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					WHAT IS AN ENGINEER?
    SCIENCE vs. ENGINEERING
• SCIENCE                                            • ENGINEERING
•   Analysis: ask questions, look for                • Synthesis: integrate bits of
    patterns, develop knowledge                        knowledge to create
•   Produce knowledge                                  something new
•   Characteristic activity: research (              • Produce processes and things
    learn about nature)
                                                       (part of technology)
•   Study of what is
•   Tryscience.org
                                                     • Characteristic activity: creative
                                                       design
•   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scienc
    e                                                • Study of what never was
                                                     • Tryengineering.org
                                                     • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eng
•   taken from “ Engineering: How is it related to     ineering
    Science ,Technology, math, and Society?” –
    Dr. Alexander Flueck. Illinois Institute of
    Technology
      What are Some Types of
           Engineering?
• Just as science is divided into separate
  fields such as biology, chemistry and
  physics, engineering is divided into a
  variety of disciplines. The five largest
  engineering disciplines are chemical, civil,
  electrical, industrial and mechanical.
  Engineers within all of these disciplines
  can work in product-oriented companies,
  government, or academia.
                                        Aerospace Engineering Aerospace engineers
                                        design, analyze, model, simulate, and test aircraft,
                                        spacecraft, satellites, missiles, and rockets. Aerospace
                                        technology also extends to many other applications of
                                        objects moving within gases or liquids. Examples are
                                        golf balls, high-speed trains, hydrofoil ships, or tall
                                        buildings in the wind. Aerospace engineers are
                                        typically specialists in fields with fancy names such as
                                        aerodynamics, propulsion, navigation, flight testing,
                                        and more.

                                               Biomedical Engineering This is an interdisciplinary
                                               field combining mechanical, electrical, and chemical
                                               engineering to study the human body. Biomedical
                                               Engineers study biology and medicine to develop
                                               technologies related to health care. They develop
                                               medical diagnostic machines, medical instruments,
                                               artificial organs, joint replacement parts, and
                                               prosthetic devices.

http://www.engr.utexas.edu/wep/Precollege/Whats_engineering/engineering_disciplines.htmr
                                                          Chemical Engineering Chemical
                                                          Engineers use their knowledge of physics,
                                                          chemistry, and biology to discover and
                                                          manufacture better plastics, paints, fuels,
                                                          fibers, medicines, fertilizers,
                                                          semiconductors, paper, and all other kinds
                                                          of chemicals, by carrying out chemical
                                                          reactions and purifications.
                                                         Civil Engineering The design and construction
                                                         of buildings, dams, water treatment and carrying
                                                         systems, air pollution controls, and transportation
                                                         systems are the responsibilities of civil
                                                         engineers. Subheadings of civil engineering
                                                         include: geotechnical, environmental, structural,
                                                         transportation, materials, and project
                                                         management.

http://www.engr.utexas.edu/wep/Precollege/Whats_engineering/engineering_disciplines.htmr
                                            Computer Science and Engineering Computer
                                            scientists and engineers are involved in the
                                            development of both hardware and software for
                                            computers. They work on computer-related systems
                                            like CD-ROMs, modems and monitors, as well as
                                            cutting-edge projects including robotics and virtual
                                            reality systems.

                                      Environmental Engineering Keeping the water, air
                                      and soil healthy are the responsibilities of
                                      environmental engineers. To accomplish this goal they
                                      deal with issues including waste management, pollution
                                      control and irrigation.
                                            Electrical Engineering Electrical engineering deals
                                            with electricity, magnetism, and light and how it is used.
                                            Electrical engineers are found in a variety of companies
                                            including the computer, communications, and automotive
                                            industries.

http://www.engr.utexas.edu/wep/Precollege/Whats_engineering/engineering_disciplines.htmr
                            Mechanical Engineering Engineers within this
                            discipline tend to focus on one of three aspects
                            of mechanical engineering; design,
                            manufacturing, or energy/power. Cars,
                            airplanes and toys are just a few of the areas in
                            which mechanical engineers work.

                           Petroleum Engineering Petroleum engineers
                           study the earth to find oil and gas reservoirs.
                           They design oil wells, storage tanks, and
                           transportation systems. They supervise the
                           construction and operation of oil and gas fields.
                           Petroleum engineers are researching new
                           technologies to allow more oil and gas to be
                           extracted from each well. They help supply the
                           world's need for energy and chemical raw
                           materials.
                                      Taken from:
http://www.engr.utexas.edu/wep/Precollege/Whats_engineering/engineering_disciplines.htmr
                                          and
                            www.discoverengineering.org
                               FAQ’S
• How much do
  Engineers make???
• Well, let's start out by
  stating that money should
  never be the only factor
  for choosing a career.
  What if you end up hating
  your job?!?! Even if
  you're well paid,
  remember that money
  can't buy happiness!

