Concerned about Chocolate Insert by sdfgsg234


									Irish Girl Guides                                                                          Concern Development Education

     Irish people (especially girls!) love to buy and eat sweets and chocolate! We have the third highest per capita
     consumption of chocolate in the world at approximately 10kg of chocolate per annum and spend over €100 per person per
     year. But we sometimes forget that a chocolate bar bought in our local newsagents is the final product in a long chain of
     events from cocoa tree to chocolate bar.

            Activity: Name Game
                                                                                               Chocolate Relay
    Aim: To get the girls thinking about the                                             Aim: To warm the Unit up and
    chocolate bars they eat.                                                             teach them how to spell the
    Materials: Paper and pen.                                                            word Chocolate, Cocoa or Hot
    Split the Unit into teams of 4 or 5. Ask
                                                                                Materials: Open space, one turnip or small
    them to come up with 10 names of chocolate
                                                                                melon (or other heavy fruit or vegetable
    brands or bars.
                                                                                the same weight as a cocoa pod) per team
    When they are finished the team put their
    hands out and call out ‘Chocolate Bar’. With                           Instructions:
    Ladybirds, the Leader can write down the                               Break the unit up into teams. (If you have an
    names of the chocolate bars. The first                                 uneven number of girls, one of the team
    team to be finished calls out the names of                             members can go twice).
    the chocolate they named. Ask the
    remainder of the children to give a thumbs           Each team gets a piece of fruit which represents a cocoa pod. They
    up to the chocolate they like and thumbs             must carefully run with this and pass it to the next person in their
    down to the chocolate they don’t like after          team in a relay race. During the relay race, when each girl is
    each chocolate bar the winner mentions.              finished, she calls out one of the letters that spells chocolate. When
    Extra activity: How many words can you               the word is complete they shout out CHOCOLATE. The first team to
    make out of the word ‘CHOCOLATE’?                    call out ‘Chocolate’ is the winning team.

                       This insert ‘Concerned About Chocolate’ is a resource for
                       Ladybirds, Brownies and Guides. We hope that the girls will learn
                       about the issues such as child labour and unfair trade affecting the
                       developing world especially in the cocoa growing countries (and of
    course have fun in the process!). The activities have symbols beside them indicating
    the suitability for the Branch. Lizzy Noone, Concern.
                       THE CHOCOLATE STORY
You can read this story while the girls are drinking hot chocolate or cocoa (see
instructions below)

Chocolate has meant many things to many people. For the Aztecs, it was
used as money. Spanish Monks drank it to promote good health. To the
French, it was a sign of wealth and good taste. Chocolate is the national
dish in Switzerland.

     Nobody knows when chocolate was first invented. Cacao beans (used to                           Did you know??
          make chocolate) grew wild on the Yucatan peninsula in Mexico, and
                                                                                             Chocolate is poison to dogs and
           the Indians there used cacao to make a spicy drink flavoured with
                                                                                             other pets! Even a little bit
chili and pepper. Imagine drinking hot chocolate with pepper and chili in it?!!
                                                                                             makes them very sick.
They called the drink “chocolatl,” which means “warm drink.”
                                                                                             The first chocolate bar was
When Christopher Colombus first landed in the new world, he was greeted                      made by the Fry family in
by the Aztec Indians. Their leader, Monteczuma, loved chocolatl so much                      Bristol in 1847, over 150 years
that he drank fifty goblets a day (and threw away the golden goblets when                    ago.
he was done with his chocolate, the real treasure!). In fact, the Aztecs
                                                                                             Girls in particular are supposed
valued cacao so much that they used the beans as currency. The Mayan                         to be chocolate lovers!
people who lived in the area that is now Mexico, worshipped cocoa as a food
of the Gods (just like the oompa lumpas worshipped cocoa in Charlie and the                  Scientists have proven that
                                                                                             chocolate makes you happy!
Chocolate Factory!) This was 15,000 years ago!
                                                                                             On Valentine’s Day in Japan,
The Spanish made their own improvements on the New World drink—they
                                                                                             girls have to give chocolate to
replaced the chili with sugar and vanilla. In 1615, Princess Anna of Austria                 their dads, brothers and
served the drink at her royal wedding. Soon after, chocolate became all the                  friends who are boys!
          rage among the fashion-conscious French. By the mid-1700’s,
                                                                                             American and Russian space
          chocolate houses that served the “excellent West India Drink” in
                                                                                             flights have always included
          pots were common in Paris, London, and Venice. Also, by this
          time, bakers would experiment with cocoa in cakes and rolls.
                                                                                             Orang-utans love to eat cocoa
Chocolate nowadays as we know it, is hard, slightly crumbly, and melts in                    beans.
your mouth. This is all a result of special processes that were developed in
the 1870’s. Especially important was the process developed by Henri Nestle
(sound familiar?) who wanted to make his chocolate extra rich by adding
milk to it- hence the creamy milk chocolate that we eat today!

