
                    business, and encourage competitiveness;

               •    Protect Green Belts but recognise the particular locational
                    needs of some types of waste management facilities when
                    defining detailed green belt boundaries and, in determining
                    planning applications, that these locational needs, together with
                    the wider environmental and economic benefits of sustainable
                    waste management, are material considerations that should be
                    given significant weight in determining whether proposals
                    should be given planning permission;

               •    Ensure the design and layout of new development supports
                    sustainable waste management.”

2.2.9     The Site is not located within the Green Belt and therefore this objective
          does not apply.

2.2.10    Paragraph 20 of PPS10 states: “in searching for sites and areas suitable for
          new or enhanced waste management facilities, waste planning authorities
          should consider:

               •    Opportunities for on-site management of waste where it arises;

               •    A broad range of locations including industrial sites, looking for
                    opportunities   to   co-locate     facilities     together   and    with
                    complementary activities.”




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              Comment:

2.2.11        The       Proposed    Development        utilises    on-site    opportunities      for   the
              management of leachate, using a treatment technique which produces
              minimal additional waste and which provides an opportunity to produce a
              potential source of energy via SRC biomass crop. The process would be
              regulated by the EA such that the treated leachate is safe for controlled
              release into the environment. The process is thus sustainable and, through
              careful monitoring and regulation, would not restrict the future land use of
              the restored landfill.

2.3           Development Plan – Regional Policy and Supporting Strategies
2.3.1         The Site lies within the East Midlands Region. A number of strategies have
              been produced under the Integrated Regional Strategy (IRS) Framework.
              The IRS Framework ensures that policies and strategies are not prepared in
              isolation but in a compatible and integrated way to support sustainable
              development. The Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS) and Regional
              Environment Strategy are components of the IRS Framework, with the RSS
              forming part of the Statutory Development Plan.

              Integrated Regional Strategy (Integrated Sustainability Framework)

2.3.2         Five key priority areas for action are identified in the Integrated Regional
              Strategy 5 for the East Midlands, including:

              “To use natural resources more efficiently and reduce the impacts on
              climate change by:

                    •    Reducing energy consumption, including fossil fuel through
                         travel;

                    •    Increasing the amount of energy generated from renewable
                         sources;

                    •    Reducing the amount of waste generated.”

5
    Integrated Regional Strategy Framework – East Midlands Regional Assembly (www.emra.gov.uk) 2008

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              Comment:

2.3.3         The Proposed Development concords with this key priority area by
              providing an opportunity to reduce travel (and fossil fuel use) through
              reduced tankering, potentially facilitating the production of an energy crop
              (in a potentially ‘medium yield SRC area’)6 and by reducing the amount of
              solid wastes produced in the treatment process when compared to other
              conventional techniques.

              Regional Environment Strategy

2.3.4         The Regional Environment Strategy7 for the East Midlands states that its
              overall key challenge for the environment is “To integrate considerations of
              the environment in all decision making as part of the move towards a
              sustainable region”. The RES contains the following key objectives relating
              to the environment:

                     •    “EN1: To protect, improve and manage the rich diversity of the
                          natural, cultural and built environmental and archaeological
                          assets of the region.

                     •    EN2: To manage change by enhancing and conserving the
                          environmental quality of the region including high standards of
                          design and to maximise the re-use of previously used land and
                          buildings.

                     •    EN3: To manage the natural resources of the region including
                          water, air quality and minerals in a prudent manner and to seek
                          to minimise waste and to encourage re-use and recycling of
                          waste materials.

                     •    EN4:     To involve people, through changes to lifestyles and
                          activities in minimising adverse local, regional and global
                          environmental impacts.”


6
    SRC Yield Map: East Midlands – DEFRA website: www.defra.gov.uk (May 2008)
7
    Regional Environment Strategy for the East Midlands – East Midlands Regional Assembly, August 2002

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2.3.5     The RES contains the following policies relevant to the Proposed
          Development:

2.3.6     Policy ENV2:

          “To ensure that all elements that underpin the concept of local
          distinctiveness are conserved and managed”

          Comment:

2.3.7     The Proposed Development concords with the approved restoration
          scheme for the landfill site, utilising native species and landscaping which is
          in keeping with local landscape character and distinctiveness.               This is
          addressed further in Section 4: Environmental Considerations.

2.3.8     Policy ENV16

          “To promote and support sustainable waste management practices and
          minimise the impact of waste on the environment”

          Comment:

2.3.9     The   Proposed     Development      incorporates      new,    sustainable      waste
          management technology to manage leachate on-site, minimising the impact
          of the landfill on the surrounding environment by precluding the need to
          transport waste for off-site treatment.

2.3.10    Policy ENV18

          “To continue to protect and improve surface, bathing and groundwater
          quality”

          Comment:

2.3.11    The facilities that comprise the Proposed Development protect the integrity
          of groundwater. A surface water ditch will collect all clean surface water
          run-off and link to the existing surface water drainage system, isolated from
          the leachate system.


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2.3.12      Policy ENV19

            “To protect rivers and their floodplains as a natural resource and to increase
            floodplain capacity wherever possible”

            Comment:

2.3.13      The Proposed Development Site lies within flood risk Zone 1 (Low
            probability of flooding 8). The Proposed Development will have a negligible
            effect on the existing surface water drainage system. (See Section 4:
            Environmental Considerations)

            Biodiversity Strategy for the East Midlands

2.3.14      One of the component parts of the Regional Environmental Strategy is the
            Document: Putting Wildlife Back on the Map - A Biodiversity Strategy for the
            East Midlands9. This document has the key aims and objectives including:

            Chapter 7: URBAN AREAS AND POST-INDUSTRIAL REGENERATION

                   •    Objective 12: To protect and conserve urban and post-industrial
                        habitats of significant biodiversity value

                   •    Objective 13: To manage urban and post-industrial habitats to
                        enhance their biodiversity value

            Chapter 10: BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY

                   •    Objective 22: To secure the management of industry owned /
                        managed land to benefit biodiversity




8
 Planning Policy Statement 25: Development and Flood Risk – ODPM, July 2005
9
 Putting Wildlife Back on the Map – A Biodiversity Strategy for the East Midlands – East Midlands Regional
Assembly, Adopted May 2006

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            Comment:

2.3.15      The Proposed Development concords with these key objectives in that it
            does not conflict with the approved restoration scheme for the site. The
            Proposed Development as a whole thoroughly considers the potential
            ecological implications of the Site and surrounding areas. The Proposed
            Development will incorporate a mitigation scheme to enhance the
            biodiversity of habitats for protected species in the surrounding area. See
            section 4.11 for further details.

            Regional Spatial Strategy for the East Midlands (RSS8)

2.3.16      The Regional Spatial Strategy for the East Midlands (RSS8)10, published
            in March 2005 provides a broad development strategy for the East Midlands
            until 2021. The document is currently under a consultation and review,
            focusing on transport issues, housing and climate change.

