Name Far Eastern Relief Fund by MikeJenny

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US FINAL REVIEW

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 ABCD 1.
 The proper term describing the U.S. economy after the depression is
a. easy credit. c. margin buying.
b. low interest. d. bear market.


 ABCD 2.
 Food was given to the needy in
a. shantytowns.
b. breadlines.
c. El Congreso.
d. the Department of Food and Agriculture.


 ABCD 3.
 The bill to establish a Federal Emergency Relief Board was
a. passed by Congress.
b. supported by Hoover.
c. not passed.
d. suggested by a columnist for the New York Times.


 ABCD 4.
 The President’s Committee for Unemployment Relief
a. found jobs for the unemployed.
b. encouraged donations to private relief agencies.
c. distributed surplus crops.
d. handed out aid to states to administer.


 ABCD 5.
 Congress and state governments funded several public-works projects
a. at the request of the Communist Party.
b. at the request of taxpayers.
c. at the request of businesses.
d. at Hoover’s request.


 ABCD 6.
 Who gathered the jobless into Unemployed Leagues to demand work?
a. A. J. Muste c. John Nance Garner
b. Franklin D. Roosevelt d. Marvel Cooke
 ABCD 7.
 Farmers banded together to save farms from
a. low interest rates. c. foreclosure sales.
b. falling crop prices. d. the Smoot-Hawley Tariff.


 ABCD 8.
 Some economists felt the depression was caused by
a. unequal distribution of wealth. c. high import taxes.
b. crop failures. d. too few goods for sale.


 ABCD 9.
 Many economists said the depression was
a. a result of import restrictions. c. the fault of the unions.
b. a product of scientific management. d. part of the business cycle.


 ABCD 10.
 At the height of the depression the number of unemployed workers reached about
a. 1 million. c. 50 million.
b. 15 million. d. 100 million.


 ABCD 11.
 How many people of Mexican descent were pressured into leaving the country?
a. 500,000 c. 825,000
b. 250,000 d. 100,000


 ABCD 12.
 Which of the following was not an effect of the depression?
a. divorce rate rose c. more marriages took place
b. birthrate declined d. there were more suicides


 ABCD 13.
 Among the most popular films of the era were
a. gangster movies. c. silent films.
b. newsreels. d. historic re-creations.


 ABCD 14.
 Nathanael West presented the American dream as a nightmare in
a. The Sound and the Fury. c. Studs Lonigan.
b. Miss Lonelyhearts. d. As I Lay Dying.


 ABCD 15.
 Who promised to put the political and economic system “at the service of the people”?
a. Herbert Hoover c. Franklin D. Roosevelt
b. Andrew Mellon d. A. J. Muste
 ABCD 16.
 The theories of which of the following people influenced many New Deal recovery programs?
a. John Maynard Keynes c. Charles E. Coughlin
b. John Collier d. Robert C. Weaver


 ABCD 17.
 The Department of the Interior was advised on racial matters by
a. Huey Long. c. Francis E. Townsend.
b. Robert C. Weaver. d. Charles E. Coughlin.


 ABCD 18.
 Which region of the United States was called the Dust Bowl?
a. West Coast c. Great Plains
b. Rocky Mountains d. East Coast


 ABCD 19.
 Who produced the famous photograph Migrant Mother?
a. Gordon Parks c. Margaret Bourke-White
b. Roy E. Stryker d. Dorothea Lange


 ABCD 20.
 What famous novel about the Old South was written by Margaret Mitchell?
a. The Grapes of Wrath c. Native Son
b. Gone With the Wind d. Their Eyes Were Watching God


 ABCD 21.
 Mr. Smith Goes to Washington was directed by
a. Frank Capra. c. Thornton Wilder.
b. Robert Sherwood. d. William Saroyan.


 ABCD 22.
 What artist painted haunting images of the southwestern landscape?
a. Georgia O’Keeffe c. Anna “Grandma” Moses
b. Jacob Lawrence d. Grant Wood


 ABCD 23.
 The American Indian Defense Association was founded by
a. John Collier. c. Frances Perkins.
b. Robert C. Weaver. d. Harry L. Hopkins.


ABCD 24.
The Share-Our-Wealth program was proposed by
a. Dr. Francis E. Townsend. c. Al Smith.
b. Huey Long. d. Charles E. Coughlin.


 ABCD 25.
 The director of the Division of Negro Affairs in the National Youth Administration was
a. Mary McLeod Bethune. c. Frances Perkins.
b. Harry L. Hopkins. d. Langston Hughes.


