6th Circuit Federal Sentencing Statistics

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6th Circuit Federal Sentencing Statistics Powered By Docstoc
					United States Sentencing Commission

Statistical Information Packet
Fiscal Year 2008 Sixth Circuit

TABLE OF CONTENTS Figure A Distribution of Guideline Defendants Sentenced by Select Primary Offense Category Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4 Table 5 Table 6 Table 7 Table 8 Table 9 Distribution of Guideline Defendants Sentenced by Primary Offense Category Mode of Conviction by Circuit and District Mode of Conviction by Primary Offense Category Type of Sentence Imposed by Primary Offense Category (National) Type of Sentence Imposed by Primary Offense Category (District) Incarceration Rate of Defendants Eligible for Non-Prison Sentences by Primary Offense Category Average Length of Imprisonment by Primary Offense Category Comparison of Sentence Imposed and Position Relative to the Guideline Range Guideline Departure Rate by Circuit and District 1

2 3 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 18

Table 10 Guideline Departure Rate by Primary Offense Category

Figure A DISTRIBUTION OF GUIDELINE DEFENDANTS SENTENCED BY SELECT PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY1 Fiscal Year 2008 National
Other 10.7% Immigration 28.2%

Drug Type
Powder Cocaine: (n=5,788); 23.4% Crack Cocaine: (n=5,856); 23.7% Drugs 32.6% Heroin: (n=1,453); 5.9% Marijuana: (n=6,307); 25.5% Methamphetamine: (n=4,254); 17.2%

Non-Fraud White Collar2 4.2% Fraud 9.8% Larceny 2.2% Firearms 10.9%

Other: (n=1,101); 4.4% Robbery 1.4%

Sixth Circuit
Immigration 6.0% Non-Fraud White Collar2 7.0% Other 12.0%

Drug Type

Powder Cocaine: (n=556); 25.4%

Fraud 11.3%

Crack Cocaine: (n=704); 32.2% Drugs 40.7% Heroin: (n=118); 5.4% Marijuana: (n=408); 18.7%

Larceny 3.8%

Methamphetamine: (n=218); 10.0% Other: (n=182); 8.3% Firearms 16.9%

Robbery 2.2%

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Of the 76,478 guideline cases, 467 cases were excluded due to one of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (50) or missing drug type (417). Of the 5,409 guideline cases from the Sixth Circuit, 42 cases were excluded due to missing drug type. The Non-Fraud White Collar category includes the following offense types: embezzlement, forgery/counterfeiting, bribery, money laundering, and tax.

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SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2008 Datafile, OPAFY08.

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Table 1 DISTRIBUTION OF GUIDELINE DEFENDANTS SENTENCED BY PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY Fiscal Year 2008

National PRIMARY OFFENSE TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses N 76,428 69 54 56 486 676 1,052 60 24,306 355 515 8,250 45 60 1,683 7,472 495 1,018 219 588 893 740 127 70 21,429 1,657 371 1,039 204 54 24 76 2,285 % 100.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.9 1.4 0.1 31.8 0.5 0.7 10.8 0.1 0.1 2.2 9.8 0.6 1.3 0.3 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.2 0.1 28.0 2.2 0.5 1.4 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 3.0

Sixth Circuit % N 5,409 100.0 3 0.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 57 1.1 46 0.9 119 2.2 5 0.1 2,144 39.6 25 0.5 59 1.1 907 16.8 4 0.1 5 0.1 204 3.8 608 11.2 66 1.2 155 2.9 10 0.2 73 1.3 72 1.3 50 0.9 24 0.4 6 0.1 324 6.0 152 2.8 31 0.6 77 1.4 11 0.2 2 0.0 0 0.0 6 0.1 164 3.0

Of the 76,478 guideline cases, 50 cases were excluded due to missing information on primary offense category. Of the 5,409 guideline cases from the Sixth Circuit, no case was excluded. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2008 Datafile, OPAFY08.

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Table 2 MODE OF CONVICTION BY CIRCUIT AND DISTRICT Fiscal Year 2008
CIRCUIT District TOTAL D.C. CIRCUIT District of Columbia FIRST CIRCUIT Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Puerto Rico Rhode Island SECOND CIRCUIT Connecticut New York Eastern Northern Southern Western Vermont THIRD CIRCUIT Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania Eastern Middle Western Virgin Islands FOURTH CIRCUIT Maryland North Carolina Eastern Middle Western South Carolina Virginia Eastern Western West Virginia Northern Southern PLEA N 73,617 376 376 1,643 198 436 209 716 84 4,418 408 1,185 523 1,495 644 163 2,961 135 955 655 638 514 64 6,723 728 668 346 771 1,174 1,936 381 456 263 TRIAL N 2,810 33 33 105 12 36 14 38 5 189 11 61 10 93 13 1 212 11 45 97 11 30 18 302 54 24 9 36 38 96 23 13 9

TOTAL 76,427 409 409 1,748 210 472 223 754 89 4,607 419 1,246 533 1,588 657 164 3,173 146 1,000 752 649 544 82 7,025 782 692 355 807 1,212 2,032 404 469 272

% 96.3 91.9 91.9 94.0 94.3 92.4 93.7 95.0 94.4 95.9 97.4 95.1 98.1 94.1 98.0 99.4 93.3 92.5 95.5 87.1 98.3 94.5 78.0 95.7 93.1 96.5 97.5 95.5 96.9 95.3 94.3 97.2 96.7

% 3.7 8.1 8.1 6.0 5.7 7.6 6.3 5.0 5.6 4.1 2.6 4.9 1.9 5.9 2.0 0.6 6.7 7.5 4.5 12.9 1.7 5.5 22.0 4.3 6.9 3.5 2.5 4.5 3.1 4.7 5.7 2.8 3.3

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CIRCUIT District FIFTH CIRCUIT Louisiana Eastern Middle Western Mississippi Northern Southern Texas Eastern Northern Southern Western SIXTH CIRCUIT Kentucky Eastern Western Michigan Eastern Western Ohio Northern Southern Tennessee Eastern Middle Western SEVENTH CIRCUIT Illinois Central Northern Southern Indiana Northern Southern Wisconsin Eastern Western EIGHTH CIRCUIT Arkansas Eastern Western Iowa Northern Southern Minnesota Missouri Eastern Western Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota

TOTAL 17,509 480 204 340 185 453 1,016 1,083 6,516 7,232 5,409 681 497 737 455 905 627 593 308 606 3,068 392 928 312 455 295 492 194 5,428 434 209 590 472 579 1,015 779 642 254 454

