Guided Inquiry (PowerPoint) by alicejenny

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									                   Guided Inquiry

The following charts and diagrams have been sourced from and should be viewed in conjunction with:


Dr Carol Kuhlthau’s text – “Guided Inquiry – Learning in the 21st century”

                      See also the “Guided Inquiry” website
Inquiry vs Guided Inquiry
Guided Inquiry is not…..                                                  Guided Inquiry is….
Preparation solely for the test                                           Preparation for lifelong learning

An add-on subject                                                         Integrated into content areas

Isolated information skills                                               Transferable information concepts

Relying on one textbook                                                   Using a variety of sources

Finding answers to a prescribed question                                  Student involvement from planning to final product

Curriculum without connection to students                                 Curriculum connected to student’s world
Individual students working exclusively on solitary
                                                                          A community of learners working together
    tasks
Solely teacher directed                                                   Students and teachers collaborating

Overemphasis on the end product                                           Emphasis on the process and product
             Source: Kuhlthau, Maniotes, Caspari (2007). Guided Inquiry – learning in the 21st century. Libraries Unlimited. Westport, Connecticut. p.6.




                           DECS Curriculum Services, Numeracy And Sciences Portfolio – including Senior Secondary Reform. 2009
The 6 principles of Guided Inquiry
1.   Children learn by being actively engaged in and reflecting
     on an experience

2.   Children learn by building on what they already know

3.   Children develop higher order thinking through guidance
     at critical points in the learning process (interventions)

4.   Children have different ways and modes of learning

5.   Children learn through social interaction with others

6.   Children learn through instruction and experience in
     accord with their cognitive development
        Source: Kuhlthau, Maniotes, Caspari (2007). Guided Inquiry – learning in the 21st century. Libraries Unlimited. Westport, Connecticut. p.25


                      DECS Curriculum Services, Numeracy And Sciences Portfolio – including Senior Secondary Reform. 2009
Questions for the
Guided Inquiry
process
Source: Kuhlthau, Maniotes, Caspari (2007). Guided Inquiry – learning in the 21st century. Libraries
Unlimited. Westport, Connecticut. p.4.




                             DECS Curriculum Services, Numeracy And Sciences Portfolio – including Senior Secondary Reform. 2009
 5 kinds of learning in the Inquiry Process
Curriculum content                                 Fact finding, interpreting, synthesising




Information literacy                    Thinking   Concepts for locating evaluating and using




Learning how to learn                              Initiating, selecting, exploring, focusing, collecting & presenting




Literacy                                           Reading, writing, speaking, listening




Social skills                                      Interacting, cooperating, collaborating




           Adapted from: Kuhlthau, Maniotes, Caspari (2007). Guided Inquiry – learning in the 21st century. Libraries Unlimited. Westport, Connecticut. p.9.



                              DECS Curriculum Services, Numeracy And Sciences Portfolio – including Senior Secondary Reform. 2009
Reflecting on the research process
                                                    Facts, data & information arouse
     Dewey’s phases of                                                                                                    Process of
                                                        ideas that enable learner to
          reflective                                                                                                       Creating
                                                       make inferences which lead to
         thinking                                                                                                       understanding
                                                            deeper understanding

 Suggestion                                      Doubt due to incomplete situation
                                                                                                                        doubt &
                                                                                                                        uncertainty
 Intellectualisation                             Conceptualising the problem


 Guiding idea (hypothesis)                       Tentative interpretation
                                                                                                                                     joy &
                                                                                                                               confidence
 Reasoning                                       Interpretation with more precise facts


 Action                                          Idea tested by overt or imaginative action

     Adapted from: Kuhlthau, Maniotes, Caspari (2007). Guided Inquiry – learning in the 21st century. Libraries Unlimited. Westport, Connecticut. p.15.

                         DECS Curriculum Services, Numeracy And Sciences Portfolio – including Senior Secondary Reform. 2009
Information Search Process (Kuhlthau)
               Initiation Selection Exploration Formulation                            Collection          Presentation          Assessment


 FEELINGS      Uncertainty       Optimism         Confusion       Clarity                 Sense of           Satisfaction or    Sense of
                                                  Frustration                             Direction         Disappointment      accomplishment
 (Affective)                                        Doubt
                                                                                         Confidence



                                                                                                                                Increased self-
 THOUGHTS      vague                                              focused                                                             awareness
 (Cognitive)
                                                                                             increased     interest



 ACTIONS               seeking   relevant       information                 seeking       pertinent        information
 (Physical)
                                 Exploring                                             Documenting




                                                                    Source: http://www.scils.rutgers.edu/~kuhlthau/information_search_process.htm


                          DECS Curriculum Services, Numeracy And Sciences Portfolio – including Senior Secondary Reform. 2009
Intervention strategies
                                                              Converse
  Collaborate                                               Talk about ideas
Work jointly with others                                      for clarity and                                  Continue
                                                            further questions
                                                                                                       Develop understanding

                     The 6           Cs
                                                                                                        over a period of time


                                                                                                               Compose
                                                                      Chart                                Write all along the
  Choose                                                    Visualise ideas using                         way, not just at end;
                                                            pictures, timelines &                           keep journals
  Select what is
   interesting                                               graphic organisers
  and pertinent                                   Adapted from: Kuhlthau, Maniotes, Caspari (2007). Guided Inquiry – learning in the 21st century.