2.3.17      The RSS states in paragraph 4.3.43 that “it will be necessary for Waste
            Planning Authorities to reflect the need for additional waste facilities in
            Waste Local Plans. These will include materials recycling facilities (MRFs),
            composting operations, inert processing plants and waste transfer facilities;
            some additional waste recovery capacity will also be needed, which may
            include energy-from-waste, or other technologies such as anaerobic
            digestion. It is likely that such developments will primarily focus on
            increasing capacity at existing facilities”.

2.3.18      The RSS emphasises the importance of Regional self-sufficiency, and the
            requirement to ensure that “...Waste Planning Authorities will have to work
            across administrative boundaries to ensure that all new waste management
            facilities are consistent with the Best Practicable Environmental Option
            (BPEO), the proximity principle and the waste hierarchy” (Para. 4.3.45).




10
  Regional Spatial Strategy for the East Midlands (RSS8) – Government Office for the East Midlands, March
2005

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          The relevant policies contained within the RSS include:

2.3.19    RSS Policy 38 - Regional Waste Strategy:

          “A Regional Waste Strategy will be drawn up based on the following
          principles:

              •   Working towards zero growth in waste at the regional level by
                  2016;

              •   Reducing the amount of waste sent to landfill in accordance with
                  the EU Landfill Directive;

              •   Exceeding Government targets for recycling and composting,
                  with the objective to bring all parts of the Region up to the levels
                  of current best practice; and

              •   Taking a flexible approach to other forms of waste recovery, on
                  the basis that technology in this area is developing very quickly
                  and is difficult to predict over a 20 year period.”


2.3.20    RSS Policy 39 - Regional Priorities for Waste Management:

          “Local Authorities, National, Regional and local bodies should promote a
          package of policies and proposals that will result in zero growth in all forms
          of controlled waste by 2016...

          Waste Local Plans should include policies and proposals to promote
          sustainable waste management by the development of the additional waste
          management capacity illustrated in... taking into consideration:

              •   The Best Practicable Environmental Option (BPEO) for each
                  waste stream;

              •   Socio-economic implications;

              •   The principle of regional self-sufficiency;

              •   The proximity principle; and

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                   •    The waste hierarchy.”

2.3.21        These are based on the National Waste Strategy 2000, which has now
              been superseded by the Waste Strategy for England 2007. This (and
              PPS10) now no longer makes specific reference to BPEO or the proximity
              principle, although the waste hierarchy is referenced. The principles of
              BPEO are carried through in sustainability appraisals and the proximity
              principle retained by EU law (Waste Framework Directive 1975, amended
              1991), which states that waste should be disposed of in one of the nearest
              appropriate installations.

2.3.22        RSS Policy 44 - Regional Traffic Growth Reduction

              “Local authorities, public and local bodies, and service providers should
              work together to achieve a progressive reduction over time in the rate of
              traffic growth in the East Midlands and support delivery of the national PSA
              congestion target.        This should be achieved by promoting measures to:
              ...restrict the need to travel”

              Partial Review: East Midlands Regional Plan

2.3.23        On 17th October 2008 the East Midlands Regional Assembly launched a
              public consultation on proposals for a further Partial Review of the East
              Midlands Regional Plan, looking at key regional spatial planning issues
              through to 2031.          This directly follows the close of the Government’s
              consultation on final changes to the current version of the Regional Plan,
              developed through the Regional Spatial Strategy Review which commenced
              in 2006. The consultation period on this document closes on 12 December
              2008.

2.3.24        The Review is comprised of several documents including the Draft
              Sustainability      Appraisal       Scoping       Report11,      Habitats      Regulations
              Assessment Pre-screening Report12


11
     Draft Sustainability Appraisal Scoping Report – East Midlands Regional Assembly, October 2008
12
     Habitats Regulations Assessment Pre-screening Report – East Midlands Regional Assembly, October 2008

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2.3.25    The key objectives in the Sustainability Appraisal Scoping document
          include:

               •     “SA Objective 5: To conserve and enhance regional biodiversity

               •     SA Objective 7: To protect and enhance the rich diversity of the
                     natural environmental assets of the region

               •     SA Objective 8: To manage prudently the natural resources of
                     the region including water, air quality, soil and minerals

               •     SA Objective 9: To minimise waste and increase the re-use and
                     recycling of waste materials

               •     SA Objective 10: To mitigate climate change by minimising
                     energy usage and developing the region’s renewable energy
                     resource, reducing dependency on non-renewable resources

               •     SA Objective 11: To improve accessibility to jobs and services
                     for all, ensure that all journeys are undertaken by the most
                     sustainable mode available, make efficient use of existing
                     transport infrastructure, and help reduce the need to travel by
                     car

               •     SA Objective 13: To encourage enterprise and innovation

               •     SA Objective 14: To provide the physical conditions for a
                     diverse   and   resilient    economic    structure,    including     the
                     infrastructure to support new technologies”

2.3.26    The key objectives in the Habitats Regulations Assessment Pre-screening
          Report include:

               •     Water Abstraction

               •     Water Quality

               •     Coastal Flood Protection

               •     Recreation and Tourism


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                     •    Air Pollution

              Comment:

2.3.27        The Proposed Development is in line with the key objectives of the Draft
              Sustainability Appraisal Scoping Report and the Habitats Regulations
              Assessment        Pre-screening       Report.          The   effect        of   the   Proposed
              Development on water, ecology, dust, pollution, pests, visual impact and
              landscape       impact      are   addressed       in    Section       4:        Environmental
              Considerations. No significant residual impacts on any of these areas are
              anticipated as a result of the Proposed Development.

              Statement of Transport Conditions and Issues

2.3.28        Another supporting document to the East Midlands Regional Plan Partial
              Review 2008 is the Statement of Transport Conditions and Issues13, which
              highlights the following concerns under Environmental Impacts (Chapter 4)

                     •    Carbon Emissions

                     •    Air Quality

                     •    Fuel Consumption

                     •    Noise

              The document states that:                “Road freight also makes a significant
              contribution to carbon emissions and PM10 levels in the area and the
              consequential air quality problems.”

              Comment:

2.3.29        The Proposed Development will provide an opportunity to reduce travel
              (and as a result reduce fossil fuel use, carbon emissions and PM10 levels)
              through reduced tankering, thus working towards achieving one of the
              objectives set out in the Statement of Transport Conditions and Issues.



13
     Statement of Transport Conditions and Issues – East Midlands Regional Assembly, Adopted May 2006

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              East Midlands Regional Waste Management Strategy 2006
                                                                         14
2.3.30        The East Midlands Regional Waste Strategy                       was published in January
              2006 by the East Midlands Regional Assembly to provide guidance to
              constituent waste planning authorities (WPAs), waste collection and waste
              disposal authorities (WCAs, WDAs) for their land use and waste
              management planning, for the period 2006 to 2021.

2.3.31        The key aim of the Strategy is to “provide a strategic framework which will
              allow the Region as a whole to rapidly progress to more sustainable ways to
              produce and consume goods, and then recycle or recover as much value as
              possible from that waste which is produced”.