 ABCD 26.
 When Roosevelt first proposed his New Deal,
a. Congress rejected it outright.
b. Congress passed all 15 of the measures.
c. only half of the measures were passed.
d. the measures were debated for a full year before they were passed.


 ABCD 27.
 Roosevelt’s “fireside chats” were
a. television broadcasts. c. private meetings.
b. radio broadcasts. d. public rallies.


 ABCD 28.
 The famous line “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself” was spoken by
a. Franklin D. Roosevelt. c. Eleanor Roosevelt.
b. Warren G. Harding. d. Will Rogers.


 ABCD 29.
 The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
a. failed in its first year.
b. insured each bank deposit.
c. supplied loans to banks.
d. provided loans to farmers.


 ABCD 30.
 The Civilian Conservation Corps did all of the following EXCEPT
a. plant trees. c. clear brush.
b. develop campsites. d. build roads.


 ABCD 31.
 The Tennessee Valley Authority did all of the following EXCEPT
a. make loans to small businesses. c. build dams.
b. fight illiteracy. d. fight soil erosion.


ABCD 32.
All of the following were critics of the New Deal EXCEPT
a. Huey Long. c. Dr. Francis E. Townsend.
b. Harry L. Hopkins. d. Al Smith.


 ABCD 33.
 Roosevelt wanted to reform the Supreme Court because he believed the nine justices were
a. too progressive. c. against older citizens.
b. not liberal enough. d. too old and stuck in their ways.


 ABCD 34.
 The Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC)
a. loaned money to small businesses.
b. helped home owners refinance mortgages.
c. made short-term loans to banks.
d. provided loans to uninsured home owners.


 ABCD 35.
 The Revenue Act of 1935
a. raised taxes on the wealthy. c. raised taxes for all Americans.
b. lowered taxes on the wealthy. d. lowered taxes for all Americans.


 ABCD 36.
 Great Britain and France declared war when Germany attacked
a. Czechoslovakia. c. Finland.
b. Poland. d. Albania.


 ABCD 37.
 The Republican candidate who lost to Roosevelt in the 1940 election was
a. Herbert Hoover. c. Wendell Willkie.
b. Charles Evans Hughes. d. Barton K. Wheeler.


 ABCD 38.
 The Atlantic Charter stated that the United States and Britain would not
a. attack Hitler. c. pursue territorial expansion.
b. remain neutral. d. appease Hitler.


 ABCD 39.
 Which of the following dates will “live in infamy”?
a. December 7, 1941 c. April 7, 1940
b. September 1, 1939 d. August 23, 1939


 ABCD 40.
 The policy the United States followed in the 1920s and 1930s was called
a. isolationism. c. militarism.
b. imperialism. d. protectionism.
 ABCD 41.
 Which nation was NOT controlled by caudillos in the 1930s?
a. Guatemala c. Honduras
b. Cuba d. Mexico


 ABCD 42.
 Which nation had a secret organization called the Resistance?
a. Norway c. Germany
b. France d. Finland


 ABCD 43.
 Which nation violated the Kellogg-Briand Pact in 1931?
a. China c. Germany
b. Japan d. Italy


 ABCD 44.
 The line of defenses along the French border with Germany was called the
a. Maginot Line. c. Allied Line.
b. French Line. d. German Line.


 ABCD 45.
 The U.S. naval fleet at Pearl Harbor was bombed by
a. China. c. Japan.
b. Germany. d. Italy.


 ABCD 46.
 The Soviet Union’s powerful army was called the
a. Red Army. c. Red Men.
b. Russian Front. d. Redshirts.


 ABCD 47.
 Historians estimate that the number of people who died as a result of Stalin’s policies was
a. 500,000. c. 10 million.
b. 5 million. d. 30 million.


 ABCD 48.
 In 1935 Italy invaded the African nation of
a. Somalia. c. Egypt.
b. Kenya. d. Ethiopia.


ABCD 49.
Emiliano Chamorro’s successor was
a. Simon Bolívar. c. Adolfo Díaz.
b. Augusto César Sandino. d. Venustiano Carranza.


 ABCD 50.
 Who did Hitler blame for Germany’s loss in World War I?
a. soldiers c. United States
b. politicians d. Italy


 ABCD 51.
 Soviet forces fought the Axis Powers and, in late January 1943, won the
a. Battle of Leningrad. c. Battle of St. Petersburg.
b. Battle of Stalingrad. d. Battle of the Ukraine.


 ABCD 52.
 An important Allied victory that stopped the Japanese advance on Australia was the
a. Battle of the Coral Sea. c. Battle of Leyte Gulf.
b. Battle of the Atlantic. d. Battle of Okinawa.