                                                                                                   Libraries Unlimited. Westport, Connecticut. p.141.


                   DECS Curriculum Services, Numeracy And Sciences Portfolio – including Senior Secondary Reform. 2009
Intervention Questions for
Basic Inquiry Abilities
Recall               Remember what stands out in your mind
                         •What surprises you?
                         •What did you find interesting?


Summarise            Select ideas and place them in meaningful sequence
                          •What do you think is important?
                          •What comes at the beginning, middle and end?


Paraphrase           Tell it in your own words
                             •What is interesting and new?
                             •Tell about what you have learnt.


Extend               Form new understandings and raise new questions
                          •How does it relate to something else you have read, seen or done?
                          •What else would you like to know?


     Adapted from: Kuhlthau, Maniotes, Caspari (2007). Guided Inquiry – learning in the 21st century. Libraries Unlimited. Westport, Connecticut. p.136.



                         DECS Curriculum Services, Numeracy And Sciences Portfolio – including Senior Secondary Reform. 2009
Guided Inquiry Implementation
Inhibitors                                                                  Enablers

   Lack of time                                                                  Constructivist view of
                                                                                   learning
   Confusion about roles                                                         Team approach to teaching

   Poorly designed                                                               Competence in designing
    assignments                                                                    process assignments

                                                                                  Commitment to developing
                                                                                   information literacy
      Adapted from: Kuhlthau, Maniotes, Caspari (2007). Guided Inquiry – learning in the 21st century. Libraries Unlimited. Westport, Connecticut. p.51-2.




                           DECS Curriculum Services, Numeracy And Sciences Portfolio – including Senior Secondary Reform. 2009
The Guided Inquiry Team
   Understands the constructivist approach
   Embraces the team approach to teaching
   Includes administrators
   Considers inquiry central to curricular learning
   Commits to developing information literacy
   Allocates time for team planning
   Defines clear roles for each team member
   Designs assignments that enable and enhance
    inquiry learning
   Allocates time for extended learning
   Commits to guiding students through learning
   Adopts a flexible approach                            Source: Kuhlthau, Maniotes, Caspari (2007). Guided Inquiry – learning in the 21st century.
                                                                                                 Libraries Unlimited. Westport, Connecticut. p.60.



                   DECS Curriculum Services, Numeracy And Sciences Portfolio – including Senior Secondary Reform. 2009
Roles of the teacher librarian
                                               Develops school library resources
Resource specialist                            Provides Internet resources
                                               Provides contact with community resources
                                               Teaches concepts for information access,
                                                evaluation and use
Information literacy
                                               Maintains long-term relationship with students
   teacher
                                                as they progress through year levels
                                               Fosters constructivist learning environment
                                                    Coordinates Guided Inquiry team
Collaboration                                       Keeps communication open
   gatekeeper                                       Uses flexible managerial skills
                                                    Communicates with community
   Adapted from: Kuhlthau, Maniotes, Caspari (2007). Guided Inquiry – learning in the 21st century. Libraries Unlimited. Westport, Connecticut. p.57.



                             DECS Curriculum Services, Numeracy And Sciences Portfolio – including Senior Secondary Reform. 2009
Types of portfolio evidence for
Guided Inquiry
 KINDS OF LEARNING                                                                   EVIDENCE
                                         Flowchart                                         Observation notes
Information Literacy                     Search log                                        Conference records
                                         Journal                                           Survey results (SLIM)

Understanding learning                   Timeline                                          Conference records
process                                  Journal                                           Survey results (SLIM)

                                         Journal                                           Short pieces of writing
Content area learning                    Conference records                                Survey results (SLIM)
                                         Excerpt from final product

                                         Conference records                                Final product/presentation
Literacy skills                          Journal                                           Survey results (SLIM)
                                         Short pieces of writing

                                         Observation notes                                 Self-report from student
Social skills
                                         Journal                                           Report from peer
                   Source: Kuhlthau, Maniotes, Caspari (2007). Guided Inquiry – learning in the 21st century. Libraries Unlimited. Westport, Connecticut. p.122-123.

                   DECS Curriculum Services, Numeracy And Sciences Portfolio – including Senior Secondary Reform. 2009

								
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