                Activity: Make Hot Chocolate                                               Activity: Make S’Mores
       Aim: To teach girls about the origins of cocoa and                         Aim: To have something tasty to eat and
       how drinking chocolate came well before the                                introduce Fairtrade Chocolate (if available)
       chocolate sweet or bar and to teach them how to                            Materials: Marietta or Rich Tea biscuits.
       make hot chocolate                                        Fairtrade chocolate (if available), marshmallows, a small fire
Materials: A portable stove (or you may have a stove ]           or stove, long sticks or skewers, chocolate spread (optional).
available in your hall), milk (1/4 of a litre per person),       Instructions:
Traidcraft drinking chocolate if available (or cocoa),           Put one piece of chocolate on one Marietta biscuit. Roast a
marshmallows, mugs, spoons.                                      marshmallow over a fire on a large stick until it is brown. Put
Instructions:                                                    the brown marshmallow on the biscuit and chocolate and
1.    Boil the milk on the stove                                 make a sandwich with another biscuit. And there you have
2.    Ask the girls to prepare their cup by putting one          S’mores! If you don’t have a stove or fire, use chocolate
      spoonful of hot chocolate into their mug. Ladybirds        spread to ’glue’ your s’mores together—the marshmallows
      would find it easier if they are sitting around a table    will taste just as good!
      and the Leader pours the milk and they then add the        They were invented by the Girl Scouts in America. S’mores stands
                                                                 for "some-mores" (as in "gimme some-more").
      hot chocolate.
3.    While drinking hot chocolate, sit everyone in a circle     You can sing a song while you make the S’mores sung to the
      and tell the story of the history of Chocolate or tell     tune of "Row Row Your Boat": "Roast roast roast your
      them some of the ‘Did you knows??’ above.                  marshmallow, over the open fire, Lightly toast ’em, Scorch
                                                                 ’em, burn ’em, then we’ll have s’more. YUM!"
                       WHERE IS THE CHOCOLATE?
                    Chocolate is best grown in countries on the equator which is the line in the middle of the
                    world because, like coffee, it requires high temperatures and humidity. The top cocoa
                    growing countries are (in thousands of tonnes): Ivory Coast, Ghana, Indonesia, Nigeria,
                    Brazil and Cameroon. Other countries that grow cocoa include Ecuador (which is named
                    after the fact that it is on the Equator) Papua New Guinea, Malaysia, Columbia and
                    Mexico. The top chocolate-producing countries (in thousands of tonnes) are The
Netherlands (410), USA (410), Germany (250), Cote d’Ivoire (200), Brazil (180), United Kingdom (175) and
France (105).
                                                                                          Activity: Where in the world?
                                                                                   Aim: To teach the girls about where cocoa is
                                                                                   produced and where chocolate is made.
                C o c o a P r o d u c in g C o u n t r ie s
                                                                                   Materials: A World Map or photocopies of the
                                                                                   map of the world and list of countries, brown
                                                              Iv o r y C o a s t   and yellow markers
                                                                                   Instructions: Give a copy of the world map to
  1000                                                        G hana
                                                                                   all the girls. Ask them to colour in brown the
                                                              In d o n e s ia      areas that make chocolate and to colour in
   500                                                        N ig e r ia          yellow the areas that produce cocoa. Give them
                                                                                   a list of the countries too.
                                                              B r a z il
                                                              C a m e ro o n
                        000 Tonnes
                     HOW IS CHOCOLATE MADE?
                      Did you know that your favourite chocolate bar comes from a plant? It’s
                      true! Chocolate is made from the seeds of the cacao (kah KOW) tree.
                   Chocolate-making companies buy these seeds and then crush, mix, roll and
                   mould them in machines to make chocolate bars and sweets. But there’s a lot
                   of work to do before the cocoa even gets to the factory. The next three
                   pages go through 12 steps in making chocolate. These can be used for all the
                   activities below!
                                 Activity: To make Chocolate through Colour
Aim: To familiarize the girls with how chocolate is made.
Materials: Photocopies of ‘How to Make Chocolate’ pages, Scissors, Colouring pencils or markers.
Instructions: Photocopy the ’How Chocolate is Made’ pages of this resource. Cut out the squares and give the girls
a square each to colour in. Explain that cocoa can be yellow, green, pink or red depending on what stage of ripeness it
is at. When they are finished colouring ask them to bring them all together for the next game.