PLEA N 17,175 470 198 318 180 431 983 1,028 6,427 7,140 5,190 652 475 699 430 886 603 572 299 574 2,856 370 846 289 420 283 468 180 5,201 419 206 567 442 546 986 743 626 239 427

% 98.1 97.9 97.1 93.5 97.3 95.1 96.8 94.9 98.6 98.7 96.0 95.7 95.6 94.8 94.5 97.9 96.2 96.5 97.1 94.7 93.1 94.4 91.2 92.6 92.3 95.9 95.1 92.8 95.8 96.5 98.6 96.1 93.6 94.3 97.1 95.4 97.5 94.1 94.1

TRIAL N 334 10 6 22 5 22 33 55 89 92 219 29 22 38 25 19 24 21 9 32 212 22 82 23 35 12 24 14 227 15 3 23 30 33 29 36 16 15 27

% 1.9 2.1 2.9 6.5 2.7 4.9 3.2 5.1 1.4 1.3 4.0 4.3 4.4 5.2 5.5 2.1 3.8 3.5 2.9 5.3 6.9 5.6 8.8 7.4 7.7 4.1 4.9 7.2 4.2 3.5 1.4 3.9 6.4 5.7 2.9 4.6 2.5 5.9 5.9

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CIRCUIT District NINTH CIRCUIT Alaska Arizona California Central Eastern Northern Southern Guam Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada Northern Mariana Islands Oregon Washington Eastern Western TENTH CIRCUIT Colorado Kansas New Mexico Oklahoma Eastern Northern Western Utah Wyoming ELEVENTH CIRCUIT Alabama Middle Northern Southern Florida Middle Northern Southern Georgia Middle Northern Southern

TOTAL 14,621 169 3,869 1,848 891 717 3,822 68 279 267 420 433 18 644 338 838 6,140 488 679 2,905 89 214 556 870 339 7,290 269 493 556 1,669 351 2,272 443 720 517

PLEA N 14,251 156 3,810 1,808 870 701 3,744 66 265 251 384 418 16 625 326 811 5,977 473 652 2,893 86 194 518 833 328 6,846 252 458 533 1,570 314 2,156 431 638 494

% 97.5 92.3 98.5 97.8 97.6 97.8 98.0 97.1 95.0 94.0 91.4 96.5 88.9 97.0 96.4 96.8 97.3 96.9 96.0 99.6 96.6 90.7 93.2 95.7 96.8 93.9 93.7 92.9 95.9 94.1 89.5 94.9 97.3 88.6 95.6

TRIAL N 370 13 59 40 21 16 78 2 14 16 36 15 2 19 12 27 163 15 27 12 3 20 38 37 11 444 17 35 23 99 37 116 12 82 23

% 2.5 7.7 1.5 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.0 2.9 5.0 6.0 8.6 3.5 11.1 3.0 3.6 3.2 2.7 3.1 4.0 0.4 3.4 9.3 6.8 4.3 3.2 6.1 6.3 7.1 4.1 5.9 10.5 5.1 2.7 11.4 4.4

Of the 76,478 guideline cases, 51 cases were excluded due to missing information on mode of conviction. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2008 Datafile, OPAFY08.

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Table 3 MODE OF CONVICTION BY PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY Fiscal Year 2008
National
PLEA PRIMARY OFFENSE TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses TOTAL 76,426 69 54 56 486 676 1,052 60 24,306 355 515 8,250 45 60 1,683 7,471 495 1,018 219 588 893 740 127 70 21,429 1,657 371 1,039 204 54 24 76 2,284 N 73,616 55 50 45 429 601 1,022 53 23,368 352 503 7,641 44 57 1,636 7,082 483 1,001 210 532 844 682 123 59 21,270 1,592 363 984 195 49 23 73 2,195 % 96.3 79.7 92.6 80.4 88.3 88.9 97.1 88.3 96.1 99.2 97.7 92.6 97.8 95.0 97.2 94.8 97.6 98.3 95.9 90.5 94.5 92.2 96.9 84.3 99.3 96.1 97.8 94.7 95.6 90.7 95.8 96.1 96.1 TRIAL N 2,810 14 4 11 57 75 30 7 938 3 12 609 1 3 47 389 12 17 9 56 49 58 4 11 159 65 8 55 9 5 1 3 89 % 3.7 20.3 7.4 19.6 11.7 11.1 2.9 11.7 3.9 0.8 2.3 7.4 2.2 5.0 2.8 5.2 2.4 1.7 4.1 9.5 5.5 7.8 3.1 15.7 0.7 3.9 2.2 5.3 4.4 9.3 4.2 3.9 3.9 N 5,190 2 0 0 57 36 116 5 2,081 25 58 849 4 5 197 576 65 154 10 67 64 48 22 6 322 148 31 70 11 2 0 4 155 PLEA % 96.0 66.7 --100.0 78.3 97.5 100.0 97.1 100.0 98.3 93.6 100.0 100.0 96.6 94.7 98.5 99.4 100.0 91.8 88.9 96.0 91.7 100.0 99.4 97.4 100.0 90.9 100.0 100.0 -66.7 94.5

Sixth Circuit
TRIAL N 219 1 0 0 0 10 3 0 63 0 1 58 0 0 7 32 1 1 0 6 8 2 2 0 2 4 0 7 0 0 0 2 9 % 4.0 33.3 --0.0 21.7 2.5 0.0 2.9 0.0 1.7 6.4 0.0 0.0 3.4 5.3 1.5 0.6 0.0 8.2 11.1 4.0 8.3 0.0 0.6 2.6 0.0 9.1 0.0 0.0 -33.3 5.5

Of the 76,478 guideline cases, 52 cases were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (50) or missing mode of conviction (51). Of the 5,409 guideline cases from the Sixth Circuit, no case was excluded. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2008 Datafile, OPAFY08.

