Bomb Threat Presentation

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					                      Agenda
• PowerPoint Presentation: Bomb Incident Management
• Bomb incident scenarios
• Display Bomb Response Equipment




                                                      1
   Arson &Bomb Investigation Division




Bomb Incident Management
                   Why Use Bombs?
   Easy and cheap to build
       Plans all over the Net (e.g., thedisease.net)
       Parts and chemicals easy to obtain
   Don't need large groups
   High impact
   Many delivery options
   Difficult to identify perpetrator and facilitators

                                                         3
      Stages of a Bombing Event
                                              Detonation

                                        Move To Target
R
I                                     Final Prep
S   Purchase Items         Construct Device
K
               Target Select/Recon
    Identify         Recruit      Train/Rehearse

               Obtain Funding

                        Timeline                         4
                Types of Incidents
• Bomb Threat
• Bomb
• Bombing




                                     5
       Bomb Threat or Bomb Incident?

• A bomb threat is not a bomb incident.

• Less than 2% bombing or attempted bombing are
  preceded by a threat.

• Conversely, more than 98% of bomb threats are
  hoaxes.


                                                  6
           The Bomb Threat -
           Whose Problem Is It?

• Police Department?
• Fire Department?
• Federal Law
  Enforcement?
• Building Owner?
• Ultimately, YOU!



                                  7
        Motives of Bomb Threat Callers

• Caller knows there is no bomb but wants to create
  atmosphere of panic and disrupt activities
• Caller has knowledge of a bomb and wants to minimize
  injuries
• Caller has knowledge of a bomb placed along
  evacuation route or near assembly area and wants to
  maximize injuries



                                                         8
    Preparedness: Hardening
           the Target

• Goal:
   – Reduce accessibility of building
   – Reduce panic in event of threat

• Prevention
• Control of Access
• Response Plan


                                        9
                      Prevention

• Add lighting, fencing, highly visible security patrols
  around exterior of building
• Restrict visitor parking to 300 feet from building (have
  identified employee parking closer)
• Keep shrubs cut low so bomber and/or bomb cannot be
  concealed




                                                             10
             Control of Access to Building

•   Reduces areas to be searched in event of bomb threat
•   Doors to interior/critical areas kept locked
•   Strict control of keys and alarm codes
•   Closed circuit television with obvious signs
•   Reception desk to screen all visitors
•   Accompany all visitors in and out of interior areas




                                                           11
            Bomb Threat Incident Plan

• Establish clear chain of command - one person with
  authority to make necessary decision
• Establish Emergency Operations Center
• Determine in advance what assistance is available from
  police, fire department, EOD
• Inspect building for likely targeted areas
• Conduct employee training on bomb threat response
  (receipt of call and bomb search)

                                                           12
      Managing the Bomb Threat

•   Receiving the Bomb Threat
•   Evaluating the Bomb Threat
•   Response Options
•   Evacuation Considerations
•   Conducting the Bomb Search
•   Locating a Suspicious Item



                                 13
            Receiving the Bomb Threat

• Have more than one person listen to call
• Record the call if possible
• Remain calm; ask for additional information
   – Who, What, When, Where, Why, How
• Keep caller on phone as long as possible
• Pay attention to background noise and unique voice
  qualities
• If written threat, do not handle and preserve for police

                                                             14
           Evaluating the Bomb Threat

•   Credibility of the message or threat
•   Specificity of the threat or device
•   Knowledge of the target
•   Prior threats or acts of violence
•   Community situation, unrest, strikes
•   Known specific prior threat



                                           15
                 Response Options

• Take No Immediate Action and Continue to Monitor the
  Situation
• Evacuate Immediately
• Search and Evacuate if Bomb is Discovered

• Remember: The option chosen will depend upon your
  unique situation and circumstance.