                                 Activity: Matching Pairs
Aim: To familiarize the girls with how chocolate is made.
Materials: 2 sets of photocopies of ‘How to Make Chocolate’ pages and Scissors per team.
Instructions: Photocopy the ’How Chocolate is Made’ pages of this resource. Cut out the squares and ask each team
to put the 2 sets face down on the floor, all mixed up. The aim of the game is to have a matching pair of chocolate
cards. Each girl in turn, flips over two squares to reveal the pictures. If she has a pair she keeps them and gets
another turn. If she doesn’t, she turns the cards face down again and the other players try to remember where each
card is. The next girl takes her turn and so on until all the cards are gone. The winner is the girl with the most sets
of pairs.

                           Activity: Chocolate Making Unscramble
Aim: To know what happens next Materials: 2 sets of Chocolate making steps, an open space.
Instructions: Divide the Unit into two and give each team a set of chocolate squares scrambled up
not in order.. Ask them to put them in order of when in the chocolate-making happens. Explain that
one side of the room is the start, the cocoa tree and the other the chocolate bar. Ask them to put
down the square where they think it should be when you are making chocolate.

                                      Activity: Pass the Chocolate Parcel
Aim: To teach the girls about how chocolate is made and what processes need to happen to come up with a
chocolate bar.

Materials: Music (if not available you can sing or play an instrument), one chocolate bar or chocolate sweets with
wrappers, newspaper, paper glue and the ‘ How Chocolate is Made’ pages coloured by the girls.
First of all you need to prepare the parcels. Use the squares that the girls have coloured in. They can help you by
sticking the steps in the centre of the newspaper page. Start by wrapping the bar of chocolate in the last stage of the
process (the chocolate bar) and continue wrapping working backwards from there. Don’t forget to photocopy an extra
page so you can keep it in order.

Explain to the Unit that they are going to play pass the parcel. Whoever is controlling the music must turn their back
on the team and stop the music at random. When the music stops the person who has the parcel in their hand at that
time must open the top wrapping paper. Every paper they take off represents a part of the way chocolate is made in
order of the way it’s made. Every time one wrapper comes off the parcel ask the person to show everyone the picture
and you can explain the step. Ladybirds will be happy just to play pass the parcel with chocolate, even though ordering
the steps of the chocolate process may be beyond them.

Keep going until there is a chocolate bar or chocolate sweet inside. You might want to bring a bag of
chocolate sweets to give out to everyone at the end.


                                                            Cacao has 2 harvests.
                                                            Farmers cut down cacao
                                                            pods with a machete and
Growth                                                      put them in baskets.
A cacao tree must
be 5 years old
before it produces
cacao pods. After
pollination, the
cacao pods turn
bright colours.

                     Ferment                      Farmers dry cacao seeds in the sun
                     Farmers split open the       on rooftops, tables or large mats.
                     pods with their machetes     This saves them from getting
                     and scoop out the cacao      mouldy when they are on the ship.
                     seeds then they pile the
                     seeds under banana
                     leaves to ferment. In
                     about a week they turn a
                     rich, dark brown and
                     begin to taste like bitter
              HOW CHOCOLATE IS MADE...

                                                                     When the seeds arrive at the
                                                                     factory they’re cleaned and
                                                                     sorted by type and country.
                                                                     Then they are sent to big
                                                                     rotating ovens where they are
                                                                     roasted. Roasting the seeds
                                                                     releases the lovely smell and
                                                                     flavour of chocolate.