2.3.32        Policy RWS 1.9:

              “Waste development plan documents should secure high standards of
              restoration and, where appropriate, the aftercare of waste management
              facilities to contribute to objectives of the regional spatial strategy
              particularly those relating to biodiversity, recreation and amenity.”

2.3.33        Policy RWS 3:

              “Regional and local partners will work together to ensure that: Significant,
              progressive reduction in commercial and industrial waste arisings should be
              achieved through improved resource efficiency of key sectors in the East
              Midlands regional economy, in line with current best practice…”

2.3.34        Policy RWS 13:

              “Regional and local partners should promote the research, development,
              trial and long-term adoption of alternative, novel and emerging waste
              reduction and treatment technologies in the East Midlands, where improved
              valorisation of waste and reduced environmental impact can be clearly
              evidenced in accordance with the waste hierarchy.”


14
     East Midlands Regional Waste Strategy – East Midlands Regional Assembly, January 2006

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          Comment:

2.3.35    The Proposed Development aims to comply with the proximity principle
          (and also regional self sufficiency) whereby the waste is managed as close
          to its place of production as is possible to avoid unnecessary transport
          costs and associated socio and environmental impacts.

2.3.36    The Proposed Development helps with working towards zero growth in
          waste at the regional level and reduces the amount of waste produced
          (reducing the production of further solid wastes during the treatment
          process when compared to alternative techniques), using current best
          practice.

2.3.37    The Proposed Development also promotes the recycling and beneficial use
          of a waste (leachate) and provides potential for a flexible approach to waste
          recovery by providing the opportunity for the recovery of resources from the
          waste (in the form of plant nutrients) thus maximising the potential
          recoverable value of the material.

2.4       Development Plan – Structure Plan, Local Plan and LDF

          Local Development Framework (LDF)

2.4.1     The LDF is in its early formation stages, and will be comprised of the
          Minerals Local Plan, Waste Local Plan and Supplementary Planning
          Documents.

          Nottinghamshire and Nottingham Joint Structure Plan

2.4.2     Nottinghamshire and Nottingham Joint Structure Plan (Adopted February
          2006) replaces the 1996 Nottinghamshire County Structure Plan.                     It is
          intended that it will be replaced by a review of the RSS which will contain
          policies for a period up to 2026.




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2.4.3     Policy 2/7 - Landscape Character

          “Local plans will define local landscape characteristics in accordance with
          the work of the Countryside Agency and Nottinghamshire County Council’s
          Landscape Character Guidelines, and promote the conservation and
          enhancement of local landscape character and distinctiveness and the
          maintenance of landscape diversity.”

          Comment:

2.4.4     The Proposed Development fully complies with agreed restoration plans for
          the site, integrating smoothly with the landscape, taking into account
          landscape and visual impacts as well as environmental considerations.

2.4.5     Policy 2/16 – Control of Pollution

          “All new development will minimise or avoid air, land, water, noise and light
          pollution by means including good design and the control of operations.
          Local plans will contain policies that have regard to the individual or
          cumulative impact of potentially polluting development.”

          Comment:

2.4.6     As addressed in Section 4 – Environmental Considerations, the Proposed
          Development is not considered to create any detrimental effects on air,
          land, water, noise or light. Moreover, the Proposed Development directly
          mitigates the production of leachate from the site’s landfill areas in a
          sustainable and environmentally sound manner.

2.4.7     Policy 5/7 – Traffic Reduction and Parking for New Development

          “Development proposals will make provision for traffic reduction measures
          and minimise the need for, and provision of, off-street parking. Local plans
          will specify the principles for these reduction measures for relevant sites. All
          developments having significant implications, as defined by PPG13 or local
          guidance, will prepare and submit Transport Assessments and Travel
          Plans.”

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              Comment:

2.4.8         Traffic reduction will occur as a direct result of the Proposed Development.
              The ability to effectively treat leachate on site precludes the need to
              transport it from the landfill area to off-site treatment facilities.

              Rushcliffe Local Plan / Non Statutory Replacement Local Plan

2.4.9         This document15 was adopted in June 1996, giving guidance as to the
              Borough Council's policies and approach to land use planning. It has now
              been replaced by the Rushcliffe Non Statutory Replacement Local Plan16,
              which covers planning policy until the completion of the Local Development
              Framework is adopted.

2.4.10        Policy EN12 – Landscaping Schemes

              “Where Development is proposed which is likely to have a significant impact
              which could be mitigated by a suitable landscaping scheme, such a
              landscaping scheme must be approved prior to the development
              commencing.”

              Comment:

2.4.11        As the Proposed Development will be sited within the existing landfill area
              which is effectively screened, there is no anticipated significant impact on
              landscape. The Proposed Development fully integrates with the approved
              restoration scheme for the landfill site.              Landscape impact is addressed
              further in Section 1.1.

2.4.12        Policy EN22 – Pollution

              “Planning permission will not be granted for potentially polluting
              development that will have an unacceptable impact on existing residential
              development or other developments sensitive to pollution.



15
     Rushcliffe Borough Local Plan – Rushcliffe Borough Council (Adopted June 1996)
16
     Rushcliffe Non Statutory Replacement Local Plan – Rushcliffe Borough Council

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          Where potentially polluting development is necessary in response to
          economic and wider social considerations, planning conditions will be
          imposed or, where appropriate, a Section 106 Agreement sought to ensure
          that pollution levels created by the development can be minimised. New
          housing or other developments sensitive to pollution will not be permitted
          close to an existing source of potential pollution unless the impact that the
          source pollution would have up on the development can be mitigated.
          Planning conditions will be imposed or, where appropriate, a Section 106
          agreement sought to ensure that mitigation measures are implemented.”

          Comment:

2.4.13    The comment in section 2.4.6 applies here. All due consideration has been
          taken to ensure that all potential avenues of pollution are addressed in this
          document, Section 4 – Environmental Considerations.

2.4.14    Policy GP1 – Delivering Sustainable Development

          “All development proposals must take account of the principles of
          sustainable development. In particular the Borough Council will encourage
          developments that:

               •    Promote a positive framework for sustainable economic growth
                    to support efficient, competitive and innovative business,
                    commercial and industrial sectors.

               •    Promote urban and rural regeneration to improve the well being
                    of communities, improve facilities, promote high quality and safe
                    development and create new opportunities for the people living
                    in those communities. …

               •    Reduce the need to travel and encourage accessible public
                    transport provision to secure more sustainable patterns of
                    transport development.




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                •    Promote the more efficient use of land through higher density,
                     mixed use development and the use of suitably located
                     previously developed land and buildings.

                •    Enhance as well as protect biodiversity, natural habitats, the
                     historic environment and landscape and townscape character.

                •    Address the causes and impacts of climate change, the
                     management of pollution and natural hazards, the safeguarding
                     of natural resources and the minimisation of impacts from the
                     management and use of resources.”

