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					    Serbia:
    Agriculture
    Investment Opportunities




                                        Jasna Reb
Bratislava, 24 Jun 2011.
                                Ministry of Agriculture, Trade,
                               Forestry and Water Management
Facts about Serbian agriculture
 Agricultural land: 5.7 mill. ha
  (0.69 ha per capita);
 Arable land: 4.2 mill. ha (0.46

  ha per capita);
 87% of land is private

  ownership;
 Number of households:

  approximate 700,000 (about
  441,000 are registered);
 Average farm size: about 3 ha

  (commercial farm size 10.6 ha);
 44% of population lives in rural

  areas.
Structure of Serbian agriculture
production


         Fruits and               Field crops
         vegetable                   42 %
           12 %




                      Livestock                 Other
                        43 %                    crops
                                                 3%
         Livestock
The livestock pool in Serbia, after a
   decline in the last decade of the
   twentieth century, is slowly
   recovering.
 Within the livestock production, cattle
   production plays a key role
   compriseing 45% of the total
   animal production, with 26% being       Structure of animal production in the
   devoted to the dairy production,        total livestock production in 2009:
   and 19% being devoted to the
   production of beef.
                                               Cows      45%
                                               Pigs      35,90%
                                               Fowl      13,20%
                                               Sheep      5,40%
                                               Beekeeping 0,50%
      Grains
                                          Corn is the most common grain crop.
The production of wheat, barley, rye,     Regarding corn production Serbia is the
oats, corn, millet and sorghum, uses      fifth largest producer in Europe, behind
about 60% of the arable land in Serbia.   France, Ukraine, Romania and Italy.
Oilseeds                                      Sugar beet
The production of oilseeds is sufficient to
cover Serbia’s domestic needs while the       Sugar is also a significant export item
key export products are sunflower oil and     for Serbia.
soybean oil.
Seed material                                    Medicinal and Aromatic
                                                 Herbs and Spices
Serbian seed companies are significant seed      Thanks to the favorable climate, land and
   exporters, since new, quality varieties and    unpolluted environment Serbia is very
   hybrids were created and recognized            suitable for the cultivation of medicinal
   (wheat, maize and barley seed) in the              plants.
   recent years .
                                                 The most widespread herb species are:
                                                 domestic mint, chamomile, parsley, fennel,
                                                 dill, marshmallow and lemon balm.
Fruit production
Vegetable production
Grape, wine and brandy production
                                      Thanks to the quality local plums,
                                      slivovitz has become a recognizable
                                      Serbian brand. Other types of brandy
                                      are b. made of grapes, pears, apricots,
                                      quince and herbs.




 Serbia is a country with great
 potential, and a long tradition of
 grape and wine production.
    Agriculture in national economy
Share of agriculture in GDP
 Share of agriculture in GDP decreased
                                            18%                                                              25
  from 14,30% to 10,62% during transition
  period; 10,3% in 2010 (estimation).       16%
                                                                                                             20
                                            14%
                                                                                                             15
Growth rate                                 12%

                                                                                                             10
 Extremely fluctuation of growth rate
                                            10%

  (range about 23 pp);                      8%                                                               5

 To agriculture growth rate of 2,2% in     6%
  2009 contributed the most: corn, wheat,   4%
                                                                                                             0

  rape seed and fruit;                                                                                       -5
                                            2%
 There are no significant differences,
  comparing with countries in the region.   0%
                                                  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009*
                                                                                                             -10


                                                    Share of agriculture in GDP

Share in foreign trade 12,4%                        Growth rate of GDP in agriculture, previous year = 100


   in export 23%, in import 6,2%.
                                                       Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia
                 Agricultural Trade Balance
           Serbian agriculture in last nine years (2002-2010) increased total trade of agricultural
            products 3 times, whereby export was increased 4,6 times, import 1,7 times and (positive)
            trade balance 8 times (compare with 2005);
           Surplus was increased from 150 million USD in 2005 to over 1 billion USD in 2010;
           Export-import ratio was increased from 0,80 in 2002 to 2,17 in 2010.
                2400

                2200

                2000

                1800

                1600

                1400

                1200
millions of $




                                                                                                          EX PORT
                1000                                                                                      IMPORT

                800                                                                                       BALANCE

                600

                400

                200

                  0
                       2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008     2009      2010     2011
                -200                                                                         Firs t
                -400                                                                        Quarte r


                                                                   Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia
  Trade structure according to
  destinations of trade in 2010
    Other
  countries                EXPORT
    8.8%                                                                        IMPORT

                                               Other
                                             countries             European
                European                      33.8%                 Union
                 Union
                                                                    41.9%
      CEFTA      47.6%
      43.6%

                                                     CEFTA
                                                     24.3%




• Serbia’s main trade partner was EU in 2010;
• Trade between Serbia and EU is regulated by Stabilization and
  Association Agreement (SAA).
                                       Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia
Top 10 agricultural products

EXPORT                              IMPORT

   Corn, Yellow                       Coffee
   White sugar                        Fresh bananas
   Roland Raspberry                   Cigarettes containing tobacco
   Wheat                              Prepared foods
   Sunflower oil, edible and raw      Sweet oranges
   Beer made from malt                Soya beans
   Fresh Apples                       Sunflower seeds
   Soft drinks                        Palm oil
   Griz Raspbery                      Tomatoes, chilled
   Soybean oil                        Cigarettes containing tobbaco,
                                        others (HRO2C)-CEFTA
    Agribusiness sector – field of
    possibilities
Serbia as a center of south-east region, is attractive for investments of
companies from other countries for many reasons:
•   General advantages:
-Good geographical location (middle of Balkan, heart of South-east
Europe, Pan-European Corridors);
-Favourable climate and soil conditions.