Ship When the seeds
have dried, they are
put into sacks to
travel on a cargo ship
for 60 days to Europe
and USA.


                                                             The cacao nibs are ground into a thick
Crack,fan and winnow!                                        paste then it is pressed to remove the
                                                             cocoa butter. Some is processed further
Roasting makes the cacao shells brittle so the shells need
                                                             to make cocoa powder but the unpressed
to be removed. This machine called a winnower, cracks
                                                             chocolate paste is used to make chocolate.
fans and winnows the cacao so the shells are removed.
              HOW CHOCOLATE IS MADE...
                                                                             Refine These giant rollers break the ‘crumb’ down to give it a creamy texture.
                                                                             The Conch machine kneads & churns the chocolate to make it more creamy!

Mix Milk, sugar and cocoa butter are added to the cocoa paste in the
mixer and a few hours later it becomes coarse, brown dough called ‘crumb’.

 Temper & Mould The chocolate is heated and cooled repeatedly until it
 has a shiny, smooth look which means it will melt evenly in your mouth.
 Then it is poured into the mould and put in a wrapper.


                                                                                                                     The chocolate is
                                                                                                                     then sent off to the
                                                                                                                     shop where we can
                                                                                                                     buy it!
                                               FAIR GAME
                      When people buy or sell things it is called trade. People
                      buying things try to get the lowest price they can. People
selling things try to get the highest price they can. If someone loses out, trade
becomes unfair. When trade tries to be good for everyone, we call it Fair
When people or companies buy and sell goods we call it Trade. Trade is good for
the buyer. They get the goods they need to live their lives or to keep their
businesses going. Trade is also good for the seller. The money they make keeps
their business going and allows them to buy the things they need. But is this
always fair? Sometimes one person or company gets a much better deal than
the other. Why do you think this happens?

                                                                                                          Fair trade is giving new opportunities to
                                                                                                          women cocoa farmers in Ghana - and changing
                                                                                                          the way their daughters view their place in
                                           How Fairtrade has changed Rijayatu’s life                      society.

                                           Fifteen-year-old Rijayatu Razak lives in the tiny village of Effiduase. Her parents are
                                           members of Kuapa Kokoo, the cocoa farmers' co-operative which sells their cocoa to Fair
                                           trade in Ghana.
                                           "Before fair trade I had to get up at 4.30am and go to fetch water. It was a long walk and I
                                           had to carry the water on my head, in a bucket. After fetching the water I would have to help
Rijayatu at Fairtrade Fortnight 2002, UK   with the housework, cleaning and washing, before setting off on the walk to school at 7.30am,"
said Rijayatu.
"If anyone is late for school they are punished and, because I had to finish my work before going to school, I was sometimes
late. But now, because of fair trade, we have been able to build a well and so I do not have a long walk to collect water."
Previously, Rijayatu's father had been unable to afford the fees to send her to secondary school. Now, thanks to the fair
trade prices he receives through Kuapa Kokoo, Rijayatu is not only doing well at school but is telling other girls that they have
as much right to go to school as boys do.
"At school I have started my own co-operative. It is for girls only. We think that it is not fair that the girls have to do all
the housework while the boys can ride around the village on their bicycles and play football. We think the work should be
equal between the girls and the boys. I have told my mother that if I have to fetch water from the well then my brothers
should have to fetch it as well. And when she tells me to sweep the yard, I draw a line down the middle and tell her my
brothers must sweep the other half, and that they must take their turn in looking after the younger children."

                                                  Activity: Chocolate taste test
Aim: To taste the difference between Fair trade chocolate and non-Fair trade chocolate.

Materials: 2 plates, Chocolate A and Chocolate B cards, copies of score cards, Fairtrade Chocolate (Divine, ChocAid, Dubble, Green and
Black etc) and non-fair trade chocolate.

Fairtrade Chocolate is available in all Superquinn Supermarkets, and some Tescos - Dunnes Stores – Supervalu and Oxfam shops.

If you have trouble finding Fairtrade chocolate and want to use it in your activities, please contact Lizzy at Concern 01 417 7740 or you
can use two distinctive bars of chocolate and ask them to name what chocolate. For more information on Fairtrade, log on to

Instructions: Give each girl an individual score card. Split the unit into 2 where half will taste Chocolate A and half will taste Chocolate B.
Ask them to give it a score out of 10. Swap the teams around so they can taste the other chocolate and give it a score. Collect the cards
and add up all the scores. You can do this activity without the score cards and ask them what chocolate they preferred by putting their
hands up. With Ladybirds, if they all have a taste of the different chocolate, they can show if they like it or not by drawing a smiley face
or a sad face.