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Table 4 TYPE OF SENTENCE IMPOSED BY PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY Fiscal Year 2008
National
Prison N % 65,376 86.4 68 98.6 49 90.7 56 100.0 462 95.5 548 82.2 1,002 95.3 57 95.0 22,939 94.5 281 79.4 178 38.9 7,577 92.0 36 80.0 49 81.7 608 38.7 5,082 68.3 195 39.7 646 63.6 155 70.8 295 50.4 660 74.2 648 87.8 39 30.7 43 61.4 20,419 95.4 1,604 96.9 337 91.1 606 59.6 30 16.0 41 77.4 8 38.1 16 24.2 642 34.5 Prison/Community Split Sentence N % 1,978 2.6 1 1.4 2 3.7 0 0.0 11 2.3 28 4.2 22 2.1 1 1.7 521 2.1 8 2.3 3 0.7 182 2.2 4 8.9 2 3.3 70 4.5 491 6.6 58 11.8 64 6.3 10 4.6 49 8.4 31 3.5 22 3.0 8 6.3 4 5.7 241 1.1 20 1.2 10 2.7 41 4.0 5 2.7 4 7.5 3 14.3 6 9.1 56 3.0 Probation and Confinement N % 2,707 3.6 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 8 1.7 22 3.3 8 0.8 0 0.0 376 1.5 28 7.9 18 3.9 224 2.7 5 11.1 4 6.7 216 13.8 706 9.5 69 14.1 146 14.4 29 13.2 123 21.0 72 8.1 27 3.7 45 35.4 10 14.3 196 0.9 16 1.0 9 2.4 105 10.3 27 14.4 4 7.5 6 28.6 12 18.2 196 10.5 Probation Only N % 5,596 7.4 0 0.0 3 5.6 0 0.0 3 0.6 69 10.3 19 1.8 2 3.3 446 1.8 37 10.5 258 56.5 252 3.1 0 0.0 5 8.3 676 43.1 1,166 15.7 169 34.4 159 15.7 25 11.4 118 20.2 126 14.2 41 5.6 35 27.6 13 18.6 548 2.6 16 1.0 14 3.8 264 26.0 126 67.0 4 7.5 4 19.0 32 48.5 966 51.9

PRIMARY OFFENSE TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses

TOTAL 75,657 69 54 56 484 667 1,051 60 24,282 354 457 8,235 45 60 1,570 7,445 491 1,015 219 585 889 738 127 70 21,404 1,656 370 1,016 188 53 21 66 1,860

Of the 76,478 guideline cases, 821 cases were excluded due to one or more of the following reasons: missing sentencing information (102), missing primary offense category (50), or cases in which the defendant received no imprisonment or probation (718). SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2008 Datafile, OPAFY08.

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Table 5 TYPE OF SENTENCE IMPOSED BY PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY Fiscal Year 2008
Sixth Circuit
Prison N % 4,316 82.2 3 100.0 0 -0 -55 98.2 32 76.2 112 94.9 5 100.0 1,996 93.4 17 68.0 10 26.3 833 92.1 2 50.0 4 80.0 56 39.4 378 62.7 31 47.7 79 51.6 6 60.0 33 45.2 51 70.8 42 85.7 2 8.3 1 16.7 292 91.0 147 97.4 30 96.8 49 64.5 1 12.5 1 100.0 0 -2 33.3 46 38.0 Prison/Community Split Sentence N % 240 4.6 0 0.0 0 -0 -0 0.0 1 2.4 4 3.4 0 0.0 65 3.0 1 4.0 1 2.6 24 2.7 1 25.0 1 20.0 10 7.0 69 11.4 10 15.4 12 7.8 1 10.0 8 11.0 5 6.9 3 6.1 5 20.8 0 0.0 5 1.6 0 0.0 0 0.0 3 3.9 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 -1 16.7 10 8.3 Probation and Confinement N % 288 5.5 0 0.0 0 -0 -0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 43 2.0 5 20.0 3 7.9 28 3.1 1 25.0 0 0.0 26 18.3 61 10.1 8 12.3 26 17.0 3 30.0 13 17.8 9 12.5 1 2.0 10 41.7 3 50.0 11 3.4 4 2.6 0 0.0 9 11.8 4 50.0 0 0.0 0 -2 33.3 18 14.9 Probation Only N % 406 7.7 0 0.0 0 -0 -1 1.8 9 21.4 2 1.7 0 0.0 34 1.6 2 8.0 24 63.2 19 2.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 50 35.2 95 15.8 16 24.6 36 23.5 0 0.0 19 26.0 7 9.7 3 6.1 7 29.2 2 33.3 13 4.0 0 0.0 1 3.2 15 19.7 3 37.5 0 0.0 0 -1 16.7 47 38.8

PRIMARY OFFENSE TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses

TOTAL 5,250 3 0 0 56 42 118 5 2,138 25 38 904 4 5 142 603 65 153 10 73 72 49 24 6 321 151 31 76 8 1 0 6 121

Of the 5,409 guideline cases from the Sixth Circuit, 159 cases were excluded due to one of the following reasons: missing sentencing information (3) or cases in which the defendant received no imprisonment or probation (156). SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2008 Datafile, OPAFY08.

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Table 6 INCARCERATION RATE OF DEFENDANTS ELIGIBLE FOR NON-PRISON SENTENCES BY PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY Fiscal Year 2008
National Prison Sentence N % 9,400 1,257 195 6,687 66 287 103 134 116 555 65.0 51.1 19.9 92.1 25.7 48.3 30.1 44.1 35.0 28.7 Non-Prison Sentence N 5,064 1,205 785 576 191 307 239 170 215 1,376 Sixth Circuit Prison Sentence N % 290 55 18 106 19 29 4 5 14 40 34.4 33.5 12.4 88.3 51.4 47.5 8.7 26.3 20.9 21.6 Non-Prison Sentence N 554 109 127 14 18 32 42 14 53 145

PRIMARY OFFENSE TOTAL Fraud Larceny Immigration Embezzlement Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Forgery/Counterfeiting Other Miscellaneous Offenses

TOTAL 14,464 2,462 980 7,263 257 594 342 304 331 1,931

% 35.0 48.9 80.1 7.9 74.3 51.7 69.9 55.9 65.0 71.3

% 65.6 66.5 87.6 11.7 48.6 52.5 91.3 73.7 79.1 78.4

Of the 76,478 guideline cases, 62,014 cases were excluded due to one or more of the following reasons: defendant ineligible for non-prison alternatives (62,010), missing sentencing information (102) or missing primary offense category (50). Of the 5,409 guideline cases from the Sixth Circuit, 4,565 cases were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: defendant ineligible for non-prison alternatives (4,565) or missing sentencing information (3). SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2008 Datafile, OPAFY08.

