The Election of 1860
Election of 1860: two different races for
presidency – one in the North and one in the
• Democratic Party splits along • Constitutional Union
sectional lines [Moderate view on slavery]:
– South Democrats [Extreme view – John Bell
on slavery]: – Just wanted to preserve the
• John Breckinridge Union
• Defend slavery – Did not want fed to pass any new
• Southern support laws on slavery
– Southern Support
– North Democrats [Moderate
view on slavery]: • Republican [Extreme view on
• Stephen Douglas
• Support popular sovereignty to
decide if territories should be a – Abe Lincoln
free or slave state – Opposed expansion of slavery in
• Did not want fed to pass any the new territories
new laws on slavery – Northern support
• Northern support
Political Cartoon Activity
• What is going on in the
• What common symbol for a
political campaign is used in the
• What is the message of the
Map Activity /
Lincoln Votes In
• What can be concluded
from the voting results
– Which state split its
vote? Why do you
– What do the results
tell use about the
– How many states
did Lincoln win?
• Outcome made it clear that the country
was sick and tired of compromise…
– Southerners warned if Lincoln won
the presidency, southern states would
secede from the Union
• Even though Lincoln promised he
would not abolish slavery, they did
not trust him… his victory would
be a threat to their way of life.
• Well, who won?
– Lincoln won the election
Southern states secede…
The Confederate States of
America are born
– To withdraw from the Union
• How is secession possible?
– Southerners based arguments are states’ rights
• States have certain rights that federal government
• Northerners were using their “majority” to force the
South to abolish slavery
– States voluntarily joined the Union so they could
voluntarily leave it
• South Carolina was the first to secede
The Confederate States Of America
• South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida,
Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and
• Feb. 1861: met in Montgomery,
Alabama to form the CSA
– Jefferson Davis is made
– Draft constitution
• Supported states’ rights
– Confederation: loose
alliance between a group
• Protect slavery
– believed war could not be
The Response From The Union
• Secession was
–States do not have the
right to withdraw from
the Union because the
FEDERAL government is
sovereign [supreme], not
• Crittenden Compromise:
– Tried to prevent secession
– Proposed that slavery should
be protected SOUTH of the
Missouri Compromise and
federal gov’t should reimburse
the owners of fugitive slaves.
– Presented to congress in 1861,
but was defeated in Senate.
• Why did these series of laws and events
shatter the unity of the nation?
• In your opinion, which law and/or event was
the pivotal moment that the division
between the North and South was just going
to continue to increase?
• Was civil war inevitable?
• In 1818 Abraham Lincoln nearly died after being
kicked in the head by a horse.
• Proclaimed that there be a national Thanksgiving
Day on the last Thursday of November.
• Abraham Lincoln is the tallest president the United
States has ever had. He stood 6 feet 4 inches tall.
• Abraham Lincoln would keep notes and important
papers in his stove-pipe hat.
• In 1860 a little girl named Grace Bedell from
Westfield, New York wrote a letter to Abraham
Lincoln asking him to grow a beard. She told him
the beard would help him be elected as President
of the United States. Lincoln was the first President
of the United States to wear a beard.
• President Lincoln was our first U. S. President to be
born outside of the original thirteen colonies.
• Today there are no direct descendents of Abraham
• He was the first president to be assassinated.
• He patented a system to alter buoyancy of
steamboats in 1849.
• Even though he was strong, a talented wrestler,
and proficient with an axe, Lincoln disliked killing
and harming animals, even for food.
• How did Lincoln's first
inaugural address reflect
• What is the tone of
• Do you think was his goal
by presenting this speech?
Secession Comparable? The
• Who are the “abolitionists?”
• How does Senator Toombs
compare the Southern secession
to the American Revolution?
• Why does the Senator believe
the South’s rights and liberties
are in danger?
• What is the purpose of Senator
Lincoln did not want to invade the South, but
he would not abandon the gov’t’s forts in the
South & they would soon need to be
resupplied… the Northerners and Southerners
waited to see what would happen next.
To be continued…
•The election of
as president in
1860 led seven
Southern states to
secede from the
• How did the Southern states justify
• What attempt did the North and the South
make to compromise? What were the
• Do you think the Southern states seceded to
protect slavery or states’ rights? Explain.
• Why did the Confederacy compare secession
to the American Revolution?