The Grand Jury by alicejenny

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									     Article III, Section 2 of the Constitution clearly states "The Trial of all
Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury". Judges have
no authority to try criminal cases. All the State Courts are subject to the
Constitution as the highest law of the land and they have no authority to
ignore the Constitution.
      Many State Superior Courts, in blatant violation of the 5th Amendment,
allow District Attorneys to cook up laundry lists of charges and to file these
charges against victims without any Grand Jury indictment or presentment or
even any verified criminal complaint! Judges commit high treason when they
step in and claim the right to conduct 'evidentiary hearings' in place of the
                                                                                                           Recovering The USA
Grand Jury. These criminal acts committed by Judges and District Attorneys                                   The Grand Jury
have enabled the establishment of the Prison Industrial Complex and the
                                                                                       There are laws in this Nation. Public officials, above all, must obey the law.
incarceration of millions of innocent citizens.
                                                                                   The highest law of the Nation is the Constitution for the United States of
     Judges, DA's, lawyers, police and private jails cash in on the feeding        America, and it overrules all other laws. No law may be made which infringes
frenzy creating jobs and income for themselves by violating the core               on or contradicts the Constitution. Every official takes an oath to obey the
construct of Constitutional law. As a consequence of these blatant violations      Constitution, when they violate that oath they can no longer hold office.
of the Constitution, the U.S. today has more people in jail, prison and on
                                                                                       Example of Criminal Acts Committed By Officials: Any DA, Sheriff, Judge or
probation than all the other nations in the world combined!
                                                                                   lawyer who has prosecuted a person without first obtaining a Grand Jury
     The Supreme Court in the Hale v. Henkel case [201 U.S. 43-1906],              Indictment or Presentment has broken the law and committed high treason:
recognized that the Grand Jury function is to “stand between the                   "No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous
prosecutor and the accused,” and to determine whether a charge is                  crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury.." – 5th
legitimate, or is “dictated by malice or personal ill will”. In another case,      Amendment to the Constitution for the United States of America.
[United States v. Calandra, 414 U.S. 338 (1974)], the Supreme Court stated
                                                                                       Grand Juries are formed by We the People and not They The Government.
that the independent grand jury’s purpose is not only to investigate possible
                                                                                   To form a Grand Jury, randomly select 23 citizens from the County were the
criminal conduct, but to act as a “protector of citizens against arbitrary
                                                                                   crime was allegedly committed.
and oppressive governmental action,”
                                                                                       The primary purpose of a
     The U.S. Attorneys Manual states that prosecutors “must recognize that
                                                                                   Grand Jury is to prevent
the grand jury is an independent body, whose functions include not
                                                                                   malicious prosecution by the
only the investigation of crime and the initiation of criminal prosecution
                                                                                   government, to prevent the
but also the protection of the citizenry from unfounded criminal
                                                                                   government from cooking up
charges” (USAM, Section 9-11.010). The Manual recognizes that targets of
                                                                                   charges to prosecute for profit
investigations have the right and can “request or demand the opportunity to
                                                                                   or to punish their opposition.
tell the grand jury their side of the story” (USAM, Section 9-11.152).
                                                                                       The Constitution, which
     The Supreme Court in the Wood v. Georgia case (370 U.S. 375 (1962)),
                                                                                   forms     the     highest    and
stated that the grand jury is to protect citizens against “hasty, malicious
                                                                                   overriding Law of the Land,
and oppressive persecution” and to insure that prosecutions are not
                                                                                   mandates in no uncertain
“dictated by an intimidating power or by malice and personal ill will”.
                                                                                   terms that you may not be
     The Grand Jury process can save America if we the people form                 prosecuted for a crime without an indictment of a Grand Jury. Only an
Grand Juries by simply calling 23 people together and indict officials             independent Grand Jury can find probable cause if a crime has been
who break the law. The sheriff must arrest the indicted official, if the           committed. Judges cannot authorize the government to prosecute on
DA won‟t prosecute the official in trial you can. Together we can take             “Information” as this defeats the very reason and function of Grand Jury
back the USA.                                                                      which is to take away any ability for the government to go on „witch
     See CopperCards County Cleanup Program www.CopperCards.com                    hunts‟ or to turn the Nation into a Prison State.