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Table 7 AVERAGE LENGTH OF IMPRISONMENT BY PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY Fiscal Year 2008
National Median Months 33.0 210.0 40.0 180.0 66.0 33.0 65.0 60.0 60.0 48.0 6.0 60.0 18.0 24.0 13.0 18.0 12.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 30.0 60.0 9.0 30.0 14.0 78.0 15.0 15.0 6.0 30.0 6.0 6.0 9.0 Sixth Circuit Median Months Number 51.0 4,509 120.0 3 -0 -0 60.0 55 46.0 33 66.0 115 60.0 5 63.0 2,045 18.0 18 12.0 11 70.0 854 18.0 3 6.1 5 12.0 64 18.0 439 0.0 39 15.0 91 21.0 7 15.0 41 27.0 55 51.0 45 4.0 7 -1 18.0 287 97.0 147 15.1 30 18.0 51 -1 -1 -0 -2 6.0 54

PRIMARY OFFENSE TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses

Mean Months 56.9 221.5 48.5 205.3 95.0 44.3 82.7 81.1 83.2 43.2 18.9 89.2 20.6 55.5 18.8 28.6 14.6 22.2 26.6 24.5 42.9 91.6 12.1 56.8 20.2 122.2 17.8 25.6 12.8 62.5 11.9 9.7 17.5

Number 66,104 69 51 56 469 568 1,018 58 23,279 282 167 7,709 40 51 663 5,375 245 695 154 341 675 668 47 47 20,007 1,621 343 628 35 45 11 20 667

Mean Months 73.6 165.0 --85.1 60.0 84.8 71.0 86.9 26.9 32.0 96.6 15.7 15.8 20.6 26.9 7.4 18.8 22.0 19.8 43.5 93.7 7.2 -22.9 143.6 23.1 25.9 ----18.9

Of the 76,478 guideline cases, 10,374 cases were excluded for one or more of the following reasons: zero months prison ordered (9,550), missing primary offense category (50) or missing or indeterminable sentencing information (824). Of the 5,409 guideline cases from the Sixth Circuit, 900 cases were excluded due to one of the following reasons: zero prison months ordered (741) or missing or indeterminable sentencing information (159). SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2008 Datafile, OPAFY08.

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Table 8 COMPARISON OF SENTENCE IMPOSED AND POSITION RELATIVE TO THE GUIDELINE RANGE Fiscal Year 2008
National N TOTAL CASES
1

% 100.0 59.4 1.5 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.9 0.8 0.1 25.6 13.5 7.9 4.2 13.4 3.3 2.1 1.2 10.1 9.0 1.1

Sixth Circuit N 5,359 2,911 75 32 22 10 43 34 9 1,509 1,375 1 133 864 203 98 105 661 584 77 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.8 0.6 0.2

% 100.0 54.3 1.4

74,493 44,263 1,195 473 326
3

CASES SENTENCED WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE CASES SENTENCED ABOVE GUIDELINE RANGE DEPARTURE ABOVE GUIDELINE RANGE Upward Departure From Guideline Range
2

Upward Departure With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 OTHERWISE ABOVE GUIDELINE RANGE

147 722
4

Above Guideline Range With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 All Remaining Cases Above Guideline Range GOVERNMENT SPONSORED BELOW RANGE6 §5K1.1 Substantial Assistance Departure §5K3.1 Early Disposition Program Departure Other Government Sponsored Below Range NON-GOVERNMENT SPONSORED BELOW RANGE DEPARTURE BELOW GUIDELINE RANGE Downward Departure From Guideline Range
2 3 5

622 100 19,063 10,048 5,894 3,121 9,972 2,459 1,544 915 7,513

28.2 25.7 0.0 2.5 16.1 3.8 1.8 2.0 12.3 10.9 1.4

Downward Departure With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 OTHERWISE BELOW GUIDELINE RANGE

Below Guideline Range With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 All Remaining Cases Below Guideline Range
1

4

6,678 835

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This table reflects the 76,478 cases sentenced nationally in Fiscal Year 2008, 5,409 of which were from the Sixth Circuit. Of these, 1,985 cases nationally and 50 cases from the Sixth Circuit were excluded because information was missing from the submitted documents that prevented the comparison of the sentence and the guideline range.

2

All cases with departures in which the court did not indicate as a reason either United States v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or a factor or reason specifically prohibited in the provisions, policy statements, or commentary of the Guidelines Manual. All cases sentenced outside of the guideline range in which the court indicated both a departure (see footnote 2) and a reference to either United States v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or related factors as a reason for sentencing outside of the guideline system.

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4

All cases sentenced outside of the guideline range in which no departure was indicated and in which the court cited United States v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or related factors as one of the reasons for sentencing outside of the guideline system. All cases sentenced outside of the guideline range that could not be classified into any of the three previous outside of the range categories. This category includes cases in which no reason was provided for a sentence outside of the guideline range. Cases in which a reason for the sentence indicated that the prosecution initiated, proposed, or stipulated to a sentence outside of the guideline range, either pursuant to a plea agreement or as part of a non-plea negotiation with the defendant.

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SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2008 Datafile, OPAFY08.

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Table 9 SENTENCES RELATIVE TO THE GUIDELINE RANGE BY CIRCUIT AND DISTRICT Fiscal Year 2008
SENTENCED WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE N % 44,263 59.4 154 154 1,091 130 237 108 563 53 2,063 175 479 260 702 381 66 1,690 72 510 325 363 366 54 4,286 362 378 272 515 797 1,176 262 338 186 37.9 37.9 62.9 61.9 50.9 48.4 75.3 60.2 45.4 41.8 38.6 53.3 44.4 58.2 40.5 53.6 49.7 51.5 43.3 56.1 67.9 66.7 66.3 49.5 56.2 76.6 64.4 66.1 75.3 66.0 72.2 68.6 ABOVE RANGE DEPARTURE N % 326 0.4 1 1 8 2 3 2 1 0 7 1 2 1 0 1 2 19 0 3 3 11 2 0 52 6 25 1 5 2 11 2 0 0 0.2 0.2 0.5 1.0 0.6 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 1.2 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.4 1.7 0.4 0.0 0.8 0.8 3.7 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.0 0.0 ABOVE RANGE DEPARTURE W/BOOKER N % 147 0.2 0 0 7 0 1 2 3 1 6 0 1 1 1 3 0 4 0 1 1 0 2 0 36 2 19 0 3 0 9 1 1 1 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.9 0.4 1.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.3 2.8 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.4 ABOVE RANGE W/BOOKER N % 622 0.8 4 4 7 1 4 1 1 0 17 4 7 1 3 2 0 19 2 6 7 0 1 3 52 6 9 2 4 4 16 4 4 3 1.0 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.4 1.0 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.6 1.4 0.6 0.9 0.0 0.2 3.7 0.8 0.8 1.3 0.6 0.5 0.3 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.1 REMAINING ABOVE RANGE N % 100 0.1 1 1 3 0 1 0 2 0 5 0 2 0 2 1 0 3 0 2 0 1 0 0 9 2 1 0 1 0 4 1 0 0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0