 ABCD 53.
 Who was given command of all U.S. Army units in the Pacific?
a. George S. Patton c. Douglas MacArthur
b. Bernard Montgomery d. Dwight D. Eisenhower


 ABCD 54.
 The place linked to the promise “I shall return” is
a. Midway. c. the Coral Sea.
b. Bataan. d. Okinawa.


 ABCD 55.
 Who commanded the German Afrika Korps and was known as the Desert Fox?
a. Chester Nimitz c. Douglas MacArthur
b. Erwin Rommel d. Irving Berlin


 ABCD 56.
 Germany’s final counterattack was
a. D-Day. c. the Battle of Midway.
b. the Battle of the Atlantic. d. the Battle of the Bulge.


 ABCD 57.
 On D-Day, the Allies landed at
a. Calais. c. Normandy.
b. Belle Isle. d. Anzio.
 ABCD 58.
 Who led British forces to victory in North Africa?
a. Bernard Montgomery c. Dwight D. Eisenhower
b. Erwin Rommel d. Douglas MacArthur


 ABCD 59.
 Who was the commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet?
a. Chester Nimitz c. George S. Patton
b. Dwight D. Eisenhower d. Bernard Montgomery


 ABCD 60.
 The competition between the United States and the Soviet Union was known as the
a. Powers War. c. Hot War.
b. Competitive War. d. Cold War.


 ABCD 61.
 The United States had trouble trusting the Soviet Union after World War II because of
a. Soviet expansion.
b. Soviet spies.
c. the Soviet Union’s refusal to help pay for war damages.
d. the Soviet Union’s new leaders.


 ABCD 62.
 Satellite nations were countries under the control of
a. the United States. c. France.
b. Great Britain. d. the Soviet Union.


 ABCD 63.
 Restricting the expansion of Soviet communism was called
a. restriction. c. communism restraint.
b. expansionism. d. containment.


 ABCD 64.
 In 1946 Congress placed nuclear weapons research under civilian control with passage of the
a. Atomic Energy Act. c. Baruch Amendment.
b. Containment Act. d. Weapons Research Act.


 ABCD 65.
 Which of these nations did not join NATO and pledge to defend other member nations in the case of an
outside attack?
a. United States c. Soviet Union
b. Canada d. Iceland


ABCD 66.
 Which of these men was treated as a hero upon returning to the United States during the Korean War, even
though he had been relieved of his command?
a. President Truman c. Joseph McCarthy
b. General MacArthur d. Ralph Bunche


 ABCD 67.
 President Truman did not run for re-election in 1952 because he
a. had little support.
b. became very ill.
c. lost enthusiasm for the job.
d. had already served two consecutive terms.


 ABCD 68.
 Who did the Republicans choose as their presidential candidate for the 1952 election?
a. Harry S Truman c. Adlai Stevenson
b. Douglas MacArthur d. Dwight D. Eisenhower


 ABCD 69.
 Along with technology, what else did the Eisenhower administration consider crucial to ending communist
expansion?
a. naval bases c. space exploration
b. nuclear arms d. personnel


 ABCD 70.
 The offering of military aid to any Middle East nation seeking help in resisting communist aggression came
from the
a. Eisenhower Pledge. c. Eisenhower Doctrine.
b. Truman Papers. d. Dulles Policy.


 ABCD 71.
 In 1959 Vice President Nixon and Soviet Premier Khrushchev agreed to meet in Paris to discuss
a. arms reduction. c. the Korean War.
b. expansion. d. space exploration.


 ABCD 72.
 Which U.S. agency appropriated millions of dollars to improve education in science, mathematics, and
foreign languages?
a. National Defense Administration c. Central Intelligence Agency
b. National Security Council d. Revenue Department


 ABCD 73.
 Which country launched Sputnik into space in 1957?
a. France c. the Soviet Union
b. the United States d. Great Britain
 ABCD 74.
 In 1911 a group of students in China formed what type of party?
a. Republican c. Democratic
b. Socialist d. Communist


 ABCD 75.
 Which of these is NOT a major principle of the United States?
a. democratic government c. belief in individual freedom
b. capitalist economy d. suppression of religion


 ABCD 76.
 Which of these was NOT a major principle of the Soviet Union?
a. communism c. one-party rule
b. democratic government d. state-run economy


 ABCD 77.
 A Nazi official escaped prosecution after World War II by fleeing to
a. China. c. Latin America.
b. Siberia. d. Sweden.


