America Becomes A Global Power: 1890-1914
• Organize U. S. foreign policy from 1870-1920 by: (1) geographic region Far East, Latin
America, Caribbean, Europe; (2) American motives: economic, moral, Monroe Doctrine,
balance of power among European nations, dominance in the Caribbean; (3) influence of
domestic policies on foreign policy.
• Imperialism: characteristics, sources, nature, causes, impact, results, compared to European
• Arguments for and against American Imperialism including the annexation of Hawaii and the
• Link Reconstruction, Populism, and Imperialism.
• Compare and contrast the old and the new Manifest Destiny.
• Roosevelt’s foreign policy.
• Wilson’s foreign policy.
• U. S. policy toward Mexico and Cuba, 1890s-1930s.
TERMS TO KNOW
Treaty of Kanagawa Anti-Imperialist League
“Seward’s Folly” (1867) $7.2 mil. Insular Cases (1901-1903)
Imperialism Platt Amendment (1901)
Missionaries John Hay – Open Door Policy (1899)
Josiah Strong: Our Country (1885) Boxer Rebellion (1900)
Social Darwinism Big Stick Diplomacy
Alfred Thayer Mahan: Influence of Sea Hay-Pauncefote Treaty (1901)
Power Upon History (1890) Panama Canal (1904-1914)
Pan-American Conference (1889) Roosevelt Corollary
Queen Liliuokalani Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)
Alfred Dole Treaty of Portsmouth (1905)
Hawaii Annexation (1900) “Gentelmen’s Agreement” (1908)
Spanish-American War (1898) Great White Fleet
jingoism Root-Takihara Agreement (1908)
Cuba Libre! (1895) Dollar Diplomacy
Valeriano Weyler Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr. Lodge Corollary
Yellow Journalism – Hearst & Pulitzer (1912)
De Lome Letter (1898) Moral Diplomacy
Remember the Maine! (1898) Jones Act (1916)
Teller Amendment Tampico Incident
Rough Riders Pancho Villa
Commodore Dewey John J. Pershing
Treaty of Paris of 1898
“White Man’s Burden”
THE PROGRESSIVE ERA 1901-1918
• Who were the Progressives?
• Compare and contrast the Populist and Progressive movements.
• Goals of Progressivism: successes, failures.
• Progressivism as the “have-nots” against the “haves”: role of labor unions, immigrants, Blacks,
women, and urban poor.
• Trace the history of the regulation of big business and court interpretations from the Interstate
Commerce Act to U. S. v. U. S. Steel Corp. in 1920.
• Trace the long history of a reform such as prohibition, women’s rights, or banking.
• Supreme Court interpretations and changing economic and social conditions, 1890-1920.
• Significant elections: 1900, 1912, 1920.
• Compare and contrast the programs and administrations of Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow
Wilson, and William Howard Taft: banking, railroads, trusts, tariffs, etc.
TERMS TO KNOW:
Frederick Taylor “Taylorism” Gifford Pinchot – John Muir
Scientific Management Conservation and preservation
McClure’s Magazine (1893) 16th Amendment
Jacob Riis How the Other Half Lives Payne-Aldrich Tariff (1909)
Lincoln Steffens The Shame of the Pinchot-Ballinger Controversy
Frank Norris The Octopus Socialist Party – Debs
Ida Tarbell History of Standard Oil Helen Keller
Co I.W.W. Wobblies
Australian Secret Ballot Big Bill Haywood
Direct Primaries Election of 1912
17th Amendment Progressive “Bull Moose” Party
Initiative, recall, referendum New Nationalism
City Manager New Freedom
Robert LaFollette Underwood Tariff (1913)
T.R.‟s Square Deal (1901-1909) Federal Reserve Act (1914)
Antracite Coal Strike (1902) Clayton Anti-Trust Act
Trust-busting- Good Trusts and Bad Federal Trade Commission Act
Trusts Louis Brandeis
Northern Securities Company Owen-Keating Act (Child Labor Act)
J.P. Morgan Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire Suffrage
Elkins Act (1903) & Hepburn Act Carrie Chapman Catt - NAWSA
The Jungle – Upton Sinclair Alice Paul – NWP (1916)
Meat Inspection Act (1906) 19th Amendment (1920)
Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)
WWI to WWII Foreign Policy (1914-1940)
• Causes of U. S. entry into World War I and its attempts to remain neutral.
• Defeat of the Versailles Treaty: immediate and long-term consequences.