CIRCUIT District TOTAL D.C. CIRCUIT District of Columbia FIRST CIRCUIT Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Puerto Rico Rhode Island SECOND CIRCUIT Connecticut New York Eastern Northern Southern Western Vermont THIRD CIRCUIT Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania Eastern Middle Western Virgin Islands FOURTH CIRCUIT Maryland North Carolina Eastern Middle Western South Carolina Virginia Eastern Western West Virginia Northern Southern

TOTAL 74,493 406 406 1,735 210 466 223 748 88 4,547 419 1,242 488 1,580 655 163 3,152 145 990 750 647 539 81 6,462 731 673 355 800 1,205 1,562 397 468 271

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CIRCUIT District TOTAL D.C. CIRCUIT District of Columbia FIRST CIRCUIT Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Puerto Rico Rhode Island SECOND CIRCUIT Connecticut New York Eastern Northern Southern Western Vermont THIRD CIRCUIT Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania Eastern Middle Western Virgin Islands FOURTH CIRCUIT Maryland North Carolina Eastern Middle Western South Carolina Virginia Eastern Western West Virginia Northern Southern

§5K1.1 SUBSTANTIAL ASSISTANCE N % 10,048 140 140 183 49 39 48 41 6 997 76 290 133 283 174 41 764 8 281 232 177 58 8 1,135 173 191 56 208 256 101 82 40 28 13.5 34.5 34.5 10.5 23.3 8.4 21.5 5.5 6.8 21.9 18.1 23.3 27.3 17.9 26.6 25.2 24.2 5.5 28.4 30.9 27.4 10.8 9.9 17.6 23.7 28.4 15.8 26.0 21.2 6.5 20.7 8.5 10.3

§5K3.1 EARLY DISPOSITION N % 5,894 0 0 17 0 1 0 16 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7.9 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

OTHER GOV'T SPONSORED N % 3,121 33 33 76 0 34 7 33 2 172 17 89 5 36 20 5 50 2 10 15 16 5 2 93 29 3 0 8 19 17 4 13 0 4.2 8.1 8.1 4.4 0.0 7.3 3.1 4.4 2.3 3.8 4.1 7.2 1.0 2.3 3.1 3.1 1.6 1.4 1.0 2.0 2.5 0.9 2.5 1.4 4.0 0.4 0.0 1.0 1.6 1.1 1.0 2.8 0.0

BELOW RANGE DEPARTURE N % 1,544 11 11 49 4 24 7 12 2 181 36 47 33 39 5 21 55 3 12 7 11 22 0 111 10 5 2 10 23 51 4 4 2 2.1 2.7 2.7 2.8 1.9 5.2 3.1 1.6 2.3 4.0 8.6 3.8 6.8 2.5 0.8 12.9 1.7 2.1 1.2 0.9 1.7 4.1 0.0 1.7 1.4 0.7 0.6 1.3 1.9 3.3 1.0 0.9 0.7

BELOW RANGE DEPARTURE W/BOOKER N % 915 22 22 34 1 14 6 11 2 150 37 54 7 40 4 8 52 0 6 24 3 18 1 52 19 5 0 6 0 18 0 2 2 1.2 5.4 5.4 2.0 0.5 3.0 2.7 1.5 2.3 3.3 8.8 4.3 1.4 2.5 0.6 4.9 1.6 0.0 0.6 3.2 0.5 3.3 1.2 0.8 2.6 0.7 0.0 0.8 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.4 0.7

BELOW RANGE W/BOOKER N % 6,678 30 30 233 22 102 39 49 21 890 70 250 46 444 60 20 436 31 152 125 60 59 9 563 108 34 22 29 86 134 35 66 49 9.0 7.4 7.4 13.4 10.5 21.9 17.5 6.6 23.9 19.6 16.7 20.1 9.4 28.1 9.2 12.3 13.8 21.4 15.4 16.7 9.3 10.9 11.1 8.7 14.8 5.1 6.2 3.6 7.1 8.6 8.8 14.1 18.1

REMAINING BELOW RANGE N % 835 10 10 27 1 6 3 16 1 58 3 20 1 30 4 0 59 27 6 11 5 6 4 73 14 3 0 11 18 25 2 0 0 1.1 2.5 2.5 1.6 0.5 1.3 1.3 2.1 1.1 1.3 0.7 1.6 0.2 1.9 0.6 0.0 1.9 18.6 0.6 1.5 0.8 1.1 4.9 1.1 1.9 0.4 0.0 1.4 1.5 1.6 0.5 0.0 0.0

13

CIRCUIT District FIFTH CIRCUIT Louisiana Eastern Middle Western Mississippi Northern Southern Texas Eastern Northern Southern Western SIXTH CIRCUIT Kentucky Eastern Western Michigan Eastern Western Ohio Northern Southern Tennessee Eastern Middle Western SEVENTH CIRCUIT Illinois Central Northern Southern Indiana Northern Southern Wisconsin Eastern Western EIGHTH CIRCUIT Arkansas Eastern Western Iowa Northern Southern Minnesota Missouri Eastern Western Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota

TOTAL 17,396 479 204 335 177 422 1,012 1,081 6,511 7,175 5,359 681 488 736 453 905 621 586 287 602 3,041 387 919 310 452 293 490 190 5,407 432 206 590 470 575 1,010 778 641 251 454

SENTENCED WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE N % 12,254 70.4 367 143 254 109 341 735 736 3,754 5,815 2,911 313 349 403 274 496 250 358 161 307 1,683 215 425 239 296 168 192 148 3,476 302 146 429 253 272 696 497 429 122 330 76.6 70.1 75.8 61.6 80.8 72.6 68.1 57.7 81.0 54.3 46.0 71.5 54.8 60.5 54.8 40.3 61.1 56.1 51.0 55.3 55.6 46.2 77.1 65.5 57.3 39.2 77.9 64.3 69.9 70.9 72.7 53.8 47.3 68.9 63.9 66.9 48.6 72.7