                                                   16
                     Response Options

• Take No Immediate Action and Continue to Monitor the
  Situation
   – risk involved; gambling that threat is unfounded
   – could cause employee morale problems if discovered
   – could drive caller to actually place a bomb in the future
     because of perception that the threat was not taken
     seriously
   – least disruption to workforce

                                                                 17
                 Response Options

• Evacuate Immediately
   – greater chance of future threats -- get out of school
     or work, avoid a test, catch a plane flight
   – potentially more hazardous for building occupants --
     bomb could be placed along an evacuation route or
     in an assembly area
   – statistically, more individuals are injured during
     evacuations then from actual bombing incidents


                                                             18
                 Response Options

• Search and Evacuate if Bomb is Discovered
   – recommended approach in most situations
   – causes least disturbance to building occupants,
     employees and/or customers
   – established evacuation routes can be modified if a
     suspected explosive device is found
   – searching assembly areas prior to an evacuation
     insures that no hazards are present

                                                          19
Conducting the Bomb Search


• Supervisory Personnel

• Area Occupants

• Trained Teams



                             20
           Conducting the Bomb Search


• Supervisory Personnel
   – rapid
   – least disturbance to employees




                                        21
          Conducting the Bomb Search


• Area Occupants
   – most knowledgeable about surroundings
   – gives employees sense of empowerment and
     confidence
   – increased employee morale
   – widespread training necessary


                                                22
            Conducting the Bomb Search


• Trained teams
   – safest and most thorough
   – search takes longest time to accomplish
   – necessitates extensive practice to be effective




                                                       23
            Conducting the Bomb Search

• Search in pairs
• Do not transmit over radios while in areas to be searched,
  turn off cellular phones
• Search outside to inside, bottom to top
• Search public access areas first, than interior areas
• Areas to search include exterior, public areas, stairwells,
  maintenance areas, and office areas



                                                                24
            Conducting the Bomb Search

• Do not change room’s environment
• Upon entering room, go to center and listen
• Divide room into sweep areas, generally three or four, and
  move around room individually meeting on opposite side
   – floor to waist, including all objects in middle
   – waist to ceiling (or waist to eye level if necessary)
   – drop ceilings, light fixtures, etc.



                                                               25
               Locating a Suspicious Item

• Do not spend unnecessary
  time around suspected bomb
• Do not expose unnecessary
  numbers of personnel to the
  suspected bomb
• Visually note item only - DO
  NOT TOUCH
• Make sure that description of
  device and locating individuals
  are available to the responding
  bomb squad

                                            26
              Locating a Suspicious Item

• Wires: color, type, number
• Timers or clocks: note time
• Explosive components: type,
  size, quantity, color
• Container size and position
• Unusual markings or features




                                           27
   Remember the Secondary
         Device
If there is one bomb, expect another



                                       28
                       Consider:
 (Taken from ATF Vehicle Bomb Explosion Hazard and Evacuation Distance
                             Table)




Pipe bomb
Car bomb                                                                 29
Leave it to the Professionals




                                30
Even Professionals make mistakes




                                   31
32
Mailed Bomb Vs. Placed Bomb




                              33
         Mailed Bomb Vs. Placed Bomb

• Understand the difference!
• Mailed bomb is probably safe to move but a placed
  bomb is likely to be booby-trapped and should never be
  moved
• Be suspicious of unexpected packages or containers
  left outside of business or home
• Size of container can vary depending on type of
  explosive used (HE vs. pipe bomb)

                                                           35
       Receiving a Suspicious Package

• DO NOT OPEN!
• Evacuate area
• Isolate package
   – REMEMBER: NEVER MOVE A PLACED DEVICE
• Open windows and doors
• Call 911



                                            36
Parting Words of Wisdom:
       Stay Alert !
Questions?




             38
Fort Worth Arson & Bomb Squad




                                39
Contact Information:
Battalion Chief Bobby Tatum
Fort Worth Fire Department
(817) 392-6854 (office)
(817) 350-3034 (cell)
bobby.tatum@fortworthgov.org



                               40
Bomb Incident Scenario




                         41
At approx. 9am on Tuesday morning, you
  receive a phone call, the person on the
  line stated that he was upset about the
 lack of customer service he received and
     had placed a bomb in the building.
           What would you do?


                                        42
You arrive at work and find a gift wrapped
  box you quickly carry it inside anxious to
read the attached card to find out who sent
it only to find a note stating the contents of
 the box contained a bomb that was going
            to go off in 15 minutes.
             What would you do?


                                            43

				
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posted:9/9/2011
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