Farmers get €1,600 per tonne of cocoa when sold to Fairtrade companies. They only get €880 when sold
to the other companies.
                                        FAIR GAMES
                         Activity: Take Fair Action
Aim: To encourage the local supermarket to stock Fairtrade Chocolate
Materials: Plain postcards or paper and envelopes, pencils, colours, the Fairtrade message below.
Instructions: Explain to the girls that Fairtrade chocolate is not available everywhere (because not everyone
knows how yummy it is!) so for this activity we are going to design postcards or letters to send to the
supermarkets to ask them to please stock Fairtrade Chocolate in their shops. The following message is a good
basis for the postcards:They can hand their postcards and letters into the supermarket managers the next
time they are in the supermarket (or they can give it to their Leaders or parents to hand in.)

   Dear Supermarket Manager,
   Buying products with the FAIRTRADE Mark makes sure that much
   needed extra money goes back to the farmers and workers who
   produced them.

   We, the _____________________ Unit of The Irish Girl Guides would buy
   Fairtrade Chocolate (and encourage our friends and family to buy it) if you
   stocked it. You can contact Fairtrade at 01-4753515 or for
   information about suppliers.
   THANK YOU! (or thank you for stocking some other Fairtrade products; like tea,
   coffee, bananas for example)

            Activity: Break up the bar                                                 Answer Sheet
Aim: to illustrate how little of a normal bar of chocolate goes to the cocoa farmer.
Materials: bars of chocolate (a flat bar with squares is easiest) or use the
illustration of the bar on the right.                                                                       60c
Instructions: Explain that a chocolate bar costs 60c. Ask them to divide the bar (or
colour in the squares that are going to each group) into how much goes to the cocoa
farmer, the Ships, Factories and vans and the shops.
                                                                                         Farmers _________
The money from a chocolate bar costing
60c goes to the following people:
    Farmers 3c
    Ships, Factories and Vans 31c
                                                                                         Ships, Factories and   Vans
    The shops 26c                                                                        _________
Explain that the money is split in this way
so that the farmer gets very little. This
means that often they do not have                                                      The shops________
enough money to send their children to
school or go to the doctor. Fairtrade
chocolate offers a much bigger
percentage to the farmer.
                        CHILD LABOUR
In many countries that produce cocoa, children have never tasted
chocolate but they do have a lot to do with making it! There are almost half a million
children between the ages of 5-17 working on cocoa farms in the world today. They earn
very little money or work for free.
It’s okay for children to work if they are just helping out their family for about two hours a
week but if children are missing school or are too tired at school because of work it is not
good. It is often seen as more important for boys to go to school than girls so in many cocoa
          growing regions, girls may never get the opportunity to go to school.

                                                         Child Labour Facts
Jobs that Girls do on Cocoa Farms                                                       Alice’s Story
       Weeding                                                    Alice is from the Ivory Coast, she is now 16. From the age
       Getting the field ready                                    of 7 she has worked picking up garbage on the streets of
                                                                  the capital after her father could not make ends meet
       Farm Upkeep                                                because he wasn’t being paid enough for his cocoa beans.
       Pesticide spraying                                         She has recently started school and is learning how to
                                                                  write but can not yet read. She is very shy and self
                                                                  conscience as a result.
                                                                   (Lizzy Noone of Concern and the Stop Child Labour
       Pod collection                      campaign met Alice at the Children’s World Congress on Child Labour where
       Pod breaking                        Alice got the chance to ask the World Cocoa Federation to work towards their
                                           goal of eliminating child labour on the Ivory Coast and to pay a fair price to
                                           cocoa farmers like her father). The World Cocoa Federation are urging
       Transport                           multinational chocolate producers to ensure that ‘the worst forms of child labour’ are
       Drying-girls                        abolished on cocoa farms.