ABOVE RANGE DEPARTURE N % 88 0.5 5 2 1 0 1 8 22 29 20 22 0 3 3 5 1 1 2 2 5 3 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 32 2 1 10 2 1 0 2 10 0 4 1.0 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.8 2.0 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.4 1.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.7 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.3 1.6 0.0 0.9

ABOVE RANGE DEPARTURE W/BOOKER N % 33 0.2 4 0 0 0 2 0 12 3 12 10 1 0 0 3 1 2 1 1 1 9 0 4 3 2 0 0 0 11 2 0 3 1 0 0 3 0 1 1 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.4 0.2

ABOVE RANGE W/BOOKER N % 173 1.0 9 1 8 4 4 4 35 24 84 34 5 1 4 9 6 1 3 0 5 34 0 3 5 3 8 13 2 48 1 2 5 5 1 6 10 12 1 5 1.9 0.5 2.4 2.3 0.9 0.4 3.2 0.4 1.2 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.5 2.0 0.7 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.8 1.1 0.0 0.3 1.6 0.7 2.7 2.7 1.1 0.9 0.2 1.0 0.8 1.1 0.2 0.6 1.3 1.9 0.4 1.1

REMAINING ABOVE RANGE N % 28 0.2 1 0 0 0 3 3 2 11 8 9 0 0 2 3 1 1 2 0 0 5 1 2 1 1 0 0 0 8 2 0 2 1 0 0 1 2 0 0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0

14

CIRCUIT District FIFTH CIRCUIT Louisiana Eastern Middle Western Mississippi Northern Southern Texas Eastern Northern Southern Western SIXTH CIRCUIT Kentucky Eastern Western Michigan Eastern Western Ohio Northern Southern Tennessee Eastern Middle Western SEVENTH CIRCUIT Illinois Central Northern Southern Indiana Northern Southern Wisconsin Eastern Western EIGHTH CIRCUIT Arkansas Eastern Western Iowa Northern Southern Minnesota Missouri Eastern Western Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota

§5K1.1 SUBSTANTIAL ASSISTANCE N % 1,299 53 44 30 40 36 104 173 371 448 1,375 290 62 154 86 209 195 149 64 166 559 93 176 31 95 50 102 12 814 62 33 57 101 164 132 136 24 93 12 7.5 11.1 21.6 9.0 22.6 8.5 10.3 16.0 5.7 6.2 25.7 42.6 12.7 20.9 19.0 23.1 31.4 25.4 22.3 27.6 18.4 24.0 19.2 10.0 21.0 17.1 20.8 6.3 15.1 14.4 16.0 9.7 21.5 28.5 13.1 17.5 3.7 37.1 2.6

§5K3.1 EARLY DISPOSITION N % 1,254 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,095 159 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 53 0 0 31 0 0 0 0 19 3 0 7.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 16.8 2.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 5.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 1.2 0.0

OTHER GOV'T SPONSORED N % 1,021 7 1 0 14 1 91 23 802 82 133 6 23 12 0 27 30 4 11 20 78 5 21 2 5 15 30 0 144 6 0 1 25 8 22 21 44 3 14 5.9 1.5 0.5 0.0 7.9 0.2 9.0 2.1 12.3 1.1 2.5 0.9 4.7 1.6 0.0 3.0 4.8 0.7 3.8 3.3 2.6 1.3 2.3 0.6 1.1 5.1 6.1 0.0 2.7 1.4 0.0 0.2 5.3 1.4 2.2 2.7 6.9 1.2 3.1

BELOW RANGE DEPARTURE N % 418 6 4 0 2 2 28 7 225 144 98 7 9 11 9 14 22 8 6 12 44 7 23 1 0 5 4 4 73 10 2 0 6 11 18 8 7 3 8 2.4 1.3 2.0 0.0 1.1 0.5 2.8 0.6 3.5 2.0 1.8 1.0 1.8 1.5 2.0 1.5 3.5 1.4 2.1 2.0 1.4 1.8 2.5 0.3 0.0 1.7 0.8 2.1 1.4 2.3 1.0 0.0 1.3 1.9 1.8 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.8

BELOW RANGE DEPARTURE W/BOOKER N % 39 4 1 5 0 3 6 3 1 16 105 1 0 14 8 22 39 3 10 8 98 3 81 5 4 2 0 3 76 11 0 3 3 23 12 11 6 1 6 0.2 0.8 0.5 1.5 0.0 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.0 0.2 2.0 0.1 0.0 1.9 1.8 2.4 6.3 0.5 3.5 1.3 3.2 0.8 8.8 1.6 0.9 0.7 0.0 1.6 1.4 2.5 0.0 0.5 0.6 4.0 1.2 1.4 0.9 0.4 1.3

BELOW RANGE W/BOOKER N % 655 23 7 24 5 17 27 62 184 306 584 51 38 125 53 106 65 47 30 69 455 58 155 17 26 44 134 21 613 24 21 46 62 92 114 87 79 23 65 3.8 4.8 3.4 7.2 2.8 4.0 2.7 5.7 2.8 4.3 10.9 7.5 7.8 17.0 11.7 11.7 10.5 8.0 10.5 11.5 15.0 15.0 16.9 5.5 5.8 15.0 27.3 11.1 11.3 5.6 10.2 7.8 13.2 16.0 11.3 11.2 12.3 9.2 14.3

REMAINING BELOW RANGE N % 134 0 1 13 3 12 6 6 12 81 77 7 3 8 3 22 15 9 2 8 72 4 28 5 20 0 15 0 59 10 1 3 11 3 10 2 9 1 9 0.8 0.0 0.5 3.9 1.7 2.8 0.6 0.6 0.2 1.1 1.4 1.0 0.6 1.1 0.7 2.4 2.4 1.5 0.7 1.3 2.4 1.0 3.0 1.6 4.4 0.0 3.1 0.0 1.1 2.3 0.5 0.5 2.3 0.5 1.0 0.3 1.4 0.4 2.0

15

CIRCUIT District TOTAL NINTH CIRCUIT 14,074 Alaska 164 Arizona 3,724 California Central 1,615 Eastern 884 Northern 704 Southern 3,757 Guam 68 Hawaii 278 Idaho 265 Montana 417 Nevada 429 Northern Mariana Islands 18 Oregon 631 Washington Eastern 337 Western 783 TENTH CIRCUIT Colorado Kansas New Mexico Oklahoma Eastern Northern Western Utah Wyoming ELEVENTH CIRCUIT Alabama Middle Northern Southern Florida Middle Northern Southern Georgia Middle Northern Southern 5,876 473 664 2,901 89 213 339 859 338 7,038 266 478 556 1,664 338 2,162 352 706 516