          Comment:

2.4.15    The Proposed Development complies with Local Planning Policy in that it
          efficiently and effectively treats leachate in a way which does not
          compromise the environmental or landscape character of the site.                 The
          Proposed leachate treatment facility addresses pollution, complements the
          restoration of landfill area, reduces the need for traffic (that would otherwise
          be transporting leachate for treatment off site) and has the potential to
          produce, through a scheme of short rotation coppicing, a sustainable source
          of fuel.

2.5       Development Plan – Waste Local Plan and WDF

          Minerals and Waste Development Framework (MWDF)

2.5.1     The Nottinghamshire Minerals and Waste Development Framework is still
          currently in a state of development, comprised of several documents. The
          current    working   document    for    waste   under     the    MWDF       is   the
          Nottinghamshire Waste Local Plan (2002).




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              Nottinghamshire Waste Local Plan 2002

2.5.2         The Waste Local Plan for Nottinghamshire17 was adopted January 2002
              and forms part of the overall development framework for Nottinghamshire
              along with the Structure Plan, Minerals Local Plan, District Local Plans and
              Nottingham City's Local Plan.

2.5.3         Policy W2.1- Hierarchy of Waste Management Options

              “Waste management proposals will only be permitted where they represent
              the best practicable environmental option, based on a hierarchy within
              which the order of preference is:

                     •    Reduction

                     •    Re-use

                     •    Recovery – composting & recycling

                     •    Recovery – energy from waste

                     •    Disposal with environmental benefits”

2.5.4         Policy W3.4 – Visual Impact – Screening and Landscaping Measures

              “Where planning permission for a waste management facility is granted,
              conditions will be imposed to ensure that screening and landscape
              proposals reduce visual impact. Such conditions may include:

                     •    measures to retain, enhance, protect and manage existing
                          features of interest and value for screening and their
                          contribution to the reclamation of the site;

                     •    Measures to screen the site by the use of walls, fences, earth
                          mounding and/or tree and shrub planting;

                     •    Details of method of working, and phasing to cause least visual
                          intrusion;


17
     Waste Local Plan for Nottinghamshire – Nottinghamshire County Council (Adopted January 2002)

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               •     Details of the location, size, shape and treatment of any
                     temporary soil, overburden, waste mounds and waste container
                     storage areas;

               •     Details of the location, form, number, species, size, method of
                     planting, site preparation and any necessary measures for
                     replacing plant material which fails following initial planting.”

          Comment:

2.5.5     The visual impact of the Proposed Development is not considered to be
          significant, and does not conflict with the approved restoration plan for the
          landfill site. The lagoons and the relocated gas flare compound will all be
          sited within the existing landfill boundary. This is examined in detail later in
          this report, in Section 4.8 (Visual Impact) and Section 1.1 (Landscape
          Impact).

2.5.6     Policy W3.5 – Water Resources – Pollution Issues

          “Planning permission will not be granted for a waste management facility
          where there is an unacceptable risk of pollution to groundwater or surface
          water or where it affects the integrity or function of floodplains, unless the
          harm can be mitigated by engineering measures and/or operational
          management systems.”

2.5.7     Policy W3.6 – Water Resources

          “When planning permission is granted for a waste management facility,
          conditions will be imposed, where relevant, to protect surface and
          groundwater resources. Such conditions may include:

              (a) lining and capping of waste disposal sites;

              (b) leachate management and monitoring systems;

              (c) impermeable hardstanding where waste is to be stored, handled or
              treated;

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              (d) measures to control diesel, oil or chemical spillage;

              (e) separate drainage systems for clean and dirty site run-off;

              (f) restrictions on waste types”

          Comment:

2.5.8     The Proposed Development complies with policy by providing an
          environmentally sound method for the management of leachate, and will
          continue to provide an effective management of landfill gas.                     The
          development will utilise a ditch linked in to the existing surface water
          drainage system, isolated from the leachate system.                 There are no
          anticipated adverse effects on groundwater as a result of the Proposed
          Development.

2.5.9     Policy W3.7 – Odour

          “When planning permission is granted for a waste management facility,
          conditions will be imposed, where necessary, to reduce the impact of
          unpleasant odours. Such conditions may include:

              (a) daily cover at disposal sites;

              (b) restrictions on the amount of tipping area exposed at any one time;

              (c) restrictions on temporary storage of waste;

              (d) enclosure of waste reception and storage areas;

              (e) sheeting of lorries;

              (f) aeration techniques at composting sites;

              (g) measures to collect and manage landfill gas and/or leachate;

              (h) the use of contingency measures such as odour masking agents, or
              removal of malodorous material.”


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2.5.10    Policy W3.8 – Litter

          “When planning permission is granted for a waste management facility,
          conditions will be imposed to prevent litter nuisance. Where relevant, such
          conditions may include:

              (a) perimeter litter-catch fencing;

              (b) the enclosure of waste storage areas;

              (c) sheeting of lorries;

              (d) collection of wind-blown litter;

              (e) security measures to discourage fly-tipping;

              (f) daily cover at waste disposal sites.”

2.5.11    Policy W3.9 – Noise

          “When planning permission is granted for a waste management facility,
          conditions will be imposed to reduce the potential noise impact. Such
          conditions may include:

              (a) restricting hours of operation;

              (b) sound proofing of fixed and mobile plant;

              (c) alternatives to the use of reversing bleepers;

              (d)stand-off   distances    between     operations     and    noise    sensitive
              locations;

              (e) noise baffle mounds and screen fences;

              (f) setting maximum noise levels at sensitive locations.”




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2.5.12    Policy W3.10 – Dust

          “When planning permission is granted for a waste management facility,
          conditions will be imposed to suppress dust generation. such conditions
          may include:

              (a) the use of water bowsers on haul roads;

              (b) screen banks;

              (c) enclosing dust generating fixed plant and machinery;

              (d) siting dust generating operations away from sensitive areas;

              (e) temporary suspension of operations when necessary;

              (f) the use of tree screens where relevant.”

2.5.13    Policy W3.11 – Mud

          “When planning permission is granted for a waste management facility,
          conditions will be imposed to prevent mud and other deleterious material
          contaminating public highways. Such conditions may include:

              (a) wheel cleaning facilities;

              (b) metalling haul roads near their point of access onto the public
              highway.”

          Comment:

2.5.14    Regarding sections 2.5.9- 2.5.13 as listed above (Odour, Litter, Noise, Dust
          and Mud): These aspects of the Proposed Development are highlighted in
          detail in Section 4 – Environmental Conditions. There are no anticipated
          adverse effects in these areas as a result of the Proposed Development.
          All work on site will continue to adhere to all conditions in the existing
          Planning Permission and to the company’s environmental policy and best
          practice guidelines.

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3         DEVELOPMENT DETAILS

3.1       The Proposed Development
3.1.1     The ‘red line’ boundary on drawing number CE/BTN0116/DW06 (Location
          Plan) illustrates the application site of the Proposed Development, the
          components of which are illustrated in more detail on drawing number
          CE/BTN0116/DW07 (Layout Plan). The area of the application site is 1.2ha.

