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ppt

VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 14

									 Foust Chapter 5 & 7

  Writing and Editing Online/
Using Online Reporting Sources
                           Introduction to
                 Writing for Online Media
• The written word is the heart of online
  journalism
• Old rules of journalism still apply—
• Some unique considerations exist
                                     Scanning
• Online readers scan rather than read
• Reading material from a computer screen
  takes longer and is more tiring
   • Serifs and san sarifs
• People will read online information if it is
  written and presented well
                               Writing for
                        the Online Reader
• Headline writing important
• Short sentences and paragraphs
• Subheads and bolding
   • Directness vs. sarcasm or wit
• Bullet points and lists
• Voice
   • More personal, conversational
                       Story Structures
•   Inverted pyramid
•   Chronological
•   Narrative
•   Thematic
                   3-Layered Approach
• Scannable Heads and blurbs
• Online story
• Longer print story, multimedia extras and
  reporter notes
              Updating Online Stories
• Online readers expect updated information,
  especially in breaking stories.
• Inverted pyramid story style can be modified
  or restructured easily.
• Key is to integrate new information smoothly
  into story—keep most important information
  near the beginning.
                      The Internet as
                   a Reporting Source
• The Internet can be an extremely valuable
  information source.
• Journalists should treat information they
  find on the Internet the same way they
  treat any other information—with caution.
• ―Merely delivering raw information is not
  journalism.‖
               E-Mail Related Sources
• E-mail
• Newsgroups
• Listservs
                                     Using E-Mail
• Benefits of time-shifting communication
• Should not be used in place of telephone or in-person
  interviews
   • Why?
• Can be a useful tool to
   • Establish initial contact
   • Check facts
   • Ask for follow-up information
                        Using Newsgroups
                             and Listservs
• Can be havens for false information
• Can also be good sources for background
  information or to help locate sources
• Can lead to others who are working on the topic or
  who can be approached for advice
   • http://newslink.org/email.html
• Can keep journalists up to date with current topics
  and provide a starting point for a story
• Provides a human touch for reaction and impact
   • Identity issues?
                              Web Page–Based
                                     Sources
• General references sources
   • http://www.nytimes.com/navigator/
• Specialized sources
   • http://powereporting.com/
• Search engines
   • http://google.com/
• Directories
   • Find people: http://ojr.org/ojr/technology/1027538596.php
• Online journalism sites
• Wikis/Databases
                     Evaluating Web Site
                                 Owners
• Dissect the different parts of the URL
• Check the InterNIC Web site to find the
  registered owner of a Web site
  • http://www.internic.net/
          Other Evaluation Criteria
• Personal Web pages—journalists need to be
  skeptical and check any information found
  there
• Other Web site items to check thoroughly:
  •   Grammar and spelling
  •   Overall design
  •   Date for most recent update
  •   Contact information
• Be aware of actions of hackers

								
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