SENTENCED WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE N % 6,282 44.6 84 51.2 1,204 32.3 605 425 371 1,889 51 119 125 298 292 13 296 132 378 3,581 285 403 1,743 83 165 241 441 220 4,792 174 304 364 1,027 239 1,584 284 409 407 37.5 48.1 52.7 50.3 75.0 42.8 47.2 71.5 68.1 72.2 46.9 39.2 48.3 60.9 60.3 60.7 60.1 93.3 77.5 71.1 51.3 65.1 68.1 65.4 63.6 65.5 61.7 70.7 73.3 80.7 57.9 78.9

ABOVE RANGE DEPARTURE N % 68 0.5 0 0.0 41 1.1 3 0 0 10 1 0 0 5 1 0 2 1 4 15 2 2 4 0 2 1 4 0 11 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 2 4 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.5 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.9 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.8

ABOVE RANGE DEPARTURE W/BOOKER N % 17 0.1 0 0.0 3 0.1 4 4 2 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 4 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 10 0 3 0 1 0 2 2 2 0 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.0

ABOVE RANGE W/BOOKER N % 70 0.5 3 1.8 9 0.2 12 6 5 6 0 1 3 8 2 0 3 8 4 70 2 44 5 0 0 10 7 2 94 5 13 6 9 5 23 6 7 20 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.4 1.1 1.9 0.5 0.0 0.5 2.4 0.5 1.2 0.4 6.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 2.9 0.8 0.6 1.3 1.9 2.7 1.1 0.5 1.5 1.1 1.7 1.0 3.9

REMAINING ABOVE RANGE N % 21 0.1 2 1.2 3 0.1 4 2 0 3 1 1 0 3 0 0 2 0 0 5 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 1.5 0.4 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2

16

CIRCUIT District NINTH CIRCUIT Alaska Arizona California Central Eastern Northern Southern Guam Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada Northern Mariana Islands Oregon Washington Eastern Western TENTH CIRCUIT Colorado Kansas New Mexico Oklahoma Eastern Northern Western Utah Wyoming ELEVENTH CIRCUIT Alabama Middle Northern Southern Florida Middle Northern Southern Georgia Middle Northern Southern

§5K1.1 SUBSTANTIAL ASSISTANCE N % 1,304 29 183 212 133 84 154 6 86 70 54 36 4 117 29 107 405 76 106 91 1 29 21 52 29 1,073 61 95 124 328 66 198 39 119 43 9.3 17.7 4.9 13.1 15.0 11.9 4.1 8.8 30.9 26.4 12.9 8.4 22.2 18.5 8.6 13.7 6.9 16.1 16.0 3.1 1.1 13.6 6.2 6.1 8.6 15.2 22.9 19.9 22.3 19.7 19.5 9.2 11.1 16.9 8.3

§5K3.1 EARLY DISPOSITION N % 3,964 0 1,931 430 183 49 1,232 0 0 33 0 0 0 23 68 15 572 0 0 392 0 0 0 180 0 30 0 0 0 30 0 0 0 0 0 28.2 0.0 51.9 26.6 20.7 7.0 32.8 0.0 0.0 12.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.6 20.2 1.9 9.7 0.0 0.0 13.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 21.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

OTHER GOV'T SPONSORED N % 750 21 118 109 33 78 119 0 3 4 0 44 0 66 39 116 495 21 41 367 0 1 3 48 14 76 2 2 4 22 0 19 5 16 6 5.3 12.8 3.2 6.7 3.7 11.1 3.2 0.0 1.1 1.5 0.0 10.3 0.0 10.5 11.6 14.8 8.4 4.4 6.2 12.7 0.0 0.5 0.9 5.6 4.1 1.1 0.8 0.4 0.7 1.3 0.0 0.9 1.4 2.3 1.2

BELOW RANGE DEPARTURE N % 262 2 48 31 16 13 103 1 3 1 4 3 0 15 1 21 150 19 3 93 0 1 4 25 5 92 3 5 2 21 4 23 2 25 7 1.9 1.2 1.3 1.9 1.8 1.8 2.7 1.5 1.1 0.4 1.0 0.7 0.0 2.4 0.3 2.7 2.6 4.0 0.5 3.2 0.0 0.5 1.2 2.9 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.6 3.5 1.4

BELOW RANGE DEPARTURE W/BOOKER N % 141 7 26 31 11 13 14 0 2 3 3 3 1 9 2 16 75 5 3 41 0 0 1 3 22 71 0 2 2 15 1 33 0 18 0 1.0 4.3 0.7 1.9 1.2 1.8 0.4 0.0 0.7 1.1 0.7 0.7 5.6 1.4 0.6 2.0 1.3 1.1 0.5 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3 6.5 1.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.3 1.5 0.0 2.5 0.0

BELOW RANGE W/BOOKER N % 1,002 14 139 124 62 69 159 6 59 23 36 43 0 95 54 119 477 57 57 155 5 15 56 90 42 740 20 52 50 203 20 257 13 98 27 7.1 8.5 3.7 7.7 7.0 9.8 4.2 8.8 21.2 8.7 8.6 10.0 0.0 15.1 16.0 15.2 8.1 12.1 8.6 5.3 5.6 7.0 16.5 10.5 12.4 10.5 7.5 10.9 9.0 12.2 5.9 11.9 3.7 13.9 5.2

REMAINING BELOW RANGE N % 193 2 19 50 9 20 66 2 4 3 6 4 0 3 2 3 27 4 1 8 0 0 2 9 3 46 1 2 2 6 2 21 1 10 1 1.4 1.2 0.5 3.1 1.0 2.8 1.8 2.9 1.4 1.1 1.4 0.9 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.6 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.3 1.4 0.2

Of the 76,478 cases, 1,985 were excluded because information was missing from the submitted documents that prevented the comparison of the sentence and the guideline range. Districts for which information needed to determine the relationship between the sentence imposed and the guideline range is missing in five percent missing in five percent or more of the cases received included: Western Oklahoma (39.0%), Eastern Virginia (23.1%), Middle Georgia (20.5%), Central California (14.6%), Northern New York (8.4%), Middle Tennessee (6.8%), Southern Mississippi (6.8%), Western Washington (6.6%), and Maryland (6.6%). SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2008 Datafile, OPAFY08.

