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America Becomes Global Power

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					          America Becomes A Global Power: 1890-1914
MAJOR THEMES:
• Organize U. S. foreign policy from 1870-1920 by: (1) geographic region Far East, Latin
America, Caribbean, Europe; (2) American motives: economic, moral, Monroe Doctrine,
balance of power among European nations, dominance in the Caribbean; (3) influence of
domestic policies on foreign policy.
• Imperialism: characteristics, sources, nature, causes, impact, results, compared to European
imperialism.
• Arguments for and against American Imperialism including the annexation of Hawaii and the
Philippines
• Link Reconstruction, Populism, and Imperialism.
• Compare and contrast the old and the new Manifest Destiny.
• Roosevelt’s foreign policy.
• Wilson’s foreign policy.
• U. S. policy toward Mexico and Cuba, 1890s-1930s.

TERMS TO KNOW
       Treaty of Kanagawa                                 Anti-Imperialist League
       “Seward’s Folly” (1867) $7.2 mil.                  Insular Cases (1901-1903)
       Imperialism                                        Platt Amendment (1901)
       Missionaries                                       John Hay – Open Door Policy (1899)
       Josiah Strong: Our Country (1885)                  Boxer Rebellion (1900)
       Social Darwinism                                   Big Stick Diplomacy
       Alfred Thayer Mahan: Influence of Sea              Hay-Pauncefote Treaty (1901)
          Power Upon History (1890)                        Panama Canal (1904-1914)
       Pan-American Conference (1889)                     Roosevelt Corollary
       Queen Liliuokalani                                 Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)
       Alfred Dole                                        Treaty of Portsmouth (1905)
       Hawaii Annexation (1900)                           “Gentelmen’s Agreement” (1908)
       Spanish-American War (1898)                        Great White Fleet
       jingoism                                           Root-Takihara Agreement (1908)
       Cuba Libre! (1895)                                 Dollar Diplomacy
       Valeriano Weyler                                   Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr. Lodge Corollary
       Yellow Journalism – Hearst & Pulitzer                 (1912)
       De Lome Letter (1898)                              Moral Diplomacy
       Remember the Maine! (1898)                         Jones Act (1916)
       Teller Amendment                                   Tampico Incident
       Rough Riders                                       Pancho Villa
       Commodore Dewey                                    John J. Pershing
       Emilio Aguinaldo
       Treaty of Paris of 1898
       “White Man’s Burden”
               THE PROGRESSIVE ERA 1901-1918
MAJOR THEMES
• Who were the Progressives?
• Compare and contrast the Populist and Progressive movements.
• Goals of Progressivism: successes, failures.
• Progressivism as the “have-nots” against the “haves”: role of labor unions, immigrants, Blacks,
women, and urban poor.
• Trace the history of the regulation of big business and court interpretations from the Interstate
Commerce Act to U. S. v. U. S. Steel Corp. in 1920.
• Trace the long history of a reform such as prohibition, women’s rights, or banking.
• Supreme Court interpretations and changing economic and social conditions, 1890-1920.
• Significant elections: 1900, 1912, 1920.
• Compare and contrast the programs and administrations of Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow
Wilson, and William Howard Taft: banking, railroads, trusts, tariffs, etc.

TERMS TO KNOW:
    Frederick Taylor “Taylorism”                            Gifford Pinchot – John Muir
    Scientific Management                                   Conservation and preservation
    Muckrakers                                              Taft
    McClure’s Magazine (1893)                               16th Amendment
    Jacob Riis How the Other Half Lives                     Payne-Aldrich Tariff (1909)
    Lincoln Steffens The Shame of the                       Pinchot-Ballinger Controversy
       Cities                                                   (1910)
    Frank Norris The Octopus                                Socialist Party – Debs
    Ida Tarbell History of Standard Oil                     Helen Keller
       Co                                                    I.W.W. Wobblies
    Australian Secret Ballot                                Big Bill Haywood
    Direct Primaries                                        Election of 1912
    17th Amendment                                          Progressive “Bull Moose” Party
    Initiative, recall, referendum                          New Nationalism
    City Manager                                            New Freedom
    Robert LaFollette                                       Underwood Tariff (1913)
    T.R.‟s Square Deal (1901-1909)                          Federal Reserve Act (1914)
    Antracite Coal Strike (1902)                            Clayton Anti-Trust Act
    Trust-busting- Good Trusts and Bad                      Federal Trade Commission Act
       Trusts                                                Louis Brandeis
    Northern Securities Company                             Owen-Keating Act (Child Labor Act)
    J.P. Morgan                                             Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)
    Triangle Shirtwaist Fire                                Suffrage
    Elkins Act (1903) & Hepburn Act                         Carrie Chapman Catt - NAWSA
       (1906)                                                   (1900)
    The Jungle – Upton Sinclair                             Alice Paul – NWP (1916)
    Meat Inspection Act (1906)                              19th Amendment (1920)
    Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)
           WWI to WWII Foreign Policy (1914-1940)
MAJOR THEMES
• Causes of U. S. entry into World War I and its attempts to remain neutral.
• Defeat of the Versailles Treaty: immediate and long-term consequences.
• War and the threat of war united and divided Americans in the 1898-1920s period.
• World War I both helped and hurt Blacks and labor.
• Compare the domestic impact of the First and Second World Wars.

