VIEWS: 273 PAGES: 13 POSTED ON: 9/8/2011
The Emmett Till Murder and Trial Social Context of the 1950’s Mississippi Dixiecrats (1948) Truman - 1940’s, berated for liberalism - Military NAACP - Congress of QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompress or are needed to see this picture. Racial Equality (CORE) Beginning of Civil Rights Movement - Brown v. Board of Education (1954) Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) - Separate But Equal Impact on Emmett Till Till From Northern Chicago Migration of the 1920’s and 1930’s Black Belt, South Side Qui ckTi me™ and a TIFF (Uncompresse d) de comp re ssor are ne eded to see th is pi cture. Jazz and Business Mississippi System - Different set of Values The Trial And the brutal killing that mobilized the civil rights movement The Story In August 1955, a fourteen-year-old black boy whistled at a white woman in a grocery store in Money, Mississippi. Emmett Till, a teen from Chicago, didn't understand that he had broken the unwritten laws of the Jim Crow South until three days later, when two white men dragged him from his bed in the dead of night, beat him brutally and then shot him in the head. Although his killers were arrested and charged with murder, they were both acquitted quickly by an all-white, all-male jury. Shortly afterwards, the defendants sold their story, including a detailed account of how they murdered Till, to a journalist. The murder and the trial horrified the nation and the world. Till's death was a spark that helped mobilize the civil rights movement. Basic Info Trial lasted about 5 days Trial took place in the deep southern city of Sumner, Mississippi their slogan was “A good place to raise a boy.” Racism played a large role in the happenings of the trial. The Jury Blacks and white women were banned from serving on the jury. And so an all-white, 12- man jury made up of nine farmers, two carpenters and one insurance agent was selected. Eyewitnesses The most dramatic testimony came from some unlikely heroes, two sharecroppers who were threatened with death if they testified. Moses Wright, Emmett's great uncle, was the prosecution's best eyewitness. He stood up in court and pointed out Milam and Bryant as the men who came to his home and took Emmett at gunpoint. Willie Reed, an 18-year-old sharecropper, testified that he heard beatings and screaming coming from the Milam family shed. He also said J. W. Milam had come out of the shed, donning a .45 pistol on his hip, and asked Reed whether he had heard anything. Reed told him no. Short Jury Deliberations Defense attorney Sidney Carlton told the all-white, all-male jury that if they didn't free Milam and Bryant: "Your ancestors will turn over in their grave, and I'm sure every last Anglo-Saxon one of you has the courage to free these men.“ After deliberating for only 67 minutes, the jury returned a verdict: not guilty. Reporters said they overheard laughing inside the jury room. One juror later said: "We wouldn't have taken so long if we hadn't stopped to drink pop." Newspaper Coverage National Coverage Bias of coverage Chicago Daily Tribune International Coverage Story covered across the globe including Paris, Copenhagen, Tokyo "The life of a Negro in Mississippi is not worth a whistle." – Observation by a European paper Killers’ Confession The Shocking Story of Approved Killing in Mississippi Bryant and Milam sell “true” story to Look Magazine Over sexualized account Recounted in way to gain approval Till Case starts Civil Rights movement Montgomery Bus Boycott The Shocking Story of Approved Killing in Mississippi 1957 Store Boycott Search for Witnesses and increased role of NAACP QuickTime™ an d a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor Northern Blacks become are need ed to see this picture . involved There were still setbacks Modern Media reopens Till Case Bob Dylan in 1962 wrote The Death of Emmett Till 2003 PBS premiers “The Murder of Emmett Till” Keith Beauchamp’s "The Untold Story of Emmett Louis Till." U.S. Justice department reopened the case in May 2004
"The Emmett Till Murder and Trial"