 ABCD 78.
 The UN General Assembly focuses on
a. the organization’s policies. c. military and political problems.
b. world hunger. d. war crimes.


 ABCD 79.
 The UN Security Council addresses
a. the organization’s policies. c. military and political problems.
b. world hunger. d. war crimes.


 ABCD 80.
 The International Military Tribunal for the Far East was established to try suspected war criminals from the
war in the
a. Pacific Ocean. c. Arctic Ocean.
b. Atlantic Ocean. d. Indian Ocean.


 ABCD 81.
 During the early primaries of 1968, which of the following candidates appeared likely to capture the
Democratic nomination for president?
a. Robert F. Kennedy c. Hubert Humphrey
b. Eugene McCarthy d. Edmund Muskie


ABCD 82.
 Defoliants were used in Vietnam primarily to
a. destroy military bases.
b. expose enemy hiding places and destroy food supplies.
c. poison the Vietcong.
d. destroy homes.


 ABCD 83.
 Who was Richard Nixon’s running mate during the 1968 election?
a. Robert S. McNamara c. Spiro Agnew
b. J. William Fulbright d. Edmund Muskie


 ABCD 84.
 Who won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end the Vietnam War?
a. Richard Nixon c. Richard J. Daley
b. Henry Kissinger d. Ho Chi Minh


 ABCD 85.
 The War Powers Act
a. grants the president the right to declare war without the permission of Congress.
b. forbids the president from ever sending troops into foreign territory.
c. sets a 60-day limit on any presidential commitment of troops to foreign lands.
d. allows the president to send troops into foreign territory for an unlimited amount of time.


 ABCD 86.
 Who knew about President Nixon’s plan to bomb Cambodia in 1969?
a. Henry Kissinger c. secretary of the Air Force
b. American public d. Congress


 ABCD 87.
 The site of a 1970 tragedy in which four students were killed by National Guard troops was the
a. University of Wisconsin. c. University of Illinois.
b. Jackson State University. d. Kent State University.


 ABCD 88.
 All of the following things happened after the end of the war EXCEPT
a. soldiers were welcomed home with many positive demonstrations.
b. the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was erected in Washington, D.C.
c. the “generation gap” grew wider.
d. the War Powers Act was passed.


 ABCD 89.
 The newspaper that published the Pentagon Papers was the
a. New York Times. c. Detroit Free Press.
b. Washington Post. d. New York Post.
 ABCD 90.
 Who leaked the Pentagon Papers to the press?
a. H.R. Haldeman c. Daniel Ellsberg
b. Henry Kissinger d. Spiro Agnew


 ABCD 91.
 Who sought the 1972 Democratic nomination but withdrew after he was shot and paralyzed from the waist
down?
a. Hubert Humphrey c. George McGovern
b. George Wallace d. Edmund Muskie


 ABCD 92.
 Why did the United States reject North Vietnam’s peace plan in October 1972?
a. It called for a pullout of all foreign troops.
b. It called for the United States to take full blame for the war.
c. It did not include plans for a ceasefire.
d. It would have meant a loss of power for South Vietnam’s president.


 ABCD 93.
 After rejecting North Vietnam’s peace plan in 1972, what did President Nixon do when North Vietnam
demanded the plan be reinstated?
a. He submitted his own peace plan.
b. He ordered heavy bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong.
c. He had Congress review the North Vietnam plan.
d. He had Henry Kissinger revise the plan.


 ABCD 94.
 Who was the author of When Heaven and Earth Changed Places?
a. Richard Nixon c. Le Ly Hayslip
b. Henry Kissinger d. Ron Kovic


 ABCD 95.
 How many Americans died during the Vietnam War?
a. more than 258,000 c. about 1,300
b. about 5,000 d. more than 58,000


 ABCD 96.
 With which country are the Hmong associated?
a. Laos c. Cambodia
b. South Vietnam d. Thailand


 ABCD 97.
 How much did the war cost American taxpayers?
a. $1.5 trillion c. $150 million
b. $15 billion d. $150 billion


 ABCD 98.
 Who designed the Vietnam Veterans Memorial?
a. Le Ly Hayslip c. Le Duc Tho
b. Maya Ying Lin d. Ron Kovic


 ABCD 99.
 Where is the Vietnam Veterans Memorial?
a. New York City c. Arlington, Virginia
b. Washington, D.C. d. Saigon


 ABCD 100.
 Who was the author of Born on the Fourth of July?
a. Ron Kovic c. Richard Nixon
b. William Westmoreland d. Henry Kissinger

								
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