TERMS TO KNOW
    Neutrality -                                           Red Scare (1919-1920)
    Unrestricted Submarine Warfare                         Palmer Raids
    Lusitania (1915) Sussex (1916)                         Boston Police Strike (1919)
    Triple Alliance – Central Powers                       Isolationism
    “He kept us out of the war!”                           Washington Conference (1921)
    Zimmerman Telegram (1917)                              Five-Power Treaty 5-5-3-1.67-1.67
    Russian Revolution                                     Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928)
    War Industries Board – Baruch                          Dawes Plan (1924)
    Food Administration – Hoover                           Circular loans
    National War Labor Board (Taft)                        Stimpson Doctrine (1922)
    Liberty Bonds                                          Good-Neighbor Policy
    “Great Migration”                                      Reciprocal Trade Agreements
    C.P.I. George Creel                                    Nye Commission (1936)
    Espionage (1917) & Sedition Acts                       Neutrality Acts (1936-1937)
      (1918)                                                Spanish Civil War (1936)
    Schenck v. U.S. (1919)                                 America First Committee
    Selective Service Act of 1917                          “Cash and carry”
    14 Points                                              Munich Conference
    Treaty of Versailles                                   Lend-Lease Act (1940)
    The Big Four                                           Atlantic Charter
    League of Nations
    Henry Cabot Lodge


      The „Roaring‟ 20s & the Depression & New Deal
                        1920-1940
MAJOR THEMES:
• 1920s as the end of Progressivism.
• What aspects of Progressivism survived into the 1920s?
• Were the 1920s “roaring” for farmers, labor, and business?
• The 1920s as an age of nonconformity: Blacks, feminists, literary criticism, new sexual
freedoms.
• Clash between liberal urban 1920s with conservative rural 1920s
• The dark side of the 1920s: anti-immigration, KKK, Scopes Trial, prohibition.
• Alienation as a literary them in the 1920s - the “Lost Generation”
• Causes of the Great Depression and its impact on society.
• Compare Hoover’s and FDR’s response to the Depression.
• Compare the role of the federal government in the economies of the 1920s and 1930s.
• Compare Progressivism and the New Deal.
• Compare and contrast the First and Second New Deals.
• The New Deal was revolutionary?
• The New Deal helped the rich more than the needy?
• Successes and failures of the New Deal?
• The Supreme Court and the New Deal.
• Impact of various New Deal programs and agencies on American society.
• Big government and big labor checked big business.
• Explain the critics of the New Deal: Townsend, Coughlin, Huey Long, leftists, conservatives.
• What ended the reform effort by the late 1930s?

TERMS TO KNOW:
“Return to Normalcy”                                Federal Farm Board (1929)
Teapot Dome Scandal - Albert Fall                   Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)
Silent Cal                                          1932
Andrew Mellon                                       Bonus Army
McNary-Haugen Bill veto (1928)                      Hoovervilles
Bruce Barton: The Man Nobody Knows                  New Deal
“Welfare Capitalism”                                3 Rs
Henry Ford                                          Brain Trust
United Mine Workers – John L. Lewis                 100 Days
Jazz Age: Duke Ellington. Louis Armstrong,          Bank Holiday
Bessie Smith – The Jazz Singer                      Emergency Banking Relief Act &
Flappers, Vamps, “New Woman”                        Glass-Steagall Act - FDIC
Consumerism - Credit                                21st Amendment
Charles Lindberg – Spirit of St. Louis              Fireside Chats
Modernism vs. Fundamentalism                        Relief: PWA, CCC & TVA
Revivalists - Billy Sunday                          Recovery: NIRA (NRA), AAA, WPA
Scopes Trial (1925)                                 Reform: SEC
ACLU                                                Harry Hopkins
Lost Generation: Hemingway, Fitzgerald              Wager Act (NLRB)
Harlem Renaissance:                                 Social Security Act
Poets: Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes              Father Charles Coughlin
Marcus Garvey: UNIA “back-to-Africa”                Dr. Francis Townsend
Prohibition: 18th Amendment & Volstead              Huey Long
Act (1919)                                          Court-Packing Plan
bootleggers, speakeasies                            C.I.O.
Nativism – Quota System                             sit-down strikes
National Origins Act of 1921 (1910)                 Fair Labor Standards Act
Immigration Act of 1924 (1890 census)               Keynesian Economics – “Pump Priming”
Sacco & Vanzetti (1921-1927)                        Dust Bowl & Okies
Al Smith                                            Marion Anderson
New KKK                                             Black Cabinet
Black Thursday and Tuesday (Oct. 1929)              Indian Reorganization Act (Wheeler-
Speculation – “Buying on the margin”                Howard)
Hawley-Smoot Tariff (1930)                          John Collier

				
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