17

Table 10 GUIDELINE DEPARTURE RATE BY PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY Fiscal Year 2008
National
WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE PRIMARY OFFENSE TOTAL Robbery Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Immigration Other Miscellaneous Offenses TOTAL 74,452 1,050 24,213 413 8,212 1,548 7,310 483 1,006 21,072 9,145 N 44,240 671 12,484 370 5,516 1,159 4,527 334 697 13,151 5,331 % 59.4 63.9 51.6 89.6 67.2 74.9 61.9 69.2 69.3 62.4 58.3 ABOVE RANGE DEPARTURE N 326 15 43 1 58 3 26 0 2 97 81 % 0.4 1.4 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.9 ABOVE RANGE DEPARTURE W/BOOKER N 147 13 17 2 31 4 9 1 4 35 31 % 0.2 1.2 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 ABOVE RANGE W/BOOKER N 622 13 66 5 105 25 72 2 15 196 123 % 0.8 1.2 0.3 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.0 0.4 1.5 0.9 1.3 REMAINING ABOVE RANGE N 100 2 21 3 17 5 14 0 3 21 14 % 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.2

Sixth Circuit
WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE PRIMARY OFFENSE TOTAL Robbery Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Immigration Other Miscellaneous Offenses TOTAL 5,359 119 2,143 53 901 202 607 66 153 321 794 N 2,911 70 899 47 534 166 350 45 113 233 454 % 54.3 58.8 42.0 88.7 59.3 82.2 57.7 68.2 73.9 72.6 57.2 ABOVE RANGE DEPARTURE N 22 0 5 0 10 0 2 0 0 2 3 % 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.4 ABOVE RANGE DEPARTURE W/BOOKER N 10 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 6 % 0.2 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 ABOVE RANGE W/BOOKER N 34 2 7 1 6 4 2 0 1 4 7 % 0.6 1.7 0.3 1.9 0.7 2.0 0.3 0.0 0.7 1.2 0.9 REMAINING ABOVE RANGE N 9 0 4 1 0 1 2 0 1 0 0 % 0.2 0.0 0.2 1.9 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.0

18

National
§5K1.1 §5K3.1 SUBSTANTIAL EARLY ASSISTANCE DISPOSITION PRIMARY OFFENSE TOTAL Robbery Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Immigration Other Miscellaneous Offenses N 10,038 116 6,270 10 929 97 1,064 28 105 344 1,075 % 13.5 11.0 25.9 2.4 11.3 6.3 14.6 5.8 10.4 1.6 11.8 N 5,891 0 1,184 0 33 6 42 0 0 4,593 33 % 7.9 0.0 4.9 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.0 0.0 21.8 0.4 OTHER GOV'T SPONSORED N 3,117 32 884 11 253 39 250 14 18 1,072 544 % 4.2 3.0 3.7 2.7 3.1 2.5 3.4 2.9 1.8 5.1 5.9 BELOW BELOW RANGE BELOW RANGE DEPARTURE RANGE W/BOOKER DEPARTURE W/BOOKER N 1,544 30 457 0 169 23 145 14 29 457 220 % 2.1 2.9 1.9 0.0 2.1 1.5 2.0 2.9 2.9 2.2 2.4 N 915 32 322 1 119 15 133 9 8 93 183 % 1.2 3.0 1.3 0.2 1.4 1.0 1.8 1.9 0.8 0.4 2.0 N 6,678 118 2,274 6 883 134 887 71 109 842 1,354 % 9.0 11.2 9.4 1.5 10.8 8.7 12.1 14.7 10.8 4.0 14.8 REMAINING BELOW RANGE N 834 8 191 4 99 38 141 10 16 171 156 % 1.1 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.2 2.5 1.9 2.1 1.6 0.8 1.7

Sixth Circuit
§5K1.1 §5K3.1 EARLY SUBSTANTIAL ASSISTANCE DISPOSITION PRIMARY OFFENSE TOTAL Robbery Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Immigration Other Miscellaneous Offenses N 1,375 22 936 0 161 3 100 2 17 32 102 % 25.7 18.5 43.7 0.0 17.9 1.5 16.5 3.0 11.1 10.0 12.8 N 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 % 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 OTHER GOV'T SPONSORED N 133 3 51 2 27 4 13 2 1 4 26 % 2.5 2.5 2.4 3.8 3.0 2.0 2.1 3.0 0.7 1.2 3.3 BELOW BELOW BELOW RANGE RANGE DEPARTURE RANGE DEPARTURE W/BOOKER W/BOOKER N 98 3 23 0 22 1 16 1 1 4 27 % 1.8 2.5 1.1 0.0 2.4 0.5 2.6 1.5 0.7 1.2 3.4 N 105 6 31 0 17 5 14 1 2 4 25 % 2.0 5.0 1.4 0.0 1.9 2.5 2.3 1.5 1.3 1.2 3.1 N 584 11 171 1 109 14 93 13 13 35 124 % 10.9 9.2 8.0 1.9 12.1 6.9 15.3 19.7 8.5 10.9 15.6 REMAINING BELOW RANGE N 77 1 15 1 13 3 15 2 4 3 20 % 1.4 0.8 0.7 1.9 1.4 1.5 2.5 3.0 2.6 0.9 2.5

Of the 76,478 guideline cases, 2,026 cases were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing information from the submitted documents that prevented the comparison of the sentence and the guideline range (1,985) or missing primary offense (50). Of the 5,409 guideline cases from the Sixth Circuit, 50 cases were excluded due to missing information needed to determine the relationship between the sentence imposed and the guideline range. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2008 Datafile, OPAFY08.

19


				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: * Figure A - Guideline Defendants Sentenced by Primary Offense Category * Table 1 - Distribution of Guideline Defendants Sentenced by Primary Offense Category * Table 2 - Mode of Conviction by Circuit and District * Table 3 - Mode of Conviction by Primary Offense Category * Table 4 - Type of Sentence Imposed by Primary Offense Category (National) * Table 5 - Type of Sentence Imposed by Primary Offense Category (by District) * Table 6 - Incarceration Rate of Defendants Eligible for Non-Prison Sentences by Primary Offense Category * Table 7 - Average Length of Imprisonment by Primary Offense Category * Table 8 - Comparison of Sentence Imposed and Position Relative to the Guideline Range * Table 9 - Guideline Departure Rate by Circuit and District * Table 10 - Guideline Departure Rate by Primary Offense Category