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Kennedy Johnson Cold War Crises

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					Johnson & Cold War Crisis


I.     The Great Society
 II.    Cold War Crises
Goals:
     1) to provide government assistance to
       the poor
     2) to improve economy, education,
            & environment
    Legislation                             Purpose


    Economic          Created to combat causes of poverty such as
  Opportunity Act     illiteracy. Set up community action programs to give
                      poor a voice
Volunteers in Service Sent volunteers to help in poor communities
    to America

     Medicare         Provide hospital & low cost medical insurance for
                      most Americans age 65 and older

     Medicaid         Provided low-cost health insurance for poor
                      Americans of any age who could not afford their
                      own private health insurance
  Elementary and      Provided education aid to states based on the
 Secondary School     number of children from low-income homes
       Act
     Immigration Act         Eliminate strict quotas for individual
                             countries and replaced them with more
                             flexible limits
Department of Housing and Established to oversee the nation’s housing
   Urban Development      needs and to develop and rehabilitate urban
                          communities
National Foundation of the   Offered grants to artists and scholars
  Arts and Humanities

Water Quality Act & Clean    Brought about water and air quality standards
 Water Restoration Act       and provided funding for environmental
                             research
National Traffic and Motor   Established safety standards for all vehicles to
    Vehicle Safety Act       protect consumers
   Effects
    – Race Riots
    – People resented the high taxes to pay for the
      programs
    – Criticized government role : too big
    – Number of Americans in poverty cut in half
      between 1960s – 1970s.
Cold War Crises Under Outcome
Kennedy/Johnson
Bay of Pigs (1961)    Failed invasion; US humiliated

Berlin Crisis (1961)    Kennedy doubled men drafted, Increased
                        defense budget, Soviets built Berlin Wall

Cuban Missile Crisis    Soviets agree to remove missile sites in Cuba &
                        Turkey, est. “hot line”, Limited Test Ban Treaty
(1962)
Dominican Republic      Johnson sent 22,000 marines, provisional
                        government set up backed by US

Vietnam                 Provided military advisors & economic
                        aid

				
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posted:9/9/2011
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