3.1.2     The Proposed Development will involve the treatment of leachate generated
          on site (i.e. at the Barnstone Landfill Site).

3.1.3     The main components of the Proposed Development are:

               •    A primary lagoon (6,900m3 capacity) and secondary lagoon
                    (4,264m3 capacity);

               •    Pipework linking the lagoons;

               •    Ancillary equipment (lagoon aerators, pumps, control panel,
                    safety fencing, steps etc.).

               •    Gas Flare Compound and associated infrastructure including
                    leachate compressor (relocated)

          The Lagoons

3.1.4     The lagoons are to be located within the western sector of the landfill site,
          outwith previously landfilled areas. The lagoons will be accessed using the
          existing landfill site entrance and haul road and existing internal vehicle
          routes.

3.1.5     The lagoons will be constructed to a fully engineered specification with the
          base of each lagoon being no lower than existing ground level.
          Consequently the lagoons will be built up using engineered fill material
          using 1:2.5 external slope gradients and 1:2 internal slope gradients. A 3m
          wide flat area will be provided at the top of the formation, at approximately
          5.5m above existing ground levels.


Approved by David Molland                                                Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                          34
                                                Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                                    Barnstone Landfill


3.1.6     The outer slopes will be married-in to the adjacent restoration levels to
          reduce adverse visual and landscape effects and effects on adjacent land
          use (see drawing number CE/BTN0116/DW07).

3.1.7     The top 0.5m of the lagoons (minimum) will be constructed from clay
          engineered to produce a maximum permeability of 1x10-9 m/s, and overlain
          with a 1mm thick double textured HDPE geomembrane and protector
          geotextile on the inner slopes (to provide the liner). The lagoons will have a
          leak detection system incorporated into the design consisting of a drainage
          geocomposite layer.

3.1.8     During construction works, retained trees will be protected in accordance
          with the guidance provided in British Standard BS 5837:2005 – Guide for
          Trees in Relation to Construction18.

3.1.9     External slopes will be topped with a 0.5m depth (minimum) of soils and
          sown to grassland using British Seed Houses’ ‘A3 Landscape and
          Embankment Mix’ (see www.britishseedhouses.com) at a rate of 35g/m2
          with a pre-seeding fertiliser (6:9:6 N:P:K) applied at a rate of 70g/m2. This
          grass will be cut to 50mm height twice per year and maintained free of
          noxious weeds. Where the slopes have been sculpted to form part of the
          adjacent      landuse     (restored     landform),      the    restoration     grassland
          specifications will be used.

3.1.10    Planting which forms part of the revised restoration scheme for the Site
          (submitted separately to this application) will be planted in the first planting
          season following construction of the lagoons, where able to be undertaken
          and where beneficial to the successful integration of the lagoons into the
          landscape.




 18
   British Standard BS 5837:2005 – Guide for Trees in Relation to Construction - (British Standards
 Institution 2005)


Approved by David Molland                                                    Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                              35
                                                Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                                    Barnstone Landfill


3.1.11    A surface water ditch (0.5m depth) will be formed at the base of the slopes
          to collect all clean surface water run-off from the external lagoon flanks. The
          ditch will be linked in to the existing surface water drainage system, isolated
          from the leachate system.

3.1.12    A facility to manually drain the lagoons will be incorporated into the system
          via piped risers which can be linked to a transfer pump at the top of the
          lagoon formation. This provides the ability to tanker out pre-treated leachate
          for off-site disposal, if required.

3.1.13    The primary lagoon will contain an electricity driven aerator, see Appendix 2
          for details, operated from a control panel located at the base of the external
          slope. The control panel will be housed within a small, lockable weather-
          proof box constructed from glass reinforced plastic (GRP). The box will be
          approximately 1m (wide) x 1.5m (tall) x 0.5m deep in size. This will be ‘dull’
          coloured (e.g. grey, dark green) and located just within the chainlink fencing
          gate with access via a platform complete with safety railing.

3.1.14    The platform (and transfer pump) locations will be accessed via 1m wide
          steel modular galvanised steel steps running from the base of the external
          slopes to an area of the 3m wide top section of the lagoon formation, which
          will be enclosed by 1.2m high stock-proof fencing.

3.1.15    The power supply for the pumps, aerator and control panels will run
          underground from the nearest convenient junction box on Site.

3.1.16    The secondary lagoon will have a riser pipe for recirculation pumping
          purposes. Temporary ‘runners’ will be installed on the external and internal
          slopes of the secondary lagoon to allow safe installation and removal of a
          floating pump. Aeration within the secondary lagoon will be achieved via
          spray bars, located along the top of the inner flank of the lagoon, directing
          the spray inwards and down towards the lagoon surface.




Approved by David Molland                                                   Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                             36
                                               Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                                   Barnstone Landfill


3.1.17    The whole of the lagoon formation will be enclosed with 1.9m high chainlink
          fencing, with lockable access gates provided at key locations.

3.1.18    Upon completion of the use of the lagoons (anticipated to be in 30 years
          time or more), the lagoons will be dismantled, the area regraded to the
          contours shown on the revised restoration scheme for the site (submitted
          separately to this application) and the Site planted to a native broadleaf
          woodland and grassland afteruse, to integrate with the restoration scheme.

          The Gas Flare Compound

3.1.19    The Proposed Development includes the relocation of an existing gas flare
          compound,         leachate     compressor    container     and     other    associated
          infrastructure      in   the    location    as   shown      on     drawing      number
          CE/BTN0116/DW07 to the north of the secondary lagoon. The existing gas
          flare compound is currently positioned where the lagoons are to be located.

3.2       Site Access
3.2.1     The Proposed Development will be accessed via the existing access road
          leading from the main landfill entrance, from Works Lane (see drawing
          number CE/BTN0116/DW06).

3.3       Site Operations
3.3.1     These are described in more detail in Sections 1.1 and 3.

3.3.2     The throughput of liquid waste is anticipated to be 30m3 (30,000 litres) per
          day (approximately 10,950m3 per annum).

3.4       Waste Transfer
3.4.1     It is not anticipated that there will be any need to tanker treated leachate
          from the Site. Provision for a tanker draw off point has been provided from
          the secondary lagoon in the event of an emergency. Any tankers
          transporting leachate to or from the Site will be directed to a weighbridge,
          see section 3.7 below.



Approved by David Molland                                                  Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                             37
                                            Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                                Barnstone Landfill


3.4.2     The tanker driver will be directed to an area adjacent to the lagoon pump
          connector and following the transfer of liquid, the relevant documents will be
          completed and accurate records retained on site, in accordance with the
          Site’s Environmental Permit and relevant Waste Management Legislation.

