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					Unit 11: What was it like for children
living in Victorian Britain?
Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?                       History
Who were the Victorians? When did they live?

The Victorian Era is the name given to the
period in history when Queen Victoria was
on the throne.

She was Queen from 1837 to 1901.

That’s more than 63 years, which is longer
than any other British monarch so far.

Victoria had 9 children, of which 4 would
later become monarchs: Edward VII,
George V, Edward VIII and George VI.

As well as English, Queen Victoria could speak German, French, Italian
and Latin.

                    Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?
Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?                     History
Who were the Victorians? When did they live?




                                                               1837-
                                                              1901:The
                                                            Victorian Era

                              1666: The                  1850s:            1939-1945:
                              Great Fire                Florence             Second
                              of London                Nightingale         World War




    Unit 6b: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past? An Anglo Saxon Case Study
Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?                        History
What was life like for a poor child in the 1840s?


                   selling things                                                    working in
                   on the street                                                      factories




            working in                                          working on
           textile mills                                          farms

                    Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?
Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?                       History

                       Mills and factories employ children because they are
                       small and can get in between machinery to fix things
                                while the machines are still running.

                         This is very dangerous work and many children get
                                     injured or sometimes killed.

                     Children are also employed because they are cheap. They
                              don’t get paid as much as adult workers

                        Other dangerous jobs include working in coal mines,
                      climbing up chimneys to clean them, working outside on
                           farms or on the streets in freezing weather

                      The working hours are long, sometimes 12 hours a day.
                     This means that children don’t have time to go to school
                                   or play with their friends.

                    Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?
Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?                       History
Who helped to improve the lives of Victorian children?

This is Lord Shaftesbury.

He was a politician who was interested in
helping factory workers, including children.

He was involved in passing the Factory
Acts of 1847 and 1850.

These were laws which reduced the amount
of hours which children were allowed to work.

He also helped to set up ‘Ragged Schools’ which were schools for
very poor children who would otherwise be unable to get an
education.


                    Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?
Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?                       History
Who helped to improve the lives of Victorian children?

This is Dr. Thomas Barnardo.

While he was working in East London during the
cholera outbreak of the 1860s, he realised how
many homeless children there were living on the
streets.

In 1870 he opened a home for homeless boys, and in 1873
opened a similar home for girls.

By the time of his death in 1905, he had opened 66 homes, and
rescued an estimated 60,000 homeless children.

There is a children’s charity called Barnardo’s which carries on
this work today.

                    Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?
Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?                         History
What was it like going to school at the end of the nineteenth century?

         Schools were often                                   The school buildings were
      crowded, with as many as                                usually draughty and got
      40 or 50 pupils in a class.                              very cold in the winter.


                                                                                       The teachers
   Until 1891,                                                                           were very
 parents had to                                                                       strict and used
  pay for their                                                                         caning as a
 children to go                                                                       punishment for
    to school!                                                                        bad behaviour.




         There were no school                                     Lessons usually involved
        dinners. Children had to                                 chanting or learning facts
       walk home at lunchtime to                                         by heart.
         get something to eat.

                    Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?
Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?                        History
What was it like going to school at the end of the nineteenth century?



                                                     inkwell
   school bell                                        & pen

                                                                                          slate


                       If children misbehaved they could be caned. They
                       might also have to stand in the corner and wear the
       dunce’s            dunce’s cap. A dunce was a word for a stupid
         cap                                 person.


                                                                               cane


                    Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?
Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?                       History
How did different Victorian children use their spare time?




     hoop and stick                        dolls’ house                        spinning top




                                                                                    marbles
   jack in the box                         building blocks

                 Are any of these toys still used today?
                    Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?
Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?                       History
How did different Victorian children use their spare time?

Toys which used optical illusions were popular among rich families in the
Victorian era.

  This toy is called a thaumatrope. It                           If you spin the disc the
  is a cardboard disc with a picture on                         pictures seem to combine.
  the front and another picture on
  the back.




  front                       back


                    Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?
Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?                       History
How did life change for children living in Victorian Britain?

   1833: Children could work no more than 10 hours a day


   1842: It becomes illegal for children to work underground


   1874: It becomes illegal to employ children under 10, and
         children under 14 can only work part-time.


   1881: It becomes compulsory for 5-10 year-olds to go to school


   1891: Primary schools become free of charge

                    Unit 11: What was it like for children living in Victorian Britain?

				
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