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Seminar Report Guidelines-2011

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Seminar Report Guidelines-2011 Powered By Docstoc
					GUIDELINES FOR THE PREPARATION OF SEMINAR REPORT
“ALL STUDENTS MAY GET THE APPROVAL FOR THEIR REPORT FROM THEIR
RESPECTIVE GUIDES & SHOULD PREPARE TWO HARD COPIES OF THEIR SEMINAR
REPORT & A PDF COPY OF THE FINAL REPORT”



  1. Seminar reports should be typed in TIMES NEW ROMAN neatly only
     on one side of the paper with 1.5 line spacing and 2.5 line spacing
     between paragraph on A4 size bond paper (210 * 297 mm). The margin
     should be: Left – 1.25”, Right – 1”, Top and Bottom – 0.75”.

  2. The total number of pages for contents should be within 25sheets with
     relevant tables and figures must be included.

  3. The total number of reports to be prepared are
     . Two copies to be submitted:
                 One copy to the Library
                 One copy to the candidate

  4. Before taking the final printout, the approval of the concerned guide is
     mandatory and suggested corrections if any must be incorporated.

  5. For making copies dry tone Xerox is suggested.

  6. Every copy of the report must contain
     . Soft Binding with Black side tape for ECE
     . Outer title page on a hard glossy sheet
     . Inner title page (white)
     . Certificate in the format enclosed from college
     . An abstract (synopsis) not exceeding hundred words, indicating salient
     features of the topic.

  7. The organization of the report should be as follows
     . Inner title page
     . Certificate
     . Abstract or Synopsis                        Usually numbered in roman
     . Acknowledgments
     . Table of contents
     . List of table and figures(optional)
8. Headings for Abstract or Synopsis, Acknowledgments, Table of contents,
   List of table and figures must be in capital letters, centered with a font
   size 16.

9. Chapters (to be numbered inTimes New Noman) containing Introduction-
   which usually specifies the scope of work and its importance and its
   relation to previous work and the present developments,

10.Main body of the report divided appropriately into chapters, sections and
   sub sections.
   . The chapters, sections and subsections may be numbered in the decimal
   form, for eg: Chapter 2, sections as 2.1, 2.2, etc. and subsections as 2.2.3,
   2.5.1, etc.
   . The chapter must be left justified (font size 16) followed by the title of the
   chapter centered (font size 18), section/subsection numbers along with
   their headings must be left justified with section number and heading in
   font size 16 and subsection and its heading in font size 14. The body or
   text of the report should have font size 12.
   . The figures and tables must be numbered chapter wise, for eg: Fig.2.1.
   Block diagram of a serial binary adder, Table 3.1 Primitive flow tables etc.
   All figures and tables should appear either in same page or the next page in
   which they are referred first. Preferably all figures and tables are to be
   placed either at the top or at the bottom of the given page.

11.Last chapter should contain the summary of the work carried, contributions
   if any, their utility along with the scope for further work.

12.Reference : The references should be numbered serially in the order of their
   occurrence in the text and their numbers should be indicated within square
   brackets for eg: [3]. The section on references should list them in serial
   order in the following format
          . For text books – A.V.Oppeheim and R.W.Schafer, Digital Signal
          Processing, Englewood, N.J.Prentice Hall, 3 Edition, 1975.
          . For papers : Devid, Insulation Design to Compact Solution Problem,
          Proc of IEEE, PAS, Vol 71, Aug 1981, pp 1901 – 1907.

13.Only SI Units are to be used in the report. Important equations must be
   numbered in decimal form for
       eg:V = IZ                                            …………..             (3.2)
                   All equation numbers must be typed(avoid copy-paste) &
                   should be right justified.
      . Proper attention to be paid not only to the technical contents but also to the
             organization of the report and clarity of the expression. Due care
             should be taken to avoid spelling and typing errors. The student
             should note that report – write – up forms the important component in
             the overall evaluation of the seminar.
      . The soft copy of the Final report to the department should be submitted
             to seminar coordinator in PDF format.
   14.Separator sheets, used if any, between chapters, should be of thin paper.

   15.Marks Allocation for dissertation report evaluation

Sl. No.   Particulars                                                  Max. Marks
   1      Relevance of the subject in the present context                   10
   2      Originality                                                       5
   3      Literature Survey                                                 5
   4      Theoretical modeling                                              5
   5      Presentation & Discussion                                         5
   6      Conclusions and Scope of Future works                             10
   7      Overall Presentation                                              5
   8      Outcome of the Dissertation resulting in a article                5
          Total marks                                                       50




       NOTE : LEAVE THE MARGINS BLANK,EXCEPT FOR THE PAGE NUMBER
       ENTERED AT THE RIGHT HAND BOTTOM AVOID BOARDER LINES &
       COMMON COMMANDS OR HEADLINES ON ALL PAGES
                           B.Tech Seminar Report

                           CHIP MORPHING


Submitted in partial fulfillment of requirements for the award of the

Degree of Bachelor of Technology In Electronics and Communication



                                 Submitted by

                      ANJANA.S (Roll No. 07 411 0xx)



                            Under the Guidance of

                        MS. PRINCY SERA RAJAN




            Department of Electronics and Communication
         BASELIOS MATHEWS II COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

                       SASTHAMCOTTA, KERALA.