3.5       Vehicle Movements
3.5.1     Any imported/exported leachate will be transported in purpose-built HGV
          tanker lorries. Occasional car/light van vehicle movements will be made to
          facilitate maintenance/monitoring of the operations and equipment. It is not
          anticipated that any net additional vehicle movements will be required as a
          result of the Proposed Development and therefore there will be no
          additional impact on the local highways from increased vehicle movements.

3.5.2     There will be increased vehicle movements during the construction period
          (approximately 5-6 months). These movements will mostly comprise those
          required to import clay/fill material for the lagoon formation (approximately
          19,000m3) using 20 tonne capacity tipper trucks (approximately 1,420 loads
          assuming 1.5 tonnes per m3) spread over the construction period (prior to
          and during construction). This equates to between 10 and 15 loads (20 to
          30 vehicle movements) per day (assuming a 5-day week). The importation
          will occur in 2 distinct phases (for fill material and engineering clay).
          Additional vehicle movements will arise from deliveries of other materials
          and site workers arriving/leaving the site.

3.6       Hours of Operation
3.6.1     The treatment process will occur continuously. Persons accessing the
          facility for day-to-day operations (including any transportation of leachate if
          required) will do so during the hours specified below (Monday to Friday
          0800 to 1630 hours, Saturdays 0800 to 1300 and Sundays, Bank Holidays
          and Public Holidays hours 0800 to 1600), although occasional maintenance
          or fault rectifying works may be required outside these hours, and
          emergency access will be available 24 hours per day, 7 days per week.



Approved by David Molland                                               Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                         38
                                           Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                               Barnstone Landfill



3.7       Site Infrastructure
3.7.1     As the landfill operation is no longer active, no existing site infrastructure
          will be maintained or used as part of the Proposed Development.
          Weighbridge use will take place at a nearby site owned and operated by the
          Applicant such as Staple Quarry, or a public weighbridge.

3.7.2     Electricity for the operation of pumps, control panels etc. will be taken via
          underground cables leading from existing junction box, with a new isolation
          unit provided.

3.8       Site Security
3.8.1     The Proposed Development is located within the boundary of the existing
          landfill operation, which is securely fenced. In addition to this, a new 1.9m
          high chainlink fence will be installed around the lagoons. All access gates,
          control panels etc. will be securely locked when not in use.

3.8.2     The security provisions are fit for purpose and will be kept to a sufficient
          standard to reasonably prevent unauthorised access.

3.9       Staffing / Accommodation
3.9.1     The treatment facility will be operated in accordance with the requirements
          of an Environmental Permit by appropriately trained personnel.

3.9.2     One technician will be employed to oversee management of the Proposed
          Development.




Approved by David Molland                                              Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                        39
                                           Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                               Barnstone Landfill




4         ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS

4.1       Dust
4.1.1     As the treatment operation is for the management of liquid waste (leachate),
          there are not likely to be any issues relating to dust as a result of the
          operation of the Proposed Development.

4.1.2     Some dust may result during the temporary construction period, however, to
          minimise the generation and subsequent dispersal of dust from the Site, the
          following will be adhered to:

               •    Limiting all on-site vehicles to speeds of 15 mph or less;

               •    Using a water bowser in the working areas where and when
                    required.

4.2       Odour
4.2.1     Anaerobic chemical reactions in the treatment process are the predominant
          cause of odour-causing gases. The aerobic layer within the lagoon (which
          sits between the anaerobic basal sludge layer and the atmosphere) acts to
          buffer gases (e.g. hydrogen sulphide) released from the anaerobic zone, by
          facilitating conversion of the odour-causing gases to odourless gases,
          thereby providing effective odour control. The aerobic layer will be
          maintained at sufficient depth to allow attenuation of odour-causing gases
          such that odour is not expected to cause significant issues.

4.2.2     An odour impact assessment has been undertaken at Barnstone Landfill
          Site to assess the potential odour impacts associated with the leachate
          treatment option (see Appendix 2). The aim of the assessment was to
          assess the likely odour impact from the proposed lagoons on the nearest
          sensitive receptors based on calculated emission rates. The emission rates
          are based on site-specific measurements and odour emission equations
          from an identical site operated at the Kirkby on Bain landfill site also
          operated by WRG.

Approved by David Molland                                              Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                         40
                                            Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                                Barnstone Landfill


4.2.3     The predicted impacts indicate that odour from the lagoons is highly unlikely
          to cause any loss of amenity.

4.3       Noise
4.3.1     The main source of noise from the Proposed Development will be that
          associated with the aeration of the lagoons, in particular the aerator located
          in the primary lagoon. Based on previous operating experience over the
          past 10 years at the Kirkby on Bain reference site, the potential for noise as
          a result of the operation of the aerator is minimal and in fact the only audible
          noise is from the splashing of water back into the lagoon. Due to the nature
          of the operation, there is neither a need nor a desire for an aggressively
          mixed surface environment, since the settlement of the solids is required as
          part of the self-digesting process. Consequently, the splashing of water is
          kept to a minimum.

4.3.2     Any noise associated with the gas flare compound will be equivalent to that
          already on Site, as the compound is a like-for-like relocation. There is no
          anticipated significant difference in noise levels.

4.3.3     As a result of the above, the impact of noise on the surrounding
          environment is not considered to be significant.

4.3.4     Noise during the construction period has also been considered which will
          consist of the movement of plant and equipment on Site and HGV vehicles
          delivering and off loading engineering clay to the Site. The impact of noise
          during the construction period is considered temporary and will be limited to
          the landfill sites operating hours.

4.4       Surface Water Drainage
4.4.1     Any activities on the Site will have to be carried out to prevent pollution or
          harm to the environment or human health in accordance with an
          Environmental Permit.




Approved by David Molland                                               Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                            41
                                             Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                                 Barnstone Landfill


4.4.2     The Site lies within the Environment Agency’s Flood Risk Zone 1: Low Risk
          of Flooding. As a result, it has not been necessary to produce a Flood Risk
          Assessment for the Proposed Development.

4.4.3     All surface water drainage associated with the Proposed Development will
          be controlled via peripheral ditches, incorporated into the Site’s existing
          surface water management scheme. The leachate within the lagoons will be
          kept separate from the surface water management system.

4.5       Litter
4.5.1     There is little risk of litter arising from the Site and polluting the surrounding
          environment due to the nature of the Proposed Development.

4.6       Pests
4.6.1     Pests are not anticipated to be a significant issue as a result of the
          Proposed Development. In the unlikely event of an infestation, specialist
          pest control contractors will be employed and brought onto the site to deal
          with the problem.

4.7       Health and Safety
4.7.1     Equipment operators and workers on the site will be fully trained and ensure
          that normal safety precautions are carried out. All operations will be carried
          out in accordance with the site operator’s Health and Safety Policy
          document and current health and safety legislation.

4.7.2     The design of the lagoons has been undertaken in accordance with the
          Construction      Design   and    Management         Regulations      2007      (CDM
          Regulations) by a specialist engineering consultancy. Control panels, leak
          detection points etc. have been located at convenient locations at the base
          of external slopes to minimise the need for access up the slopes. Where
          access to the top of the slopes is required, purpose-built modular steps and
          railings have been incorporated.