• War and the threat of war united and divided Americans in the 1898-1920s period.
• World War I both helped and hurt Blacks and labor.
• Compare the domestic impact of the First and Second World Wars.
TERMS TO KNOW
Neutrality - Red Scare (1919-1920)
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Palmer Raids
Lusitania (1915) Sussex (1916) Boston Police Strike (1919)
Triple Alliance – Central Powers Isolationism
“He kept us out of the war!” Washington Conference (1921)
Zimmerman Telegram (1917) Five-Power Treaty 5-5-3-1.67-1.67
Russian Revolution Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928)
War Industries Board – Baruch Dawes Plan (1924)
Food Administration – Hoover Circular loans
National War Labor Board (Taft) Stimpson Doctrine (1922)
Liberty Bonds Good-Neighbor Policy
“Great Migration” Reciprocal Trade Agreements
C.P.I. George Creel Nye Commission (1936)
Espionage (1917) & Sedition Acts Neutrality Acts (1936-1937)
(1918) Spanish Civil War (1936)
Schenck v. U.S. (1919) America First Committee
Selective Service Act of 1917 “Cash and carry”
14 Points Munich Conference
Treaty of Versailles Lend-Lease Act (1940)
The Big Four Atlantic Charter
League of Nations
Henry Cabot Lodge
The „Roaring‟ 20s & the Depression & New Deal
• 1920s as the end of Progressivism.
• What aspects of Progressivism survived into the 1920s?
• Were the 1920s “roaring” for farmers, labor, and business?
• The 1920s as an age of nonconformity: Blacks, feminists, literary criticism, new sexual
• Clash between liberal urban 1920s with conservative rural 1920s
• The dark side of the 1920s: anti-immigration, KKK, Scopes Trial, prohibition.
• Alienation as a literary them in the 1920s - the “Lost Generation”
• Causes of the Great Depression and its impact on society.
• Compare Hoover’s and FDR’s response to the Depression.
• Compare the role of the federal government in the economies of the 1920s and 1930s.
• Compare Progressivism and the New Deal.
• Compare and contrast the First and Second New Deals.
• The New Deal was revolutionary?
• The New Deal helped the rich more than the needy?
• Successes and failures of the New Deal?
• The Supreme Court and the New Deal.
• Impact of various New Deal programs and agencies on American society.
• Big government and big labor checked big business.
• Explain the critics of the New Deal: Townsend, Coughlin, Huey Long, leftists, conservatives.
• What ended the reform effort by the late 1930s?
TERMS TO KNOW:
“Return to Normalcy” Federal Farm Board (1929)
Teapot Dome Scandal - Albert Fall Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)
Silent Cal 1932
Andrew Mellon Bonus Army
McNary-Haugen Bill veto (1928) Hoovervilles
Bruce Barton: The Man Nobody Knows New Deal
“Welfare Capitalism” 3 Rs
Henry Ford Brain Trust
United Mine Workers – John L. Lewis 100 Days
Jazz Age: Duke Ellington. Louis Armstrong, Bank Holiday
Bessie Smith – The Jazz Singer Emergency Banking Relief Act &
Flappers, Vamps, “New Woman” Glass-Steagall Act - FDIC
Consumerism - Credit 21st Amendment
Charles Lindberg – Spirit of St. Louis Fireside Chats
Modernism vs. Fundamentalism Relief: PWA, CCC & TVA
Revivalists - Billy Sunday Recovery: NIRA (NRA), AAA, WPA
Scopes Trial (1925) Reform: SEC
ACLU Harry Hopkins
Lost Generation: Hemingway, Fitzgerald Wager Act (NLRB)
Harlem Renaissance: Social Security Act
Poets: Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes Father Charles Coughlin
Marcus Garvey: UNIA “back-to-Africa” Dr. Francis Townsend
Prohibition: 18th Amendment & Volstead Huey Long
Act (1919) Court-Packing Plan
bootleggers, speakeasies C.I.O.
Nativism – Quota System sit-down strikes
National Origins Act of 1921 (1910) Fair Labor Standards Act
Immigration Act of 1924 (1890 census) Keynesian Economics – “Pump Priming”
Sacco & Vanzetti (1921-1927) Dust Bowl & Okies
Al Smith Marion Anderson
New KKK Black Cabinet
Black Thursday and Tuesday (Oct. 1929) Indian Reorganization Act (Wheeler-
Speculation – “Buying on the margin” Howard)
Hawley-Smoot Tariff (1930) John Collier