Child Labour involves children in the making of bricks, working with
machinery, in agriculture (including cocoa farming) and carpet
weaving, in domestic labour, in construction work, in deep-sea
fishing and in the making of matches and fireworks and hundreds of
other activities that deny the right to full-time education.
There are 246 million children between the ages of 5-17 years old
working as child labourers in the world today. That is 1 in 6 children!
It would cost less than half of what all of European people spend on
ice cream (€4.7 billion) to have every child in school by 2015.
If paid at all, girls get paid less than boys.
Working 15 or 16 hours a day is not uncommon for child labourers
especially those who are domestic workers working in houses doing
other people’s housework.
         You can help Stop Child Labour by signing the petition at
                                or text ’Stop Child Labour’ to 086 6020246.
‘Stop Child Labour-School is the best place to work’ is a campaign that seeks to STOP CHILD LABOUR by
making sure that every child has the chance to go to school. Children have the right to go to school and to play
and not be treated badly. 2/3 of the children who don’t go to school are girls so we need to ask governments
to make sure that all girls are in school too!
Please sign the petition now or make your own petition, so we can hand over the petitions to Bertie Ahern, an
Taoiseach and ask him to help stop child labour.
For more information, order a Stop Child Labour Toolkit or petition forms, contact Lizzy Noone at 01-417
7740 or

Aim: To recap on everything that has been learnt in this resource.
Materials: Quiz sheets, pens, paper, Fair trade chocolate broken into squares, knives & forks, 2 plates, 2
1. Divide the girls into 2 teams. Each team is given a sheet with quiz questions, a dice, a pen, a plate with
chocolate squares on and a knife and fork.
2. One person from each team throws a dice then answers the first quiz question (other team members can
assist). If they roll a six, that person eats a square of chocolate with a knife and fork (no helping fingers al-
lowed!). In the meantime, the dice is passed to the next person on her right.
3. The next person to roll a six eats a square of chocolate using the knife and fork.
The winning team is the one with the most correct answers when all the chocolate has been eaten.

                                                    Chocolate Quiz
Q1. What was the name of the boy who won the prize of a Chocolate Factory in Roald Dahl’s book?
Q2. True or False. Irish people spend over €100 per person on chocolate a year.
Q3. True or False, Cocoa pods grow in the ground like turnips and potatoes.
Q4. What spicy ingredients did the Aztecs put into the original cocoa or hot chocolate?
Q5. Who do Japanese women give chocolate to on Valentine’s Day?
Q6. Chocolate is poisonous to one of our favourite animals. What furry friend does chocolate poison?
Q7. Name one of the countries that produces cocoa?
Q8. Name one of the countries that has chocolate factories?
Q9. What is the name of the brand that pays a good price to farmers for their cocoa?
Q10. Name one of the chores that girls do on the cocoa farm?
Q11. How many children in every 6 is a child labourer?
       Me and My Chocolate Factory

       Aim: To invent your own chocolate bar and think about what you would do if you owned your own
       chocolate factory.
       Materials: Colours, pencils, photocopies of a plain chocolate bar.
       Instructions: Imagine you were like Charlie in ‘Charlie and the Chocolate Factory’ and you were
       given your own chocolate factory. Design your own chocolate bar or sweets. While you are
       drawing and colouring, think about the following questions:
                 What chocolate bar or sweet would you invent, what would it look like?
                 What would it be called?
                 How much would it cost?
                 How would you make it?
                 How much would you pay the farmers for their cocoa beans?
                 Would the chocolate be Fair Trade?
                 Would you make sure that children were not working on the cocoa farms?

Websites and More Info                   Answers to Chocolate Quiz
                                      A1. Charlie             A2. True! Ireland eats 3rd highest amount of chocolate
                                      A3. False: Cocoa beans grow on a tree
                                      A4. pepper and chili
                                      A5. Their dads, brothers and friends who are boys
                                      A6. The dog
                                      A7. Ghana, Ivory Coast, Indonesia, Nigeria, Brazil, Cameroon
                                      A8. The Netherlands (Holland) USA (America), Germany, Brazil, UK (England),                     France, Switzerland and Ivory Coast         A9. Fairtrade                   A10. Weeding, harvesting, pod collecting, pod breaking, transporting beans
                                      and drying beans
                                      A11. Every 1 child in 6 between the ages of 5-17 is a child labourer. This is
                                      246 million children worldwide

      Developed by: Concern Development Education, Camden St, Dublin 2,

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