                                                                                                                www.CopperCards.com
     Grand Juries are formed by “we the people” by anyone randomly                     Steps To Clean Out Criminals From County Office:
selecting 23 average citizens in our community. The Grand Jury is free                   1. Gather Evidence Of Crimes Committed By Official
of any control by the government or court.                                               2. Identify Crime Definitions & Prepare Verified Criminal Complaint
     “The Grand Jury is a body of laymen, free from technical rules, acting if           3. Form Grand Jury, Present Evidence, Obtain Indictment Or
   necessary in secret, pledged to indict no one because of prejudice, and to               Presentment
    free no one because of special favor… Despite the vast power of grand                4. File Quo Warraonto Complaint In Court & Set Hearing Date For
  juries, there is little in the way of judicial or legislative response designed to        Arraignment.
                  impose some supervisory restrictions on them."                         5. Get Sheriffs To Arrest & Serve Summons On Defendant/s
                     - FindLaw.com on Indictment by Grand Jury                           6. Prosecute Arraignment & Set Matter For Trial
                                                                                         7. Prosecute Defendant At Trial
     Victims, who are the 'Real Parties of Interest' presents evidence of the
                                                                                         8. Call County Elections To Replace Corrupt Officials
crime under the penalty of perjury to the Grand Jury after they sign a verified
criminal complaint. They can ask a lawyer or Public Prosecutor / District
Attorney to help them present the case to a Grand Jury. The victim must be a           The Structure of a Grand Jury
real person and not the government. Public prosecutors cannot sign verified                The Grand Jury is generally composed of 23 people including a foreman, at
criminal complaints as they are not the victim and the government is not a             least sixteen jurors must be present for a grand jury to conduct business and at
real person.                                                                           least 12 of the grand jurors must agree that sufficient evidence exists for an
  Jurors on Grand Juries are not managed by any judge, they are free to                indictment. Federal courts use 23 local citizens on grand juries which can
    conduct their own investigations and to gather their own evidence.                 operate with 16 members present of which only 12 jurors are need to issue an
     The Grand Jury conducts their own hearings and investigations as they             indictment/presentment.
feel fit. Grand Juries can issue subpoenas to summon witnesses to testify                  To form a Grand Jury, anyone can randomly select 23 individuals from their
before them. Other than basically unacceptable conduct, there are no                   Community. An Indictment is when the Grand Jury Foreman calls for a vote to
limitations placed on how Grand Jurors conduct their investigations. Grand             determine if more than 12 jurors find probable cause for prosecution, the
Jury Juror's can conduct their investigations in secret so as to not tip off a         Foreman signs the complaint. In a Presentment, each juror who finds probable
criminal regarding a pending indictment.                                               cause signs the complaint.
     People who refuse Grand Jury summons face Contempt of Court
charges. A Grand Jury is not a criminal trial, it only establishes if there is         A Cornerstone to Criminal Prosecution
probable cause to bring someone to a criminal trial. Unlike criminal trials,               The Grand Jury process is a cornerstone to criminal prosecution
people called to testify before a Grand Jury do not have a right to remain             within the U.S.
silent. When calling a witness, the Grand Jury need not reveal to the witness
                                                                                           By 1215 the jury concept was guaranteed through the Magna Carta stating
the nature of their investigation. There are no rules barring evidence from a
                                                                                       that no freeman would be "imprisoned or [dispossessed] or exiled or in any
Grand Jury. Grand Jury proceedings are separate and independent from the
                                                                                       way destroyed . . . except by the lawful judgment of his peers." The Grand
criminal trial, you cannot record Grand Jury proceedings or use a recording
                                                                                       Jury system originated in twelfth-century England, when King Henry II enacted
of the Grand Jury proceedings in a trial.
                                                                                       the Assize of Clarendon to circumvent local noble's and Catholic Church
     Grand Jurors can be held accountable for libel and slander or for acting          control of the courts. As dictated by the 5th Amendment, in England a Grand
maliciously, so they must act truthfully and responsibly. Multiple grand               Assize/Jury consisting of a certain number of locals determined if sufficient
juries can conduct investigations simultaneously, and witnesses cannot                 evidence of the commission of a crime existed before anyone could be
object if they are called to testify by more than one grand jury.                      accused of a crime.
     Every citizen has an obligation, which may be onerous at times, to appear             In 1635, the Massachusetts Bay Colony impaneled one of the first grand
and give whatever aid they can to assist a Grand Jury.                            On   juries consider the legitimacy of cases in the U.S. By 1683, all the States had
indictment/presentment buy a Grand Jury, the Public Prosecutor / District              some form of Grand Jury process. In 1765, for example, a Boston grand jury
Attorney must prosecute the case and bring the accused to trial, alternatively         refused to indict patriots protesting against the Stamp Act. The 5th
the victim who represents the real party of interests may utilize a process            Amendment dictating the necessity of a Grand Jury Indictment/Presentment
known as Quo Warranto to prosecute the case themselves.                                before anyone can be prosecuted for a crime was enacted as part of the
     After a Grand Jury indicts a person, the person is taken to a criminal trial.     original Bill of Rights proposed on September 25th, 1789 and ratified on
                                                                                       December 15th, 1791.

								
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