Approved by David Molland                                                Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                          42
                                           Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                               Barnstone Landfill


4.7.3     Safety fencing/railings have also been provided at the top of the banks to
          reduce the risk of working at the top of the lagoons. A means of easy
          escape from the lagoons themselves will be provided via safety nets and
          scramble ropes.

4.7.4     The whole of the lagoon formation will be enclosed with 1.9m high chainlink
          security fencing, with lockable access gates provided at key locations.
          Control panels will also be located within lockable housing.

4.8       Visual Impact
4.8.1     A bowling green (at Barnstone Country Club) lies circa 120m to the
          southwest of the Site; this provides open views northeastwards. The
          nearest properties to the Site at the southern edge of Barnstone lie circa
          400m to the northwest. Works Farm lies circa 250m to the southwest.

4.8.2     There are a number public footpaths and public bridleways within 500m of
          the Site with potential views towards the Site. The nearest is a bridleway
          along Works Road (which runs in a northwest to southeast alignment) past
          the Site at a distance of 200m, to the southwest. Two footpaths run
          south/southeastwards towards the landfill site across open fields from the
          eastern side of Barnstone.

4.8.3     The potential adverse visual effects include construction works, tree
          removal and the effects of the lagoon form and associated fencing etc.

4.8.4     The large buildings associated with the Cement Works, immediately west of
          the Site act as a significant visual screen, as does the established woodland
          at the western and northern boundary of the landfill site. Views from the
          north and northwest are greatly restricted by the existing woodland
          vegetation and buildings associated with the Cement Works, such that a
          negligible effect on the composition of views would result from the Proposed
          Development. Views from the east and south are restricted by the landfill
          landform and hedgerow vegetation.



Approved by David Molland                                              Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                        43
                                           Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                               Barnstone Landfill


4.8.5     Views towards the Site from the Bridleway to the west and southwest of the
          Site (Works Road) are severely limited by the Country Club buildings and
          adjacent hedgerows to most viewers, although horse riders may be able to
          gain views towards the Site over the hedgerows in winter months or when
          the hedges have been cut.

4.8.6     Otherwise views are limited to locations where only glimpsed views can be
          obtained (e.g. gateways).

4.8.7     Views from these directions of the Proposed Development during the
          temporary construction and long-term operational periods would be partial
          (through established vegetation) and against a backdrop of the restored
          landfill. Users of the bridleway would be considered to be of medium
          sensitivity. The adverse visual effect would be considered to be of small
          magnitude. The adverse visual effects on these viewers would be
          considered to be of minor significance.

4.8.8     Views from the Bowling Green at Barnstone Country Club would be partial,
          through retained woodland vegetation and hence would be affected most
          during the winter months. The bowling green would be in use for intermittent
          periods. The activity context of the viewpoint is one which could be sensitive
          to adverse visual effects. The sensitivity is also affected by the baseline
          situation, being partly diminished by the partial visibility of the Cement
          Works buildings. The sensitivity of these viewers could be considered to be
          medium. The magnitude of effect would be small. The adverse visual
          effects on these viewers would be considered to be of minor significance.

4.8.9     Overall, the adverse visual effects of the Proposed Development are not
          considered to be significant.




Approved by David Molland                                              Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                        44
                                                       Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                                           Barnstone Landfill



4.9           Landscape Impact
4.9.1         The immediate landscape context of the Proposed Development is such
              that it is predominantly related to restored (previously-landfilled) land,
              mineral workings, industrial buildings (Cement Works), agricultural fields,
              broadleaf woodland, occasional farmsteads, narrow roads and the
              buildings/grounds associated with Barnstone Country Club.

4.9.2         The Site does not fall within any areas of environmental designation
              established to conserve or enhance areas and features of particular
              environmental (landscape) interest and therefore no constraints relating to
              these apply to the Proposed Development.

4.9.3         The Site falls within the Trent and Belvoir Vales Regional Character Area19
              and the Vale of Belvoir (Vale Farmlands) landscape character type, for
              which landscape guidelines have been produced20.

4.9.4         Approximately 4,071m2 of planted broadleaved woodland (early maturity)
              and 7,634m2 of disturbed ‘bare ground’ will be replaced by the lagoons and
              grassland associated with the Proposed Development for a long term
              duration. The lagoons will have an engineered appearance on internal
              slopes, by necessity, and a naturalistic landform (marrying-in with the
              adjacent landform) on external slopes, wherever possible.

4.9.5         The loss of woodland from the proposals will be compensated for in the
              revised restoration plan for the landfill (submitted under separate cover).
              This will also provide additional benefit in the long term by helping to screen
              the Cement Works from the east, softening the hard edges of this more
              recent development, consolidating the character of Barnstone village and
              allowing the integration of the Proposed Development into the wider
              landscape.




19
     Countryside Commission (1998) Countryside Character. Volume 3: Yorkshire & the Humber. CCP 537
20
     Countryside Appraisal - Nottinghamshire Landscape Guidelines (Nottinghamshire County Council 1997)

Approved by David Molland                                                            Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                                    45
                                                      Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                                          Barnstone Landfill


4.9.6         All planting will be undertaken using the species guidance provided in the
              Countryside Appraisal document21.

4.9.7         Upon completion of use of the facility, the area will be regraded to a
              naturalistic landform and restored to a combined native woodland and
              grassland afteruse, complementing the restoration of the landfill.

4.9.8         The sensitivity of the landscape to the leachate treatment facility is low. The
              degree     of    adverse      change      to    existing    landscape       elements        and
              characteristics brought about by the Proposed Development is of medium
              magnitude. The restoration of the Site will provide permanent characteristic
              landscape elements. Overall, the adverse landscape effects are of minor
              significance.

4.9.9         The adverse landscape effects of the Proposed Development are not
              permanent and are not considered significant.

4.10          Archaeology
4.10.1        The Site consists of heavily disturbed and altered ground and holds no
              archaeological interest. Consequently there will be no adverse effects as a
              result of the Proposed Development on this aspect.

4.11          Ecology
4.11.1        The Site and its immediate surroundings comprise several habitats,
              including improved grassland, bare ground, a surface water drainage ditch
              and banks, man-made ponds and an area of young broadleaf woodland
              dominated by ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Norway maple (Acer platanoides),
              sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus) and hawthorn (Crataegus nomogyna).

4.11.2        Barnstone Railway Cutting SSSI is adjacent to the landfill area on its north
              eastern border, 500m from the Site. It is not anticipated that any operations
              of the Proposed Development will adversely affect the SSSI.



21
     Countryside Appraisal - Nottinghamshire Landscape Guidelines (Nottinghamshire County Council 1997)

Approved by David Molland                                                            Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                                    46
                                            Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                                Barnstone Landfill


          Protected Species

4.11.3    There are no pertinent ecological issues regarding any protected species of
          mammals, birds or reptiles in reference to the Proposed Development.
          (See separate letter).