                               OCTOBER 2011
    Baselios Mathews II College of Engineering, Sasthamcotta.
                         (Affiliated to Kerala University)



                               CERTIFICATE




   This is to certify that the seminar report entitled “CHIP MORPHING” is a
bonafide record of work done by ANJANA.S(Reg no: 074110xx) under                 my
supervision and guidance in      partial fulfillment for the award of Degree of
Bachelor of Technology in Electronics and     Communication from the University
of Kerala for the year 2010.



 Ms.Fathima Abdul Aziz                                       Ms. Roy.S
(Seminar Coordinator)                                         (Guide)
     Lecturer                                                 Lecturer
Dept. of Electronics and Communication        Dept. of Electronics and Communication



                                                   Mrs. Manju T. Kurian
Sasthamcotta                             Asst. Professor &Head of the Department
__-10-2011                               Dept. of Electronics and Communication
                     TABLE OF CONTENTS


Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………. i

Contents…………………………………………………………...……………………. ii

List of figures…………………………………………………………………………. . iii

Chapter 1…………………………………………………………………………….……1
    Introduction………………………………………….…………………...……....1
        1.1 TTD Introduction…………..…………………………….….……..... 5


Chapter 2.…………………………………………………………………………..…….7
    Working……………..…………………………………...…………….…..…..... 7
         2.1 Introduction…………..…..…………………………………….…..... 7
         2.2 Steps of TTD…...…………………………………….………..…....... 7
           2.1.1.Training section………………………………………………….8
           2.1.2 Spelling section…………………………………………………..9

Chapter 3……………………………….………………………………….……………10
    Methodology………………………………...………................... ………….....10
         3.1 Basic consideration……………………………………………….....10

         3.2 TTD Architecture..………………………………….………………....…11

        3.3 Schematic Diagram……………………………………………….…12

           3.1.1 Load Filter configuration……………………………….….......13

           3.3.2 Setup Parameters……………………………….…....................13

           3.3.3 Source Selection……………………………………………..…14

           3.3.4 Start a run……………………………………………………....14

         3.4 SCP Feedback Configuration……………………………….…........15

         3.5 The Presentation module ……………………………….…...............16


Chapter 4..…………………………………….…………………………………………17

    Recording…………………………...……….………………...……….………..17
       4.1 Method………………………………...…………….………………..17

       4.2 Results of TTD applied in patients …………………………………..19

       4.3 Outcome of TTD application in locked-in patients …………..……..22

       4.4 Average scps of patients …………………………………….………23

       4.5 Neurobehavioral mechanisms of physiological control of scps ….....24


Chapter 5………………………………………………..………………………………25

       Merits and denerits……………….. ……………..……... ……………..25

        5.1 Merits……………………………………….……………………...25

        5.2 Demerits…………………………………………….……………...25


Chapter 6…………………………………………….…………………….……………26

   Conclusion……………………………………………….……….......……… ..26

      6.1 Future Developments…………………………………………………27


References……………………………………………………………………………...28
                         LIST OF FIGURES


                    Title                         Page No:


Figure 2.1   Block Diagram – TTD                    7

Figure2.2    Demonstration-TTD working              8

Figure 2.3   Feedback form as alphabets             9

Figure 3.1   TTD Architecture -Block diagram       11

Figure 3.2   TTD Architecture schematic diagram    12

Figure 4.1   Electrodes connection to brain        18

Figure 4.2   Result of patient 1                    20

Figure 4.3   Result of patient 2                    21

Figure 4.4   Result of patient 3                    21

Figure 4.5   Average scp’s of patient 1,2and3      23

Figure 4.6   Mechanism of control of scp           24

Figure 6.1   Applications of TTD                   26

Figure 6.2   Treatment                             27
Chapter 1

                                   INTRODUCTION
1.1 TTD Introduction
       TTD is a communication device for the completely paralyzed was developed using an
operant learning approach for the self-regulation of EEG signals. The procedure was tested in
locked-in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) . The thought translation device
(TTD) uses slow cortical potentials (SCP’s) to select letters or words from a language support
program. SCP’s are shifts in the depolarization level of the upper cortical dendrites which are
caused by intracortical and thalamocortical afferent inflow to neocortical layers I and II.
Negative SCP’s are the sum of synchronized ultraslow excitatory postsynaptic potentials from
the apical dendrites.



       Healthy people as well as completely paralyzed patients can learn to self-regulate
physiological ignals such as their electroencephalogram (EEG). Birbaumer and group showed,
that self-egulation of slow e1ectrocortical potentials (SCPs), defined as the part of the EEG
below one Hz, can be trained by a feedback device. The Thought Translation Device (TTD) was
developed as a feedback device which enabled people to respond by voluntary SCP changes and
to use these responses to control their environment (switch electronic devices) or spell words and
write messages. It was the first BCI which enabled several patients suffering from Amyotrophic
Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) -a neuromuscular disease leading to a complete paralysis (locked-in
syndrome) -to communicate using their (SCPs) only . The TTD in its first version consisted of
several MS-DOS based programs written between 1997 and 1999 and required two computers.
One program, the Slow Wave Translator , acquired and filtered the EEG and displayed it
graphically for the human operator. The SCP response was classified into binary decisions and
sent to one of the other (application related) programs running on a second computer and
showing all feedback-related information to the user. During training, the user-to-be is prompted
to produce SCP shifts of predetermined polarity (task). Therefore, a training program displayed
the task, the result of the response, the SCP-signal for feedback and a smiling face for
reinforcement of correct responses (i.e. the result meets the task). Each answer is given in a trial
comprising a phase for preparation and a phase for producing the brain

				
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