    •discoverengineering.org
2005 survey by the National Association of Colleges and Employers.

 Curriculum                              Bachelor's          Master's     Ph.D.


 Aerospace/aeronauti
                                            $50,993          $62,930    $72,529
 cal/astronautical
 Agricultural                                 46,172          53,022
 Bioengineering &
                                              48,503          59,667
 biomedical
 Chemical                                     53,813          57,260     79,591
 Civil                                        43,679          48,050     59,625
 Computer                                     52,464          60,354     69,625
 Electrical/electronics
                                              51,888          64,416     80,206
 & communications
 Environmental/envir
                                              47,384
 onmental health
 Industrial/manufactu
                                              49,567          56,561     85,000
 ring
 Materials                                    50,982
 Mechanical                                   50,236          59,880     68,299
 Mining & mineral                             48,643
 Nuclear                                      51,182          58,814
 Petroleum                                    61,516          58,000
                        http://www.bls.gov/oco/oco1002.htm
                                 FAQ’S
• What hours do engineers work?
• Most engineers work weekdays,
  Monday through Friday. That's what
  some people would call a 'day job'.
  Typically they work from 8 to 10 hours
  per day. There are some companies that
  have very flexible work schedules such
  that their engineers come in for some 8-
  hour period during the day (say from 6
  p.m. to 2 a.m.)! Sometimes engineers
  work at a job site where something is
  happening 24 hours a day and they
  work a 'shift' schedule. Usually these
  assignments are temporary, such as for
  a new plant startup.
•



           •discoverengineering.org
                              FAQ’S
• How long do engineers have
  to go to school?
• Engineers need a minimum of
  a college Bachelor's degree.
  That means they must finish
  high school and typically four
  years of college. A few
  engineering programs take five
  years. A college degree could
  take longer if you only attend
  college part time or perhaps
  attend during evenings.



   •discoverengineering.org
                 FAQ’S
• How can I become an engineer?
• First you will need a college degree. After
  that, many engineers seek a Professional
  Engineer (P.E.) license. It helps to begin
  preparations for all this at the middle
  school levels. Where possible, choose a
  well-rounded mix of classes with emphasis
  on math and science. Taken from
  discoverengineering.org
           QUESTIONS?
• If you have further questions regarding
  becoming an engineer please visit
• http://www.engineeringk12.org/students/de
  fault.htm
DO YOU REMEMBER THIS
       DAY????
http://www.time.com   /
http://www.time.com   /
http://www.time.com   /
http://www.time.com/
http://www.time.com/
http://www.time.com   /
http://www.time.com   /
IF YOU GUESSED 9/11 – YOU’RE
          WRONG
• These are images from the 2003 NorthAmerican
  Blackout
• a massive power outage occurred throughout parts of
  the northeastern United States and eastern Canada on
  Thursday, August 14, 2003. It was the largest blackout in
  North American history. It affected an estimated 10
  million people in the Canadian province of Ontario (about
  one-third of the population of Canada), and 40 million
  people in eight U.S. states (about one-seventh of the
  population of the U.S.). Outage-related financial losses
  were estimated at $6 billion USD.
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_US-Canada_blackout
                    Population of Major Cities affected at a glance
                                                                       Number of people
                             City
                                                                          affected
NYC       Effects                                                     21,100,000
Toronto                                                               5,600,000
Detroit                                                               5,400,000
Cleveland                                                             2,900,000
                                                                      780,000 of
Ottawa
                                                                      1,120,000*
Buffalo                                                               1,100,000
Rochester                                                             1,050,000
Hamilton                                                              680,000
London                                                                350,000
Toledo                                                                310,000
Windsor                                                               208,000
Estimated Total
[5] (http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/poweroutage/numbers.ht 50,000,000
ml)
• So HOW did this happen and more
  importantly how can we keep this from
  happening again?
• These are exactly the type of problems
  engineers work to solve.
• HOMEWORK: Answer the following
• What is the power grid? How is it
  organized? What causes the power grid to
  fail during a blackout?

				
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posted:9/8/2011
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