•   Economic advantages:
-Relatively low costs of land (rent/sale);
-Relatively low cost of labour (qualified);

-Significant agro-processing capacities;

-Favourable fiscal policy (incentives for foreign investors).
    Agribusiness sector – field of
    possibilities
•   Trade advantages:
- The local market is one of the largest in the region with around 7,5
million inhabitants;
- Leading position of agricultural machinery from EU producers and

know-how technologies;
- Serbia has significantly improved the competitiveness of its

agriculture after signing of CEFTA, SAA, EFTA and FTAs;

-   Favourable trade conditions - preferential access to main markets
• Investment threats: agriculture (still) in transition, small scale
farming, low yields, large number of farmers without proper
associations, general lack of financial resources in agribusiness.
Preferential access to main markets
       CEFTA                                                   European Union
Central European Free                                        Stabilization and
  Trade Agreement                                         Association Agreement
                                                                   (SAA)
                                REPUBLIC OF
                                  SERBIA


       EFTA
                                                          Russia, Belorussia, Turkey,
European Free Trade
    Agreement                                                       Kazakhstan
                                                              Free Trade Agreement (FTA)


                                       USA
                        General System of Preferences (GSP)
Financing the Agribusiness Sector




  European Union




  I and II components of
  IPA
           Agricultural Trade Balance Serbia-Slovakia
                                          2004-2010 (000 USD)
   Volume of trade in agricultural products between Serbia and Slovakia amounted to
    13 million USD in 2010, with the Serbian export about 7 million USD, and import about
    6 million USD. The surplus on the Serbian side was about 1,3 million USD.

   The largest total volume of trade recorded in 2008 (24 million USD).
   The largest export was in 2007, worth 13.3 million USD with a surplus of 5.4 million USD on
    the Serbian side.
                 16.000

                 14.000

                 12.000

                 10.000

                  8.000
                                                                                    Export
                  6.000                                                             Im port
                                                                                    Balance
                  4.000

                  2.000

                     0
                          2004.   2005.     2006.   2007.   2008.   2009.   2010.
                 -2.000

                 -4.000
    Agricultural Trade Serbia-Slovakia
E X P O R T E R S:                           IMPORTERS:

•    Oil factory Banat, Nova Crnja           •   KRAFT FOODS, BEOGRAD,
•    SUNOKO, Novi Sad,                       •   SILBO, BEOGRAD,
•    Victoriaoil, Šid,                       •   Frikom, Beograd,
•    SOJAPROITEIN, BECEJ,                    •   AD ŠTARK, Beograd,
•    S D Martonoš, Kanjiža,                  •   Somboled, Sombor,
•    Aretol, Novi Sad,                       •   Vojvodina Reklam, Novi Sad,
•    AIK Backa Topola, Bačka Topola,         •   Swisslion Group, Novi Sad,
•    Maber Commerce, Pančevo,                •   NESTLE Adriatic Foods, Beograd,
•    Bojin, Majur,                           •   Pionir, Beograd,
•    Koneks, Novi Sad,                       •   Nectar, Backa Palanka,
•    Zdravo Organic, Selenca,                •   Centroproizvod Beograd, Surčin,
•    TELEK PAPRIKA Martonoš,Kanjiza,         •   Min-Commerce, Beograd,
•    INSTITUT ZA RATARSTSVO I POVRTARSTVO,   •   FORNETTI, Subotica,
     N.SAD                                   •   FINKOCHEM, BEOGRAD,
•    FARMINA PET FOODS ,                     •   HOYA V.S. SUBOTICA.
•    PIONIR, BEOGRAD.
 Agricultural Trade Serbia-Slovakia
Most exported products:               Most imported products:
-white sugar
-soybean oil, row
                                      -calfskin, row,
-flour and soy grits,
                                      -milk powder,
-ground pepper, crushed, dried,
                                      -food stuff,
-technical lard,
                                      -chocolate,
-fresh plums, watermelons and
    prunes,                           -fruits,
-sunflower oil,                       -confectionery,
-beans, peas, sweet corn,             -poults weighing up to 185 g,
-soft drinks,                         -tomato,
-food for dogs and cats,              -glucose syrup..
-soybean and corn seeds,
-chocolate,
-slivovitz, cherry and pear brandy,
-food for animals…
AGRICULURAL AND FOOD PROCESSING SECTOR POTENTIALLY
INTERESTING SECTOR FOR SLOVAK PARTNERS


   fruit and vegetable processing
   sugar, sweets and honey,
   oil seeds,
   seed material,
   medical and aromatic herbs and spices,
   meat production and processing,
   organic production,
   grape, wine and brandy production,
   production of mineral water and non-alcoholic drinks,
   agritourism
Slovakia, as a member of the OECD, has an obligation to help other
countries through various projects.
Ministry of Agriculture, Trade, Forestry and Water Management of the
Republic of Serbia was the beneficiary of the fund, established by the
Slovak Government, Slovak Aid:

    EU Information Centre
    Cooperation in the field of organic farming in accordance
     with EU

We are very grateful for the support we received through these projects
and we hope that in future we will achieve project concerning trade
(consumer protection, product safety or market surveillance).
THANK YOU FOR YOUR
    ATTENTION!


      MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, TRADE
     FORESTRY AND WATER MANAGEMENT
         OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA



            www.mpt.gov.rs

				
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posted:9/10/2011
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