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					Rococo
Versailles
Louis XIV and the end of the Baroque
Display of absolute power: large palace , park, town
   Hall of Mirrors (Galerie des Glaces), Charles Le Brun and Jules
                      Hardouin-Mansart, c. 1680




Baroque features: theatricality, ornamentation, temporal quality (park, mirrors unfolding)
      Gabriel Huquier, Winged Griffin on a Rocaille Bracket, 1745



Rococo adopted as more delicate
style for furnishing private homes

“Rocaille” = pebble, refers to
shells and stone used for
decoration

Is the style really ‘feminine’?
           Madame de Pompadour,
           Maria Theresa,
           Catherine, Elizabeth

Differences from Baroque:
Artifice, wit, dainty gallantries,
humor (Rococo) vs. masculine
heroics, rhetoric, sincerity
(Baroque)
    Salon de la Princesse, Hôtel de Soubise, Paris, 1737-1740.
                Decorations by Germain Boffrand.


Rococo room:
           curves, irregular
shapes on cornices,
furniture, paintings,
architecture, sculpture make
a single ensemble

Compare to Hall of Mirrors
(Baroque)
Hall of Mirrors (Baroque)                      Salon de la Princesse (Rococo)




             Compare and contrast: how different are they?
    Musée Nissim de Camondo, Salon des Huets, Paris




Rococo rooms were full of stuff: furniture, paintings, ceramics, etc…
Juste-Aurele Meissonnier, Design for a side table, 1730




  Ornamentation imitates nature
  Asymmetry
Console table, France, 1735-1740
Mounted vase, France, 1740
    Hunter and Huntress, Chelsea Porcelain Factory, 1759-1770




Soft-paste porcelain, manufactured in England but in imitation of Chinese porcelain.
Rococo features: frivolous subject matter, pastel colors, heavy ornamentation
  Poussin, The Dance to the Music of Time, c. 1640. (left)
 Jean-Honore Fragonard, The Musical Contest, 1754 (right)




“Poussinistes” – form most important (Classical), followed Poussin
“Rubenistes” – color most important (became Rococo), followed Watteau
Fragonard, The Musical Contest, 1754
Poussin, The Dance to the Music of Time, c. 1640
     Francois Boucher, Cupid a Captive, 1754 (left)
Caravaggio, The Crucifixion of St. Peter, 1600 (right)


                                      Baroque vs.
                                      Rococo:

                                      Compare –

                                      Force of
                                      movement

                                      Drama of
                                      lighting

                                      Subject
                                      matter
Fragonard, The Swing, 1767
       Watteau, Pilgrimage on the Isle of Cythera, 1717.




Rococo, BUT:
melancholic undertones, more muted color scheme
Louise Elisabeth Vigee Le Brun, Self Portrait with a Straw Hat, 1782


                                             Rococo elements:
                                             Frills, pastel colors, decoration

                                             Reaction to the Rococo:
                                             Independent, self-confident,
                                             meeting the viewer’s gaze.

                                             Naturalism?
Rosalba Carriera, Cardinal de Polignac, 1732


                               Naturalism?
                                        Pastels allow for
                                        quick life study,
                                        capture fleeting
                                        expressions

                                        Informal

                                        Simpler design
Rosalba Carriera, Young Lady with a Parrot, ca. 1730
Jean Simeon Chardin, The Copper Drinking Fountain, 1734.


                                  Naturalism (reaction against
                                  Rococo):
                                           everyday object

                                           Not glorified like
                                           Dutch still lives
Jean Simeon Chardin, Girl Peeling Vegetables, 1735.


                                          “Everyday” characteristic
                                          of naturalist reaction to
                                          Rococo

                                          But: stylistically, how is
                                          this different from
                                          Baroque “everyday”
                                          naturalism?
               Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii, 1784




Reaction to Rococo: Neoclassicism
          Reaction against extravagant courtly life; ideal of the self-sacrificing citizen
          Stylistically: return to Classicism (ideal bodies, organization, balance).
Jacques-Louis David, Madame Raymond de Verninac, 1798–1799
                      (left) – Neoclassical
Jacques-Louis David, Madame Raymond de Verninac, 1798–1799
                          (detail)
Louise Elisabeth Vigee Le Brun, Portrait of a Young Woman, 1797


                                            Prompt: Do you see
                                            Elisabeth Louise Vigée
                                            Le Brun’s Portrait of a
                                            Young Woman as being
                                            Rococo or not? Why?
                                            Please point to (at least)
                                            three visual aspects of
                                            the painting in your
                                            argument. (You do NOT
                                            have to come down on
                                            one side – feel free to
                                            point to some Rococo
                                            aspects and some non-
                                            Rococo aspects).


                                            Around two pages,
                                            double spaced.

				
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posted:9/10/2011
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