4.11.4    The Site lies within 500m of a pond (cement works pool, Langley) in which a
          large population of great crested newts have been recorded. The road,
          works and areas of hardstanding between the pond and the Site are
          considered to provide a significant barrier to dispersal via the Site.

4.11.5    In 2008 a survey for great crested newt (Triturus cristatus) was undertaken
          on the site. The survey recorded one individual great crested newt in a
          small man-made pond adjacent to the landfill entrance. This pond (along
          with an adjacent second surface water drainage pond) will be lost as a
          result of the Proposed Development. Consequently, a great crested newt
          translocation and mitigation scheme will be required. The mitigation plan
          will be submitted to Natural England for approval following the approval of
          planning consent. All necessary mitigation works will be undertaken as
          appropriate before the commencement of the construction of the Proposed
          Development.

4.11.6    There are no anticipated issues regarding any other protected species or
          their habitats as a result of the Proposed Development

4.11.7    The stringent control measures and high engineering specification of the
          lagoons imposed by the Environmental Permit relating to the Proposed
          Development will ensure that a fully contained system will be operated,
          preventing any significant adverse effects of the Proposed Development
          operations on the wider landscape and ecology.




Approved by David Molland                                               Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                         47
                                               Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                                   Barnstone Landfill




5         SUMMARY
5.1.1     Waste Recycling Group has applied for planning permission for the
          construction of a facultative lagoon-based leachate treatment system
          consisting of two number lagoons and relocation of the existing gas flare
          compound and associated infrastructure (the Proposed Development) at
          Barnstone Landfill Site, Nottinghamshire.             The treatment lagoons will
          provide a treated liquor suitable for the irrigation of Short Rotation Coppice
          (SRC) willow planting to be established on restored areas of the landfill (not
          forming part of this application).

5.1.2     The Site lies 0.5 kilometres to the south east of the village of Barnstone in
          Nottinghamshire. The Site is bordered on all sides by arable fields with the
          exception of the north west corner, which is adjacent to a cement works
          area. The Site is accessed from the east, from an access road off Works
          Lane.

5.1.3     The proposal uses a relatively new and innovative technique for the
          treatment of leachate (a liquid produced during the decay of waste within
          landfills) which is normally removed from landfills (and is considered a
          waste in its own right) and treated off-site or discharged to sewer or a
          watercourse.

5.1.4     The proposed facultative treatment process uses less energy and resources
          and produces less residual waste than conventional treatment techniques. It
          also provides the potential to use the treated waste liquid as a fertiliser for
          the irrigation of SRC, which could be grown on-site, potentially providing an
          energy crop (a carbon-neutral fuel source) and beneficial restoration
          afteruse for the landfill in the process.

5.1.5     The Proposed Development complies with National Policy, Development
          Plan Policy and contributes to a number of Government targets/strategy
          objectives relating to waste, the environment, sustainable development and,
          potentially/indirectly, renewable energy.


Approved by David Molland                                                  Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                            48
                                          Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                              Barnstone Landfill


5.1.6     The Proposed Development will not cause any significant residual impacts
          relating to aspects such as noise, pests, dust, odour, litter, surface water,
          visual intrusion, landscape, ecology, archaeology or heritage.




Approved by David Molland                                             Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                        49
                                         Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                             Barnstone Landfill



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Approved by David Molland                                            Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                      50
                                           Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                               Barnstone Landfill



DRAWINGS:
                                                                           1:25,000 /
 CE/BTN0116/DW06 Leachate Treatment Facility – Site Location Plan
                                                                           1:2,000
                       Leachate Treatment Facility – Lagoon Layout
 CE/BTN0116/DW07                                                           1:1,000
                       Plan & Cross-sections




Approved by David Molland                                              Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                         51
                                         Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                             Barnstone Landfill




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Approved by David Molland                                            Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                      52
                                          Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                              Barnstone Landfill



APPENDICES:


 Appendix 1                 Aerator Specification

 Appendix 2                 Odour Impact Assessment




Approved by David Molland                                             Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                        53
                                         Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                             Barnstone Landfill




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Approved by David Molland                                            Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                       54
                                     Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                         Barnstone Landfill



APPENDIX 1




                            Aerator Specification




Approved by David Molland                                        Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                  55
                                         Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                             Barnstone Landfill




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Approved by David Molland                                            Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                       56
                                      Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                          Barnstone Landfill



APPENDIX 2




                            Odour Impact Assessment




Approved by David Molland                                         Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                   57
                                         Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
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                                                Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                                    Barnstone Landfill



                                       REFERENCES:

 1.    Application of treated landfill leachate to short rotation coppice (SRC) – Regulatory Position
       Statement – Environment Agency, Adopted February 2008

 2.    Waste Strategy for England 2007 – DEFRA, May 2007

 3.    Planning Policy Statement 1: Delivering Sustainable Communities – ODPM, 2005

 4.    PPS 10: Planning for Sustainable Waste Management – ODPM, July 2005

 5.    Integrated Regional Strategy       Framework     –   East   Midlands    Regional    Assembly
       (www.emra.gov.uk), May 2008

 6.    SRC Yield Map: East Midlands – DEFRA website (www.defra.gov.uk), May 2008

 7.    Regional Environment Strategy for the East Midlands – East Midlands Regional Assembly,
       August 2002

 8.    Planning Policy Statement 25: Development and Flood Risk – ODPM, July 2005

 9.    Putting Wildlife Back on the Map – A Biodiversity Strategy for the East Midlands – East
       Midlands Regional Assembly, Adopted May 2006

 10.   Regional Spatial Strategy for the East Midlands (RSS8) – Government Office for the East
       Midlands, March 2005

 11.   Draft Sustainability Appraisal Scoping Report – East Midlands Regional Assembly, October
       2008

 12.   Habitats Regulations Assessment Pre-screening Report – East Midlands Regional Assembly,
       October 2008

 13.   Statement of Transport Conditions and Issues – East Midlands Regional Assembly, Adopted
       May 2006

 14.   East Midlands Regional Waste Strategy – East Midlands Regional Assembly, January 2006

 15.   Rushcliffe Borough Local Plan – Rushcliffe Borough Council (Adopted June 1996)

 16.   Rushcliffe Non Statutory Replacement Local Plan – Rushcliffe Borough Council

 17.   Waste Local Plan for Nottinghamshire – Nottinghamshire County Council (Adopted January
       2002)

 18.   British Standard BS 5837:2005 – Guide for Trees in Relation to Construction - (British
       Standards Institution 2005)

 19.   Countryside Commission (1998) Countryside Character. Volume 3: Yorkshire & the Humber.
       CCP 537

 20.   Countryside Appraisal - Nottinghamshire Landscape Guidelines (Nottinghamshire County
       Council 1997)




Approved by David Molland                                                     Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                              59
                                         Planning Application for a Leachate Treatment Facility
                                                                             Barnstone Landfill




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Approved by David Molland                                            Version 02 – March 2009
Ref: CE/BTN0116/RP01                       60

				
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